Letters and Papers: April 1539, 11-15

Pages 359-374

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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April 1539

11 April.
C.'s Letters,
The bearer, Cromwell's chaplain, Mr. Malet, came to Croden on his way to London from Ford, where he has been occupied in the affairs of our church service, to know Cranmer's further pleasure. Asks that he may return again to finish what he has begun. Likes his diligence and pains in this business and his honest humanity, and desires Cromwell to help his small and poor living. Croden, 11 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 April.
R. O.
L.'s Remains,
p. 416.
"You be indeed scius artifex, and hath a good hand to renew old bottles, and to polish them and make them apt to receive new wine." Sends a letter from his chaplain, Mr. Benett, to show what good change and renovation Cromwell has wrought in Mr. Wattwood. Sutton, 11 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 April.
Galba, B. x.
B. M.
Hears from Spain that the Emperor has [made ex] change of the sum of one [hundred] and three score thousand gold ducats, to be paid next August at Osburge to Cardinal Pole. If it be true, I doubt not that the King and Council have heard thereof. As to the search made for arms and g[uns] by reason of the ambassador (fn. 1) that came last out [of England], I have conveyed certain demy l[ances] unto Sir Richard Gresham, and trust they are now in London. This evening the proc[urer] general of the Emperor summoned the har[ness] maker who serves me to appear before the Council at Brussels, so that they will not suffer us to export arms henceforth. I would they should [not] be suffered to export grain from England. Since your departing, thirty ships have come from England laden with grain. "And touching the hulks that were in a readiness in Holland, as I advertise[d] you that the saying was they should ... yet nevertheless I writ you the contrary, they ... go, at this present they be departed, and ... er upon the Foreland of England upon Wednesday last past ... ne by ships that be cu[m] ... now the saying is that letters were directed unto ... where they lay in Holland, that in case they were n[ot gone] they should remain unto such time they heard for [certain] the Emperor's pleasure, but all is dissimulation, ... as it was said before they should not depart." Hears secretly that the lord of Bever will follow them when the wind serves, with three ships ready for war. It is contrary to the league of intercourse to forbid the English to export horses, arms, &c., unless they mean to break with the King. Antwerp, 11 April, 1539.
Will send with my next letter, your money, by John Fezwilliams, servant to my master, Sir Richard Gresham.
Hol., pp. 2. Mutilated. Endd. at f. 97.* b.: Wm. Cley to Mr. Wriothesley, of the 11th April.
Galba B. x.
B. M.
2. Letters from Toledo of the 24th March (?) state that the exchange of 160,000 cr., made with the Fowkers, Welsers, and others, to be paid in Augsburg in two months, will serve to assemble footmen, who shall be conducted to Gyenovas, to go with the ships which his Majesty will doubtless have, for Barbary. He will not himself leave Spain now, as the Empress is sick, and with child. You need not have any doubt of our ships of Armata, for they are all ordered for Barbary. The Admiral is at sea with all the fleet for Spain, but will return here again by land. The Emperor has other fantasy than upon you. He has not consented that the Pope's mandament should be published in Spain or his other dominions, "that the Englishmen should be empedyshed bw[oth in] bodies and goods, wherever they should be found, as the will of the same Papazo had been, who thinks to be yl Sanctissimo, and by this manner we ought to repute the most tyrannyssymo of the world, seeing how he w[ill] proceed without any reason. It is enough that the word shall live in eternum, and the truth shall have his p[lace] in specte of the dywll."
News from the Court that, about the end of May, the Emperor will go towards the French King, and his ha ... shall surely go upon Barbary.
The duchess of Milan is no more sick, and here is hope that the marriage shall ...
P. 1. Mutilated. In the same hand as No. 725.
11 April.
R. O.
The King of England has sent Michael Mercator, the bearer, with a charge to the Queen, and asked the Count to obtain audience for him. Would have done so before but for his illness. The King has knighted Mercator. Grave, 11 April, 1539,
Fr. Copy, p. 1. Endd.: "Copia. A la Royne pour Messr Michiel Mercator, chevalier."
[12 April.]
Titus B. I. 161.
B. M.
Instructions to lord Russell, the bps. of Exeter and Bath, the dean of Exeter, Sir Piers Egecombe, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir John Arundel, the elder, Sir Giles Strangways, Sir Thos. Arundel, Sir Hugh Pollarde, Sir John Horssey, Sir Wm. Godolphin, Sir Hugh Poulet, John Roo, sergeant at-law, Ric. Pollerd, Lewes Fortescue, Wm. Portman, and Thos. Derbye, who are to form a council in the West parts, i.e., the shires of Devon, Cornwall, Somerset, and Doreset.
Lord Russell to be President, with power to assemble and direct the council, and a voice negative and to be treated in all respects (kneeling excepted) like the King himself.
With him are to be joined the bps. of Exeter and Bath, the dean of Exeter, Dr. Heynes the King's Chaplain, and the others aforenamed. Thos. Derbye to be the secretary, and keeper of the signet, and either to be sworn a master of the Chaucery, or to have a dedimus potestatem. The bp. of Bath, Egecombe, the Arundels, Strangwayes, Horsey, Godolphin, Poulet, Ric. Pollerd, and Portman, shall attend at their pleasure, or when summoned. The bp. and dean of Exeter, Denys, Sir Hugh Pollard, Roo, Fortescue, and Derby, or three of them, must give continual attendance, and shall not be absent without licence, or longer than 6 weeks at one time. The president to have 1,000l., a year for the diets of himself and council. Directions as to the number of servants the councillors may keep.
