Henry VIII: March 1540, 11-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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, 'Henry VIII: March 1540, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540, (London, 1896) pp. 133-150. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp133-150 [accessed 25 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: March 1540, 11-20", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540, (London, 1896) 133-150. British History Online, accessed May 25, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp133-150.

. "Henry VIII: March 1540, 11-20", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540, (London, 1896). 133-150. British History Online. Web. 25 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp133-150.


March 1540, 11–20

11 March. 329. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Wishes to know what course will be taken with France. If his pension of France ceases, he must diminish his household by avoiding of his chapel. Has left two servants at London to bring him news. From the Rye, 11 March.
Hol., p. 1, Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd. in a later hand: 1537.
11 March. 330. Robert Parrett (fn. 1) to Cromwell.
R. O.
Your Lordship heretofore willed me to make suit to you for any preferment in my country: now I may obtain, with your Lordship's favour, a farm of pasture, 6l. yearly, called Bottlay. It is granted by Lincoln College, Oxford, to the bp. of Lincoln, but the grant is of little effect without further assurance; as this bringer, my son, fellow of the College, can declare; for whom I thank you, that by your letters he has obtained of his college, a toleration to be no priest for seven years. Oxford, 11 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 March. 331. Sale of Crown Lands.
See Grants in March, No. 38.
12 March. 332. [Cromwell] to Wallop.
R. O.
S.P. viii.,282.
The King has received information which he thinks much concerns the French king, and wishes Wallop to show it to the queen of Navarre:— 1. That the Constable and Cardinal of Lorraine will on their arrival in Flanders be entertained with a mere appearance of amity; 2. that the legate Farnese, by his governor Marsselles (fn. 2) urged Francis lately, by the bp. of Rome's command, to make a difficulty in his conclusion with the Emperor, by whose necessity he might have what he wanted; and that Francis replied that if the Emperor would live in peace he would do the like, but if he would treat anything further it must be for all “dependaunts” or nothing. The latter part of this reply only was communicated to the Emperor, the reporter saying that “all dependaunts” included many things, e.g. Burgundy, Navarre, treaties of Madrid, Milan, and Piedmont; and the Emperor answered, that of truth things were marvellously intricate, and in the negociations at Perpignan, he being then at Barcelona, he thought it best not to come to particulars. It is therefore thought that the king of the Romans will visit the French king to obtain a further delay and take his advantage in other parts, in hopes that Francis' illness may prove fatal. Wallop may leave it to the discretion of the queen of Navarre to communicate this to Francis. She may judge whether the rest be true by the words about “the dependaunts.”
Henry is also informed that they begin to murmur in Spain at the Emperor practising for his own and his children's marriages without their consents. The Emperor will send the duke of Alva to appease them. London, 12 March.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.
12 March. 333. Cromwell to Thomas Horton.
R. O. As it is supposed, the foundation and other evidences of a chantry founded by your uncle (fn. 3) are come to your custody; you are to deliver them to lord Hungerford of Haitesbury, with a copy of your uncle's (fn. 3) will, that equitable order may be taken therein; or else to appear before me, the 15th day after Easter next, to show cause why not. From my house in London, 12 March. Signed.
1. Add. Endd.: My lord Privy Seal.
12 March. 334. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 169.
(Almost the
whole text.)
London, 12 March:—Hearing that Montmorency has not yet been sent for to wait upon the Emperor, thinks it his duty to send this despatch; although he has nothing important to say, which is his reason for not writing to the King. The bp. of London who left the Court (i.e. of France) with Norfolk, is not yet arrived, but after stopping eight or ten days at Calais and then crossing the sea, he still remains on the road between this and Dover, afraid either to go to Court or come hither; as this King forbade him to do so until summoned, either out of displeasure at his misconduct, or as a pretence to satisfy Francis, whose amity this King desires more than ever and has often mentioned since Norfolk's return. On the other hand, this King says he would like nothing so well as that the Emperor should attack him, and Francis remain neutral and watch the game; and much more is this the wish of the ministers, courtiers, and people, who seem entirely alienated from the affection which they bore to the said Emperor.
News has come that the duke of Cleves expects to settle his differences with the Emperor, retaining Gueldres by marrying the duchess of Milan. The Emperor's ambassador has mentioned this to Marillac, saying he heard it from friends in the household of the Queen of Hungary. Duke Philip of Bavaria will return very shortly; and the marriage with this King's eldest daughter is again proposed, which has been dropped since his departure. This news is from a secretary who conducts the said Duke's affairs here. Some say Norfolk is “en termes” to return over sea; but there is little appearance of it. Others say they left him yesterday 30 miles from here, on his way, not towards his house but rather towards Scotland. This seems somewhat likely, as he was better accompanied than he usually is when going home.
Word came from Flanders, confirmed by all the merchants' letters, that the king of the Romans was about to pass into France, and that Montmorency's going to Flanders was broken off. Some said this was to gain time and delay the surrender of Milan, and that meanwhile, the Emperor “sobz redoutte et creance, au moyen de l'union d'amitié quil a avec le Roy, méneroit à bout ses affaires,” and, these settled, would show himself to the said King as unyielding (difficile) as ever. Was often questioned and sounded upon this; but answered always he would give little trust in the letters of merchants, who are light to write tavern conversations, or whatever according to their foolish fancies they have discussed the night before. The English ambassador has since contradicted it, writing that Montmorency was ready to depart, and only awaited a gentleman from the Emperor; and this is now confirmed by other letters from Flanders.
This King has visited his children, who are at Richmond, and has returned to Hampton Court until Easter. Dr. Barnes, who preached against the bp. of Winchester, as Marillac wrote on the 8th (sic) inst., has been compelled to recant and ask pardon. To-day, a jeweller of this city worth 20,000 or 30,000 crs., attainted and convicted of having clipped (rogné) crowns, angelots, and other money, has been quartered. Parliament commences after Easter in April.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
[12 Mar.] 335. W. earl of Southampton to Cromwell.
R. O. Yesternight, after my arrival hither, which was very late, I declared to the King the order your Lordship had taken with the merchants, how John Taborowe had come home and delivered the letter he had brought, and how you would send Barnys to his Highness this day. The King was glad the merchants were so conformable and is anxious to speak with Taborowe. but touching Barnys did not seem so earnest as at my departure towards London. “Thanking your Lordship for your good wine, whereof many ladies and gentlewomen had their parts.” Hamptoncourt, this Friday morning. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Lord Admiral.
