Henry VIII: July 1537, 21-25

Pages 121-140

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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July 1537, 21-25

21 July. 293. Cranmer to [Cromwell].
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
C.'s Letters,
I and other bishops and learned men have almost made an end of our determinations, having subscribed the declarations of the Pater Noster, Ave Maria, Creed and Ten Commandments, and there remaineth only certain notes of the Creed, to which we are agreed to subscribe on Monday next. When all are subscribed I pray that I may know whether to send them incontinently to you or leave them with my lord of Herteforde to be delivered when next he comes to Court. Beseeching your lordship's intercession to the King for us all, that we may have licence to depart until his further pleasure; for they die almost everywhere in London, Westminster, and Lambeth. "They die at my gate, even at the next house to me." I would fain see the King, but fear I shall not, because I come from this smoky air; yet I would gladly know the King's pleasure. Where you granted me licence to visit my diocese this year I beg your letters to Dr. Peter to put that in my commission. I beg you not to forget to be a snitor concerning "mine exchange" and especially for the remission of the debts I still owe the King. Lambeth, 21 July.
I pray your advice how to order in my visitation such as have transgressed the King's injunctions. Signed.
P.S.—In his own hand. Send word whether I shall examine the vicar of Croydon in this presence of the bishops and other learned men and how I shall order him.
P. 1.
21 July. 294. Cranmer to Cromwell.
The letter printed in State Papers I. 552 seems to belong to another year. See note in Parker Society's edition of Cranmer's Letters, p. 392.
[21 July.] 295. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. i. 563.
L.'s Remains,
p. 379.
To-day, Saturday, would have finished the rest of the book (fn. n1) if my lord of Harford had not been diseased. On Monday it will be done, and then my lord of Canterbury will send it to Cromwell. Prays that it be well and sufficiently done, so that there will be no need to have any more such doings. Had rather be poor parson of poor Kynton again than continue thus bishop of Worcester,—"not for any thing that I have had to do therein, or can do, but yet forsooth it is a troubleous thing to agree upon a doctrine in things of such controversy, with judgments of such diversity, every man (I trust) meaning well, and yet not all meaning one way. But I doubt not, but now in the end, we shall agree both one with another, and all with the truth, though some will then marvel." If there is anything uncertain or impure, hopes the King will expurgare quicquid est veteris fermenti, or at least give it some note, that it may appear that he perceives it, though he tolerates it for a time, so giving place, for a season, to the frailty and gross capacity of his subjects.
Two of his keeper's folks have died out of his gate house, and three are yet there with raw sores. Nevell has just told him his under cook is sick, probably of the plague.
Refers Dr. King's matter to his knowledge of justice and to the use of his charity. As touching Defensor Fidei, thinks that title due to the King.
"As for my lord of Haylles, I fear will be too cookett now, with his great authority and promotion. His friends can jest upon such a bishop that can with complaining promote, and would he should complain more, but I wot what I intended. Let those jest at large."
Thos. Gybson the bearer, wishes to have the printing of the book. He is an honest poor man, and will set it forth in a good letter and sell it good cheap, whereas others sell too dear, which lets many to buy. Dr. Crom and other friends asked him to write in his favour.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
296. Dr. Henry Kyng to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his mercy. Was imprisoned almost a whole year, rather of malice and false suspicion than for any offence. Received by the bp. of Worcester, a letter from Cromwell for the recovery of his goods detained by Mr. George Blunte. Showed Cromwell's letter, and after three weeks of entreaty, got part of the goods, but Blunt still detains the rest. Had money and was determined to send for his capacity, but all is spent in prison. Begs succour.
Hol., p, 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 July. 297. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Was yesterday at Windsor, where my lord Privy Seal promised him that he would on Monday next be with the King and trusted verily to rid Husee before he left him. As to the Frenchmen and Flemings, who are so busy with the passengers, he says an order shall be taken sooner than Lisle will think. Supposes he meant that Sir John Dudley with the King's ships will remedy that matter. There is a rumour of the capture of Turwyn; but it never came in my creed. If the Burgundians speed well, let your Lordship's be the first news; for their success is very well taken. Harald has bought for your Lordship two Spanish skins which he will bring to Calais himself. Will give him two pair of hosen for Lisle. Pexall that was clerk of the Crown is dead, and Pope succeeds to his place. Will write on his return from Court. St. Katharine's, 21 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
21 July. 298. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I have delivered the six doz. quails to Mr Swyliard's woman, because Mr. Swyliard is at the Court. His servant has since conveyed me his thanks to your Ladyship, stating that he will always be glad to hear that his pupil Mr. Basset did well. The other dozen I left with a woman to keep till I should hear from Mr. Skerne, who is in the country at Mr. Danastre's. I have been to-day with Mr. Popley about your weir, which he promises to remember, and if any have grants, your Ladyship shall be one of the first. I will ride for your cushion myself one day next week. I have been once at Court, but the commandment was so strict that I could deliver none of your tokens. I have orders however from my lord Privy Seal to be there on Monday. My lady Rutland is at her house at Endvilde. One of her gentlemen is dead of the plague, but I will see her next week. Your Ladyship would not believe how much the Queen is afraid of the sickness; yet the mortality is not so great as last year, for there died in London last week but 112. I send you Campion's reckoning. You might write him some gentle letter. The quail cage I delivered to Agnes Woodruff. As to my Lord's long suit, I can only trust my lord Privy Seal's goodness to see it despatched. No news worth penning. I look for your Ladyship's good delivery. St. Katharine's, 21 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
21 July. 299. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received for your Lordship from my lord Steward, by "Mr. Morton, his chaplain," a hind baken in 10 pasties, with a letter herein enclosed. If you wish to write to my lord Steward, the bearer, Mr. Morton's servant, departs from London on Wednesday morning. I have received of Thomas Lame to your Lordship's use certain parcels of plate (crosses, candlesticks, censers, chalices, &c. of silver gilt, with their weights specified, in all 222 1/2 oz.). Your household at Friar Augustines are in good health. Your place by Friar Augustines, 21 July.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Of the receipt of red deer baked, from the earl of Shrewsbury, &c.
21 July. 300. Richard Tomyow to Cromwell.
R. O. Has done what Cromwell told him at Windsor, about putting servants to board wages. Miles, Purser, and Nik have since come home. Has no doubt that he intends the first to stay in his house for ordering of Wm. Myllet and Thos. Whalley. Purser wishes to tarry, affirming that he has never had the disease surmised to Cromwell.