Fees:—Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Hugh Pollard, Lewes Fortescue, and Thos. Derby, 26l. 13s. 4d. each; Strangwayes, Sir Thos. Arundel, Horsey, Godolphin, Poulet, Ric. Pollerd, and Portman, 13l. 6s. 8d.: Sergeant Roo, 30l.
Directions for the conduct of business. Matters to be put in by bill of complaint, and answer without replication. No attorney to take more than 12d. for a sitting, and no councillor more than 20d. To punish contempt of the council or seditious words by the pillory, cutting off of ears, wearing of papers or otherwise at discretion. Fines, damages, decrees. A table of fees for recognizances, entering decrees, &c., to hang openly, wherever the council shall sit, and in the secretary's office. Gaol delivery, retainers, enforcement of Acts against the bp. of Rome, &c. &c. Signed at head.
Pp. 12.
[See GRANTS in APRIL, 30 HEN. VIII. No. 12.]
12 April.
Harl. MS. 282,
f. 65.
B. M.
S. P. VIII. 193.
Nott's Wyatt,
Sends Ric. Tate to succeed him as ambassador. Has written to the Emperor, of whom Wyatt is to take leave, instructing Tate before his departure, and leaving him such stuff as he can spare of plate and other things. Greenwich, 12 April 30 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
Add. Endd.: from the King's Majesty, by Mr. Tate, the 12th of Aprile, to Tollede.
12 April.
Harl. MS.
282, f. 195.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
His letters of 29th March, by post Nicholas, are received, as also those by way of Flanders, of 16 and 18 March. The bearer Mr. Tate, his successor, is despatched in post. Begs him to let Tate have as much plate and stuff as he can spare, at reasonable price. Tate will show why his coming has been accelerated. London, 12 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: by Mr. Tate, 12 April, to Toledo.
As it is the King's pleasure that he shall serve him in Spain, or wherever the Emperor removes asks for the same diets as Wyatt has, with half a year paid beforehand post money, and a letter of exchange dormant.
Wyatt should not be revoked till his arrival there, and should leave him plate and mules. Must have a warrant or letter to the customers, for his passage from Plymouth to Bilbo.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
[12 April.]
R. O.
747. WHITLAND ABBEY, Carmarthenshire.
Pensions of the late monastery of Whytland, Carmarthen, to begin at Lady Day, 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Wm. Vayne, abbot 40l.; John Smythe, Hen. Norton, Thos. Says, and John Cannon, 3l. each. Signed: Thomas Crumwell.
Added in John Vaughan's hand below the above: Jas. Nicholas, 3l. Signed: John Vaughan.
P. 1.
[12 April.]
R. O.
Pensions of the late monastery of Stratfler, Cardig., to begin at Lady Day, 30 Hen. VIII., viz.
Ric. Talley, abbot, 40l., Thos. Durram, 4l.; Wm. Johns (with his annuity of 53s. 4d. under convent seal) [53s. 4d.] (fn. 2); Ric. Smythe, monk, 3l., John Yorke (with his annuity of 26s. 8d. under convent seal), 53s. 4d. Lewys Llanfadder and Morgan ap Johns 3l. each. David Morgan alias Talley 40s. Signed: Thomas Crumwell.
[12 April.]
R. O.
Thanks him for his letters about the King's intentions for the defence of his realm. The people here will spend life, lands and goods to serve him if any chance should happen. They will be glad to recover some part of what they have lost, viz. their estimation. They are ready to provide harness, horses, or whatever they are told. "These bruits be well laid," but the King does well to provide for the worst. Apologises for not writing before. Desires a license of absence on St. George's Day, and will not fail to be at the first day of the Parliament. Tatteshall, 12 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
12 April.
R. O.
Is sending up Sir Chr. Dacre, his uncle, to settle disputes between the Earl of Cumberland, Sir Wm. Musgrave, his said uncle and himself. Has frequently solicited the Earl for a final end, and, as both he and Sir William are now in London, hopes Cromwell will effect it. Kirkoswald, 12 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 April.
R. O.
Thanks her for her letter "et de la Nostre Dame de Boulongie ung rosinbo quy vaut xxj pattart." Has also received something beautiful, bordered with red ribbon, but cannot tell what it is, and wishes to be informed. Madame de Riou has been brought to bed and is doing well. Sent for two dozen coifs, but they were all sold. Will send some by the next messengers. Sends "des petitte ghanfrettes pour vostre collasse." Dunkirk, 12 April.
Hol., Fr. p. 1. Add.: La Debite de Callais.
12 April.
Royal MS.
18 B. VI. 22.
B. M.
Requests him to order the restitution of the goods of Henry Merchant, Wm. Scott, and others of Aberdeen, who had shipped goods to Dantzic last Sept. (fn. 3) in the ship of Walter Symsoun of Copenhagen, and being wrecked at Bergen? (Bieronense littus) were imprisoned and their goods taken by the captain of the castle. They intended to prefer their complaint to Christian's father, (fn. 4) but, as he died, they applied to the magistrates of Copenhagen, without success. Stirling, 12 April 1539.
Lat. Copy, p. 1. Another copy at f. 198.
12 April:
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 199.
B. M.
753. JAMES V.
Letters of marque and reprisal for Robt. Fogo, Wm. Elphinstoun, Geo. Patersoun, Wm. Gulde, Jas. Curll, and John Hay against the Hollanders and Frieslanders in recompense for injuries committed in 1530. Stirling, 12 April 1539.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
12 April.
Ribier, I. 430.
754. ROBERT STUART (Sieur d'Aubigny) to MONTMORENCY.
On receiving the last letters from the King, after your going to Chantilly, I referred again to the Council and, upon their opinion, have pronounced sentence against the Scotch prisoners, i.e. Montgomery Ensign to be beheaded and quartered and four of the others to be hanged. They have appealed to you; so I defer execution until your pleasure be known. Aubigny, 12 April.
