Letters and Papers: February 1539, 11-15

Pages 107-117

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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February 1539

11 Feb.
R. O.
274. THOMAS BYRCHET, Mayor of Rye, to CROMWELL.
Twelve or thirteen days since, four great galleys of the French king, "being more than balysyd with wheat," came into the Camber to tarry a wind to sail to a French city nigh about the Straytes, and to receive more ordnance out of France, which has been delivered them by a hoy and a crayer, "and lyeth in them of from the Whelys." They said they came only for harbourage and to receive the said ordnance, and the captains have been several times on land and demeaned themselves peaceably. Has taken precautions (described) against any surprise of the town, not from fear, but that men should be ready to resist enemies. Rye, 11 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Feb.
R. O.
St. P.
v. 150.
I have received your letters with a copy of a letter (fn. 1) to be sent in my name to the King of Scots, "besides an other mischievous and villainous rhyme" made against the King; which "devilish and fantastical prophecies" I, according to your letters, immediately sent to the King of Scots by this bearer, Harry Raye otherwise called Berwike. Encloses the answer signed by the King of Scots. (fn. 2) Credence for bearer. Has received the town, castle and tower of Berwick upon Tweed by the King's commission from Sir Chr. Moris and other commissioners and has sealed indentures for the same. Both town, castle and tower have great need of repairs, as Moris can show at his coming to London. Berwick Castle, 11 Feb. Signed
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Captain of Berwick.
12 Feb.
XIV. 635.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Soms., Devon, Dors., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 12 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Wm. Wyllams prior, Wm. Gregory, sub-prior, and 10 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 44.]
Seal mutilated.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5. No. 20] as acknowledged, same day, before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pension list of Taunton priory, assigned 12 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Wm. Willmps, prior, 60l.; Wm. Gregory 10l.; Wm. Baylye, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Nich Berame, 6l.; John Heywarde, Thos. Dale (if he serve the cure of St. James in Taunton 8l.), Thos. Mathewe, Wm. Person, John Waren, Wm. Bynnesmede, Wm. Culronde and John Cockeram, 106s. 8d. each. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: Jo. Tregonwell: Wylliam Petre: John Smyth.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Another copy of § 2. Signed by Sir Ric. Ryche.
P. 1.
12 Feb.
R. O.
Desires to be recommended to Lord Lisle. I have received your letter and understand by it that you cannot use what I sent you. I have not been able to send other work on account of the merchants, as I wrote in my last letters. Have patience for a while. I have been as diligent as if I were your own daughter. I have sent three messages. The abbess has promised to supply me (de moy sorter) in 15 days. She would like to please me as she has here her "parente germeigne." Please send back the coifs which I sent you. There must be made 3 doz. for women and two dozen for men. I will send back the others. I am annoyed at having sent you such work but could not help it. Dunkirk, 12 Feb.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
13 Feb.
Harl. MS.
660 f. 85b.
B. M.
Privy Seal writ for John Misselden, merchant, who has long dwelt beyond sea, "whereas he hath learned or used the craft or science of philosophy unperfect metal to bring and transport unto perfect metal, and at alsayes to abide the hammer both gold and silver as well as the ure that groweth in any mine," to exercise his said science or cunning in England during the King's pleasure, along with his son Robert, provided they do not use necromancy but only "plain science of philosophy." Under our signet at Westminster, 13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
13 Feb.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 67
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
Hears that cardinal Pole is on his way towards the Emperor to sow discord. Knows his nature to be so ungrateful than no good can come of it. While weeping crocodile's tears, he will shed if he can the venom of his viper nature. He is a traitor to the King and, both before and since taking the red hat, has instigated other traitors to conspire the destruction of the King and the Prince his son and the ladies, Mary and Elizabeth, his daughters. Prays the Emperor, therefore, to show him no favour, but banish him his dominions. Has written also to Sir Thos. Wyatt, his ambassador, to make this request and to declare Pole's ingratitude and conspiracies. [Westm., 13 Feb. 1538, 30 Hen. VIII] (fn. 3)
French, corrected draft, p. 1. Headed: Minute of a letter. Begins: "Treshault, tresexcellent," &c.
