Henry VIII: December 1537, 15-25

Pages 430-443

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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December 1537, 16-25

16 Dec. 1218. Thomas Earl of Rutland to Cromwell.
R. O. Leonard Skevington, in charge of the King's ordinance and soldiers at Nottingham has written to me to be a mean unto your lordship for three months' wages due to him and them, as appears by his book which his servant has brought up. As they be poor men and Christmas near at hand, I beg your remembrance of them. At my house of Enfelde, 16 December. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
16 Dec. 1219. Sir Roger Touneshend to Cromwell.
R. O. According to Cromwell's letter to Sir Thos. Lestraunge, Mr. Hare and himself, has sequestered the goods of the priory of Westacre. Sir Thos. has delivered, or will deliver, an inventory, including ornaments of the church now missing. 16 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Sir John (sic) Townsend.
16 Dec. 1220. Wm. Banyster, Mayor of Oxford, and Others to Cromwell.
R. O. On Saturday last, John Creke, late servant to one Markys, in the company of Wm. Barke, groom of the King's chamber, and Allen Preston of Oxford, goldsmith, said that the King was dead. He is now in prison. Oxford, 16 Dec. Signed (all in one hand): Willm. Banyster, Mayre, Will'm Flemyng, and John Pye, Aldermen.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed with the town seal. Endd.
17 Dec. 1221. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Wrote by John Donnyngcort and Bornell, by whom he sent Lisle's money from Dover. This day Mr. John Graynfylde was in hand with him and offered 100l. for the possession of Kingston Lisle. Replied he was sure Lisle would not part with it for 160l., and he said he would give no penny more. Thinks, however, he will be glad to do so. Lisle knows that Mr. Skryven would gladly deal with it if he might find Sir John Dudley reasonable. Thinks little short of 100l. might be made of the woods, &c. Has laden in a hoy of John Lawden's a chest with the spices my lady desired. Will write by Raynsford who goes in three days. London, 17 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
17 Dec. 1222. Richard Grafton to Cromwell.
R. O. Richard Grafton of London, grocer, begs your Lordship's help, else he is in peril of utter undoing in the matter between him and Robt. Goudge, the younger. Had obtained Cromwell's letters to the lord Chancellor that it should be continued, but Goudge has found means to get a procedendo, upon which Grafton is attached and in prison. The debt is 72l. odd, and arose from his becoming security for a merchant in Flanders, Peter Douze, who absconded. Is a young man and, by setting forth of God's word, has made many enemies, who would be glad to help in his ruin. 17 Dec. 1537.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
1223. Richard Grafton to Cromwell.
R. O. In spite of Cromwell's letter and my Lord's writ of corpus cum causa, his adversary has bribed the clerks of the house where Grafton is in prison and the writ is stayed. Begs to be allowed to come before Cromwell or my lord Chancellor, and will put in sureties better than 500l.If he tarry here this night he is undone.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Dec. 1224. Bailiffs and Aldermen of Worcester to Cromwell.
R. O. Thank him for his goodness, touching the misdemeanour of Nic. Cowley, yeoman of the King's guard, and, in reply to their letter, about Thomas Hill, town clerk. Since Cromwell's last letter Cowley has been in the Court or near London until Friday after the Conception of Our Lady, when he delivered us a supplicavit in the name of Laurence Russell, his servant, and Margery his (Cowley's) wife, against Edw. and Thos. Archebold, and required it to be served, which was done. Edw. Archebold is in prison, as no one will be surety for him, and Cowley would not accept his offer to abide by the award of any gentlemen of Worcester or of Sir Wm. Kingston, captain of the Guard. but threatened to make him low and leave him not worth a groat, unless he would fight him, in which case he would release him of the action. Required Cowley and his servant to put in sureties or go to ward, but he refused to obey, saying he was the King's servant, and that neither the mayor of London nor any other officers should meddle with him. Also he has given them more trouble by making assaults and frays than any one ever did before. Deny his report that they do not favour the King's servants, and ask Cromwell not to give credence to his slanders. Ask how they shall order Cowley. Worcester, 17 Dec.
The names of Roger Warde and John Wylliams, bailiffs, (fn. n1)and Humfrey Burneford and Nic. More, aldermen, are appended, but all written by the same hand.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Dec. 1225. Hugh Prior of Durham to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter dated Stepney, 10 Nov., for the promotion of Sir Wm. Resseley to the vicarage of Billingham on the resignation of Sir Thos. Bentley. (fn. n2) Before receiving his letter had granted it to Dr. Hyndemer, chancellor to the bp. of Durham. Durham, 17 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Dec. 1226. Charles Duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
R. O. In favour of the bearer, who has a suit to his Lordship. Tytnangre, Monday, 17 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed and endd.
17 Dec. 1227. Card. Pole to Albertus Pighius.
Poli Epp. ii.
Conversation about Frederic Skenchius with card. Simonetta, who said much about the ingratitude of the said Frederic. Will solicit his causes, together with card. St. Cross, as soon as he (Pole) is well, but he has been now four days confined to his chamber. Rome, 17 Dec. 1537.