12 April.
Vit. B. XXI.
B. M.
"Generose Domine, ante omnib[us] ... cuso me in incongr ... post licentiam omnis su ... siti in insula Kent, vespere oc ... quibus navibus in crastinum ... res in littus maris, inter quos ... unus erat Dom Alisensen vel ... [magi]ster Curiœ, et alterus (sic) erat suus Thesaura[rius, et] quatuor erant Poloni et Musici, qui a du ... n'e ad ipsum venerunt, sed eorum Ad[miral] noluit accedere littus, ea de causa, quod ips[e antea in] Kent veniebat, et rustici, vel illi missi, t[am] arduiter inciserunt ipsum, quasi in promtu ips[um] voluissent occidere. Propterea noluit et timeb[at] iterum sibi id contigisse. Sed habens jam verbum in loco Kent, emisit ante se illos, ut respicerent quomodo ipsos tractarent, sic vellet ipsos sequi. Quos ego secundum posse suum tractavi et expiscavi omnia, que non sunt mala, singularitor ex quo illi Poloni audiverunt me loqui eorum linguam, erant congratulati, ex quibus nihil aliud audivi nisi quod sunt parati et in via versus Constantinopolim, sed eorum naves non plus haben[t] tormenta uisi ut solent ille naves 7, 8 et 10; de populo non est illis nisi nauatores et pro ipsis victualia non amplius nisi in Hispaniam, et ibi si venient nesciunt si victualia vel homines illis in naves erunt adpositi. Sed mandato Cesaris et ejus litteris sunt constituti venire illuc. Dominus Alisensensen vel a Genfen (?) ipso cum sua buteleria, thesauro et omnibus sn[is] armis in has naves relexit (?) venir[e] ... solus veredarie ivit ad Cesaream ... simos servitores una suis armis et ... erat in Hispania inventurns. (fn. 5) Et ... unt se solos nescire aliter quam versus neu ... se versus Tureum pergere, dixitque un[us] ... sor curie Domini a Isensten ut neque eorum Amiral seit aut dicere vult aliter, nec alia comissa habet ipsos habere in potestate (volente Omnipotenti) nisi in Hispaniam dicere. Et ibi solus nesciet, nec ejus littere comissarie aliter sonant, veniente illic aliam informationem non habere, nisi versus Constantinopolim. Erantque littere ad eorum dominum Alissensen adferte, in quibus perceperunt et non plus audeverunt legere nisi 'volente Omnipotente totam Africam ocupabimus'; et sic ego non plus ex ipsis potui expiscare nisi hoc, quod mihi tempus fuisset ut naves eorum accessissem, propter hanc familiaritatem lingue omnes naves me liberum habuissent ipsos invisere. Sed mihi defectus erat et necessitas ad R. (?) postulavit quod si intell-exissem mala pro certo ego remansissem et sic ordinassem quod Regia Majestas ... habuissett (sic) congratulationem omnia sunt bona. Sic Deus vult Dominus R ... (?) et in absencia mea custod (?) et ex verbis meis que sibi informavit ex ipsis sed ego non timeo nisi bona et Dominus Rinzol fecit omnem diligentiam suam, egoque me comendo et obsecro Dominacionem tuam, velit mei esse memor, quia non cupio aliter nisi honeste, et utinam essem parum dicior quam sum. Non tedebit me plura et omnia sue sacre Majestati servire sed ex ipsis hominibus non aliud percipi nisi o[m]ne honestum, ipsosque eorum more letos ser. Ex Dol, 12 (fn. 6) die Aprilis 1539.
Obediens Servitor
Stephanus a Haschemperg.
Mutilated, pp. 2. Some words below the signature are lost. A further fragment, apparently a P.S. in the same hand, crossed through, occurs on a small slip of paper, also mutilated, at f. 184 (fn. 7).
12 April.
Poli Epp.,II.
Has received his letters dated Carpentras, together with those of Card. Sadolet, to whom he has no time to reply. Is glad he has returned safely to Sadolet and spent Easter with him. Applauds the diligence of Priolus, from whom he has learnt all their affairs. The Pope not only approves, but is almost surprised at Pole's presence of mind in this business. Wonders why none of his letters have come to Pole, as he has written nine times. Likewise has received none from him but this dated Carpentras. Commendations to Sadolet, whose dignity he has not failed to defend, both with the Pope and some of the Cardinals; although, even before receiving Sadolet's letter, he said he was sure Sadolet was right in his opinion "in illa authoritate doctorum et proborum qui tum non essent episcopi." Salutes Priolus, and Beccadellus. Rome, 12 April 1539.
13 April.
R. O.
Although so busy since you left that I have had to ask Mr. Thomas to fulfil my promise, who no doubt has given you all the news here, I insert herein "one certain point contained in Mr. Wyatt's ciphered letters, upon the which string he harpeth three or four times," viz., "I have promised not to open by writing to the King a practice that is offered me for Italy, to kindle there a fire, but by mouth only, at my coming home; and then shall be time enough, for about the same time the party doth return thither; it is of importance," and again, "the practice that is offered me, as I have written before, is more particularly declared unto me now, and in mine opinion it is excellent and will go near, without note of the King's Majesty, to set these great friends both in jealousy, and may fortune further. I have given my faith not to write it, but have me not suspect that I devise this because I would come away, for when I am come I am as ready to go again; but it seemeth me much for the King's service, and I cannot expresse the thing I have by writing: send therefore my successor hither by post." And again, "send for me, for it is requisite and think not that I inculke that so often without cause; for it is necessary I speak with you. I say send for me. Spare not my labour for I make no reckoning of rest." The rest is touched at large by Mr. Thomas. The King has sent Mr. Tate in post to relieve Mr. Wyat. Greenwich, 13 April.
