Henry VIII: April 1540, 1-10

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


'Henry VIII: April 1540, 1-10', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540, ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1896), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp181-209 [accessed 22 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: April 1540, 1-10', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Edited by James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1896), British History Online, accessed July 22, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp181-209.

"Henry VIII: April 1540, 1-10". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie(London, 1896), , British History Online. Web. 22 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp181-209.


April 1540, 1–10

1 April. 441. Henry VIII. to Lord Leonard Grey and Sir W. Brereton.
R. O.
St. P. iii.
Received their letters and credence by John Travers. As the year groweth fast and we should have our forces there before the end of May, we “require you so to accelerate your journey hither” as to return again by that time; making provision as in our former letters for defence of the country in your absence. The men lately under Edwarde Griffith to be committed to discreet captains and the bearer, John Brereton, to take over those that Thos. Wyndam had. Horsemen are being levied here and order shall be taken for the wages of the rest at your coming; meanwhile inform them that they shall be relieved and encourage them. The soldiers must not lie about Dublin, but on the frontiers. We hear that some of our retinue call our good subjects there traitors and rob them; you shall make proclamation against this, and you, Sir William Brereton, shall in the Deputy's absence, as Justice there, see it observed. Hampton Court, 1 April, 31 Henry VIII.
Endd.: Minute.
1 April. 442. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. This afternoon, 6 miles on this side of Newmarket, I received your letter, by bearer, that I should not repair to Court till the King's further pleasure, because a servant of mine sickened of the pestilence. As my servant came not in my house at Kenynghale since a fortnight before Hallowmas, and once at Christmas for his wages, but lay in livery with my horses at Ludham and Framyngham, where he died, and there were 6 children and 8 other persons in the house where he lay, and none of these have been sick, I think there can be no danger as I was 14 miles off. Pray show the King this; and if I may come to Court, I will be there on Saturday night; if not I shall remain in London. Let me know to-morrow night when I come to London. “Scribbled at Robert Tylney's house at Witlesford, this Thursday,” 7 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: “the first of April.”
1 April. 443. William Fraunces to [Cromwell.]
R. O. I have received your lordship's letters, more welcome than any earthly thing, showing your great love for our college and desiring us to choose Mr. Wryght (fn. 1) for master. Dr. Cootes had partly obtained our voices with such subtle craft that I think us nothing bound. He told each of us Master Whyte (fn. 2) would resign only in his favour, and he had suborned Mr. Parke. We, calling to mind how unkind a parent old Master Whyte was to his company, “nother regarding lands nor learning, thus conditionally granted partly our wills to Master doctor” on the suggestion that your lordship favoured him. On Lady day when I went to him to give him an answer he took the resignation out of his purse, which Mr. Park read, with this condition, that if Dr. Cootes could not obtain the room it should revert to Mr. White; but when it was read in chapel that morning there was no such reservation. Baliol College, Oxford, 1 April.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: William Frances to my lord.
1 April. 444. George Gyffard to Cromwell.
R. O. Edmund Fetypace, your late servant, is dead (fn. 3). I beg for your letters to my lord of Shrewsbury for the stewardship of the hundred of Bampton, void by his death, which includes liberty of fishing and fowling, besides the manredd, and I will give you 10l. to buy you a gelding. You will learn further particulars from Mr. Assheton's letters sent by this bearer. Oxford, 1 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Information addressed to “your lordship” [Cromwell] of the value of the lands of Edm. Fetyplace, late deceased, who was son and heir apparent of John Fetyplace. At the time of his marriage settlement, when it was covenanted that he should marry Margaret, daughter of Sir John Mordaunt, his father agreed to settle upon him lands to the value of 50l. a year, and to leave him (on the death of himself and of Dorothy his wife) lands to the value of 216l. 13s. 4d. over and besides the 50l.; for which marriage Sir John paid 600 mks. The lands, however, only amount to 240l., of which Dorothy, now wife of Sir Ant. Hungerford, has for life 80l. and better; the brothers of the said Edmund, 13l. 6s. 8d.; the wife of John Fetyplace, his uncle, 4l.; and the said Edmund's wife must have 50l. a year or be at liberty to take her dower. And so remain 92l. 13s. 4d.
2. Endd.
2 (?) April. 445. — to Mr. Gates.
R. O. Mr. Osborne and I have finished the King's business here about Colne water and Orwell; but I will not certify the King by writing, and Mr. Osborne has promised not to come to Court till my return, which will be on Sunday or Monday at latest, for Mr. Chancellor will not finish his survey before Saturday night. The earl of Bath has written, by his servant, the bearer, desiring me to get him leave to tarry at home this session of Parliament, because my lady his wife is very sore sick and, “considering his great house that he keeps, it should be greatly to his displeasure in case she should die in his absence.” This is no lie: my brother Colles has certified me the same. Please be a mean to the Master of the Horse or Lord Privy Seal to make suit to the King for this. The former were best, as it would give occasion to “bring the matter in communication that you and I talked on which he has written to me now in his letter concerning my lord of Bath. I pray you in this matter use it as ye shall think good.” Write to my brother Colles, by bearer, how you speed. Commend me to all my fellows, and chiefly to the Master of the Horse, Mr. Denny, father Hyneg, Robyn Bocheher with his bald head, and Mr. Hobby. Tell Mr. Paston I had no leisure to fulfil the request in his letter, but in my company are such as shall fulfil it with advantage, as Mr. Gernyngham and Mr. Poule. Commend me to Thos. Carden. St. Oys[ith?], 2 (?) April. Signature faded.
1. Add.: To my friend Master Gattes.
2 April. 446. Richard Lobbe, Mayor of Salisbury, to the Earl of Southampton.
R. O. According to his command, has delivered John Aisshewood to the custody of John Willesdon and George Escorte, yeomen of the King's guard. The Earl writes that Aisshewood informed him that he was in prison, but the truth is that he was arrested for the peace, and admitted to bail by the justices about five weeks ago. Salisbury, 2 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
2 April. 447. Bishop Roland Lee and John Pakyngton to Cromwell.
R. O. Learn from Cromwell's letters, dated 29 March, the King is informed that certain of the town of Salop have spoken seditiously, and is displeased that none of his Council there are vigilant enough. Never heard of it till this Jay, when Robert Browne brought Nicholas Holte, mentioned in Cromwell's letters, from whom they learnt all, as appears by his examination enclosed. Had information been given to them before, the offenders had not now been unpunished. Beg Cromwell to inform the King so and assure him that the matter shall, with all speed, be tried. Wigmore, second day of April. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 April. 448. Wyatt to Cromwell.
Harl. MS. 282,
f. 238.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
I received, 31 March, your Lordship's letters by Mason, and by Francisco, whom I retain that he may bring fuller answer to them; meanwhile I send the state of affairs here and my intentions.
Things with France seem unchanged. Peloux returned 30 March, and told Wyatt that the Constable comes not till sent for; which, by the answer made to Brisake (which Wyatt wrote), “maketh little that he should be called.” The day before Peloux returned, the Emperor sent the French ambassador to the French king in post. Thinks this only done in return for the French king's having sent the Emperor's ambassador hither. Spoke, the same day, with Grandvela about these gentlemen's horses that have been stopped, and asked news. He said there was no certainty of the truce, and that they were “clearing the purposes” with France. Knows the first to be untrue; for the Venetian ambassador has expostulated because, in the truce, the Signory are excluded. Moreover the Venetians have a separate truce, for which they give Napoly in Romania, alleging the “evil dealing” as their excuse. As to the “clearing” with France, it is like to be but cloudy; for they would not speak of it unless it were their interest to have it hindered or to draw some offer from England to be retailed to the French. They of the Court here that dare speak make a mock of the Frenchmen. Where Cromwell writes that the King has intelligences touching Gelders, is sure they penetrate no deeper that the common bruit, whereof he has written. Does not suppose that the Emperor has any man with the Duke, and the Duke's man that was here is gone; nor was he a man to treat any such matter. If there were an ambassador here it could not be hidden from Wyatt. The bruit is due to the favour which the King of Romans showed the Duke's man, upon which certain wise men say that the matter will be put to arbitration, with the king of Romans and another elector for the Emperor, and Saxony and the Landgrave for the Duke, and that the Almains will not suffer the Emperor to have Gelders. Sees no appearance of this. Matters of Almain come not so forward as seemed probable. Wrote, it is true, that the Emperor would not be long thence; but no man can tell any certainty of his movements until his foot be in the stirrup; for he takes always occasions as they offer. Thinks that he protracts the treating with the Almains by any other (of which protraction the bp. of Lynden complains) because he intends to go thither in person. The bp. of Rome and his ministers here dread it greatly. Will follow the form which Cromwell prescribes; but not at once, because, close upon this coming of Mr. Mason in post, it would be thought that he did it not of himself. Will, however, speak to-day with Grandvela, and has sent to Ankuson for the truth of the matter. Will ask licence for a dozen or sixteen Spanish, horse; for few of these “royles” seem meet for the King's saddle. Bearer can tell what is done about “the stay of horse.” Where Cromwell writes to him to take patience for another month; it is pleasure and no patience to do the King service, and he wishes he were able to merit a recompense for it. Sees, in the little hope of the Constable's coming, good hope for his own short abode. Thanks for Mr. Gresham's letters of exchange; “I suppose his son will say I have done him some pleasure in these parts.”
The Marquis of Marynian is come. It would not be hard to draw him to come see the King. “And, to purpose thereof,” the bp. of Rome has raised the imposition on salt in his towns, whereat the Perusians have mutinied and 200 light horse are sent against them. Both long ago and of late they have instanced Randulpho Balyon to be their chief. The Balyons have been in Perusa as the Medices in Florence. On the death of Malatesta Balyon, Randulpho's father, a notable man, this bishop of Rome usurped this Randulpho's patrimony, promising, to the Emperor and others, to restore it, which he has not done. The Emperor is somewhat offended thereat and by the talk of a divorce between the Bishop's grandson and the Emperor's bastard daughter, that was duchess of Florence. The commotion of Perusa may again stir Italy to arms. The French Court returns to Paris. Gaunt, 2 April.
My lord Deputy wrote of late to the Emperor, through the captain of Gravelines, “I suppose, not without knowledge of the King or the Council, but without participation with me of anything of the matter.”
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 7. Endd. by Wyatt: By Mr. Blount, 2 April, to my Lord Privy Seal.
2 April. 449. John Mason to [Cromwell].
Galba, B. x.,
B. M.
Arrived here on Tuesday afternoon after lying at Dover from Friday to Monday. On Easter day night we might have passed, but the passengers had more respect to the good day than to serve the King; “it were right we[ll] done they were taught wherefore days were made.” I am not the first who has been served thus, coming on the King's business. If the mayor's authority had been regarded, I should have been here two days before. The passenger's name is Watson. By intelligence from the French Court and by what I have learned here, the two Princes are not so nigh to conclude as was thought; but where craft is one party and no great simplicity the other, it is hard by any outward appearance to found an infallible sure[ty]. Though the French king depart and dissever himself from the Court, as it were upon a despite or despair, yet have I seen hawks go out to fetch the wind and not long after come in again. If he begins to perceive that the Emperor is like to frustate his hopes of Milan, as almost all the world think he will, it is to be marvelled whereupon the Emperor should trust, knowing that the truce with the Turk depends only on Francis; “and it is to be thowght that other he hath a gretter … than nedith in his former [pro]cesses, wherein he [hath byn myc]he disseyvid, or ells he myndith (and by all like[lihood] knowith allredy a great likenes t[he]reof) a composition with [the Al]maynes. And this I think surely to be the only prick … att in case the things between him and the French king be so plain as they seem.” (fn. 4) To this shall help much that the bp. of Rome and he are not as friendly as before. If we will, I do not think he will obtain his purpose there easily. I dare not write herein larger, nor would not write thus much had not your Lordship at my departing licensed me to write to you.
