Henry VIII: October 1538 16-20

Pages 239-253

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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October 1538 16-20

16 Oct. 621. Cromwell, to Wyatt.
Harl. MS.,
282, f. 213.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
After receipt of your letters by Mr. Mason, upon signification by the Queen Regent of receipt of the Emperor's commission and good will, the King, after sending Mr. Wriothesley and Mr. Vaughan into Flanders with powers to treat and conclude, intends earnestly to join with the Emperor and sends this bearer, Mr. Hobby, a groom of the Privy Chamber, with letters and instructions. His Grace, thanking you for your diligence hitherto, requires you to declare his good affection, which is as sincere as could be desired, and the instructions "which do proceed of the very bottom of his good heart and pure stomach." If the matters are finished before March next, I trust then to get you leave to return. The King had sent Mason to you instead of this bearer but that he has a fever, as his letters will show. Mr. Hobby can declare occurrences here. London, 16 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P . 1. Add. Endd.
16 Oct. 622. Philip Hoby's Instructions.
Vitell B. xxi.
168. (fn. n1)
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt.
"Instructions containing certain matters to be declared to the Emperor, sent by Philip Hoby, the 16th of October the 30th year of the King's Highness' most noble reign." (fn. n2)
As the King has appointed Philip Hoby, one of the grooms (fn. n3) of the Privy Chamber to resort to Sir Thomas Wiat, the King's ambassador in the Imperial Court, he is to take with him these instructions and the King's letters in his own handwriting and speedily take his journey thither. He shall first deliver to Wiat the letters addressed to him and these instructions; and after they have made themselves ripe in the whole term thereof, they shall notify Hoby's arrival to the Emperor, desiring access to deliver the King's letters. On obtaining an audience they shall deliver them, declaring his Highness' health, with vehement desire to hear the like of the Emperor ; then coming to their credence, they shall request him to take the overtures in good part and to promise on the word of a prince to disclose them to none but to such of his Council as shall be sworn to secrecy.
This obtained, they shall say that as the King understands the Emperor intends next year to go against the Turks in person, although he will doubtless before his departure consider all things for the assurance of his estate, yet the King would as a friend remind him to provide for the security of his son, the young prince of Spain, and is emboldened by friendship to suggest that to provide against any casualty he should be surrounded by trusty friends, for Henry hears of no one joined with him who during his minority might "stand him in friendly stead." Secondly, he would remind the Emperor that if it should please God to call him to his mercy, the Imperial dignity is elective, and the Almains will be loath to have a Spaniard for their superior. 3. That Milan takes investiture of the Emperor, "and that [in some cases] it is confiscable, as we understand [his chief] claim is now, or else the Frenchmen ['s] claim by inheritance should serve them," so that there is no sure building there for his son's surety. 4. The Emperor may well consider what disturbances might arise in Spain if that expedition were unfortunate, his mother, Queen Johane being still alive and his son a minor. The case of his father, King Philip, showed this; whom, if the King (Henry VII.) had not aided "by colour of mamborneship," King Ferdinand of Arragon would have kept him from his rightful possession; " and yet for all that found such means (as it was said) that he soon after died." 5. That although the Emperor shall leave his son a great prince, lord of sundry great realms and ample dominions, they lie far asunder, Naples and Sicily far from Spain, and Flanders and the Low Countries far from both, etc. 6. That his uncle the King of the Romans, of whom he should have chief help, is far distant "and his countries standing very-unhandsomely to give present aid and speedy assistance if need were."
The removal of these difficulties the King leaves to the Emperor and his Council; but if he desire to know Henry's opinion how to remedy them, Wyat and Hoby shall explain.
1. To establish his son and succession with assured friendship he thinks the Emperor should choose men of manifest ability who pretend no titles to any dominions that he intends to leave his son, and as his dominions are far apart he should have friends in divers parts to defend his right; e.g. he should leave Milan to Don Ludovic, Infant of Portugal, who is nigh of kin to his said son. The King thinks, "and somewhat therein knoweth," that the Italian princes would prefer "to have one amongst them there than that [the Emperor sho]ulde detain it still in his own cus[tody]," for in the latter case they will always fear "that he pretendeth the monarchy of all Italy." But giving it to Don Ludovic will be as good as keeping it to himself, and he may have it as well furnished with soldiers as now.
2. He should secure as allies some of the princes of Italy, as the duke of Ferrara, Mantua, or Florence, and allure them by kindness, for these pretend n[o title to] any of his dominions "and shall ever ho[pe for] his assistance to enjoy their own, the Emperor and his succession being mutually bound with them and theirs for the defence of each others' dominions."
3. As to Spain, they may say that if the King were as well acquainted as he has been in times past, he could give some counsel; but having now for many years had no practice in those affairs, he remits that wholly to the Emperor and his Council. He thinks, however, that both for Spain and Flanders he and his [realm] will stand him in as good stead as any prince or realm in Christendom; and if it will please him to go on with these alliances already begun it will be "a perdurable knot between their Majesties and posterities and a perfect union and surety for both their realms and dominions." They shall therefore urge the Emperor to avoid delays, which are always suspicious, and send his sister the Regent full powers to delegate ministers to conclude the same upon reasonable conditions, or else send Grandevile or Covos into Flanders fully instructed. The conclusion shall not be suspended by the King's declining to contribute a reasonable aid for Milan if he can have a fair equivalent.