Nik wishes to visit his parents in Farneham. Is half afraid to allow him, knowing his will, wit, and aptitude to fall into evil company, by reason whereof Cromwell might chance to be destitute of a rebeck, having none for that instrument but him. Stays him till he knows Cromwell's will. John Hunt wishes to know to whom are to be committed 14 couple of hounds, which he had in charge. Mortlake, where Mr. Gregory and the servants are all well, Saturday morning, 21 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 July. 301. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
Sends a bill presented to him by Alexander Carvanell, deputy searcher to Peter Grisling of Trewrew in Cornwall. The effect of the bill is that the master of the Mawdelyn of Trewrew, through the counsel of three priests, feigning "a poopehollye pilgrymage" to a pardon in Brittany, would not permit the deputy searcher to search the ship nor Fitzwilliam's deputy of the Admiralty to do his duty. As he who presented the bill seems to be a simple busy person, thought it better that the matter should be examined by his deputy and Mr. Goodalphyn before any further business is made therein. Sends a letter to them which he has devised in Cromwell's name and his own, that he may sign it if he approves. Guldeford Manor, 21 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My Lord Admiral.
21 July. 302. William Lucy to the Bishop of Worcester.
R. O. Yesterday, being Friday, Lucy was at Warwick where was assize and gaol delivery, intending to tell the judges, Mr. Feharbarde and Mr. Luke, what had been done in the case of Sir Edw. Large, priest. But William Clapton had been before him and so prejudiced the judges that Mr. Feharbarde refused to hear him and threatened to put him up as accessory. Lucy gave a paper of the confession of those of the parish of Stratford, of which he sends a copy, examined by Mr. John Grevyll and Mr. Combes, to Grevyll to present to the judges. Grevyll did so, when Mr. Feharbarde said "he was a jolly fellow indeed that would give evidence against the King." Finally, six or seven of Stratford were got to swear they had heard the priest speak such words and, as no evidence was allowed, I hear they have indicted him both of treason and heresy. Desires the Bishop "to ponder what malice may doo" and not shrink from the case. The bearer, Lucy's servant, can tell all about it. It is entirely through the procurement of Wm. Clapton that the matter has gone so against the priest, and Lucy doubts not but that, if the case conies before the lord Privy Seal, it will "turn to his (Clapton's) shame." It is because the priest has spoken against things they were of long time accustomed to that engenders such rancour and malice in their hearts. Lucy, by meddling in the matter, has drawn on himself the displeasure of most men, both in Stratford and in all that country and of the most part of the gentlemen of that shire; but he cares not.
Desires the Bishop to procure that the matter may be called before the lord Privy Seal and that Wm. Clapton be called up too. Lucy will never again meddle in a case of the kind: both he and Mr. Combes will hold themselves ready to come before the lord Privy Seal and give evidence. Yesterday Clapton delivered to Mr. Combes the Bishop's letter to Lucy, desiring him to set Coton at liberty. This was already done. Lucy returned from London on a Friday and on Saturday, when showing the lord Privy Seal's letter, he mentioned it to John Grevyll and they agreed that Coton should be released. Grevyll and he sent Combes with a letter to the gaoler to bring Coton to Hampton on the Sunday; which being done, Coton confessed his fault and sorrow before divers of the parish and of Stratford. Wishes the Bishop to call the priest before him or to send Dr. Taylur—for he mistrusts the Bishop's chancellor. 21 July.
Hol., pp. 7. Add.
303. William Lucy to [Cromwell].
R. O. Sir Edw. Large, priest, was first indicted 10 April, at the sessions at Warwick. Tenor of indictment set forth, accusing him of having openly said in his church at Hampton Episcopi, 2 April 28 Hen. VIII.: "All those that use to say our Lady's sawter shall be damned;" and also that the Ember days were named after one "Imber," a paramour of a certain bishop of Rome. The foreman of the quest, Thos. Bager, being examined, 2 July 29 Hen. VIII., before John Grevyll, Will. Lucy, and John Combes, the King's commissioners, confessed that neither he nor the jury had any evidence against the priest from witnesses sworn upon a book, but only from the noise in the country. Yet, on this, Large was sent to prison till, on Cromwell's letters to the under-sheriff, four men stood bail for his appearance at the next sessions, which was the 29th May. That day he was remanded till the assizes, but meanwhile Cromwell's commission came to Grevyll, Combes, and the writer, who, sitting at Stretforde 2 July, had Ric. Coton brought before them; whose confession as to the words he bad said to the priest in the pulpit the writers delivered to Cromwell. Committed him to prison. Master Will. Clapton offered to become his surety; at which we marvelled, as he was privy to your Lordship's letters. Coton desired us to be good to him. He evidently considered me and Combes "the causers of this thing." Promised to do all I could for him, but blamed him for using such words to the priest in the pulpit. He confessed he had done wrong, and was sorry. We committed him to the custody of the bailly of Stratford, with orders that he should be brought up at Warwick. At his further examination Thomas Baiar (Bager), the foreman of the quest appointed to try Large, was questioned by Grevyll and threatened with punishment in Warwick jail for condemning Large without evidence. He justified himself by saying that the case was notorious, and that on the same morning a bill was posted at Stratford with divers honest men's names in it, testifying to the truth of the accusation. On calling for this bill, "with much ado at length came ii. men of Stratford, whose names be Thomas Waterman and John Geoffreys," who answered that they had heard these words spoken, and so did more than they. "Then I told them that if they heard him speak those words I was sure they could rehearse upon what occason he spoke those words." They answered that they were poor men, and could not carry away a whole sermon, but they heard these words. I said, as the preacher was two hours in the pulpit at least, they might remember more. Clapton urged that there were other witnesses in Stratford, but that they were afraid to speak the truth for fear of Lucy. In the end, the two men were required to be sworn upon a book, who answered they would be loth to swear upon a book, for hitherto in all their lives they had never sworn upon a book "for no sych matter." On their being threatened that what they said should be certified to the King's Council the bailly of Stratford desired the commissioners to be good unto them, and said he was sure they would be loth to come before the King's grace's Council. The writer then proceeds to say that he wrote to the bp. of Worcester to be a suitor "unto your Lordship for Coton that he might ii. or iii. market days there at Stratford acknowledge his fault in the market place," and caution others of the same misorder. This created a dispute between himself and Clapton, who urged that Coton had been sufficiently punished already; and a great feud, of which the details are given at length, rose up between them. Clapton, on the market day at Stratford, Thursday, 4 July, came into the chapel of the guild and persuaded many of the townsmen to set their hands to a bill against Large, with the exception of John Lightfoot, a baker, who refused. In this bill the priest was charged with having preached that Christ did not die for us who live now, but only for those who died before His Incarnation; and that it was the peers of the realm in those days, high and learned men who put him to death, "as you see how their heads go off now daily." Lucy then came up to London with the commissioners' report, and explained all the facts above-mentioned to the bp. of Worcester, and on his return Coton was brought before him and the other commissioners to acknowledge his fault openly in the church of Hampton Bishop. On this the men of Stratford made such a great suit to divers gentlemen of the shire that at the assizes Master Fitzharbarde, one of the judges, openly reproved Lucy for being meddlesome; "at which words they of Stratford much rejoiced." The writer concludes a very long letter by justifying the priest from the charge brought against him, and by criminating Clapton as the chief mover in the whole disturbance; "his only object being to obtain the men of Stratford's goodwill and favour in the enterprise hereoff."
Pp. 22. Written entirely in Lucy's hand, but signed by himself Grevyll and Combes. Endd.: The copy of the indictment, &c.
