Henry VIII: September 1537, 1-10

Pages 228-245

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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September 1537, 1-10

Sept. 619. [Cromwell] to Michael Throg[morton].
R. O.
I have received your letters of 20 Aug. declaring "the causes that moved your [so] long to demore and continue in [those] parts, [with su]ndry other things in the same expres[sed]. ......... your letters I received also a letter ........... the King's Majesty's ambass[ador] in [F]launders" containing a credence brought to him by a friar to the effect that if the King would "put a stay to such [bulls] as ye write the bishop of Rome and h[is accom]plisses" intend to put forth against him, Dr. Wilson is the best instrument for the purpose. I have shown the King the effect of both letters, and moved him to send "[Doctor Wi]lson unto your master friendly and frankly [to commu]ne with him for his reconciliation." Although the King counts for nothing all that the bp. of Rome's malice can do; yet "to save [him whom] he hath from his cradle nourished [and] broug[ht up in] learning, and whose family be[ing oppre]ssed an[d trampled] under foot his goodness hath aga[in] ......... [an]d re[stored to] their honour and possessions, in case his Hi[ghness can be] assured that he will tarry at Mast[richt] till [Dr. Wilson] may repair thither to entreat all matters at length [with] him, his Majesty will send the said Mr. Wilson the[ither] with diligence for that purpose, which your master will not re[fuse] to do if he retain that mind that [according to his] own words he hath in him. Surely, Thro[gmorton, how]soever he hath forced his Majesty to declare against [him, his] Highness would more esteem the reconciliation of hy[m that] he knoweth to be made an instrument to his own con[fusion in] the end if he persist in it than he passeth of all [that the] bishop of Rome's malice can work against his Gra[ce.] Wherefore if he woll in any any part answer to his Hi[ghness'] clemency and affection towards him, let h[im] ..... write the certainty for his demore, b .......... as he may rather redubbe partly th ...... any further irritate his Grace by any s. ...... or sentences to be in his letters expressed ....... see the letters conveyed hither and Mr. [Wilson] .... the mean season till answer come be ...." From M[ortlake] ..... of September at night.
Draft, pp. 2. Mutilated. Addressed below: To Michel Throg[morton].
620. Cromwell to Wilson and Heath.
R. O. "A remembrance to Mr. Dr. Wilson and Mr. Hethe, chaplains to the King's Majesty, for the better direction of themselves in their voyage into Flanders."
First, whereas Michael Throgmorton, servant to Reynold Pole (which Pole, in contempt of the King who brought him up at his own charges, has given himself to his Highness' mortal enemy the bp. of Rome, and become a sycophant in writing and an unkind deviser of treasons), did of late with a pretence of loyalty write from Liege, 20 Aug. last, to me, the lord Privy Seal, stating, among other things, that he thought Master Wilson would be a meet instrument to stay the said Pole, whose judgment he took to be not so decided, but that it might be influenced by men of learning like him and Hethe, I, accordingly, desired the King's licence for Wilson to repair to the said Pole in the confines of Flanders. "I found a gracious inclination in him to condescend to my desire," and his Majesty, of his great clemency, "willing to have recovered that he hath himself made somewhat of nothing when he seeeth it in such jeopardy of utter destruction, how much evil soever it hath deserved of him," has licensed me not only to send the said Wilson and Hethe to the said Pole but also to instruct them. I accordingly, joining with me the bps. of Durham and London (who have shown their virtue and learning, both by their instructions in points of learning to the said Wilson and Hethe, and by their letters thereu[pon] directed to the said Pole) have devised as follows:—
First, that in their journey towards —— (blank), where Pole lies, they shall [take] with them this remembrance, with the letters written by the said bps., a sermon lately made by the bp. of York, an oration set forth by the bp. of Winchester and a book of certain things lately determined here by the whole clergy —— (blank). And on their arrival they shall frankly declare to the said Pole his miserable condition, and on the other hand the great clemency of the Prince in suffering them to resort to him for his reconciliation, and the great probability that the King will yet take him to mercy and put him in the state of an honest man if he will return home, acknowledge his fault, and desire forgiveness. They shall urge him to weigh what grace he may now find and what may be the end if he persist in his madness. In their conversation they must by no means call him by any other name than Mr. Pole, nor in their gesture give him any pre-eminence, but show by their bearing that they hold him in the less estimation for his vain title. If they find him disposed to repent they shall advise him for a testimony thereof to write submissively to the King, and send at once the minute of his frantic book, preparing also to repair hither with all diligence himself to make like submission. And if he express any fear of danger they shall advertise me at once what he wishes for his security, and I will be a humble suitor to the King to declare his clemency in such fashion that I trust he need fear nothing.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 13.
621. John Gresham to Cromwell.
R. O. The value of Whittington College to him that shall be master (fn. n1) is no more than 13l. 13s. 4d. Asks his favour for the bearer. Sealed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
622. Nicholas Whelock, Vicar of Biddulph, Staff., to Cromwell.
R. O. Petition setting forth that he is now prisoner by Cromwell's order in Stafford Castle; where he has lain 26 weeks without trial, having been accused of seditious words by John Thorley and Hewgh Walklate, at the procurement of certain persons who have obtained the advowson of his benefice. At the last assises his accusers left the town to avoid giving evidence when commanded by Mr. Justice Porte to do so. Desires to be tried this sessions after Michaelmas.
P. 1. Mutilated. Add.: Privy Seal.
1 Sept. 623. Sir Thos. Audeley, Chancellor, to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Begs his favour in behalf of his servant John Nycholas the bearer, to whom the King has granted a spear's place at Calais, at 8d. a day. Begs he may be admitted into the place which is now void. Old Ford, 1 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
1 Sept. 624. Rauff Waren, Mayor of London, to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter asking him to send the bricklayer (fn. n2) with the examinations and depositions. Sends the prisoner, who was committed for openly confessing that he preached on Aug. 26, without sufficient licence and for malice that he had to his parson and curate, who he says called him heretic openly in the pulpit and cried out blood and fire upon him. The parson on Thursday last denied it. The prisoner being asked where he learned the same, said that for 30 years he had endeavoured to learn Scripture, but he cannot write or read. He would not confess who were his bearers and fautors, but began his sermon before us "In nomine Patris et Filius (sic) et Spiritus Sanctus (sic) Amen," and declared some part of it. He hath the New Testament ever about him.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My lord Mayor the first of September.