This evening the King decided on Wednesday to go to Richmond, on Friday to Oteland and Nonsuche, and on Monday return to Richmond, and tarry there till St. George's Day. If by your soliciting my patent of 40s. of Hyde might be augmented, I shall be much bounden to you.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: cousin, one of the King's secretaries. Endd.
13 April.
R. O.
I have, by Gudolphine, received your letters; in answer to which:—About four days past I had word from the town of Dartmouth that the Breton ship is taken by the men of the town, who found therein but two men and a boy. He that brought me the tidings said the rest of the crew landed at Torbay for victuals, but did not say what had become of them. "And, as your Lordship also writeth, there is both wheat, barley, and salt in her." As I thought to have staid longer at Portsmouth, I wrote to the said town to send the ship and persons apprehended in her to me; now since the King has sent for me, by Jenings of his Chamber, I have ordered that, when the ship shall arrive, the pirates may be sent to London, where your Lordship and I may together try this matter. Swadall, Mr. Godolphin's servant, is principal of the "lewd deed," as I shall show you at my coming to the King tomorrow at noon. Cowdrey, 13 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: "My L. Admiral, XV. Aprilis."
13 April.
R. O.
Thanks him for his good company when last together, since which time he has been somewhat diseased. All our neighbours on both the Borders are in good peace and tranquillity. Asks him to intercede with Cromwell for the Master of the Hospital of Hannyngfeld that he may still enjoy his revenues in England. Sends an exemplification of his charter. The good hosptaility he keeps may not be well forborne in these parts. Guysnes, 13 April, 30 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 April.
Ribier, I. 432.
Since the élu of Avranches left, the Pope has written to the Emperor, and charged his ambassador here to declare the honest language used by the King to M. Latin Juvenal this last time. The Pope thinks the King so reasonable, that if the Emperor will do the like, the things commenced for the repose of Christendom can soon be finished to the honour and glory of God and great profit of their two Majesties. The Emperor defers his reply until he hears the conclusion of his Holiness and the Venetians as to the enterprise against the Turk. The Nuncio has done good service. Granvelle says this courier is sent to Card. Lorraine to announce that the Emperor has given him 6,000 ducats pension out of the archbishoprie of Saragossa. Toledo, 13 April.
13 April.
Add. MS.
28,591, f. 90.
B. M.
* * *
The Pope knew all the answer given to Card. Pole from letters of the Cardinal and the Nuncio, and seemed ill pleased. Aguilar spoke of it as instructed by the copy of the letter to the Imperial ambassador in France, adding that his Holiness had never told him of the decision of the monitory and he did not think the Emperor knew of it. The Pope answered that the Nuncio had communicated it and the Emperor had approved it; but now the Nuncio wrote that he and the Cardinal were debating the matter with the Emperor's Council, who admitted that it was so, but that the term of the monitory was expired and the King had not time to defend or excuse himself as the Emperor supposed; nor had it been his (the Pope's) intention that the assistance of the Emperor and French king to the execution of the monitory should be by taking up arms, but only by forbidding commerce—a measure which would induce the people to rise and either drive out their King or kill him. He well saw that war could not be undertaken without an universal truce with the Turk; but the prohibition of commerce could neither impede the enterprise against the Turk nor the negociations with the heretics; in his judgment, even in the event of war, the respect felt for the Emperor and the king of the Romans in Germany was enough to prevent them joining with the said King; much more in case of the mere prohibition of commerce. The king of France had often said he would forbid it if the Emperor would do the same, and would proceed against England as the Emperor thought best; and now that he was in this good will the Emperor should animate him to carry it out, for he might not continue so.
Replied that his Holiness knew the Emperor's zeal for the Faith and that the Emperor's works had always shown his wish to remedy the affairs of England, but the present state of affairs required that the best means should be sought that in cutting off the head of this serpent, as his Holiness said was necessary, there might not grow up seven; and, seeing the opinion of the French king about the difficulties of this business, his Holiness might be sure the Emperor would do his duty.
The last courier from Flanders brought news from the Queen of Hungary and the Imperial ambassador in England that the French ambassador in England had left and that he (Chapuys) would soon do the same, because the Queen had sent for him. The Pope's news was that both ambassadors had taken leave at once, and he judged from that that the Emperor and French king had agreed to forbid commerce; and he seemed more pleased.
* * * Rome, 13 April 1539.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 20.
See Spanish Calendar VI. I., No. 54.
14 April.
R. O.
I thank you for the hearty cheer you made me when lately in those parts. Since my return I have consulted with my wife about your request to have your daughter (fn. 8) here, who is now with my lady Rutland, so far away from you. She shall be welcome when you please to send for her. From my house near London, 14 April.
Your servant who had charge of my bird and the "stole" you gave me was driven to land by the ship leaking. The stole was lost but he brought the bird to his host in London, where she was killed by a cat. If you mind your daughter to be in my house, pray use it so "that my lady of Rutland do not conceive it to come either of me or my wife." Tell my lord that I defer writing to him till I have shown the King of our doings. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
14 April.
Vesp. F. XIII.
B. M.
Has received his lordship's letters, and sends his learned counsel, Mr. Harris, Mr. Chidlegh, and others, to explain his full mind, as expressed in a bill of articles to them directed, both as to his matter towards the earl of Hertford and the matter "concerning your servant Basset." Begs to be informed whether he shall do his duty to the King this present Parliament or no. From my poor house of Southperot, 14 April. Signed.
