Henry VIII: December 1536, 21-25

Pages 541-547

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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December 1536, 21-25

21 Dec.
R. O.
1349. James Bettes to Cromwell.
As I promised by letter when the King was at Portsmouth, (fn. 1) I have paid this last term to Sir Brian Tuke, 100l. of my debt to the King, incurred by reason of certain strangers that I trusted. Help me to an end therein so that I may pay 50l. more yearly, from Michaelmas next, else I am like to die in prison, for, notwithstanding this last payment, there is an attachment out against me. Southampton, 21 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Dec.
R. O.
1350. Ric. Langgrische, Priest, to Mr. Helyar.
I have been so far North since your being beyond sea that I lacked messengers, but now having your servant ready to bear my letters I could no longer use unkind silence. I trust to settle in my own country among my friends within few years. Not that I like the North so ill, but mine own country so well. Every one desires your prosperous return. Havent, on St. Thomas day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Dec.
Add. MS. 19,401, f. 31. B. M.
1351. Henry VIII. to James V.
Congratulates him on his approaching marriage with the daughter of the French king. Requests him to restore the earl of Angus and his family. Westm., 22 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
22 Dec.
Teulet, p. 122.
1352. Marriage of James V.
Extract from the registers of the Parliament of Paris by Pierre Liset Premier President. Friday, 22 Dec. 1536.
Went, at the desire of the Court, (fn. 2) to Fontainebleau to remonstrate with the King, that the said Court is not accustomed to go in red cloaks, &c. in front of foreign princes entering Paris, as he had commanded them to do at the entry of the king of Scotland. He replied that he wished the same honour to be done to the said King as to himself, who had come in person to demand in marriage Madame Magdeleine de France, his daughter, which he had granted. He did not intend it to be used as a precedent.
22 Dec.
Add. M.S. 26,837, f. 25 b. B. M.
1353. Reginald Pole.
Decree of the Consistory at Rome creating him a cardinal. Rome, 22 Dec. 1536.
R. O. 2. Extract from a despatch.
Among these cardinals also was created Reginald Pole, an Englishman, who had requested the Pope that he might be passed over. News afterwards came from England, as I have heard, dated the 29th ult., in which the Pope was requested, in the name of the insurgent people, that he would create the aforesaid [Pole] a cardinal, and send him as legate into England. There is some one who thinks the Pope should send him, and with money. On this news the Pope would no longer delay the delivery of the cardinalate.
In Vannes' hand, p. 1. Mutilated.
1354. Tunstall and Stokesley to Pole.
R. O. For the goodwill we have borne unto you in times past, as long as ye continued the King's true subject, we cannot but lament that you have declined from your duty to the King who brought you up, seduced by the fair words and vain promises of the bishop of Rome, who is endeavouring with all his power to bring about the ruin of your Prince and country. For vain-glory of a red hat you make yourself an instrument of his malice who would stir up rebellions in the realm. If ye be moved by conscience to acknowledge the bp. of Rome as head of the Church by virtue of the text Tu es Petrus, &c.; many of the best ancient expositors take that to refer to the Faith first confessed by Peter, upon which the Church is built. The writers go on to answer arguments from other texts in the same manner, and discuss the whole question at great length. Urge him for the weal of his soul to surrender to the bp. of Rome the red hat by which he seduced him from his duty to his sovereign.
In Vaughan's hand, pp. 15. Endd.: Part of the bishops of London and Duresme lettres to Pole.
Begins: "For the goodwill we have borne unto you." Ends: "Which thing for the good mind that we heretofore have borne you, we pray Almighty God of his infinite mercy that ye do not."
R. O. 2. Another draft of the same letter varying from the preceding and unfinished.
Pp. 16. Ending: And as all other good Christian Kings ought to do, which office good Christian Emperors always took upon them in—.
Below which is apparently a draft outline in Latin of an intended continuation of the argument.
Endd.: Lettres by my lordes Dures[me] and London to Pole.
