Henry VIII: June 1540, 21-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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'Henry VIII: June 1540, 21-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540, (London, 1896) pp. 376-412. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp376-412 [accessed 24 April 2024]


June 1540, 21–30

21 June. 800. Francis I. and the Duke of Cleves.
Ribier, i.
Commission of William duke of Juliers, &c., to John Gogravius, his chancellor, Herman a Wachtendonck, marshal, and Dr. Herman Cruserius, to conclude a league with France. Dusseldorpii, 1540, 21 June.
22 June. 801. Henry VIII. to Wallop.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
Has seen his letter of the 16th inst. to the Council, showing the “friendly rejoyse” of the French king, the Constable, and others, at the discovery of the treasons of the late Privy Seal, which has been further testified by his own letters to his ambassador here. You mention that cardinal Belly told you, in reference to these matters, that he had been informed by Catilion on his return from England, that the late Privy Seal intended to make himself king, and that you heard the same of the Portuguese ambassador, with addition that he intended to marry the lady Mary. You are to thank the said Cardinal and ask him to write and get Catillion to declare particulars, and who were his informants, and further you shall wade with the Portuguese ambassador to find out the authors of his sayings. The ambassador of Cleves has informed us that the Duke, his master, finding the Emperor has only practised with him for his own advantage by overtures of marriage, intends to provide marriage for himself elsewhere, and that Cruzerus, his ambassador with the French king, has lately repaired to him from Francis, to advise him not to conclude too hastily; that the Duke desired the King's advice in the matter before despatching Cruzerus back to France, and wished Henry to write to Wallop to help them with his counsel. Desires Wallop therefore, when Cruzerus returns, to inform him that Henry intends sending over some other member of his Council learned in the laws, to join with Wallop, and meanwhile Wallop shall grope and fish out all their purposes and commission, both with the King and other personages of honour there, without laying himself open to suspicion; so that Henry may know what he is seeking, and how he is disposed to all parties, whether the French favour his suit, and whether he has that confidence in Henry which he pretends.
Corrected Draft. Endd.: The minute of the King's Majesty's letter to Mr. Wallop, the two and twentieth of June.
22 June. 802. Robert Burgoyne to John Scudamore.
Add. 11, 041,
f. 29.
B. M.
Has, at the intercession of his friend Mr. Rob. Hennage, granted his goodwill for the office of collector of rents and farms of the late Black Friars in Hereford, to the bearer, Thos. Nobelett, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Hackney, 22 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
23 June. 803. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 192.
[London], 23 June:—Yesterday, presented to this King his letters of credence touching Cromwell, and spoke of the harm done by such a minister, and the expediency of taking him away before he had completed his unhappy designs. He took it in good part, and, in return, he informs Francis, as amity requires that nothing should be concealed, that, as regards Garard, his rebe. and traitor, against whom Francis delivered letters of arrest; when his ambassador required the Emperor to do the like in his country, to which the said rebel had now withdrawn, according to the treaties, the Emperor replied that in France they had made a pretence of wishing to take him, under cover of which they had let him easily escape, and that indeed he was secretly supported by the French more than by his (the Emperor's) subjects, as was evident because the said rebel frequented the house of the French ambassador. This King can only think such a reply intended to put suspicion between him and Francis, and desires Francis to compare it with other actions heretofore. As for him he will always be found Francis' best brother, &c.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
23 June. 804. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 193.
(The whole
[London], 23 June:—Had their posts made as good speed as the English courier, Montmorency should have known of the taking of Cromwell as soon as Wallop did. Nothing else is spoken of here, and in a week at latest the said prisoner is expected to be executed and treated as be deserves, as appears by the presages and arguments here following.
To commence with the day of his taking in the Council Chamber of the King's house at Westminster:—As soon as the Captain of the Guard declared his charge to make him prisoner, Cromwell in a rage cast his bonnet on the ground, saying to the duke of Norfolk and others of the Privy Council assembled there that this was the reward of his services, and that he appealed to their consciences as to whether he was a traitor; but since he was treated thus he renounced all pardon, as he had never thought to have offended, and only asked the King not to make him languish long. Thereupon some said he was a traitor, others that he should be judged according to the laws he had made, which were so sanguinary that often words spoken inadvertently with good intention had been constituted high treason. The duke of Norfolk having reproached him with some “villennyes” done by him, snatched off the order of St. George which he bore on his neck, and the Admiral, to show himself as great an enemy in adversity as he had been thought a friend in prosperity, untied the Garter. Then, by a door which opens upon the water, he was put in a boat and taken to the Tower without the people of this town suspecting it until they saw all the King's archers under Mr. Cheyney at the door of the prisoner's house, where they made an inventory of his goods, which were not of such value as people thought, although too much for a “compaignon de telle estoffe.” The money was 7,000l. st., equal to 28,000 crs., and the silver plate, including crosses, chalices, and other spoils of the Church might be as much more. These movables were before night taken to the King's treasury—a sign that they will not be restored.
Next day were found several letters he wrote to or received from the Lutheran lords of Germany. Cannot learn what they contained except that this King was thereby so exasperated against him that he would no longer hear him spoken of, but rather desired to abolish all memory of him as the greatest wretch ever born in England. To commence, this King distributed all his offices and proclaimed that none should call him lord Privy Seal or by any other title of estate, but only Thomas Cromwell, shearman (tondeur de draps), depriving him of all his privileges and prerogatives, and distributing his less valuable moveables among his (Cromwell's) servants, who were enjoined no longer to wear their master's livery. From this it is inferred that he will not be judged with the solemnity accustomed to be used to the lords of this country, nor beheaded; but will be dragged up as an ignoble person, and afterwards hanged and quartered. A few days will show; especially as they have determined to empty the Tower at this Parliament, which finishes with this month.
As to the other prisoners, people know not yet what to say except that there is good hope as regards the Deputy of Calais, of whom the King has said he could not think the said Deputy erred through malice but rather through ignorance.
