Henry VIII: March 1538, 16-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 1, January-July 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1892.

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, 'Henry VIII: March 1538, 16-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 1, January-July 1538, (London, 1892) pp. 193-207. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol13/no1/pp193-207 [accessed 18 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: March 1538, 16-20", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 1, January-July 1538, (London, 1892) 193-207. British History Online, accessed May 18, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol13/no1/pp193-207.

. "Henry VIII: March 1538, 16-20", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 1, January-July 1538, (London, 1892). 193-207. British History Online. Web. 18 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol13/no1/pp193-207.


March 1538, 16-20

16 March.
514. John A Borough to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Has been in Dounscher (Devonshire) since he left Calais. All are glad to hear of your and my Lady's health. Has seen his place, and barttyen and oodds (woods), at Fryestok. These woods will yield a good sum of money, and may be let at 100 nobles beyond what Geo, Rolles offers. Thos. Norhes told me that you had directed that Rollys should have only 20l. of the manor of Ryenges-ase, and says he has had more than 30l, Norris desires the bailliwick of Frystok. I had a piece of flesh in Umberley. Unless you make a restraint for a year or two of the warrants (sc. for the game) you will have no pleasure there when you come. There is fair game of "rescoll" if it may be favoured a year or two. Did not see Degory Granfeld as he was at seys (assize) at Lanstone. Did not stay long as there was great death at every place. Came home by Hampton and Portsmouth. Heard there that our Lady of South wick was taken down and the priory is to be suppressed. Hears that Lisle has licence to come over: the sooner the better for your profit; for heyr every man schyevftyd for hem selffe. My lord Admiral has four priories and a nunnery, and he has of the duchery of Exautur (Exeter), Torynton and Fryemyntton, and another; and Richard Pollard has Come Marttyn and the park, and rules all now in Devonshire; and the man with whom I have now a suit has entered into his service to keep me from my right. My lord Chamberlain is not at Court. Dated at the head: London, 16 March.
P. 1. Add.
16 March.
515. John A Borowgh to Lady Lisle.
R.O. I have been in Devonshire, where they are all glad to hear of your prosperity. I did not deliver your tokens particularly, but sent them where you wished, for the sickness is general throughout the country. So I remained only five days there. I was at Umberly, where the place is all in good health, but they die in the parish now and then. Master Barre and his wife and children lie at Umberly, and thank you for your favour towards them. Mr. Ric. Pollard and his wife intended to have gone there, and she was there two or three days; but when he came home he sent for her to come away, and they are now both here in London.
As to the making up of your weir at Umberley, you must take patience, for Master Foskyew, of Felly (Filleigh), made up his weir again, and is brought up for it by privy seal.
I beg you to help my wife while I lack, and I will repay you at my coming, which is uncertain, for I have much business here to suit to recover my right. Dated at the head: London, 16 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: In Calais.
16 March.
516. Cranmer to Cromwell.
C.'s Letters,
Asks that Sir Wm. Chevenay, parson of Kyngston, near Canterbury, may be discharged of the act concerning residence. Being above 80 years of age and blind, he is not able personally to discharge his cure and wishes to live with his friends, finding a priest to serve. The benefice is too small to allow him to keep house also. Canterbury, 16 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 517. Sir John Porte to Cromwell.
R.O. In the circuit of the Marches and gaol delivery at Stafford, were imprisoned two aliens, a goldsmith and a carver, of Saxony find Friesland respectively, who stayed at Pencryche, Staff. In their bedstraw was found" a stamp of a print of a crown of 5s., which Porte sends by his servant Wm. Newporte, the bearer, with their examinations. Begs to know the King's pleasure, for the sheriffs and bailiffs of Staffordshire think they have a great charge in keeping them.
In the circuit Mr. Mountegewe and he have had good speed, albeit great execution of offenders has been done, as the bearer can show. Etwall, Saturday in the first week of Lent, 16 March. Signed.
P. 1, the latter part in Porte's own hand. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 518. John bp. of Bath to Cromwell.
R. O. Last night I received your letters for the sending up of my nephew, Master Stokys, who arrived here the day before and departed this day to see his uncle Thomas Clerk, but being sent for, returned and is despatched. I beg you will favour him. He is but a simple unbroken scholar without audacity. Chiew, 16 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 519. Bp. Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letters, dated 6 March, with the King's gracious acceptance of our service. The Morgans being now acquitted by the law, and but beggars and long imprisoned in Wigmore Castle, I shall stay to send them up till your further pleasure be known. As for the jury that did acquit them, I shall do your command. It is hard to say who are the bearers. At Gloucester we had a great gaol, including prisoners sent from your Lordship and this Council. At the trial of the two traitors sent from your Lordship, we caused Sir John Bridges, Sir John Huddleston, and other of the best of the bench, to be upon the inquest, though Bridges at first demurred at being taken from the bench for it. When it came to the trial of the Morgans, the rest of the gentlemen could not be found in the town by the sheriff, so we were fain to take such as remained; who, against the evidence, acquitted the Morgans. Who were the bearers I cannot say, but Sir John Bridges' sister is married to Sir Will. Morgan, whose eldest son and Giles his brother were there all that week, and were in court at the acquittal. One Guy Dobbyns, of Newent, being summoned before this Council, with his son (a misruled person), refused to come, and his son said he would know his master's mind, Sir Ant. Poynes, first. About a week after, the son killed the constable of Newent and the same day the father broke from the ward of the porter of this Council and fled. The day I was in Gloucester, he was following Mr. Anth. Kyngston, riding through the town with his hounds, being a J.P. of the shire, neither regarding God, nor the King, nor any man there. The bearers there be those who, under the King, have all the rooms, as Kyngston, Bridges, and Poynes. I think verily, if John Mors and his fellow Charles Herbert had been tried at Gloucester, they had been acquitted; but it was otherwise practised that they shall steal no more. The dissension between Brearton and Dutton destroys order in Cheshire; if I might give counsel, neither of them should be officers of the chamberlainship. In Salop the King is well served. Mr. Justice Porte will confess the premisses to be true, as I willed him and his associate at the assises, Mr. Montague, to cess good fines upon the gentlemen that departed, for their disobedience. Shrowisbury, 16 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March.
