Henry VIII: March 1536, 1-10

Pages 161-181

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 10, January-June 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1887.

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March 1536, 1-10

1 March.
R. O.
397. Earl of Ossory to Cromwell.
Sends letters and instructions to his servant Robt. Cowley, and 4 doz. martrone skins as a present for Cromwell. Clomell, 1 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Principal Secretary. Endd. Sealed.
1 March.
Nero, B. vii. 116. B. M.
398. Edmond Harvel to Starkey.
I have received your letter of 23 Jan. Intend to see Mr. Secretary this summer, but am too busy to write. Mr. Pole has almost finished his work, which will shortly be sent to the King. You put us in great expectation of your work, which I doubt not will be profitable by persuading men to unity and obedience. The French king is preparing 50,000 foot and 6,000 horse, pretending to go against the duke of Savoy, but his end is Milan. In consequence of the heavy snow, there can be no war in Italy till April. The Emperor has raised 15,000 or 16,000 men in Germany, who will muster at Trent on the 15th inst. 8,000 Italians are being raised in Lombardy. It is openly divulged that the King will bear a third of the French king's costs. The Venetians are in league with the Emperor. What the Pope will do is not known, but when he and the Emperor meet on the 15th inst. it will be divulged. The rest of Italy is reckoned to be Imperial. No certain news about the Turk, but that he was in daily expectation in Constantinople. An accord has been made by the Emperor between Ferdinand and the Vayvoda, but the conditions are not known. Venice, 1 March 1536.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
1 March.
Wegener, Aarsberetninger, iv. 42.
399. Christian III. to Henry VIII.
Respecting the detention of English ships. They have only been impressed, in accordance with old custom, to serve in the present war against Lubeck, and full compensation will be made for them when the war is over. Gottorp, 1 March 1536.
Copy. See Report xlv. of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Records, App. ii. 18.
1 March.
Bucholz, ix. 352.
400. Christopher Archbishop of Bremen to Henry VIII.
Has received his letter dated London, 10 Feb. 1535, which, though set forth as a friendly intercession for George Wulweber, sounds more like a bitter and menacing accusation against the Archbishop and his friends. Has given no cause for this, and did not expect the King to give such easy credence to false information. Is surprised Henry is not satisfied with the Archbishop's previous explanation, and should address him in such terms, as if he had done something unwarrantable. The truth is, George Wulweber was some time ago accused in an Imperial Court (im heil. Reich beschuldigt) as a seditious person who had violently usurped the government of the town of Lubeck, imprisoned the old rulers, robbed the church, and promoted the Lutheran heresy; not satisfied with which, he had raised war in Denmark and Holstein to the Emperor's prejudice.
He had attempted to establish Anabaptism in Lubeck and other places, and to root out all power possessed by the nobles and magistrates. By his attacks on the monasteries, too, the very poorest of the Archbishop's subjects, and those of others, were threatened with misery and ruin. The Archbishop had been consequently urged by the electors, princes, &c. to grant Wulweber and his followers no passage through his province, but to stop and imprison them. In doing this he (the Archbishop) had merely complied with the wishes of said electors, in the interests of order and good government. Of having commited an irregularity in thus preserving peace he feels quite innocent. All due care had been taken that Wulweber should suffer no injustice. Points out that he (the Archbishop) and others like him, though the Emperor's subjects, have temporal as well as spiritual power in their respective provinces, otherwise these would soon be in a very lawless state. Henry's assumption, therefore, that the Archbishop's proceedings had been ipso facto irregulares, might have been kept back until he had had this explanation. The Archbishop hopes' that the King will not retaliate on such of the Archbishop's subjects as are in England, but will distinguish between the innocent and the guilty; otherwise Henry's own subjects abroad might also suffer. Castle of Wolfenbüttel, 1 March 1536.
2 March.
R. O.
401. — to —.
Writes "for his discharge" of the rumored occurrences on the frontiers both of France and Flanders, as reported by his spies, without vouching for their truth. Sends copies of proclamations published on the frontiers of the empire. Mons. Nyels, dwelling on the frontier of Picardy, has conveyed all his chief stuff to Boulogne, himself going before. The chief goods of Arde are conveyed the same way. Likewise Mons. De Cressonyer, a Burgundian, on the frontier of Flanders, has gone to St. Omers; those of any substance on both frontiers all retreating to places of safety. Mons. La Mota has been denied a safe-conduct to come to St. Omers, and orders are given that no man lodge him there on pain of death. He has gone to Are, intending to have process against those of St. Omers,—some think to yield himself a true Burgundian, and join the Great Master of Flanders. Some pieces of artillery were brought to Tournaham, and there shot in triumph upon St. Matthew's Day. The castle of Gravelines has been re-victualled, and they boast that as we take the French king's part they will spoil all our marches in one night. On Monday last, 28 February, 16 or 20 Frenchmen took the Emperor's castle of Ottenges beside Arde, and declare they will keep it; on what plea I know not. Yesterday, being the last of February, some men of Arde, on the borders of Picardy, came to Guisnes with 12 waggons laden with stuff, which they of Guisnes refused.
[ (fn. 1) A saddler of Gawnt, coming to Calais with six arming saddles, was stopped by the captain of Gravelines. Leaving his saddles he came hither, and said that Ferdinando king of Beme (Bohemia) is coming to the Low Countries with all his puissance, and that Andrea Doria will come with 15 or 16 sail to keep the narrow seas. It is much rumored there that England assists the French king with 20,000 men.]
The Treasurer of the King's House knows Ottenges. Calais, 2 March.
Draft, pp. 2. Much corrected.
2 March.
R. O.
402. Mathew Kyng to Cromwell.
Is at Chester, on his Lord's business. Asks him to write to the Lord Deputy that he may have the constableship of Harloghe and Arkelowe. Chester, 2 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
2 March.
Vit. B. xiv. 239. B. M.
403. Antony de Vivaldi to Cromwell.
"Molto Magnifico Signor. Per la ultima che scrissi a V.S. gli denotai quello si . . . . . . . . . . . qui appresso faro el simile dicendoli prima che qu . . . . . . . . . . . in ansieta per le grosse provigione che di gia hanno . . . . . . . . et continuamenti fanno, tenendosi fermo ch'el Re passa . . . . . . . li monti a tempo novo con grandissimo exercito che di Tu . . . . . . dovrebbe esser meglio avertita. L'imperator che ogni v . . . . . . . . dovessi tardare a Napoli insino a vinti dil presente s . . . . . lettere di xxiii. del passato di esso locho como bavia resolut[o partir in] ogni modo alli iiii. et che a Roma solamente stara otto gi[orni] . . . . in breve trovar a Milano. Quello medesmo giorno havia sua m . . . . . Giovan Thomaso Galarato Mons. di Scalinghe e Fabricio Maram[aus] . . . . . di loro colonelo di fanti iim et hano comissione di farli in . . . . . et Toschana; richiesto al vescovo di Roma gli dia le pate . . . . . . . e dicono havere concluso che non si levi uno sol fante d . . . . . . . . acioche accadendo non si trovi sprovisto dove lasciarano h . . . . . . quatrocento. Don Ferrante di Gonzaga viene general di ca . . . . . . et non attendeva salvo a spedir capitani digia spediti e . . . . . Palavicino el Marchese del populo el Signor Ferrando g . . . . . . . . conte de Chibari et certi Albanesi et ha ordine de farne . . . . . . . havia spedito Mons. di Asisten quale digia si trovava . . . . . . . condur mille cavagli di Fiandra in Lombardi[a] . . . . . . . . . . . altri capitani per fare altri iiiim. * * * [so]no gia fatte xxv. insegne di lanzichinechi et ne doveano . . . . vm. scrivono che sua Magiesta ha scritto in Hispagnia che le . . . . . sieno subito messe a ordine et le mandino qua a Genova . . ., . del principe Doria al piu tardi serano preste per tutto questo . . . . se per uscir fuori Parmata maritima sara grossa deputata . . . . . . Algieri non passando Francesi altramenti stara in questi mari . . quello seguira ne faro avertito giornalmente V. S. da Roma mi . . . vono ultimamente como della bolla non si parla piu doverebbe [il] veschovo haver cognosciuto lo error suo. Non diro altro a V. S. al [p]resente salvo pregare quella che vogli haver el mio Harigo racomandato . et favorirlo in quello che la honesta porta. Spero con Dio avanti fra [u]no anno visitar V. S. et tutti li altri mei Signori et amici et forsi pa . . . . . endo passerano le cosse della guerra." Genoa, 2 March 1536. Signed.
