Henry VIII: January 1540, 1-10

Pages 1-19

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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January 1540, 1–10

1 Jan. 1. Prince Edward.
Add. MS.
11,301, f. 12.
B. M.
Edward VI.,
i. cclxv.
“New year's gifts given to the Prince's grace,” 1 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
By the King, a pair of flagons, 178 oz., and a pair of salts, with a cover, gilt; 38¾ oz. The lady Mary, a gold brooch with the image of St. John the Baptist set with a ruby. The lady Elizabeth, a braser of needlework of her own making. The other donors are the Lord Chancellor, the Abp. of Canterbury, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the Lord Privy Seal, the Lord Admiral, the earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Hertford, the bps. of Winchester and Durham, the lord St. John, and the abbot of Waltham. The last gives “two oxen and ten multons.”
Pp. 3. Endd.
2. James V. to Christian, King of Denmark.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 76.
B. M.
Was told of the King's good will by Chas. Mourray, the bearer, on his return from Denmark. Sends him now to buy war horses. Linlithgow, 1539.
Lat., p. 1. Copy. Add.
3. James V. to Gustavus, King of Sweden.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 76b.
Requests leave for Chas. Mourray, the bearer, to buy war horses for his use. Linlithgow, 1539.
Lat. p. 1. Copy. Add.
4. James V. to the Town of Hamburg.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 77.
B. M.
Requests their protection and assistance for Chas. Mourray. Linlithgow, 1539.
Lat. p. 1. Copy. Add.
1 Jan. 5. [James V. to Paul III.]
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 77b.
B. M.
Has heard from Ghinucci that the Pope wishes him to put off his request for a legateship for the card. of St. Andrews; but he thinks it necessary for the good of his people, and urges the requests. Desires credence for Ghinucci. Linlithgow, 1 Jan. 1539.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
1 Jan. 6. James V. to Ghinucci.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 78.
B. M.
Has received his letters about the legateship for the card. of St. Andrews. Desires him to urge the request. Linlithgow, 1 Jan. 1539.
Lat. p. 1. Copy.
1 Jan. 7. [James V. to Paul III.]
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 74.
B. M.
Commends to him the cause of William lord Santher, (fn. 1) who is seeking redress from the Auditors of the Palace for the deprivation of church patronage by his guardian during his minority. Edinburgh, kal. Jan. 1539.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
1 Jan. 8. James V. to the Auditors of the Palace.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 74.
B. M.
Writes in favour of William lord of Sancher, whose guardian permitted the rector of Kynoull to resign in favour of John Lesly, with reservation of fruits and re-entry, thereby depriving him of the patronage. Edinburgh, kal. Jan. 1539.
Lat. p. 1. Copy. Add.
1 Jan. 9. James V. to Charles V.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 75.
B. M.
Requests him to order restitution to be made to Robt. Bertoun, John Fischear, George Taillefer, Thos. Ramsay, Wm. Broun, and others, whose ship, called the “Blakbarcque,” was captured, about 20 years ago, off Yarmouth, by Cancho de Lenaa, Michael de Amasa, Michael de Sesseille, and Mayo Peris. The merchandise on board was worth 20,000 livres. Desires credence for Falkland herald. Linlithgow, kal. Jan. 1539.
Lat., pp. 2. Copy.
2 Jan. 10. Anne of Cleves.
R. O. “An order taken how the King's Highness shall ride at the meeting of the lady Anne's Grace of Cleve, &c.”
1. All the merchant strangers to be placed on horseback on both sides of the way to Greenwich Park, so that the King and his train may pass through them. Next to them the gentlemen and esquires, with the citizens of London, aldermen, and sheriffs, not being knights. Then the knights, the fifty gentlemen pensioners, and the King's chaplains.
2. Next to these, riding before the King: The trumpets; the King's learned counsel, with certain household and other officers, and Mr. Wriothesley; the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber; the barons; the bishops.
3. Earls and dukes; ambassadors, &c., Mr. Hennege.
4. The King.
5. The serjeants-at-arms; the master of the horse, leading the horse of estate; the children of honor; the captain of the Guard, with the Guard following.
When the King and Queen meet, the lieutenant of the 50 gentlemen and the captain of the Guard, each with his company, shall withdraw, and return to the Court, to see place kept, &c. Further directions follow.
ii. Order for the noblemen and gentlemen to be on horseback on the Black Heath, near the pale of Greenwich Park, on Saturday next by 8 a.m., unless it be “extreme weather,” in which case the day will be put off. Proclaimed in London, 2 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII., by Garter and Clarencieux and the sheriffs, in five sundry places, viz., in Southwark, at London Bridge end, at St. Magnus' church corner, at Leaden Hall, Standard of Cheap, and the Conduit in Fleet Street.
Modern copy, pp. 7. From an original signed: Per moy Clarencieux, Roy d'Armes.
Harl. MS.,
6069 f. 114.
B. M.
2. Elizabethan copy of § i. of the preceding.
Pp. 3.
2 Jan. 11. Newenham Priory.
R. O. Pension list of Newenham priory, Beds, which surrendered 2 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
John Burne, prior, 60l.; Thos. Poley and Ric. Gyie, 8l. each; Robt. Gayton and Eustace Brewster, 7l. each; Robt. Raye, Wm. Warde, Simon Leycester, Harry Walys, John Beakester alias Northamton, John Smyth, and Harry Kerke alias Amtyll, 6l. 13s. 4d. each; John Buntyng, Thos. Sterenger and John Forest, 5l. 6s. 8d. each; Gilb. Courtman, 5l. 16s. 8d. Signed: Phylyp Parys: John Gostwyk: Jo. Tregonwell: Jo. Hughes.
P. 1.
2 Jan. 12. Lord Leonard Grey.
Lamb. MS.
603, f. 120.
St. P. iii.,
2 Jan. 31 H. VIII. “A note of the peaces made in the time of the lord Leonard, the King's Deputy.”
Giving the conditions of the indentures made between the Deputy and Thade O'Byrne, chief of his nation, Cahir McIncrosse Cavenagh alias McMurgho, Remond Savage, captain of his nation, Fergananym Rowe Obirne, Cahir McMurgho, captain of his nation, Cahir Omulloy, captain of his nation and country of Fercallagh; between the King and Edmond McHe McEdmonde Orayly, captain of Clonkeyll, Conoghour Obrene O'Towynegrene, captain of his nation, Conohour Odowire of Kilnemanagh, captain of his nation, Gillernowe Omaghir, captain of his nation, Hugh Bourge, captain of the Brurgeis country, Dermot O'Mulryan, captain of Oney, Thomas McYoris alias Bermyncham, Hugh Offlarte, captain of his country, Maurice O'Breyne, captain of Arra, Malaghlen Omadyn, captain of his country, Hugh Omaden, captain of his country, Tybbot Burgh, Arte Omullaghlen, captain of his country; an indenture between the Deputy and Phelim Roo Oneyle; peaces between the Deputy, or the King, and Connell Oneyle, captain of his nation, Rosse McGoegan, captain of Kynnaliagh, Fergananym Okarrell, captain of Hely Okarrell, Bernard O'Conohour, captain of his nation, Tyrrelagh Rowe Ochonour, lord of Clonynyll, Dermot O'Kenedy, and Hugh Ra McMahon, captain of his nation and country of Ferney.
*** An abstract of this is given in the Carew Calendar, No. 140.
13. Lord Leonard Grey.
R. O. “Contracts and agreements made between the King's Deputy of his land of Ireland and divers Irishmen marchers; and in whose custody the same remain.”