520. H[enry lord] Mawtravers to Cromwell.
R. O. At Mr. Thomas Polsted's last being here with your letters, and now at his being here, we have communed for the obtaining of your purpose. Then, we thought it not convenient to break with my Lord my father; and now, the weather is so stormy "upon my lord Storton is answer", that you ought not to move the matter, for causes the bearer, Mr. Polsted, shall declare. Both he and I have done herein as in our own cause. Downley, 16 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 521. Wm. Abbot of York to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends a patent for the head stewardship (fn. n1) of the monastery for him and his son, Mr. Gregory; with the half year's fee. Asks him to be a mediator with Sir Arthur Darcy to accept 200 mks, to surrender the "fermold" of Grymston, for which he asks 300 mks. York, 16 March. Signed. P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 522. William Lord Dacre to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received Cromwell's loving letter, to his no little comfort. As to the complaint of Mr. Penison, the King's farmer of Lanercost, that Dacre hinders his deputies in the receipt of the profits, and that the canons of the house are encouraged to flock daily there and to face his said deputies from the same; when Mr. Penison's servant came down to take deliverance of the house, Dacre received a letter from my lord President requiring his presence with the Commissioners to set forth the King's affairs, and the said servant desired him before Mr. Rukebye, the King's auditor, to put a servant of his own in the said house for its surety, and to occupy the demesnes for his master's profit. Did so until his master reported that he had admitted a farmer thereto. Thought, by his letter of thanks, which Dacre incloses, he was well satisfied; and on receipt of his letter delivered the house to his farmer. Denies having encouraged the canons to flock there or hindered his deputies. Kirkoswald, 16 March. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 523. John Foulbery to Wriothesley.
R. O. Begs his favour touching his bill left with Wriothesley which my lord Privy Seal promised should be signed; otherwise he can have no preferment. Has done nothing but his duty to the King, but this will enable him to do better service. Desires to know my Lord's pleasure by the bearer, Mr. Rudston. 16 March,
If the offices have been granted away (as he hears great suit is made to my lord of Norfolk by one Foster), begs he will speak to my Lord for the balayeschyp of Houm, of lat Sir Robart Sconstabylles wych ys noue wod (void) th se (sic, qu. the fe?) ys iij li.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Wryslaye. Endd.
16 March. 524. Edward bishop of Meath to Cromwell.
R. O. Has always endeavoured to serve the King both in Parliament and elsewhere, and begs Cromwell will make a good report of him. Sends what little present he can make by Mr. Sayntlegier., and begs Cromwell to keep it himself, supposing it shalbe hard to find any so gentle and pleasant as is the same. Where Cromwell, at the King's appointment, lent him 20l. on obligation; if the obligation be sent to Mr. Treasurer, the money shall be paid. Dublin, 16 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March.. 525. Juan de Quyntana Dueñas to Lady Lisle.
R. O I thank you for your letter, and have received the pilchards (la sardine) you sent me. I send by the bearer two turkeys. Rouen, 16 March 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
16 March.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 118.
B. M.
526. Charles V. to the Empress.
The Pope leaves Rome for Nice on the 11th. Will cross as soon as Doria arrives. Leaves her as regent. Mr. de Velli, who came as ambassador of France, arrived on the 3rd. Samano will give her a relation of what passed with him, and of the terms on which Francis stands with the king of England; also a copy of the instruction of C. Scepperus, sent to reside in France. Barcelona, 16 March 1538.
P. 1. Modern abstract of document at Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, V. ii., No. 190.]
17 March.
527. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Hears that one Sandwhych, a monk of Christchurch, Canterbury, and warden of Canterbury College, Oxford, sues for the prior's office at Christchurch.
Begs Cromwell's favour, if any such alteration be, for the warden of the manors, (fn. n2) a man of right honest behaviour and good learning, and as ready to set forward his Prince's causes as no man more of his coat. Canterbury, 17 March. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 March.
528. Thos. Prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
R. O. Two years ago lord Clynton desired to have Bekisbourne, a place to which they resort for recreation, that they may be the better disposed to serve God and do their duties, but by Cromwell's help they kept it. There is now another suit to the King for the same house, but by whom he cannot tell, and the King lately wrote to have it in exchange for other lands. Has written to his Highness that they have no near places to resort to but that and Chartham, and if they had but one of them, when death happened to be there, they would have no place to resort to for recreation. Bekysbourne is a small place, and not much meet for any men but them. Has asked the King that they may keep it, and beg Cromwell to help them. Canterbury, Sunday, 17 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 March.