4. They may tell the Emperor that if any slackness be imputed to the King it was owing to the unjust and unreasonable demands of his agents. Besides, "who would be glad to put his foot in the brere, and take the whole burden on his neck, these weighty causes afore rehearsed not being otherwise than his Grace knoweth of provided for? Also this new reconciled amity of old enemies now entire friends blew so strange a blast in his Grace's ears, so far from the surety of the Emperor's succession, that it had been enough alone to discourage his Highness from joining there, considering that besides the title of Milan there be so many [other] titles depending still between them, [as] Naples, the soverignty of Flanders, Geanes, and Pyemont, with Nice also." These things considered, was it wonderful the King thought they were dissembling with him? He hopes, however, that the Emperor will cause his commissioners henceforth to proceed sincerely.
Pp. 13.
Ib. f. 60. 2. Draft of a portion of the preceding in the King's own hand.
P. 1. Endd. by Sadler: Certain things which the Emperor hath resolved to conclude with the King's Majesty.
Vesp. C. vii.
B. M.
3. An earlier draft, with corrections in the King's hand; differing materially from § 1.
In this there is a long addition to the first paragraph, instructing them how in their address to the Emperor they shall enlarge on the old alliance between "their Majesties' houses and progenitors" and the fraternal union between them "although some clouds and mists have been by chance interjected for a season and afterwards clearly vanished away," and how the cordiality of their alliance has been confirmed by the relation of Sir Thos. Wyat and Chappuys and also by the overtures made to the King by the Emperor from Villafranca; "which overtures, albeit his Highness took very thankfully and embraced them, yet, not to interrupt the conclusion of peace which was looked for at the meeting already appointed, he forbore to send a commission to conclude upon the same till the interview was over. Now, finding the Emperor stedfast and that he has despatched a commission to his sister the queen of Hungary, the King prepared to send commissioners to her, who have, in fact, arrived at her Court long ere this, and trusts the Emperor will instruct those on his part to proceed frankly and without delay.
(2.) Then follows as a second article (after a preamble about Henry's confidence in the Emperor's sincerity in the above matter and that a good conclusion will be arrived at, considering that their interests are "in manner one thing"), the part about the Emperor's proposed expedition against the Turks, and the dangers that may arise from it. But the suggestions how to meet those dangers are differently couched, viz:—
1. The King thinks the Emperor should not follow the "bruited and famed purpose" of bestowing Milan on such as would attempt further upon him under colour of old titles, but rather, in accordance with his overtures at Villafranca, give it to his "in manner very son "the Infant Don Ludovic of Portugal, with whom, in hope of the Emperor's stedfastnes, he has appointed commissioners to treat, in Flanders, a marriage with his daughter Mary. If the Emperor will thankfully and frankly so do, the King will not stick for pure kindness to bestow his other daughter Elizabeth, his niece lady Margaret, (fn. n4) "and therewith" the duchess of Richmond, by the said Emperor's ad rice, upon such of the princes of Italy as shall be thought convenient. Thus the King thinks the Emperor's estate in Italy would be best assured to him and his posterity.
2. As for the repression of seditions which might be stirred up in Spain or the Low Countries, the King offers at all times to act as a faithful ally and "a true father to the prince of Spain; and so to induce posterity to be joined with posterity in indissoluble and inseparable amity," England being most conveniently situated to help both Spain and the Low Countries.
"As concerning Spain within itself you may say" [Here follows the suggestion numbered (by the Editor) 3 in § 1. It occupies an entire page at f. 74, written wholly in the King's hand, and apparently was intended to be inserted here.]
3. In order to have more free communication on these matters, if the Emperor will appoint Granvelle to bring Don Ludovic to wait upon the Queen Regent and cause her, with the duchess of Milan, to resort to Calais, the King agrees to cross the seas and bring thither his daughter Mary, to receive the Queen, the Duchess, the Infant and Grandvelle, and so "conclude and proceed as it shall appertain."
[4,] The suggestion numbered 4 in § 1 is drafted in the King's own hand at f. 62, and was no doubt intended to come in here as a conclusion. It begins: "Furthermore ye may declare unto the Emperor, if, in communication, any slackness to be laid unto us."
Pp. 19. Endd.: The minute of th'instructions for Wyat and Hoby.
Harl. 282, f. 73
B. M.
4. The instructions actually sent, agreeing with § 1. (This is the copy from which Nott printed.)
Signed at the head.
Pp. 8.
16 Oct. 623. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Sends by Edmund Power a dozen of the bills in articles, which must be set up in every place in your house, hall, chamber, gate, and other offices, that you being head may be a light to the inferiors. Sends also six injunctions with the late articles, which you are to intimate to such spiritual persons as you think good, with two "apces" (A.B.C.'s) in English. As to Lisbe's own suits, tarries but for a "good hour." The curate of Our Lady church there is like to lose his preferment "by the commissary's sinister and subtle suggestions, which is his back-friend to my lord of Canterbury. It shall not be requisite other men love them when they be not uniform in themselves." London, 16 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.
