Henry VIII: December 1538 11-15

Pages 438-455

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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December 1538 11-15

11 Dec. 1028. Sir Thomas Jermyn's Natives.
Add Ch.
B. M.
Manumission by Sir Thos. Jermyn to John, son of Wm. Rolff of Tompson, Norf., and Lucy the wife of John Leche of Tompson, daughter of the said John Rolff, the said John Rolff, and the said John and Lucy being natives of the manor of Hokham Magna. 11 Dec. 30 Henry VIII. Signed.
Parchment. Seal gone.
11 Dec. 1029. Ellerton Priory.
R. O.
xiv. 631.
Surrender (by prior and convent) of the priory and all its possessions in co. York and elsewhere in England, Wales, Ireland, and the marches thereof. 11 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Goldyng prior and four priests. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 20.]
Seal much broken.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll. p. 5 No. 78.] without mem. of acknowledgment.
11 Dec. 1030. Sir R. Carnaby to the President of the Council in the North.
R. O. I wrote last that John Stocoll, Tynedale man, in Warkworth gaol, was in jeopardy of his life: he is now dead. There remain at Morpeth five of the pledges of Tyndale for each of whom I have paid 2s. a week board; wherein I beg to know the King's pleasure, and that I may have a house built in Tynedale for me to lie at, for without a house of strength the inhabitants cannot be held in such obedience as they ought to be, seeing that the Liddisdale men are "at such point as they be at, making no raids." It is well known that with no small labour I found means honestly to take divers persons of Tynedale who refused to lay pledges; amongst whom was lately in Hexham gaol Jerry Charlton alias Topping, and other thieves taken of late, i. e., Clement Armstrong, two of the Dodds and a man, name unknown, taken by my servants, to whom he said he was a priest and had fled from Chichester towards Scotland. He was by all likelihood a false harlot. On Monday night, 9 Dec.. certain persons of Liddisdale, names and number yet unknown, probably with the counsel of Tynedale men, together with the English outlaws, the Charltons and their fellows, secretly took the watchmen, broke the prison and without any escry or affray took the above persons out of Hexham gaol into Scotland, "which would have been reckoned no small offence if any Englishman had done the like." The attemptates of Liddesdale will impoverish these parts unless redress be had, and a house built for the keeper of Tynedale to lie at, and men furnished for the same. The escape of these men who were able to stay a great part of the country was through no fault of the writer, for he has not been at Hexham since the plague was there and did not purpose to go there till Christmas. Sends up Lewes Ogle, bailiff of Hexham. Carlisle, 11 Dec.
Copy in Carnaby's hand and signed by him, pp. 2. Headed: Copy. To my lord President of the King's Council in the North.
R. O. 2. Names of the constables and watchmen at Hexham 10 Dec. ao 30, i.e., in Hencotts, Market Place, Prest Pople, and Gely Gate wards, (24 names, after four of which the word "taken" is written.) Those in the first saw John Shawe give a candle to Gery of Wark after midnight, and those in the third were told by Shawe to go and speak with the bailiff. "Wm. Clark dwelt in the town, and that night, because his demeanour was not to me known, I send him also with the rest." Signed: R. Carnaby.
In Carnaby's hand, p. 1. Endd.
12 Dec. 1031. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. On sight of your letters in favour of one Deane, clk., for the "adheptyng" of the benefice of Frodysham, I wrote to my chancellor to certify to your Lordship the truth of his doing there, as may appear by his letters hereinclosed. I marvel Deane doth trouble you therewith, seeing he has both me and the incumbent in suit in a quare impedit in Chester. They will shortly be at an issue for the trial of their titles by the law, "as my commissary can by it my chancellor's said letters do specify I had nothing to do with the matter and my office is past," or else I would be at your command, as my cousin, Dr. Legh, can inform you. Scroisbury, 12 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
12 Dec. 1032. Council of Ireland to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. III.
Received his letters to the Deputy and Council by Walter Cowley on the 1st inst. Their meeting with the Deputy deferred because lord Butler and his father, whom these letters concern, cannot be here till after Christmas. Are at no variance among themselves and will give the Deputy no private cause of complaint (however he handle us) unless by plain speaking in the King's affairs. Otherwise have no dealings with him. Entertainment of the Kavanaghes.
Report says young Gerald and that rabble of traitors have crossed to Scotland. Examined James Bathe, one of the Deputy's council, who says that about 20 days past, prior Walsche, being in Ulster, wrote to the Deputy that young Gerald would sail over sea within four days.
Cromwell is misinformed about Limerick, which is a great succour to the Deputy in wars with the Desmonds, the Brenes, and the Burkes. Doubtless the information comes from Sexton's misrepresenting things to the Deputy in the last journey in Munster. Will write further after their meeting, which cannot be till after Christmas, as the pretended earl of Desmond raises war, and lord Butler must remain to stay him. Wrote their advice 28th of last month. Dublin, 12 Dec. Signed: John Alen, K.'s chauncelor —Georgius Dublin'—Edw. Miden'—J. Rawson, prior of Kyllmaynham— W. Brabazon—Gerald Aylmer, justice—Richard Delahid, baron—Sir John Whyt, k.—Thomas Lutrell, justice.
12 Dec. 1033. Edmund Boner to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks him for sending his letters to the lord Privy Seal, and will be glad to requite his kindness. Sends his lacquey again with letters to my lord Privy Seal. Hopes he is allowed for such charges: if not, will be glad to know it. and will make him proper allowance. News here is about marriages and tilting. The marriages are between Mons. de Nevers and the daughter of Madame Vendome, two daughters of Mons. de Sennaye, mâitre d'hotel to the French King, the marquis of Saluce to Madame de Elye, sister to Madame d'Estampes, Mons. de Sidan to the daughter of Mons. le Grant Seneschal de Normandie. le prince de la Rochevereu to Madame de Vinre. The Dauphin and the duke of Orleans run every day at the tilt. The old tilt adjoining the Louvre that had fallen down is set up again. The tilt within the Tournelles is mended. The County Palatine and his wife left a fortnight since for Spain, and will spend Christmas with the Emperor. My lacquey told me that your wife was in England when he was with you. Would have sent her a token, had she been at Calais. Begs his remembrances "to my good lord, (fn. n1) Treasurer, and all other my lords and masters with you, and amongst them all to the good Sir Thos. Palmer, knight porter, my old gentle acquaintance." Paris, 12 Dec.
