Henry VIII: February 1537, 21-25

Pages 226-239

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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February 1537, 21–25

21 Feb.
R. O.
Having received a commission and a letter from the Council of the Augmentation for the suppression of the houses in the North, I write to say what was done yesterday. At my coming to this town I sent out such sharp proclamations to the parts where this last rebellion was, that yesterday a number of wretched people came in to submit to the King's mercy. Chose above 70 of the chief misdoers and has them and others in prison. Will not proceed against them till Friday or Saturday, not having yet in hand some whom he would fain have. Hopes also by Thursday night those of Cockermouth will come to him as the others did, and if he were to proceed at once to sore justice those who have not yet come in would flee. Has sent to my lords Derby and Mounteagle to Furness and all the wild parts about them to apprehend those that come from these parts. The poor caitiffs who have returned home have departed without any promise of pardon but upon their good abearing. God knows they may well be called poor caitiffs; for at their fleeing they lost horse, harness, and all they had upon them "and what with the spoiling of them now and the gressing of them so marvellously sore in time past and with increasing of lords' rents by inclosings, and for lack of the persons of such as shall suffer, this border is sore weked and specially Westmoreland; the more pity they should so deserve, and also that they have been so sore handled in times past, which, as I and all other here think, was the only cause of this rebellion." Desired my lord of Westmoreland on his departure from Norfolk at Barna Castle on Saturday last to take divers illdoers about Durham, and he has taken 17 and sent them to Newcastle till Norfolk's coming. Has sent into many other places to take others. Hears nothing of what Sir Anthony Browne does in Northumberland; but the bruit goes that Tynedale will not come in. Has therefore sent such letters to them that he expects to hear other news within two days. Carlisle, 21 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
R. O. 2. Prisoners taken by my lord of Westmoreland at Durham on Sunday, 18 Feb.
John Hawle, Thos. Blount, cooks of the Abbey. Wm. Smorethwayt, porter of the Abbey. Nic. Pykeryng, Chr. Newtoun, Jas. Hunter, Rollond Stobbes, John Conyers, Chr. Soreby, Marten Olyver, Denyse Hedelye, Henry Hyndemershe, Leonard Atkenson.
Prisoners "that were within my house." Hen. Brasse, John Follousbye, John Worme, and Henry Souleye, the last two Mr. Bigod's servants.
Has Rose still here in his house, because who spoke against him the first time, say now that they know nothing by him but truth, as the bearer can show your Lordship.
P. 1.
22 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. I. 537.
We have received your letters of the 16th, about the new assembly in Westmoreland, and your others of the 17th by Sir Ralph Evers, touching the valiant and faithful courage of Sir Chr. Dacres in the overthrow of the traitors who made assault upon Carlisle, reporting also the good service done by Thomas Clifford, and the perfect readiness of all the nobles and gentlemen in Yorkshire and those parts to have served in your company against them. We shall not forget your services, and are glad to hear also from sundry of our servants how you advance the truth, declaring the usurpation of the bishop of Rome, and how discreetly you paint those persons that call themselves religious in the colours of their hypocrisy, and we doubt not but the further you shall wade in the investigation of their behaviours the more you shall detest the great number of them and the less esteem the punishment of those culpable. 2. We desire you to thank those that were ready to have served us. We have thanked Sir Chr. Dacres in the letters which you shall receive herewith, and will shortly recompense him in a way to encourage others. 3. We approve of your proceedings in the displaying of our banner, which being now spread, till it is closed again, the course of our laws must give place to martial law; and before you close it up again you must cause such dreadful execution upon a good number of the inhabitants, hanging them on trees, quartering them, and setting their heads and quarters in every town, as shall be a fearful warning, whereby shall ensue the preservation of a great multitude. That done, ye shall close up our said banner both for the advancement of ordinary justice between parties and for the punishment of other malefactors, for which also we send you the commissions for Westmoreland and Cumberland. 4. You shall send up to us the traitors Bigod, the friar of Gnasborough, Leche, if he may be taken, the vicar of Penrith and Towneley, late chancellor to the bishop of Carlisle, who has been a great promoter of these rebellions, [the which of York] (fn. 1) and one Dr. Pykering, a canon Birdlington. 6. (fn. 2) You are to see to the lands and goods of such as shall be now attainted, that we may have them in safety, to be given, if we be so disposed, to those who have truly served us, for we hear there were among them divers freeholders and rich men. Finally, as these troubles have been promoted by the monks and canons of those parts, at your repair to Salleye, Hexam, Newminster, Leonarde Coste (Lanercost), St. Agathe, and such other places as have made resistance since the appointment at Doncaster, you shall without pity or circumstance, now that our banner is displayed, cause the monks to be tied up without further delay or ceremony.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.: The minute of the letter sent to my lord of Norfolk, the 22nd of February.
22 Feb. 480. CROWN LANDS.
22 Feb.
R. O.
Sir William Morland, priest, late monk of Louth Park, eftsoons more exactly examined, 22 Feb. 1536, before Dr. Layton, Dr. Legh, and Dr. Petre.
