Henry VIII: October 1538 26-31

Pages 263-285

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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October 1538 26-31

26 Oct. 695. Sir Geoffrey Pole.
R. O. "Interrogatories for the examination of Sir Geoffrey Pole," 59 in number, and to the following effect:—1 and 3. Respecting the proceedings of his brother the Cardinal (which he had said that he "well liked "); how had he obtained information about them, and what had he said of them in conversation with his kinsmen or familiars? 2. What were the acts of his brother that pleased him, (and here he is to be examined of all his brother's acts that he knows of)? 3. What he has said about them with kinsmen or friends in conversation. 4. Did he mean to approve of his brother's going to the bishop of Rome, or accepting the cardinal's hat, or setting forth the primacy of Rome? 5. Had he received letters of intelligence from him, or any in his name, within the last three years? 6. Did he know or had he heard whether his mother, brother (lord Montague) or any of his family, had received such? 7—9. How often and by what bearers had these communications been received? What were their contents? 10. To whom had he or others disclosed their substance? 11, 12. What answers had been made to them by him or others, and by whom carried? 13—15. How long had he been familiar with the vicar of Estmayn (fn. n1) ? How had he become so? and what communications had he held with him touching the Statutes of the Realm? 16. What opinion had the vicar declared with regard to the bishop of Rome? 17, 18. Had he known of the vicar's intention to go over sea? 19, 20. Who had been present at any conference between him and the vicar? Who counselled his departure? 21-24. What letters has he received from the vicar since his departure,, what reply did he make, and what messengers were employed? 25. To what other persons has the vicar sent letters, &c. 26, 27. Was it agreed between him and the vicar that he should visit the latter at Louvain? What was his object in so doing? 28. Had he intended to have any men with him, and how many? 29—40. Generally concerning his intention; whether he meant to go further than Louvain, or to visit his brother the Cardinal. 41, 42. By what means he intended to have lived abroad? 43-45. Where to embark? And with whom had he spoken about victualling the ship? 46—49. With whom, other than he has already named, he conferred when both he and they, as he says, expressed a wish "for a change of this world"? 50, 51. To whom did he mention these conferences? And their repty? 52—58. By what means and from what motives had he laboured to effect this change? Who were the first devisers, and who had been willing to advance it? 59. What letters had he received favourable to this object?
Pp. 6. Injured by damp.
R. O. 2. Examination of Sir Geoffrey Pole. (fn. n2)
He confesses that he liked well the doings of his brother the Cardinal and misliked the proceedings in this realm. That he and many others with whom he has conferred have wished a change of this world without meaning any hurt to the King. Being asked with whom he had so conferred he replied the [lord De la Warr], (fn. n3) Mr. Croftes, (fn. n4) resident in Chichester, Freende§ (fn. n5) and Langley, (fn. n6) prebendaries of the same church. Also that the lord De la Warr about 12 months [ago] was of that opinion, but of late when the King was in Sussex he declared himself to be indifferent, in such conferences as this examinate had with him. Also the lord Montacute his brother was of the same opinion before the death of his wife, but since that time he has found him more indifferent. Also the marquis of Exeter was at first of the same mind, but he has not spoken with him for nearly two years; but by his communications with lord Montacute during these two years he knows that the Marquis and his said brother were of one opinion. Further, Le heard Sir Edward Nevill say he trusted this world would amend one day. Also the bp. of London said in conversation with this examinate "that he was but a syfer, for [the] lord Privy Seal first, and [then the] bishop of [Roch]ester, have appointed heretics to preach at Paul's Cr[oss]. And further he saycth that within a twelvemonths he hath heard Mrs. Roper and Mrs. Clement s[ay th]at they liked not this plucking down of abbeys, im[ages an]d pilgrimages, and prayed God to send a change. [An]d after being examined what he meant by [the] word indifferent, which, in his examination before, touched the lord De la Warr and the lord Montacute, answereth he meant that they were not so much affectionate to that part as they were at the former conferences." Being asked what change was wished for; he replies that they wished this world of plucking down abbeys and pilgrimages, and this manner of preaching to be changed, but not the King's person. Finally, examinate besought the King "that he may have good keeping and cherishing and thereby somewhat comfort himself and have better stay of himself," and he would then fully open all that he knew, whomsoever it might touch, whether mother, brother, uncle, or any other. Being further examined whether he had intended to have gone over sea to his brother, he says he did not intend to go to his brother, but to Louvain to speak with the vicar of Est Mayn.
"This examination was knowledged written and after openly read and knowledged again the 26th day of October anno 30 Regis Henrici Octavi in the presence of us." Signed: W. Southampton—per me Edmundum Walsyngham—Rich. Crumwell—per me Nicholaum Heyth—William Peter.
Pp. 2. Stained and mutilated.
R. O. 3. A set of 62 [further] interrogatories [to be administered to Sir Geoffrey Pole]. (fn. n7)
"1. [Where] you say that Mr. Croftes, resident in Chiche[ster, Freend] (fn. n8) and Laugley, prebendaries of the same chur[ch, in their] conferences with you have misliked the proceedings of this realm] and wished for a change, whe[ther you have] had the said conferences with them all toge[ther or] severally with every of them?
"2. [In] what places you have conferred with them all, a[nd in w]hatt places severally with any of them?
"3. [With] which of them you have conferred in these [most o]ften?
"4. [Of] what matters or proceedings you have communed with [them or] with any of them at your said conferences?
"5. [Whet]her you have communed [with] them or with any of them [of] your brother the Cardinal [goin]g to the bishop of Rome and being with him?
"6. What hath been their sayings and opinions of it, and whether they have commended or dispraised his doing therein?"
7. What they or any of them have said touching the bp. of Rome's authority? 8. or of the King's title of Supreme Head, and whether they considered it stood with the law of God? 9. Whether they named any other persons of their mind in anything? 10. Whether any of them declared, "or you have otherwise by them perceived, that they used to confer in these things by y[ou above named or] other like, with any other men, an[d with whom]?"
"11. Whether they or any of the[m have declared unto y]ow the opinions of any other lerny[d men or other touching any] of the premisses?
"12. Item, what their names be?
"13. Item, whether in your said confer[ences they] have brought forth, shewyd or alleged any [books to y]ow or yow to them for the mayntenance of yo[ur opinion in] the premisses?
"14. Item, whether they have shewyd [you, or you] declaryd, (fn. n9) or yow declaryd unto them, any [letters, messages], or other advertisements] from beyond [the sea]?
"15. Item, w[hat the] contents hath [been]?
"16. Item, wh[ethe]r in wishing for th[is] change they have wished all things to bide in the same sort or order that they were before the statute made for the abolishment of the bishop of Rome his pretended authority? "
17. Who were present with you and them or any of them at such conferences? 18. Whether you have devised together any means to promote this change? 19. Or for the staying and hindrance of such orders as have been commanded within the realm? 20. And by what means?
[21.] "[On what] matters you conferred with the lord Delawar (fn. n10) [about xij] months past or at any other time, when [he declarjyd hym self to mislike the proceedings [within the realm] and wished for a change?
"22. [On] what things you conferred with the lord M[ontague, your bro]ther, before the death of his wife, when he decl[ared that he w]ished after like sort?
''23. [On] what matters you conferred with the lord Mar[quis and oth]er when he declaryd and wysshyd in like m[anner?]
"24. [Who] was present with you at any conference with any [of the sai]d lords?
25. "[By] what occasiou began you to confer again of the sa[me] matters with the lorde Delaware at the King's late being in Sussex? "
26. That yon advisedly remember and declare the whole progress of "your communication at that time. 27. By what words you perceived that he was then more indifferent than in former conferences; 28. and in what matters he was more indifferent? 29. Whether he seemed to have the same wish, though he was uot so earnest? 30. On what occasion you began to confer of these things with your brother lord Montague since the death of his wife? 31. By what words you perceived that he had become more indifferent, and in what matters?
"32. Item, by what words you perce[ived in your brother lord Montacute that] the lord Marques of Ex[eter and he were of one] opinion?
"33. Item, in what things, opinion?
"34. Item, whether you know or have [heard that] they have at any time met or sent the o[ne to the other for any conference herein?
"35. Whether you know or hav[e heard any m]an named whose counsel they or either of [them useth or] hath used, or to whose judgment they......[in those] things?
"[36.] Item, whe[ther] you know or have [heard that] the said lord Montague your brother h[ath used to ma]ke the lord Mar[quis] participant of an[y news, letters, or other] messages sent [to him from] beyond the sea?"
37. Whether either of the said Lords conferred with any other on these matters, and with whom? 38. Whether they or any other have declared what they intended to do if they ''should see the world frame towards any such change "? 39. Whether any agreement has been between them or others to take one part in those thing's? 40. Upon what occasion Sir Edward Nevell said he trusted this world would amend one day?
"[41. Item, with wha]t thing or things the said Sir Edward [did find himse]lf grieved at that time?
"[42. Item, of what matt]ers you communed with him when h[e spoke the sa]yd words?
"43. [Item, how oft]en you have used to confer with the said [Sir Edwar]de concerning those things?
"44. [Item, who] hath been present at any such conference?
"45. [Item, whethe]r he have declared the opinion of any [other men touching] the same matters at any conference, and [of whom]?
"46. [Item, what] the opinions of them [have] been?