(1.) Award by Ossory and others of the Council, arbitrators between the King and O'Byrne. (2.) Indentures for peace between the Deputy, King's commissioners, and Council and Tyrlogh Otoole. (3.) Between the same Deputy and O'More and his wife. (4.) Between the same and O'Connor, (5) O'Mulmoye, (6) Magouhgan, (7) O'Rayly, (8) the Macmahons of Ferney, (9) Tyrlogh O'Rayly, and (10) O'Nele.
*** It is stated in the margin, in the same hand, that No. 3 of the above remains with Justice Aylmer, 4 with the lord Chancellor, 7, 8, and 9 with the bp. of Meath, and the rest with the lord Deputy.
Pp. 2.
14. Anne of Cleves.
R. O. “The coming of the lady Anne's Grace from Dissildorf, in the land of Venberghe (von Berg?), to Calise.”
Setting forth the stages between Düsseldorf and Antwerp, where she was met by the English merchants four miles outside the town, in 50 velvet coats with chains of gold, and received inside the town, with 80 torches burning in the daylight, and brought to the English lodging, where they kept open household one day for her and her train. Next day, the English merchants brought her on her way to Stekyn (the first stage on the way to Gravelines) and gave her a gift.
ii. The stages from Antwerp to Gravelines, where she was received by the captain with a shot of guns. Next morning, 11 Dec. 31 Henry VIII., she arrived within the English pale at Calais between 7 and 8 a.m., and was received by the lord Deputy, the lieutenant of the Castle, the Knight Porter, and the marshal of Calais, Sir George Carow, captain of Resbanke, and the captain of the Spears, well appointed with great horses, and with them the men of arms, in velvet coats and gold chains, and all the archers in the King's livery well appointed; “and so brought her towards Calais, a gentleman of arms of the King's and another of hers riding together.” Within a mile of Calais she was received by the earl of Southampton, lord Admiral, with the lord Wm. Howard, Sir Fras. Brian, the lord Grey of Wilton, the lord Hastings, lord Clifford, lord Herbert, lord Tailbush, Sir Thos. Seymour, Sir Henry Knyvett, Mr. Gregory Cromwell, with “xxiiij” (qu. four score?) gentlemen in coats of satin damask and velvet, besides the said lords, who wore three collars of cloth of gold and purple velvet and chains of gold, and 200 yeomen, &c., in the King's colours, red and blue cloth. “Then the King's ships of (i.e. off) Newland as she came by them let 200 shots of guns,” after which the town of Calais shot 300 pieces of ordnance. When she came to the Lantern Gate she stayed and viewed the King's ships, the Lion and the Sweepstake, decked with 100 banners of silk and gold, wherein were 200 master gunners and mariners and 31 trumpets, “and a double drum that was never seen in England before”; and so her Grace entered into Calais. At her entry, 150 pieces of ordnance let out of the said two ships made such a smoke that one of her train could not see another. “Where stood in order on both sides the streets, like a lane, with 500 soldiers in the King's livery of the retinue of Calais, and the mayor of Calais with his brethren, and the commons of Calais, and the merchants of the Staple, stood in like manner in array, and made a lane wherethrough she passed to her lodging.” There the mayor and his brethren came to her and gave her 50 sovereigns of gold, and the mayor of the Staple, 60. Next morning “she had a gun shot, justing and all other royalty that could be devised in the King's garrison;” and kept open household there for the 15 days that she remained. On 27 Dec., St. John's Day, she took ship, and landed at the Downs, between 6 and 7 p.m., where she was met by the duke and duchess of Suffolk, who, with their train, accompanied her to Deal Castle. There she banquetted, and proceeded to Dover, where she tarried till Monday, and then set forth to Canterbury, where she was received by the Archbishop with other bishops and the gentlemen of Kent. On Tuesday she went to Sittingborne, and the “other” day, being New Year's Even, to Rochester, where she was received by the duke of Norfolk, accompanied by lord Dacres of the South, lord Mountjoy, the barons of the Exchequer, Sir Roger Towneshend, Sir Edw. Beningfield, Sir John Jermy, Sir Edm. Knyvett, Sir Edw. Wyndham, Sir Thos. Jermyn, Sir Jas. Bullyn, Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Fras. Lovill, Sir Th. Straunge, Sir John Clere, Sir Wm. Conysby, Mr. Ric. Southwell, Mr. Philip Calthrope, Mr. Robt. Townesend, H. Hubbert, Thos. Gibbon, Thos. Thursby, Erasmus Paston, Edm. Lumner, Thos. Tyndale, and Ralph Symons. There she remained New Year's Day; on which day the King, only with certain of his Privy Council, came and banquetted with her, and departed again to Greenwich. On Friday she removed to Dartford, and on Saturday, 3 Jan., she marched forwards to the Blackheath till she came to Shots hill (a misreading of Shoters hill), at the foot whereof was a very gorgeous tent or pavilion, “and there her Grace entered and shifted her, and tarried a certain space banquetting.” Whereof hearing, the King marched through the park to meet her, in this manner:—First the trumpets blowing, then His Grace's chaplains, two and two in order, then the counsellors learned with other his counsel at large, as the Attorney, Solicitor, and Receiver of the Duchy of Lancaster, Dr. Peter, Mr. Peter Van, Sir John Williams, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir John Dancy, Sir Brian Tuke, the Treasurer of the Tenths, Mr. Ric. Pollard, the Treasurer, Solicitor, Attorney, and Chancellor of the Augmentations, Mr. Wriothesley, Mr. Amnor (Almoner), and Comptroller of the Household. Then the King's privy chamber, the grooms first, and then Philip Hobby, Maurice Bercley, Th. Paston, Ric. Morison, Rauf Sadler, Ant. Knyvet, Peter Mutus, Ric. Crumwell, John Wellisborne, Thos. Culpeper, Ant. Deny, Sir Ant. Selenger, Sir Ric. Long, and Sir Thos. Henage. Then barons, bishops, earls, and dukes in their degrees, as the mayor of London and my lord Parr, the lords St. John and Hongerford, Mordaunt and Borough, Wentworth and Windsor, Tailbush and Sturton, Clynton and Ferrers, Morley and Delaware, Cliffe (qu. Clifford?) and Nevill, Bulbecke and Maltravers; the bishops of St. Asse and St. David's, Hereford and Lincoln, Durham and Winchester; the earl of Essex, the earls of Arundel and Surrey, of Hertford and Sussex, lord Russel, lord Sands and the earl of Oxford, the lord Crumwell and the lord Chancellor, the earl of Southampton and the duke Philip, the ambassadors of France and of the Emperor. Then the lord marquis Dorset bearing the sword before the King. The King. Next, the Master of the Horse leading the horse of estate, next the children of honour, and then the captain of the Guard, with the Guard following.
Whifflers appointed for order keeping: Sir Giles Stranguish, Sir Wm. Parr, Sir John Horsey, Sir Auth. Hongerford, Sir Wm. Barington, Sir John Brudge, Sir John Gifford, Sir Humph Foster, Sir John Sentlow, Sir John Villers, Sir Nic. Poyniz, Sir John Marcam, Edm. Littleton and Chas. Wingfeld.
