Letters and Papers: July 1539, 1-5

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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'Letters and Papers: July 1539, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539, ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp538-545 [accessed 24 July 2024].

'Letters and Papers: July 1539, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Edited by James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online, accessed July 24, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp538-545.

"Letters and Papers: July 1539, 1-5". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie(London, 1894), , British History Online. Web. 24 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp538-545.


July 1539

1 July.
R. O.
Notwithstanding the false relation made to you, the bp. of Norwich told me that the Commissary and the parish priest (fn. 1) are not yet discharged. They have taken their oaths that what they are accused of is not true. My lord of Canterbury handles them very gently, but I am told that Ralph Hare is like to bear a faggot, nor will the parish priest escape so clear as he thinks. Little is laid against the Commissary to hurt him, "whereof I am the more sorrier." Has today waited on my lord Privy Seal, but had no interview. Begs he will not listen to untrue suggestions against him. London, 1 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1 July.
R. O.
Desires their blessing. I certify you that my master and my lady (fn. 2) are in good health. Recommend me to my brothers and sisters. Woburne, 1 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1 July.
R. O.
1196. JOHN RUSSELL (fn. 3) to CROMWELL.
Has this day received Cromwell's letters to have the advowson of Martley, Worc., whereof he is incumbent. He and his fellows are ready to accomplish Cromwell's pleasure. Asks credence for their good master, Mr. Harrington, (fn. 4) the bearer. College of Fotheringaye, 1 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. in a more modern hand: "nichil valent.
1 July.
Vesp. F. XIII.
B. M.
You wrote last to me that you would take order in the matter of Edw. Blakd[on] and his prentices, and I accordingly commanded the apprentices to await the same. Nevertheless Blakdon has since indicted them, three or four times, of felony, in the county of Somerset, and they are likely to suffer at the next assizes for telling the truth about him. Had to hear their confessions as the constables of Warmyster brought them to him. The matter is so borne that it would be folly to try it in the country, especially against a rich man. I would be loath to see them cast away when undoubtedly not guilty. Ferleygh, 1 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
1 July.
Poli Epp., II.
In two successive days he received Contarini's letters of 14 and 22 June and yesterday, the third day, the abbot of San Saluto arrived with news of Rome and of Contarini. Is glad Contarini is not fixed in his opinion that Pole should go to France, which would not much suit the cause at present; for Card. Farnese wrote, 21 June, that on his return, which should be shortly, he would tell Pole what was resolved about this business. Sadolet and all his are well. Is at the Friars, a devout place and solitary, and not far from the garden of Sadolet, with whom he spends at least one day a week. Is often visited by Sadolet's nephews, especially the reverend, gentle and learned Messer. Paolo, who is wholly attached to Contarini. Salutes the Father Master (fn. 5) and his learned and beloved commensals. Carpentras, 1 July 1539.
Card. Farnese writes that he found the Emperor fixed in his opinion that Pole should go to France, but, upon Farnese showing that it was unnecessary, referred it to his Council, with whom he was discussing the matter. 1 July.
2 July.
R. O.
At my chaplains' return last night, they declared their presentment before you of the parson of Campe with the books then unreformed of Campe and Barlingam. My said chaplains declared further that in passing homeward through St. Peter's church, they found there the holy doctor, Sir Adrian Staveley, Sir Robt. Tomson, sometime a friar, and the chaplain of St. Peter's church, together with the parish priest of Colne, who were busy reforming the books. My chaplains perceiving this entered among them, and in one of the books found a leaf yet unreformed of Thomas Becket, which my chaplain took with him as an example. I send it enclosed. It thus appears how good and virtuous, how obedient to God and his prince how meet to be a judge is Sir John Buttelar, who in contempt of the King's injunctions not only persists himself in disobedience, but encourages other curates to resist. I advise you to send for Staveley and the others, and the books, both of St. Peter's and Colne, and examine them, separately, how many books and in what places they did-reform them yesterday, and why they have not made a reformation according to the Act before this time. Guisnes, Wednesday, 2 July 31 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
2 July.
R. O.
Intelligence headed 2 July.
On Tuesday last, at night, were six men on horseback of lord Rewx, with two spies as guides, one on horseback, the other afoot, "the which showed unto them all the secrets and passages within the King's Pale as well in the Marytz as otherwise all about the said Pale of Calais." Much ordnance has been lately brought to Gravelines, with oil and pitch. The gentlemen of Luxemburg are ready to serve the Emperor when commanded.
In the hand of Lisle's spy, p. 1.
3 July.
R. O.
1201. [LORD LISLE to the BP. OF NORWICH.]