1. Being asked of what occasion he thinks the rumour of taking away of chalices and leaving but one church standing within six or seven miles grew; thinks it arose from a word that one Peter scribe to Dr. Prynne, commissary to the bp. of Lincoln, said at Louth at the Commissary's court in his hearing. He told the priests there that his master bade them look on their books, for they should have strait examination taken of them shortly after, and if they did not look well on their books it should be worse for them. He thinks certain lewd priests of those parts, fearing they should lose their benefices, spread such rumours to persuade the common people that they also should be as ill handled. Being examined if he heard any priest say so, he says No, but he heard the parson of Conyes some (Conisholm) say on Saturday before the first commotion at Louth, "They will deprive us of our benefices because they would have the first fruits, but rather than I will pay the first fruits again I had liever lose benefice and all." On Michaelmas Day following this examinate came with certain capacities to Grimsby to deliver to certain canons of Welhowe resident thereabouts. And after he had delivered them he dined at the house of a very tall man in Grimsby having a tall woman to his wife, whose name he cannot tell nor the street's name that he dwelt in. After dinner three or four men came in, one of whom, a shipman of Hull, asked the goodman of the house, "What news is here with you, sirs?" The good man said again to him, "What news with you?" "Marry," said the shipman, "we hear at Hull that ye should have a visitation here shortly, and therefore we have taken all our church plate and jewels and sold them and paved our town withal, and so if ye be wise will ye do too and mend your town that is very foul withal." The goodman said, "We hear say that the Chancellor will be here upon Tuesday next, and we are minded not to receive him." No other communication was there had concerning this matter.
Examined what time and of whom he heard of the vicar of Louth's collation, says that as he was in Yorkshire 20 days after Christmas he heard one, Mr. Skipwith's servant at Wawne besides Hull, say when this examinate asked him why the vicar of Louth was excepted out of the pardon, that it was for a collation which he had made at Louth the same Sunday that the insurrection began, in which he told his parishioners that next day they should have a visitation, and advised them to go together and look well upon such things as should be required of them in the said visitation. This he heard the said Mr. Skipwith's servant say at the time and place above specified and not before, as would seem from his first examination, which he says was owing to a mistake of the scribe.
Examined of the articles devised at Horncastle, says he received them of one Wm. Leeche and made a copy of them at one Gibson's house in Horncastle to carry home to Louth, but who devised them he cannot tell. Gave the copy to no other man.
Further examined why he went from Lincolnshire to Yorkshire, he says that when the Lincolnshire men had submitted themselves he went home to Kenington where he remained from Saturday till Tuesday, and then went to Guy Keme's house; that Guy Keme and his son John, upon a rumour that 100 men were sent to the Duke of Suffolk with halters about their necks, said that priests would be sharply handled, and advised this examinate to go to Yorkshire; who went thither on the morrow of St. Luke's day. Being asked whether he had any [intellige]nce at his departure to Yorkshire that they were up then in Yorkshire, says that he knew before at Lincoln of the seal of Beverley sent to the Lincolnshire men, and also heard say that they were up in Yorkshire. But after being at Keme's house he heard say that they were up there, but would not go forward till Sir Thomas Percy came to them. Being asked why he went to Yorkshire when he knew they were up in Yorkshire, says he did so for safeguard of his life.
Examined whereupon they examined him at Hull, says that they knowing that they were down in Lincolnshire before, suspected that he had been sent to those parts by the duke of Suffolk as a spy, but finding no fault in him they let him go. One of the serjeants and four aldermen searched him whether he had any letters out of Lincolnshire, but found none. Being asked who fetched him in to them, says one of Sir John Constable's servants, a gentleman and a younger brother called Thorpe, was chief of them, and the rest were of the commons, whose names he cannot tell.
Went thence to Beverley where he was again suspected for a spy, and examined by Mr. Hodgeson and Mr. Faireclyff, who, finding he had come from Lincolnshire, said to him "Ye are worthy to have no favour here, nor ye may not tarry here, for our messenger called Woodmansey, whom we sent into Lincolnshire, hath been ill-entreated with you there and was cast in prison." So he departed to Holden. Being examined why he went again to Holderness, says it was to fetch a gown he had left there. [Being asked who delivered him the almain rivets, says Sir Robert Constable commanded them to be delivered.] (fn. 3) Being examined what houses of religion he went to after he came into Yorkshire, says he was first at Mawse, then at Byland, and after at Ryvieulx. Being asked what communication the abbots or brethren had with him, says they only asked whence he came and he said from Louth Park, which was suppressed. Finally, he says that since he went out of Lincolnshire into Yorkshire, he never incited any man to stir or continue the insurrection there, nor wrote or received any letters about it, nor heard anything concerning the last commotion of Bigod and Hallam till he heard that Hallam was taken and Bigod fled.
In Ap Rice's hand, with several corrections, pp. 4.
22 Feb.
R. O.
This day my lord Privy Seal promised faithfully that your bill should be signed this week without delay. London, 22 February.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Feb.
R. O.
I wrote by Goodall. I would have sent your spices by this ship, but they would not tarry one tide for them, although I showed the things were required for Lent. My fellow Sexten and John Teborowe can tell you what remonstrances I made, but my lord and you can repay their ingratitude. By this ship you will receive a great chest, with the stuff my lady Rutland delivered to my fellow Kyme. You will receive also from a boat of Dover, which John Teborowe hath "fraught" to Dover, a sugar chest containing the spices you wrote for, according to the bill enclosed in my letter, which I send by the said boat. Also a firkin with puffins from Devonshire, and a little barrel of salad oil, which Mr. Gonson has filled for my lord. To-day lady Beauchamp's child is christened. The sponsors are the Queen, my lady Mary, and my lord Privy Seal. I hope you have by this time received the Queen's New Year's gifts. God make you a glad mother. London, 22 February.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Feb.
