Letters and Papers: January 1539, 1-5

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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'Letters and Papers: January 1539, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539, ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp1-11 [accessed 24 July 2024].

'Letters and Papers: January 1539, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Edited by James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online, accessed July 24, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp1-11.

"Letters and Papers: January 1539, 1-5". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie(London, 1894), , British History Online. Web. 24 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp1-11.


January 1539

MS. in
di Stato,
"Supra Dominum Antonium Anglicum, 29 Decembris 1539. (fn. 1)
"Per copiam illius littere quas illi qui cepit me in lecto ad habendum me persone habent inter alias scripturas meas videndum est." And then the said Broke, servant of the lord Secretary, said to me, Whither goest thou now and what wilt thou do until I return? I said I would go to Lyons and return from thence to Paris. Then said he, I think that thou would'st go to Rome to that trailor Cardinal Pole; if thou goest thither thou shalt never have pardon, said he, but death if ever thou shalt come into England. And so he went to Paris and I towards Lyons; and when I was two miles on my journey towards Lyons and was afraid of certain persons lying in the way to take me with the mandate of the king of France, I turned back and rode in the woods out of the right way through Burgundy and through the mountains until I came to Geneva in Savoy and so far (donec) I never slept without fear. One day's journey from Geneva I met one Jerome, a servant of the Pope, going to Rome, in whose company I rode as far as Bologna. And there I met James Griffit, a Welshman (gallicum), who sent me by (per) his letters to Dominus Bernardus Boerius (?) to aid me in all my business in Rome; and then that James told me that Card. Pole was in Venice, and so I went to Venice, and when I came there he was gone to Rome. In Venice I found divers Englishmen, Richard Shelley, Wentwort, and Harwell, who lies there for the king of England. Shelley advised me to return to France and not go to Rome, because he said that Harvell would write to the said Secretary with all diligence of my stay there and of my going to Rome. And so I returned from Venice to Bologna, where I met a Genevese of that town called Henricus, and a bishop of Spain, in whose company I came to Rome. And in entering the city I met an English gentleman by name John Leo, to whom I told all my adventures and my coming out of England, and the coming of that Broke to me, &c. Afterwards I told all those things to Card. Pole, and when I came to speak a second time to Card. Pole to tell him all my business and having to visit and speak with the Pope, he would not speak with me. Whereupon I said to an Englishman, a priest now deceased, named John, that they have Englishmen in suspicion because they would not have me speak with the Cardinal, and that I must find some stranger to aid me with the Holy Father, and when they knew of my detention and all that I wished to say then those Englishmen "would be sorry and repent that they hindered me unto their worst, if they so did, for why it should have been more expedient for me to have my preferment if any should come at their master's hand than tis another stranger." (fn. 2) Upon which things I made my suit to Card. Campegius 15 days past and more.