Names of esquires and knights, but first, the 50 “gentlemen called Pensioners, which all stood from the park pale upon the heath to the meeting places (sic) after their degrees, &c., the King passing through, &c.” Pensioners:—Sir Ric. Page, lieutenant, Sir Humph. Ratclif, Sir Osborn Ychingham, Sir John Nevill, Edw. Hastings, H. Stranguish, John Wingfeld, Edm. Brudges, John Chamborne, W. Long, Th. Morgan, W. Blount, W. Herbert, Ric. Breme, John Banester, Fras. Knollis, Henr. Jeringham, Gawen Carow, John Zowtche, Peter Carow, Edm. Skipwith, Palmer of Gloucester, Ric. Freston, Thos. Mantill, John Candish, Th. Ashley, W. Stafford, John Dramer, Th. Horne, W. Pelham, Giles Pole, Hen. Markeham, And. Flamoke, John Gresham, W. Calawey, T. Sacvile, Ric. Fremingham, Edw. Gruston, (fn. 2) W. Skipwith, Edw. Vaughan, Ed. Bellingham, T. Bollis, T. Palmer, Rauf Vane, W. Ellerker, J. Portnare, Chr. Ludcote, Nic. Arnolds, Edm. Harvy, George Zoweche.
Knights:—Sirs Humph. Forster, John Gadge, Thos. Speyke, Hugh Poullet, Hen. Long, John Sent John, Th. Rotheram, Wm. Wyndisor, Robt. Dormer, Rauf Verney, T. Lonvile, Ant. Lee, John Nores, Th. Arundell, Ed. Willoughbie, T. Poynings, Giles Capell, Wm. Newenham, John Rainsford, T. Darcy, Clement Hurleston, Ed. Tame, John Seneclere, T. Toye, John Mordaunt, John Welsh, John Hurleston, Walter Denys, Hen. Parker, Griffith Doone, Philip Butler, Nich. Sterley, T. Tresham, Walter Stoner, T. Griffith, Robt. Kyrkham, John Byron, John Harcote, George Darcy, Ric. Padge, John Danet, Ric. Shurley, Wm. Ganinge, (fn. 3) Arth. Hopton, Humph. Wingfield, Wm. Walgrave, Th. Parmeston, John Willoughbie, George Somerset, John Jernyngham, Thos. Lysle, Wm. Barcley, Peter Philpot, Wm. Gifford, Mich. Lister, Ant. Windisor, Edm. Gorge, Hen. Capell, John Newton, John Fulford, Walter Smith, Humph. Ferreis, John Russell, Edm. Walsingham, Edw. Brey, Percival Hert, Ric. Manering, T. Trenchard, Giles Alington, Robt. Payton, W. Gastoigme (sic), Wm. Fitzwilliam, W. Drewry, Th. Germyn, Th. Eliot, John Brown, John Hampden, John Rogers, W. Weste, Ri. Chameley, Fras. Dawtry, W. Fylding, Geo. Throgmerton, Humph. Browne.
Esquires:—Ant. Kyngston, Geo. Harper, Robt. Tyrwit, Leonard Rede, Robt. Drewry, T. Gifford, Rauf Lane, Edm. Knightley, Geo. Gifford, T. Edgare, Fras. Pigot, Robt. Cheynie, Edm. Fetiplace, T. Essex, W. Hide, Ric. Brudges, Alex. Humpton, Reynold Williams, Ed. Fabian, T. Vachell, Chr. Ashton, J. Yate, John Winchcombe, Roger Sturton, J. Zowtche, Robt. Coker, Robt. Byngham, George Troublefeld, John Wentwurth, John Tyrell, John Brown, Edw. Grene, Robt. Mordant, J. Christynmas, Ant. Coke, J. Becwit, (fn. 4) Fras. Clovil, Edw. Tyrell, Hen. Appleton, W. Ayelif, Humph. Tyrell, Guy Crafford, Ric. Higham, J. Pontis, Nic. Wekis, T. Tame, Robt. Wyttney, T. Whyttyngton, Jas. Clifford, George Baneham, Arth. Porter, Ric. Tracy, Rauf Norwood, John Prout, J. Newdigate, J. Denton, John Haryngton, J. Damester, J. Skynner, J. Morrel, J. Shelley, J. Bracket, J. More, T. Nevill, Robt. Cheseman, Ant. Catesby, Ric. Catisby, Ant. Cope, F. Brudnell, T. Cave, Leonard Chamberlain, T. Carter, T. Waneman, Humph. Ashfeld, Ed. Sapcots, Ant. Colley, Leonard Brown, Chr. More, T. Heron, Oliver Sent John, J. Sacvile, J. Palmer, J Covert, J. Tetcher, J. Parker, J. Harman, John Pollet, J. Kingsmill, J. Spring, J. Sands, Nic. Gainisford, Roger Bellingham, Robt. Oxinbridge, T. Ashbury, T. Darell, Ant. Pelham, Ant. Rouse, Robt. Crane, Lionel Talmach, Robt. Garnesh, Ric. Candish, T. Sands, Nic. Titchborne, Nic. Uppeton, Robt. Puttyngham, Ric. Pexsale, J. Stowell, J. Rodeney, W. Wroughton, T. Yorke, Ed. Montpeson, J. Erneley, Robt. Long, J. Boneham, J. Chabe, (fn. 5) T. Aprice, J. Pie, W. Lucye, J. Gascoigne, W. Willington, Fowlke Grevill, J. Grevill, (fn. 6) Ed. Conway, Raignold Digby, Robt. Acton, T. Acton, — Chawmond, Young Wigeston, Ant. Sowthwell, H. Wyngfeld, G. Morgan, young Ferres, young Selenger, Robt. Markeham, — Basset, — Johnson, and Robt. Throgmerton.
In a modern hand, pp. 11.
Harl. MS.,
296 f. 169.
B. M.
Chronicle of
Calais, 172.
2. Numbers of Anne of Cleves' train, giving names of the earls of Oversteyn and Nuenare, John Dulzike, the elector of Saxe's marshall, and some ten others, with the numbers of their followers, in all 263 persons.
Pp. 3. Endd.: The names of the noblemen and other of the Queen's train that attended her Grace to Calais.
Vitell. C. xi.,
B. M.
3. Copy of § 2 in a later hand.
Pp. 2
3 Jan. 15. St. Bartholomew's Priory, Newcastle.
Close Roll,
p. 4, No. 13.
Rym. xiv., 663.
Surrender (by Agnes Laweson, prioress, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Newcastle, Durham, Nthld., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 3 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Ric. Layton, one of the clerks of Chancery.
[3 Jan.] (fn. 7) 16. [Cromwell] to Sir Thomas Wharton.
R. O. Mr. Wharton, I have received your letters by bearer and declared the effect to the King, who thanks you for your discretion and for your gelding. Directs him to deliver the Scotch traitor Alexander Bell, whom the king of Scots, as appears by lord Maxwell's letters, much desires to have, even though the Scotch officers do not do their duty on their side. Write how you proceed “and also of thanswer whiche shalbe made to ye (your) cousin Sandeforde accordingly. Thus” (unfinished).
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
4 Jan. 17. The Great Wardrobe.
R. O. Part of an indenture made 4 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII., between Andrew lord Windsor and John Mynne, auditor of the Exchequer, witnessing the delivery to the latter of a book of parchment of the accounts of the Great Wardrobe from Mich. 30 Hen. VIII. to Mich. 31 Hen. VIII, (fn. 8) 33 warrants concerning the same, and a bag of white leather for them. Signed by lord Windsor.
[4 Jan.] 18. — to Lady Lisle.
Vit. C. xvi.