It remains to name those who have succeeded to Cromwell's estates. Will not depict those whom Montmorency knows already. The Admiral is made lord Privy Seal, and lord Russell Admiral; the bp. of Durham is first secretary; of the office of vicar as to the spiritualty, no decision has yet been come to, but people say that if one is made it will be the bp. of Winchester, who, since the imprisonment of his great adversary, has been called to the Privy Council, which, before, he was not accustomed to enter. For affairs of justice they have deputed the Chancellor, who, among other virtues, can neither speak French nor Latin, and has the reputation of being a good seller of justice whenever he can find a buyer. They have given him for colleague a new chancellor (fn. 1), of the Augmentations, the most wretched person in England, who was first inventor of the overthrow of abbeys, and of all innovations in the Church—in fact, he invented and Cromwell authorised —and he had the title of the Augmentations for having increased the King's revenue, but might be called, from another point of view, Chancellor of the Diminutions, for having diminished the wealth of the Church and his reputation as a learned and wise man. “Mais il a faict preuve de son sçavoir en toute malheureté.”
Would have presented the letters of credence from the King (received with Montmorency's letters on the 15th) sooner, but was confined to his chamber by a fever. However, as Norfolk, to whom, as instructed, he had communicated everything, desired him to address this King in the form which had been written to him, Marillac ventured out the sooner both on account of Norfolk's request, and also to hear news from this King, especially of the end of him who was the commencement of so many evils in England. Has reported the conversation to the King almost as it was spoken; and certes it has been redoubled by his ministers, who now promise marvels, as the obstacle which was always in the way has been taken from their midst, meaning Cromwell.
Omitted to mention that lord Leonard de Clidas (fn. 2) has been lately taken to the Tower accused of intelligence with the Irish opponents of this King. It is he who took his cousins and nephews in Ireland and brought them here, where they were executed.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 6.
24 June. 805. Henry VIII. to Sir Wm. Brereton and Others.
Irish Pat.
Roll 32–33,
Hen. VIII.
m. 1d.
Directs them to cause all harness and household goods left there by the late lord Leonard Grey to be appraised, and delivered to Sir Ant. St. Leger, who is appointed Deputy. Westm., 24 June 32 Hen. VIII.
Enrolment. See Morrin's Calendar, p. 74.
25 June. 806. George Monoux.
Add. MS.
18, 783.
B. M.
Ledger book of George Monoux, draper and alderman of London, commenced 1 Jan. 1507.
Contains copies of indentures and title deeds (fn. 3) relating to lands purchased or leased by Monoux:—
(1) f. 2. Lease by the prior and convent of Hatfield Regis, Essex, of their manor of Nosterfield, in the parish of Castel Campes, Camb., 17 and 21 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. The convent consists of Ric. Havyr, prior (note, in a later hand: “Havir alias Stondon”), J. Assheley, sub-prior, John Storford, Wm. Swaffom, and Wm. Bryan.
(2) f. 5. Record of delivery, made the third Sunday in June 19 Hen. VIII., by the prior and convent of Christchurch, London, patrons and owners of the rectory and vicarage of Walthamstowe, Essex, with the consent of Thos. Hickman, LL.B., incumbent there, of a piece of ground (described) in the churchyard of Walthamstowe; for the erection of 14 rooms for a schoolmaster and 13 poor men and women (coloured plan of buildings). With a set of rules dated 1541, 33 Hen. VIII., for the government of the said almshouse.
(3) f. 6d. Sale, by Sir Henry Owen, of Newe Tymbre, Sussex, son and heir apparent of Sir David Owen, to George Monoux, of 6 tenements, described, in Lumbard Street and Kinges Street in Cornhill, 15 June 7 Hen. VIII. I.O.U. given by Owen to Monoux for 250l. for goods bought in the Staple at Westminster, 15 June 7 Hen. VIII. Quit claim by Sir Hen. Owen, son and heir of Mary Owen, dec., one of the daughters and heirs of John Bohun, and Dorothy, wife of the said Henry, of seven messuages in the parishes of St. Mary Wolnoth and St. Michael's, Cornhill, 22 May 9 Hen. VIII.; with a quit claim, for rights in the property, by Jasper Owen, brother of Sir Henry, dated 22 Jan. 8 Hen. VIII., and other deeds. Records relating to the sale of the Pope's Head tavern in Lombard Street by Sir Henry Owen to George Monoux in 8 Hen. VIII. With six other evidences relating to the above property.
(4) f. 13d. Three rentals of Monoux's property, one undated, the others dated 1 March 1537[-8] 29 Hen. VIII., and Christmas 29 Hen. VIII.
(5) f. 15. Sale of property in London by Edm. Colopp, tailor, son and heir of John Colopp, tapicer, and Margaret, late his wife, in 24 Hen. VIII., some of them being receipts for rent given by the college of St. Stephen's, Westminster (John Chamber, master, 1 April 6 Hen. VIII.).
(6) f. 23. Sale, 27 Aug. 1513, by John Turnour, spurrier, of quit rents in the parishes of St. Stephen's and St. Nicholas, Fleshshambles.
(7) f. 27. Sale, 8 Oct. 4 Hen. VIII., by Wm. Barkbye, scrivener, of tenements at Garlickhithe, in London.
(8) f. 31. Sale, 7 Sept. 6 Hen. VIII., by John Froston, grocer, and Margaret his wife, daughter of Thomasine Roys, widow, sister and heir of John Frenshe, late baker, of London, of a tenement in Thames Street, parish of St. Martin Orgar.
(9) f. 34. Sale, 26 Oct. 7 Hen. VIII., by Sir Giles Capell, s. and h. of Sir Wm. Capell, dec., of tenements in Candlewick Street, London. Several documents, one bound out of place at f. 61.
(10) f. 37d. Sale, 4 June 8 Hen. VIII., by John Sabbe, of lands in St. Olave's parish, Southwark, which formerly belonged to Richard Cokkes.
(11) f. 43. Sale, 15 April 4 Hen. VIII., by John Norres, mercer, of a brewhouse called the Flower, in Fenchurch Street.
(12) f. 47. Sale, 15 Dec. 4 Hen. VIII., by Wm. Norres, of Stevenage, Herts, brother and heir of Robt. Norres, mercer, dec., and John Norres, mercer, son and heir apparent of the said William, of a tenement called the Swan, beside Newgate prison.
(13) f. 53. Sale, 6 March 1 Hen. VIII., by John Yorke, of Twygnam, Midd., late of Hilthrope, in Rammesbery parish, Wilts, son and heir of Wm. Yorke, late of London, and Thos. Yorke of Hilthrope, son and heir apparent of the said John, of all the lands in London, Surrey, Oxon, Bucks, or elsewhere in England, which belonged to John Yorke's father, William, or were held by Sir Giles lord Daubeney to the use of Wm. Yorke, youngest son of the said William.