The occasion of my coming out of England is as follows:—
The day before I left a servant of the marquis of Dorset came to me "in rivera de Themys juxta locum eum sunt veniam ex patria Rave ubi fui cum amicis meis," and told me that the lord Secretary sent for me to the Court to be examined before the King's Council about divers causes of which they had been ignorant. The servant said he had a token (signum) in the city of London to carry me to the Court. That night in bed I concluded that the words I spoke in Ireland were known to the Secretary and Council, and for my own safety, early in the morning, at 3 a.m., I took a boat in the river of Themys and went as far as the sea, and there found (nudino, qu. invenio which the writer always uses for inveni ?) a ship about to cross to Normandy, in which I went to Depre (Dieppe) in Normandy in in the month of May last. When I came from England I had "in mea custodia centum marcas sterlingorum" of the money of the said lord Secretary. So I came to Roan and stayed there seven days and made "unam tunicam unum droplare et unam caxam." There I found divers English merchants, and among them Morys, a servant of the lord Secretary, for fear of whom I went to Paris. Was there eight days, and for fear of divers English persons who lie there printing books of the New and Old Testament in English for the king of England, I went into Flanders. Remained there in divers places two months and more. In Antwerp was an Englishman called Hutton, servant of the said lord Secretary, and governor of all the English merchants in those parts, for fear of whom I went into Picardy to the castle of Guynes. Saw there, with great fear, divers English friends, but as no one knew the cause of my coming from England they were very friendly, especially the deputy of the castle. Went thence to a town of the Emperor's called Ayre, and took with me a servant of the said deputy, who was to go to Paris. At Ayre the servant fell sick and I sent him back to his master with two pieces of Hollands cloth to sell, and afterwards the said deputy of the castle heard of my coming out of England and detained the cloth, and if I came to him would have taken and sent me to England; and he wrote to the said Secretary of my being there and that I was going to Paris, and the way. I therefore did not go by the direct road to Paris, but a hundred miles out of the way. Was at Paris six days, and dined one day with the English ambassador there called Bonet, elect bishop of Hereford. Then upon the said letters from the said deputy the said Secretary sent a servant called John Brok, my special friend, to speak with me; who enquired for me of the Englishmen and the ambassador, who then from being my friends became my enemies. Thereupon I sent my servant with my horses two hours before night to St. Denis and a priest gave me shelter in Paris that night, and next morning before daylight I departed towards Lyons. Three days' journey from Paris, at a place called Nolvey, Brok came to me at the inn (herbagium). Was in great fear, but he said he came to do me no harm and that the lord Secretary had sent him and much wondered at my departure out of England and wished me to return safely. He said that as for those 100 marks he would give me an acquittance, and if I had done anything against the king of England, would send me my pardon. He promised me also letters to show to my friends declaring that I had been sent into France on business, and said that within 30 days he would return to Paris with these writings to the sign of the Mule in the University near the sign of the Oliphant, the house of the printer of the said books of the New and Old Testament. He said also that the Secretary desired, if I would not return, that I should write him a letter certifying all the words and sayings between lord Leonard Grey, deputy in Ireland, and that gentleman who then was in prison in the Tower of London, by name George Pawlit, and me when we were in Ireland together. That Englishman John Lee came to me in a church and asked whether I had written to Paris to know whether my pardon was come or not, and whether I heard anything of it. I said No, nor do I know how I may send letters. He told me to write if I wished, as he was going to send by post, so that I think the said Lee lies here for the king of England (prope Rege). On Saturday last Lee met me in the street and asked if I had any message into England, because within two days he was going thither; so that I think it is necessary to follow him and his baggage, because James Griffith told me in Bologna that every month he sent letters by post. This is all I have to say in writing; and in words I have more when it shall please the Holy Father or his deputy to speak with me. And if there is any Englishman now in these parts coming out of England it is necessary to take them, because they do not come hither for good, but by craft to destroy me.
Subjoined in English is:—A petition to the "lord justice" for pity, as he lies here in prison where he cannot speak [the language], his money is taken away and he cannot have a clean shirt and other necessaries, and will die unless the Pope take compassion upon him. Intended for the honour of God and maintenance of this Holy Church of St. Peter to utter and show things for the reformation of England. If he has offended the Pope in word or deed he desires death, but if not he begs to be suffered to show the rest of his poor knowledge; "for as by the sherd (sword?) shall reform the King or depose him within iij. or iiij. months after the invasion; for now is the time, for the King himself have begun to put forth such preparations for the purpose that few men do perceive England was never so weak in nobility and of captains as at this hour." Englishmen coming now out of England are not to be trusted. His death avails no man, his life can serve the Pope's purpose many ways.
In another hand: "Die Dominico 29 Decembris 1539. Traditum ac exhibitum fuit per Antonium Anglicum."
A copy corrected and interlined in very corrupt and unscholarly Latin. From a transcript in R.O., pp. 6.
A list of names apparently of high officers and gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, probably drawn up about the beginning of the year 1539.