Phillips has never been seen here since the business between him and Mr. Wiatt's servant. I hear he is at Lovain. Mr. Wiatt hath a promise for the despatch of 12 horses already bought. Gawnt, 2 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Slightly mutilated.
3 April. 450. John and Thomas Heron to Mr. Sadler.
Royal MS. 7
C. xvi., 152.
B. M.
Three petitions on the same paper in Latin, French, and English, the last headed “1540, April the 3 day,” for help in the misfortune which has overtaken them by the imprisonment of their father. The last, which is most detailed, asks him to “further us towards a living and finding at the school, by the commandment of my lord the Privy Seal, your mastership, and Mr. Whytereson, whom we beseech for Christ's sake to be good to us and to our poor father, and that ze (ye) will consider the charges and costs of our loving schoolmaster which hath found us meat and drink, clothing and learning, this vj. month and more.” Subscribed in the same hand: John and Thomas Heron.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: This bill be delivered at Hackne to my worshipful master, Mr. Sadlere.
451. Nicholas Heath, Bishop of Rochester.
Wilkins iii.
855, from
Oath taken by Nicholas, bishop of Rochester, never to agree to the authority of the bp. of Rome, and to maintain the King's supremacy. Signed.
In English.
4 April. 452. Christchurch, Canterbury.
R. O. Names of the late monks of Christchurch, Canterbury, with their offices, rewards, and pensions. [The above particulars are set out in four columns, many of the amounts of the pensions being altered or inserted in another hand, which has also added notes such as “pb.” for “prebendary,” “pet. c.” for “petty canon” and the like; the reward is uniformly 3l. each (and is marked as paid in all cases except those noted hereunder) except to the prior, who has 3l. 6s. 8d. and 10l. besides.]
Thos. Goldwell, (fn. 5) prior, pension 80l. (altered from 200 mks.); John Menys (fn. 5); Nich. Clemente, 10l.; John Garrarde, bartoner, 8l.; Wm. Wynchepe, (fn. 6) granator; Wm. Gyllinghame, chamberer, 13l. 6s. 8d.; John Crosse, cellarer (reward not marked as paid), 30l. (altered from 40 mks.); John Langdon, master of the frayter, 10l.; Wm. Hadleighe, (fn. 5) sub-prior; John Newberye, (fn. 6) treasurer (the name Wm. Sudbery has been substituted and cancelled, as also the pension of 20 mks.); John Oxney, (fn. 9) treasurer, 10l.; John Elphe, (fn. 8) chaunter, 3l. 6s. 8d.; Robert Boxley, master of the table, 8l.; Wm. Lychefilde, (fn. 8) sexton, 10l.; Ric. Godmershame, master of the fermarie, 10l. (altered from 8l.); Ric. Bonyngton, 8l.; Nich. Herste; (fn. 9) penitencier, 6l. 13s. 4d. (altered from 10l.); John Lamberherste, (fn. 9) (fn. 10) penitencier, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Ric. Thornden, (fn. 7) “gardean” of the manors (reward not marked as paid); John Sharysburie (fn. 8); Wm. Sandwyche, (fn. 7) “gardean” of Canterbury College; John Charte, (fn. 8) master of the table; John Cranebroke, (fn. 8) second chaunter; Edw. Glastonburie, (fn. 9) (fn. 10) master of the “aversarie,” 6l.; John Thoroughley, “chaunclere,” 8l.; John Ambrosse, (fn. 11) “chaunclere,” 40s. (in margin “nov.”); Hen. Audoen, (fn. 8) quart prior; Thos Ikhame, (fn. 8) tierce prior; John Chillenden, (fn. 7) chaplain; John Morton, 6l.; Wm. Causton, 6l.; Wm. Austen (fn. 8); Quentin Denysse, sub-sexton, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Gregorie, 6l.; Thos. Favershame, (fn. 12) “fraytorar”; Robt. Anthonye, 6l.; Thos. Wylfride (fn. 12); Wm. London, subcellarer, 10 mks. (the insertions “scholar” and “nil” being cancelled); John Warrhame (fn. 7); John Crosse (fn. 12); Wm. Goldewell, 6l.; Wm. Cantorburie, 6l.; Thos. Anselme, (fn. 8) tertius cantor; Thos. Beckett (fn. 12); John Stone, 6l.; Geo. Frevell, (fn. 12) sub-chaplain; Peter Langley (fn. 12); Thos. Bouser (fn. 13); Wm. Sudburie (fn. 12) (“6l.” cancelled); Jas. Newenhame (fn. 12); Thos. Goldston, 6l.; Steph. Gylis (fn. 12); Barth. Ottforde (fn. 8); Robt. Houghe (fn. 12) (substituted for Thos. Langdon alias Odian, whose name is cancelled); Ric. Marshall. (fn. 12)
Item, paid to divers other servants as appears by a bill signed by Mr. Hendley, 4l. 8s. 4d. Item, paid to others as appears by a bill signed by Mr. Chancellor, — (blank).
Pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Names of the religious persons of Christchurch in Canterbury “which been appointed to depart the same house,” with the pensions assigned to them 4 April 31 Hen. VIII.
Being a list of the names and pensions, extracted from the list in § 1; no notice being taken of such as are appointed to offices in the new foundation and have no pensions. Signed by Sir Ric. Ryche.
R. O. 3. Markys Oldeford to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his letter to the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, in favour of him and his wife. He answered with good will, but the house is so poor that he was fain to borrow money of his temporal servants to buy victuals till the farms were paid. He promised Oldeforde the next vacant office, and meanwhile he would be welcome if he came twice or thrice in the week to dinner or supper.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.: Markes Oldford to my L. P. S.
453. Canterbury. (fn. 14)
Add. MS.
32,311 f. 186.
B. M.
Wrongs done by the prior and convent of Christchurch, Canterbury, to the mayor and commonalty of the city.
Where, by the King's letters patent, the town has a grant of the mill called the King's mill upon the river of Canterbury; certain servants of the convent have cut the bank of the river and so stopped the mill. The fishing in the King's river within the liberty of the city belongs to the mayor and commonalty by right of their fee farm, but the prior and convent and their servants fish there at their pleasure. Other encroachments by the prior and convent, who also absent themselves from the King's sessions.
Large paper, p. 1.
ii. A similar corrected set of articles, annotated in the margin.
Large paper, p. 1.
iii. Fragment of articles on the same subject.
Mutilated, large paper, p. 1.
Ib., f. 189. 2. Declaration of Wm. Fyssher, that, in August, he played all night at dice with Mr. Braban, a canon of Christchurch, in a little house in the garden of St. Gregory's. Won 4 mks. from the canon. A fortnight later he again played with Braban and Mr. Lomnyse, another canon, and in the end they put him in the stocks to compel him to restore the money he won the first time.
Large paper, pp. 3.
Ib. f. 198. ii. Record of pleadings in the above case anno regni regis nunc 12°. The defence alleged that St. Gregory's was not within the mayor's jurisdiction.
Latin, pp. 2.
Ib., f. 193. iii. Articles alleged by the mayor and commonalty of Canterbury to prove that the monastery and church of St. Gregory there is within the liberty of the said city.
Pp. 5.
4 April. 454. Thos. Saunderson, Rector of Haystyngleight, to Dr. Bellisis.
R. O. Asks him to help him and his parish “to one bible in English that may sufficiently excuse us, of the least price, for we have but one that can read it, and but 16 householders, and not four good “plevise” (ploughs?) of them all, and not able to pay 5s. amongst them all, and my portion is so small, I am not able to pay more.” The repairs in his house have been great, and the chancel sore in decay, and he had no dilapidations from his predecessor. Some years the benefice is little over 9l. Haystyngleight, this octam passe (octavum Paschæ) and iiij day of April 1540.
Hol., p. 1. Add: with my lord Privy Seal.
4 April. 455. Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. iii. 195.
Being above the water of Barrowe dissolving and leasing out religious houses, redressing enormities, &c., word came to them that James Fitz-Maurice, who claimed to be earl of Desmond, was cruelly slain, on Friday before Palm Sunday, “of infortunate chance,” by Maurice FitzJohn, brother to James FitzJohn, the usurper of the earldom. Thereupon James FitzJohn went to Youghill and entered upon the lands in Cork county which the Deputy, with the assistance of the army and me, the earl of Ormond, obtained before Christmas last. He has now recovered all Munster, together with the friendship of OBrene, ONeyle, and ODonyll, and also of Lord Roche, Lord Barry, the White Knight, McCarty Riaghe, and other captains. Think this had not happened had the 200 archers who were left at Youghill not gone, against orders, to Waterford. Have sent to James FitzJohn. Waterford, 4 April 31 Hen. VIII. Signed: John Alen—Geor. Dublin.—Ja. Orm. & Oss.—Will'm Brabason—Robert Cowley.
Add. Endd.
4 April. 456. William Swerder to the Lord Chancellor.
R. O. Your Lordship's letter, dated Walden, 10 March, I received here in Paris, 2 April, and therewith a letter of bank for “these your gentlemen” of 100 cr., which the banker has promised to pay within two days. It shall be husbanded, as you direct. As to your letter to me to certify you of the children's desire homewards. I wrote on Ash Wednesday, by Harry Bryan, merchant, of Milk Street, “which haunteth much these parts,” who to-day came hither, and says he delivered the letters to Mr. Dyn, your Lordship's servant. In them I satisfied your pleasure, and since by Mr. Hussey. The children still desire, as is natural, to see their country again; as for their learning, they have not spent their time in vain, and their conduct is all that can be desired; “better wits shall not come out of England a great while, if there come any such.” “It hath been spoken this iij or iiij days, that Paul the Roman bishop is dead, which is not yet certain.” The French king will be here shortly; as yet he is in Picardy. The amity between the two Princes is like to take small effect. “They commune here almost as fresh of war as ever.” Milan will not be had as the King desires, nor will he restore the duke of Savoy. There is inhibition from carrying wheat into Spain, “and contrary defence.” The duke of Orleans set up house, and gave liveries with the arms of Milan, which were commanded to be replaced by those of France. Paris, 4 April.
Hol., pp. 4. Endd.: to my lord Chancellor.
R. O. 2. Fly-leaf which apparently belonged to the preceding letter, addressed in Swerder's hand, To, &c., “the lord Chancellers (sic) of England, his good lordship.”
4 April. 457. [Francis I.]
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 62.
B. M.
Instructions given to the bp. of La Vaur (fn. 15) to reply to the Emperor upon the articles and new marriages which he has proposed to the French king by Mons. de San Vicente, his ambassador.
That Francis is honored that the Emperor will give the princess of Spain in marriage to Orleans. As to the Emperor's offer therewith, of his Low Countries and counties of Burgundy and Charrolois, after his death, and meanwhile after the marriage to reside in them and govern under the Emperor, cannot sufficiently thank him for his liberality; but the duchy of Milan, being the true inheritance of himself and his sons, he holding the investiture of it from the Emperor Maximilian, for which King Lewis XII. paid a great sum of money, and the Low Countries not being of like quality, as there would be no enjoyment of them for the present and to hold them afterwards would be difficult, Francis desires to have the Duchy (which is a much less matter), in accordance with the writing signed by the Emperor and the words of Señor de San Vicente, who said there would be no difficulty and that the Emperor always said that if the marriages he was putting forward anew were approved he would accomplish what he wrote, i.e., put Orleans, in consideration of the said marriage, in actual possession of the Duchy. It is difficult to think how the said Low Countries and counties could be given in recompence for the Duchy, which is Francis's own inheritance, but if a recompence could be guaranteed in them he would be content to take it for the sake of the perpetual peace between their houses.
