Letters and Papers: April 1539, 26-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


'Letters and Papers: April 1539, 26-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539, ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp399-424 [accessed 24 July 2024].

'Letters and Papers: April 1539, 26-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Edited by James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online, accessed July 24, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp399-424.

"Letters and Papers: April 1539, 26-30". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie(London, 1894), , British History Online. Web. 24 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp399-424.


April 1539

26 April.
R. O.
I have received your letters, the one concerning my lord Privy Seal; "which letter" I sent by my host's son of the Red Lion in Canterbury, which I hope you have received. My lord of Hertford's letter to you is not come, but only one which you write to him, which I shall deliver, and speak to Mr. Winter for your horse. I have received your letter for Mr. Wynsor. He does not make haste. I trust Lark has arrived, and that you had your scutcheons betore St. George's Day, and the satin cap. My lord Privy Seal is not yet recovered. I wish I knew his final intentions, so that you might make due provision. My lord of Hampton has written to James Hawkesworthe to come to London, when he will make an end for Porchester and Bere. Can get no determination for Soberton. The new companions of the Order are my lord Russell, the lord Warden, (fn. 1) and Sir William Kingston. Two rooms are reserved, one for the Prince, the other for some great personage, in Almain, as it is thought. No news, "but states doth daily assemble against the Parliament." This day the French Ambassador was with the King. London, 26 April.
I have been told that Mrs. Skypwith shall marry the lord Taylbus. This must be kept secret.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add.
26 April.
R. O.
I wrote to-day by Cockes, of Calais, by whom I sent your taffeta gown with the placard. I hope you have received the matins book and Mrs. Denny's token by Sparke, and your 8 cramp-rings of gold and 16 of silver by Larke, which Mr. Williams sends to my lord and you. I wrote that Mr. Skutt desires 20 doz. quails by the end of May, and also what silks Mrs. Katharine has for her gown and partlet. To-day I heard from Mr. George, who is merry, and, I am told, a very good penman. Mr. James is also merry, and Mrs. Anne mends very well; but I hear my lady Sussex does not take her departure in good part. My lord Talbot is to be married to lady Gertrude (fn. 2) on Tuesday next. Mr. Richard Maners is to marry my lady Coffyn. "And your ladyship's son's, Skyppwyth's, sister shall, as it is showed me, marry the lord Taylbez." (fn. 3) My lord Russell, the lord Warden, and Sir William Kyngston are in the number of the Garter. My lord of Waterbridge is come. Mr. Rolles told me he wrote you by Larke. No news, "but that states draweth hourly to the Parliament." My lord's affairs are still at a stay. This term we shall know off or on. London, 26 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 April.
State of the
App. 226.
Certificate that, having received the King's writ dated Westm., 1 March, he has summoned the dean and chapter of Chichester, the archdeacons, viz., John Worthiall, archd. of Chichester, Edw. More, archd. of Lewes, and the whole clergy of his diocese, to appear at the Parliament to be held at Westminster on the 28 April; viz., the dean and archdeacons in their proper persons, the chapter by one, and the clergy of the diocese by two proctors. 26 April, 1539.
26 April.
R. O.
I have done my best, in accordance with the King's letters, to furnish a number of able persons to serve the King at sea at an hour's warning under the earl of Southampton, the King's admiral, especially my own tenants within the hundreds of which I now have peaceable possession, but am interrupted by the mayor and aldermen of Oxford, who muster men in Northgate hundred, without the north gate of the town. Begs him to write to them to desist. Halton, 26 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
26 April.
R. O.
Dr. Peter's servant wrote the surrender of Hyde in presence of a monk, by whom knowledge of the same is given to the rest. To avoid picking and embezzling, the sooner Dr. Peter comes the better, although my lord keeps watch nightly. "My lord of Bangor is more desirous of an end to eschew blame for his absence from the Parliament, and yet I told him that you would make his excuse." Please remember in the book of appointment the monk John Bodnam, my lord's continual and your especial lover, for an honest living with the bachelors, being receiver of the abbey lands. Mr. Mylle's servant is in hand with your new lease of meadows at Micheldever. My lord hopes, as he has been charged with Christmas hospitality and the tenth, that you will remember the half year's rent due at Lady Day. I hear the Bishop's chancellor has procured of his master the letters written in your favour to the sub-prior and convent of St. Swithin's. Evidently he thought to reserve "the letting thereof until he were prebendary, etc." My lord desires Dr. Peter's allowance of his debts. Has no more to write until he has spoken with the prior of St. Swithin's, and been at Titchfield. Hyde, 26 April.
"Where my lord of Winchester denied the collation unto Symson, adcused (sic) afore the Council, forsee that when you have procured the King's letters he do not by that means satisfy the King and put you off. Remember also to put these words in the King's letters if you think meet, sc., to take the resignation of D.C."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: right worshipful. Endd.
26 April.
R. O.
Depositions against Richard James by John Hammond, of Harwich, miller, Sir John Tuftes, priest, Robt. Wynter, and Rob. Bontynge, who severally heard him say "that he trusted there should be a Pope where there should be no king"; that "some time there was a Pope, and it pleased God, so we may have again"; "that the soul that was departed should go to St. James, or he went to Purgatory and mett (meet?) with the body at the churchgate"; and that "there should be a Pope when our King should be put to utter confusion." These things he is declared to have said on Thursday the 24th April, and on the 26th April.
P. 1. Endd.
27 April.
R. O.
The new work devised by the King and set forth by Master Candysshe goes well forward. The work has been well assayed. There have never been such great storms this time of year as there have been since Easter. The labourers and victuallers cry every day for money. Their creditors will no longer trust them, and they are fain to give three half-pence for a penny for lack of money. On Saturday, two months' wages are due, which, with emptions, provision and carriage, amounts to more than 240l. Has had but 500 mks. these five pay days, of which but 27l. remains. Asks for money. Dover, 27 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
27 April.
R. O.
Beseeches Cromwell not to conceive any displeasure against him from the late sinister reports. Many will testify that he has preached nothing but what is in conformity with Holy Scripture, the perpetual consent of the Catholic Church, and the books which the King has commanded to be published. Has always declared to his audience their due obedience to the King. If he knew the King's pleasure as to what he should speak in his sermons, and what he should not touch, would always conform himself thereto. Asks Cromwell to be his patron against these uncharitable persons. St. Benettes, 27 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 April.
R. O.
Desired to come over at this time to do his duty to the King and Prince, but considering the uncertain stay of the country, especially the Neils, on whose borders he dwells, the Council would not give him leave. Served at the last invasion of Oneil as my lord Deputy, my lord Chancellor, and Mr. Treasurer can show, although he has neither land nor fee. Begs he may be Cromwell's servant, and have something towards his living. Sends as token the horse O'Donell's standard-bearer rode on the day of ONeil's discomfiture. Flemyng slew the standard-bearer, and presented the standard to the lord Deputy to be sent to Cromwell. Dublin, 27 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
28 April.
Parl. Roll.
(R. O.)
Begun at Westminster 28 April 31 Hen. VIII., and continued there until 28 June following. Acts passed:—
Acts public:—
Cap. 1. Concerning joint tenants and tenants in common.
Cap. 2. That fishing in any several pond, stew, or moat, with intent to steal fish is felony.
Cap. 3. Changing the custom of gavelkynde.
Cap. 4. Concerning the amending of the river and port of Exeter.
Cap. 5. The King's manor of Hampton Court made an honour "and a new chace thereto belonging."
Cap. 6. That such as were religious persons may purchase, pursue, and be sued in all manner of actions.
Cap. 7. Concerning the continuance of the statute for punishment of beggars and vagabonds, and of certain other statutes.
Cap. 8. That proclamations made by the King, with the advice of his Council, shall be obeyed as though made by Act of Parliament.
Cap. 9. Authorising the King to make bishops by letters patent.
Cap. 10. Placing of the lords in the Parliament Chamber, and other assemblies of Council.
Cap. 11. Authorising the King newly to allot certain townships in Wales.
Cap. 12. Taking of hawk's eggs, finding and taking up of the King's hawks, hunting in the King's forest, park, chace, or other enclosed ground, and killing conies within the King's warrens.
Cap. 13. For dissolution of all monasteries and abbeys.
Cap. 14. Abolishing of diversity of opinions in certain articles of religion.
Acts private:—
Cap. 15. (fn. 4) Attainder of the marquis of Exeter, lords Montague, Darcy, and Hussey, Sir Edw. Nevill, Sir Nic. Carewe, Sir Rob. Constable, Sir John Bulmer, Sir Fras. Bigott, Sir Stephen Hamerton, Sir Thomas Percy, John Paslowe, late abbot of Whalley, Adam Sedbar, late abbot of Jervaulx, Wm. Wood, late prior of Bridlington, Matt. Mackerell, late abbot of Barlings, Ric. Harrison, late abbot of Kirksted, Nich. Heth, late prior of Lenton, Robt. Hobbes, late abbot of Woborne, George Croftes, late chancellor of Chichester, John Collyns, clk., George Lumley, Nich. Tempest, Thos. Moign, John Wyvell, Robert Aske, Wm. Lancaster, George Huddeswell, Hugh Holland, Wm. Knell, "and divers other abominable traitors," who have suffered execution. And also of Reginald Pole, dean of Exeter, Mich. Throckmerton, John Helyarde, clk., Thos. Goldwell, clk., and Wm. Peyto, late of West Greenwich of the order of Observants, who have adhered to the bishop of Rome, the King's enemy, and stirred seditions in the realm. Also of Gertrude, late wife of the said late marquis of Exeter, who abetted the said Nic. Carew; Margaret Poole, countess of Sarum, and Hugh Vaughan, late of Bekener in co. Monmouth, who have falsely confederate with lord Montague and Reginald Poole, sons of the said Countess; John Macyvaroill, Robert Moore, and Rorick, alias Roger Aspelan, priests, who have received divers letters from traitors in Ireland, to convey to the bishop of Rome and Reginald Poole; of Sir Adrian Fortescue, of Brightwell, Oxon, who has refused his duty of allegiance, Thomas Dingley, late of London, one of the freers of the order of St. John of Jerusalem, and Robert Brannceter, late of London, merchant, and now in Italy devising the King's destruction, who having knowledge of the late rebellion made by Darcy and others, moved divers outward princes to levy war against the King; of Chr. Joye, late of London, Rob. Buckenham, late of the order of St. Dominic, Henry Phillippes, late of London, and James Prestwiche, who have traitorously "named and promulged that venomous serpent, the bishop of Rome" to be supreme head of the church of England. Saving clauses providing for Thomas lord Wentworth and Lady Margaret his wife, (fn. 5) and for Cuthbert and his successors bishops of Durham. Also of William Kendall, late of Dewlo, Cornw., and Guy Keime, late of Lowth, Linc. Also of James Griffith Appowell, late of London, John Griffithe, vicar of Wandsworth, Surr., Wm. Leeche, late of Horncastle, Linc., and Henry Mogson, late parson of Waresden, Oxon (sic.).