13 Feb.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 47
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
Since the despatch of Nicholas, the courier, with the King's letters, has received Wyatt's letters of 15th Jan., and heard the declaration made by Blagg, who arrived here on the 9th inst. Praises his dexterity and thanks him for his diligence. First he is to solicit the Emperor's final answer upon the points written by Nicholas the courier, which is probably done ere this. Secondly Wyatt shall, as he has done already in his own name, declare to the Emperor how the King is informed that his rebel and traitor Pole is coming to him as the bp. of Rome's legate, and require that, if he be not yet arrived within the Emperor's dominions, he may be forbidden all access thereinto, and expelled therefrom if he be already entered. If he be already at the Emperor's court Wyatt shall require the Emperor to refuse him audience but rather to contemn him like a rank traitor, according to the treaty of Cambray (copy herewith), and command him out of his dominions. If the Emperor say that his mission is for the quiet of Christendom and not to procure any-thing against the King, Wyatt shall say that Pole, whose whole family the King raised from nothing, and who was himself maintained to study by the King's liberality, has proved himself so lewd and ingrate that no prince should esteem him worthy to be spoken with. If he have already had audience Wyatt shall say that under correction, it had been more consonant with amity to have advertised the King, before giving him audience, what his commission was. Who would believe that out of so cankered a stomach and proud mind as his there could come any goodness, "specially being sent from such a place as he is"? His words (such traitors being commonly hypocrites) may be fair and pleasant; but howsoever the head be coloured the tail thereof is always black and full of poison. If the Emperor allege that, de jure gentium, ambassadors are privileged, Wyatt shall persist in the words of the treaty, which are general, and confute the argument by such allegations as upon Pole's arrival in France and the Low Countries, were made to the French king and the Lady Regent (summary herewith). In this conference Wyatt shall ever inculcate the ingratitude of the Poles, how, by the Cardinal's counsel, his brother Montague and Exeter conspired to destroy the King and Prince and the ladies Mary and Elizabeth, and usurp the whole rule, which the said Exeter had meditated these ten years, all which things have been disclosed by Sir Geoffrey Pole, Montague's own brother, and openly proved before their faces. Moreover, after their execution it was found, by their letters, that Sir Nich. Carew was one of the chief of that faction. Wyat shall obsecrate the Emperor to remember his ancient amity and his oath to observe the treaties of Cambray, and point out how odious traitors ought to be to princes and what commonly comes of conferences with them, "where-upon of late there is a pretty book printed in this our realm which ye shall receive herewith."
Is about to provide a meet person to replace Wyatt and trusts to speed him thither by March or April. By the treaties it seems that the King should have written to the Emperor concerning Pole. Has however stayed doing so, but the letters have been conceived, and a copy is sent herewith for Wyatt's advice thereupon. Meanwhile, if the Emperor object that the King should have written to him, Wyatt shall say it is not requisite, and that the King trusts to the Emperor's amity to give no less faith to Wyatt's declaration than to letters, adding that the fault seems to be in the negligence of the secretary who gave the King no warning thereof. Westm., 13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
Pp. 5. Add.
13 Feb.
Harl. 282
f. 171.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
As the King writes to Wyatt since the arrival of Mr. Blagg on Saturday last, writes only to acknowledge receipt of two letters at divers times sent through France. Has caused Mr. Tucke to deliver Wyatt's assigns here 500l. and odd. No news, but we wait to be informed of the Emperor's final resolution on his Grace's letter sent you by Nicholas, which, if not previously given, you must solicit instantly when this reaches you, and also an answer to the King's letters by this bearer. The King's letters will show his pleasure touching your coming. Your successor is not yet appointed. The King praises your diligence. I have reserved for you the house of Friars of Aylesford. London, 13 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Wyat knight, one of the gentlemen of the King's chamber and his Grace's ambassador in Spain. Endd.: By Francis, at Tolledo, the xixth of Januar (sic)."