21 July. 304. The Mayor and Burgesses of King's Lynne to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for obtaining the King's charter unto us of our liberties. We have of late received your letters, in eschewing debate betwixt the duke of Suffolk and us by reason of the patent of stewardship of the courts in Len granted unto him by the late bp. of Norwich, not to put out Henry Baker who has kept the courts there since the decease of the late bishop. Baker has kept the courts here ever since the liberties of the said bishop came to the King by Act of Parliament, and men might think he kept them by his old authority. We shall now make suit to the Duke to have his assent in our liberties. We will continue his yearly fee of 5l., which he had in the time of the late bishop, and desire your letters to his grace in our favour. One Wm. Hastyngs, who has a grant from the King of the bailliwick of Lyn, pretends to arrest and serve all processes in the town. We require that some direction may be taken therein. King's Lenn, 21 July. No signatures.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
21 July. 305. Sir Robert Wingfield to Cromwell.
R. O. Wrote last on the 20th, enclosing letters of various dates from Torwane. Sends with these letters written the same day, late in the evening, at St. Omer's. The same evening his nephew John arrived, who will return in two or three days. He will change his lodging in the camp to avoid danger. Sends by him to his nephew Halle the money "your lordship appointed to Sir Brian Tuke," which he has had much ado to provide. Calais, 21 July 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Haules lettres of the xxth of July.
21 July. 306. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letter demanding restoration of one named Clay Neutz, called Baertz, who was taken prisoner with the other two whom I caused to be restored to you on your writing to me. Since their restoration sure information has been given to me that they were taken on Burgundian land and pursued on to English ground by the men of the garrison of Autinghes. I appeal to you if you would do the same if they had been men of ours pursued by the Burgundians, and I think I should do wrong to send him back under these circumstances. As to the despatch of Oswyn Edwyn, his "parties" have been condemned to restore to him all his merchandise without appeal. Boulogne, 21 July. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
21 July. 307. John Hutton to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has not written of late any news from court or camp, being busied about a matter between the Merchants Adventurers, and the town of Antwerp; but before coming hither set all things at such a stay as he trusts will be satisfactory. The Queen removed hither from Eyre on the 19th. Desired news of her by the way, having heard of one that escaped from Turwyn. She said there was little news, but I should hear more next Sunday. Perceives they intended to have given the assault yesterday, but were countermined by those of Turwyn, who thrust a javelin into their mine under the Red bulwark. Rode yesterday to the camp and visited all the mines and trenches, marvellous to his inexperience. Went by the trenches so near the Red bulwark that he might have laid a morrespike upon the walls. There must be lack of powder in the town, else they dream. During the five hours he was there could not see 20 persons and not more than three shots were fired from the town. Could see within the walls from the Green bulwark on a hill north of the town where a pair of gallows stands. Thinks those of the camp have not yet damaged the town much. Describes bridges made of fir trees, &c. Fears they will not get it this journey; which he will regret, as my lords Beure and Ystelsteyn, who have the greatest charge have done him so much pleasure. The Queen at Eyre desired to have seen the camp, but the Council would not consent. "She hath as good a stomach as any woman can have. If she had power thereunto the French were in great possibility to keep a cold Christmas." Found at the camp Francis Hall and Travis, whom he instructed to certify the King of all occurrences. St. Thomeres, 21 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Sealed. Add. Endd.
21 July. 308. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O. On receiving the instructions in Wriothesley's letters to reside continually with the Queen, came hither with all diligence and has ever since been at the camp. Transcribes his letter to the King. Corrects a mistake therein about the javelin in the mine, which was not recovered by those of the camp but plucked in again by the French. St. Omer's, 21 July.
Hol., pp. 4. Sealed. Add. Endd.
21 July. 309. John Hutton to Wriothesley.
R. O. On receipt of his letter of the 6th, left Antwerp at once for the court, which is now at St. Omer's. Will follow the Queen till otherwise commanded. Met her coming from Eyre, on his arrival half a mile from the town, and on asking her the news she told him they were small, but she hoped I should hear more before Sunday night. She said on Tuesday a man of Turwyn leaped the ditch and came to the earl of Bewre, who reports that the town is well supplied except with wine and forage for horses. Intends to ride to the camp this day, whereupon he may write to the King and my lord St. Omer's, 21 July.
On his return from the camp, finding the bearer not departed, writes to the King and my lord Privy Seal. Hopes his letters henceforth will be the first news the King receives.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Thomas Wriothesley at the Rolls. Endd.
21 July. 310. Card. Pole to Card. Contarini.
Poli Epp.ii. 73. Has read his letters to Priolus of 10 June, evidently written before he knew of their coming to Liege. Here they seem safe enough, thanks to God and to the bishop of Liege, but if they leave in any direction they would be in the same straits as before, unless the Pope first obtain for them a free passage from the princes through whose territory they must go. As to the indignity of remaining, his former two letters to the Pope and Contarini answer that. Will obey the Pope in all things. His own judgment, however, and the course of events in England urge him to remain.
Sends copy of letters which an Englishman, a good man here studying at Louvain, has sent him. Asks his opinion of them. Is somewhat ashamed that he did not of himself discuss with the Pope this thing, which can more assist the cause than those censures and curses (execrationes) or any of the schemes Pole thought of. If these prayers have been a great aid against the Turk without, much more ought they to be against that within. Refers to Priolus for the rest.
Had written so far when he received the Pope's letters which show that all the preceding arguments have been wasted labour, for they recall him at once. Sends what he has written, however, to show that he is determined to obey the Pope. The Reverend Prothonotary, in writing to the bp. of Verona, would have them start without waiting for their passport from King Ferdinand, trusting only in the letters written to the nuncio with that King. The, wound is too recent, which they received from trusting too much in the words of the Emperor's ambassador as to their passage to Flanders, to allow them to put so much trust either in words or letters. Verona has gone to consult the bishop of Liege. Through France there is absolutely no hope of a passage as the King has said he has been pressed by too much ill will with the adversary of the cause, for allowing the former passage; and to go there of themselves would be to incur the former difficulties, for all their troubles have been in France and Flanders. Liege, 21 July 1537.
Seconds what Priolus has written on Verona's account, that he may stop at his see of Verona and not be compelled to go on to Rome.
Ib. 77. 2. Extract from the letters to card. Pole from the English student at Louvain mentioned above.