1355. William Marshall to Cromwell.
R. O. About two years past he borrowed 20l. from Cromwell, for which his brother, Thomas Marshall, and he were bound by obligation. Cromwell commanded Wm. Body to deliver it to the writer towards the printing of the book entitled "the Defence of Peace," (fn. 3) which cost over 34l. Though the best book in English against the usurped book (sic) of the bp. of Rome, it has not sold. About a year past Mr. Gostwik put the obligation in suit against the writer, and Cromwell discharged him of it and promised to discharge his brother. Of late a friend has sent him the copy of a Privy Seal, which Mr. Gostwyk has had set on the church door of his brother's (fn. 4) benefice of Southmolton, Devon. Sends copy. (fn. 5) Begs Cromwell to cause Mr. Gostwyk to cease his suit, at least for a season. His brother's whole house and chattels would not suffice. Begs he may have the King's favour for himself. It is said Mr. Reignold Poole, son of the countess of Sarum, now with the bp. of Rome, shall lose his promotions. Begs Cromwell to remember his said brother or else his son, Richard Marshall, with one of them, if but the little prebend he has in Salisbury, 18l. a year, or the little deanery of Wynbourne Minster, worth 40 marks. Begs that George Carleton or Thomas Averey may inform his wife of Cromwell's pleasure touching his brother. Has some things in writing which he will send.
Fears the bp. of London will feign sickness or madness to be excused answering Dr. Barons. Hears he now takes laxatives to make him vomit.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1356. Ric. Southwell to Cromwell.
Has received Cromwell's letters "importing an argument" that the King, at Cromwell's suit, has "attempered" his late conceived displeasure towards the writer. Profuse expressions of gratitude to the King and to Cromwell. Begs letters for his further comfort.
According to Cromwell's letters, has sent up his son, whose absence at this Christmas he laments.
Has apprehended two priests who have taken and given copies of traitorous oaths, &c. of the late rebels of the North, whom he will shortly convey to Cromwell and the Council. "From my poor cabon," 23 December 28 Hen. VIII.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1357. Sir Thomas Russhe (fn. 6) to Cromwell.
I have received your letter by one William Baron, whose suits the King has remitted to me to use as equity shall require. I shewed him your pleasure and demanded what his suit to the King was. He would not answer, though I handled him with gentle words, Sir Humphrey Wyngfeld and the bailiffs of Ipswich being present. Then I opened to him how he shewed matter against my lord suffragan prior of Butley and me for concealing treason of a canon of Butley. He answered, " I heard such a matter," and no more. I desired the bailiffs to keep him, who say he was of counsel with those who broke the gaol; the gaoler had warned him 20 times from the gaol door. Waits to know Cromwell's pleasure.
I have no good things to send, but such as I have I send you. Ipswich, 23 December.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1358. Richard Lee to Lord Lisle.
Has received his letters of 11 Dec. Has moved several of his friends to borrow money for lord Lisle to pay lord Beauchamp, but they say there never was so little money amongst them, and in consequence of this business here the debts cannot be collected. No money can be had without sufficient gage on lands. The Chancellor of the Court of Augmentations sticks at lord Lisle's suit for the priory of Fristock, but John Hussey and Lee will speak to lord Privy Seal about it, and doubt not that lord Lisle will obtain the fee simple, as he wishes. Yesterday afternoon the King and Queen, with all the dukes and lords, and the Emperor's ambassador, rode through London, and were honourably received. Such a sight has not been seen since the Emperor was here. The streets were hanged with arras and cloth of gold. Priests in their copes, with crosses and censers stood on one side, and the citizens on the other. It rejoiced every man wondrously. The King is at Greenwich, where he intends to keep Christmas with as great mirth and triumph as ever was. "I pray God keep your Lordship and my Lady, and make her a glad mother." London, 23 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1359. Alexandre Lorge to the Deputy of Calais.
I have received your letter, complaining that one Loys Carle, compagnon under my charge, has been molesting Jehan de Hericourt, of St. Omer's, because he brings you victuals, declaring that they are distributed to the French. I have sent for the said Loys, who has absented himself from this town on his own business. On his return I will inquire into the matter and punish it. Aire, 23 Dec. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1360. Anne Rouaud (Madame de Bours) to Lady Lisle.