P. S.—Wishes to know if his friend Mr. Wrisley is returned, or is likely to return shortly to England, and whether he is cured of his ague. Sends his good wishes both to him and to Mr. Vaughan and Dr. Kerne.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: My lord of Hardford elected, now ambassador resident with the French King.
12 Dec. 1034. Thos. Theabold to Cromwell.
Nero B. vi.
B. M.
Will come to England as he hears from his brother-in-law that Cromwell desires it, though as he has been sick, crossing the Mountains will be dangerous. Would gladly have tarried, a year longer in these parts. Will leave so that no one in these parts shall know he comes to England. Has persuaded his familiars that he is going to Colleyn to agree with Wm. Warham, sometime archdeacon of Canterbury, for the permutation of a prebend. This was chiefly to escape the suspicions of friar Peto, who has showed him much of his secrets. Unless he has a contrary commandment in two or three days, will start for England. If Cromwell changes his mind, asks him to tell his brother to meet him at Colleyn or Antwerp. If Cromwell wishes, will gladly return here again, or tarry in Germany in any city Imperial, or in Saxony or Hesse in the way of study. Has some knowledge of the language, great acquaintance and good credit. Hears from a gentleman who comes hither to study from Almayn, that Ludvoyke Palsgrave and Elector is greatly inclined to embrace the Gospel, and Luther has sent two preachers to help reform his Church there. Is not sure of the truth of the report, but can easily believe it, for his acts have always declared that he secretly favoured the truth. When at Heidelberg could not find out that he cruelly handled any one for the Gospel, but suffered every one to speak liberally thereof, to read all manner of books, and preachers to teach sincerely, and also allowed the Pope's laws and ceremonies to be observed privately, but not openly, so that on Fridays and Saturdays and in Lent every one that would ate flesh in his private house. He did not suppress friars and monks, but ordered them with such governors to see that they had no superfluity, and so the number has begun to decrease. Is sure that the abbeys furnished him with corn and wine for his household at least. The cause why he would not take away by his public authority the impious laws of the tyrant of Rome was partly because two of his brethren are bishops, (fn. n2) and partly to gratify the Emperor. Now that the Emperor is suddenly and secretly agreed with the French king, and both in great amity with the tyrant of Rome, thinks that the Palsgrave and other princes of the Empire suspect them. Believes the Palsgrave would always rather have had the Emperor his small friend afar off in Spain than his great friend near hand, for from puissant neighbours there is more fear and danger than love or security. He resisted the Emperor as much as he could at the parliament of Augsburg, when he adjudged the duchy of Wirtemberg from the true heirs to his brother Ferdinand, and the old Duke would never have been restored so easily but for his favour, for all the Landgrave's ordnance and most of his army passed through his country. If he does receive the Gospel and join the Evangelics, the bishops will despair to prevail against them. If any war was made against them by the Emperor and French king, by the practices of the Pope and bishops, the first thing would be to subdue the bishoprics, which would be easily done, for their subjects desire nothing better than to receive the truth and be delivered from their intolerable servitude. The French king would gladly have an occasion to displease many evangelical princes and cities, but no one sooner than the Palsgrave, except the duke of Saxony, for their unkindness shown him in this last war for Milan. Does not think they will have favourable remembrance of the Emperor if these new leagues are an occasion for more profit. Letters have come from Ferdinand's court and other places in Germany that 30,000 lanceknights are to be raised by the Emperor's order for the expedition against the Turk. Supposes Cromwell has heard of the sumptuous reception of the Emperor's bastard daughter at Rome, and the contract of marriage between her and the Pope's nephew, Mons. de Alovyse (Pier Luigi's) son. He is not past thirteen years old, and the Emperor requires to have him in his court for three years. A doctor of Almain who comes from Rome says he heard that the Pope gives the Emperor for this marriage 200,000 ducats in money, a cardinal's hat to sell to what bishop he will in Spain, and a licence to sell all manner of benefices in Spain, similar to what he has granted to the French king. He must also buy of the Emperor a certain duchy in Naples for his nephew, in which the lady's dowry must be. "This is a profitable bastard for the Em[peror]." By her also he had the duchy of Florence, and is like to have Bononye and the countye [of Came]ryne, for which he makes war upon the young duke of Urbino. The Pope has 10,000 soldiers ready to attack him. It is said the dukes of Mantua and Ferrara will help the duke of Urbino with 6,000 men. The Venetians have interceded with the Pope in the matter. Cromwell can think what likelihood there is of a General Council.
Heard lately that Barbarossa was in great danger from tempest and 25 galleys destroyed, but now that it is only three or four. It is thought he is going to Levaund or Constantinople to repair. Thinks the Christian fleet is afraid of their enemies, and not without cause; for Barbarossa is of such experience and valiance in the sea, that no man can lightly pass him, and his ordnance and provision are superior to the Christian'. The Venetians and others have murmured greatly at Andreas Dorias and the Pope. They are so impoverished by the war that they thought seriously of peace with the Turk. The Emperor has sent letters, dated 24 Nov., to the Venetian senate, that he is coming towards Missena with his army in January, and asking whether they will join him, which they answered they would do. They are preparing 40 new galleys by Christmas. Their navy winters at Corfu. Dorias is at Brundusinum, and his ships are at a small isle by Sicily. The Pope's army is retired to Ancona, to strengthen his army against the duke of Urbino. He is so studious of the defence of Christendom that he has recalled his army for his private profit, and left the Turk to invade Christendom. Friar Peyto has returned to Padwaye, and will stay there this winter. He has lately received two letters from Myhel Frognorton from Rome, the first only of private matters, and that his master was sorry and angry with the General (fn. n3) for letting his journey in coming to Rome, when he was appointed, wherefore he had written a letter to him to give him a licence to go whenever his master. Mr. Pole, should send for him. In his second letter he says his master took the four minor orders from cardinal Contarenus on Nov. 21 and on Nov. 22 the order of sub-deacon, and shortly intends to proceed further: and also that he would spend the winter at Tevole (Tivoli). seven miles from Rome. They cannot have heard of the prisoners and offenders in the Tower. (fn. n4) Peito expects an answer to a letter he wrote 14 days ago about the Council. Pole has sent for the books he left here. The German here are assured that the business between the Margrave of Brandenburg and the city of Nuremberg is compounded. The city had already spent 40,000 fl. in provision for this war, and the Margrave little less. Padwaye. 12 Dec.
The Emperor wrote also to the Venetians that he would bring 4,000,000 of gold.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
13 Dec. 1035. W. Earl of Southampton to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I am very glad you take in so good part the advice I gave you in my last. My exhortations to be true and serve God and the King was meant only ayour friend. From the Court, 13 Dec. Signed.