Learnt gladly from this messenger that Pole would stay some months and winter in these parts, because the affairs of the British church and his own country seem to demand it, &c. (fn. n2) What health is to be expected there where Lee and Tunstall, otherwise most grave and learned men, take the lead in vomiting lies from the pulpit and impugn the decrees of the holiest fathers, &c Suggests that the Pope should appoint a universal fast of four days for some Thursday to Sunday, when the priests might pray with the people everywhere to God to restore peace to the Church, recalling the Germans and Britons to the unity of the Church and converting or punishing the King, the counsellors of that discord, and the authors of this schism, &c How will it touch our merchants, of whom some deride the venerable Eucharist and most jest at the Pope's authority, and abuse his name, if at Antwerp and elsewhere they see a fast appointed for Britain as a branch broken off from the true vine? How will Cromwell be put to shame on seeing this; who has always assured the King that the rest of the princes would imitate his most prudent counsel, and would usurp the title of heads of their several churches, &c. (fn. n3) Would wish that some book were printed, showing from Holy Scripture and the Fathers the difference between royal and papal authority; to confute that book which was published in Britain some years ago on the same subject, composed by those who seem to have set themselves to corrupt and darken the truth. In this book the reason of Pole's journey and embassy might be explained, and other things treated in an apostolic spirit which should make for the the peace of the church. Such a book would benefit not only Britain but the universal Church; for be sure what Pole writes privately to the King and his counsellors is only received with laughter. They are wilful and selfish men.
21 July. 311. Paul III. to Ferdinand King of the Romans.
xxxii. 456.
Is recalling his legate, card. Pole, now at Liege, where his longer stay is useless, and he is in continual danger from the snares of his enemies. Asks him to write to the abp. of Cologne and other [rulers] of Germany to assist the cardinal in his journey. Rome, at St. Mark's, 21 July 1537, pont. 3.
21 July. 312. Card. Contarini to Card. Pole.
Poli Epp. ii
Binus your servant has told me a post will leave in an hour. Received your letters and those of Priolus the day before yesterday, when also I spoke to the Pope for letters to the King of the Romans, French king, and abp. of Cologne for your safe return. The business was referred to Blosius, who will send you the letters. The ambassadors of the Emperor, king of the Romans, and French king are also requested to write for the same. The Pope much prefers the return through France to that through Germany, and so do I. We are oppressed with great heat, which, however our Galeatius renders much less troublesome. A great Turkish fleet and an army with the King (cum Rege) (fn. n4) have come to Aulon or Vallonia, and we daily expect to hear that they have crossed to Italy. Musters of foot are being made. Theatinus and Sadoletus send commendations. Rome, 21 July 1537.
22 July. 313. Lord Darcy.
Ashm. MS.
1109 f. 63 b.
"The degrading of Thomas late lord Darcy, ao 29 Hen. VIII. the 22nd day of July."
(No. 135.) From the Ashmole Catalogue.
22 July. 314. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
The bearer, Mr. Tybbold, who has exercised his study in Almain these two or three years, brought letters and books to the King from Capito and Monsterus. If the King wishes to reward them for their pains and good hearts, he is returning thither. He is a very honest man, and both loved and trusted by the learned men there. Asks Cromwell to give him his passport and favourable letters to the ports for his passage and safe conduct. Lambeth, 22 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 1537.
315. Cranmer to Wolfgang Capito.
C's Letters,
I presented to the King the treatise (fn. n6) you dedicated to him, and I think he received it with pleasure. On my suggesting it he promised to recompense your labours. Soon after the bp. of Hereford and I were with Cromwell, the lord Privy Seal, and urged him to remind his Majesty, who has accordingly ordered the bearer to take with him 100 cr. for you. Do you still wish to know if your gift was acceptable? Well, what I have learned is this: the King commonly hands over books of this kind which he has not the patience to read himself to one of his lords in waiting for perusal, from whom he afterwards learns the contents. He then gives them to some one else of an opposite way of thinking. After hearing all their criticisms he declares his own judgment. This I understand he has done with your hook, and while much pleased with many things, disapproved of some—I suspect the statements about the Mass. For myself I wish I could serve you. Please help the bearer, Thos. Tybald.
22 July. 316. The Vicar of Halifax.
R. O. The sayings of Sir Henry Savell, 22 July 29 Henry VIII. (in answer to the interrogatories in No. 369 (6)).
1. That three years ago and more the vicar showed him that he had at London 800l. to purchase Rodis haull.
2. That he had in his keeping 884l. or else 896l. in gold which he delivered again to the said doctor in Passion week immediately after the assizes at York at which the vicar was accused of treason, which he remembers was in Passion week, 27 Henry VIII. 3. At the time the said doctor should have purchased the manor of Rodis hall in co. York of Ric. Fermour, merchant of London, he knew of the said money. 4. The vicar told him when he went to London before the Rebellion that he had hid the said money in the corner of a parlour of his at Halifax and covered it with chips. Also he wrote to him thereof from London as appears by his letters dated 6 Nov. last, which show that there was more money there than the said Sir Henry had previously in keeping. Declared to John and Hugh Lacy where the said money was hid before it was delivered again to the vicar by way of confession, and how much there was, viz., 1,025l. 5. This question is answered in the previous article, and he further says that the vicar told him that Mawd's wife, sister to the said vicar, knew of the hiding of the money, and where it was. 6. Since the vicar's last going to London, which was between Easter and Whitsuntide last. And it contains 400l. and odd money, which the said Sir Henry says is at London in the keeping of a friend. 7. This book is this present day sent by John Uvedale to my lord Lieutenant. Signed: Henry Sayvylle k.
ii. Richard Lister of Halifax deposes that he was never privy to any matter contained in any of the articles except that the vicar, when he delivered the said sums of money to Sir Henry Savell, delivered also to him 86l. in English gold coin to keep to his use, which money he is ready to deliver to my lord Lieutenant.
iii. Agnes Mawde, sister to the said vicar, deposes that he has several times shown her in years past that he had great sums of money from his father to bestow in deeds of charity, as in finding of scholars at Oxford, and of 2 chantries and a free school at Halifax, but the amount she cannot tell. 2. She has seen some of his money at divers times, but never so much as she saw when the pot was hid. 3. She and her son Edward Mawde were with the vicar when the brass pot with little short feet, almost full of gold, was hid under the stair within the vicarage of Halifax, within 10 or 12 days after the said vicar had been at York at the assizes in Lent was 12 months, but whether it was before or after Easter she knows not. 4. Never knew where he kept it before that time. 5. Nor of the hiding of this money or any other money of his till now. 6. Never had any money of his in keeping, but had sometimes a girdle, a hat, a kirtle, or 40d., sometimes more, sometimes less, of him to make good cheer. 7. This last article does not touch her.
iv. Edward Mawde. 1. Was his servant 20 years and knew and partly saw that the vicar had much money, but cannot tell the sure sum. 2. Saw money of his divers times when he was his servant. 3. Well near 20 years ago. 4. When the vicar was chancellor of Worcester his money was kept sometimes in the abbey there and sometimes in his own chamber. 5. Never knew of the hiding of his said money till it was hid under the stair in the vicarage. 6. This money, which is 125l., now in his hands, was delivered to him by the vicar since Easter last, but he had of him 20l. more, which he laid out in divers things for his own profit, and is ready to satisfy the same at divers days when the vicar shall require it.
Pp. 4. Endd.: vicar of Halifax.
22 July. 317. John Chambre to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I have received my Lord's and your kind letter in behalf of Mr. Reynold, for whom I shall do my best. Westminster, 22 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calais.