Cap. 16. (fn. 6) For lady Talboys' jointure (Margaret, daughter of Sir William Skipwith, who now marries George lord Talboys).
Cap. 17.* Assurance of the house of St. Laurence Pountney to the earl of Sussex.
Cap. 18.* Assurance of Chester Place to the earl of Hertford.
Cap. 19.* Assurance of the manor of Rycott to Sir John Williams.
Cap. 20.* Lady Rochford's jointure (the manors of Swasey, Camb., and Blykelyng, Calthorpe, Fylby, Stukey, and Poswyke, Norr.).
Cap. 21.* Assurance of the manor of Estwell, alias Esole, Kent, to Sir Chr. Hales, at the grant of Richard, abbot of St. Albans.
Cap. 22.* Restoration in blood of Henry Norreis, son to Henry Norreis, late attainted, and restitution of his father's lands, except such as have been forfeited to the Crown, or were lands of Sir Francis, late viscount Lovell.
Cap. 23.* Assurance of the manors of Felsted and Graunt Courts, Essex, to Sir Ric. Riche, as sold to him by Agnes, abbess of Sion.
Cap. 24.* Assurance of the commandry or lordship of Shingay, Camb., to Sir Henry Longe, and of the commandry or lordship of Baddisley, Hants, to Sir Thomas Seymour, in tail male.
Cap. 25.* Assurance of Bath Place to the earl of Southampton, in exchange for the site of the late monastery called the Minories without Aldgate.
Cap. 26.* Exchange between the bishops of Rochester and Carlisle, and lord Russell. Russell to have the bishop of Carlisle's place without Temple Bar, paying 16l. a year to the Bishop; the bishop of Carlisle to have the bishop of Rochester's palace in Lambeth, and the bishop of Rochester to have Russell's mansion place in Chiswick, Midd.
Cap. 27.* Assurance to the Six Clerks of Chancery and their successors of the house in Chancery Lane, in their occupation, formerly called Harflu Inn, and parcel of the possessions of the late priory of Nocton Park, Linc.; as granted to them by the duke of Suffolk.
Cap. 28.* Division of the inheritance of Sir Wm. Hawte, dec., who had issue only Elizabeth, late wife of Thomas Culpeper, son and heir apparent of Sir Alexander Culpeper, and Jane wife of Thomas Wyat, son and heir apparent of Sir Thomas Wyat; the said Elizabeth having died, leaving a son and two daughters, shortly after the death of the said Sir William Hawte, and before any deed of division could be made.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
Strype, Eccl.
Mem. I. II.
Draft of proclamation to be issued by the authority of Parliament, to correct abuses which have sprung from diversity of opinion and disputes over the Scripture the use of which in English the King has sanctioned, some endeavouring by their preaching and teaching to restore the bp. of Rome, pilgrimages, idolatry &c., some to subvert the sacraments. The King intends to extinguish these diversities of opinion by law, but now in the beginning of his Parliament, enjoins by proclamation that none shall call another heretic or papist unless he can prove it on pain of _; that no one except curates or graduates of Oxford or Cambridge shall be admitted to preach or expound the Bible; that none read it in church in a high voice, &c.
Pp. 8. With corrections in the King's own hand. Endd.: "A minute of an Act of Parliament that no person shall preach without the King's licence and that no man shall read the Bible openly, but for his own erudition."
Cleop. E. IV.
B. M.
2. Draft of the Act 31 Hen. VIII. c. 9, empowering the King to make more bishops; the preamble in the King's own hand.
P. 1.
Cleop. E. IV.
304. *
B. M.
3. The King's scheme of "bysshopprychys to be new made" and "plasys to be alteryd accordyng to our devyse wyhche have sees in them." [Printed in Burnet I. 421 and in Strype's Eccl. Mem. I. II. 406; also in Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 263.].
P. 1. In Henry VIII'.s own hand.
On the back in another hand: "The monasteries which be yet standing, with the values of the same according to the certificates in the Exchequer;" which seems to have reference to the next paper.
Cleop. E. IV.
B. M.
Strype I. II.
4. A continuation of the preceding. Being a catalogue of monastic bodies to be altered into deaneries and colleges, with columns showing the annual value of each and the portion set aside for the bishop. In the left hand margin the names of intended bishops are written in by the King.
Endd.: A device for the new bishops, penned with the King's own hand.
R. O. 5. Fair copy of statute 31 Hen. VIII. cap. 9, empowering the King to make bishops.
Large paper, pp. 2.
Tanner MS.
343 f. 82.
R. O.
6. Corrected draft of the same.
7. Fair copy of statute 31 Hen. VIII. cap. 13, for the dissolution of abbeys.
Large paper, pp. 29.
R. O. 8. Notes in a later hand on the statute 31 Hen. VIII. c. 13, § 16, &c.
Pp. 2. Headed: Monasteries, abbeys, 31 Hen. VIII.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
Wilkins III.
9. "The King's draught of the Six Articles." With corrections in the King's own hand [c. 14].
Pp. 18.
Lansd. MS.
2 f. 6.
B. M.
10. The names of all those which were attainted of treason by Act of Parliament with the marquis of Exeter, 31 Hen. VIII. [c. 15].
47 names beginning "Henry Courte marques of Exeter." Also six names noticed as "in a schedule attached to the bill" beginning Wm. Kendal, &c.
In an Elizabethan hand, p. 1.
Lansd. MS.
515 f. 34.
B. M.
R. O.
11. Act for attainder of the marquis of Exeter and others, 31 Hen. VIII. [c. 15.]
12. Draft of the Act (31 Hen. VIII. cap. 18) confirming a grant of Chester Place, in the parish of St. Mary of Stronde without Temple Bar, to Edw. earl of Hertford and Anne his wife, by Rol[and bp. of Coventry and Lichfield] made 14 April 28 Hen. VIII., and confirmed by the cathedrals of Coventry and Lichfield by deeds dated 16 April.
Paper roll of 3 pages. Headed: In Parliamento ao 31o.
R. O. 12. Proviso for an Act of Parliament, apparently for the restitution in blood of Henry Norice son and heir of Henry Norice attainted. [See No. 867, c. 22.]
Large paper, p. 1.
R. O. 13. Office copy of Act 31 Henry VIII. cap. 25, "The exchange of the bishop of Bath's place to my lord Admiral alias earl of Southampton."
With certificate of authenticity by John Throckmorton, deputy to Hen. Els[ynge], clerk of Parliaments, 25 Oct., 1633.
Large paper, pp. 18.
Lansd. MS.
163 f. 84.
B. M.
R. O.
14. Act of Parliament for the Six Clerks of Chancery, 31 Hen. VIII. [c. 27].
15. Draft Act of Parliament providing that when parsonages, vicarages, &c., are not worth more than 8l. per ann. over and above the King's tenth, the King's vicegerent may upon suit made therefor amalgamate two or more such churches.
Large paper, pp. 2.
Titus B. I.
B. M.
869. For a GRANT in AID.
A memorial in Morison's hand drawn up in the name of Parliament, (fn. 7) expressive of the great charges of the King, and their resolution to support him with their liberality.
As reason and duty bind all subjects to consider the benefits they receive of their prince's politic governance, and the excessive charges of princes, "which pass little of money when either the wealth or safety of their subjects require the expense of it," we, assembled here in Parliament, and chosen to utter the voice and express the mind of the whole realm, have thought it our bounden duties, as the King's charges have lately been wonderfully great, and are likely to be greater than ever, to show to him that, though we are not able fully to satisfy his innumerable benefits to us, yet, according to the true profession of observant subjects, we are, body, life, heart, and goods, ready to serve the King and country. He has hitherto found us ready to serve him, sometimes with fifteenths, and sometimes with subsidies, and now the cause being greater, should we refuse to make him witness " of our benevolence, gratitude, duty, and love"? We have showed ourselves neither slack nor unwilling to part with what God has sent us, when the cause of our prince, our governor, our protector, our head in Christ, has so required us. When we see upon whom it is employed, we find cause rather to be sorry he had so little, than not glad he had so much. We have given much to his Grace. What have we lost thereby, when he gives it us again with his own also? His Highness well declares that a private person had it not of us, but one who remembers still in what place God hath set him, and for what purpose God has given him more than a great many. Less would serve him if the tender love he bears to this his empire, and us his subjects, did not enforce him daily to new charges. It was no small sum of money that was fetched out of his coffers, for soldier's wages and harness, in the commotion of the North. If the King had lacked money or would not frankly have parted with it, would not this realm, which now is a perfect lively and flourishing body, every member agreeing with other, all obedient to their head, have been at this day liker a carcase than a body, a wilderness than a realm, a spoil and prey for our enemies rather than a safe port for us and ours? If he did not a great deal more pass of our sonls than of our bodies, he might lightly put away fear of war. We see both how and why the bishop of Rome uses Pole, that most arrant and ingrate (fn. 8) traitor, against the King and realm, as a post from prince to prince to set them all against our sweet country, England. He watches all occasions to trouble the prosperous wealth of England, which is delivered from false errors, from bondage, superstition, hypocrisy, and idolatry, and restored to knowledge, freedom, right religion, and right worshipping of God. If the King would suffer England to be brought again to captivity, to commit fornication with that strong strumpet of Babylon, we doubt not he might be better hired to cast away his subjects' souls, and have a great deal more of them to suffer us to run to hell, than we need to give him for the maintenance of our safety, the stay of Christ's religion, and the defence of God's cause. They care not what charges they be at so usurped power may come again. They intend to venture bodies and souls for setting up again errors and idolatry. Shall we refuse to venture our goods and lives for the defence of God's word, the maintenance of His glory, and the keeping of rightly restored religion? If they pass not of God's wrath, so they may compel us to dwell in blindness with them, shall we, being assured of God's favour so long as we favour truth, stick to aid our prince with a little money? If they take such pains to destroy themselves and us, shall we take none to save ourselves? If they come a long journey to seek their sorrow, shall we refuse to keep our joy at our own doors? Ought we to think loss is offered us, if, by giving a little to our Prince, we keep the rest in safety? We know how little our substance can avail us if, in the assault of our enemies, our Prince is not furnished with everything necessary. God has shown His goodness wonderfully of late. The cause is partly His. He will not help if we refuse such help as we have of him already. God gives the victory, but men must use the means that God has provided. He may well think us unworthy wealth, and worthy thraldom and misery, if we choose rather the jeopardy of undoing ourselves, than the forbearing of what we may easily spare. Wonders are read of other countries which would seem plain duties if we could conceive what we owe to our country as they did.