(14) f. 57d. Sale, 10 May 7 Hen. VIII., by John Brogreve, of Tadlowe, Camb., son and heir of Wm. Brogreve, dec., draper, of London, and of Elizabeth his wife, dec., of tenements in Walbroke, London.
(15) f. 62. The “fifteenth” of Walthamstowe, Giles Heron, for Highhall and Lowhall 15s., Mr. Johnson for Salisbury Hall 5s., Lioll Ballard for Highambenstede 5s., Mr. Monoux for all his lands 5s., Mr. Price for his lands 5s., and 56 other householders rated at from 3s. down to 2d.
(16) f. 63. Sale, by Ric. Skotte, of Great Pekham, Kent, (through Giles Brugge, draper), 24 Aug. 30 Hen. VIII., of the manor of Buckerells in Shingelford alias Chyngford, Essex.
(17) f. 67. Sale, 26 April 24 Hen. VIII., by Giles Bridges, draper, and Ant. Bridges, of their interest (by them purchased 14 Feb. 23 Hen. VIII.), in a lease, dated 25 Oct. 21 Hen. VIII., by Nicholas, the prior, and the convent of Christchurch within Aldgate, to Wm. Hancok, draper, of the parish church of Walcomstowe alias Welcomstowe, Essex, except the advowson, for 79 years.
(18) f. 72d. Sale by Robt. Hawton, plummer, 17 Dec. 7 Hen. VIII., of a lease made to him 24 April 26 Hen. VIII., by Thos. Docwra, prior, and the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, of lands besides Withmedes and in Chingford, Essex, for 59 years. Two documents, cancelled (a copy of one of them, also cancelled, is at f. 26d.
(19) f. 73d. Lease, 7 March 20 Hen. VIII., by the prior and convent of St. John of Jerusalem, to Thos. Monoux, of lands in Chingford and Walthamstow, Essex, late in tenure of Geo. Monoux, for 60 years.
(20) f. 74. Lease by Thos. Monoux to George Monoux, 8 July 29 Hen. VIII., for 40 years, of the Pope's Head and other tenements in Lombard Street, lately enfeoffed to him by the said George.
(21) f. 74d. Sale by John Stondon, of Chingford, Essex, 27 Nov. 30 Hen. VIII., of lands in Chingford, Suerston, and Walthamstow, which the said John purchased, 13 July previously, from John Ranwyk, of London, brewer, and Beatrice, his wife.
(22) f. 80d. Survey and plan of the four fields called St. John's Ground, in Walthamstowe and Chingford, which the convent of St. John leased to Mr. Houghton, Mr. George Monoux, and Thos. Monoux.
(23) f. 82. “The 15 within the parish of Chingford.” List of 33 names and figures beginning, “Of Edward Broke, gent., for the earl of Rutland is lands, 10s.
(24) f. 82d. Pedigree of Ric. Scotte, son of Sir John Scott, who, in 30 Hen. VIII., sold his lands in Chingford to George Monoux, with some notes of the transaction.
(25) f. 84. Award made by George Monoux, alderman, and John Archer of Chingford, 25 June 32 Hen. VIII., between Thos. Robyns and Ric. Vaughan. With some notes about that and other matters, and a list of lands in Chingford.
(26) f. 86. Sale, by John Cokkes of Broxbourne, Herts, and John Thurgood, his servant, 3 Feb. 1 Mary, and 14 June 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, of lands in Chingford, to Ric. Vaughan and Anne his wife.
(27) f. 88. Notes of the surrender of lands in Chingford and Walthamstowe, by Geo. Monoux, jun., to Ric. Vaughan, under Philip and Mary, and Elizabeth.
(28) f. 89. Extracts from rolls of Edw. III. relating to disputes between the abbeys of Barking and Stratford about the repair of certain bridges in Bowe and Stratford.
(29) f. 93d. Another pedigree of Ric. Scotte (see § 24), with notes about lands in Chingford.
(30) f. 94d. List of possessions “late of Sir Thomas Parry,” with some notes about the manor of Welford, Berks, which forms parcel of them. Note by Ric. Vaughan that the Queen has given the manor of Welford to Thos. Parry, “my nephew.”
(31) f. 96. Sales, by Sir Henry Owen, 10 and 13 Hen. VIII., of lands in London and Southwark.
(32) f. 100d. Extracts from Court rolls of Walthamstowe, Chingford, and Higham Benstede, 5–13 Hen. VIII., among which are many later notes relating to the lands mentioned, and also (at f. 106) a remedy for the colic; and a list of 10 rules to be considered by him “that will lands buy or purchase,” ending, “caveat emptor quod Vaughan.”
(33) f. 117. Rough notes about money matters, a receipt given by Edw. Broke for rent, &c., and an epitaph for George Monoux, who “died the 9 kalendes of Febr. 1539” (?). (fn. 4)
Bound volume containing 118 leaves written upon, and many blank leaves.
25 June. 807. Jo. Poggio, Nuncio, to Cardinal Farnese.
Vatican MS. The Emperor will make all haste to put this land in order and go into Germany and on to Italy, not without design of soon returning to Spain, if the affairs of Germany do not hinder him and the practise of the Diet turns out better than is expected. Lunden, like every one else who speaks of it, shows very little hope of success, and has said to the Legate that he puts every hope in the accord being made with Cleves and would like that the enterprise of Denmark (Datia qu. Dacia?) should be attended to. Speaking at Ghent of the matter of Cleves, the “magior domo magior” said to the Legate that the Emperor had good hope of concord in a few days, in spite of the opposition of a certain party. Is told that the negociation is referred anew to the King of the Romans, who will do what he can to make it successful, as he thinks it would open a way to gain England, because this new declaration of his (the King of England's) and what he said to the Imperial Ambassador when he arrested Cromwell, give great hope of improvement. * * * Bruges, 25 June 1540.
Italian. Add.: Cardinal Farnese, Chancellier. From a modern extract in R. O., pp. 2.
25 June. 808. News from Rome,
Vit. B. xiv.
