Henry VIII: August 1536, 11-15

Pages 114-129

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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August 1536, 11-15

11 Aug.
Wilkins, iii. 824.
271. Henry VIII. to the Bishop of —.
Circular letter for the abrogation of certain holidays. Chertsey, 11 Aug.
R. O. 272. John Sowthwoode, Official, to Sir John Coche.
Orders him to admonish every curate to come to Bridgewater and take out copies of the King's commandment there, and declare it in their churches, with all possible haste.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Unto his well beloved Sir John Coche, vicar of Stoclandgurc' (Stokegursey ?), dean of Bridgewater.
On the back is a horoscope.
11 Aug.
R. O.
273. Thomas Legh, LL.D., to Cromwell.
Has visited the archdeaconries of Coventry and Stafford, where he found the men very tractable, lacking only good instruction. Reminds Cromwell as touching Burton Lazor, whereof he desires nothing but possession, and Dr. Dawkyns is content to submit. Derlegh, 11 August, Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Aug.
R. O.
274. Coxford Priory.
Inventory indented, made 11 Aug. 28 Hen. VIII., between Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Roger Townshend, Ric. Southwell, and Thos. Mildmay, the King's commissioners, and John Adamson, prior of Cokkesford, of the goods and implements in the church, vestry, kitchen, and different offices of the monastery, which the commissioners have delivered to the said prior to be kept to the King's use.
Pp. 4.
ii. File of documents attached, connected with the suppression of the monastery; among which is a paper of rewards given by the commissioners to divers persons at its dissolution, 22 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.
11 Aug.
R. O.
275. T. Wyngfeld, Comptroller, to John Whalley, Paymaster of the King's Works at Dover.
Commendations to Mrs. Whalley, whom he trusts to see shortly. Wrote four days ago. All things going well, but great lack of timber, for they can get no plaits or hoys for fear of the French. On Friday last they took a hoy of the King's laden with timber, in Rye haven, and carried her away. Whalley must buy some oars for boats. Spoke with Master Davy for his wages, who, says Whalley, has not got the warrant. Wishes he had known this when my lord Privy Seal was here. On Thursday last the Frenchmen took a Spaniard before Rye laden with alum, and a Portingale laden with spices, and a fair gentlewoman in the ship. Had news from Calais yesterday that my lord of Nassau is entered into France, and has won Gwyse on the Sum. The Frenchmen rob the English shamefully. Friar John (fn. 1) came to the King's smith to make a lock, and on the smith asking who should pay for it, he said the King. The smith refused unless I gave him commandment. On which he said, "That knave comptroller, he is a knave. The mayor and he would have robbed me on St. Peter's night, but I have done his errand to the King that he shall be known for a knave." Explains his conduct by my lord Privy Seal's letter. Never spoke to him till today, though he has made fire on the top of the chapel at midnight, which was thought to be a sign to the Frenchmen, and has threated to despatch some one. Encloses a letter showing how the French have robbed a hoy sent to fetch timber. Here one Barly, who has a bill signed to have 6d. a day as overseer, brags that he is the King's servant, and has it without check, and that the King has ordered he shall have all his arrears, which, the writer thinks, is very small, if it be according to his attendance. Since his coming home he has been in the works bragging with his sword and buckler, and calling the workmen knaves. If I had not stopped it they would have broken his head. Dover, 11 Aug.
I pray you provide money. "Our commissions here be the slackest people to serve the King that ever I saw."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: London. Endd.
11 Aug.
R. O.
276. Sub-Prior and Convent of Holmcultram to Cromwell.
Thomas lrebye, their abbot, died on the 10th August. They desire commission to elect a new abbot without delay, as they are continually exposed to danger from the raids of the Scots. Tholmcoltran, 11 Aug.
Signed by Chr. Nevenson, sub-prior, Robt. Langtun, John Jackson, Robt. Clement, Gawyn Boradall, Ric. Wyttye, Wm. Symondson, Wm. Marschall, Thomas Grayme, Thomas Brown, Arthur Mychelson, Nic. Pyngue (?), John Alanbye, John Idyll, Ric. Godffray, Ric. Robynson, Rob. Banke, Ric. Patonson, John Wyse, Ric. Adamson, Thomas Hoge, and Wm. Martyn.
P. 1. Add.: To the right hon. lord Cromwell, general visitor of all religion. Endd.
11 Aug.
R. O.
277. Rafe Sadleyr to Lord Lisle.
At Cromwell's request, the King has granted the office of Surveyor of Works at Calais to Sadleyr's friend and fellow, Ric. Lee, as amply as Lilgrave, who is dead, held it. Asks Lisle's favor for him. The Court, at Chertsey, 11 Aug. 1536.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 278. Frances Lylegrave, Widow, to Cromwell.
Petition begging Cromwell to continue to her the favor he showed to her late husband William Lylegrave, in making him Surveyor of Calais, which office, for shortness of life and sickness, he could never execute. Has many children, and is at such charges that, without expedition of her suit, she cannot continue.
Hol., p. 1. Add at head: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Aug.
R. O.
279. Sir Chr. Morys, Master of the Ordnance, to Lord Lisle.
I understand that one of my fellows named Luke has complained to your Lordship that he cannot have saltpetre, coal, and brimstone to amend his powder, as other men have. He complained to the King of Parker and Antony de Naples, telling his Grace in my presence that they were strong thieves, and stole all the stuff they had allowed them. He undertook to amend all the powder that was infect, without saltpetre or other thing, and I sent him over to make his proof. Mr. Lieutenant has his promise in his own handwriting. I trust to be at Calais shortly. London, 11 Aug.