B. M.
* * * * “unto my good lord and your ladyschep, th … schep in my last letter, I asserteyned yow of the aryva[l of the Queen's Grace] opon the Downes, and so ley at Dover Sonday al day. Opon Monday [her] grasse removed to Canterbere with my lord of Soffolke and m[y lord Warden] and a gret company of ladyse and gentelmen, and three myle from [Canterbere] ther mette with her grase my lord of Canterbere with three hu[ndred] … and at Canterbere in her grasis grett schamber there stode four … mo ladies and gentelwemen. Her grasse toke them a … the nexe day wysche wasse Tewesday, her grasse wen[t to Sittingborne] and ther that nythe; opon Wensday to Roschester, and th[er met] her grasse two myles owtte of Roschester my lord of Northe[folke with …] hondred horsses and a goodly company of gentelmen in … vellett and schenes abowt ther nekes, and so ley ther ne[w year's day], and that day the Kynges heynes cam thether prively and [banqueted] with her grase opon Fryday, and so cam prively awey agay[n that] nythe, and her grasse went to Dartford, and ther taried tha[t night]; opon Saterday erly in the mornyng sche marsched toward [Blackheath,] and at the fote of Schottores Hell ther wasse sette up a rysche pav[ilion], and ther mette with her her grasis [the] (fn. 9) lord Schamberlayn, tha[t is the Earl] of Rottlond, master Baynton, Vyschamberlayn, master De[nnys], Schanseler, master Carow ry[ding with a gr]ett company. Mo[re-over the duke of Suffolk's daught]er that my lord Marcus hathe married [,the duchess of] Ryschemunt, my lady of Hartford, my lady Audely that [my lor]d Schanseler married, with many other ladis that I name not.” My lady of Rotlond, my lady Brone, and my lady Egecum, are all that I yet know of her privy chamber. When she had saluted them, Dr. Day made a goodly oration, after which she went into the pavilion and shifted her wondrous gorgeously in cloth of tissue, and a rich attire upon her head of her own country fashion. When the King was within half a mile of her pavilion her Grace took horse. Before her rode a great company of gentlemen, then her own gentlemen, who met her there, and then her “cons[il]” both English and “Cleffes.” Next her were my lord Chamberlain and Vice Chamberlain, my lord of Norfolk, my lord Great Master, my lord of Canterbury, my lord Warden, and then her Grace upon a goodly palfrey or gelding, wondrously rich apparelled. Behind her Sir John Dudley, Master of her Horse, leading her horse of honour, then all the ladies in their degree, and lastly the yeomen and serving men. Now I will tell you of the King. * * * “and the Counsell together, and … [the ambassadors of the Emperor] and the Frensche kyng, and afore them duke [Philip. My lord Admiral] acompanyed hym, and nexte to the Kyng my lord M[arquis with the] sword, and of the ryght syde my lord of Oxford [Great] Schamberlayn of Ynglond, and on the other hand [my lord] Chamberlayn to the Kynges heynes, and nex after [him] Sir Antony Brone, master of the Horse, ledyng in his [hand a] horsse of honor, and after hym the cheldorne of honor [all] ryschely apareld, bothe the and ther horssis, and then th[e Guard].”
Hopes to tell her all about it by word of mouth.
Hol., pp. 3. Mutilated. Add.
4 Jan. 19. Robt. Sowthwell, Edw. Carne and Others to [Cromwell].
Cleop E. iv.
254 (fn. 10)
B. M.
of the
Have taken the surrender of Haylys, where the father and brethren were very honest and conformable, and the house out of debt. The father had the house and lands in as good order as though he had looked for no alteration, and made the surrender very discreetly and frankly. The house is in custody of Mr. Acton. The plate, &c., and garnishing of the shrine which formerly held the “counterfeit relic” are reserved for the King. Beg favour for this honest man for his true dealing. Have despatched Haylys and Winchcombe, and are at Gloucester, where they have taken the surrender, and are travelling for a “new order to be set there,” but the King has not determined who shall have the governance of this congregation. Will go next to Tewkesbury, and conclude with this shire, as they did with Hampshire and Wiltshire. Will then take Worcestershire. Gloucester, 4 Jan. Signed by Robt. Southwell, Edw. Carne, Ri. Gwent, John London, Wm. Berners, John Arnold, John ap Rice, and Ric. Poulet.
P. 1. Begins: Our duties observed to “your good lordship.”
5 Jan. 20. Anne of Cleves.
Hatfield MS.
(Hist. MSS.
Com., Cal.
i. 57).
Copy of letters patent granting lands to Anne of Cleves, in contemplation of the marriage to be celebrated between the King and her, to the value of 4,367 mks. 7s.d. Dated: Greenwich, 5 Jan. 1539, 31 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 9½. See Grants in January, No. 2.
Ib. 2. Copy of letters patent (fn. 10) granting Anne of Cleves, in partial satisfaction of her dower, the site of the priory of St. Margaret, near Marlborough, Wilts, lands in Marlborough, East Kennet, Manton, Yeatesbury, Lokeryche, Monkton, Puthallam, within the parish of Mildenhall and Alyngton, co. Wilts; also the rectory of East Kennet, the manors of Baberstokk and Fooffownte, otherwise Fovent; also the manors of Ha … (sic, i.e. Hanyngton) Sutton Scotney, Moundesmere, Old Fishbourn, Demmedmoleme, Prior's Dean, Culmere, Stubbington, and Hoo, in co. Southampton, late of the priory of Southwyke; also the manor of Bulborne, in Bremmere, with the site of the priory of Bremmere, Barnes Grange, the manors of Heywoode, Rokkestede, and Langley in co. Southampton, late belonging to the priory of Bremmere; the premises being valued at 327 marks 5sd. Greenwich, 5 Jan. 1539, 31 Hen. VIII.
Latin, 1¾ pp.
Ib. 3. Copy of letters patent granting Anne of Cleves the manors of Great Waltham, Maysbury, Dunmowe, Great Leighes, Great Haddowe (qu. Baddowe?), and Farneham, Essex, of the annual value of 312 marks 8s.d., in satisfaction of a part of the dower under the treaty of marriage. Greenwich, 5 Jan. 1539, 31 Hen. VIII.
Latin, 1½ pp.
21. The Queen's Household.
R. O. “A book of certain of the Queen's Ordinary as yet to no place appointed.”
The Council:—The earl of Rutland, lord Chamberlain; Sir Thos. Dennys, Chancellor; Sir John Dudley, Master of the Horses; John Huttofte, Secretary (added in another hand: “Sent with my l …”); John Smyth, Receiver General; Geffrey Danyell, Surveyor; Thos. Twesell, Auditor; — Chydley, Attorney; Thos. Saunders, Solicitor. Cupbearer: Ric. Manners. Sewer to the Queen: Thos. Barmeston. Gentlemen Ushers: Hen. Webbe, Ric. Dauntesey, Thos. Beeston, And. Wadham. Gentlemen Waiters: Nic. Upton, John Broughton. Sewers of the Chamber: Ric. Starkey, Wm. Smethewike. Sergeant-at-Arms: John Graynefelde. Clerk of the Council: Thos. Smyth. Clerk of the Wardrobe: Hen. Cryche. Chaplains: Dr. Malett, Dr. Oglethorpe.
The Great Ladies: Lady Margaret Douglas, the duchesses of Richmond and Suffolk, the countess of Sussex, ladies Howard and Clynton. Ladies of the Privy Chamber: countess of Rutland, ladies Racheforde, Edgecombe, and Bayntun. Gentlewomen of the Privy Chamber: Mrs. Harbert, Tyrwhitt, Lye, Gilmyn. Chamberers: Mrs. Tylney, Morton, Friswith, Lufkyn. Ladies and Gentlewomen attendant: ladies Dudley, Arundel, Dennys, Wriothesley, Hennage, Knevett, Crumwell, Mrs. Mewtas, Mrs. Wroughton. Maids: lady Lucy, Mrs. Bassett, Garnysche, Cowpledike, Stradlyng. The Mother of the Maids: Mrs. Stoner. (fn. 11)
Yeomen Ushers: John Kyng, Edw. Foxe. Yeomen of the Chamber: John Bettes, Amyas Hill, Adam Betton, Leonard Barrowe, Foulke Langley, Brian Leighe, Cornelles Don, Robt. Shipman, Geo. Edwardes, Jas. Stamforde, Armell Grene, John Skarlett. Grooms of the Chamber Ordinary: Robt. Clatworthe, Robt. Molsey, Martyn Robertes, Wm. Cooke. Pages of the Chamber Ordinary: Edw. Tanner, Ant. Stoughton, Walter Erle. Wardrobe of Robes: Raaff Worsley, Thos. Fritton (these marked in another hand: “to Baynerdes Castle”). Wardrobe of Beds: Thos. Meverell (in another hand: “to Baynerdes Castle”). Yeomen of the Chamber Extraordinary (fn. 12) : Ric. Bell, Thos. Boxley, John Hurle, John Holbrige, Wm. Pikeryng, Wm. Feelde, Wm. Rydiarde. Groomes of the Chamber Extraordinary (fn. 12) : Peers Sleyne, John Vennett.
