Henry VIII: September 1538 21-25

Pages 154-164

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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September 1538 21-25

21 Sept. 399. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Intended yesterday to have ridden to Norwich to take the surrender of the Grey Friars, but was ill and so sent his son of Surrey, his treasurer, and others of his council, who have taken the surrender and left the Duke's servants in charge. Thinks the other two friars should be enjoined to make no more waste: the Black Friars have sold their greatest bell. Will be with the King at his Highness' coming to Greenwich. Kenynghale Lodge, 21 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Sept. 400. Sir Henry Knevet to Lord Lisle, Deputy of Calais.
R. O. My friend Killygrave has been a suitor to the King for a quarter of a year for leave to be about such business as he has here, but the King will give him no licence until you send a letter "declaring how the person t[hat shall] have any such licence may be spay[red] in his [room]." I beg you therefore to inform me whether he can be spared, finding a person in his room. The young man has very necessary business here, as he informs me, and I pray your Lordship to be good to him. Commend me to my lady my mot[her]. Otfford, 21 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
[21 Sept.] 401. Richard Pollard, Wriothesley, and John Williams to Cromwell. (fn. n1)
R. O.
St. P. i. 621.
About three o'clock this Saturday morning, made an end of the shrine here at Winchester. There was no gold, nor ring, nor true stone in it, but all great counterfeits; but the silver alone will amount to 2,000 mks. Have also received the cross of emeralds, the cross called Jerusalem, another gold cross, two gold chalices, and other plate. The old prior so diminished the plate of the house, that they cannot take any. The prior and convent were conformable. The mayor, with eight or nine of his brethren, the bishop's chancellor, Dr. Craiford, with others, assisted and praised the King therefor. The altar will be worth taking down, but it is such a piece of work that they cannot finish it before Monday night or Tuesday morning; "which done we intend both at Hyde and St. Mary's to sweep away all the rotten bones that be called relics; which we may not omit lest it should be thought we came more for the treasure than for avoiding of the abomination of idolatry."
Wriothesley apologises for the rudeness of the letter, written in the church in haste, and asks his favour for the bearer concerning some farm which Sir Wm. Kempe would have of him to his undoing. St. Swythines in Winchester, Saturday morning. Signed.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
402. Winchester Cathedral.
Harl. MS. 358,
f. 17b.
B. M.
The Inventory of the Cathedral Church of St. Swithin's, Winchester. Abroad in the Church.—The nether part of the high altar, plate of gold garnished with stones, the front above of broidering work and pearl, and above a table of images of silver and gilt garnished with stones. Above the altar a great cross and an image of plate of gold garnished with stones. Behind the high altar, St. Swithin's shrine, of plate, silver, and gilt garnished with stones. In the body of the church a great cross and the image of Christ and Mary and John, silver, partly gilt. A cross, silver gilt, with the image, over the iron door. The two images of Mary and John are but copper gilt.
The Sextry Jewels of Gold.—5 gold crosses garnished with precious stones, one is but plate of gold fixed upon wood. A "scryne" of gold plate garnished with precious stones. A little pair of gold candlesticks. A little gold box with a cover to bear the holy sacrament. 3 gold chalices, one of them garnished with precious stones. A little gold box. A little gold sacring bell. 4 gold pontifical rings with precious stones. A gold pectoral set with stones. A pectoral partly gold and partly silver, set with stones 2 saints' arms of gold plate garnished with stones. St. Philip's foot, covered with gold plate and stones. A book of the 4 evangelists, written with gold and the outer sides of plate of gold.
