Henry VIII: November 1537, 1-10

Pages 355-369

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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November 1537, 1-10

1 Nov. 1010. Cathedral Priory of Coventry.
R. O. Petition by the sub-prior, president, and chapter to Henry VIII. for licence to choose a new prior in the room of dan Thomas Wyford, who died in the monastery 31 October last. Chapter House, 1 Nov., 29 Hen. VIII.
On vellum, with seal attached (broken).
1 Nov. 1011. Monastery of St. Mary Coventry.
R. O. Appointment of Rob. Combe and Thos. Woolson as their proctors, to present to the King their certificate of the death of prior Thomas Wyfordo and to sue for a congé d'élire. Chapter House, 1 Nov., 29 Hen. VIII.
1 Nov. 1012. Norfolk and Paulet to Cromwell.
R. O. These noblemen, Ave trust, will be ready to give attendance at Hampton Court, and so to Windsor:—
My lords of Norfolk, Suffolk, marquis Dorset, marquis Exeter, the earls of Surrey, Oxford, Rutland, Wiltshire, Sussex, Hertford, Southampton, the lord Privy Seal, the lord Chamberlain, if your Lordship have passed letters for them, as we trust you have. The knights certified in the King's ordinary pass not 12.
At the interment of Queen Elizabeth were 7 marquis and earls, 16 barons, 60 knights, and 40 squires, besides the ordinary of the King's house, which is more than we be certain of. Therefore we have named more persons hereafter, that you may choose them and others at the King's pleasure. Write speedily, "that they may be ready to set forwards with the corpse Friday morning, ix. day of November, which is the uttermost day of our appointment." If you require longer time we cannot set forward till the Monday after, and must know the certainty of this. The earl of Surrey and the lord Chamberlain are sent for; the residue to be sent for are contained in the schedule enclosed. Hampton Court, Feast of All Saints. Signed: T. Norffolk—William Poulet.
In Paulet's hand, pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[1 Nov,] 1013. E. earl of Hertford to Cromwell.
R. O. I have shown the King of my lord Thomas' death, (fn. n1) as Mr. Wrisli desired me, and also my lady his mother's request for the burying of him. His Grace is content she shall have him, so that she bury him without pomp.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd. inaccurately: the bp. of Hertford.
1 [Nov.] 1014. —— to Sir Thos. Palmer.
R. O. As you gave the authority of your ship to Bowring by letter, Perret made a bargain to Roon; and now William Geffery proposes to go with her and have the command, which will not be to your profit, for he is out of credit with the merchants. I beg you have my affairs in remembrance, that at your coming I may know my lord Privy Seal's pleasure and my lord Admiral's, and I will go over immediately after. The French King's council and the Lady Regent are at Cambray. The lords and the council of Almain are at Liège. The French king is at Lyons; his army is gone over the mountains. The Great Master of France is their chief captain, and they make provision of horses out of Flanders as they were wont to do. Calais, All Saints' Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Sir Thomas Palmer, knight, porter of Calais, at London.
1 Nov. 1015. John Hutton to Lord Lisle.
R. O. On Sunday last the cardinal of Luke was proclaimed legate de latere, at Luke. where my lady Regent is staying. Whilst the festival was going on, news came that the Queen was dead. Letters from Almayne certify that the king of the Romans has been defeated, and lost, to the peril of Christendom, 20,000 men. 1 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
2 Nov. 1016. Cromwell to Tunstall and the Council in the North.
R. O. The King has received their letters of the 15th ult., from him and others of his Council there, and also those of his Lordship to Cromwell. 1. He commends their proceedings, especially "your" letters to Sir Reynold Carnaby. 2. He is content that they shall use the signet in the custody of you, Mr. Uvedale, the stamp whereof His Grace liketh very well, as it is well graven and different from all his other signets. 3. He leaves the bestowal of the pledges of Tyndale and Riddesdale to your discretions, and does not think the matter of sufficient importance for him to write to Newcastle. 4. The names of Darcy, Constable, and others shall be withdrawn out of all commissions. 5. Mr. Fairfax is to have a place in the Council there with 20l. fee, to come and go at his liberty, for which purpose a new commission is enclosed with his name inserted. 6. They shall receive a commission for levying men in case of need, which is to remain with you, my lord of Durham only; though the King thinks there should be no occasion for its use if evil disposed persons are punished in time. 7. As to the children of Sir Thomas Percy, remaining in the custody of Sir Thomas Tempest, if the Council do not think the place secure they shall bestow them elsewhere as they think expedient. 8. You shall receive the books of decrees by the next messenger with the warrants for your diets and the fees of the rest of the Council, with the pensioners of the Marches, which, if our heavy chance had not happened, would have been despatched to you before. Westm., 2 Nov. 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Corrected, pp. 6. Endd.: Copy of my lord's letter to the President and Council of the North.
2 Nov. 1017. Thomas Hunt, Mayor of Exeter, (fn. n2) to Cromwell.
R. O. We have before sent your Lordship a poor reward for your pains in the expedition of the King's grant to the city. We send by this bearer 20l. more, and also your fee. Exeter, 2 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Nov. 1018. Sir Will. Gascoigne to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs that the Council may examine the indentures between him and Sir Rob. Constable and Sir Marmaduke, his son and heir, for the marriage of Rob. Constable son and heir apparent of Sir Marmaduke, to the writer's daughter Dorothy. The marriage cost him over 1,000 marks, and the said Rob. Constable is attainted of treason. Gawkthorpe, 2 Nov. Signed.
P 1. Add., Privy Seal.