"47. [Item, how] often within these xij months or ij years you have been [in com]pany with Mrs. R[oper] or Mrs. Clement, and at what places you have met with them?"
48. Of what matters you have most often communed when they have wished for this change? 49. What communication you have had with either of them touching the death of Sir Thos. More and others, and the causes of the same? 50. Who has been present at any of your conferences? 51. Have you heard of any letters, writings, or books sent to them or their friends touching that matter? 52. What have been the contents of such letters, &c.
"53. Item, what conference hath been [between the bish]op of London and you touching [these things]?
"54. Item, what heresies he hath [named] which have been preached at Paule[s Cross]?
"55. Item, whether in any such confe[rence he hath] showed unto you his opinion or judgment . . . . . . . . . . . .continuance and end of these doings and [proceedings] within the realm?
"56. Item, what his judgment . . . . . . .[ha]th been therein?
"57. Item, what likelihoods, causes, . . . . . . tions he hath opened at any such conference[e that this] world should not continue? "
58. Whether he hath declared himself desirous of a change? 59. Whether you know or have heard that he has had any conference with any, within the realm or without, touching these doings, and with whom? 60. What communication has been between you concerning your brother the Cardinal, and whether he has commended his doings? 61. Whether you know or have heard that these orders and proceedings within the realm pass in the King's name and by his authority?
"62. [Item], . . . . . . . . . . . . . .or state of the commonwealth may . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . es broken without offence of the . . . . . ."
Pp. 7. Mutilated,
R. O. 4. Original draft of the two sets of interrogatories § 1 and § 3.
Pp. 4. Faded.
696. [Sir Geoffrey Pole] to———.
R. O. A very mutilated letter, probably seized at the time of Sir Geoffrey Pole's arrest.
"I have wretten to you ofter then I per [adventure . . . . . . . . . . to] have don and not so ofte n dede a[s] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I have used was for the nonce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . not off no slugyshnes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . here that you receved eny on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .wherin I . . . . a letter r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . sylencc [a]nd . . . . . .you . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .because you lake.the comodety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .so ofte as you wold then that you . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .or that I shold lyghtly p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . our frendshyp is knytt fast nere to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .shold set our minds far fro othe [r] . . . . . . . . . . . .habes et semper habebis. I am g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ther to your cheff desyre that is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . helthe to encrece long ther in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . hertes desyre and God's pleasure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vale ex animo. Lordyngtoni p , . . . . . . . "
In Sir Geoffrey Pole's hand.
26 Oct. 697. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Wrote by N. Eeyer. This hour I received your sundry letters by John Teberow. 1 send a letter which Mr. Pollerd delivered me this morning, thanking you for his hawk. My lord Privy Seal has kept his chamber three days. He has two bills, one of 400 mks., the other of 400l I trust the best shall take place. His counsel reckon to go through with Paynswick this term. London, 26 Oct.
Hol, p. 1, Add.: Deputy of Calais.
26 Oct. 698. Thelesford Priory.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.,
Surrender (by Edm. Davithe, minister or prior, and the convent) to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. Edw. Power and Thos. Williams, laymen, to be attorneys to receive and deliver the premises. 26 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Edm. Dave, minister, and three others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 44.]
Fragment of seal
Enrolled [CI . Roll, p. 4, no. 12) without mem. of acknowledgment.
27 Oct. 699. John Wellysburn to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends up Sir John Davy, curate of Radley, who has spoken many traitorous words against the King, and also his accuser, Wm. Draper. He has kept it somewhat too long, but will stand by his sayings. Will tell Cromwell at their next meeting about the courts and law days held for the King in the lordships belonging to the manor of Abingdon. Sends the sayings of Draper and one Sanforde. Many of the poor say they heard the priest speak all that is written, but dared not utter it till now for fear of him, as he would have killed Sandford with his own dagger if the neighbours had not rescued him. Culneham beside Abingdon, 27 Oct.
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Oct. 700. Grace Dieu Priory.
R. O.
Rymer xiv
Surender (by Agnes, the prioress, &c.) of the monastery, with all its possessions in cos. Leic, Derb, Notts, Line, Ntbt., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 27 Oct., 30 Hen. VIII. No signatures. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App ii. 18.]
Seal broken.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p, 1, no. 45] as acknowledged before Thos. Legh, LL.D.
R. O. 2. Pension assigned by the commissioners appointed to dissolve the monastery of Grace Dieu, Leic, 21 Oct. 30 Hen. VIIL, viz.:—
Cicily Bagnalde, 40s. Signed: John Beamount: Thomas Legh. P . 1.
R. O. 3. Fly leaf endorsed "A pension of Gracedewe."
27 Oct. 701 Seigneur de Grignan to Montmorency.
Ribier I. 234. Since he left Turin has not been able to get a courier for Lyons till now. Is pressing on to Rome with the utmost diligence. Spoke with the card, do Monte at Plaisance, who says the Italians will never believe in the peace unless Francis possess Milan. Others have used different language, saying that the Emperor's ministers at Milan maintain that the Duchy is to remain in his possession, and that he is to conquer England for the French king. Replied that these were all follies, and that he was sure both princes held the king of England for their good brother and ally, and would not make war against him, but rather aid him to keep his State. Ruined condition of the Milanese. Duke of Ferrara. Florence, 27 Oct. 1538.
[28 Oct.] 702. Concerning Lord Montague.
R. O. Jerom Raglande, examined, [says] lord Montacue, his master, showed him a copy of letters from Reynold [Pole] to the bp. of Durham of "four or five [sheets] of paper," (fn. n11) in answer to a letter from the Bishop. Forgets the contents of this letter; Montacue afterwards burned it at Bokmer. Wished to save the same from burning in order to learn the contents. Heard the letter read in presence of Montacue, Mr. Colyns, and himself. Has often heard Montacue murmur at the state of the world and the King's proceedings. [Marginal note: "The first article."] Montacue feared further mischief, and that such as ruled about the King would mar all. Told Colyns of a book which cardinal Pole had [written] against the King commencing Quid dicam aut quid faciam, (fn. n12) but never saw the book : Babham told him at Bokmer the book began so. Has often heard Montacue lament the death of lord Burgavenny. [Marginal note: Affirmeth the saying of Sir Geoffrey Pole.] At the time of the Insurrection, Montacue said "Now if my lord a Burgavenny were alive, he were able to make a great number of men in Kent and Sussex "; and often said Burgavenny was "a noble man and assured friend."Tyrell has gone between Mcntacue and the lord Marquis often : knows not if he carried letters. Has seen a big fellow in a tawny coat come to Montacue from the Marquis, but knows not on what errand. Has heard Montacue lament the pulling down of abbeys—especially Bisham— and say he trusted to see Bisham abbey in as good state as ever. Has heard him lament the Marquis' sickness and gout, and say the Marquis was the "most passionate and impatient man in his sickness that ever he knew." Has heard say (but of whom he cannot tell), it were a meet marriage for Reynold Pole to have the Lady Mary, the King's daughter. Last summer being [sent] by Montacute to Eliz. Darell [ab]out assurance of certain lands, she said Mr. Wyatt was [come] out of Spain, where he had been highly entertained, and that Mr. Wyatt said they had a poison in Spain, which put on an arrow head, and the same pricking any person, he should die, and the remedy was the juice of a quince or peach. She also said Mr. Wyatt saw cardinal Pole, "but he spake not with him, nor one of them would not look on another."Mr. Wyatt had told the King about the poison and asked if he should bring any hither, but the King answered "Nay."Signed: Jerom Ragland.
Further examined, says that after the Insurrection, when it was said the King had promised the Northern men to hold a parliament at York for satisfaction of their articles, and it was known the King would not [go to] the North for that purpose, Montacute said "In tym[es] past King's words [would] be believed, but nowadays they be used for.....e, wherefore if the Commons do rise again th[ey wi]ll trust no fair promise nor words."Lord Mowntagew had all Mr. More'a books......... volume (?), and did much take pleasu[re in rea]dine of them. Hugh Hol[ande] at Warblington desired to speak with lord Montague, and said "he must needs "speak with him. Deponent said, "Tell [it to] me and I will tell my lord."Holland said it was that Sir Geoffrey Pole must needs go over sea, unless Montague found a remedy. [Marginal note: Confirms Holland's saying.] Reported this to Montague and he thereupon spoke with Holland at Bokmer, but deponent knows not what was said.