The remedy for the public affairs of Christendom can be treated by the deputies. As to Charrolois, there cannot be two sovereigns in one kingdom; and as to Hesdin, it shall be restored upon the return of Tornay, Tornesis, Mortaigne, and St. Amar, and release of the fealty of Sant Polo which can be shown to belong to Boulogne. The ratification of the treaties of Madrid and Cambray, as has often been said, cannot be; but if any point in them needs to be treated anew the deputies may do it; and here Francis cannot give up the sovereignty of Flanders and Artois except for his own life (as they belong to the Crown of France), and expects deputies to be appointed to settle the frontier of France and Spain. As to the league between the Emperor, France, and the king of the Romans; other things settled, that can easily be formed. As to the marriage of Francis's only daughter with the king of Romans' eldest son, which has been talked of before for the prince of Spain, Francis will defer her marriage; since her age permits it, and also because he would not hinder the marriage of his daughter the Infanta of Portugal. Is content with the marriage which the Emperor wishes to put forward of the prince of Spain with the king of Navarre's only daughter, provided the lands of the king of Navarre, both those in Bearne and others which are under Francis's parliaments (de la superioridad de nuestros parlamentos) and on the frontier, be given to Francis, and the king of Navarre recompensed in the middle of France. If it be found that Francis wrongfully withholds anything from the duke of Savoy, he will restore it in return for what the Duke holds, without valid title, of his. As to his differences with the king of Portugal, will do what he can, without injuring his subjects who are delayed justice for the great wrongs they have suffered through the unreasonable pretensions of the king of Portugal. The deputies will look to the other articles about the duke of Savoy and his son. Touching respect due to the Holy Father, Holy See, Holy Empire, kings of England, Scotland, and Poland, duke of Lorraine, potentates of Italy, and lords of the Leagues; the deputies shall observe it.
The articles which the Emperor has given shall be kept secret as he desires. Finally, if the above matters cannot be concluded, Francis intends that the truce be observed during their lives. Ammalt (Aumale), 4 April 1540, after Easter.
Spanish translation. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 9.
4 April. 458. John Butler to Bullinger.
(Parker Soc.),
Your friends, Nic. Partridge, Barth. Treheron, and Wm. Peterson (not so good a merchant as a Christian), salute you in letters I have received from them by Froschover this last fair. I do not forward their letters because they are written in English, else I would, for writing is my greatest plague. But Partridge says he sent you, by Reyner, an English angel for your scholar Christian, whom he wishes to forward Theodore upon the Proverbs and Job. Your present of the works of Zuinglius upon the Gospels has not yet reached him, but he expects it by Reyner. He will send you the Oxford gloves by the first opportunity, but he has been busy instructing the children of a gentleman of Kent. (fn. 16) He writes no news but uncertain rumors. Peterson, whom I expect to arrive about Whitsuntide, will give us full information. Meantime he wishes Schentzius to polish and ornament the bowstaves. Traheron describes a sermon of the crafty bishop of Winchester, which I have sent by Froschover to my preceptor, Mr. Theodore [Bibliander]. Grynaesus sends the enclosed piece of money to your wife. Salute Mr. Pellican and your colleagues. Basle, 4 April.
5 April. 459. Henry VIII. to Wallop.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
Thanks him for his advertisements of the queen of Navarre written on Easter Monday to the lord Privy Seal. Desires him to visit her again, give her the King's thanks for her friendly offices, and assure her that secrecy will be observed in all matters where she desires it. He shall then advise her of himself to inform him what she thinks Francis will do, and suggest that, if he would avoid war, he might, even by policy, get the Emperor to offer him what he desired; telling her “for my (fn. 17) part, being an Englishman and knowing how entirely the King my master loveth the French king, my stomach boileth to see the good prince thus abused.” If she ask what policy, he might say that if Francis would defer visiting Normandy and send a man to the King, he would find him a sure friend, hinting further that he might visit Henry in England, or the Dauphin or Orleans might go, “to see the pleasantness of the country.” He shall tell her also that the King, by her advice, has sent Madame d'Estampes a couple of palfreys.
If she desire to see his secretary rather than himself, Wallop must instruct him to act in his place.
P.S.—These things being mere overtures, has not opened them to his Council, and Wyat must address his answer either to the King or the Lord Privy Seal.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.: The minute of the letter addressed to Mr. Wallop, 5 Aprilis, from the King's Majesty.
5 April. 460. The Commissioners at Calais to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
The day after their arrival, charged the Deputy and others to certify their opinions by writing as to causes of discord; and upon their bills and examinations taken it appears there is great division about religion sprung from the preaching of Adam Damplip, who came here about this time two years ago and remained till July following, and argued against the Real Presence. He was examined by the abp. of Canterbury and departed, in what manner they (the Commissioners) know not. One Sir Will. Smyth was soon after sent from London to serve as parish priest in Our Lady Church, who, leagued with Butler, the commissary, and others, preached against the mass till he and others were brought before the Abp. and abjured. Being enjoined to repeat his abjuration at Calais, he maintained his innocence and confirmed others in Damplip's opinions. Cannot examine Butler as he is with Mr. Wotton, ambassador with the duke of Cleves. Sir Geo. Carewe, lieutenant of Rysebank, favored Sir Will. Smythe even in the Council Chamber, as all the Council (except lord Graye and the High Marshal) affirm; and he and lord Graye wrote to the Abp. desiring that he might be sent again to Calais. Carew confesses that he ate flesh in Lent was twelve-month, and also spoke comfortable words to Ralph Hare, who was afterwards abjured, when he went to England.
One Wm. Kynnardaye, of the Retinue, was a great sacramentary till the making of the last statute (fn. 18) and said there were 20 more of his opinion in the town. He has since changed that opinion, but will not name anyone. Intend to discharge him and Will. Stevins, Ric. Pelland, and Thos. Broke, customer under Mr. Payton, who have favoured Damplip and Smythe. Broke has written letters signed Didimus Paludanus Londoniensis and eats flesh in his house in Lent, upon “none other excuse but that he himself hath great pain with the colic,” and would neither have mass, matins, nor evensong. Through him and others of his affinity, half the priests of Our Lady and St. Nicholas' churches have been discharged. He refused to be sworn before the Commissioners, who have committed him to ward to be further examined.
Do not proceed against Sir Geo. Carew, as he is the King's officer, till they hear the King's pleasure. He desires to come over to do the King service this May next: and to gain health first, for he has an ague. As the Deputy was a deponent in many of the above cases, he does not put his name to this letter. Calais, 5 April. Signed by Sussex, St. John, Gage, Coren, Leyghton, and Bakere.
Add. Endd.
5 April. 461. The Commissioners at Calais to Cromwell.
R. O. Have written to the King of their proceedings since coming to Calais. Have used as much charity as they could, but the matter cannot but appear grievous to the parties. Reformation must be had with some punishment. Wish to hear the King's pleasure soon, as Sir Geo. Carowe desires to return by May for his service to the King and partly for his health, as he has an ague. The lord Deputy writes the news occurrent here. Calais, 5 April. Signed like the preceding.
1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 April. 462. Wyatt to Cromwell.
Harl. MS.
282, f. 243.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
“Please be it your Lordship,” on Saturday, 3rd inst., the day after Mr. Blunt left, I heard that the Legate had two days before urged the donation of Milan to France, and showed the Bishop's (fn. 19) reasons therefor. The Emperor answered that he had sent the French ambassador with conditions which ought to satisfy the French. The same answer he made two or three days later to the Venetian ambassador. Hears from a good quarter that on the arrival of the said French ambassador, the French king, Dolphin, and Constable shut themselves together in a chamber an hour and a half, and the Constable, on coming out, went to bed, and was sick two or three days. Added to this, the Admiral was acquitted in Parliament, and is at Paris at the Court. Learnt on Sunday that (by letters of 14 March out of Suyzer to the bp. of Lynden) the French king has sent his pensioners their pensions, and appointed them to come to Lyons. These letters sent herewith, which came yesterday, seem to concur with this. As for France, all the world here say, “the tone was a gret best to put hym selff in that hazard, and the tother a greter to let hym passe.”
On Saturday morning was with Grandvela for the signing of these gentlemen's licence, and to get audience to ask the licence for the King, intending, as he wrote, to ask for Spanish horse as well as these. Found him as hot against all “means” as ever. “The Duke (fn. 20) armeth, quoth he, and makes strong, and they peradventure that he hath most help of will not stick so to him as he weeneth. I speak not this for you, but for other.” Next day, yesterday, learnt that the duke of Brunswick went, on Saturday morning, towards the duke of Cleves, and may, perhaps, bring him hither. Never saw likelihood of treating with Cleves before; and, considering Grandvela's words, this seems rather a practice than a formal treaty. Thinks this year will pass with practises, and that the donation of Milan will never conclude. Fears lest Cleves be beguiled with practises; “these men are not drawn by courtesy, friendship, or equity, but by interest.”
For the matter of Ankuson, Grandvela promises to do justice if Wyatt put in a memorial. Has sent thither to learn the truth of the ship and the man. The accord of the Venetians with the Turk is believed; “and that post scripta (fn. 21) out of Almaine of Lasko's practise for the King of Romans seemeth to have some confirmation; and Lasko is returned.” In Constantinople they say war is determined against the Sophy, and that Barbarossa has sacked Syo; if that be true, he has served the Genoese so at the Frenchmen's request. Asks instructions about Mr. Leigh's coming. Knows no reason to treat him as the King's true servant; but he seems to have such confidence in his innocence that he is determined to come with Wyatt. Yesternight the prince of Salerno sent word that he had the Emperor's leave to go see the King and intended to go within a fortnight. He is a man of 30,000 or 40,000 ducats rent, greatly esteemed in all Italy, and one of the chief men of Naples. Supposes he will stay a month to see hunting and the like. Will send a servant to guide him. Would God he were himself ready to accompany him. Gaunt, 5 April.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 5. Endd.: by Francisco.
6 April. 463. Henry VIII. to [Mont].
R. O. Has received the letters of count Guillaume, with his answer, and those sent by Mont to the lord Privy Seal. Perceives the Count's affection towards the King, and that he stays upon the receipt of the King's patent “and the subscription of the articles of covenants upon his promise heretofore made to his captains.” Meanwhile, he will be as faithful as if he had received the King's pension, and when matters in Germany are settled, will come to visit Henry. Mont is to repeat to him the King's answer, viz.:—
Henry thanks him for his goodwill which he had long known by Sir Fras. Brian, sometime ambassador in France, and otherwise, and which induced him to offer him “the retainment of his own person,” though Henry had no need of it, being in peace with all princes and secure against any attempts. But if he prefer the entertainment of his own captain[s], will put the matter off till his repair to England, when he can accept or refuse as he thinks fit, provided he comes before Mich. next.
Before Mont's return, he is to inquire if there be any likelihood of peace among the princes there and the Emperor, especially between him and the Protestants, and on what conditions; whether they expect the Emperor to come thither shortly; how they feel towards the duke of Cleves, and what they intend towards him; what is thought and said of the Turk, &c. He should even delay his departure a few days, if necessary, to be well informed on those points. Doubts not his credit will enable him to get money till the King repays him. Hampton Court, 6 April 31 Hen. VIII.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 9.