16 Oct. 624. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I send by Edmund Power, packed in a basket, two garnish of vessel, which I hope will please you: otherwise return them. I send the reckoning of the whole weight and exchange. The letters will be despatched tomorrow at furthest. I know my lord Privy Seal will rid them. I will never from his heels till it be done. The earl of Hertford is come. He of Bridgwater will be here by All Hallow tide. Mr. Fowler cannot speed with my lady Fitzwilliam for your. Ladyship's lodging. The earl of Shrewsbury lies there. Mr. Fowler can get no quinces. London, 16 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
16 Oct. 625. Margaret Audelay (fn. n5) to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your kind letters to my great comfort. I did not deserve such thanks either from the King or you, for any entertainment shown to his Grace's servant, George Allisbery, but have done my duty as a poor widow to one coming from his Highness. I have no intent or marriage to Allisbery or any other as yet; and if I ever shall have, "it is not he that I can find in my heart to take to my husband, of all creatures alive." I trust, as the King has always been gracious to other his poor widows, his Majesty will give me liberty to marry, if ever it be my chance, such a one as I may find in my heart to match me unto, otherwise I mean to remain in this estate during life. I beg you will excuse my coming up to London, as I hate much business at this time about the will of my late husband. 16 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
16 Oct. 626. Adam Mytton to Cromwell.
R. O. Has the keeping of three of the King's houses that were suppressed by the bishop of Douever, Visitor, in Salop (i.e., Shrewsbury), called the Black, the Austin, and the Grey Friars. Was bold to write lately for Cromwell's favour, that he might be King's tenant of one of them, the rather as he is Cromwell's accepted servant, and also, being one of the "insenyscient" of that number. Has served the King in Parliament this 17 years, and this is the first thing he has sought of his Grace. Salop, 16 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal and High Ordinary. Endd.
16 Oct. 627. Brewode, or Byrwood, Priory.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender (by Isabella, the prioress, &c.) of the monastery with all its possessions in cos. Staff., Wore, and Salop, and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 16 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. No signatures. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 11.]
Seal mutilated.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1, no. 42] as acknowledged same day before Thos. Legh, LL.D.
16 Oct. 628. Lilleshull Abbey.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Salop, Staff, Derb., Warw., Leic, Ntht., Chester, York, Devon, Wore, Norf., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 16 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Robert Watson, abbot, John Hall, prior, and nine others, among whom are John Rolles, sub-prior, who signs with a mark, and Thos. Maynard cellarer. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 27.]
Fair seal.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1, no. 41] as acknowledged same day before Thos Legh, LL.D.
16 Oct. 629. Thomas Legh, LL.D., to Cromwell.
R. O. At the Blakladies, (fn. n6) I received a letter from Mr. Hennege (copy enclosed) containing the King's command for the preferment of Mr. Thomas Gifford to the farm of the house of Blakladies. There was Mr. Litleton also, who said the King was pleased he should have it, as he perceived by your Lordship when last in London. Wherefore I and Mr. Candisshe have put them both in possesion and sold the stuff to them both, till they know the King's further pleasure. Now being at Lilleshill, I intend to put Mr. Candisshe in possession of the farm of the house, who prays you that, in his absence, he be not in this behalf supplanted. Lilleshill, 16 October. Signed.
P .1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. Ao xxxo.
630. Wm. Chorlton to John Scudamore.
Add. MS.
11,041, f. 288.
B. M.
Supp. of
Trusts his fever is amended. He wrote to Bostock and Byst to pay the money for the pensions of the late abbot and brethren of Lilleshall to the writer; but Bostoke has since gone to London about his master's business, and Byst says he no money left to in his keeping. Begs him therefore to pay the said late abbot and brethren their pensions and retain the fee which they have granted him. Wombridge.
17 Oct. 631. Walter Devereux [Lord Ferrers] to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks for the goshawk which I received by Wm. Grantam, your servant. When you send the wine, write to my place in Mark Lane, London, either to me, or the keeper of the house. I will pay you for it at our next meeting, and will make sure reckoning for your gelding. The King and Prince and your assured friend the lord Privy Seal are merry and in good health. My place in Marke Lane, 17 Oct. Signed,
Commendations to lady Lisle.
P .1. Add: Deputy of Calais. Sealed.
17 Oct. 632. Edw. Earl of Derby to Cromwell.
R. O. Encloses the confession, made before divers gentlemen of Lancashire, and signed by them, of Thos. Parker, a young man of 17 or 18, who said, in many places between London and Lancashire, and in a town there called Liverpool, that the Earl was set in the Tower. He says he slandered by procurement of Matthew Norres, servant to my cousin lord Leonard, the King's lieutenant in Ireland, and Rauff Styrop was present at the said procurement. They both deny it. Norres is at large upon surety. Asks what is to be done with the others who are at my house in Lancashire by their own choice, rather than to be sent to the King's gaol for lack of sureties. Colham, 17 Oct. Signed.