13 Feb.
R. O.
Sent by Clare both patents of Frithelstock and of Lisle's annuity. Mr. Polsted gives him good comfort as to the 400l., and says he believes Lisle will be sped. Thinks my lord wishes to be repaid out of Lisle's lands in Gloucestershire by 80l. per annum. Mr. Polsted wished him to let it rest till after Ash Wednesday, and meanwhile he would ascertain my lord's mind. Thinks Lisle should meanwhile write Mr. Polsted a gentle letter. Mr. Acton is not come out of Worcestershire; so that this term there will be no assurance of Lisle's annuity. Trusts ere three days, if Mr. Smythe of the Checker keep promise, Lisle will be assured of it on his behalf. Young Mr. Lister cometh not up. Cannot think he means to have Soberton, else he would make more suit for it. The master of the Ordnance is not yet come home. At his return, will be in hand with him for the bows. Trusts Lisle will have by Vernam the quarter old ling although they be dear. The bearer, Francis the post, was in such haste, he could not write more at large. London, 13 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
13 Feb.
R. O.
Master Fyllpot told him to-day that he understood from my lord his master that the Friars would be put to the King's use, so that no man in Calais will have any benefit or profit of the Friars or their lands; but at Mr. Bowys' coming over, who is to be comptroller, it shall be known to what use it shall be put. Therefore he did not move my lord for the curate, but bids him have no mistrust, but that my lord will help him to as good a thing as that or better, if he continues setting forth the word of God as he has done hitherto. My lord knows all those in Calais who favour the word of God, and those who do not favour it, and hears from time to time of his preaching. Mr. Fyllpot desires him not to halt for the love or favour of any man. There is of both sorts in London as well as in Calais.
Desires to be commended to Master Stevyns, to Master John Browne, and all others in Calais who favour the word of God. London, 13 Feb.
Has spoken with the "boyer" and his neighbour at the conduit in Grascherch Street, but the priest that owes you money will not be conformable to reason. Is coming to Calais shortly.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Feb.
R. O.
I send a letter which please convey to my lord of Essex of the new suit commenced this last Hil. term against his lordship, lady Walgrave, Sir Fras. Bryan and his wife, and me and others, for the 110l. he owes to the King. London, 13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Thomas Knyghton, gent., dwelling at Bayford in Hert-fordshire. Endd.
13 Feb.
R. O.
I send by my servant this bringer, in the Italian tongue, a book of the chronicle of the Florentyns. (fn. 4) The author, it appears, wrote it to Clement VII., late bishop of Rome; you will marvel that he durst, for he so declareth their "petygrew" that one may know their usurpations. He tells of their "jests" from Charlemagne, their frauds, treasons, &c. I have often heard your Lordship say you have been conversant amongst them; and so was I never. In the eighth book is the war of the Florentines against the bp. of Rome (fn. 5) and Fernando, king of Naples, some 50 years ago. As the King's cause is somewhat like, note how little the Florentines reputed the Romish bishop's cursings. Show the very words to the King; his Majesty shall be pleased to see them. I have noted in the margin anything concerning the bp. of Rome. This book of Machiavelli, de Principe, is surely a good thing for your Lordship and for our Sovereign Lord in Council. I pray you tender me in such things as Mr. Richard Cromwell shall sue for me. Halingbury Morley, 13 February. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
13 Feb.
R. O.
Has, as he wrote three days ago, spoken with one who lately has been a common passenger in hoys between London and Antwerp, and who knows of certain pirates who purpose to take the merchant ships going from hence. He says one Hans van Meghlyn has a "galey" alias a letter of mark of one Yongher Baltezar which is of a country adjoining the land of the Grave of Emden. Having this "galey" or safe conduct the said Hans has furnished a ship, of the portage of 20 lasts, 45 tons burthen, with about 30 men. She is pitched black, has no foresprit, and her foremast leans forward like a lodeman's boat. She goes first to Aldernes by Harwich, and then will lie in the Thames' mouth in White Staple pit by the Reculvers, where she may wait for ships going in and out of the Thames. Vaughan's informant thinks the pirate, who will sometimes change from White Staple pit to Melton Shore to avoid suspicion, will be best taken by three or four well manned oyster boats. He will be already at Aldernes or in the Thames' mouth. The Grave of Odenburg beside Emden has also given a "galey" to one Francis Beme an Easterling, who is now at Canfyre with his ship awaiting the return of the Grave of Odenburgh from Brussels with money. Has sent his informant to learn more about this ship at Canfyre. Sends a "carte" of Dowchland showing where Emden and Odenburgh lie. This Grave of Odenburgh in Brussels sent to "us" desiring (as we were the King's ambassadors, and treated a marriage with the duchess of Milan, whose father he had ever honoured and served, and was his poor kinsman) to be acquainted with us, so that we bade him to dinner 12 days ago, and made him good cheer. Writes nothing of this to the merchants, who are no men to keep counsel. If you take and execute these pirates you shall avoid piracy from that place: if they escape they will increase. This day received command from the King to obtain licence of the Queen to convey into England 300 pieces of "chamber gonnys," belonging to Joachin Gundelfynger, whose factor had before made suit for the licence and been refused, because, as he said, "they were in doubt of the King's frencheshipp." Tomorrow I depart towards Brussels, and at the cost of the merchants send you this. Antwerp, 13 Feb.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Feb.