The lord Privy Seal, the lord Gwarden, Sir John Russell, Sir Thomas Hennage, Sir Ric. Longe, Mr. Anthony Dennye, Sir Anthony Browne, Sir Francis Bryan, Sir Thomas Seymour, Sir Henry Knyvet, Sir John Wallopp, Mr. Sadeler, Mr. Culpepper, Mr. Seyntlegar, Mr. Paston, Mr. Wellesbourn, Mr. Anthony Knivet, Mr. Mewtas, Mr. Hobbye, Mr. Barkeley, Urian Breerton, John Jennens, Robt. Bocher, John Caree, Ric. Berde, John Penne, Nich. Sympson, Edm. Harman, Philip Wilde.
P. 1. On the back in another hand. "Swords and all kinds of weapons amounteth to cc. save ij."
Memoranda [by Dr. London for Thomas Thacker (fn. 3) ].
"Imprimis. A commission for Colme Abbey, and that my Lord, according to such communication as I have had with you, do conclude with Mr. Androos and Mr. Raynsford for their interest in the demesnes there." 2. That my Lord may consider what spoil is made in the woods of the priory of Coventry, of Black Monks, and others, and what leases and reversions are daily granted, "and because it is the see church, whether his Lordship will have it suppressed or altered into seculars." 3. What pensions I shall assign to the prior of the Charterhouse at Coventry and to each of his brethren, and what order I shall take with the town for the White Friars. 4. It is expedient that I take down the lead of the Grey Friars church at Coventry and melt it in sows, as also elsewhere, for the poor people cut down the gutters and sheets of lead. I could sell the bells for 15s. a cwt. and so make ready money out of hand. "At Stamford I have left as yet unsold at the Grey Friars a goodly image of copper and gilt and the bed laid upon marble, made for Dame Blanche duchess of Lancaster. It is very weighty. I reserved it to know if the King's grace would occupy it." 5. At Reading the town petitions for the body of the church of the Grey Friars to be their Guildhall. 6. At Telesford Crossed Friars they may spend 19l. What pension shall I assign to the minister and one priest there? Mr. Lucy was founder and desires to buy it. At Oxford people make waste in the friars' houses. Whether my Lord's pleasure be we shall sell all the stuff saving lead to the King's use. 7. I am desired to move my Lord for commissions to take the surrenders of the friars in Derby, Newark, Nottingham, and Grantham, and for the nuns in Pollisworth. If my Lord make me a general commission for Friars, I will take them as they come in my way; for they would fain be gone and the longer they do tarry, the more waste they do make.
ii. Memorandum for the King's buildings.
1. At Aylesbury is a goodly roof of all the church, well leaded. 2. At Bedford the whole church of the Grey Friars and other places are leaded. 3. At Stamford the four churches of the four orders are well leaded. 4. At Coventry the Grey Friars church is covered with lead, and the rest of the house is ruinous, covered with tile, which would serve to repair the adjoining royal manor of Childesmore. 5. At Warwick there is no lead but in gutters. It is a ruinous old house, except one fair lodging, which might be translated unto the King's castle there. 6. At Northampton the Augustine Friars Church is covered with lead, "and the roof is meet for Grafton." At the Blackfriars there is a new roof to the choir, containing 7 bays, framed and not yet set up; meet for Grafton. At the White Friars the chancel has a new fair roof, covered with slate, meet for Grafton. The Grey Friars church is covered with lead.
The King's master carpenter should visit these places if it be his pleasure to occupy any of them. Now in winter is good preparing for summer building.
Pp. 3. Endd. in a later hand: Dr. London's request to know Mr. Cromwell's directions for the suppressing and bestowing sundry friars' houses.