P . 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
17 Oct. 633. John Cheynye to Cromwell.
R. O. I thank your Lordship for your great goodness to me especially at my first acquaintance, at the coronation of queen Anne, when I made relation of my poverty and my long service to the late and present kings. There are certain parcels of land lying near to me belonging to Abingdon, lately suppressed, which I understand are not yet given, viz.:—the lordship of Charney, yearly value 38l. 10s. 5d., and Longworthe with Draycotte, 42l. 5s. 9d., which are partly in the holding of John Yate, merchant of the Staple. Would be greatly bound to Cromwell for these or others if they be given to him and his son and heir. Woddaye, 17 Oct.
Hol., not his own hand, p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
17 Oct. 634. Stafford, St. Thomas' Priory.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Staff., Lane, Derb., Leic, Warw., Chesh., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 17 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ric. Whittell, prior, and five others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii 41].
Seal injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1. no. 38] as acknowledged same day before Thos. Legh, LL.D.
17 Oct. 635. Wriothesley, Vaughan, and Carne to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
Since despatching Barnaby have received by Francis, the courier, the King's letters and your Lordship's in answer to ours from Valenciennes with such commendation of our service as were enough to make men that were going apace glad to run till they broke their shins. We are now armed in spite of any sickness to go through all storms. Sent to the Regent to appoint a time for Mr. Brown's presentation to her. She appointed yesterday but put it off till today, as the French king has pressed her to go hunting. Last night Mr. Kerne arrived when most of us were in bed. Arranged by letter, as our lodgings were distant apart, to notify Don Diego that although we had made instance to speak with the Queen we would not press it as we heard she had been a little troubled in her head, and had been invited by the French king to visit Chauntlie, a house of the Constable's, nine leagues hence towards Paris, whither she was going to repair today. Received answer by Don Diego that she thanked us for our courtesy and at her return on Saturday or Sunday would not fail to hear us. Don Diego also sent word that he never saw her so well inclined to our matters in his life. Have notified to him the arrival of Mr. Kerne, whom we purpose also to present at our next access. We fear nothing but our own insufficiency to the handling of such weighty matters, for if the commission be made to the Queen she will sit with us at the first congress. As far as we can learn nothing is done here but festivity, which is confirmed by Wyatt's letter out of Spain. Much money is spent there in gay and costly apparel. The Burgundians it is said would be at home thinking long till the time of our return, which it is supposed will be on Thursday next at furthest. Compiegne, 17 Oct. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
17 Oct. 636. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received Cromwell's kind letters, much to his comfort, both by Francis the courier, and by Dr. Kerne, who arrived here last night. Hopes to rise almost from death to live and serve his master. Has been terribly tormented and is still in great danger of his enemy, but the last battle was not so sore. Philip, whom Cromwell sent him, has done his part in purging him both by glister and purgation. Would like two or three tun of Cromwell's beer sent to Antwerp. If we remain we shall also need money. It cost him 80l. before he left London and almost 60l. at Antwerp, for sheets, bedding, &c. His expenses in post horses come to near 40l., and since their setting up house, a day's expenses have been at least 15 crs. A partridge is worth here 10d., and a woodcock as much. Has paid 3s., more than a groat sterling, for an orange. Cannot afford a less train, for one man has to go to market, another to see to the meat at home. Gives other particulars. Begs Cromwell's favour to my lord of Bangor that his house (fn. n7) be not suppressed till Wriothesley can return "to be his advocate for his living." Had great comfort of him "when mine anchor hold failed me." Compiegue, 17 Oct.
Begs him to favour Mr. Godsalve's suit, who has desired Wriothesley to write for him. He is honest, and can do the King service. Refers to their common letter. Sends a letter for Signor Don Diego. Begs him to thank the Master of the Rolls who supplied him with two of his horses in lieu of two of his horses which failed.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
17 Oct. 637. Vaughan to Cromwell.
R. O. As the King has been pleased, since his repair hither, to appoint him ambassador in these parts, a charge far weightier than (except that the unabling of himself seems to imply unwillingness to serve his Majesty) is meet for a man of so slender learning and judgment, implores Cromwell to consider how he is more meet to serve in the King's kitchen. Hopes that any mistakes he commits will be attributed to his want of capacity and not of fidelity. Is loth to mention the great expense they have been at, notwith- standing great economy. Will never be able to serve with 20s. a day without continual borrowing, and thus beggaring his wife and children. Refers to Wriothesley, who happily is well amended, in confirmation of this. Compiegne, 17 Oct.
Sends a piece of cardinal Pole's arms "which we caused the palmers in this town to tear and pull down" from a gate of an inn where he lodged when he was here.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
17 Oct. 638. Edward Carne to Cromwell.
Calig. E. iv.
B. M.
"[Please]th it your most honourable Lo[rdship this shall be to adver]tise the same that yesternight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I arrived hither, and incontinent th[ereupon I declared] to Mr. Wrythesley and Mr. Vachan t[he effect of his High]ness's commission according as it . . . . . . . . . . . .and also made your Lordship's commen[dations unto them] according to your commandment; whereof [they were not] a little glad, and rejoiced as well. . . . . .[that] your Lordship was merry and in health as. . . . . . . . .as concerning the affairs here committed. . . . . . . . . I have received such instructions of them [as they] could give unto me, trusting in [God that we] shall between us so devise further upon [these matters that] our proceedings shall be to the King's Highness' [and your Lordship's] contentation. I see not but we be all . . . . . . . . . willing to do service which doth ma. . . . . . . . . . . .much help in such matters." Compeygne, 17 Oct. 1538.