Refers to the women of Rome giving up their jewels for the defence of the country. It is madness for a man in a tempest not to cast out his fardels to save the ship. Now the whole country is in jeopardy. It has always been thought a good deed to spend money for the redemption of Christian slaves among the Turks, though they suffer but captivity of their bodies. This tyrant of Rome is not content except souls are brought from life and liberty and hurled into the deep "dongels" of error. The Turk compelleth no man to forsake his religion. This tyrant resteth not till Christ be forsaken, and his baggages in Christ's place taken. Remembering with how great a monster our Prince has to do, and what help he seeks to vanquish our country, what can we do but see our Prince furnished against, not our enemies, but enemies to God and His honour? In what state should we be if the King had not repaired the outward fortresses, founded many hundred years ago, and, till his days, utterly? neglected and suffered to fall in ruin? A great part of a King's treasure has been bestowed on Calais and Guisnes. Now through them the fury of our enemies has been easily repressed. and without them we should be always in fear and danger, our commodities never uttered but at their will and pleasure, who would gladly lose their own to hinder ours What charges has the King been at in Dover? If he cared not for our preservation, why should he have employed such riches on making a haven for us and ours? What great sums he has spent in repressing his rebels in Ireland, and still spends in keeping the land in due obedience, and also on the garrisons of Berwick, Carlisle, and other places. As the King cannot do all this without excessive spending, so he is less able to encounter such enemies as we have great cause to fear, unless we show ourselves ready in bodies and purses to defend his honour. Great feats are not done without great treasure, which may easily rise if every man puts his hand to increase it, and can be had no other way. Where should the head look to have his defence, if the members refuse to do their dutie[...] Where should a prince seek but at his loving subjects, whose wealth and calamities hangeth with his? If an house be on fire, who shall quench it if the neighbours stand gazing on it? If there were no superfluities in our land, might we not think that honesty would we left the love of our bellies for a season, and gave what we foolishly spent in our exceeding fare to our country? When 10 dishes were, may not five serve in time of war? The superfluities of our tables would maintain a great host. Let us lay up our sweet lips for three or four years, (fn. 9) giving the overplus of our accustomed monthly charges to the present necessity of the common wealth, to the maintenance of Christ's religion and pure doctrine, to the utter confusion of our enemies, and establishment of God's honour. It will be better spent than in belly cheer. After this sort, we shall highly serve God, maintain the prosperous wealth of our country, abase the brags of our enemies, and much enrich ourselves, making our lands and goods safe from our enemies, and our bodies lusty and healthy, which are commonly in danger of diseases from superfluities of meats. More might be said, but where this will not serve, more would little move.
Pp. 18 with corrections by Cromwell.
* A later copy (slightly mutilated) of the preceding is in Harl. MS. 296. f. 31.
"Humble supplication to be made to the King's Majesty for the establishment of wholesome ordinances in cases following."
1. That all farmers and occupiers of parish churches appropriate to monasteries now surrended be compelled by the ordinary to pay such procurations and synodals as the heads of the said houses did five years before their suppression. 2. Also to maintain the churches and keep them in repair. 3. That parsons or vicars should be presented by the King to those parish churches and chapels which were annexed to monasteries. 4. That for the relief of clerks presented to benefices far from London, special commissioners be appointed to compound for first fruits. 5. That executors of one testament dwelling in sundry dioceses may be compelled to appear in any spiritual court, notwithstanding the late statute that no man should be cited out of his diocese. 6. That due penalties may be devised for persons, who, avoiding the ordinary's jurisdiction, go to privileged places like Bethlehem, St. John's, and other sanctuaries, and there, without banns asked, by virtue of licence from the abp. of Canterbury confirmed under the Great Seal, procure marriages with others. who are often lawfully contracted already, while the matter depends before the spiritual judge. 7. That ordinaries may proceed of office at the instance of parties against those who refuse to contribute towards the clerks' wages, the repair of cathedrals and parish churches, &c., and for the ordering of seats in parish churches, whereof daily arise matters of variance. 8. That where a man is convicted before his ordinary to have got a woman with child the ordinary may compel him to the finding thereof.
Large paper, pp. 2.
Cleop. E. IV.
B. M.
Draft bill enacting that whereas the suppression of the smaller religious houses by the Act 27 Hen. VIII. has impoverished the land, all grautees and lessees of such houses and lands shall, after Mich. next, reside thereon; and similarly all who have acquired such lands by sale or exchange. Also that all houses not yet suppressed shall stand and abide notwithstanding the said act. As the enormities in religion have arisen by superabundance of riches, henceforth no archbishop or bishop shall have more than 1,000l. a year, any surplus being paid into court of "centeners" thereunto appointed. All religious persons have professed poverty and renounced worldly cares. They are therefore henceforth to keep strictly within the bounds of their monasteries unless specially licensed by their governor. A substantial man to be chosen governor of each house by the King and to have an estate of inheritance in the governorship. As 1,000l. is sufficient for any hospitality all surplus shall go to the Court of Centeners to be applied as follows:—
For defence of the realm:—1. Repairs, &c., of fortresses, 1,000l. 2. Scheme for a standing army, footmen at 6d. and horsemen at 9d. a day, under captains of 100 at 2s. a day, and of 1,000 at 5s. a day; the whole being under a lord Admiral at 10s. a day, and being paid quarterly by the Court of Centeners at Coventry. 3. Mending highways, 1,000l. The governor of every religious house worth over 1,000 mks. to provide lodging for 10 of these poor "centeners," who are over the age of 60 and therefore unmeet for service, and give them 6 gallons of ale or beer, 6 cast of bread, and 6d. per week.
Provision for supplying the places of the religious in the monasteries (for it is to be feared that when the old liberty of religion is restrained, not so many will be willing to receive the habit as heretofore).
Establishment of the court to be called the Court of Centenerz, in Latin Curia Centenariorum, because men of war, who shall be the principal suitors to this court, are divided in hundreds. To be held at Coventry because that is near the middle of the realm and for the relief of that city which is decayed. The Lord Admiral and the Provost to be rulers of the Court. Provision for receivers, treasurer, and auditor.
Draft, pp. 12. Endd.: The establishment of the Court of Tenth.
Commencement of an Act designed to set idle people to work on the making of linen cloth, ending with the clause that the King, with the advice of his lords and commons in "this Parliament" has "ordained and enacted that all manner persons of what degree, estate, or condition they be of, which hereafter shall use husbandry and tilling of the earth within this his realm having sufficient land for the"—
Large paper written on one side only. Much mutilated. Corrections in Cromwell's hand.
"An abstract or kalendar of ye grants made by Parliament or charter from ye kings of England to their eldest sons."
In the reigns of Edw. III.. Ric. II., Hen. IV., Hen. V., Hen. VI., Edw. IV., Hen. VII., and Hen. VIII. (last date, 28 Ap. 31 Hen. VIII.); with references to the places in the Liber Albus, &c., where the said Acts and charters are to be found.
In an Elizabethan hand, pp. 6. Endd.
Petition of the weavers of woollen cloth in Suffolk and Essex, in Ipswich, Hadleigh, Lancham, ... Barholt, Colchester, and Dedham, and other towns thereabouts; that whereas by a statute "concerning the pure and true making of woollen cloths" every cloth must "keep the full rate and size," their masters the clothiers will make no allowance for the same and have their own looms and weavers and fullers in their own houses so that the petitioners are rendered destitute; "for the rich men the clothiers be concluded and agreed among themselves to hold and pay one price for weaving of the said cloths," which price is too little for the petitioners to sustain their households upon, even by working day and night, holy day and work day. Many of them are reduced to become other men's servants. Have presented a bill into the Parliament house, but as yet have little comfort thereof. Beg Cromwell's aid in furtherance of it.
Copy. Large paper, pp. 2. Headed: "To my lord Privy Seal"
Certain suggestions (for enactment?) headed: "The articles concerning the advancement in profit and benefit of t[he] cities incorporate and market towns within this realm of England."
All grain to be henceforth sold only in such cities and towns on the market days, unless by [victuallers] and brewers for use outside such towns. Butchers residing outside such towns to resort every market day to the nearest market with the victual they slay; and no butcher to be a grazier or tallow-chandler. No cloth maker to retail cloth except in markets, and no clothmaker dwelling outside, such cities and towns to rent lands of the yearly value of more than 4l., beyond the houses necessary for his craft, and no clothmaker to be a haberdasher, mercer, or grocer. Tanners to sell all leather openly in the markets. No wines to be sold retail but in such cities and towns, no innholders to be taverners or to sell wine, and no ale or beer brewers to sell malt. Drapers, mercers, grocers, pothicaries, pewterers, weavers, sheremen, cappers, tallowchandlers, waxchandlers, goldsmiths, furbishers, cordwainers, and curriers to inhabit only within such cities and towns. "Item, from henceforth no manner of man ne woman take upon them to exercise the craft and mystery of clothmaking which hath not continually used and exercised the same before, but if he do inhabit within a city, town corporate, or market town, and there exercise the same; and that he nor no other man of the said crafts inhabiting within the said cities, towns corporate, and _" (breaks off abruptly).
Paper roll of one page.
R. O. 876. HERESY.
Draft of a bill of Parliament, for the appointment of six lay persons in every [diocese] to assist the archbp. or bp. in trying cases of heresy.
Mutilated. Pp. 4.
28 April.
R. O.
Wrote by Larke. For lack of conveyance to Calais, I sent my letters to mine host of the Red Lion at Canterbury, and my lord Privy Seal's letter I sent long since by his son. Wrote in my last, how my lord Admiral said he had sent for James Hawkesworthe, and at his coming would make an end. I received no letter of my lord of Hertford's, which you wrote that you sent me. The horse my lord of Hertford promised you is preparing, with saddle and harness. My lord Privy Seal has been sick of a tercian this 10 days, but now there is hope that it will leave him. Mr. Polsted still says my lord will through this term, and that you shall have the commission for the Friars. Mr. Rolles has written his mind for the woods of Frythelstock. I can hear no news of Mr. Windsor. I trust, this Parliament time, to find some merchant for Soberton. I wrote how the lord Russell, lord Warden, and Mr. Kyngston were advanced to the Order of the Garter. The King rode to the Parliament from his palace with all the lords, temporal and spiritual, in most solemn order, and Mr. Hare is now speaker of the Parliament. The 27th inst. died the serjeant of the Cellar, (fn. 10) suddenly. It is thought that Abbott shall be serjeant. No news, but that the city shall shortly muster in a triumphant sort. London, 28 April.