R. O.
Order addressed in the Emperor's name to the schout of Antwerp (eschoutte danvers) and marquis of Rien (as the proclamation made in November last, that no ships whatever should leave the Low Countries, has been disregarded, so that the Emperor cannot get sufficient mariners to man the ships prepared for him in Holland and Zeellande) to make proclamation that no ships shall leave the coasts under their rule until Easter next, except upon special licence from the Queen Regent. Bruxelles "soubz notre contreseel icy surimprime enplaccarte," 13 Feb. 1538. Subscribed: By the Emperor in council. Countersigned: A. Boudewyns.
French, pp. 2. Headed: "translate du thioys."
13 Feb.
Add. MS.
f. 27.
B. M.
Concerning the Pope's suspicions of England helping the German Lutherans with money to raise levies with the connivance of France.
Further questions about the enterprise, (fn. 6) Don Lope de Soria and the Venetians. Arrival of the bp. of Transylvania, ambassador from King John, who is willing to observe the truce with Ferdinand. Arrival of a nephew of De Velly, &c.
On the 10th inst. His Holiness received a reply from M. Latino about his mission in France. It seems he urged on the part of His Holiness four things, i.e., the peace, assistance to the enterprise against the Turk, the remedy and punishment of the king of England, and the matter of the Council and the Lutherans. The French king replied that his amity with the Emperor was every day increasing; that the enterprise appeared difficult and perilous, and should not be undertaken except with the union of the Christian princes. As to England he would be very content to forbid commerce and permit the Pope's bull to be published in his kingdom upon an understanding with the Emperor that both should do it at the same time, also to revoke his ambassador if the Emperor revoked his; for which two letters would be necessary, one to Queen Mary and the other to the Imperial ambassador in England, that they should both leave on the same day. It seemed easy to conquer that kingdom with three arinies, i.e., the Emperor's, his, and the King of Scots', and they could divide it into three parts, the Emperor having the part which looks towards Spain; he that towards Picardy, and the king of Scots that adjoining his kingdom. Latino replied that this partition might have inconveniences, and that it would be better to choose a new King who was a good Christian. He said that seemed well if the Emperor concurred. As to the Council (he said) it could not be celebrated without the peace, union, and assistance of the Christian princes and that the Lutherans could not be reduced by force but only by gentleness, &c. The French king concluded finally that the only course was a truce with the Turk for five or six years.
Gives the Pope's conclusions about the above. Sends a memorial from the ambassador Rincon to the abp. of Arragusa about the Turk's preparations. Lady Constance Farnese. Rome, 13 Feb. 1539.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 28.
See Spanish Calendar VI. i. No. 39.
14 Feb.
R. O.
Certificate of Ric. Poulet and Wm. Berners, of the Augmentations, as to the state of the houses of friars in the cos. Hants, Wilts, and Glouc, lately dissolved by the King's commissioner, the bp. of Dover. 14 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Giving in columns opposite the name of each house (1) the clear yearly value, (2) the number of religious persons, (3) the "astate of churches and houses," (4) the value of lead and bells, with stocks and stores, (5) the value of ornaments, plate, jewels, and household stuff, (6) woods. The houses are as follows:—Black, Grey, White and Austin Friars in Winchester; Observant (sic) Friars in Southampton; Black and Grey Friars in Salisbury; Black Friars in Wilton; White Friars in Marleburgh; Grey, White, and Black Friars in Gloucester. Only the Black and Grey Friars of Salisbury and the White Friars of Gloucester have any woods. Signed.