2 Nov. 1019. Sir Will. Gascoigne to Cromwell.
R. O. I send the court rolls, &c. of the barony of Oversley. I beg you will move the King to know his pleasure about Sir Rob. Constable's lands, if I may find an office for those of my daughter's feoffment, married to young Sir Marmaduke's son and heir apparent. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
2 Nov. 1020. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O. This instant there came to me the enclosed letter to you from Mr. Hall, by which you will learn the occurrents in those parts, albeit I know no place where there is better certainty of news from all parts than this. The bruit goes that the Queen is dead; which will cause a great change with those who lately rejoiced at the news that she had brought forth a goodly prince, so that we hoped her grace should have brought forth more fruit; but the power of God ought to be esteemed all for the best. The news of Hungary is daily confirmed—that the king of the Romans has lost a battle, in which 20,000 men fell. The bearer Derike will give you the news of these parts. Within these two days I will to the Court, from whence I will write more. Andwarpe, 2 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 1537.
2 Nov. 1021. Harvel to Cromwell.
Nero B. vii.,
B. M.
Wrote on the 11th ult. that he would, Cromwell not offended, continue to write to him. Begs to be considered one of his servants. Reminds him of the licence of wools for which he wrote in his last. "This city is full of our new Prince;" thanks God for it. Seventeen Turkish galleys have perished near Modon. Ferdinando's men were reported to have beaten the Turks, but now the news is that they have fled, losing 6,000 men by sword and famine, and leaving Cocianer, captain-general, with a very small force, surrounded by the Turks. Count Ludovico de Lod .… is with them, and they are in extreme peril. This State lately sent ambassadors in haste to the Emperor and to France, probably for a pacification, and seem constant to the late league against the Turk. The French finally entered Italy on the 26th ult. The Imperials are not few (gives numbers), and they are old soldiers, "which is the only strength of all wars." Venice, 2 Nov. 1537.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
3 Nov. 1022. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have appointed many days to come over, and now I have taken Midsummer day, hoping I may be well rid then, and if that day will not serve I will remove it to Michaelmas, though my lord Privy Seal said this day that the next bill the King signed should be mine. I pray God it may be the second on the condition that it cost me two groats. I send you a book which I pray you to look over, containing much matter against melancholy. It counsels me to take patience, of which I have much need. "Howbeyt I fynde myself so strong yn the feythe and so weyk yn the purse that I must nedys take pasyens perfors. And be cause, my lorde, I thyng yow have at some time some mosyon off malyncoly, I do send you thys boke to loke on, that you may se that ys good for the body ys nawght for the sowle." I think Jack of Riding has a merrier life than either your lordship or I. I think if I had not met with my book I had been stark mad ere now; "how beyt I thank God I have as good a bare sowle as any yn the worlde at thys daye." I will not come home this two years "yff I have not my fare or elles dyschargyd." I beg you to communicate all this to my lady and to no other, for there are more than my friends in Calais. I beg you that Thos. Appowell may have the first eightpence, which will much content my lord Privy Seal and my lord Admiral, and I will not fail to bring you letters of thanks from both. My lord Admiral promises you the best gelding in his stable, as soon as he is sworn. I promise you my lord Admiral was sore grieved that Pole had the last room of eightpence. London, 3 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
3 Nov. 1023. Sir John Wallop to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have nothing at present to write except to pick quarrels because it is so long since I heard from you, although I wrote to you not long before the coming of your two daughters, and moreover made instant labour to the King for your youngest daughter, which I am glad to say took effect, though you seem to think I did nothing. The King is in good health and merry as a widower may be, the Prince also. The Queen is to be buried at Windsor at the end of this week. My lord Thomas died in the Tower four days ago of an ague. What shall become of Dyngley I cannot yet tell, but his two commandries are bestowed, the one in Hampshire on Sir Thos. Semour, and the other on Sir Ric. Long. How Frogmorton shall do I know not. Let me hear how my aunt does with you. Commend me to my lady, my lord Edmund, Mr. Wingffield, Mr. Marshal, the Under-marshal, and Mr. Ruckwode. York Place, 3 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
3 Nov. 1024. H. Earl of Worcester to Cromwell.
R. O. Perceives by the King's letters and Cromwell's, for his appearance before the King's Commissioners in the marches of Wales on Nov. 10, touching the variance between him and lord Ferrers for exercising the office of deputy-steward of Arrustly and Keviliok, that his Highness has been misinformed of certain unlawful assemblies surmised to be done by him. Lord Ferrers never had any patent but during pleasure. Never made him any promise but upon condition that he would discharge his deputies, who had done many great extortions, and see the country well ordered. This he promised to do, but broke his promise.
Cannot appear before the Council in the marches on the day named, as there is 60 miles of foul way. Has written to his brother, the earl of Hampton, to move Cromwell that the matter may be examined before him and the Council. Tynterne, 3 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Nov. 1025. James V. to Henry VIII.
St. P. v.
We have received your writing dated Hampton [Cou]rt 16 Sept., desiring restitution of certain cables and hawsers provided by you at Hamburg for your navy and taken by Frenchmen in a hoy of Syroksee, Gerard Jacobsoun master, together with certain wainscot belonging to Jherome Melhouse of the League of [Ha]nse; which Frenchmen were "ressett" in our town of Leith. We find that certain Frenchmen with prizes of Holland and Easterlings, and licence from the Admiral of France to take all enemies of the King our father, did come hither; and, considering the tender alliance, "of new contracted betwixt us," we could not refuse them refreshment. None of the cables and hawsers have been "disponit" in Scotland or they should be delivered to you. Striveling Castle, 3 Nov., 25 Jac. V. Signed.
Large paper, p. 1. Add.
3 Nov. 1026. Card. Pole to the Card, of Liege.
Poli Epp.ii.