6 April. 464. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
In favour of Wm. Morice, Edw. and Thos. Isaac, sons or executors to Mrs. Wiate, widow of Thos. Wiate, whose son, the King's ward, was given to Cromwell, by him to Mr. Wrothe, and by him to the said Mrs. Wiate, his sister. She is now dead, and has not obtained the King's grant under seal, without which they cannot perform her testament. They will give Cromwell a pleasure, though the lordship is only 10l. a year, little enough to find the child at his learning and keep the house in repair. Canterbury, 6 April. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 April. 465. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
R. O. I send my servant, the bearer, to attend upon you, as you commanded, for remembrance of such articles (copy enclosed) as I declared and laboured to your lordship at my late departure. Begs to know Cromwell's pleasure by bearer. Encloses a bill of articles for the good order of Berwick, which should be signed by the King and sent to the captain of Berwick. Understands that Richard Belloses, who was one of the Council here with 20l. a year fee, is dead. Is one of the Council without fee, and begs Cromwell will move the King to give him the said 20l., and write to Tristram Teshe to pay it. Has received the King's warrant for receipt of 200l. to pay John Heron, according to Cromwell's letters; and, because Leonard Bekwith is not in these parts and his deputy has no money, nor does the warrant say to whom it is directed, sends it to Cromwell to amend and begs him to send for Beckwith and command him to pay it at once and “without dryft.” Berwick, 6 April. Signed.
1. Sealed. Add. (on the back of § ii.): Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. “The names of the deputy wardens and pensioners of the East, West, and Middle Marches of England foranempst Scotland with their yearly fees”:—Sir Win. Evers, deputy warden of the East Marches, 133l. 6s. 8d., his two deputies and two Serjeants, 24l.; Sir Roger Graye and Sir Reynold Carnabye, 20l. each; Thos. Fostre, Ralph Elderton, Thos. Heybourne, Ric. Fowbery, Edw. Muscheauns, John Selby of Bramston, Thos. Holbourne, and Wm. Strudder, 13l. 6s. 8d. each; George Fenwyke, 20l. Sir John Withrington, deputy warden of the Middle Marches, 133l. 6s. 8d., his two deputies and two Serjeants, 24l., the lord Ogle, 50l.; Sir John Dalavale, 20l.; Sir William Ogle, 20l.; John Ogle of Kirklaye. George Ogle and John Ogle of Ogle Castle, each 13l. 6s. 8d.; John Hall of Otterburn, Sir John Lowther, Thos. Sandford, Sir John Lamplew, Sir Jas. Laburne, Sir Geoff. Myddelton, Sir Robt. Bellingham, Edw. Aglionby, Sir Thos. Curwen, John Musgrave, and Walter Strykland, each 10l.; Thomas Daker, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Chr. Crakenthorpp, John Warcopp, Launcelot Lancastre, Gilbert Wharton, Hew Machell, John Lighe, John Skeltone of Branthwayte, Thos. Dykes, John Thwaytes, Cuthbert Huton, Thos. Blanderhassett, Chr. Thirkell, Mugge Musgrave, Ric. Englefeld, Alex. Appulbye, Robt. Brisco, John Prestone, Thomas Clifford the Bastard, Thos. Dalsone, and John Skeltone of Armothwayte, each 6l. 13s. 4d.; Sir George Lawson, 20l.
R. O. 2. “Barwyke.—Remembrances to my lord Privy Seal.” The articles following, signed by the King, should he sent to Berwick:—(1.) That no freeman of this town have a soldier's room. (2.) Those receiving gunner's wages to be gunners in deed, or if not so, to be put in soldiers' rooms as the captain shall think fit. (3.) Soldiers to be resident in the town. (4.) Horses, cattle, and sheep to be kept off the walls and “countermowres.” (5.) Strait commandment to be made that all dung and filth of this town be laid against the walls of the town and in no other place. (6.) The porter of Berwick, of his retinue of 20 men, to keep daily at St. Mary gate 4 men, at the Bridge gate 4, at the Water gate 2, and at Cowegaite 2. (7.) No sheep nor cattle to be laid at night upon the banks or moats about the Castle.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 3. Please it your Lordship to remember the following articles to be moved to the King:—
First to have warrant dormant to Leonard Bekwith for payment to my hands of the pensioners' wages of the Marches yearly at Pentecost and All Saints, as Tristram Teshe's receipts will not pay the assignments committed to him. Item, as the lands assigned for wages of Berwick, are insufficient, &c. (as in Vol. XIV., Part ii:, No. 293 (4th item)); this should be remedied by Act of Parliament or otherwise. Item, the leads of Sheriff Hutton castle are decayed, please write to Leonard Bekwith to deliver six or eight fodder of lead for their repair. Item, to have a grant of Austin Friars in York, and White Friars in Newcastle, which he has in farm, &c. (as in Vol. XIV., Part ii., No. 293 (6th item)).
In the handwriting of Sir George Lawson's clerk, pp. 2.
6 April. 466. Sir George Lawson to Dr. Belloses.
R. O. Thanks him for his kindness. Laments the death of his brother. (fn. 22) Begs his favour for the bearer his servant. Berwick, 6 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
467. John Heron of Chipchase.
R. O. (1.) “Whether it may stand with the King's pleasure that John Heron may make an enterprise within Scotland ground to apprehend the rebels, which he thinks may be done with three hundred men and without breach of the truce, for otherwise the lord Maxwell will not deliver the said rebels.” (2.) Whether Heron shall have allowance for keeping 20 horsemen and 10 watchmen for 2 months before he received the King's garrison in wages. (3.) Heron would know what wages to give the 50 horsemen (fn. 23) appointed to him after the garrison was discharged, who have continued one month ended 6 April. (4.) He would know how to use Tyndall and Rydgedale “after the said month.” (5.) He believes it necessary to have one keeper of Tyndale, Ridgedale, Hexhamshire, and Langeley “because they yone (join) all to gether.” (6.) Whether the King will have him change Chipchest for some house more “inward in the realm, because it is strong and necessary for the defence of Tyntlale.” (7.) Whether the castle of Arbottell shall be repaired with stone, being there at Halistone and Brinckebourne, for the defence of Ridgedale.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. “Th'articles wherein John Heron of Chipches would know the King's Majesty's pleasure touching th'order of Tyndall.”
1. Touching the 50 men in garrison (fn. 23); how long they shall continue and how Tyndall shall be ordered. 2. To have some recompence for keeping 20 horsemen and 10 footmen as watchmen at his own cost two months after he was commanded with Tyndall before the garrison was assigned. 3. Touching the building of Herbattell Castle which is sore decayed, the gaol being clear down. 4. Touching Hexham and Langley, “as Sir Reynold Carnaby hath them,” to be annexed to Tyndall, seeing the said offices join Tyndall on the one side. 5. Whoever shall be keeper of Tyndale, it is good that he have Riddisdale as well; for whenever Heron did ride in Tyndale he was sure of 100 well-horsed men out of Riddisdale to wait on him upon warning. 6. Because Chipches stands commodiously for a house of defence for the whole country, Heron will exchange it for lands “more inward within the realm, whereby he might in his old days live the more quietly.”
P. 1.
[7 April.] 468. Sadler to Cromwell.
Titus B. i.,
B. M.
S. P. i., 624.
The King has seen these letters of Mr. Wyate's and likes well the advertisements in them. He desires them to be returned to you to answer them as they are addressed to you. He sees nothing in them to answer except the prince of Salerno's repair hither and touching Legh. He thinks Wyat should accompany the said Prince hither; for which purpose (as there is no likelihood of the Constable's repair thither) he should come home, and Pate, who is ready to go on half a day's warning, should be sent in his place; and if this cannot be done before the Prince address his journey hither, which he says will be in 14 or 16 days, Wyat might find honest means to stay him. As to Legh, Cromwell is to devise with the Council what is best to be answered, considering his long absence and his contempt; but if he would come home with Wyat it would not be amiss. Cromwell is to answer in his own name, but to send the draft to the King before the post be despatched. Signed.
Hol. Add.:
Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Mr. Secrete, Mr. Sadler, to my L. P. S.
[7 April.] 469. Cromwell to Sadler.
Royal MS.,
7 C. xvi. 149.
B. M.
S. P. i., 625.
Nott's Wyatt,
Perceives by his letters by bearer the King's pleasure about the answer to Mr. Wyatt's letters, which Cromwell received as he rode hither. Will cause Mr. Pate to put himself in order accordingly and write to Wyat on receiving Sadler's answer. Agrees that Wyat might accompany the prince of Salern hither, but doubts if he will get leave to depart so soon; moreover, he might gain useful knowledge by not hastening. Wyatt should urge the Prince to go himself, lest the world misconstrue his coming with an ambassador without having desired licence or being recommended by the Emperor; but warning should be sent to Calais and Dover for his entertainment if he come. Agrees that Leighe should come home with Wyat, when the King can blame him at pleasure. Will send the draft, if desired.
Has just been informed that Mr. Pate is there [at Hampton Court?]. Pray get him to take his leave and come hither; meanwhile his letters of credence shall be prepared. As for instructions, he had better take them from Wyat. London, Wednesday night. Signed.
In Wriothesleif's hand. Add.:
Mr. Sadler, one of the King's Majesty's two principal secretaries. Endd.
7 April. 470. Anthony Birkes to Thos. Larke, at Calais.
R. O. Finds by his letter of the 2nd April that he has not received the letters addressed by the writer to lord Lisle and him. There were 3 to Lisle and 3 to himself, sect by 3 different mariners for security, to explain that he had changed his mind about selling his office and would keep it, with the King's pleasure. And where you write that you will enter on mine office, 6th April, do so, but get my lord Deputy and the Council to call Rogers before them and discharge him for his negligence in furnishing the same. Let my salary be staid in Mr. Vice-Treasurer's hands. Hampton Court, 7 April.
P.S.—Prays for early answer how Rogers takes the matter, and some news of Calais affairs.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
7 April. 471. Wm. lord Sandys to Lord Lisle and Others.
R. O. I thank you for your letters received on Tuesday the 6th, showing how graciously the King has provided for the security of Calais and for the abolishment of erroneous opinions and punishment of Sacramentaries, for which purpose he has sent over Commissaries. And whereas you have objected against Stephins, Pelham, Loveday, Kenderdaye and others, both their own ill doings and the maintenance of Adam Damplip, an odious person who has infected many with his preachings, for the trial whereof you desire me to send over Mr. Dove, “promising him safely to go and come,” I shall send him to you, begging you to favour him as right and equity require. I intend to be in London on Saturday next, and have stayed him till then that he may there have certain depositions and other things touching the said Adam with my lord of Chichester, and “so come the better armed.” He will repair to you on Monday. Commend me to my lord of Sussex, my lord St. John and other Commissioners. I would have been glad to be there at this time if it had pleased the King. Commend me to lady Lisle. The Vyne, 7 April. Signed.
2. Add.: To my lord Deputy, Mr. Treasurer, Mr. Knight Porter of Calais, and Mr. Ruckwood. Endd.: April 1540.
7 April. 472. [Lord Lisle to Cromwell.]
R. O. Sends news he has to-day received from a friend. The assembly of 500 footmen in Picardy is true. The men-of-arms of Boulogne, some of whom dwell near Abbeville, have been sent for this week. The treasurer of Boulogne, Montreuil and Turwyn left Abbeville on the 4th, with money for their garrisons and to pay gensdarmerie, who will muster, as they were wont to do, when they are paid. They are now commanded to bring their harness, which they have not done for a long time. Although these things can not be for any great enterprise, but rather brags, as the Emperor proceeds not according to their purpose, he advised me of them, saying, “que bien se garde, bien se trouve.” I hear also that the treasurer of Boulogne said at Abbeville that he had charge of the foresaid money for the fortification of Arde, and how he departed with diligence.