I delivered your letter to my lord of Hertford, who said he would speak with me in a day or two.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
28 April.
R. O.
I received your sundry letters by Mr. Poynings' man and by Young. Three days ago I wrote to you by one of Canterbury. I shall cause a matins book to be bound for your ladyship with gospels and epistles as you write. Please let me know what number of each livery you have determined upon, that the draper may provide them. I hope your gown which I delivered to Cockes has come to hand, and that you will not forget Mr. Skutt's 20 dozen quails. I perceive by the copy of my lord of Hertford's letter that he has entreated my lady for the fulfilment of his promise. The apothecary is unpaid, but his chief grief is that he has not heard from Lyngham since his coming over. My lady Rutland thinks you cannot do better than take lord Hussy's daughter, who will be sent, as soon as she can be made ready, to Calais, with meet company; which Mrs. Crene will see ordered. Mrs. Katharine is loth to displease you, and leaves the ordering to your ladyship. I see she is unwilling to leave my lady Rutland, lest being with lady Hertford she should be taken but as her woman, for lady Rutland does not so use her. I have delivered lady Rutland the three French caps. To-day lady Gertrude is married. My lady Suffolk is in Lincolnshire, and will not like to come hither this summer. I will therefore keep the three French crepyns you sent by Young, till I hear from you, lest they be marred in the carriage. The serjeant of the Cellar* died on the 27th. London, 28 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
28 April.
VI. I. No. 60.
Complains of having received no letters and no money. If he is not to return before St. John's day, notice should be given to his colleagues in the chapter of Cambray. The King goes on preparing for war. A general muster in this town was proposed, but now separate ones are held in each parish. Probably the great multitude would have involved danger. On Wednesday eight Germans arrived here, one of them a chancellor of the duke of Saxony. More, it is said, are coming to attend the Parliament which meets next week. It is to be feared the business discussed will not be agreeable. Has not yet obtained permission to pay his respects to the King and to communicate his message to the Princess, who is very sorry. London, 28 April 1539.
28 April.
R. O.
To-day, Sunday, (fn. 11) there arrived at Portsmouth, four ships of Brystow, one ship of Wallis, and two of Dartmothe. They are well trimmed and in good order to serve the King. There are yet to come the Savyor, the Gret Nycholas, and two more. They are reported to be at the Land's End. It is a joyful sight to see this noble army that increases daily. Portsmouth, 28 April 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
I have received your letters at Brussels, and those you have sent to the count of Buren. Moreover, I send you a copy of the letter that the count of Buren sent by me to Madame the Regent. Madame gave me audience on St. George's day, and I informed her of what the King and you had charged me with. She said she would take counsel and give me answer, which she has done through Mons. De Morenbes (Molembais), viz.:—that she had sent an ambassador to the King, by whom his Grace will understand that the house of Burgundy will always maintain friendship and alliance with him. I have heard that the Emperor has himself written, that he will come hither as soon as the wind serves, and Mons. de Ysselstein has written that the French king makes great preparations, and thinks that the Emperor will pass through France. As far as I can learn, all this report of ships is not against England; but it may well happen, as I told the King when last I took leave of his Grace As for the foot soldiers assembled, they say they have as yet no master (quil nont point encoire de signeur), which I believe, for Madame told me there was some one sent from England tout pres deulx. To-day I shall leave Brussels for Grave, and will visit the ambassadors who are at Cleve. 28 April Ao 39.
French, Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Marcator.
28 April.
R. O.
Desires remembrances to my lord Privy Seal. Sends a letter. It is said the people of Cleves will come to an agreement with the Emperor as far as possible. Mentions the bp. of Lunden. &c. Brussels, 28 April 1539. Salutations to Mr. Popley and Mr. Gaesschalke (Godsalve ?).
Dutch, pp. 2.
28 April.
Kaulek, 94.
Sens, 28 April:—Has received the despatch of the 15th. He shall solicit actively the punishment of the Portuguese who attacked the ship Anne of Bordeaulx. Has informed the ambassador of Portugal, whose master shall order restitution. The King (Francis) on St. George's day and the eve of the same wore the Order of England with the accustomed ceremonies.
French abstract.
* A modern transcript is in R. O.
28 April.
R. O
St.P. VII.
Wrote last on the 18th inst., at length. Now, at the departure hence of the bearer Mr. Bu[cler], must write a few words in his favour. Can himself speak for his singular goodness and humanity, and all learned men here extol his erudition and wit. Mr. Bucler is worthy Cromwell's benevolence, because of the high opinion he holds of his Lordship's prudence, magnanimity, and other virtues.
The Venetians are now all Turkish, and utterly alienated from the Emperor, so that great innovations are like to follow in Italy; for the French seek to "perturbate the worlde in th' Emperor's detriment." What the bishop of Rome intends is uncertain. The Venetians have had five galleys taken by fustes about Corfu. The duke of Urbin comes hither shortly. He cannot obtain his money of the bishop of Rome, by whom he has been foully deluded ; but he will a venge the injury if occasion be given, "for he furith gretely." The bishop has deferred his coming to Ancona till September. The babblings against England are everywhere ceased ; but he must still remind Cromwell to make strong, and perpetual provision for the safety of the realm. Venice, 28 April, 1539.
Hol. Add. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
Pensions appointed to the late commendatory and convent of Hyde nigh Winchester, 29 April 31 Hen. VIII., viz:—
The bishop of Bangor, commendatory, nil; Walter Bore, prior, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Thos. Welles, Andrew Alton alias Powre, and Thos. Welche, 10l. each; Wm. Barthilmewe, and John Bodman, 8l. each; John Andyvere, alias Phylyppes, John Russell a. Poulter, Ric. Layborne, Wm. Wodall, Ralph Horwell, Thos. Awger, Wm. Courtneyll, Ric. Wodlocke, Edm. Grymboll a. Clerke, John Valantyne, John Benett a. Laycocke, John Alfred a Nalred, John Basyll a. Greyt, and Ph. Lefe, 6l. each. Signed: William Petre : John Crayford: John Mille.
29 April.
Add MS.
11,041, f. 5.
Power of attorney given by John Orpe, clk., late monk of Crokesden, to Geoffrey Lee, of Munkenschull, to receive from John Scudemore, receiver of the Augmentations, 4 marks due to him at Lady day last. 29 April 31 Hen. VIII.
Hol. on parchment with seal appended.
29 April.
R. O.
I thank you for your pains yesterday in visiting an old man like me. Three boats were charged with wine from Calais by John Matthews, and the wine was arrested at Ballingham, but notwithstanding the arrest, the boats conveyed it thence, and another boat laden with beer was likewise trausferred, as it is thought, to the Burgundians. I wish to know if it has been done by your command, which will be sufficient, otherwise, considering the uncertainty of the time, I should think it unadvisable to convey victual out of these marches. Guisnes, 29 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
29 April.
R. O.
As you have thanked my master (fn. 12) for the goodness he shows me for love of you, I will not fail to do my duty. Sens, 29 April.
Fr., Hol., p. 1. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
Inventory indented, made 30 April, 31 Hen. VIII., between Wm. Boston, abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster, and Gabriel Pawlyn, yeoman of his buttery and pantry, witnessing the delivery to the latter of certain parcels of plate, naperyware, knives, &c.
The following are the principal items:—2 basons, and 3 ewers of silver parcel gilt, each of the basons having a man in a tree slipping, and each of the ewers having "Islipp" in the print of the cover; a smaller bason of silver parcel gilt, with St. Edward's arms in the print of the boss; a great standing salt of silver and gilt, with a cover, having drops round both; a salt with a cover, parcel gilt, eight-square, printed with roses, portcullises, and cross keys; a drinking cup with a cover of silver and gilt, nut fashion, with a hand holding a slip on the top of the cover; a drinking cup with a cover of silver and gilt, goblet fashion, set with scallop shells; a cup of silver and gilt with 2 ears, and a cover with a slip in the print at the top of the cover, and this motto "Soli Deo honor et gloria" about the cup; 3 drinking "sorteable" cups, and one cover of silver and gilt, of checker work, which formerly belonged to the cellar, and were used for sweet wines; a standing nut with a foot garnishing, and a cover all of silver and gilt, having a man in a tree holding a slip, in the print of the top of the cover, and written about the nut "Da gloriam Deo" ; a silver gilt chafing dish; ten silver spoons, each having the apostle on the end, and touched within; I silver spoon, "with God, and the world in his hand, of silver and gilt at the end and touched within" ; 6 silver spoons, each having a "wodward" of silver and gilt at the end; 4 silver spoons, each having a lion of silver and gilt at the end; two broad carving knives, and a breaking knife, "sortable," somewhat old, the hafts of ivory and barred with silver and gilt; two meat knives for my lord's own trencher, with one bodkin belonging to the same, "the hafts of them be of dogen," and at the end tipped with silver, and upon the sheath a chappe of silver; a standing case of small meat knives, containing 21, having two bands of silver about it; a stock of trencher knives with iron hafts, which my lord had of Lobbe Hussey; the best table cloth, 13½ yards long, and 2½ broad; other table cloths from 4 to 9 yards long; towels of diaper from 4½ to 15 yards long, and in breadth a yard or ¾ yard; the finest hand towel 2½ yards long and half a quarter broad; neck towels upwards of 1¾ yards long, others 2¾ yards, and 3¾ yards, 6 old "noughty" napkins for drying old plate, &c.,
On one skin of parchment
30 April.
Titus B. I. 80.
B. M.
Complaining that he had been deprived of his deanery of Alton by John Coke, registrar to the bp. of Winchester, for being married. Begs to be admitted to a lecture of scripture in the church of Bentworth. (fn. 13) Bentworth, 30 April. Signed: "your blynd man, John Palmes."
Hol., p. 1. Begins: "My lord."
30 April.
R. O.
I thank your lordship for your gentle cheer. We cannot stay wine past ten days, the King,s custom paid, unless there is great necessity, as the act beareth. (fn. 14) As for English beer "and" (qy. in ?) Calais, if there be a good victualler as this Matheas is, he shall have commodity of English beer or other, at the discretion of the mayor and me. Yesterday I commissioned Mr. Porter to give licences in such cases, with the mayor's consent. No news. 30 April.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.: My lord's letter to my lord Chamberlain.
30 April.
R. O.
I sent the French bible long ago by a merchant named Edmund Style, who said he gave it to your servant at Rouen. The Sire le Gras will send your "crepyns." Paris, 30 April, 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calais.
R. O.
"My most good and special lord Privy Seal," since coming to the Tower I have called to mind my offences. Item, eight days before Lent last, which was in the year 1538, the devil, for lack of grace, put me in remembrance to "menyshe" gold, and all the gold I took "for war" (ware ?) from that day till one day after Palm Sunday, I did "menyshe." I tried to melt it and it would not melt : I beat it in a mortar and yet it would not melt. On Mid-Lent Sunday was a fair at Karsy, and thither came a goldsmith of Woodbridge, Thomas Goldsmy the, to whom I proffered this gold: he said he would not give 2d. for it as it was not gold, but I bade him take it and give me the value when we met again at St. George's fair. I gave some clippings that remained, and an old ring to Thomas Pekeryng's wife of Dedam to keep. Forgot this when he was before Cromwell; for he was so amazed that he cannot tell what he then confessed. Begs that the King will forgive him this his first fault, for he is but 19 years old.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: April.
R. O.
Although he has sustained divers displeasures for declaring the manifest enormity of the clergy in the close of Sarum, something is obtained thereby; for now the residentiaries not only preach, but have at their dinners a chapter of the New or Old Testament read. But from Sarum westward the injunctions are not observed, and will not be unless you send surveyors into these parts to enquire by verdict of 12 men whether they have been obeyed. A commission should be sent to lord Fitzwaren, or some other nobleman about the privy supportation of errant thieves about Sarum, for there is no little company of masterless persons of whom no man dare demand what they be. There are two thieves in Fisherton gaol, John Bracher, late bayly of Westbury, and Henry Barret, who, if Cromwell would send for and examine them, would reveal secrets about a swarm of men of substance.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: April.