Hol., p. 1. Right edge much injured. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Doctor Carne.
17 Oct. 639. Bonner to Cromwell.
R. O. Can never recompense his kindness. Great incivility has been shown here to himself and Mr. Browne since the arrival of the latter. Men here are more unkind the more gently they are treated; "which for good reasons we take in good worth" till we hear the King's pleasure. Thinks it inexpedient to write more plainly than hitherto lest private feeling be imputed to them. Have told nothing but the truth. Had no great occasion to send this courier (to whom he has given 40 crs., as he did to two others of his servants as well as to two whom he despatched to Antwerp) but that the King should know the state of their proceeding and what word he had received this day from Wyatt out of Spain, which pleased him not a little. Sends tidings received of an Italian, sometime servant of Sir Gregory de Casalis, a very honest fellow, to whom he has promised money and further help if he keep touch. Compiegne, 17 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
2. News from Rome.
Vit. B. xiv. "Quanto s' intende di Roma alli x[xvij di Settembre]."
B. M.
The match between S. Ottavio, son of S. Pier Luis and the Emperor's daughter, is concluded. She, however, is said to have a preference for Cosmo de Me[dici]. She is expected at Rome in October, where the marriage will be celebrated. Conditions made between the Emperor and the Pope about it:—the Pope to give her 15,000 ducats in Naples, &c. The Turk has crossed the Danube with 200,000 horse, and taken all the places king John held, and that. . . . . . . .friendly to the said King in Poland. . . . . .(?)
The Turk's armada. All these princes press the French king to aid the enterprise against the Turk. The Emperor will pass into Italy this Christmas. "I have from a good place that the Emperor makes every effort to gain the king of England, and will give him for wife the lady who was duchess of Milan." The marriage of S. Ottavio and the duchess of Florence will not be consummated until Easter.
English note at the end, in Banner's hand:—These tidings delivered to me in writing. The bringer said that this 17 Oct. about 8 or 9 a.m., he heard the French king tell the Constable that he had heard out of Suysars that the Turk "had a great rupture in the further parts of Hungarie."
Italian, pp. 2. Much mutilated. With some notes and translations (and the date, 27 Sept.), in a modern hand made before the mutilation.
17 Oct. 640. Sir Ant. Browne and Bonner to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since Barnabie left St. Quintyns, have neither been sent unto nor visited by any of the Court, nor has their lodging been bettered by any of the King's officers. Cannot obtain the answer promised at Suossons. On receiving the King's letters by Francisco on the 15th, went to consult with Mr. Wriothesley, who was suffering from fever, and Mr. Vaughan. Con- sidering that the French king and Lady Regent were already here, and therefore the device expressed in the King's letters could not be carried out, Brown, under colour of paying his respects to the Lady Regent, being lately come hither, with "Wriothesley and Vaughan, went to declare the said letters to her, while Bonner, being ambassador resident, tarried at his lodging to avert suspicion on the part of the French king. By Don Diego's help audience was fixed for the 16th, but the French king so pressed her to go hunting that day that she deferred it till the 17th, sending notice by Don Diego. Wriothesley reports the answer brought by Don Diego.
On the 16th, at 9 p.m.. Dr. Carne arrived with letters from Cromwell. This morning the Regent and duchess of Milan went with the French king and queen to Chantelie, a place of the Constable's, nine leagues hence, lodging this night at an abbey by the way, and as she was weary and somewhat diseased, sent word by Don Diego agreeing to put it off till her return. Compiegne, 17 Oct., almost at midnight. Signed.
In Bonner's hand, pp. 2. Faded and slightly mutilated. Add.
17 Oct. 641. Sir Antony Browne to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter dated London, 12th inst., saying how graciously the King has taken their doings here. Since our last letters, we have found no amendment but the strangest fashion that has been seen, which makes him not a little to marvel, considering how often he has been here and honourably entertained. Does not care for himself, but for his sovereign lord. No time can be found to make him an answer of what he came for, though he has been here six days, and sees pass his window daily most part of the French king's Council and many of his Chamber, his old acquaintance, but they will not see "my lord alacke" (elect) and him. Reminds Cromwell how suddenly he was sent here, Mi. Samar and he having but one mail and nothing fit to follow a Court, especially this Court, which is never certain.
When the Regent is gone, the King will go either into Champagne or Brittany, and Browne is sure he will not tarry three days in one place.
To follow him who goes out of all highways, will not be possible, for he can get no horse. If my lord of Hardford had not lent Mr. Samar and him horses, they would have gone afoot before this. To do so he "unhorsed" himself; and now with travelling and ill lodging both are "almost unhorsed." Thinks he can do no service after obtaining the French king's answer, and the King has a sufficient man here. One of his four men and others of "my lord alaket" have been sick of ague. Comppayn, 17 Oct. 11 p.m. Mr. Samar's recommendations.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
642. [Henry VIII. to Sir Ant. Browne].