Jewels of Silver.—A tabernacle of Our Lady, silver and gilt. Nine crosses of silver gilt, one of crystal. 21 "scrynys," all silver gilt, part silver gilt, copper and gilt, silver and ivory, and copper gilt, some set with stones. 12 silver gilt chalices belonging to the sextry and the altars and chantries founded in the church. 4 silver gilt paxes belonging to the sextry and other altars. Six silver gilt "canstykes." One silver "canstyke" belonging to St. Swithin's shrine. 6 silver gilt cruets. 7 silver gilt censers. 2 "sarys," one silver gilt, the other silver. 3 pair of basins, silver gilt. 2 "yewrs," one silver gilt, the other silver. 6 silver gilt images. 31 collars, 6 of them garnished with silver gilt, plate, and stones, the rest of broidering work and pearl. 6 silver gilt pectorals garnished with stones. 3 silver gilt pastoral staves. One pastoral staff of a unicorn's horn. 3 standing mitres of silver gilt, garnished with pearl and precious stones.
Copy, in the hand of John Stowe, the antiquary, p. 1.
21 Sept. 403. Charles Bulkeley to Cromwell.
R. O. As commanded in your letters, I have sundry times repaired to examine Sir Thos. Grey, priest. He was so weak and sick that I could scantly perceive his speech, so I had him out of prison and well cherished, and he is now better: I send his sayings to you. He has been in some of the places in service, but I cannot perceive that he has any communication with outward parties. It is well proved he has been a lunatic these four or five years; and the lord Chief Justice at the assizes desired to consult with other justices for his deliverance. I beg your favour to get me the house of the Grey Friars in Salisbury, which is like to be soon in the King's hands. I have had lodging in it this 20 years, at 26s. 8d. a year, which is all the yearly profits they receive within the precinct of the house. I will give 100l. for it, and would use the timber and stone to build my own lodging, trusting there to keep twice as many persons as there now are friars, who shall work for their living, without begging. The jewels and goods come to about 100 marks: I would gladly buy them too. In the Grey Friars at Sarum, 21 September. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, keeper of the Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Examination of Thomas Grey, clerk, taken at Fyssherton, 12 Sept., 30 Henry VIII., before Charles Bulkeley, Wm. Marshall, John Regent, Ric. Feelde, John Good, and John Crase.
The said Thomas Grey says he was born at Charleton Hustwayte, Yorks.; his father was a smith. He was four years at school at Tapclyffe at Swale, under the tuition of Sir Henry Osgoodby, steward to the earl of Northumberland. After this, he was, three years, child of the "farmarye" in the abbey of Newborough. At that time the queen of Scots (fn. n2) came to the abbey and lay over the "farmarye," this being after "the Scottysshefeld." Here one Sir John Clerk was his schoolmaster. After this he went to Oxford and was bible clerk and butler in St. Barnard's College four years, being in chamber with Mr. Bylond and Mr. Ryvers, and with one Mr. Bukfaste. Having obtained his letters of orders he went to Rome. He went through Calais, Guisnes, Tournay, Shalond (Chalons sur Marne), Troyen Champyon (Troyes en Champagne), Dyuyon (Dijon), Salon within the Mountains (Sallanches in Savoy), Mount Barnard, being a religious house, Ivarya, Pavia, Plesaunce, Parnay, Bonania, Sinowce to Florentyne and Florence, Sutors (Sutri) and Rome, where he visited St. Peter's and laboured to receive the order of priesthood. Within four days he was "apposed" in Camera Apostolica and afterwards admitted to be priest, registered and promoted to "Benett and Collett." He took orders at a place called Farmellus within the city. He left England about the latter Lady Day, and was at Rome by All Hallows' eve, and was made priest on St. Martin's Day by one Michael, bp. and cardinal of Ostyans. For the most part he begged his meat and drink all the way, and from Rome homeward by Loryta and Boonany. Arrived at Calais at Candlemas where he sang a trentall for lady Tremayle and remained a quarter of a year. Thence came to London and took service with Sir Edmund Bray by Cobham for 12 months. Was then soul priest for one year at Shere in Surrey, ond parish priest another year when Sir Edmund Bray went to Morlez. He then went to Bentle Grene in Hampshire, where he was parish priest under the archdeacon of Surrey for three years. Served afterwards at various other places in Hampshire, for different periods, all exactly reported till he fell sick, and was sent by Robt. Applegate of Medstede to one Beane till he recovered, which was 12 days before he was taken.