B. M.
“Ex literis Romæ da[tis] die xxv. Junii,
“Primo quod attinet ad res Turcicas, [Veneti et] Turcus inierunt concordiam, dictique [Veneti] Turcis dederunt duo loca magni mo[menti quæ] antea possidebant in Morea, unu[m dicitur] Neapolis Romaniæ, alter dicitur [Malvesia,] qui est portus celeberrimus, et in … conditiones; conventum quoque est, u … liceat, libere execere commercia … ciationes in Turcicis ditionibus … quinquennio.
“Hec concordia displicet Cesariani[s ob duas] causas, partim ob conditiones, qu[e] … intelliguntur, partim etiam quod susp[icantur] graviora subesse, que secreto … Etenim Venetorum ora[tor qui] apud Episcopum Romanum agit, dum loqueret[ur cum] prefato Episcopo de hac concordia, d[ixit]. [esse]initas alias cum Turco condition[es que forsan] pro Venetorum honore reticentur, … suspicantur multi, quod Veneti pr[omiserint] se amicos amicis et hostes [hostibus] futuros.
“Venetis displicuit hoc genus [federis cum Turco] conclusum per oratores [suos, quia minime in] mandatis haberent ut hujuscemodi con[dit]iones inhonestas admitterent, eo præsertim [qu]ando frumenti penuria gravissime labo[r]abant, quum tamen hoc anno sit per totam [I]taliam multa habundantia et copia, debu[is]sent dicti oratores hujusmodi conditiones differre, sicque Veneti coguntur … itis conditionibus stare, allegantque quod casu quo non ita convenissent, et Turca suscepisset aliquam grandem expeditionem contra Christianos, omne malum in ipsos primo redundasset, et nunc hujus trac[t]atus vigore sperant se ultimos fore [q]uibus damnum inferatur. Sed jam intelli[g]itur Turcicam classem esse dissolutam, et pro hoc anno parum Christianis esse ab ea timendum.
“[Nuper] erant creati duo Cardinales Legati, qui [ad] Dietam Spyre proficiscerentur, [sed] postea mutata fuit sententia, ob … causas, primo quod Cardinalis Contarenus … est, et eo nomine Cæsari et Germanis forsan ingratus, de[inde quod Romani] curiales sciebant se nihil [profuturos] ex hac Spyrica Dieta.
“Perusinis res sue infoeliciter ces[serunt] … qui postquam in civitatem admisisse [Radulphum] (fn. 5) Balionum, multe spei et expectat[ionis] … decepti sunt opinione sua, nam … [ma]nus deseruit civitatem et sec[um abduxit] duo mille pedites electos, et pri[ncipes Peru]sini, ex hac re perterriti, cum bo[nis suis] aufugerunt. Ceteri destituti po … receperunt in civitatem, nunc … ut deleatur pristina civitatis … Primum destruunt academiam, tol[lunt] … arma de civium manibus, dejici[untur] … tiones frumentarie et cogunt[ur] … emere sibi frumentum, ut sal … victu.
“Ex Neapoli intelligitur qualiter I … Doria ad Siculum latus ceperat … [trire]mes, unum galeonem, quatuor … septem minora navigia que … in Algierum mittebantur …”
Mutilated. Endd.
26 June. 809. Spoil of the Monasteries.
i. 63.
Account of gold, silver, jewels, and money delivered by John Williams, master of the Jewels, to the King, or to others for him, at various times, as follows (the weight, fashion, and other particulars of each article being specified):—
(Beginning lost.)—“Item, more, delivered unto his Majesty one pax of gold weighing nine ounces.” Item, delivered unto his Majesty, 23 May anno 31, a little pix of gold, an agate set in gold, &c. 15 May anno 31, a small cross of gold and an image garnished with 15 emeralds, 6 garnets, and certain small pearls, which came by the surrender and visitation of religious houses and cathedral churches in the West; also four chalices, &c. Delivered to Cornelius Heys, goldsmith, 14 Nov. anno 30°, to trim a cup called an agate, 53 oz. Delivered to the King, 19 June, a cross and pontifical which came from Winchester, also an eagle garnished with emeralds, &c., and a gold comb. Delivered 26 June ao 32°, a great amethyst, certain cameos or anticks, &c., which came from Lincoln cathedral. Total of gold, stones, and pearls, since last signing, 78¾ oz. Total of gold plate, 575¾ oz. Signed here by the King.
Money and new bought plate delivered by John Williams, master of the Jewels, since 1 Oct. ao 30, viz.:—To the King 1 Nov. ao 30°, by Ant. Denny, gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, 3,553l. 15 Feb. ao 30°, by John Williams, 10,000l., of which 1,000l. was in new groats. To Barnes, a goldsmith, for trimming images (minutely described) of the Father of Heaven, of a queen with sceptre and ball, of a king holding his right hand out, and of a king and queen both crowned. To the King a garnish of silver vessel, viz., two white chargers and platters, dishes and saucers 12 each. Wm. Greine, the King's coffer maker, and Cornelys, the lock-smith, for a coffer (described) with drawers to put stones in. To the King at Windsor by Mr. Draper and John Alile, 12 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII., 10,000l. To the King a bowl of fine gold bought of Thos. Trappes, goldsmith, with Queen Ann's sapphire in the cover, 90l. Total, 23,979l. 14s.d. Signed.
To the King by the lord Privy Seal against the coming of lady Anne of Cleve, warrant dated 18 Dec. ao 31°, 5,000l. Signed.
To Morgan Woolfe, goldsmith, for work done (described) upon 43 gilt images weighing 1,455 oz., and to a joiner for framing 43 pieces of timber to put within the same. To the King, 26 June ao 32°, twenty-seven old nobles and three small pieces of gold from Lincoln cathedral. Signed.
ii. Silver delivered to the King since 1 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII., received “of divers and sundry surrendered monasteries.”
Thirteen items of images (of St. Erikenwald and St. Appolyne), chalices, &c., described, without dates of delivery. Delivered 10 May ao 31° two garnish of silver vessel, described. Delivered 15 May ao 31° eight items, including a cross, &c., that came from visitation of religious houses and cathedral churches in the West, a super altar called “the Great Sapphire of Glasconberye,” a great piece of unicorn's horn, as is supposed, a piece of mother o' pearl like a shell, eight branches of fair coral, &c. Delivered 28 June, 248 oz. (described) which came by the attainder of Sir Adrian Fortescue. Delivered 2 Dec. a pair of candlesticks. Total 7,341¾ oz. Signed.