22 July. 318. Ric. Dawnsye to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Thanks for manifold kindness. Her fear that the Queen does not favour her is groundless. She has spoken of her and wished for her divers times since she departed hence. Thanks her for her kindness to William Pooll. Asks her to remember Pooll when there is a vacant room at Calais. Windsor, 22 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calais.
22 July. 319. [Hall] to Sir Robert Wingfield.
R. O. (First leaf wanting.) —"in the lack and necessity that it seems to be, there can be none other thought but that both the parties shall lack money to maintain any longer as now their malicious quarrels, not only for all that the estates of all these the Emperor's countries within these four days at Eeyry willed the Queen, but commaunde (sic) for money, par aschevaunce, to maintain and go through with these commenced wars, but also that the French King hath no such power anything like in aredynes as was hinted to be with the Dolphyn and the Great Master about Hesdynge." We have no knowledge yet that they have there, as pretended, 15,000 Almains, 25,000 foot of their own subjects, and 10,000 Swiss, besides horsemen and 40 pieces of great artillery. "And if this town he left now, let it then continually remain for a scourge for all this country." There has been much shooting this night past by moonlight on both sides, and alarm on the side towards the Great Master's "leager," but it is so "rathe" now I cannot write what has been done. I did not expect to have written so much, "and therefore you shall receive this my letter in two pieces. Written in great haste this Sunday in the morning very raathe," 22 July 1537. Not signed.
In Francis Hall's hand, p. 1. Sealed. Add.
22 July 320. The Turkish Fleet.
R. O. "Copia di una lettera di Levante scritta per Meser Erasmo." Has written of our successes, among others of the capture of 10 Saracens (?) (Schirrassy) on the 14th, laden with victuals for the armada of the Turk which is still in Vallona. About 300 slaves were found in them. On the 19th, between Le Merlere and Gasopoli, we took two Turkish galleys, which we brought to land and took 100 slaves. The rest were massacred by the Albanians. That same day we took a galeot at sea with more than 100 slaves, very well furnished both with rowers and men of war. All which except the galeot were burned after the artillery was taken out. Hearing that there were vessels laden with victuals coming from the Levant, we left Le Merlere and making for Cephalonia passed outside Corfu on the 20th, when we descried seven sails, which proved to be galleys of the Knights of St. John. They informed us that in Paregha (Parga), near the channel, were 20 vessels with the Moor, i.e., 12 galleys, the rest foists and galeots. On this we made for land to sleep in Paregha, 10 miles from the galleys. Engaged them next morning, and after an hour's fight gained the victory, but with much loss on our side. The captain, Antonio Doria, is wounded by an arrow in the knee; Zanetino in the side. The master of [the] Aquila, Geronimo San Remo has three harquebus wounds in the arms. Pasquelino, master of La Marchese. had an arrow in his neck. All the galleys have been much injured. The Prince (fn. n6) and I are well. We have news of the arrival of 25 vessels laden with victuals in Modone, and his Excellency intended to go thither, but I fear we cannot.
News of preparations in Gallipoli. Thinks the Turks suspect us of being leagned with the Venetian galleys, in number 43. Of the 12 galleys taken one is sunk; the others, it was whispered, were to be burned piecemeal, but we may take them to Messina. The Prince intends going to Apuglia while the galleys are being refitted. The Venetian galleys are 43 or 47 in number, and are at. Corfu without having spoken with us.
Corfu, "da Sapebranco," 22 July.
Ital., pp. 3.
[23 July.] 321. John Babyngton to Cromwell.
R. O. Pardon my not coming to you myself, but, knowing the King's pleasure "that none that come in London shall resort unto the Court," I have sent my servant Thomas Mandevylle, who only yesternight came to me out of Notts, asking your pleasure on the articles enclosed. Whoever wrote the letter, I think, would the King no goodness, and what privy treason may be manifested hereby God may well provide; praying you not to be too piteous of those who would be without pity for you and yours if they might overcome you. I marvel Chr. Lassels has concealed this so long. London.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. "The saying of George Lassels, of Styrtun in com. of Nott., esquire, to me, John Babyngton, the 19th day of July in the 29 year of our sovereign lord the King's Grace."
"The said George coming to me to St. Giles' in the Field, said, 'Mr. Babyngton, there was perilous packing amongst us which showed to be the King's friends in the commotion at Doncaster, which I did not know afore now,' for his cousin, Chr. Lassels, that was in the Tower with Aske, newly hath showed it to him in great counsel. And I asked him what that was, and he said some one, being of the lords' retinue of our side, did write a letter to the lord Darcy, which effect was to admonish and give him warning that the lord Steward intended to take the said lord Darcy with his company sleepers, and that Aske should utter this to the said Chr. with very ready tokens for knowledge of the messenger."
ii. "The saying of Christopher Lassels the 22nd day of the said July to me, John Babyngton."
The said John, walking after supper that day to Northumberland garden, in London, found there the said Chr., who knowing that Babyngton's master, my lord Privy Seal, intended to be at Mortlake, advised him to inform his Lordship, and said he would jeopard his life that he and his cousin George would produce the messenger who gave the above information.
London, 23 July. Signed by Babyngton.
P. 1, in Babyngton's hand. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
23 July. 322. Ric. Tomyow to Cromwell.
R. O. Has just received five bucks from Sir John Dudley's park called Wedgenok. Marvels why he sent them all at once, unless he supposed some greater business here toward than any is. Two of the bucks killed on Friday were so utterly gone that he was glad to rid the house of them.
Has baked up the other three in large pasties to dispend cold in the household.
Has given the bearers two angels. Mortlake, Monday, 23 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 July. 323. Sir Robert Wingfield to Cromwell.
R. O. Wrote last on the 21st, and joined with the same a letter from Halle, written at St. Omer's. Sends with these a letter of his in two pieces, written yesterday in the camp before Torwane. Calais, 23 July 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Hall, xxij. Julii.
R. O. 2. [Hall] to Sir Robert Wingfield.
Wrote last this morning before anybody was stirring. The shooting all last night was on the side of the Great Master, very little out of the town. The Great Master had a trench made almost up to the bulwark before the gate of St. Omer, so that divers of his folk came close to it without danger. M. de Cerlew kept the watch, and was so pleased he is willing to keep it again to-night. The Great Master himself was in the trench till long after midnight. He has three fellows, who, for a pot of beer, would make a Burgundian cross on the gate of St. Omer in full day. He caused others to approach as if to set ladders to scale, and when the townsmen looked out, had plenty of hackbutters to fire and keep them busy, while he did other things without let. Our folks reviled those of the town that they had no powder, but they answered that our folks should know they had powder enough, though they shot little. This night 400 horse have gone out of the Great Master's camp to see if they can meet with anything, and it is said 300 French horse have been seen not far off. Yestereven Mollenbais and Lyekerk "by his wife," who is much esteemed in France, where he was ambassador before the war, went two leagues hence to meet the president of Paris, M. de Saint André, and others, "very fine children, I warrant you," to negociate a peace; and this morning Lyckerke has been here with De Bewre, and has returned to Mollenbais. It is hard to judge the result. The captain of Gravelines has gone to his castle for a great matter (as he told me in secret) of treason against his prince, wrought by the provost of Paris, who remains there in prison. Before Toierwan, in great haste, Sunday, 22 July 1537.