I thank you fur your servant John Dolingcourt.
P. 1 Add.. Lord Deputy of Calais.
13 Dec. 1036. Latimer to Cromwell.
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
of the
Thanks him for his goodness to Mr. Lucy and Mr. Acton. Your Lordship has promoted many more honest men since God promoted you than many of like authority have done before you. Intercedes for the prior of Great Malvern, in his diocese, though not of it, that his house may not be suppressed, but turned to good purpose, not in "monkrye," but for teaching, preaching, study, &c, with good housekeeping, for he has always been much given to hospitality, for which he is much commended in these parts. He could make friends to give the King 500 marks and Cromwell 200 for this purpose. He is old and feedeth many daily, for the country is poor. "Alas! my good Lord, shall not we see two or three in each, shire changed to such remedy?" Sir Will. Kingston can report of the man further. "Blessed be God of England that worketh all, whose instrument you be! I heard you say once after you had seen that furious invective of cardinal Pole that you would make him to eat his own heart, which you have now, [I trow], brought to pass, for he must [needs] now eat his own heart, and be[as] heartless as he is graceless." Hartl[ebury], 13 Dec.
Hol., pp. 7. The last leaf slightly mutilated, Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Dec. 1037. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. One—— (fn. n5) remaineth in ward with this Council, for that, when the King's injunctions were declared in his parish, he repined against them, speaking the words shown in the enclosed evidence. The matter touches you as the King's vicar-general. The speaking of Thomas Beckett was the occasion. He is but a simple person, and should be set, certain market days, upon the pillory. I beg you remember me for St. Thomas. (fn. n6) I thank you for Wm. Waghan of Talga[rthe]; show him your loving words, for the man is to be cherished. I desire your favour to Richard Lee of the Cellar for the farm of Hagmond. Scroys[bury], 13 December.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
R. O. 2. Informations exhibited to the Commissioners in the Marches of Wales on behalf of William Bulkeley, deputy sheriff of Carnarvonshire, against Richard Hale, of the parish of Llangeveny, Anglesea.
On Sunday before All Saints, Sir Reynold Gruf, priest, by command of his ordinary, was declaring the King's injunctions in the parish church of Llangeveny, when the defendant Rich. Hale said openly "they were sinister injunctions, and that they were clear gone out of the faith," It may please your Lordships to command Meredith ap Thomas, deputy sheriff of Anglesea, and Rothergh ap D'd, escheator there, to commit the said defendant to ward in the castle of Conwey till the justice of North Wales shall come to these parts, and to take depositions of witnesses.
P. 1. Endorsed by Bishop Roland Lee: Apud Salop, 11o die Nov. Ao xxxo H. VIII. A letter to Sir Richard Bulkeley, chamberlain of North Wales, commanding him to send the defendant within named to this Council the 18th of this November, and to put the informer under surety of appearance on that day. Signed: Roland Co. et Lich.
R. O. 3. Depositions taken before Sir Richard Bulkeley, chamberlain of North Wales, and Meredith ap Thomas, deputy sheriff of Anglesea, against Richard Hale, of Anglesea, 4 December, 30 Hen. VIII.
Sir Rinald ap Gruff, priest, deposeth that on the Sunday before All Saints last, after he had published the King's injunctions in the church of Llangeveny Anglesea, he heard a voice say the injunctions were sinister and clear gone out of the faith. After mass he enquired who spake thus, and Thos. ap Ll'n and others said it was Ric. Hale.
Thos. ap Ll'n ap Jevan ap Grono, William ap Hoel ap Grono, Thomas ap Jevan ap Hoell, and John ap Kener ap Ll'n, say the same.
David ap Hoell ap D'd., was talking with a certain person when he heard John ap Kerner, clerk of the church, tell Ric. Hale to hold his tongue.
Ages of witnesses given.
Pp. 2.
13 Dec. 1038. Thomas Barton to Cromwell.
R. O. About Candlemas last I married a gentlewoman who had been divorced from Sir Henry Everyngham, one of the daughters and heirs of Thomas Lynley, of Lynley. The decree of divorce was given under the abp. of York's seal, but immediately after I married her the abp. called the matter again before him and would have revoked his decree. Since then the case has been depending in his court till of late your Lordship called it before you. I beg to know what I am to do. I have had little profit by her, for Sir Henry withholds her feoffment from her and 500 marks which her father paid to his father. I beg your Lordship will write in my favour to the lord President and the Council in these parts. Beverley, 13 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Dec. 1039. Adrian Reuel to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I received your letters desiring me to come to you at St. Andrew's Day last past. It would have been impossible to me to do so by reason of the herring season and other affairs, but if I can do anything for you here I am at your service.
No news, except that the King is at Paris and we hope "d'avoir bon temps" The captain of Dieppe sends his compliments to you and Madame. Dieppe, 13 Dec.
Hol, Fr., p. 1. Add.
13 Dec. 1040. Thibault Rouault (Mons. de Riou) to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I am sued before the Admiral of France by Georges Leskault (?) and Joachim Kyt (?), who allege that they are Easterlings, about some ships and merchandise taken during the late war by certain mariners of Abbeville. I have occasion to examine an Englishman, who was in the ship at the taking of the goods, before one of the judges at London on the 27th inst., and, as I have no acquaintance in England, I beg you will lend me some lawyer of Calais who understands the language to appear with this bearer by virtue ot the proxy which I send you, and that you will write in my favour to one of the judges. Abbeville, 13 Dec. Signed.
Fr. p. 1. Add.
1041. [Lord Lisle] to——.
R. O. The bearer, servant to a French gentleman named Thibault Rohault sieur de Ryou, is going thither (to England) in consequence of an appointment with some Easterlings on the 27th inst. to be present at the taking of depositions by an Englishman, named Cognan de Milleton, touching certain articles enclosed. As the said De Ryou is one of my best friends, and one of those Frenchmen for whom I would do as much, I beg you, as he knows not the domicile of the said Englishman, to give him a commission from you upon the commission requisitoire of the French Admiral, to summon the said Englishman by sound of trumpet to the neighbouring town of London to appear before you, make inquiry according to his instructions, and certify proceedings in French or Latin under your seal and that of your assessor.
Draft, Fr., p. 1.
13 Dec. 1042. J. de Nouvelle to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. Hunted yesterday, but only took a wild sow, of which he sends the Deputy the head (la heure). If he is more successful another time the Deputy shall have the better part. Tournehen, 13 Dec.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
13 Dec. 1043. Miles Coverdale to Cromwell.
Harl. MS.,
604, f. 112.