The Stable: Thos. Hungate, avener (in another hand: “sent with my L. Marget), John Buck, yeoman of the horse, Thos. Foreman, yeoman purveyor, Hen. Marsshe, yeoman garnetter, Edw. Stuarde, yeoman saddler, Wm. Chamberleyne, yeoman ferrour, John Amys, yeoman of the staff, 4 footmen, 7 sumptermen, 17 grooms. 2 littermen.
Pp. 8.
R. O. 2. Md. of the whole assignment to the late Queen Jane by year 4,623l. 1s. 11¾d. Whereof allowed for fees, &c., repriseable (as it seemeth) in the accounts of ministers and receivers 602l.d. And so remains towards the payment of 248l. 11s. 4d. for fees of her councillors, and for the maintenance of her estate, 4,021l. 1s.d.
ii. Md. of the assignment to “the late lady Katharine, dowager, sometime, and then, called Queen,” 4,751l. 15s. 2d. “ob. di. q. iiijta pars.” Fees, &c., 450l. 15s. And so remains for payment of 106l. 13s. 4d. for fees of divers of her councillors, and for the maintenance of her estate, 4,301l. 2d., &c.
P. 1. Same hand as the preceding.
5 Jan. 22. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 150.
[London] 5 Jan.:—On Friday last, the 2nd inst., it was notified by public crier in London and Greenwich, where the King now is, that all who loved the King should be next day at Greenwich and go to meet Madame Anne of Cleves who should soon be their Queen. The same day the Imperial Ambassador and Marillac were asked to be at the assembly, which was well conducted with marvellous silence and no confusion, to the number of 5,000 or 6,000 horses. The dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk were with the said lady five miles from Greenwich and the King went to meet her on the way. She was clothed in the fashion of the country from which she came, and he received her very graciously and conducted her into his house at Greenwich to the chamber prepared for her.
She looks about 30 years of age, tall and thin, of medium beauty, and of very assured and resolute countenance. She brought 12 or 15 ladies of honour clothed like herself—a thing which looks strange to many. An ambassador of Saxony (fn. 13) is in her company, probably to conclude treaties between his master and this King; for now the affairs of Cleves and Saxony, with all their League, and of this King will be one. But we shall see what is determined in the coming Parliament which will begin, they say, in Lent, and provide for several great affairs, especially for a great supply of money which this King means to demand. His ministers say he can get 1,000,000 crs. without difficulty.
French. Two modern transcripts, pp. 2 each.
5 Jan. 23. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 151.
[London] 5 Jan.:—Has received the Constable's letters of 26 Dec. Wrote on the 24th, on the 27th (by the gentleman of the chamber of the King of Scotland) and on the 31st ult. The Queen of England has arrived who, according to some who saw her close, is not so young as was expected, nor so beautiful as every one affirmed. She is tall and very assured in carriage and countenance, showing that in her the turn and vivacity of wit supplies the place of beauty. She brings from her brother's country 12 or 15 damsels inferior in beauty even to their mistress and dressed so heavily and unbecomingly that they would almost be thought ugly even if they were beautiful. This King received her, at the foot of the hill (fn. 14) which is two miles from Greenwich, accompanied by 5,000 or 6,000 horse, partly his household and gentlemen summoned from all parts, and partly the bourgeoisie, and merchants strangers of this town who were expressly summoned. Would describe particulars were he not certain that the Constable has been at similar English triumphs, of which the principal part consists in a quantity of great chains, and that all this, great as they think it, is not to be compared to the least of 20 entries that will have been made at the last passage of the Emperor in France. The Imperial ambassador and Marillac, being invited, were there in the most honourable rank next the King, who “apres luy avoir tenu compaignye en sa chambre” graciously dismissed them and they returned to London. To-morrow, Twelfth Day, this duke of Bavaria is to be made a knight of the Order of England; another sign that the marriage Marillac wrote of will soon be consummated, though it is still kept secret.
French. Two modern transcripts, pp. 3 each.
5 Jan. 24. Monks of St. Peter's, Gloucester.
R. O. Pensions assigned “to divers religions” now discharged out of the monastery of St. Peter's, Gloucester, by the King's Commissioners for the alteration of the same, 5 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Gabriel Morton, prior, 20l.; Edw. Benett, receiver, 20l.; Wm. Morwent, 10l.; Thos. Kingeswood, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Edm. Wotton, 10l.; Thos. Harteland, “hosteler,” 8l.; John Wigmore, chamberer, 10l.; Walt. Stanley, 10l.; Wm. Newporte, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Humph. Barkeley, 8l.; Wm. Augusteyn, 6l.; Ric. Anselme, kitchener, 8l.; Thos. Lee, “professed and no priest,” 100s.; Wm. Symes alias Deane, 100s. Signed: Robt. Sowthwell: Ri. Gwent: John London: Rycharde Poulet: Will'm Berners: John Arnold: John ap Rice.
P. 1.
5 Jan. 25. Council of the North to Cromwell.
Calig. B. vii.,
B. M.
S. P. v., 168.
Since sending him certain letters taken in a Scotch ship, lost at Bamborough, have found others from certain Scots and Frenchmen in Scotland to others in Paris. The contents of three of them, transmitted herewith, seem to show that the cardinal of Scotland intends going to Rome next Lent. By a schedule of instructions sent along with them it appears that the Scots meditate some mystery with their allies. Have the prior of Mountegrace in hold; but have not yet fully examined him. York, 5 Jan. Signed: Robt. Landaffe, T. Magnus, Rauff Ellerkar, Robt. Bowis, Willm. Babthorp, Robt. Chaloner, Jo. Uvedale.
P. 1. Add. “To &c., My Lord Privy Seal.” Endd.
5 Jan. 26. Robert, Bishop of Llandaff and John Uvedale to Cromwell.
Calig. B. vi.,
Enclose an inventory of the chattels of parson Tunstall, lately sent by Nicholas Ratcliff, “with such other writings as were found in his coffer within his chamber at Awklande,” of little effect. York, 5 Jan. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Jan.
Calig. B. vii.,
B. M.
27. Tristram Teshe to Cromwell.
Is charged by the King's warrants with the payment of the lord President and Council of the North and divers other pensioners on the Borders to the sum of 2,240l. yearly; also with other fees and annuities amounting to over 400l., and with the re-edifying of the haven at Bridlington, which in these two years past amounted to over 800l. Is nevertheless ordered to pay Sir Geo. Lawson for matters in these parts 600l.; of which, by the help of friends, he has paid him 320l. and is bound to pay the rest in 16 days. But this will be to his utter undoing. Requests that Beckwith be ordered to reimburse the same. York, 5 Jan. 31 Hen VIII. Signed.
1. Add.: My Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Jan. 28. Egglestone Abbey.
Close Roll,
p. 4, No. 31.
Rym. xiv., 671.