529. John Pye and Wm. Flemyng, Aldermen of Oxford, to Cromwell.
R.O. John Hatley, clk., chaplain of the King's College in Oxford, has accused Hen. Spycer, another chaplain, of treason, this Sunday, 17 March, in the house of David Pratt, apothecary, in the presence of Geo. Nevell, Thos. Assecott, M.A., and Ric. Lylle, clk. Have arrested them and send them to Cromwell. Oxford, 17 March.
In Pye's hand, including signatures of himself and Fleming. Signed below by the witnesses, viz.: George Nevile: Thomas Arscott: Richard Lylley: Davythe Pratt.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 March.
530. Dr. Tregonwell, Dr. Petre, and John Freman to Cromwell.
R O. Have taken the surrender of Lanthonye priory. Have deferred surveying the demesnes of this priory and the cell in Wales, because Mr. Porter and Mr. Nicolas Arnolde said Cromwell was contented that they should have both according to the value certified for payment of the Tenths. Lanthonie, 17 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 March.
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
of the
531. Dr. Petre to [Cromwell].
I have been at Evesham, where the abbot resigned upon sight of your Lordship's letters, but desired me to keep it secret while here or it would be noted that he resigned for fear of deprivation. As to his pension, he refers to your Lordship. We have taken the surrender of this priory quietly; and bearer can say how far we have proceeded in the despatch, by whom we send the names of the canons for their capacities. Lanthonye, 17 March.
Hol., p. 1.
17 March.
532. William Pykeryng to Wriothesley.
R.O. To advertise you what evil fortune I had since I left you at St. James's: on Saturday, at 2 p.m., I sent six servants to Stanys to await me there with horses, while those who were there before were to go to Andover and there await my coming. When my servants were lodged at Stanys and in bed, a certain good fellow commanded the bailey to stay them as thieves. The bailey sent to lord Wyndesore for assistance to attach my said servants and he sent divers of his servants who handled mine like honest men and suffered five of them to depart, keeping two in gage, whom they delivered at my coming. My servants were similarly handled at Basingstoke, which makes me think it was done to warn the parties I go for. Andover, Sunday, 17 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
17 March.. 533. John Aynesworth, Priest.
R. O Ebor., 17 March, 29 Hen. VIII.—Confession of John Aynesworthe, priest, of the age of 40 years, B.A. of St. John's House, Cambridge, born at Asheton, Lancashire, taken before the earl of Cumberland, Thos. Fayrefax, serjeant-at-law, and Robt. Cha[lloner], by order of the lord President and Council.
When a young man, went to London, and Elis Hylton, late keeper of Baynard's Castle, about 20 years ago, got him an exhibition from the Princess Dowager for six or seven years at [Mr.] L[i]llies sco[le]. Thence he went to [Cam]ebridge, and was in the said college for six or seven years. After that dwelt with Dr. Hawkynes and parson Hopwood in Cambridgeshire, at Stowe Market, in London with one Michael Englishe, then at Water Newton near [P]eterborough, and in Lancashire since last Pentecost to a week before this Lent, when he came to York. Stayed at John Joy's house at Clifton, near York, till the second Sunday in Lent, when he asked the parish priest of St. John the Evangelist near the end of Owse brigge to let him preach. The priest refused to allow him to preach without the bishop's licence. Whereat he said he would take his privilege of St. John the Evangelist, and if he might not preach, would set his sermon on the church door, which he did. It was one which he had preached at Eversham, near Cambridge, within eight weeks after the King married queen Anne. Being asked why he called the Church of Borne our Mother Holy Church, he said it brought us first to our faith by her messengers, and now she is blinded again, and therefore God hath altered his church again in one other woman, which he said was the forenamed Lady Dowager, and by himself, whom in the foresaid book he calleth the Sprete, and his brother Enok, by w[hom] he said he meant one Olyver Aynesworthe of Jesus College, in Cambridge, but he saith the said Olyver never knew of this serm[on]. Being examined whether the marriage between the King and the Princess [Dowager] was lawful, [he said] that by the law of g[ra]ce and liberty it was lawful, and the divorce was unlawful. If the marriage was lawful the issue must be legitimate. He added a clause with [his own] hand, confessing the contents of this paper "to be tr[ue, with] all the other things in the other book."
"After all this, when he was ar[raigned] he confessed all the premisses [and received] judgment upon his conf[ession.]
In Uvedale's hand, pp. 3. Mutilated. Endd. by Tunstall.
17 March.
B. M.
534. Tynedale.
"The copy of the letter of Tynedale men," stating that they had been called before the duke of Norfolk and commanded to make restitution on their oaths to the third part of their goods for injuries done during the late rebellion. They are willing to fulfil the Duke's decree, but since then a new order has come down from the Commissioners, which they may not abide. 17 March. Signatures copied: Thomas Charlton, Gilbert Charlton, Gerret Charlton of Wark, Gerre Charlton of the Bowre, John Robson of the Fawsta,. Jaffray Robson, Arche Robson, Umfray Mylborne, Rynyone Charlton, Henry Robson of the Hall Hyll, Henry Parro, John Wilkinson, Henry Dode, Arche Dod.
The heading by Tunstall, p. 1. Endd. in the same hand as the text: "The copy of a letter sent from the headsmen of Tyndell of their answer, &c.