Forgot to mention that peace is commenced in the Dauphin's name; so that it is thought, if the French king be alive, he has lost his memory, or is very weak from sickness. The seeking of this peace by the French (as I wrote in the morning) is no token that they have much power ready, and if we accept it, leaving this town behind, which cannot hold long, it will be a continual scourge for all this country.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
324. Sir Robert Wingfield to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks his lordship for communicating to him a letter addressed to himself and the Council. Sees nothing in it to require great consultation, the words being so "decernate," but will wait upon his lordship if he desire it. Returns the letter enclosed, and hopes Our Lord will make my lady his bedfellow a glad mother. "At my manor of Mountfesawnt in Pleeplynge."
P.S.—Has received a letter from his nephew Halle, who desires to be commended to my lord and lady.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Arthur viscount Lysle, knight of the Order, and the King's deputy-general of his town and marches of Calais. Sealed.
23 July. 325. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I am this day informed that the Burgundians have tonight come to Wissen and taken a quantity of cattle and some prisoners upon your pale. I despatched this trumpet to request you not to let the said booty pass through your pale, in violation of your neutrality. Boulogne, 23 July. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
23 July. 326. Jehan des Gardins to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letters acknowledging a present of partridges and herons. The gift is not from me, although I am so much bound to you. I think it is from Jacques Robert an échevin of St. Omer. You mention your intention of sending your son George back to me. He will be very welcome. He is a good boy and if he had remained till now, would have made great progress. If I have been negligent in relation to his board or teaching, I beg to be informed, and if you think I ask too much salary, pay me what you please. 23 July.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
23 July. 327. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O. Yesterday, 22 July, the Queen sat with her Council for five hours, and Mollembes and Lekirke were sent to the French King's castle of Bommy, two leagues from Turwyn, where the president of Paris and other commissioners were to be. Cannot yet tell of what they are to treat. Some think, about one Capt. George who was taken with the lord Hanyball and whom Bewre said he should ransom with an hour's hanging because being in charge of 300 horse in the Emperor's wages he went over to the French. There is much doubt about assaulting Turwyn, and the army will probably withdraw. Thinks he need not write to the King. St. Omer's, 23 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 July. 328. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks him for his news of the 15th, received this morning. Is his perfect friend, notwithstanding that, by order of the King and Council here, he had written for the sending up of two seditious priests somewhat sharply, "to the intent that some of the said Council, which lean much to their superstitious old observations and rites might by general warning to you all directed, beware how too much to stand in their obstinate pertinacy and error in some things, but be induced to bring their hearts inward to the conformity of the truth." Is no otherwise touched except to concur with Cromwell in reforming such evil hearts and exhort them to set aside their obstinacy and not think themselves wiser than the most learned and best of the realm. You shall in this do acceptable service to the King, and to the writer the greatest pleasure. Will get his bill signed at the King's next being at Windsor. Easthampstead, 24 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
24 July. 329. Lord Chancellor Audeley to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends thirty proclamations of the King's general pardon under his Great Seal according to Cromwell's letters. Has set all his clerks in hand to write for the despatch thereof. Being in Essex and near Suffolk, hears of some contention for preaching in sundry parishes, but of no great credible report. As the people seem irritable and inconstant, asks him to send the last book determined by the King to be set forth and concluded by the bishops and clergy. Doubts not thereby to satisfy the people, and so to impress it in their heads that it will do much good for quietness. Curates have been very negligent in the due execution of the injunctions. Asks him to command his servant that he may have some of the water of my lord of Suffolk, like as it pleased Cromwell to grant him, and also this book that he writes for. Desires to be recommended to the King and Queen. Terlyng, 24 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Proclamation to the men of the North. [See Grants in July, No 37.]
Begins: "Albeit divers and many of you the King's highness' subjects and commons dwelling and inhabiting in the counties of York, Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, and the bishopric of Duresme, and in the cities of York, Kingeston upon Hull, Duresme, and Carlisle, and the shires of the same, and in all other towns and places, liberties, franchises, and dales within the limits of the same," have notwithstanding his Highness' late mercy to you, been seduced by the traitor Bigod into new rebellion; which might have moved the King to make the offenders a terrible example to all others hereafter. Yet he supposes the punishment of a few offenders to be sufficient; and therefore "by this proclamation" grants a general and free pardon for all treasons, rebellions, &c. committed from the beginning of the first insurrection until the date of this proclamation. Gives leave for all to sue hereafter in the Chancery for the said free pardon under the Great Seal, without further warrant or charge for the Great Seal. Charges them to be faithful subjects and never again rise unless at the command of the King or his authorised lieutenant.
Copy, pp. 5. Endd.: "A pardon or a proclamation upon Bigott's rebellion."
R. O. 3. Another copy of § 2, with corrections which are partly in Cromwell's hand. With the addition at the end "Provided always that"——
Pp. 9. Endd.: The pardon for Yorkshire men.
[24 July.] 330. Edward Bishop of Hereford to Cromwell.
R. O. According to your last letters I send by bearer the collation for Thomas Soulimont, and the rest of our books subscribed with our hands. Where you wish me to make the preface of the "book that shall now be printed"; I must first know the King's pleasure what the argument thereof shall be and whether the book shall go forth in the King's name or that of the Bishops, as I wrote before. As Mr. Wriothesley is there with you, I think he can express the same better than I can by any instruction by letter. London, Tuesday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
24 July. 331. Archbishop Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Cannot sufficiently thank him for his great kindness, especially of late, for his good counsel and good report to the King of his sermons, by which he hopes his Highness' displeasure is somewhat assuaged. And whereas his Highness has licensed us all to depart to our dioceses, I regret that I am not to do my duty to him before departure, owing to the order that no man repair hence to Court. Is much dismayed not to know for certain whether he be received again into favour. Wishes to know what to do if wanted for the book of laws or any other cause. His friends think he had better remain here than go and return immediately. Newington, 24 July 1537. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
24 July. 332. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. In behalf of the hearer, Lionel Gray, in his disputes with Sir Thomas Clifford. He is the man whom Sir Wm. Evers can least spare upon the East Marches, and his dispute with the captain of Berwick does no good to those parts. Thinks the King might commission him to send for both parties to make a concord. Hears from Scotland by a secret friend that the King there has sent to the French king for payment of money owing him in France for his marriage, and to know if he shall be paid the pension he had thence, his wife being dead. Helmesley, 24 July.
P.S. in his own hand. If James have a favourable answer from France, my friend says he will dance after the pleasure of France; if not, he will make honest offers to the King. Never men went thence worse content than the Vice-Admiral and all his country, and never men liked country worse. Moreover, no men were worse content with the French fashions than all that were in France, save the King. It is not impossible he may eftsoons demand my lady Mary, though, for my part, I would she went another way. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 July. 333. [Hall to Sir Rob. Wingfield.]
