Henry VIII: August 1537, 11-20

Pages 191-209

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 191
Page 192
Page 193
Page 194
Page 195
Page 196
Page 197
Page 198
Page 199
Page 200
Page 201
Page 202
Page 203
Page 204
Page 205
Page 206
Page 207
Page 208
Page 209

August 1537, 11-20

11 Aug. 500. Cromwell to [the Irish Commissioners].
Recommends Edw. Beke in his suits. Ampthill, 11 Aug.
Half page (See No. 389, x.).
11 Aug. 501. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.'s Remains, p. 381
Master Lucy will himself tell Cromwell about matters here. Bespeaks Cromwell's favour towards him. There are too few such gentlemen in the King's realm. "He can open to you all together as to the priest's of Hampton's judgment what proceedings it had." Would wish, better judgment to be in some of the King's judges and more favour towards reformation in religion. There are many judgments, but few or none are brought to the ordinary's knowledge, after due form of the King's Acts. "As for my brother prior's matter, my lord of Harford's and mine and Clare Hall's matter dependeth only of your opportune and behoovable remembrance."
As to St. John's college, factions and affections are not yet exiled out of Cambridge. Asks him to extend his goodness thereunto, being their Chancellor. Is not so light of credence as Master Ponnes pretends. Post-ridie Laurentii, at Harlebury. Signed: H. Latymer, Busshope.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: viii. Aug.
11 Aug. 502. Thomas Legh, (fn. n1) Ll.D., to Cromwell.
R. O. Has visited the archdeaconries of Coventry and Stafford, where he found the men very tractable, lacking only good instruction. Reminds Cromwell as touching Burton Lazor, whereof he desires nothing but possession; also touching Dr. Dawkyns, who is content to submit himself to the King's mercy. Derlegh, 11 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Aug. 503. G. Earl of Shrewsbury to Cromwell.
R. O.
Sends him as the best novelty he can get in (his barren moorish country a stag baken in 10 pasties. Hansworth, 11 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Aug. 504. Maximilian d'Egmont to Lord Lisle.
R. O. In behalf of the bearer who desires to retire into England, and who loyally served the Emperor in the last war. Bruges, 11 Aug. 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
12 Aug. 505. Mayor and Jurats of Rye to Cromwell.
R. O. In favour of Mr. William Enold, their curate, who has been accused to Cromwell by some of those of small substance who wish him removed from the town. Written at Rye, 12 August, not. only in the name of the mayor and jurats, but also of the following honest men (75 names given) and others.
In John Swan's hand, pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Information against William Inold, priest and curate of Rye, who had served the church there from his return to Rye on July 14th to August 8th, and to whom a letter was delivered by Robert Coke from the Council "when he had solemnly sung high mass of the feast of Jesu in the presence of Thomas Fougler, John Yonge, and other."
1. That he had caused a great disturbance at Rye by railing "upon many honest men there, calling them heretics "—" provoking others of his accomplices, drunkards and papists, to fight with them";—boasting "that their old fashions should still flourish"; keeping "high and holy in the Church certain idell holy days lately abrogated," as St. Anne, the Transfiguration of our Lord, and the feast of the Name of Jesu; some of them as though they had been the highest days in the year, with solemn ringing, singing, procession, decking of the church. 2. Inviting the people at Burwash, in a corner of the country, Sunday Aug. 5th, to remain as of old time they had done, of which sermon John and Alexander Colyn are witnesses. 3. For saying "that they that have the New Testament in their hands have a sword," and are clean out of the right way.
P, 1. Large paper. Endorsed by Wriothesley.
12 Aug. 506. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Lamb. MS.
607, f. 22.
To the same effect as their letter to Cromwell following. Kilmainham, 12 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII. Signed like the letter which follows.
Lamb. 601.
f. 41.
2. Another copy.
12 Aug. 507. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Cromwell.
Tit. B. xi.,
B. M.
St. P. ii. 468.
Since writing to the King about their proceedings against Ochonour, marched, with 14 days' victuals, against the Cavenaghes, whom they have often recommended to be exiled and the place inhabited by the King. Took and prostrated two piles (peels) of the Nolans, their adherents, and forced the Cavenaghes to put in their pledges.
Sent for the earl of Ossory, marched through O'Moris and MacGilphatrike's lands, and with their assistance, and that of Chaier Ochonour, governor of Ochonour's country, Omulmoy and Macgoghegan invaded Okarvaile, who had succoured Ochonour. Notwithstanding the comfort he had of O'Breen and Connaght, compelled him to deliver hostages.
Took a castle in Omaghar's country, and forced him to do likewise. While there, Ochonour came under a safe-conduct and redeemed his son, who was a hostage, for 300 mks. He then made humble supplication to be restored to his country, promising not to demand tribute or black rent from the King's lands or subjects, but to pay the King a yearly sum. Replied that they would not grant this until he had obtained the King's pardon, and they advise the King not to grant it, for they think he will never be true longer than opportunity may serve him to the contrary.
So much has never been done with 14 days' victuals. The King's affairs go prosperously forward, but fur greater results would have been obtained if the army had been duly furnished with money. Begin to have such knowledge of Irishmen and their countries, that we consider it no such difficulty to subdue or exile them as has been thought. The King may have his pleasure upon them if he would earnestly set to them. If he furnish them with money there is no enterprise which he and the Council think meet to be attempted but they think they can achieve it. O'Donell is deceased and Manus his son has obtained his place by assent of the country and the favour of O'Neile. Their two strengths joined together are to be feared.
The chief baron of the Exchequer (fn. n2) is lately dead. If the King appoints his serjeant-at-law (fn. n3) to the office he must get a man of honesty and learning in his room. If the chief baron and serjeant have not a diligent eye to the King's right, he may be greatly hindered.
Want a battery piece and artillery. There is no more to be had here.
Contradict the reports about the dissensions among them. Kilmaynan, 12 Aug., 29 Hen. VIII. Signed: Leonard Gray—John lord of Trymleteston, Chauncelour—Edwardus Miden'—J. Rawson, prior of Kyllmaynan—Willm. Brabason—Gerald Aylmer, justice—Thos. Houth, justice—John Alen.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Aug. 508. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Sends a letter, addressed to Lisle, received yesterday from M. de la Rochepot, with a little letter mentioning the capture of some men who bad charge of his galleons, and who have been taken to Calais since the truce was concluded. Requests Lisle to answer it. Boulogne, 12 Aug. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A. Mons. [de] Lisle, chevalier de l'ordre du [Roy d'Angleterre et] son debitis [et g]ouverneur de Calais.