Delivered 17 Oct. ao 31° plate brought by Ric. Pollard and — Moile from the late attainted monasteries of Glasconberye and Reading. 26 Feb. ao 31°, by Robt. Southwell, Dr. London, and other, a foot of silver for a gold cross mentioned above, and 14 other items (described) being “mounstraunces,” chalices, basons, &c. Total since the last “sigment,” 2,460½ oz. Not signed.
Delivered 27 April ao 32° by Edw. Northe, a chalice which came from Christchurch, Canterbury. Also twelve other items (described) of salts, ewers, &c., and “Thomas Bekkett's staff.” Also by Thos. Spillman a pair of candlesticks and a chalice that came from Leeds. Also by Fras. Jopson four items from Walthame. A chair of wood covered with crimson velvet, &c., that came from Canterbury. Total, 3,048½ oz (which includes the last total). Signed.
Printed from a Bodleian MS.
26 June. 810. Covos to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28, 592 f. 127.
B. M.
The Council disapprove of the proposed marriage of the Prince with Margaret of France. A marriage with the Infanta of Portugal or Mons. de Labrit's daughter would be better. Madrid, 26 June 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 3. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., No. 109.
Ib. f. 129. 2. The same to the same.
The Inquisition. Pizarro and Peru. Madrid, 26 June 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 2. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., No. 110.
Ib. f. 130. 3. Two other letters from the same writer, on the subject of Lope Hurtado and of the keeping of the state papers. 26 June.
Spanish. Modern copies from Simancas, pp. 2 and p. 1. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., Nos. 111, 112.
27 June. 811. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
On receipt of letters of the Council dated the 10th inst., was abashed to perceive the “deprehension of the Lord Privy Seal accused of high treason.” Wonders that he whom the King had “advanced from the dunghill to great honour” should study to “pluck the sword” out of his benefactor's hand, and disturb his subjects with false doctrine, when the King had taken so much pains in often reasoning with the adverse party in religion. With these things concerning the “traitorie of Crumwell” the writer has satisfied all inquiries. The bearer can tell the news of the King's Irish traitors (fn. 6), of whom, since their flight, Pate can get no knowledge. Yesterday the prince of Salerno sent to say that he had obtained leave to go and visit the King, and wished to know how many days' journey it was from hence to Calice and thence to Dover and London. He wished this journey kept secret, as a great many of the Court would wish to accompany him, and he intended to ride with only 20 horse. The ambassadors of Saxony and the Landgrave have left in great haste. “This Court is the closest in the world, I think, for news,” and I have none worthy your Majesty. Bruges, 27 June.
Hol. Add. Endd.
27 June. 812. Pate to Norfolk.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
Rejoices to see all things succeeding. Has never forgotten Norfolk's goodness, although he was debarred from an opportunity of acknowledging it first by jealousy entertained about his frequent writing to the Duke in his first “legacy,” as he conjectured from a dangerous question put to him on his return from the Emperor by him (fn. 7) who did not love Norfolk, and 2ndly, by a warning of the same at his last departure out of England. Hears that the Bishop of Rome intends to send card. Contarini to the diet of Almain. Some say it will be deferred till September on account of the plague. This town has made Pate a present of wine. Hears that Chapuys returns shortly to England as ambassador. A learned Almain in this Court has made a book of Cromwell's fall, “painting him in his colours with lies enough of other like report made of ambassadors”; as bearer can report, who has been long acquainted with that nation, and has now at his being here heard things worth your knowledge. The man is learned and known to the King. Lord Lisle's chaplain (fn. 8) is delivered from prison and a schedule set up before that if any one could lay anything to his charge within eight days, he should be heard, otherwise he would be put at liberty. He is highly entertained by the bp. of Leage. The French ambassadors are highly entertained here. One of them will shortly leave. The Emperor, after 15 days' abode here, intends to see Holland. They are repairing the highways thitherward. It was rumoured the duke of Cleves was coming to this Court; but he has enough to do at home and is too wise to contend with his Majesty for Gueldres. Was overtaken on his journey towards Valentia by the bailiff of Cambray, who, not knowing Pate, told him the Dauphin assembled men in Picardy to send to Arde, and thought he should meet with the Emperor shortly about Artois. The messenger can inform you about an Englishman lately come to this town calling himself your servant. Diricke came to me late last night and purposed by and by to depart. Bruges, 27 June. Signed.
Add. Endd.
27 June. 813. Pate to Wriothesley.
R. O. Rejoices to hear the common rumours proved false touching Wriothesley's trouble, as bearer can report, who is W.'s faithful servant. The enclosed letters were written “to me of Abbes conjecte into prison” soon upon the knowledge of Thomas Cromwell's attachment. Desires to know whether he shall meddle in the same according to his suit. Within these 12 days the prince of Salerno will be in England to visit the King. Bruges, 27th of this present. Signed.
1. Add.: Mr. Thos. Wrythesley, secretary to the King's highness. Endd.: 27° Junii.
27 June. 814. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
Since the 17th, when he last despatched letters into England, there have come hither the electors of Cologne and Treves, and Lewis duke of Bavaria. The Protestant princes, as Saxony, the Iandgrave, Wurtemburg, margrave George of Brandenburg, and the cities of Upper Germany have sent ambassadors. The cities of Saxony and princes of Lower Germany are daily expected. Of the learned men, Osiander, Venceslaus, Butzerus, Capito, and Brentius are here; but no one has yet come from Wittenburg. The Protestants will come themselves if there be good hope of peace; but nothing is yet concluded, and it is now the fifth week that Ferdinand has been here. Those Protestants who are here came on the 22nd inst., and had an interview with Ferdinand the fourth day after. There was much discussion about electing persons to confer with the Protestants for union, till Ferdinand himself named the two electors, Palatine and Treves, the bp. of Strasburg and Louis duke of Bavaria; but little more is expected by the most sanguine than a peace among all parties in Germany in fear of the Turk. Nothing is likely to be determined about doctrine. There are different opinions of the French ambassador's object. Some think it has in view some arrangement about Milan and Savoy. The ambassador himself says the Emperor and King wished Francis to send some one to the Diet. On the 24th the ambassadors of Saxony and Hesse dined with the French ambassador, who informed them, showing letters of credence, that Francis wished to promote peace in Germany without sacrificing German liberty or the interests of religion; and that in all his dealings with the Emperor he had carefully excepted those two princes and the cause of the Protestants. The Saxon ambassadors have refused to do anything with Ferdinand unless he would grant them signed letters recognising the Elector's protest against his election. Card. Contarini is coming hither, but means first to obtain a pledge from Ferdinand to the Pope not to concede anything to the Lutherans. Hagenau, 27 June 1510.