P. 1.
14 April.
R. O.
Thanks him for furthering his suit to the King for the marriage of the younger daughter of Sir Edward Ichyngham, for one of his sons. Has today delivered Cromwell's letters to Mr. Holdych, at Norwich, for him to deliver the said daughter to Rous. He refuses to do it, but will go himself to Cromwell to make answer. Sends the attestation of her kinsmen and friends who committed her of trust to Philip Bedingfield. Will wait upon him, and begs his favour in the pursuit of this. It is said here that the duke of Norfolk returned yesterday to Kenyngale out of the North. Norwich, 14 April 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 April.
R. O.
765. RICHARD WHARTON, and Others, to CROMWELL.
Mr. Rous has showed us he has written to your Lordship that the young daughter of Sir Edward Ichingham was, on the death of her mother, by our assent, delivered to Philip Bedyngfeld, who has delivered her against our wills to Mr. Holdyche. This is true; and further, Mr. Holdyche still keeps her against our wills. Lady Ichingham before her death had communicated with Mr. Henry Hobard for marriage of her said daughter to his eldest son. We beg, if no marriage take effect with Mr. Hobard, that the King will be so good to the poor infant and us her kinsmen, that she may not be married without our consent and an assurance of jointure. Norwyche, 14 April Ao 1539. Signed: Richard Wharton—Edward Callthorpe—John Tasburgh—John Everard—Edward Tasburgh—Rycharde Leuckner.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 April.
R. O.
Has received his letter written this day, which shows that he has done nothing unbecoming a virtuous knight and good officer. Is very glad he is determined to preserve the amity. Regrets that the English have visited their works, which was done without his knowledge. Any of DuBies's men who have business here will be welcome, as usual. Calais, 14 April.
Fr., corrected draft, p. 1. Add.: A Mons, du Bies, chevalier de l'ordre de France, seneschal de Boullonnois.
14 April.
Galba B. X.
B. M.
The 54 hulks left Holland, all in a co[mpany], on Easter Monday, and were seen on the Wednesday following, April 9, lying at anchor at the North Foreland, beside Margate. I hear from a trusty friend that the Emperor has written to Mons. de Busse to stop them, if they are not already departed, until he hears from Andrea Doria what he shall do with them; and that Busse has sent after them to bid them return speedily.
The Emperor intends to repair hither. The French King presses him sore to come through France, and has prepared lodgings for him in many places, but the Emperor trusts him not.
The Emperor has sent Andelo, a gentleman of his privy chamber, to the bp. of Rome, Andrea Dorea, the Venetians, and so to the Almains, to return in 45 days. His intent I cannot learn.
He has written to the bp. of Lunde, in Almayne, to keep the gendarmerie, both horse and foot, ready at Augsburg, and to provide pikes, powder, and other munitions, that there may be no scarcity against his coming out of Spain. For this purpose an exchange has been made out of Spain for 150,000 ducats. He has written to Mons. Dewreux, the Grand Master, to stay there unless he has started to meet him.
The bp. of Lunde, whom I hear to be eloquent, learned, crafty, and of great experience, has advised the Emperor not to make war against England till he has broken the power of your friends in Denmark, Cleves, and Almayn, so that you are left alone. I heard this from a trusty friend who knows much of the secrets of these parts. The gendarmerie who were collected here and sent i[nto] Friseland, have gone, some say to the bp. of Lunde, others, towards Denmark, with the Grave of Oden[burg] in Estlande.
I heard from an English merchant at Antwerp that a person came to him from the said Grave to know where he could speak with the English ambassador, as the Grave would be willing to bring your Majesty 1,000 men to England. The merchant advised him to write to you, and thus stayed his coming to me. Another tale I heard is that he has promised to bring Denmark into the Emperor's power with a few men. I cannot say certainly what his inclination is, but I will try to discover from the person who spoke to the merchant. Brussels, 14 April.
Hol, pp. 4. Slightly mutilated. Endd.
14 April.
Galba B. x.
B. M.
768. JOHN PARKAR to _
At my coming hither Mr. Vaughan accepted me for your master-ship's sake, as he said. On Sunday last, the schoolmaster supped with my master and communed with him in Latin, I keeping myself covert. After supper I accompanied him home and he told me the bishop of Palermo had letters from the Emperor that he had sent one of his privy chamber called [Andelot] to the bishop of Rome, Andrea [Doria] and the Venetians, to pass thence to the arch[bishop] of Lundes and will him to keep together the army gathered in Germany, and buy pikes, gunshot, and powder with the 150,000 ducats which the Emperor sent him. The said letters also required the l[ord] of Bussew, general captain of the fleet, not to depart hence with the 54 hulks, but await advice from A[ndrea] Doria; also the High Steward (fn. 9) here is not to depart till further advice or till the Emperor's coming, which will be shortly. The schoolmaster thinks the army will go upon Denmark, as the best passage for any succour to come to us; but it may be for Hungary, as letters from Venice state that the Turk makes great preparations against Hungary and Apulia and that the Venetians seek peace with him. The schoolmaster heard from a gentleman of the duchess of Milan's chamber that the Emperor has offered the marriage of the Duchess to the duke of Cleves, with 100,000 ducats above her dowry of Milan, provided he will surrender Gelderland. The duke of Cleves may dispend yearly 300,000 guylderns. The bruit goes here that he shall marry the lady Mary, and the schoolmaster has encouraged it, saying the Duke desires great dowry which the King is well able to give. The provision made in England is wondered at, men saying the Emperor and French king both are not able to make such power in so short a time.