R. O. Wrote last before yesterday after dinner, besides what he sent "raathe" in the morning. The letter was delayed by the bearers handing it to a servant of Mr. Porter's to pass on, notwithstanding that he had given them their dinners and over 12d. stg. to convey it direct. There went with Mollenbais and Lyekerk to the conference M. de la Tyloye, bailly of Laans in Artois, who is called expert, though when we were at Douay he had a sickness that impaired his memory. This treaty is at the castle of Bomie. In my last I informed you that Lyekerke had returned to Mollenbais to Bommye. He went from thence the same day to the Queen at St. Omer, coming hither again when De Beure had almost supped, who, as it was late, seat his trumpet to Mollenbais to say that Lyekerke would be with him in the morning. After supper Lyekerk sat in council at the duke of Arsecotts, with him and De Beure, and with them the Marquis, of Barrow (who has lately come "syth it was thought that we should have had or this one of the three that I wrote to you of by the French power that was bruited to be strongly assembled" about Hesdynge), Count Pynnoye, the Great Master, and Issylstein. But it seems to be but a bruit to assist them in the treaty. They also bruited that they had won a great deal more in Piedmont than they have done. Yesterday morning Lyekerke went early to Bomme, and after noon Mollenbais and he returned hither, leaving only De la Tyloye. After sitting an hour here with the Council they went to the Queen at St. Omer. In the morning De Beure sent his trumpet with a letter from Mollenbais to the French ambassador, whom he found in bed, and though he commanded that the trumpet should have his breakfast, as no man followed out of his chamber he was fain to come away without drinking. He found walking (qu. waking?) an abbot, who had much trouble about the neutrality of his abbey, situated between Cambray and Guise, but still offers his services to the ambassadors. After dining with the duke of Arsecott, who is sickly and rises late, and holding a council there with the Prince of Orange, Mollenbais and Lyekerk arc to-day returned to Bomme. The treaty is kept very close. Some say the French will have to surrender Hesdynge and destroy the strength of this town.
On Sunday night more artillery was laid against the Red bulwark. Describes its disposition. On Sunday De Beure was informed that a man on the other side of the river had seen in the street of Tourwanne the gendarmerie armed and on horseback with their staves on their thighs, 250 men of arms, who would have issued out but that the footmen and mortepayes lowered the portcullis. Both yesterday and to-day they have let women out, who say that there is great need and lack of all things. Yesterday there was skirmishing before St. Omer's gate, when the besieged reviled the Flemings, bidding them fetch away their scaling ladders, meaning the timber of their own barriers and turnpikes that our folks had broken down the night before, and two or three boys came out for forage; but now the trenches are brought nearer. The Great Master to-day ordered the bulwark before St. Omer's gate to be removed, saying he would have that gate beaten flat to the ground. Advice of the master of the artillery. The provost of Paris expected by to-morrow to deliver not only himself but the castle of Gravelines into French hands, and had written to De Bies accordingly. Once this day peace was reckoned upon by most of the army because De Beure gave away three great horses, saying that of late he had others given him; but our ambassadors and the French have both returned without any conclusion. Thus it seems all their cawtell was to gain time. Since supper Mollenbais, Lyekerke, De la Tyloye, and the duke of Arsecotte have gone to the Queen at St. Omer's, and it is thought they will make all speed to assay this town. The mines are ready to fire. They have cast out of the town this morning a stave's end of ash with a drawing of a Burgundian cross upon a pair of gallows and a mocking inscription (quoted); also a quartered chalkstone with a drawing in ink of a pair of gallows on one side, and on the other side the inscription, "Meschaunttes, villains, Lwteryens, vous tourtoutz Allemans, nous vous ferons toutz pendre comme ennemis de Dieu et de la gliese." Thinks the army is pleased that there is no peace. Before Tourwan, Tuesday St. James' even, 24 July 1537.
Hol., pp. 6.
24 July. 334. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I thank you for the three angel nobles you sent me by my brother Browne. As money goes with me now, every one was worth 10. My friends in England have deceived me, for when I was at Calais they willed me to make haste to the camp, promising to send horse, harness, and money by my brother Harry Palmer, but he came without any of them, and leaves me here to make the best shift I can. I send lord Lisle a fair young horse. The camp beside Tyrwan, 24 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
24 July. 335. Maximilian D'Egmont (Lord of Isselstein) to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I thank you for the English hackney you have sent me by the bearer. As you have no large horses in your quarter, I send you a young curtall (roussin). The camp before Therouenne, 24 July 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 July. 336. Hugh Gills to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Mons. de Moy has left the Court in post, without any answer to your Lordship's letter. I have made suit to my lord of Winchester, who has promised to speak to the Chancellor of France to get him to write for the deliverance of the hoys detained at Dieppe, and also for the safe conducts. Paris, 24 July 1537.
It is said that Mons. de Moy is gone over the mountains to be "suparyar" of the French king's army.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
25 July. 337. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Perceives by his letters of the 15th that Lisle knows how the 50l. was received, which comforts me as much as if I had gotten it myself. Has received from one of my lord Chancellor's servants the letter directed to my lord Privy Seal, and spent half the day in seeking him. Is surprised the letter was delayed so long in the transit. Begs that letters henceforth may be left for himself, and if he is not there, with the good man or his wife. Rode to Court immediately, and delivered the letter to my lord Privy Seal, when, among other things, he said he had written you a sharp letter concerning two priests, who had acted amiss touching certain articles of the King's laws lately enacted, and had been supported by the Council of Calais. I told him your confidence was only in God, the King, and himself, and you would be no less grieved at his writings than at the King's, and that if he did not write you a loving letter he might put your life in peril. He said he thought you were too wise for that, and whatever he wrote he was and would be your very friend, and wished me to tell you so. "Assuredly he cannot bide no thing that soundeth with the Papistical laws in any manner wise; for the King's Majesty is most earnestly bent against the same." He told me what he had written was by the King's express commandment; but the truth is, he has divers of the Council there in much more jealousy in those causes than your Lordship. Loving you as much as my father in all causes, especially such as concern the supremacy of the Head of the Church, I beg you to be no less earnest and precise than you would be in causes of high treason, for they are no less abhorred by the King and those of authority about him. I told him that you "never bare no such cause;" but I suspect these things came from the commissary and his adherents, wherefore let him not be the judge hereafter in such cases. Since I was in your service I cannot perceive that you ever had displeasure except for such causes. "I would God they would all agree, or else I would the commissary and his friends were in the front of the assault at Terouenne."
At last my lord Privy Seal called me to him, and said he would write to you. I prayed that it might be a gentle letter, and he said it should be so, for he knew your lordship would take his writing very earnestly. You will receive his letter here enclosed. Touching your priory, he bade me set my heart at rest, for at Windsor I should be rid, and however long you tarried you should be no loser. As to the passage, you need have no anxiety now, for no man will meddle while the King's ships are at sea.
