Henry VIII: September 1536, 1-10

Pages 157-175

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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September 1536, 1-10

1 Sept.
R. O.
386. Richard Ryche to Cromwell.
I am informed by the suffragan of Bedford that the dean of Sudbury College is departed. (fn. 1) The suffragan is an honest man, inclined to preach, and has little promotion. The profits are only 10l. yearly, with meat and drink for two servants. I beg your aid in his promotion to the vacancy, and that you would direct your letters to my lord of London, for the archdeaconry of Middlesex held by the late master of Sudbury. Waltedham (sic.), 1 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal.
1 Sept.
R. O.
387. William Whorwod to Sir Thomas Kytson.
On the last of August I caused the escheator to sit at Wolverhampton, Staff., to find an office of lord Barnes' land for the King. Humfrey Boughchier appeared and showed the inquest that the King was fully paid, and my lord Privy Seal knew it; and so "the inquest had a day over to appear there again the Monday fortnight, and to give their verdict." I desire you to labour to my lord Privy Seal for a letter to the escheator declaring the untruth of the said Humfrey, which would greatly further the finding of the said office, for Boughchier boasts he will obtain my Lord's letter to discharge the inquest. Dunsley, in the parish Kynfare, 1 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd: "A letter from the King's solicitor the (sic) Sir Thomas Kitson, knight."
1 Sept.
Corpus Reform., III. 144.
388. John Frederic Duke of Saxony to Henry VIII.
Reminds the King of the embassy he sent to the Duke and his confederates last winter, when the bishop of Hereford explained to them the decision come to in England touching the Pope's power, and exhorted them never to acknowledge his authority. He afterwards treated with them apart on three points, viz.:—1, that if the Pope should summon a Council they would not consent to it without the King's approval; 2, that they would reserve a place for him in their league; 3, and send an honorable embassy to England. Whereupon certain articles were agreed upon at Smalkalde, and the bishop of Hereford, who was present at the diet of Frankfort, has doubtless informed the King of their feeling towards him. Expects Henry has also received their letters from Nauburg, 5 June, desiring to know what his inclination was after reading the articles of doctrine agreed upon at Wittenberg. Is impelled to write now, however, as the Pope has promised the Emperor a General Council, and has published the indiction at Rome. Therefore, although that resolution was extracted from the articles of Smalkalde, and has not yet been concluded, if we knew your Majesty to be so devoted to the doctrine which we profess as the bishop reported, we would take counsel together on the intimation of this Council, in harmony with the articles drawn up at Smalkalde. We desire therefore to know your pleasure about it.
Would have sent the embassy sooner, but they have not yet received the answers of all the confederates to the resolution taken at Frankfort. 1 Sept. 1536.
2 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
389. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote on the 25th ultimo. Next day I was in communication with Cromwell, the bishops of Hertford (sic) and Chichester, who in the first place made much talk to me about mediation between your Majesty and the French king, and thought it strange that you were so little inclined thereto even at the King's request; but after I had given reasons for everything they expressed themselves satisfied, especially Cromwell, for the others, although satisfied for the time, still insisted that when it came to a treaty the King should be made arbiter of peace, and after several discussions on this point Cromwell broke off our controversy, saying that we had better pass on to the rest, and that he thought that before they came to the said peace God meant the French king to repent the inhumanity he had shown to the duke of Savoy and the rashness with which he had begun the war. After this we came to the principal matter, and having used several arguments to Cromwell and his colleagues to show that the King ought to declare himself openly, they replied as formerly that they thought it was impossible to do so before winter, for the honor of the King their master, who would require to find some occasion meanwhile to abandon the friendship of France; besides they had no naval preparations to secure the safety of merchant ships; moreover there were a great number of English ships in France and much merchandise belonging to his subjects which could not be well withdrawn before the spring. And though I answered all their arguments, scruples, and difficulties, they maintained their opinions and said they were surprised that your Majesty had so many "sobres" (fn. 2) of men of war, and that you were in such great need of money as was evident, because your finance ministers in Flanders pay such enormous interest on loans, and even of late days some lord of that country who would not have dared to do so, as they said, without your consent had sent hither certain merchants to obtain moneys of this kingdom at any interest; for which reason they begged me to speak frankly about the contribution the King was to offer. The more they insisted upon this the more I insisted on the other hand that the King should declare himself openly, perceiving well that this was the best way to push forward the contribution; and I persisted in showing that this would be the best way to shorten matters, although I did not mean to deny that he would have to contribute his quota for his own pretensions, nor that your Majesty, being meanwhile hard pressed for money, although you had very rich subjects, was driven to loans at exorbitant interest. This I thought well to say because two or three times they had told me it was no use dissembling, for they knew your Majesty's great necessities.
After much other talk they said the King had sent them to learn the credence of the letters lately written by the Emperor in answer to the King, and to see if they found me more tractable than before; and if I could not promise that your Majesty would make no peace with France until the King was restored to his rights without his express consent it was no use wasting time in conference; but that if I had the said power and would promise them that I would declare the sum of the contribution your Majesty desired, they would send to the King for a commission to treat. I replied that if they could do so on their side, I felt assured the promise which they demanded would be given; and as to the declaration [of the sum] I knew not what to say, for no one had better means of computing that than the King, who knew well the cost of such armies as your Majesty had, and must remember the terms on which he formerly agreed for a joint enterprise against the French; that it would be, I supposed, in proportion to his own claims, and that I thought he must remember the offers he had made to your Majesty at the time he solicited the continuance of the war against Francis when he was your prisoner, of which the bishop of Chichester might remind him, who was there present, for he had been the medium of the said offers. We had a long discussion on the matter concerning the Pope, the English desiring a proviso that you would not consent to anything that the Pope or the General Ccouncil did against the King. At last they were content even in our last communication that nothing should be said of it, good or ill, and they did not leave me at that last communication without hope that in time my remonstrances would bear some fruit. The conclusion of our communication was, that they would inform the King of our discussions and try to get power to treat with me, requesting earnestly that I would be a little more frank as to the whole charge I should have from your Majesty.