Two large parchment membranes, one written on both sides.
14 Feb.
R. O.
File of documents in Baga de Secretis, pouch XI., bundle 3, consisting of the following:— (fn. 7)
(1.) Surrey: Special commission to Cromwell, lord Privy Seal*, Wm. earl of Southampton*, Sir Chr. Hales*, M.R., Sir Thos. Willoughby,* Sir Ric. Riche, Sir Matth. Brown, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir John Gage, Sir Edm. Walsyngham, John Danester* baron of the Exchequer, and Chr. More, to receive indictments in co. Surrey; to be returned into Chancery. [The asterisks indicate the quorum.] Westm., 10 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.
Endorsed: Execution in two schedules attached; also as answered by Hales, Weston, Danester, and More.
(2.) Certificate to the King in Chancery by Hales, Weston, Danester and More, commissioners, returning the bill found, at Southwark, 10 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., by the jury (viz., Wm. Muschamp, Thos. Heron, John Scott, Wm. Wylde, Wm. Sakvyle, Ralph à Legh, Hen. Gaynesford, Austin Skerne, John Burley, John Weston of Okkam, Thos. Furmans, John Sydolfe, Ric. Bedon, Ric. Bygge and Thos. Lussher).
(3.) Surrey: Indictment which, after setting forth the traitorous discourses of which Henry Marquis of Exeter was indicted at Southwark, 29 Nov. 30 Hen. VIII., before Sir Chr. Hales, and others (see Vol. XIII. Pt. II. No. 979.), and afterwards attainted, 3 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII., before the lord Chancellor, charges that Sir Nic. Carewe of Bedyngton alias of Westminster, knowing the said Marquis to be a traitor, did, 20 Aug. 28 Hen. VIII., at Westhorseley, Surr., and at other times, falsely abet the said Marquis, and, 24 Aug. ao 28, and at other times, had conversations with him about the change of the world, and also with his own hand wrote him divers letters, at Bedyngton, 4 Sept. ao 28o and at other times, and the said Marquis at that or other times sent divers traitorous letters to the said Carewe from Westhorseley which the said Carewe traitorously received, which letters they afterwards, to conceal their treason, traitorously burnt at Westhorseley and Bedyngton, 1 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. and at other times; and afterwards, knowing that the said Marquis was indicted as aforesaid, 29 Nov. ao 30o, the said Carewe at Bedyngton traitorously said these words in English, "I marvel greatly that the indictment against the lord Marquis was so secretly handled and for what purpose, for the like was never seen"; contrary to his allegiance, &c.
Endorsed: Billa vera.
(4.) Midd.: Special commission to Sir Edw. Mountagu*, Sir Chr. Hales*, M.R., Sir John Baldewyn*, Sir Ric. Riche*, Sir John Daunce, Sir Roger Cholmeley*, Sir Ric. Grosham, John Pakyngton*, and John Conyngesby, to receive indictments in co. Midd.; to be returned into Chancery. [The asterisks indicate the quorum.] Westm. 10 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Endorsed: Execution in two schedules attached; and also as answered by Montague, Hales, Baldewyn, Riche, Daunce, Cholmeley, and Pakyngton.
(5.) Commissioners' precept to the sheriff of Middlesex for the return of a grand jury (24 good and lawful men out of any hundred, and also 24 of the more discreet and sufficient persons from the body of the county) at Westminster on Tuesday, 11 Feb. Teste Edw. Montagu, 10 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.
Endorsed: Execution in panel annexed; and also as answered by Wm. Wylkynson and Nich. Gybson, sheriffs.
(6.) Grand jury panel, viz.: —Sir John Gresham, Mich. Dormer, John Sadler, John Hewyse*, Wm. Bowyer, John Tawe, John Lymsey*, Walter Mersshe, John Palmer, Hen. Whytreson, Wm. Abrey*, Jasper Leeke,* Thos. Burbage*, John Callard, Fras. Goodyere*, Jasper Fesaunt*, Robt. Warner*, John Newdygate*, Wm. Goddard*, John Avery, Wm. Curteyse, Ric. Harryyong*, Ralph Caldwall*, John Wysse*, Edm. Shawe*, Wm. Shawe* and Hen. Lodesman*. [The asterisks indicate those sworn.]