Pp. 2.
21 Sept. 404. The Council of the North to Sir Reynold Carnaby.
R. O. Have received his letters of the 15th, by his brother Thomas Carnaby and his servant Roger Lawson. Commend his proceedings in taking the Tynedale men whom he has now in Warkworth Castle, and informing them of his intended purposes. Desire him to keep the prisoners till 12 Oct., when they will take counsel with him at Darneton about them. Meanwhile, to keep them surely, in their diets and otherwise, so as to inspire fear in the rest. He shall also apprehend and bring with him to Darneton, Roger Heron of Corbrigg, with all further proofs and matter he can find against him. He is to take care that the country near those parts be not overrun by the inhabitants of Tyndale, the outlaws of England, or the Scots of Liddersdale, and to keep them from intercommoning with the Scots. Also if possible to trap some of those outlaws whose names have been intimated to him by the Council and by John Horsley, for the fearful example of their accomplices. York, 21 Sept.
Copy in Uvedale's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: Copy of letters sent from the Council to Sir Reynold Carnaby, of the 21st day of September 30 Hen. VIII.
22 Sept. 405. Black Friars of Truroye.
R. O. Surrender of the house, by prior and convent, to the lord Visitor for the King, 22 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed: per me, frater (sic) Johannis Reskarnan—ffr. Johes. de Coloribus, and by friars John Cok, Petrus Tomkyn, Ric. Cossyn, Martinus Jeffre, Uryin Blybyn, Thos. Pascaw, Ric. Martyn, Davy Porter, and John Wood.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Indenture of the stuff' of the Black Friars of Trurey delivered by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal, to Walter Devis, mayor there, John Thomas, serjeant-at-arms, and John Ganrigan, for the King.
Choir:—At the high altar a proper table, new painted at the prior's charges, an old cloth before the altar, lamp basin, holywater stoup and sacry bell, a pair of organs, books after the friars' use, poor and old stalls. Church:—2 old altars, 2 sacry bells and certain seats. In the steeple 3 bells "each more than other." Vestry:—All stuff was very poor: it was appraised by the mayor, John Thomas, and John Michell, and sold by the Visitor to pay the debts of 16l. 13s. 4d. The Visitor has '360 oz. of plate. The said keepers have the evidences, and have delivered a chest of evidence of divers men's to the mayor. Signed by Walter Denis, John Thomas, and John Ganergam.
Copy, p. 1.
22 Sept. 406. Sir Nich. Carew to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Begs a licence for Benet Kyllygrave to absent himself from Calais until Easter. The King is willing thereto, but in consequence of his promise made to Lisle at Dover, will grant no such licence without Lisle's letters. Otford, 22 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
22 Sept. 407. Charles V. to Aguilar.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 240.
B. M.
Wrote on the 8th, and has since received his of the 29th ult. Marriages proposed between the Prince of Spain and Margaret of France, and between the duke of Orleans and the Infanta, daughter of the Emperor, or the Infanta of Portugal. Has excused treating the latter on the ground that that of Orleans and the daughter of the king of the Romans by means of the State of Milan was already proposed. The bp. of Tarues (Tarbes) come to reside as French ambassador. The duke of Savoy. Duke Cosmo de Medicis.
Spanish, pp. 6. Headed: Valladolid, 22 Sept. 1538. Modern copy from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar VI. i. No. 15.]
23 Sept. 408. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis 3 Ser.
iii. 109.
I have for three months laboured to the abbot of Darleigh, Derbyshire, near where I was born and where my poor lands lie, to surrender his house to the King. I trust shortly to have his letter thereof and beg your Lordship to help me to the house and goods. London, 23 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord my master, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Sept. 409. Stephen, Abbot of Hayles, to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis 3d Ser.
iii. 223.