Asks him to grant the advowson for the next vacation of the benefice of Leystoft to his chaplain, Sir Gregory Buttolf, who is of sufficient literature and good discretion. Hears that the late bishop granted the advowson to Mr. Godsalff. If so, desires him to be a mean to Mr. Godsalff to grant him his interest therein for the above purpose. Calais, 3 July.
Draft, p. 1. This is an entire draft of No. 1246 following.
3 July.
R. O.
I have received of the bearer your Lordship's letters lately arrived from England, for which I thank you. To-morrow, as you desire, I intend to be with you and my good lady at dinner, and bring them with me, with such news as I have this afternoon myself received from the same parts. Guisnes, 3 July 31 Hen. VIII.
I beg that Mr. Wallop may have monition to be with your Lordship at dinner in like manner. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
3 July.
Add. MS.
28,591, f. 183.
B. M.
Wrote on the 21st ult. of the arrival of Card. Fernes to condole on the death of the Empress and to speak of the Pope's desire for peace between the Emperor and French king. Reports his further suggestions as to a marriage of the Emperor with Madame Margaret, daughter of the French king, as to a prorogation of the Council, and as to Germany.
He spoke also of the business of England, which his Holiness has so much at heart. He was answered upon the Emperor's part, as Card. Pole was, that good order must first be put in the affairs of Germany; and meanwhile ambassadors from the Emperor and French king should be sent into England to exhort the King to return to the obedience of the Church; and that the said Card. Pole should go to the court of France, from which it seems he has desired to be excused, to draw up the instructions of these ambassadors, for otherwise it might appear that the French king only sent out of compliment to His Holiness and the Emperor. The Cardinal promised that His Holiness shall send Pole accordingly to the French court.
* * *
Madrid, 3 July 1539.
Spanish Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 13.
See Spanish Calendar VI. I. No. 73.
4 July. 1204. JOHN LORD RUSSELL.
See GRANTS in JULY, Nos. 12, 13.
4 July.
R. O.
Exemplification of proceedings at Westm., Trinity term, 31 Hen. VIII., on a writ of entry, between John Laurens and Thos. Hill, chaplain of Wotton and Yorke chantry. The lands are in Puryton, Puryton Stoke, Benham, Lydiard, Brokynburgh, Wotton Basset and Remesbury. Westm., 4 July 31 Hen. VIII.
4. July.
R. O.
I thank you for your great gentleness shown to me in my suit. Your tables shall be provided with all diligence. I cannot yet advertise you how I shall do in my business. Master Porter desires you to advertise my Lord (fn. 6) that the two Weldons (fn. 7) of the Court, clerks, have made suit to the King for a kinsman of theirs, named Howarde, to have the under-porter's room, the nomination of which belongs to the chief porter, as appears by his patent. Asks him to show this to my lord. It were pity to take anything from him, and he might as ill be spared in this town as any man in it. Hawarde is no meet man for the room. All the Council have written thus to the King and my lord, and in favour of a tall man and a gentleman nominated by the Knight Porter, named John Kyne. He is now at the Court and was gentleman usher to lady Mary. Calais, 4 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Master Wrythesley, esq: Endd.
5 July.
R. O.
Kaulek, 106.
Just when this King after the end of his Parliament was gone to a place (fn. 8) of his seven miles from here for the chase, Marillac received the letters of the 28th. This King warmly thanked Francis for the letter to Chateaubryant concerning the sails. As to the enterprise of Castelnovo, he said he had letters from Venice, of 13 June, that the Venetians made their agreement with the Turk without the Emperor being in any way comprised in it, except that the Venetians bound themselves to aid the Turk if the Emperor should invade him. He added that there was no movement made anywhere, however secret, of which he had not notice; as he had of several other projects against him, which had caused him thus to prepare his forces by sea and land for resistance; but now he knew these arrangements were broken he had dismissed them. He renewed his professions of amity.
The conclusion of Parliament as regards religion was, as he wrote, to leave things in their present state touching the adoration and reverence of the Sacrament and prohibition of priests to marry. To this is added a proclamation that every churchman who is found "mal conversant" with a married woman shall be punished with death; or if with an unmarried woman he shall the first time lose his goods, both temporal and spiritual, for the second, his life. People say that if these priests will not live chastely for the vow they have made, they will do so for fear of this proclamation. Several Acts have been passed by Parliament, and will be immediately printed; among others one of great advantage to the King and consequence to his subjects, who without any excuse or delay will be bound to furnish promptly the money which shall be imposed on them by those who have charge of this matter, whenever the King likes to tax them for his requirements, on pain of being held, without further process, attained of treason. This has been passed with great difficulty, and long debate, and with little pleasure, it seems, of those who have given their consent to it.
Although all the ships which were taken up and armed have lately been released, the fortifications are still continued. London, 5 July.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
5 July.
R. O.
Kaulek, 108.