1 Sept. 625. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. It is long since I heard from your lordship, and I yet doubt whether you have received the letters sent by Henburye's man and, since then, by Jas. Vydyan, shoemaker, of Canterbury, who also carried a packet of Mr. Surveyor's letters. I have daily looked for Mr. Porter's coming, by whom I expected to know your full mind. I am anxious to hear how my lady speeds. I trust, as well as ever she did, though she somewhat mistrusts herself. Yet by your lordship's good advertisements, howsoever God will that it frame, her ladyship shall take it much the better, and it is not to be doubted but God worketh all for the best. Your horse was delivered on Wednesday last, and well handled by the bearer. I think Mr. Richard will never part with him. He thanks you entirely for him and at his return from Warwickshire will send you a nag. He gave the bearer 40s. I have returned your lordship the saddle, for he had nothing but the bridle and a yellow cloth. The saddle was well saved and he would little have regarded it. I wrote about the obtaining of your long suit, and that you should write thankful letters to my lord Privy Seal and Mr. Wriothesley. It would be well taken if you wrote to the King also. Send me the copies of the letters that I may know what answer to make at the delivery of them.
As to your patent, I cannot get the Chancellor of the Augmentations to set his hand to the book, but I doubt not to pass it without him or his hand. He has constrained me to search the Parliament roll for the danger of it, for I would be loath to stand in his courtesy. As far as I could see, he never meant your lordship good, but I trust to make it sure in spite of his teeth. I think it grieves him that you have the fee simple without his help. I send a whole red deer packed in salt canvas, being the halves of two deer parted between John Wyngfyld and me. The Queen asked the King for one for him, and he sends it to Sir Robt. Wingfield at Calais baked. The lord Admiral spoke to the King for you at my request. His Highness was loath to send it, being no better; but the lord Privy Seal and lord Admiral said that whatever he sent would be joyfully received by your lordship. He divided eight deer as follows. The first to the Imperial Ambassador, the second the King took, the third my lord Privy Seal, the fourth the French Ambassador, the fifth the lord Chancellor, the sixth between your lordship and Mr. Wingfield; the seventh, between the bishop of Chichester and Mr. Comptroller, Mr. Pallett; and the eighth, between your lordship and Mr. Wingfield. He may thank the Queen for it. I was very loath to be coupled with him, but I would not refuse the King's gift. You must write a letter of thanks to my lord Admiral. I send two warrants which Mr. Russell has got; Thundersley and Rayley in Essex. Haddley is not in the King's gift. If it had been your lordship should have had it, but the Queen is very dangerous and will grant none. If you write to thank Mr. Russell, he will be ready to do you pleasure another time. You must speed these warrants for the time draws fast away. James Crane has his pardon and will go hence to night or tomorrow. The lord Admiral looks daily for your answer about lord Montague's walk in the forest of Bere. If you will not grant Huntley's lease, he wants the old lease. The treasurer expects to be thanked for the 20l. I had of him for the charges of your patent. The banding of your enemies there is not to be considered, as your friends here are strong enough to defend you. I have so wrought that West and his sons shall not speed without your assent. Lord Privy Seal says the King desires you and the Council to punish the priest of Guisnes or any other who shall break the King's laws, and not to send them over. He will examine the two priests who are here at his next coming to London. Sir John Dudley offers to send two bucks to Mrs. Frances' marriage and to Mr. Bassett's. The abbot of Westminster doth amend. I will speak to him in two days. I think he is so greedy that he will not tarry for his tun of wine. As yet I can write no further than I have done, which is 5 marks in money, and 5 marks in a silver salt, for the bequest of Vyllers. St. Katharine's 1 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
1 Sept. 626. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I sent you a letter lately by one of Canterbury, declaring my poor mind. I have been with Mr. Treasurer, who refuses to help you with 20l., on account of his own great need. Herewith I send two letters, the one from my lady Rutland, to whom I delivered the two dozen quails and one dozen brews. Neither my lady Sussex nor my lady Rutland will require you to pass on their stuff. By the other letter, from my lady Sussex, you will find that the Queen now wishes to see your daughters as soon as possible. They had better be here within 15 days, as the Queen takes her chamber in 20 days. Whichever the Queen accepts must have a servant to wait on her, and the Queen will give her but 10l. a year. Touching the woman my lady Rutland agreed with you about, she has sent her back to her father, saying plainly she is not for you. Tyldysley has been in hand with me for the carpets. They must be returned as they are pointed out by warrant, and also the Queen's red travers. They must be here by the 20th inst. Mr. Surveyor and Mr. Popley promise that your weir shall be remembered. Sir William must await my lord Privy Seal's coming to London and then I hope he will do right well. I beg you to trust in God, and I doubt not you will do as well as ever. St. Katharine's, I Sept.
I beg that Sendye may come over with Mrs. Katharine and Mrs. Anne. Hol., pp. 2. Add.
1 Sept. 627. Lord Leonard Grey to Henry VIII.
Lamb. 602,
f. 50.
Concerning affairs in Ireland. To the same effect as his letter to Cromwell, which follows; omitting the last paragraph.
1 Sept. 628. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 471.
After finishing the journey against the Cavenaghes and others mentioned in letters from him and the Council to the King, hearing of Odonell's death and O'Neil's levying of adherents, and O'Neil's son's attempt to seize Ardglas castle, Grey proclaimed a general hosting with one month's provisions. By the Council's advice appointed O'Neil to come to the borders three days before the host should march. This he did and met the Chancellor, bp. of Meath and Chief Justice, and agreed to abide the order of these three and of Maguyer and McDonel, captain of his galloglas. As he delivered no pledges, but for the advice of the whole Council and the fact that O'Neil had a great force of Irish and Scots with him, would have visited him in his camp in such wise that his part-takers would have had little cause to boast. While on the borders with the King's host, as above, the new Odonell sent him certain letters (copy and answer enclosed in his letter to the King): if he persevere he may do good service against O'Neil. Thinks, with the Council, that the King should accept him to grace. Begs answer upon this or he will never be at any certainty with O'Donell, any more than he is with James of Dessemond.