R. O. 4. [LA MOTTE, Abbé of Andres] to SIR THOMAS PALMER.
I have been in Zealand and the court at Brussels since I saw you a month ago. It is reported the King your master has allied himself with the king of Denmark (Dillemarc), the duke of Cleves, the duke of Saxony (des As) the Landgrave and all the Lutheran princes. I fear this will make trouble between the King our master and yours; for I was told by a trustworthy man who heard the peace read before the queen of Hungary, that in it the King our master has promised to assist the Emperor against all Lutherans and Infidels and in his quarrel of Gueldres. As to the repair of Ardres "la chose se continue," nor does the King think he thus contravenes previous treaties with the King your master; for the treaty of Cambray expressly mentions that each prince may fortify himself within his own frontiers. In Hungary they fear a descent of the Turk, and this might change the purpose of the princes. The outery that you are all Lutherans could not be greater than it is. I expect soon to go into France. I fear there is something underhand between the princes against the King your master, for when I wished to go to Calais, to the Deputy and you, a personage of authority said to me, Beware of going thither unless you know the King agrees to it. I suppose you know the rumor that the King your master delivers his daughter to the son of the duke of Juliers; so I hear from a gentleman who came in post from the king of the Romans. Signed: "humble serviteur et amy que cognoscies."
French, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: A letter sent to the porter of Calais.
1 Jan.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii. 39.
B. M.
Edw. VI.
I. cclxiij.
"Certain new year's gifts given unto the Prince's Grace," 1 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII.
From the King, the lady Mary (a coat of crimson satin embroidered), the lady Elizabeth ("a shirt of cambric of her own working"), the lord Chancellor, abp. of Canterbury, the lords of Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Oxford ("seven porticues"), Shrewsbury, Essex ("a bell of gold with a whistle" 1¼ oz., two oxen and twenty muttons), Rutland, Wiltshire, Hertford, and Southampton (a bonnet), the bps. of Winchester and Durham, Sir Wm. Paulett, the abbot of Waltham (2 oxen, 20 muttons), Mr. James Morrys (2 oxen).
The gifts are mostly cups and bowls of silver and gilt, minutely described and the weight of each given. Appended is the description of "a cup given by my lord of Winchester at his first seeing of the Prince's Grace" being a standing cup with gilt cover enamelled blue in four places "with divers sayings, unde one is Sequere justiciam et invenies vitam," 45¼ oz.
Pp. 3.
1 Jan.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
Having on Saturday last received, by Francisco, the King's letters of the 23rd "of this present," spent that evening in perusing them, and on Sunday requested through the duke of Arskot an interview with the Queen; which was appointed for Monday between 10 and 11 a.m. At which hour they were waiting to be sent for, for they never go to Court without an honest company of gentlemen coming for them, when a message came from the Duke that the Queen had been much occupied in Council and begged them to wait till after dinner. Before they had fully dined came two of the Queen's maîtres d'hôtel and brought them to Court to a chamber where were the Queen, duke of Arskot, Mons. de St. Pye, Mons. Molemboys, Mons. de Likirke, and Mons. Score. The Queen caused the councillors present to set a form to the table and commanded the writers to sit down by her covered, while the councillors stood by bareheaded, as at the last conference. Wriothesley then began, saying they had received letters from the King, who commanded them to declare that upon their report of their conferences with her Grace's deputies (three of whom were present) in which they had set forth three points touching the marriage of the lady Mary, i.e., (1) Milan, (2) the acceptation of the lady Mary as she is, and (3) a promise to be made by Don Ludovic, Henry saw they were doubtful about the point Milan. He had therefore, in haste, sent a gentleman of his chamber (fn. 5) to the Emperor to know if he continued in the same mind concerning these alliances and would send ample instructions hither to conclude then. The Emperor sent answer that he was as desirous of these alliances as ever, but could not "nowe presently" give Milan to Don Loys without putting the French in utter despair and perhaps raising a new war in Christendom; if he did not like the overture for the lady Mary as it stands, Henry might choose for her some other personage; as to Henry's own marriage with the Duchess and the "straiter amity" he (the Emperor) would be right glad, and her Grace knew his full mind concerning them and would no doubt conclude them. Henry, upon hearing this answer, was, out of affection to the Emperor, willing to forget the coldness he had met with here, and desired to marry "with this side" rather than any other; but his age would not admit of delay in such a matter and he was continually being urged by his Council and receiving offers from sundry places; he therefore desired that the Queen would proceed frankly to the conclusion of so good a purpose.