The week before Easter assembled at Frankford the three temporal "corvesters" (i.e., electors, Kurfürste) the bishop of Lundes, the Emperor's ambass[adors, and] ambassadors from the spiritual corvesters, and there remained in Council, and with them the ambass[adors] of the king of Denmark. The voice goes that it is touching the Gospel or for a conspiracy the duke of Brownswike should make against the Landgrave. There is great provision for war. "S[ir,] the Spanish ambassador that departed lately [from] England (fn. 10) hath ever since his coming into this land tarried in Andwerpe, smally for Englishmen's pro[fit]. He hath caused their goods to be searched with ... to see for harness or any other munition with m[uch] cruelty. As now he is remaining here in Br[uxelles]. The most miserable wretch Captain Tavayla (fn. 11) of Graveling is dead in Andwerpe and died worth th[ree] thousand ducats." Please thank the schoolmaster for his gentleness, and get me my lord Privy Seal's favour. Consider what malice Wright and Wyatt bear me, not content to arrest me for 400l. but to lay murder to my charge. I have only you to trust to. Forget not the lewd report of Wyatt to your disworship. Let Wright say his pleasure but the Lord confound my soul if ever I told you anything but truth of what passed between him and me. I beg that I may come and go into England by post to set better order for my living. Bruxelles, 14 April.
Hol., pp. 4. Fly leaf with address gone.
15 April.
R. O.
London, 15 April.—Trusts the King has received his letters of the 2nd inst., describing his first interview with this King. The English continue diligently to fortify all places where the enemy could land. The King's ships and the other vessels which were being equipped left two days ago for Hampton, and not less than 80 ships of war are fully ready. The musters of London will be on St. George's Day, and the King will be there in person. The cost of all this preparation must be 200,000 crs. at least, which seems to be made partly for suspicion of the return of the Emperor's armada, which lately went from Flanders to Spain for the expedition of Algiers. On the French side they are reassured, among other things, by Francis'. good treatment of their ambassador.
The Privy Council lately sent to me a gentleman to ask if I knew anything of the case of an English merchant named Thos. Barbier, owner of a ship called the Marye Thomas, of Basteul (qu. Bristol ?), which, a month ago, laden with sugar and salt from La Rochelle, was taken by men of Croisoit (Croisic) in Brittany, with the cargo, worth 800 crs., and the two pilots who were conducting the vessel. They ask for redress. I await your reply, as they may think it a commencement of hostilities; and indeed they think there is some letter of marque, especially as the two pilots were taken away, as if to appraise the value of the goods.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3. Abstract in Kaulek, 90.
15 April.
Add. MS.
33,514 f. 15.
B. M.
Ribier, I. 437.
770. MARILLAC to MONTMORENCY. (fn. 12)
His letters of the 2nd will tell how he found things here. (fn. 13) The English continue to fortify the frontiers in all haste, and take musters everywhere, for which business the princes (sic) (fn. 14) and other lords who have charge from the King are dispersed in different places.
Cromwell returned the day before yesterday from a place 25 miles from hence where he had made a muster of 10,000 men, and next Friday, St. George's Day, that of London shall be made, which may be 50,000 or 60,000 men, for no one who can bear arms is excepted; even strangers here engaged in commerce are compelled to provide themselves harness and wear the livery of the city.
Five or six ships do nothing but circle round the kingdom in order to explore and correspond if need be by fires with those who watch by night upon certain "gardes" of wood lately erected; so that no foreign vessel could show itself without the whole country being warned. Most of the King's ships of war have already made sail, and very few remain even of those taken from the King's subjects and strangers which are not in fighting order. Computes that the utmost number they can put to sea is 30 ships of 300 tons; 30 or 40 of 200, to 300 tons, and 80 of smaller burden. This may exceed the 150 sail that I wrote they intended to make, but for the present (fn. 15) they have not more than 90 or 92 well equipped. Thinks if they can make 120 for this year it will be the utmost; and even that is much for the little time since they began.
Is often asked for news of France, and whether they do not prepare for war. Answers there is no bruit of it, and as they do not meditate it there is no occasion to be afraid of it. They reply that in any case they will be on their guard. Tells them that is but prudent, but such great preparations as they are making might cause their neighbours to do the like, and so trouble might arise instead of the present tranquillity of Christendom.
Although the amity between Francis and the Emperor is what principally troubles the brains of these men, as they fear Francis may join with the Emperor for a common attack on England, (fn. 16) and therefore often ask what news Marillac has from Spain and what hope Francis has of Milan, still, they believe they could escape without being much troubled if the Turk puts an obstacle on the side of the Levant, as they learn by merchants' advices he proposes to do. For they think the Emperor would then have no leisure to think of harming them. For this cause the King and others ask if it be true that the Emperor has made peace with the Turk (que I'accord de I'Empereur soit fait avec le Turcq) as was lately reported. And though Marillac assures them to the contrary, he thinks it would be well to put in a word about it in Francis' letter, which might be shown to the King, who would take it as the best news that could be delivered him, especially seeing that the Venetian secretary assures him by letters received from Venice two days ago that the Turk much seeks reconciliation with the Signory. This the writer can scarcely believe, seeing the obstinacy of the Turk, the victory he gained last year at sea over the Lengue, &c., the little provision made by the Emperor and the Pope, and other considerations which formerly Marillac wrote to Montmorency from the Levant.
(fn. 17) On Wednesday, 9th inst., a ship of Toulouse, called the Anne, of Bordeaulx, being at Rye, near Dover, within the liberties of this realm, six Portuguese ships, whose mariners maintain they belong to the king of Portugal (which seems the more probable, as two of them are of 300 tons) came in and took the said French ship and completely sacked it and would have carried it away if they had not been prevented by the captain of a Biscayan ship, who was sent by the mayor of the place to aid the French. Finally the men of the town had to fire their artillery and compel the Portuguese to stand out from shore. Two of the principal Portuguese who chanced to be on shore are in ward.