For the love of God help us to a battery piece and artillery, which cannot be gotten here for money. The lack of that and money which we look for every day is a great hindrance. On the arrival of the money I will send my trusty servant Stephen Apparrye, to whom give credence. Bectif, 1 Sept. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Sept. 629. E. Viscount Beauchamp, to Cromwell.
R. O. Writes to know how he has fared since the writer's departure. Wishes Cromwell were with him, when he should have had the best sport with bow, hounds, and hawks. Master Lister has brought such hounds as are loth to diminish his game and his hawks favour the partridges. Cromwell has one friend here, Mr. Edgar, (fn. n3) who seldom forgets him. Mr. Penison also is here, who says the King promised his wife a jointure when he married. I beg you therefore to put him in the book if the King distribute any of the forfeited lands in the North. I also beg your favour for my chaplain. Wulfhaull, 2 Sept. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand: Commendations to his brother-in-law (fn. n4) and sister, "and I pray God to send me by them shortly a nephew."
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
2 Sept. 630. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. In behalf of the bearer John Eglesfylde. Cromwell knows the honest service done by his uncle Laurence Eglesfylde, dec. Sheriffhutton, 2 Sept. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Sept. 631. The Irish Commissioners to Cromwell.
R. O. Have received your letter with the King's pleasure for James of Desmond and copy of his letter to the King. For lack of wind remain at Holyhead. Holyhead, 2 Sept. Signed: Antony Sentleger——George Poulet——Thomas Moyle——Willm. Berners.
Moyle's hand, p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Sept. 632. Sentleger to Wriothesley.
R. O. Mr. Pallett and I have received my Lord's several letters concerning James of Desmond and a copy of a letter from him to the King. Have written of the receipt of the said letters and how the wind has stayed us here three weeks. I beg that when ye write into these parts I may also hear from you "an specially whether salmon be in season." Hollehed in the Isle of Anglesey, 2 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Court. Endd.
2 Sept. 633. John Hutton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
S. P. vii. 709.
Wrote from Antwerp 31 Aug. of Pole's departure from Liege. Came immediately after to Bruges where the Regent still resides, hunting most part of the day and seldom coming to Council. A pardon has come from Rome which requires men to fast three days and be shriven and houselled the fourth, which day is kept here this present Sunday. Some say pardons are not much valued in Italy to be sent here so cheap. The lords of Prat and Liskyrke are to depart with speed to the Emperor. Loys Schore and the secretary George Displegen are to be sent to Estland. The duchess of Milan is expected, who is to marry the duke of Cleves' son. The seneschal of Hainault is to return to France and De Peynnys hither as their ransoms cannot be arranged. The duke of Gueldres and the governor of Friesland have discharged the men they had assembled. Bruges, 2 Sept.
Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.
2 Sept. 634. John. Hutton to Wriothesley.
R. O. Sends two letters by bearer, for the King and my lord Privy Seal. Would be glad to hear from Wriothesley. Wrote other letters 2 days ago. Thinks the hawks he sent can speed no worse than others he sent by land when of 10 there came but one alive to Calais. Commendations to Mrs. Wriothesley. Bruges, 2 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At the Court. Endd.
2 Sept. 635. John. Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O. Yesterday friar Peto came to the English house in Antwerp and delivered the enclosed letters. I demanded his further credence, and after a long protestation, he said that his cousin Throkemorton would gladly have come to me himself but for the suddenness of his master's departure. He wished to tell me that in his opinion if the King wished to stop such things as were likely to be put forth shortly, no one would be so meet an instrument as Dr. Wilson and that I might help to convey letters by an Italian who often despatches them to Rome. He pretended to deliver this message with fear as he had been once reported to the King for putting forth a book against the marriage, which he denies. As I had been informed that he was sent by Pole into Scotland, I said he had been long a stranger in these parts. He replied that the Emperor's council had proposed to prevent to prevent their Order resorting to France and that they should choose a head within the Emperor's dominion and the bp. of Rome's legate should dispense with them. This he had been sent to compass by their general, but when it was about to be concluded, cardinal Pole refused the dispensation. He shows himself a benefactor to the bp. of Rome, remaining in hope of change. Recites his letter to the King. You will see that the King's letter is not of great importance, but I write to show my duty. Bregis, 2 September.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Sept 636. Jehan Mouton to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I send you by the ship of Hugh Coton a guinea cock and hen, as I promised you at Calais. Rouen, Sunday, 2 Sept.
Fr. Hol., p. 1. Add.
[3 Sept.] 637. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle.
R. O. The news I have is nothing, but when I have spoken with the King and his Council I shall tell you more. I left Mr. Cary at Rochester. He has promised me billets, and I desired to have "as many as would drye me at London," but he had none to give me. I offered to have carried them behind on my horse, each of my servants carrying a dozen behind him. I beg you to show my fellow Jack a Rydyng how gently Cary has handled me. Cockerell's wife has been with me and thinks she could do much good to my Lady if she might come over. From the Mynerz (Minories) within half an hour after I came aland, at iiij. of clock on Monday at afternoon, and on Tuesday I expect to be with the King's grace.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
3 Sept. 638. Chr. Hales to Cromwell.
R. O. By your letters dated Ampthill, 20 August, you desired to have the nomination to supply the place of Lambert, late of the Petty Bag. One of my clerks called Walter, who has been long a writer in the Chancery, hearing from Mr. North that Lambert would surely die, came from London and desired me to grant him the office. I would not do so then, but when he came again to me at Tenterden and informed me of Lambert's death, I promised him the grant: this was on Friday, 17 August. I beg you will be contented with this, and I promise you, as you desired, the first of the Six clerks that shall fall in my time. It will be a better office than this for the man you intend. Hakynton, 3 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
4 Sept. 639. Lord Lisle.
See Grants in September, No. 3.
4 Sept. 640. Richard Hore.
R. O. Declaration made 4 Sept. 1537, 29 Hen. VIII., by Ric. Hore citizen and leatherseller of London, owner of the good ship the Valentine, of London, lately returned from Spain, and now lying freighted in Cogans Pyll, near Cardiff, S. Wales, on his personal appearance at Cardiff castle before Henry earl of Worcester, that he is the King's true subject, has committed no offence, and claims to appeal to the King if any wrong be done to him.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
4 Sept. 641. Sir Thomas Wh[arton] to Henry VIII.
Calig. B iii.