I beg to know by my lord elect of Herdforde whether to proceed with the annotations of this bible. Pity it were that the dark places of the text should pass undeclared; and my said lord of Herdforde could examine the annotations before they are printed. As to the New Testaments in English and Latin, whereof I sent a book by your servant Sebastian the cook, there was no time to bind it as it should be. As my lord of Hardforde conveys thus much of the bible to your Lordship, I beg you to be the keeper thereof, and if "these men proceed in their cruelness against us and confiscate the rest, yet this at the least may be safe." Written somewhat hastily at Paris, 13 Dec.
Hol., p. I. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Dec. 1044. Negociations in Flanders.
Spanish Ca-
lendar vi. i.,
No. 30.
Report by the Duke of Aarschot, the Sieur de Lickerke, and Dr. Loys Schore of their conferences with the English ambassadors, setting forth the demands of the English, apostyled by the Council of Flanders.
1. The English ambassadors said the King, on hearing of the answer made by the Queen's deputies, thought it strange that so much difficulty should now be raised about the delivery of Milan, the investiture of which the Emperor had been the first to offer for the Infant of Portugal on his marriage with Mary, and had renewed that offer at Barcelona after the interview at Aigues Mortes. Margin:—The Queen finds it no less strange that the English should think the Emperor capable of going back on his word. They themselves would never answer the overtures within the period fixed, and the situation is now changed.
2. The English also said the King was surprised that the Regent and her Council should not have been fully instructed of these overtures after the Emperor's declaration to the English ambassadors. Margin:—The Queen maintains that the Emperor's powers to her are quite sufficient, and she knows all about the negociations in England and Spain,
3. The King was also surprised at her refusal to give a copy of her powers. Margin:—It was unusual among princes to do so till the negociations were concluded.
4. They also said that the Imperial ambassadors in England had agreed to the marriage of Mary with the rank she held under the statutes. Margin: The Queen cannot believe this; for Don Diego de Mendoza's report and the memoranda of the discussion with the King and privy councillors say nothing about it.
5. That the King had reason to suspect, from their coldness, that their object was only talk. Margin:—This is already answered in the last apostyle.
6. The ambassadors hinted that the Queen might write to the Emperor of what had already passed, and pending his answer the negociations for the King's marriage with the duchess of Milan might be proceeded with. Margin:—No reply was made to this, as the preceding notes were sufficient.
7. The ambassadors ended by saying they were expressly charged to go no farther until an answer came and an agreement was come to on the two following points:—(1.) As the Queen cannot appoint another person in her place, let her give the English letters under her signature and seal detailing and explaining the overtures once made by the Emperor about Milan and the offers of matrimonial alliance and confederacy. This of course on the understanding that she first request power to substitute another person or persons to treat and promise to agree to the decision of the King's ambassadors and her own commissioners. (2.) That it is due to the honour of the King their master that it should be declared at once whether there is any desire to proceed sincerely. Margin:—(1.) As the Queen has no power to appoint a substitute, and it is not customary for ladies to attend such meetings, she has given her deputies a commission to treat in her name, and when the negociations have reached au end she intends to ratify whatever is agreed on. The letters demanded by the English would be a useless innovation, and insistance on such a demand would arouse suspicion that the object was delay. (2.) Equal consideration is due to the Emperor s honour.
The Queen's deputies have also declared that the Emperor and the Queen desire to proceed sincerely, provided the other side do so; that she has every wish to preserve the English alliance, and that the Emperor does not intend one marriage to be effected without the other. The English, however, still insisted on having the above letter from the Queen, and snowed instructions to demand it. On which the Queen, being informed, made answer as follows, viz., that she was much astonished at their demanding the obligatory letter in question, and requiring her to approve beforehand negotiations not yet begun; that they ought to be satisfied with the Emperor's powers sent to her, which his Majesty would not abuse; that the Emperor was so generous in his dealings with other princes that there ought to be no fear; but, if the English ambassadors insisted on it, she could only write to the Emperor to ask what his will was, though she has no hesitation in saying that he has as much desire as ever to preserve the old alliance with England. The ambassadors replied that they were surprised at the refusal of the King's request after he had sent ambassadors to her to treat of affairs rather for the profit of the Low Countries than of his own kingdom. The King is not a prince to seek his own profit in negociations, and it was not fair that while the ambassadors came to Brussels with full powers, they should begin treating with the Regent's deputies, who had no powers at all, and were, besides, more advantageously placed, because if the English admitted anything to the prejudice of their master it would be snatched at at once, whereas anything favourable to the King would have to be referred home for fuller powers. Being instructed therefore to proceed no further, unless they could complete the negociation, they declared the conference at an end. The deputies replied that they could do no more. The English then said that, although they were positively instructed to ask for a copy of the Queen's mandate to her deputies and her own engagement to ratify what should be concluded, they would take on themselves the responsibility to be satisfied with a copy of the instructions which the Queen herself had given to her deputies. This the deputies refused, on the plea that they could not do it without express orders. The ambassadors suggested that they might at least be furnished with an attested copy signed by one of the Queen's secretaries, without which they could not possibly proceed further, except with the Queen herself. This the deputies offered to refer to the Queen, but said it was a very hard thing for her to take part in such discussions. The Queen, in reply, ordered. them to declare to the ambassadors that they should be satisfied with her having deputed trusty persons to treat with them without insisting on having the document in their hands, and referred to a precedent when she herself was in France on matters relating to the execution of the truce at Nice; yet, if they wished to communicate with her personally she would do so, for the honour of the king of England.
This answer was communicated to the English by the deputies on the 11th Dec, hut they refused to have any communication till they had first cognizance of the document. They would be glad to attend the Queen whenever she pleased to send for them, for they had been sent expresely to hear from her own lips what she had to say, and though they themselves, at the request of the deputies, had put forward certain conditions for the Infant's marriage, no answer had been returned, and the matter had been referred to the Emperor. Explained their reasons, and contradicted the ambassadors when they alleged that the Emperor, at Barcelona, had positively agreed to give Milan to Don Loys. The ambassadors then proposed to treat first the marriage of their master with the duchess of Milan, leaving the difficulty about that of Mary with the Infant; but the deputies said the Regent was only empowered to treat of the two marriages conjointly. The ambassadors then proposed to treat of a closer alliance, which the deputies agreed to, and informed the Queen, who, they said, would let them know the day and the hour she could receive them.
