Henry VIII: March 1537, 11-15

Pages 281-292

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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March 1537, 11–15

11 March.
Add. MS. 25, 114 f. 251. B. M.
He will receive by his servant, the bearer, the King's answer to his letter sent by Francis the courier, and his determination about Gardiner's remaining abroad or returning, as the case shall require. Sends letters also from my lord of Suffolk, touching his matter, which Cromwell supposes is still under debate in France. From the Rolls, 11 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord of Winchester. Endd.
11 March.
R. O.
Presents by bearer depositions of certain poor men of Tiddrelee concerning the seditious behaviour of Sir John (Richard) Tutty, their parson, taken this Sunday at Mottesfounte; and the parson himself. Has also committed to prison a light priest of Stockbridge, named Sir Robt. Tanner, who in an alehouse, overcome with drink, as it is thought, called the poor men knaves, and when one answered that they had paid their duty to the King and had their discharge, he said, "the more fools." Asks how to treat such offenders. Francis Dawtrey, patron of the parsonage, will make an inventory of the parson's goods.
Today the parson has written "a knowlege" of the depositions, and a remembrance of his goods, which are enclosed. Will attend on the King on Palm Sunday. Mottesfounte, 11 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R.O. 2. Tutty's acknowledgment.
Has been examined before the lord Chamberlain, Sir Michael Lester, Mr. Dawtrye, Mr. Blunt, and Mr. Thorpe, of words sworn against him by his parishioners. "I thenk thaye wold not haffe sworne excepe thaye hade harde them, nevertheles I was not in some of ther companye thys tow zer, excepe hit war in the cherch."
"My Guddis, a bede and hal yat lonhis to hyt:—Thow syde gounys and thow schort gounys. Item, 40 schepe and moye. Item, thow chene. Item, with master Bandforth, xvty marke in gold. Item, in my barne, on mowe of qweth (wheat). Item, 5 mark in monye with master Blanforthe of Hampton, Per me Ricardum Tutty."
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: Richard Tuttye's inventory.
11 March.
R. O.
628. JOHN WYLKYNSON, Vicar of Grantham, to CROMWELL.
The master of Manton is contented to resign his benefice of Manton to him if he can obtain the advowson from the dean of Lincoln under chapter seal. Asks Cromwell to write to the dean and chapter for it. Grantham, Sunday, 11 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 March.
Hears that Dr. Lee tries to get the master of the house of Burton Lasour, of Norfolk's foundation, to resign the mastership to him (Lee), which would be against the foundation, as Lee is a wedded man. Being absent on the King's service, begs Cromwell will prevent his malicious purpose, which touches Norfolk's inheritance as much as if Framlyngham castle were plucked from him. "Alas! what pity it were that such a vicious man should have the governance of that honest house." Newcastle, 11 March.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 March.
R. O.
By our general letters to the King you will learn our proceedings since coming towards the North parts of this shire, and the state of affairs here. You will see I keep promise for the punishment of such traitorous monks. Thinks the accomplishment of the matter of Whalley was God's ordinance; else, seeing my lord of Derby is steward of the house, and so many gentlemen the abbot's fee'd men, it would have been hard to find anything against him in these parts. It will be a terror to corrupt minds hereafter. Depositions have been taken here of John Smythe, late servant to Sir Francis Bigod, and others of Sir Ric. Haughton's servants, in which mention is made of a letter supposed to be sent by my lord Derby to Aske and Darcy in the late rebellion. Does not believe it, but Bigod being now in the Tower, the truth can be found out. Sends the examinations in a special letter to the King. Lancaster, 11 March.
Mr. Fitzherbert and Mr. Porte are very diligent, and cannot be spared from hence. Signed.
In Thomas Derby's hand, pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
11 March.
R. O.
Has no news but what he has written to the King. Hopes he will further the despatch of his servant the bearer. Lancaster. 11 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my loving friend Mr. Wryothesley, one of the clerks of the King's Signet.
[11 Mar.]