(7.) Certificate of the commissioners Montagu,. Hales, Baldewyn, Riche, Daunce, Cholmeley and Pakyngton, to the King in Chancery, returning the indictment found by the jury (named) at Westminster, 11 Feb., and their commission.
(8.) Midd.: Indictment in the same form as that taken in Surrey (§ 3), omitting the last count, i.e., Carewe's speech about the indictment against the Marquis. The dates, however, are Westminster 26 Aug., 29 Aug. and 14 Sept. 28 Hen. VIII.; and the letters are said to have been written to the Marquis at Hampton Court, and burnt at Westminster and Hampton Court 12 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII.
Endd.: Billa vera.
(9.) Surr. and Midd.: Special commission of oyer and terminer to Sir Thomas lord Audeley*, chancellor, the dukes of Norfolk* and Suffolk, Cromwell, lord Privy Seal*, the earls of Shrewsbury, Sussex, Hertford and Southampton, Sir Wm. Paulett, treasurer of the Household, Sir John Russell, comptroller, Sir Edw. Montagu*, Sir Chr. Hales* (name inserted), Sir John Baldewyn*, Sir Ric. Riche* (name inserted), Sir John Porte*, Sir Walter Luke*, Sir Wm. Shelley*, Sir Thos. Willoughby*, and Sir Chr. Jenny*; for the trial at Westminster of Sir Nich. Carewe, of Bedyngton, alias of Westminster, for high treason, of which he stands indicted. [The asterisks indicate the quorum.] Westm. 13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
(10.) Midd.: Writ of venire for the return of a jury, addressed to the sheriff of Middlesex. 13 Feb.
(11.) Surr.: The like addressed to the sheriff of Surrey. 13 Feb.
(12.) Habeas corpus addressed to the constable of the Tower. 13 Feb.
(13.) Justices' precept to the constable of the Tower to bring up the body of Sir Nicholas Carewe, before Audeley and the other justices, at Westminster on Friday, 14 Feb.
Endd. as answered by Sir Wm. Kyngston, constable of the Tower.
(14.) Justices' precept to the sheriff of Surrey for the return of the petty jury at Westm. this Friday 14 Feb. (viz., 24 knights, &c., dwelling near Westhorseley and Bedyngton) for the trial of Sir Nicholas Carewe.
Endd: Execution in panel annexed; and also as answered by Sir Edw. Bray, sheriff.
(15.) Jury panel, viz.—Sir Fras. Bryan*, Sir Hen. Knyvett*, Sir Anth. Seyntleger*, Sir John Dudley*, Sir Matth. Browne*, Sir John Gage*, Sir Wm. Barantyne*, Sir Roger Copley*, Sir Ric. Page*, Sir John Gresham*, Sir John Gaynesford, John Skynner, John Morreys*, Thos. Lysley*, Thos. Welles, Ambrose Wolley, Robt. Curson, Henry Goodyer, Ralph Johnson, Adam Beston, Hugh Eglesfeld, Robt. Wyntershull, Hen. Wylde, Ric. Morgan, Jas. Skinner and Hen. Vyne. [The asterisks indicate those sworn.] Which jury finds the said Nich. Carewe guilty.
(16.) Record of pleas before Audeley and his fellows (reciting §§ 9, 11, 10, 12), at Westm. 14 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
The lord Chancellor delivers into court the indictments (recited, §§ 3 and 8). Carewe, being brought to the bar, by the constable of the Tower, pleads, Not Guilty. Venire awarded from the county of Surrey. Verdict, Guilty. The King's serjeants at law and attorney seek judgment. Judgment as usual in cases of high treason; execution at Tyburn.