Touching the subsidy, if the lords and others in Calais pay, your lordship must do as they do. I will learn from Mr. Swyllyard the law. You need not take it so earnestly, for however the world goes the King loves you well. I trust things shall be, better than ever they were. I will keep the seal till my lord Admiral knows of it. Trusts to procure him venison. The bishops have left, not agreed, I think. Nothing is published us yet. St. Katharine's 25 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
25 July. 338. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I have yours of the 17 July. As to my long suit, I can but tarry my lord Privy Seal's time. As to the contract between Mr. Surveyor and Mrs. Margaret Graynfyld, she has well sped, for I know my lord Privy Seal thinks him worthy to have us good as she, notwithstanding her birth, but when they marry he will be able to find her like a gentlewoman. I hope to send the cushion and the cups for conserve by the next. The glasses I do not know how to convey. I will send two dozen by Annes Wodroff, it she will take them. Your weir is not forgotten, but Mr. Popley says it is not yet time. I mean to ride to my lady of Rutland tomorrow. When at Court I could not speak with Mrs. Margery or my lady of Sussex, or deliver your tokens; but at the King's coming to Windsor I hope to speak with them. St. Katharine's, 25 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
25 July. 339. Sir Henry Sayvylle to Cromwell.
R. O. Since I left you another of my servants fell sick. Happily it proved not to be the plague. I send Thomas Savyll to your Lordship. My friend the vicar of Halifax was robbed at this rebellion by John Lacy and his servants, against whom he had out sub-pœnas, but they would not appear. John Lacy uses unsitting words, saying, If they will have my head they shall fetch it. He mocks the King's Council, calling one of his servants Lord Chancellor, "and one other to be your Lordship," adding that he will do well enough having with him of council both the Chancellor and Cromwell. In the rebellion time he and his brother made a rhyme which was read in Halifax, not only against my lord of Canterbury, your Lordship, and others, but against the King, with, words which any honest man would abhor. I gave you the copy of the bills he wrote to every constable within his father-in-law's office in Halifax, and would have laid all this to his charge if he had appeared. He makes a false charge against the vicar, affirming the goods robbed to be treasure trove, so that the vicar is commanded to bring to my lord of Norfolk such as they have delivered him of his own. Desires Cromwell will write to Norfolk that Savyll may have custody of the money till the matter is tried, and that Mr. Doctor and John Lacy may appear before Cromwell Quindena Michaelis to answer. Thomas Gryce denies the covenant between him and Thos. Beaumont, and wishes Cromwell would hear him. Has spoken with Nic. Beaumont who denies having done any such message since he went forth with Savyll till the armies were broken up. Sir Robert Nevell was my friend before this business, and put him in commission for me against Sir Richard Tempest, but now I see he is joined with Sir Richard, because I weighed my duty to my Prince more than his friendship. Thornell, St. James' Day the Apostle. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
25 July 340. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Since writing by Lion Grey, Ralph Hongate arrived with James Crane, and has examined the sea coasts from Flamborough to Tynemouth without finding any such place as he said was called St. Andrews till he came within three miles of Tynemouth, when, seeing a steeple of pretty fashion, he said that was St. Andrews, and so it is. And there he knew the priest that spake the lewd words to him, who is parish priest to Dr. Marshall. I have sent for him to be with me on Saturday next. Though Crane mistook the place by 60 miles distance, it is not unlikely he heard the priest speak such words, and if Dr. Marshall be implicated I shall send for him and put his name in the exception of the pardon. Crane cannot show where the man with the "sanselym"(?) face dwells, "nor other of the boats that came aboard of their ships," but leaves that to the report of the priest. Helmesley, 25 July. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 July. 341. Sir Thos. Palmer to Cromwell.
R. O. Trusts Cromwell will help him out of debt, either to hare his debts paid and remain in his room or to have his debts paid and be discharged with the King's favour. If it had not been for Mr. Treasurer's help, would have been driven to beg his dinner, "which I do think were not the King's honour." Calais, 25 July.
Thinks the French and Borgonyons would be glad of peace. Wishes the English took part with one, lest at length they agree and are both against England. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: xxv. August.
25 July. 342. Oswyn Hedwyn to Peter [Beckwith], Secretary of the lord Deputy of Calais.
R. O. Oliver Wabram and Nic. Caron, John and Win, Cattore, and all other victuallers of the two ships are condemned to deliver me all my cloth again with the costs, but I cannot get it executed. All the victuallers have run away and Nic. Caron and Oliver Wabram would compound with me for what they had for their share, but I think if I compounded with them, I should get nothing from the rest. I beg you will desire my lord Deputy to write to Mons. du Bies to despatch me, for no sergeant dare execute the sentences the judge has given me, and I am told some of them have gone to Paris to get letters against me. I pray you ask my lord Deputy's counsel whether I had better compound or not. Commend me to Hamlyng Ryder, and Master Bayley and Mr. Worth. Your great enemy, Collin Caron's servant, is taken prisoner by the Burgundians. Desires Master Porter's counsel. Bollen, 25 July.
The bearer can tell you how I am handled.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
25 July. 343. John Travers to Cromwell.
R. O. On Tuesday, 24 July, Molenbars (sic) and Lykerk with others of the Emperor's Council conferred with the Great Master of France on a peace desired by the French, but they did not agree and returned home in a fury. To-day our men have bent 18 double canons and demi-canons to make the breach on the south side of the town near the Red Bulwark. They have also 5 pieces beneath near the water, 2 on the hill above the bulwark, 2 at the abbey, and 9 at the hill where the gallows of stone is and over the green bulwark. Describes trenches made. On the 24th the French wrote very spiteful words against the Almains on a billet of timber and stone, which they threw over the walls. The mines are in great hazard. They have found one of ours which we shut up again, but there are other two near it to undermine the Red Bulwark. The Frenchman who came out of the town told me there were above 40 countermines and many wells of which they cannot be deprived even if we take the conduit, which we have not done yet as it is one of our mines; moreover they do not use it lest we poison it. "And that also came into the town the same time that Hanyball was taken there entered in the town 2 ensigns of footmen with every of them 8 pounds of powder for their harquebuses." They have not four half-barrels of serpentine powder in their town; but they have much wildfire. I visit the trenches every day and see everything. Since I wrote by my servant no great harm has been done by either party, except that on the 24th an Almain was slain in the trench, and the gunner that slew him also, with one or two more. We look for hot stirring to-day. Torwen, 25 July, at 3 a.m.
Hol., pp. 2 Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.


  • n1. "The Institution of a Christian Man," which was printed by Berthelet in 1537. It was popularly called "the Bishop's Book," as setting forth the determinations of the bishops. See Cranmer's letter, No. 293.
  • n2. The &c. in all these places is in the original.
  • n3. The "&c." in all these places is in the original.
  • n4. Meaning apparently Barbarossa.
  • n5. "Responsio de Missa, Matrimonio et jure Magistratus in Religionem." The dedication bears date "Argentorati, vii idus Martii anno mdxxxvii." The date 1537 is also on the title-page. It was printed at Strasburg.
  • n6. Of Melfi.