Pp. 5. Stained and mutilated. In Cromwcell's hand. With marginal notes by Ric. Pollard upon the character of the evidence
2. Headed: "the xxviij [day of October?] "
R. O. Jerome Regland further examined, says, lord Mon[tacute sai]d the acts which the King caused to be made in Parliament were very cruelly made, such as the Act of Treason, &c, and if he were of the Council he would, notwithstanding those Acts, advise a charitable punishment so that men should not die therefor. Shortly after the Insurrection, lord M. showed him at Bokmer that if that matter (the Northern party) had been "man handelyd "it would have been well enough. Lord M. showed him at Bokmer 12 months past, "that he hath seen more gentleness and benignity in times past at the King's hands than he doth nowadays,"and said two years ago that knaves ruled about the King, and if be lived to see a change of the world, they should "have punishment for their offences without ruelty." Has heard lord M. say at Bokmer two years ago, and both before and since, that "If this world come to a change we shall have somewhat to do." Heard lord M. say at Bisham about two years past, that the King had said to all the lords, that if they would not do what he moved them to do "he would forsake them and go with the Lubekks; and the lord M said then also that then we should be well rid of him."(In margin: Knows not what it was that the King moved the lords). Lord M. showed him as Bokmer two years past that he could trust few men nowadays. Lord M. showed him that "the lord Marquis is a noble man." Thinks be had great trust in the lord Marquis of Exeter. (In margin : Against the lord Marquie.) Heard lord M. say once or twice at Bokmer two or three years ago, "We shall lack nothing so much one day as honest men." Heard lord M. say "the King is full of flesh and unwieldly, and that he cannot long continue with his sore leg." Lord M. showed him that peradventure the King would send him [over se]es for his affairs, and then he would do the best service he could, but if he failed he would tarry over seas till England was in a better state. Heard Lord M. at "Okyngham [Bramsell] (fn. n13) heth "this summer, wish himself and his son were over seas with six persons more whom he did not name. Has heard lord M. say his brother Sir Geoffrey Pole shall not serve the King. Has heard lord M. within this 12 months praise his brother the Cardinal in his learning and in his living, and say he thought him ordained by God to do good. Lord M. told him a year past, "the King hath a sort of k[nav]es in his privy chamber about him." Read a letter from cardinal Pole to lord M. about three years past, containing "that he would send shortly a great horse to the lord M.; and also he advertised the lord Montegu that he should [bring] up his son himself in activity; and also that the revolutions in Italy declareth great war to be in those parts shortly."Heard lord M. say two years past "the King never made man but he destroyed him again either with displeasure or with the sword."Lord M. told him three years past he liked not many of the bishops. Was trusted by lord M. About three years past when lord M. began to recover from his sickness, he sent examinate to Horsley to show the lord Marquis of his recovery: the lord Marquis said he was glad thereof. (In margin: Against the lord Marquis.) Heard Perkyns, servant to lord M.. say, "that it were ...... marriage betwixt my lady Mary and the cardinal Pole.''
Pp.5. The first paragraph in Cromicell's hand. All the rest, except the last article, in Ric. Pollard's. Each page has been signed at the bottom "Thomas Crumwell," but this is crossed out and the signature "Jerom Ragland" substituted. Endd.
R. O. 3. Hiero[me Raglan]de, [further] examined. Has known lord Montacute, his master, often resort to the marquis of Exeter to his houses at Horseley and London, but knows not for what causes. Tyrell has gone to the Marquis from lord Montacute, aud when asked by this examinate sometimes said he went thither and sometime (fn. n13) answered nothing. "Sterkey once showed this examinate that cardinal Poole was m[ad] to come into [England] (fn. n13) France, for he will have a . . in his way Sir Francis Bryan, Peter Meotes or Wing["lield] (fn. n14) . , . yn over to rid him." Showed this, on coming home, to lord Montacute, who said he knew that well enough. Has often seen lord Montacute and Colyns alone together in the garden at Bukmar and in the woods adjoining, and in the place called the Long Rowe. Has known Montacute and Sir Geoffrey Pole walk together in the garden at Bockmar and in the great chamber, and has known Montacute, Sir Geoffrey and Colyns all to walk together in the garden. Colyns was sent about Corpus Christi last to Sir Geoffrey's house to burn certain letters in the study there. Thinks Montacute was privy to his going. Colins, on his return, said he had burned the letters. Hugh Holland to[ld examinate that he feared Sir Geoffrey would go beyond seas, and that he had spoken with Bernardine, cardinal Pole's servant, and brought a pair of knives for a token to John Walker.
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Date at the head gone.
28 Oct. 703. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. By John Teborow I received your sundry letters. Delivered that to my lord Admiral, who thanks you and promises to be good to James Hawkesworthe and Rauff Riggesby. Delivered Mr. Brian's letter, who will answer by Mr. Speccott whom he despatches tomorrow. This day was Mr. Brian's first coming to Court, and tomorrow Mr. Russell will be there. I sent your letter to James Hawkesworth. My lord Admiral has written both for him and Riggesby, and they shall be here in eight days. Mr. Pollerd advises that my Lady come over as shortly as possible; for the earl of Bridgewater will be here in six days, as Thos. Seller says. As to Painswick, since my lord Privy Seal is so bent to have it, provision might be made for you and my Lady, or Bewmond's lands might be conveyed to Mr. Bassett immediately, or so handled that the Earl may put away no part thereof. To recompense my Lady, Mr. Bassett to be bound to allow her like portion as she had from you for jointure, and if the Earl survive you then Mr. Bassett to be bound to recompense my Lady for as many years as he shall survive. Like direction to be taken for the 1,000l whereof the land stands charged in your will. My lord Privy Seal has two bills of 400 mks. and 400l., and promises to despatch one or other shortly, and also your suit for the Friars. He thinks you are at a point with him for Painswick. As for John Fellowe for the forfeiture of his house and land, send mo the words of the ordinance so that I may reason with my Lord in it; and also let me know whether the forfeiture is to the King or the presenter.
News here is none but that the Lords sit daily in council. My lord Privy Seal came not at Court since Wednesday. Sir Jeffrey Pooll was examined in the Tower by my lord Admiral. They say he was so in despair that he would have murdered himself, and has hurt himself sore. Please keep this secret as yet. London, 28 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
28 Oct. 704. Austin Friars, Northampton.
R. O.
Rymer xiv
Surrender to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. John Wacklynge and Thos. Williams, laymen to be attorneys to receive and deliver the same. 28 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Goodwyn, prior, Steph. Barwyeke. sub-prior, and 7 others, the last being Robt. Barrett "annochorita." [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 33.]
Seal defaced.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 10] without mem. of acknowledgment.
28 Oct. 705. Grey Friars, Northampton.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender (by John Wyndlowe, warden, and the convent) to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. Appointing Ambrose Clerke and Roger Wall as attorneys to receive and deliver the premises to the said John London. 28 Oct. 30 Hec. VIII. Signed by John Wyndlowe, warden, and 10 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 34.]
Seal torn off.
Enrolled [C7. Roll, p. 5, no. 14] without mem. of acknowledgment.
28 Oct. 706. Thomas Legh, Ll.D., to Cromwell.
R. O. At our coming to Repton, we found the house greatly spoiled and many things purloined away, part of which we have recovered, as the bearer can show. After a certain surrender taken, we put your servant Mr. Thakker in possession, but, because the prior was dead before we came, an escheator must sit thereupon, or else it must be confirmed by Act of Parliament. From thence repairing to Grace Dieu, we made an end there also and put Mr. Beamond, the bearer, in possession. Grace Dieu, 28 Oct. Signed
P . 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Oct. 707. Dr. John London and Dr. Edw. Baskervyle to Sir Ric. Riche.
R. O. Has taken the surrender of the minister and crossed friars of Thelisforde, Warw., and, as the house is worth 18l. a year, and there were none in it for whom to charge the house with pensions but the minister and one other who already had 53s. 4d. pension by convent seal, Doctor Baskerfilde and the writer have assigned the bearer, Sir Edm. Davie, late minister there, 5l. a year pension. Begs him to ratify this. Thelisforde, 28 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Chancellor of Augmentations. Endd.
28 Oct. 708. Ric. Abbot of Glastoxbury to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letter dated London, 28 Oct., in favour of your servant, Maurice Berkeley, for the rents of the farm of Northwode park. He has already, at your Lordship's request, a lease of the park with all rents and profits, and I hope he will ask for no other of my rents without the park. Glastonbury, 28 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Oct. 709. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis, iii.
Has done according to Cromwell's letters about Master Wattwod. When he next speaks with Cromwell, will purge himself of his false accusation. He has himself confessed his untruth.
A man has written to him that Frere Bartlow (fn. n15) does much hurt in "Corwall and in Daynshyre,"both with open preaching and private communication. Suspects he has some comfort from Rome, through Dr. Nycolasse. The abbot of Evesham, the bearer, asks Latimer to thank Cromwell for him. Thinks he will find few who will better remember his kindnesses. He seems a very civil and honest man and one who puts all his trust in Cromwell. Requests Cromwell to maintain him in his right to what he has obtained by his goodness.
Have been boulting and sifting the blood of Haylles all this forenoon. It was wonderously closely and craftily enclosed and stopped up, and cleaves fast to the bottom of the little glass. It seems to be an unctuous gum and compound of many things. It has a certain unctuous moistness, and though it seem somewhat like blood while it is in the glass, yet when any parcel of the same is taken out it turneth to a yellowness and is cleaving like glue. Have not yet examined all the monks. "My brother abbot" will tell Cromwell what he has seen and heard. "But we perceive not by your commission whether we shall send it up or leave it here." 28 Oct. at Haylles.
Hol., pp. 3. Slightly mutilated. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.. "Concerning Fryer Berclaye," &c.
710. The Bp. of Worcester and Others to Cromwell.
Hearne's Ben.
of Peterb.
By the King's commission directed to them 4 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII., repaired 28 Oct. to the monastery of Haylez, and viewed a certain supposed relic called the Blood of Haylez, "which was enclosed within a round berall garnished and bound on every side with silver." Had it opened in presence of a great multitude, and taken out of the berall. After close examination believe it to be an unctuous gum coloured. In the glass it looked a glistering red, somewhat like blood; but a little taken out of the glass looked yellow like amber or "basse gold." It cleaves like gum or birdlime. Have enclosed it in red wax, sealed with their seals and locked it in a coffer remaining by indenture with the abbot, giving the key to Ric. Tracy, till the King's pleasure be known. Signed: H. Wigorn, Henry Pryore of Worceter; Stephyn, abbot of Heyles : Rycharde Tracy. With, the four seals attached. (fn. n16)
Endd. in same hand: The sertyfycat of Hughe Bysshopp of Worcetur, and others to the right honorable lord Cromwell under their seale.