Mutilated. Add.
3 March. 404. The Earl of Wiltshire and Lord Rochford.
See Grants in March, Nos. 3 and 4.
3 March.
R. O.
405. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
Desires a protection for a merchant. London, 3 March. Signed. P. 1. Add.
3 March.
R. O.
406. Sir Ric. Whetthyll to Lord Lisle.
Commendation to my Lady. I beg you to be good to my son Robert, in case Master Prowde "recover not his sickness." The Acts that will pass for Calais and the Marches are engrossed in parchment, and we are waiting the last reading every day. What saying there shall be in it, when it comes to the Lords, God knows. It is said some of the Garratts are taken and will be heard today or shortly, and shall suffer; "also bruited that abbeys and priories under 300 marks by year, and having not 12 in convent, shall down." London, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "Lord Deputy of Calais. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
407. Henry Palmer to Cromwell.
Within these four days both the French and the Burgundians have been conveying away their goods to the fortresses, and the rumour is that the war will begin right shortly. My tenants and the King's in this parish of Camp have been with me today for counsel, and I told them there is no danger. They are the more assured because I remain among them. You know what strait commandment was given when the King's Commissioners were last here, that we all should inhabit within Calais before Lady Day in Lent next; and I fear lest any of my neighbours adjoining the French Pale should take alarm, and remove their goods, as I must do. Campe, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
408. Abbey of Tiltey.
An order taken at the late monastery of Tiltey, 3 March 27 Hen. VIII., with John Palmer, late abbot of the same.
First, the late abbot and his 5 brethren to remain in the abbey till the King's further pleasure. 11 other items regulating the management of the house by the abbot, who is to retain his 5 servants, named, and continue to support Alice Mills, his mother, Agnes Lucas, widow, and Thomas Ewen, impotent persons. For the finding of which the said Richard Crumwell has delivered to the said John Palmer, at the making of this, 60s., &c. Indenture signed by John Palmer, late abbot.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Inventory indented of goods and chattels belonging to the late monastery of Tiltey, made 3 March 27 Hen. VIII.
In the vestry:—2 altar cloths of white Bruges satin, with spots like drops of blood, of red velvet; "a vestment, deacon and subdeacon; a cope of Turkey red satin and white lawnd, wrought with gold, with a deacon and subdeacon to the same"; 29 pieces of vestments; vestments of white damask, green velvet, and green bāwdkyn; a cope of blue damask, and three of silk, branched and wrought with beasts of gold, and 9 other copes and vestments mostly with "deacon and subdeacon"; altar cloths and towels of diaper; and 4 chests, two bound with iron.
In the convent parlour:—2 tables, 4 trestles, 1 turned chair, 2 painted cloths, 2 pieces of old saye, 2 forms of planks. In the buttery:—6 basins of laten, 6 candlesticks, 3 of them "bellyd," 3 salts of pewter. In the cellar:—A little chest, 2 "joists covered with lead to lay on barrels of beer." In the kitchen:—2 brass pots, kettles, &c., 16 platters of old fashioned pewter, &c., a flesh hook and beam of iron and weights of lead of ½ cwt., 1 qr., 21 lbs., 1 stone, ½ stone, 2 lbs., and 1 lb. In the abbot's dining chamber:—Hangings of red say, "a carpet of gaunt work for the table"; carpets for a cupboard and counter, a pair of tongs and a fire fork, &c. In the abbot's bedchamber:— A cross and a censer of silver and gilt, a ship with a spoon, a sait with cover, 3 maser bonds and 10 spoons of silver, which plate, except 6 silver spoons remaining with the late abbot, is delivered to Mr. Richard Cromwell; a feather bed and hangings &c. In the guest chamber:—Hangings of painted cloth, a trussing bed, &c. Servants' chamber:— A feather bed, bolster, and an old coverlet. Brew-house:—3 brass pots hanging in a furnace and 3 brewing vats. Church:—12 candlesticks and 2 great standards of laten, a pair of organs. Larder:—46 couple of salt fishes, 12 couple of lings, and 31 couple of stock fishes.
In witness whereof "the said" Richard Cromwell and John Milsont have signed the part of this indenture remaining with the said late abbot, while he has signed the part remaining with them. Signed by John Palmer, late abbot.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Order taken with the abbot of Tiltey, 3 March.
3 March.
R. O.
409. The Boleyn Family.
List of grants by the King to Thos. Boleyn, earl of Wiltshire, and Geo. Boleyn, lord Rochford, from 29 April 14 Hen. VIII. to 3 March 27 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 3.
3 March.
MS. 5045, f. 9. Bibl. Nat. Paris.
410. Antoine de Castelnau, Bishop of Tarbes, to Francis I.
The day after receiving his letters from Lyons of the 12th ult. asked audience to declare their contents, and was put off till the 25th in consequence of the Parliament. Having told the King that Francis had given up to the English merchants their ships detained at Bordeaux, on the assurance of the ambassadors that he would revoke in Parliament the prohibition to import wine before Candlemas, he replied that he would revoke all innovations since the treaties, and that the reason of this prohibition was to prevent navigation at the most dangerous time of the year, as many ships had been lost. He was surprised that the people of Bordeaux had asked Francis to get it annulled, as they sold their wine at the most profitable time, and also gained money by letting their houses to English merchants to store wine until they could export it. Answered that the people of Bordeaux would not have complained without cause, and that the English were so careful of their profit that they would find means to save the expense, and that there is nothing that merchants desire more than freedom of trade. He again promised to have the ordinance revoked.
Asked for leave to speak to the Council about justice being done to French subjects in England. He said that justice was so slow in France that his subjects there suffered more than the French here, and therefore he had no occasion to think of recompensing the French their losses, but only of punishing those who had done them wrong. Showed him Francis' letter to prove that he intended to administer justice, and that he ought to do the same, being obliged by treaty not only to punish delinquents, but also to make good losses if the delinquents cannot pay. Finally, he promised to appoint a day for Tarbes to meet the Council.
After touching on other subjects, the King spoke of the contribution of 500,000 cr. which Francis asks for during the war, and said that as Francis refuses to declare himself on his side against the Pope, he had reason to remain neutral between France and the Emperor, as he has treaties with both, which the Emperor has always observed. The Emperor had always been his friend, and had even of late forbidden the Pope to pronounce sentence against him; of which there was so great noise made in France, that he understands, although Francis has communicated nothing to him, the negociations Francis has been carrying on for peace, both with the Pope and the Emperor, so that, if he gives the contribution, it will only help Francis to bring the Emperor to some good appointment. The sum asked, moreover, was too heavy for him to continue long, especially as he expects heavy expenses next summer for the reduction of Ireland. Answered that he thought the English ambassadors had informed him of the reasons for this request, and no one could doubt his power to comply, and also to reduce Ireland, as his enemies there cannot sustain a war; it was to be feared that he had no longer the same will as when the bailly of Troyes was here. As to the demand of the English ambassadors that Francis should declare with him against the Pope, he will never renounce his obedience to the Church, but has always declared that, if war ensued either on account of the sentence or any other reason, he would help him according to treaty; and that there was no treaty that he would not observe like the best brother and friend in the world. This declaration ought to suffice, without his demanding another, which would be very prejudicial to Francis, and no profit to him.
The King replied in great anger that he was not so foolish as to ask for what could do him no good. He was inclined to say no more about it, and to recall the bishop of Winchester, giving Francis to understand that the continuation of the friendship would be thorough on his part, and that as Francis offers to defend him if attacked, he likewise will help Francis if there is war in his kingdom. Said he thought him mistaken about the advantage of the declaration, and urged that the contribution ought to be given by reciprocity; but seeing that he would not change his mind, said that Francis had perceived several days ago, from the bishop of Winchester's words, that Henry would not come to any decision about the contribution, though what he said at his first coming, and what the bailly of Troyes had reported, led him to think the matter was decided.