Has at length come safely to Rome, and is glad to have an opportunity of serving him by suing out the brief for the greater declaration of the faculties of legate de latere. He (Liege) has many friends here, such as cardinals Campeggio, Ghinucci, and Contarini, Ascanio bp. of Rimini (Ariminensis), and Dominus Durantes, of the Pope's chamber. These, however, agree in thinking this declaration unnecessary, as all power over "exempts" is understood by the first brief, and as the similar faculty granted to the card. of Mantua is a precedent. Praises his good will for a reformation of the clergy, for which the Pope also is zealous. Told the Pope what good assistants Liege had for this in Dominus Tungrensis and Dominus Theodoricus, the latter of whom his Holiness had known at Rome (fn. n3) * *
4 Nov. 1027. Holywell Nunnery.
Close Roll,
29 Hen. VIII.
p. 3, no. 67
Indenture of sale, by Sibilla Newdigate, prioress of Halywell, Midd., and the convent there, for 85l. 6s. 8d., to Sir Thos. Audeley, lord Chancellor, and Elizabeth his wife, of the manor of Griberake, Herts, and all the convent lands in Leyston, Alleswike, Wydyale, Throkkyng, Westmyll, Buntyngford, and Aspeden, Herts; all which belonged to the late monastery of Holy Trinity, called Christchurch in London, and were farmed by the convent of Halywell, at a rent of 5l. 6s. 8d., and which the said Chancellor farms at that rent. Laur. Owen and John Half by de to be attorneys to receive and deliver possession of the premises. Chapter house of Halywell, 4 Nov. 29 Hen. VIII. With memorandum of acknowledgment, the same day and place before John Pekyns clerk.
Grant, in return, by Audeley to the monastery of lands in Brawghing, Herts, Ferneham and Alderbury alias Aldebury, Essex.
4 Nov. 1028. Navy Accounts.
R. O. A brief declaration of all sums received and paid by the King's command; both for transporting his Highness between Dover and Calais, and for wages and victuals to captains, soldiers, and gunners serving him at sea and for repairing his ships, &c. from 21 August 24 to 4 Nov. 29 Hen. VIII.
The whole receipt of Book "A" from 21 Aug. 24 to 25 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII., 4,169l. 9s. The whole discharge of the same book from 15 July 24 to 27 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII., 4,444l. 8s. 6d. "Surplusage" due to me Will Gonson, 274l. 19s. 6d.
Similar but fuller analysis of books "B" and "C" the former of the years 25–27 Hen. VIII., and the latter 27–29 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 5.
4 Nov. 1029. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letter this day, 4 Nov., which was dated 25 Oct. I am sorry that Mr. Bailly of Guisnes did not make good haste by the way. I thank you for your news, as well of France as of Calais, for it is as much news to me to hear that my lord Edmund has bought my lady's land. I doubt not he has bought it cheap, and perhaps will win not a penny by it, for she offered it to me to sell, and would have given me days of payment as many as I pleased. As much as is under Sandgate, I would be loath to give her a horse load of mussels for. I am sorry that Mr. Mayor and my lord Edmund have fallen out. I always thought my lord would be glad to do him displeasure. Howbeit, though he be a lord, yet he is not God. My lord cannot choose but prosper, for he has such honest men of his council that he cannot quail, "putting no doubt if the devil were there resident, he would desire no other council than Mr. Commissary, Mr. Marche, Mr. Cheparde, Mr. Broke, with other mo I will not name, but I trust these be known both in earth and in hell." I am sorry that any nobleman should be so abused. I have given Wm. Cole, Staunton's room, and I beg he may be sworn in. I have given his room to Robert Dover (?), Blount's man. I refused this morning 36 angels for Staunton's room, and I beg that Thos. Appowell may have Cochett's room. He has served the King for 8d. a day as well as any in Calais. I assure you you will have thanks both of my lord Privy Seal and my lord Admiral.
I cannot wonder you would be glad to leave Calais, but I will send you a book to show what merit you obtain by the same, so you would learn to take it patiently as I do, "which hath well nigh brought me out of my wit." If ever I come over I will bring you such things that you shall not be handled as you have been in many causes. I beg that Thos. Appowell may be sped, and I will see you discharged if it cost me all I have. As for Thomas Jones, for whom my lord hath written to give him 6d. till a room of 8d. fall, I pray you help him now or never.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
4 Nov. 1030. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for your venison. By your letter, you would know how I sped with the King yesterday. First (peradventure not wisely, yet plainly) I exhorted him to accept God's pleasure in taking the Queen, and recomfort himself with the treasure sent to him and this realm, viz., the Prince, and advised him to provide for a new wife. After that I thanked him for being content to give us Lewes, if we might conclude the bargain, rehearsing of your service to him, as I told you in your garden, and saying I was content you should have two parts. He said, "as ye shewed unto me," he thought it well bestowed. Of other communications, I forbear writing till we meet.
As for our business here, Mr. Comptroller can declare it, "being present at that matter only." For the third part, I will remain in my determination. Hampton Court, 4 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
4 Nov. 1031. Mons. Poggio to ——.
Vatican MS. * * * * Lately a courier from the king of England to his ambassador arrived at Fontarabia by way of Bayonne and was brought hither. The ambassador went to the Emperor to solicit the resolution of the practice of the marriage of the Infant of Portugal and exhort his Majesty to peace with France. He was told that as to the marriage the Emperor had already answered and [sent a] commission to his ambassador with the King, and that as to the peace the Emperor would do his part and had sent his will to the Pope, in whose hands the business was, because of his Holiness' authority, and because the princes were Christians. I hear that because the ambassador did not speak honourably of the Pope the Emperor showed him little favour, and referred him to Covos and Grandvelle, who told him that the Emperor would always obey the Holy See; and it seems they used words which were little amicable; for the ambassador accused the Emperor of ingratitude to his master, which Granvelle resented. However, they told him what Mons. de Vely carried. With that answer, and the news that they intended to recall the Emperor's ambassador with his King, he (the ambassador) despatched his courier on the 20th. Granvelle told me this, and I thereupon complained, Covos being present, that the said ambassador with dishonourable words was urging many to study certain pamphlets (libretti) of his, full of heresies, as a gentleman of this kingdom had told me. They said I should find out the truth, and the Emperor would remedy it "senza respetto alcuno."