This discourse finished, the Queen said she would speak with her Council, and the writers were conducted to another chamber, whence, after a little time, they were brought back and sat down as before. The Queen then said she had, according to her promise, sent to the Emperor, but Spain was further from these parts than from England, and she looked daily for an answer from the Emperor such as had been sent with Henry's gentleman of the chamber, and till it came she begged to be pardoned "of further treaty." She had as much affection for the alliance as ever. Replied that the King thought, both from the Emperor's words and from her own, that she was now fully instructed, and he would be surprised at this delay and wonder "why she should thus stay to enter to that now which before she had offered." She said doubts often arose after the beginning of a question; she could not well proceed then. Replied that if that was her resolution they must wait till they heard again from the King. She said she hoped soon to receive letters; "and with this rose, and so we departed."
Said nothing of the confession before a notary as it would have been ill placed; nor did they speak of departure "seeing with such gentle words she put all in balance." Desire pardon if they have done wrong; and desire the like for their "seldom writing." Brussels, New Year's Day. Signed.
Add. Endd.: 1 Jan. ao 30.
1 Jan.
R. O.
Thanks for Cromwell's kind and fatherlike letters by the bearer. On receipt of the King's letters we spoke with the Queen, but could not induce her to further treaty till she hear again out of Spain, thus showing she is not fully instructed. I have written that I like not some of these men and would rather these things were treated at the well heads than here. (fn. 6) I know some of them labour to avert the Duchess's mind from the King and rest herself upon Lorraine or Cleves. But she seems wiser than they, and would rather remain a widow than from the likelihood of being a queen to fall so low and be an underling, as she must be if she marry either of them, their parents being alive. Seeing her virtue, good nature, and inclination to the King, I have wished to myself that the King would take her with nothing, "as she hath somewhat," rather than by these "cancres" be deceived of such a wife. Prays God send the King a "make," humble, loving and to his Grace's contentation "with th' increase of more of th' offspring of his most noble person." If the King is determined this way, he must give days of payment for the 100,000 crs. of her dote; for money is here and in Spain so "dainty" that the Emperor would leave both his cousins (fn. 7) unmarried rather than part with that sum.
Requests instruction on this point and the dispensation. Thinks they will hardly meddle with the "straiter amity" unless "upon our declaration what should be concluded in that behalf."
Here is news that Barbarossa has lost 25 galleys and 20 foists by tempest, and is constrained to retire to Constantinople. Andrea Doria is like to do wonders and has furnished Castro Novo with 4,000 men.
I beg you be a mean for the King to pardon my seldom writing, and that I have not now taken my leave: as for the one, I had nothing to write, and for the other her words were so gentle that I thought best to defer. "We be marvellously here visited with the best of all sorts," and expect shortly to have the Queen herself, and have therefore made preparation of vessel and trust to have it ready this week. Brussels, New Year's Day.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 1 Jan. ao 30.
1 Jan.
Poli Epp.
II. 117.
Congratulates him upon being chosen to the cardinalate. Congratulates also that Kingdom in a time of the greatest need, when it might easily have been in danger from neighbours, who, confounding divine and human things, strive to destroy the order, beauty and strength of the Church. Now, however, its has its cardinal, its pillar, to preserve order and keep it safe from contagion. That is what everyone expects from the vigilance of the cardinal and the piety of the King, who has kept himself and his kingdom incorrupt and like his ancestors has remained faithful to the Church of Rome. Cannot but hope that by that King's example and assistance his (the writer's) own country may be restored to the Church. Begs to be commended to the King, for though unknown to him by face, is not a stranger in blood, and in devotion to his interests gives place to none. Offers services at Rome. Rome, Kal. Jan. 1538.
2 Jan.
Close Roll.
30 Hen. VIII.
pt. 7. No. 57.