On 30 June arrived the Sieur d'Ampont about the affair of Monseigneur de la Rochepot, with letters from Francis to this King, and from Montmorency to Cromwell and Norfolk. Declared the affair at length to Cromwell, who made so honest a reply that if he were as strong in keeping promises as he is bold in making them Marillac might have good hope. In conversation, however, he reminded Marillac of the Bibles in English, about which he formerly prayed him to write to Montmorency, complaining of the loss he has incurred after being at the expense of what was commenced in Paris, and not taking much satisfaction from the replies, which Marillac made as dexterously as he could, seeing that the issue of this affair depends more upon his determination than upon his master's. The King, when Marillac showed the reasons for Francis' action, replied he would write to Cromwell, the Chancellor and others of his Council to examine the case, and if they saw any appearance for the French, or even if the justice of the case was doubtful, they should gratify the French as far as reason would allow, as Francis had written about it so warmly. Returned with this reply from the country, and will work diligently to get an early answer in writing, which the King promised.
The letters about the sail-cloths came at the right time; for the English complained that the goods were stopped after being bought and paid for with Francis' consent. The news of the Levant also came very àpropos to confirm their letters from Venice of 13 June, for they were lamenting that after Marillac had made so good a beginning to confirm the amity of the two Kings, and had even brought a letter in Francis' own hand, Francis never communicated any of his affairs to them, either through their ambassador there or through Marillac. They alleged moreover that just as they knew the past practices of Francis and the Emperor with the Pope against them, so they are not ignorant of those which are now under discussion (en termes), such as the long truce which the Emperor demands of the Turk by means of Francis and the marriage of Madame Marguerite by which they are trying to make a new alliance with the Emperor. Replied always, alleging the present tranquillity of all Christendom and that to communicate news which does not concern Francis to them, who say they have informants everywhere in the world, seemed superfluous. Sees they are so prone to think ill that it is impossible to reassure them on every side. Has learnt but one thing in this negociation, that the more he frequents and tries to know them, the further he is from his intention, and the less he does know them. On seeing the issue of the affair, will send back Ampont and rejoin the King, who does not return till the end of September. London, 5 July.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 5.
5 July.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Enclose certain exceptions taken by Ralph Hare against the witness of Edward Malpas, Ric. Sandes, and Thos. Boys, sworn before us, the King's commissioners. You will examine John à Caleys, John Nycholas, Piers Hedge, and Ric. Swyfte upon the said exceptions, and send back the depositions to us. Call to remembrance also if you can prove any heresy against Hare since the King's proclamation pardoning Anabaptists and Sacramentaries, and send us all persons who can depose to it. Let us have the certificates by the 22nd inst., with the proofs we lately wrote for touching the commissary of Calais land Thos. Broke, customer of Calais. Lambeth, 5 July. Signed.
Articles to examine supporters of erroneous opinions lately taught in Calais by Adam Damlyp. 1. Whether they or any of them knew the said Adam or heard him preach. 2. Whether they liked his preaching. 3. Whether they ever heard him say anything touching the sacrament of the altar, what his opinion was, and whether they thought it good. 4. Whether they had heard him at any time teach erroneous opinions touching the sacrament. 5. Whether they ever heard him preach that the very body of God was not really and substantially contained in the sacrament; —that the same body that suffered on earth doth sit on the right hand of the Father, and therefore cannot be in the sacrament; —that the sacrament will putrefy and vermin will eat it, but not so the body of God, and the priest with his mumming cannot make a God. 6. Whether they know any persons in Calais who favour such teaching. 7. What he thinks of Sir Wm. Smythe, late curate here, and whether he knows any person in Calais who is grieved at his punishment. 8. Whether they know any persons in Calais that would have gone over to have testified with the said Sir William but were not allowed, and what their names were, and what they would have deposed. 9. Whether they have heard say that the said Sir William shall be curate here again, and whether Sir John Butler, late commissary, shall come again and continue commissary, and whether he has sent any person hither to declare in the parishes that he shall so continue, and what that person's name is.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Witnesses against Mr. Butler:—John Lewkes, Marrant Haynes, Henry Troost, Henry Hewson, Sir Thos. Hall.
Witnesses against Jacob, the Barber of Marke:—Adryan Pantrie, Markes Haystock, John Van Pitt, Hugh Verbeque.
Witnesses against Sir William Smithe:—Sir Edmond Bryndeholm, Sir Wm. Lancaster, Jane Sewell, Ric. Baker, John Browne, Wm. Stevyns, Ric. Bennet, mayor, Wm. Pryseley, Griffith Apenrith, John Massyngberd, Wm. Snodon, Thos. Hollonde, Thos. Skryven, Ric. Swarte, John Atwell, Edw. Plankeney, Geoffrey Lovedaie, Francis Hall, Robt. Reynold, Richard Longe, Leonard Hollonde, Thos. Massyngberd, Francis Hastynges, John Highfeld.