* * * * *
Italian, pp. 2. From a modern extract in R. O. headed: "Mons. Poggio de iiij de 9mbre. da Monton, 1537."
5 Nov. 1032. Richard Bishop of Chichester to Wriothesley.
R. O. Begs him to remind Cromwell of his promise that the bp., with two others whom he (Cromwell) should appoint, should have the hearing of the dispute between Mr. Boleyne, parson of Wynwyke, (fn. n4) and Mr. Keble for the said parsonage; in spite of which Mr. Boleyn is informed that Kebell has letters from my lord to be put in possession. Hampton Court, 5 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Nov. 1033. Salisbury.
Depositions of Chr. Tucker and John Wall, taken on Tuesday, 6 Nov. 29 Hen. VIII., against John Goodale, under-bailiff of Sarum.
That the bailiff said, the mayor was no head officer under the King, but under the bishop; also that he is as much a head officer as the mayor, and that the serjeants, catchpolls, and the bellman are King's officers as well as the mayor is; also "that the mayor is but as a Maye king." John Wall said that if the bailiff misordered himself the mayor could "put him by the heels." The bailiff replied, "I defy thee, and turde in thy teeth and in the mayor's teeth also." Tucker said that was not honestly spoken, and the bailiff answered him, "Turde in the mayor's teeth, and say that I sent him word so." Tucker said, the mayor had the King's letters naming him his mayor, and had the mace carried before him wherein are the King's arms, and set you no more of him than of a catchpole or a bellman? Saying which, Tucker "cast his sleeve upon his shoulder," and the bailiff said to him, "Wilt thou carry a faggot upon thy back?" The bailiff also said, "Within these 10 days one shall come that shall put aside all these matters and swear the mayor and all the citizens to the bishop and not to the King, and if they refuse the same they shall not dwell within the city." Witness to the above articles, John Mody, Thos. Barker, John Bekyngh[am], Chr. Tucker, Ric. Markes, John Wall, and Thos. Harviste.
Pp. 2.
6 Nov. 1034. Sir Ralph Eure to Cromwell.
R. O. The lords and gentlemen of these parts have studied for the reformation of the Tyndalle men without effect. It is thought that their disobedience is due to their having no ruler. Offers himself to undertake the rule of Tyndalle. Fowbrige, 6 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Mr Evers to my lord.
6 Nov. 1035. Lord Lisle to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letter and perceive your mind from Husee. I am grieved that you should take me to be ungrateful, whom I have always found my most assured friend and last refuge in all my suits and affairs. I had rather have, the King only reserved, the "male talent" of all the realm than of your Lordship. Whatever is reported, you shall always find me your own faithfully assured. When Johnes comes he shall have the room of 6d. a day according to the King's pleasure and your writing, though he is an "hard honest man," and has otherwise reported of me than truth is. For your sake, though it be against my stomach, I will restore the "fyffe" to his accustomed room. The Corvours have not only hindered the Frenchmen in their fishing, but have also injured the fishermen of this town. I trust the next year, by the King's assent, to prevent them, so that they shall enjoy their fishing as they were accustomed peaceably, and not break any part of the League. I will let you know the rest of my mind by Husee, who will be with you in eight days. I beg you to send home Mr. Porter, for here is great lack of him. Calais, 6 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: My Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Nov. 1036. Mayor and Brethren of New Sarum to Cromwell.
R. O. John Goodale, under-bailly, on Tuesday, 6 Nov., openly said in presence of six honest men, the words contained in an article enclosed with this letter. On All Souls day a new mayor was chosen, who by custom should take his oath at the Court of the King's law day on Nov. 14. If the matter contained in the articles should be set forth by the under-bailly inconvenience might ensue. Ask for instructions.
Last year the bp. of Salisbury's officers would have given the mayor an erroneous oath, contrary to the customary oath, that he should be sworn as far forth to the bp. as to the King. The mayor refused to take it, and this was part of the matters at variance between the bp. and them. These matters were not thoroughly heard by the justice of assize when last here, but the lord Chief Justice came purposely on St. Laurence's Day and deliberately heard the whole, and it was agreed that both parties should give him books, and he should make relation thereof to Cromwell. The stay is because they hear the Chief Justice goes not up this term. Have delivered the bearer a book containing part of the matter. Sarum, 7 Nov.
Hol., pp 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Nov. 1037. Elizabeth Whettyll, "a Pore Wedo," to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for your goodness to me in my suits. I hear that the King's commission to the lord Chamberlain and others here is returned to your lordship; but what they have done I know not and fear I shall sustain great wrong. Please command the "laws" here to show you the customs of the country and then determine the matter yourself" or else I would be content that he would let the will stand." There has been communication for an agreement between me and my son and I would take 100l. a year and let him have 10l. a year "more than her father hath given him by his will" and let the rest of the land go to the performance of the will. Because I demanded a little farm we had in the country he insisted that he and his wife should have half and live with me. I have not received past 4l. 12s. of my husband's land since he died a year ago. Begs assistance. Calais, 7 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My lady Whettyll.