28 Oct. 711. Thos. Skreven to Cromwell.
R. O. Is forced to trouble him as Mr. Wynfeld has complained of him to the King's Council here, slating that he has defamed him, and citing Cromwell's letters in proof. Has made answer to the Council in writing that he would make no answer here unless they commanded him, for the matter depends before Cromwell. Although the whole Council urged him to charity, Mr. Wyngfeld threatens further to trouble him, for certifying Cromwell of the truth as to the election of Wm. Johnson, late mayor, contrary to the King's ordinances. Calais, 28 Oct. 1538.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 Oct. 712. Queen Mary of Hungary to Charles V.
Lanz, ii. 686. "La royne par ses lectres du xxviii d'Octobre se remet à don Diego, et qu'il lui semble que les Engles n'ont intention de venir à conclusion des mariaiges."
28 Oct. 713. Card. Pole to Theodoricus and Tongrensis.
Poli Epp.
ii. 108.
Received their letters of the 12 July only on the viii kal. Nov. on his return to Rome after an absence of seven months. Was glad to hear of their good health, of which their long silence might have made him doubtful. Where they commend the causes of Albertus Pighius, will do all he can for him, both on account of his name and the book he wrote, dc Hierarchia Ecclesiastica, and also for their letters. To neglect the patronage of such men now that the Church has so many adversaries, would to others be a reproach, but to Pole a sin. Received at the same time four letters from Pighius desiring commendations from the Pope to the queen of Hungary. Will do his best to assist Theodoricus' friend, the physician Magnificus Josephus. Rome, St. Simon and St. Jude's Day, 1538
28 Oct. 714. Card. Pole to Albertcs Pighius.
Poli Epp.
ii. 115.
Found his four letters on returning to Borne, vii. kal. Nov., after seven months' absence. To answer the last, of 5 Oct., seems enough. The Pope at once ordered commendatory letters to be sent to the queen of Hungary. Spoke to the Pope about the book dedicated by Pighius to his Holiness (fn. n17) Did not present it, as he had not had time to arrange the letters (concinnari chartas), but explained its scope and merits. As to the book in which Pighius defends the Church from the impious attacks made upon it from England, the card, of St. Cross had not presented it to his Holiness, but had awaited Pole's return. Hopes therefore to present both books at the same time. The dean of Antwerp, proctor here for the Queen, is his friend, and Tongrias and Theodoricus have written to Pole in his favour. Rome, 23 Oct. 1538.
715. Richard Layton, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. I am yet occupied with Stapulton's book; tonight it shall be finished, tomorrow fair written, and then I shall bring it to you. Please favour this bringer, Chr. Joye, my kinsman, "by your Lordship put to the King's service," to be one of the new " spears" which I hear the King admits daily. He will give you 40l. for your pains, and a meeter man. or a hardier, or that can better handle a staff, ye shall not lightly find. Please aid me to the chancellorship of Sarum. (fn. n18) and I shall give you 100l. I hear, Dr. Came, lately married to a widow in his country, makes suit to have it in a "commendam," hoc non obstante quod sit bigamus: I would not you should open that gap before that a law were therefor made. This office is entirely spiritual, and it should not be for your honour to obtain the same. Pardon my plainness; if it were a prebend or a hospital with temporalities, it might better be suffered.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
716. [The Abbess of Malling to Cromwell.]
R. O. "These be the requests of me, Margaret Vernon, abbess of Malling, to the right honourable lord, my lord of the Privy Seal."
First, to obtain licence to sell the manor of Cornarde, Suff, of the yearly rent of 40l., in order with the money to provide for her sisters instead of their pensions, pay off her servants, and buy for herself a living with such of her friends as will take her.
If not, she begs that each of her sisters may have 4l. a year pension, and herself. 50l. a year out of certain lands '"with a clause of distress, without any replevy of the same for non-payment of our said pensions at the day and feasts."
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: "The abbess of Mallyng."
29 Oct. 717. Malling Abbey.
R. O.
Surrender (by Margaret the abbess and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in co. Kent and elswhere in England, Wales and the inarches. 29 Oct. 1538. No signatures. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. h. 30.]
Seal broken at edges.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2. no. 44] as acknowledged same day before Ric. Layton and Wm. Peter, doctors of laws.
718. Margaret Vernon to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter and perceives it is the King's pleasure that she should come to Cromwell. Trusts he will consider her "age and unableness to journey so far in one day." Will be with him on Friday.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Oct. 719. Dr. John London to [Cromwell].
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
iii. 130.
I have not rased the houses so much as, I perceive, the King and your Lordship are informed. I had rased none save for the words of my commission, and did not extremely do so but when the importunity of the people, who would else have pilled all, compelled me. I have saved all lead and plate, yet have I been in beggarly houses, as now at the White Friars in Northampton, where all they have cannot pay their debts. Briefly I will rehearse what I did:—
At Reading. (fn. n19) —Defaced the church, the windows being full of friars, and left the roof and walls whole to the King's use; sold their ornaments, "sellys "in the dortoir, and certain utensils which else had been stolen.
At Aylesbury.—Very poor and in debt. Sold glass windows, ornaments, and utensils. Left the house whole, and only defaced the church, which is well covered with lead and has a good new roof.
At Bedford.—Sold church ornaments and certain utensils. Saved all the lead, with some utensils, to leave with Mr. Gostwike.
At Stamford.—Left the Grey Friars their brewing vessels; could get but 8s. for all the kitchen stuff; sold their church ornaments and glass and certain stuff. Sold no glass at the Grey, White, or Black Friars, but in the churches. At the Austin Friars sold all glass, else it would have been stolen, for it stands out of the town. At three friars' [houses] there I sold the brewing vessels.
At Coventry.—Partly rased the Grey Friars, "because the poor people lay so sore upon it," but did little to the White Friars,
At Warwick.—The Friars' is without the town, a ruinous house with lead only in the gutters and on the steeple. Defaced church windows and "sellys" of the dortoir, as I did in all except Bedford and Aylesbury, where were few buyers. Pulled down the house at none of the Friars', but only defaced them, that they "should not lightly be made friaries again."
At Tellisford.—Crosse Friars, I have only received the surrender and left the house in custody of the late minister and one of the King's servants till I know your pleasure. In the body of the church was an image, at an altar'e end, called Maiden Cutbroghe, and under her feet a trough of wood descending under the altar, which was hollow. Thither resorted such as had headache or had any "slottich widows' locks, viz., hair grown together in a tuft." They put a peck of oats into the trough, and when they were once slid under the altar, the friars stole them out from behind, and the sick must pay a penny for a pint of these Maiden Cutbrogh oats, "and then their heads should ache no more till the next time." Has pulled down this idol, with her manger.
At Northampton I find the prior of Augustines one of the most unthrifty I have met with, yet have I found few true. I trust to bring their falsehood to light: meantime I am fain to set the prior and almost all the brethren in ward. They have delivered out all their plate and stuff, and made feigned bills of sale and of receipt, some of which I enclose. The prior confesses he has made away this year above 100l. plate. He is a great dicer and a reveller.
I will henceforth deface no house without special command, but, if there be no surveyor to do it at once or sure man to inhabit them, the houses will be spoiled. I thought I acted for the best, and have, after paying debts and rewards, saving also the walls, roofing, lead, slate, and tiles, and all plate, 200l. and above in good gold. I have also saved the best ornaments. All these I will send up now, upon All Hallow tide, before executing these commissions last sent from your Lordship. Northampton, 29 October.
Hol.. pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. 2. Enclosures in the preceding.
(1.) Receipt by John Goodwyn, prior, and the convent of the Austin Friars in Northampton, from John Sawnders, dyer, of Northampton, of 15l. on pledge of a silver gilt cross. 20 April 28 Hen. VIII. Signed by J. Goodwyn, prior, Stephen Barwyck, subprior, J. Browne, J. Wyllsone, and Geo. Mowll.
Note by Dr. London, above: "The false friar hath received no penny, and now I have tried out all their falsehood, for now in prison one accuseth another."
P . 1.
R. O. (2.) Receipt by John Goodwyn, prior, and the convent of Austin Friars at Northampton, from John Bryghtwyn of 12l. on the pledge of 9 pieces of arras in the choir, 2 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. In Goodwyn's hand.
Note by Dr. London, above: "The false friar received no penny of this money, as the honest man confesseth, and the honest man kept this stuff to the King's use."
P . 1.
29 Oct. 720. Sir Thomas Wharton to Cromwell. (fn. n20)
Calig B. iii
B. M.
Met lord Maxwell at Lochmaben-stone, 16 Oct., and the 17th at Roclyf, and so in England and Scotland every day till the 27 Oct. Finds him ready to do justice. Delivered and took deliverance on the first day of meeting for all the attemptates, since Wharton's beginning. The number of earlier bills was for England 142 either made foul or clean, and for Scotland 186, likewise ordered by the sizers. Some bills put in for Canaby are at present suspended. The West Borders are obedient. Begs credence for the bearer, and that Sir William Musgrave may be sent to these parts as sheriff of Cumberland, with a commission of gaol delivery—lord Dacres and others to be joined in it. Will show himself so diligent in the charge that my lord of Norfolk, the earl of Cumberland, and the lord Dacres, with all their experience, "shall not adwode (sic) much thereof." Carlisle, 29 Oct.