On the 31st ult. arrived here the commission and power in sufficiently full form, and I find nothing in it to object to except that the King in his titles calls himself sovereign head on earth of the Church of England. Of this, however, I have made no mention, so as not to interrupt the negociations. We met again the day the commission arrived, and they repeated a part of what they had said to me in the former conference, adding that it would not be honourable to so powerful a king as their master to declare himself the enemy of the French king merely by words. I replied that effect would be given to them pretty well, seeing that the war would be carried on partly in his name, and it would be no small honour to him to have your Majesty half his captain, and that I thought, if that was all, that you would not refuse to allow the army under Nassau to call itself that of the King their master. (this I protested, I said in the way of conversation). Cromwell wanted to say to me, only he could not express it well, that if this were done the swaggerers (rustes qu. rusties?) of this kingdom would be displeased who would think themselves treated as useless when the King subsidised soldiers without joining some of them to them. I think he also wished to say that to make this declaration openly it would be necessary to call Parliament and ask an aid in money.
Leaving the article of the open declaration, the commissioners then spoke of the contribution, and in calculating the number of the two armies of your Majesty they set it at 60,000 men, supposing ignorantly that the League of Italy concurred in the aid of the army which was with your Majesty, and that the princes and powers of Italy paid a good part of the soldiers, and they wanted likewise to exempt several lords and others who served without pay, and into this they went so minutely that they gave me good hope of brief conclusion; but when I had shown them by certain letters from Genoa and elsewhere that your Majesty paid, besides Nassau's army, 70,000 foot and 7,000 or 8,000 horse, and moreover the naval force, and also that they understood that the duchy of Burgundy was not worth a fourth or a sixth part of the revenue of the two duchies claimed by the King their master, they were astonished, and seeing that I was not going to make them any specific overture, they told me that the matter affected their master more than they had thought, and that he knew the importance of these things more than they, and they begged I would not take it ill if they first consulted the King, and affairs would go on all the better; nor would there be much delay, for they would all three go to the King the very next day, who they thought would immediately send for me, and if not immediately they would inform me of his will. They have delivered to me the copy of their commission, and have likewise desired a copy of mine. I know not whether it was a ruse, but they all showed great desire to begin communications, especially Cromwell, who declared sufficient ill-will towards the French, and if he was to be believed, his master would lose all he had or destroy these Frenchmen. While they were waiting for their commission, Cromwell sent to me several times, through one of the bishops, confidential persons (par lung des evesques, personnages confidens) to beg me to be more tractable, especially in what concerned the Pope, and also to declare openly all my charge. For his part he has not sought to speak with me privately, and as he says he had not dared to feast me as he would have liked to do, and this for a good reason, of which I did not like to ask him.
As to the Princess, Cromwell tells me she will be declared heiress apparent without fail, and that the King approved of the project of marriage between her and the Infant, Don Loys; but it was necessary to go step by step, and for the present it would be enough to settle the principal matter; and he begged me to say again before his colleagues what I had before said of the person, quality, and virtue of the said Don Loys, of which I gave them a notable impression. They said, as to favouring the duke Frederic Palatine, that was an accessory to the principal point, and they would do their best with the King to get an article thereupon made in the treaty. On my insisting that the King should promise, if he would do nothing better, not in any way to hinder the celebration of the Council. They told me I was artfully making a number of demands in order to gain the half of them, and that they would consult with the King about the whole. I think they delayed the conclusion of the treaty partly for the reasons alleged by themselves, but possibly also to await news of the success of your affairs. It will not be for want of earnest solicitation if I have not speedy answer, and I am determined if an opportunity offers, to insist that the King, besides a loan, should contribute a good sum of money to your Majesty, putting before him the offers made at Toledo; of the answer to which, and of all the rest, I will not fail to inform you as soon as possible. London, 2 Sept. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 6. The original is endorsed: "De lambassadeur en Angleterre du iie de Septembre, receues le dernier dud. mois en Nice."
2 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
390. Chapuys to Granvelle.
The great desire I have for the conclusion of the negociations with the English makes me incredulous until I see it. The Commissioners certainly have made a show of desiring to enter into a game, as you will see by what I write to His Majesty. I have made great representations to them to make them increase their contributions, and have pressed to see the treaties of London and Windsor, to apportion the expenses to be borne by each in the enterprises against France. I cannot find that by the treaty of Cambray this king is any way bound to declare himself for his Majesty unless the Low Countries be invaded, in which case he would be bound to give aid at the expense of his Majesty, and nevertheless it seems that the Emperor's application for the said declaration would have to be grounded principally upon the said treaty. London, 2 Sept. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, p. 1.
2 & 9 Sept. 391. Monasteries exempted from Suppression.
See Grants in September, Nos. 2, 11.
R. O. 392. Antony Knyvet to Cromwell.
Begging your lordship's favor "for my suit of the resignation of the abbey of Coxsale unto the abbot of the Tower Hill." It shall profit the King for the first fruits, and his Grace is like to have both again in his hands in few years, for the abbot of Tower Hill is once a year "almost gone." Thus I shall have my debts paid. I beg your lordship's help, for I am sued in three outlawries, and writs are out to attach me and my goods. I dare not show myself in London. Pardon me that I am so bold to write. I saw your lordship so troubled that I durst not move you when you were with the King.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Sept, R. O. 393. The Abbot of Tower Hill to Cromwell.
Sends a memorandum of words spoken on Wednesday night last by John Coo, porter of Coggeshall Abbey. Caused it to be read in the presence of Dr. Heryng "my late precessor," sometime abbot of Coggeshall, Thos. Edmunds of the Chancery, Johannes, Cromwell's servant, and John Saunder, cloth maker of Coggeshall, in Coo's presence, who confessed to speaking the words. Bade him depart from his house and company till Cromwell's pleasure were known, and he has gone to his own house in the town. Told my lord of Oxford of it, who advised him to certify Cromwell. Coggeshall, 2 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Sept.
R. O.
394. Adrienne de Mortainggne to the Deputy of Calais.
Commend me to my lady. Some of the fellows of this garrison have taken a black horse passing through Gravelines, saying that the man who led it had only a passport for six horses, and this was the seventh. I am informed the horse belonged to you, and as I know the goodwill borne to you by Mons. de Tovar, I send the bearer to know if it be the case. Mons. de Tovar is at present absent, and I write in his place. Gravelines, 2 Sept.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
2 Sept.
R. O.
395. Mathias Quenel to Lord Lisle.
I thank you for your letter and for the request you made to Mons. de Vervins to let me go into your service. It was presented on Wednesday, but with all I could do I have not yet been able to obtain an answer. Boulogne, 2 Sept. 1536.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
2 Sept.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 28lb. B. M.
396. Bp. of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
* * * The king of Scotland, who had started for France with five or six ships has been twice driven back by bad weather * * *
Italian. Modern copy, pp. 8. Headed: Al Medesimo. Da Valenzia li 2 Settembre 1536.