On the 13th Dec. the ambassadors appeared before the Queen Regent, and said they were compelled to communicate with her personally, and, as they had received no answer to the conditions proposed for the marriage of the Infant with lady Mary, they would be content to treat exclusively of a closer alliance. The Queen said she would be glad to treat with them when convenient, if they would declare the whole of their commission at once. As to their having received no answer to the conditions proposed by them, they must have heard the reply of her deputies, which she needed not to repeat, nor did she see any occasion now for treating of a closer alliance, as the old alliances could not be improved upon, but, if the King wished to make them more binding, he would find the Emperor and herself fully inclined to respond, &c. On this the ambassadors thanked her, saying they thought the King would be satisfied with her answer, but requesting her to inform the Emperor of it.
French, from a MS. at Vienna.
1045. Queen Mary of Hungary to [Charles V.]
VI. i.
No. 32.
Points of the treaty with England respecting which the queen of Hungary would like to receive instructions.
Whereas the English ambassadors, after various conferences with the Queen's deputies, in order to remove difficulties about the marriage of Dom Loys of Portugal, have proposed to treat first of a closer alliance between the Emperor and the King, and to know from the Qneen what are the conditions for the said alliance, which, they said, had been first proposed by the Emperor's ministers, the Queen has replied that the old friendship between the two princes was so perfect that it could not be strengthened except through marriages such as the Emperor himself had brought forward, but if the King desired that she should declare the Emperor's conditions for such a treaty she was ready to reply to their questions. The English ambassadors then said that they would report to their master and requested the Queen to inform the Emperor. It is therefore requested that she be instructed what to do in the event of the King commanding his ambassadors to go on with the negociation for both marriages as well us for a closer alliance. Should the ambassadors entirely waive or put aside the point of Mihin, and the other two conditions proposed for Mary's marriage to the Infant, (viz., 1, that he must take her in her present rank, as defined by law, the Infant himself swearing to such law; and, 2, that they must know first what property the Infant is to bring in marriage), how is the Queen to answer? For, most likely, if the ambassadors demist from the two above-mentioned conditions, they will the more press the Queen to declare what personal property the Infant has and what are his own conditions as to dower, on the ground that the marriage was proposed first in the Emperor's name and that the man should speak first. If they insist upon this point, the Queen will not know what to reply unless the Emperor send her full instructions. Further, what is the Queen to answer if the ambassadors persist in treating of their master's marriage with the duchess of Milan, and the King show himself willing to accept it with a reasonable dowry? Is she to grant at once, or to refuse? And, if the latter, on what ground? And how is she to discuss the papal dispensation, without which the Emperor would not agree to it, while the King would never apply for it? She desires also to know whether one of the marriages may be treated separately and what she should do, if the English persist in their demand for closer alliance otherwise. Should she demand assistance against the Turk? And if the King propose an offensive league, what is she to answer? If the King would be satisfied with a declaration on the Emperor's part, that his friendship would be preferred to that of any other prince as he has done in his treaties with France, how is the request to be met? If one of the conditions put forward by the King be a ratification of the commercial treaty of 1520, or that of 1516, both of which are injurious to the Low Countries, what is she to do?
French, from a MS. at Vienna. The original is endorsed: Articles on English affairs, on which the Queen begs for a speedy answer.
1046. England and the Low Countries.
VI. i., No. 24.
Advice given to the Emperor touching a treaty of closer alliance to be concluded with England, suggesting how to get the commercial treaty of A.D. 1506 annulled, or at least to avoid any renewal of it; also to protect the rights of the Emperor's subjects in the Low Countries in case of a cession by the Countess Palatine to Henry VIII. of her rights in Denmark and Norway, and to bind Henry, if he should obtain possession of those kingdoms, to protect the passage to and from them, and to keep the sea clear of pirates. It might also be stipulated that if he have more than one son, the second shall occupy the throne of Denmark and Norway, lest the union of all three kingdoms be dangerous to the Low Countries, &c.
French, from a MS. at Vienna.
13 Dec. 1047. Edmond Harvel to Cromwell.
Nero B. vii.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 30th ult. Barbarossa is returned to Previsa to repair his galleys and fusts, for he has suffered great storms and lost 15 or 20 vessels. Andrea Doria has reached Brindisi. The Venetian navy is in Sclavonia, and Castel Novo is kept by 4,000 Imperials. There have been many secret Councils of late, and men think this State will make peace with the Turk. The Emperor's coming to Italy with a great power may make them continue the war; but they are both barren of treasure and loath to make the Emperor lord of all. The Bp. of Rome is bent on war against the young duke of Urbin, who is both strong and will be secretly assisted by Ferrara, Mantua, and this State. Men hate to see the Bishop turn his arms from the Turk against Christians and in his old age disturb the tranquillity of Italy. He will make 10 cardinals, not for money, but to renounce their offices, which comes to the same thing, for the offices are sold. And so they go on abusing the world; but God will at length strike their iniquities. Venice, 13 Dec, 1538. P.S.—Letters of the 24th are just come from Spain. The Emperor has written to the Bishop to forbear from war against Urbin, as he will settle matters on coming to Naples. The peace between the Emperor and French king will be concluded and the French shall have Milan in 18 months, not three years, as before reported.
Hol, pp. 3. Add.: Endd.
13 Dec. 1048. Castlenau, Bishop of Tarbes, to Montmorency.
Ribier i., 291. Touching the two proposed marriages, viz., that of Orleans with the princess of Castile and that of Francis' daughter with the Prince. It would be necessary that Orleans should visit the Empress, who desires much to see him. Toledo, 13 Dec, 1538.
14 Dec. 1049. Henry VIII. to Sir Will Goring and [William] Ernely.
R. O.
Wilkins, iii.
Commission to take and convey to the Tower of London the bones, shrine, &c., now in Chichester Cathedral, of "a certain bishop of the same which they call Saint Richard," and to see the place of the shrine destroyed, with all other images in that church whereabout there is any notable superstition. Hampton Court, 14 Dec. 30 Henry VIII. Signed by Cromwell.
Modern copy showing where the original has been mutilated, p. 1.
R. O. 2. Undated draft of the preceding, from which the mutilations may be supplied. (fn. n7)
Pp. 2.