12 Aug. 509. John Hutton to Cromwell,
R. O.
St. P. vii. 705.
The enclosed articles were sent to him by one of the Regent's secretaries. The governor of Frice is raising men against Gueldres. The Regent remains at Bruges, and is daily in council with the estates. The Act made for money will stop trade in kerseys, and great sums will be conveyed out of the realm. Explains the practice of the merchants. Antwerp, 12 Aug.
Hol., Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 705
2. "News sent by Mr. Hutton.—Summary of some letters sent into Flanders."
The prince de Auria (Doria) left Messina, 9 July, with 30 galleys, to discover the Turk's army, which is yet at Avallon. The French in Piedmont had threatened Aste, but don Ant. Darragon, who was within, sent notice to the marquis of Guasto for succours, and they retired. The viceroy of Naples writes, 3 and 11 July, of the arrival of the Pope's galleys at Naples, 30 June, in which Doria immediately departed with 1,500 Spaniards. The rest of the army were to follow 3 July. Doria arrived at Messina 4 July. News of the Turkish fleet, seen, 18 June, at the point of St. Angel by a brigantine of "the Religion," &c. It is feared the Turk will invade Corfu. In Scopia, French ambassadors solicited the Turk's coming forward. Albania has risen against the Turk. News from Ragusa, 30 June, of the Turk's army at Modon. He sent his captain general Lutfibaxen and Barbarossa to Hostia with 135 galleys, and means to join the French king in Lombardy. On the 8th July the army passed the canal of Confo with 330 sail. The Venetian galleys go and come in great peace, "and do fortify their army." It is thought they will descend on Naples or Sicily. The Turk has with him 100,000 horsemen of Roumania with the 30,000 he has in Scopia. The begeberbey (beglerbey) of Greece is sent against Hungary with 7 sanjaks, i.e., about 10,000 men, and 12,000 janissaries, and 15,000 others. He will advance towards Scopia, to a place two days' journey from Avelona, and appoint what the army by land shall do. The ambassador of Genoa writes, 20 July, further particulars of the retreat of the French at Aste. The French King has a fever tercian. The King of the Romans is very mighty.
R. O. 3. The same news in French.
Pp. 3.
12 Aug. 510. Card. Contarini to Card. Pole.
Poli Epp.
ii. 82.
Yesterday before dinner received Pole's letters of 22 July, with that for the Pope and that from Pole's young countryman at Louvain, whose piety and erudition seem worthy of all praise. Sent them all by Beccatellus to the Vatican to Ambrosius, to read and show to the Pope. Ambrosius was sure the Pope would be pleased with the Englishman's letter in Greek and Latin. To-day he returned them with a message that a post would leave to-night for Flanders and that he was writing, and wished Contarini also to write, that the Pope recalled Pole for three reasons, (1) the indignity of staying doing nothing, (2) the fear of inconveniencing the card, of Liege by his long stay at Liege, (3) the Council indicted for the kalends of November. But since the letters show that Pole's abode there would not be useless to the Church and to the preservation of the piety of the English, it would be left to himself whether to return or to stay. Heat begins to moderate. Taking of Castro (oppidum Castrum) in the bay of Salentinum by the Turks; and massacre of the people. Prince Doria took 16 galleys and some ships of burden and has returned to Messina to recruit. "Our" galleys met a fleet of Turks who took, two of them and sunk a third. Rome, 12 Aug. 1537.
12 Aug. 511. Card. Pole to the Sieur de Praet.
Poli Epp.
ii. 84.
Thanking him for his good will, of which the bp. of Verona first, and afterwards the card, of Liege have been witnesses. Extols the liberality of the latter, who has almost seemed ready to share his whole treasure and purse with Pole. Liege, 12 Aug.
Ib. 86 and 87. 2. Like letters of the same date to Corn. Scerperius, of the Emperor's council, and the abp. of Palermo, president of the Emperor's privy council.
13 Aug. 512. Cranmer to [Cromwell].
Cleop. E.v.
329 b.
B. M.
C's Works 345.
Cranmer, 82.
Thanks Cromwell for having exhibited the bible to the King and got his Grace's permission that it shall be bought and read within the realm. Cromwell has done him more pleasure in this than if he had given him 1,000l. Doubts not the results will redound to his honor. He may reckon Cranmer his bondman for the same, and, be will be bold to say, my lord of Worcester also. Ford, 13 Aug. Signed.
P. 1.
13 Aug. 513. [Cromwell] to the Mayor and Corporation of Cambridge.
R. O. Minute of a letter (fn. n4) sent to the mayor and others of Cambridge, blaming them for their ungentle dealing with the University on the occasion of the last Sturbrige fair. It would have beseemed them to have had more respect for Cromwell's previous letters (as one of His Majesty's Privy Council) than they have had. The King cannot, in equity, suffer them to encroach on the liberties of the University, any more than he can suffer the town of Barnewell to encroach on those of Cambridge. His Majesty commands that the University may have the oversight of the fairs in Cambridge and Sturbridge, that all actions in which a scholar is involved may be tried before the Vice-Chancellor, that the mayor may henceforth take his oath as the King's charter requires, and that they may observe this composition made between them and the University. Threatens them incase of disobedience. Grafton, 13 Aug.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "The mynute of the letter sent to the mayer and other townesmen of Cambridge."
13 Aug. 514. Sir Brian Stapilton to Cromwell.
R. O. I received your letter, dated Ampthill 9 August, by my servant on the 12th, requiring the benefice you have written for afore. I accordingly moved my cousin George Pierpount and he referred the matter to me; so I send you a presentation with a blank space in it. I trust no dilapidations may he demanded; for my son who last had it was of small substance and got it in much ruin and yet spent 100 mks. on it: I promised him on his death bed I would give it to none who would ask dilapidations. Desires the farm of it, if the incumbent be non-resident. Credence for bearer. Burton Jorce, 13 August. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Scaled. Endd.
13 Aug. 515. Sir John Porte to Cromwell.
R. O. At the assizes and gaol delivery at Stafford, Sir Nicholas Whelocke, vicar of Byddell, was indicted of treason, but Porte could not proceed to his trial, for certain writings of his accusation were with Cromwell.
At Worcester were indicted of treason Sir John Wylkys, parson of St. Ellyn's, Worcester, and Sir John Hunt, a friar Preacher. The friar was found guilty, the parson acquitted, but bound to answer at next assizes if accused of any other offence. Two others were found guilty of seditious words, in the insurrection time, against the lord Steward and lord Derby. As he was doubtful whether the words were treason or misprision, has reprieved the men. Three priests and a woman were in prison for indiscreet words, and for want of evidence, were delivered by proclamation.