3 Sept.
R. O.
397. Thomas Abbot of Abingdon to Cromwell.
According to your commands I have warned my tenants not to meddle with any parcel of commons belonging to the farms Mr. Audelett holds of us. They take it very grievously, say they will be obliged to sell their cattle, and I see they mean to come to the Court and complain both of me and him to the King. I beg some commission may be sent down. Both I and John Audelett spoke to John Andrewes to labor for it to your lordship. Mr. Audelett also asked respite of half the payment he now owes till Michaelmas next, as his creditors have deceived him. Has respited him accordingly, remembering Cromwell's commands to show him kindness. Abendon, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. the lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Sept. 398. Sir Thomas Clifford to Cromwell.
Has caused certain breaches in the walls of Berwick to be repaired, for which he has disbursed money himself, and cannot obtain repayment from Sir George Lawson, treasurer of this town. Desires a warrant to Sir Brian Tuke. Has been sore vexed with sickness, and requests Cromwell to consult with my lord Admiral and Sir Anthony Browne, to whom he has written about it, whether he can be exonerated from his office and recompensed his charges. Skipton, 3 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Lord Privy Seal.
3 Sept.
R. O.
399. James V. to Henry VIII.
Requests a safe conduct for Adam Stewart to pass through England to France. Striveling, 3 Sept. (fn. 3) 23 Jac. V. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
4 Sept.
R. O. S. P. v. 59.
400. Thomas Sutehyll to FitzWilliam.
Whereas the king of Scots being of late on the seas on his way southwards, as it was then said, to the King our Sovereign (though now it is rumoured that was not his intention) was, forced to land on the west side of his own realm; I, hearing by my master's (fn. 4) spies, that he intended to take the sea again, sent the bearer, Henry Ray, to the Council to complain of the misconduct of the Scots towards the inhabitants of Berwick, in order that he might both spy himself and obtain knowledge by my said master's spials. Has thus ascertained that the king of Scots, accompanied by the earls of Argyll, Arran, and Rottose, lord Fleming, the abbot of Arbroath, the prior of Pittenweem, and the laird of Drumlanrig, took ship on Saturday last at Kirkaldy and sailed with six ships and 500 men along the coast by this town yesterday morning southwards. He means to pass into France, and has made great provision for the same. The greatest ship in their company is the Mary Willoughby, 700 tons burden. Is bound to write thus in his master's absence. Berwick Castle, 4 Sept. Signed.
Add.: My lord Ammirall, and in his absence to Sir Anthony Browne, knight. Endd.
4 Sept.
R. O.
401. Tunstall to Pole.
Has received his letter, dated Padua, 1 Aug. Expected no reply to his former friendly admonitions, but perceives Pole is offended with them, although he only read Pole's book at his own request. Could not but express frankly his difference of opinion. Regrets that Pole does not mean to follow his counsel, but will make another attempt to mollify his mind in some part. Repeats and justifies his statement that Pole had no proof of the King's separation from the Church except men's sayings there, and argues on the subject at great length. Warns Pole against obeying the Pope's summons to attend the Congregation in preparation for the Council. The Pope only wishes to make him a tool, and he will grievously offend the King. Awcland, 4 Sept.
Copy in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 22. Endd.
Cleopatra, E. vi. 365. B. M. Strype. Eccl. Mem. I. ii. 282. 402. Starkey to Pole.
"Much I have marvelled, Master Pole, all this year past, both of your seldom and short writing to me, considering the diligence used on my behalf ever towards you." When your servant first came and brought your book I supposed you wrote not because you were so occupied in setting out your matter in writing to the King; but now at his second return when you wrote to others I expected to have had one word, and feared you had taken offence. But after reading your book I was not sorry for your silence, for I have no pleasure in reading the letters of one who so little regards his master's honor. I had intended never to write to you again; but being so indignant at your ingratitude to your prince I could not refrain. This shall be my last letter donec resipiscas. I will not enter into the ground of the matter, which requires a book, but only point out your great imprudence and folly.
When your book was delivered to the King, though you wrote not to me, I, like a friend, proposed that it should be laid before indifferent judges. This was done, and I, as your friend, was joined also; but when the book was read, though we all loved you, many times our ears abhorred the hearing. For me I thought it a dream, so unlike the work of Mr. Pole, whom I ever noted as addict to the honor of his prince and wealth of his country. I got leave to read the book alone, and afterwards with my lord of Durham, and was more astonished than before. It seemed the most frantic judgment that ever I read, that because we are slipped from the obedience of Rome, you judge us separated from the unity of the Church, and worse than Turks or Saracens. We keep the same faith, and as to the superiority of Rome, it sprang first from policy. Your argument would make every old custom of the Church necessary to salvation. As touching places of Scripture you follow the vulgar train of the later doctors, who violently draw them to the setting forth of the See of Rome, and you abuse your prince as a Turk because he calls himself Head of the Church of England. They are blind who think there are two polities in Christendom, one in which bishops reign and kings in the other. The functions of the two are not opposed, and there is nothing in God's word against a Christian prince taking upon him to oversee his bishops. All your sharp words, therefore, only argue blindness. None of your friends has been more grieved at them than myself.
Thinks if Pole will study his commission he will see how wide from the matter he has shaped his oration, blaming his countrymen as heretics, and that they have put to death unworthily the best men in the realm. Both charges are untrue. More, Rochester, Raynolds, and others suffered by their own folly. They only died for a superstition as, I think, no wise man will do hereafter. Refers to the primitive Church. Thinks Pole forgot what was due to his Sovereign in suggesting that he should annul things done by mature counsel. This was a mad thing, especially now "when all things were settled in quietness, that woman (fn. 5) being taken away by the providence of God, by whom was feared of wise men much trouble and adversity. For at such time as your book was brought to the King I promise you all men rejoiced in the present state, putting the Pope in utter oblivion." Reminds Pole how he was bound to the King for his education. He has been in past times accused of too much regard for worldly things, now apparently he pays no respect to them at all, but seeks to dishonor King, friends, and country. His judgment is corrupted by false reports. If Starkey on his return home had found those things true which were reported abroad, would rather have fled his country than have remained among such corrupt heresies. But when he had been here awhile he saw the vanity of those reports and wrote to Pole accordingly.