R. O.
484. NICH. CLEMENT, Monk of Christchurch, Canterbury, to LORD LISLE.
Thanks him for his charity in times past. Hears with great joy that my lady is with child. Had never more need of his charity than "now as the world doth shape." Was lately robbed to the value of 8l., which he had laid up for his old age, by one he had brought up from a youth. "And now I ham admyttyd as a stagyar, beyng ympotent and lame yn all parts of my body." Is likely to perish except Lisle has pity upon him. Has written several times, but received no answer. Sends this by Wm. Palmer. 22 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord vicownt de Lisle, lord Debyte of Calys.
R. O. 485. NICH. CLEMENT, Monk of Christchurch, Canterbury, to LORD LISLE.
Begs he will write to the prior to be good unto the applicant in certain causes. Was once in an "ovys" (office) called master of the farmery, wherein he was robbed of 7l. 8s. 10d., which the prior demands, stopping his dues, which amount to 55s., &c., until he has recovered the whole. If a thief had set fire to his house it would have been against all conscience for the prior to call on him to make restitution. Let him remember that his own lodging perished by fire, and also that great sums of money were carried away by false fellows.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Feb.
R. O.
486. THIBAULT ROUAUD (Sieur de Riou) to LORD LISLE.
I have delivered 100 cr. to the bearer to buy me a grey horse of which he has spoken to me. I beg you to see if it cannot be got cheaper, as for 80 cr. Abbeville, 22 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Calles.
22 Feb.
R. O.
487. ANNE ROUAUD (Madame de Bours) to LADY LISLE.
I thank you for your good news. Jean Semy has been here since Sunday waiting for my brother de Ryou, who is gone away. He tells me there are horses of all prices at Calais, and that there is a roan which he thinks would suit Montmorency. If it can be got cheap I should be glad for him to have it. I have delivered 60 cr. in case it can be got for this price, but you may go to 10 cr. more. Your daughter (fn. 4) is well. The company in which she has spent her Shrovetide esteem the honour highly. Mademoiselle de Gamache and I have been at Amiens, and because she was in her chariot I asked her to bring her back with her, and she was to send her here, but has not done so because there are many adventurers in the fields, as the bearer will tell you. A nephew of Mons. de Bours has delivered 100 cr. to get a horse, and is sending one of his men. I beg you to speak to my Lord that no horses be delivered to us which are not sure. My man will give you the rest of my news. Abbeville, 22 Feb.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Add.
23 Feb.
R. O.
They hear that Cromwell has elected their brother Dan Thos. Barnyngham to be prior of Axiholme, and desire that he may be put in possession as soon as possible. Charterhouse in the Isle of Axiholme, 23 Feb. Signed by Dan John Chamerlayn—Dan Henry Wilson—Dan Thomas Dobson—Dayn John Pople, sexton,—Dayn Rycharde Crakelle—Dayn T. Alred—Dan Bryan Bee, vicar,—Dayn Thomas Broke.
In Pople's hand, p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.
Saying of Thos. Shottilworth, servant to the abbot of Sawlay, taken by William Maunsell at York,— (fn. 5) Feb. 28, Hen. VIII.
The abbot sent him with a letter and a royal of gold to Sir Thomas Percy, who sent back answer that the abbot should obey the King's commissioners and the order taken at Doncaster. That night he met "one Leiche, an arrant traitor," at Richard Brotherton's house near Sawlaye, and they rode together to Sir Thomas Percy's: by the way Leich confessed his name, and that he was exempt from the King's pardon. After he was despatched, Leiche remained with Sir Thomas, and, having got his despatch, returned with deponent to Sawley.
As Leiche was a rebel, "he" (Maunsell) caused Shottilworth to be taken for accompanying him, and also because the bruit was that two men of Sawlaye had made new commotion in the Bpric. at that time; and also the night Shottilworth came to York a letter was "set of Tadcaster church door where the abbot of Sawley was parson." Signed "Per me Willm. Maunsell."
Pp. 2. Endd.: Confession.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Examination of George Shyttylworth, servant to the abbot of Salley 23 February 1536, before Messrs. Layton, Legh, and Petre, LL.D.