Today or tomorrow a new ambassador leaves to go to the Emperor. London, 15 April 1539.
French, pp. 3, mutilated, with decipher of one paragraph on a separate slip.
[15 April.]
R. O.
Has been absent from Court these six days, because his folks have been sick of the measles, and has been in the country, where he heard bruits that there were many ships in the Downs, and people assembled in Kent to resist invasion. Asks Sulemont to write him of the truth thereof. At his departure from Court, the King sent him word by Mr. Moryson to ask the Lord Privy Seal to prepare the instructions for his journey into Scotland. Did so on Wednesday last, and begs to know what is done therein and whether the herald that went lately into Scotland, when Sadleyr should have gone, is returned, and, if so, what news he brought. Hackney this Tuesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Calig. B. I. 52.
2. Instructions to Ralph Sadeler, one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, "sent at this time unto the King of Scots."
[For a full abstract of this document see Vol. XII. Part I. No. 1313, where it appears unfortunately out of place. It was first printed in the Sadler State Papers (Vol. I. p. 50), the editor of which collection believed it to have been drawn up in the year 1541. It was reprinted, more accurately as regards the text, in Vol. V. pp. 81–89 of the State Papers published by Royal Commission, with a footnote disproving the date 1541, and giving very plausible reasons for assigning it to the year 1537, in which accordingly it was placed as above in this Calendar. Now it is quite certain that Ralph Sadler did go to Scotland (for the second time that year) about the month of May 1537, as the Calendar suggests (see Vol. XII. Part II. Nos. 55 and 166, postscript); but these instructions could not have been for that mission. For though it is true that in 1537 Hen. VIII. "applied to Francis I. not to let Cardinal Pole pass through France," he had not previously applied to the Emperor to discourage him, and Pole does not appear in that year to have had any bull to publish against the King of England. Further, it is quite inconceivable that the "Lancaster herald" mentioned in the document could have been Thomas Miller, who got into trouble for bowing the knee to Aske; whereas we have positive evidence that in March 1539 Fulk Powell, then Lancaster herald, received 10l. for his diets in advance on being sent with letters of importance from the King to the king of Scots. See "The King's Payments" at the end of Part II. of this volume].
R. O. 3. The earlier drafts of these instructions in Vol. XII. Part I. No. 1313. (2) of course belongs to this year also.
Thanks him for his kind letters. Has sent his servant to know what answer Cromwell had from the King, touching Sadleyr's journey to Scotland. Hackney.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Foxe, v. 103. 773. SADLER to JAMES V.
His oration (fn. 18) on being sent to James, complaining of libels spread in Scotland against Henry VIII. and desiring that the authors may be punished. The French King has lately punished slanderous preachers at Rouen and elsewhere, and the King expects other princes to do the same. Henry also hears of the arrival of a nuncio (fn. 19) sent to James by the Pope, whose object he does not know. Desires him, however, as it is said he means by pretended censures to practise some annoyance against Henry, which neither the Emperor nor the French King countenance, to consider (1) the supremacy of princes acknowledged in Scripture; (2) what the Gospel and God's word call a church; (3) what abuses have crept into all realms "by reason thereof"; and (4) what true excommunication is and how the Pope has no power to pronounce it. If James require further information on these points Henry will send learned men to him. Warns James of the danger of yielding "to that usurper of Rome" who desires the universal thrall of Christendom. Hearing, moreover, that the abbot of Arbroath has been lately elected a Cardinal, Henry advises James not to suffer any of his subjects to take upon him "that red hat of pride," which will make him the bp. of Rome's liegeman and to have the rule as well as James, and the bp. of Rome will know all his secrets. Henry's father had a Cardinal (fn. 20) of whom he was weary and never admitted others after his decease, knowing their "importable pride," and the King, likewise, by the experience of one, (fn. 21) is determined to "avoid all the sort," and hopes James will follow his counsel.
15 April.
R. O.
My servant whom I had appointed to wait on you to receive your commission to visit the dioc. of Hereford is sore hurt with a horse at my parting from London, and I have desired my kinsman, Dr. Gwent, to resort to you for it. 15 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 April.
R. O.
775. JOHN KYNGYSMYLL, Sheriff of Hampshire, to CROMWELL.
One Wygg, a seditious person, preacher, and sometime friar, whom, by advertisement of Mr. Wriothesley, I put to gaol, challenged by certain justices of the peace for his suspect preaching, was allowed by my lord of Winchester to preach and advanced to benefice. Wigg preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Swithin's on Sunday last before my lord of Winchester; he being no meet man to preach, for at his apprehension he was "in distemperance, swearing Our Lord's blood and wounds that we would rob him," in presence of my cousin Thomas Palmer and Mr. Knyght, your servants, and called out in the street to his hostess that he was my lord of Winchester's chaplain, bidding her tell his cousin to show my lord how he was used. Among your doings in the King's service, "the being now of Mr. Wriothesley at the sessions in Hampshire" is one to be noted to your honour. He declared with such wisdom and "stomach" how bounden the people were to thank the King for, with his Council and great clerks, setting forth God's word; how he knew the King's desire for indifferent justice to rich and poor, which was only hindered by two defaults, due to us commissioners and gentlemen, not excepting himself; how he perceived the love of the people to their prince, and knew his love and zeal for them. Methought the people appeared agreeable and conformable, and Mr. Wriothesley then set forth the two defaults, saying one was in the "hummynge, hacking and dark setting forth of God's word," and slandering of those who truly set it forth, the other, that gentlemen in commission for justice used their power only to make men "follow the bent of their bows." He showed that God had given His Grace strength and wisdom to rule the highest, and so the people took great comfort and stomach to proceed to justice and serve the King. Hide, 15 April. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 April.