R. O.
The bearer can inform you how since our coming to Lancashire execution has been done on the abbot of Whalley (fn. 1) and one of his monks named Heydock, and also Sir Richard Estgate, one of the monks of Salley, and ... canons of Cartmell, and 10 lay persons dwelling thereabouts, who were the principal offenders since the pardon. Also one Barret, of whom we wrote from Warrington, shall be hanged in chains at Manchester, and one Stanes, of Bethom, in Westmoreland. We need therefore only write the names of such offenders as have fled from these parts, and of those known to be ringleaders since the pardon, especially about Bethom. The offenders at Cartmell are Sir James Estrigge, Sir John Riddley, and the late subprior there, who have fled. We think they are about Kendale in Westmoreland. Stanes' confession shows who gave money for him and Miles Hutton to go to Richmond. We have laid the best watch we can for Atkinson, the principal captain in these parts. His accomplices were Walter Rawlinson, late of Mylnethorpe, bailiff to the lord Latimer; Wm. Collynson, bailiff of Kendal; Chr. Sadler; _ Heblewhaite, of Sedbarr: Ric. Cowper; Brian William, bailiff of Dente; _ Robinson "a horse-marshall and wer[i]th [the a]bb[ot o]f [Fo]rnes lyvery dwelling in Sedbarr, and the ... Clapham, who was called steward of the commons." Here we have wholly taken the submission of the offenders and administered the oaths. Men could not be more sorrowful for their offences or more glad of this our coming. As long as the world standeth this will be a dreadful example. Enclose the saying of Sir James Layborne, although he comes himself. It is said that Nic. Tempest, Edm. Lowde, Wm. Smythister, and Ric. Core, servants to Sir Ric. Tempest, were the first captains that came into Lancashire. As far as we can gather, Sir Ric. Tempest was neither good first nor last, and might, if he would, have stayed his brother Nicholas.
Copy. Pp. 2. Endd.: Copy of my lords' letters to my lord of Norfolk.
Petitions to have certain lands which were given to the abbot and convent of Whalley, for which they found, in the parish of Whalley, two masses daily, and paid to the King yearly 3l. 6s. 4d.; Romesgrove, by year, 8l. 14s.; Standen, 4l. 13s. 4d.; Hulcroft, 21s. 8d.; the Fold of Standen, 5l. 18d.; Grenelathe, 15s. Sir William and his heirs to pay 21l. 2s. a year for ever.
Also Sir Wm. desires to have in farm the parish church of Eccles and the chapel of the Dean, late of the late monastery of Whalley, paying yearly according to the survey.
P. 1.
11 March.
R. O.
I have received by Horsay your letter with two little casting flyskettes and a double goblet, which, according to Horsay's instructions, I have tried to exchange for one little casting flyskett and a holy water stock with sprinkle. In all London we can find none that will satisfy you, so on Monday I mean to put these to the making. Your ladyship's nightgown, waistcoats, and bonnets will be finished by Tuesday night. The bonnets will cost 26s. 8d. As to lady Sussex, the time of lady Beauchamp's churching must be awaited. I lacked a quarter of the fur for your gown. Mrs. Whalley will get me a piece of cyprus for you. London, 11 March.
There are two kilderkins sent to mine host, but no one knows what to do with them. I meant to have sent this by the ship, but as Thomas Rogers was leaving by land first, I delivered it to him.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
See GRANTS in MARCH, No. 26.
12 March.
Harl. M.S. 6,989, f. 68. B. M.
Acknowledge his letters of the 7th, to which the King answers the principal points. To speak frankly touching the direction of the Borders, Norfolk writes that he and other wise men there think the multitude of wild men upon the Borders cannot be restrained by such mean men, but that some man of great nobility should have the rule. First, when the earl of Northumberland was removed from the wardenry of the East and Middle Marches it was offered to two noble men who both, as they might, refused it; so that the King was forced to take such as he could get, and a device was made which Norfolk seemed not much to improve, save as to a few persons whose offences and conversation seemed to unfit them for advancement. The King has been worse served on the West Borders through the controversy between the great men there, and if he remove the earl of Cumberland and prefer the lord Dacre, the "pyke" between them will only be increased; on the other hand, if he appoint the meanest man to rule there, is not his Grace's authority sufficient to make him respected? Ask for the names and reasons of the wise men aforementioned. The King retaining all the gentlemen and head men as he doth shall not be ill served; at least it shall not be ill to assay it. Westminster, 12 March. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Suffolk, Fox, Cromwell, Paulet, and Russell.