1038. Sir Ric. Whetehill.
R. O. Award by Thomas lord Cromwell, K.G., as to the assignment of the property of the late Sir Ric. Whetehill between lady Elizabeth his widow and Robert his son and heir. Robert is to have all the lands in England, Calais, &c., except a house called "the Cawsy," in the parish of Calkewell, Guisnes, which his mother will hold for life at a rent of 5l. 1s. 8d. He will also pay her an annuity of 100 mks.; a sum of 550 mks. towards the marriage of Margaret Creke and Margery Whetehill, daughters of Sir Richard; 10 mks. annually towards the finding of Gilbert and Nicholas, his younger brothers; 4l. 13s. 4d. annually towards the finding of his sister Margery until her marriage. He promises that his brothers shall enjoy the lands bequeathed to them. Lady Whetehill is to have household stuff with 40 mks. and other conditions.
Draft. Large paper, pp. 9. Endd. Slightly mutilated.
7 Nov. 1039. Jehan Fouber to Maistre Pierre, (fn. n5) Lord Lisle's Secretary.
R. O. I have made application to your master several times for some Flemish prisoners in France. There are two at Calais who are at great expenses and I cannot tell why they are not sent back. I send the bearer to you on this matter, desiring a letter from your master, and that he will send a herald to Mons. de Hochepot to deliver them to the messenger, who will cause the Frenchmen to be delivered at Boulogne. Ostende, 7 Nov. 1537.
I would have written to your master, but hope you will excuse me to him as I have often given him trouble in this matter.
Hol., Fr.,p. 1. Add.
7 Nov. 1040. ——— to ———.
R. O. Our army, under the Dauphin and Grand Master, is before Suze, at the pass of Mont Sygny in Savoye. The Grand Master brought his artillery to Suze to bombard the Spaniards there, 24 Oct. The Spaniards have laid waste the whole country; 12,000 French have died of hunger, and the remainder hold only Thurin. In several towns the Spaniards massacred all over eight years old; as at Perouze (Perosa), Quier (Chieri), and Mont Callier. Some time ago Mons. de Humyeres, the King's lieutenant, led 12,000 men to reinforce Thurin, and was followed by count William, due de Huystanbergue, and Captain Bossu. They passed Thurin and entered the country of Montferrat and Lastisane, but were repulsed and many slain, including the baron de Curton, nephew of the late duke of Albany, and the lieutenant of Mons. de La Fayette. After reinforcing Thurin, Mons. do Humyeres was stopped by the Spaniards, his men mutinied, and he himself fled in the night to Brienson in Dauphiney. For six weeks there have been such snows as were never seen.
It is feared that the Burgundians will break truce, and the duke of Orleans has been sent to victual the towns of Picardy. Yesterday 1,500 muyts of wine of Burgundy passed towards Rouen to be laden for Abbeville.
In the past year the King has drawn from France 15,000,000 francs. Normandy has paid 2,000,000 crowns of gold more than usual. The ordinary payment in time past has been 4,500,000 or 4,600,000. The Church has paid three tenths, and the bishop and archbishops and abbeys have paid forced loans. The imposts, from 12 deniers, have risen to 20 solz. Brittany is taxed like the rest. All merchants known to possess money are levied upon.
The Pope, the Emperor, and the Venetians concluded a league at Rome, 18 Sept. last, and have since been joined by the Genoese. The army of the Turk lay for a month before Crosse, in Naples, but retired without doing anything, as the King failed to redeem his promises. Our ambassador with the Turk, Mons. de la Forest, is dead, and negociations there are at a standstill.
The Grand Master and the Admiral are enemies, and the queen of Navarre has now turned against the Admiral. The duke of Guise is against the Grand Master.
If Monsieur will send money by this bearer, will push on the said case (proces); more than 50 crowns of gold are necessary. 7 Nov.
P.S.—If Burgundy breaks truce the realm is in danger.
Fr., pp. 4.
7 Nov. 1041. The Duchess of Florence.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 13.
B. M.
The Emperor's instructions to Lope Hurtado de Mendoça (and his wife) sent to be chief steward to the widowed duchess of Florence, the Emperor's daughter. Monçon, 7 Nov. 1537.
Spanish, pp. 8. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas.
8 Nov. 1042. Ric. Gresham to Cromwell.
Nero C. x. 2.
B. M.
S. P.i. 574.
By the duke of Norfolk's command, has caused 1,200 masses to be said in the city for the Queen's soul. As the mayor, aldermen and commoners lately gave thanks for the birth of a prince at Powlles, he suggests that a solemn "derige" and mass should be held there. Asks him to ascertain the King's pleasure about it. London, Thursday 8 Nov.
If there are any alms to be given there are many poor people in the city.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. To &c., my Lord Privy Seal.
8 Nov. 1043. H. Latymer, Bishop of Worcester, to [Cromwell].
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
Remains, 386.
Wright's Sup-
pression of the
Cromwell wished to know at their last interview where he might have good monks. Told him of two with my lord of Westminster, whom he could not then name. The one is called Goorton, the other Clarke, (fn. n6) both bachelors of divinity. The prior of Coventry (fn. n7) is dead. The matter is some what entered with the King and like to go forward with your help. The abbot will doubtless spare them for such a purpose. Would have waited on Cromwell, but does what he can that he may be able to stand in the pulpit on Tuesday. Is faint all over, but chiefly in the small of his back. Has, however, a good nurse, Mrs. Statham, who has fetched him home to her own house, "and doth pymper me up with all diligence; for I fear a consumption." In Master Statham's house, 8 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2.
R. O. 1044. Latimer to Cromwell.
L's. Remains,
p. 387.
Should have reminded him of Gorton and Clarke, the two monks of Westminster, concerning Coventry, but forgot it.