Intended to write before, but tarried till Mr. Englefeld had finished the residue of the circuit. Desires to know the King's pleasure. Etwall, 13 August. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Aug. 516. Robert Lorde to Cromwell.
R. O. Pursuant to your letter received yesterday evening I went to-day to all the goldsmiths of London except Bowes and Robert Trappes, who were not in town. Sent for Trappes 10 miles out of the city, and of him and Ralph à Latham had such parcels as your lordship wrote for, as near the value as I could get, as you wished them by to-morrow, Wednesday. London, 14 Aug. Signed.
Subjoined is a statement of the weight and value of the plate: Total, 137 lb. Sir John Whalley is well amended and walketh.
P. 1. Add.: Lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Aug. 517. The Abbot of Ramsey to [Ric. Cromwell], the Sheriff of Hunts and Cambridgeshire.
R. O. Thanks him for his kindness to him and his monastery and for his letter of thanks, of which he cannot deserve half. Writes in favour of the bearer, who wishes to declare his wrongs in person to the sheriff's uncle. Ramsey, 14 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Aug. 518. Wm. Fermour to Cromwell.
R. O. At the last assize holden in Oxfordshire, Humfrey Shokborowe of Browghton exhibited a bill to Sir Thos. Inglefyld, justice of assize, against Sir Ric. Crowley, parish priest of Browghton.
The examination was committed to Fermour, as the assizes were at Wallingford, which is far from the place. Sends the examination, &c., in writing. The inhabitants of Browghton, except one person and his accuser, say they never heard him use these words in the pulpit or elsewhere, and that he never preached any such thing to their knowledge. They give him a good and honest name and undertake that he shall be forthcoming. His accuser has been at variance with him about tithes and other matters, and the charge is thought to be merely from malice. Somerton, the eve of the Assumption. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Examination taken by William Fermour, 11 August 29 Henry VIII., by command of Sir Thomas Inglefyld, justice of assize within the county of Oxon, on a bill exhibited at last assizes by Humphrey Shokborowe, of Browghton, Oxon, against Sir Ric. Crowley, parish priest there.
Shokborowe and Robt. Aleyn, constable of Browghton, depose they heard the priest, one Sunday between Xmas and Candlemas last, preach the authority of the bp. of Rome by the name of Pope, and say the Moon signified the King and the Stars the people, and that the Sun, the Pope, was taken away.
Shokborowe also deposes that Sir Richard told him, in confession, the Pope's power was as great as ever, and that the bp. of Rochester, the father of Syon, and Sir Thos. More, died for the true faith, and he himself was ready to do the same.
All which Sir Richard Crowley denies. Signed by William Fermor.
Pp. 2.
14 Aug. 519. Sir Ralph Eure [Jun.] to Cromwell.
R. O. Reminds him urgently of his long snit for the preferment of his bill to the King. Desires to be Cromwell's deputy in the stewardship of Whitby (fn. n5) or Gusburne or any other office. From my poor house at Fowbryg, 14 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Aug. 520. The Town of Antwerp to Cromwell.
R. O. Request a safe-conduct for Beatrix, widow of Francis Mendes, who desires to come from Portugal to Antwerp where she has business with her brother-in-law, Diago Mendes, but on account of the war proposes to come by England. Antwerp, 14 Aug. 1537.
Fr., p. 1 (broad sheet). Add. Endd.
15 Aug. 521. Robt. Aldrydge, Bishop of Carlisle, to Cromwell.
R. O. Received on the 14th inst, his letters stating that it was the King's wish that he should confer the vicarage of St. Michael's Appulby, void by resignation of Bernard Towneley, on Cuthbert Ogle. Knows not the man's ability, but as the King and Cromwell take him for a meet man, cannot but think that he is so. Understands that he cannot cause him to be inducted before he is consecrated himself. Wishes to be so, and so does the Queen, as far as he can perceive, but the Abp. answers that his election must first be confirmed "by him or his assign." If Cromwell will send him the election, will return it. Windsor, 15 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 Aug. 522. Duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
Desires credence for his servant the bearer. Tatersale, 15 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
15 Aug. 523. Henry Lord Stafford to Wriothesley.
R. O. At his late being with my lord Privy Seal was ordered to absent himself from Court for a time as one of his children had died, and 3 were sick of agues. All his children are now well, and he desires to know my Lord's pleasure, whether to go and take leave of him before he goes into Staffordshire, which will be soon after Bartholomewtide. Rowghaye, 15 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Aug. 524. Sir Clement West to Henry VIII.
R. O. In his last enclosed for haste a little paper of the 10 "skeras," taken by the prince Dory, laden with victuals and ammunition. Afterwards, going to assault Santa Mavero, he met 12 galleys and at galyot, slew the captain Cortogle and a bashaw above him "and like 500 Turks slew Christian men 4 of this religion and like 100 sowgerys." He had taken 2 other galleys two days before "off the Schyrme" and now rest, at Messina with his prizes till his men be whole. The Turk hearing of it sent 100 galleys after him "and to recoyle the tayle of his armad wyth vetuells and monyssion." The taking of the said galleys was on Maudlen Eve. (fn. n6)
Transfiguracio (i.e., 6 Aug.). Now is arrived the brigantine which was sent "to dyscovyr, and to escuzse the great ship from the Prynce Dory" that she might go into Spain for the master; but this was impossible, news having come that the Turkish armada had besieged Otranto and, being driven off, attacked and took Castro belonging to the Venetians, slew 4,000 men, and foundered 6 Venetian galleys. The Venetians afterwards took a Turkish ship with 300 janisaries, whom they cut to pieces, and the Turks took one of theirs and slew all in her. They have broken and the general draws towards Messina. Further reports of Barbarossa and prince Doria. Malta, 15 Aug. 1537.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
16 Aug. 525. Henry VIII. to James V.
Add. MS.
19,401, f. 33.
B. M.
Has received his letters from the abbot of Arbroth and heard his credence. Has answered it in a manner that James will accept as agreeable to his desire and correspondent to the perfect amity between them, Grafton, 16 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. Signed at the end: "your loving brother and uncle."
P. 1. Add.
16 Aug. 526. Berwick-upon-Tweed.
R. O. "Book of the reparation of Berwick for the whole year ended 16 Aug. 29 R. R. Hen. VIII." (from 14 Feb. 28 Hen. VIII.). With a similar account for the preceding half-year from 16 Aug. 28 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 13.