In the week before Christmas day last, the abbot sent a brother of his to Sir Stephen Hammerton to desire him to write to Robert Aske to know what should become of the said house. The monk returned without a letter, but he promised to write, and this examinate was sent to him, received the letter of him, and brought it to Salley, and from thence, by the abbot's commandment, to Robert Aske at Aghton, beside York, who wrote an answer to Sir Stephen Hamerton, which this examinate took. Aske showed him the letter, which was to the effect that the abbot and brethren of Salley should not withstand any man that came to them in the King's name to put them out of possession, but should stay the commons about them as much as possible, otherwise they should lose both themselves and their house. Meanwhile, the abbot and his brethren had devised a supplication to Sir Thomas Percy, which they would have sent by one of the brethren if they could have got a horse for him. But when this ext. came home, and had reported Aske's answer, they sent him to Sir Thomas to deliver the said supplication and a royal bent for a token, giving this ext. 10s. in his purse. Never read the supplication, nor heard it read. Went forth that night to Kettill Well, and lodged at an alehouse where the vicar is at board. And there were one of my lord Cumberland's servants called Hugh Bawdewyn, Humph. Tenande, belonging to my lord Conyers, the vicar of Kettillwell, Wm. Leche, and others. They talked of how gently my lord of Cumberland had treated such prisoners as had been a hunting in his chaces, and Tenande, who had been with him in gaol for the said matter, affirmed the the same. Heard no other conversation. Next day, Innocent's Day, went to Richmond, and lodged at Ralph Gower's house, where he found five priests that went to commons there and two or three more of the town. One of the laymen asked him whence he came. He said from Salley. Then the men of the town, whose names he cannot tell, said "Fye on them that dwell nigh about that house, that ever they would suffer the monks to be put out of it. And that was the first house that was put down in this country. But rather than our house of Saint Agathe should go down, we shall all die; and if any insurrection should happen here again, where there was but one in the same before, now there would be three." Next day he went to Dureham, and lodged at one Blagden's house. Next day to Newcastle, where he tarried so long as his horse baited, and the same day went to Proddey Castle. And hearing in the town that Sir Thomas Percy had ridden forth a hunting, spake not with him that night. Next day, when the said Sir Thomas came also home, this ext. went to him and delivered the supplication, about 9 a.m., with the token. He commanded him to come to him in the afternoon for an answer. He accordingly went, and Sir Thomas said to him he advised the abbot to make no resistance if any commission came down from the King, but speak fair to such as should come withal, for the abbot had as many friends as any man, and if any house should stand, his was like to do so. Sir Thomas also sent him to Mr. Hammerton with a token (" that I spake to him at our last being together that he should be good unto my lady, my mother ") to desire his best counsel. for the abbot and his house. Further, as this ext. was at one Ric. Broderton's, a little from the abbey of Salley's gates, the night before he left, he said to one that wished him to come next day to "an ale," that he could not, for he had an errand to Sir Thomas Percy. On which one Wm. Leche offered to go with him a day's journey or two. So the said Leche came in his company to Sir Thomas Percy's house, saying that he had an errand to Sir Thomas about a letter delivered to him (Leche), addressed in the names of lord Darcy, Robert Aske, and Sir Thomas Percy, to be conveyed to Lincolnshire, which he sent thither with a letter of his own to the effect that they in Lincolnshire should raise up the commons again, and they would set forward out of Yorkshire towards them with speed. A copy of which letter Leche took before he sent it forth, and showed it to this ext. And because meanwhile they in Yorkshire took another way with them before an answer to the said letter came, upon receipt of the same letter by Leche's sending, Leche said that his lands and goods in Lincolnshire were forfeited, and wished Sir Thomas Percy to intercede for him with the duke of Norfolk that they might be restored. Cannot tell what answer he had of Sir Thomas Percy. He and Leche returned again to Salley, and after this ext. had reported Sir Thomas Percy's answer to the abbot, and showed in what danger the said Leche was, the abbot ordered Leche to avoid that quarter, and on being asked why, said lest his being there should hinder the house.
Pp. 5. Endd.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Wrote on the 18th by Ric. Goodall. Has with much difficulty obtained answer of the Council to Lisle's letters last sent. Sends their reply, at the delivery of which Mr. Wriothesley said that he wrote to your Lordship yesterday concerning a warrant to be given by you to a merchant stranger indebted to a friend of his in 200l. Your Lordship may do him pleasure in this. "Surely he doth now stand in such trade that he may do your Lordship pleasure mo ways than one." Your bill for the priory shall be surely signed, as soon as the King doth next sign, or my lord Privy Seal bids me never trust him. Howbeit I have made spokesmen enough unto him, so that he shall not forget. If you send over the two horses for my Lord and Mr. Richard they will come in season. Has spoken with Mr. Studalffe, who was very hot at first, but Hussey was plain with him. He will be content now with 5l. Delivered Lisle's letter to Mr. Villars, who says he will accomplish the contents. He is sorry that your Lordship should so take him. Has sent the spices in a Dover boat with a little barrel of oil, filled by Mr. Gunston. Good news, that on Friday last, the 16th, Sir Christopher, uncle to lord Dacres of the North, skirmished with certain rebels there, and slew 700 of them and more, and took the rest prisoners, and hung them up on every bush. He has won his spurs. I heard my lord Privy Seal say, if it lay in him, he would make him an earl. London, 23 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
23 Feb.
R. O.
To the same effect in part, as No. 494.