Excuse me for not having written the other day by a man of this town. I am ill at ease. I thank you for your letter by Franchois, and for the bed you sent me. I send a goshawk, given me by the captain of this town, who considers it a good one. Your son (fn. 7) came to see me at Gamaches. Your daughter wished that they had been longer together. It is impossible to see a better wit than he has. From what he says, you are enceinte, and I pray that you may have joy of it. I have given the bearer the account of what I have spent on your daughter since I gave the other to Jensemy. (fn. 8) I desire to be recommended to my lord, and so do Mons. D'Agincourt, Montmorency, and my daughter. (fn. 9) Abbeville, 23 Dec.
Fr., Hol., p. 1. Add.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1361. Mary Basset to Lady Lisle.
Excuses herself for not writing. Sends her a little poupine. I send you the bill of Madame's expenses for me. "Jay monstre a Jensemy (fn. 10) les mises que jay faict de langle que mavez envoie." Requests her to send her some money for her little pleasures. I am very glad of the hawk (lanier) you sent to Madame de Bours. She immediately presented it to the captain of this town, who offers his services to you for anything in his power. Is glad to have seen her brother (fn. 11) before he went to Paris. He visited Madame de Bours at Gamaches, and Mons. de Gamaches was very glad to see him. Madame de Bours has been too ill to write to you. Her brother sent her a collar. Congratulate me on this token of his kindness. Abbeville, 23 Dec. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
23 Dec. 1362. — to Antonio —.
Vit. B. xiv. 233. B. M. A letter about business matters, apparently not very important. Begins: "Messer Antonio carissimo, essendo stati certificati 2 mesi sono chel re . . . . . . . . . . fato relassare li fructi delli beni temporali de la nostra abadia . . . . . . . . . mesi fa per ordine di quella sequestracione scrivemo alla S. V."
Dated " Da Firenze, alli xxiij. di xbre 1536."
24 Dec.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 237. B. M.
1363. Cromwell to Gardiner and Wallop.
It appears by their letters of the 13th (fn. 12), that rumours are spread in France of the late rebellion in the North, that the nobles and gentry distrusted the commons so much that they were forced to come to terms with them. Nothing can be more false than that the commons, who took the King's part, were at all irresolute. When that was insinuated to the King, he advertised the captains, and received answer that they had perused and tried their men, and durst affirm that there was not one but would do his duty. Is assured the most part of the King's retinue in manner wept "when they were commanded to retire." It was only the King's wisdom to avoid a battle, by which he could have gained nothing, but destroyed his own members that be ready to serve him. Instead of cutting off the corrupt members they are now healed. As to the making conditions, it is true that conditions were demanded by the rebels, but in the end they submitted entirely to the King's pleasure with the greatest repentance. Their chief article next their pardon was for a parliament to confirm it, but they remitted the appointment of the same wholly to the King. My lord of Norfolk is now going thither, as the King's lieutenant, and will have a Council such as the Duke of Richmond had. Sends two letters written by the King for restitution of the earl of Angus, the one directed to the French king, the other to the king of Scots. Thinks no man can better urge this matter in argument than Gardiner, who has good experience of the honorable demeanor of Angus and his family towards the king of Scots ever since their coming into England, and knows the cause of their departure from Scotland. As Gardiner is in need of money, has paid 100l. to his servant Peter Lark, who is by no means remiss in calling upon Cromwell, indeed he is rather too importunate. After Christmas will give him more. Mr. Pole's servant, of whom Gardiner wrote, is said to be detained at Montreuil. Gardiner is to procure his delivery, "engreving the matter of his detainder as much as your wisdom shall think convenient." There has been a fray lately between the inhabitants of Fleet Street and the ambassador of France's servants, in which the latter were illhandled. If it be inquired of, they are to say the King has caused it to be examined into, and will have the offenders punished. The Rolls, 24 Dec.
Mr. Pole's servant's name is Throgmorton. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. as before. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O.