R. O.
St. P. viii.
Perceives by his letters and those of his colleague (fn. n8) the slender reception he has had, although he is the King's ambassador. Marvels at this in "a country called of so much civility." As soon as you have visited the Queen Regent as appointed in our former letters, which no doubt you have done before this, you shall repair to "our good brother" when busy in hunting or otherwise and say that you and your colleague have awaited his answer until the time appointed for your return by our last letters [and after the receipt of your second letters to us from St. Qnintyns] (fn. n9) is expired and ask him for leave to depart saying that your colleague the bp. of Hereford will still remain to receive his answer. Whatever answer he make, return hither at once.
Corrected draft, pp. 2.
18 Oct. 643. John Alen, Chancellor of Ireland.
See Grants in October, No. 22.
18 Oct. 644. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Has this day delivered the King's letters to my lord Chancellor and judges, so no fear the matter will be stayed. I received your letter, by Hollyng . . ., whilst in Westminster Hall, and am grieved not a little that you wished yourself where you should never be seen, considering how good lord the King is to you, and the lord Privy Seal also. "Yea, and all others should fail, God never deceived any that trusted in Him," for He hath, "and will relieve his chosen and elect in their need." Sad it is that you who can so well advise others should now fall into this sudden agony and exclaim that God and the world have forsaken you. What will be said when you "being ever called the pleasantest witted in the world, should so suddenly be changed?" Exhorts him to remit all to God. Will do his best touching my lord Marquis, till he knows what Anthony says about the quittance. Thinks Angell will be well [han]dled at his coming. Will do what he can for the subsidy. Will inform him what Mr. Smythe can do concerning the 100l. Hears nothing of Stowers. Trusts Sir Aungell will explain the release of Segyngworthe when he comes. Looks daily for Mr. Popley. Mr. Wynsor must restore Lisle's verdures. At Mr. Richard's coming home, will deliver Lisle's letter with [the b]ucks. Since Bonham does not come, will attempt some other for Soberton. London, 18 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd. by Lisle. Below the letter is written in another hand: "Sit cibis (sic) igni."
19 Oct. 645. [Cromwell] to Mr. Sullyard, Justice of Flintshire, and Roger Brereton, Sheriff of the Samè.
R. O. About this time three years, the see of St. Asaph being then void, the King gave the parsonage of Whytforde, then void by resignation, to a scholar of his own in Oxford called Hugh Whytford, (fn. n10) who will have been in possession three years by January next; but the benefice is claimed by one Mr. Henryson, by colour of an advocation by the bp. of St. Asaph granted in his lifetime who has moved an action of quare impedit before you in Flintshire, which the King's pleasure is that you surcease as it concerns the right of his crown, and remit both parties to his Highness for final order. London, 19 Oct. Not signed.
P. 1. Add.
19 Oct. 646. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.'s Remains,
p. 405.
"This bearer, Mr. Acton, is altogether yours under the King's grace to be whereas your Lordship shall think his service most necessary, but when he is above, then we must lack him here beneath." He can tell the proceedings in our sessions. 19 Oct. at Hartl'.
The prior of the Black Friars in Worcester, Ric. Edwards, when he surrendered his house, was promised his capacity freely both for himself and his brethren. I tolerate him in my diocese, and trust you will favour him.
Hol., p. 1. Add..; Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 Oct. 647. Albert Duke of Mecklenburg to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has received with pleasure the King's letters of 4 Sept. and learned also from the bearer that certain English subjects lay claim to a ship and goods seized by Gotschalcus Remlingrod, merchant of Revel (Reualienssi) from Livonia. Heard nothing of the claim till the goods had been consumed partly in the voyage and partly on landing; but has heard quite a different account of the matter maintained by the parties in the presence of the bearers of the King's letters. Still, would have been glad to gratify the King if his letter had arrived earlier. "Datum in nostra arce Luptze" (Lubitz or Lups). Saturday after St. Luke's Day, 1538.
Has given a private message to the King's envoy. Copy. Latin, pp. 2. Begins : Sereniss. ac potentiss. Rex.
20 Oct. 648. St. Thomas of Acon, London.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender of the house with all its possessions in the city of London and co. Kent, and elsewhere in Egland and Wales and the marches thereof. 20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Laurence Gopferler, master, and Thos"
Lynne. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App, ii. 29.] Fine seal.
Enrolled (Cl. Roll, p. 1, no. 67) as acknowledged same day before Wm. Peter, King's commissioner.
20 Oct. 649. John Freman to Cromwell.
R. O. Dr. Legh has sent me word he had a commission to suppress Bardney and give me the farm of the demesnes for which I have been a suitor. I have since received another commission and a letter from you to deliver possession to Mr. Turwit and Mr. Hennage's brother. I think the commis- sion must have been "labored owte by an unsassiate sutell burder, who would no man should take burdes but himself, which I think watched your Lordship in the dark when he gat your hand to the commission; for it is not only razed nor interlined out of course, but also commissioners set in the same not accustomed, nor I know not from whence they come nor where to have them, except Wiseman, the auditor, who is with me." He had of late an abbey from the King, which might have sufficed him. When the house is dissolved I will send you the state thereof. I would like the farm of Spalding if it be not granted. Dr. Legh should be included in the commis- sion for its dissolution, as he comes to me in Lincolnshire to suppress Bardney. There are 11 abbeys in Lincolnshire, great and small, still standing. Lowthe, 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Oct. 650. The Mayor and Aldermen of Coventry to Cromwell.