Indenture 2, Jan. 30 Hen. VIII., between Sir Thomas lord Crumwell, Keeper of the Privy Seal, of the one part, and Sir John Dudley and dame Jane his wife, daughter and heir of Sir Edw. Guldeforde, deceased, on the other, by which the latter bargain and sell to Cromwell and his heirs, their manors of Little Halden, Lambyns, Moche Pepynbury, and Little Pepynbury, Kent, with the lands called Halden Park, &c.; their manors of Howseney, Kentyshylde and Petlysden in the liberty of the Five Ports, Kent; the manors of Estguldeford, otherwise Neweguldeford, and Bullockes Towne, Suss., with the advowson of the p. ch. of Eastguldeford or Neweguldeford; also their brewhouse and 16 acres of land or marsh in the p. of Playden, Suss., the ferry called Salcote and other lands, in various places named, in Sussex.
Acknowledged in Chancery, 25 Feb.
2 Jan.
R. O.
i. Bill for taffetas, velvet and satin, from 9 Jan. 1537 to 22 Aug. 1538, to Jehan Drouet for Jas. Basset.
Fr., p. 1. Endd.
ii. Bill of various expenses for the same from Jan. 1537, for the same period, containing accounts for clothes, medicine, expenses at the college of Navarre, tutorage, &c. Total 89 cr. 1s. 6d. Tourn.
Fr., pp. 2.
iii. Acquittance for the same by Jehan de Yriberry (?) on behalf of Guill. le Gras, merchant of Paris, as received from Lady Lisle, 2 Jan. 1538.
Fr., p. 1.
2 Jan.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 227,
B. M.
Refers to his letters to the King. I thank you for giving order for my money that I lent Mr. Bryan. "If the King's honour more than his credit had not been afore mine eyes, he should have piped in an ivy leaf for aught of me, I report me to Mr. Thirlbe, Loveday and Sherington." Thanks for your news. I cannot tell whether the King "hath cause more to allow his fortune or his ministers." I wish I could persuade these preachers to preach his Grace's grave proceedings against sacramentaries and anabaptists (as you write) as they do the burning of the bishop's (fn. 8) bones. I have no news from any man but you, whether it be that men are more scrupulous in writing than negligent of their friends. Here are news of the condemnation of the Marquis, Montagu and his brother, Sir Edw. Nevell, and three servants, (fn. 9) but no particulars. Some here tell me I am in suspect with the King and you. Solicits his coming home; has nothing and cannot endure until March. Toledo, 2 Jan.
Don Diego told me he had obtained licence for two jennets for you. I trust to bring them myself.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 3. Headed: To my lord Privy Seal, by Nicholas.
2 Jan.
Royal MS.
18 B. vj. 49b.
B. M.
12. [JAMES V. to PAUL III.]
Recommends Malcolm dean of Dunblane to the vacant priory of Whithern (Candida Casa) which is celebrated as being the burial place of Ninian, apostle of the Britons, and is much frequented by reason of the miracles wrought there. The dean possesses learning, virtue, influence and birth, and will be competent to receive strangers and to protect his house from pirates.
Desires a pension of 400 marks to be reserved for John Erskyne, clerk, and leave for Malcolm not to assume the religious habit till two years after his appointment. Has written to the cardinal of Carpi on the subject. Edinburgh, 2 Jan. 1538.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
2 Jan.
Add. MS.
28, 591,
B. M.
Has determined to proceed against Henry VIII. by spiritual arms, the excommunication to be affixed in the nearest places in Flanders and France. Desires the Emperor's aid in the execution, at least in prohibiting commerce and recalling his ambassadors with that impious tyrant. Credence for Card. Pole who can give further information. Rome, 2 Jan. 1539.
Italian pp. 2. Subscribed in Spanish. "La carta di mano di su Sd, con el cardinal Polo. Respondida." See Spanish Calendar VI. I. No. 33.