1364. Sir Thomas Cheyne to Cromwell.
On receipt of your Lordship's letter I wrote to the mayor and jurats of Rye who have made me no answer, but have written of another enterprise done by the Spaniards upon a Frenchman. I enclose the mayor of Rye's letters. I have written again to Rye to stay the Spaniards till I know the King's pleasure what to do further. Sharland, Christmas Eve.
Hol. p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
24 Dec.
R. O.
1365. Lawson to Gostwyk.
Has been with Gostwyk's servants to Middelham and Baruardes Castle to keep the King's audits and receive money for payment of Berwick, but no one will appear or pay one penny, saying they have been at great expense this troublous time. At Barnard's Castle they desire respite till 20 days after Christmas, and at Middleham, till the week before Candlemas. Lord Conyers and Christopher Metcalf, Sir James' son, have done their best to exhort the King's tenants, but he can get no other answer. Keeps Gostwyk's servants at his house in York till these days come. Is going to Berwick with all the money he can make to pay the soldiers, which he hopes to do with the help of Master Captain and other friends. It is much to his charge considering his great losses and expenses since Michaelmas. Hopes Gostwyk's servants can stay, for nothing can be done without them. Hopes in time they will finish all Gostwyk's charges substantially. The audits will be very costly this year.
Desires to be recommended to my lord Privy Seal, whom he wishes to see his letters. Barnardes Castle, Christmas Eve. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Gostwyke, Esq., treasurer of the King's spiritualities, at London. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O.
1366. Queen Margaret to Henry VIII.
Requests a safe-conduct for her servant Katharine Hammultoun going into France. Edinburgh, 24 Dec. 1536. Signed.
Large paper, p. 1. Add.
1367. John Freman to Cromwell.
R. O. As you desired when I was last at Court that I should write to you these holidays, I desire for you and me my farm which I have of the King, which is clearly 30l. a year. I will give him in money 200l., and release my fee of 20l. a year for life. You will remember this is my old suit. "From my house at Colyarrow where I trust once to see your good Lordship, and though it stand far in the forest, yet it standeth nigh you; and why? Because it is yours the appurtenance and myself."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Dec.
R. O.
1368. Earl of Northumberland to Cromwell.
"My cousin Darcy" is going up to the King. They had so "confettered" together that if there had been a foughten field, the King would have proved their true hearts. Desires credence for him and Sir Nic. Fairfax of all the occurrences at that day and since, and as to the affairs in Northumberland. Topclif, Christmas Day, 25 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed.
25 Dec.
R. O.
1369. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I received your letter by Goodalle, with the Queen's New Year's gift from your Ladyship, which I will deliver according to instructions. I thank you for giving me the presentment thereof and of my lord's to the King. I have delivered your letter to Mr. Rolle with those sent to John Davy and Bodley, which he will see conveyed. I thank you for 20s. received from Goodall. Mr. Surveyor will not be here for eight days. I will then deliver your letter to him. Mr. Popley has a letter from him to my lord which he promises to send by Goodalle. He is quite ready but waits for my lord Chancellor's answer to my lord. The best lands and farms of Frythelstock priory are appointed to my lord and you. It has been brought about with much ado. We now only wait for my lord's answer touching the fee simple. The King and Queen rode through London on Friday, very merry and triumphantly. Jesu send your Ladyship a good hour with a son and heir! London, Christmas Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.


  • 1. About the beginning of October, 1535. See Vol. VIII., No. 571.
  • 2. That is, the Court of Parliament.
  • 3. Printed by Robert Wyer in 1535. See Ames, 371 (Herbert's ed.) It is a translation of a work by Marsilius of Padua, written in support of the Emperor Lewis of Bavaria against the Pope (John XXII.), at the beginning of the fourteenth century.
  • 4. Thos. Marshall. See Valor Eccl. II. 344.
  • 5. See No. 1316.
  • 6. He must have died before 13 June 1537. See Inq. p. m. 29 Hen. VIII. No. 66, on his son Arthur, and a letter of the same Arthur of 13 June 1537.
  • 7. James Basset.
  • 8. John Smith.
  • 9. Madame d'Agincourt.
  • 10. John Smith.
  • 11. James Basset.
  • 12. 23rd apparently corrected to 13th.