Surrender (by Thos. abbot of Egliston, in co. Richmond, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Richmond, York, and Durham, and elsewhere, in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 5 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Ric. Layton, one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Egleston monastery, archd. Richmond, 5 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
Thos. Shepperd, abbot, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Robt. Redshawe, sub-prior, 4l.; Hen. Clacton, Wm. Mason, Wm. Wright, Thos. Hildereth, Ralph Cottes, and Thos. Egleston, priests, 40s. each; John Clappam, sub-deacon, 26s. 8d. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns.
5 Jan. 29. Anne Rouaud (Madame de Bours) to Mary Basset.
R. O. I long to hear your news and am wearied of the long time I have been without hearing of you. I wrote to your mother and to you by Mons. de Collincourt, and he wrote that you had not been found at Calais, but had been taken into England. I send as a New Year's gift a gorget. I beg you to remember me to my lord and lady, and excuse my not writing. I have heard to-day that my daughter D'Agincourt is gone to Jumelle, where she is brought to bed, and though it was not “a my terme,” still, the child lived, which has been a great blessing to her. Commend me to your sisters. I do not send commendations from Montmorency because he has long since gone to Court. Pont de Remy, 5 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p.
1. Add.: “A Mademoiselle Marie Basset, ma bonne fille, a Cailles.”
6 Jan. 30. Sir Nic. Wadham to Cromwell.
R. O. Reminds him that he wrote before for his favour in a “certain thing” he desires. Begs to be remembered to the King, as he is daily at charges to do him service. Asks Cromwell to be good lord “to this your servant” John Wadham, his son. He has been long absent, but will now return. Yercombe, 6 Jan. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Jan. 31. Parson Tunstall.
R. O. The examination of John Tunstall, parson of Tanfylde and Haughton in the bishopric of Durham, taken 6 Jan. 31 Hen. VTII.
Deposes that on All Hallows' day or eve last, Dr. Helyarde showed him in the bp. of Durham's house in London, that one friar Wattes was in ward with the bp. of Canterbury for preaching, and that the Master of the Rolls and two others had offered to be surety for his forthcoming if it were not a case of treason; to whom the Abp. replied that they need not bind themselves, “for he should be so ordered as he should have no cause to complain.” Helyarde also showed him Watts was such a tongued man that he thought many would be present to hear his examination; also that when the bp. of Canterbury had Helyard (sic) before him, Dr. Barnes and another were present, with whom Watts “found himself grieved because the one of them was abjured and the other suspected of heresy, and [said] (fn. 15) that he would appeal to the King,” whereupon the Abp. answered that he should have no cause to appeal; also that Watts had read to great audiences in London all last summer and had converted many from the new opinions. Examined what new opinions, thinks he meant about the Sacrament. Has never since spoken with Helyarde nor knew of his departure till about 12 days after he was gone.
Helyarde also showed him that the bp. of Canterbury was gone into Kent and the said Watts with him. Deponent also reported what Helyarde told him to one Chaytor at Awkland about St. Martin's day last; who answered nothing, to his remembrance. Signed in three places: John Tunstall.
Pp. 3. Endd.
6 Jan. 32. Sir Will. Eure to Cromwell and the Council.
Calig. B. vii.
B. M.
Has received his lordship's letter of the 30 Dec. requiring him, from the King, to discover to what part of Scotland Dr. Hilyerde has conveyed himself and to investigate the true cause of his sudden departure. By the copies of his letters which he sends, the King will perceive how he had already made some inquiries and had advertised the President of the Council of the North of his proceedings, and how he obtained certain letters directed to Rome by the King and Council of Scotland. Has, however, made new inquiries by spies; it will appear how Hilyerde demeaned himself on his arrival at Coldstream, the words he spoke, the recommendations he had by privy tokens from the prior of Mountgrace to the prioress of Coldstream, what he said to the chaplain of the prioress; information contained in the copy of the letter (fn. 16) sent to Eure's servant and constable by a brother of the prioress. He gives out as a reason for his departure that he had procured sundry religious persons who had not surrendered not to do so except on compulsion, and he was afraid his letters would come to light. He had lamented in the presence of a certain gentleman the suppression of Mountgrace, who told him that he had seen men taken as traitors for as small an offence. Not finding the Cardinal on his arrival at Edinburgh he repaired to the bp. of Glasgow, Gawin Dunbar, asking to be relieved. He said he would relieve him if he was a good man. He is put in hope of getting liberty to preach in Scotland and to speak with the King. He is now at Lithcoo, where the King of Scots is. Berwick, 6 Jan. Signed.
2. Add.: My lord Privy Seal and others of the King's most honorable Council.
6 Jan. 33. Dr. Henry Olisl[eger] to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I am sorry to tell you that, having spoken, with the Queen's good will, to the King and my lord Privy Seal to have your wife's daughter Catherine in the Queen's privy chamber, I have been answered that the ladies of the privy chamber were appointed before the coming of Madame; and though I have begged that an exception might be made in her favor, it has been of no avail. As we shall remain here still for some days I beg to know if I can do anything more for you. Greenwich, “le jour des Trois Rois,” 1540. Signed.
Fr., p.
1. Add.
6 Jan. 34. Calais.
R. O. Deposition of Simon Rewbery, of Sentercase, that at Wast, in the dominion of the French king, he had met with Adrian Delean, cousin german to the bailly of Fynes, and Rob. Framery, of Bessing, beside Wast, who told him that they had been sent for by Mons. de Bees, three days before their meeting, which he thinks was on a Thursday, about five weeks ago, and De Bees said to them “You came to know my mind when the Englishmen fled, and you asked what you should do, and I bade you that you should not remove, for I would give you warning time enough. And now I have such tidings of the King my master's ambassador, that went last into England, (fn. 17) that of that you have you must make money of such cattle and wares as you have, and give your neighbours warning, for I cannot send for every man, for I think we shall have, shortly, war in England, for the ambassador saith that he is sent on such a message as he reckons he shall not speed.” And since, great provision has been made for victuals, and is to be made for mattocks and shovels. 6 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Coppie.
7 Jan. 35. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Is to specify the grounds on which he thinks the porter at Calais is touched, referred to in his last letters of news from France. Is to send word how many have been privy to the news. The King desires this advice shall be kept secret. Greenwich, 7 Jan. Signed.
In Wriothesley's hand, p.
1. Add. Endd.: My lord Privy Seal's letter, with my lord's answer thereto.
7 Jan. 36. Commissioners in the North to Cromwell.
R. O. On the dissolution of the late monastery of Egliston, in Yorkshire, we there received your letters, dated in March last, showing the King's pleasure to be that Edw. Aglamby of Carlisle should have the preferment of the same house. We also received at the same time a letter from Mr. Chancellor, dated in October last, showing the King's pleasure to be that Alan Kyng should have the preferment of the said house. By consent of both parties we have committed the custody of the said house and lands to one Thos. Rokeby till the King's pleasure be known. Egleston, 7 January. Signed: Walter Hendle — Richarde Layton — Thomas Legh, LL.D. — Richard Watkyns.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Jan. 37. The Calais Priests.