Hol., (fn. 2) p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
11 Aug.
R. O.
280. John Fawkner to Lord Lisle.
Received his letter on the 2nd Aug. touching Cornellys Reyngers, merchant. Will accept it as a sufficient certificate. There is one point, however, in the letter which must be laid before the King's Council touching the date of the certificate, of which the writer has doubts how it will be taken, as everything is now looked upon very straitly for the King's advantage. If, however, the master of his office is satisfied with the letter, the writer will be so also; for he is sorry for any merchant to be handled with extremity. Arundel, 11 Aug.
P.S. to the same effect.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Lisle, lord Deputy of Calais.
[11] Aug.
Lamb. Ms. 602, f. 100. St. P. ii. 357.
281. Lord Jas. Butler to Cromwell.
After proroguing Parliament from Caishell to Limerick, we advanced into Limerick county; and as Sir John of Desmond's sons "would incline to no good conformity, we foraged and comitted semblable destruction." Found a manor called Loghgyr, belonging to James, son of Sir John, who boasts himself earl of Desmond, had been left without doors and windows, and the roof burnt. Repaired it, and left a garrison, and passed on to Limerick, the writer taking the foreward and my Lord his father the rear. Continued Parliament one day at Limerick, and on the morrow set forward to O'Brenis bridge, receiving on the way hostages from some of the Borkes for offences against the King and the city of Limerick. The tower at the bridge foot was the thickest and best guarded he ever saw in Ireland. Shot their ordnance at it on Saturday and Sunday last with little effect. However, some of Wm. Seintloo's retinue, men of high courage and activity, adventured the assault, and, without losing a man, took it, and forced the guard to flee through the bridge. Spent Sunday and the next day breaking the bridge. Returned on Tuesday to Limerick, where the whole Council concluded to despatch me hither to bring up the ordnance that came by sea from Dublin. The day he left Limerick, Wednesday, O'Brene desired a parley with the writer's father, which the Council agreed to. If he does not conform himself to more "flexibility" than before, they intend to "peruse" Mownster and leave Sir John of Desmond's sons powerless to annoy the King's subjects; "which danger, if there were any, my Lord my father and his country is next unto."
Cromwell wrote to him and to the baron of Delwyn not to repair thither (to England), but settle affairs here: "I wot well that the same cometh by some procurement, as who say I would be accompanied with such a sort as would craive of the King" ? Never intended to have with him the Baron or his son or others that desired it, nor to repair thither till the end of this "hosting." Desires that when he has set Mownster at rest he may come and see the King and Cromwell, as his friends in England often write him to do. No doubt Cromwell will learn from others the services Butler and his father have rendered. O'Nele, O'Rayle, and others who promised to come to this hosting failed, and so did the barons of Delvin and Slane, and there are very few from all the English pale. For defence of the English pale, Mr. Treasurer was willed to continue there; "and, the man being so well beloved," there is none in Ireland whom Butler would rather have with him, except the lord Deputy.
This day leaves with the ordnance for Caishell, and trusts to reach the army at Limerick on Sunday. Mr. Body took much pains, "and did lie after our homely fashion in his clothes, willing to see the towardness of every man's service there." Carrik, Friday after St. Laurence's day. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
11 Aug.
R. O. St. P. ii. 359.
282. Patrick Barnewall to Cromwell.
The Deputy has broken O'Brien's bridge, and taken two peels, one belonging to James of Desmond, the other to one of the O'Briens. Of other business here no doubt the Deputy and Council have written. O'Brien is not yet at a point, but the Deputy will so use him that he will soon be glad of peace. James of Desmond, who pretended to be Earl of Desmond, has offered to serve the King, and give his two sons as hostages. To conclude this, the Chief Justice, the mayor of Limerick, and the writer today met the said James.
Mr. Treasurer was left behind to defend the country and build Powers Court and the Fasagh Rowe, and no doubt will do his accustomed good service. He wished much to come hither to survey lands which came to the King by the attainder of the late earl of Kildare. Trusts to survey them himself after an end taken with James of Desmond.
I shall be content Mr. Cowley may enjoy my office; he has no right but only your pleasure. If I may have leave to appoint some one to it known to be better learned than I, and may then "repair to my learning," I trust to do better service. Limerick, 11 Aug.
Hol., Add.: Privy Seal.
11 Aug.
R. O. St. P. vii. 663.
283. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Has received by his ambassador his letters of the 22nd ult., offering his mediation between the Emperor and France. Supposes, however, that he has since heard how Francis has further provoked him to war, which he has commenced in several places, and what honorable conditions the Emperor had offered him. Trusts he will therefore come to the Emperor's assistance. Camp by Tourves, in Provence, 11 Aug. 1536. Signed. Countersigned: A. Perrenin.
French. Add.
*** Copies of the preceding are to be found in the Granvelle Papers, ii. 477, and the Vienna Transcripts in the Record Office. There is also a Spanish translation in the archives of Simancas, of which copies will be found in Add. MSS. 28,589, f. 7 and f. 9b. B. M.
11 Aug.
Vienna Archives. Granvelle Papiers d'Etat, ii. 479.
284. Charles V. to Chapuys.
We send with this the copy of a letter (fn. 3) written to us by the king of England—we suppose at the request of Francis, for the letter was addressed to the English ambassador by his colleague in France,—with a copy of our reply, which also goes with this. Has asked credence for Chapuys, who is to follow the instructions in the Emperor's letters from Savillan (fn. 4) and others previous, which contain all he wishes him at present to tell the King, that he may see how inexcusably Francis has begun the war. Has impressed on the English ambassador all that he thought it right to say.