Where you commanded Sir Thomas Wharton, deputy warden of the West Marches of England, to pay me my fee for the castle of Karlyll and pay the soldiers there and the keeping of my house, in all 230l. due at Whitsuntide next, without your aid I shall not get it. Former captains have had the receipt of the King's lands, but Mr. Warden has put me off so often that I believe him no longer, and the King's tenants have paid him all. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
R. O. 896. Ro. ORWELL, Parson of Watton at Stone, to SIR PH. BUTTLER.
Asks him to inform the bp. of Lincoln about one John Harvey, who was contracted to a widow, whose husband the town of Hychyn reported to be alive. As Orwell refused to marry them till this question was tried, they were married at the house of Bethlehem in London without Bishopsgate. Will send word to Mr. Bromall the commissary. Sends a copy of their testimonial. Perhaps the bp. of Lincoln, being in London, will make further inquisition concerning the house of Bethlehem. It were a convenient matter to be moved in Parliament and Convocation. (fn. 15)
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Complaint of William Draper, John Sparke, and Robt. Pytt, of Wilcalton (Wincanton), Soms., carvers, to the lord Privy Seal, against Sir John Divale, their curate, who is given to "dicing, carding, booling, and playing at the oross waster, with such other unthrifty games." Such as are willing to hear or read the Scripture, he calls heretics. They desired the parish priest of Castle Cary, Sir John Warde, to preach to them; who gladly did so and exhorted such as could read to read the New Testament in English. On Good Friday last, the curate in his sermon admonished his parishioners against "these new fangled fellows which read these new books, for they be heretics and knaves and Pharisees, and likened them to a dog that gnaweth on a mary bone and never cometh to the pith." If any one praise the New Testament, the curate is ready to fight him, and "applieth in such wise his school of fence so sore continually that he feareth all his parishioners therewith." Moreover, he has said he trusts to see the bishop of Worcester burned, with all the new books in England about him.
Hol., pp. 2.
R. O. 898. MUSTERS.
A list of certificates of musters as follows:—The certificate of musters of Hastinges rape, Suss. The hundreds of Brampton and Chadlington, Oxon. The certif. of Newcastle upon Tyne. The hundreds of Hatresbery, Mere, Doneworthe, Brencheboroughe, Dolesfeld and the borough of Wilton, Wilts. Suss.:—hundreds of Rotherbrige, Eswriche and Byrey in Arundell rape; the whole rapes of Pevensey and of Chichester. "Item, a great book sealed up sent from the lord President in the Marches of Wales." Town and hundred of Farington and other hundreds in Berks. "Item the book of the whole shire of Dorset." Surr.:—hundreds of Blakheth, Tanrigge Reygate and Wotton. Essex :—hundreds of Chafford and Barnstable. Suff.:—hundreds of Thyngo, Lakford, Exnyng half hundred, and the town of Bury. Bucks.:—the three hundreds of Asshenden.
Added in another hand. Ntht.—hundreds of Fallesley, Newbotell Grave, Gyllesbrough, Norton, Wardon, Sutton, Highamferres, Hokeslowe, Haumfordesho, Wesabrogh, Pokebroke, Nevesfordes, Orlyngbere, Corby, Wyllybroke, Spello, Wyverisley. Suff.—hundreds of Blacborn and Thedwardstre. Wilts.—hundreds of Ambresbury, Swanboroughe, Potern Caninges and other.
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 2.
Certificate of Thos. Kanner, (fn. 16) clk., surveyor of the King's works, John Multon, master mason, and John Russell, master carpenter, to the lord Admiral, concerning the making of two blockhouses at Est Cowe and West Cow in the Isle of Wight.
They find the foundation of the blockhouse at Est Cowe digged and the wall brought up 4 ft. above ground. Have set 170 persons to work to finish it according to the platte devised by the King. Their wages will amount to 113l. 6s. 8d. a month. The carriage of stuff, taking down stone at the monasteries of Beaulieu and Quarre, &c., will amount to 160l. a month. At West Cowe the expense will be the same. Total for both houses, 546l. 13s. 4d.
Can finish it by Michaelmas, or sooner with more men.
Signed: Thomas Cannar, clerke—John Mowlton, masson—John Russell, carpenter.
P. 1. Endd.
Account of repairs done on the fortifications of Calais, Guisnes, and Dyckelonde. Among other particulars it is stated that the Snail tower is taken down three storeys, is now as low as the top of the town walls, &c.; one half the length of the works at Guisnes are made according to the plat, and the new haven of Dyckelond is in great forwardness "as my lord of Herforde can inform your mastership," for he has seen both that and the works of Calais. Thinks the new haven will be all diked within 12 days. 500 men are employed on it.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Concerning the buildings at Calais.
Suggestions for further repairs of the fortifications of Guisnes in addition to some already made, among which it is recommended that the tower called Water James tower be taken down at least—(blank) feet, and the rest repaired. Also a wall between James tower and George Mayns tower must be rebuilt that it may not fall into the ditch, and Geo. Mayns tower itself should be rebuilt and fortified; also the vault and salew going into Pirton's bulwark.
Draft, pp. 2. Mutilated and illegible at the beginning. Endd.: "A view and survey of the castle and fortress of Guisnes made by my master and other."
Galba B. x.
99** b.
B. M.
The 55 ships of war, mostly of Holland, lie at anchor about Flushing, and are continually "refreshed" with munitions. I cannot tell what to think of it, for their purpose is kept very secret. Some say the Emperor does it to accomplish his league with the bp. of Rome and the Venetians, and to show that he is ready with what he has promised. The Venetians, by means of the French king, have taken a perpetual peace with the Turk, but give out voice only of the truce, to see how the Emperor will take it. I think he intends to keep himself prepared, to see what end the matter will take. There is no appearance that he hath any mind to you-ward. I know that he answered the Cardinal, who pressed him to make war upon you, that if the towns of the Church had been so nigh your neighbours as his were, that he would have counselled him otherwise.
The lords of Almayn have agreed that there shall be truce for six months, so that there will be no war for this year, which I think is contrary to the French king's mind "that pretends upon Milan." The duchy of Monferrato is already under France, I think, contrary to the Emperor's mind. The Turk continues to do much harm in Hungary, and now begins with Pollonya.
This has caused the lords of Almain to agree, and stay all for six months. There will shortly be a great congregation to give help and order men against this dog, who, if he prospers, in a few years would have half Christendom under him, which * * *
Mutilated, p. 1. In the same hand as Nos. 786, 810, &c.
Poli. Epp., III.
If he has not answered his letters at Rome, [sent] with his pamphlet (libello) in reply to the book of Sturmius, it is not from forgetfulness nor distaste for the letters and book. Although personally unacquainted, loves him already for his writings; which not only ought to be grateful to those who favour doctrine and piety, but should be rewarded, since Cochlæus has alone for years resisted the attack of the adversaries in those places where the greatest danger threatened. Has not read this his book against Sturmius only, in which he easily overcomes the empty verbosity of that writer with the solid truth of sense; but has also read his books in which he bravely hurled the darts of piety against the impious cruelty of the Pharaoh of England. He is therefore not only dear to Pole as to all Catholics but also for the sake of Pole's own country, whose protection he has undertaken against its oppressor. His letters arrived at the time when, on account of the cruelty of that Pharoah, Pole was hurriedly called to Spain, and since then he has had no opportunity of writing, till he came to Capentras to Card. Sadolet, who had letters from Cochlæus at the same time, in which Cochlæus mourns the loss Christendom suffers in the death of his prince. (fn. 17) Consolation in prayer. Offers services at Rome, to which he sets out in a few days. Carpentras.
904. GRANTS in APRIL 1539, 30 Hen. VIII.
1. Nich. Bristowe. Annuity of 10l. for life. Del. Westm., 1 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 5.
2. Valentine Rutland. to be one of the gunners in the Tower of London, with 6d. a day. Greenwyche, 26 March 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 1.
3. John Wolf, clk. Sec Grants in April 29 Hen. VIII. (1538), Vol. XIII., Pt. I. No. 887 (2).
4. Sir Geo. Darcy. Grant in tail male of the house and site of the late monastery of Eynesham alias Encsham alias Egnesham, Oxon., now dissolved; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, &c.; the manors of Eynesham, Brokeend, Wykeryssenden, Ronlanderith Parva alias Rowlryth, Mylcombe, Woddeton, Mylton, Chorlebury, Faller, Fynstoke, and Shyfford, Oxon, belonging to the said late monastery; the rectories of Eynesham, Faller and Fynstoke, Chadlington, Shortehampton, Chylton, and Chorlebury, Oxon, belonging to the said late monastery; the advowson of the vicarage of Eynesham; and all lands, &c., in Eynesham, Brokeend, Castleton, Wykeryssenden, Rowlanderyth Parva alias Rowlrith, Mylcombe, Wodeton, Mylton, Chorlebury, Faller, Fynstoke, Northlife, Wylcotte, Shyfford, and Bampton, Oxon, and in Fulbroke Eynesham, Bucks, belonging to the said late monastery; in as full manner as Anth. Dunston alias Kechyn, the late abbot, held the same; also the close of land and pasture called "le Frythe" in Tyggersley and Evensham, Oxon, which belouged to the late monastery of Abendon Berks, now dissolved; with reservation of advowsons of vicarages, chantries, and chapels not appropriated to the said late monastery of Eynesham. To hold by the annual rent of 43l. 5s. 10d., with liberties. Del. Walden 4 April 30 Hen. VIII—S.B.
Vacated on personal surrender, 6 March 34 Hen. VIII., in order that the form of the grant might be altered. Pat. p. 8, m. 25.
5. The dean and chapter of the cathedral of Holy Trinity, Norwich (the said deanery and chapter having been constituted out of the priory formerly belonging to the cathedral, by virtue of patent 2 May 30 Hen. VIII.) Patent separating the site of the late priory and the land within the outer walls thereof the buildings upon those walls and the walls themselves, and the land between the walls of the bishop of Norwhich's palace and the said late priory within the eastern outer gate thereof, towards the hospital of St. Giles, and the said gate from the body of the county of Norfolk and from the hundred of Blofeld, Norf., to which county and hundred the said lands, &c., had been added by patent 28 May 17 Hen. VIII., and restoring the same to the county of the city of Norwich to which they had formerly belonged. Del. Westm., 6 April 30 Hen. VIII.— Pat. p. 8, m. 26.
6. Wm. Hobson. Grant in fee (for 88l. 5s. 4d.) of two messuages in "le Pultry" in the city of London in one of which John Hodeshall now dwells and in the other Hen. Carewe lately dwelt and now the said Wm. dwells, which messuages belonged to the suppressed priory of Elsyngspytell in the city of London. Annual value 6l. 2s. 8d., rent 12s. 4d. Del. Walden, 7 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 1.