16 Aug. 527. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii. 143.
All the King's affairs since I wrote last go well, as you will see by the letters from me and the Council to the King. We have lacked two things—money and artillery. Most of the soldiers are 12 months behind in their wages. As I have written often before of this, I fear all my letters have not come to your hands. Without these two things little good can be done. If any writing come to the King in favour of O'Connor to recover his country, please stop it. "He is now as low as it were a dog for the bone, and doth follow me in every place suing to be restored again," and I have replied he shall never come there without the King's special command as long as I am here. On that he made suit for his corn in Offale, and others also spoke for him, who, I fear, may write to the King and you in his favour. There is no ranker traitor in heart than he, whatsoever he saith. There are divers misorders used here of which I would have written, but they have been so colourably handled that I durst not. One is that lords and gentlemen bordering upon the Irish favour and succour them when we invade their countries. Also they are maintainers of thieves and outlaws, and verily "there is no more falsehood in all the devils of Hell than doth remain in them." I will send you a goshawk when I can get a keeper to carry her. Please give credence to bearer and dispatch him again shortly. The Navan, 16 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
16 Aug. 528. Thibault Rouault to Lord Lisle.
R. O. The bearer has business with Mons. de Lymoges, who is with the king of England. I beg your favour for him if he has need of your help. Your daughter (fn. n7) is not here at this moment, but has gone out for pastime with my sister Madame de Bours. She is very well and grows handsome and honeste every day. Pont de Remy, 16 Aug. Signed.
Fr., 1. Add.
17 Aug. 529. Robert Lorde to Cromwell.
R. O. Statement of the parcels of gilt plate he has or shall have by noon this day "whereof I may take and leave what I will," viz.:—2 pair flagons pounced, 367 oz. (in margin in Wriothesley's hand: to Tarbes); 3 nests of bowls with 3 covers, 324 oz. (Wr. in margin: 2 nests to Tarbes, the other to Limoges); 2 basins with 2 ewers, 160 oz. (Wr., 1 to Tarbes, the other to L.); 2 pr. pottle pots. 175 oz. (Wr., 1 to the one, another to the other); 3 goblets, large, with cover. 98 1/2 oz. (Wr., to Tarbes); 2 quart pots (I may get more of the same fashion), 46 oz. (Wr., to Tarbes). Total value at 5s. per oz., 292l. 12s. 6d. Which of these parcels the King desires to have shall be ready. Friday, 17 Aug., 5 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, with speed. Haste, post, haste. Endd.
17 Aug. 530. Cranmer, Latimer, and Hilsey.
R. O. Depositions taken at Norton before Richard Sheldon, George Myddyll-more, Edward Rowley, and Wm. Fyld, 17 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII.
i. Of Wm. Baker of Norfyld, weaver. Heard Harry Horton of Norffyld say in Norfyld church on Monday in Whitsun week last that the bps. of Canterbury, Rochester, and Worcester were knave bishops and heretics.
ii. Of John Prest. That he heard Horton say that he was lately at London and heard the bp. of Rochester say these words at Paul's Cross, that he was come to that place upon his own mind, and now he was commanded by the King. He also heard the said Harry say "he had heard divers say that the same bishop was a heretic and a lowler, and that he heard divers serving men say when he did see a bishop, There goeth a knave bishop."
iii. Of Ric. Baker of Norfyld. That he heard the said Harry say these words, "That in Norfyld parish the bishop of Worcester was a knave bishop and a heretic, and his preaching was naught; and that he heard the King's falconer say in London that it was not the King's mind that he should so preach, and the said falconer asked whether there were none [in] Worcestershire that would pull him out of his castle."
iv. Of John Francis aliter Hill. That he heard the said Harry say at the guild feast in Bremmycham that the bishops of Canterbury, Rochester, and Worcester were heretics and lowlers, and another time that they were knave bishops. Also the said Harry said that the King's falconer had asked him if there were not men enough in Worcestershire to pluck him out of his castle.
v. Of John Lowe, who heard the said Harry say in Norfyld church that the bp. of Worcester was a lowler, heretic and knave bishop, and that he would make more heretics.
vi. Ellis Baker, Wm. Baker, and Ric. Wood also confirmed the accusation, the last giving as Horton's expression that the bps. of Rochester and Worcester had made thousands of heretics, that the bp. of Worcester was "pollard horson," that he trusted to see him burned, and would carry a faggot seven miles to burn him.
Signed by the above justices and also by Walter Walssh, Richard Tracy, and Wm. Robynson.
Pp. 3. Endd.
17 Aug. 531. Patrick Barnewall to Cromwell.
Lamb. MS.
602, f. 116.
Has received letters from his friends about the journey of the Deputy, Treasurer, and others upon the Kevanaghs, from whom they have received pledges as well as from the Moris, O'Kerall, Fergownamyn, and O'Kenedy. They have also received O'Connor's money for the peace with him, to the value of 600 kine, for which he has no other liberty, but that himself, wife, and family may abide with Ossory and others of his friends till the King's pleasure is known, but he may not go to Offaly, where he lately dwelt. "If provision of inheritance be had," that country will be won for the King. The Commissioners should be instructed to "inhabit" as much land as possible. Baron Fyngles is dead, and will be much missed. The Commissioners last Thursday started for Holyhead, and will take shipping as soon as the wind serve. Westchester, 17 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To the right honourable Sir Thomas Crumwell, knyght, lorde Cromwell, and lorde Preve Seale."
18 Aug. 532. Sir Will. Gascoigne [of Cardington] to Cromwell.
R. O. I thank you for the great pains it pleased to take with me this day. I beg your favour for the mayor of Northampton, the bearer, in his suit to the King for the town. On Monday I intend waiting on you. Cardyngton, Saturday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Mr. Gascoigne the xviii. of August.
18 Aug. 533. Thomas Bishop of Ely to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letter dated Ampthill the 11th inst. charging me with having "abridged" your nephew certain duties belonging to some offices he bought of Thos. Megges. I have used Master Megges and his affinity with as much kindness as their own uncle my predecessor did, and when I discovered untrue dealing, especially in Thos. Megges' office, in falsifying records to the disherison of my tenants, and taking away fines, &c, I only admonished him, but still paid his duties under protest, abridging nothing. Nevertheless he has always sought to do me displeasure, and when I was at London "now last" by the King's commandment, there assembled by his means 16 or 17 persons who came to my house and broke my gates and locks. Of this I complained to your Lordship, and "to set dissension in my top" he sold his offices to Master Richard, but without, I am sure, informing him of the truth of his patents. I told Master Richard he should have them of me, but not of him, for they were forfeit. To say the truth, what I most disliked was that Mr. Richard said Megges should be his deputy. Dodyngton, 18 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. "A copy of the bishop of Ely's letter."