Thanks for his inestimable goodness. The case which contained that feigned relic called the "blood" still stands where it did in the fashion of a shrine. Is afraid it may cause abuse to weak consciences, and begs that he may put it down, every stick and stone, and leave no remembrance of that forged relic so long as it pleases the King that this poor house may stand. The silver and gold in it is not worth 40l., scarce 30l. Heiles, 23 September.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Sept. 410. John [HilseyJ], Bp. of Rochester, to Cromwell.
R. O. Writes in favour of Dr. Hardyman, late prior of the Austyn Friars in Cambridge, a catholic man, very studious and of good conversation and report, who desires to have the preferment of the said house now surrendered. Cambridge, 24 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Sept. 411. Haverholm Priory.
R. O.
xiv. 624.
Surrender (by Robert, bp. of Llandaff, (fn. n3) perpetual commendatory of the office of general master of the Order of Sempyngham, and Wm. prior of Haverholme, &c.) of the house and all its possessions in cos. Line, Notts., and Leic, and elsewhere in England, Wales and the marches thereof, 24 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII Signed by Wm. Halle, prior, and six others. (fn. n3) [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 22.]
Fair Seal.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1, no. 34] as acknowledged same day before Wm. Peter, LL.D.
24 Sept. 412. [Sir] Robert Husey to Cromwell.
R. O. When of late I sent my servant, this bearer, to your Lordship for the preferment of the demesnes of the late dissolved house of Haverholm, I perceived by him that you favoured my request and said I should have knowledge of the dissolving of it, which I had not. Yet I doubt not you will continue my good lord concerning the said suit. Linwodd, 24 September. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Sept. 413. Sir Walter Denys to Cromwell.
R. O. On Wednesday, 18 Sept., Lewis Herbertt of Burgavenny came from London, as he saith, and lodged in Pockechurch (Pucklechurch) Gloucestershire. Hearing that he had "rumoured divers news to the people in a inn there," examined him and those present and committed him to Gloucester gaol. Sends his confession and the sayings of witnesses. 24 Sept.
Hol., p. 7. Add.; Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Confession of Lewez Herbert of Aburgavene in Wales, 18 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII.
Came to Puckulchurch, Glouc., on Tuesday evening, 17 Sept., to an inn called the sign of the George, 5 miles from Bristol., and there lodged. At supper were Ric. Smyth, Wm. Lugge, and a tailor of Puckulchurch, who asked him "What news at London? "Replied there was a cry at the Cross in Cheapside on the previous Friday that no unlawful games should be used, and that angel nobles should go for 8s. and cross groats for 5d. apiece. Said also that all burials, christenings, marriages, and ordinations of priests should henceforth be registered in books and perhaps pay tribute to the King Heard on Sunday before, at the sign of the Lambe at Abingdon, that tribute should be paid for christening, burying, and wedding.
ii. Confession of Ric. Smyth and Wm. [Lugge] of Puckulchurch, 18 Sept. 30 Henry VIII.
Confirm the above. And that he said no pig, goose, or capon should be eaten without tribute paid to the King; but this Lewez utterly denies.
Large paper, p. 1. Mutilated. Endd. Rumours bruited by Lewes Herbert, examined by Sir Walter Denys.
24 Sept. 414. The Council of the North to Henry VIII.
R. O. There has lately been sent to us by Sir William Mallory one Simon Marshall taken in Mashamshire, co. York, who is one of the rebels excepted from the last general pardon granted to your subjects in these North parts. He was fellow with one Henry King, lately taken in Kent, and "also" pardoned. Send his examination. He is prisoner at present in York Castle and so sore handled with a fever quartan that we think he will not live; but as he and King have wandered about in many places and been entertained as labourers in places beyond our commission, we desire instructions what to do further. Sir Reynold Carnaby, keeper of Tyndale, has sent us his letters and credence which, being important, we forward, with the copy of such answers as we have addressed to him. (fn. n4) As we have appointed to consult with him at Darneton, 12 Oct., concerning those matters, we desire instructions by that day what order to take therein, especially whether the houses, corn, and goods of outlaws shall be burnt. York, 24 Sept. Signed by Llandaff, Magnus, Ellerker; Bowys, Babthorp, Chaloner and Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