On his taking leave the King summoned Norfolk, who talked with him for a long time. Afterwards the Duke came to the Bishop, and spoke to him in the same tone as the King had done, saying, further, that it was a great mistake that this affair had not been concluded before the Dowager's death; that he had informed me (fn. 2) that the mother and daughter would not live long, and therefore he had wished the marriage between Mons. d'Angoulême and the Princess to be concluded, and it was very annoying that such a small thing had prevented it. There was no one who governed the King enough to turn him from his purpose; and he saw how God helped the Emperor, as the two kings could not agree about this. However, he knew that the King's friendship was such that if the Emperor, or any other, made war in France he would help with all his power, even in person; that there was no reason for suspecting that there was intelligence between him and the Emperor; and though there was a treaty of peace between them, and there never had been war, he was sure the King would not help him if war was made in his countries. Finally, he asked the Bishop not to inform Francis of what had passed till they had spoken together again.
Norfolk being occupied with Parliament, could not speak with him until yesterday. He said he had found the King thoroughly well disposed to France, but the sum asked was greater than he could afford, especially as Francis does not offer to do anything for him in a similar case.
Replied that the reciprocity demanded was so unreasonable that Francis could never grant it; and it seemed as if they had chosen it as an excuse for evading their promise. Explained that the amount of the contribution was according to what was settled by the bailly of Troyes, and that the war was more necessary for the profit of England than of France, and that it is to be feared that if the Emperor settles his affairs in Italy as he wishes, a small occasion will suffice for him to make war on them.
On leaving, Norfolk begged him to write to Francis that Henry was never better disposed to him, and to assure him that Henry had no practice of any kind with the Emperor, and would never love him, though he had tried to gratify him by forbidding the Pope to pronounce sentence; and, further, that whatever the Ambassador had said to the Emperor had been without his master's knowledge.
From what he sees, the king of England is very anxious for Francis to commence war against the Emperor, hoping that the Council General will thus be postponed, and that the Emperor will be so occupied in defending himself from Francis that he will have no [power] to attack him. If possible, he will avoid contributing, that the Emperor, seeing him neutral, may forget the provocations passed between them, and that demands may be refused (qu'il soit rescusé) both on your side and on his, which will be a great means of keeping his people in subjection, as he has done hitherto.
If he thought the refusal of the contribution would prevent you from making war he would give part of the sum you demand, for he thinks the war would be of so great use to him that he is in great fear of you and the Emperor coming to terms.
A Spanish bishop, the late Dowager's confessor, (fn. 3) has just been arrested in a sailor's dress, while about to embark on a Flemish ship to go to Spain. He was discovered through his servant calling him my Lord. It is said that he has sent 100,000 cr. to Spain, and that he is in great danger, for leaving the country without licence is punishable with death. He says that he intended to go on a pilgrimage, and ask for leave on his return.
A week ago the duke of Gueldres sent ambassadors to the King, who have returned in haste. Knows nothing of their mission, or what answer they had. It is reported that the Duke wanted help to begin the war in Flanders.
Does not know at present what is going on in Parliament, except that Norfolk says they hope to have as good aid from the people as last year, if not better. London, 3 March "mvcxxv." (sic).
Fr. From a modern copy, pp. 11.
3 March.
R. O.
411. Henry Cole to Starkey.
After Frier's departure, was the only Englishman at Padua, and accordingly writes to ask if he can do anything for him there. Lazarus Bonamicus, Lampridius, and Marcus Antonius de Genua have often asked him for news of Starkey. Lampridius is going to teach the son of the prince of Mantua. Writes also to his Mæcenas and to Dr. London, president of his college (sodalitatis). Asks Starkey to deliver the letters. Padua, 3 March 1536.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: Londini.
4 March.
R. O. C.'s Letters, 320.
412. Cranmer to Lord Lisle.
At your request I send you your own man, Master Hoore, whom, as you liked him so well last Lent, I have appointed again to preach with you, with a learned man named Nycols, begging you to assist the doctrine of the Gospel. Commend me to my Lady. Lambeth, 4 March. Signed.
Add.: Lord deputy of Calais. Endd.
4 March.
R. O.
413. Edw. Archbishop of York to Cromwell.
Has received the books for the King's tenth out of the Exchequer, in which there are many "defaults." Those who are twice charged in different places should be discharged in the one; such as Dr. Marshall, archdeacon of Nottingham, who is charged at Nottingham and also in the church of York. Asks Cromwell to let them know his pleasure by the bearer, Dr. Marshall's servant. Cawod, 4 March 1535. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Mr. Secretary." Endd.
4 March.
R. O.
414. Sir Thos. Nevill to Cromwell.
Whereas I took of my late lord of Westminster's grant his farm of Binham, in Worcestershire, when the term of the mills was almost expired; and a further grant by him was made to me and my children for 35 years more on paying a 10l. fine; my old lease was sent up to make a new one. In trust thereof I built a new mill of freestone at the cost of 40 marks, besides above 300 marks upon other reparations. Forasmuch as your goodness be not unto me herein showed, who am a younger brother and of extreme age, and the taking my lands after my decease is determined, it is not right that I should be charged with these reparations except I have my full grant. I wish, therefore, to know your full mind in this matter. Pershore, 4 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
4 March.
R. O.
415. Gilbert Derich to Bonner and Candish.
The Doctor and Derich left Hamborow on Feb. 29, and came to the Grafe of Hoye on Friday, 3 March, at his castle called Stolteno. Will leave that place on Sunday, 5 March. Stolteno, Saturday, 4 March 1536.
P. 1. In Bonner's hand. Add.: To Dr. Bonner at Hamborow. Headed: Copia literarum Derick receptarum Hamburgi, traditarum nobis 7 Martii per Joachimum Cok. Endd.
4 March.
R. O.
416. Geo. Rolle to Lord Lisle.
Commendations to Lord and Lady Lisle. I have received your two letters, dated 8 Feb. and 24 Feb. By secret inquiry I find that lord Daubeney is not now disposed to hurt my Lady and Mr. Bassett's title. He has made shift with my lord of Wiltshire for 400l., and there is no use in moving him for the redemption of Mr. Bassett's land till the money is spent, or when it is to be repaid. John Halfe, son and heir to Richard Halfe of Devonshire, my Lady's kinsman, and a servant of lord Daubeney's, can give information when lord Daubeney has necessity. He proposes shortly to be at Calais. Lord and lady Daubeney are about to be divorced by mutual consent. She will have 80l. a year and her whole jointure at his death, as was appointed at their marriage. I hope to make some further motion before I ride into Devonshire. Mr. John Chichester is dead. He held certain lands called Doddecott contrary to the indenture between lord Daubeney, Mr. Bassett, and him. If his office is found that he died seized thereof by right, it will cause Mr. Bassett trouble, so the indenture and writings should be showed to the jury, and I think my Lady has her book at Calais. Worth, lord Daubeney's servant, told me yesterday that his master has sold all the timber and wood in Bekonholte to Roger Gifford and Thos. Seller, sometime servant to Sir John Bassett. I wish to know what I shall do about it. Your weir and all others in Devonshire will be pulled down by very strait commandment of the King to Sir Thos. Denys and Mr. Hugh Stucley, and by mouth here to Sir Hugh Pollard, sheriff of Devonshire.
Your Lordship would do well to write a pleasant letter to Ric. Pollard, sending him a patent of 40s. a year. He is in good favour with Mr. Secretary, and is likely to be more in favour with lord Daubeney, and may do you pleasure divers ways. He has been your enemy before, but I doubt not he will deserve this. I write of myself, not of his suit. London, 4 March.
I intend to tarry in London these 16 days. As far as I remember, Mr. Bassett's great indenture states that Dodcott was appointed to Mr. Bassett both by fine and indenture between Mr. Chichester and him. I do not know why he was suffered to have the possession of the lands.
Pp. 3. Hol. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
R. O. 417. [Moryson to Starkey.]
I will be glad if you will deliver the letters I have written to you to Cromwell as he will more clearly perceive my affection for him in yours than in his own. He will also see that my poverty is not removed. I am not very wise in telling you what you are to say to him, and have told him nothing but what you advised me to say respecting my pension. I do not approve of the advice you have given to Winter. The price has been too much reduced. I refused 20l., and wanted 25l. If the matter is not completed, see that I am not defrauded. If I return home there is no need for selling it. Cromwell will send me the expenses of the journey. If Thos. Jonys, who has left Italy for some time, has not arrived, keep the letters intended for him till he does.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2.