B. M.
Affairs in the West Marches committed to him by the King are in good state. Has held meetings for redress according to the ancient laws. All is peaceable except Ledysdale in charge of the lord Maxwell, who has a dispute with Sir John Wederyngton, warden of the Middle Marches. Has a meeting with the former on Wednesday, 5 Sept. Carlisle, 4 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley: "Wharton to the King's highness."
R. O. 2. Copy of the same headed "The copy of the King's Majesty's letter sent by my brother Christopher, the 4th day of September."
Pp. 2. Endd.
4 Sept. 642. Sir Thomas Wharton to Cromwell.
Calig. B. iii.
B. M.
On Thursday, the 30 Aug., met Robt. Maxwell, son and heir of lord Maxwell, at Lochmaben Stone. Redress was given on both sides. Five bills were filed on either side, and made clean as the time served. Made proclamations through the W. Marches for all well-horsed and harnessed with bow or spear to give attendance. Sends copies. They were in two parts (1) to the pensioners, (2) to the other gentry, requiring them to let the Scots see, after the late perplexed world, that neither by those troubles nor by the change of officers was his Majesty's power diminished. Sends copy of a proclamation made on concluding with the Scotsmen before the meeting broke up, which he hopes will inspire wholesome awe. Has the names of all the knights, gentlemen, and officers with their retinues then present, "the gross whereof I have instructed unto my brother this bearer." Desires the King's thanks may be sent them for their services. Advertised the lord Lieutenant (fn. n5) of his proceedings before this, and of his opinion. In the late lord Dacre's day there was a cry "A Dacre, a Dacre," and afterwards "A Clifford, a Clifford," and even then "A Dacre, a Dacre." Now only a "A King, a King." Carlisle, 4th Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: my lord Privy Seal.
4 Sept. 643. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letters, and to learn what has been done about the hoy and the wood I immediately sent orders to the Admiral's lieutenant to come to me, and bade him get information about those who had committed the outrage. He has made answer that after procuring information he despatched a commission, at the request of the procureur of the Admiral, by virtue of which the hoy has been delivered into the custody of a burgess of Wissancq, and as to the wood which was in the said hoy, some of it has been found in various houses, for which they who took it and those who had it in their possession were summoned to appear in this town. Jean Broucq the plaintiff was present and by his consent they were liberated on bail to appear on Monday next provided the said Jean Broucq had returned from Zealand, where he was going. As to your long remonstrance that Frenchmen have taken a large number of English subjects at sea, such cases have not come to my knowledge; at all events, of persons under my jurisdiction. Boulogne, 4 Sept. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
4 Sept. 644. La Rochepot to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have seen your letter to Du Biez stating that those who detain the men of my galleons at Calais will not deliver them unless some Flemings taken by our galleons are sent back, and they threaten to carry my men into Flanders. My galleons arrived three or four days ago, and I have given express orders to Jaques Lomyre, master of the great galleon and Giles de Revelles, captain of the little one, to release the said Flemings. I thank you for the trouble you have taken in the matter. Encre, 4 Sept. 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
645. John Thompson, Master of the Maison Dieu, to Thos. Bedyll.
R. O. My friends the mayor and jurates of Winchelsea have obtained for me the benefice of St. Thomas there and have been with me at Dover desiring me to take it in order that something might be done by my poor advice for bettering the haven there and the Camber. It may be done, if the lord Privy Seal obtain the King's letters of commission, without cost to the King but yearly advantage of 40l. or 50l. Stays for Bedyll to send him the lord Privy Seal's pleasure. Dover.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Sept. 646. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
R. O. Before my coming to Mr. Bedyll's house in Aldersgate Street his woman had sent thither two of his servants, John Pye and John Wager, who have ransacked and conveyed this night so that nothing but bedding, books, &c., remain. I find, however, from Nic. Hewet, his servant, keeping his house in London, that Mr. Bedyll in his life time was conversant with John Raynes, bookseller, John Layland and one Feld. I then called on Raynes to see what money, plate, and jewels Bedyll had left with him and he confessed he had a "gardyvyance" of his, containing plate and gold, of which I send you an account. I have delivered it to the custody of my cousin Williamson in your place by Frere Augustines. The rest that was in the house I have left Father Thacker and John Millesent to make an inventory of. London, 5 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
[5 Sept.?] 647. Robert Lord to Cromwell.
R. O. As commanded, I delivered 350l. to John Walley by the hands of Richard Davy his deputy, who brought your letter to me. About 10 o'clock afterwards, the said John died. Begs Cromwell's favour to obtain for him Whalley's office of comptroller of the Mint, worth but 16l. a year. In haste from my poor house this Wednesday at 4 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: "vto Aug." (fn. n6)
[5 Sept.?] 648. Robert Lord to Cromwell.
R. O. This morning since I sent my letter to your Lordship I perceived by Mr. Williamson that you would have me send to Dover to see payment there. I have stayed Ric. Davyd who received the money till I can get some one to go with him, unless you would have William Body to go, or the surveyor of the King's works at Calais, whom I despatched this day, and who has made payment there before in the absence of "the said Whalley." My poor house in London, Wednesday, 8 a.m.
P.S.—I beg to know your pleasure for the sending forward of Ric. Davyd.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
649. S. V. (fn. n7) to Cromwell.
R. O. "Ensuing the commandment of your Lordship, I have with great pain drawn you a very short draught of the view of the account between the masters of the Mint and us which I do herewith send your Lordship." Mr. Lord has the receipt of the money which the masters paid. If you send Mr. Lord and the masters of the Mint to me, I shall pass your account.
To draw a view, he had first to make a declaration of the "garbell" (sent herewith) as he made of the gold. Hopes Cromwell will remember to the King how painful this has been. Begs his Lordship to return the "declaration of the garbell," for he has so travailed in this account that he thinks he has made an end of it.
P.S.—The masters of the Mint shall have much ado to make this account or else cannot make it: few men in this realm can make it.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal.