P.S.—Sends copy of a proclamation made by himself and Maxwell for regulating the Debateable Land, the dwellers there,as in the old lord Dacre's, days, being occasioners of great mischief. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. by Wriothesley.
721. Sir Thomas Wharton's Servant to [Cromwell.] (fn. n21)
R. O. "Pleaseth it your Lordship to have [in your] remembrance the articles sent from Sir Thomas [Wharton]."
1. That I may know your Lordship's pleasure concerning the articles for the inhabitants of the Debateable Land, what the King will have done therein. (2.) That you would send down Sir William Musgrave as sheriff of Cumberland this year, "like to my master's letter."(3.) That you would admit Th[omas] Blannerassett crowner of the East part of Cumberland. (4.) That you would send down a commission of gaol delivery to the Borders, putting in it lord Dacre, Sir Chr. Dacre, Sir Thomas Curwen, or other. (5.) That you would obtain licence under the King's seal for my master, Sir Thomas Wharton, to give or sell into Scotland six horses in one year.
P . 1. Faded.
29 Oct. 722. John Bekynsaw to Cromwell.
R. O. Has often sought occasion to write to Cromwell his true mind, and now one presents itself unsought and rather troublous. Two students, Bowser and Knyght, came to Paris about Mid Lent last, to whom he showed all the attention he could. A rumour came that they were apostate monks, and the principal of the college where Mr. Knyght dwelt expelled him. Bowser affirmed that the writer was the author of this rumour. Went to the principal, who said he heard it of an uncertain rumour, but promised to clear him by any oath. Bowser, however, still railed at him with threatenings, on hearing which he sent him word that he defied all such apostates as he, and was sorry he had shown any kindness to such a vicious liver as he had shown himself here. Hereupon he has made false informations of Bekynsaw to my lord of Canterbury that he could neither say well nor hear well said of the King's Majesty, but spoke against the suppressing of the abbeys (when he wished that there had never been monk made), and also against the primacy, when Cromwell asked him his mind, the thing being not then determined by the King and Council, though he has since always approved without murmur the decision come to. Refers to ambassadors and others who have been at Paris, as Mr. Werner, Mr. Archdeacon Carow, Mr. Quyne, Mr. Coverdale, and Mr. Grafton. It is true he said once to Mr. Knyght, who conveyed one Sterkay out of this town, that he should not help him because he was a sacramentary. Said this because he railed on my lord of Winchester, then ambassador here, and threatened to kill him on account of Frith's death. Wrote to my Lord thereof accordingly. Has also praised Frenchmen and their country, in opposition to Englishmen who decried them, and has shown behind the Frenchmen's backs the reason why he did so; as to Mr. Quyne, your chaplain, and others. And when they cast in his death the deaths of those executed in England, would ask why they put to death thieves and traitors. Has often, indeed, supported their fashion more than his mind was because he is married to a French woman; which he did to avoid his friends soliciting him to be a priest. Paris, 29 Oct. 1538.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley: Bekynsau to the late P.S.
30 Oct. 723. Miles Coverdale to Cromwell.
R. O. On the 29th inst Mr. Beckynsall, student here at Paris, came to him to complain that he was accused by light tongues of not being in all things conformable to the King's acts. Would have informed Cromwell himself if he knew it to be so. Is sure that Mr. Archdeacon Karow and Mr. Quene, who are in the same lodging with Beckynsall, if they had heard any such thing, would not only have reported it, but would have avoided his company. All we of the King's nation here are of one heart towards God and our sovereign. God preserve the King and prince Edward. Paris, 30 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
30 Oct. 724. Richard Shelley to Don Albano Inglese. (fn. n22)
R. O. 30 Oct. 1538, in Venice :—Wrote about the 10th ult. Soap and spices promised to Giulio, the singer, to be sent from Eredi de Saracini. Compares the playing on the lute of Messere Ant. Marco de l'Aquila unfavourably with that of Messere Francesco Milanese. "Messere Sigismundo (fn. n23) Harvell nostro" is not yet made the King's secretary, and the matter seems to have cooled. Death of the duke of Urbino.
Italian, p. 1. Modern copy from MS . in the Vatican. Add.: "Allo molto Reverendo Messere Don Albano Inglese in Stra Vidali in Bologna."
30 Oct. 725. Dutch.
R. O. A certificate in Dutch given by certain officials at Brussels touching Jan Sconeman and William Paelync, dated 30 Oct. 1538.
P . 1. Three seals have been attached, of which fragments of two remain.
31 Oct. 726. [Sir] John Hercy to Cromwell.
As I understand by my cousin, John Lassells, your benevolence towards me, I should be glad to obtain the stewardship of Tyckell and Cunysboro, which Sir Arthur Darcy has, by joint patent with Sir Harry Wyat, late deceased, which would enable me to serve the King better. I would give you 200 mks., although I am charged 1,000 mks. for the marriage of my sisters, which weighs so on me that I cannot give at all times such attendance as I would. I hope to have 100 or 200 men ready at the King's commands. I rejoice that you are justice of the forests from Trent northward. (fn. n24) In Sherwood you ought to have many men if it be well looked on, and I trust your sessions will reform many things, especially waste of woods. The prior and convent of Wyrkesopp are so covetous, they sell flocks of sheep, kye, corn, woods, &c, and all our priors follow the example. Rye is wondrous dear. Leather is risen a third. Your warrant and fee stag have made me and my friends merry. I beg you will remember your servant Lassells to have the preferment of Beyvall abbey for the setting forward of a faithful brother, and you shall command me, having no children, to help him. Grove, 31 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Privy Seal. Endd.
31 Oct. 727. [Sir] Robert Husey to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received Cromwell's letter desiring him to tarry a time for such things as he has made suit for. Is well content to do so. Linwodd, last day of October. Signed.
P .1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd
31 Oct. 728. Bp. Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. At my last being with your Lordship, you were content that the bearer, William Wagham of Talgarthe, should be in the King's service, so I moved the King; but letters to the King from the earl of Worcester (whose officer he is) cannot be obtained, although he is ready to put offices and other in jeopardy, trusting to the King's goodness. I beg you advance him to his Grace. Last day of October.
Hol.,p.1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
31 Oct. 729. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
Lamb. 601.
f. 26.
Since my last the Council and I assembled at Trim, 7 Oct., where we concluded [to make] a journey for eight days' victuals upon O'Reaille, who kept not his appointments with me. On the 8th I repaired from Trim to Kenlys, where O'Beile met me and came to an agreement. On the 10th I went to Dundalk to meet O'Neile, who agreed to meet me at Carrick Bradagh, but broke his appointment. Mr. Treasurer came to Dundalk with his company, and I agreed to go with him to Lecayle, as Savage, chief captain of his nation, would not pay his farm there but brought in Scots. Took all the castles there and delivered them to Mr. Treasurer. Took also a castle in McGuinous' country called Doundrone, one of the strongest holds in Ireland, and most commodious for the defence of Lecayle both by sea and land; for Lecayle is environed by the sea, and there is no way to enter it by land but by the said castle. The Scots fled, "leaving much corn, butters and other pilfery " behind them. Took also a castle which the Scots had and other castles in Ards. Never saw a pleasanter plot of ground than Lecayle "for commodity of the land, and divers islands in the same environed with the sea, which were soon reclaimed and inhabited, the King's pleasure known."
Though I openly reported this journey, my object was, having sure knowledge that my nephew, young Garrat, was with O'Neill to lure him into my hands, when O'Neill and I met; and if I had not taken him, by the oath I made to my sovereign lord, I would have taken O'Neill, and kept him till he had procured the delivery of the said Gerald into my hands. If I had had ordnance I would have fought the strongest hold O'Neill has ere this for the purpose. Wishes he could get leave to come over and speak with Cromwell to show him some secret things touching his nephew's apprehension and the subduing of the Irish rebels. Manoth Castle, 31 Oct. Signed.
Copy,pp. 2. Headed by Carew : A letter from the lord Leonard Grey . . . unto the L. Cromwell, L. Privy Seal.
730. Parson of Barnsley to ———
R. O. Lowly commendation to your mastership. Glad to hear of your good health, "desyeryng you to remember our lysance to byry yn our cliourche yerde, and allso to bey us bybulle of the largyste wolyme. I woll see you payd ffor hym by the grace of God, who ever kepe you. By yor beddeman the person off Barnesley."
Small slip, p. 1.
731. John Hales to Mr. Hanby.
R. O. The soil of the church, churchyard, and choir of the late White Friars in Coventry, is worth yearly, after the buildings are defaced and the ground made clean—6s. 8d.
I have spoken to Mr. Chancellor about these particulars which you have not in your book. I have promised to pay the overplus, if, at the survey, it is found to be worth more. I beseech you to help me thereto. Mr. Chancellor will move the Council that it may pass in Mr. Sadleyr's book of his exchange.
Hol., p. 1.
732. The English Nobility.
iii. 493.