18 Dec. 1228. Bisham New Foundation.
See Grants in December, No. 22
18 Dec. 1229. John Thomson, Master of the Maison Dieu, to Cromwell.
R. O. When he was last with Cromwell his Lordship ordered him to set forward the works at Dover, and promised him a commission, by this time or before, giving him full powers in the ordering of labourers and making provisions. Begs he may have that commission, for the comptroller and others will not give credence to him; also to have choice of a clerk for his books and accounts. Begs credence for bearer, who will show what necessaries are required and bring Cromwell's answer. Dover, 18 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1230. John Thomson, Master of the Masundue at Dover, to Cromwell.
R. O. As surveyor and overseer of the King's works at Dover, he uses all diligence. However, if he had knowledge of the expenses, and the choice of labourers, it would be to the King's advantage. Begs such authority, or else would gladly be dismissed. Dovor.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 Dec. 1231. Council in the North to Henry VIII.
R. O. Of late a young fellow, Brian Boye, late servant to the prior of Neweburgh, as keeper of St. Saviour's chapel there (whereunto many pilgrims resort) being discharged of his office, told on Wm. Witham that the said prior last summer (my lord of Norfolk then, and long after, being here) spoke "unsitting" words, not only of my said lord but of your Highness, such "that it abhorred all our ears to hear them." Even in the Commotion no such abominable words were spoken. This Witham disclosed, remembering the oath lately given to him and all others to conceal nothing that touched the King. Boye had said one Mrs. Fulstrope was present when the words were spoken. Apprehended all the parties and enclose their examinations signed by themselves. After examining them apart, brought the accuser and defender together, telling Boye not be afraid of the prior; whereupon he affirmed it to the prior's face, who denied it with many oaths and defiances. "After long suffering them the one to bait the other," could learn nothing more. The other persons said to have been present heard no such words. Brian himself says that the prior "fummelled it out" so to himself that he thinks none else heard it, and although Mrs. Fulstrop was there about Trinity Sunday last he concealed it from that day till lately, while my lord of Norfold was here for almost five months after. Have commanded him home to his father's house till we send for him, and, although there is no other evidence against the prior, have thought it right to sequester him, till the King's pleasure be known, at St. Leonard's, York, a house of the same order, with our fellow Mr. Magnus. Have arranged with Magnus and Sir George Lawson, steward there, how the convent shall be ordered this Christmas in his absence.
Send up, as commanded, two Friars Observants who lately came out of Scotland.
Sir John Dobsone, vicar of Mustone, has been accused before us by three of his parishioners of declaring prophecies since your last pardon in summer; 1. that you should be driven from your realm and return and be content with the third part thereof, 2. touching the Eagle, i.e., the Emperor, and 3. of the Dun Cow, i.e., the Pope. The rest of the parish say he is an honest man and is accused of malice. The charge was not shown to my lord of Norfolk, though he was here long after. Witnesses cited by the accusers deny that the prophecies were declared in the church porch and in an alehouse. Have, however, committed him to gaol as his accusers are three in number. Wish instructions what shall be done to those who have concealed it so long.
Have ordered Carnaby to keep the tower of Heslyside, in Tynedale, late belonging to Edw. Charlton. The outlaws are quiet. Andrew Hall, one of the pledges of Reedsdale, is committed to ward until one of his surnames submit. Thank the King for the warrants for their diets brought by my lord of Llandaff. Have delivered them to Tristram Teshe, the King's receiver, and to Sir George Lawson. York, 18 Dec. Signed by Durham, Llandaff, Magnus, Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., Bowis, Babthorp, and Uvedale.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
18 Dec. 1232. Terence O'Toole.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 522.
Articles of the treaty between the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland and Terence Othole, 18 Dec. 29 Henry VIII.
Peace to last till May 1540. Othole to have the lands his father, Arthur Othole, held 40 years ago, to assist the Deputy with two horsemen and 12 gallowglasses, and not to receive the King's rebels, notably Peter Fitzgerald. His brother Arthur Oge is bound with him, and Ossory and lord James Butler are his sureties.
19 Dec. 1233. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I send by the bearer John Skarleyt, master of this boy, of which John Lawden of London is owner, the proportion of spices which Bonde delivered me at my departure from Calais. They are packed in a sugar chest. I enclose particulars and prices. The weather has been very boisterous. I should like to hear that Donygcort and Bornell have arrived at Calais, by whom I sent your ladyship's money from Dover. Mr. John Graynefylde has offered 100l. for the possession of Kingston Lisle. He wishes an answer against New Year's tide. I think it should cost him half as much more. I believe Mr. Skryven would give as much for it as Hide will. I will send your sleeves by the first that goes. Your daughters shall have all they need. St. Katharine's, 19 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Bill referred to.
9 Dec. 1537.
Fine sugar, 61/2d. a lb. Middle sugar, 5d. a lb. Cinnamon, 6s. 8d. a lb. Mace, large, 6s. 8d. a lb. Venice ginger, 3s. a lb. Pepper, 22d. a lb. Nutmegs, 4s. alb. Liquorice, 4d. a lb. Aniseed, 4d. a lb. Sandyrs, 2s. 8d. alb. Tornesoll, 1s. 4d. a lb. Isinglass, 2s. 6d. alb. Raisins of Corense, 4d. a lb. Dates, 4d. a lb. Prunes, 12s. a cwt. Cloves, 6s. a lb. Great rice, I d. a lb. Chest, and expenses of shipping into the Pool, 19d. Total, 12l. 12s.