P. 1.
5 July.
R. O.
By your letters I perceive my unthrifty son is come to you, who intended to be a land leaper, "like a false hypocrite," and to "trayne" me into the King's displeasure, and I nothing privy of his outrage. If your Lordship had not written in his favour he had never enjoyed a foot of my land, if I were not compelled by the King's command. Seeing you have accepted him to your service, though to have punished him in the King's Bench or Marshalsea would have caused him to know himself better, I will give him 20l. a year, and when I am out of debt I will make it better. When I was servant with the French Queen I had but 20 mks. to find me, my wife, and family. Stourton, 5 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The lord Stourton.
5 July.
R. O.
Your servant John Harrys, who has been outlawed these two years, was taken at Salisbury on the 4th inst., and is likely to suffer at the first assize unless you write to my lord Chief Baron for his reprieve. Meanwhile he hopes, by your lordship and other friends, to obtain his pardon. Bryenston, 5 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
5 July.
R. O.
Have sent deputies to the King to obtain leave to procure wood for fuel from Winchelsea and other places, which the King has graciously accorded. Pray the sovereign [God] to enable them to make suitably acknowledgments. Will punish anyone speaking ill of the King. Dunkerckesur-la-mer, 5 July '39.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Complaint by the Imperial ambassador to the King on behalf of the town of Dunkirk that they have been hindered from procuring wood in England for the use of the town, for more than a year past.
French, p. 1.
5 July.
R. O.
Thanks for the favour shown to their deputies, to whom the King has granted licence to export firewood from his dominions. Dunkirk, 5 July, Anno xxxix.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
5 July.
R. O.
As I wrote yesterday the Queen goeth from Antwerp to Buldwik, otherwise Zottyngambusse, where the States are appointed to be the 12th inst. She tarries there 8 or 10 days to reduce certain towns of Brabant to conform to the grant which Brabant has promised the Emperor, and to treat with the duke of Cleves for the succession of Gelderland, and, some say, for a marriage.
On coming thither I shall signify what they do. Andwerp, 5 July.
Hol. p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 July.
Galba B., x.,
B. M.
From Amthwerp, 10 July 1539.
The Queen has gone towards Berges and thence towards Bowlduk, a great town upon the marches of Gelders, and thence to Grave, whereof the earl of Buren is lord. He is now sore sick, some say dead. "They say here that it shalbe kepted a secrete asemble with they[m] of Cleves," touching Gelders. Afterwards the Queen will go to Utrecht and through Holland. The earl of Darscot is going to Frysse. The visit of Farnese to the Emperor is commonly thought to be tó cause his brother (fn. 9) to be "inpossessed" of Syena, according to the convention. If it come to pass it will cause much suspicion to the neighbours there. There is great jealousy that the bp. of Rome will resign the temporal possessions of the Church to his nephew,* and that the Emperor will confirm it for a great sum of money. Considering the great avarice of one and the ambition of the other, it will probably take effect. I have received my lord Privy Seal's letter to the ambassador, (fn. 10) through which I hope to obtain licence for the munitions of war. I pray you to kiss his hand and thank him on my behalf. I will shortly send the horse for him. As soon as I have the licence I will do my best to execute the King's commands for the iron shot and other things. I have caused my companion in [A]llm[ayne] to buy 2,500 demy hawks, which I will send if the King will have them. Can send any quantity of harnesses, gunpowder, horse-harnesses, and "sendelles," according to the "patrons" already sent.
P. 1. In the same hand as Nos. 786, 810, &c.
R. O. 1217. NICOLAS SHAXTON, late Bp. of Salisbury, to CROMWELL.
Those who received the resignation of his bishopric desired him to keep it secret. Understands now it is known through all the city. Asks whether he shall dress like a priest or a bishop, and whether he shall put away his servants. Writes, instead of coming in person, because in doubt what apparel to come in. "Our Lord save you from all the power of your adversaries, Amen."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.


  • 1. William Smith.
  • 2. Sir Fras. Bryan and his wife.
  • 3. Master of the college of Fotheringhay in 1535. See Valor Eccl. IV. 287.
  • 4. Doubtless John Harrington, steward of the college lands in 1535. See Valor. Eccl. IV. 289.
  • 5. Thomas Badia, Master of the Sacred Palace.
  • 6. Cromwell.
  • 7. Edward and Thomas Weldon. See Vol. X. Index.
  • 8. Beddington.
  • 9. Ottavio Farnese.
  • 10. Vaughan.