Sends a warrant for the grocer, to be returned signed. Hopes when the time comes she will be a joyful mother. London, 23 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
23 Feb.
R. O.
I wrote by Goodall, by whom I sent the Queen's New Year's gift. I hope you will remember the reward therefore, and also for John Goughe. I wrote yesterday by Philip Crayer's ship how they dealt with me, and would not carry my Lord's spices and stuff, and in the same in a great chest is shipped all such stuffs as has been obtained for your purpose, and also the two white kerseys. Today I have shipped the spices in a great sugar chest, and "one piece fig merchants," which could not be stowed in the chest, a firkin of puffins, a little barrel of oil, and a pestle for almonds in a ship of Dover, with Henry Tucche. (fn. 6) I send the parcels of the spices in a letter with the ship, and a warrant for the same, which I beg you to return to me signed and sealed. You may agree with John Teborew. The bearer, my fellow Kyne and I have done all in our power to accomplish your desires. The bearer will explain the order of the christening of Lady Beauchamp's child. I have got my lady of Sussex to promise you a rich pane for a bed of ermines, bordered with cloth of gold, and a sheet of lawn to cover it, with one or two pair of fine payned sheets and a travers. This will be delivered to me 20 days hence, for I think lady Beauchamp uses part of it. Mr. Kingston also has promised that if Geo. Rolle will answer for it, we shall have six pieces of arras from the wardrobe, and certain carpets, and if need be, a cloth of state. My lady Beauchamp's child was christened in the chapel in Chester Place, and had, I think, the font of the King's chapel. If your Ladyship please, when God shall send your son (sic), to have him christened in the chapel of the Staple, I think a font at Canterbury might be got, if my Lord would write for it. The ermine bonnets are promised to be finished in 10 days. Desires instructions about the nightgown and her waistcoat. Mr. Popley says the cradle will be ready in five days. My lady Sussex will not take Mrs. Katharine into her chamber, as she has three women already, which is one more than she is allowed, but Mrs. Margery has promised me that if you will write to young Mrs. Lystere, she will lay her in hers, or else with young Mrs. Norres, and bring her into the Queen's chamber every day. If Mrs. Katharine come over she must have double gowns and kirtles of silk and good attirements for her head and neck. Your weir shall not be forgotten. I trust my Lord's bill for the priory shall be signed with the first, as my lord Privy Seal has promised. I send a letter that came out of Devonshire with the puffins. London, 23 Feb.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
ii. Spices bought of John Blagge, of London, for my lord Lisle, 22 Feb. 28 Hen. VIII.
Raisins of Alicant, 1¼d. a lb. Figs dort, one tapnet, 3s. Raisins corantes, 3d. a lb. Fine sugar, 7½d. a lb. Coarse sugar, 5d. a lb. Rice, 1½d. a lb. Almonds, 1½d. a lb. Cinnamon, 6s. 8d. a lb. Cloves, 5s. a lb. Mace, 6s. a lb. Nutmeg, 3s. a lb. Ginger casse, 3s. a lb. Tornsalle, 1s. 4d. a lb. Isinglass, 3s. a lb. Figs merchant, 4s. a piece. Figs of Algarbe, 3s. a tapnet. Total, 10l. 15s. 2d.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Has received his letter requiring deliverance of a Burgundian taken on English ground. He has been taken before the Seneschal at Boulogne, our master, to whom the writer has forwarded the Deputy's letters. Cresecque, 23 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
23 Feb.
R. O.
The bearer, who is "weil giffin to ye verite," will show of the welfare of the two princes of France and Scotland. The Pope has sent my sovereign a sword and hat; the sword, as it appears by the brief, "all incontra cherite," the hat "to cowar and hald downe all ye fals simulation and wikit ypocrisy at ringis in papists; but it is to litil to hydd all. I am sory to thinke at noble princes suld be de terre regibus qui cum meritrice fornicantur, et certe vereor ne ista meritrix erit illis mortis janua et interitus." May God preserve the King and all you that exhort him to maintain justice. Compiegne, 23 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley.
24 Feb.
R. O.
Have received the King's commission to take order between the Spaniards and French in the haven of Falmouth. Had the parties before them at Trurowe, the 23rd inst. Find that the Frenchmen were armed, "having their mainyard and topsails a pyke," and knew that the ships in the haven were Spaniards out of Flanders, and might have anchored at the end of the haven out of danger. Give an account of the ships firing at each other. The next day the Spaniards drove the French to Truro. Have ordered the French to deliver up their yards and sails to the mayor till three days after the departure of the Spaniards, but have given the Spaniards no amends from the French, but free liberty to depart. Trurowe, 24 Feb. Signed: Hew Trevanyon—Wyllm. Godolghan—Raynold Mohun—John Reskymer—John Trelawny—John Arundell Talferne—Ric. Penros—John Kyllygrewe—Thoms. Treffry.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Feb.