Modern copy, pp. 2. Headed: To the duke of Norfolk. Numbered: "cxxxii."
[12 Mar.] (fn. 2) Harl. 282, f. 79. B. M.Nott's Wyatt, 311. 637. WYATT'S EMBASSY.
Instructions to Thos. Wyat, esq., sent to be resident ambassador with the Emperor.
Upon the controversy between the King and the late Princess Dowager, the Emperor, contrary to their old friendship, laboured at Rome to get a sentence pronounced against the King, and afterwards when the matter was determined here (as the holy councils would have every matter decided in the province where it springs) has shown a strangeness to the King, as though putting on a visage of desire to renew the old amity without any stomach for the same. Lately, however, the Emperor's ambassador here has renewed communications for the amity, and imputed the delay to the Emperor's great affairs and long journeys. The King, therefore, considering the weakness and debility of the ambassador there resident, and the learning and fidelity of his servant Thos. Wyatt, esquire, has appointed Wyatt to the room of ambassador resident in the Emperor's Court in place of his chaplain Master Pate, who shall return immediately to the King. Gives him the following instructions:—
To deliver the King's letters and commendations to the Emperor and some of the Councillors, and say that he hopes to see a renewal of the old amity before his return. If the Emperor reply that he has sent overtures for that by his Ambassador here, Wyat shall say he doubts not the King will embrace them if they be such that he may conveniently so do, but princes must not be forced. He shall then deliver the letters to the Council. If the Emperor complain of the King's proceedings he shall reply that what he did was by advice of learned men and universities. If he is grieved that the Lady Mary is declared illegitimate although born in bonâ fide parentum, he must declare that when the prohibition is of the law of God bona fides cannot be alleged; moreover, that the assertion of her legitimacy will irritate the King, and he shall deliver a letter to the Emperor from the lady Mary showing how she reputes herself. If the Emperor speak of an overture of marriage that was lately made for her with the Infant of Portugal, he shall say he has commission therein, but thinks the matter might be arranged if the Infant will take her as only to succeed to the Crown in default of issue, male or female, from his present queen. He shall on arrival acquaint himself with the French King's ambassador, and show him a countenance of great friendship on account of the amity, yet with such temperance as to show he looks for a reciprocal feeling on his part. Signed at the head.
Pp. 5.
R.O. 2. Corrected draft of the preceding, with interlineations in Wriothesley's hand, and some in Cromwell's.
Pp. 18. Injured by damp.
R.O. 3. A paper of memoranda.
"Master Wiatt's instructions.
"The cipher. The King's letters to Themperor. vij. to the lord (sic) of his Council. One to the French King. One to the Great Master and Council. One to Master Pate. My lady Mary's letters to Themperor."
Small paper, p. 1. In Wriothesley's hand.
R. O. 4. A similar paper, docketed "A bill of remembrance for Sir Thomas Wiat."
"To cause a cypher to be made.
"To remember the bill to. be signed of Mr. Wiatt's cownt.
"To be a mean for his revocation, his 4 months expired."
P. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley.
12 March.
R. O.
The commissioners will be in Staffordshire on Sunday next. On Friday last, one Lutcote, sewer of the Chamber, came down to the White Ladies and showed them he had the King's letter for the house and offered to sell it at such a price that no one will buy. The prior of Stone thinks his house shall stand, whereof the country is glad; so my suit is in vain unless your Lordship help me to the priory of Routone for which I was first suitor, howbeit Sir Simon Hercourt makes great labour for it. The comfort I had of your Lordship and the letter Mr. Richard Cromwell sent me, have made me trust in you. I have 12 children and my living 40l. a year less than it has been. I will give as much to the King as anyone, and your Lordship 40l. to get it for me. I desire to know your pleasure by the bearer, in writing: if I have it not I must shortly leave this country. At my poor house beside Stafford, 12 March. Signed: He. Stafford.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 March.