"The names of all the nobility in England, their ages, and their activeness." (fn. n25)
"The duke of Norfolk, 72 years, the chief and best captain. The duke of Suffolk, of the same age, a good man and captain, sickly and half lame. The marquis of Exeter, 36, lusty and strong of power, specially beloved, diseased often with the gout and next unto the Crown of any man within England. The marquess Dorset, 26, young, lusty, and poor, of great possessions, but which (?) are not in his hands, many friends of great power, with little or no experience, well learned and a great wit. The earl of Oxford, of 66 years, a man of great power and little experience. The earl of Arundel, 60, a man of great power, little wit, and less experience; his eon, young and lusty, of good wit and like to do well. The earl of Shrewsbury, of great power, young and lusty, and little wit and no experience. The earl of Derby, the greatest of power and land, young, and a child in wisdom, and half a fool. The earl of Cumberland, a man of 50 years, of good power, without discretion or conduct. The earl of Westmoreland, of like age, of a great power, without wit or knowledge. The earl of Rutland, of like age, of great power, with small wit and little discretion. The earl of Essex, an old man, of little wit and less experience, without power. The earl of Sussex, of 50 years, of small power and little discretion and many words. The earl of Wiltshire, of 60, of small power, wise, and little experience, Queen Anne's father. The earl of Hampton and Admiral of England, made by the King; wise, active, and of good experience; one of the best captains in England. The earl of Bath, old and foolish. The earl of Worcester, young and foolish, and of great power in Wales. The earl of Hertford, young and wise, of small power, and brother unto the last Queen deceased. The earl of Huntingdon, of 60 years, of great power, little discretion and less experience."
Printed from a MS . in the Archivio di Stato at Rome.
733. The Holy League.
Add. MS.
28,590, f.243.
Supplementary articles agreed upon at St. Peter's, — Oct. (fn. n26) 1538, 4 Paul III. between the Pope, the Emperor, and the Venetians, (the two latter by their ambassadors, Aguillara and Marc Antonio Contarini), in order to give effect to the Holy League concluded between them on the 8 Feb. last, for an expedition against the Turk in 1539 at latest. The numbers to be at least 60,000 foot and 5,000 horse. Proportions of Germans, Spaniards, Italians, &c, defined; and how they are to be commanded. If Francis should join, as is confidently hoped, any infantry he may bring (Swiss would be most useful) should be over and above the said total of 60,000; but any horse he may contribute to the above 5,000 will relieve the allies to that extent. The expedition to meet at Brindisi or Otranto as may be arranged with Prince Doria.
Lat., pp. 9. Modern copy. The original endd.: Copia del instrument to de la declaracion para la ernpresa del anno che viene, que embia el marques de Aguilar, 1538. [See Spanish Calendar, VI. i. No. 22.]
734. Grants in October 1538.
1. Nich. Uvedale, professor of the liberal arts, vicar of Branktre, London dioc., and schoolmaster (informator et ludimagister) in the royal college of St. Mary Eton. Licence to hold his said vicarage with other benefices without personal residence. Knoll, 16 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 17.
2. Anth. Chabo, King's surgeon. Licence to buy and export 400 tuns of beer. Castle of Dover, 4 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Oct.—P.S.
3. Fras. Knolles. Grant for life of the reversions of the manor of Rotherfeld Grey, Oxon, and of advowsons, knights' fees, and other appurtenances thereof, including a several fishery of the water of Thames in Rotherfeld Grey, Oxon, now held by Sir Rob. Lee and Letitia his wife by virtue of patent 25 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Robt. Knolles, gentleman usher of the King's Chamber, now deceased, and the said Letitia, then his wife, in survivorship after a term of years now expired for which they were leased to John Russell. Oking, 23 July 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 17.
4. Sir Edm. Braye, lord Braye. Licence to alieuate by fine the manor of Haunce alias Hawnes, and one messuage and certain acres in Crawley alias Osbourne Crawley, Beds., with the advowson of the free chapel of Hawnes; to Sir Thos. Audeley the Chancellor, Thos. Crumwell, K. G. lord Crumwell, Sir Wm. Paulet, and Sir John Russell, sen. And to the said Thos. Audeley, &c, to regrant the premises to the said Edm, for life: with remainder to John Bray, s. and h. apparent of the said Edm., and the heirs male of his body; with contingent remainder to the heirs male of the body of the said Edm.; with contingent remainder to Sir Edw. Bray, brother of the said Edmund; with contingent remainder to Reg. Braye, brother of the said Edmund, and the heirs male of his body; with contingent remainder to the right heirs of the said Edmund. Westm., 4 Oct. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 4.
5. Nuell de la Salle, one of the King's minstrels. Licence to buy and export 200 tuns of beer. Knolle, 16 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Oct.—P.S.
6. Dean and chapter of Hereford cathedral. Congé d'élire on the voidance of the bishopric by death. Del. Westm., 5 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 3. Rymer, XIV. 598.
7. Wm. Smyth of London. Licence to alienate a tenement in Bow Lane, in the parish of St. Mary-le-Bow, London, now in the tenure of Hen. Adams, "barbour surgeant," to Wm. Lok, mercer, London. Westm., 5 Oct. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 8, m. 20.
8. Wm. Cavendisshe, one of the auditors of the Court of Augmentation and Margaret his wife. Grant in fee of the chapel of St. Laurence in the Busshe of Wormeley in the vill of Chesthunt, Herts; which belonged to the dissolved monastery of canons of Thetford, Norfolk, in as full manner as John Clerk, the late prior, or Thomas Herde, canon, late keeper of the said chapel, held the same; also a piece of land in the vill of Tallyngton, Linc, with a ruined water-mill thereon, and the water-course, which belonged to the dissolved monastery of Busshemede, Beds., in as full manner as Robt. Burre, the late prior, held the same. Clear annual value, 9l. 13s. 11d.; rent, 21s. 7d. Del. Westm., 8 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
9. Robt. Bocher and Eliz. his wife. Grant in tail male of Cruelfeld Grange with all the lands, pastures, &c. (specified) thereto pertaining, in Cruelfeld, in the parish of Stonley, which belonged to the late monastery of Stonley, Warw. Also lands called Dyconswaste, late in the tenure of Robt. Cutberd, lands called Cokkeswast, late in the tenure of John Hykynson, and a tenement near Cruelfeld late in the tenure of Ric. Harper, all in the said parish and belonging to Stoneley. Annual value of 23l. 8s. 1d., rent. 47s. Del. Westm., 9 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 41.
10. Anth. Denny and Sir Thos. Hennage. Grant in survivorship of the office of bailiff of the manor or lordship of Chesthunte, Herts., and keeper of Brantyngesley park there, with 4d. a day. Del. Westm., 10 Oct. 30 Hen. VIIL—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 1.
11. Ric. Palmer, J.P. in co. Hereford, and Walt. Blunt, J.P. in co. Staff. Grant in survivorship of the office of surveyor and approver of the earldom of March, both in England and Wales, and of all lands, &c, in the lordship of Ruthyn alias Deferent Lloide; with fees of 20 marks a year; in as full manner as Wm. Chomley, Peter Newton, or any other enjoyed the office. On surrender of patent 21 July 18 Hen. VIII., granting the office to the said Wm. Chomley, and patent 29 June 19 Hen. VIIL, granting the reversion to the said Richard. Del. Westm., 10 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 1.
12. John Broun and Etheldred his wife Licence to alienate a third part of the manor of Alba Rothyng, alias Merks, and 16 messuages and lands, &c, in Alba Rothyng, Aystoo, Castell Camps, Cyte Camps, and Hersett; a third part of the advowson of Alba Rothyng church, Essex, and a third part of the manor of Kempton, with 12 messuages and certain lands, &c, in Kempton, Herts; a third part of the manor of Warmester, and 30 messuages and certain lands, &c, in Warmester, Fyffehed, Verdon, Dythoryche, and Westbury, Wilts, to Thomas Carowe and John Knight, and the heirs of the said Thos. Westm., 10 Oct. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII p. 2, m. 2.
13. London—John Avelyng of Hither in the parish of Egham, Surrey, bargeman. Reversal of outlawry. Sued for debt in the Common Pleas by Joan Armyston, widow, executrix of Clement Armyston alias Urmyston alias Ormunston, grocer, London. Surrendered to the Flete prison, as certified by Sir John Baldewyn, C. J. of C.P. Westm., Oct. 10. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII p. 2, m. 5.
14. Rog. Chaloner, a sewer of the Chamber. Lease of a water-mill called Martyns Mill upon the water or river of Gallwey, Connaught, in Ireland, in the King's hands as an escheat, with the fishing in the river, except in three fishing places lately leased to Thos. Merton, by the advice of Anth. Seintledgier and Geo. Poulet, and others the King's commissioners in Ireland; for 40 years; at 20s. rent. Hampton Court 9 July, 30 Hen. VIIL Del. Westm., 13 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
15. Wm. Cockys, one of the King's footmen (unus pedestrorum Regis). Lease of the lands in the parish of Lowsham, Kent, called Binklandys, now held by said Wm.; for 30 years; at 3l. 3s. 4d. rent. Westm., 14 Oct. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
16. Thomas Culpeper. Grant in fee simple of the advowson of the parish church of Leeds, Yorks., which belonged to the dissolved monastery of Holy Trinity, York. To hold by the hundredth part of a knight's fee. Signed by Ric. Riche and Robt. Southwell. Del. Westm., 15 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
17. Thos. Twesell (in consideration of his services to the late Queen Consort Jane). To be auditor of the duchy of York on this side Trent and of the said late Queen's lands; with fees of 10l. a year and other allowances as enjoyed by the said Thomas or Thomas Combez or any other in that office. Westm., 15 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
18. Thos. Bentley, yeoman of the Crown. Reversion of 6d. a day as fee of the Crown on the first vacancy among Wm. à Lee, Hen. Holden, Wm. Gysnam, and other holders. Westm., 15 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 17.