4 March.
R. O.
418. Ric. Moryson to John Frier.
As you have not yet returned home, I had better endure the loss of paper and ink than a complaint that I neglect a duty. There is nothing I can more desire than that you should be in England. I am in great distress for money, a disease from which you have more than once freed me. Possibly my letters have not reached their destination. You shall be my letter, and in recommending a friend much is allowed that is not allowed to one's self. You can at least show that Winter either will not or cannot any longer assist my studies. Starkey has for some time taken care of me. I will make him your colleague. To resist two such champions is impossible. Cromwell wishes to have me in his household. Consult Starkey, and then write to me what is best to be done. All send their compliments. Our friend Michael (Throgmorton) often speaks of you. I shall be surprised if you have not a favourable voyage, we have made so many sacrifices to Neptune. Let us know if he does not treat you well, and we will cease bellowing into deaf ears. Cole is the only one who supports our nation at Padua. Venice, quarto Nonas Mart. 1536.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Doctiss. viro D. Joanni Friero, medico peritissimo, &c., Londini.
4 March.
R. O.
419. R. Moryson to Starkey.
I beg you not to give over your anxiety to advance me until, by your aid, I shall devote myself to letters. I have little to recommend me except my sense of gratitude. How I stand with Pole he (hic) will tell you. "Tantum hoc dictum volo me libenter velle mecum esse." I say nothing of my poverty because it cannot be relieved before the bearer (hic) reaches you. Thos. Jonys will tell you all. Venice, quarto Nonas Martii.
Cole begs you to deliver yourself the letters to Knyghton, and send the others to the bp. of London. I am sure you will oblige him.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.; Clariss. D. Thomæ Starchæo utriusque juris doctori excellentissimo, Londini.
4 March.
Poli Epist. I. 434.
420. Pole to Card. Contarini.
After sending by Priolus his answer to Sampson's arguments about the primacy, was afraid he had transgressed the bounds of modesty by giving the Cardinal the trouble to read it, and asking him to correct it. His excuse is that as Bernardinus, of the household of the bp. of Chieti (ex sancta Theatini familia) remarked, the cause he advocates is not his, but Christ's and the Church's. Does not intend to reply only to the King, who wishes for his opinion, but to refute an adversary who defends the opposite. Thinks also of the people, who must not be led astray by pernicious edicts and books. They are not Athenians, but English, who cannot be persuaded without the use of what is irrelevant. Asks him to cut out what he thinks unnecessary.
Has just received his letter of 28 Feb. describing his conversation with the Pope about Pole's return to Rome. Is glad that he approves of what he has written about the primacy of the Pope. Anticipated his remark that he has written too bitterly about the King, but flattery has been the cause of all the evil. Sends the beginning and other parts of the book. Is now busy over the conclusion. Asks him to keep Priolus till it is done, and send his opinion by him. Venice, 4 March. The abbot of St. George is returned.
5 March.
R. O. St. P. v. 35.
421. James V. to Henry VIII.
Credence for Sir Adam Ottirburne of Reidhall, whom he sends to England. Falkland, 5 March 23 James V. Signed.
Add. Endd.
6 March.
Wilkins, iii. 802.
422. Convocation of Canterbury.
Proceedings from 4 Nov. [1535] to 6 March following.
6 March. 423. Suffragan Bishop of Thetford.
See Grants in March, No. 5.
6 March.
R. O.
424. Marmaduke (fn. 4) Abbot of Fountains to Cromwell.
I thank you for my promotion to be abbot of Fountains. I advertise you of the ordinances made by Master Layton in this monastery at my election. When the election was over he enjoined my predecessor in writing to make up his whole accounts from the first day of his entry into the abbotship to the 11th Feb. ult., and deliver them before the third Sunday in Lent; to which he agreed. He was also enjoined to pay all such goods as remained in his hands before he received any fruits of his pension, and to deliver all such sums of money as he had received, amounting to more than 100l. These things he now refuses, and labours by Sir Will. Malory to get a commandment from the King and yourself to obtain from us such sureties for his pension as his counsel shall devise. He intends to keep all the house goods, which are above 1,000l., notwithstanding the great decay in the property of the monastery, so that there is not a penny in the house, nor will be till May Day. We beg he may not have his pension until he make good his accounts, and then that he may have a reasonable pension only, and not 40l., "for he hath not served 20 marks." By a statute in our religion an abbot who has ruled well for 10 years is to have a competent pension; but he ruled naughtily. He has left the monastery in bad state. We owe the King for first-fruits 1,000l., and also the tenth, which is 100l. yearly. We therefore beg your interference. He has granted to Sir Will. Malory, by patent, the office of receiver-general and the stewardship of our Court, and Malory has labored to Master Norris, who has sent us a letter for confirmation of the deed. Sir Will. Malory, I hear, comes to London to labor for the same with the King and you. Begs that he may not have any grant, and that nothing be done in these matters until Dr. Layton, Dr. Leghe, and Master Blythman, have returned to your mastership. Fountains, 6 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
6 March.
R. O.
425. [Lisle to Cromwell.]
Divers subjects, both of the French king and the Emperor, borderers upon both the King's pales here, have desired leave to unload certain of their goods here. Of this I thought right to advertise you, and would for my discharge know the King's pleasure herein with speed. The bruit in Flanders is that they will spoil our marches, because the King assists the French with 20,000 men. Sir, loath would I be that it should so chance, but if I give them warning they are "of such a natnre that the same should be blown suddenly over both the other frontiers," and I would do nothing to embolden our neighbours, whether friends or foes. Calais, 6 March.
Copy (?), p. 1.
[6 March.]
Poli Epist. I. 437.
426. Pole to Aloysius Priolus.
Is glad to hear by his letters of 28 Feb. that he has arrived safely at Rome, and that he has explained Pole's opinions so satisfactorily to the Cardinal. If the Emperor's opinion about English affairs was certain, a reason might be found for Pole's going to [Rome] without exciting much suspicion, and perhaps he could afford some aid in those affairs. Is pleased at the Cardinal's approval of his writing on the primacy, as well as at his admonition that he had spoken too bitterly of the King in the other part, which he wrote unwillingly. Thought it necessary to show him his faults; and who else will? Wishes that by the loss of all his goods he could secure that the King would read these passages, but directly he finds that his fame is treated disrespectfully he will cast away the book and rage against Pole and his friends. Soft words are of no use, for gentleness and dissimulation have driven him on to this madness. No remonstrance will be of any avail until some calamity or adversity has caused him to fear; and then, if the remedies applied do not affect him, they will at all events affect the people. Writes the book not so much for the King's sake as for theirs. Believes that unless he is expelled from the Church he will never remain in the Church. If he had been shut out from the Church when this matter was first begun at Rome, he would still be in the Church. Does not understand the object of the delay, unless the priests expect all to be driven out by the King or put to death, in doing which he is by no means slow. Hears by his last letter from England that the prior of St. Benet's is in prison, and in danger of death unless he renounces obedience to the Pope by a certain day. Proclamations against the Pope are affixed in all the churches, and no one is allowed to preach the Gospel without adding something against the Pope's authority. Asks him to talk of these matters with the Cardinal. Will mitigate the bitter expressions about the King if no good will be sacrificed by doing so. Sends the commencement and another portion of the book. Wishes no one to see it but the Cardinal and Beccatello.
There is a report that Cassali, the brother of the Prothonotary, has been sent by the King to the Pope for a reconciliation, which the French king urges. Wishes to know the truth about it.
6 March.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 223. B. M.
427. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote last about the death of the queen of England. Does not know whether the letter was delivered. Understands by a letter of Jan. 29 that the Princess is well. The Queen by the holiness of her death showed what her life had been. She asked for and received all the sacraments ordained by the Church, and uttered the responses with such ardent love of God and devotion that all those present were much consoled, seeing the certainty of her being crowned in glory for her martyrdom. On being told that it was very early to receive extreme unction, she replied that she wished to hear, understand, and answer all that was said. She retained her reason to the last.
Imitating the charity of Our Lord and St. Stephen, she prayed God to pardon the King, and to bring back the kingdom to the Catholic faith and obedience to the Church. With this excellent act of charity she ended her troubles. It is said that the King, on hearing of her death, being dressed in purple (morada) silk, and with a white plume, went to pass his time with the ladies.