Mon. Vat.,
2. Instructions given by Paul III., anno 1539, to cardinal Pole sent to the Emperor and French king.
For abstract see Vol. XIII., Part II., No. 1110, where these instructions are noticed from a copy in Pole's letters without date of year prefixed. The date in Laemmer is probably editorial, for Pole left Rome on the 27th Dec. See No. 36.
2 Jan.
Add. MS.
f. 1.
B. M.
His Holiness has sent Card. Pole to the Emperor, to go afterwards to the French King, about the affairs of England. He departed secretly by post, because of the known efforts the king of England makes to procure his murder. As to England the French ambassador says his master will do all the Emperor does, and so he has told his Holiness. One M. Latino is sent with the hat of the Scotch Cardinal now created, and will go first to the French King to speak on this matter of England. Has letters from Chapuys by which it appears the king of England daily increases in his extravagances and cruelties.
On 29 Dec. was made the act of consummation of the matrimony, (fn. 10) at which the Pope was much pleased. Rome, 2 Jan. 1539.
P. S. Don Francisco de Aste come about affairs of the Duke his brother and Modena.
Spanish, pp. 5. Modern copy from Simancas. See Spanish Calendar VI. i. No. 34.
3 Jan.
R. O.
Has received his letters and delivered the new year's gift to the King, who thanks you. As soon as I entered the presence chamber my lord Privy Seal said, "This is my lord Lisle's man." On new year's eve John Goughe brought the cup which the King sends you. Mr. Hennege sent Jeskyn to me in behalf of Goughe who is too sickly to cross over. I think he would be pleased if Thos. Fowler would pay his reward. Will be in hand with young Lystre for Soberton when he comes, but thinks he will scant give 100l. His father offered Bonham only 40l. My lord Admiral "is sick of his leg," and keeps his chamber. Mr. Pope, treasurer of the Augmentations, refuses to pay 50l. due at Christmas for your annuity, but will speak with my lord Privy Seal about it. As the King has given it you, I trust that my lord Privy Seal will see you do not lose it. Trusts also, he will remember his promise to have the suit for the Friars despatched and that you be not a loser for the 1,000l. London, 3 Dec. (fn. 11)
Hol., pp. 2. Add: Deputy of Calais.
3 Jan.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender of the house and all its possessions in cos. Derb., York, Leic., and Ntht., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. Appointing John Redyng and Edw. Power, laymen (dilectos laicos nostros) as attorneys to receive the premises and deliver them to John London and Edw. Baskerfild, clks., to the King's use. 3 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Laulans Sponar (?), prior, and five others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II., 19.]
Seal flattened.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 1, No. 58] as acknowledged, same day, before John London, clk., the King's commissioner.
3 Jan.
R. O.
A servant of mine, John Chereton, was, not long ago, driven by a storm on the coast of Marseilles with his ship, and was obliged to leave there 24 pieces of artillery, which the governors of the town refuse to restore. I beg you in justice to send them command for restitution. Calais, 3 Jan.
Please address your answer to the count of Tandes, (fn. 12) for it is he who has the artillery.
Draft. Fr., p. 1. Add.
4 Jan. 18. CROMWELL, Constable of Leeds Castle, Kent.
Pardon. See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 3.
4 Jan.
R. O.
Thanks her for goodly flowers sent to his daughters, and for the best baken partridges that ever he has eaten, whereof good honest gentlemen had their parts. Received yesterday her letter and a puncheon of French wine from Lord Lisle's own cellar. Is ashamed that he can send nothing that would be a novelty to them, for all good things are more plenty there than here, but when venison is again in season, will remember his duty as often as he can. London, 4 Jan. 1538.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
4 Jan.
R. O.
I have written several times to you about the Italian horsemen and others at St. Walleris, Crottey, and Rewe, and I now send on a person who has been amongst them. There is plenty of corn in the town and much more without, in the country. I dare not bring it in with speed for fear of making a bruit. Calais, 4 Jan. Signed.