Wrote last from the camp near Ferjoux of what had occurred since he left Cogny, especially of the capture and defeat of the French at Brignole. The camp left that place yesterday, and the Emperor marches daily forward. Camp by Brignole, 11 Aug. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, p. 1.
lb. 2. A second copy. Adds that Aix and other places thereabouts have surrendered to the Emperor's summons, and that he expects the camp distributed in those places will be sufficiently victualled for reasonable payment. Means to treat favorably all places that surrender. Hears also that Toulon has surrendered, except the tower, which he trusts will do the same. Desires him to write of this to the Queen of Hungary. Camp by Tourves, three leagues from Brignole in Provence, 11 Aug. 1536.
P. 1.
12 Aug.
Vienna Archives.
285. Chapuys to Charles V.
The day after my last letters, which were of the 3rd, though dated the 5th, we met together at the Chancellor's house, Cromwell, the dean of the Chapel, who is now bishop of Chichester, and myself, to consult touching my power and matters therewith connected; and having carefully perused its tenor, to which they could take no exception, as I think they would gladly have done as an excuse for delay, they asked me what your Majesty wanted the King to do. I replied that your request was that the King would declare himself against France for the causes I had before told them, which I repeated more pointedly than I had done before, because there was no pensioner of France present, nor anyone affected towards that side.
They replied that, supposing all I had said was true, although the French denied it, yet the King, considering the treaties between him and Francis, had no cause to declare himself against him and leave the certain for the uncertain. And first they ought to know what return your Majesty would make in case of need for such an important declaration, which might be so prejudicial to the King and all his kingdom; that certainly their master desired nothing more than close amity with your Majesty, provided his honor was preserved, which would be endangered if he declared himself so lightly without any hope of recompense or corresponding declaration; moreover the King desired that if the amity were renewed, every means should be sought to make it stable and perpetual, and so universal that it could give rise to no disputes, and it must not be restricted simply to a treaty against France, but generally against all those whom your Majesty or the King regarded as enemies. This they said intending the Pope, whom they did not dare to name openly till the end, when they said you had not only occasion to declare yourself against his Holiness, but ought, of necessity, so to do for your honor and discharge of your conscience, considering that his Holiness was the common enemy of Christian princes, and especially of the Empire, of which he usurped the principal seat and innumerable prerogatives. As to this last point I said I could not believe that they spoke of it in good earnest, for several reasons which I declared to them. Also their demeanor showed clearly that they put that forward like a "traict perdu," and that I could not believe they would demand of your Majesty things which they had not been able to obtain in treating with the French, or with the king of Scots for all the urgency they had used with him in the past year. And as to the return of which they spoke, which might be called recompense, I said if they would consider what I had several times told them, especially of the service they would do to God and the obligation they would confer upon all Christendom, especially your Majesty, with whom they would find perfect reciprocity, both in good works and cordial offices, as I had several times told their master and themselves, they would require no other return. Moreover they ought to consider that the question was to bring their old enemy to a sense of duty, who had never ceased to deceive their master; and in any case they might be sure that when the pride of the French was a little abated they would not intrigue against them as they had done with the Pope, and perhaps they might be compelled to acknowledge the wrong they had done them, at least there would be no failure in the payment of their pension.
After much discussion on these points, especially of this last, and after I had tried frequently to come to particulars of the nature and quality of the assistance they would give to your Majesty, while they also by divers indirect means had tried to get me to offer that your Majesty would make no peace until this King had obtained what he claims in France, I said to them in conclusion that if their master would declare to your Majesty the assistance required for such an enterprise your Majesty would consent to treat without making mention of what concerned his Holiness and the authority of that See, and you would also promise not to make peace with the king of France without his intervention; moreover you would have such regard for his honor that he should have every reason to be satisfied. At which words they showed themselves very well pleased, and it was determined that they should make report to the King and afterwards inform me of his intention.
The moment I left they went to Court. I am told this very day by the Venetian secretary that the King was wonderfully well pleased after hearing the above report, and the secretary would have wished he had been less so, for his delight showed itself as petulance towards him; for when the secretary came to him with letters from the Signory addressed to him and the Queen in congratulation on their marriage, he was rewarded for his pains with reproaches, the King telling him, without the least occasion, that the Venetians were very boastful, and were not Christians but worse than infidels. Cromwell, who was present, added that they never kept promises, and the Chancellor said it was their practice always to hold by the stronger side. And though all this was said in laughter, still the secretary did not take it well, and desired to know the cause which moved the King to break out in such a manner, but he could get no answer.
Next day I was called again to the Chancellor's lodging, where Cromwell sent to tell me the Council would be assembled; but at last there were only the three above named, who told me that the King had taken in good part their report of our former communication, and had been well disposed to the renewal and augmentation of treaties with your Majesty, but that now when the King would declare himself against France the season was so late that it was impossible to get ready an army before the spring, and there was need of more than one army, seeing that there were no ships here either to convey the army or to guard the sea coast, for want of which, if the French perceived any intelligence between their King and your Majesty, commercial intercourse would cease, the French holding the sea as they did, and they would waste all the coast, doing irreparable damage. It was necessary, therefore, above all things, that the King should provide himself with ships, and further to satisfy his honor they must find some just and lawful occasion to dissolve the friendship of France, during which time your Majesty could make overtures by which the honor of their King would be saved.