R. O.
Since his coming to Carlisle on Sunday has put such order that besides rebels taken before he came, on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday there came to him in effect all the offenders in this last insurrection from Westmoreland, Cumberland, and Cockermouth, who submitted as humbly as could be, and if ropes enough had been found would have come with the same about their necks. But they were no fewer than 6,000, out of whom, by the advice of the Council and gentlemen of these parts, 74 were chosen as principal offenders and judged to suffer death by martial law, your banner being displayed. Appointed Sir Ralph Ellerker as marshal and Robert Bowys as your attorney to prosecute them. They shall be put to death in every town where they dwelt. Twelve of them here for the assault given to this city, and as many as chains of iron can be made for in this town and in the country shall be hanged in them; the rest in ropes. Iron is marvellous scarce. By no means that he could devise could he try. out more that were stirrers of this rebellion except such as be fled. Did all he could with the help of Sir Chr. Dacre Sir Thomas Wharton, Sir Thomas Curwen, Sir John Lawmpley, and other gentlemen of these parts. Had he proceeded by jury, thinks not the fifth man of them would have suffered; for they say I came out for fear of my life, or for fear of burning of my houses and destroying of my wife and children, &c.; "and a small excuse woll be well believed here, where much affection and pity of neighbours doth reign. And, sir, though the number be nothing so great as their deserts did require to have suffered, yet I think the like number hath not be heard of put to execution at one time." Has not yet done, but hopes to have more of this sort ere long. Goes tomorrow to Hexham to suppress the abbey and also to look upon Tynedale and Riddesdale, of whom 1 hear daily sore complaints. Has heard no word yet from Sir Anthony Browne, but has sent for him to meet him at Hexham. If he has been hindered, will do his best to displease those that caused it. When he has finished the causes of Northumberland, will sit upon the execution of offenders of the Bishopric, and thence into Yorkshire to begin again there, so that within three weeks or a month such a number shall be executed that all will fear to offend hereafter. As to other affairs within his lieutenancy sees no difficulty but in Tynedale and Riddesdale, which he hears begin to be more gentle now that he is coming. Believes the King's rents will be paid when asked. As to the houses of religion to be suppressed, none of the King's farmers come to him to be put in possession except Sir Reynold Carnaby, either for Cumberland, Northumberland, or the Bishopric nor any man to take the goods to the King's use. Will consider with the Council what is to be done. Thinks the houses of Yorkshire are already down, else the fault is in those that should have them. Is sure no resistance will be offered. Has caused the vicar of Burgh to be taken, who at the first insurrection was a principal maintainer of the bishop of Rome. Can get no proof that he consented to the last rebellion, but he prayed for the Pope in the pulpit. If the King will have him "justified" it must be by oyer determiner under a commission to persons named in the enclosed schedule. Carlisle, 24 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Names of persons condemned to die at Carlisle, 24 Feb. anno 28.
Co. Westmld.:—Thos. Tibbee, Robt. Rowlandeson, Edm. Playce, Peter Johnson, and Thos. Syll, of Kirkeby Stephen parish; Wm. Shawe, of the ... ganlownd; Hugh Dent, Launcelot Shawe, Edw. Bowsfell, Ric. Wallor, John Bowsfell, Roger Gibson, Jenkyn Wallor, and John Rakestrawe, of the same; Robt. Smyth and Hen. Bowsfell, of Winton; Hen. Gibson, of Mallerstrang; Chr. Blenkensoppe, of the parish of Burgh; Wm. Wylkyne and Thos. Taylour of Sorbye; Thos. Westale, Wm. Hodgeson, John Wylson Ant. Tayllour, and John Spencer, of the Newhall; Thos. Westale and Rynian Wallour, of Soreby; Robt. Patrick and Hen. Gibson, of Staynemore; Ant. Wharton, of Nateby; Thos. Wrey and Hen. Bursy, of Sulby; Thos. Sutton and Ant. Emontson, of Little Musgrave; Edm. Sponer and John Smyth, of Assheby; Wm. Nelson, Rowland Raysebeck John Hall, Hugh Beyle, Robt. Hodgeson, Wm. Waterman, Launcelot Dragley, and Hugh Stedeman, of the parish of St. Michael's in Appleby; Hugh Nutt, Ric. Burrell, and Geo. Morland, of the parish of St. Lawrence in Appleby; Thos. Jackeson, of Bongate; John Bryan, of King's Meburne; John Dobson, of Dutton; Gilbert Denyson, of Smardale; Thos. Hall and Wm. Wallour, of Hurteley.
Co. Cumbr.:—Thos. Burtbecke, Edw. Whitelocke, John Stephenson, Robt. Stephenson, Michael Grey, Wm. Stephenson, Sir Edw. Perith, chaplain, and Edw. Stephenson, of Perith; Wm. Buntyng, of Grastocke; Robt. Goodale and Launcelot Richardson, of Newton; Robt. Fyssher and Thos. Bell, of Cockermouth; John Wylson, of Brygham, jun.; John Jackeson, of Emelton; Ric. Cragge, of Eglesfyld; Percival Hudson, of Perdishewe; Chr. Smyth, of Branthwayte; John Bewley, of Dereham; John Peyrson, of Talentyre; Sander Banke, of Wedoppe.
Numero lxxiiij.
Latin, pp. 4. Endd. by Wriothesley.
24 Feb.
Vesp. F. XIII.
78b. B. M.
Has written to the King by the bearer, who was with him soon after his coming to York, and will report how he has seen all things here. Has only given him 20 nobles for his costs. Begs to be informed as a friend if the King takes exception to any of his proceedings. Carlisle, 24 Feb.
Hol., p. 1.
24 Feb.
R. O.
On Monday the 19th came to Doncaster where word was that the rebels of Cumberland and Westmoreland threatened Carlisle. Took horse and arrived there on Tuesday night. Is commanded today by my lord of Norfolk to attend him with 100 horse to Exham. Has left his uncle Sir Christopher Dacre to see the people well stayed till his return. Karleill, Saturday, 24 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
24 Feb.
R. O.
Expects no thanks for taking these Frenchmen as thieves who have often broken the King's neutrality. Has done nothing but his duty. Brought them all to the town without violence, and made them good cheer. Those that took poor men's purses and hurt them coming to our "marke" are kept as thieves and have deserved to die. To the rest we made good cheer for the friendship between our masters, desiring them no more to enter the King's country after that sort. "And so my lord Debuti payde for theyr denar (?) and partyd." But for the King's displeasure "theyr shold neyvyr tayle (?) off theim gaine (?) to Bolen," for they took a prisoner in plain day within a flightshot of the gates of Calais. Never were wretches so unkind; for we have written most gentle letters, but could have no redress. Though extremely poor, would never be the occasion of a breach. Calais, 24 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Feb.