R. O.
According to his last letters to the King and Cromwell, rode to Horncastle on Friday and to Louth on Saturday to see executions done. At Louth deferred the execution till the people were assembled, it being market day. 40 men met him outside the town to beg Cromwell to be a mean to the King to be their good lord. Thinks the people are sorry for their late ill demeanour. No shire is now in better quietness. Sir John Villers and Sir John Markham would not depart until after the executions, and likewise Sir Wm. Newnham, John Herryngton, and Thos. Nevell will not depart till they see the country is perfectly quiet. They have done good service at their great charges. Asks him to obtain some allowance for them from the King.
Since writing last a gentleman named Medilton who was compelled to be with the rebels came to him. Speaking to Huddeswell, who is now prisoner in London, he said that they were undone and it was an ill act of those who began it, and done without the counsel of any wise man. Huddeswell bade him hold his peace, for they had as wise counsel as any in England, but what, he would not show.
On Friday last letters came from Cromwell and others for taking inventories of the goods and setting in order the lands of Christede and Barlinges. Will begin to-morrow. Has committed the oversight of Christede to Edw. son and heir of Sir Robt. Dymmok, and John Hennege, and Barlinges to Thos. Dymmock and Robt. Dighton. Will try and make a plain certificate of the lands before he leaves. Cromwell's letter does not say whether the moats are to remain or not. Will therefore stay at Kirkstede till Saturday and make the inventory with Herrington's help.
The sheriff desires to know to what use he is to put the goods of the persons attainted, and Parre asks whether the goods at Christede and Barlinges are to be kept or sold. If he had a farm of either of the monasteries, he could do the King good service in these parts.
Hartwell has just arrived with letters from the King and Cromwell which he will accomplish. Has set at large upon sureties those whom the King has pardoned.
Their names were sent by Hinde and Horwood. Reminds him of his poor kinsman, the prior of St. Androwes. Lincoln, 12 March, 6 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 March.
R. O.
On sight of Cromwell's letters sent the prior of St. Bees to his room. Sends a poor token. St. Mary's Abbey, York, 12 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 March.
R. O.
According to the King's commands repaired to Norfolk at York, and before him into Westmoreland and Cumberland, where he did all he could to serve the King. After Norfolk's departure from Carlisle, went with the sheriff of Cumberland to the execution of the traitors in that shire, and remained at Cockermouth and thereabouts. That country stands in good obedience. Repaired to the poor country of Westmoreland, which is also obedient. The goods forfeited of those traitors amount to a good sum. My lord of Cumberland has seized all in Westmoreland and the sheriff in Cumberland. Thinks the goods in Westmoreland worth 300 mks., in Cumberland the third part thereof or under. The West Borders are quiet. Cockermouth Castle, 12 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 March.
R. O.
Arrived here last Saturday and did all he could to get ships, but those here will not go to Hampton for fear of men of war, though I have offered to assure them. Can get none under a crown the ton. I intend to go tomorrow to Humflue, and see if I can get any ships of Hampton there. A man of this town who has laden certain stone to Hampton, has promised me the same for you, and I have written to Mr. Huttoff to receive it and pay the party and see it conveyed to Titchfield. Caen in Normandy, 12 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
12 March.
Add. MS. 8715 f. 346 b. B. M.
Received his letters of the 14th and 16th ult. on the 9th. Negociations upon the subject of the same with the French.
Italian. Modern copy, pp. 6. Headed: D'Amiens li 12 Marzo 1537.
13 March.
R.O. Works. 335.
The bearer has spoken to Cranmer about weight of certain plate, wherein should be much profit to the King, as he says. Lamehyth, 13 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 March.
R. O.
645. THOMAS S. (fn. 3) OF IPSWICH, Prior of Butteley, to CROMWELL.
I have received your letter commanding me to repair immediately to your Lordship for certain causes which I shall know at my coming. I am so vexed with a fervent ague that I cannot travel. Butteley, 13 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 March.
R. O.
Last week my master received a letter from you stating that the park of Bedhampton was given, (fn. 4) upon which my master commanded an answer to be made, but he that brought your letter came not near my master. At the time of your letter he that had it was still alive; but for the castle and the forest my master said he would move the King as you desired; but he wished you to make quicker suit for it. Westminster, 13 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 March.