To this I replied it was true the season was late to prepare an army here, and considering the number of men you had there was no need, and that it would be far more convenient that the King should furnish to your Majesty "ce que consumeroit a faire une armée" for, so doing, matters would be shortened, and it would be a benefit for the kingdom, which would keep its forces unimpaired for every need; and as to the danger feared for the merchants and the rest of the country, there was a double remedy, either by doing the thing so secretly that the French could not discover it, or by providing, as they had already begun to do in Flanders, that the merchants should arm vessels for escorts; and there was no fear that the French king, who was pressed on several sides, would attempt an army by sea on this side, and if he did the King would have means to obtain innumerable ships in your Majesty's countries. Moreover, the war would not be so difficult or so long as people thought, for in the general fear which prevailed throughout France of your Majesty's forces, it may be believed that on report of the King's declaration there would be revolt and tumult in several places, which would be one of the greatest blows the French could receive; nor need the King fear to injure his honor, but by making the said declaration he would acquire immortal glory and give immense satisfaction to his people, who were very indignant that he allowed himself to be so often deceived by the French, towards whom their hatred had always been so great, that of old they had deposed king Richard II. for having affinity and alliance with France, and there was no need to wait for overtures from your Majesty to justify his honor, because there were causes peremptory, and the case did not depend on the said overtures.
To these observations they made no reply, but after talking together a little while in English, and again soliciting me to make some overture, they began to say among themselves that they need no longer put off declaring the King's will, which is in substance that he desires your Majesty would promise him in case of the said declaration that you would make no peace or truce till he had recovered Guienne and Normandy, and he would undertake in like manner to make no arrangement until you had recovered Provence, Dauphiné, Burgundy, and the rest of what belonged to you. I replied that my proposition the previous day almost comprehended that in general terms, and that they might rest assured your Majesty would be careful in everything that concerned the honor and profit of the King. Cromwell asked in the end if I did not think your Majesty would consent to the said article. I said I thought if the King would contribute to the expense at a proportionate rate you would consent. They then began to ask among themselves which demanded most in France, you or the King, but even when Savoy and Saluces were taken into account, which afterwards they excluded, they agreed that the King's claims were far greater, and told me joyfully that affairs were now in very good train, and that they would make answer to me after speaking to the King next day.
On leaving the company I took Cromwell apart, who assured me that the King was very well disposed to listen to the matters of which we had treated, and as to the Princess, the King had lately told him that he felt himself already growing old, and doubted whether he should have any child by the Queen; for which reason he intended, in a few days, to declare the Princess heir of the kingdom, and that then would be the proper time to speak of her marriage with the Infant Don Loys, telling me also in great confidence that the French had made the greatest solicitation to have the Princess for the Dauphin, and being refused, asked to have her for the duke of Angoulême; on which they had given them some good words, but that was all they should have, and that I might trust him that they would do nothing with the French to your Majesty's prejudice, whatever the pensioners of France, like the duke of Norfolk, might say. I further proposed to him the article which had been already talked about touching the Pope, using several arguments to show that it would greatly assist the enterprise against France; for, besides that the subjects of Guienne and Normandy would be more inclined to declare for the King, means might also be found to make his Holiness declare against France by the indications long since written from Rome to Cromwell; which proposal touching the affair of the Pope, Cromwell repeated in English to the Chancellor and the bishop of Chichester, desiring me for further confirmation to declare it again. And they approved of it.
Cromwell on his return from Court had no leisure to speak to me, but sent to me the day before yesterday by a man of mine to say it had not been possible on Sunday last to conclude the matters of which we had conferred, because there were no councillors in Court, but they had been sent for, and on Monday he hoped to give me an answer which would satisfy me. I hear it said that after the capture of the king of France, the English offered your Majesty "mons et merveilles" to continue the war. If I knew the particulars, it might help to induce more liberal offers on their part; still I will make use of what I have heard.
Cromwell, having lately received news of the arrival of the legate Trivulci and the Sieur de Likerke in the Court of France, began to say with half a sigh, that if this peace was made between you and the French king, many who were waiting to see the game would be much deceived and astonished, "de quoy je cuyde pouvoir bien testifier comme de ceulx questoit en tel predicament"; and I think that for fear of the said peace they are keeping the French in hope of the Princess, and that what made them show themselves inclined to negociate the said peace was to get some profit for themselves or at least prevent the Pope's mediation, which could not be to their advantage. London, 12 Aug. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 8. The original endorsed: "Del ambassadeur en Angleterre des v. et xii. daoust recues le viie. de Septembre an camp daix."
12 Aug.
Vienna Archives.
286. Chapuys to Granvelle.
I assure you I have not had a long sleep since the reception of the power to treat with the English, having been continually thinking about the best means of bringing matters to effect. It would be too long to tell all the talk and "facons de faire." They give me very good hope; but after past dissimulations I feel sure of nothing till I see the facts. In spite of what Cromwell has told me of the king of Scots going to France, I do not believe it; for, having embarked a month ago, the said King would long since have arrived in France, but nothing is heard of him from thence. Those here have sent lately a quantity of munitions to Ireland, where some new disturbance has arisen; but to judge by the past it is not a thing to which much importance need be attached. The bishop, cardinal Campeggio's brother, has sent hither from Paris his servant for an assurance or safeconduct, if it were required, and it is thought he comes for the private affairs of the said cardinal. Will write what I hear further. London, 12 Aug.
The French have lately taken a large number of ships of his Majesty's subjects, with merchandise to the value of 50,000 ducats; and that there may be no redress they daily take more, and strengthen themselves at sea by the ships they take, so that it will be very difficult to rid the sea. His Majesty's subjects provide themselves with ships, men, and money, and the enemy gain by them. I think provision should be made in Flanders and Spain that ships should be armed to accompany the fleets at the charge of the merchants, and that the three [fleets] commonly fitted out be reduced to two, to make the number of vessels greater. I have written of it to the cardinal of Toledo and council of Burgos. The best thing is that the French have lately taken an English ship, and half pillaged several others. I am sorry they don't do even worse to make these fellows take the field. The queen of Hungary has written to me of late of a fishing vessel of Dunkirk which had been taken by the French when it had just reached an English port. The French ambassador has promised restitution to Cromwell if the capture shall be proved to have been at the place alleged. I am going to take informations about a Spanish ship which has been pillaged under like conditions. London, 12 ut supra.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
12 Aug.
Vienna Archives.