P. 1.
19 Dec. 1234. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I received this day, by Jas. Hownde, your ladyship's letters, and when the ship is discharged, which will be on Saturday at furthest, will see all things received and delivered accordingly. I think my lady Rutland and Tyldesley will be content to wait for their stuff. The 20s. you sent Mrs. Katherine will be right welcome to her to present her friends in that house with some remembrance, for which the angel I gave her and the half angel you sent will be little enough. I gave no money to Mrs. Anne but the half angel, for I considered she had 10l. for her year's wages. Your ladyship marvels that my lady of Sussex wanted a new gown of Lion tawney satin for Mrs. Anne. Her reason then was that it was uncertain how long the King would require them to wear black, and she ought to have two changes of silk beside her velvet gown. The travers must be sent over and then they have promised to do their best. Nothing need be given to him of the Tower or to Tyldysley except at your pleasure till the stuff be delivered. "Tyldysley's shall be delivered, but he of the Tower shall not now have the crome (crown), for it should be double charges." You will receive by the bearer, Mr. Raynsford, your velvet sleeves and 4 doz. gloves, which cost 9s.,—3d. a dozen more than last year. They are very scarce. I bought them at the Cowface in Chepe. Gives a list of other articles sent. Has received no money yet of James. Sends 3 1/2 thousand pins. I will write more by James, who will be with you in the holidays. St. Katharine's, 19 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
19 Dec. 1235. Wm. Maunsell to Cromwell.
R. O. Delivered Cromwell's letters, with the offices of the attainted lands, to the escheators of Hunts, Lincolnshire and Lincoln, and Notts. As they had not then their patents, appointed them to sit at Retford, Notts., on 17 Jan., at Lincoln on the 18th, and at Huntingdon the 21st. Touching Yorkshire the escheator by Master Bowes' advice, caused the offices to be found at York Castle on Tuesday last according to the paper draught. Touching the city of York, the mayor is sick and cannot sit by attorney. As to the commission for the inquiry of attainted goods seized by Sir Brian Hastings, the administrator of his goods has day till 14 Jan., as one of the escheators is with the lord Admiral. York, 19 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Dec. 1236. Sir Wm. Parre to Cromwell.
R. O. On Monday night last about 30 persons, 20 of whom were well horsed, came to Lord Mountjoy's park at Abthorpe, killed almost all the deer and took and bound one of Ric. Cecile's servants dwelling in Abthorpe. As Abthorpe is 24 miles from Parre's house, Sir Humfrey Stafford, who sent him word of it, caused his son to follow them. Such a thing was never done in these parts since he knew them. In his opinion it deserves great punishment. Asks whether he shall search in the adjoining shires for the procurers. Horton, 20 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
20 Dec. 1237. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Beseeching your Lordship to accept my poor present of horses. All is in good order here, "saving now and then a little conveying amongst themselves for a fat sheep or a bullock, in Kery, Kedewen, Arustley, and Kevylyoke; which is impossible to be amended, for thieves I found them and thieves I shall leave them." Shrewsbury, 20 December. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privv Seal. Endd.
20 Dec. 1238. W. Paget to Wriothesley.
R. O. Has just arrived at Titchfield all wet and weary. Defers writing particulars of his journey; but in few words, came hither from London by Portsmouth 4 score miles and moved Mr. Crayford to accomplish Wriothesley's pleasure for the two letters. He asked when I came from you. I said Tuesday. He said he had heard from you twice since then and that you had probably altered your mind as you had written nothing of it. I said nevertheless it should be well done. He replied the thing was past now. Not knowing the particulars that you would have comprised in your letters I cannot write myself. I believe they have done all things here very substantially. They have shown me no specialties nor yet the commissions. "If they do not, you know my dull and dastardly nature, I love not to ingerere me nor to be more busy than needs." Thinks his presence may be spared, especially as he ought to show himself at Court these holidays. Titchfield, 20 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Wriothesley, esquire.
20 Dec. 1239. The Irish Parliament.
Titus B. ix.
90 b.
B. M.
Irish Statutes,
Vol. i. p. 66.
Statutes of the Parliament held at Dublin on Monday, 1 May. 28 Hen. VIII., before Lord Leonard Gray, deputy; adjourned on Wednesday, 31 May, to Tuesday, 25 July, at Kilkenny; on Friday, 28 July, to Cashell; on Wednesday, 2 Aug., to Limerick, &c.; and finally terminated at Dublin, 20 Dec. [1537].
Cap. xiii. is "An Acte against marying or fostering with or to Irishemen," not in the Printed Statutes. The last is "The Acte for leazers of corne, cap. xxv." which is cap. xxiv. in the printed Statutes.
Later copy.
20 Dec. 1240. The English at Antwerp.
R. T. 141. Ratification by Charles V. of the commercial agreement, dated 8 June, 1537, between the merchants of the English nation and the town of Antwerp. Brussels, 20 Dec. 1537.