24 Sept. 415. Robt. Bp. of Llandaff to Cromwell.
R. O. The other commissioners and I have written to the King of one Simon Merschiall, excepted out of the pardon for the rebellion in the North, who was sent to us by Sir William Malere. We enclose his confession it. the King's letters which no doubt you will see. He was with Harry King in the Isle of Thanet and other places about London, and is very sick of quartan ague. Harry King is he whom, as you lately wrote, the King has pardoned. Sir Reynold Carnaby writes that the pledges of Tyndale left the Newcastle without leave and the Tyndale men refused to lay in sufficient pledges again, so Sir Reynold, the next time the Tyndale men came to him without promise of assurance (as they call it), took eight of the best of them and sent them to Warkworth Custle, where seven are now in ward, the eighth having been suffered to escape by one Heyron. The Tyndale men keep company with the outlaws. We send to the King the copy of our answer to Sir Reynold. York, 24 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.

24 Sept.
416. John Broke to Cromwell.
R. O. On Sunday after he left, came to Calais and thence to Sent Thomer, Yeire, Betten and Arras, to seek Ant. Bochegood as commanded. Had tidings of him in each of these places as a gentleman of England who wished to see good towns and strange countries in his old days, and sometime he would go to Paris and sometime he said he would into Flanders. Thought he would to Paris because of Mr. Norre, the herald, with whom he was familiar, for he came not to Cambray. Followed to Paris, accordingly, and heard at my lord of Harfford's that he was there. Mr. Noire took great pains with me to seek [him] four days in Paris. Found he had been lodged in four places there and had left for Lyons, having asked the way thither and by the mountains of Savoy to Rome. Thinks he does not mean well. Leaves today for Lyons and hopes to speak to him. Paris, 24 Sept.
Hol., p.1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Sept. 417. James V to Paul III.
Has twice written for the promotion of the bp. of Mirepoix to be a cardinal, and his Holiness answered the first letter, by a brief dated out- side the walls of Nice, 18 June, saying that he was too much occupied in making peace among Christian princes to attend to it. James, however, is pressed with anxious thoughts concerning not merely the faith but the ecclesiastical order, especially as the enemy is sowing tares, not merely in a neighbouring field but in the nearest furrows. Let the Pope consider how much easier it is to maintain a standing Church than to raise a fallen one. Would have got Francis and other princes to testify to the virtue and magnanimity of the Bp. but that he supposed the cause of the Church was of more importance to the Pope than their recommendations. Linlithqw, 23 Sept. 1638.
Galba, B. 418. Henry VIII, to the Queen of Hungary.
x. 38.
B. M.
Credence for Wrysley, one of his secretaries, and Stephen Vaughan. French. Draft, corrected by the King, p. 1. Endd.
419. Wriothesley's Instructions.
R. O.
St. P. viii. 43.
Instructions given by the King to Thos. Wriothesley, whom he sends to the queen of Hungary.
1. That, taking with him the letters: and writings prepared for his despatch, he shall address himself by post to such place as he hears she is in, and communicating his charge to Stephen Vaughan they shall jointly seek access and deliver the King's letters of credence. The one shall say that where the Emperor sent commissions to his ambassadors for two marriages, the first between lady Mary and Don Louis of Portugal and the second between the King and the duchess of Milan—the latter being made immediately after the decease of queen Jane—the commissions were so imperfect that no conclusions could be taken. As, however, the Emperor showed himself very desirous of the lady Mary's marriage, which the Lady Regent also tried to promote, the King, considering the distance between England and Spain, proposed that a commission should be sent from the Emperor to the Regent for one or both of those marriages; which although the Emperor did, and the King besides wrote to the Regent by Don Diego de Mendoza, he has received no reply. They are therefore to tell the Regent that the King is informed that the Emperor does not mean to proceed in the matter, but only to keep things in balance, and that the said Duchess has been lately offered, both in France and Gulyke, though he cannot believe that she could be the minister in so crafty a handled matter.