12 March. 336. Edward More, Warden of the New College beside Winchester, to Cromwell.
R. O. I perceive your letters in favour of Mr. Thomas Yong to succeed Mr. Ralph Jonson in our parsonage of Istylworth. I and my brethren are content, fearing only that the said Ralph will be too onerous in taking much of your said friend, except your Lordship moderate his demands. Winchester, 12 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 March. 337. Wyatt to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS.,
282, f. 126.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
As my lord Privy Seal wrote that the letters out of Almain were welcome, sends another which he has received. “At the making of the cipher duke George was alive, whose cipher I think he useth now for him that succeeded him.” The bruit of the accord with Cleves, by the marriage with the duchess of Milan, still grows, but Wyatt can find no ground for it. The elector Palatine is dead, (fn. 4) and duke Frederic coming hither. The appointment with France waxes colder ever since the king of Romans came; and in the Legate's entertainment there seems neither affection nor importance. Remains still of opinion that an accord shall follow shortly between the Protestants and the Emperor. This letter out of Almain accords with that, for, “upon that same protraction of the duke of Cleves' entering with the Protestants,” the Emperor appoints with the Protestants, feeds him with some fame of marriage, and uses his brother to give the Duke's servant here good words to hold him in suspense (and peradventure some of his Council, being Papists, assist) and make the Almains more facile. The Emperor first won from the Almains the French king, or at least made them believe so; insomuch that they distrust all the Frenchmen say; and next made them doubt England's joining them, “by the words of Grand vela to Mr Tate at Paris,” and now strives to put them in despair, by the duke of Cleves, of their making a frontier of Gelders. So he leaves them to trust to themselves, and the bp. of Lyndon (fn. 5) persuades them to appointment by promising much, and saying that the Emperor abhors not greatly what they have done, as he told them in the assembly at Franckfort. The Bishop's lodging has been prepared this month; doubtless he tarries to set forth this practise. This, with the truce with the Turk, will give commodity to assault the Duke, who will then not find that facility which the king of Romans paints here to his servant. Added to this, there is to be peace or truce with the king of Denmark.
Laska, mentioned in the letter Wyatt sends, is here, and brought news of the truce. To “the tother purpose” hears nothing, but by the post scripta sent herewith. If that be true, the aforementioned practice is out of question.
No news worth writing, but that the Gauntois shall this day bring in their privileges. Begs to have Mr. Mason back. Will want him greatly for the little time he tarries here. Ghent, 12 March.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 3. Begins: “Please your Majesty.” Endd.
14 March. 338. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Simon Cornethwaite, dwelling with lord Russell, sued a cause of matrimony in the Arches against Anne, daughter to Wm. Barker, of Cheswicke, and she was sequestered to the house of Master Vaghan, in Chepeside. Heard the matter himself, at the request of my lord of Sussex. While the suit was depending, Wm., brother to Sir John Bridges, took the maid and married her before day, without banns or licence or dispensation, and in the forbidden time within three days before Christmas, and still keeps her in Ambrose Barker's house, though she has been denounced accursed at Paul's Cross. Asks him to send for Bridges and the woman and sequester her to some honest indifferent house till the matter be tried whose wife she is. Forde, 14 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 March. 339. Wm. Fermour to Cromwell.
R. O. Sir Edw. Chamberlayne, Leonard Chamberleyne, and the mayor of Wodstok have apprehended a wool winder of London for talking in an ale house at Woodstock, as Cromwell will see by the enclosed confession. Not being justices of the peace they sent him to Fermour, who committed him to ward. He made a seditious and detestable answer to a similitude put to him touching the King and prelates, without any due reverence or protestation towards the King. Somerton, in Oxfordshire, 14 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[14 Mar.] 340. Suffolk to Cromwell.
R. O. I hear labour is made for the demesnes of the late monastery of Fonttaynes, Yorks. May it please your Lordship “yf ther be anne scheth suete to resspytett tell me comyng ope, wyche schall be God wylleng wyt in xiiij dayes aftur yesster, and I shall prove it worth the staying.” “Wretten thes Passeun Sonday.”
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 March. 341. Lord Leonard Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. V. iii.,
Thanks for new year's gift received by the King's servant Thos. Bowman. Credence for John Travers, Master of the Ordnance, who has done good service in Munster and Ulster. Reiterates suit to repair to the King; “the tender sucking child never longed sorer for his mother's pap.” Drogheda, 14 March 31 Henry VIII. Signed.
Add. Endd.
14 March. 342. Council of Ireland to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii.,
The Deputy lately required their assent to Mr. Travers being sent over. All the Council answered that, he being captain of the gunners, the worst ordered although best paid of the army, and Mr. Gryffyth being in point of death, and Sir Wm. Brereton unable to stir with his leg lately broken, so that there is no captain but he to lead the footmen, and also ONeill being at open war, Travers might not go, and that Cromwell's servant, Ric. Hough, was sufficient. The Deputy consented, but now they hear he is sending Travers. If so, it is against their wills. Travers is an honest man, and reported experienced in war; but as he left this land in childhood he has no experience in the wars or the customs of this country.
The Deputy has in time past inclined to the counsels of private persons, and it has led to hurt. If he do so again they ask leave to advertise Cromwell secretly of it. Dublin, 14 March 31 Henry VIII. Signed: John Alen, K.'s Chaunceler—George Dublin.—Will'm Brabason—Gerald Aylmer, justice—Robert Cowley.
Add. Endd.
14 March. 343. Sir John Wallop to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Has already answered touching the receipt of his letter, but not as to the contents. Thanks him for his pains taken with my lord of London for his muletts. Will give 100 cr. for the three, since they will not come of gift. Rejoices in the good news from my lord Admiral, except that we shall lose you at Calais. “As concerning Mr. Wyates return home and sending any of those bishops in his place, I mislike not; but if he should supply you in your place, that I would much mislike, and soundeth much contrary to those good purposes that you, I and other hath travailed in.” Sends his bond for Lisle's discharge to my lord of London, Abbeville, 14 March. Signed.
Commendations to my lady, Mr. Controller and Mr. Treasurer.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: March 1539.
14 March. 344. Wyatt to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS.,
282, f. 128.
B. M.
Wyatt, 401.