Sends news signed by a Scotch lad just come out of France, whom he suspects to be a spy. Will keep him till he hear Cromwell's pleasure.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: touching news brought by Guysnes pursuivant and a Scottish lad out of France.
Calig. E. I. 39,
B. M.
"... [d]ay the 17th day of this month the undermarshal sent a ... to fetch home his daughter which he had put furth ... e French to one M. de Bewloze, who dwells vj l[eagues from] Abeville and 4 leagues from Pounte Darmy, where he w[ent ove]r the water of Some, with whom I sent a servant of my [own to] here of newis. And the said undermarshal's servant, being t[here one da]y and ij nights did see a gentleman there with his ij ho[rses, lo]dged with him, and being at his board at dinner, did [hear th]e same gentleman say that he had ij horse more a le[ague b]eyond that, saying that he with more to the number of ... [l]auncis and vj.c. light horse were in company, laying [about t]he sea coast, as at Grandeville, Crottoye, St. Wallerie [and] at St. Rickiers under their captain to be in a reddyn[ess to go] which way they shall be commanded. And he said fur[ther] that Mons. de Guyse is banished out of France ... lay there in the country to tarry for him, for he is the[ir] general captain, and will go to seek his adventures [in] Scotland as he supposeth. But he said, and if he do go [into] Scotland he will go there with 20,000 men. All which w[ords he] heard the said gentleman say and speak at the said M[ons.] de Bewloze house." The gentleman also accused the people of Calais of being all Lutherans, but he replied that we were good Christian men, and do as we were wont to do, but trust not in pilgrimages nor the Pope's pardons. De Bewloze bade him hold his peace "sayin[g] ... Pier tacivous, ne perle plus." On his way homeward he saw divers of the foresaid .... at Habeville and other places, and the son and heir [of] De Bewloze, of 11 or 12 years old, and a m ... him came home with the undermarshal's daughter. They say there are 500 or 600 horsemen of a ... lying in the country. It is said they are Italians, Lombards, and others, who were in the French king's army, and now the wars are done they will not [be] put away, and are suffered to lie in the co[untry] there. "Now my Lord of truth, I ... horsemen be there, but of certainty I ... that that is spoken concerning Mons. [de Guyse]." Calais, xx... .
Has another man out, and will send news. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
5 Jan.
R. O.
Please send me by bearer, my servant, the bills of my hand which Mr. Teshe says he delivered you, "which ye have allowed him for my fee; and likewise show me where I shall be answered for my fee since Mr. Bulmer entered." For your gentleness in this you shall have five marks of the first money I take. London, 5 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Auditor to the King's Majesty, in Aldersgate Street in London.
ii. Memorandum on the back in another hand:—For the bailiff of Boston.—Md. to remember my master for a warrant to be gotten of General Surveyors for reparations of sea banks of Boston late belonging to the attainted lord Hussey. Also the bailiff's fee.


  • 1. This is according to the Roman computation, which began the year at Christmas. The document therefore should have appeared under the 29 Dec. 1538 (the 29the December was a Sunday in that year and not in 1539); but the true date of the document was not discovered in time for its insertion in the last volume. Here, at the beginning of 1539, it is but three days out of place.
  • 2. This in English.
  • 3. See Vol. XIII., Pt. II. 1153.
  • 4. The first part of this letter seems to have been written on the last day of December. See Vol. XIII., Part ii., No. 1169 note.
  • 5. Philip Hoby.
  • 6. The passages which follow, relating to the Duchess of Milan, are printed in S.P. VIII., p. 124, note.
  • 7. Meaning the duchess of Milan (his niece) and the Princess Mary.
  • 8. Becket's.
  • 9. Croftes, Holland, and Colyns.
  • 10. Of Octavio Farnese and Margaret duchess of Florence.
  • 11. An error for Jan.
  • 12. Claude de Savoie, Comte de Tende.
  • 13. Earlier than the preceding letter. Probably written in November 1538. See Vol. XIII., Part. II., No. 990.