19. Nich. Archbold, clk., one of the ministers of the King's chapel. Presentation to the rectory of Harleston, Line, dioc, void by death and in the King's gift by the suppression of the monastery of Lenton. Westminster Palace, 13 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Oct.—P.S.
20. Thomas Paynell. Licence to export 500 unwrought woollen cloths. Westm., 16 Oct. French Boll, 30 Hen. VIII., m. 2.
21. Simon Symondys, clk., King's chaplain. Presentation to the deanery of the collegiate church of Tamworthe, Cov. and Lich. dioc, vice Thos. Parker, dec. Canterbury, 9 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 2.
22. John Alen, gent. To be Chancellor of Ireland during good conduct; with 100 mks. a year out of the ports of Dublin, Drogheda, and Dundalk, with full powers, notwithstanding the Statute of 10 Hen. VII. by which the authority of judges in that land is during the King's pleasure only. Del. Westm., 18 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Vacated on personal surrender 26 Oct. 38 Hen. VIII., by the said John, who took it upon himself to bring the said letters which were then in Ireland into Chancery to be cancelled whenever they should come to his hand. Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
23. Lancelot Alford one of the pages of the Wardrobe of Beds. Lease of the manor of Billyngborough, Line, for 21 years from Mich. A.D. 1539, on the expiration of a 21 years' lease thereof granted to Thos. Gildon by patent, 9 July 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2., m. 44.
24. Thos. earl of Wiltshire, and Ormond and Marg. Boleyn, widow. Licence to alienate the manors of Aylesbory and Berton, and lands in Aylesbury, Hogette, and Berton, Bucks, to Wm. Baldewyn, Thos. Dignam, and Wm. Vener, and the heirs of the said Wm. Baldewyne by fine; to be re-granted to Sir John Baldewyn, and the heirs of his body; or, in default, to his right heirs. Westm., 20 Oct. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 5.
25. Arnold Thyns. Licence to buy and export 50 tuns of beer. Del. Westm., 21 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B.
26. Sir Anth. Wyngefeld. Grant, in tail male, of the manors of Wickenam Markett, Gelham, and Byingehall, Suff., and a water-mill in Wykeham Markett, Suff., which belonged to the dissolved monastery of Campsey, Suff., with lands, &c, in Wykeham Markett, Pistree, Harpole, Gelham, Byyinge, Dalenghoo, and Bredfeld, Suff.; in as full manor as Elea Buttre, the late prioress, held the same. Clear annual value 67l. 10s. 8d. The Crown undertakes to pay to one John Eyer, for term of his life, an annuity of 35l. 6s. 8d. granted to him by patent 29 Feb. 29 Hen. VIII, out of the premises. Annual rent payable for the premises, 38l. 10s. 8d. Del. Westm., 22 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16.
27. Yorkshire. Commission to Sir Ralph Evers, Robt. Bows, John Barton of Whenby and Edm. Copyndale to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Walt. Calverey. Westm., 24 Oct. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 29d.
28. Urian Brereton, yeoman of the Privy Chamber. To be constable of the castle called Elmeley Castell alias Elmeley Bredon, Worc, with the stewardship, mastership of game, custody of parks, &c, there and within the lordship or manor of Elmeley, vice Walter Walsshe dec. Palace of Westminster, 27 March 29 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
29. David Sambroke. Exemption, so long as he remains in the King's service, from being placed on juries and from being made escheater, coroner, &c. Westm., 23 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Oct.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 50.
30. James Colyer, of Stone, Staff., draper and Isabella his wife. Grant in fee (for 67l. 10s.) of a tenement called the "Antylop" with garden, orchard, and a meadow called Makeley More alias Mabeley More in the town of Stone, Staff., and a cottage and garden there in the tenure of Thos. Smyth. The premises belonged to the dissolved monastery of Stone, Staff. Annual value, 100s.; rent, 10s. Del. Westm., 25 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
31. Brian Laighton. Lease of the chapel of Besingbie, Yorks, parcel of the possessions of the late monastery of Bridlington, in the King's hands by the attainder of William the late prior there; for 21 years; at 10l. 13s 4d. rent and 12d, increase. Del. Westm., 25 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
32. Anne Oglaunder, widow of Oliver Oglaunder. Lease of the manor of Whitfelde in the Isle of Wight, Hants, with reservations; for 21 years; at 19l. rent, and 12d. of increase. On surrender by the said Anne as executrix of the said Oliver of patent, 21 May 12 Hen. VIII. granting a similar lease to the same Oliver. Del. Westm., 26 Oct. 30 Hen VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 8, m. 15.
33. Matth. Ap Thomas Ap Rice, one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's Chamber. Lease of the water-mill of Beauder in Kedewen; and two pastures there called Fryth Garth and Fryth Beauder, with the demesne lands called Beauder lande and Kahenry in the lordship of Kedewen, parcel of the earldom of March; for 21 years; at 6l. 13d. rent and 12d. increase. Del. Westm., 26 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B.b. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
34. Edm. Fetyplace of Besilsligh, Berks., and Marg. his wife. Grant in fee (in exchange for the site of the manor of Longworthe, Berks., with appurtenances in the several tenures of Edm. Tokewell, Thos. Tokewell, and Ric. Rowland, and other lands in Longworth) of the closes of land called Hynewode alias Henwode, Berks, and Bradley in Comnor, Berks, and all tithes issuing therefrom, which belonged to the dissolved monastery of Abendon, Berks. To hold by the annual rent of 3s. 4d. Del. Westm., 28 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 7.
35. Sir Rog. Clarkson, parson of Crofton, York. Licence to be non-resident from the 16 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII during the natural life of Sir John Aleyn, alderman of London, and to keep the service he had on that day or any other service which he may hereafter have by means of the said Sir John. Del. Westm., 29 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII —S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 7.
36. Thos. Haidoke or Haydoke. Grant of the manor of Eland Redmayne, and all lands, &c, in Eland Redmayne, Londesdale, Delacre, Myddelton, Hesham, Bolton in Londesdale, Rotherworth in Kendalle, Warton, Sherton, Hutton, Flokeboroughe in Londesdale, Sylverdale and the town of Lancaster, or elsewhere in cos. Lane, York, Cumb. and Westmor., late the property of Launcelot Laurence, dec, during the minority of Thos. Laurence, s. and h. of the said Launcelot; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 29 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 29.
(2.) Another grant to the same effect, but for the county of Lancaster alone. Del. Westm., 29 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3. m. 7.
37. Robt. Dacres of London. Grant in fee (for 500l. paid by him to John Gostwyke, Treasurer of First Fruits and Tenths) of the manor of Andrewes in Chesthunt, Herts, and a moiety of the manor of Moteland alias The Mote in Chesthunt, and all that belongs to the King of the said manor of Motelond; which premises came to the King by the attainder of Thos. Cardinal archbp. of York, and were granted in tail by virtue of the Act 22 Hen. VIII. to Hen., late duke of Richmond and Somerset, who died without issue.
Also reversion, in fee, of seven messuages and six gardens in the parishes of St. Clement Danes without the Bars of the New Temple, London, and St. Mary-leStrond, Midd., which Hen. earl of Worcester and dame Eliz. his wife hold in survivorship by patent 13 April 22 Hen. VIII; and all those lands, &c, in Chesthunt called Aylmers, four acres of land in Longland, five acres in Landmede and four acres of pasture in Ponyngys Pyttys in Chesthunt, late in the possession of the said Cardinal. Del. Westm., 30 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
38. John Bulle, late of Calais, gunner, whom the mayor and brethren of Calais have banished into England "for advoultry by provocation and no deed done," and which he denies. Pardon and reversal of banishment. Westm., 29 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
39. Ric. Benese, clk., King's chaplain. Presentation to the office of precentor in the cathedral church of Hereford, vice Thos. Parker, dec. Westm., 28 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Oct.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
40. Averey Burnet, a gentleman of the King's chapel, and John Haryngton. Annuity of 20 mks. a year out of the lordship of Denbigh in North Wales; in survivorship. Del. Westm., 31 Oct' 30 Hen. VIII—S.B.