Dutch, pp. 10. Modern copy from the Archives of Antwerp.
21 Dec. 1241. Windsor Castle.
R. O. Particulars of the account of Sir Ric. Weston, lieutenant of Windsor Castle, from Mich. 28 to Mich. 29 Hen. VIII., by his deputy John Wodward, executor of George Wodward, late clerk of the Castle.
Rents received in Castle Ward, Foly John, Old and New Wyndesor, Eton, Dachett, and Dyttoune, from the abbot of Abingdon and others (as appears in a book of Thos. Hobbe, dean of St Stephen's, Westminster, master Roger Lupton, provost of Eton, and other commissioners), the abbot of Reading and others, John Norres, heir of Wm. Norres, and from copyholders, &c. not particularised.
Redditus resoluti:—To the vicar of Old Windsor for tithes of Wychemer manor within the Great Park, 20s.; to Salisbury cathedral for tithes of the Forest, 25s.; to Wm. lord Sandys lord of Clewer, 12s.; Reading abbey (for Lodcroft in the Little Park), 7s. 5d.; Alex. Newentone, 11s., and Burnham abbey (for lands formerly of Oliver Burdux in Eton), 4s. 4d.
Fees:—To Henry marquis of Exeter, late constable of the Castle and keeper of the Forest, parks, &c. (nothing, for he was not constable nor exercised the office for that time); Sir Ric. Weston, lieutenant and keeper of Sonninghill park and Cramborne chace; lord Sands, keeper of Esthamsted park; Wm. Fitzwilliam earl of Southampton, keeper of the Great Park; — (blank) Heneg, esquire for the Body, keeper of the park under the Castle, called Little Park; John Norrys, keeper of the Foly John park; Robt. Tyrwytt, keeper of Dytton park; Thos. Ward, keeper of the keys of the upper ward, porter of the outer gate, and controller of works; Robt. Lyttyll, keeper of the leads; Chr. Dyccouns. magister sementarius; John Wodward, executor of George Wodward, late clerk of the Castle and collector of rents in Old Windsor, Datchet, and Dyttone; and Wm. Chalfont, steward of Datchet. Also allowances for various repairs and work done and of rents of assise of lands in tenure of lord Sandys and Sir Walter Stoner.
Latin, pp. 11.
ii. The particulars paid of wages and emptions, &c. "in every place" from 4 Feb. 28 Hen. VIII. to 21 Dec. next following. The payments are for paling of parks and repair of buildings. Each page signed by Thomas Ward.
Pp. 16.
21 Dec. 1242. Sir Reynold Carnaby to Cromwell.
R. O. No news. The inhabitants of Tyndale are in as good stay as they have been for many years at this time of the year, except for the banished outlaws. Has cast down the houses where the three principal killers of Roger Fenwick dwelt. Has eight of his servants remaining at Hesleyside, late the house of Edward Charlton, till he knows the King's pleasure. Has written to my lord President and the Council, at York, for further instructions about it. The keeping of his servants there is some cost to him, but he does not grudge it. Would have been glad to have waited on the King and Cromwell, but would like first to get some of these outlaws into his hands. The rebels have not raised any fire or bruit, but it is expected they will. Has made open proclamation that he will redress all complaints against Tyndale men or bring the offenders to law. Hexham, 21 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Dec. 1243. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. viii. 8.
Will not fail to carry out the instructions in Cromwell's letter, dated Oatland, the 12th, the bearer of which was dilatory, as soon as he has an opportunity; for Friar Peto is at Barrowe and Hutton has matters to follow here which begin to frame better than they did. Since his letter of the 4th, wrote on the 9th about the duchess of Milan. The Lady Regent is convinced of Cromwell's favourable disposition towards the Emperor. The duke of Arschot left for Spain on the 17th with one of the Council named Louis Schore. The rebels of Gelderland keep their own against the duke. The Clevois have no more hope, thinking that if the King will not have the duchess of Milan the French king will, for his second son. Brussels, 21 Dec.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1244. Thomas Hennege to Cromwell.
Vesp. F. xiii.
B. M.
Has received his letter this night at 9, and shown the King its tenor. He desires that you and Sir Francis Brian will come hither by 8 or 9 to-morrow morning. If Brian's servant be sick of the plague, Brian is still to come, but to keep aloof and not enter within the place till the King's pleasure be further known. Otelond, (fn. n3) about 10 of the clock.
Hol., p. 1. Address partly cut off: [To my lord Privy] Seal be [this delivered].
22 Dec. 1245. John Crayford and Rouland Lathum to Wriothesley.
R. O. Have made careful inquiry of the state of the late monastery of Titchfield, and how many grants have been passed under the convent seal. The church is most naked and barren, being of such antiquity. Forty shillings would buy all except the vestment you gave and two old chalices. At Michaelmas last there were two team of oxen, and now not one ox, but a few young calves and lamb hoggs of small value, "certain brewing vessel," a dozen rusty platters, dishes, and saucers, and 10 morkyns, otherwise called guyldings, for the plough. The hangings left are worth 20s. The lands are very ruinous. Pensions are granted to the old quondam and others to the sum of 50l. by confession of the abbot and convent; yet they did not confess all, for one Mr. Chandlour has since showed a grant of 4l. a year, and we fear many such have passed. The tenth to the King is 25l. odd. The debts amount to 200l. The abbot and convent expect to be assured of 135l. a year during their lives, the abbot having 100 mks., eight priests 6l. 13s. 4d. and three novices 5l. each. The house owes the King above 200 mks. for first fruits. The expense of alterations will be 300 mks. at least. Thus your first entry will be expensive. At the King's manor of Titchfield, 22 Dec. Signed.