The French king is still at La Male in Normandy. About the 2nd inst. Pelus and the French ambassador came from the Emperor. Mr. Wallop intended to go to Court on the 5th to know what news they had brought. Calais, 7 April.
Copy, p. 1.
8 April. 473. Henry VIII. to the Commissioners at Calais.
R. O. We have received your letters of the 5th April of your doings since your arrival there and intention to banish divers persons, and asking how to use Sir George Carewe, a principal fautor of one Smythes opinions, considering his charge in Risebank and that he is of our Council.
1. We marvel, considering the great bruit of those matters, that no more persons were convicted before you: it will be to our satisfaction if you write more amply. 2. It appears you intend to banish four persons named in your letters, one of them Brooke, (fn. 24) who seems to have used himself very arrogantly before you. Considering how much more the “execution of one or two should confer to the redubbing of these matters than the banishment of many; and thinking as that this contempt and eating flesh of the said Brooke will extend if it be well prepended to as grievous an offence as a relapse into his former heresies,” we wish, if you find further matter upon our new Statute (fn. 25) to condemn him, that you, our Attorney, Mr. Coren and Mr. Leighton, shall consider what may be done by our laws against him. And if you all, our Commissioners, find you may condemn him either as a traitor or a heretic, then immediately cause him to be executed: and if any others have, since its making, incurred the danger of the said statute let them suffer extremity for it. 3. Those you banish, banish into England, taking sureties for them to appear before us and “our Council attendant upon our person,” and if they cannot find sureties send them under guard. If there be others against whom you neither have just matter of execution nor banishment, but whom you think the town would be better without, bind them also to appear before us, “leaving those men's rooms and places ungiven until we shall further determine.” 4. As Sir George Carewe is of our Council and captain of Risebanke, we reserve, the determination of his case to ourselves; therefore license him to come over. But, if you think him a man of so evil sort as is presupposed and that all the depositions against him are substantial, send him over under guard, together with a copy of the evidence against him.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 9. Endd.: “To the Commissioners at Calais, the viij. of April.”
8 April. 474. Rochester Cathedral Priory.
R. O. Pensions appointed “to the late prior and convent of the surrendered house of Rochester,” 8 April 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Walter Phylypp, nil, “because he is appointed to be dean”; Robt. Pylton, 10l.; Thos. Grey, 40s., besides the office of gospeller; Robt. Smythe, impotent, Ant. London, cellarer, and Wm. Albon, 10l. each; Thos. Nevell, 6l. 13s. 4d., Nich. Spelhurst, 40s., besides the office of high sexton; Wm. Caunterbury and Ric. Chetham, 100s. each; Thos. Coxe, 40s., besides the office of “epistoler”; Owen Oxforde, nil, because appointed under-sexton; Nich. Harington, chauntry priest, having a perpetuity of 10l. 13s. 4d., in recompense whereof he is appointed 8l. 13s. 4d.; Robt. Bacon, chantry priest with perpetuity of 6l. 13s. 4d., recompense 100s. Signed by Abp. Cranmer, George lord Cobham, Sir Ric. Ryche, Sir E. North, Wm. Petre and Walt. Hendle.
8 April. 475. John Hylsley, Deputy Bailiff of Leominster, to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letter by Thos. Hutton, the King's footman, to certify you of such goods and moneys as I attached, to the King's use, of Will. Cockes, suspected of felony for 14½ oz. of silver and gilt plate, parcel of a shrine in the late priory of Leominster, where I am deputy bailiff to Mr. Vachell. Cockes fled and I took him, and with him 17l. in money; also 40s. due to him from Rob. Broughett, 2 small nags worth 26s. 8d., a great brass pot, a table board, a folding table, 2 coffers, a great pair of andirons belonging to the late priory; besides a sword, a dagger and a lute. These I have kept for the King's use. I have sent him to the gaol of Hereford. Leominster, 8 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 April. 476. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. The King has, by letters patent under his broad seal, given to the bearer, his Highness's servant Richard Davy, the bailliwick of the town of Leomynster. Davy has been denied by the deputy of one Thomas Vachell, esquire, pretending to have a former grant both of the lands of the late monastery of Reading and of the said bailliwick, the copy whereof I enclose. I desire to know the King's pleasure so that this Council may act accordingly. Ludlowe, 8 April. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.: “With a copy of a patent in the same granted to one Vachell.”
8 April. 477. Sir John Gage to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letters of the 3rd inst. from Hampton Court. Thanks him for his charitable and prudent counsel at this time of his trouble. (fn. 26) Had received, just before, like letters from my lord Admiral and thereupon written to Sir Anthony Browne, advising him to submit patiently to the merciful will of God; but according to Cromwell's pleasure has written to him again by this bearer. Is sorry he (Gage) was not at home to comfort his poor wife, who he fears, will not at the first remember her duty to God so well as she should do. Hopes at his return to find his wife and Sir Anthony well, so that they may give him no cause to make many sorrows out of one. Calais, 8 April. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 April. 478. Sir Gregory Botolf.
R. O. “The declaration of me, Clement Phylpott,” of words spoken to me by Sir Gregory Bottolf, priest, at Borborwghe, 8 April.
Met by the Nunnery Gate without Borbrowghe, and Sir Gregory expressed great joy at meeting him. Entering the town, Sir Gregory said he would fain they found a place where they might walk secretly, and they went upon the walls. Sir Gregory said “My most joy of the world, welcome as my own heart, for you are he that I do put most trust and confidence in that is in the wordill (sic).” Details dialogue in which Sir Gregory said that Philpott knew he had been to Rome but did not know why he went; if he could speak with confidence he would tell all. Philpot, wishing to “knowe the bottom of his stomach,” promised on the faith of a Christian not to betray him. Sir Gregory said if he were hardy and constant he should not lack substance or gold, and that if England had not a scourge in time, they would be all infidels; and continued:—“I shall get the town of Calais into the hands of the Pope and Cardinal Pole; this was the matter that I went to Rome for; and I have consulted with the Holy Father the Pope and with the Reverend Father Cardinal Pole, who is a good Catholic man as ever I reasoned with; and when I had declared everything of my mind unto them, no mo but we iij together in the Pope's chamber, where we reasoned upon many matters, I had not a little cheer of the Pope and Cardinal Pole and all the Cardinals, as the Pope himself did command me to have; and after this at all times I might enter the Pope's chamber at my pleasure and speak with him.” Sir Gregory said that “in the heringes time (fn. 27) they do use to watch in the Lanterne Gate, where as there be in the watch-house about a dozen persons:” these Philpott should at a time appointed with a dozen chosen persons come upon and destroy, and then keep the stairs. Meanwhile Sir Gregory would scale the wall over the gate, only 18 or 20 feet, and once on the leads there was only a little door to break up. He would have with him 500 or 600 men, mostly gunners, whose pieces should shoot 4 shots, and all who resisted would be destroyed without mercy. They should be well able to keep the town, for they would have aid soon after both by sea and land. The Pope lamented the many good Catholic men in England suffering great penury, especially the “holy religious people,” who should be restored to their houses. At his leaving, the Pope gave him 200 crowns and sang mass and prayed for him; and Pole counselled him not to tarry in Calais, but get my lord his master's licence to study in Louvain. He would now write to the Pope and Pole that he had found a faithful man to be the key of their enterprise. He would write so from Gant, but first he must go to Antwerp and thence to the French Court and thence to Gant. Three or four days before Whitsunday next “he will be here at Gravelinge or else at Borbrowghe.” And “he will bring me money plenty, with silk as damask velvet and satin. He saith I must be a mean to procure a benefice nigh unto Calais; he will give ready money whatsoever it cost.”
When Sir Gregory first spoke of his journey, it was long before he would show me that it was to Rome. When he did, I said “Then ye shall see Cardinal Pole?” That I shall, said he, do ye know him? He said, No. He said “I shall go from hence but with little money and very bare, but I shall come like a jolly fellow home again, with my cloth sake and ij or iij men to wait upon me.” Never thought he would go to Rome when he left Calais, as he had not over 3l. in his purse. At Borbrowghe, Sir Gregory said he had obtained from the Pope a living for one Sir Edmund, parish priest of Our Lady church in Calais, i.e., “2 crowns a month, meat and drink in a hospital where be none but English men therein for the most part.” Sir Gregory left Calais about Candlemas, and took leave of my Lord, my master, and his, to have gone to England. He returned to Calais 8 days before Easter, when I was in England. When I returned to Calais he was gone, but had left word with Wolker (sic), Corbett, and Harberde, my lord's servants, for me to come and speak with him at Borbrowghe.
Pp. 7, each signed by Phylpot. Endd.: Concerning Corbett.
R. O. 2. Further depositions [by Philpott].
“At the return of John, Corbet's servant, from Sir Gregory, which was about 9 or 10 days after Easter, he said that he brought Sir Gregory beyond Gaynt 12 miles English, and, at his coming home, the said John showed unto me that Sir Gregory willed me to send him unto him again upon Holy Thursday, and that he should bring his old gown and his blue cloak with him unto Louvain.” He brought me a letter at the same time from Sir Gregory to the effect that he would be at Borbro 5 or 6 days before Whitsuntide, and would send for me, “and that I should bring a book of Morryson's making, his last work, which he made the last year; and required me to take patience until his coming, for, he said, ye are the man that ever my heart is with all, wheresoever my body be; and that he had sent a letter unto me by Mr. Weyet servant from Gawynt, whose name is Rodeston; and that I should show unto Woller that he had evil served him in his horse, the which he bought of him. Also Corbet's servant had a letter from me when he went unto Sir Gregory. I wrote unto him that I had sent unto him all such things as he willed me to send unto him, save only my lord's cognizance, the which I could get none; and I required him that he should not forget his promise but to keep touch with me; which my meaning was of his ‘pewyntment’ to be at Burbrowghe, and that I should think the time long until that I saw him again.”
“As touching these 10 crowns for the making of the three rings Castyll did show unto me of them the first time that I had knowledge thereof, and he showed me that Sir Gregory did show unto him, when he went his way, the place where he should find them, and when he looked there he found them not. Then I asked Corbet of the same and he showed me that he had the crowns. Sir Gregory showed me that the cause why he did put away the 10 crowns was chiefly because they were of the Pope's quene (coin). He said he did bow them all to have broken them as soon as he came home, for fear lest there should be any suspicion in him, and that such money should be found about him to avoid the danger thereof. I had three of those crowns of Corbet, and as God knoweth I never thought to make ring of them. I had them of Corbet in the Easter holidays.
“As touching my first coming to Sir Gregory, which was upon Good Friday, there I met and found him at Borbroughe, and his sayings were unto me as I have declared in my first writings. He said that he had a special friend of my lady of Burbrowghe; come when he would he should have his chamber. Sir Gregory showed me also that Woller had of him 6 yards of damask of him (sic) for a horse that he had of him, and that there was 5 or 6 shillings which Woller doth owe unto him for the same bargain. Sir Gregory said also that if I had come home in time while he was at Calais I should have had damask to make me a gown, and satin to make me a jacket and a doublet.