The Queen was buried as princess, at an abbey 18 miles from where she died, called Yperveru (Peterborough). The King only sent some ladies to assist in the interment. No exequies or honors were performed in London, but only at a town on the road (de camino) called Octuiton (?).
La Ana fears now that the King will leave her to make another marriage. The King has sent ambassadors to Scotland to ask the King to separate himself from the See Apostolic. During their audience there was a great storm and thunder, at which the Scotch king was much frightened, and, crossing himself, said he did not know whether to be more frightened at the thunder or their proposals. He ordered a sermon to be preached before the ambassadors on the obedience due to the Church.
When the Queen's death was known here the bull for the King's privation was already sealed. It has not been published, but the executorials in the principal cause have been obtained, with no little trouble to get them before the Queen's death was known. Rome, 6 March 1536.
Has received a letter from the ambassador in France, dated 15 Feb., stating that he hears from England that the King intends to marry the Princess to an English knight. The French king said that the king of England had fallen from his horse, and been for two hours without speaking. "La Ana" was so upset that she miscarried of a son. This is news to thank God for. The Princess being thus married will be out of danger; and the marriage itself will be of no validity, on account of her fear being so great and so evident unless she consented; and although the King has not improved in consequence of his fall, it is a great mercy that his paramour miscarried of a son.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
6 March.
Add. MS. 11,682, f. 11. B. M.
428. Portugal.
Confirmation by John III., king of Portugal, of the confirmation by king Manoel, 30 June 1516, of a charter granted by John II. to English merchants in Portugal, 23 July 1497. Evora, 6 March 1536.
Copy, not contemporary. Portuguese, pp. 75. Vellum. Two leaves missing.
7 March.
Vienna Archives.
429. Chapuys to Charles V.
The bishop of Llandaff, confessor of the late Queen, finding that he could not live here as a Catholic, or preserve his own soul in safety, fearing also that by refusing to swear to the new statutes he should be treated like the cardinal of Rochester and some others, determined, on the very day of my last letters, 25th ultimo, to escape from the kingdom to Flanders or to Arragon, where he was born, after first visiting your Majesty and the Pope; but he managed so badly that he was taken prisoner and put in the Tower. No one yet knows what will be the issue of his case, but I fear he will not be permitted to leave the kingdom lest he should stir up opposition to the King. For the same reason the King is afraid that the late Queen's physician wishes to remove hence, and he is trying to get him into his service, or at least keep him here for some time. For this purpose Cromwell sent to me this morning, requesting that I would send the said physician to him, whom he has been urgently soliciting to accept the King's service. The physician replied that to do so at once would arouse people's suspicions, and give occasion to scandal. Moreover, he did not know how your Majesty, whose subject he is, would take it. In reply to this last point Cromwell told him that there was no obstacle at all, for before three months there would be most perfect friendship between your Majesty and the King his master; to accomplish which he was holding the door wide open. The physician, however, declined to answer without taking my advice.
The two Gueldrois who arrived here, of whom one is burgomaster of Nimiguen, left four days ago. I am told they have had no other answer but that the King would respect the treaties between France and Gueldres. The two uncles of the earl of Kildare, a brother, and some other kinsmen who have hitherto withstood strongly, have at last surrendered. Many think that the King was only awaiting this news to put Kildare to execution. It is said that they were assured that Kildare was well treated, that they might be entrapped. They are expected every day in this city, and it is said they will all wed the Tower, (fn. 5) whatever has been promised them. Cromwell sent yesterday and the day before to tell me that he would come to me today or tomorrow. Perhaps he means to inform me that the King avows what he said to me lately; or perhaps he means to come to some particular overture on the subject of his proposals to the Queen's physician, who informs me that on speaking with him yesterday, when he named the Princess, Cromwell put his hand to his bonnet, which he did not often do, except sometimes when mention was made of your Majesty. London, 7 March 1535.
French, from a modern copy, pp. 2.
6 March.
Vienna Archives.
430. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Refers him to his letters to the Emperor. Will write more fully after his interview with Cromwell two days hence. London, 6 March 1535.
The King and all these lords are making great efforts to get horses out of Flanders, and Chapuys was busy all day yesterday in writing to the queen of Hungary for passports in behalf of this King and others.
French, from a modern copy, p. 1.
7 March.
R. O.
431. Richard Rawlins, Bishop of St. David's.
Inventory made 7 March 27 Hen. VIII. by Jas. Lieche, Esq., Morgan Lewes, general receiver to the late bishop of St. Davids, Sir Thos. Yonge, steward of Household, and Sir Griffith Lloide, chaplain to the said Bishop, Thos. Busshope and John Phelpe, husbandmen dwelling in the lordship of Lantefey (Lamphey), Thos. Persivalle, Thos. Haward, chamberlain, and Matthew Tiele, clerk of the Kitchen, of all the goods, moveable and immoveable, that the late Bishop had at his death, at his manor place of Lantefey or elsewhere, with all debts or rents owing to him.
In the Bishop's own chamber, where he was accustomed to take his rest, and where he died.—A bedstead of boards after the old fashion, 12d. A mattress, 3s. A feather bed and bolster, 26s. 8d. A covering of verdure work, with birds and lions, and lined with canvas, 20s. Hangings of old tapestry work with images, 26s. 8d. A table board with 2 trestles, 2s. An old carpet belonging thereto, 2s. A buff chair, 6s. 8d. A trussing coffer bound with iron, with lock and key, 5s.; in it, in gold and silver, 149l. 9s. 6d. An oyster table, 4d. 2 stools of easement and a stool wherein the Bishop was accustomed to be carried, 12d. A short carpet of Dornyx lying upon the oyster table. "A beedes" with 6 stones of glass with a signet of copper gilted, 12d. 2 overworn rochets, 13s. 4d. 2 coarse rochets, overworn and somewhat broken, 6s. 8d. And other items= 157l. 7s. 10d.
In the Chamberlain's Chamber.—An old bedstead, bedding, and a coffer, 13s. 2d.
In the Wardrobe.—An old crimson kirtle furred with old marturnes, 33s. 4d. 4 other kirtles, black, scarlet, and crimson. A chimere of scarlet single, perished with moths, 30s. A hood of scarlet, lined with changeable silk, 6s. 8d. A parliament robe of scarlet, eaten with a rat in the back, and perished with moths, 40s. A covering for a horse litter of coarse scarlet, 26s. 8d. A coat of mails covered with satin of Bruges, 6s. 8d.= 10l. 10s.
The Checkurd Chamber.—A trussing bed, bedding, a sparver of yellow and red say, an old pressboard, a range of 4 bars of iron, &c., 13s. 4d.
The Great Chamber.—An old trussing bed, sparver and curtains, green say hanging, eaten with moths, &c., 29s. 10d.
The Gardine Chamber.—Bed and bedding, an old carpet of Turkey work, hangings of red and yellow say, &c., 71s. 10d.
Gloucestre Chamber.—Bedstead, &c., an old sparver and curtains of red and yellow say, somewhat broken, a table board, 4 small forms, &c., 38s. 5d.
The next Chamber to Gloucester Chamber.—An old bedstead and bedding, mostly "broken," 3s. 8d.
The Parker's Chamber.—Bedstead and bedding, 11s.
The Steward's Chamber.—Bedstead and little round table for oysters, &c., 14s. 8d.
The next Chamber.—A trussing bed, &c., 7s.
The Porter's Chamber, 3s. 11d.
The Cook's Chamber, 8s. 4d.
The Paunter's Chamber, 6s. 8d.
The Barbour's Chamber, 11s.
The Brewer's Chamber, 2s. 2d.
The Under-cook's Chamber, 3s. 10d.
The Chapel Chamber.—An old bedstead and 2 andirons, 4s. 8d.
The second Chamber within the Chapel Chamber.—Bedstead, &c., 8s.
The Chapel.—4 pair of vestments with their apparel of satin of Bruges, white, red, blue, and green, 40s. 6 plain slops of coarse cloth, overworn, for singing men, 10s. 3 altar sheets much worn, 2s. A little mass book, 20d. A coffer, 16d. 2 pieces of old sayes, green and red, for hanging before the altar, 12d. A leaden holy water pot, 4d. = 56s. 4d.
The Hall.—3 pieces of old sayes, red and green, and three mats under them, 30s.
The Parlour.—An old table board with an old carpet of Dornyckes, 3s. 4d. 4 little pieces of hangings of Flanders work, with flowers, fountains, and running vines, a range in the chimney of 6 small iron bars, &c., 38s. 2d.