7. Geoff. Bromefelde, one of the yeomen of the King's chamber. To be keeper of the wood growing in the pasture or park called "le litle parke" in the lordship of Chyrke, near the castle there, from the death of John Trevour, with 40s. a year and the herbage and pannage of the said wood and parke. Grenewiche, 4 April 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 April—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m.2.
8. Geo. Caporn, of Norwich, chaplain. Pardon for having, on the 1 Aug. last, at Norwich, in the parish of St. Stephen in the ward of Mancroft in the city of Norwich, broken and entered the parish church of St. Stephen aforesaid, and taken therefrom two pixes containing 5l. in money belonging to the parishioners, in custody of John Alleyn and Thos. Briggys, churchwardens. Grenewich, 9 April 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 27.
9. Philip van Wylder, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Denization. Westminster Palace, 18 March 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 10 April.—P.S.
10. Edw. Hawkyns, of Brodeclyst, Devon, weaver. Pardon for having, 25 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., broken into the parish church of Clyst St. Lawrence, Devon, and stolen goods and ornaments of the parishioners in the custody of Wm. Drewe, then churchwarden. Grenewyche, 8 April 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 April—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 27.
11. Thos. Dyer and Frances his wife. Grant in fee (for 280l.) of the reversion and rent reserved upon a lease granted by John, the late abbot, and the convent of the late monastery of St. Mary and St. Nicholas, Bylegh, Essex, 12 Sept. 21 Hen. VIII., to John Throstyll, of Danburye, Essex, yeoman, of the lands, &c., called Tyllynghams and Bylegh Wyke, and certain other lands called Bygges, Lymbornes, Westfeld, Holffryth, Croftys, Smalmershe, and then commonly called Jenkynmaldons, belonging to the hospital of St. Giles in Maldon, Essex, in the parishes of Hayslef Leigh, Purlegh, Woodham Mortymer, and St. Mary and St. Peter, Malden; with reservations; for 30 years rent; 22l., and 2s. tot he sacristan of the said monastery. The said Thos. and Frances to hold the premises, in as full manner as John Copsheff, the late abbot, held the same, at a rent of 44s. 3d. Del. Westm., 12 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 2.
12. John lord Russell, president of the King's Council in cos. Somers., Dorset, Devon, Cornw. and co. city of Exeter, and Thos. Derby. Commission to receive recognizances in the above cos. for appearances before themselves and other commissioners and others of the King's Council or before justices, and for good conduct and for preservation of the peace, and to inroll the same. Walden, 12 April. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 8, m. 22, and m. 21 d.
13. Wm. Squyrry. To be parker and keeper of Fakenham park, Worc., in the King's hands by reason of the attainder of Sir Nich. Carewe. Del. Walden, 14 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 8 m. 27.
14. Fras. Grawnte, one of the sewers of the King's chamber. To be ranger in Fekenham forest, Wore., vice Sir Nicholas Carewe, dec., attainted. Del. Walden, 14 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 3.
15. Sir Ric. Long. Grant in fee of the manors of Fyllolshall and Coggeshall, Essex, with all appurtenances in Magna Coggeshall, Parva Coggeshall, Feryng, Esterford, and Kelden, Essex; rent 6l. 12s. Del. Westm., 16 April 30 Hen. VIII.— S.B Pat. p. 3, m. 1.
16. John Jamys alias Blaunche Lyon, one of the King's pursuivants-at-arms (in consideration of his services to Thos. duke of Norfolk). To have the office of one of the King's heralds-at-arms commonly called Norfolk, with fees of 13l. 6s. 8d. a year. Grenewiche, 26 March 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m 27.
17. Ralph. Holforth, one of the yeomen of the Guard. To be bailiff of the hundred of Northwich, Cheshire, vice Sir James Worsley, dec. Grenewiche, 24 March 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 6.
18. Peter Chedder, of Malburgh, Devon, husbandman. Pardon for having along with Robt. Baron, husbandman, and Jas. Courtney, both of Malburgh, on the 12th Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., on the seashore at Slapton, in a place called Longsands, Devon, stolen two pieces of net called "twoo codds of two seyn netts," worth 10l., from Wm. Deyman. Del. Westm., 17 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 2.
19. Ric. Manchestre, clk., rector of Drye Drayghton, Ely dioc. To be the King's chaplain, with license to hold three other. benefices and be non-resident. Greenwich, 10 April 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 April.—P.S.
20. Robt. Lorde, alias Laward. Appointment as paymaster of the new works and buildings, as well at the manors of Hampton Courte, Noonesoche and Oteland, or elsewhere, "as other our buildings newly appoyuted in the Downes"; during the continuance of said buildings or works: with fees of 6s. 8d. a day from 16 Sept. last. Del. Westm., 19 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 11.
21. Thos. Bayle, of Trowbridge, Wilts. Grant in fee of the reversions and rents reserved upon the following leases, viz.:—
(1.) By Thomas, formerly abbot, and the convent of the late house of St. Mary, and SS. Peter and Paul, Keynesham, Somers., 4 Nov. 37 Hen. VI. to Wm. Shewey, alias Stowford, of a messuage with a curtilage situated on a ground called Stowford in the manor of Wynfeld, alias Wynefeld, Wilts, two water mills there under one roof, and a cottage there situated on a ground called Fresshawe, and certain acres, &c, there, with the fishery of the whole water in the said manor : for 96 years; at 33s. rent.
(2.) By John, late abbot, and the said convent, 29 Sept. 11 Henry VII., to Wm. Clevelode, of Stowford, "clotheman," of the said messuage, water-mills (changed into four fulling-mills) for 86 years, from the expiration of the preceding lease, at 33s. 4d. rent.
(3.) By the same, 20 Dec. A.D. 1494, and 10 Hen. VII., to the said Wm., of the site of the manor of Wynfeld and two tenements called Fresshawe and Bradleys, with all demesne lands, &c., for 80 years: at 8l. rent.
(4.) By John Stourton, the late abbot, and the convent aforesaid, 10 Feb. 29 Hen. VIII., to the said Thos. Bayley, of the site of the manor of Wynfelde, and other premises of the last lease: for the term of 90 years from Mich. A.D. 1575; at 8l. rent.
To hold the premises with liberties at 19s. 4d. rent. Del. Westm., 19 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 24.
22. Ric. Bellysys. Grant in fee (for 150l.) of the tenements and granges of Greate Moreton and Colde Morton in Hanby, Yorks., Wethercotes in Olde Bylande, and the pond called Gorremyre in Olde Bylande, which premises belonged to the dissolved monastery of Bella Landa, alias Bylande, Yorks.:—To hold by thè annual rent of 16s. 8d. Grenewich, 8 April 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 25.
23. Maurice ap Knyvet, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Grant of a moiety of the manor of Hendour and 10 "gavels" of land belonging to the said moiety, otherwise called "Hendoris lands," of the annual value of 40s.; which escheated to Henry VII. by the death of John ap Richard, late serjeant of the Pantry. Grenewich, 25 March 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 April same year.—P.S. Enrolled on Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 13.
24. Peter Vandyvall. Safe conduct for him and his agents to come to England from time to time, importing jewels and pearls, whether set in gold or silver, "embroidered in garments" or otherwise, garments embroidered with. gold and silver, and all kinds of harness, weapons, and ammunition, and cables, and ships' masts:—the goods not to be opened till brought to the port of London, there to be viewed and appraised. And further licence to export merchandise for the term of six yèars. The jewels, &c., to be brought to the King before sale, that he may have the first choice of them: and such as remain unsold and said Peter shall be at liberty to export free of duty. Grenewich, 6 April 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 April.—P.S. pat. p. 7, m. 2.
25. Balthazar Gwerey, of London, surgeon, and Joan his wife. Grant in fee (for 71l. 10s.) of the great messuage lately built anew by the said Balthazar, within the close of the late priory of St. Heleu, Bysshoppes gate, London, and the garden or vacant land thereto belonging on the north side of the said messuage, with the whole of the "entre" on the west side of the said messuage leading from the "Iron grate" or common sink within the said close on the south side of the said great messuage to the tenement within the said close late in the tenure of Thos. Pope, and formerly in that of Philip Denys, on the north side of the same messuage. Also six tenements situated and described as follows:—two in the parish of St. Andrew Undershafte, London, in the several tenures of John Glascoke and Ric. Burton, and the four others in the parish of St. Mary Axe, London, viz., between the highway there on the east, and the said great messuage and garden on the west, and late in the several tenures of Robt. Wylles, Wm. Dyxe, John Bulkeley, and Walter Assheley. Also three messuages or tenements in the several tenures of the said Balthazar, and one Margery Clyfforde, widow, and Thos. Gyle, of London, ale-brewer; within the close of the said priory. Four messuages or tenements late in the several tenures of Thos. Archefeld, Margaret Norrye, Nich. Taylour, and Christopher Leydon, situated in the parish of St. Andrew Undershafte London, viz., behind the said three tenements last mentioned; also the messuage within the close of the said priory, situated between the tenement in which John Parker now dwells on the east, and the garden now in the tenure of Alan Hawte, on the west, and abutting on the house in which John Gerardus, wool packer, now dwells, and on the wall dividing the parishes of St. Andrew Undershafte, and St. Helen on the south, and on the common way leading from the great gate called "Seynt Elyns gate" to the messuage called Crosbyes Place, in which Anthony Bonvys now dwells, on the north; also the garden with houses therein, now in the tenure of the said Balthazar, lying within the close of the said late priory, viz., between the garden called "Crosbyes garden" belonging to the said messuage called Cros-byes Place on the west, and the said garden now in the tenure of the said Alan Hawte on the east, by the wall on the south side thereof. All which premises belonged to the said late priory, and came to the King's hands, by reason of the dissolution thereof, or by grant of Mary Rosebey, the late prioress. To hold by the annual rent of 26s. 8d. Del. Westm., 21 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 8, m. 20.
26. Nich. Hare. To be steward of the court of Marshalsea of the royal Household: with power to deliver the gaol of the Marshalsea, and to hear and determine actions in the court. Del. Westm., 21 April 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 8, m. 21.
1. Edw. lord clynton. custody of the manors of Nocton, Dunston and Flyxburges, Linc., late of Chris. Wymbisshe, dec., during the minority of Thos. Wymbisshe, s. and h. of the said Chris.; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B Pat. p. 8, m. 14.
2. Robt. Darkenall, and Ric. Reynold, citizen and mercer, London. Grant in fee of the messuage and garden now in the tenure of the said Ric. near "lez Stokkys" in the parish of St. Christopher, London, which belonged to the late Carthusian monastery near London, now dissolved, in as full manner as Wm. Trafford, the late prior, held the same; to hold by the annual rent of 24s. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 28.