R. O.
Is grieved at being charged by Wriothesley, in his letter of the 14th, with breach of faith in having obtained a patent of the mastership of the game of the abbot of Glastonbury. Reminds him that my lord (fn. 22) was content he should have it, giving up his interest in one park to Mr. Barkeley if Barkeley could obtain it of the abbot; on which Wadham showed that the abbot had given it him two years past. Dr. Peter said the same, in giving Wriothesley instructions for the letter. Vindicates himself at some length from the imputation that he meant to defraud Mr. Barkeley. Merryffyld, Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 April.
R. O.
Writes to tell him of a case which happened at Salisbury on Easter Day, of which the Mayor and his brethren have certified the Council, but maliciously and odiously. John Goodall, the vice-bayly, about 3 p.m., seeing the people kneeling and kissing an image of Christ standing on an altar on the north side of the choir, wherein, unknown to him, was the Sacrament, told one of the priests to take it away, it being the King's commandment that no such kissing of images should be suffered, but only creeping to the cross and kissing it on Good Friday and "Estyrn morow" which both were passed, for it was 3 p.m. The priest being not over ready to take it away, and the people fast pressing to kiss it, Goodall commanded his servant to take it down. This was done in obedience to the King's proclamations, but they interpret it as dishonour to the Sacrament and against the King's proclamation that all laudable ceremonies should be kept until otherwise ordered. They exaggerate the thing so far that they gather thereof that Goodall has an heretical opinion of the Sacrament, and contemns the King's proclamation, though he has done more to set forth the injunctions and things contained in the proclamation than all of them. Indeed, he has often more fervent mind than good discretion. Dares swear that he utterly detests the Sacramentaries. One Mr. Barrowe, a faster of St. John's fast on the Wednesday, which Shaxton himself could not persuade him to leave, is the chief setter forth of this matter, one of the justices of the peace with them, a very blind ignorant man and wilful. Sent for the image and Goodall's servant whom they put in prison, but they would not send them. Wrote to them to construe everything gently. They thanked him for his charitable writing, but did not follow his counsel. They think now they will have all their desires which they have so long longed for. Ramesbury, 15 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
I beg your lordship to consider my services in the extirpation of popishness and idolatry in Sarum, and that you will not regard the malicious complaint of the mayor and his brethren against myself, who, because I denounced their hypocrisy to the Bp. turn that to be done against the blessed Sacrament which was only done against the abuse of the image in true obedience to the King's injunctions and proclamations. Thos. Gyrdell is most worthy of punishment for his idolatry in kissing the foot of the image in honour of the sacrament enclosed therein, he being a graduate of the University. The priest also is to be punished for putting it in an image.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: A. xxxo.
15 April.
R. O.
Have received his letter, dated 1 April, asking them to grant the late priory of Aldeby in feefarm to Lord Morley. Upon the translation of this place, the lands and revenues were certified into the Exchequer, every man's portion being limited and assigned, and they do not think it is in their power to diminish any part thereof without the King's licence. Are charged 50s. 11¼d. for the yearly tenth, and 25l. 9s. 4½d. for the fruits of Aldeby parsonage at every vacancy. Norwich, 15 April. Signed: "Your most humble and bounden orators yo dean prebendaries and canons of yo cathedral church of Norwiche."
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao. xxx.
15 April.
R. O.
Has been with Master Rolles at the court of Frestock and found great fault with Master Wenneslade for felling and selling underwood and some of your great trees contrary to his indenture. Has been told by servants of the earl of Bridgewater that you may have for a trifle all his woods "that stonded att Warram and Becgenholte," if you make labor to him this Parliament. Begs him to be good lord to Mr. Bassett and Mrs. Frenses, and "depart some londs with them." Excuses his long absence and hopes to be soon with him. Berry will shortly bring his rents. 15 April.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Lisle.


  • 1. Chapuys.
  • 2. Cancelled with marginal note "morit," apparently meaning mortuus est.
  • 3. "Proximo Septembri" is an insertion and may be an error.
  • 4. He died 3 April 1533 and Christian III. was proclaimed King 4 July, 1534.
  • 5. Here occurs a mark in the text probably referring to some words in the margin which should have been inserted, but which are now lost by mutilation.
  • 6. So the figures are read in the Cottonian Catalogue, but they are by no means clear.
  • 7. In the MS. parentheses () are used here apparently by way of quotation marks.
  • 8. Katharine Basset.
  • 9. Otherwise called the Grand Master, De Roeulx.
  • 10. Chapuys.
  • 11. This must be Captain Tovar, and the letters in Vol. XIII. Part II. Nos. 9 and 10 really belong to 1539. See also No. 796 following.
  • 12. An abstract from a corrupt copy of this document (transcript in R. O.) is given by Kaulek, 91.
  • 13. The R.O. transcript adds: "and how he (Marillac) thought it expedieut to reassure the English.
  • 14. The R. O. transcript says the princes of Norfolk and Suffolk.
  • 15. Pour l'heure, not pour l'hiver as in Ribier.
  • 16. "Pour après dun commun accord leur faire la guerre." The word leur is wrongly deciphered luy by the original decipherer, and is so printed by Ribier.
  • 17. This passage is struck out in the original by Ribier and not printed by him; but it may be read in Kaulek.
  • 18. So Foxe calls it, and it may have been an address drawn up beforehand for Sadler to deliver to the Scotch king. But it is doubtful whether Sadler was ever actually despatched at this time at all, and this paper was in all probability drawn up about a month earlier than it is placed, at the time of Lancaster's mission.
  • 19. Latino Juvenale.
  • 20. Cardinal Morton.
  • 21. Wolsey.
  • 22. Cromwell.