5 Sept. 650. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P., v. 104.
Since Friday last has been worse than since his sickness at Boulogne when the King was there. Has not eaten this five days the "mowntenaunce" of one good chicken. Has a running at the nose, a great stopping in the breast, and a fervent cough. Babthrobbe and Chaloner, who will be with Cromwell on Sunday, can declare his condition. The countries in his commission are as well ordered as he could wish except Tyndale and Riddesdale, which are under Weddryngton and Carnaby. Must ride to those parts. Weddryngton would do well, but it is not in him. Carnaby is afraid. Wishes they were both in Paradise. Begs my lord of Durham be hastened hither that Norfolk may return by Michaelmas. Ric. Gresham at his coming will tell Cromwell what country and house this is for an old man in winter. My lord of Durham and Bowes can advise him about Tyndale and Riddesdale. If the king of Scots will do half what his ambassador promises Norfolk will take such a leave of Northumberland that malefactors will not desire his return. Expects daily an answer from James. He has lately taken 7 or 8 more of Angus' friends, among them the lord of Dawewisse taken by John Home of Wedderburne, Angus' man. If the King of Scots will do well, the sooner Angus and his brother are recalled from the Borders the better. Has made a final end with Gresham and his adversaries. Has made a full agreement with Sir Henry Savyll and all his neighbours and his sisters. Knows no variance between gentlemen in this country which he has not reconciled except between Wilstroppe and Stapleton for the wardship, in which he will follow Cromwell's letter. Begs licence to return after Michaelmas day. Sherifhutton, 5 Sept.
Added in his own hand. Begs to know by bearer if he may truss up and send hence his household stuff after his departure towards Newcastle. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 651. Bishop Tunstall.
"Considerations wherefor the bishop of Duresme is not meet to be the president of the Council in the North."
1. He is in hate with the people of the North. Whatever justice is done there will be attributed to his revenge, and this will create a grudge against the King. 2. He has no house in Yorkshire or out of the Bishopric suitable to keep house upon, and the houses of the Bishopric cannot be soon repaired of the damage late done to them. 3. If he had a house in Yorkshire he has no stuff to furnish it with. 4. He is unprovided with carts, horses, and stores. 5. The countrymen are accustomed, when they resort where house is kept, to have meat and drink; "and if suitors should not find any recule, which the said bishop is not yet able to furnish as appertaineth," it might cause the King's authority among wild people to be despised. 6. He has no money to supply these defects in brief time. 7. He would have no power to punish disobedience. 8. He is so old, he would be better occupied preaching and teaching in his diocese.
He therefore beseeches the King not to appoint him to such a post and he will be ready at the King's commandment to give his attendance, when required, on whoever else may be appointed.
Pp. 2. Endd.
652. Bishop Tunstall.
R. O. "A letter to my 1. of Norfolk for pledges of Tyndal.
A letter to the dean of Yorke for his house, as it is furnished.
For our instructions of privy seals in the North.
For sitting in the Bishopric.
For the King's signet or seal.
For our commissions to be made with clauses.
For my departing.
For the earl of Westmoreland and R. Boys."
P. 1. In Tunstall's hand. Endd.: "A remembrance or my lord of Duresme."
5 Sept. 653. Sir Thomas Wentworth to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letters desiring to know what sums will substantially repair Carlisle Castle. Thinks it will cost over 1,000l., it is so ruinous. Begs Cromwell will appoint one of the King's servants to view it. No repairs of stonework can be made this year except the gates and the bridge going down into the inner ward, for which he wishes 100l. or 200 mks. sent. 5 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal.
5 Sept. 654. Sir Robt. Wyngfeld and Lady Jane Clynton to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Having heard this morning that the King has given a red deer to lord Lisle and to John Wyngfeld, they send the bearer for part of it. Though not so near lady Lisle as formerly, they pray for her and speak of her many times. "Our Lord .... make your ladyship a glad mother." At our manor of Mowntfesaunt in Peeplynge, 5 Sept. 1537. Signed.
In Wyngfeld's hand, p. 1. Add.
5 Sept. 655. Sir Robt. Wyngfeld to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Has received her answer to the letter sent by him and lady Clinton this morning in consequence of what her servant told his folks at Calais. However, the truth being as she writes, thanks her for what she has sent. When his red deer's flesh comes in season, baken or unbaken, lady Lisle shall have a part. Peeplynge, 5 Sept. 1537.
The bearer will give their recommendation by mouth to Mrs. Reygnolds.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
[5 Sept.] 656. Italian News.
Vit. B. xiv.
B. M.
"Quæ superioribus diebus de rerum Italicarum statu ......... literis per Flandriam huc delatis, ea memorantur ii ........ quas nuper accepi Romæ scriptas a D. Francisco Ca .... [die] vj. Augusti. Ex quibus, ne omnia, quæ jam sunt nota ........ tantummodo pauca quædam huc transferenda existim ........ illud in primis, quod ferme totidem verbis scriptum e[st].
"Cæsariani nonnihil suspicantur, inter Pontificem et Gallo[s] ...... convenire, ita ut is conspirationis quæ inter Gallos et [Tureas] inita esse creditor, conscious et particeps sit. Insuper qu ....... xxv. millia aureorum, quæ in singulos menses promissa s[unt propter] hoc bellum Turcicum, Pontificem nondum persolvenda c .... Præterea Cæsaris rebus timent ab his militibis, qui Romæ [commo]rantur. Quinetiam verebantur ne Florentini exules data ..... ac ex eodem Pontificis et Gallorum consilio in præsentia c .... contraxissent. Ideoque hac Cæsarianorum mlitum victoria [super] exulibus reportata mirum in modum gavisi sunt. De co ..... autem conspirationis cum Turcis peractæ, putant, primo [Clemen]tem vij. Massiliæ factum fuisse participem, deinde id ips[um] … Paulo Pontifici patefactum et communicatum esse. Ponti[fex] quidem post ea quæ nuntiata sunt de Barbarussæ et Vene[torum] triremium certamine, misit ad Venetos hortandos ut be[llum] contra Turcas aperte jam suscipere velint. Nam ex re ..... magnam spem omnes cepisse videntur, Venetos commune n[egotium] amplexaturos, quos tamen crediderim potius quæsitu[ros] pacem cum Turca quam bellum.