3. John Harrington, esquire of the Royal Body. Grant in fee of the reversion and rent reserved upon a lease, by indenture 13 May 28 Hen. VIII., by the court of Augmentations, of the house and site of the late monastery of Oulston, Leic., dissolved by authority of parliament, with the rectory of Oulston and various lands there belonging to the said late priory; for the term of 21 years, at the annual rent of 53l.
Also grant of the above and certain other lands, &c., there, including the manor of Oulston and the advowson of the parish church of Wythcok, Leic., and all manors, &c., in Oulston, Markefelde, and Wythcok, Leic., and Pykeworth, Rutland, belonging to the said late monastery. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
4. Thos. Horsman, one of the sewers of the King's Chamber. Lease of the chief messuage or mansion of Slefford, with appurtenances, and divers parcels of demesne lands, &c., of Sir John late lord Hussey, attainted of high treason; for the term of 21 years at the annual rent of 10l. 6s. 4d. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 13.
5. Sir Robert Jernyngham. Grant in tail male of the reversion of the manors of Haverell, Hersham, and Helyon Haverell, Suff., late of the duke of Buckingham, which were granted, by patent, 25 May 15 Hen. VIII., to Sir Ric. Jernyngham and Anne his wife, the said Sir Richard being now deceased without heir male of his body and his wife Anne still surviving.—S.B.
6. Norwell, Notts. Mortmain licence to Thos. Cranemer, archbp. of Canterbury, Sir John Markham, John Hercy, John Meryng, Edw. Molyneux, Wm. Meryng, Nich. Denman, and John Clayton, clk., to exchange lands, &c. to the annual value of 45s. 8d. with John Olyver, clk., prebendary of Overhall in Norwell, Notts., and his successors. Also to exchange lands, &c., to the annual value of 2s. 4d. with Ric. Martin, clk, vicar of the vicarage belonging to the prebend of Overhall aforesaid, and his successors. Also to exchange lands, &c., to the annual value of 2s. 6d. with Ric. Alvey, clk., vicar of the parish church of Norwell aforesaid, and his successors. Also to exchange lands, &c., to the annual value of 5s. with Wm, Inkersell, clk., priest of the chantry called "Norwell Chantry" in Southwell, Notts., and his successors. Also licence to the said archbp. &c., to grant to Thos. Burton, clk., prebendary of the prebend of Palice Hall in Norwell, and Ric. Thomyou, prebendary of the "said" Third prebend in Norwell, and to all the said prebendaries, vicars and priests, and their tenants there, from 13 Aug. next ensuing, common of pasture for their cattle in a close called Swyneclose in Norwell. Pat. p. 2, m. 43.
7. Wm. Throwgood. Reversion of the corrody in Merton abbey, Surrey, upon the death or surrender of the same by Lancelot Lisle.—S.B. (In English.)
8. John Williams, master of the King's jewels. Lease of the grange of Utcote with divers parcels of land, thereto belonging and specified by their names, and the warren of coneys of Utcote beyond a certain pasture called Horsemerehills, parcel of the said warren, now in the tenure of Thos. Stile; which premises are within the manors of Woborne and Byrchmere, parcel of the lands of the late monastery of Woborne, Beds., in King's hands by the attainder of Robt., the late abbot, of high treason; with reservations; for the term of 21 years, at the annual rent of 40l. 15s., according to an extent made by John Asshton. 30 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
906. GRANTS IN APRIL 1539, 31 HEN. VIII.
1. Sir Wm. Poulett, lord Seynt John. Grant in fee (for 2,091l. 10s. 10d.) of the grange of Shamelharst, Hants, now or late in tenure of John Multon, the lands, &c., called Budlands, in the tenure of Th. Osmond in Shamelhurst, a tenement and lands late in the tenure of And. Carpenter in Aldyngton, Hants, all which belonged to the suppressed priory of St. Denis, Hants. Yearly value 114s. 4d.
Also the manors and the advowsons of the churches of Browne Candever and Worting, Hants., belonging to the late monastery of Hida alias Hyde, Hants.
Also the rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of the parish church of Fyssherton Dalamere, Wilts., belonging to the suppressed monastery of Mayden Bradlegh, Wilts. Yearly value, 52s.
Also the manor, the rectory, and the advowson of the vicarage of the parish church of Ichynstoke, Hants, belonging to the late monastery of Romsey, Hants.
Also a messuage now or late in the tenure of Wm. Snelgrave in Fyssherton Dalamere, belonging to the late monastery of Bradstock alias Bradnestock.
Also the manor and the advowson of the parish church of Ichyn alias Abbesse Ichyn, Hants, belonging to the late monastery of St. Mary, Winchester.
Also the great messuage lately built by the said lord Seynt John within the precinct and walls of the late priory of the Augustine Friars in the city of London, with all houses curtilages, gardens, &c., thereto belonging, and a yearly rent of 40s. issuing therefrom. To hold in as full a manner as the previous owners by rent of 11l. 12s. 5d. Del. Westm., 22 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 7.
2. Sir Ric. Moryson. The grant of 22 April enrolled in 31 Hen. VIII. (Pat. p. 6, m. 9.) is really of the year 32 Hen. VIII.
3. John Relleson of London, sherman. Pardon for having, 24 Nov. 31 Hen. VIII., robbed Th. Brighouse, at Termyll, co. Midd., of 3s. 8d. in money. Del. Westm., 22 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Thos. Lewes alias Lewys, of Barnstaple, Devon, goldsmith. Pardon for having, 8 June 28 Hen. VIII., at Barnstaple, made and issued divers "English crowns" of the coinage of the double rose. Del. 22 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: Pardon for clipping and counterfeiting English crowns. "Delivered by my lord Russell."
5. William earl of Southampton. Grant, in tail male, of the manor of South Cerney, Glouc., belonging to the late monastery of Lanthony, near the town of Gloucester in co. town of Gloucester, with its appurtenances in Southecerney, Myntie, and Barnesley, Glouc. To hold with full rights by the rent of 47s.* Del. Westm., 24 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 27.
*Mem. on the S.B. That this warrant was corrected in full court at Westminster, 22 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII., by order of the Lord Chancellor and with the consent of Sir Ric. Riche, chancellor of the Augmentations, in the word "solidos" which before was "libras."
6. Wm. Berners, one of the auditors of the court of Augmentations, and Dorothy his wife. Grant in fee (for 240l.) of the site, &c., of the late priory of St. Leonard of Thobye, Essex, and the manor of Thobye called "the prior of Thobye's manour," with all their appurtenances in Thobye, Gyngmountney alias Mountenesing, Wastelles, Rome alias Romeland, Mowland alias Molland, Parva Warley, and Ingraf, Essex; in reversion after Sir Ric. Page, a knight of the Royal Body, to whom the premises were granted for life, by Patent 24 Dec., 22 Hen. VIII., together with the manor of Bluntzwalles, Essex, with all appurtenances in Thobie, Gyngemounteney alias Mountentsyng (sic), Blountzwalles, Cupfeld, Wyndhall, Parva Wareleye, Marses, Nosellys alias Nortesellys, Rome, Maylond, Mowland, Wyndhall, Rumwell, Bobyngworth, Spryngfeld, Hereford Stoke, Pachyng, Shenfeld, Ingraf, Rawreth, Colchester, Borham, Stondon, Wryttell, Shelowe, Gyngmargarett, Cubsant, and Shenfeld, Essex, which belonged to the said late priory or manors; of which premises Thomas Wolsaye, cardinal of York, enfeoffed the dean and canons of his college in the university of Oxford, and was afterwards attainted, Mich., 21 Hen. VIII., in the King's bench. Del. Westm., 24 Apr., 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m, 28.
7. Sir Wm. Sydney, and Agnes his wife, Grant, in tail male (in exchange for the lordship or manor of Kyngeston-upon-Hull, with appurtenances in cos. Kyngeston-upon-Hull and York; the lordship or manor of Myton in said cos.; and all messuages, &c., in the town of Kyngeston upon-Hull, or elsewhere in said co., which lately belonged to Edmund De la Pole; a ninth part of the manor of Sutton, Yorks., and of certain lands, &c., in Sutton, Sutcotts, Drey-poles, and Stoneferie, Yorks., and certain land, &c., in Barrowe, Yorks. and Linc.; which premises the said William and Agnes, by the name of Wm. Sydney of Yealdeham, Kent, knt., and dame Agnes his wife, sold to the Crown by their deed indented dated 8 March, 30 Hen. VIII.) of the following possessions, viz.:
The site, curcuit, and precinct of the late monastery or abbey of Robertsbridge, Sussex, &c.; the manor of Robertsbridge; and divers lands (named); and the reversions and rents reserved upon the following leases, viz.:—
(1.) 20 March, 14 Hen. VIII., by William, late abbot of Robertisbridge, to John Westbourne of Saleherst, Sussex, of 4 pieces of arable and wood land in the parishes of Saleherst and Moundefelde, Sussex; term 19 years, rent 36s. 8d.
(2.) By Thomas, late abbot of the same, 2 Jan., 28 Hen. VIII., to Jeremy Bounde, of the said 4 parcels of land and wood mentioned in the preceding lease; term 20 years from the feast of Annunciation, A.D. 1542, on the expiration of the preceding; rent 36s. 8d.
(3.) By the said William, late abbot, 30 Nov., 14 Hen. VIII., to Th. Padyam, and John Jurden, of 7 pieces of arable and wood land, in the aforesaid parishes of Salehurst and Mowndefelde, with certain meadows adjoining, called "Warderwisshes medowes"; term 21 years, rent 46s. 8d.
(4.) By the said Thomas, late abbot, 4 Oct., 29 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Pooke, of Robertsbridge, of the said 7 pieces of land, &c.; term 20 years from Mich., A.D. 1544; rent 46s. 8d.
(5.) By the said Thomas, late abbot, 16 Dec., 29 Hen. VIII., to Ric. Halle, of 4 pieces of land in the said parish of Saleherst; term 20 years, rent 30s. 8d.
Also, the manor of Maddersham with appurtenances in Maddersham and Beckele, and elsewhere in co. Sussex; the rectory of Udymer, Sussex; an annual rent of 6l. 13s. 4d., issuing from certain lands, &c., ténements, in Sedelescombe, and Ewherst, Sussex; an annual rent of 40l., issuing from certain lands and marshes in Promehill, Kent and Sussex, formerly of Sir Ric. Guldeford; another annual rent of cl. 13s. 4d., issuing from certain lands near Wynchelsee, in Pette, Gestlyng and Fareley, and Ikelsham; another of 3l. 6s. 8d. issuing from the manor of Peplisham in Bexhill, Sussex; another of 4l., issuing from the lordships of Maplesden and Osynden, in Benynden, Rownden, and Sandherst; another of 59s. 10d., issuing from the lordship of Playden, in Playden and Iden; another of 13s. 4d., issuing from certain lands called Badlands; and another of 6s. 8d., issuing from 2 tenements called Grenelosse and Shawes in lveehurebe, in Rummeymarsshe; together with the reversions and rents (fn. 18) reversed upon the following leases, viz.:—
(1.) By the said Thomas, late abbot, 22 March 15 Hen. VIII., to Hen. Awyke, of a tenement called Witteres tenement, in Burwashe, Sussex; term 15 years; rent 23s. 4d.