A secretary of Grandvela said this other day that news had come from France which made the Emperor most jocund, whereas before that he could not sleep for melancholy. All that could be got from the secretary was that the French king had notified what Norfolk treated in France, and the answer he had, suspicion of which had kept the Emperor in great dread. Upon this, Peloux is gone into France and Brysake will be here to-night; and the amity will continue without question of Milan; for neither does France press the matter nor will the Emperor part therefrom. This seems as if they would wink at one another in dividing the duke of Savoy's state, and the Duke's ambassador, who is here, seems to confirm that. A Milanese servant of the Emperor suggested, not two days past, a way to get 300,000 ducats in Milan, but said it should be vain if the report was true that the Emperor would part with Milan, for the money would take eight or nine months to raise. The Emperor answered, “Yea! They are deceived, let them say what they will,” and sent him to Grandvela, who seemed angry that it should be spoken of and said, “Are we wont to give our own away so lightly?” A secretary of the Emperor has said, when asked how the amity could stand without Milan and how Geens should do if Milan were given, “These be practises and persuasions of Venetians, and other that sow cockle in clear wheat, but they shall be friends in spite of the Devil and all them that have been about to let it; the matter is clear enough.” Another wise man in the Emperor's confidence has confirmed these things, and added that the accord with the Almains and the Council should ensue, and that 5,000 Spaniards and 3,000 Italians were coming hither. Surely no man wins at the Emperor's hands by tract of time; if the Emperor can assure himself in France better than Henry and make accord with the Almains, it must be to the prejudice of England and the duke of Cleves; and doubtless Gelders “will make the Emperor go as near the brink as he may to please the Almains.” The primacy of the Church will not prevent the Almains coming to a council, for it has been said among them that if the bp. of Rome's power were taken by consent and not usurped by colour of Scripture that point might be arranged; and the Emperor does not abhor other things so much as that disunion. As for the Bishop, if he can establish his temporal power and keep the name of primacy he will not refuse the Council; for at this day he has little profit of other things. Intended no more to have given his opinion until he could tell it to the King by mouth; but the matter seemed too important to admit of delay.
There is one gone into Almain. Who it is I cannot know yet. The bp. of Lindon is looked for hourly. After Easter the Emperor will to Arras. Ghent, 14 March.
Copy, pp. 3. Endd. by Wyatt.
March. 345. William Jerome.
R. O.
Fox V., App.
No. viii. (1).
“The effect of certain erroneous doctrines taught by the vicar of Stepney in his sermon at Polles Crosse upon Sunday was sevennight, which was the vijth day of March.”
The doctrines alluded to were:—1. That magistrates had not the power to make that which is indifferent not indifferent. 2. That justification is unconditional. In a marginal note it is stated that in the first article the preacher “confirmeth Dr. [B]arnes' book, where he teacheth that men's constitutions bind not [the] conscience.”
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the above.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1.
15 March. 346. George Gryffyth to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received Cromwell's letter dated 1 March, in which he perceives that his mother-in-law has complained of his unkindness towards her and his wife. Has never “handled himself of that fashion” against either. By Cromwell's letter, he must either take his wife back or give her her jointure. Has in his hands little over 300 marks; his wife's jointure is 100 marks. To pay this would be to his utter undoing. He will therefore take her back, if she be contented; a thing which he never would have done, but at Cromwell's letter. Burton Agnes, 15 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 347. Sir Richard Ryche to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs Cromwell to procure of the King the signature of such bills of sale as he left with Mr. Hennage, and to move his Highness for the sales of Kytson and Rowlett. Also to remember his suit; if it be not sped now it will never be, considering it is the Queen's jointure, for the recompense of which divers manors lie more conveniently than Waltham. Can scarce ride home in winter, the ways are so foul. All the timber is not worth 5l. and there must be employed 400 mks., on mills and cottages, in repairs. St. Bartholomew's in London, 16 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 348. Sir John Kaylwey to [Cromwell].
R. O. According to Cromwell's command by letter, sends by the bearer, his son, 105l. 16s. due to the King. Of his sickness and how he has been deceived by some he trusted, it were too long to write. Rockbourne, 16 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
16 March. 349. Edmond Harvel to Cromwell.
R. O. Wrote on the 22nd ult. Writes little by his brother, the bearer, who has a bad cough and may be long on his journey. Recommends him to Cromwell's continued favour. He has already increased Harvel's devotion to Cromwell, praising his friendliness to the skies. Venice, 16 March 1539. (fn. 6)
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
17 March. 350. For John Gregory.
Add. Ch.
Presentation by the King to the vicarage of Myddelsoway, Bath and Wells dioc., void by death. Walden, 17 March 31 Hen. VTII.
B. M. Lat. Great Seal attached (injured).
17 March. 351. Lord Chancellor Audeley to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his kindness to Sir Thos. Pope in the resignation of his late office. Cromwell was the first who put him to Audeley, who has found much kindness in him in his need. Will not forget to requite it. Reminds him of his own suit, and asks for news. Walden, 17 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 March. 352. Henry Malet, Priest, to Dr. Belasses.
R. O. I had been this day at my Lord's, but young Mr. Gascoigne has put me in trust with the making of his father's will and desires my abode for his spiritual comfort, and to preach at his funeral, which is like to be this week, so far is he past all help of physic. I desire to be humbly remembered to Mr. Wriothesley, Mr. Stuarde and Dr. Cave. Cardington manor, 17 March.
Hol p.. 1. Add.
17 March. 353. Walter lord Hungerford to Cromwell.
R. O. I have herein enclosed the deposition of dame Mary Horton; and, notwithstanding her oath, she has not brought me the evidence concerning Thomas Horton, her late husband's chantry. I have sent the deposition of the vicar of Bradford, wherein he recites that the said Thomas Horton made the houses of Henton, Wyttham, and Bathe patrons. Thomas Horton, now living with dame Mary, did “imbasell” the said evidence at or after the suppression of Henton, so that there remains no evidence. Howbeit, I have spoken with the chantry priest, and he has brought me one of the ordinances quater partite, and therein it appeareth, as the vicar has deposed, that the prior of Henton should be patron, and, for lack of him, the prior of Wyttham, and so the prior of Bathe. Now, my lord, if you will remit all to me, I trust you shall be pleased; for they be minded to put the King out of the patronage and, rather than fail, say they will “new buy” it of his Grace. Your letter to dame Mary Horton I caused one of my servants to deliver immediately, and she would in no wise receive it, “and so regard it very little,” as this bearer can show you further, to whom give credence. Farleygh, 17 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Sealed. Endd.