"Galli in Lombardia Albam ceperunt, quæ civitas eo loco ...... ut ab ea Savonam transitus sit. Quapropter dubitatum ...... fuit, ne, sivera sunt quæ de Gallis et Turcis loquntu[r.....eod]em tempore Gallorum exercitus Savonam, et classis Turcarum ad oram Genuensium accederet. Galli itaque Albæ morantur, quorum vires satis validæ illie esse dicuntur. Contra Cæsaris res in Lombardia perturbatiores sunt. Nam diu est, ex, quo Hispanorum pars secessit, neque ullo pacto vult obediens esse imperio Marchionis Vasti. Quinetiam manus ab amicis non continet, et tentat, si valeat aliquam civitatem ex subjects Cæsaris ditioni occupare.
"Decem Germanorum millia in Italiam venire dicuntur in subsidium Cæsari; cui quidem nunc est adeo magnus militum numerus in Sicilia, in regno Neapolis, in Lombardia, ut multis formidini esse possit.
"De rebus Hungaricis hoc tantum habeo, quod episcopus Quinque Ecclesiarum ultimo die Maii ad me scripsit, ipsum scilicet episcopum tunc temporis fuisse una cum Archiepiscopo Lundense Regis Romanorum Legato, et de pace componenda inter ipsos agi. Cæterum verebatur, ne interim Hungari et Regis Romanorum exercitus confligerent, propterea quod propinqui admodum forent."
Mutilated. Endd.: Nova quædam. Modern note in margin before the Fire: 1537, quære. 5 September, Romæ.
6 Sept. 657. Sir William Parre to Wriothesley.
R. O. According to your token received by my lord of Bangor's chaplain, I wrote to Mr. Hasilwood in his favour. Of late I wrote to my lord Privy Seal for the stewardship and receivership of the late lord Hussey's lands and also those of Barlings and Cristed. Pray inform me what he means to do. Horton, 6 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Right Worshipful. Endd.
6 Sept. 658. Edw. Archbishop of York, to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for preferring his registrar, the bearer, to a receivership in this country, and desires credence for him on the writer's behalf. Dr. Cave's proctor, who came with Cromwell's letter's 6 Sept., was sped forth-with, and finds a barn well stored towards his first fruits. Cawod, 6 Sept. 1537. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Sept. 659. Tristram Teshe to Cromwell.
R. O. Asks Cromwell to remember the office of the receipt of attainted lands in the North which the King gave him. Lawson is making suit for the same office. Has asked him to give it up, but he intends to prosecute it. Desires credence for Mr. Chaloner. York, 6 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Sept. 660. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks him for his letters and favour to the drum whom Cromwell has so frequently recommended; also for his kindness to Master Leighe, and as the Marshal is so honestly minded, hopes all unkindness between him and Lisle will be forgotten. Has heard Sir Thos. Palmer, and considering the "auncienty" and good service of Wingfield, desires he may have all the favour he can, so long as it does not affect the strength of the town. Trusts both Wingfield and the poor men will be satisfied with proper compensation. Mortlake, 7 Sept. Signed.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd: My lord Privy Seallis; and in Lisle's hand: Morgan and Staffe carteris.
[7 Sept.] 661. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have made your recommendations to the King, who asked heartily how you did, and my Lady. He asked when my lord Chamberlain was coming over. I said he waited to know his Grace's pleasure. He made me a gentle welcome. He came out of his way from my lord Privy Seal and took me by the hand and said I was welcome. After dinner the same day I spake with him for an hour together, and, most part, of our "marez" (marsh). He will have it "marez" whatever it cost him. To-morrow I must be at the Court and show him a platt concerning the "marez" and likewise my book of articles, which I showed your Lordship. My lord Privy Seal is so good lord to me that he has promised I shall have my fare before I go. Notwithstanding, within an hour of our first meeting "he began to triumph and swore by God's blood we were all papists and lacked throughout our syigns(?), and I sware by God's heart it was not so, in so much that I am sure he that was a stone's cast off might hear us. Notwithstanding, on my faith, he declared unto me or we parted that he meant neither you nor me, but by God's blood he put me in furor, I tell you; and after this I made Mr. William Marches(?) recommendations, who took them well, declaring that he was the falsest knave within England, and called Mr. Pollarde(?) to him and bade him send back again for the commission, trusting to set that matter better than Mr. Marche woll."
I told my lord Privy Seal that you and my Lady had great displeasure for the Surveyor's wife. He told me that in case the Surveyor had showed him that he would have married, he would have gotten him a wife who should have spent 100l. a year and worth 1,000l. He is as sorry for it as Mr. Marshal is. My lord Admiral asked how we liked his letter. Told him I saw it not. He said he would never consent to break one tittle of the Acts. Told him that concerning the tenements under 10l. must be a long time before it is brought to pass. He would make no answer, but I will commune better with him. You are much bound to my lord Privy Seal, and I told him you were wholly his. He said that when he wrote what did not please you it was from good will, that the King might find no fault in you, with many other kind words, which I will show you at my coming, which will be shortly. My lady Caro recommends her heartily to your Lordship and my Lady, and also Mr. Hennege, Mr. Russell, Mr. Knevet, Mr. Sadler, and others. Recommend me to my Lady, Mr. Mayor, Mr. Surveyor, and Mr. Rokewodd.
I will not make my abode here long, for it costs a ryall a day, and money comes slowly. This Lady Event (fn. n8) at Meners (Minories).
If you write not to me, you shall have no more letters till I come myself. I would gladly know how lady Walopp and Pickering doth. I will part from the King within eight days. I met the King at Bennington (Beddington) at the Master of the Horse's, so the Queen was not there, and I have not made your recommendations, which I will do to-morrow.
This matter that my Lord was angry for was for these two priests. (fn. n9) I told him that you and I both consented that one of them should be hanged at Calais, if he had not sent for them, so he said he shall be sent back again to be hanged at Calais. I told him I knew no man but would be glad of it. The other I told him was but an innocent person, and he said he was a false hypocrite knave. Let no man see this letter but my Lady and Mr. Surveyor, who shall be one of my commissioners for Dekelande and other matters of which he and I communed at London. The King will have a better search of purchase land about Calais.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Deputy of Calais.