Add. MS. 8,715. f. 349. B. M.
The King left Compiegne on the 9th to go and view the fortifications of Peronne and then come hither, where the Grand Master and most of the Court are, to choose a place for a camp. The ladies will remain at Compiegne. The king and queen of Scotland have taken leave, to go to Porto di Grassa (Havre de Grace) and embark. I went to see them, and cannot describe the good will that King evinced to his Holiness. He promises that no Lutheran or person disobedient to his Holiness shall appear in Scotland, but he shall immediately be burnt, and he desires peace among Christians and to go in person against the Turk. I thanked him and comforted him to persevere, and similarly I exhorted the Queen, who thanks his Holiness and humbly commends their Majesties to him. Those who live under the care of Mons. Alobrot (Arbroath), and love him wonderfully, recommend to his Holiness a certain affair of his which the Prior General of the Servites shall speak of. Thinks it would be well to gratify him, as he is like a father to the king of Scotland and can do what he likes in that Kingdom, and moreover desires to serve his Holiness.
Numbers of the French army.—Thinks they will do some notable act and then plant garrisons and send most of their forces towards Italy. Mons. di Umiere (de Humières) shall now go to Piedmont as lieutenant and Count Guido shall go to Mirandola. Baccio Cavalcanti came hither from the Florentine exiles for aid.
The French are sending the bailly of Troyes into England. The Grand Master says it is solely to see what is doing there, and to entertain [the English]; and I have not been able to learn otherwise. Although there has lately been a report that that King has quieted his disturbances, and that there were letters from thence, as I wrote, the abbot of Scotland has affirmed that those people are still in their first insurrection. The King comforts me and assures me that I have not done wrong in sending the bulls of censures by that way. I would, however, not have been in such a hurry had I known of the coming of the card of England about whom I spoke to the French King, and I saw that he was not sorry for any inconvenience that might be intended to the king of England. The Grand Master said he believed the king of Scotland would not refuse to give the Cardinal passage with him into Scotland if he wished to go thither. Please God he may arrive before they set sail; for that would be much better than the going to Cambray, seeing that the king of England does nothing but cut off heads, and do his worst to remain in his obstinacy and blindness. The packet directed to Mons. di Valoppo I will keep until the coming of his Reverence; because Valoppo left for England some days ago, and you write that I am to deliver it to his own hands. The French are about to send the Prothonotary Mommoreo to Ferrara.
Italian. Modern copy, pp. 5. Headed: D'Amiens li 13 Marzo 1537.
13 March.
Has received his letters by his ambassador. Has made answer by word of mouth according to what he has written to the ambassadors in England, for whom he desires credence. Barcelona, 13 March 1537.
French copy, p. 1.
14 March.
Has received Cromwell's letters in favour of Mr. Myssenden, and granted him the stewardship of Kelecotes and Alforde, Linc., with the accustomed fee. Begs oblivion of "this late attempt of my party which I do not a little lament;" intends in future to be the King's obedient subject Rither, 14 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 March.
Faustina C. VII. 201. B. M. [1537–40].
Rejoice to learn that Cromwell has thought good to finish their long controversies with their neighbours. What could be more joyful than to recover their privileges, to be free from those legal strifes which have for years injured the students and to live in peace with their neighbours? Oxford, pridie Id. Martii.
Latin Hol. p 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
14 March.
R. O.
651. NORFOLK to the COUNCIL.
Has received this day the King's letters of the 12th, with theirs of same date. Has answered the former. As they write that they will only at length signify their minds touching his opinion for the ordering of the Borders, begs them to take it in good part, for he has written as he thinks, as they probably know by this time from Sir Anthony Browne. All the King's Council here are of like opinion. Hopes they will order matters so that his poor old body be no more troubled journeying to the marches after his next going thither in Easter week to sit upon execution in the Bpric. and bring Northumberland to order. Scarborough, 14 March, 8 p.m.
Has just sent letters to all the commissioners of subsidy in Yorkshire to meet him at York on Tuesday next. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
[14 March.]