R. O. 2. The confession of me Wiliam Byrde, parson of Fitulton and vicar of Bradford, Wilts, made before “me” Walter Hungerford, knight, lord Hungerford of Haytysbury, the day of St. Matthew the Apostle, 23 Feb. 31 Henry VIII.
Thomas Horton, of Iford, now departed, upon the King's licence, “mortised” 10l. of land and gave it to one Sir William Forvour and his successors for ever, on condition that they should say mass daily in the church of Bradford at the altar of Our Lady there. Amongst other conditions, Horton, by ordinance, made the priors of Hynton, Wytham, and Bath patrons; which ordinance was drawn by Sir John Fitzjames, Chief Justice, and is now in the custody of dame Mary Horton, widow of the said Thomas.
Also Thomas Horton put other 66s. 8d. in feoffment and gave it to one Henry Rogers during the life of the said Wm. Forvour and his successors in the chantry for ever. Signed.
In Byrde's hand, pp.
R. O. 3. Confession of Dame Mary, widow of Thomas Horton, clotheman, made before me, Walter Hungerford, kt., lord Hungerford of Hatisbury, 25 Feb. 31 Henry VIII.
She deposes that all the evidence of her late husband's chantry in the parish church of Bradford is in her keeping, as well the King's licence for the same as the four quatripartite touching the gift of the same to one Sir Wm. Furvour and his successors and three of the four books of ordinances, the fourth book being in the keeping of Sir Wm. Furvour. She promises to show this evidence to lord Hungerford within six days from the date of this. Signed by William Gybbis, clk., William Byrde, clk., Wm. Hall, Esq., Alexander Longford and Thos. Long, clothemen, and Thomas Horton.
In Byrde's hand, p. 1.
17 March. 354. Sir Robt. Nedeham, Sir Alex. Radclyff and Dame Elenour Brereton to Cromwell.
R. O. Ask him to write to the King's general surveyors and the treasurer of the Chamber to respite till after Easter the payment of 350l. 7s.d. due from Sir Wm. Brereton, deputy chamberlain of Chester, who is now serving the King in Ireland. His setting forward has been so chargeable to him that he cannot pay it now, and, further, the wind does not now serve to hear from him. 17 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
17 March. 355. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii.,
Before Travers departed it was bruited that young Gerald had gone into France, but lord Leonard thought it should not be noised without surer information. ORayle, Sir Gerald Fitzgerald, and the abbot of Clonard have since sent sure word of it.
The Northern men have told their marshal they will serve no longer at the wages they have. Has borne with them two years, and indeed they are better than fresh men would be, for they are experienced and inured against disease. Travers can show what case the soldiers are in with disease, especially the flux, of which Mr. Gryffyth is dead. Credence for Cromwell's servant Hough and Mr. Travers. Protests that, whatever sinister report has been made of him, he will act as an honest man. Reminds him of his suit to repair to the King. Dublin, 17 March 31 Henry VIII. Signed.
Add. Endd.
17 March. 356. Antwerp News.
Galba B. x.
B. M.
News from Antwerp, 17 March 1539.—Wrote yesterday and on the 13th inst. Since which date letters have come from Rome and Florence, and some by Lyons, stating that at Rome there was no corn, but for this month, and wheat was 9½ cr. the ruglio, which is a quarter. Piero Luigy, the bp. of Rome's son, will probably come hither instead of his son Octavian. They say now that he is not coming to “procure for the estate of Florence,” but that he will be content with the estate of Pisa and her dominion. I do not know the truth, but their “ingordygia” is so great that it may be that after obtaining the part they will demand the whole. The matters are very secretly handled. Piero Luigi's son, the cardinal, is here and will return to the Court to-morrow. Yesterday arrived the “Sanese,” (fn. 7) who was with you last year, having come in the train of Don Fraunchis da Esty, who is married to the Marquesana of Paluda. The ambassadors of the duke of Cleves are with the Emperor, and an accord will probably be made between them. The estate of Gelders will remain with the Duke, but the Emperor will reserve the title. The marriage between the Duke and the duchess of Milan will take effect, and also between the prince of Araunges and the daughter of the duke of Loreno, who consents thereto for the action he pretends to have upon the duchy of Gelders.
The Emperor is proceeding more graciously in this affair of Guanto (Gaunt) than was expected. He is doing all he can to fortify himself on this “sedde.” He has given revenues of 10,000 cr. in Spain to the cardinal of Loreno. All his proceeding is to the prejudice of the French king, who, for the great lust he hath of Milan, suffers himself to be abused with vain hopes, and, fearing worse, dare not show his face of arms; “and my thynkyth that that proverbe of Makiavelly, which seyth that whan the dawnger of a warre is over oon it is better to prevene it than to deffarre it, were verey salutiffer for the Fraunche kynge. But God is the worker of all.”
The Emperor has left Gaunt and gone to Wingendall, a palace of the duke of Cleves, three leagues from Brugges, where he will stay for Easter. Certain of the most guilty at Gaunt have been condemned, but no men of estimation. This news, however, is not sure.
The preceding is the translation of a letter from my friend at Antwerp.
I have since learned of a Florentine who came yesternight from Guanto and was there on Friday, that the Emperor has returned thither. His departure was thought to be for fear of some stirring, because of the nine persons he has had executed on Thursday. It is supposed that, as the people were quiet he will execute more.
The common opinion there is that the marriage between the duke of Cleves and the duchess of Milan will be concluded, but no one believes the duchy will be restored to the French king.
The ambassadors whom the Emperor and his brother have sent to the French king are both “their greatte cavaglierizos.” (fn. 8) At the said execution there was great doubt of some new revolution.
Pp. 3. Endd.
17 March. 357. Antwerp News.
Galba B. x.
B. M.
From Antwerp, the 13th March.—The coming of the duke of Cleves into the Emperor's country is unlikely unless agreement is previously made between them, which would be a token of the discontinuance of the amity between the Emperor and the French king. The French murmur at the Emperor's delays. The Emperor says, that although his brother be come, he will compound the matter of Gand and Lekes. The Emperor's mind to enjoy the benefit of the time. The regret of some French gentlemen of the Emperor's passing that way and the sundry opinions thereof in France. The Constable is cause of the Emperor's passage. The Constable has doubt of the Dolphyn's favour when he shall come in authority. The Admiral in favour with the Dolphyn and Madame Destampes. If the Admiral should come in favour things should change.