Appeals to him by the love of his country and his duty to the King to retract. Hears the bishop of Rome has invited him to consult with him about a General Council. Warns him to consider well before he "applies," and not think himself more bound to a foreign bishop than to his own Sovereign. "There hangeth more thereon than I fear me you conceive." If Pole obey the Pope's breves to set forth the opinions he has written to the King, he will be noted as a seditious person in the Christian Commonwealth. He must not let the advice of cardinal Contarini or the bishop of Chete, if he consult them, outweigh the claims of Prince, country, and friends. Nor must he think that he is doing the work of Christ in obeying the Pope. He is rather abandoning Christ altogether. Will not, however, yet despair of him.
Draft in Starkey's hand, pp. 10.
R. O. 2. Copy of the same, with some slight differences and an additional paragraph at the end, with corrections in Starkey's own hand.
Pp. 20.
R. O. 3. Draft of the preceding in Starkey's hand, varying considerably from § 1 and 2, and omitting the latter part about Pole being summoned to Rome.
At the bottom of the last page is a memorandum in Starkey's hand that Colleus (Cole ?), who was with Pole when he wrote the book, confessed to Starkey, before Morison, that he had often heard Pole say that when he began to write at the King's command, he regarded the Pope's authority as a human constitution and a matter of indifference; but when he set his mind to the matter he found it otherwise, being taught by the Holy Spirit, which he invoked on his knees in prayer, the truth which he now defends by writing. 1537, Jan. 12.
"Scripsit librum suum. Suspicatus Gallum quendam suffuratum unum ex quaternionibus, quem tamen postea reperit, neque motus erat tumultu nostro ex morte Reginæ, ut quidam putarunt.".
Pp. 8.
5 Sept.
R. O.
403. Herry Polsted to Cromwell.
Sends a bill to be signed for the White Friars, with the yearly value. If signed before Michaelmas, the whole yearly value will be saved. If he will not procure it to be signed before Master Chancellor (fn. 6) has seen it, a letter should be written to him which Polsted will take on returning from the archbishop of Canterbury. Whereas the archbishop offered to give Cromwell 100 marks towards the redemption of Mr. Browne's annuity of 20l., has considered since, that though Browne will not demand it while Cromwell has the rule, meantime there will grow arrears which Browne may afterwards demand, unless Cromwell gets a clear discharge. Purposes therefore to take no less than 200 marks from the archbishop or else will not deliver him the obligation by which Mr. Richard is bound to discharge him against Mr. Browne. The Archbishop's interest is worth little or nothing by reason of lord Rochford's attainder. There is no assured way but to obtain a confirmation or renewal of the old lease. For the more assurance has put the herbage and paunage of both parks into Cromwell's bill to be signed among the offices like lord Wiltshire and Rochford had in their patents for life. Master Pointz has asked me to ride with him to Master Chancellor for better expedition in his suit. Might despatch his and Cromwell's business at one time. The Rolls, 5 Sept.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
404. Norfolk to Cromwell.
"Yesternight," received the King's commissions and letters for Norfolk and for the city of Norwich for the Subsidy. Consulted with Mr. Townysende, Mr. Sowthwell, and Holdyche, and determined, on Sunday come sevennight, to assemble at Norwich all the commissioners of the shire. They and others fear it will be difficult to bring it to as good a sum as the last, especially in the city, where the worsted manufacture is decayed. Austin Stewarde, who was chief advancer of the King's profit in that town last time, is with the writer and thinks it will not be so much as before. Will do his best, but is doubtful seeing that the before-named, who were commissioners last time, find such difficulty. Kenynghale Lodge, 5 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd. erroneously in a modern hand. 1537.
5 Sept.
R. O.
405. Dr. John Tregonwell to Cromwell.
Before his arrival in this country it was reported that he was coming to take away crosses, chalices, and other idols of the churches. Has admonished Sir Hugh Trevanyon, Sir Wm. Gothollan, Mr. Sayntabon, and others to find out the authors thereof. Notwithstanding this report, found everyone ready to obey the King's injunctions and orders. The country is as quiet and true to the King as any shire in the realm. Thinks the bruit began by a somner about Bridgewater. Hopes to have him on returning to Crokehorne. At Barystable the bishop of Exeter told him that when the Commissary was sitting to tax stipendiary priests for the payment of a "rerage" due to the King, Sir Wm. Turner, a priest of Launceston, said it was a shame to the bishops that priests should pay any more money to the King, but the priest denies having said it, and states that what he really said was that it was unreasonable that Crafton being collector under the bishop, should consume to his own use the money paid to him for the King. Will examine the matter on coming to Tavistock, and if the priest is guilty will put him to ward.
The people are marvellously pleased that the King has allowed the festum loci of every church to be kept holy, at Cromwell's intercession. Trusts that Cromwell will not hear henceforth that the Sacrament of the altar has been irreverently handled in Cornwall. Pestilence reigns very sore. Hardly any place is clear. But for fear of Cromwell's displeasure would have turned back at his first entry into Somersetshire. Penryn, 5 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: lord Cromwell. Endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
406. Wm. Cavendissh to Cromwell.
Hears that the auditorship of St. John's is void by death of one Pynfold. Asks Cromwell to desire the lord of St. John's to give it to him. It is in his way to and from London, and rather as his house stands fitter for him than any other man. Northawe, 5 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
407. Sir Gilbert Talbot and John Russell to Cromwell.
Send a bill of seditious words spoken by Sir Jas. Pratt, vicar of Crowle, Worc. Have committed him to gaol at Worcester Castle, 5 Sept. 28 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. The report of John Michell of Hymolton (Himbleton), Worc., husbandman, before Sir Gilbert Talbot and John Russell, Esq., 2 Sept. 28 Hen. VIII.
Deposes that on Sunday before St. Bartholomew's day last, in an ale house at Crowle, belonging to Hugh Hogges, Sir Jas. Pratt, the vicar, speaking of the suppression of the priory of Studley, said "that the church went down and would be worse until there be a shrappe made, and said that he reckoned there were 20,000 nigh of flote, and wished there were 20,000 more, so that he were one, and rather tomorrow than the next day, for there shall never be good world until there be a schrappe. And they that may escape that shall live merry enough." He gives names of certain people who were present.
Ric. Doverdale, of Crowle, deposes that Michel repeated this the same day after supper. John Horneblower was drinking in a chamber in the same ale house, and Hykman's wife told him that Pratt was drinking and merry amongst many wives and men in the hall, but yet she said he spoke many words of war that might be spared. Ric. Stiveman, of Ombersley, and Wm. Parker, of Grafton, deposes to the same words. Signed by Talbot and Russell.