The Wine Cellar.—A bason and ewer, parcel gilt, 78 oz. 2 flagons, parcel gilt, 151 oz. 2 pots, parcel gilt, 86 oz. 3 goblets, parcel gilt, 33 oz. A chafing dish, parcel gilt, 21 oz. A dozen spoons with lions' heads, gilt, 17 oz. 2 gilt spoons, 4 oz. 2 gilt goblets, 35 oz. 5 standing cups, gilt, with covers, 104 oz. 3 gilt salts with covers, 41 oz. A little nut with 3 small gilt masers. A gilt chalice and paten, 20 oz. 2 candlesticks and a tynnacle for holy water with the dasshell gilted, 33 oz. A chalice and paten, parcel gilt, 6 oz. A little gilt salt without a cover, 6½ oz. 6 silver spoons, 7½ oz. Total gilt plate, 243½ oz.; parcel gilt, 375 oz. 18 spoons, 24½ oz. 5 hhds. of claret wine, and one of white wine, 80s.
The Buttery.—6 hogsheads for ale, 4s. 4 little barrels, 20d. 6 leather pots, 5s.= 9s. 6d.
The Pauntrye.—8 latten candlesticks, 3s. 4d. 3 little tin salts, 12d. 2 little coffers, 12d. An old hogshead, with a cover, to keep manchets, 6d. An old basin and ewer of tin, 16d. Tablecloths, napkins, &c., 42s. 6d. Also in the pantry, sheets, pillowburys &c., 49s. 2d.
The Kitchen.—2 garnish of vessel, lacking 4 saucers, and 12 old platters, with an old basin, 214 1b. at 3½d. Brass pots, a chafurne, and a possenet, 15 lb. at 1½d. a lb. Pans, spits, a little chimney of iron to set a pot upon, 12d. A wooden mustard pot, 1d. 3 "cowbes" for capons, 10s., &c.=7l. 15s. 11½d.
The Larder House.—Two powdering tubs, 10d. A querne to grind mustard, 10d. An old cupboard, 4d. "4 stone of flattesse," 4s.=6s.
The Fish Larder House.—Salt, hides, tallow, and herring, 91s. 4d.
The Bakehouse.—A great trough and a moulding table which are "standards."
The Brewhouse.—2 washing chieffes, 16d. 12 "kielers," 8s. A eelynge fate, 8d. A little tub, 6d. 2 little cowls, 4d. 2 pails, 3d.=11s. 1d.
The Malthouse.—Two vessels to water barley and a malt mill, 8s.
In the Oxhouse and the Park.—6 stalled Welsh bullocks at 20s. 10 little Welsh bullocks at 10s. 3 old overworn horses at 5s. In a "warraunt" of conies, 5 sheep and a lamb at 12d.=12l. 0s. 12d.
At Lawhaden, a manor place of the late Bishop.—A feather bed, &c., 13s. 4d. 120 sheep and a cow, in the custody of Wm. Butlar.
At Pembroche.—Jas. Baskerfeld, steward, has in his custody bedding worth 46s. 8d.
In the Stable.—4 old overworn horses, 30s.
The Storehouse or Workhouse.—4,018 bundles of laths at 5s. the 1,000. 7 doz. crests at 8d. the doz.=29s. 2d.
The Garner.—10 bushels wheat at 2s. 8d., 112 bushels barley malt at 2s., and 50 bushels oaten malt at 12d.=15l. 0s. 8d.
The Barn.—26 bushels wheat at 2s. 8d., 80 bushels barley at 2s., 100 bushels oats at 8d.=14l. 16s.
At Wooram, Jameston, and Castremarton.—Corn and pease worth 14l. 1s. 6d.
In the Close by the Brewhouse.—3 couple of swans, 8, 3, and 1 year old, 15s. 5,000 tile stones at 20d. A cart, 8s. A peacock and peahen, 16d.=32s. 8d.
6 qrs. wheat and 12 qrs. barley were bequeathed by the Bishop to the collegiate church of Abergwilie, because they lacked corn.
ii. Books in the Study:—
Divinity.—The New and Old Testaments, with the exposition of Nic. Lyre and the ordinary gloss, 6 books. A concordance to the Bible. Beda upon the Evangelists. St. Jerome expositively upon the 12 Major Prophets. St. Augustine De Civitate Dei; five other books of his works; his Sermones de Tempore. St. Jerome's epistles. St. Ambrose expositively upon the Psalms, and three other books of his works. Works of Cyprian and Lactantius. Joannes Faber adversus Luterum, named Defensor Pacis. John Chrysostom's homilies. Damascene's works. Summa Angelica. Sermones Joannis Nider. Manipulus Florum. Sermones Jacobi de Voragine. Summa Baptistæ. John Duns and St. Thomas upon the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th of the Sentence (singular). The first part of Book I. and the second part of Book II. of St. Thomas. Reportata Scoti, by John Duns. Treatises upon the 4 books of the Sentence, by Wm. de Ockham, Jacobus Almanus et Joannes Capreolus. St. Thomas adversus Græcorum errores. Fras. de Maronis et Thos. de Aquino in primum Sententiarum librum. Sermones Jacobi de Voragine de Sanctis. Homiliæ Gregorii episcopi. Reclinatorium animæ, incerto auctore. Concordantiæ Fratris Conradi de Alemania. Repertorium in postillam Nicolai Lyrani in Vetus Testamentum et Novum. Augustinus in Joannem. Jacobus de Valentia in Psalterium Flores Bedæ Presbyteri. Hugo Cardinalis in Psalterium.
Humanity.—The comedies of Terence and Plautus. The Rhetoric and Orations of Cicero. Suetonius. Strabo. Two books of Nauclerus. Seneca. Aulus Gellius de Noctibus Atticis. Herodotus. A table upon 8 books of Ptolomee. The Grammars of Urbane and Theodore in Greek. A Grammar of Hebrew. A Dictionary called Catholicon. Bartholomeus de Proprietatibus Rerum.
Philosophy.—The text of Natural Philosophy Argyropilo interprete. St. Thomas expositively upon Natural Philosophy.
Physic.—The 4 books of Jacobus De Partibus. Avicenna. Rosa Anglica. Practica Joannis Serapionis. Mesne. Chirurgia Petri de Lacerlata Bononiensi. Liber Pandectarum Medicinæ, authore Mattheo Silvatico. Petrus de Albano Patavinus, de differentiis philosophorum et medicorum. Explanationes Gentilis de Fulgineo super tertium Canonis Avicennæ. Liber Medendi, incerto authore et absque titulo. Prima pars et Secunda Rasis, in toto continent'.
Law.—The whole courses of civil and canon. Bartholomeus Brixiensis de Casibus Decretorum. Constitutiones Clementis.
Total, besides the plate and books, 279l. 6s. 6½d.
iii. Debts due to the late Bishop, Master John Lunteley being receiver-general:—
From Maurice Meyrig and Maurice ap Howell, bidell of Lawhaden, Master Lewis Gruffithe, for synodals of the deanery of Llandeilo and Llangadoc; David Lloide, dean of Emlyn; from various persons for the synodals of the deaneries of Pembroche, Rowse, Kaermerdyn, and Gowere, and the archdeaconry of Breckenocke, and the rents of the lordship of Llandue, &c., 46l. 8s. 6d.
iv. Debts to the late Bishop, due 1 Aug. 1534:—
Proxies from Gruffithe Morgan, dean of Ultra Ayron, Sir Morgan Aubre, dean of Gowere, and others; Morgan Melyne, of Pembroche, for 85 fells, 8s.; Peter Flemmynge, of Kaermerdyn, for "flattesse," &c., 49l. 10s. 3½d.
v. Procurations of the General Visitation held 1535. Cons. 13.