14 Feb. 291. RALPH SADLER.
14 Feb.
R. O.
Yesterday Francis the post promised to carry the letter sent here-with, but, like a scant honest man, departed without it. By it you shall see Mr. Polsted is sure the 400l. will be had, but shall be repaid out of Painswick, and thus he willed me to cease my suit therein till Ash Wednesday. Some gentle letter should be written to Mr. Polsted. I am glad you have perfect knowledge of all things belonging to the Friars. I will not forget the ling, nor the bows, as soon as the master of the Ordnance comes home. The letter you sent me by them who came out of Spain was open and delivered but yesterday. It contained no matter of importance, but you should cause your letters to be better closed. I can yet hear nothing of the complaint of the steers that were sold out of the Pale. There is no determination of Wyckes' matter. What Mr. Hare will do in it I know not, but as Mr. Aylmer knows nothing of it, I have written to the vicar of Portsay. If your officers had done their duty that trouble had not been. Sir John Dudley will nowise condescend that Hide shall have any more evidence. I would be loath that you should "run in the indemnity of your bond to Hide." I have shown Mr. Skryven that I trust he shall shortly be paid, and that it is now no time to make wood sale. He says little but I perceive he would gladly have his money. The abbot of Westminster has not yet received his wine; I would the hogsheads were in his belly. Mr. Lister is now come, and I will know his mind for Soberton. This day the late Master of the Horse is arraigned and condemned to die. London, 14 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
14 Feb.
R. O.
XIV. 632.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Dors., Wilts, Glonc., and Cornw., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 14 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Ley, abbot, and 11 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II., 19.]
Seal much broken.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 23] as acknowledged, same day, before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned to the late abbot and convent of Donkeswell, Devon, 15 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., Viz.: —
John Ley, abbot, 50l.; John Webbe and Wm. Boreman, 6l. each; John Saye is appointed to the cure of Sheldon with 6l. 13s. 4d., but if impotent to have 106s. 8d.; John Segar, 106s. 8d.; John Genyng, John Benett, and Thos. Typson, 4l. 13s. 4d. each. Signed: Jo. Tregonwell: Wyllyam Petre: John Smyth.
P. 1.
14 Feb.
Vatican MS.
* * * This King (fn. 8) was much pleased to hear of the capitulation signed in Spain between the Emperor and the French king, and next morning told it to the Venetian ambassador, who was much relieved by the news. Their common letter of the 10th and the writer's private letters have anticipated in great part the answer to Farnese's of the 19th, brought by the man of the dukes of Bavaria. As to the fear that the Lutheran movement might be fomented by the king of England; when he wrote so often about the Lutherans having aid outside Germany, he meant to include England; but it is unlikely that Henry would continue to spend money in these quarters, the Lutherans being scattered under so many heads, and the English king not knowing what could be the result of the movement. Does not think, moreover, that a man of his greedy and suspicious nature would have thrown away his money thus; especially as when he raised a fire between the Emperor and French king he generally drew back after the commencement. If "that other head" which Farnese knows of is settled, all else will go well.
Sends news from letters of Cochlaeus, which seem to confirm Farnese's judgment that the English king gave some assistance to the Lutherans, Cochlaeus writing that he heard from Nuremberg that Henry had joined the Smalcaldic League, a thing which it is strange is only done now, as he has had his ambassador all along in that Diet. On the other hand, seeing that the Landgrave promises to make no movement, it is to be supposed that he has had no money from the said Englishman; and even if he should have any, that he will pocket it and have still higher regard for the accord between the Emperor and Francis. It is also said that he has redeemed a country of his with the money of the League.
God grant that that may be done of which he wrote privately on the 6th in order that the Lutheran matters may be settled, that wicked and impious Englishman chastised, and a thousand other good works done. As to the protest of the Lutherans against the judgment of the Chamber, (fn. 9) unless the thing is provided against in time the Emperor and this King will either have to turn Lutheran (which is not to be supposed) or will daily meet with more opposition, some even of Charles's intimate friends believing that the Lutherans will elect a new Emperor. 14 Feb. 1539.
Italian. From a modern transcript in R.O., pp. 3.