If the Regent here labour to make excuse of this remiss proceeding, either by the death of the late ambassador there or by any other pretence, and show that she would be glad the matter were negociated, they shall tell her that the King, to avoid delay, has given them a commission for that purpose, and shall press her to confer with them at once. If she declines to do so immediately on account of the coming interview, they shall say the King knows she had a commission to treat on these things before the interview was mooted, and if she should omit the first and proceed to the second it would give the King cause to think former reports were truer than he esteemed them. If she persist, they are to press her to give some assurance that the Emperor and she still desire this alliance by writing to the King the true cause of the said delay. They shall also endeavour to discover by whose means the proposed interview has been appointed and what overtures of marriage have been set forth for the Duchess or any other personage, either on their side or on that of the French. (fn. n9) Wriothesley is to remain there, however he shall speed, till the interview be finished, and Vaughan shall continue ambassador till further knowledge of the King's pleasure. They shall also communicate their proceedings to Sir Anthony Brown, the King's ambassador with Francis, and [Wriothesley] shall open all letters from any of the King's ambassadors to see their proceedings, and close them again before sending them to England.
Corrected draft.
420. Cromwell's Remembrances.
Titus, B. i.
B. M.
Whether Sir Anthony Brown shall make any recommendations to the Queen. What diets Master Wriothesley shall have. If the queen of Hungary be content to treat, what instruction shall be given to Mr. Wriothesley both touching the King himself for his marriage, and for the lady Mary and Don Lews, if the Lady Regent desire both matters to be treated of; and how far he and his colleagues may treat before advertisement, and of what points.
Item, if the French king should require that the treaty, as well for the King's marriage as for a stronger amity, might be treated and concluded there. Item, of death of Sir Geo. Taylbose. The point of dispensation for the consanguinity and affinity.
P. 1. In Cromwell's hand. On the outside sheet of a letter. Addressed: To the lord Privy Seal. Endd.: A remembrance of my Lord's own writing.
25 Sept. 421. Bittlesden Abbey.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender (by Ric. Grene, abbot, and the convent, who "do profoundly consider that the manner and trade of living which we and others of our pretensed religion have practised and used many days, doth most principally consist in dumb ceremonies and in certain constitutions of Rome and other forinsical potentates as the abbot of Cistuus and other in (sic) only noseled and not taught in the true knowledge of God's laws, procuring always exemptions of the bishop of Rome from our ordinaries and diocesans, submitting ourself principally to forinsical potentates and powers which never came here to reform such discord of living and abuses as now have been found to have reigned among us," and who now know that the true way of living is declared by Christ and his Evangelists, and that it is most expedient for them to be ordered by their Supreme head, the King), of the house and its possessions; with petition for the brethren to receive under letters patent some annuity or other living, and licence to change their habits and receive such livings as other secular priests have. 25 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ric. Grene, abbot, Thos. Todd, sub-prior, and nine others.
[See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 10].
In English. Seal almost gone.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 1] without mem. of acknowledgment.
422. Dr. John London to Sir Ric. Riche.
R. O. Being commissioned to take the surrender of Bittlesden Abbey, Bucks, has, considering that they have already paid money to have their house continue, although under 200l. value, assigned the abbot 40l. pension, the brethren 5l. 6s. 8d. each, and the cellarer 6l. Appends a list and begs favour for them in the assurance of their pensions. "There is another quondam abbas called Father Benet, a very honest man," who has 20 mks. pension under convent seal.
ii. List:—Ric. Grene, abbot, Ric. Benet, quondam abbot, and nine others, priests, including Thos. Todde, cellarer.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chancellor of Augmentations.