R. O.
502. JACQUES DE COUCY [Sieur de Vervins] to the DEPUTY OF CALAIS.
I have been informed by some compagnons who had gone near Calais, that you sent for them and retained four, with three prisoners they had taken. I think they did no displeasure in your territory, and I beg you will send them back with the said prisoners. Boulogne, 24 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
[25 Feb.]
R. O.
St. P. II. 422.
Has received their sundry letters and devices for the advancement of the public weal, and heard the credence brought by Patrick Barnewell. Will send thither a person of reputation to see the state of the revenue of the land there; but meanwhile signifies his mind to them as follows:—
1. The revenue is as they write 7,000 mks. a year, besides first fruits tenths, and casualties; yet what has been gained since the stay of the rebellion of Thomas FitzGerald ? Accuses them of thinking only of their private gain. If they wish to continue his officers they must devise how to increase and maintain the revenue. They are to draw up a "perfect extent" of the revenue there; and also to discharge the worst of the retinue. 2. The vice-treasurer, Wm. Brabazon, shall appoint the King's stewards, &c. not already appointed by letters patent. 3. Has written specially to the vice-treasurer to apply his office and forbear going to war in person; but as it is reported that 50 men are necessary to attend him in surveying, he is to keep that number in wages, who, if not otherwise engaged, must assist the Deputy in any exploit. 4. Fines on the general pardon and in cases of treason or misprision shall go wholly to the King; those for murder or felony, half to the King and half to the Deputy. Fines levied upon Irishmen after forays made by them must go first to recompense the parties spoiled and the remainder to be divided between the King and the Deputy. 5. An Act to be passed that officers of the four courts exercise their offices in person. 6. Another against taking excessive fees. 7. Blames them severely for not having proceeded to the suppression of the monasteries.
Credence for Patrick Barnewell to whom the King's learned counsel have declared their opinion on points of law.
In Wriothesley's hand. Headed: To the Deputy and Council.
Thanks him for having adventured his person in the King's wars; but considering his charge as under-treasurer and general receiver of the revenue, commands him in future to abstain from doing so, and to apply himself to the duties of his office.
Hol., pp. 4. Headed: To the Treasurer of Ireland. By the King.
25 Feb.
Add. MS.
6989, f. 65.
B. M.
The King intends to frame like order for the West Marches as he has done for the East and Middle. Send the device made for officers and pensioners, and request his opinion therein, with speed. Are glad of his prosperous proceedings in reducing the country to obedience. Westminster, 25 Feb.
"We require your lordship to keep this matter to yourself." Signed by Cromwell, Sampson, Fox, Paulet, Fitzwilliam, and Russell.
Modern copy, pp. 2. Headed: to the duke [of Norfolk.] Orig. endd. as received at Newcastle, 28 Feb. Numbered: "cxxx."
25 Feb.
R. O.
At Barnacastell, after my lord of Norfolk had heard of the discomfiture of the commons of Westmoreland and that Sir Richard Tempest had delivered my said lord's letter to the abbot and convent of Sawley and compelled them to avoid possession, my lord gave me my choice whether to go to Sawley or send thither. Seeing that the journey was broken in effect by the discomfiture of the commons I took my leave and went thither by Coverdale and Wensledale. Found three servants of Tempest who had received possession and one of my tenants. They have wasted my goods and taken up my half-year's rents. No man knew where the abbot was, but I got secret information and 12 of my servants took him. He makes as though he could neither ride nor go and lays all the blame on the commons that put him in against his will. Hopes shortly to try the whole truth. Heard in coming away from Sawley "that Leache and others hys lyke were in Lonyssdall." Sent for them and went himself to Kettyllwell, where the said outlaws were said to be, but were not. Hears nothing yet from those in search of Leche; but it matters little, for the countries here are well staid and grateful for the King's pardon. My lord Lieutenant pursues the correction of offenders regardless of evil seasons and of foul ways. By his policy the country is in good frame.
Has paid 160l. for the abbey's goods which he never enjoyed. Wishes the King would release him of the rest. Has written to Mr. Carro to remind Cromwell of this. His father is in Pomfret by the King's letter, ready to obey commands; but his disease grows upon him and he desires licence to withdraw and live with a small company till he be out of debt. He put away Strangwyssch at my first coming. "My lord, I am bolld to wrytt to zow, thoff ye schall herdely rede my hand. Att my farewell ye commandyd me to wryt to zow, whyche I do obbey."
Sends an examination of one of his tenants, showing that the religious persons stirred this pestilent sedition, "and not only thatt butt wolld have efftsoones quycckend and revyffyd ye same." Will resort to the lord Lieutenant after his horses are refreshed. Pomfret, 25 Feb.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Feb.