16 March.—The Emperor and Fernando have sent ambassadors. They would bring the matters of Milan to sleep. The Frenchmen greedy of Milan. The Emperor's “cawtelles.” Without Milan the Frenchmen will not be content. The truce of the Turk is nothing; Barbarossa's preparation. The Emperor is at Gant; not so many like to be headed. The arrival of the duke of Branswik. The agreement between the Emperor and Cleves by way of marriage is much spoken of. The coming of the French king's ambassadors (fn. 9) seemeth to be cold.
From Antwerp, 17 March.—Similar notes, in an official hand, from the news letter calendared above, No. 356.
Pp. 2.
17 March. 358. R. Shelley to Sir William [Shelley].
R. O. “Ryght worshy[pful] father.” Recommends the bearer, Mr. John Lygh, a gentleman who has s[pent] some of his youth in the English Court, and has been since in divers countries to see the world. The writer first knew him in France and has been much benefited by his company in Venice. Was specially bound to him for lending him two suits of apparel on his going to Turkey, when he was in difficulties. Venice, 17 March 1540.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2. Add.: [To hi]s ryght worshy[pful and] specyall good [master] Syr Wylliam [Shelley, k]nyght, London.
18 March. 359. Leeds Priory, Kent.
R. O. Pensions assigned to the late prior and canons of Leeds in Kent, by Will. Petre, LL.D., Will. Cavendisshe and Thos. Spylman, 18 March 31 Hen. VIII.
Thos. Daie, prior, 60l.; Thos. Sidnor, subprior, 8l.: John Fairehed “because he is aged and impotent,” 8l.; Launcelot Gilbanke “to serve the cure at Chetham, and if he be impotent to have yearly vjl.,” 9l.; Chas. Waleye, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Barker, 7l.; Ric. Rogers, 6l.; Wm. Daunce, to serve the cure at Bromefeld (and if impotent, 5l. 6s. 8d.),7l.; John Drurye, 6l.; Wm. Sheperd, to serve the cure at Leeds (if impotent, 5l. 6s. 8d.), 9l.; Ric. Smythe, Wm. Somner, and Thos. Caleye, 5l. 6s. 8d. each; Wm. Nicolas, because he is aged and impotent 6l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Heringe, 4l. Signed by Cavendish and Spilman.
Official copy, p.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned to the religious of Leeds.
The lord prior, 60l.; Thos. Egerton, subprior, 8l.; John Fayerhed, 8Z., because very aged and impotent; Charles Brenchele, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Lancelot Holingborn, 9l., to serve the cure at Chetham, and if he be impotent or unable to serve, 6l.; Wm. Gyllyngham, cellarer, 7l., Ric. Bowghton, 6l., John Bredgar, chanter, 7l., to serve the cure at Bromefylde (if impotent, 5l. 6s. 8d.); Wm. Brasted, 6l., Wm. Feversham, sexton, 9l., to serve the cure of Leeds (otherwise 5l. 6s. 8d.), Ric. Borden, Wm. Malling, Thos. Chetham, chaplain, 5l. 6s. 8d. each; Wm. Waderst, 6l. 13s. 4d. because aged and impotent, Wm. Cranebrok, 4l. Rewards to brethren, 28l. Signed W. Petre—W. Cavendyssh—T. Spilman.
P. 1.
18 March. 360. James Leveson to John Scudamore.
Add. MS.
11,041, f. 60.
B. M.
Hears that Ric. Elyottes, bailly of Bewbrigge, (fn. 10) in the parish of Clarelye, belonging to the late monastery of Hamon, is dead. Begs him to be good master to John Howlatte, the bearer, who would be a very meet man for the office. Wolverhampton, 18 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Mr. John Scutamore, the King's particular receiver.
18 March. 361. The Council of the North to Cromwell.
R. O. Have written to the King of affairs in these parts, and await his pleasure. York, 18 March. Signed by the bp. of Llandaff, [Sir] Thomas Tempest, [Sir] M. Constable, [Sir] Rauff Ellerkar, [Sir] Robert Bowys, Thomas Fayerfax, William Babthorp, Robert Chaloner, and Jo. Uvedale.
P.S.—Send copies of depositions touching certain heresies.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 March. 362. Robert Bishop of Llandaff to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends letters to the King from himself and other commissioners touching their sitting at York, and the order of the North. Have discharged six score of the garrison in Tynedale for lack of money, but in such sort that they be ever ready when called on, retaining 50 of the most active men, 30 for Tynedale and 20 for Ryddesdale, till they know the King's pleasure; otherwise the outlaws in Scotland would make inroads.
Since signing their letters to the King and Cromwell, had knowledge of two Sacramentarians, Valentyne Freys and his wife. Send depositions concerning them. Desire a commission to inquire of heretics, according to the statute of the Six Articles, for the city and shire of York, the town of Hull, and the part of the Archdeaconry of Richmond that is in Lancashire, as their commission only includes Yorkshire. Reminds him of his suit for the assurance of Watton to him for life. York, 18 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal.
18 March. 363. Gregory Botolph, Chaplain to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Bill of sale to Edw. Corbett and Clement Phylpot, servants of lord Lisle, of his raiment, bedding and books; also a pair of shears bought of Sir Richard, (fn. 11) parson of Sudborne, Suff., for 2s. Dated 18 March 31 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Hol., p.
1. Endd.: In Philpottes coffer.
364. [Sir Gregory Botolph to Edward Corbett.]
R. O. Excuses his swift departure. Begs he will have his gear sent to Burborow. Looks for its coming to-morrow night; but if he comes on Wednesday night, as he expects, leaves him to arrange the matter as he likes. If Mr. Phylpott does not come before Wednesday night, send my raiment, “and tarry yourself still unto his coming.” If they come on Wednesday, are to meet him at 4 o'clock in the Cheker at Gravelyng, where his servant shall first ask for the writer if he brings his clothes; but if he and Phylpott come together they must not come before Wednesday night. If it is important that the writer should have good news they are to send it by some trusty messenger by word of mouth. If his nag stays with him till Wednesday, begs he will have him well fed and curried.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: In Corbett's coffer.