14 Dec. 1050. John [Hilsey], bp. of Rochester, to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter, dated 12 Dec.; concerning the high stewardship of the lands and liberties of the bishopric. The Master of the Rolls has the office by patent; but if Cromwell will wait a few days, will offer him as much yearly as the fee comes to. If he cannot obtain it thus, Cromwell must speak to him himself, and if that is no use, will give the said sum to any one whom Cromwell appoints. 14 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Dec. 1051. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Has received his letter, dated Hampton Court, 12 Dec, stating that the King has appointed him High Steward and Master of the Game of Cranmer's lands, by reason of the attainder of Sir Edw. Nevell, and that he desires his confirmation. Is glad he has the preferment. Sends copies of his predecessor's grants of the said offices. The stewardship has not been duly exercised, and his counsel inform him that the interest therein is forfeited by the said grant. If the law will permit, will assure it to him for life, or else it will appertain to the lord of Burgayveny. Forde, 14 Dec.
P.S. in his own hand.—Asks Cromwell to accomplish his suit for his servant the bearer, Fras. Basset, for the monastery of Croxden. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed.
1052. For Francis Bassett.
R. O. "The ferme of Musden Grawnge, appertaining to the abbey of Crocksden, within the county of Stafford, being of the yearly value of 20 mks. by the year."
Endd.: "A remembrance to speak to the King for Francis Bassett, servant to my lord of Cant."
14 Dec. 1053. [Scepperus] to Charles V.
Add. MS.
f. 302.
B. M.
The Constable has declared to me the King's satisfaction at what Tarbes writes of the increased evidence which he finds of the firmness of your Majesty's amity and at the reply you gave the king of England about the alliances (fn. n8) for which he importunes your majesty, giving you carte blanche for the declaration of your whole desire and promising every assistance. The Constable says your Majesty persisted in the answer given to Brissac, and even more openly to the English ambassadors, that it was useless to urge that matter further as the affairs settled between you and the French king could not be changed, and that you meant to go on. confident that the French king would do the same. This has given Francis the highest possible opinion of the Emperor, and a power is to be sent to Tarbes to treat in accordance with the Emperor's proposal that neither party shall make any alliance by marriage, league or otherwise with the King of England. This cordiality all comes of the Emperor's own words.
The abominable cruelty of the king of England towards the churches and chief persons of his realm has horrified the French. The Constable has said again that the King his matter hoped for nothing else than an entire agreement with the Emperor and Pope to assist the Church against the rebellion of the king of England. Asks what to reply.
In the midst of these conferences it has been agreed that neither prince should lend any ear to dangerous enterprises. The young duke of Wirtemberg arrived here three days ago, who was at Plombieres in Burgundy on ill terms with his father. Understands that he comes from the Dukes of Bavaria who have been solicited strongly to join the heretics of Germany. The Queen of France is indefatigable in promoting the amity. If Orleans is not to marry the Infanta of Spain she would like him to marry her daughter the princess Mary of Portugal. Paris, 14 Dec, 1538.
Spanish, pp. 6. Modern copy from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, Vol. vi., Part i., No. 29.]
1054. Francis I. to the Bp. of Tarbes.
Add. MS.
Has received his letter of the 25th ult., announcing receipt of the writer's packet by Philip Strozzi's man and the arrival of Don Diego de Mendoza with his report of the reception and great cheer (pira, qu. Ciera?) Francis made to the queen of Hungary. Rejoices that the Emperor has expressed a wish to meet him and hunt with him, and also at the Emperor's honest practices touching the ratification of the truce with the Duke of Savoy. The Duke has despatched it in the form required and Francis has sent a copy to the Sieur de Montejan his lieutenant in Piedmont to be intimated to the Marquis del Guasto.
Has also seen, by his letter, what Covos and Grandvelle declared to him, touching the English-h ambassador and the gentlemant (fn. n9) that King's chamber having spoken to the Emperor the day before about his (Henry's) marriage with the widowed duchess of Milan and the marriage of his eldest daughter with the Infant of Portugal or any other the Emperor might choose, &c, with a view to make a closer amity; and the Emperor's unwillingness to do that or anything that might in the future bring any prejudice.
If the Emperor will agree not to treat with the King of England Francis will do the same. Gives directions how to treat for this and sends power, As to the declaration the Pope desires to make against the king of England, Francis is determined to do as the Emperor does.
Spanish translation of an extract headed "Le Roi de France a Mons, de Tarbes son ambassadeur."Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 3.
14 Dec. 1055. The Emperor's Policy.
Add. MS.
f. 290.
Points to be discussed in the Emperor's Council, arising out of the letters last received from Italy, France, Flanders, and England, with apostyles showing the decision of the Council.
B.M. 29 articles relating to the fleet in the Levant, the capture of Castilnovo, and the preparations for the future expedition, &c. Five articles under the head of France about objections contained in the answer to Brissach's proposals, the proposed interview of Francis and the king of the Romans, &c. Four articles headed Flanders, viz.:—
1. The conferences of the Commissioners of the queen of Hungary and England turn on three points on which the English strongly insist, viz., the giving of Milan, holding the Princess a bastard, and that Don Luis swear to the statutes of England.—Letters to be written in accordance with what the Emperor said to the English ambassador. In any case we must persist in what was lately written to the said Queen, awaiting news from France on what was said to Brissach.
2. What the ambassador in England writes of his negociations with the King's ministers about the marriages, setting apart the state of Milan, and whether a stricter amity cannot be made, even if one or both treaties should fall through.—This depends on what shall be determined about the proposals of the English ambassador.
3. The news of those parts.—The ambassador is to write all he hears.
4. The danger feared by the ambassador in England.—It is not to be supposed that the king of England will go to such an extreme length. But if the ambassador think it probable let him retire to Flanders.
Four further articles about Naples, &c.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 23. The original is docketed: Para deliberar en consejo destado. Consultose en Toledo a xiiijo de Deciembre de 1538. [See Spanish Calendar, Vol. vi. Part i.,No., 31.]
15 Dec. 1056. The Marquis of Exeter.
Harl. MS.
6,074, f., 64 b.
"The disgrading of Henry Curtney, late marques of Excester, wich was indicted at Westmr the 3d day of December, and the same daie there convicted, and the 9th daie of the same moneth behedded at Towre Hill, and the 15th day of the said moneth disgradide at Wyndisor in maner fowlowing, Anno D'ni 1538, Anno R.R. Henrici viij xxxo."(Proclamation follows.)
P .1.