Hol., Lat. Slightly mutilated. Add.
28 June. 815. Matthew Kyng to the Privy Council in England.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 218.
Came to Holyhead on the 16th, and could get no passage till the 23rd, when he arrived at Dublin and delivered the letters to the Lord Justice and others. Since his being in England the Irish have done no great hurt, because ONele, ODonell, and all the North, OConnor, OMolmoye, Magoghegain, and the Kelles and most of Connaught, with OBryin, have appointed a meeting at Fowre, in Meath, 6 July next, to parley with the Lord Justice; but it is thought here that they intend to overrun the English Pale. Prays for aid in time. Great need of artillery. Lately the army had to retire from the Tooles' country for want of bows, arrows, strings, and gunpowder. Not a spear to be had on this side of Galway, and most of the army without weapons. Alliances with the Irish should be stopped. The administrators of justice are unlearned and partial. The King is charged with many constableships where the ward amounts to three, four, or six men, who have enough to do to keep the hold itself and cannot defend the country round. There should be six footmen to keep the ward, and 30 or 40 horse to issue out at need. For the five years of his abode here he has seen them only oppressing the commonalty. Kildare is charged with 1,100 such, and they seem to have done little against this last invasion. The bows to be sent hither should be looked to, for of the last 50 per cent. were rotten and useless. Dublin, 28 June.
P.S.—This day OConor has taken Castell Gordan.
28 June. 816. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 196.
(Almost the
whole text.)
Has received his of the 23rd, and also that of the 10th about the matter of Cromwell, which arrived the day he wrote from Fontainebleau. Is much surprised at what Marillac writes touching this rebel of England. (fn. 9) Wallop, who is here, can witness how willingly and liberally Francis granted all the despatches desired for the capture of the said rebel, as if he had been a French subject; in pursuance of which despatches one of the rebel's followers (fn. 10) was taken, and the rebel himself would have been taken had he been found, as Wallop will have declared. As to the rebel frequenting the house of M. de Lavaur, the French ambassador in Flanders, as a refuge, can still less believe it, for the said bp. of Lavaur has no charge to receive him and is too wise to make such a mistake, knowing the amity between France and England. Has written to him of it. Marillac shall continue to report occurrents, especially the end of this matter of Cromwell. Paris, 28 June 1540.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
28 June. 817. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 196.
Read his last despatch to the King, who is pleased with his ample report of occurrences and writes to him upon the matter of the rebel of England. (fn. 9) Sends copy of a letter from M. de Lavaur, ambassador in Flanders, by which Marillac will see the fine language (propos) the king of England has held to the ambassador of Poland, and by comparing it with that held to himself, will perceive the tares (zizanie) and dissensions that King would sow between these two Princes. Thinks that King knows not to which to attach himself. Notes the fine distribution of Cromwell's estates; all goes according to the discretion it pleases God to give to him who rules there. The King shortly leaves for Normandy. Paris, 28 June.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
28 June. 818. The Cardinal and the Duchess of Mantua to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
Announcing the death of duke Frederic this day after 15 days' illness from fever. Mantua, 28 June 1540. Signed: Her. Carlis Mantuan: Mta ducissa Mantuæ.
Lat. Add. Sealed. Endd.
29 June. 819. Charles V. to James V.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi., 58.
B. M.
Urges, at some length, the claims of the Ostend fishermen robbed by Robert Fogo. Bruges, 29 June.
Lat. pp 2. Copy.
29 June. 820. Paul III. to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28, 592, f. 132.
B. M.
The Duchess, daughter of the Emperor, and her husband. (fn. 11) 29 June 1540.
Italian. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 2. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 113.
821. Anne of Cleves.
R. O. “An order to be observed in process for this matter.”
Memoranda in Gardiner's hand, with marginal notes appended in Wriothesley's, viz.:—
1. “The specialty to be broken t[o several] men with charge of secrecy upon their oaths.” 2. “That done, their resolution to be certified w[ith diligence].” 3. “To know of them the way and [manner of process] and the form thereof to be opened and d[ilated], and thereupon relation to be made to the [King's] Majesty.” In margin: “For the Spiritualty.”
4. “A consultation to be made how to [bring the] matter to execution, and that also to be [signified] to the King's Highness.” Margin: “For the Council.”
5. “An ensearch to be made to attain knowledge [of] the contract made with the prince of Lor[raine], whether it was de præsenti or de futuro.” Margin: “Mr. Wriothesley and Dr. Peter to make search at the Earl of Essex's house.”
6. “To see and search for the instrument [of renunciation] made since her coming into England, [wherein] Dr. Peter or Watkyns can tell mo[che].” Margin: “The said Wriothesley and Dr. Peter to examine Hussey, Watkins, and others.”
7. “To consider in what sort the King's [Majesty's Council] shall cause the matter to be opened unto the Queen, and by whom and when and [where].” Margin: “For the Council.”
8. “To cause the earl of Essex to be spoken [with and] examined of these matters.” Margin: “By such as the King's Majesty shall appoint.”
9. “How the King's Majesty shall order himself as using his liberty from matrimony or otherwise in the mean time.” Margin: “This to be deferred [to] the determination of the clergy.”
10. “A remembrance that as much proof as may be had be prepared and in aredynesse to declare the King's Majesty's misliking, his Grace's dissent and abstinence a carnali copula, and also her confession thereof if it may be attained.”
Pp. 2. Endd.: Notes for the matter of the lady Anne of Cleves.