365. Sir Gregory [Botolff] to [Edward Corbett]. (fn. 12)
R. O. I beg you to ask my fellow Woller for my shirt which I lent him, and send it with my other gear. Also buy and send me one ell of the best coloured or “woddyd” kersey in Calais. Remember well old Mercyall for my livery cloak of blue. Also Sir Henry's knife and bodkin. Remind John (fn. 13) to come to me betimes on Monday, for I may return and speak with you at night. Also labour my good Lord to grant me his licence sealed to go to the University of Louvain to study till he requires my return. No doubt if you make the writing ready to his hand he will sign and seal it, but if you suspect anything take my Lady's advice. Without feigning I will never have any other master and mistress during their lives. Ask Sir Edmund (fn. 14) if he sent me any pillow in my “ferthell” (fardel). It is past time for me to speak with my acquaintance out of Flanders till I come to Antwerp myself. I beg you therefore to get me all my necessaries, with my whole debt in money, which you had better send in groats.
P.S.—“Master Herberd, I heartily thank you for my 'skeyne,' desiring you will take the pain to devise me a writing according to this bearer's instructions, and I faithfully promise you to requite you with a doublet cloth of satin before the feast of Pentecost next ensuing.”
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: In Corbett's coffer.
366. [Sir Gregory Botolph] to Edward Corbett.
R. O. Whereas I desired you in my last letters to provide me money in English groats, I now ask to have it in Flemish, and if possible in Permesanys ducats or French crowns. If he offers English groats in High Flanders or Brabarne will forfeit 100 pieces of gold to the Emperor and be imprisoned.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: “Corbett's coffer.”
367. [Sir Gregory Botolf to Edward Corbett].
R. O. Forget not to bring or send all my little books clasped in my study, a long gown and short gown lined with sarcenet, a cloak of my Lord's livery and my gown and jacket with Sir Edmund. Remember my four nobles. Make an even reckoning with my fellow Woller, that I may have the surplus to help me in my journey, for God knows my great need and few friends. Tell him I did not think he would have “poyntyd me with such a fadell,” knowing my great necessity. Remember “if ye can spy this man in the cloak.” Remember my 40d. of Master Couney, my ring, my sarcenet tippet, a good scabbard for my sword, and Sir Henry's knife and bodkin.
My just reckoning with Woller is 44s. st.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: In Corbettes coffer.
18 March. 368. Antwerp News.
Galba B. x.
B. M.
From Venice, 24 Feb.:—The Turk makes great preparations by water and by land and will attack Hungary and It[aly] at once. The Venetians hope for peace with him and are utterly alienated from the Emperor for many causes, especially the denying them corn in the great dearth. There is a voice that the Emperor retains ships in Spain and levies 10,000 Spanish foot for Italy. Barbarossa's navy shall be doubled this year.
From Antwerp, 18 March:—It is taken as settled that the duke of Cleves shall marry the duchess of Milan and have Gueldres in dote. There is rare mention of the alliances with France “insomuch it is thought that the Constable and cardinal of Lorayn shall not repair thither as hath been appointed; and yet there is no token of any new perturbation.” The legate of Rome departs Romewards within 20 days.
From Rome, 26 Feb.:—The conjunction between the French king and the Emperor is not so great as was pretended. The bishop of Rome gathers money of the church goods for defence, as he pretendeth, against the Turks.
In an official hand, p. 1.
18 March. 369. Edmond Harvel to Cromwell.
R. O. Has already written the news. Writes this in favour of Mr. John Ligh, the bearer, whom he has long known as a man of “loving and gentle nature much removed from evil cogitations, delighting only in pleasant things, like an amorous cortegiano,” &c. Knows no malice in him, but only weakness of reason and imprudence. Venice, 18 March 1540.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
19 March. 370. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 171.
(Almost the
whole text.)
London, 19 March:—Having written on the 3rd, 7th, and 12th, has little argument for a long letter. Announces arrival of the marquis of Brandebort, (fn. 15) a lord of authority in Germany, who professes, it is said, to retain men of war for the use of his friends, or, with his “senappans,” to exact ransoms from small towns, which forms his principal revenue. He went at once to see the King at Hampton Court, and the same day, the day before yesterday, returned to sleep here. Yesterday he was shown the Tower with the usual solemnities, and to-morrow he recrosses the sea, with his company of 15 or 20 men, to see the Court of France, as some affirm they heard him say. Has not been able to learn the true cause of his coming, and the people's sayings are too diverse and unlikely to be worth writing. Thinks he must have only come to offer services and get a present; as his coming was unexpected, his sojourn short, and his business was despatched in less than half a day. The bp. of London arrived in this Court three days ago and stayed only one night. Next day he came here to dine in his episcopal house, and the same day left for a house he has in the country, where he remains, dissatisfied enough with the poor reception he had of his master. Norfolk, who was thought to have gone to Scotland, went only to an abbey, of which, having expelled the monks, the King has given him the revenue. Milord of St. John and some officers of justice went a week ago to Calais to proceed against some Anabaptists who have made a stir there. Milord of Sussez (sic) (fn. 16) fell lately from a German horse he was riding and broke his neck.
The Emperor's ambassador says that after a year's suit to be revoked from hence, and even protesting he would leave if another were not named in his place, he has obtained [leave] to go immediately after Easter. As soon as the personage who replaces him arrives he will return to his deanery of Cambray, where he thinks he will be more welcome than here where people have taken little count of him. Had it not been that Marillac has always entertained and supported him and excused his manners, which people found indecent and strange enough, they would have made still less of him.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3.
19 March. 371. Wm. Popley to Dr. Bellacis.
R. O. Asks him to be good master to Mr. Chester, the bearer, who is preferred to a house of friars in Bristow, by “my lord's” (fn. 17) letter, and is likely to lose it by the procurement of a lewd person. The chief cause of my writing is “for that too many be put by my Lord's preferment, which I do not like, wherein your aid may do my friend good.” Asks him to continue his goodness to the writer's cousin Pepart; also to a chaplain of the late abbot of Glastonbury, in his pursuit to my Lord for a poor chantry in Wells. London, 19 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
19 March. 372. [Council of the Augmentations] to Mr. Sewster.
R. O. Request him to examine what rents and farms the King has in the parishes of Mogeranger, Charleton, and Blunham, Beds., as in the right of St. Nedes, (fn. 18) and to send a certificate with full particulars. Will see him recompensed. London, 19 March.