R. O. 2. Modern copy of the preceding giving the date of the degradation as the 16th instead of the 15th.
15 Dec. 1057. John [Hilsey], Bp. of Rochester, to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter containing the King's command that he should cause leases of the farm of Bromlegh, the parsonage of South Flete, and the patents of the stewardship of Dartford, to be made to Sir Ric. LoDg, gentleman of the Privy Chamber. Has no title to the stewardship of Dartford, nor to the parsonage of South Flete, during the incumbent's life. Cannot now make a lease of Bromley, as the present holder has certain years to come. Must also see the old lease that covenants and grants may be made accordingly. Intended to have made suit to Cromwell for the said farm for his own use, for, in accordance with the King's and Cromwell's letters, he has let out all the demesnes and emoluments belonging to the whole diocese. Will also do his pleasure about the stewardship of his lands. Bromlegh, 15 Dec.
P.S. in hit own hand.—Will write again on Wednesday at the furthest, concerning both letters. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[15 Dec] 1058. Ric. Bp. of Dover to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
III. 181.
Has received the house of White Friars in Aylesforde to the King's hands. On 13 Dec. came to Canterbury and found three houses more in debt than all they have can pay, and especially the Austin Friars. Their debts are 40/. and their implements not 6l. except a little plate weighing 126 oz. The Black and Grey are able with their implements to pay their debts, the Bp's costs and a little more. At the .Austin Friars on 14 Dec one friar very rudely and traitorously used himself, as Cromwell will see by a bill enclosed. Has examined him before Mr. Mayor and Mr. Spylman, but he is ready to die for it that the King may not be head of the Church, but it must be a spiritual father appointed by God. Has paid for horses and men to send him to Cromwell. This Sunday will make an end in Canterbury and on Monday to Sandwich, on Wednesday to Rye, and so to Winchelsea and Lewes. Asks for a house for he is so poor that he has none, but only keeps Langley by Cromwell's favour. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord privy seal. Endd
1059. Ric. Bp. of Dover to Cromwell.
R.O. Since he last delivered plate to the King, has received 2000 oz. and more, of which he would gladly be discharged, as well as of 46l. which he has. If the houses northwards have made their releases to the King, knows no house to release except Lewes. Will go thither if Cromwell wishes and so make his book perfect. In divers places left plate and goods with the keepers or in pledge. Now some keepers complain that the people break up doors, walls, and pales. Does not know what answer to make. Divers gentlemen have received plate and ornaments, and he cannot get them without Cromwell's assistance. An order must be taken about certain lands which were put in "feffares"hands to the use of friars conditionally, that they should keep their obits, some yearly a dirige and mass, and some a daily mass. Asks whether these lands shall come to the King or return to the heirs. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand.—Asks him to be good lord to him for Langley.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Annoxxx?. Rycharde Deverux.
1060. Ric. Bp. of Dover to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received the house of Friars at Lewes to the King's use. All the implements, altar, bells, windows, gravestones, &c., except the roofs and the covering of them were not able to pay the debts. Most of the plate was abroad in pledge. All is appraised, but none sold, and left in the hands of John Mylesent and Nich. Geney, Cromwell's servants. Has paid the debts, 15/. 4s. The plate is 77 oz. Hopes there are no more houses to receive, so that he can make up his books and present them to Cromwell with the surrenders, common seals and inventories. Asks for a commission to sell such stuff as is abroad and pay the debts and redeem the plate. Will then be able to make a clear account of all the convents. Asks for three or four day to make up his books, and will then attend on him. Signed
P. 1. Add.. Lord Privy Seal Endd.
15 Dec. 1061. E. Earl of Hertford to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letters, advising me not to retain my maid longer from her father, which might be to her hindrance. I should be sorry either to hinder her or displease your Lordship, and if her father, though he has given me no cause so to do, come for her tomorrow to Mr. Page's house before my wife's departure, she will deliver her. Hampton Court, 15 December.
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 Dec. 1062. William Ernele to John Hyberdyn.
R.O. Sends him 2 angel nobles, and regrets not having been able to speak with him at his departure. Sends a little book which he should read, for many of these papistical fellows in Chichester "be marvellously aggrieved withal."Advises him to give good attendance on my lord his master that he may get a living in this his own country, and when he finds an opportunity to move him of that false priest, Sir Simon Fowler: "for surely he is a counsel with that lord Delawar and other that be now in the Tower for treason."He could disclose much if well handled. "For her hys at my lordys plasse at Halnaker, cowmyng by nygth and rydyng alsso by nygth to and fro. Wath they be I cannot hyt know ye truth, nor wether they ryde, but my lordes servants commyt one or a nother nygtly and gohyt upe a gene in all haste by nygth by cawsse they wyll not be syne, and master Fawkenor hath reportyd here in Chechester that he hard Sir Symon say that my lord Delawar was commandycl to ye Towre for no thyng helsse but that he wold not be ye foreman of ye quest to my lord Montagew,"with other feigned tales. My lord should be examined and his house searched, also Sir Symon's house in the East country and Fawkenar's house, for surely this riding to and fro by night is to put evidences out of the way. Cukham, 15 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII.
Commend me to Mr. Thos. Alyn and Sir Harry Owyn. If you can get my lord's arms I would fain set them up in my house "with hys possey allso."It is said the carnall Powle (Cardinal Pole) was with my lord Laware at his house, and at the house of Crowth (Croftes), the traitor, a little before the King's coming. I trust to boult out the truth. Here is much secret news among the priests, who say Lord Delaware shall be home in three days.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Master Hyberdyn servant unto my lord of the Privy Seal. Begins: My nown good frynde, John Hyberdyn. Endd.: Anno xxxo Mr. Erneley.
[15 Dec] 1063. T. Lord Wentworth to Lord [Cromwell.]
Vesp. xiii.
114 b.
B. M.
Has been desired by the bailiffs of Ipswich and the parishioners of St. Lawrence to inform his lordship that James Crawford, late chantry priest of Edmond Daundy of Ipswich is an enemy to the Word of God, though it was reported that he was a true favorer thereof. At the time of the last insurrection in the North parts, the then bailiffs reported his demeanour to me, which accords with the certificate (fn. n10) they have made to your lordship. They deprived him of the chantry because he did not keep the ordinances made by the said Edmund Daundy, and have at my request appointed Thos. Bekone, a discreet, honest priest well learned, a true preacher of the Word of God, a great setter forth to the people of the King's most just and lawful title of supremacy, approved by God's word. Signed.