R. O.
Alexander Richardson, bailiff of Dalton, deposes that Edmund Fox, about All Saints' day last, told him the monks of Furness had sent for him, there being then a captain of the commons [named G]i[l]pin at Furness, with his company, to come to the abbey horsed and harnessed. Fox thought it was to have had him take the commons' part. Wm. Askue and other tenants had like summons. The vicar of Dalton heard from John Nailer of Barrowhedd at one Ruskin's house in Dalton that the abbot of Furness had written to his brethren from Lathom that he had taken a way to be sure both from King and commons. Four monks of this house went to Swartmore, it was said, with 20l., to the commons. Heard from one Sir Robert, a friar, that a monk, Henry Salley, said "there should be no lay knave Head of the Church" in presence of the vicar of Dalton and Wm. Rede about a fortnight past. Met Sir Robert yesterday, 13 March, in coming from Furness to Dalton, and asked what should become of Salley "now at my Lords (fn. 5) being here:" Sir Robert replied "Nothing, I will say nothing."
Mutilated, pp. 2. Endd. Copy. Bailiff of Dalton's confession.
14 March.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 351. B. M.
In favour of the abbot Arebrot in a suit of his which is also much recommended by his King and Queen.
Italian. Modern copy, pp. 2. Headed: D'Amiens li 14 Marzo 1537.
15 March.
R. O.
Have this Thursday, 15 March, taken two thieves. Three more were with them, i.e., Thomas Boklond, servant to Mr. Surveyor of the King's works at Hampton Court; Harry Frawnsys, of the sign of the Crown at Kingston; and one Spenser. I keep the two still in my house, and have sent to Reading to Walter Barton to apprehend Buklond; praying your Lordship to send to Kingston to apprehend the other two. Frawnsys wears a sage-coloured coat, and Spenser one of grey frieze. Both ride dark bay ambling geldings. They robbed a house beside Oxford, where Buklond, as this deponent, Ric. Clement, says, was hurt with an arrow. I beg that my two servants may have, for their costs, some of the goods of the said Frawnsys. Buklond has a brother in Reading, from whose house they went two on foot and three on horse, on Tuesday, 13 March, and on Wednesday night they robbed the house. Praying that I may know your Lordship's pleasure what to do with them. Stonore, Thursday, 15 March.
They know not the name of the house that was robbed, nor of the parish it is in, but Buklond knows it.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: the right honourable my singular good lord. Endd.
15 March.
R. O.
I have received your letter of the 7th March, and send by bearer 100 marks in gold in part payment of the 200l. I borrowed when last with you, upon a bill of my hand which you sent to Thos. Avere. Will send a new bill of the 200 marks on receiving the other back, for he has had much difficulty in raising this sum. Hopes Cromwell will see Dr. Glyn, Edw. Gruff, and Wm. ap Robert treated according to their demerits. Has sent up Morgan ap William whom they would have murdered in Bangor cathedral and also John ap Ritherch who heard some of Edw. Gruff's servants say his master and he trusted it would be war, and they would then be revenged on their adversaries. Knows that until the Doctor and Edward came home from London after All Hallowtide there was no variance in all the country, but two or three days after, many of their adherents made assaults in various quarters. If the King will keep them out of the country a year or two, will undertake that there will be no unlawful assemblies or insurrections within the three shires. Wm. ap Robert has disobeyed a writ of subpoena since the riot in Bangor Cathedral. Warns Cromwell that if they would purchase any command to bring the writer up, it is only for his vexation, for he is a poor man and 600 marks in debt to lord Beauchamp, 200 marks to Cromwell, and 400 marks or 500 marks to other persons. Bewmares, 15 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