“And I have sent it away, for it was said in my lord's house that ye would come no more unto Calais, but at my coming away I heard say that ye were coming home; howbeit ye shall have it and much more than that is. I said unto Sir Gregory, how much bound am I unto you that you will do this unto me, the which I never deserved; but to my power and my heart, I shall requite your gentleness if ever I be able. Then he invaded me with much and many gentle words, and there was nothing that he had but should be at my commandment as my own. I did thank him much for his good seale (zeal) and love towards me, and I said that I am glad it doth appear unto me that you have sped well sith ye went out of Calais. And I asked him where he had been at Rome, as he said that he would go, or where he had been that he had sped so well. Then he declared unto me where and wherefore he went, and what his intent was as I before have declared.
“And the same day that I came to Calais out of England, Corbet had been at Borbrowghe or at Gravelyng with Sir Gregory, which was upon Maundy Thursday, and Corbet showed me that I should find Sir Gregory at Gravelyng at the Sign of the Crown, or at Burbrowge in the abbey; and he left John, his servant, at Gravelyng behind him to lie in wait for a man that should come thither, the which Sir Gregory had appointed to come there. I asked Sir Gregory what store money he had. He said he had but 17 double ducats in his purse as then, but he looked for his man to bring him to Calais or to Gravelyng a C. crowns. And I said that I had very little money. He said I should have half his; he said, but if my man doth not bring me money I shall be evil served. I shall be compelled to ride to the French king's Court unto the Pope's ambassador there for money. And I said, seeing ye have so little I will have none of you at this time. Notwithstanding he gave me three double ducats. Sir Gregory said when he came to Gaynt he would speak with the Pope's ambassador in the Emperor's Court if he be come, as there was one appointed to come when he was at Rome, of whom he should receive money also; and then ye shall not lack, he said. Moreover, before Sir Gregory took his journey to Rome, he took me two letters to be delivered, the one to his brother the priest, called Sir Will. Bottolf, parson of [Sudebery] (fn. 28) Ofton in Suffolk, which letter was sealed when Sir Gregory delivered it me, and I sent it by one Jacob which came unto Calais and brought two cheeses from the said Sir William; and the other letter I delivered it myself, when I was in Suffolk, to his brother Robert Bottolf dwelling in Sudbery in the same county. The occasion of my going into Suffolk was because I had arrested a brother of Sir Gregory's this term last past who dwelleth at Leystoke, called John Botolf, to speak with him upon a action of 39l. which the said John Bottolf was bound to pay unto Robert Rose, merchant tailor in London, to the behoof of Sir Gregory, which specialties Sir Gregory left in my hands when he went; which was also the occasion of my going into England last, which was a five days before Shrovetide last past.”
In Clement Philpot's hand, pp. 4.
R. O. 3. Further depositions [by Philpott].
Sir Gregory [Botolf], before his going, said to me that he had a brother called Sir William, parson of Hofton in Suffolk, whom he loved very well and said he would very fain have him over hither if he could get him service here, that he had written to him advising him to let out his benefice and come over, “and when ye go into England if ye cannot meet my eldest brother John Bottolf at London this term ye may then ride unto Leystocke unto his house.” Sir Gregory also desired him to give his brother Sir Wm. his “advosonage” of Cyttylbar or Kytylbar if he rode to his eldest brother, as it was not more than 10 miles out of the way, saying that his brother would lend him money if he required it. “And if he will come over hither to Calais to let him have all such stuff as is in my chamber.” The writer accordingly, when in Suffolk, went to the said Sir William, who told him what his brother Sir Gregory had written, but said he would be loath to put his benefice away, though it was but small, till he was sure of a better. Sir Gregory, however, put him in good hope of providing for him; and he purposed going to Calais.
In Clement Philpot's hand, p. 1.
R. O. 4. Further depositions [by Philpott].
“The said Sir Gregory showed unto me that Sir Edmund, (fn. 29) the parish priest, did know of his going unto Rome, insomuch that the said Sir Edmund said to Sir Gregory, when he was come home, that the said Sir Gregory had made good speed to come so soon again, and marvelled at it. And as Sir Gregory sayeth, the said Sir Edmund doth purpose to sell his raiment and his stuff and to take his journey to Rome when fair weather cometh.” Sir Gregory says also that there was a consultation between the Pope, Pole, and him, and they found this enterprise could not be brought to pass unless they got the captain of Risebank to take their part: And Sir Gregory told me that he hoped to make me captain of Risebank within this half-year if money would buy it, as he thought Mr. Carrow would sell it for a good sum, and if it cost 1,000 mks. or more it should be had; “Wherefore, be ye sad and discreet that there may appear such towardness in you that it may be thought that ye are a man meet for such a room.” You shall have money at my coming to Borbrowgh, which shall be against Whitsuntide, to furnish yourself against the Coronation, and if I cannot come myself I shall send you money and silk to Calais by my man, who will lodge at the King's Arms. Ye shall know him by my frieze cloak that I made when I took my journey out of Calais unto Rome, which he shall wear. He has a little black beard. And you shall wear your buff leather jerkin and your buff leather girdle and resort thither by 10 a.m. five or six days before Whitsunday. When you meet, have nothing to do with him in the town but a mile or two out. I hope to come and speak with you myself to arrange matters; and at your return home get you a servant or two, take a house in the town and furnish it as you think best when you have money. Sir Gregory also said that he had sent his man to the Pope's ambassador at the French court for money with the Pope's letter for 100 crs., which servant he sent from him when he was at Bollyn, directing him to come to the King's Arms at Calais, which appointment he did not keep. The Pope's letters were that the Ambassador should give him money when desired, and Sir Gregory said the Ambassador gave him money and a guide to take him to Rome, for he went from Calais straight to the said Ambassador.
Further, when I departed from Borbrowgh from Sir Gregory he wrote a bill of remembrance to make him a cloak out of an old gown of his and to hire a horse and desire my fellow Corbet to lend him his servant to ride with him to Brygges where he would get a waggon to carry his stuff. He desired me also to borrow for him a mail to put his stuff in and send him a New Testament and a shirt which Woller my fellow had of his and a ring of gold which he desired Corbet to make for him. He had left 10 crs. with Corbet to make three rings for Castyll, Corbet, and myself, which we should wear and keep for his sake. Sir Gregory desired Corbet to make some pretty device in them and “send me one of them by John, Corbet's servant, and I shall send a double ducat unto Castyll to make him one when John returneth home. I said, Sir Gregory, have ye made Castyll or Corbet of your counsel in this matter? He said unto me, No, there is none that knoweth this matter in England nor Calais but you only. Doth none know of your going to Rome? He said Yea. Then Sir Gregory showed unto me of the parish priest as I have before declared. I asked Sir Gregory wherefore he would give Corbet and Castyll their rings. Because, he said, he found them loving unto him, and specially now at being and coming home they were glad to do and say the best for him; for, Sir Gregory said, he had much evil report in my lord's house and specially by my fellows the priests, for if I had tarried a day longer than I did, they would have laid felony unto my charge. The one, Sir Richard, said I had broken up his chest, and the other, Sir Oliver, said that I did confess unto him that I had robbed the house of St. Gregory's at Canterbury of all their plate, as Sir Gregory doth not deny.” This Sir Oliver said he would show to the Council. But for these matters I would have remained at Calais till the holidays were over; but now I dare not come thither until I have my pardon procured, which you shall do when you are in England at the Coronation, whatever it cost.
In Clement Philpot's hand, pp. 4.
R. O. 5. Further examination.
Clement Philpot, examined, says “to the first” that on Friday last he did not speak with “him.” He got licence the night before from my lord Deputy to go to Gravelyng, rose early in the morning intending to borrow a horse, but was not well at ease and went into Ashton's house, the gunner, and lay on a bed till 5 p.m. To the 2nd, he says Sir Gregory willed him not to go into England, but he himself intended to go thither to disclose this matter to the King. To the 4th, went to England to arrest Sir Gregory's brother (fn. 30) for debts owed to Sir Gregory and to sell a “voyson” of a benefice (fn. 31) for Sir Gregory. To the 5th, “he confesseth he did know of his journey before, and that he made him sure he should speed of his purpose.” Item, Sir Gregory told him he had left 10 crs. with Corbet to make three rings, on which he would have the letters P. for Philpot, C. for Corbet, and B. for Botolf.
Pp. 2.
479. Sir Gregory Botolf.
R. O. Depositions of Philip Harbard.
Woller and Sir Gregory went into England about eight days before Candlemas last. Phylpot went about three days after Candlemas. Woller returned on Passion Sunday morning, “meeting my lord (fn. 32) coming to church.” Sir Gregory returned about the Friday following. Phylpot returned on Teneber Wednesday, “and he rode forth, not telling me whither.” Woller said Sir Gregory went into Flanders and would not tarry here, but go to the University to study, and bade me tell no one, for many of our fellows had spite on him. The priest had a “skeyne” of mine, which he returned, “but would have my hilts to set upon his skeyne by cause of the fashion”; but I see neither his nor mine since, as I did not then know he was going to Flanders. At his return hither out of England, I bade him welcome and said report was that he would never return, “Castel being there before.” I asked if he had sold a benefice, that he had so much money. He said what he had was his own, and he had been to Amyas to see the country. I said “it was token of a full purse that he would ride so like a gallant abroad.” He said, “Who shall let me?” Asked why he took not leave of my lord and my lady and his fellows when he went. “And he said that when he lay for to play with Edward (fn. 33) that he knew not himself, but that a toye came in his head and suddenly went over.” He had bought damask at Amyas, which Woller told me he had bartered with him for a horse, “which horse I never saw; thinking it was but a fool's tale; when they went both together afoot, and said no more to him.” Signed.
Hol., p.
8 April. 480. Wallop to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P., viii.,
I received from you on Tuesday in Easter week a great packet with letters and a box of cramprings; the letters dated 25 and 28 March, (fn. 34) and a third on Easter Day. Despatched the bringer of them to Calais again to my lord Deputy, praying him to inform Cromwell of the receipt, and notifying the coming of the French ambassador here from the Emperor. Has had no opportunity of repairing to Court, and it would have been too much noted if he had spoken only to Madame d'Estampes and the queen of Navarre. Brisac's going into Flanders was to visit the king of the Romans, who had also sent one to visit the King here. He spoke with the Emperor about a particular commission given him by the Constable, as mentioned in Wallop's last, and on his return the Constable sent for him in haste and conversed with him a long time. Heard when he was here before that Madame d'Estampes was in love with Brisac; but people only speak now of the friendship the Constable bears him; and if the King thought him “affectioned” to Madame d'Estampes he would not put him to so much honour. Will endeavour, however, to get knowledge of the King's pleasure from Madame d'Estampes and the queen of Navarre. When the King comes to Paris, where the Admiral is, it will appear whether he bears any grudge against the Constable; for not only the Admiral but the Dauphin, the queen of Navarre, and Madame d'Estampes will be ready to hasten his fall. The French king's ambassador has come and departed again, bringing a message from the Emperor, which is said to have troubled Francis not a little. Is told the Emperor is content to treat of marriages as follows:—The duke of Orleans to have his daughter, the king of the Romans' son to have the French king's daughter, giving with his (the Emperor's) daughter the county of Flanders, but under such abominable conditions as Wallop's informant will not write. Some say the Emperor demands all the fortresses adjoining the river Somme, and also Savoy. The duke of Savoy is come to Flanders, or will be there shortly, passing by Trent, and so into Almain. Francis is not a little grieved that he shows mistrust of him. He intends sending one Vyncenso de Mayo to the Turk, not only to accord the Venetians with him, but also to attack the Emperor. Trusts Cromwell is informed by my lord Deputy of the French king's intention to fortify Arde, as Wallop wrote to him about this and for the surety of Newnham Bridge. The morrow after the departure of the French king's ambassador, “he” (Francis?) departed straight towards St. Germain's, showing that he had no trust in the Emperor's promise. Believes, however, that Francis will agree with the Emperor, for peace, though he never have Milan nor come to terms for marriages. Francis is displeased with the Pope for favouring the Imperialists, whom he has put in possession of all his fortresses, especially one John Vyncenti in Castel Angelo, whom he intends to make Cardinal with 10 others, mostly Imperialists. He said in anger he would withdraw all his obedience in his realm and exclude the Pope from having any profit in it. Heard this of an Italian, for whom he wrote to Wriothesley for a safe conduct to come to England with a jewel called a “spynela” and two other small stones meet for Cromwell to make presents. He goes with this letter, as a safe conduct, and is an honest man of great experience in this Court and in the Levant. Hears that Fernando Gonzago has arrived in Sicily with the Spaniards and Italians of whom he wrote, which makes it likely that the Emperor intends no war this year in these parts. It is said also that he will agree with the princes of Almain and have a diet on the borders of Cleves. Blangy, in Normandy, 8 April. Signed.
Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 April. 481. Dr. Richard Pate.
Galba, B.x.,
108* b.
B. M.
Passport for Dr. Pates, archdeacon of Lincoln, appointed resident ambassador with the Emperor, to leave England. Being sent with diligence, he will leave great part of his train behind him. London, 9 April 31 Hen. VIII. Signed by Cromwell.
9 April, 482. Nich. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.,
Yesterday the 8th, the duke of Cleves being at Nymmege, in Gueldres, sent me word to come to him to-day betimes. I accordingly came at seven in the morning, and was sent for at eleven to dinner, when, having tarried awhile in the chamber, the chancellor Olesleger told me he was commanded to explain why the Duke had sent for him, viz., that, hearing that Ferdinand, king of the Romans, should come down to the Emperor, he had caused certain princes of Germany by whom he would pass to desire him to mediate between the Emperor and himself about Gueldres; that the princes did so, and Ferdinand promised to do his best, and has apparently got the Emperor's leave to labour in it, and that Ferdinand had sent duke Henry of Brunswick to Ravenstein, where the duke of Cleves met him on Tuesday last, to show the duke of Cleves what Ferdinand had done and advise him to come personally to the Emperor, as Ferdinand also wrote to him to do; that duke Henry, although he did not mistrust Ferdinand, took an opportunity, when the Emperor and Ferdinand were together, of saying to the former that his brother would send him to the duke of Cleves to show him that he might come freely to the Emperor and freely return home, and therefore he desired to know if the Emperor agreed. The Emperor consented, and said if the duke of Cleves came to him he should return when he pleased. Duke Henry, therefore, earnestly exhorted the duke of Cleves to follow Ferdinand's counsel; which the Duke, though at first he thought it strange, at last consented to do, and promised to go to-morrow from Ravenstein towards the Emperor. He hoped the King would not distrust him in consequence. Wotton replied that these things were very strange, especially considering the communication that was between the Duke and Crucerus, his ambassador in France, and Wotton himself, on Easter Day, after dinner, when the Duke said he would never be so mad as to trust the Emperor's promises. Olesleger, besides, had told Wotton on Wednesday, 31 March, at Cleves, that duke Henry had written already of this matter to his master, who, with his Council, had determined he should not go to the Emperor. He wondered that Olesleger had not advised the Duke to consult with his friends the King and the Elector of Saxony. He had no doubt Henry would maintain his friendship, but yet that he must suspect something in the matter. Olesleger said that the Duke's Council had fully represented to him the danger of trusting promises, and some had this very day, with tears running down their cheeks, prayed him not to risk them; but it was the Duke's own mind, and he was fully resolved, as he has faith in the king of the Romans and the duke of Brunswick. That he was sorry that he had no time to give notice to England or the Elector of Saxony, for the king of the Romans and the duke of Brunswick would have left the Emperor before an answer could have arrived. The Duke had given Wotton the option of following him to Brabant or remaining at Cleves till his return, which would be within 14 or 15 days, but he suggested rather to follow him to the Emperor's Court. Wotton was surprised that the Duke would not listen to his Council, and said he would write to the King “of his request concerning your ambassador by the Emperor.” He was willing to follow the Duke, who departs to-day for Ravenstein and thence, to-morrow, towards Antwerp.
Had a similar conversation with the Duke himself, who owned that he was not acting on his Council's advice, and that he trusted greatly to king Ferdinand's words. The Duke writes of this to Henry and the Queen, and also to the Elector and Duchess of Saxony. Nymmeghe, 9 April 1540.
Hol. Add. Endd.
9 April. 483. Nich. Wotton to Cromwell. (fn. 35)
R. O. On Wednesday, 31 March, hearing that the duke of Cleves would remove from Cleves, sent to Dr. Olesleger to ascertain whither he was going, and whether Wotton should follow him. Olesleger sent word that the Duke would remove that day, but that he himself would remain and come to supper with Wotton, and show him the Duke's mind. He accordingly after supper said the Duke had commanded him to say he was gone to Arnhem, where he would tarry four or five days, and return to Cleves, and thought I might as well remain till he came back. Remained accordingly, but the Duke, hearing that duke Henry of Brunswick would come to Ravestein to speak with him, left Arnhem on Monday and went thither, where he met duke Henry next day. Duke Henry, as he wrote, had before sent to advise the duke of Cleves to go personally to the Emperor, and, though he was at first not disposed to do so, the duke of Brunswick persuaded him at this meeting to be at Ravestein again this day, and tomorrow to enter Brabant on his journey to the Emperor's court. Last night while at supper, received a letter from the Duke's Council to come to him this day at Nymmeghe, which he accordingly did about 7 o'clock a.m., but could not speak either with the Duke or his Council till the Duke sent for him to dine with him. There Dr. Olesleger first, by the Duke's commandment, and afterwards the Duke himself, showed him that King Ferdinand has so laboured to the Emperor that he was willing some overture should be made to pacify the controversy for Gueldres between the Emperor and the duke of Cleves, and that the duke of Brunswick had been with him at Ravestein and brought such a message that the duke of Cleves was determined to go straight to the Emperor, believing that a satisfactory arrangement could be made. This tale, so contrary to his previous conversations with the Duke and Olesleger, surprised Wotton much, but, the matter being already concluded, and a promise made to duke Henry, it was in vain that he spake against it. Yet the Council says he has done this without their advice, and the Duke confirms it, saying he trusts in God and his honesty, and has much confidence in Ferdinand's sincerity. He excuses himself for not asking the King's advice or that of the Elector of Saxony for want of time, as King Ferdinand and the duke of Brunswick would have departed from the Emperor before an answer could have been received, and a good occasion would have been lost. The country, and especially Gueldres, marvels much at this matter, and fears the end of it. The magistrates of the Duchy, with weeping eyes, yesterday, begged the Duke not to put himself in such hazard, but the Duke seems fully resolved. If Ferdinand mean well, cannot tell what to think of it unless he means to make one of his daughters duchess of Cleves. It were a great marriage for his daughter, he having so many children and so little to bestow them with. The Duke wishes me to follow him to the Emperor's court. Nymmeghe, 9 April 1540.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
10 April. 484. Cromwell.
See Grants in April 31 Hen. VIII., No. 8.
10 April. 485. Marillac to Francis I.'
Kaulek, 175. London, 10 April:—Has in former letters declared how Parliament, a year ago, brought religion here into conformity with the fashion of the Church, except the withdrawal of obedience to the Holy See and the suppression of religious houses, in which they have so proceeded that in all England is not a single monk who has not changed his habit for the robe of a secular priest. Since then, this King, seeing the ordinances infringed by certain seditious Anabaptists and adherents to the errors of the Germans (insomuch that some at Calais made a disturbance, and others, in spite of the King's command as head of the Church, had eaten flesh in Lent, adhering to what some doctors had heretofore preached), sent men to the “above mentioned” places to proceed against and punish the offenders, and has, since Easter, sent to the Tower three doctors, (fn. 36) priests, and authors of these novelties, of whom the chief is Dr. Barnes, who formerly, returning from Germany, had printed some books containing erroneous doctrines, and, to make clearer proof of his folly, one day in Lent last mounted, without authority, the pulpit of the principal church here and made a sermon full of outrageous words against the bp. of Winchester, who had preached there the day before. The King, informed of this scandal, sharply reprimanded Barnes and ordered him in his sermons to recant what he had written and said, and ask the Bishop's pardon. This he did, but as he showed by his speech that he did it more to satisfy the King than for any change of opinion, he has been put in the Tower with his two accomplices, accompanied by 10 or 12 burgesses of this town and 15 or 20 strangers, mostly from Flanders, and all Anabaptists. Their process will soon be made—at the latest at this new Parliament, which commences on the 20th, and will finish the affairs about religion.
These are the news. Nothing else is spoken of except the expected return of duke Philip of Bavaria to marry the lady Mary, and the jousts and pastimes at the Coronation at Whitsuntide.
French extract.
10 April. 486. Marillac to Montmorency.
Ribier, I. 513. The farce of which I have already written has been still better played by those who, after encouraging the doctors at whose preaching they despoiled the abbeys, and took the wealth of the Church, now procure the ruin of the said doctors, who lay the blame upon them—amongst others upon Cromwell and the abp. of Canterbury, who do not know where they are. Within few days there will be seen in this country a great change in many things; which this King begins to make in his ministers, recalling those he had rejected and degrading those he had raised. Cromwell is tottering, for all those recalled, who were dismissed by his means, reserve “une bonne pensee” for him; among others the bishops of Hoyncester, Durans and Belde, (fn. 37) men of great learning and experience, who are now summoned to the Privy Council. It is said on good authority that Tonstallus, bp. of Durans, a person in great esteem with the learned, shall be vicar general of the spiritualty, and that the bp. of Belde (fn. 36) shall be keeper of the Privy Seal, which are Cromwell's two principal titles. In any case, the name of vicar general will not remain to him, as even his own people assert. If he remains in his former credit and authority it will only be because he is very assiduous in affairs, although rough (grossier) in his management of them, and that he does nothing without first consulting the King, and also shows himself willing to do justice, especially to foreigners.
Those here are surprised at the delay of your journey to the Emperor, especially as their ambassador in Flanders writes that your coming is no longer spoken of. Duke Philip returning shortly for the marriage with Madame Marie (as in No. 487). London, 10 April, 1540.
10 April. 487. Marillac to Montmorency. (fn. 38)
R. O.
Kaulek, 176.
the whole
“Monseigneur, touchant le surplus de ce qui se pourroit escrire”; all affairs of state are dead for the present. The English express wonder at the delay of Montmorency's journey, and say their ambassador in Flanders writes that it is not spoken of. Answers that the amity of Francis and the Emperor is as good as could be; but that as he has had no letters since Easter, he cannot tell the motive of this particular, which also is beyond his charge. The return and marriage of duke Philip continue to be spoken of. A trustworthy personage says her dot is only 9,000l. or 40,000 crs., payable in three years, and he takes her as illegitimate. Montmorency will have heard of the release from prison of the widow of the marquis who had his head cut off. (fn. 39) However, his son remains in the Tower, and the mother (fn. 40) and the little nephew (fn. 41) of Cardinal Pole, who, they say, will soon come out also. (fn. 42) Nevertheless, the male children shall remain there, lest some day they should trouble this Crown. The duke of Suffolk has asked Marillac to beg Montmorency to remember his (Suffolk's) affairs, about which he now writes to Mr. Wallop, who has ample instructions on the subject. Does not know much of the question. Begs him to remember “poor Marillac” upon the subject declared in the letters of 26 March. London, 10 April.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
10 April. 488. Oxford, Canterbury College.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender (by Wm. Sandewyche, custos, and the scholars) of the college and all its possessions in cos. Oxon and Sussex, and elsewhere in England, Wales and the marches thereof. 10 April, 31 Hen. VIII. No signatures. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 36.]