287. Chapuys to [Secretary Perrenot].
I have received your letters of the 3rd and 17th ult., with the inclosures, for which I thank you, and also for the copy of his Majesty's answer to the legates, (fn. 5) which came very opportunely, for the French had disguised the matter to give a bad impression of his Majesty's intention. The French, in exchange for what was said here of the capture of Guise, have spread reports that those of Turin had made a sortie and sacked Fossan, and in returning defeated six German banners. Of this the French ambassador says he has news from Court, adding that at Fossan there was a great quantity of his Majesty's plate and baggage. There is nothing the French would be so ashamed of as telling truth. The duke of Savoy has been visited with such treatment as God bestows on those he loves, but God has armed him against misfortune with the impenetrable armor of prudence and constancy, nor is he without the shield of hope in God and his Majesty. I am sorry for the severe blow which our Maecenas has sustained by the death of his son-in-law M. D'Aspremont. Has forborne to touch upon this subject in the letters to Granvelle himself for fear of aggravating the wound. He has compensation in his gentle and high-bred family, besides his innumerable adopted children. London, 12 Aug. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
12 Aug.
R. O.
288. Lord Sandys to Cromwell.
Since writing has received letters from Guisnes that the Deputy of Calais, Robt. Fowler, and Thos. Fowler came to the castle there, saying the King wished 100 load of great wood to be taken out of the castle for burning a great kiln of bricks. His deputy has sent to know his pleasure. To do it would be dangerous, and he is charged to deliver nothing without the King's express command in writing under his seal. Has therefore written to his deputy not to suffer a stick to be delivered without the King's express command or Cromwell's. Thinks it was done from a malicious and perverse mind towards him, rather than with any good intent towards the furtherance of the King's works there. They think to make him weary of the castle, which they shall not do as long as the King maintains him there. Thinks never captain was so vexed and rudely handled as he has long been, without any cause. The Vyne, 12 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Aug.
R. O.
289. [Jean de Ponte to Cromwell].
Complains that on Saint Laurence day the mayor of Dover and master Wingfield put him in prison without cause. Was ready to say mass at chapel, when he was brought by a serjeant to the mayor on the assurance that he should have time to say mass on his return. Found the mayor at St. Peter's Church in council with Wingfield, who abruptly left the church, while the mayor ordered him to prison. Asked for what cause, and was told he should be informed another time. Offered four or twelve men of the town as sureties, but he refused. Took his confessor and prepared for mass. Mr. Warren and Nedersoll were there, and asked what he had done. The prison was full of vermin. Next day was sent for before the mayor, and a witness swore in his presence that the writer had called Wingfield knave and the mayor a thief. Denied the accusation, but said Wingfield loved him not. The master of the Maison Dieu had advised the witness and Wingfield that all the town would write to you against me. Dated at head, 12 Aug. 1536.
Hol, (fn. 6) French, pp. 2, Endd.: The friar of Dover.
12 Aug.
R. O.
290. John Compton, the elder, some time of Salisbury, to Cromwell.
Your Lordship promised to put my son into the King's service (fn. 7) if he had wherewith to sustain his living, and he answered that he had 20l. a year of my gift to him and his heirs male. It would be a great comfort to me in my age if he is taken into the King's service. Newton beside Evyll, 12 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Aug.
R. O.
291. William Symonds to Cromwell.
It pleased the King to call my brother (fn. 8) to preferment of the prebends of Windsor (his native country), Salisbury, and Lichfield by your procurement, being the first of his affinity by such promotion, and you have directed your letters to his tenants, by which he quietly obtained his purpose. He is not yet of ability to keep hospitality at Windsor, and as "the old late bishop of Chichester" is likely to die, and has certain promotions, among others the archdeaconry of Suffolk, I should be very glad if you would prefer my brother to it, or to any other you think expedient. I rely wholly upon you, and have never made suit to any other man. Windsor, 12 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, High Secretary and lord Privy Seal.
12 Aug.
R. O.
292. Anthoinette de Saveuses to Lady Lisle.
I am in good health. I am desirous of having news of you and Madame du Riou, of whom I suppose you hear through your daughters. I have heard that Mons. de Langier, who has married the daughter of my said lady, and Mons. du Riou, "sont demeure en la bathalie, dont Dieu ne veulie." I wish much to know the truth, which I cannot do here on account of the war. I am anxious to know also if your daughters have returned to you. I beg you to accept the image of Our Lady. Dunkirk, che jour de Ste. Clerre.
Fr., Hol., p. 1. Add.: A Calles. Endd.: Alexandre Demisel, le cure de Pythain. Sir Thos. Hall, chappleyn.
12 Aug.
R. O. St. P. v. 58.
293. Margaret Queen of Scots to Henry VIII.
Cannot believe he intends to punish her daughter Margaret Douglas for having promised to marry lord Thomas Howard. Hopes he will have compassion and pardon her. Perth, 12 Aug.
Hol. Add. Endd.
Vesp. F. xiii. 134b. B. M. 294. Margaret Dowglas to [Cromwell].
Is under great obligation to him for getting her the King's favor. Desires to know how to avoid again incurring his Grace's displeasure. Has only two more servants than when she was in Court, who were indeed servants of my lord Thomas [Howard], and whom she will dismiss, since she is to keep none that belonged to him, though she took them in consideration of their poverty. Desires Cromwell "not to thynk that eny fancy doth remayn in me towchyng hym." Has only a gentleman and a groom that keeps her apparel, another that keeps her chamber, and a chaplain that was with her in the Court. My Lord's servants are but a small charge, "for they have nothing but the reversion of my board." Has no visitors except gentlewomen; it would not become her, a maid, to keep company with gentlemen.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: My lord.