Master Haynes thinks to keep the Wednesday himself, so Latimer will not need to advertise his brother prior of it. Wishes him to have a Sunday that the King may taste what he can do.
The bearer Mr. Acton, his "godsybe" and friend, has something to say to Cromwell. He is faithful and hearty in all good causes.
If Antony Throgmerton, Cardinal Pole's servant, is not the King's true subject, wishes that Mr. Robt. Acton could have the things he has at "Wyeche," for it lies very commodiously for him. If Friar Gauvyne has suffered enough for his misbehaviour, doubts not that Cromwell will extend his charity to him.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
8 Nov. 1045. Ric Bellyses, Robt. Meynell, and Ambros Myddelton, to the Council in the North.
R. O. This 3 Nov. according to your letter we have examined Thomas Danyell and Henry Bukkery, in ward in the castle of Barnardcastell, upon the interrogatories contained in your letter. They profess obedience to the King's laws concerning the bishop of Rome and the King's supremacy. They say they returned into this realm to refuse their old cankered opinions touching the bp. of Rome and to submit to the King's mercy. As to the sayings of the Scots and the other English rebels now there, they know little. We ripped and searched their apparel but found no books or writings but matins books and books of prayer, except one "little printed bock named Directorium Fratrum Minorum" which Daniel voluntarily delivered and which we send by bearer. Both the "said friars" on their knees begged us to sue to your lordships to obtain their pardon. Barnardcastle, the clay aforesaid. Signed.
ii. Ebor., 8 Nov. 29 Henry VIII. This day the foresaid two friars, before my lord President and the Council, confessed the above as their whole mind and begged intercession for their pardon.
Pp. 2. Add.
8 Nov. 1046. McGilpatrick.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 514.
"The submission of Mighell Patrick to the King's Majesty in obeisance and to hold his lands to him and his heirs after the due course of the King's laws." In the form of an indenture between the King's Commissioners, Seyntleger, Poulet, Moyle and Berners, and Barnard son of Patrick alias Makgill Patrik, who is to conduct himself as the barons of Delvyn and Slane do, to have the title of baron of Colthill and Castleton, to adopt the English tongue and renounce the Pope. 8 Nov. 29 Henry VIII.
*** Another copy of this is in Lambeth MS. 603 f. 86 a.
8 Nov. 1047. Guillaume le Gras to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have to-day received yours and my lady's of the 30th ult. You write that you have delivered the amount of the accounts I sent you for your son James, to Verdun Lube, for which I thank you. You desire that I shall put your son to college to learn Latin, in which I will endeavour to satisfy you and my lady. I will be guided in this matter by the advice of Mons. Bekansal, and he shall place him where he can profit best. I am emboldened to ask your assistance against a merchant formerly dwelling at Rouen, who is now at London, and owes me 126 livres 11 sous for goods I sold him a year ago. He has carried off all his goods to England. His name is Jean Batiste de Cosigny. He is an Italian, dealer in scarlet dyes, and I understand if he were sued in London I should be paid. I send a copy of his schedule, which I beg you to address so that I may obtain payment. I should be glad to hear if you have any certain news of peace between France and the Emperor. Paris, 8 Nov. 1537.
I am very glad my lady has received the crapes and is satisfied with them. They cost 22s. 6d. each.
Hol. Fr., pp. 2. Add.
9 Nov. 1048. Sir Brian Tuke to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends copy, as desired, of the warrant directed to him for the diets of Sir Thomas Wyat, with a schedule of what he has received upon the same. I being sick in Essex, you wrote me to send him by an officer of arms, who was then despatched, new diets for six months. The officer, as my clerks advertised me, would not tarry till the money might be sent from the Tower, but said that other agents of Mr. Wyat's would receive it and pay it to his bankers. I understand Sir William Hawte is one of the agents, but he has shown no commission.
Sir Thomas is the King's debtor to no small sum. At his going he refused to pay it and also received money for a posts' charges, promising to rebate both upon his next payment, but he has not written nor informed your Lordship. Many more of the King's debtors, both beyond sea and at home, doubting I will stop their debts, sue to be paid elsewhere, though I never retarded any. Mr. Dudley was one at his last going over, and Dowglas, that brought a letter from your Lordship mentioning that he and his brother were unpaid their pension, though his day was not come by almost a month, at which time he got 500l. Writes this that Cromwell may hereafter "decipher" such untrue gentlemen, and also to know if he is to stop the King's debts; which he has not hitherto done, owing to the "importance of their expeditions." It would have become me, on coming to town at the beginning of the term to have attended upon your Lordship, but I durst not go as far as my garden in the air. I trust shortly to wait on you for "I am clear of all my sicknesses, which have not been a few, one upon another, able to keep such a strong man as I am long down." "At my poore caban at London," 9 November 1537, at 9 p.m.
Hol., pp. 3. Add: Lord Crumwell lord Privy Seal.
ii. Copy of the warrant above referred to for Sir Thomas Wyatt, on his being sent to the Emperor's Court, allowing him 41s. a day, beginning on the 10th inst., to be advanced beforehand. Westminster Palace, 12 March 28 Hen. VIII. The odd shilling is towards the diet of Bartholomew Rougecroix, appointed to attend on him.
Copy, p. 1.
iii. "Money paid to Sir Thomas Wyatt," 19 March 28 Henry VIII.
For diets beginning 10 March 28 Henry VIII., for half a year, advanced at 40s. by the day for himself, and 12d. the day towards the diet of Bartholomew Rougecroix, appointed to attend upon him, and ending 8 September then next following, 182 ½ days:—374l. 2s. 6d.
Advanced the same day for posts, 100 ducats at 5s. the piece:—25l.