P. 1. Endd.: “The copye of a letter sent to Mr. Sewster for a survey to be made for Mr. Gascoigne.”
19 March. 373. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 172.
(Almost the
whole text.)
Boulogne, 19 March:—The King arrived here yesterday to see to the fortifications. To-day he returns to sleep at Estappes, and proceeds thence to Monstreul to do the like. Meanwhile, Montmorency goes to Ardres to see what can be done there in this time of peace. Has nothing to reply to the letters of the 7th and 12th, but writes by the Sieur Pandolfe de Stuffa, who belongs to Madame la Dauphine, and goes on the same business as the Sieur Piero Strossy lately went on, that Marillac may receive and assist him as a servant of the King and Madame la Dauphine. The King will spend Easter at the place of Novyon (fn. 19) near Abbeville, and the Cardinal and Montmorency cannot leave till after, inasmuch as the Emperor has sent for his ambassador resident here to give him instructions to be explained to the King at his return, which cannot be till near Easter. Cezar Cantelme has just returned from the Levant with good news of the King's affairs there.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
19 March. 374. Jehan de Rouvray to [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.
iv. 115.
Adv. Lib.
A business letter, detailing a compromise taken with Madame de Vendosme's lawyers, and asking for her approval. De Ch'un regu'” (?), 19 March.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2.
20 March. 375. Town of Leicester.
See Grants in March, No. 49.
20 March. 376. Henry VIII. to Christian III.
In favour of Laur. Fowlbery, whose ship the Matthew, of Newcastle, on her return from Dantzie, was captured near Copenhagen by Christian's people in the war time. Wrote before on the subject, and Christian promised that the loss should be made good. Hampton Court, 20 March 1539.
Latin. Add. Endd. by Suavenius: Second letter of the king of England for his subject Laur. Fouulbery.
377. Christian III. to Henry VIII.
Has received by bearer Henry's second letters in favour of Laur. Fowlbery for the restitution of goods taken out of his ship the Matthew in the war time. Wrote last year on this subject when in Funen (Fionia), that he would investigate the matter on coming to Copenhagen. Has done so, and finds that the two captains accused of having taken merchandise out of the ship are dead, and that there is no proof against them; also that the armament of the ship was taken out by the count of Oldenborch, Christian's adversary, from whom it was captured by Christian in the course of war, and therefore belongs by right to Christian. Begs him to inform Fowlbery not to make claims, as he has now twice done, which are not good and equitable.
Draft. Latin.
20 March. 378. Christchurch, Canterbury, and Rochester.
R. O. Commission to the abp. of Canterbury, Sir Ric. Riche, chancellor of the Augmentations, Sir Chr. Hales, master of the Rolls, Walter Hendley, attorney of the Augmentations, Wm. Petre, LL.D., Nicholas Bacon, solicitor of the Augmentations, John ap Rice, Wm. Cavendishe, and Thos. Spilman, (or any two of them)—forasmuch as the state of the monastery of Christ-church, Canterbury, neither redounds to God's honour nor the benefit of the commonwealth—to take the surrender of the said monastery, cause the goods and chattels (except plate, jewels, lead, and bells) to be sold, despatch the head and the brethren, assigning them convenient pensions, commit the custody of the house, bells, and lead to some responsible person, and bring the plate and jewels to the Tower of London. 20 March, 31 Hen. VIII.
Privy Seal, signed hy Cromwell. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 15].
Seal broken.
R. O. 2. Similar commission to the same, to take the surrender of the monastery of Rochester. Same date.
Privy Seal, signed by Cromwell. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 39].
Seal broken.
379. Rochester Cathedral.
R. O. Proposal for the conversion of the prior and convent of Rochester into a chapter of one dean and ten prebendaries besides the archdeacon, four canons, six vicars, six choristers, one master of the choristers, one porter, two sextons, and one verger, with “one learned man freely to teach a grammar school and to bring up poor men's children in learning.” One of the prebendaries shall read continually a lecture of divinity, having for his prebend the hospital of Strode beside Rochester of the Bp.'s foundation. Another to preach continually within the town and diocese, and ten poor men of the town to have 20l. a year distributed amongst them, they praying for the King and Prince Edward every Sunday and holyday and attending in the monastery at mass and evensong. Other stipulations as to appointments, taxation of prebendaries and statutes.
The house of Rochester being at present in debt to the King to the sum of 500l., and liable to pay as much more by reason of this change, desires leave to sell lands to the yearly value of 80l.
“Forasmuch as the prior and monks of Rochester, living in such sort as they now do, be not able to serve God and the King's Highness in his Grace's commonwealth so well as they might.”
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 2. Another paper on the same subject in the same hand.
* * * *
“… vj other priests to be … vj children and … which one of them sh[ould be] mais[ter of t]he children, and he to have … of them and the finding of them; each of the vicars and … [with] yearly 8l., and each of the children yearly, 5l.
There is to be one porter with … yearly. One verger, 40s. Two sextons, for … and keep the vestry, 5l. each. The prebendaries aforesaid may have yearly … dividend amongst them, 80l., beside the prof[it of] leases, woods, &c. Ten poor men of Rochester to have 40s. each yearly, and be bound to come every Sunday and holiday to high mass and evensong at the monastery of Rochester, to pray for the King and Prince Edw[ard], his son.
* * * “of queresters, one … porter, and two … always in the … id gift of the dean and chapter, whensoever they shall happen to be void.” The dean and chapter, if commanded by the bp. shall make yearly an account ot the church, that he may reform them if they do not observe the above orders and others made by the bp. and confirmed by the King's Seal for Spiritual causes.
One of the four residentiaries shall be yearly elected treasurer, to pay and receive money “but no manner of grant to [pa]sse him nor none other of them whereby the church should be … [con]sente of the dean and [chapter] * * * *
The dean is always to reside, receiving 40 l. a year besides his dividend and other casualties.
The master of Strowde to be always a learned man and to read a lecture of divinity on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday in the monastery, and be accounted one of the prebendaries, but with no portion of the dividend, for it is worth 30l. a year. One preacher to be a prebendary without dividend, with 20l. The archdeacon to be one of the prebendaries, with only 40s. yearly and his part of the dividend, as his archdeaconry is worth 40 mks. The other three prebendaries to have 13l. 6s. 8d. and the dividend. If any be absent, his part to be divided among the remainder. A schoolmaster to teach freely grammar to poor men's children, to have 10l. “Four [can]onnes each of them yearly 10l. [The] dean and … prebendaries with these 4 canonnes, also t[o h]ave liberty for … one benef[ice] with cure of soul and l[icence] to be absent fro[m the] same without … or dispensation t[o be obt]eyned for th[e same] * * *.”