12 Aug.
R. O. St. P. vii. 665.
295. John Hutton to Cromwell.
Was informed on the 10th by the Procureur General that William Tyndale is degraded and condemned into the hands of the secular power, so that he is likely to suffer death next week. Has not yet obtained the articles on which he is condemned. There was another Englishman with him at the same time condemned to return to his Franciscan habit, paying the charges of his imprisonment. On Thursday last the writer, according to the ordinances of the Merchant Adventurers, condemned Owen Aukyns to pay 150l. sterling to the treasure of the company for cloths mis-shipped. The King is entitled to a third part of all such "brokis" (fines), so that on his submission the company will probably release the greater portion, but I shall certify your Lordship that there may be no gift thereof except as you think good. An Easterling, who arrived yesterday, reported that your Lordship and others of the Council had assembled most of the citizens of London, and asked them what assistance they would give if the King should make war on the Emperor, which tale was here much noted. Antwerp, 12 August.
Hol. Add: Privy Seal. Endd.
[13] Aug.
Titus B. I. 398. B. M.
296. Lord Chancellor Audeley to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his letters, showing how he had proceeded in the matter in which Audeley had conceived unkindness. Was much perplexed, but Cromwell's answer has pacified his foolish choler. Never meant to infringe on Cromwell's office, though he showed the King that his (Audeley's) authority to compound for first-fruits was taken away if he sealed a warrant made to one Hales. Hopes Cromwell will not hinder him in a matter from which he can derive no profit. Did not meddle with spiritual persons when Cromwell was Master of the Rolls. Thinks there is business enough for both of them, and his charge is committed to him by Parliament. Is contented Mr. Bedyll and others appointed by the King shall use the office when suits are made to them. Desires Cromwell to help his steward More for signing of his bill for nomination of a suffragan when he repairs to Cromwell. Terlyng, Sunday morning afore the Assumption of Our Lady.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
13 Aug.
R. O.
297. Andrew Boorde to Cromwell.
I beg your lordship to continue my friend, as there is no creature living I so much love and fear. Two horses were stolen from me when I came to London from Scotland, and it pleased you to call me to you as you came riding from Westminster. I know the persons that bought them, but cannot recover them. There are persons in London that owe me money and stuff, 53l., but, when I ask it of them, call me apostate, say they will trouble me, and slander me behind my back "of things that I should do 20 years agone," which they cannot prove, chiefly that I should be conversant with women. I shall never complain further than to you; I thank Jesu I can live without a penny of it. But I would be sorry they should have it, and if any of your servants could get it I would give it to them. Your servant Walter Thomas at Wrettyll knows the whole matter, and so does his son in the Temple. Cambridge, 13 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Aug.
R. O.
298. Sir William Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
Begs his favor for the bearer, who has been with Fitzwilliam in these parts about six weeks, and has "made me as fair game of pheasants about my house as I suppose fairer game is not about few men's houses." As it is about six weeks since the new Act came into Lisle's hands, trusts the man is in no danger of losing his wages. Has written to the Secretary at Calais thanks for the pains he has taken in the matter between Rookewood and Arnewey. Oking, 13 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
14 Aug.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 193. B. M.
299. [Henry VIII.] to Mary Queen of Hungary.
Has received her letters of the 31st July in answer to his own. Though he is glad to hear of her inclination to procure peace between the Emperor and Francis, he would have been still better pleased if her army had kept the abstinence of war, and desisted from invading France. Is informed that they have taken Guise. Is urged by Francis to take his part, in accordance with their strict alliances, but is anxious to avoid war. Begs her to give strict orders that the truce be observed, especially within the limits of her regency, in which case he doubts not that the king of France, at his intercession, will be ready to come to an agreement. If she refuse, he will be driven to what he is unwilling to do. Complains that her subjects have committed depredations, especially by sea, on some of the English. Oking, 14 Aug. 1536.
Fr., pp. 3. Headed: "Copie des lettres escriptez a la Royne de Hungrye, regente de Flandres." Endd.
14 Aug.
R. O.
300. Sir John Gage to the King's Council.
This day, when I was seven miles from home, there came to me the constable of Esteborne and some honest men of the town and hundred, who brought with them Sir William Hoo, suffragan of the diocese of Chichester and vicar of the same town, and one William Ferall, who had accused the said suffragan of slanderous words against the King. Has examined Ferall, and sends his confession. Sends also the parties themselves. Signed.
ii. The saying of William Ferall, of Eastbourne, Sussex, before Sir John Gage, J.P., 14 Aug. 28 Henry VIII. Viz.: That upon a Wednesday afternoon after Easter last Sir William Hoo, vicar of Eastbourne and suffragan of the diocese of Chichester, walking with him in the churchyard, said, these preachers who took upon them to preach the Gospel, the Epistles, and the New Testament, not truly, but after the new sect, called themselves Children of Christ, but they were children of the Devil. Ferall said he wondered the King allowed them to preach if their words were not true. "Hold thy peace," said the suffragan, "they that rule about the King make him great banquets and give him sweet wines and make him drunk, and then they bring him bills, and he putteth his sign to them." He added that it was pity that the bishop of Rochester took such opinions "as he should be lacked in this realm," for he was the most profound man in learning within the realm. And he said the same of Sir Thos. More.
Pp. 2. Add.