Excuse their long silence, which was to enable the bearer, Mr. Pachet, to survey things and report to you on his return.
Pp. 2. Add.
22 Dec. 1246. Dr. Tregonwell and Dr. London to Cromwell.
R. O. To-day, by the King's commission, assembled the prior and convent of Oseney in the chapter house, and they elected the abbot of Thame as their abbot, according to Cromwell's instructions. Oxenford, 22 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
22 Dec. 1247. The Robbery of Parson Jackman.
R. O. The confession of Thomas Bright, taken at Owndell, Northt., 22 Dec., 29 Henry VIII., before Edward Mountagu, King's serjeant-at-law, and Thomas Brudenell, justices of the peace.
Showing that he was born at Myntey, Glouc., and two years ago was in the service of the abp. of York, afterwards in that of Mr. Edw. Poynings, in Kent, where he remained till Christmas last. Has since lived at Owndell by playing at dice, by which he got the 6l. 5s. 6 1/2d. found in his purse. Cannot tell of whom he won it. Won at Rye 10l. at dice a quarter of a year ago. Has had 4 marks' land at Myntey, which he sold to one Marshall for 30l. Came out of London "on Monday was fortnight," 10 Dec., where he lodged at the sign of the George in Bradstreet and the George in Shoreditch. Never spoke with Philip Clarke, but "coursed" with one White, a yeoman of the Guard, a black colt, which the same White never saw, and also a bay gelding of his for a bay gelding of the same White, which bay gelding was taken at Fotheringhay on Thursday last and sent up to London, when Hedley, bailey of Fotheringhay, was sent for; but what day and year the same course was made, and who was by, he knows not. Rode from Owndell towards London on Tuesday, 18 Dec., and lay at a village near Huntingdon; thence to Envyld to bed, where he lay at one Sawyer's house on Wednesday night, and on Thursday morning to London to speak with Sir Henry Bright, priest, his brother, of whom he had a piece of black sarcenet found in his budget; but being told in Cheapside that his brother had left London, he went the same day to Potters Bar and thence to Baldock, where he lodged at the sign of the Taberd, and to Owndell again; all which journey he rode a white nag that he bought of Philip Clarke at Fotheringhay on the 14th Dec. Was not at the robbing of parson Jackeman, of Aston Clinton, Bucks, nor knows about it.
On a long roll of paper. Sealed. Add.: To my lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. "A remembrance to the King's Grace's Council for the trial of Thos. Bryght, prisoner in Aylysbury gaol."
Mems. of the necessary commissions and precepts for sending Bright to be tried at Oxford castle, and for Mr. Leonard Rede to bring the four men who have deposed to his traitorous saying.
P. 1. Endd.
1248. Thos. Bryght to [Cromwell].
R. O. Begs his Lordship, for Christ's sake, to procure his pardon of the King, especially as it is the first time he ever desired it or ever induced any man to folly.
Hol., p. 1.
23 Dec. 1249. Henry VIII. to Sir Thos. Wyat.
Harl. MS.
282, f. 37.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
Sir John Dudley, late ambassador to the Emperor, has reported the Emperor's kind entertainment of him. In return, Wyat is to deliver the letter of credence sent herewith, thank the Emperor for his friendly offers, and say that Henry is no less glad that "all occasions be taken away by the goodness of God" which did somewhat obscure their friendship, than the Emperor declared himself to be. Where he explained why he had been so dark at the first overture of peace, and promised that in any peace Henry should be a principal contrahent; this is the more pleasant as coming from the frank mind of him whom the King ever trusted, although sundry clouds did obfuske and darken their ancient amities for a time. Wyat may assure the Emperor that Henry will do nothing that shall not be quadrant with the Scripture and the observation of his treaties with the Emperor, although others for their own glory do travail to deface his proceedings.
In case they mean to have him as a third contrahent, or, if not, to decipher their intentions, sends a commission to conclude what is to be determined on the King's part at their said treaty. Sends the like to the ambassador in France, whom Wyat may consult. Wyat must first require the Emperor to declare by express article in this or any other treaties that nothing is to be prejudicial to the King; and the King must have six months, or at least four months, in which to decide whether he can enter into it or not, after knowing the specialities. If they press for aid against the Turk, he shall say that the King has heard from the Emperor's ambassadors resident here that the Emperor much desires to "propel and repress that common enemy the Turk," and requires the King's aid, and that if the Emperor's proceedings now are as friendly as his words to Wyat and Dudley imply, the King will contribute an aid which, considering the position and extent of his dominions, shall fully satisfy the Emperor.