To show my lord Privy Seal I am content that Mr. Gregory and Mr. Richard jointly have the offices and fees thereto belonging, reserving the
nomination of under deputies and officers, because I will not have Megges or any of my adversaries keepers of my house, deer, or courts. (2.) That I should think it a kindness if his Lordship took it at my hands. (3.) That the turves, litter, oats, &c. allowed in his patent be converted into a money payment. (4.) Provision to be made for an orphan, who is injured by the grant of the patent to Megges, for it was a copyhold to one Carter.
P. 1.
18 Aug. 534. Walter Walsshe, Ric. Tracy, and Wm. Robynson to Cromwell.
R. O. Enclose depositions against one Dr. Smythe and Henry Horton. Have committed Horton to the common jail, but Smythe is departed to Oxford. Ask for instructions. 18 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. Information against Dr. Smythe, who on the 8 July, 29 Hen. VIII. in the parish church "of Saynt Larrance in Hestam" (Evesham?), made a sermon, and at the beads prayed for the King and the "lady Jane late queen," for the abp. of York, bp. of Lincoln, "and for our most holy father bishop of London, a founder of the faith of Christ," for my lords of Hessam (Evesham), Halse, Wynchcomb, and Habynton, and for souls in purgatory. Witnesses—Richard Love and five others. Signed: Walter Walssh, Rychard Tracy, Wyll'm Robynson.
P. 1.
18 Aug. 535. Sir John Dudley and Sir G. Carew to Cromwell.
R. O. I have at length declared to the King the circumstances of our journey from the beginning. We are the heaviest men that ever bare lives to have done so little service in so long space. I have written to the King of the ship Mr. Carew is in. I know not how his Highness will credit it, but it is no feigned thing, for the masters will not go to sea with her again, the winter comes on so fast, and she takes in so much water. I reckon the Breton we have taken to be a slight merchant, for our Bordeaux mariners say "that much of the wines is merchants' of London;" but both money and wines are ready at the King's pleasure. Hampton, 18 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 Aug. 536. Tunstall to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends by bearer a patent of the stewardship of Howden, delayed in order to get a copy of Sir Robert Constable's patent, of which a minute was found by much searching. Would have found it long ago, but the chancery of Durham was spoiled where the records lay. Cromwell may appoint as officer and deputy whom he pleases, for it is a town of much resort, and was one of the first that stirred, because Aske dwelt near it. Has discharged Gervaise Cawod, who was receiver there, of all the offices he held of the bishop, and also Thomas Davy, under-bailey. Both were busy in the commotion. Boswell, sometime servant to my lord Cardinal, is chief bailey there, who will keep good rule. Laylam, 18 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 Aug. 537. Sir Thomas Wharton to Cromwell.
R. O. Affairs under his charge proceed yet in good sort. Has had three meetings with the Scots, where redress was made on both sides. The attemptates done in the earl of Cumberland's time are so many, especially by those of Bowkastell and the Waystland in England, and Ledesdale in Scotland, that he cannot yet have the bills from the earl's officers. Is to have a new meeting on Thursday the 30th. Lord Maxwell on Saturday and Monday last had before him the inhabitants of Ledysdaylle and gave them quick words, saying he would see redress done to the English. "I did afore that accordingly use John Musgrave for the inhabitants of Bewkasselldayle, and the Waysteland under the charge of Sir William Musgrave." The King of Scots crossed the Forth beyond Edinburgh last week—it is said to a fair woman there. The justices of assize, Mr. Jenens and Mr. Hynde, passed over the moor from Exham to lord Dacre's house at Nawerd, and have kept the assizes at Carlisle and Appleby. Little business hath been. The people in both shires are in good obedience, and have received to their great comfort the proclamation of pardon. The writer accompanied the justices. After some meetings with the Scotch for Ledesdale and to hear of the due obedience of Tynedale on the Middle Marches, will certify his opinion as desired. Wharton, 18 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[18] (fn. n8) Aug. 538. Katharine Duchess of Suffolk to Lady—
Vesp. F. xiii.
80 b.
B. M.
Thanks her for wine and a "lett dooge" she has sent her. My lord my husband desires to be recommended to you and my lord your husband, with whom I should be glad to be acquainted. My lord of Shrewsbury's house in Yorkshire, Saturday after Our Lady's Day, "the Sumpsonen."
Hol., p. 1.
18 Aug. 539. Ruy Fernandez to John III.of Portugal.
R. T. 154,
No. 35.
As I have written to your Highness, the Dauphin and the Grand Master left for Picardy, and joined the camp, to succour St. Pol, which was taken by assault. The Burgundians then went to Montreuil, which, being a large town and insufficiently garrisoned, they utterly destroyed, and burnt it and all the country, without the French being able to prevent it. They then laid siege to Terouenne, where they were more than a monthe battering the town, but without giving assault, as the place was so strong. The Flemings had 30,000 men, of whom 14 or 15 were Germans, and 5,000 or 6,000 horse and 60 pieces of artillery. Truce was made 30 July for 10 months. The King remains with Hesdin, and may not fortify St. Pol.
The queen of Scotland is dead. The King makes great mourning, and all the land. The King has executed 8 or 10 persons, because in his absence here they conspired to bring into the kingdom the brother (fn. n9) of an earl who has married his (the King's) mother, and is in England a fugitive.
The king of England is sending hither a gentleman to visit the King in his illness, and to complain of the ships taken. He has despatched ships to guard the coast. The gentleman says the King does not wish to break with the French, but will order justice to be done, with which the people and the Council are not content, but they are so terrified by the past sins, that they dare not "abrir a māo." The Queen is pregnant, and will lie-in in November. Here they talk of marrying the Princess to the king of Scotland, but this gentleman says it will never be, the two nations are so hostile.
The Pope wrote to the King fully about the peace, urging him to send a person with sufficient powers to Rome, and that the Emperor would send another, and if he found any obstacle, he would declare against whoever was in fault. So he has sent to the King for aid against the Turk, and has sent a brief to summon the cardinals, and to intimate the prorogation of the Council. His ambassador charged with these matters could not have audience for more than a month and a half, and was obliged to declare his message to the card. of Lorraine and Mons. de Villandry, who held the rule while the Grand Master was away. They, after consulting the King, said Francis would write to his ambassador at Rome; and so he remains here still, and must have patience.
The King has given congé to the Turk who was here, and who has gone to embark at Marseilles. He sends his galleys with him, in which go the prince of Melfe (sic), the duke Dateyn (?), and the duke of Sonia (?), and many other Italians of the kingdom of Naples, and other lords who lived here in exile, who are going to the Turk to seek aid for the recovery of their lands.