Added in Tuke's hand:—Rougecrosse at his last going to Sir Thomas Wyatt had by my lord Privy Seal's letters for his own charges 120 cr. soleil:—28l.
P. 1.
10 Nov. 1049. E. Duchess of Norfolk to Cromwell.
Titus, B. i.
B. M.
App. No. 29
Sends a present of partridges, and urges him to move the King and her husband that she may have a better living. Without your aid I shall never get it, "I have so many enemies,—Bessie Howlond in the Court for chief, and the bawde and the harlots at Kenynggar, and the men, as Sothwell one and Rowse another, Hussey another, which was akin and nephew to my lord Hussey that last was buried. They rule my lord as they list." My lord, Arnoll and his wife showed me how good you were to them for my sake. On the 10th Nov., Mrs Abram, your niece, was well; my godson and yours is a toward child, and like to live, though he was weakly when born, as I hear. I am so shamefully handled that none dare come at me but such as my lord appoints to counsel me; but I will follow none of their counsels. I have been from my lord four years come Easter, as I have written, and will never return to him. I have written to him that I will do more for gentleness than for all their extreme handling, seeing I was his choosing, and not he mine. After he had put me away, he sent his chaplains, Mr. Burley and Thos. Seymer, offering, if I would be divorced, to give me all my jewels and apparel and much of his plate and household stuff. I rebuked his priests, and next day he wrote it with his own hand; but though my children be unnat[ural] to me, I still love them. I will never trust my husband; he can speak fair to his enemy as to his friend. Remember my last letter touching my daughter of Richmond's jointure, that the King may be in hand for my jointure first. Radburne, 10 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
10 Nov. 1050. Thos. [Manning], Suffragan of Ipswich, to Wriothesley.
R. O. Has received his loving letter and endeavoured to carry out his desire, as the bearer can show. Will do anything ho can for him in these parts, trusting that Wriothesley will do the like for him. Has given to Wriothesley's servants a copy of his court-rolls concerning the lands held by Sir Thos. Rushe in his life time in Sudburne, Chylford, Orford and Ikyne. Would not have done this for any other. Understands that Wriothesley's servants have appointed John Lane to be his bailiff at Baudyssey. Thinks him a very meet man, both for Wriothesley's profit and for quieting the poor men. They are as poor as any in the realm. Butteley, 10 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Nov. 1051. James Bettes to Cromwell.
R. O. John Mylle of Hampton informs me that, by Master Paulet's mediation, your lordship is content I shall have respite to pay 100 marks a year till I have paid the money I am now in danger for to the King, by reason of untrue men that I trusted. I thank you for remembering me in my age and necessity; but if you would help that I might pay but 50l. a year, I should think myself a man newly made. Hampton, 10 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Nov. 1052. Richard Culoke, Merchant of Dublin, to Brabazon.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 516.
Gallwy 10 Nov. 1537. To this part of Connaught is come a kinsman of Vylloke Bowrke's from Rome with bulls for the bpric. of Clonfert. His name is Roland Bowrke and he is received in Clanrycart by Make Vyllam and Vylloke O'Bowrke. The bp. appointed by the King—Dr. Nangyll, Austin friar—dare not stir abroad. As Make Vyllam and Vylloke O'Bowrke call themselves the King's subjects, please get the Deputy to write to them to send the said Roland to Dublin, and to the Mayor of Galway to stop his revenues. Malazelyn O'Madyne, lord of A'Maden's country and Make Suuyne, a captain of gallowglasses, who were with O'Connor, are "reset" by Make Vyllame.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: King's treasurer.
[10 Nov.]? 1053. Wyatt and Dudley in Spain.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 263.
Memorial for Sir John Dudley [drawn up by himself].
After the King's effectuous recommendations to the Emperor's Majesty by me declared and his Highness' letters delivered, the Emperor thanked God of the news, of which he was no less glad than he was of his own child (fn. n8) which was born 20 Oct. [last] (fn. n9), the same present month that the King his brother's son was born in. Although he would have been glad if the benefit had been to his own blood, he was as rejoiced as if it had been by his aunt. He had always a good opinion of the King's last marriage, as much as he was "cloyed with the tother." He trusted that things between the King and him would go the better for this, and prayed God to send the Kind's son long life.
[When we perceived he had finished his answer and showed gladness] (fn. n9) we declared the stature and goodliness of the child, and who were the godfathers and godmothers. I declared I was sorry be had made no better answer to the King's ambassador touching the overture for peace between him and the Most Christian King, which would have been acceptable to God and laudable to himself. Mr. Wiat added "Sire, undoubtedly my fellow Mr. Dudeley here present hath the like commandment as I had to treat in this overture of peace to your Majesty, how well that I think the matter is already so far forwards and at so good a point betwixt your Majesty and the French king at Velie's last being here that the King my master shall not need to travail further; and though you were sure that the King your (sic, for "my") master would be right glad of a peace, which thing he desireth nothing more, yet you were in doubt how his Majesty would conceive it, seeing the overture and mediation that he made was no otherwise embraced." He answered to this "M. Ambassador, at the last time you were with me for this matter, truth it is I did not so frankly utter my mind to you as I will do now." He then said that one Cornelius and ——— (blank) came from his sister in Flanders through France, by whom the French king sent word that he would "intend to the peace." He sent like word back by Cornelius and —— (blank) on their return to Flanders. Whereupon Vely came and "practised a truce for the rescuing of Turryn under colour of the Great Master to hearken to the truce, which the Emperor would not"; but whether Turryn were pressed or rescued he would intend to the peace. Vely charged the Emperor with seeking advantage by advertising his friends and allies; whereupon the Emperor promised to keep their conference secret until Vely's return "which should have been the 5th day of this last October and now it is the 10th." I said I saw no great appearance of peace considering the French king's passing the mountains with so great an army and that the Great Master had won the passages. He answered he did not think the French king would much prevail there, where the marquis de Guast was ready for him with 30,000 Spaniards and Italians, the best men of war that ever he had. No other mention of peace had been made and nothing would be concluded without the King's privity.