Pp. 2. Endd.
ii. Deposition of Jas. Prat (fn. 7) vicar of Crowle, after being "examined and pinched" before Talbot and Russell denying that he ever spoke such words, but confessing that since he was committed to ward he has been visited by many persons of Crowle and the neighbouring villages and some of the city of Worcester who showed him of the words; of whom he would only name the four underwritten. Never conversed with any man in this matter before he was accused, but has heard divers (whom he will not name) say the Church was never so sore handled. Signed as above.
Names: Hugh Hogges, Alice Eke, Eleanor Menelof and Katerin Hornyblowe.
P. 1.
5 Sept.
R. O.
408. Mary Bassett to Lady Lisle.
It is a long time since she heard from her. Heard at Abbeville that the messenger had lost lady Lisle's letter. Expected to have returned to Abbeville when she would have written. Requests a pair of lace sleeves ("mache de dent,"? qu. for "manche de dentelles"?) for Madame and one for herself. Madame has very little chose d' Angleterre. Would be glad to present a gentleman, a friend of hers, with a pair of shoes. The bearer will tell you who he is. Believes Madame de Bours has written to her for some hounds for Mons. d'Agincourt, and a white greyhound (leuyer (fn. 8) blan) for her brother. (fn. 9) Mine are all begging letters. I find everywhere so much affection and respect, that it makes me bold to ask these things of you. Bours, 5 Sept.
Mademoiselle d'Agincourt's respects.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
5 Sept.
R. O.
409. Anne Rouaud (Madame de Bours) to Lady Lisle.
It is so long since I heard from you that I send the bearer to request you for news. I wrote you by a messenger from Abbeville. I fear you have not received my letters for he has not come to me since his return. I understand your servant, Jean Semy, has come and passed several times to Abbeville. I send a goshawk to my lord, which Mons. d'Agincourt has got for me. I hope to get another, which I will send by Montmorency. But for the apparel I wear, I should have gone to see you again, and brought your daughter. (fn. 10) She has grown so great, and is so much esteemed by all who see her, that I love her as if she were my daughter. I retired a month ago to my house of Guechart. I should feel happy if God would grant us a good peace, so that I need not leave this. I should be glad if you get me a white English greyhound, and a mastiff for Mons. d'Agincourt. Guechard, 5 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
5 Sept.
R. O.
410. George Basset.
Receipt from John Husee, gentleman of the King's retinue in Calais, to Chr. Campyon, of London, mercer, for 4½ yds. russet damask, at 7s. the yd., and 8 yds. taffeta, at 2s. the yd., for my lady's son, Mr. George Basset, to be paid for on 15 March next. 5 Sept. 28 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
6, 8, 10 Sept. 411. Sir Thomas Audeley.
See Grants in September, Nos. 6, 8, 9, and 14.
6 Sept.
Add. MS., 11,041, f. 80. B. M.
412. Priory of Wormesley.
Rental of the priory of Wormesley, 6 Sept., 28 Hen. VIII.
Rents of assise:—At Wormesley, Brynshope, Bodnam, Coghton and Walford, Dyllwyn, Dyscott, Hopton Solers, Credynhill and Leonhalles, 56s. 6½d. Rents of ferme:—At Wormesley, 76s. 8d.; Kynges Pewne, 4l. 16s. 2d.; Little Pewne, 26s. 8d.; Brimeshope, 6l. 4s. 4d.; Coghton, 69s. 8d.; Donyngton and Dymoke, 41s. 8d.; Stokelacye, 13s. 4d.; Winforton, 20s.; Dylwyn, 52s. 8d.; Herford, 13s. 4d.; Haymonfrome, 4s.; Credynhyll, 16d.; Madmyshillacye, 3s. 4d.; Byrley, 8d.; Kenchester, 5s. 4d. Burghill, 8d.; Wytney, 2s. 4d.; and Leonhalles, 9l. Rents pertaining to the office of Sexton:—at Brynshope, 15d.; Wormesley, 2s. 6d.; Kynges Pewne, 1s. 4d.; Leonhalles, 6s.; Knyll, 12d.; Pembryge, 12d.; Wytney, 4s.; Welinton, 2s. 8d.; Webley, 11s. 1d.
The Spiritualties. [66l. 19s. 8d.]
Draft with corrections, pp. 11.
6 Sept.
R. O.
413. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Delivered the letter for my lord Privy Seal, but could get no answer, as he was going to court. Hopes his affair with Sir Rob. Wingfield will end to his liking. Never found anyone like the Chancellor of the Augmentations. He paid no heed to your letter, and he says that the King will have all the lead of the suppressed abbeys brought to London and refined. Fristok and the lands are let to Geo. Carewe for 21 years, so unless you compound with him you shall have only the bare rent after your patent is out. Details other vexatious objections made by the Chancellor. Does not trust his promises. I fear he will get your patent for life only. Will be in hand with my lord Chancellor for the two denizens when he comes to town. Has been in hand with Mr. Vice-Treasurer "concerning this money;" but I cannot get from him 100 marks, as his friends cannot help him. But if provision could be made for the 400l., he will make shift for the 24l. Fears that Botton and Hide are confederate with lord Beauchamp. Touching your last letter concerning Kybworthe, will work as well as he can. Trusts to find means by my lord Privy Seal to help this matter with money. Jas. Hawks. worth tells me there is 10,000 wood made for you. Smythe will mend his ship for 5 marks. Will go to the court at Grafton for Mr. Treasurer's answer to-morrow. The King will stay there eight days. Popley, I think, will help me. London, 6 Sept.
Mr. Only is very hot, and will have all his money at once.
Hol., pp. 3.
6 Sept.
R. O.
414. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I have received your sundry letters. Hide neither wrote nor sent to me as he promised. I fear he and Butten are confederate with my lord Beauchamp to put my lord to the hazard of this 120l. The Chancellor of the Augmentations is not the man you take him for. He says he will procure to have the remainder to my lord's heirs, but I do not trust him. Still, he shall lack no calling on while I am at Court. You will see by my lord's letter how he has handled me. I have been with Mr. Vicetreasurer, as desired by my lord and you; but he says he has tried all his friends, and none will help. I did not advise my lord to sell the land the King gave to him and you, but rather to make some shift with it than lose the other. As for wood, Jas. Hawckesworthe showed me there was 10,000 ready whenever my lord would send shipping. Mr. Popley has promised to get me his master's letter for new making of your weir. I will do my best about Kybworth, though my lord thinks the fee simple is not now in him. Either at the King's hand or my lord Privy Seal's, I hope the matter will be paid or respited. I will ride to the Court at Grafton tomorrow about it. I have prepared Mr. George a coat, doublets, and slops, and have bespoken housing for him. There is great mortality here, I long to be hence. Your gowns are making at Tong's. I did not know you expected him to be paid, and did not keep your money 24 hours. It is expected the Coronation will be on St. Edward's day, unless the sickness stay it. London, 6 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
6 Sept.
R. O.
415. Jehan des Gardins, Priest, to Lord Lisle.
Your son James is in good health, and getting on well with his grammar. Jaques Robert, eschevin of the town of St. Omer, has invited him to his house, and made him good cheer. Being at his table I understood that the said Jacques has some business in which he desires your aid. 6 Sept.