The French are strengthened in Piedmont by 10,000 Germans of the duke of Würtemberg. Certain Spaniards under the marquis of Guasto have mutinied, &c. Nothing is known about the Turk's doings. Sends a book, lately printed here, not very likely to promote peace. Paris, 18 Aug. 1537.
Modern copy, pp. 7, from the archives of Torre do Tombo. Portuguese.
19 Aug. 540. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends his servant, the bearer, over the sea, to visit Cromwell, with "such simple dainties" as he can find in these parts. Calais, 19 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal, &c. Endd.: The Secretary of Calais.
19 Aug. 541. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. As I have to send tomorrow 10,000 francs, as part of the ransom of Mons. de Villebon, provost of Paris, as far as the sluice on the confine of your lands and those of Burgundy, where Captain Thouars is to receive it, I beg you will, for greater security, send to St. Ynglevert four or five of your men to accompany 20 of mine, and five or six others who carry the said money. Boulogne, 19 Aug. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Calais.
19 Aug. 542. Jehan de Tovar to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. Knowing your desire to gratify all noble persons, I hope that, at the request of the provost of Paris and myself, you will kindly order two or three horsemen to accompany some servants of the provost, bringing part of his ransom; along with whom will come some French merchants. I beg they may be accompanied surely into this town, or at least to Oye sluice. Gravelines Castle, 19 Aug. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
19 Aug. 543. Anthoine Brusset to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Yesterday, on my return from Bruges, I found a letter of yours in the hands of my lieutenant, dated 7th inst., informing me that a gentleman named Baltazart van Graetz has given you a bay horse, and desiring me to let him pass. For your sake I do so willingly. As to the two horses which you write my lieutenant arrested in this town in my absence, they were, as I have several times written, arrested by night on the strand a league outside the harbour of this town. I am sorry that the other four horses did not remain with them, and their conductors also. I think they would have been a lawful prize, and I beg you to write no more about it. Gravelines, 19 Aug. '37. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
19 Aug. 544. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
R. O. In favour of Robt. Barnewell, of Roostown, to be King's serjeant-at-law in case Patrick Barnewell be promoted to some high room, as he is well worthy. The man is said to be learned and honest, and is brother to the lord Chancellor here. Arbrakan, 19 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Aug. 545. Lead of Suppressed Monasteries.
R. O. Essex.—Account of the lead of the priories of Dunmow, Tyltey, and Hennyngham Castle, molten and cast in sows, &c., by Will. Rogers and Will. Wylson, plumbers. At Tyltey, Wilson received, in the name of Thos. Erytage, priest, surveyor of the King's works, 40 fodders 107 lb. at one time, and on the 20th Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. 40 fodder, "cc. di. xiiij lb." leaving 31 fodder "xviij C. di" 3 qrs. still remaining.
Pp. 16. Endd.: The boke of leade for Essex.
20 Aug. 546. John Huttoft to Wriothesley.
R. O. I am bound to give you (if I were not mortal) immortal thanks for your goodness. Of late I heard of the change of life of your natural son whom God (as I believe without need of our prayer) has taken to His mercy. Consoles him by reference to a custom of a people called Transes, in a region "confynant to the Thraces," where friends bewail, at the birth of a child, the miseries that it shall suffer in the world, and at a funeral rejoice that it is delivered from them. Gentle Mrs. Wriothesley is so wise that she will take it according to the comfort you sent to her. If it please you to hear our news lately brought from Venice, I will insert the words of Edmund Arvell, which follow:—
By letters freshly sent from Naples and Otranto it is certain that the Turk's navy of 170 galleys, 70 foists, and other vessels, 330 in all, passed Corfowe towards Valcona on the 10 July: it is thought the Turk will pass into Puglia. Andrea Doria had left Messina with 28 fast galleys to discover the Armata. The 20 galleys at Jenes departeth for Messina with others lately armed, in all 70 galleys and 60 or 70 ships. The French host in Pyemont was breaking up for lack of money and victuals; 300 Italians have deserted to the Emperor, and 700 more should follow. "The Pope (as they call him here) cometh to Bonony to flee the Turk." He should have constrained the French king to leave the Turk's league, and at least done all he could to help the Emperor to resist the enemies of the Christian religion; "but he is both French and Machometan, and it is pity that he liveth." "All this E. Harvell, the 20 of July."
Thus desiring your remembrance of my father's bills to my lord and master, (fn. n10) whom God preserve, and you and yours, and good Mr. Solemont with all the company. London, 20 August.
P.S.—Kept till 26th August for lack of a messenger. I desire your continual goodness towards my father, for, by certification that the unhappy Guidotti hath consigned certain wines to certain his peculiar creditors to whom my father is not bound, we have attached such wines "by that general word of my lord's letter." The wines were laden with money taken by exchange at 60 for 100.
Sir, we have 2 butts of malvesey for my lord and master, and desire to know where he would have them laid. If the Castelin had not, "by evil happe" unladen in Cadiz, there had been other wine.
My brother Cokerell saluteth you as also good Mr. Thomas. Signed: Tuus deditissimus J. Huttoftus.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at the Court.
20 Aug. 547. Norfolk to [Cromwell].
R. O. "My very good lord" I desire you to write by this bearer to young Mawnesfeld or any one that has the learning of old Mawnesfeld to put my son's arm in joint. With this you shall receive certain warrants to be given at your pleasure. As soon as you can, send me, to Sheriff Hutton, good store of books printed of the "order lately taken by the Bishops." Kenninghall, 20 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. At the foot of the page in another hand: "Charleton King." Not addressed. Endd.