R. O.
I have obeyed the King's letters, dated 6 October, to put his subjects in readiness in these parts. I have taken the harness from many that made them and given them to the tallest men, some of whom, I hear, "have diced, carded, and put away" their harness last Christmas. The King should direct a letter to view them eftsoons in every hundred through the three shires, and bind the gentlemen to answer for their harness or deliver it to the King's castles, otherwise within three years there will be very little left. Dr. Glyn and Edw. Gruff (qu. Griffith ?) have published that there is sure to be mortal war in England, which has caused many light heads to pick quarrels. Describes a riot on Thursday last, 22 Feb., within Bangor Cathedral, caused by Edw. Gruff and Wm. ap Robert brother to the said Dr. Glyn in consequence of one Morgan ap William having obtained a subpœna against a servant of Dr. Glyn. I have hitherto used the said Edward gently because you commanded me, but last Xmas the said Wm. ap Robert and some of Edw. Gruff's servants would have murdered Dr. Oking, chancellor to the bp. of Bangor, as he kept a consistory within the Cathedral. All these doings were by Glyn's procurement. Wishes the King's letters to call the said Edward and Wm. ap Robert and the Doctor, with their servants and bind them over to wear no weapons, and that no other Welshman go armed except the King's officers. Without speedy remedy the King will have as much to do in North Wales as ever he had in Ireland. Begs for the farm of the priory of Penmon, if it is to be suppressed, as he and his elders have always been stewards of the place. Bewmares, 25 February.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Feb.
R. O.
Form of oath for Commissioners to enquire:—
(1.) First, who made the slanderous Pater Noster, Ave and Crede that was set up at Brystowe; (2.) Of the seditious preaching in Brystowe since Xmas last. (3.) Of all slanderous speakers "by" the bp. of Worcester. (4.) Of such as say "that he hath now found cur Lady again, as though he had lost and despised her before." (5.) Of one Glaskedian pewterer of Bristol who lately said "A vengeance on him! I would he had never been born, I trust to see him burned yare I die." (6.) To enquire of seditious bills in Bristol especially of "one bill that was supposed to be set up [by] one belonging to Reynold Pole." (7.) of all other slanderous words, bills, &c.
ii. Articles preached at the Grey Friars by the warden there the first Sunday in Lent:—(1.) He affirmed the sects of religious that be now-a-days to be grounded upon God's Law, Matt. xix., "where he persuaded to be three kinds of Christian men," and in the third he reckoned his own sect and said Christ and John the Baptist were like friars. (2.) He affirmed one place to be holier than another, by Matt. iv., Assumpsit Eum in sanctam cixitatem. (3.) He affirmed that religious men should have a greater penny than laymen because they kept both precepts and counsels.
iii. Articles preached by Friar William Olyver, prior in Bristol of the Friars Preachers, the 2nd Sunday in Lent, 1536:—1. Justification by Faith alone. 2. Reproving the warden's article for the maintenance of religion, that they should have a greater penny, and concerning trust in habits and ceremonies; his order was one of the oldest in England, but could avail nothing without faith, nor could a ship laden with friars' girdles or a dung cart full of monks' cowls help to justification. (3.) Reproving certain seditious bills, as the corrupted Pater Noster, Ave and Crede, he hoped the officers of the town would look into the matter, and that all would be true to God and their prince. (4.) He, "supposing to be called to rehearsal" for what he had preached said the Scribes and Pharisees would not have so sought to put Christ to death had he not rebuked their abominable living.
Pp. 9. Endd. in the same hand: "This book treateth of certain articles to be enquired of touching the men of Bristol."
25 Feb.
R. O.
509. JACQUES DE COUCY [Sieur de Vervins] to the DEPUTY OF CALAIS.
I have received your letter and understand you refuse to send back the compaignons for whom I had written. You know that in the opinion of the seneschal I have done you all the pleasure and service I could. I think it strange that you have returned the Burgundian prisoners, if you will not do the same with mine taken within your pale and carried to Tournehen. I beg you to send back everything, like a good justiciar, and order shall be taken for the future. Boulogne, 25 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
25 Feb.
R. O.
"The Boke of sale of the howssis suppressid," viz.: of the goods and chattels at Horsham, Carow, Langley, Cokkesford, Bokenhame, Wendelynge, Blackborough (27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.), Hempton (25 Feb.), Thetford Canons, Waborne, Thetford Nuns, Crabhouse, Marthame Barbara, Bromeholme, Penteney (16 Feb.), Flyxston (4 Feb.), Letheryngham (8 Feb.), priory of Holy Trin. Ipswich (9 Feb.), Campesse (8 Feb.), Redlyngfeld (10 Feb,), Ixworth, Heryngflete (3 Feb.), Blighborowghe, Eye (12 Feb.). Each account is signed by the commissioners, viz., those in Norfolk by Sir Roger Townsend, Sir Will. Paston, Ric. Southwell and Thomas Mildemay, and those in Suffolk by Sir Thomas Russhe, Ric. Southwell, and Thomas Mildemay.
ii. The book of debts owing by the above houses.
In old vellum cover.


  • 1. Erased.
  • 2. There is no 5 and no caret mark in the text.
  • 3. This article is cancelled.
  • 4. Mary Basset.
  • 5. Blank.
  • 6. The name is given as Harry Tycche in the preceding letter.