17 March.. 535. Lord Leonard Grey to Henry VIII
R. O After the first supmission of Brian OChonor, as I wrote to my lord Privy Seal, Kayer OChonor sent, saying he would submit likewise, but notwithstanding his promise and pledge put in, came not to Dublin. Thereupon; by advice of your Commissioners, "I practised so with the said Brian and with my servant Stephen ap Henry, that they hunted the said Kayer," and so beset him in a strong house which he had fortified that he had to fly in his shirt into Odempsyes country, and they spoiled the house. Next day he came, upon safe conduct, to my said servant in Rathangan Castle, and thence to Dublin, where he made submission articlewise, as in a bill sent to the lord Privy Seal. Remember my late suits to repair to your Majesty. I beg you to be good to my poor nephew, (fn. n3) the bearer, for his services done here. Dublin, 17 March. Signed.
In Brabason's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 March, 536. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. ii., 559.
To the same effect, concluding by desiring favour for his nephew, Dudley,* the bearer. Dublin, 17 March. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
*** A contemporary copy is at Lambeth, MS. 601, f. 27.
R. O. 2. Submission (enclosed in the above) of Cahir OConor, brother to Barnard (Brian) OConor, late captain of Offaly. Dublin, 6 March 29 Henry VIII. Similar articles to those of Brian OConor.
Latin, p. 1. Endd.: The lord Leonard Gray, 17 March, to my lord Privy Seal."
17 March.
Lamb. MS.
602, f 118.
537. Wm. Sayntloo to Cromwell. (fn. n4)
By Cromwell's mediation, the King created him Seneschal of Wexford with such perquisites as he will see in the copy of the patent. Cromwell has been informed that he has received other revenues and has refused to come to the Deputy when sent for, both of which reports are false. Has served without wages in the journey against James Fitzjohn. His retinue have only received 8 mks. for a horseman and 4 mks. for a footman. They followed the Council to Dublin, and when all was spent had leave to return to Wexford, not fully paid, 76l. being due to them for wages since Michaelmas. Wexford borders on the Kavenaghes, and some of the King's lands in the liberty called the Fasaghe of Bauntry are let by the Commissioners, Saint Leger and others, to Mr. Richard Butler, wherė the Kavenaghes, McMorghowes judges and Irish rhymers, live. These continually harbor the King's enemies, who rob and spoil his subjects in the county and then retreat to the Fasaghe, where he dares not follow them without force enough to withstand the tenants as well as the robbers. There is another sort of Irish called "termons" or pensioners, who also continually spoil the liberty. Is often complained of to the Council for taking a man when the goods of the King's subjects have been found in his house. When he was in power these pensioners paid rent to the King. Roscarlan, 17 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To lord Cromwell, the lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
17 March. 538. Guillaume Le Gras to Lady Lisle.
R. O I have received three or four letters from you which, owing to my absence from Paris, I have not answered sooner. Your son James never complained to me, as he has done to you, that the Rector compelled him to sleep with companions whom he did not like. Sometimes children complain of small things, and as Mons. Bekansal has written to you about this, and it is now past, I refer to what be has said. I think it arose from his desire to have a small bed apart. The Rector would not make him lie with companions who were not clean.. Your son is in my house, and makes very good cheer. He says he does not like Lent much, as [he has said] on former occasions. If you do not like his going to college, I beg you to let me know, and everything shall be done according to the pleasure of yourself and my Lord. You write that you have delivered some sprats to the servant of Sire Jacques Dufour, of which I will give my lord of Winchester his portion, when I have received it. As to the points (fers) which your son has asked for, he has a bonnet garnished with them, and I will make him another, although it is not usual to give them to the children at the colleges. You write that you have seen at Calais Monsieur Le Coop, M.D., my good friend, who has given you some remedy for the illness you had, and has promised hereafter to send you recipes. He is much esteemed hereabouts, and if you wish to write to him you can address to me. As to the suit against my debtor in London, I beg you to give charge of it to your man, and if the original schedule be wanted, I will send it. Commend me to my lord Deputy. Paris, 17 March 1537.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
R O. 539. [Dr. Le Coop(?) (fn. n5) to Lady Lisle.]
"Madame, for more plainly to give you to understand what manner of victuals ye ought to keep in your sickness or disease, I will declare unto you whereof I do esteem that it cometh. First, ye are of a cold complexion, as it appeareth by your colour and your flesh, which [is] very delicate for this cause there gather together many or divers cold and slemysh humours within your body, which giveth himself clearly to be known by the short breath whereof ye do complain. Moreover, there is another argument or token evident of this cold and slymysh humours that ye have accustomed to eat meats and drink drinks which have by continuance engendered the said humours, and therefore it is so that if this cold and slemysh humours do gather in the breast, it engendereth an hard respiration or short wind. If they gather in the reins of the back, it engendereth the stone; if in the guts, the colicque. It fortuneth some time that they fall and gather in the mother (womb) where if they fortune to stick fast and congeal together, there engendereth with also the blood that is retained a swelling even like as the woman had conceived, and it doth move himself neither more nor less than if the child were conformed, which deceiveth and abuseth many folks.