20 Aug. 548. Robert Southwell to [Cromwell].
R. O. We have thoroughly viewed the late Earl's (fn. n11) castles and lands in Cumberland and Northumberland, and hope most part of those in Yorkshire will be viewed soon after receipt of this. The chief cause of our tract there is the "gressoming" of the King's tenants in Cumberland due whenever a new lord succeeds; which perplexed us somewhat as we had no commission therein; but considering the expense it would be to send up other commissioners and the distance between the Court and Cockermouth, we have done it. Having examined the books of the gressom to the old Earl and the last, we have agreed with the tenants, augmenting what was too little and diminishing the overmuch. Hope we have not offended, and if the King please to remit the gressome after the assessment, it will gratify the tenants more than it would have done before, "and if his Grace's pleasure shall be to take it as his revenue, being moderately used as it is, it shall be as thankfully taken as refused." It amounts to 1,000 mks., the "third part of Egremont and six other towns within the same shire not by us intermeddled with, wherein the earl of Sussex and Sir Thos. Wharton hath several estates of inheritance saved them by an Act of Parliament" of which I send you a copy, with another book made for my remembrance. If we might have gressomed them also the sum would have reached 1,000l. Has ordered Sir Thos. Wharton to defer the gressoming of them to the King's pleasure be known. Sir Thomas would have "wrestyde" them high enough, which would have done more harm than good. We should also have gressomed the tenants in Northumberland and Yorkshire had not the Earl done so shortly before his death, and given them leases for 21 years. Divers of the poor men in these North parts wish to have the farms of the suppressed monasteries in fee farm. Sends a book which will show the benefit of them if any suit be made before his coming. Scarce one of them is inhabited according to the statute, but let out and sold to the utmost profit. Once informed the King of the profits of his farms both in the North and West, which he has since found true in the North. Cromwell knows how a bill was put up to him by Hall, the customer of Exeter, of the value of the lands suppressed and not suppressed in Devonshire, which greatly exceeded the value rated to the King, and how the writer, finding the King willing to give lord William the monastery of Barnstable at the rate of 200 mks., when by his book it appeared to be 300 mks., gave notice thereof, but found the King "so well willing to hear thereof, that he took small courage to wade further therein." Reminds Cromwell he has been serving in the confines of the realm where the tenants are bound by custom to furnish themselves with horse and armour at their own charges; but the King is far underpeopled of the number of men armed to serve in former times. Thanks Cromwell for admonishing him touching the survey of the earl of Northumberland's lands, though he thinks he is not blinded by affection. As to his goods, made the most diligent search in the castles of Cockermouth, Alnwick, Purdowe, Warkworth, Topclif, Leckonfield, &c., but could find nothing of value except chapel stuff, 200 almain rivetts at Warkworth, with as many bows, and 400 halberds, &c. ready to be conveyed away, which he placed in Alnwick castle in charge of the abbot of Alnwick by indenture, with the keeping of the castle till the King's pleasure be known. Thinks he was a more meet person than the servants of Sir Ingram Percy, who remain there by Norfolk's commandment. The good stuff of the Earl's was thought to be at Topclif, but we could have no account of it, the officers being with your Lordship at London. The Scots have spoiled Tyndale and Riddesdale. Never saw a finer inheritance more blemished by the folly of the owner and untruth of his servants than these of the late Earl. If by recompense of those who have extraordinary charges it be reduced to the state it was in in the old Earl's time, it would be right meet for his Grace who is now owner; "for the honours and castles purporten such a majesty in themselves now being the King's as they are in manner as mirrors or glasses for the inhabitants 20 miles compass every way from them to look in and to direct themselves by." Wresyll castle, 20 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 6.
2. Memoranda by Southwell.
R. O. For the abbey of Anwyk, set to the King at 180l. was there laid a chain in my hand worth 100l. to get the preferment thereof in farm for 500 mks. a year.
For the abbey of Hexam was offered me, to get it as the farmer now has it, 400l.
"For the preferment of Numister as Sir Oswald Wilthrop hath it," was offered me 300l. My lord, the abbot of Anwyk a near neighbour there told me it was worth 400l. a year; "and well assured am I that it is a profitable thing to Sir Oswald as he hath let it again."
Two gentlemen of substance of Yorkshire wished to have St. Agatha's for 1,000l. which lord Scrope had for 400l.
The farm of the demains of Rosedale, being but 7l., was sold for 300 mks.: of Merten, but 28l., for 260l.: of Ardene, but 8l. for 140l.: of Melsby, but 12l., for 100 mks.
The demesnes of Nonnemonckton be clear to the farmer; rent paid to the King, 33l. 6s. 8d
The demesnes of Helaygh in farm of Sir Thomas Wharton at 23l. be clear to him as he has let them out 26l. 13s. 4d.
Sir Ralph Elderker has a benefice for 15l. whereof he makes 50l., and so would Beckewith the receiver of Yorkshire give, who informed me of much of this, hearing the farmers would sue to have their farms in fee farm.
There are others I heard not of; but I inform your Lordship as I think you must be privy to the suit of such as intend to sue for the inheritance of them.
Mem.—There are no woods for building in the suppressed houses of Yorkshire, but at Merton, Hclaige, Synnyngthwat, Holdenprise, and Draxe.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "Mr. Ro. Southwell's remembrances." In the hand of Sowthwell's clerk.
20 Aug. 549. Robert Sowthwell to [Cromwell].
R. O. I thank your lordship as I perceive by your letters that you have commended to the King my service at Furnes. I have too little to serve his Grace, who may amend this, and the rather by your assistance. If you wish to know more the bearer can inform you, "who was sent by me one day by the licence of the Warden into Scotland to a day of merche to see the order there."
I saw a child of my lady your daughter's at Wylberffosse nunnery, Yorksh., who was in good health at the writing of this.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: 20 August.
20 Aug. 550. Sir Richard Graynffeld to Cromwell.
R. O. Could hardly deny Cromwell anything upon such promise as he has made of his friendship in the matter between Mr. Surveyor and himself. Is nevertheless in debt by the charges he has sustained these 6 or 7 years. The marriage of lady Lisle's sister, his own sister, and his eldest daughter cost him 700 mks. His attendance in Parliament for five years cost him 500 mks., and the high marshalship of this town, with the cost of attaining it, 800 or 900 marks, besides payment of his father's debts and bequests, 1,200 mks. And the keeping of house, &c. Could have had 40l. jointure by marrying this maiden to Tregien's son and heir; which he does not crave of Mr. Surveyor, but will for Cromwell's sake take Mr. Surveyor for his friend, and if he bring the writer's daughter to his house, will receive her and marry her out of it, and, when he can do so with ease, give him 100 mks. Calais, 20 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Aug. 551. O'Donell to Lord Leonard Grey.
R. O.
St. P. ii.
Learns that the Deputy and Council think him untrue to the King. His father kept a woman, against God's laws, who daily instigated his father against him and procured his father to complain of him to the King and Council; all this because he would she should avoid his father's company as the Church and the friars counseled him to do. For his own safety, did what he could against his father and nothing against the King. Refers to Robt. à Wintre, and to John Capes and Benet Jay, and their company of Bristol who use these parts. Now his father is dead and he has the country, will do as good service as ever his father did. The lords of the West and South of Ireland have asked him to take their part and cause O'Neil to do the same. Has refused utterly. Begs him to inform the King of this letter and have his gracious answer. Dongall, 20 Aug. Signed.