It is reported (and the Emperor's words to Wyat and Dudley seem to confirm it) that it has been agreed between him, the bp. of Rome, and the Venetians that the conciliable or assembly heretofore indicted by the said bishop should be held at Vincence, I May next. Points out at great length how it would be to the dishonour of the Emperor, whose predecessors indicted the four greatest councils (named) that ever were, to suffer the bp. of Rome to indict this one in a place which is, like all those lately fixed by that bishop, either in his own dominions or so near that he may be both judge and party in it. Suggests that the Emperor should, with the consent of the princes, call a council at Cambray or some such place to which Henry and the other princes might resort without notable danger, and the Low Countries take great advantage thereby. It would seem unkind in the Emperor to esteem less the King, his ally, than one priest's pleasure, "that in his act doth him also injury." Wyat may say that Henry, to signify his mind in the matter of the Council, &c., will shortly send personages of honest gravity and judgment.
Finally, sends certain papers in French containing the translation of the latter part of these letters touching the Council, which are to be delivered to the Emperor, Grandvile, and others of the Emperor's council as Wyat shall think fit, so that they may be the better prepared against the coming of the personages aforementioned. If the Emperor marvel that he has not heard from Henry (as it is so long since the departure of Sir John Dudley), Wyat shall declare that Dudley was stayed at Lyons 12 days by card. Tournon, whereat the French king was displeased. Greenwich, 23 Dec, 29 Hen. VIII. Signed at head.
Pp. 12.
Ib. 109.
B. M.
2. Translation into French of the part of the preceding described in the third paragraph.
Fr., pp. 6. Endd.: "The King's Grace in January by Mr. Mason, with the commission, at Barsolona."
23 Dec. 1250. Sir Brian Tuke to Cromwell.
R. O. Pondering the earnest and pithy words of your Lordship's late letters, and those of Sir Thomas Soulemont, sent me by your command, and also the King's displeasure at the false surmise of Cornelis Hayes against my clerks, I have determined to deliver to Cornelis 100l., on condition that if my clerks prove, before your Lordship and such of the Council as you shall choose, Cornelis' surmise to be false, he shall return the 100l. within eight days. This order Cornelis agreed to yesterday.
Mr. Soulemont wrote me to make sure of the sincerity of my clerks. When you hear what orders I use, which never treasurers of the Chamber did, between my clerks and me, you shall find it is not very easy for them to deceive the King. Meanwhile I dare say I see no doubt but they shall prove Cornelis false. "Somewhat is like to be said before your Lordship in it otherwise than Cornelis has said." It is a hard precedent that a treasurer shall be driven to prove his payments by the acquittance of the party; acquittances have never been used till lately, and still many gentlemen of the Court refuse to subscribe acquittances, alleging the possession of the warrant to be sufficient discharge.
I may not yet wait upon your Lordship; if I take the air even at the opening of the pane of a window, I am hindered for a week after, so by counsel of my physicians I am keeping close. My poor caban in Lothebury, 23 December 1537.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[23 Dec.] 1251. Sir Wm. Poulet to [Cromwell?].
R. O. My Lord, I have sent you a bill of the charges of the Queen's burial, and a debenture to Gostwyk for payment for the King's wines spent ao xxvijmo. The 200l. lent is repaid. The 300l. prested against the Queen's coronation I pray may be allowed upon the "creditor of Household" spent this time at Hampton Court and Windsor, which will be as good as payment in effect. Wishes him a merry Christmas. Greenwich, Sunday.
Asks him to appoint Mr. Gostwyk to take the remainder of 400l. paid at Baynerd's Castell and discharge Poulet's bill.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
23 Dec. 1252. John Tregonwell to [Cromwell].
R. O. It is reported here that the King is dead, the occasion being a letter from one of the Court to the abbot of Reading, who sent it on to the abbot of Abingdon. Advises that the truth should be declared. Oxford, 23 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.
23 Dec. 1253. Francis I. to Castillon.
Kaulek, 6. The bp. of Winchester, who has not been seen since he was at Briançon, where he came with my lord William before the passage of Francis into Piedmont, complained last night that the card. of Tournon and the Chancellor (fn. n4) had stopped the Vice-Admiral of England on his way from Spain to the King his master. The Cardinal and the Chancellor have already written to Castillon that this was done under a general order that all couriers should pass by the King, or that he should be informed of their coming. The chief cause of this delay was therefore the sojourn of 12 or 15 days made by the Bp. and lord William at Grenoble, while the King was at Briançon, without giving notice of the going of the Vice-Admiral into Spain. As soon as he heard it Francis wrote to the Cardinal and Chancellor that English subjects were not comprised in the general order. The bp. of Winchester having inquired if on treating of peace with the Emperor Francis did not intend England to be one of the principal contrahents, he replied that at the beginning of the Bp.'s embassy it had been proposed that the two kings could not treat with the Emperor without being together principal contrahents. To this Francis agreed, with certain conditions of mutual aid. But the bp. of Tarbes, then ambassador in England, could get no answer to this and Francis made war without the aid of anyone. Francis added that in any case he would keep inviolably his treaties of alliance with England. Montpellier, 23 Dec.