Here Mr. Wiat, to feel his intent touching the General Council, said he would be glad to certify his master, by me, of the place, time and intent of the same. He answered that the Venetians had granted Vincentia for the place and the time was deferred until the beginning of the year, that the King should take no prejudice, and that some such thing was expedient for strengthening this league against the Turk. Mr. Wyat said the receiving the bp. of Rome might occasion the excluding of the King. He answered "that if the King having his purpose what hurt were it having his mind to have a friend rather than an enemy. A sick man may not be cured at once." We replied we felt not sick; but, of a long sickness, healed. "No," quoth he, "I mean the King my brother is the physician. I speak to you but in general; but I promise you effectually and faithfully to serve the King my brother's turn to my power." Mr. Wiat desired to have the particulars capitulated. He answered he would speak further with us. I said that as he had admitted me so soon to his presence I might the better tarry a day or two. He asked how his cousin the lady Mary did [and said he thought she was delivered of a great burthen]. (fn. n10)
Corrected draft, pp. 6. Headed: "Memorye."
Harl. MS.
282, f. 255.
2. Memorial to the same effect as the preceding, but rather shorter. It continues:—
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
"Item. The next day our conferences with Grandvela:" To whom they spoke of the frankness they had found in the Emperor, both about the peace and the Council, and how, though it seemed vain to speak of this mediation, they desired particulars of that and other points; on which he promised to commune with the Emperor.
The next day we had report of him to this effect, that the Emperor would not meddle between the Bishop and the King but to the King's contentment, and with great secrecy. "In which ye must remember the points he spake of, annates, indulgences, exactions, and mediate power," in all of which the Emperor would attempt to justify the King's doings to the Bishop. This the Emperor did not wish opened to the King unless we thought he would take it well; but the establishing of things in accord in the King's time should be better for his succession. We thought that though this overture were vain, the King would take well every friendly motion; and our affairs were so established and in accordance with God's word that there was no need of the rest. He answered, "What hurt if they might pass with allowing and capitulation, both of the Bishop and other?" He thought that the King, as he hath not divided himself from the Faith, so would he not utterly divide himself from the Council and company of other Christian princes. "Of these things a little reasoning." The Emperor willed him to say he could dissemble with no man, and that if he had meant not friendly, he should have done as the Frenchmen do—" hold the Kyng thire frend wt others men's jarrys and suspects." Why should he dissemble, when all occasions of quarrel between them are taken away? The Emperor desired his friendship more than ever, and that these things of my lady Marya should be more forward. "Here upon our reasoning for their ambassadors' commission, he showed us the minute of the commission, dated in May." As to the Council, he answered as the Emperor had done. The Emperor intended nothing but the settlement of points of faith against the open heresies, "and though the Pope would debate for his authority, the Emperor would not linger the time" for his pleasure, but would see that the King was not prejudiced. As for the peace, since Velie's cousin had arrived with news of Velie's coming, the Emperor would have you tarry to know the particulars, although he thought they would be "but to make fair weather." The Emperor bade him say that nothing would be done without the King's knowledge, who should be principal contrahent, if he would. "Upon these points you tarried. Item, the sendyng of Chasteau, the excusing of the personage, by the save conduyt, yt there was non other, &c." He pressed to know if the King was grieved in anything.
Memorandum, that all this was before the news of Italy, so that we could not impute it to their evil successes.
In this mean time came Velye, on Wednesday last, the—(blank) day of October, and same night spake with the Emperor. Next day Covos and Grandvela practised with Vely; so it was Saturday before we learnt anything. Mem. Conjectures made when Velye's cousin and the Spaniard that came last from the camp were both despatched on Saturday morning through France. How we were sent for, and in what mind we went to Grandvela, and Grandvela's excuse of the delay and declaration of the truce for three months, to be published in both camps from the 27th of this month of November. The power that Vely brought for this—to treat for two months or more. The truce, at the requests of the bp. of Rome, the King, and other Christian princes. By this truce Covos and Grandvele are to be at Perpignan the 17th of next month, and, at the same time, the Great Master and card, of Lorraine, at Narbona. The Emperor to be in Barsolona in December, and the French King in Mountpillier. That there should come the ambassadors, as well the Nuncio as the others, to solicit their masters' indemnity. The King to be provided for as if he were king of the Romans, and his ambassador to be cognisant of all that is done.
Pp. 14, in Wyatt's hand. Endd.: "Copy of the memorial for Mr. Duddeley upon his commission."


  • n1. Lord Thomas Howard. See Wriothesley's Chronicle, i. 70.
  • n2. According to Jenkins' Hist, of Exeter, Thomas Hunt was mayor in 1537. The charter granted to the city was dated 23 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII.
  • n3. The end, which the editor of Pole's Letters at first supposed to be lost, was afterwards supplied by him at p. 208. It speaks of the Pope's continued efforts for peace in concert with the Venetians, who have granted Viccnza for the place of the General Council. Rome, 3 Nov.
  • n4. Winwick in Lancashire. See Valor Eccl. v. 220.
  • n5. Peter Beckwith.
  • n6. Ric. Gorton and John Clerke, both D.D.'s in 1539.
  • n7. Thos. Weford. His successor Thos. Camswell had the temporalities restored 21 March 1538.
  • n8. Joanna.
  • n9. Crossed out.
  • n10. Crossed out.