Deaneries of Rowse and Dungledye, Kemeys, Emlyn, Subayron, Melenythe, Biellt, Elvell, Brecon, Kidweli, Llandeilo and Llangadoc, Kaermerdyn, Pembroche, the cathedral of St. David's, and the collegiate churches of Abergwilie and Llandewi Brevye, 21l. 13s. 10d.
vi. View of Account of Morgan Lewis, general receiver of the Bishop, 27 Hen. VIII.:—
Due from the bailiffs, stewards, bidells, and farmers of Pebidianke, Lantefey, Lawhaden, Llandeilo, Llaneignede, Abergwihe, Mydrym, Diffryntivi, Atpar, Llandogy, Llandwe and Brody, 65l. 1s.
vii. Synodals unpaid from various deaneries, 87s. 11½d. Due from Hen. Catharne, Matthew Tyle, and Lewis David, of Haverford, 21l. Total debts, 207l. 14s. 7d.
viii. Total, with the debts, besides plate, books, and the farm of five churches, 487l. 13½d. Of which sum there is paid for the chaplain's gowns, liveries, and wages for the servants, cloth for gowns for poor men, and expenses of the funeral and the day of trigintale, 103l. 12s. 2d.
ix. Debts of the Bishop:—
To the King, for the 10th, 45l. 14s. 2½d. Fee of the earl of Worcester, his high steward, 13l. 6s. 8d. To lord Ferrers, constable of Llandwye Brevie, 6l. 13s. 4d. To Jas. Lieche, for costs of surveying, and for irons bought for the prisoners in Llandwie Brevye and other lordships 6l. 13s. 4d. Expenses of John Lunteley at the late sessions at Llandwye Brevie, 40s. To Walter Marwent, parson of St. Matthew's, Friday Street, London, 60s. 8d., paid by him to the officers of the Parliament House and Convocation, and to advocates and proctors in the Arches. To Matthew Tile, of Lantefey, for a fat cow, 16s.; and for other things, 26s. 8d.=76l. 10s. 10½d.
Pp. 29. Endd.
7 March.
R. O.
432. Henry VIII. to Dr. Glynne.
Summons under privy seal to come up immediately. Westm., 7 March. P. 1. Signed, with a stamp. Endd.: The privy seal sent to Dr. Glynne.
R. O. 433. Dr. Glynne.
Dr. Wm. Glynne holds the following dignities and parish churches, where there are no perpetual vicars endowed.
Dignities.—Archdeaconry of Anglesey and provostship of Kybby Castle.
Parish churches.—Amlaghe, 40l., Cristioles 20l., and Llangwyno 20l., in the archdeaconry of Anglesey. Llaneyngan 40l., Llanvnda, Llandorokke, Llanvaglan, in the archdeaconry of Bangor. Llanglynnyn 20l. in the archdeaconry of Merioneth. His spiritual promotions in "the said diocese" amount to 400l. marks, and he has taxed himself for the subsidy only for 4 marks, though he should pay according to the Acts of Convocation 20l. He has not resided on any of his benefices for 16 years. For these 5 months he has run in danger of the statutes for nonresidence. (fn. 6) His dispensations to retain so many promotions are not sufficient. He has taxed the Bishop's portion of the subsidy for these two years upon the poor clergy.
P. 1. Endd.
7 March. 434. Suffragan Bishop of Ipswich.
See Grants in March, No. 7.
7 March.
R. O.
435. Tristram Teshe to [Cromwell].
There are several defaults in the books of the King's disme for this diocese of York, which I brought down from the King's Exchequer. Some benefices are twice charged, some left out or wrong named, &c.; so that we cannot tell of whom divers sums should be demanded. The King will lose much this year, but it may be rectified hereafter. York, 7 March.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
7 March.
R. O.
436. Anthony Rous to Cromwell.
I beg you will accept Mr. Ric. Southwell as a witness of my desire to serve you. Framlingham, 7 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
7 March
R. O.
437. Antonio Bonvisii to Cromwell.
Has received his most grateful letter of the 24th ult. Expresses his great obligations to Cromwell for procuring him the thanks of the King conveyed in his letter. Longs for an opportunity to show his gratitude. Wrote to him on the 28th ult., viâ Antwerp by Francesco Ghabrielli. Did not write by Francesco Piamontese, because he had no knowledge of his departure till a quarter of an hour before he mounted horse, otherwise he would have sent a copy of his last. Sends now a copy with some articles which he considers of greater importance.
Letters of Naples of the 21st ult. have been received by the English ambassador, who, on the 29th, the day after their arrival, went to Court, and is said to have been frequently in council. It is supposed that they are negociating a close alliance, and there are many signs that it will take effect. Morette was despatched to Italy before these last letters arrived; whither I know not. The cardinal of Tournon (Turnu), they say, is going to Rome. De Prat arrived at Rome on the 23rd, and will leave on the 24th or 25th in order to pass through Burgundy. An ambassador of the bishop of Rome is in his company. If Tournon go to Rome, they will be able to judge what conclusion they are to expect. Pinott is said to have gone into Italy. There is no slackness in preparations for war. Various reports about the duke of Milan and the marquis of Saluzzo. News of the 14th from Germany touching the disputes of the dukes of Witinbergh and Bavaria, touching a castle detained by the latter. Others say it is a mere pretence to raise troops for this King's service. The wife of the duke of Witenbergh, who is a sister of the duke of Bavaria, has fled to her brother in consequence of the ill conduct of her husband. Antonio de Leva has raised 10,000 good infantry without any stir. Other troops have arrived at Trent, to be ready on occasion, and will willingly cross the mountains in hope of plunder. Has heard from a person who has good intelligence with Antonio de Leva and the other captains that they mean to possess themselves of the best lands of Piedmont, and so strengthen Lombardy; because for the French to cross the mountains and leave a great army behind them in Piedmont would be certain destruction, as they could not then get victuals from Savoy, and the road from Dauphiné is too long.
Hears from Milan that the Imperialists have ordered that none of their subjects shall take pay of any foreigners on pain of confiscation of goods. News has arrived that Doria, who has arrived at Genoa, sent to De Leva, and there has been a council of war. They say that negociations have been broken off, and it would not be honorable now for France to resume them. Thinks that peace is not probable. Hears that the French have not yet taken the castle of Momiliana, only reached St. Gian di Morian. Morette and Pinott have not gone further than to the duke of Savoy. Francis sent for the English ambassador last night, who went to court this morning. Lyons, 7 March 1536. Signed.
Ital., pp. 4. Add.
8 March.
R. O.
438. Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
In behalf of Richard Holmes, the bearer, for a spear's place. Expects he will hear of Acts passed in this Parliament concerning Calais which he will not mislike. Westminster, 8 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
8 March.
R. O.
439. Dr. Thomas Legh to the Prior of Guysboroughe.
Seeing you are a stranger in that country, I am sorry that you have been so sore troubled, and marvel I have not heard from you for so long a season. Whereas your brethren, when I was there, gave me the advowson of the parish church of Barnyngham, belonging to your monastery, I desire you to send me the same under your convent seal by the bearer. London, 8 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
8 March.
Wegener Aarsberetninger, iv. 47.
440. Boner and Caundysshe to Marcus Meyer.
Received on March 8 his letters dated Vorberg, S. Scholastica's Day, 1536. Wrote immediately to the King on his behalf, enclosing a copy of his letter. Promise to promote his interests on their return, which they hope will be soon. Warn him not to waver in his fidelity to the king of England, or change his purpose for any words or promises. Sent letters lately to him by his brother Conrad. If Meyer stands this siege bravely for a short time he will gain numberless advantages. There are many, especially in Copenhagen and Elbogen, who would rather die than acknowledge the duke of Holstein as king of Denmark. If he yields, he will injure others as well as himself. Hamburg, 8 March 1536. (fn. 7)
Lat. Add.
8 March.
Poli Epist. i. 440.
441. Reginald Pole to Priolus.
Wrote two days ago, but the messenger has not gone in censequence of an order of the Senate that no courier should take private letters. Received yesterday Priolus' letters dated the 2nd inst. The rumour of the King's reconciliation with the Pope increases. Wishes the Cardinal, before matters are settled, to give Pole an opportunity of expressing his opinion on these matters, which do not concern his own benefit, but the honor of the Pope and the benefit of the Church, and which perhaps he knows better than others. Is now busy at the end of the book, which is all about Penitence, to which he exhorts the King. Has been to Padua for three days. Today the hermits of Bassano (heremitæ quos nosti Bassanæ), especially the Augustine, have been with him.
Asks him to obtain a copy of the Annotations in Galeatius Cavensis' book of the Prophets, and a miniature of the Cardinal on parchment, for setting in gold.
Sends his writings by the courier. Does not suppose the Cardinal will have much time to read after the Emperor's arrival. Venice, 8 March.