Seal broken.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 4, no. 26] as acknowledged, same day, before Sir Chr. Hales, master of the Rolls.
10 April. 489. Sir Giles Russell, Turkoplier, to [Lord Russell].
Otho C. ix.
B. M.
[My very] good Lorde, du recomendations premy[sed] … by my lettars duplicates off the first day off dese[mbre, most humbl]ye desyryng your lordshipe to have all my caws[es, whether for [w]orshype or profyt for recommended as my spesyall trust is; [which] lettars I trust your lordshype hath resavyd or now, sey[ing] that Sir Clement West by lettars hath informyd my lord Pryvy [Seal again]st me, but what I cannot knaw the trowe; wherfore I can[not an]swar to hit. [But] this I am suar off that off truth he nor … pretendyd in word nor ded ony manr thyng that m … Kynges Majesty and more at altymes I have done and … I cold thynk to be for the most honor and profyzt for our h … sogettes or for hony one of thame this I dowght not to … for thys causis I have sowht to have had my lycens to have cu[m home for] that I myght answar for myselff, but for all that I can do hed[erto I can obt]ene no grant off lycans off our lord master. Wherefore I am cons[trained to tell you] how Master Westes matters have passed here, off wych my broder s[hall infor]me your lordshype, by wych I trust your lordshype shall parfytely knaw [that I am ready] to do all thyng that I may knaw to be the Kynges Majestes pl[esure] … that I wyll no maner thynges pretend. I desire your lordshype to [tell the Kyn]ges grase yff nede be, and my lord Pryvy Seyle and othar off his most [Privy Council] that his Grace may knaw the truthe in maner that he take no dis[pleasure th]rowgh wrong infurmation; soo yowr lordshype shall bynde me e[ver to d]oo yow servys and pleasure at altymes to the otarmost of my powar. [In these] payrtys all this begynnyng off the yare we have had nues off sertan [that theTur]ke hath preparid a very gret harmy by sey and by land, but now [we have new]es that the Hemprowar, the Frenche Kyng and Venisians have truse with [the said Tur]ke for vj monthes, sum says for a yere, also it sayd that the empror [makes 25 galleys and 50] shypes in Genes with iij thowsand sowgars off Italions and Sp[aniards, and] also xv thowsand Ahnans, all wych is sayd shall cum into Syssell [which is not] lykly yff he have truse with the Torke, and spesially for that he can make n[o war against] no plase off Barbare for the caus thay be all fryndes to the Gret [Turk], and I do thynke thay be all comprehendid in the truse. Thus Jh'a have [you in] his kepyng. Frome Malta, the tenth day off April 1540.
“By yowar assuryd to his powar,
(Signed) “Sir Gylis Russell k. Turkoplier.”
Mutilated. The writing in parts illegible.
10 [April.] 490. Sir Giles Russell to [Sir John Mablesteyn].
Otho C. ix.
B. M.
… wt the cownter (?).
… Februari and also the second for … furst off wych I wrott yow answer and so ad … savyd it for me for wych I hartly thank yow … [g]overnyng off my commandri I gaff no farder actorite … [than I] have wrytyne to yow at large in my former lettars … yowr cownsill shuld have the governanse off it for my … shuld not lett yt but frome zere to zere so yt yt myght [still be mi]ne at my comyng home, and more expresly yt the r[ents at the] days of payment shuld be payd into yowr handes, as was … maner I gaff hyme actorite by my lettars and no oder ways … wayes I wyll desire yow to se yt left as yow dyd afore for … in yowr handes. I have and do seke to get my lycans to cum [home] … but hederto I can optane no maner grant off lycans, and in m … yow and oder my fryndes may answer in causis yt maye be layd a … in send yow a information (fn. 43) how I have ordreyd me toward m … wych I pray yow sheu to my broder and oder my fryndes and oder [as you think] requisit; and for that I have gret desire to be in Ingland to answa[r] … I wyll sew diligently for to have lyzans the wych onys opt[eyned, by the Grace] off God I wyl not be long owzt off Ingland, and for that I wold … money, wych I cannot get wt owzt intrest I pray yow ca[use my brother to send] me all my rentes in his handes wt all the diligens. [Before the] yend off the somar yff the Tork make no armado I trust … And here his said yt the Vynisians Emperour and Fransch Kyng [have made truce with the] Torke for vj monthes or a yere; yff so be hit is to be thowht [the Turk] wyll make no armad; but of thys we be here in do[ubt, for] the Emprour at Janua makes 25 gales and 50 shipes, and the Fra[nch King has] redy his galis and sertin shipis at Marsellys; the saying ys yt [they shall go] to gydar to Sissill, wych is not likly yff thaye have truse wt [the Turk for] vj monthes nor yet to go to no plase off Barbarea, for alb[e friends to the] Grett Torke and to Barbarossa, who I thynke have comprehen[ded all their] fryndes in the trusse, wherfore yt is marvylyd wheder yt in … also thayre is sayd that the Emprour makes 15,000 men in Almay[n, all] wych thay saye shall cum into Sissill, wych is unlikly, for thay … garnyson off townes and more yff thay shuld be in campe th[ey shall] distroy all the contry, spesially thys zere for because all co[rn is] scase so yt thayre ys dowzt weder thys armado shuld goo … yd off the trouthe I pray … Sir David Goustone yow shal be inf[ormed] … wo departyd hens the thyrty day of … who hath contynuyd wt me evar seyth … and his callyd Randull Madoke wych I p … in to Ingland with sum stuffe of myne, and because … wt me and thynke he shalbe in Ingland or I cum t … goode servys yt at his aryvyng he may be suar off s … wyll desiar yow yt at the furst chaptar provinsiall … lord and all his bredar there yt yt may plese thaim … covent dede off a fe off my commandry acording to … mayd at Vitarba; wych jostely I may gyffe and I trust … yt. No more to yow at this tyme but Jhu have yow [in his keeping] and send us good metyng. From Malta, the x day … 1540.”
(Signed) Sir Gylis Russell tork[oplier].
Mutilated, pp. 2.
10 April. 491. Sir Giles Russell, Turcopolier, to Sir John Russell.
R. O. Commend me to my sister, your wife, and my nephew, your son. I have answered all your letters by letters of mine, the last 29 December last. Delayed writing as I expected to have been in England ere this. I cannot, however, obtain licence of the lord Master. Send me my rents if you have not yet sent them. I hear you received the Midsummer rent and think you have the Christmas rent; if they had come to Mr. Sub-prior's hands the first at least would have been here ere now; but when I last heard from England you were not yet come to London and could not send them. Cannot live here without money, and it will cost me much to come home. In future, let Sir John Mablesteyn, sub-prior of St. John's, receive the rents of my commandry, that you may have no trouble. Bearer will tell the news, and, by the ambassadors of our religion, I will write you more. Commend me to lord Russell, to whom I wrote by my last letters. Malta, 10 April 1540.
Has written an information (fn. 44) to Mr. Sub-prior which he may communicate to Lord Russell, so as to inform my lord Privy Seal.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Strenesham, in Worcestershire.
[11 April.] 492. Sir John Dudley to Sadler.
Royal MS.
7 C. xvi., 151.
B. M.
Desires to be tenant of one of his houses at Hackney, either Mr. Heron's or any other he can spare, at the usual rent. “Scribbled in haste, being something accrased, at Cornwalles house this present Sunday.”
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Ralph Sadler, one of the principal Secretaries.
11 April. 493. E. duchess of Norfolk to the Earl of Westmoreland.
R. O. I shall never forget the pains you took for me. Make no more suit to my lord my husband, for no prisonment shall make me lie on myself; I am so used to it this 7 years that I care not for it. I send you by bearer 2 dishes of almond butter, and one to my sister and another to my niece Dorothy, and wafer cakes to you and my sister and the gentlewomen, and 4 doz. cakes to Mrs. Danyell; also to my sister a gold ring, and to my niece Dorothy a “bowid royall” of gold. If you see my uncle of Huntingdon, commend me to him and my aunt. I pray I may break my prisonment I have had this 7 years, that I may come abroad and see my friends. Redbourne, 11 April. Signed: sister in law.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.


  • 1. William Wright, who was admitted as master five years later in succession to Dr. Cootes.
  • 2. William Whyte, S.T.B., master of Balliol from 1525 to Nov. 1539.
  • 3. He died on the 1st April 1540. See Inquis. post mortem 32 Hen. VIII., No. 16.
  • 4. The words bracketed, and the gaps in this quotation are illegible in the MS.
  • 5. These are marked as prebendaries in the new foundation and have, therefore, no pension assigned to them, or else a pension in addition to the office.
  • 6. Petty canons in the new foundation.
  • 7. These are marked as prebendaries in the new foundation and have, therefore, no pension assigned to them, or else a pension in addition to the office.
  • 8. Petty canons in the new foundation.
  • 9. The alteration “petty canon” and “nil” has been cancelled.
  • 10. The word “not,” i.e. notandum, in the margin.
  • 11. Gospeller in the new foundation.
  • 12. Scholar in the new foundation.
  • 13. Epistoler in the new foundation.
  • 14. Although the following papers seem all to be of a much earlier date, they are placed here at the date of the dissolution of the monastery of Christchurch, Canterbury, as illustrations of disputes between the monastery and the municipality.
  • 15. “La Naur” in transcript.
  • 16. Ant. Aucher. See No. 269, where he is inaccurately styled by Partridge mayor of Dover. He was really paymaster of the works there.
  • 17. Wallop's speeches are here prescribed to him in the first person.
  • 18. The Six Articles.
  • 19. The Pope's.
  • 20. Of Cleves.
  • 21. See No. 337, p. 136.
  • 22. Ric. Bellasis.
  • 23. See No. 319.
  • 24. The other three were Kennerday, Stephens, and Pelham. See No. 460.
  • 25. The Six Articles.
  • 26. This would seem to be the death of his daughter Alys, first wife of Sir Anthony Browne.
  • 27. The time of the herring mart at Calais, viz., between Michaelmas and St. Andrew's day.
  • 28. Crossed out.
  • 29. Sir Edmund Bryndeholme.
  • 30. John Botolf.
  • 31. Kettlebarston. See § 3.
  • 32. Lisle.
  • 33. Edward Serjeant (Seryeant). See No. 495, p. 212.
  • 34. So in MS., but the 28th March was Easter day.
  • 35. Extracts of this letter printed in S. P. viii., 312 note.
  • 36. Barnes, Garrard, and Jerome.
  • 37. Perhaps a misreading of “Bade” (bishop of Bath).
  • 38. Apparently this is the latter part of the preceding despatch, which in Ribier is not printed in full.
  • 39. The marquis of Exeter.
  • 40. Countess of Salisbury.
  • 41. Lord Montague's son.
  • 42. “Qu'on dict aussi sortira bien tost.” It is to be observed that the verb is singular, and apparently (by what follows) the “who” must mean “the mother,” not “the little nephew.”
  • 43. See No. 523.
  • 44. See No. 523.