R. O. The examination of Will. Peterson, parson of Boninges in co. Gruisnes, taken 7 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
Explaining his possession of certain pardons de Spiritu Sancto with which he had been entrusted 10 or 12 years ago by one Hugh Albye, a Roman, licensed by abp. Warham, whose commissary Peterson then was. At the time of his apprehension he had also in his keeping a dispensation of the bp. of Rome to be made priest at the age of 22, which he never brought in to be exemplified, having never heard that he should so do. Seven or eight years ago, gave the whole pack of pardons to Geo. David, a doctor of Paris, to publish within the English Pale, but he returned them. Sir John Butler and this examinate are sworn to be true to each other. He is most beholden to the secretary of Calais, John Benolde, of any man there. One Fylberd, a physician, and John Chauncesy have asked his opinion touching the preaching of one Adams there, and he replied that he preached naughtily. Sir John Wallop is his good friend, but he has had no communication with him “since his last coming thither.” Mr. Ryngeley, the controller, and Mr. Palmer, the porter, were in hand with him, about Mich, last, to have him commissary of Calais again; and Fylberd told him that he had Wallop's good will to be so, and the secretary that he had spoken to my Lord Deputy to that effect.
A priest of Calais named Sir Will. Richardson on Saturday was three weeks came to him and said it could not stick in his heart that the King was Supreme Head of the Church. Warned him to take heed what he said, but never reported it to any one, thinking Richardson a person out of his wit, for at other times he had shown him divers fond and foolish visions.
Pp 4. Signed at the foot of each page: Per me Will'um Peterson.
7 Jan. 38. Wyatt to Henry VIII.
Harl. 282 f. 83.
B. M.
S.P. viii., 219.
Nott's Wyatt,
Reports how they have executed his commands received along with his letters to the Princes, and copies of the same by letters of my lord Privy Seal, dated the 21st and 24th ult. Has observed the same order he wrote on the — (blank) ult., “and to the apprehending of this Brancetour it is well proceeded.” Mentioned that Tate and he had reminded Grandvela of what he had said about Brancetour. Next day after the Emperor's entry into Paris, he and the bp. of London sent to the Constable for audience and were told there was no time that day. Next morning, the 3rd, went themselves to his chamber door but he escaped by a back door. Spoke with him, however, after the King's mass, and he arranged an audience for them after the King's dinner. Dined with him meanwhile and told him in general terms the purport of their charge without naming the person. Had sure watch kept on Brancetour's movements, lest he should escape to Flanders, employing in this one Swerder, a young gentleman of my lord of Canterbury, learned and well languaged, and one Weldon, a student here belonging to Mr. Pate. After dinner went with the Constable and delivered the King's letters to Francis, who was most friendly and said even if there were no treaty the King might rely on obtaining such a request from him, especially as it concerned his person. The Constable received orders for Brancetour's arrest and ordered the provost to do it. Gives an account of their tracing him to his lodging, where Wyatt hurt his leg, and seizing letters, which, on their approach, he had flung into the fire. Wyatt plucked them out, but the provost secured them, and he gave the provost other writings as well, charging him to deliver his writings and himself into the hands of the Emperor, whose servant he claimed to be. The provost left his men to keep him and went to consult the Chancellor. Wyatt meanwhile urged Brancetour to submit to the King, but he made the Emperor his master, and told Wyatt he had come from Pole not three months past, that he had come with him to Avignon and to Rome, and that now he was come into Spain leaving Pole at Rome. The provost, on his return, insisted on taking the man to his own lodgings and on keeping his writings. Wyatt sent two servants with him and returned to his lodging, where my lord of London and Mr. Tate awaited him.
Early next morning, Sunday, the 4th, Wyatt and Tate spoke with Grandvela, saying the King had written to the Emperor upon the subject. He professed to know nothing of Brancetour being entertained by the Emperor, and promised to get them an audience, but it could not be that day. Afterwards found my lord of London and got another interview with the Constable, requesting him to give orders that the man should be delivered up. He promised to speak to the provost to that effect. Spoke also with the Chancellor, who, next day, examined Brancetour and his papers, and bade him put his tale into writing; but he declined in spite of all remonstrances to deliver him till he had spoken with the Constable. A servant of Grandvele's then came and promised them an audience of the Emperor after dinner.
Had access to his Majesty, along with Tate, on Twelfth Even after dinner, who, after reading the King's letters and hearing their credence, asked who the rebel was. Said, Brancetour. “Ah, quod he, Robert? That same Sir, quod I. I shall tell you, quod he, Monsieur l'Embassadour, it is he that hath been in Perse. As he saith, quod I. Na, quod he, I know it by good tokens; for when I sent the knight of the Rhodes, he of Piemont, (fn. 18) with charge to the Sophi, through Turkey, he fell sick, and this man, for the love he knew between the King and me, helped him; and in conclusion, when he saw he should die he opened his charge unto this man and told him what service he should do to me and to all Christendom, if he would undertake it. And he did so and it seemed true, for the King of Perse the same time did invade, and he went about the tother way by the sailing of the Portygalles and brought me sure tokens of the man, as well what money I gave him as other things. And this was no small service that he did; and I have had him follow me this 10 or 12 years in all my voyages, in Africa, in Province, in Italy, and now here; and since that time I know not that he hath been in England, whereby he hath done offence to the King, unless it be for going with Cardinal Pole that asked me leave for him by cause of the language.” Wyatt insisted that his long absence from England and service to the Emperor could not excuse his treason to Henry, and that he had solicited Englishmen in Spain to revolt from their duty, of which Grandvele had informed him, who alleged nothing of the Emperor entertaining him and wondered what he did in the Imperial Court. His conspiracies, Wyatt said, had made him “convainquysht in hole Parliament.” The Emperor said he never heard this before, and when he came into his own territory he would make answer according to the treaties. He complained, however, of Wyatt getting him arrested here when he knew him to be a follower of the Emperor's Court, and declared he would ask his deliverance both of the Constable and of Francis.
Finding he could get nothing more on this point, Wyatt spoke of the ill usage of the English merchants in Spain by the Inquisition as mentioned in my lord Privy Seal's letter. He said the Inquisition had been established for good considerations which he would not break, “no, not for his grandame,” and Englishmen in his countries must obey his laws. Replied that when he was in Spain the Emperor himself agreed with Covos and Grandvela that there should be “moderation in respect of that office” for the sake of English commerce; that Henry VIII. punished all heresies, and the only difference was about the bp. of Rome. The Emperor insisted that that concerned the Faith. Wyatt asked if there would be no redress unless Englishmen changed their opinion on this? The Emperor said he would write to Henry himself. Wyatt said the King would have to warn the English that they traded in Spain at their own risk, as there was a power there dependent on his adversary, the bp. of Rome, against which the Emperor could not protect them. Tate appealed to promises made when he was in Spain, and the Emperor promised to write to the Card. of Toledo, the chief Inquisitor, when he had examined the statement of grievances given to Grandvele. The ambassadors further complained of preachers who defamed their King and nation and stirred the Emperor's subjects against the King's. The Emperor said preachers would speak against himself. Tate then intimated his recall, and the Emperor said he would write in his favour to the King.
They went home, and Wyatt informed my lord of London of their little success, praying him to speak with the Constable, as his leg was sore with long standing. He did so next morning, and Brancetour was delivered and sent to his lodging without notice of the fact being sent to Wyatt; who, meanwhile, had written as he might. Never saw the Emperor so vehement and imperious, especially about the Inquisition. Noted with this “the things that afore he passed with me of Gueldres, almost in as notable manner as this”; also Tate's conversation with Grandvele, of whom he went to take leave while my lord of London sought to speak with the Constable,—Grandvele explaining that he never knew the Emperor had employed Brancetour because he was then ambassador in France, (fn. 19) and that when he spoke to the Emperor on the matter, as a thing that touched the amity, the Emperor said plainly no man should speak to him in it. Grandvele added that if the King would forbear to intrigue with the Almains or others against the Emperor nothing would be done against the amity.