"Madame, I esteem that your disease is likened to this last, as the tokens do show us manifestly, and therefore for to succour or help you, ye must use things which do open and that may digest this gross and slemysh humours. And to the intent that the sooner and more perfectly we may come to our intencion, we have used of a small purgation for to make clean all the body, in party of the great abundance of the humours, for as the ancient physicians do give counsel, men mast not esteem that any disease may be healed without to have first putt away and avoided the abundance of humours. From henceforth, for to come to your purpose, ye shall on certain days use of a little drink which Mr. Philbert shall give you, and for because that the body must ever be kept pure and clean, when he shall know that it is necessary, he shall give you a purgation of the which we have communed of together. Madame, furthermore, ye must, if it pleaseth you, have regard that at your meat, ye do nothing that may be contrary to your disease and that might encrease or augment the same. Ye must above all things keep you from indigestion, for of the same proceedeth all evil corruption and all diseases or infirmities to man his body, and thereby is engendered an humour which is the food and nourishing of your disease. Wherefore, it shall be good and requisite that there be a great space between your dinners and suppers, and that ye eat not but twice in a day. Ye shall not drink after dinner nor after supper. At your repasts or meat, ye shall not useof cold meats as powdered beef that is cold, or cold veal. Ye shall not eat of gross meats, beef of all venison flesh, except of pheasants, nor of mutton, but seldom and little, for it engendereth slymysh humours. Ye may use of capon stewed, of the broth of the same, and also of capon's flesh, and of bens, chickens, perdris, pigeons, woodcocks. Ye shall not eat any raw fruit, nor raw herbs, whatsoever they be, nor roasted, sod, or parboiled, unless that ye do meddle and put amongst them such as be hot, as is hyssop, parsley, chervil. The bugloss and borage be good. If ye will use of sage in any thing, it is profitable for you. All manner of pastry is contrary for you, as tarts, pies, cakes, and other pastry, which the cooks or bakers thereof do accustom to ordain. As far as shall be to your possibility ye shall eat nothing after supper; that if ye be constrained to the same (which I would not gladly that it should so chance with you), ye shall then eat a little marmalade for to comfort your stomach, or else a pear well roasted betwixt two ashes with sugar. Madam, if it pleaseth you to keep this diet, I trust that ye shall find yourself well and that your disease will go from you."
Pp. 2.
17 March.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 119.
B. M.
540. Charles V.
Instructions to Cornelio Sceppero, sent to France as ambassador.
In answer to De Vely's mission as to the place of meeting. Is to endeavour to have it fixed at Nice, to which the Pope has agreed. The demand of Milan for the duke of Orleans on his marrying the daughter of the king of the Romans. Interview with De Vely, who suggested that if the Emperor passed by the island of Eras (Hières) the cardinal of Lorraine and the Constable of France might meet him there and discuss terms of peace. He is to find out why Francis dislikes the Pope's mediation—whether it is in deference to England, &c. Barcelona, 17 March 1538.
Spanish. [See Spanish Calendar, V. ii. No. 191.]
Ib., f. 391. 2. Another copy, undated.
18 March. 541. George Earl of Huntingdon.
Harl. MS.
3881, f. 35. b.
B. M.
Indenture 18 March 29 Hen. VIII. between George, earl of Huntingdon, of the one part; Margaret, countess of Salisbury, and Henry, lord Montague, her son and heir apparent, and Francis, lord Hastings, son and heir apparent of the said Earl, of the other; in which the Earl confesses having broken the indentures for the marriage of the said lord Hastings with Katharine, daughter of the said lord Montague, by mortgaging parcel of his inheritance; and settles various lands on the lord Montague and lord Hastings until the lands mortgaged are redeemed.
Modern copy, close written, p. 1.
18 March. 542. Stratford Langthorne Abbey.
R. O Surrender of the monastery with all its possessions in Essex, Kent, and the city of London and elsewhere in England and Wales, and the Marches thereof, 18 March 29 Henry VIII. Signed by William, abbot there, Wm. Persouns, prior, John Merryotun, chaunter, John Ryddsdall, sub-prior and sacristan, Ant. Clercke, bachelor, and 10 others, the last signature being "+ for John Wryght which cann not wrytte." [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report. App. ii., 42.] Seal mutilated.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 1, No. 6], with mem. of acknowledgment, same day, before Ric. Layton, clk., one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O. 2. Memorandum of debts or charges on the lands of the monastery. To the King for rent, stuff, and cattle of Stratford, 110l. To Stephen Vaughan, 100 mks. To Dr. Leighe, 40l. To Stephen Kirton, 40l. To others in driblets, 20l.—276l. 13s. 4d.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd.: Concerning Stratford Abbey.
18 March. 543. William Lucy to [The Bishop of Worcester?]
R. O The marriage of his sister detained him so late that, coming to London near the end of the term, he thought best to wait to the end, when my lord Privy Seal would be more at leisure, and in the mean time, as he was stopping in his father-in-law's house, one of his sons died of the sickness. Was consequently prevented from seeing my lord Privy Seal. Wishes the Bishop to tell in his behalf what they, the Commissioners, have done in the two matters they were to examine. One was about a priest accused of speaking against your Lordship, and they have done as, in the bill enclosed, will appear. The other was the case of one Philips, accused of saying the Prince was dead. Lucy and the other Commissioners sent, from Alcetur, to the bailly of the town where Philips was accused, to bring the same Philips to Alcetur; but the bailly was ill that day, and the floods so great the next, that it was six days after when the bailly brought the man to Lucy's house. Lucy examined Philips, who said he only repeated the words which his wife had heard from another woman in the market. When examined by John Grevyll he made the same confession; so Lucy and Grevyll, judging that he erred only through simplicity, ordered him, as a sufficient punishment, to be set in the stocks all the next Sunday.