Hol., Fr. p. 1. Add.
7 Sept.
Cleop. E. v. 102. B. M. Strype's Cranmer, 65. C's. Letters. 328.
416. Cranmer to [Cromwell].
Your lordship writes in favor of the bearer, Massey, an old servant of the King, that "being contracted to his sister's daughter of his late wife, deceased," he might have a dispensation in that behalf as it is none of the causes of prohibition contained in the statute. (fn. 11) And you ask me also to write whether such a licence may be granted by the law of God, in order that you may confer with other learned men and advertise me of the King's further resolution. Gives reasons for supposing that such a prohibition is implied, though not expressed, by the law of God, and suggests certain additions to the statute for the sake of clearness. No news in these parts. Ford, 7 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2.
7 Sept.
R. O.
417. Report of the King's Death.
Report of John Freman, Blace Holland, Ric. Wolmar, and Roger Hilton, sent to take examinations concerning the saying of Symond Wylkynson of Donyngton in Holland, that the King was dead and that it must be kept secret till my lord Privy Seal had levied the tax. When examined the day after, Sept. 7, he denied it. Examined also Mr. Massingberd, who was in the stocks for spreading the report, and Maude Kerbery, who at first denied but at length confessed that she had heard it spoken in the street, and had repeated it.
P. 1. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
418. Sir Thomas Cheyne to Cromwell.
I thank you for your letter. Since I wrote last I received letters from Dover that the Frenchmen on the sea have taken 20,000l. worth since the King's being there, and two men of war of Dieppe, and a pinnace took the King's hoy that carries the timber for his works there, robbed the men of victuals, cloths, and ropes, and left them not so much as a compass. Another Frenchman took a pynk in Dover road, and on Tuesday last a great fleet of Flemings, men-of-war, met with my lord Lisle's ship, laden with wood for Flanders, and one of them took all her victuals and ordnance. I desire to know how these men shall be ordered if any of them chance to come within any of the ports. Sir John Alyn, the mayor of London, shall have for your lordship's sake "that [he] owght to have of ryght of the pryores (fn. 12) here," and more as you will award. "And whereas I was informyd that yow should make sute that my lord of Cantyrbury myght have the nunry here in exchaunge, of trowth yt was done but in sport, howso evyr yt coum to your ere, and he that fyrste bygan yt wrot unto me that yow seyd a should assone have your harte owt of your belly as to have your consent therto." For which your lordship's kind sayings I am greatly bound. Sharland, Our Lady's Eve.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
419. Sir William Weston to Cromwell.
Has received Cromwell's letter in favor of William Candyshe for the auditorship of St. John's. Had already granted it to William Aprice, who has been servant to the house of St. John's 30 years, and begs Cromwell not to be discontented with the gift. "I had granted him before after the decease of Goodlake (fn. 13) had not my brethren been." Sutton, 7 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: my lord of St. Johns.
7 Sept.
R. O.
420. Anthoine Brusset to the Deputy of Calais.
According to your last letter addressed to me I have written to the lieutenant of Gravelines castle and also to my [man] at the same place. I find that Josse Herenbault, "et aultres mauvais maisaigiers font journellement tout plain de mennetes (?) quy ne vallent guerez." I have also sent the same letter to the Queen, and all that you have sent to me, that her Majesty may see the disorder in that quarter. When I receive her answer I will withdraw to Gravelines to put things in different order to what they have been these six months.
I have still in my hands Joen Alleen, a native of England, who has been condemned to be hanged by Mons. le Grand Maistre, but finding him to be a poor simple fellow I have interceded for him and saved him. If you wish to have him back I will send him. Aire, 7 Sept.
I have informed Mons. Dyve of the disorder which is upon your pale. He is very sorry and promises to use his influence with the Queen to prevent its recurrence. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Callais.
7 Sept.
R. O.
421. The Town of L'Angle to Lord Lisle.
We pray you to take measures against depredations committed in the country of L'Angle on your frontier, especially by the French in the castles near Ardre. We fear some of your subjects are accomplices with them. Langle, 7 Sept. 1536.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Letter from them of the Howke in Flaunders.
7 Sept.
R. O.
422. Jacques de Coucy [Sieur de Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.
I have received your letter about a hoy belonging to some Englishmen taken by the men of Boulogne, which you have desired to be restored Having called the compaignons and officers of the Admiral, we have determined that on a certificate being produced by the owner that it belongs to him, it will be restored, with one named Morfault. The compaignons came to me complaining that after taking the said hoy they were pursuing another, but some Englishmen came with bows and other implements of war and saved it, and as in the said hoy there were a number of Flemings they think wrong has been done by the said Englishmen. I beg you therefore to do justice in the matter. Boulogne, 7 Sept. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
7 Sept.
Add., MS., 28,589. f. 63. B. M.
423. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Chapuis writes, 12 Aug., that the Princess is well and is allowed more liberty than before. The King causes her to be better treated, having discovered her good qualities, and she is now served as Princess, instead of the Bastard. He hopes that the new arrangement about her will be settled in a few days. The King is away hunting with the Queen, as is his custom every year, and he stays out hunting longer than usual.
The Scotch king left Scotland with four ships 20 days ago, and it is not known whether he has arrived anywhere, nor why he went. Gives news of the Imperial army in Flanders and other matters. The woman whom the Scotch king has married had been married two years before, and separated from her husband on account of consanguinity in the third or fourth grade, for which a dispensation had not been obtained. During this time she had a son, whom the King asserts to be his, but as he was born while the marriage was held to be valid, the law regards him as the legitimate son of the previous husband. The King has sent to ask the Holy See to declare him to be his own lawful son, but the Pope will not grant it.
The king of the Romans intended to enter Trent on the eve of the Nativity of Our Lady. Rome, 7 Sept. 1536.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
8 Sept.
R. O.
424.G. Earl of Shrewsbury to Cromwell.