P. 1.
15 Dec. 1064. Sir George Lawson, and Others, to [Cromwell.]
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
of the
Have received his letters with the King's order concerning the lead and bells of the houses of religion contained in their commission. Have already committed the custodyof them to substantial persons and have soldnone. Have quietly taken the surrenders and dissolved the monasteries of Wyeresoppe Monckebreton, St. Andrews at York, Byland, Ryvaille, Kyrkeham, and Ellerton, and the friars at Tykhill, Doncaster, Pontefract, and York. Were thankfully received, as within six days they will more plainly certify. Where Cromwell writes to reserve the lead and bells at Bolton; no such commission has come to them. York, 15 Dec. Signed.: George Lawson: By chard Belassez : Will'm Blithman: James Rokeby.
P. 1.
15 Dec. 1065. Anthoinette de Saveuses to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Commend me to my lord Deputy. I cannot express my anxiety to hear from you, as your last letters mentioned that a lord of England [Bridgewater] was endeavouring by extortion to defraud your eldest son, by which you were compelled to cross the sea. I hope your voyage has been accomplished with honor and advantage to yourself. I have been very ill for six weeks, of which I have spent three in bed. I hope to be well at Christmas, but I could not eat flesh during the fasts des Aluens (?), which we keep since before St. Martin's Day, and fish does not very well agree with me, except fresh fish. Dunkirk, 15 December.
Hol. Fr.p. 1. Add.
15 Dec. 1066. James V. to Paul III.
Theiner 610. Recommends Robert, abbot of Holyrood, (fn. n11) as successor to Jas. bp. of Ross, and that he may retain the pension of 500 marks Scots belonging to Holy Rood abbey until he receive the bulls. Desires credence for Jas. Salmond. Falkland, 15 Dec. 1538.
15 Dec. 1067. James V. to Pa ul III.
Theiner, 611. Desires, as he has already written, to promote Robert abbot of Holy rood (fn. n11) to the see of Ross. Desires also that the Pope will give the abbacy of Holyrood in commendam to his natural son, James Stewart, now in his fifth year. The Church will gain authority and lose nothing, and there was a precedent in the case of the predecessor of this last abbot. Falkland, 15 Dec. 1538.
[15 Dec] 1068. Italian News.
Vit. B. xiv.
B. M.
The first two paragraphs are unintelligible from mutilation, but according to a modern marginal note, made before the fire, they refer to a marriage between the Emperor's daughter and the Pope's nephew, and to the creation of cardinals.
The following paragraph bears this (modern) note in the margin: "A peace between the Emperor and French king on certain conditions." (fn. n12)
"It is mo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The emperor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the condition. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . dukedom of M[ilan] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portugal and of. . . . . . . . . . . . . .for her dote, 500 thou[sand]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . And further that the French . . . . . . . . . . one million and 700,000 scuttes, and [if the duke] of Orleans shall die without issue that [then the dukedom of] Milan shall return to the Emperor's hands.
"These (fn. n13) courtiers go about to take away £ro[m the duke of] Urbyne both the dukedoms of Camerin and [Urbyne because he] did not leave Camerin at their bidding. T. . . . . . . . . . already made against him. Messere Petru[s]. . . . . . . . . captain general, Mons. Stephen Columna . . . . . . . . . place and the rule of all the army which. . . . . . .
"Many men thought that the duke of U[rbine]. . . . . .Cameryne, and that the emperor had answered. . . . . . . . . .but upon that condition that he should be ass. . . . . . . . . . .for his wife the duchess. And it is thought. . . . . . . . . .thinketh that he should have the same dukedom.
"A. bishop of Senogallia (fn. n14) who ruled some time . . . . . . . . . . . the duke late deceased hath been of late ap . . . . . . . . . . . of Bononye. And going thither hath sp[oken with the duke] of Urbyne and exhorted him to depar[t] . . . . . . . . . . . . . And hereupon the said bishop hath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . be divided in three parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and hath contyn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d hereupon he is copious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . duke beseecheth humbly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . things as they threaten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . be compelled to do . . . . . . . . . . . . turn them to Displeasure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . writeth many things in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d he writeth and boldly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . constrain him to take the . . . . . . . . . . he shall do it effectually and . . . . . . . . . . . . . des and wit, and shall help him . . . . . . . . friends he can, and put his own life in hazard and danger for the defence of his estate and of every parcel thereof., This fashion of speech did displease them."
Of the state of the duke of Urbino, Cameryn is thought to be impregnable, Pisaure, Senogaliia and Urbino are strong, and St. Leon is well furnished with munitions. The duke can therefore defend himself easily and if he had money might offend, as he has many and expert soldiers. The duke of Mantua is his mother's brother; the duke of Ferrara his cousin. It is reported that the English ambassador in Spain has offered many things in his favour.
"Within few days past it was much spoken of a bull [which] should be published concerning the affairs of England. [Afterwar]d they heard news of the lords (fn. n15) that were cast . . . . . . . . . . . . it is like that they shall conclude thes . . . . . . "
[Here follows a very mutilated passage the purport of which is given in the margin as follows: The d. of Urbin will leave Cameryn upon certain conditions.]
"This affair is in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the Emperor and of the Ve[netians] . . . . . . . . . . . . . would have the sequestration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and that the duke should trust hy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . person. It is commonly esteemed that the . . . . . . . . . . . of peace."
Mutilated. Modern marginal note: 15 December.


  • n1. There is a comma in the MS. between "lord" and "Treasurer," which makes it difficult to say precisely what parson or persons are meant. The only "Treasurer" commonly spoken of at Calais was the Vice-Treasurer Fowler.
  • n2. Henry bishop of Wormes and John bishop of Ratisbon. Another brother George, who was bishop of Spires, died in 1529. Anderson's Genealogies, p. 506.
  • n3. Francis Quiñones, Card. St. Cross General of the Franciscan Friars.
  • n4. Montague, Exeter and the others.
  • n5. Blank.
  • n6. St. Thomas' priory, Stafford.
  • n7. The words bracketed in "Wilkins are mostly wrong, but do not greatly affect the sense.
  • n8. Marriage of Henry VIII. and of the Princess Mary.
  • n9. Philip Hoby.
  • n10. The certificate seems to be the document printed in Vol. XI., No. 1309, which thus appears to be of the year 1538.
  • n11. Robert Cairncross.
  • n12. Evidently the conditions related to the proposed marriage of the duke of Orleans with the Infanta, either of Spain or of Portugal, with Milan as the lady's "dote."
  • n13. Marginal note. An army of 10,000 foot prepared against the duke of Urbin.
  • n14. According to Gams' Series Episcoporum Marcus Vigerius de la Rovere was bp of Sinigaglia from 1513 till his death in 1560.
  • n15. Exeter, Montague, and the rest.