Otho C., x.,
B. M.
2. Copy of the preceding without the marginal notes.
P. 1. Mutilated.
Otho, C. x.,
3. Six questions relating to the legality of the marriage of Anne of Cleves, viz.:—
B. M. 1. “First, to declare the difference between sponsalia [de] presenti and de futuro.” 2. “Whether either of them being not first … be a lawful impediment whereby the second m[arriage] may be declared nought with (sic) having appar[aunce of] consent lacked yet a perfect and hearty cons[ent, as] by proof of witness may appear.” 3. “Thirdly, if it may appear by witness [of relation] quod claustra non aperiebantur, and so [consummation] not following, nor intended, (fn. 12) with a certain [horror in] nature thereto appending, be matter sufficie[nt to] declare, upon a marriage not heartily (fn. 12) [consummate as] afore, the insufficiency thereof without f[urther pro]cess.” 4. “[Four]thly, whether the bere pot (fn. 13) be a s[ufficient disch]arge for the former spousal.” 5. “[Fifth]ly, if it be not a lawful imped[iment to the par]ties which contracted the second [marriage, kno]wing before of the first spousal, [to go together, not] having a better discharge to th[eir knowledge the]nne the bere pot.” 6. “Sixthly, to declare what deposition [and how man]y deponents be sufficient to [prove the lac]k of hearty consent and ….”
In Wriothesley's hand. Mutilated. With mutilated note at the foot (referring to the third question) in a different hand.
Otho C. x.,
B. M.
4. The same questions, each with the answer appended.
The answer to the third is prefaced as follows:—“If by witness of relation be meant such witness … depose the Quenes affirmation that she is not kn[own] … by inspection of her body affirm themself by the … that she remaineth unknown, these witness be … hearing to make faith in the matter. If by witness of relation be meant such w[itness as] heard the King's Majesty declare his misliking [both] before and after, whereby might appear the K[ing] … dissent, these witness be to be heard … in that point. If by witness of relation be meant … heard the King's Majesty open the secrete … Quene, and how his Grace could not … her, these witness do well enforce the … poynte more appear if the Quene do not … t.”
The answer to the fourth is: “The instrument signed with the bere pot (fn. 13) containeth no m[anner] of discharge at all, but rather ministereth matter of m[uch] doubt.”
Pp. 3. Mutilated.
822. Cromwell and the Anne of Cleves Marriage.
Titus, B. i.,
B. M.
“Questions to be asked of the lord Cromwell”:—1. Whether he asked the King, coming from “Rochester, how he liked the Queen and was answered, “Nothing so well as she was spoken of, and that if his Highness had known so much before, she should not have comen hither; but what remedy now?” Cromwell said he was sorry. 2. On her entry to Greenwich, after the King had brought her to her chamber, Cromwell waited upon his Grace in his, who said, “How say you, my Lord? Is it not as I told you, say what they will, she is nothing fair; the personage is well and seemly, but nothing else?” Cromwell replied, “By my faith, you say truth, but me thinketh she hath a queenly manner withal.” “That is truth,” quoth his Highness. 3. After this there was communication with the ambassadors of Cleves upon the covenants, “in the which, as it is remembered, there was lack found of ample commission for performance of covenants and treaties, which lacks his Majesty commanded the said lord Cromwell to declare; whereof one amongst other was that there did not appear her assent and consent to that commission.” On this Cromwell came, the back way, to the King to “declare” the same, and asked again how he liked her. The King answered, “If it were not that she is come so far into England, and for fear of making a ruffle in the world and driving her brother into th' Emperor and the French king's hands, now being together, I would never have her; but now it is too far gone, wherefore I am sorry.” 4. The eve of the marriage Cromwell told the King that the ambassadors and commissioners were agreed. His Grace asked, “How do you with the assurance which was made by her to the duke of Lorraine?” and added that she must make a renunciation herself. This Cromwell caused her to do, and returned to tell the King. “Then is there no remedy, quod his Majesty, but put my neck in the yoke?” 5. The morrow after, Cromwell asked the King if he liked her any better, and his Grace replied, “Nay, my Lord, much worse, for by her breasts and belly she should be no maid; which, when I felt them, strake me so to the heart that I had neither will nor courage to prove the rest.” Doubtless Cromwell remembers how that often, since, the King has said his nature abhorred her.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
Otho, C. x.,
B. M.
2. Another copy, subscribed by Cromwell: “All these articles be tr[ue by the] death I shall die, and m … as more plainly app[eareth by a] letter written with my [own hand] sent by Mr. Secretary [unto] the King's Highness.”
Much mutilated, pp. 3. In Wriothesley's hand.
Otho, C. x.,
B. M.
3. Original draft of the same questions, written in the first person by the King in his own hand.
Pp. 2. Much mutilated.
30 June. 823. Cromwell to Henry VIII. (fn. 14)
Hatfield MS.
Burnet, iv.,
Was charged by the lord Chancellor, the duke of Norfolk, and the lord Admiral, whom the King sent to examine him, to declare upon the damnation of his soul what he knew of the marriage between Henry and the Queen. Gave particulars as well as he could remember, which they commanded him to write to the King, as follows:—
When the King heard of the lady Anne's arrival at Dover and that her journeys were appointed to Greenwich, and that she should be at Rochester at New Year's Eve at night, he told Cromwell he would visit her there on New Year's Day, adding “to nourish love,” which he accordingly did. Next day, Friday, the King returned to Greenwich, and on Cromwell asking how he liked the lady Anne, answered, as Cromwell thought, heavily, “Nothing so well as she was spoken of”; adding that if he had known before as much as he then knew, she should never have come within the realm. He asked in lamentation, “What remedy?” Cromwell said he knew of none, and was very sorry. Next day, after the lady's entrance to Greenwich, after the King had brought her to her chamber, he said to Cromwell, “My lord, is it not as I told you? Say what they will, she is nothing so fair as she hath been reported. Howbeit, she is well and seemly.” Cromwell agreed, though he said she had a queenly manner. The King bade him call together the Council, viz., the abp. of Canterbury, Norfolk, Suffolk, my lord Admiral, my lord of Durham, and himself, to know what commission the agents of Cleves had brought for the performance of the covenants sent from hence to Dr. Wotton to be concluded in Cleves, and also touching the declaration how matters stood for the covenants of marriage between the duke of Lorraine's son and the said lady Anne. On this Osleger and Hogeston were called, and, being much abashed, desired that they might make answer next morning, Sunday, when they met early with the Council and answered, as men much perplexed, that as to the commission they had none such, and as to the contract and covenants of marriage they could only say a revocation was made, and they were but spousals. Finally, they offered to be prisoners until they should have procured from Cleves the first articles ratified under