(2.) By the same, 27 Sept. 20 Hen. VIII., to Edw. Scot, of certain marsh lands in Playden, Sussex; term 24 years; rent 7l., and 6 quarters of barley.
(3.) By the same, 23 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Palmer, of Framfelde, Sussex, one of the yeomen of the Guard, of the manor and lordship of Posyngworth, in Walderne, Sussex; term 80 years; rent 40s.
(4.) By the same, 2 Feb. 22 Hen. VIII., to Ric. Glyd, of Brightling, Sussex, yeoman, of the manor called Warde, in Brightling, and the mills called Wynehamforde; term 80 years; rent 6l. 13s. 4d.
(5.) By the same, 9 Oct. 23 Hen. VIII., to Sir John Gage, then the King's vice-chamberlain, of the lands called le Derne, in Chetyngle and Walderne, Sussex, with reservation of oak and beech trees; term 40 years; rent 4l.
(6.) By the same, 8 Oct. 23 Hen. VIII., to John Strugle, sen., of Warehorne, Kent, of the lands called Frerelands in the parish of Snave; term 30 years; rent 33s. 4d.
(7.) By the same, 19 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII., to Barth. Clerke, Margaret, his wife, and John Clerke, their son, of the manor or tenement called Udyam, in Ewherst, which the said Bartholomew then held; term 30 years; rent 5l. 13s. 4d.
(8.) By the same, 10 Sept. 25 Hen. VIII., to Walt. Hope, clk., vicar of Moundefelde, Sussex; of the rectory of Mountfelde; for life; rent 13s. 4d.
(9.) By the same, 12 Oct. 25 Hen. VIII., to John Seman, of Seforde, of the manors of Sandore and Sutton, and the site of the hospital, chapel or chantry of St. James', and 10 acres of land called Spittellande thereto belonging; term 40 years; rent 3l. 16s. 8d., 28 quarters of corn, and 12 quarters of malt, to be delivered at the expense of the said John, at a place called Copbeche in the parish of Watlyng; [and 10l. payable to the dean and canons of Chichester in the name of the said abbot and convent; and 20s. payable to Th. Gerard, clk., master, warden and chaplain of the said chapel].
(10.) By the same, 30 July 26 Hen. VIII., to Edw. Godfray, of the manor of Woodrove; term 30 years; rent 35l. 13s. 4d., 10 quarters of corn, 10 quarters of barley, 2 bushels of mustard, 1,200 reeds, and the custody of 3 horses, from the feast of St. George to that of All Saints. Also of a piece of land called Monkenland in Rumney Marshe, in the parish of Warehorne; term 30 years; rent 40s.
(11.) By the same, 31 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., to Walt. Osborne, in the island of Oxney in Stone, Kent, husbandman, of certain marsh and country lands ("terras mariscales et rurales") in the said parish of Stone; term 10 years; rent 3l.
(12.) By the same, 10 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Spycer, of Dalyngton, Sussex, of certain lands and woodlands called Rownden, in Bryghtlyng, Sussex; term 30 years; rent 4 cartloads of line.
(13.) By the same, 19 Nov. 29 Hen. VIII., to Robt. Bullok, of Hawkeherst, Kent, husbandmen, of the rectory of Saleherst, Sussex; term 30 years; rent 13l.
(14.) By the same, 3 Dec. 29 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Byne, of the said tenement called Witteres tenement, leased as above, to the said Henry Awyke; term 21 years from the feast of Annunciation, A.D. 1539; rent 23s. 4d.
(15.) By the same, 6 Dec. 29 Hen. VIII., to Laur. Derby, of certain pieces of arable and wood land in Ewherst, Sedelescombe, and Watlyngton; term 21 years; rent 3l. 6s. 8d.
(16.) By the same, 10 Jan. 29 Hen. VIII., to John Cowper, of a tenement called Farnebourne, in Salcherst; term 21 years; rent 5s.
(17.) By the same, 23 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII., to Hen. Darell, of Scotney, in Lamberherst, Sussex, and Th. Darell, son, and heir apparent of the said Henry, of the manor and lordship of Lamberherst, in Lamberherst and Horsemonden, Kent and Sussex; term 40 years; rent 14l. 2s. 8d.
(18.) By the same, 12 Oct. 25 Hen. VIII., to John Seyman and John Okynden, of the lands called Blakstok, in Helyngle, Sussex; term 40 years; rent 20s.
And all manors, messuages, &c., in the parishes, vills., and fields of Robertsbridge, Salehurste, Ewhurst, Northyam, Bekley, Pesemarshe, Brede, Selsecombe, Sedeles-combe, Udymer, Battell, Mowntefelde, Whatlyngton, Brighthng, Burwashe, Tisehurst, Sutton, Lamberherst, Chitingle, Walderne, Bodyam, Helynglegh, Udyam, Bexhill, Snargate, Rumney, Stone, Snave, Ivechurche, Playden, Estguldeford, Bromehill, (fn. 19) Gestlyng, Fareley, Ikelsham, Benynden, Rownden, Sandhurst, Hawke-hurst and Rye, Sussex and Kent; belonging to the late abbey of Robertsbridge.
All which premises hereby granted belong to the Crown, by the gift of the said Th. Taylour, last abbot of the said late monastery of Robertsbridge.
To bold by the yearly rent of 19l. 2s. 10d., by way of tenth. Del. Westm., 24 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, ms. 3 to 8.
8. Sir Richard Riche, chancellor of the court of Augmentations. Licence to alienate the manor of Fyfylde alias Fyfyd, Essex, and certain lands, &c., in Fyfild, Norton, Morton, Shelley, Parva Laver, Willingale Doo and Willingale Spayne, Essex, and the advowson of Fyfild church, the manor of Herons in Fyfyld, Essex, the manor of Ladihall alias Overhall in Morton Essex, and certain messuages, lands, &c. in Morton, Fyfyld alias Fyfid, High Laver, Parva Laver and Bobyagworth, Essex, and also a portion of lands and wood in Fyfhide which the abbot and convent of Waitham Holy Cross, by powers conferred upon them by Act of Parliament 25 Hen. VIII. cap. 26, alienated to the said Richard by the name of Richard Riche, of Shelley, Essex, solicitor-general, Robt. Noke, clk., John Chauncy, and Ric. Lynsell, to the use of the said Richard Riche and his heirs for ever:—to Walt. Pharr, and John Haver to the use of the said Richard Riche, and Elizabeth his wife, and the heirs, male, &c., of the body of the said Richard, &c. Westm., 26 April: Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 1.
9. Th. Hawkyns, a yeoman of the Guard. Licence to alienate to John Twyne and his heirs for ever, 2 messuages and 2 gardens in the parish of St. Paul without Canterbury, which were granted to the said Thomas in fee, by patent 29 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII., having been acquired without licence by Gerard Reede, mason, deceased, who was an alien born in Freseland. Westm., 26 April, Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 30.
10. Ric. Duke and Elizabeth his wife. Licence to alienate the rectory of Ultyng, Essex, which belonged to the late monastery of Bilegh, Essex, with all messuages, lands, &c., thereto belonging, and the advowson of the vicarage of the parish church of Ultyng; to John Bowgham, and Katherine his wife, and the heirs and assigns of the said John for ever. Westm., 28 April. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 1.
11. Fulk ap Howell alias Rougedragon. To be one of the King's heralds, called Lancastre Herald; with fees of 20 marks. Westm., 18 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. 28 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 20.
12. John Moyses. Denization. Westm., 28 April. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 34.
13. Ric. Bruges. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Hen. Bruges, deceased. Westm., 5 Mar. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. 29 April 31 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 30.
14. John Young. To be one of the King's interlude players, with 5 marks a year; vice John Roo, deceased. Del. Westm., 29 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
15. John Jenyns, a yeoman of the Privy Chamber. Grant of the King's term in 5 water mills in Sleford, Line., and a bakehouse called "le comen bakehouse," there and a certain marsh there always leased with the said mills, which premises John bp. of Lincoln, 12 May 16 Hen. VIII., leased to John Wicham (two of the mills under one roof being called the Dam mills the third formerly built by one Wm. Stonham, called le Hirne mill, the fourth at the east end of the town, called Sherrent mill, and the fifth beside the bridge called le Stonbrigge there) for 50 years at 23l. 3s. 4d. rent. John Wicham afterwards transferred his term in the above to John lord Hussey, the remainder of whose term is in the King's hands by his attainder 15 May 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
16. Anth. Woodhull. Livery of lands as son and heir of Nich. Woodhull, deceased, son and heir of Fulk Woodhull, son and heir of John Woodhull, son and heir of Th. Woodhull; viz., of 1 messuage and 1 virgate of land, parcel of 2 parts of the whole manor of Patteshull, Northt.; which Joan, deceased wife of Ric. Edmount, held during her life, the reversion thereof belonging to Th. Woodhull and his heirs; and of all the possessions of the said Nicholas. Del. Westm., 30 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 15.
17. Sir Edw. Ryngeley. To be comptroller of Calais vice lord Edm. Howard, knight, dec., with wages and fees of 80l. yearly, in same manner as the said lord Edmund, Wm. Hussey, John Gage or Rob. Wotton. Westm., 29 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 30 Apr.—P.S.
18. Bartrand Burgaley, native of Normandy. Denization, 30 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 34.


  • 1. Sir Thomas Cheyney, warden of the Cinque Ports.
  • 2. Daughter of the earl of Rutland.
  • 3. See Vol. XIII., Pt. I., No. 795, which must be of this year.
  • 4. Not printed in the statutes at large.
  • 5. Daughter of Sir Adrian Fortescue.
  • 6. Not printed in the statutes at large.
  • 7. See Journals of the House of Lords, I. III.
  • 8. These adjectives are inserted by Cromwell.
  • 9. Corrected by Cromwell from "months."
  • 10. His name was Ric. Hill. See Vol. VI., No. 196 (15); and Vol. XIII., Part I, No. 1292.
  • 11. This must have been written on the 27th April, which was a Sunday. The date at the end is either an error or was added next day.
  • 12. Bonner, the English ambassador in France.
  • 13. He was rector of Bentworth before before this. See Valor Eccl. II. 11.
  • 14. Stat. 27 Hen. VIII. c. 63.
  • 15. See No. 870
  • 16. It appears by his signature, compared with that in Vol. IV., No 5304, that he was the same Thomas Canner who had been subdean of Wolsey's (or Henry VIII.'s) College, Oxford. He had since become a royal chaplain and canon of St. Stephen's. See vol. XIII. Pt. I. No. 190 (21).
  • 17. Duke George of Saxony, who died on the 17 April 1539.
  • 18. Except the rents mentioned within brackets as payable to the dean and canons of Chichester, and Th. Gerard.
  • 19. The name "Pette" occurs here in the repeating clause.