14 Aug.
R. O.
301. Sir William Cockes, Curate of Kingston-upon-Thames, to Cromwell.
I beg you to remember the suit between Dr. Incent and me for detenue of my goods and unjust imprisonment, of which my master, Sir Edmund Walsyngame, delivered you a bill in Fleet Street, at White Friars Gate. I never was in such trouble, for we have been visited with the plague, and I am thought no more worthy of men's company than the mouth of the hangman of Calais is of any man's cup. But for my good Mr. Vicar's payment of my wages, I should perish. Our Lady's Eve, the Assumption.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal and Chief Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 2. Petition of William Cockes, S.T.B., Curate of Kingston-upon-Thames, to Cromwell, as Secretary, against William Incent, LL.D., prebendary of Paul's and Master of St. Cross, at Winchester.
States that having to visit Oxford in 1527, a friend delivered him a pledge whereupon to raise money, which was distrained improperly by Dr. Incent's bailey of Browghton, Robert Ockburn, who, being required to go to Salisbury to the owner, found that it was not strainable; but the bailey told him his master had it, and wished him to ask it of him. His business requiring haste, he went from Howghton to Oxford, and after, on his return, in Rogation week after, A.D. 1528, coming back from his uncle's near Howghton, he met Dr. Incent three miles from Guildford and demanded his goods. On which Dr. Incent seized him, and said he would bring him to the next house of petitioner's religion. Cockes said he had no authority, as, though within his diocese he was not under his jurisdiction; but, lest it should be said he fled from Incent, agreed to go along with him. Dr. Incent endeavoured to get the Friars to take him in, but the prior refused. The Doctor then brought him to appear before the Bishop (fn. 9) at St. Cross' on Trinity Eve, when he led him between two of his servants through Winchester to the Friars, commanding the prior to bring him up next Monday before the Bishop at Marwell. Was examined by the Bishop of his dispensation, and told his lordship that it was in the keeping of his friend Dr. Hewghis. "Ye should have had it with you," said the Bishop. "My lord," said Cockes, "I owe your lordship no such obedience; my obedience is unto my lord Cardinal immediately, and though I be in your diocese I am not of your diocese." The Bishop was well nigh satisfied, but the Doctor found fault with his apparel, and speaking of this gage, said he had stolen it. "At the which words the good man, being blind, not seeing my person noder my apparel," ordered that Cockes should be brought to Westgate, which is a place for thieves. Then the Doctor "rownyd" in the Bishop's ear, and he changed his sentence and sent Cockes between two tall persons to his own prison of Wolsaye, where he remained 15 weeks, and would have been longer but for Cromwell's goodness.
Displeasures that have followed: (1.) The loss of his name and time, for he was then suitor to Cromwell and to Mr. Arundell, for a room in my lord Cardinal's college. (2.) He was prevented preaching his sermon examinatory for which he was excommunicated in the University of Oxford. (3.) To keep his promise to come before the Bishop he hired a horse, which was tired before he got to Kingston, and on his return to London he was arrested for the horse and paid for him. (4.) The keeper of Wolsaye demanded 4 marks for his board, and by craft "gat the whole sum of St. Thomas out of Dr. Currant's hands," which cost him three angelots.
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. 302. William Cockes to the Masters and Churchwardens of St. Olave's, Southwark.
Has been accused of being uncourteous to his prince, and of enticing Standfild, Stevynton and Grene's wife in confession to withstand "this enacted matters," which could only endure for awhile, and recommending obedience to the bishop of Rome. Thinks it will appear to the contrary; for what interest could he have in so persuading persons of such small repute as these are? There is small likelihood of truth in it, although they, by exaggeration and by their "ruffyng" manner, may make men think the matter of more weight than it is. "Wherefore I ............... unto my lord chawnceller at vii. t.............a clocke at after none, hit may be.......... de your cummyng."
Hol., p. 1. Signed: Your assiduall bedman and curat, William Cockes. Below the signature the writer has added the names of the churchwardens, as follows:—"Mr. Lufkyn, Mr. Clarke, Mr. Biston, Mr. Almer, Mr. Conway, Mr. Otys, Mr. Kyngismyll, Mr. Cockes thelder, Mr. Hurde, Gentill Lewis Thomas, Mr. Baily, and good Thomas Daye, with lovyng frend young John Cockes; thes ar I nowe."
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: The masters and churchwardens of the parish of St. Olave, in Southwark, near to London Bridge: Mr. Luffekyn, Mr. Hart, Mr. Otis, Mr. Convey. Endd.: Lettres from Sir William Cockes, curat of St. Olave's in Southwark, (fn. 10) to the churchwardens there.
14 Aug.
R. O.
303. Dover Harbour.
"[An esti]mate made by Richard Caundisshe, Wm. Gonson [Thomas] Wyngffeld, and John Whalley to be bought for the [King's wor]ks at Dover against the beginning of the nex[t]......" from 29 July, 28 Hen. VIII., to 11 Nov. following.
Provisions to be bought 1,746l. 6s. 8d., 600 labourers at 12s. a month, 1,440l. Another hoy appointed now by the King, 14 Aug., 100 mks. Total, 3,253l. Signed by Candish and Whalley.
Large paper, p. 1.