Asks him to write if Casali is at Rome, and to burn his letters when read.
8 March.
R. O.
442. Anthony Bonvisi to Cromwell.
After I had closed my letter of the 7th, a gentleman, despatched from Rome by Mons. de Paris, arrived in the Court with letters of the 26th ult. The marriage of the Emperor's daughter and duke Alexander had taken place. The Duke has purchased the duchy of Sessa, and the Emperor given Aquila and l'Abrusso as dowry; so that with his duchy and this dowry he can spend 50,000 ducats. The exiles are afraid that the Emperor will wish the Duke to live in Florence, in which case they would have but a shadow of liberty. The Emperor was to leave Naples on the 8th for Rome. The Imperialists boast that they will invade France upon the outbreak of the war. The French have sent artillery to bombard the castle of Momeliana, but the garrison by a sortie in the night have slain between 300 and 400 of them. There is no sure news of the agreement. The Emperor's ambassador is in the Court, and secret negociations are continued; perhaps seeing Lombardy in arms they will change their minds. Of the journey of Mons. de Turnu nothing more is said. By letters of 7 Feb. it has rained six days continuously in Seville and Portugal, and grain fallen from 13 to 9 (e il grano manchato da 13 a 9), because they expected to be able to sow. A ship has arrived from the Indies with a very rich cargo, and others are expected at Easter, and at Liun Chatan (e aliun chatan) they have found a mine of silver which promises great treasure. The French Council had imprisoned a bishop of Palma, who was in Gascony, for holding communication with the Emperor. He escaped last night. Lyons, 8 March 1536.
Hol. Ital., pp. 2. Add.
8 March.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 219. B. M.
443. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
Wrote last on the 27th and 29th. Has not much more to say, except that the French are most willing to bring back the king of England if possible; but as that woman rules too much, they find infinite difficulties, especially as the English see that they care mainly about the negociations for peace (si sta su la prattica di pace). For this reason, and because they say openly that Francis is wholly friendly to the Pope, they show some distrust. On the other hand, it is thought that they would be firmly united if it came to a war. The English ambassadors are at Lyons. It must be nearly a month since they have negociated anything. Brien, who ought to have returned from England many days ago, has not yet appeared. From their practises with the Imperialists, it is clear either that they would wish to create uneasiness here, or to settle their affairs with them if they could. The Imperialists do not despair, "si come questi essendo in procinto di guerra pace (pare?) vogliono assai credere d'haverli in effetto per loro." Those ambassadors pay much attention to the Venetian.
Ital., pp. 4. Modern copy. Headed: Al Signor Prothonotario: Da Monte Plaisant, li 8 Marzo 1536.
9 March.
R. O.
444. Wm. [Walle] Abbot of Kenilworth to Cromwell.
Whereas I have granted a lease of the manor of Broke to your friend, I am informed that the prior of the cell there, supported by some gentlemen about him, trusts to remain there and be at his liberty, rather than to be under my rule. I intend to send for him, and should he disobey I shall certify you thereof, and desire your aid in his reformation. Kenilworth, 9 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
9 March.
R. O.
445. William Popley to Lord Lisle.
I have received your letters directed to my mistress and to me. My master (fn. 8) received your letters very thankfully, and has sent you an answer with other letters to Mr. Fowler and Mr. Lilgrave. There is no intention to put down the monastery of Glastonbury or any worshipful house, but it is thought all houses under 300 marks shall be suppressed, "for the maintenance of certain notable persons of learning and good qualities about his Highness." Cannot tell if it be true, but divers have forsaken their houses, "so that [by means] thereof, and certain sales made by the [heads] of such houses, the King hath obtained divers houses." The Rolls, 9 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Slightly mutilated and defaced.
9 March.
R. O.
446. Gardiner and Wallop to Lord Lisle.
We thank you for your manifold kindness to those who have passed from us, notwithstanding our negligence in writing. There is no news; but whether there shall be war or peace is like doubtful weather. "The weather is cloudy, and much preparation there is, and in Savoy hath fallen a few drops of rain, for 300 of the legionaries of France be dispatched by men of war of the duke of Savoy, which issued out of a castle at the town of Montmyllian beside Chambery;" but there is no war yet with the Emperor, and the sun may shine yet and disperse these clouds. Commend us to my Lady. Lyons, 9 March.
Please speed the passage of this courier. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
9 March.
Corpus Reform., iii. 44.
447. Melancthon to Vitus Theodorus.
Asks him to send on the accompanying letter to Joachim at Tubingen, to be given to the English scholar of Joachim, for Nicolas [Heath]. Thanks Osiander for his letter. Are now disputing with the English about religious doctrine. Nicolas is favorable (satis æquum), but the English bishop does not seem to like the German philosophy. 9 March.
Lat. and Gr.
10 March.
Corpus Reform., m. iii. 45.
448. Melancthon to Geo. Prince of Anhalt.
Had intended to visit him, but was taken by his friends to Torgau. Is now detained by the English discussion. Have conversed about all the articles of Christian doctrine, and the Ambassadors do not seem averse to a study of purer doctrine. Certain articles have been very carefully drawn up, which Master George can show him. Our labor may be of use in throwing light upon and settling certain controversies. 10 March.
10 March.
Vesp. F. i. 108. B. M.
449. Eric Count de Hola et Brockheusen (?) to Henry VIII.
Edmund Boner, Richard Kandish, Bernard à Melen, and Adam Pacæus, have shown him what love the King bore to his late brother John, who died in the Danish war. He has left two young sons, who have been deprived of their property by the pretended king of Sweden, and are in exile in Germany. Has promised to assist Bernard à Mela and others in a war on Sweden, and desires credence for Adam Pacæus, doctor, and John Barstenberg, who will explain his intentions more fully. "In arce Stoltenow, 10 March 1536. (fn. 9)
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.
10 March.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 220 b. B. M.
450. Bishop of Faenza to the Prothonotary Ambrogio.
Reports a conversation he has had today with Francis, showing the imminence of war and the forces going to Piedmont under the Admiral. Francis said, among other things, that the duke of Gueldres was ready to make war on the Emperor, even if he (Francis) did not help him, having discovered that his Majesty wished to deprive him of two fortresses (terre), on which account he has beheaded some persons; that Henry will pay the third of the expense of the war outside this kingdom, and half in its defence, if need be, even though at present he seems to stand aloof, because he thinks that here they are too devoted to the Church; but Henry (quello) only desires the war to begin. He has become extremely avaricious, and and has gained so much profit from the Church that the French king has not much hope of bringing him back. This he said in answer to a remark of the Bishop's, made as of himself, according to the Prothonotary's orders. Francis said also that they are committing more follies than ever in England, and are saying and printing all the ill they can against the Pope and the Church; that "that woman" pretended to have miscarried of a son, not being really with child, and, to keep up the deceit, would allow no one to attend on her but her sister, whom the French king knew here in France "per una grandissima ribalda et infame sopre tutte." The king of England is infinitely displeased at the conclusion of the marriage with the king of Scotland, to whom Francis has given some artillery in certain castles held by the duke of Albany in an island there, but garrisoned at the expense of France.
Ital., pp. 7. Modern copy. Headed: Al Signor Prothonotario Ambrogio, Da Monte Plaisant, li 10 Marzo.
10 March.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 226. B.M.
451. Viscount Hannart to the Empress.
Account of the French preparations for war in Savoy and the Spanish frontier, and other news.
The marriage of the Scotch king with the daughter of the duke of Vendosme is concluded. Leon (Lyons), 10 March 1536.
Sp., pp. 4. Three passages in cipher undeciphered.


  • 1. This paragraph is crossed out.
  • 2. "Quil navoit adverty" in copy. Query, mavoit.
  • 3. George Athequa, bishop of Llandaff.
  • 4. Marm. Brodelay or Bradley.
  • 5. "Quilz espouseroient (espouseront?) trestous la tour."
  • 6. 21 Hen. VIII. c. 13 and 28 Hen. VIII. c. 13.
  • 7. The English ambassadors while at Hamburg dated letters by the style of Lower Germany.
  • 8. Cromwell.
  • 9. The date is confused, but has been altered from "vicesimo sexto" to "tricesimo sexto." Hence the document was erroneously inserted in Vol. IV. of this Calendar under date 10 March 1526–7. The address contains the words "Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ sub Christo capiti."