7 Sept. 662. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received a ring by your servant, with knowledge of your pleasure touching the prebend of Mylton. I gave the 'vowson over 12 months past to my chaplain, Mr. Robertson, (fn. n10) who has long served me. I beg he may have it, and you shall have at this time a prebent of 20l. to bestow on a priest whom it shall please you. Bukden, 7 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Sept. 663. Sir William Weston, Grand Prior of England, to Sir Thomas Dyngle.
Otho C. ix.
B. M.
"* *vostre de par vostre serviteur ne .......... m saw laquelle jay bien entendue un ......scavoir que Des Ruyaulx(?) et Soutton et Ambro[se] Cave trouvarent façon avecques Monsieur [du] Prive Seel que le Roy et le dit Prive Seel ont escript a Monsieur le Grant Maistre et l[a] Religion que si le Grant Maistre mort n[aurons] poinct dauctorite de vous donner la comman [derie] que ledict Roy est comptant quelle soye mis[e] a la justice. Pourtant je vous advise que [vous] serchies voz amys le myeulx que vous pouv[es]. Mon frere ma dit cecy propre que je vous esc[rips]."Desires commendations to a nephew and niece. Soutton, 7 Sept. 1537. Signed.
Fr.,p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: [To] me neve Sir Thom[as D]yngle.
8 Sept. 664. Thomas Pope to Cromwell.
R. O. Since the death of Mr. Pexsall I consider I have had thereby some benefit, which has persuaded me not yet to move the King for augmentation of my fee. But I am minded to make suit to his Grace to sell me the residue of the priory (fn. n11) I had in exchange for Ricards Castle,&c. I beg your furtherance and good word, and credence for my friend Mr. Solicitor, this bearer. Putney, 8 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
8 Sept. 665. John Earl of Oxford to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends examinations by himself "against one Thomas Nevell, esquire, and one of the brethren of the lord Latimer," concerning words spoken by him of the King. Desires instructions what to do further. Nevell dwells within four miles of the Earl's house, and has no knowledge of the depositions against him. Thanks Cromwell for his news and credence by Will. Harres. 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Depositions of John à Brotherton, servant to Ric. Antony, servant to John de Veer earl of Oxford, taken before the said earl 2 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII., concerning words spoken by Margaret Towler, widow, servant to the parson of Aldham, Essex. That on Wed. after the Visitn. of Our Lady last when the said parson was in the Earl's keeping she asked Thomas Nevill, of Aldham, whether her master should be put to death upon a false wretch's saying, and he replied, "No, Marget, he shall not be put to death, for he hath no lands nor goods to lose; but if he were other a knight or a lord that had lands or goods to lose, then he should lose his life." This she told to John Shelton, of Aldenham and John Newton, husbandman at Earl's Colne. She also reported that Nevill, whose brother the earl had sent up to London, had said to his wife, "Alas, Mary, my brother is cast away," and again, "By God's blood, if I had the King here I would make him that he should never take man into the Tower."
ii. Deposition of Margaret Towler, confirming the preceding.
iii. Of Robert Colt, John Shelton, and John Newton, each confirming the first conversation.
Pp. 4. Endd.
8 Sept. 666. James V. to Norfolk.
R. O.
St. P. v. 106.
Has received his letters, dated at Sheriffhutton, 27 Aug., touching restitution of rebels and redress to be made by them of Liddesdale, and referring to the further advertisement of the abbot of Arbroath. Having just returned from France, has been informed by his Council of the complaints about fugitives and rebels. Has made inquiry and given strict orders to the wardens. Will cause Maxwell to make redress for Liddesdale. Thinks the Debateable Ground may be divided to the ease of both realms, but must refer the matter to his Parliament, which he will hold shortly. Ruben in Badzenauch, 8 Sept. 24 James V. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Sept. 667. Lord Chancellor Audeley to Cromwell.
R. O. This Sunday morning received letters from the earl of Oxenford with a book containing examinations for words spoken by Thos. Nevell about the King. Some of the words, of which there is no witness but one woman, seem to be treason, but he doubts whether the rest, to which there are two witnesses, are treason, but they sound very slanderous towards the King. As the Earl has sent Cromwell letters and another book of the examination, will not send for Nevell till he has Cromwell's opinion. Asks him to send an answer by the Earl's servant. The Olde Foorde, 9 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[9 Sept.?] 668. Herry Polsted to Cromwell.
R. O. Asks him to help Antony Ager to the office which Mr. Whalley had at Dover. Perceives by the bearer, John Antony, that Cromwell had already had him in remembrance. Has [no] doubt Ager will fill the office to Cromwell's content, and put in good sureties for the handling of the King's treasure.
Dr. Peter and Polsted were yesterday with Mr. Knight, and tomorrow will inform Cromwell of their proceedings. The Rolls, Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord my Master. Endd.
9 Sept. 669. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends a packet of letters delivered by William Bore, of London, haberdasher, to whom they were sent from the Mart in a dry "ffatte" among his wares. Household all well. Your Lordship's place at London, 9 Sept.
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Sept. 670. Castillon to Henry VIII.
R. O. Some time ago the King's ships took four French vessels. The lord Privy Seal and the Admiral promised that they should be despatched last week, but Castillon hears nothing of it. Requests speedy justice. London, 9 Sept. 1537. Signed.
French, p. 1. Sealed. Add.
[9 Sept.] 671. Sir Wm. FitzWilliam to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received today letters for the King and himself from the French ambassador, which he encloses. Consulting with the King about the matter, found him both wisely and princely determined, as he will show Cromwell to-morrow. The King wishes Cromwell to send for the ambassador to-morrow. Will be with Cromwell at 10 o'clock, and asks when he shall find him. Hasshar (Esher), Sunday.
Thinks Mr. Dudlay and Mr. Coro (Carew), with Gonson, should be with Cromwell to-morrow.
"Thow King raymofes hon Teusday to Hamton Court." (fn. n12)
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. My lord Admiral the vj. of Septembre.