R. O. The King's commissioner, Dr. London, is now at Coventry to suppress the two houses of friars for their demerits, and though we have asked him to forbear till we should hear from your Lordship about leaving the churches, or at least one of them, standing, we find him very hard. For all we can do, he has defaced the church of the Grey Friars and begun to do the like with the White Friars, but by great entreaty we have got him to stay as to the latter till we have sent to your Lordship for help. We beg you to intercede with the King that we may obtain the same, with the houses and gardens, else it will be a danger and decay to the city. Coventry, 20 Oct. Signed "by Wyllyã Coton, mayre" — "Roger Wygston, recorder" —"Thomas Banwell"— "Richard Herryng"—"Thomas Dodd"—"Thomas Astelen"— "Roger Walles"— "Hugh Lawton"—"Roger Palmer"—"Robt. K[i]rvyn" —"John Jett"—"Xpofer Waid"—"Henry Over"—"Xpofer Waren"— "Symon Parker." (Several of these signatures appear to be in the same hand.)
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. A rental of the house and gardens of the Carmelite or White Friars of Coventry, viz., of 31 houses and 11 gardens specified by tenants' names or otherwise. Total, 5l. 15s. 8d.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
20 Oct. 651. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. At my late being with you, your Lordship expressed yourself con- cerning my cousin Dr. Legh. On my return, meeting him at None Eton, I laid his fickle dealing to his charge; not being content he should act so, seeing it was for my sake he had his friendship at the King's hands and yours. He, "by many great othe," protested he never meant to displease you. He has now written letters to me; which I herein enclose, begging you to continue your favour to him, and to have my matters in remembrance. Montgomery, 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Bp. of Chester.
652. Thomas Legh, LL.D. to [Bp. Roland Lee],
R. O. My very good Lord, I thank you for your pains taken in my house at London. I have spoken with Mr. Strete for the suppression of St. Thomas's, but I would your Lordship should write to my lord Privy Seal for your own matter and to thank him, for he told me he would move the King for you and your heirs to have St. Thomas's, and no doubt the King will be content, "and in deed it is all one." Remember to write to my Lord to put away sinister suspicion and be not light of credit against me; mistrust without cause is very displeasant. Mereval, this Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
20 Oct. 653. Black Friars, Northampton.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender (by Wm. Dyckyns, prior, &c.) to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. Appointing Thos. Gyfte and Thos. Williams as attorneys to receive and deliver the premises. 20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Dyckyns, and seven others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 34.]
Seal defaced.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 13] without mem. of acknowledgment.
20 Oct. 654. White Friars, Northampton.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. John Walklynge and Thos. Gyfte, laymen, to be attorneys to receive and deliver the same. 20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Howell, prior, John Haryssun, sub-prior, and seven others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 34.]
Seal defaced.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 4] without mem. of acknowledgment.
20 Oct. 655. Black Friars, Warwick.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender, to John London, clk., to the King's [use], of the house and all its possessions in England. Appointing John Walkelinge and Thos. Williams, laymen, as attorneys to receive and deliver the premises to the said John London. 20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Thos. Norman, prior, Ric. Wulton, S.T.B., Nic. Alexander, subprior, and four others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eight Report, App. ii. 47.]
Seal defaced.
Enrolled [ Cl. Roll, p. 2, no. 66, which is very illegible] as acknowledged same day before the said John London, King's commissioner.
20 Oct. 656. Dieulacres Abbey.
R. O.
p. 1, No. 40.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender, (by Thomas, the abbot, &c.) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Staff., Chester, Lane, Derb., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged same day before Thos. Legh, LL.D.
20 Oct. 657. Wetherall Priory.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender of the priory, the rectory of Wetherhall, the lordship and the rectory of Morland, Westmld., the rectories of the parish churches of St. Laurence and St. Michael in Apleby, Westmld., and all other possessions of the priory in cos. Cumb. and Westmld., and elsewhere in England.
20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ralph Harley, prior, and John Clyfton, monk. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 48.]
Seal much injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2, no. 62] as acknowledged, 28 Jan., before Thos. Legh, one of the clerks of Chancery.
20 Oct. 658. Thomas Alen to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii.
Country quiet and great resort to the law, which is a sign of peace. This due not only to the Deputy's martial feats, but also to the Council's industry and policy. The Deputy reports that Mr. Sentleger shall be Deputy, and Mr. Moile Chancellor, and attempts to recover favour in the Council. He practises to bring in his nephew, Kildare's son. The Deputy should not be changed until the beginning of summer, and meanwhile Cromwell should write that the King will not remove him. A bp. and a friar (fn. n11) acquitted at the last sessions at Trym because most of the authorities (except the lord Treasurer, and very few) are papists, hypocrites, and worshippers of idols. Anger of the Abp., Mr. Treasurer, and the Master of the Rolls at this. Their refusal to enter the chapel where the idol of Trym stood, although the Deputy knelt before her. The Deputy and Mr. Treasurer now in the North to expel the Scots from lands they have usurped in Lecale. Dublin, 20 Oct.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Oct. 659. Wm. Brabazon to Cromwell.