25 Sept. 423. Catteley Priory.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender (by Robert, bp. of Llandaff. perpetual commendatory of the office of general master or prior of the order of Sempyngham, and by Wm. prior ot Catley, &c.) of the house with all its possessions in cos. Line, and Notts. and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 25 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Wm. Swyfte, prior, and two others.
[See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 15].
Seal slightly injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1., no. 35] as acknowledged same day before Wm. Peter, LL.D.
25 Sept. 424. John Hales (fn. n5) to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
iii. 228.
As Cromwell commanded. "the papistical den of idle and utterly unlearned beasts at Soulbie" (fn. n6) is broken up and Hales in possession. Begs the continuance of Cromwell's favour. Soulbie, 25 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord and master my lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Sept. 425. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. "I send unto yo[u my] almoner, who shall advertise you of answer to[uching] my ward of Hansarde and of many other causes, un[to] whom I require you to give credence." Desires favour. Intends to come and see Cromwell "there." Kenynghall Lod[ge], 25 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Edge worn away. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Sept. 426. Robt. Dean to Wriothesley.
R. O. "At Andwarpe the 25 de Sptbr. 1538":—Mr. Vathan and I have inquired "thaste" (qu. the state?) of Mrs. Hutton, whom we find at great "aftr dell"; for her husband's debts to English merchants here amount to 600l. and to men of this country for tapestry, silks, furs, linen, &c. almost 300l. Flemish. Mr. Vathan thinks what is owing here should be paid, or they will make attachments and put her to trouble and open "skandyr." Please get my Lord to write to Mr. Vathan to make a stay with the English merchants, and then by selling her husband's horses and apparel the debts here may be paid.
P.S.—If she have no comfort .shortly by my Lord's letters and yours we shall bury her by her husband.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at London. Endd.
25 Sept.
R. O.
427. [The Duke of Saxony and Landgrave of Hesse (fn. n7) to Henry VIII.]
St. P. viii. 47. Thinks no office more friendly among those that govern than to admonish each other of dangers, especially touching religion. Found lately certain letters in the hands of an Anabaptist, (fn. n8) in which mention was made of England, showing that the errors of that sect daily spread abroad. Sends copy. Describes their doctrines and practices in Germany, and the different sects among them, also the measures taken to repress them. The magistrates who obey the bp. of Rome in their severity against Anabaptists slay good men who have no sympathy with them. We have found by experience that the best remedy is to have the Word of God truly preached. 25 Sept. 1538.
Translation in Morysine's hand.
25 Sept. 428. J. Vaillant de Guellis (?) to [the Queen of Scotland].
Balcarres MS.
iv. 47.
Adv. Lib.
Thinks she has heard of the death of his father, the bailly of Dunoyes, who long and loyally served her and the Duke, her late husband, and his ancestors; in consideration of which services the late Cardinal of Orleans, at the request of the said late Duke, who was then his ward, granted, 10 years ago, the office to the writer and his father in survivorship. Has presented the document to her father the duke of Guise; but some gentlemen have induced him to nominate the avocat of Dunoys, which he could never have done if he had known the writer's claim. Begs her to write to her father and mother in his behalf. Can serve her better than the avocat, as the King has given him in his absence, in consideration of his services to himself and the late King, the estate of Councillor in the Great Council. Paris, 25 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Begins: Madame.
25 Sept. 429. Richard Abbis to [Cromwell].
Vesp. C. vii.