Desires the Bishop to make a suit for him with the lord Privy Seal. There is a small house of the order of the Trinity (fn. n6) near him, and of which he is founder. There are very few houses of the order in the realm, the chief being St. Robert's of Knavesborow. Lucy wishes permission to make an agreement with the head of the house by which he may recover the house and land. He will continue payment of the tenth due yearly to the King. Thought to have seen him in London this Lent if this chance had not happened. 18 March.
Hol., pp. 6. Endd.
18 March. 544. Woods of Abingdon Monastery.
R. O. Survey of woods belonging to the late monastery of Abingdon, made 18 March 29 Hen. VIII.
The places named are Radley Park, Welford, Radley, Chyllyswell, Combenor, Mersham, Boxworth, Welford, Chyveley, Whichley in Hurst, Cuddysdon, Culnam, Bagley Wood in Radley, Lewkenour, Dumbylton, Farnbrok, Longworth (Draycot Park), Uffyngton. Trottysworth, Wattysfeld. Total, acres, 1,197; trees, 12,712. Value 2,948l. 15s. 4d.
18 March. 545. Richard Tracy, John Butteler, and Wm. Robynson to Cromwell.
R. O Enclose depositions concerning Ric. Cornewell, priest, taken on Monday 18 March, by virtue of the King's Commission. Have sent him to the next gaol without bail or mainprise. Many men are offended with him. Evysham, 18 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Deposition of Ric. Costen taken at Evysham by the King's Commissioners, 18 March 29 Hen. VIII. That Sir Ric. Cornewell, priest, after Christmas last, in the churchyard of Hyll, Worcester, said to Costen God speed, thou hast had business of late with the Bishop and hast done thy penance as was most esse (easy?) for thee, for that thou art a poor man and hast no money to spend. The Bishop have cursed me, by which I set not a point, for that he have no more authority to curse me than I have to curse him, for if he were a rightful bishop I would regard his curse, but the rightful bishop (fn. n7) is in Rome.
Other depositions by Henry Cole, Wm. Turner, Hugh Colles, priest, Thos. Betynson, and Thos. Thyrkyll, priests, as to similar words used by Cornewell, who also said he had set his wench by the Bishop's nose, and added, Let me see who dare meddle with her? and, That if he would marry with her the Bishop would be contented that he tilted up her tail in every bush and "There ought no man to sit in judgment after he is once suspected in heresy till such time they have made their purgation."
Pp. 2. Signed: Richard Tracy—Jhon Butteler,—Willm. Mercer.
18 March. 546. John, Abbot of Croyland, to Cromwell.
R. O I received on the 15th your Lordship's letters of 21 Feb. desiring me to grant your friend, John Hynde, serjeant, my farm of Hokyngton, Camb. An honest man named Edmund Rogers has it under my convent seal, but if he can be agreed with, we will fulfil your pleasure. Croyland, 18 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 March. 547. Thomas Legh, LL.D., to Cromwell.
R. O According to the King's command and yours, Mr. Blytheman, Mr. Rookesby, and I have been at the monastery of Holme, which is quietly dissolved, and the monks, in secular apparel, having honest rewards in their purses, are dispersed. They think themselves in better case than before. I have, as commanded, visited the diocese of Carlisle, where I found, as I have sent your Lordship abridgement, every one tractable, lacking only good instruction, for here is none but Dr. Hadeson. You should cause the bp. to send some of good judgment. They are sorry for their offences. I intend next to visit Northumberland and the archdeaconry of Richmond; to be at York on the 3rd or 4th April, and visit the residue of the province on my way to London. I desire your favour for myself and my brother to have the preferment of the said abbey, which I spoke for when last with you. At my return I shall show the stewardship of the same to be as mete for your Lordship as that of Furness. My brother could occupy it under you at no cost to yourself. Holme Coltrayne, 18 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 March. 548. James Basset to Lady Lisle.
R. O Has received her letters notifying that she had letters from his maitre de chambre speaking very well of Basset. Thinks she does not understand his position with his master; for a "prisd' d'argent" he keeps me in his chamber but does not teach me; for I go to lecture every day with my companions, where we have a regent who gives us a lesson. After the lesson I return to my chamber, where a young man named Master Claude, who is my master, makes me repeat my lessons and does whatever is necessary for me in my chamber. Mons. Briant has given him 2 crowns. Will take all pains to be obedient. Paris, 18 March.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
19 March. 549. Gregory Cromwell and Sir John Gage to Cromwell.
R. O This day there came before us one John Davie apparelled in a frieze coat, black hose with fustian slops, having a sword, buckler, and dagger. We at first took him for a vagabond, but on examination he confessed that he had been heretofore a priest and once a monk of this monastery, now dissolved. He said he had been since Christmas with your Lordship, and then declared his whole state and condition, and that he durst not again repair into these parts for fear he should be imprisoned by Mr. Covert and others, but that your Lordship assured him he should be safe. Nevertheless, as he seems a man unworthy of credence, and of bad fame in the country, we have committed him to the commissary, to remain in the Bishop's prison till your pleasure is known. Lewes, 19 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 March. 550. Thos. Havard to Thos. Smyth.
R. O Asks him to notify to the President of the Council in the Marches of Wales that Guy Dobyne, since the President left Gloucester, has always continued at home in his house in Newente. When he goes out he is accompanied by light persons in riotous array. He says he would rather be hanged than come under the lord President's hands. On Saturday he is said to have bought lampreys and had them baked at Gloucester to be sent to London. Does not know whether he has ridden with them. He has some one always watching about his house for dread of the King's messengers. If the Council wish to have him it will be necessary to award out a proclamation against him. Leompster, 19 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: attending on the King's Commissioners at Salop.