15 Aug.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 196. B. M.
304. Henry VIII. to Gardiner and Wallop.
Has received their letters dated Lyons, 1st inst. Thanks them for their dexterity in setting forth his good affection towards the French king, as expressed in his own letters to the Emperor and the Regent of Flanders; and in causing Francis to write to the King concerning the articles in which he desired to know his certain mind. Since the arrival of their letters, the French ambassador has delivered to him letters of Francis, written in his own hand and sealed with his signet, agreeing in almost all points with the King's mind, "and your desire mentioned in your said letters." Sends a copy. As Francis is urgent that Henry should declare himself against the Emperor, has taken the matter into mature consideration. Is still anxious to preserve a strict neutrality. They are to tell Francis that the King takes his letters in so good and thankful part that although the Emperor's ambassador has made overtures and promises similar to his own in every point, and offered even more advantageous conditions, he will not diminish his good affection towards him. Nevertheless, the request of Francis, that he should now declare himself, he considers somewhat strange, considering the great sums of money he has already forborne which Francis was bound by treaty to have paid him. If, however, it should hereafter appear that he is bound to aid Francis in the war, he has consented to deduct the amount of his contribution for seven months at the rate of 50,000 cr. a month from the payments due by Francis. Considers that the retaining of this money in his possession is worth more to Francis than if Henry were now actually to declare himself and contribute only ad expensas requirentis according to the treaty. Had always supposed, from what his ambassadors had written, that Francis himself was content with this arrangement, and would require nothing more of him at this time. There is at present in merchant ships and goods within the Emperor's dominions in Spain and Flanders, English property above the value of 400,000l. which cannot possibly be withdrawn before the feast of Allhallows next. Secondly, they are to bid Francis consider what good could arise from Henry's declaring himself when he cannot follow it up immediately with some notable exploit, the year being now so far spent. Thirdly, Henry having, with his good brother's consent, undertaken to be a mediator, and written to the Emperor for that purpose, from whom he has not yet received a decisive answer,—having also received letters from the Regent of Flanders urging him to continue his good offices, to which he has made answer, as will be seen by the copy sent herewith,—it would be unbecoming in him now to make himself a party. Finally, as to the overture made to them by the bailiff of Troyes, Mons. de Tyndeville, for a marriage between the Princess Mary and the duke of Augouleme, of which they doubted whether he had any commission to speak, they are to sound Francis or some of his most secret council and discover whether they are in earnest about it, and what conditions they will offer. Further, in consideration of the death of several of Francis's chief captains, and the employment of others on the frontiers of Flanders and Burgundy, Gardiner is, at a convenient opportunity, as of himself to commend to Francis Sir John Wallop's activity, and if Francis earnestly press to have Wallop's services in this his extreme need, "we wol than, although at the first motion to be made unto you in that behalf ye show yourself very difficile to be entreated," that Gardiner shall desire leisure to inform the King of it, and meanwhile make preparations to accomplish his request. Oking, 15 Aug.
Pp. 8. Signed. Add.: To the bp. of Winchester and Sir J. Wallop, our ambassadors resident with the French king. Endd.
305. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
Ibid. f. 206. B. M. Thanks him for his good will to aid him. Wishes to explain certain points of which his ambassador has written to him, and concerning which the English ambassadors have also made inquiry. First, the bull for the council to be held at Mantua, to which it was said that he had agreed, was issued without his knowledge. Secondly, he never will agree, except by common consent with Henry, as the third contrahent to a peace with the Emperor. Third, if the Emperor invade Henry's kingdom, he will give him the same aid that Henry shall give him now, when the Emperor is about to attack him. Begs him to declare himself without longer delay now that Henry can see that the rupture has not proceeded from him.
Fr., pp. 2. Headed by Wriothesley: The copye of the Frenche king's letter wrytten with his own hande.
15 Aug.
Vienna Archives.
306. Cromwell to Chapuys.
Sends the bearer to inform him that the Emperor's subjects in the Low Countries rob and maltreat the English, especially by sea. Begs him to write for redress that their negociations may not be cooled, in which they have both taken so much pains, and that the King may see these outrages have been done without the consent of the Emperor or Madame. Oking, 15 Aug.
Fr., from a modern copy, p. 1. Docketed: "Copie des lettres du Secretaire Crumuell a lambassadeur de sa Mate."
15 Aug.
R. O.
307. Richard Ryche to Cromwell.
I have received your letter in favour of Nedham, and shall accomplish the King's pleasure. As for lady Guldeford; upon the dissolution seven or eight weeks past, I let the site of Mary Magdalen's Bristow, to Wykes, at the desire of Mr. Controller. "Your lordship never spake to me but when you were in Kent, and then sent me a letter of your pleasure." I shall do my best to "entreat" Wykes. Colne Park, Lady day. (fn. 11)
Remember Cold Park and the manor of the same. Do not let it be known it is for me; and obtain the King's pleasure, "for his Grace said he would have it himself." Since writing hereof, I have received your other letter about lady Guldeford. I shall do my best. "I will certify your lordship by Saturday or Sunday concerning Clementhorppe. I will, for your sake, send for the books with expedition."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Keeper of the Privy Seal. Endd.
15 Aug.
R. O.
308. John Cavalcanti to Cromwell.
Reminds him of the licence for beer. Would come to sue for it himself but is so low and feeble that his power and health fail. His prayers and his children's may do Cromwell service. London, 15 Aug. 1536.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.


  • 1. Jean de Ponte.
  • 2. The handwriting is that of Sir Christopher's clerk.
  • 3. See 22 July.
  • 4. See Vol. X., Nos. 1227–8.
  • 5. Cardinals Caracciolo and Trivulci.
  • 6. Same hand as Vol. X., No. 1023.
  • 7. See Vol. IX., 884, and No. 127 of present vol.
  • 8. Simon Symonds, installed as canon of Windsor 19 Aug. 1535.
  • 9. Bishop Fox.
  • 10. George Wyndham was the rector of St. Olave's, Southwark, at the time the "Valor" was taken in 1535 (Valor, Eccl. ii. 66), and this could not be of that year. It cannot, however, be more than a year earlier, and is probably later.
  • 11. Most probably 15 Aug., the Feast of the Assumption of Our Lady.