*** A modern transcript of this letter is in R. O.
23 Dec. 1254. Bochetel to Castillon.
Kaulek, 7. The King answered Castillon's last letter from Saint Gilles in Provence. He has since come to Montpellier where the bp. of Winchester came to see him. He continues very well. The card. of Lorraine and the Grand Master are at Leucate, but no news has yet been heard of their negociation. There is no change at Court. The card. Le Veneur is very glad of what Castillon writes about the greyhound. C. knows that M. de Langey is left governor at Turin. Card. du Bellay is still in Picardy with Orleans. Montpellier, 23 Dec.
*** A modern transcript of this letter is in R. O.
24 Dec. 1255. Edward Mountagu to Cromwell.
R. O. On the night of the 17th inst. a number of persons assembled at lord Mountjoye's park of Apthorpe, North., brake down the pale, killed or drove away 36 deer, assaulted the manor place of the said Lord, shooting in arrows through the glass windows, and hurt one of my Lord's tenants with an arrow and bound two others. I perceive your Lordship is partly informed of this by Sir William Parre's letters. As this bearer, Mr. Hancoke, dwells in the said manor place and can inform your Lordship of the truth, I send him to you. Among the persons were many worshipful and gentlemen; I doubt not your wisdom shall discover the truth, and the King be no loser: there hath not been such a part played in these parts since my remembrance. On Friday last certain persons, by the King's command as they said, attached one Thomas Hedley, servant to Mr. Maners, the earl of Rutland's brother, for felonies, and left charge in the King's name for one Thomas Bright to be attached. So on Saturday last I caused Bright to be attached at Owndell, and one Phillip Clarke with him. Both are goodly men of personage, have nothing to live by and ride often to London and other parts. Bright had 6l. in his purse and Clarke had good store of money. I suppose they were at the robbing of parson Jackeman in Bucks. I have sent Bright to Northampton
Castle and Clarke to Peterborough gaol. It is said Bright had stolen a bay gelding of your Lordship's, which is sent up with Thomas Hedley. Please let me know the King's pleasure in the premises. Hemyngton, Christmas Even. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Dec. 1256. Sir Walter Stonore, Sir W. Essex, and Thomas Vachell to Cromwell.
R. O. According to the Kings's letter to them to enquire into the bruit of the King's death, in these parts, they have made examinations, and send depositions by the bearers. Have punished some as the King prescribed, as a warning to others. Three persons, whose names the bearers can show, they have committed to Reading gaol. Colley upon Chrystys even.
P.S.—Have learned that the matter may be better set forth by one Thomas Baron, as appears by the depositions of Thomas Hynde. Have sent to apprehend Baron. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Ld. Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Examinations taken at Colleyn, 18 Dec. 29 Hen. VIII. by Sir Walter Stoner, Sir William Essex, and Thomas Vachell, by the King's commission, touching a report bruited at Brodfyld on Saturday last (Our Lady Day, 8 Dec.) by Sir George Barton, parson of the same town, and others, that the King was dead, as also the marquis of Exeter.
Persons examined: George Barton aforesaid; William Cryppes, of Yattendon, weaver; Nycolas Wylkynson, servant to the abbot of Redyng; Hugh, abbot of Redyng, then lying at the house called "the Bear," for fear of infection. Signed by the Abbot.
ii. "Examynacions taken at the Bear the 19 day of the moneth afforre sayde by the commissioners affornamed," in relation to the same subject.
Persons examined: John Sowthen and Sir John Norres (signed) Norreys.
Thomas Hynd, examined at Newbury, 21 Dec. (signed), Thomas Barne, John Myller of Dynnyngton, John Boxworth and Joan his wife (who is respited without punishment, being then great with child), Edward Whyte, John Vertue, John Grene, John Mylch of Spenamland, smith, and Thomas Brewar.
iii. The punishment of Edward Lyttelworke, fuller, for spreading the rumour and not producing his authority, scilicet, that he should be "set on the pillory there one ower in the myddest of the market day, his years fast nayled, and after to be cut of by the hard hed, and then he to be tyed to a cartys ayrse, and to be strypped naked to the wast of his body, and so to be whypped round aboute the towne; whyche was don on fryday in the myddest of the market then holden at Wallyngford afforeseyd; and from thens the same day the said Edward was delivered to the mayre and officers of Redyng, and ther on Saterday, being market day ther, he was sett on the pyllory by one ower space and then and there whypped round about the same towne, as he was at Wallyngford aforseyd; and at Redyng he remaynyth in gayle styll untyll the Kyng's pleasure be further therein declared."
iv. Deposition of William Edmunds, touching the same, in his own hand.
v. Re-examination of Thomas Hynd. Signed.
Countersigned: Water Stonore—W. Essex—Thomas Vachell.
Pp. 18. Endd.
24 Dec. 1257. Richard Phelypps to Rougedragon. (fn. n5)
R. O. A merchant of Poole, William Meserer, lying out of the town for the sickness, was robbed in his house at night by 8 or 10 thieves, whose nest is broken, and five of them in Dorchester gaol. Three of them are fled, whereof one George Hunt, sometime servant to Sir William Barkeley, and of late to Sir Edward Wylloby, is come to the Sanctuary at Westminster. Hunt had 48l. in angel nobles that the rest knew not of, and had for his share 53s. 4d., four silver spoons, and certain linen cloth. Please make search in the Sanctuary that the money may be saved for Meserer.