R. O. In favour of bearer, an honest and discreet young man against whom complaints have undeservedly been made to Cromwell. Sent him this after he had left Ireland, for he was in doubt whether to resort to London. 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[20 Oct.] 660. Richard Abbis to Cromwell.
R. O. Twenty-five days ago (fn. n12) I wrote your Lordship from Cadix by a ship of Sir Thos. Spertt's. I tarry here still with my ship for merchants to lade her home, and since my last have been at Sevyll and saw great "ocapyeng with ships to the Indies." The riches are not so great as is reported, but still much riches have come in from the Indies, else this country had been near despoblado ere this. Many merchants, &c., daily decay by the Indies. The best news is that the cardinal of Sevyll, (fn. n13) one of the bp. of Rome's disciples, is dead, and the Emperor has put in a doctor of law, Lysensyado Caravaziall, as his deputy in the archbishopric, and has levied 60,000 mks. a year of the spiritualty for years, "which is a beginning to abate part of the great blood sowpers in this country; to write your Lordship of their abomynas[ions] it is too tedious." Our nation is abhorred because the King writes himself Supreme Head, and they will not admit any "writing of power" containing that title, as was done lately to "Mr. Rochis son of London, the alderman," who came to Seville to recover 12,000 ducats of Thos. Howell's for the Drapers Hall. As Howell died in Seville a traitor to the King, his goods should be the King's and might be recovered by a letter from the King to the Emperor, otherwise they will never be recovered from Howell's executors, who are Pedro Spen . . . and Antony Spenoso, cambyadors of Seville. Howell left 14,000 ducats, from which his executors get 2,100 ducats a year; he also left 31,000 ducats in "cambys" (exchanges). Here is a base brother of Howell named James à Morgan of Wales, whose children Howell made his heirs. He has lain here twelve months and can get nothing. I would recover the said money for the King or your Lordship. Two days ago came here Ric. Hore with a testimonial from Barber, the notary of Lombard Street, alleging that the ship I bought of Sir Thos. Spertt was taken from him perforce, and appealing to the justices here because he could have no justice in England. I trust to prove him a traitor and have him in prison for debt till I know your pleasure. Please desire Mr. Spertt not to be hasty with my father for his money. San Lucar in Andolozia, anno 1538.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
20 Oct. 661. The Duchess of Flobence.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 255.
B. M.
Two copies of a draft, sent from Toledo 20 Oct. "1537" [1538], of an act of revocation to be required of the duchess of Florence of a power which she gave to Aguilar to conclude her marriage with Ottavio Fernes, son of Pier Luis Fernes, duke of Castro, on the ground that she gave it under constraint and afterwards revoked it by a declaration. (fn. n14) It is to be witnessed by Lope Hurtado de Mendoza and Margarita de Rojas, and has spaces left for date and signature of witnesses.
Spanish, pp. 3. Headed as sent from Toledo 20 Oct. 1537 (sic). Modern copy, from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, VI. i. No. 20.]
20 Oct. 662. Card. Ravenna to Card. Contarini.
Poli Epp.
iii. cclvi.
Rejoiced to hear by M. Melchior of his health. Is glad that he and the card, of England have had some satisfactory intercourse at Ravenna. They would, no doubt, excuse the quality of the place and the writer's absence.
* * *
Ferrara, 20 Oct. 1538. Italian.


  • n1. Meaning the queen of Scotland's son, her own grandson, Francis duke of Longueville.
  • n2. This title is on a flyleaf. The text begins at f. 170, the last leaf of another document being inserted between.
  • n3. "Gentlemen" in § 3. In the instructions as printed by Nott, he is simply called "one of his Grace's Privy Chamber " but the MS. from which Nott printed (Harl 282 f. 73) reads "one of the grooms of his Grace's Privy Chamber
  • n4. Lady Margaret Douglas.
  • n5. Probably the widow of John Audeley, who made his will (Dyngeley 20, at Somerset House) 16 Aug. 1538, of which his widow Margaret was to be executrix, with bequests to his brother James Audeley, and the parish church of Bishop's Ichington. It was proved by deputy, 5 Sept. following.
  • n6. The Black Ladies, or Benedictine Nuns, of Brewood in Staffordshire.
  • n7. Hyde Abbey, near Winchester.
  • n8. Bonner.
  • n9. Crossed out.
  • n10. See Vol. X., No. 226. It will be seen that the letter in Vol. XII. Pt. I., No. 950, is out of place, Belonging really to the year 1540.
  • n11. Apparently the bp. of Raphoe mentioned in No. 159, and the friar of Mullingar mentioned in No. 769.
  • n12. See No. 429.
  • n13. Alfonso Manriquez de Lara, who was killed by beine thrown from his horse about Oct. 1538.
  • n14. See Part i. No. 1357.