9 Sept. 672. Harry Attkynson to Cromwell.
R. O. Gives an account of the reason of his being committed to prison in the convict house at Westminster by Webe. Was asked the following question by one Morys Bulle, sanctuary man:—"There was a man rode by the way and a fair wench behind him, and a king met him and said unto him, Wilt thou never be without such pretty carriage? and so took the wench from him and had his pleasure of her, and thus he said the King lived in adultery. What is he worthy to have that thus reports of a King?" Answered that anyone who speaks slander of a king is worthy of punishment, and those who conceal it are worthy of the same punishment, for kings ought to be obeyed in all things, the Faith only reserved; in all other causes princes have power over men to punish their bodies and take their lives, their wives, their children, and their goods; advised him therefore to tell some of the King's council. Upon this he told Attkynson who spoke these words, and afterwards told Guydolfyn, Cromwell's servant. Webe then came to take the men to prison, with his sword drawn, in the most cruel manner, and has laid them in irons, threatening to hang them. Said that Webe had won his spurs now, and for this he has put him in the convict house with orders that no one shall speak to him. Asks that he may come to his answer, and also that those who first uttered the matter to the abbot may be examined. Westm., in the convict house, 9 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Sept. 673. Roger Wigston and Others to Cromwell.
See Vol. XI., No. 431, which must be of the year 1537; as also No. 432 (John Wetwod to Cromwell) on the same subject.
10 Sept. 674. John Abbot of Whitby to Cromwell.
R. O. Received Cromwell's letters before Midsummer last in favour of Gregory Conyers for a grant, to him and his heirs, of all the monastery lands in Ryswarpe and Whitbye, of not more than 13l. yearly value, at a yearly rent. The abbot and his brethren were willing to do so; but they hear from their learned counsel that their grant would be good whilst Conyers' grant of rent would be void without the King's licence. Credence for the prior of the house, the bearer, who shall also deliver "a poor token of remembrance." Whitby, 10 Sept.
Hol., (fn. n13) p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Sept. 675. Anthoinette de Saveuses to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Commend me to your husband. I have received your letter and thank you for your great benevolence both to Madame de Riou and to me, for which I pray my spouse Jesus, for whose love I have left the world, to reward you. If I thought to do you pleasure, I would rather have waited and sent you a proper message, but when I wrote to you I had received news by two of our religieuses of St. Pol, who have been destroyed in these wars and who had been with Madame de Riou, and were charged by her to tell me how she desired to speak with me, and wished me very much to come to her. But as the truce was not yet published, I determined not to go there, but to inform her by these religieuses that, "du jour a lendemaig que le bon [tam]s viendroet," I would set out to visit her; and by the same I made your recommendations to her. But I did not move till the publication of the said truce, and though I brought no letter from you, I did my little devoir as reason required.
You write to ask me to declare the secrets about the "pauvres gens," and that you will gladly mediate for them, for which I thank you; but I did not mean to speak of any temporal poverty, but of some spiritual need. I beg, from a belief that God will refuse you nothing, that you will ask of Him, for I trust you are founded in true charity. As I confide entirely in you, I may tell you privately that Madame de Riou bears as much grief in her heart as any lady in France of such noble blood and of so great a house. She has 15,000 [livres?] of rent, and has had several advisers, who, after getting their perverse counsel put in execution, show daily that they have only sought her property; for Mons. de Riou was a very poor gentleman of a great house, and Madame de Bours, his sister, even during the life of the late Mons. de Pontderemy, frequented the house very much: "car madame luy avoet leve ung enffant a maditte dame de Bours apres le treppas de le desu nomme Mons du Pont de Remy fort cauteleusement." Madame de Bours wished to persuade the good widow to take in marriage her brother De Riou. She being young and willing, took him, to the regret of all her own relations, for she might have had alliance with two "grand mettres," of whom one could spend 20,000 [livres] of rent, the other 30,000. I cannot tell the grief I felt for the three weeks I was with her, for she told me so much of her sorrow that I could not refrain from shedding tears along with her; yet I am greatly surprised how she has had of this second marriage as many as 12 children, while suffering this affliction. For one day, Monsieur broke up (enfondra) a large coffer which had belonged to Mons. de Saveuses, the father of Madame, which was full of fine plate. He made her play on a table at dice for 14,000 "valisant" one afternoon, besides many other follies and great gifts which he makes to his near relations, without any care for his children. The good lady, considering the great charge of six little children, the eldest of whom is but 10 years old, and that all they can inherit comes only from her, is vexed to see daily so pitifully wasted the large property her father had left to her. During the 12 years she has been married to him, he has diminished her property by more than 50,000, for in her youth scarcely a gentlewoman of her sort could have been found in France; and if she wished to return to some of her relations, she finds neither fidelity nor help of good counsel. I beg you therefore to help her, for she complains to me that she knows not to whom to turn, but since your last letter I have determined to apply to you. If the said seigneur cannot be restrained in his prodigality, I fear she will be obliged hereafter to sell her lands. Madame, I give you much trouble, and particularly your good secretary, but I am impelled by the confidence of obtaining some good counsel from you. I beg that this affair may not be further divulged. I am glad the little bit of unicorn's horn is satisfactory. It might be chased in silver like a button, with a little chain attached. Dunkirk, 10 September.
Hol. Fr., pp. 2. Add.


  • n1. Ric. Smith, S.T.P., was made master of Whittington Coll., 9 Sept. 1537, on death of Edw. Feld, S.T.P.
  • n2. John Harrydaunce.
  • n3. No doubt this is the "Thomas Edgair" mentioned in Vol. XI. No. 135, and probably also the "Mons. Edgare" the writer of No. 324 in that volume.
  • n4. Gregory Cromwell who married Elizabeth the writer's sister, widow of Sir Anthony Ughtred.
  • n5. The duke of Norfolk.
  • n6. The 5th August was not a Wednesday in any year that will suit. Probably the 5th September is the real date, which was a Wednesday in 1537.
  • n7. Stephen Vaughan.
  • n8. The Nativity of Our Lady is the 8th Sept.
  • n9. William Mynsterley and Wm. Richard.
  • n10. Thomas Robertson.
  • n11. Priory of Chacombe, Ntht. See Grants in February 1537, No. 19.
  • n12. The King removed from Esher to Hampton Court on Tuesday, 11 Sept. 1537.
  • n13. But not in his own hand.