Has received his letter asking him to take Wm. Candissh as his auditor in place Pynfold, deceased. Will send a servant to him shortly about it. Sheffeld Lodge, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Sept.
R. O.
425.Wm. Cavendissh to Cromwell.
Thanks him for writing to the lord of St. John in his favor. His answer is that in two or three days after the receipt he would repair to you and show you his mind. Is now in Bedfordshire according to a commission to him and others for defacing all the houses dissolved in the shire, and cannot come up. Doubts not that through Cromwell he will obtain his pursuit. It would be high advancement for him, for he would have continually meat and drink for himself and his two servants with their liveries and chamber. Though the standing fee is small this would be an especial ease to his poor living. Lying in London with his servants while making up his books and abiding the declaration of them, wastes a great part of his poor living. If he has what Goodlake, late auditor had, trusts that he shall have no further cause to trouble Cromwell for his advancement. Busshemede, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Sept.
R. O.
426. Margaret, Marchioness of Dorset, to Cromwell.
Whereas your Lordship has written in favor of my cousin, John Babyngton, (fn. 14) the bearer, I am sorry he was so late in applying for the stewardship of Whytwyke, in co. Leic., which his father, deccased, lately had. Within six days after his father's death, John Beamount, one of my counsel learned in those parts, asked me for it and I gave it to him. But Babyngton is well content as Beamount is his kinsman and friend. Tyltey, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Sept.
R. O.
427.John Aske to Cromwell.
I have received your Lordship's letter by Nich. Jenny, who is desirous to be farmer of my lands in the parish of Penvesay (fn. 15) when the lease is expired. I have let them again to my tenants there for years; otherwise I should have been glad to comply. Awghton, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd. Sealed.
8 Sept.
R. O.
428.Loys de Renty to Lord Lisle.
Three or four days ago some of my men brought me a young Englishmen, whom they declared to be French and to be under the charge of the captain of Authinghes castle. His name is Edw. Tomson. As your King has forbidden on pain of the halter any compaignons of the country to leave it to enter the service of the Emperor or of France, I keep him till I be informed from you if he receive French wages or not. St. Omer, 8 Sept. '36. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
8 Sept.
R. O.
429.Jehan des Gardins to Lady Lisle.
Commend me to your husband. Your son James is well. According to [your] letters [to] Maistre Hyfelgd, we have inquired for the two white partridges and your servant has spoken to the man who took and gave them to Mons. de Roud, captain in St. Omer. De Roud gave them to the bishop of Arras, brother of Mons. du Roeux, governor of Artois. The Bishop has been asked to let us have them for you, with offers to acknowledge the gift reasonably; but answer has been made from the Bishop that he would take his pastime therewith and had no mind to give them up; and I am advised not to press the matter further. 8 Sept.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
9 Sept. 430.Anthony Denny.
See Grants in September, No. 12.
9 Sept.
R. O.
431. Roger Wigston and others to Cromwell.
The curate of St. Nicholas church, Warwick, has, by complaint to Mr. William Lucye and John a Combe, got Mr. John Watwode, clk., King's chaplain, imprisoned in the castle of Warwick, for ringing the bells in the Collegiate Church of Warwick on St. Lawrence day. Mr. Watwode alleges that the curate charged his parishoners, the Sunday before, to apply their occupations. Watwode can get bail to appear before Cromwell, but Mr. Lucye and John a Combe will not bail him, and the writers dare not till they know Cromwell's pleasure. Warwick, 9 Sept. Signed by Roger Wigston, Rycharde Catysby, Thomas Trye, and Baldewyne Porter.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: "Wygston touching Watwood."
R. O. 432.John Wetwod to Cromwell.
Thanks Cromwell for his goodness. Whereas Cromwell by his letter commanded him to take the room of a president within the college of Warwick and take due order for executing the statutes, informs him that the foundation of their college is thus:—"That all such feasts whereof the prebends of our said college church take and bear their names upon shall be observed in the church as a feast of Majus Duplex with all solemnities of the same." Accordingly on the feast of St. Laurence last past, "being one of the foresaid prebends," the bells were rung as in times past, not to call people to the church, but only for the solemnity of the feast, for on the Sunday before the parish priest, according to the King's injunctions, commanded it no holy day for the parishioners there. Whereupon Master Lucy and one Combe, servant to the bishop of Worcester, have committed him to Warwick gaol without bail or mainprise, more, he thinks, from malice than otherwise, because the Bishop had not the preferment of the image of Our Lady, which he presented to Cromwell. The best justices in Warwickshire would gladly have bailed him, but Lucy and Combe would not suffer him to go at large. Never intended to break any part of the King's injunctions. Warwick.
Hol., p. 1. Large paper. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Sept.
Harl. MS. 604, f. 68. B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 244.
433.John Abbot of Vale Royal to Cromwell.
"* * * * me and my brethren the King's most gracious and dread commission," saying his Grace trusted we would surrender our monastery being of his Grace's foundation, and whereof your lordship is steward. We never consented to surrender, and never will unless the King commands it, which I do not perceive in Mr. Holcroft's commission that he does. No one has been authorised to tell the King we would surrender, and we trust your lordship will be a mean to his Grace that we may continue. I am coming up, as fast as my sickness will suffer me, to beg your favour. I enclose the bill indented made by us, which Mr. Holcroft refused to accept. Lychefyld, 9 Sept. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. The beginning lost by mutilation. Add: Lord Privy Seal and Chief Secretary.
[10 Sept.
R. O.
434. Norfolk to Cromwell.
This Sunday night I received your letters of the 9th inst., and concerning the Subsidy, I and my fellows will do our best. Where you write to me to take patience till you may perfect my affairs: I have never laboured to any but you, and 1 trust shortly to hear you have obtained my suits; "for the time of sowing is at hand, and every other nobleman hath already his portion. I trust well for Bongay and Wodebrige." With this is a bill concerning two light persons whom I keep in this house in prison. They that heard them are honest and substantial persons. I cannot learn that they used such words elsewhere, nor in these parts can be such an assembly of 100 persons "without I should shortly be with them." "I will be at Norwich this day seven night, where, if they shall have punishment, I think the place convenient."
Hoi., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Sept.
MS. 2997, f. 44. Bibl. Nat. Paris.