15 March.
R. O.
On Tuesday last, while staid between the Needles and the Cow under the Isle of Wight for lack of wind, received letters from the mayor of Rye of a robbery committed by the Flemings on Saturday last, when they pillaged a ship of John Tayler to the value of 300l. Made thither with all diligence, and being next morning against the Cambre heard they had departed the day before. Found the admiral of Slews in the Downs with but one ship in his company, and having heard it reported that it was he who took the French ship laden with "bresyle" out of Hampton ordered my ship to anchor close to him, but he put himself on defence and would come to no communication. Seeing "what a great brag they set upon it, for they made their drumsalt to strike a laram, and every man settled them to fight, the Sweepstake then being four miles behind us, but the Lion was to come to an anchor within a little of the other ship of the Admiral's," Dudley caused his master gunner "to lose (discharge) a piece of ordnance by the Admiral's ship," not touching him by a good space. "But he sent one to my ship and mocked not with me, for he brake down a great piece of the decks of my ship and hurt one of my gunners." I then trifled no more, but laid her aboard, and after a short fight she surrendered. The other ship fought till she saw the Admiral had yielded, then slipped her anchor and made all the sail she could, pursued by the Lion and also by the Sweepstake, though she was far behind, Dudley's ship being yet ungrappled from the Admiral. What has become of them does not know. The chase began yesterday at 4 p.m., but they had as foul a night as ever men had, for though I was under the weather shore I had much ado to save my ship, being thrice put from my anchor. The master of the Minion thinks they must be driven to Zealand. I await orders what to do with the Admiral whom I have here at Dover. He denies that he took the ship at Hampton, imputing it to one Joppe who was Admiral of Slews about 10 years ago, and is still called admiral, and outrages can be proved against him. He blames his men for fighting with me, and the master of the ship bears witness that they fought against his orders. There are but two of my men hurt and one of his slain, and another like to die. Being uncertain whether the other two ships have been driven to Flanders I have caused the mayor of Dover to detain the passengers a day or two lest the news of the Admiral's arrest should cause them to be detained. Dover, 15 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
15 March.
There arrived to-day in the harbour of Dunkirk, through a thousand dangers, one of the Flemish ships of war, much broken and in bad order. The men in her had been robbed and wounded with arrows, and some in danger of their lives. They say they were attacked by two English ships of war in the Downs, and some of their men, to save themselves from drowning, gave themselves up as prisoners. They say also a third English ship of war of about 300 tons fired on them with artillery, and took the second ship of Flanders when she was riding at anchor. Demand an explanation. The arrival of this ship so much injured has created great excitement against the English in this town, and we have been obliged to make proclamation by sound of the bell, that no one shall maltreat the English under a severe penalty, which done we have ordered the said English to keep within their houses until the matter is settled. Dunkirk, 15 March '36.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Add.
15 March.
R. O.
I thank you for getting me a horse at Calais. He seems good, but I have not yet ridden him, because he is rather fatigued, as Jehan Chemyn will tell you. Compliments to madame. Ryencourt, 15 March. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
15 March.
R. O.
I have lately received your letter in answer to the letter I wrote by Mons. Louvesden (Loveday), and am glad the girdle and token gave you satisfaction. As to the 44l. 8d. due to me for them, if Denis le Gras, the bearer, who goes to Boulogne, pass as far as Calais, you may pay it to him.
I have got your son Mr. James a teacher in my own house for the Latin tongue. He shall also learn what other things you desire. Youth is better when well employed. Your said son has written a letter by Me Arthus of Calais. We have received the "sprot," and thank you for them. It will be well employed for your son, who cannot get used to eating fish, but is nevertheless very well this Lent. Be assured I will spare no pains to do him service. Paris, 15 March 1536.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
15 March.
Lanz, II. 670.
The Emperor, by a letter of the 15th March, sends the Seigneur de Horton with two instructions, the one to show the other private [see 19th] He never intended disrespect towards Mary. Requests her to look to the marriage of Cleves with the duchess of Milan. Horton will show what he will have discovered of the will of the king of England.


  • 1. He was executed on the 10 March (Stow's Chronicle, 574). A letter of his is preserved in MS. Bodl., 106 f. 22.
  • 2. The warrant for Wyatt's instructions when sent to the Emperor was dated 12 March 28 Hen. VIII. See a letter of Sir Brian Tuke written on the 9th November following.
  • 3. i.e. Suffragan. His name was Thomas Manning or Sudborne.
  • 4. See Leeke's letter 1 March (No. 548), and Sir A. Browne's letter in Vol. XI., No. 461.
  • 5. The Earls of Sussex and Derby.