19 March. 551. Thomas Legh, LL.D., to Wriothesley.
R. O The abbey of Holme is dissolved, &c. Remember me and my brother to my Lord to have it to farm, as I spake to his Lordship when last with him. I have sent my servant with my letters and the comperts detected in the visitation for the diocese of Carlisle; I desire you to speed him with a letter of my Lord's pleasure. Also you shall receive by the bearer a Scottish purse: if the Scots had brought better, ye should hare had better. Holme Cultrayne, 19 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.. xxo Marcii and 1,095l. 12s. 6d.
19 March. 552. James Basset to Lady Lisle.
R. O Has received a crown from her by Mons. Deuys le Gras, who desires his commendations. He was to have dined with you, but he could not speak English. Will be with Le Gras during this Lent. Has written to his brother and his sister Frances. Sent her letters by Master Stoc dated 10 March. Paris, 19 March.
Hol., Fr., p 1. Add.
20 March.
Cart. Harl.
55 H. 43.
B. M.
553. The Duke of Suffolk and the Bp. of Ipswich.
Indenture, 20 March 29 Hen. VIII., by which the Duke agrees to make, before Trinity Sunday next, a lease to the Bishop, for life, of 200 mks., lands in Lincolnshire or Suffolk. Kent to be paid at the font in St. Paul's Cathedral in London. Bonds are entered into before Sir Ralph Warren, mayor of the Staple of Westminster, and Sir Roger Chamley, recorder of London.
Parchment, p. 1
554. Giovanni Portinari to Cromwell.
20 March.
We have arrived at Leus (Lewes), and found the church larger than people thought; yet all shall be pulled down. Gives the dimensions as in No. 590 ii.
On Friday morning they commenced cutting the wall behind the high altar, where are five chapels and four pillars supporting a vault over the altar.
They are first cutting under the foundation and putting in props, which afterwards they will burn, with fire or powder as shall seem best, and think all this part will be down in eight or ten days at longest. Alleus (a Lewes), 20 March 1537.
Hol., Italian, p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 March.. 555. John Wellysburn to Cromwell.
R. O Asks whether it is the King's pleasure that he shall have the keeping of this house, and how he shall continue here, and how long. The weekly expenses are 6l. 13s. 4d. at least. Has daily eight or ten messes of meat, which serves all the household and resort, yet he is often overloaden. The town and and country say they were never better contented than now. They have cause concerning meat and drink when they come.
On Monday the under-sheriff brought a proclamation, of which one article was for the punishment of persons bringing up new rumours. Has accordingly sent one Rob. ap Howell to Oxford Castle to gaol for noising in Oxford that certain men were killed here by falling of a wall in the church, whereupon certain wives of Oxford came hither, with noise enough, to look after their husbands. Asks Cromwell to send orders to the justices or sheriff what shall be done with him. He was whipped out of Oxford the 16th inst, Abendon, 20 March. "Please it your Lordship to have the worst priest (fn. n8) or man in England called before Mr. Peter, as your Lordship hath written he should be."
Hol., p, 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 March.
556. John Wellysbourn to Wriothesley.
Cannot thank him sufficiently. Has written to my Lord of the charges here, which be great, because of the resort both of the country and the town, who are all well pleased. Has eight or ten messes daily, including his own table, but keeps the cost under 7l. a week, not much more than he should spend in his own house. All the country is well content with the table keeping, and say it is better than any kept here long before. The King granted him the keeping of the "laund" of Benefeld if not already granted to Mr. Bryan. Wishes to know how it is. Hears Mr. Walshe is dead. He had many keepings of deer. Would like one to show his woodmanship to the King. Abendon, 20 March.
Pray forget not the lewd priest and the worst man of the world.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
557. William Ripon (fn. n9) to Sir Will. Poulett.
20 March.
I advertise you that the matter was partly disclosed to the abbot (fn. n10) by a simple person named Kery, when I was with you, and I am threatened for delivering the book of complaint, as you will perceive by a supplication made to the King. As the abbot is gone to London, and nothing is heard from you since I was with you, and Mr. Pacy says he oftentimes sent letters, he is afraid you have forgotten the suit. I understand that Mr. Huttoft has lately desired my lord Admiral's favour to the abbot. Note well my credence given to your mastership and the contents in the supplication, and use diligence lest any prevention should happen by any other suit against your purpose or ours. For thus great troubles would ensue. I thank you for your large token. 20 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Sir William Poulett, knight and treasurer to the King's grace.
20 March.
558. John Whitton, deceased.
Copy of inquisition post mortem taken at K[eynsham] (fn. n11) in co. Somerset, 20 March 29 Henry VIII., before George Norton, escheator, upon John Whitton, who died 5 Aug last, leaving Fras. Whitton, aged 1½ years, his son and heir.
Latin, large paper, pp 4.