Perchance he has changed his name, but by examining him where he has dwelt and where he was on Sunday fortnight, the night of the robbery, ye shall know him. In case the searcher of the Sanctuary will not hold with you, I pray you get my lord Privy Seal's commandment for the examination of the matter. I desire you to ascertain me by the bearer, who knows Hunt. Wymborne Minster, Christ's even, in the morning.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Mr. Rougedragon, herald at arms.... in the Sanctuary at Westminster. Endd.: Ric. Philipp to Ric. Rugdragon; and also: Robt. Leason, George Pace.
24 Dec. 1258. Sir Clement West to [Cromwell].
Otho, C. ix.
B. M.
[Rig]ht honorable and my special g[ood lord], both in my other [letters] enclosed, and in this [I have written] of the armada "as yt cam to.......... scantly red be cawze the passag was v............. taryyd but hyr bot which was schargyd........ and yn hyr Sir Thomas Copulldye, to whoy [m I have] delyveryd the seyd newys who ys name ys h....." Thus by the two letters your Lordship shall see what has been done. The galleys of this place are here [ready] to return where any "asembly off armad shall [be against] the Infydells." I beg you do my duty to the King and to my lord's grace [of Norfolk?]. Ma[lta], 24 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Much mutilated.
25 Dec. 1259. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.'s Remains,
p. 388.
Apologises for his importunity. The enclosed letter shall speak for itself. When he moved the King in this cause he favourably heard him. Commits to Cromwell the Coventre matter, Master Acton's and Master Nevell's matters.
Dr. Barns has preached at Hartlebury, and, at Latimer's request, at Worcester and Effsam (Evesham). "Surely he is alone in handling of a piece of Scripture, and in setting forth of Christ he hath no fellow." Wishes the King might hear him. He can tell Cromwell about two monks' preaching lately in Evesham. Though exempt from Latimer they are not from Cromwell. I pray God amend them, or else I fear they be exempt from the flock of Christ. "Very true monks, that is to say, pseudoprophetæ, and false Christian men, perverters of Scripture, sly, wily, disobedientiaries to all good orders, ever starting up, as they dare, to do hurt." This Christmas Day.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Dec. 1260. The Irish Commissioners to James FitzJohn of Desmond.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 537.
Marvel that, after all his letters and his submission made at Dungarvan by Mr. Wm. Walshe and his secretary, he does not fulfil his promises. Upon his letter, datedLorgar, 8 Nov., stating that he had performed all his promises, they wrote to the King, who takes his submission in good part, and requires proofs of the bastardy and traitorous words of James Fitz Morryce, and to know how the 300 men Fitz John wrote of are to be used. Urge him to answer these at once. His pardon is sent to Mr. Wyse, of Waterford, and will be delivered when FitzJohn's son is delivered. Desire answer by bearer, as they return shortly to England. He wrote that while with them at Clomel, Donough Obryne made a prey upon certain of his tenants. Have written to Donough and enclose his answer. 25 Dec.
Copy, pp. 2.
25 Dec. 1261. Godefroy de Mortainge to Lord Lisle.
R. O. The bearer desires to enter the service of some lord in England as falconer. I beg you will get him letters of recommendation. My father, who commends himself to you, has asked me to write. My body, harness and horse shall be always at your service. Gravelines Castle, Christmas night, 1537.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
25 Dec. 1262. N. Du Valin to Cromwell.
R. O. Reminds him of the promise of redress he gave in October three years ago, for depredations suffered from English pirates. Was sorry he could not wait upon him nearly three years ago when he sent a dozen batons from Brazil bearing the arms of the king of England. Begs him to consider the detention of one of his vessels at Winchelsea in August last by one named Rhodes, captain of the ship John Thailleur, as Cromwell has been informed by Mons. de Chastillon (Castillon). And 16 or 20 Spanish ships have taken another vessel of his within the Camber. Begs redress, and Nicolas Duval, (fn. n6) comptroller of Dieppe, will pray God on his behalf. Dieppe, Christmas day, 1537.
French, p. 1. Add.: Secretary and Privy Seal. Endd.: Valyn.
25 Dec. 1263. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
Kaulek, 8. Is sending the card. of Lorraine and the Grand Master to Narbonne to treat of a peace with the Emperor. Nothing shall be done to the disadvantage of England. Is ready to renew old alliances with Henry "envers tous et contre tous, sans aulcun y réserver comme auparavant.
Fr. The original headed: "Brevet baillé par Monseigneur au Roy d'Angleterre le xxve Décembre 1537."
*** A modern transcript is in R.O.


  • n1. They were bailiff in 1537–8, according to Nash (Hist. of Worc.).
  • n2. He was vicar of Billingham in 1535, when the Valor was compiled. See Valor Eccl. V. 320.
  • n3. The King was at Oatlands in December 1537, certainly on the 7th and on the 22nd; perhaps on other days also; but towards the end of the month he was at Greenwich.
  • n4. Antoine du Bourg, baron de Saillans, chancellor of France, 1535–38.
  • n5. Fulk ap Howell.
  • n6. So here, though the signature seems to be "Du Valin."