435. Antoine de Castelnau, Bishop of Tarbes, to Mons. De La Rochepot.
Has shown the King [of England] the good news contained in his letter. He is pleased at his good brother's success. They say also, as the bishop has written to Mons. de Vendosme, that those who have to pay Nassau's army are in want of money, as the Flemings will not contribute as they promised, but say that those who advised the Emperor to take this course have led him into expense without any profit to himself or his subjects. They are vexed that Therouenne has not been besieged, and are afraid of their country being invaded, there being no one to defend it. The Imperial ambassador had a power to treat with the King, but he has answered that he will not break his friendship with Francis on any account. Graffeton, 10 Sept.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
10 Sept.
R. O.
436. An English Prisoner in Flanders.
On the 10th Sept. 1536, in presence of Guill. le Flamencq and five others, échevins of the pays de l'Angle, one named Joen Aelleen, a prisoner, native of Brantry (Braintree), in England, as he says, was examined, and said he and his wife had come to serve the masons of Calais; and when after Easter last they did not work he returned, "lui xviije," and they enrolled themselves under the captain of Tournehen, whom they served two months. He acknowledges having received from his captain two pieces of gold, besides sharing sometimes in booty taken from the French. After the two months he went "lui xiiije" to St. Omer, and put himself on the roll of Mons. de Curelu (?), and they were under him about three weeks, and received from him about two pieces of gold. Afterwards they went to Boulogne with a passport they had from their captain de Curelu, when the captain of Boulogne offered each a gold crown if they would take the field where he pleased; but they refused, and came back to Querseque, "leur vje," and the said prisoner came with the rest to the castle of Autinghes, having with him one named Willem Steerken (?) and Willem Frenten. During this time he acknowledges that he was sent by his captain through the English pale to L'Angle to examine the roads, with a halter in his sleeve to take any horse or other beast he might find. He says also that if he had returned without being taken he would have come "luy vingt-troisieme ou xxiiije" on the morrow to take some booty in Langle "Actum par cherge de justice, par moy, Hoetrauwe."
Fr., p. 1.
10 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
437. Charles V. to [Chapuys].
[We wrote last from our camp at Ferjoux all that had passed since our departure from Cogny, in Piedmont. On the 5th inst. we raised our camp from Ferjoux, and arrived here within a mile of Aix towards Avignon, where we have remained till now to order the provision of victuals, of which there is some scarcity, the enemy having withdrawn all they could and the mills being broken; also to ascertain the enemy's intentions before passing further, to arrange about our fleet and wait for some galleys that we had sent into Spain. Till now, although the enemy make excursions every day to the neighbourhood of Marseilles and Avignon, nothing has been seen of them besides those taken and defeated at Brignole by Don Ferrand de Gonzaga, captain of our light horse. The French king is at Valence on the Rhone, which he is fortifying. You will have heard already of the death of the Dauphin at Tournon, between Valence and Avignon. He had a fever which lasted only three days. Nothing is heard of the further advance of Francis, though he proclaimed at his departure from Lyons that he would go on to Avignon without delay. The Grand Master is at Avignon collecting men and fortifying himself. They have strengthened Arles upon the Rhone, and Marseilles is certainly well fortified. The prince of Melfi, Andrea Doria, is to come to a port near this with our fleet. As soon as we have news of him we shall determine what to do by sea and land, and about our occupation of Provence.]
The whole of the above is crossed out in the manuscript.
The Pope's nuncio since we left Ferjoux has received letters from Card. Trivulce, in France, written to Card. Carracciolo, and in his absence to the said Nuncio about the peace. We send a copy of our reply. Since the arrival of Francis at Valence, and the death of the Dauphin, a trumpet has come here sent by Card. Trivolce, who writes to the Nuncio that peace would be more easily negociated since the death of the Dauphin because the duke of Orleans was now dauphin, and the French king would no longer insist, as he had done upon the said duke of Orleans. As he brought no other message, the man did not appear to us to reply to what we had delivered to the Nuncio, who on the 23rd Aug. received by the same man of Card. Trivulcio, whom he has sent back to him again certain letters with an answer in writing delivered by the king of France to the said Cardinal to his message from the Pope touching the said peace. We send you copies both of that and of what we have written to the Nuncio. You will see that the writing of the king of France is far from the point, as all who have seen it here declare. We send also a duplicate of what we last wrote to you by France through the English ambassador here, of which we desire an answer, with news from you which we have not had since we left Piedmont. You will see what we mean to do about our present army by the enclosed extract of what we have written to Nassau, which we beg you will keep secret. Camp near Aix, in Provence, 10 Sept. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 3.
10 Sept.
R. O.
438. Nicholas de Nobily to Antonio Bonvixi.
Has received his letter of the 15th ult. by the messenger of Marchantonio Campeggio. The dangers of the way both by land and sea will compel him to stay some time. Desires, however, to do him service in a matter so sacred, both in the matter of the bishopric and other things. Hopes his brother the cardinal, as the King's protector at Rome, will be able to mediate with the Holy See. Paris, 10 Sept 1536.
Ital. Hol., p. 1. Add.: Domino Anth[onio] Bonvixi rr. in Londra.


  • 1. A false report. Ric. Eden, archdeacon of Middlesex, who was, as this letter shows, also dean or master of Sudbury College, Suff., died, according to Hardy's Le Neve, "before 9 April 1551," when he was succeeded in the archdeaconry by Henry Hervie, LL.D. He moreover surrendered the college to the King as late as 9 Dec. 1544 (36 Hen. VIII.). See Eighth Report of Deputy Keeper of Public Records, App. ii., p. 43.
  • 2. The Spanish vessel called the "zabra."
  • 3. The month and day of the month have been filled up by another hand.
  • 4. Sir Thomas Clifford, captain of Berwick.
  • 5. Anne Boleyn.
  • 6. The Chancellor of the Augmentations.
  • 7. See Talbot and Russell's second letter on the 25th Sept.
  • 8. The word intended seems to be levrier not lanier, as appears by Mad. de Bours' letter.
  • 9. Monsieur de Riou.
  • 10. Mary Basset.
  • 11. Statute 28 Hen. VIII., c. 7.
  • 12. The prioress of St. Sexburg in the Isle of Sheppey.
  • 13. Guthlac Overton, who seems to have been the predecessor Pynfold (see No. 406), as auditor of the priory of St. Johns.
  • 14. Third son of Sir Anthony Babyngton, who died 23 Aug. 28 Hen. VIII. (Inq. p.m. 29 Hen. VIII. 10. 13.)
  • 15. Pevensey in Sussex. It appears, by Inquis. p. m. 23 Hen. VIII. No. 66, that his father, Sir Robert Aske, held 300 acres in Pevensey Marsh, called Aske Salt marsh.