20 March.
559. Francis Harbart to Cromwell.
This poor land has not been in better peace this 20 years. The Council will have written of the peace with the false OConor and his brethren. The lord Deputy takes great pains, but the soldiers misuse themselves abroad in the country, saying in excuse, that their wages are insufficient. The Commissioners prepare to depart, and with them Justice Aylmer and the Master of the Rolls; they have used themselves like wise men. If there were four such always in the Council here the King's revenues would benefit. By your gracious preferment I have leased from them Kildare's manor of Portlester at 56l. 13s. 4d. Irish, a year, which is its utmost value. It borders towards OKonnor; but I will see it guarded, although I was never so poor as now. Cully is gone over to make further suit for his farm of the place of Olmpatryke. I trust you will remember me, for you know the King's pleasure towards me with regard to that place. Cully promises to hinder me to your Lordship, and says "he has made a greater man than I am stoop low;" but I trust you will not give him hasty credit if he misreport me. Dublin, 20 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
[20 March.]
Titus, B. v.
B. M.
560. Antony Guidotti to [Cromwell]. (fn. n12)
Knows his inability to satisfy his obligations and debts to the King. Being at Messina a few days ago, spoke with some of the weavers of silken cloth—a craft which has so profited the city the last 15 years that, destroyed as it was, it is now the chief city in Sicily, and the citizens are so rich that it is a marvel to see them. Considered that Hampton was almost destroyed for lack of exercise of workmen, and that it would be a great advantage to have such a craft there, for Normans and Bretons would come thither for silk cloth instead of to Lyons. Has persuaded a Florentine, one of the best masters of the craft in Messina, to come to England; and he shipped in a ship of Rangey for Hampton on 24 Feb. last, with 24 other persons, among whom are eight married men with their families and all the necessaries of their craft. This has not been done without danger to his life, and expense; but he will think it well bestowed when he knows that "your Lordship" approves. As the preparations for war in these parts, which give small courage to such crafts, afford a good opportunity, will, if his Lordship thinks good, take six or eight families of the cunningest men in Italy at Florence, Luke, Jean, and Venice. They must have their wives, and servants practised in their craft, and all their necessaries. It will be great travail and cost to remove their habitation so wholly; "nevertheless, if ye encourage me, let me alone with the rest." Will want some help, as he has written to his father-in-law at large, and wishes for an answer. Asks him to obtain from the King a privilege for 15 or 20 years, that no man may make such work except under him and his name. Is sure when he sees the said craft in Hampton, and the qualities of the men brought thither, that he will be intercessor to the King to give him some help. Doubts not that in a few years it will be as well practised by the English as by others.
Two years ago, at Naples, the Emperor gave great privileges and gifts to two brethen named Frauncys and Augustin Cordes, myllaners, to set up the said craft at Antwerp. Asks him to write half a dozen words to the mayor of Hampton to treat well the 24 persons he has sent, that they be not prejudiced, but privileged wherever they dwell. If the town of Hampton would give them eight or ten houses of two or three nobles a year rent-free, it would be well employed, for their writing of their good entertainment would bring others. As the town is poor, will not press it. Asks whether he shall bring over a master who works upon telletes or other cloth of gold. The master who is with the 24 persons to work damasks, satins, velvets, crimson, and taffata, has no superior in Italy. "You may set him to what thing ye will, whether badges or any other thing, and shortly he will speed you." Could also serve him with "a cunning palac[e] maker after the manner of Italy, or for gardens, or a painter."
When he has an answer, will leave this country. Offers to serve the King or him in Naples, Rome, Florence, or Venice, or wherever he is. Has prepared certain things for the King, the Queen, and his Lordship. Trusts by Midsummer to be in England. Asks him to be good lord to his father-in-law, who truly hath (fn. n13) [suffered enough for me]."
In Sadler's hand, pp. 4. Headed: The transcript of Anthony Gwydote's letters to my Lord.


  • n1. See Vol. xii., Part ii., No. 966.
  • n2. Dr. Richard Thornton."
  • n3. Edward Sutton, son of John lord Dudley. His mother was Cecily Grey, sister to lord Leonard.
  • n4. This document is wrongly placed in the year 1537 in the Carew Calendar.
  • n5. See the preceding letter.
  • n6. Thelesford
  • n7. Jerome Ghinucci.
  • n8. John Man.
  • n9. Ripon had been abbot of Quarr, in the Isle of Wight, but the abbey was dissolved in 1536.
  • n10. Probably the abbot of Beaulieu.
  • n11. "The name of the place which is lost by mutilation is supplied from the inquisition in Chancery, 29 Hen. VIII., No. 15."
  • n12. This document was in type as an undated letter of March 1538, when it was discovered to be merely an English translation of the letter printed in full in Vol. X., No. 508. It was certainly out of place in that volume, and a correction was inserted in Vol. XII., Pt. i, No. 689, referring it to the historic year 1537, which no doubt is the true date, though the writer, being a Florentine, dated it after the Florentine reckoning, "1536." Internal evidence would, indeed, have suggested a still later date from the statement that the Emperor had been at Naples two years before, where he only arrived in November 1535, and as the letter must have been written soon after February, it was referred to March 1538. One thing only seemed to militate against this date––the reference to the Queen (Jane Seymour) as alive. On the other hand it seemed hazardous to presume that Guidotti, who was only meditating flight from England on the 26 Feb. 1537 (see Vol. XII., Pt. ii, No. 513) had already reached Naples on the 20 March; and it remains unintelligible how he persuaded a Florentine at Messina to embark for England on the 24 February. Nevertheless 1537 seems undoubtedly the most probable year; but as this abstract was already in type and supplies the meaning of mutilated passages in Vol. X., No. 508, the Editor has thought well to retain it, even out of place.
  • n13. "The MS. breaks off at the foot of the page with the word "hath," which was certainly almost the end of the letter (see the original in Vol. X., No. 508).