735. Henry VIII. to Wriothesley, [Vaughan, and Carne].
Has received their letters, whereby, and by the report of Sir Anthony Browne, lately ambassador in France, the King perceives their goodwill to proceed in their charge. Thanks Wriothesley for the zeal he has shown in spite of illness. Supposes the Queen Regent is now or will shortly be at Brussels, and as they had at their departure only general instructions gives them more full instructions as to his mind. They shall first declare the previous overtures of the Emperor and his agents, and last of all his own declaration to Wyatt, at Villa Franca, which convinced the King that he had sent a full commission to the Regent Dowager of Hungary to treat for the stricter amity and alliances; yet, as his ambassadors in England had not sufficient commission, the King, trusting to his goodwill expressed at Villa Franca, had sent them for that purpose, and they must urge the Queen and other commissioners to use no less frankness than the Emperor did. If they will first proceed to the stricter amity, you are to press for a declaration of their mind what aid they will give and require in case of invasion, in which it must be considered that their countries are much more exposed, while England is surrounded by sea. The marriages being agreed on, you may assure them that we will denounce to all the world, both in word and otherwise, that who is enemy to the one is enemy to the other, so that they be bound likewise. Will aid in the defence of Holland, Flanders, &c. with 5.000 foot by land and 1,500 or 2,000 soldiers by sea, provided he will assist the King with 1,200 men-of-arms, each furnished with three good horses and 1,500 or 2,000 soldiers equipped for sea in case of any invasion of England, or of our being compelled to invade France for the recovery of our pension. If they question whether aid should be given at the expenses of the power demanding it or the other, you shall feel their minds which they prefer, and give no decisive answer without referring to us. We are content not to treat with any prince without the Emperor's knowledge, if he will be so bound also, and he may easily procure much peace in Christendom if on the treaty which it is said he means to make with France he will comprehend us as is aforesaid.
If they will first treat upon the alliances and marriages, you shall first set forth the marriage of our daughter the Lady Mary with the Infant Don Ludovic of Portugal, first requiring that the said Don Ludovic have investiture of Milan by a certain time. 2. That they shall accept our said daughter as she is declared to be by the laws of our realm, and make no claim to the succession of the same, other than shall be by us ordained by the power given to us by the laws. 3. In case, in default of our lawful heirs, we give her title to the succession, so that the said Don Ludovic should succeed he shall be bound to stand to all the laws he finds established in this realm, and also he and the Lady Mary, not having issue, shall remain in this realm till they have. As to the dote of our said daughter we will be content to give her according to the dowry they will assign to her at the rate of 25 in the 100, or if you cannot do so, after 20 in the 100. As to our marriage with the duchess dowager of Milan we shall be content to conclude therein, provided she be duly answered of her marriage money and her dowry upon Milan; for which we would require the Emperor to assign payment upon Flanders or the Low Countries. In that case we will not fail to give her such a dowry as other queens have had, and if for this you be compelled to sue to the Regent, bid her to remember that she is a dowager and beg her to intercede for another dowager.
We think it very expedient that when these matters are partly agreed between you, the Emperor should send Don Ludovic into Flanders, with some of his most trusty counsellors, as Granvelle or Cobos, to conclude the same; in which case we will send thither counsellors of our own; and the same done, we think it also expedient that our said sister, if it may so please her, then resort to Calais with such commissioners as shall be appointed, and bring with her the Duchess, when we will cross the sea to meet her, bringing with us our said daughter the Lady Mary, to deliver her and to receive the Duchess. You must further understand that in the conferences between our commissioners and the Emperor's ambassadors, the latter offered to deduct such dote as we shail assign to our said daughter from the Duchess's marriage money and pay it to Don Ludovic.
As to the aid to be given against the Turk, you shall declare our zeal, but observe we cannot resolve upon particulars till we know the enterprises, aids, confederates, &c.
Draft, corrected by Sadler.
Galba, B. x.
2. An earlier draft of the same, with corrections in Cromwell's hand. Mutilated, pp. 13.
736. Wales.
R. O. "Remembrances from the lord President of the Marches of Wales to the Right Honourable the lord Privy Seal." (fn. n27)
1. To remember Wales for shire ground, and whether this Council shall practise with them for granting fines for the King's favour touching the three articles sent up by Sir Ric. Harbertt. 2. To move his Lordship for the suppression of the priory of St. Thomas, (fn. n28) the prior makes unreasonable waste, and that I may have the said priory at an easy rent, that the poor boys, my nephews, may have some relief thereby. And my Lord to write to the surveyors that I may buy what things belonging to the house I think meet. 3. To remember the commission to me and Mr. Sulyarde to suppress Wygmore abbey, and to have a warrant for the stones, iron, lead, and glass for the repairs of the King's castles, 4. To desire his Lordship to write to Sir John Hurte, parson of Hanbury, for the resignation of his benefice upon a reasonable pension. 5. To desire his Lordship for his letters to Dr.Vaughan, dean of St. Mary's in Shrewsbury, in favour of a nephew of mine named John Thornes, that he may have the tithe of the Clyff belonging to the deanery. 6. To remember my Lord that my nephew, John Bradshaw, may have the demesnes of Wigmore abbey and the lordship and parsonage of Lentwarden. 7. For the pardons of the prisoners in Hereford and other pardons left to have been sped long before. 8. To desire his Lordship to remember Sir Richard Harbert's annuity of 10l., which justice Fitzherbertt had. 9. To desire his Lordship to have in remembrance young Thos. Rotheram. (fn. n29) 10. The speaking with Mr. Bryan. 11. The speaking with Geoffrey Pole, 12. The three articles of Wales. 13. To write to my lord President touching the abbot of Wigmore. (fn. n30) 14. Touching my lady of Mailing for her pension and her sisters'. 15. For my licence of exchange with the abbot of Waltham. 16. For my licence for the assurance of the land to be given unto my son. 17. For the confirmation of the King for all my things. 18. Touching St. Thomas of Acres. 19. Touching the monks of the Charterhouse. 20. Touching all other religious houses. 21. The names of all the friars. 22. To speak to Mr. Henage for Lytleton. (fn. n31) 23. For the plate and jewels of Black, Augustin, and Grey Friars in London.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Remembrances.


  • n1. John Heliar, vicar of Bast Meon.
  • n2. Words lost by mutilation here are supplied from the copy in No. 804.
  • n3. Struck out.
  • n4. George Crofte, prebendary of Middleton. See Valor i. Ecc. i. 301.
  • n5. Wm. Freudc, prebendary of Excett. See Vol. V. No. 771; and Valor, i. 302.
  • n6. Doubtless Wm. Langley, who was sub-deacon and vicar of St. Peter's the Great, Chichester, in 1531. See Valor i. 304.
  • n7. It seems doubtful whether this further set of interrogatories was ever actually administered, as the second examination of Sir Geoffrey, taken on the 2d November was, on matters totally different. See No. 804.
  • n8. Supplied from § 4.
  • n9. Apparently the scribe repeated these words here which occur only once in the draft § 4.
  • n10. The draft § 4 here adds "or lord Montacute."
  • n11. See Vol. XI No. 210.
  • n12. Quoted inaccurately from memory. See Vol. X. No. 975.
  • n13. Crossed out.
  • n14. John Wingfield, Sir Robert's nephew. See Vol. XII.. Part ii., No. 107.
  • n15. Alexander Barclay. See No. 596
  • n16. The seals are engraved by Hearne.
  • n17. His great work, "Hierarchiae Ecclesiastics Asseitio" was published this year at Cologne. The dedicatory epistle, addressed to Paul III., is dated Cologne, about the Feast of St. Gregory the Pope (feriis beati Gregorii Papa).
  • n18. Thomas Parker, chancellor of Sarum, died in August 1538 (See No. 155). On the 1 Sept. Roger Townesend was collated to the chancellorship in his place, and on his death immediately afterwards John Edmonds was made chancellor 29 Oct. 1538. This letter may have been written after either Parker's death or Townsend's. In the latter case it must have been before the middle of October when Carne went abroad. But it is not certain, after all, that the chancellorship was actually vacant at the time this letter was written, and there are some reasons for dating it about January 1537, when the King was forming a body-guard of spears (See Vol m, Pt.i. No. 299)."Stapulton's book" might be a draft of the patent granted to Sir Brian Stapleton on the 14 February 1537. see Vol. xii, Part i., No. 539 (26).
  • n19. The names of the places are repeated in margin in a larger hand.
  • n20. This and the next letter ought to have appeared in the year 1537. See Vol. XIL, Pt. ii, No. 990. The error unfortunately was not discovered till just on the eve of going to press.
  • n21. See note on preceding page.
  • n22. Evidently the "Albanus Hylus" who wrote to Cromwell on the 25th. See Xo. 694.
  • n23. Probaby meaning Edmund.See part I., Nos. 621, 1296, and, as to Sigismund, 1194.
  • n24. This office had been held by lord Darcy and was granted to Cromwell on his attainder. But Cromwell s patent bears date only on the 30 Dec. 1537. Sec XII. ii. 1311 (39).
  • n25. This is printed by Brady, not as an entire document but as part of a document "found lately among some loose papers in the Archivio di Stato at Rome." The date must be after July 1538, when the young earl of Shrewsbury, Francis, succeeded his father, and before the following November when the marquis of Exeter was arrested.
  • n26. Not actually signed till the 3rd Nov. (see No. 794.)
  • n27. It is clear that this heading does not apply to the whole contents of the document although the handwriting is the same throughout. Apparently an ignorant scribe has copied a paper emanating from bp. Roland Lee and a paper of Cromwell's "Remembrances" in sequence as if they were one.
  • n28. St. Thomas' priory, Stafford, which surrendered on the 17 Oct. See No. 635. It would appear therefore that this document should have been placed a little earlier.
  • n29. What follows seems to be Cromwell's Memoranda.
  • n30. The document in Vol. XII., Pt. i., No. 742 (2) may have been written not very long before this; but the abbey itself was dissolved on the 18 Nov. 1538.
  • n31. See No. 629.