15 Feb.
R. O.
At my late being with my lord of Canterbury at Lamhythe, he commanded me to write to your Lordship of the country and people of these parts. The parts of Notts and Lincolnshire adjoining Newark upon Trent are much ruled by one Sir John Marchaam, the great ruffling is past, and poor men may now live at peace by the great men. When they hear of papists' enormities to be redressed, they whisper a little, but it is soon forgotten. People come reasonably well forwards in the English paternoster since the uniform translation came down. Abbeys are now nothing pitied; the commons perceiving more common wealth to grow from their suppression, saving that they lose their prayers. They marvel at the registering of burials, weddings, and christenings, fearing some payment shall grow upon them. "By reason of the treasons of the lord Mountakew they suspect the bishop Powle, his brother, should make business one day to all the power he may." A glass window in the church of Newark, of Thos. Bekket was taken down before Christmas. Some men of reputation "keeps the days abrogated workdays; but many of the poor will not labour of those days as yet." Our valiant beggars be gone, and unlawful games with them, except that in some alehouses men play at "shuffeabourd" in default of the constables. The highways be cried out upon; every flood makes them impassable. Sowthe Carleton, 15 February.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
15 Feb.
R. O.
Has received his letter dated London, 6 Feb., staying his action against Daniel Carlett, merchant of Italy, whom he had arrested in Bristol upon a latitat. Wrote lately to Cromwell about the case a letter which he hears Cromwell delivered to his servant Turnour. If he had seen it, he would not have given credence to the untrue information. Has written to the King that the bargain was truly and faithfully made, as appears by indentures signed and sealed by the said Daniell without any "coercion." Chepstow, 15 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
15 Feb.
R. O.
297. ROBT. BLAC ... to the ABP. OF GLASGOW.
The Emperor "as continuit his voiaige in Grece as for this zeire, it is said, he cumis in Flanders." The Cardinal de la Puill is come hither in post, and spoke with the Emperor on 13 Feb. at night. I have written to the King my master at length when I last wrote to your lordship. I have been well received with the Imperial Majesty but have no answer as yet. Please recommend me to the King my master. Toleto, 15 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "my lord Chancellor archbishop of Glasgo commendator of Inchaveray et cetera." Endd.: Robert Blage.
15 Feb.
Lanz II.
The Foucquers say that the duke of Holstein, detains a great quantity of copper from them, contrary to his treaties with them, on the ground that they assisted Duke Frederic, the Emperor's cousin, with money. They gave Duke Frederic no money but what the Emperor granted to his said nephew for his marriage, and only assisted him as they are accustomed to assist other German lords. They have rendered great services to the Emperor and his house and are hated by the heretics for their adherence to the Faith. Sends their petition and asks her to send some one to the Duke of Holstein about the matter. Toledo, 15 Feb. 1538.
15 Feb.
Add. MS.
28, 591, f. 41.
B. M.
"La respuesta que se dio al embaxador de Inglaterra sobre las alliances y casamientos, en Toledo a xv de hebrero 1539," as follows:—
The Emperor, to satisfy the urgent requests which the king of England's ambassadors have made and are making, both to him and to the queen of Hungary in Flanders, for a reply touching the closer alliance between the Emperor and King, and the marriage of the King with the widowed duchess of Milan, replies that, as to the closer alliance, the present treaties seem sufficient, especially as the occasion of it is taken away by the indissoluble amity made between the Emperor and French king, of which both desire the king of England to be participant. As to the marriage, the Emperor would like it much—upon sufficient assurance, especially the dispensation for the relationship, without which the said marriage would not be legitimate. As to what has been proposed, to take his dispensation as head of the English church, he can see that this would not satisfy the Duchess and her relations anymore than one from Rome would satisfy the King. During the King's life they could trust in his honesty and virtue; but afterwards troubles might arise to the Duchess and the children of the marriage. If this difficulty was got rid of they would act roundly.
Spanish. (fn. 10) Modern copy, pp. 3. Endd. as above. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i. No. 40.


  • 1. See No. 178.
  • 2. See No. 241.
  • 3. This is crossed out.
  • 4. Machiavelli's History of Florence.
  • 5. Sixtus IV. The time was not 50 but 60 years before. See Machiavelli, book viii, ch. iii.
  • 6. John Statilius. See Gams's Series Episcoporum.
  • 7. See Deputy Keeper's Report III. App. II. p. 258.
  • 8. Ferdinand King of the Romans.
  • 9. The Chamber of the Empire.
  • 10. A French translation of this is printed in Ribier I. 248, as the Emperor's reply, in writing, to the proposals of the king of England.