Add.: Deputy. Endd. Sealed.
20 Aug. 552. Michael Throkemerton to Cromwell.
R. O. Cromwell says that he looked for his return from Rome long before this, but it depended most on him to whom he was sent, and partly on Cromwell's answers to his letters, which he looked for on arriving at Paris, and thence to have been despatched by "this man." (fn. n12) Thought Cromwell's silence a consent to his remaining with him to whom he was sent till further orders. But considering now that the King takes him for a worse rebel than either he or the writer would have thought at his leaving Rome, thought it expedient to declare more at large the cause of his stay. First at Paris, seeing Cromwell's letters did not come, required of him (Pole) his despatch according to his promise at Rome, in hopes whereof he accompanied him to Paris. He answered that as Throkmerton had no reply from Cromwell, it seemed he "passed not greatly" on his return; "and immediately asked me whether I thought it not a convenient time for him to send me now without any letters of credence to the King," who took him (Pole) for so grievous a rebel, and took all that he did, said, or wrote to the contrary. He therefore delayed Throkmerton's despatch. On arriving at Cambray, seeing himself in great danger through the King's procurement, he thought it neither time nor place to commune further about it. Waited therefore for Cromwell's letters and his answer. Hopes he will think it for the best, for soon after his arrival here, he (Pole) began more than ever to declare the effect of. his legation. He said that reserving the difference of the opinion concerning the unity of the Church, in which he would never change, there was no one who favoured more the King's true honour and wealth, nor could do more for the furtherance thereof than he intended to do. He showed what occasions he had to hinder it if he had been so minded. When he departed they urged him violently to leave the book in the Pope's hands, who would have published it. They were not satisfied when he said it might irritate the King and be hurtful to the cause if at any time he went about reconciliation. They have deferred it till he comes back and the censures likewise, of which he has now again refused the exercise. He never meant to treat with the princes, to whom his legacy is directed, but what should be most for the King's honour if he at all inclined to that part that other princes do touching the unity of the Church; that it might seem most to come by the request of other princes. He said he did this the more on account of the violence people had used of late. Therefore he desired the bishop of Verona to accompany him, as the meetest instrument, from his favour with both Kings and his wisdom. He thought by this way the King, with his most honour and surety, and wealth of his country, might have been reconciled to all parties, and for this he was now taken as a rebel. In conclusion, he said that he feared lest at last, the King continuing his persecution in publishing him as a rebel to all princes, he should be constrained to declare himself what a rebel he is and for what causes. For his own part, if he sought honour he would desire no more than to make it openly known after what fashion he rebels against his Grace.
Tells Cromwell this that he may see what small hope or cause he had of any despatch, but much more occasion to tarry his time to be more resolute of his mind than suddenly to depart without answer or anything of moment. Trusts Cromwell will perceive by the following that Throkemerton was not deceived in his opinion. Though he had never so many spies in these parts, is sure he can have no true knowledge of common matters here, much less secret matters. First, "this man" is revoked again into Italy, against the General Council which is appointed for Nov. 1.
The Pope intends to proclaim an indulgence for all who pray for the King and the return of England to the unity of the Church (like that for the deliverance of Christendom from the Turk), rehearsing what charitable means have been used to that intent; which taking no effect, they intend to describe many of the King's acts, for their justification, and at his (Pole's) return, to put the book in print if he will consent, "as it will be hard for him to deny for the great confidence they have therein, more than in all the rest, for the virtuous life and other great qualities they have conceived of the writer thereof."
Thought it best to advertise Cromwell thereof, considering the short departure of "this man," on whose return hangs both the devulgating of the censures, putting forth his book, and sending new ambassadors to Christian princes if he refuse to take on him to commend to them the cause of England. Assures Cromwell that his tarrying with Pole may stand him in no little stead. Is greatly astonished, as are many others, at the diligent procurement on the King's behalf for "this man's" ruin. It daily comes to his knowledge many ways, and yet he continues in the same love and constant mind to the King's honour and wealth that he has hitherto showed, complying with no man's requests that might put the King to any dishonour, hindrance, or trouble. If his mind had been otherwise, it would have been hard to have cloaked it at this time. This makes men the more to marvel, to see the King bent rather on his ruin than on a reconciliation, though it were very hard to be done, the cause standing as it doth.
Cromwell can now consider what is best to be done. Supposes Cromwell's coming to speak with him is hopeless. Cannot think of any other person who would help. Has partly showed his mind to Master Hutton. Thinks the redressing of these matters requires a greater prudence and more pregnant wit than his own. Remits it therefore to Cromwell's prudence and wisdom. Trusts he now sees that Throgmorton's tarrying was more profitable than his returning could have been. If Cromwell writes he had better send the letter to Hutton. Lege, 20 Aug. 1537.
P.S.—When he wrote these letters he thought this man's departure would have been longer delayed. Now he departs in three or four days. Had no certain knowledge nor any trustworthy messenger to Hutton.
Hol., pp. 5. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Cleop. E. vi. 2. Copy of the preceding.
Pp. 5.
20 Aug. 553. Michael Throkemerton to Hutton.
R. O. Would have liked to come himself and show Hutton the cause of his sending the enclosed letters to my lord Privy Seal, but the suspicious time will not suffer it. Desires credence for his kinsman, the bearer, in whom he has full trust. He will explain among other things the mention of Hutton in the letters, which he sends open. Lege, 20 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Hutton, agent for the King's noble grace of England [at] Antwerp. Endd.
20 Aug. 554. Charles V. to Barnardo Ariete.
28,589 f. 351.
B. M.
Note of the contents of the minute of the Emperor's letter from Monçon, 20 Aug. 1537, to Bernardo Ariete. Similar letters were sent to Cosmo de Medicis, Aless. Vitello, Pyrrho Colonna, Francesco Sarmiento. and Card. Cibo.
Note of documents at Simancas, p. 1.


  • n1. Erroneously printed in Vol. XI., No. 273.
  • n2. Patrick Fynglas.
  • n3. Patrick Barnewaii.
  • n4. Printed in Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, i. 389, with the date 14 Aug. at the end.
  • n5. The earl of Northumberland was steward of Whitby in 1535 (See Valor Eccl. v. 83), and it may be presumed the stewardship was given to Cromwell upon his death.
  • n6. 21 July.
  • n7. Anne Basset.
  • n8. The exact day of the month depends upon the year, which is uncertain.
  • n9. Sir George Douglas.
  • n10. Cromwell.
  • n11. The late Earl of Northumberland.
  • n12. His master Pole, whose name he studiously suppresses throughout the letter.