Gives his own explanation of the Emperor's attitude:—That he wishes to keep Henry neutral till he goes to Almain, showing that by illtreating Henry's subjects he can fully requite the injuries Henry does him by the Almains and Geldrois; while on the other hand he keeps France in treating for Milan. Suggests that the bp. of Durham, or some man of weight, should tell him roundly that the King will not pay so much regard henceforth to an alliance in which he finds so little reciprocity, unless he came to new treaties. The time was never better to make him declare himself; for he will never part with Milan, and without that certain amity will never ensue. These Princes depart to-day for S. Denis, and so they go to Chantilly, whence Francis returns, some say to Amyas; but whether the Dauphin and Orleans go to Flanders is uncertain. This legate (fn. 20) goes not after the Emperor, nor know I of any Englishman that comes with him. I remain till Saturday. Paris, 7 Jan.
Draft in Wyatt's hand. Endd.: as follows:
“The vij of January.
To my lord Privy Seal.
To my lord Admiral.
To Sir Thomas Poyninges.
To Mr. Dun (?)
To Mr. Solyman.
To my brother Lee.”
39. Charles V. in Paris.
Add. MS.
28,471, f. 6.
B. M.
“Recevimiento que el Rev Francisco de Francia hizo en la ciudad de Paris a el Emperador D. Carlos, Rey de las Españas, el año de 1539 añ.”
Begins. “El Emperador n'ro señor partio de Madrid para Flandes.”
Spanish. Modern copy, pp. 8.
7 Jan. 40. Card. Farnese to Paul III.
Vatican MS. * * * It appears to me that the Emperor, with the pretext of the king of the Romans, and the long abode he makes with these people (costoro), is arranging to keep Milan, marry his daughter, (fn. 21) strengthen the part he holds of Navarre, and pay everything with the part he does not hold; leaving the King to recompense the duke of Savoy, with the gain from the Emperor of all Piedmont as far as the Alps. In this settlement, they would even [include?] England, or make the Infanta of Spain queen of it, and the duke of Orleans king; but this is as yet only in outline. * * * To-day has come one from Scotland, from the Card. of St. Andrews, with letters to the King, of which as yet I have not learnt further. The messenger reports that he was carrying letters from the said Cardinal to Mons. d' Ivrea, with injunction, however, to tear and cast them into the sea if by any chance he came to the shores of England, and to keep only the packet for this King. And it so happened that fortune brought him to the shores of England, where he was kept prisoner, and so only brought the letters to this King, which the English respected, and left with him. He reports that the daughter of the king of England is married without the advice or knowledge of the Emperor; but his report differs from that which Mons. Poggio writes, for he says she is married, as bastard and not as legitimate, to the duke of Bavaria—he does not know which [duke]—and Poggio's information, now confirmed, [is that] it is to the son of the Count Palatine. When more is known I will advertise your Holiness.
Italian. Pp. 2. From a modern extract in R. O. headed: A Nostro Signore, 7 Gennaro. Card. Farnese.
7 Jan. 41. Paul III. to Charles V.
Add MS.
f. 3.
B. M.
Has heard the relation of Don Luys d' Avila, who can detail what has been treated as to their common daughter (duchess of Florence), &c. Apostolic Palace, 7 Jan. 1530 (sic).
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 2. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. vi. Pt. i., 97.
8 Jan. 42. Sir Edward Ryngeley to the Earl of Southampton.
R. O. In June last, at my first coming to Calais since I was controller here, I perceived that Thos. Broke, who occupies the custom house as farmer to Edw. Paiton, took 20d. in the pound more than he accounted for to the King. I informed the King's council, but as yet nothing is done in the matter. Now, at your being here, I presented a matter of untruth concerning Geoff. Lovedaie. I had rather take a small living in England than be coupled with two such false harlots, one in the Custom house, and the other in the Wollebein (Woolbeam). I have many things to reform according to the Act of Parliament, which has been little considered by my lord Edmund, my predecessor. At your departure you commanded me, if I had anything more to tell you, to write; which I now do. Calais, 8 Jan. Signed.
2. Add.: Earl of Southampton and lord Admiral. Endd.
9 Jan. 43. Wm. Zouche to Cromwell.
R. O. Richard Eggerton, master of St. John's hospital in Lichfield, has smally regarded Cromwell's letters in favour of Zouche for the farm of the said hospital. Asks Cromwell to order him to send up a copy of the foundation. Thinks he will rather perform the grant than do so, for fear of sequestration. Lychfeld, 9 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Jan. 44. Carlisle Priory.
Close Roll,
p. 4, No. 17.
Rym. xiv.
Surrender (by Lancelot Salkeld, prior, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Cumb., Nthld., and Westmld., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof, 9 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Ric. Layton, one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Carlisle monastery, to the brethren departing, 10 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.
John Birkebek, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Ric. Throp and Wm. Lowther, 106s. 8d. each. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns.
10 Jan. 45. William Ostryge to the Bp. of Chichester.
R. O. Was informed by letters of his friends, in March last, of the conclusion taken by the Bp. and others of “that honorable court of the Whitehall” in the dispute between him and his debtor, Will. Harpyn. Harpyn and his wife, however, will not stand by the award, but renew their suits. Encloses copy of a letter he wrote to Mr. Kedermayster on the subject. Desires protection in his absence from home, owing to his office, granted to him by the King and the Emperor, of governor of the English nation in this country; which office he only executes out of due obedience, for many persons in Spain not only persecute the nation but speak blasphemy of the King.
Hol., pp. 2. Headed: “Jesus A° 1539, the 10th day of January, in San Lr (San Lucar). Add. Sealed.
10 Jan. 46. Edmond Harvel to Cromwell.
R. O.
S. P. viii.,
Wrote last 30th ult. Yesterday these men's ambassador to the Turk departed with great presents and favor of the whole city, who are in great hope of peace with him, encouraged by letters from Rincon, the French ambassador at Constantinople. They have sent ships to Turkey to lade corn; hearing of which the Viceroy of Naples has refused them the wheat promised by the marquis of Guasto. But this state is constrained for pure hunger to take all the victuals they can get by sea or land. They are arming galleys. Two ambassadors lately made depart to-morrow, the one to the Emperor, the other to the French king, rather for a semblance than for real friendship. The Card. of Invrea, and not Pole, is made legate of Bononye. Venice, 10 Jan. 1539. Signed.
Add. Endd.


  • 1. “Vilielmus a Santher” (for Sancher). William third lord Crichton of Sanquhar. See Douglas' Peerage of Scotland, i. 449.
  • 2. Should be Grimstone. See Vol. XIV., Part ii. No. 783.
  • 3. Should be Goringe. See Vol. XIV., Part ii. No. 572 (3 viii.).
  • 4. Kekewich in Vol. XIV., Part ii., p. 202.
  • 5. Chok in Vol. XIV., Part, ii., p. 202.
  • 6. Added in other hand.
  • 7. See No. 120.
  • 8. See Vol. XIV., Part ii. No. 238.
  • 9. Interlined but superfluous.
  • 10. See Vol. XIV., Part ii. No. 432, which seems to be an undated draft of this document with some variations.
  • 11. The pages with these names of ladies are struck out.
  • 12. These two lists are struck out.
  • 13. Both Hans Doltzick and Francis Burchart accompanied her.
  • 14. Shooter's Hill.
  • 15. Word omitted.
  • 16. See Vol. XIV., Part ii, No. 723 (2).
  • 17. Could Du Bies have meant the Sieur de Borran, who went over in Nov. 1539? See Vol. XIV., Part ii. No. 469.
  • 18. Was he the writer of the letter in Vol. IV., App. No. 101?
  • 19. He was ambassador in France from the beginning of 1526 to 28 March 1528.
  • 20. Cardinal Farnese.
  • 21. “Maritar sua figlia;” i.e. to make a marriage for his daughter (with the duke of Orleans).