B. M.
Arrived at Cadix 5 Sept., having touched at the Groyne in Galicia on his way. Has thus learned the news of these countries, with the little favour they bear the King, "with their great popish, naughty, slanderous words in all parts." Since the peace the King's subjects are taken in derision, hated as Turks, and called heretics and "Lutaryos," and they say plainly they hope to have war with England, and set in the bishop of Rome with all his disciples again in England. Englishmen dare not speak, but stand in fear of their popish law; but there are many, both Englishmen and Irishmen, especially the latter, who slander the realm. Moreover, Englishmen's words and oaths are no longer regarded as they used to be, they use so many devices to defraud the King of his customs, which are much injured both here and in the Levant. Four ships have come out of Hull and Lynn with butter and victuals, in spite of the restraint; and much comes out of Wales and Bristol to create dearth in England; and now wheat is worth 20s. the quarter in these parts, "the which they will perceive shortly to bring over." On the 7th a ship came out of Falmouth (Mr. Hew Trevynyan is owner). Divers merchants with tin came in her, and two White Friars to help slander the realm in these parts. At Hallowmas or Christmas your Lordship may have the ship and men at home. The master's name is Ric. Butler. "Trewly suche lyke slanderous blode sowpers that this country is filled with out of England in every monastery hath and doth daily slander the King's grace and his whole realm." Hopes Cromwell will see them punished. Met also in the Groyn in Galicia an Irish gentleman of the kindred of Fythegarode named Domyngo Pawlo. "Truly he hath had a very ill name in these parts of his countrymen to be a great traitor against the King's Grace." Would trust to bring him to Cromwell if he knew his Lordship's pleasure; "for he is now married in the Groyn, and dareth not go home to Galway and Limerick. And by him your Lordship should know of more traitors in Ireland; for truly I did see in his purse a safe-conduct of the Emperor for Limerick and Galway, of years past provided for doubt of wars that they thought should be between the King's Grace and the Emperor." In the Groyn a servant of the writer, shortly before his coming thither, ran away with 200l. of his. To continue his favour with the Irish traitor, has given him power to recover the money; for he would spend his life and goods to bring him into Cromwell's power.
Remains here till he get a freight for England, for owing to his great losses he has nothing to lade his ship with. Hopes he may yet come home shortly and pay Sir Thomas Spert. This country is full of idolatry and "blode sopers." The Emperor has "imbargyd" all his great ships of Biscay to be ready in March for Levant and Constantinople, and has summoned all the lords and gentlemen of these parts to be with him shortly. He has "straynyde" in Sevill all his merchants' riches of gold and silver that have come within these five months from his "Indyas of Perrow" and other places. Cadix, 25 Sept. 1538.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.


  • n1. This letter is wrongly assigned in the State Papers to the year 1539.
  • n2. Margaret, widow of James IV. The date referred to is 1517. See Vol. II. No. 3278.
  • n3. In this and one or two other surrenders of Gilbertine priories, the bishop of Llandaff is mentioned as having attached his own seal to the surrender as roaster of the Order, while the prior and convent attach theirs also. But the Bishop's seal is not actually attached, though the tag of parchment to which it should have been attached exists, at the left-hand side of the conventual seal. In the case of the head house, the priory of Sempringham (No. 375), there is only one seal, as the bp. of Llandaff, master of the Order, with the prior and convent, formed but one corporation.
  • n4. See Nos. 355, 404.
  • n5. This is John Hales, clerk of the First Fruits (see Vol. XII. Pt. i. No. 539 (5)), not to be confounded with John Hales, baron of the Exchequer.
  • n6. Sulby Abbey, Northamptonshire, surrendered 20 Sept. 1538. See No. 395.
  • n7. See footnote in State Papers and No. 264.
  • n8. See No. 265.
  • n9. Here occurs in the MS. the following passage, and which, being cancelled, is not noticed in the State Papers, and which it may be desirable to give in extenso though its general purport is contained in the concluding paragraph. That paragraph is in a different ink, and was evidently added when the correction was made. "And the King's Highness' further pleasure is, that, where His Majesty hath at this time despatched Sir Anthony Browne, knight, his Grace's councillor and gentleman of his Grace's Privy Chamber, much for like purpose, the said Thomas Wriothesley and Stephen Vaughan shall advertise the said Sir Anthony what they shall find on that side, like as he shall do the semblable for his part to them, to th' intent either of them being privy unto th' other's success, the same may temper their proceedings thereafter as the case shall require."