The dean and residentiaries to have, beside their certainties and dividend, the profit of all wood sales, fines, leases, &c. The bishop and his successors shall have the patronage of benefices belonging to the monastery, the nomination of the dean, as heretofore of the prior, and of all the other persons including the 10 poor men.
“A … r the four ca[nons] … vicars, 3 conduct … sextons shall be * * *.
Much mutilated, pp. 4. Endd.: Concerning a cathedral church.
20 March. 380. John Earl of Oxford.
R. O. Roll (fn. 20) of the lands of John now Earl of Oxford, inherited from his father John, the late Earl who died 20 March, 31 Hen. VIII., and from his mother Eliz., Countess of Oxford. On the day of his father's death the present Earl was 23 years old and over. The yearly value of each of the manors is given. Total, 1,772l. 19s.d.
Fees of officers and other charges thereon, 135l. 7s. 6d.
Lands in reversion on the decease of Anne countess of Oxford, of lady Margaret Veer, of Nic. Whyte, and of — Wentworthe in right of —, his wife, late wife of — Mounteney. Total, 290l. 3s. 11¼d.
Clear yearly value of all in possession and reversion, 1,927l. 15s.d.
A paper roll of 7 sheets stitched together, end to end. Mutilated at the top.
20 March. 381. The Duke of Suffolk.
R. O. Grant by Charles, duke of Suffolk, to John Wingfield, steward of his household, of an annual rent of 20l. out of the manors of Sibsey and Scampton, Linc. 20 March, 31 Hen. VIII.
Copy, p. 1.
20 March. 382. Rauff Earl of Westmoreland to Cromwell.
Vesp. F. xiii.,
B. M.
I have received your letter asking me to favour Dr. Bellisis concerning the parsonage of Brauncepeth. Except the King and Prince there is no man living I would do as much for as for you; and I beg you to take no displeasure with me in certifying the truth; which is that, upon labour made to me by old Sir Wm. Bulmer and Sir Thos. Bentleye, then my chaplain, I granted the reversion after the death of Dr. Luptoun, incumbent thereof, to Bulmer and one John Bentley for the preferment of the said Sir Thos. Bentley, Afterwards, upon the suit of Lord Burgavennye, I, forgetting the former grant, made another grant of the reversion for one Dr. Walbye, One Dr. Natures, familiar with the said Sir Thos. Bentley, has obtained from him the said former grant, and is now presented thereto. Begs excuse that he has not written this sooner. It was Thursday last before Cromwell's letter came to him by the hands of the chancellor of the Bishopric. Brancepeth, 20 March. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 [March?]. 383. Bartholomew Traheron to Bullinger.
(Parker Soc.),
Bullinger will understand why, notwithstanding the kindness he showed him, he did not write last fair (fn. 21). Thinks it right to break silence now, though the reason for keeping it still exists to some extent. All the monks of this country have lost that name, some of the principal monasteries are turned into schools, and three of the most wealthy abbots (fn. 22) were led to execution a little before Christmas for a conspiracy to restore the Pope. The bp. of Winchester preached a very popish sermon on the First Sunday in Lent, and was ably answered by Dr. Barnes the following Sunday, with almost universal applause. Has reported the substance of the Bp.'s sermon to John Butler, from whom Bullinger may learn it. Lord Audley, an excellent man in the King's service, promises to take care of your son if you send him to this country. Salutations to his family and to Pellican, [Leo] Judæ, &c. London, 20 Feb. [March?].
20 March. 384. William Ostryche to Mr. Kydermaster.
R. O. Received his letter [written] “out of the Mawdlyn Spert,” the “fyft” Jan. in London, about Will Harpyn's matter in the White Hall. Thanks him, Master Lucar, and “my son Clerk” for their pains. Owes Harpyn nothing in conscience anymore than in law, and it would be unreasonable to give him anything, he has so slandered the writer. Lost 20l. by the wines he had of him. “God forgive him and the filth, his wife, for the trouble they have put me to,” from which I shall never recover. Was never before troubled in any court in England, Spain, France or elsewhere. Dated at head: “Ao 1539, the 20 day of March, in Sanlr” (San Lucar).
Hol., p. 1. Headed: Mr. Kydermaster.


  • 1. One Robert Perrot was made bachelor of music in 1515, and died in 1550. See Wood's Fasti, i. 42.
  • 2. Marcello Cervini, who was created Cardinal on the 12th Dec. 1539.
  • 3. Also named Thomas Horton. See No. 353. In both these cases “father” has been corrected to “unckall.”
  • 4. A false report.
  • 5. The abp. of Lunden.
  • 6. This seems to be the historical year 1539, and thetefore the letter is misplaced See Vol. XIV., Part ii., No. 781, f. 57b.
  • 7. Hieronymo of Sienna. See Vol. XIV. part I. Nos. 806, 1028.
  • 8. Andalot is stated to have been master of the Emperor's horse, but it does not appear that he was sent to France at this time.
  • 9. The Constable and Card. of Lorraine.
  • 10. Now Beobridge in Claverley. See Eyton's Shropshire iii. 81–86.
  • 11. Ric. Pereson was rector there in 1535. See Valor Eccl. iii. 444.
  • 12. The next letter seems to show that this is addressed to Corbett, notwithstanding the P.S. at the end addressed to “Master Herberd.”
  • 13. John Browne, Corbet's servant.
  • 14. Edmund Brindeholme, priest.
  • 15. A son of Margrave George's brother. See No. 388. Probably Albert (Alcibiades). See Anderson's Genealogies, p. 497.
  • 16. Really, the earl of Essex.
  • 17. Cromwell's.
  • 18. The monastery of St. Neot's in Huntingdonshire, which surrendered on the 21st December 1539. See Valor Eccl. iv. 612.
  • 19. Nouvion in Ponthieu.
  • 20. This rental was probably prepared with a view to the livery of lands which the new Earl obtained 3 December 1540, but it maybe conveniently noticed here at the date of his father's death.
  • 21. At Frankfort.
  • 22. Glastonbury, Reading, and Colchester.