the Duke their master's sign and seal, and the copy of the revocation. Cromwell was sent with this answer to the King, who was much displeased, and said, “I am not well handled.” Saw the King was fully determined not to have gone through with the marriage at that time; for he said, if it were not that she had come so far, and the great preparations that had been made for her, and for fear of making a ruffle in the world, i.e., of driving her brother into the hands of the Emperor and the French king, who were now together, that he would “never have ne marry her.” After dinner the King sent for all his Councillors, and repeated his complaint, and suggested that she should make a protestation before them and notaries that she was free from all contracts; which she did. On this, he said to Cromwell, “Is there none other remedy but that I must needs, against my will, put my neck in the yoke?” Cromwell left him pensive, yet he determined next morning to go through. That morning (Monday), while the King was preparing for the ceremonies, there was a question who should lead her to the church. It was arranged that the earl of Essex, deceased, and an earl (fn. 15) that came with her should do so. As Essex had not come, Cromwell was ordered to lead her, but, shortly after he got to her chamber, Essex arrived, and Cromwell went back to inform the King, who then said to him, “My lord, if it were not to satisfy the world and my realm, I would not do that I must do this day for none earthly thing.” And therewith, being informed that she was coming, the King repaired into the gallery towards the closet, where he waited for her. He afterwards went through the ceremonies, “travelled the day, as appertained, and the night, after the custom.” On Tuesday morning Cromwell repaired to his privy chamber, and finding him not so pleasant as he hoped, asked how he liked the queen? He “soberly” answered “that I was not all men. Surely, my Lord, as ye know, I liked her before not well, but now. I like her much worse”; for he had felt her belly and breasts, and thought she was no maid; that he was struck to the heart, and left her as good a maid as he found her. Also, after Candlemas and before Shrovetide, he once or twice said that he had never known her carnally, although he had lain nightly or every second night by her. The King also showed him last Lent when he had some conversation with her of the lady Mary that she began to wax stubborn and wilful, and after Easter and in Whitsun week he lamented his fate that he should never have any more children if he so continued, declaring that before God he thought she was not his lawful wife. Since Whitsuntide he has said he had done as much to move the consent of his heart and mind as ever man did, but the obstacle would not out of his mind.
My lord Admiral can show what Cromwell said to him after the King came from Rochester, even after his marriage. Doubts not that since Whitsuntide many of the Council have perceived that the King was not satisfied with his marriage. Prays for the King and Prince.
“Written at the Tower, this Wednesday, the last of June, with the heavy heart and trembling hand of your Highness' most heavy and most miserable prisoner and poor slave,
“Thomas Crumwell.
“Most gracious prince, I cry for mercy, mercy, mercy!”
Pp. 8.
824. Cromwell to Henry VIII.
Otho, C. x.
B. M.
“That it hath pleased your most royal and most merciful M[ajesty] to send to me such honourable personages at ij several times, at [the] one time sued for, and at the other time declaring u[nto me] my state and condition, in most honorable, prudent, [and] sage fashion, my gracious and most benign sovereign lord, … that I cannot condignly do my duty to your Majesty, [but I will] continually during my life pray to Almighty God [that He of his goodn]es may reward your graciousness and prince[ly dealing to]wards me. And where, gracious prince, they at t[heir coming and repay]re towards me heard me in everything what[soever I said without] any interruption with such gentleness and [patience that I could not] more desire; so they pressed me by all [means to do all that I] could to detect and accuse any other [person … who sh]ould in any wise not be true unto yr [Highness. Unto whom] I answered as I now do, that if I kn[ew any persons in] yor realm that were not your true lea[gemen … I would], as my duty is, detect them; for, grac[ious Prince, there is] nothing earthly that I more covet [than the security of your] royal person and the wealth of your rea[lm] w … Our Lord that best knoweth help … declared to me plainly … the recital of diver[s] * * * (two or three lines lost) same mine offences being by honest and probable witness proved, I was by your honorable lords of the Upper House and the worshipful and discreet commons [house] (fn. 16) of your Nether House convicted and attainted. (fn. 17) Gracious Sovereign, when I heard them I said, as now I say, that I am a subject, and born to obey laws, and, knowing that the trial of all laws only consisteth in honest and probable witness, and considering that the state of [your whole] realm had heard and received them, and th[at they have] proceeded, as I am sure they have done, without [malice, I] submitted me to their sentence, and therefore … highly, and eftsoons I most heartily thank God … but yet I must now beseech your Grace of p … albeit laws be laws and in them ha[ve] … yet God is God and knoweth both [my faithfulness] towards your Majesty and your realm … how dear your person was, is, and ever hath [been] … [m]oche grieved me that I should be noted … e I had your laws in my breast, and … [Sacr]ementarye God he knoweth the … [t]he ton and the other guiltless. I [am] … ffull Christian man and so will I … e and conscience your Highness tre[w] … woll. But, gracious King, … hath been great and … worldl[y] * * * (perhaps a line or two lost) therefore, most gracious Prince, I humbly submit me to your [Grace] and ask of God mercy for my sins, and of your Highness mercy and pardon for mine offences as to your high wisdom shall seem most convenient. And, Sir, that ever I have deceived you in any of your treasure, surely I have [not], and that God Almighty best knoweth and so that I [may be] holpen at my most need I beseech Christ. Sir, upon [my kne]es I most humbly beseech your most gracious Majesty [to be goo]d and gracious lord to my poor son, (fn. 18) the good and virtu[ous lady his] wife, and their poor children, and also to my … es; and this I desire of your Grace for Christ['s sake. I] humbly thank your Majesty for such money as … be my good lords, and also beseech the same … [s]halbe your gracious pleasure that I shall ly … [w]orlde that I may have those things that may … I shall daily pray for your Highness.
“[Among other] things my lords moved and [stirred me upon my] soul and conscience to declare what [I knew in the] marriage between your Majes[ty and the Queen. To] the which I answered as I knew dec[laring unto them the particul]ers as nigh as I could, and there[upon I have] wrytt to your Highness the truth as [I can remember; wh]ich was in this sort:—after that your [Majesty heard that the lady A]nne was arrived at Dover and [that her journeys were appointed towar]des Greenwich and that s[he should be at Rochester on New Year's even] at night your H[ighness] … * * * (perhaps a line lost) Grace repaired towards night to Greenwich, where I spake with your Grace and demanded of you how you liked the lady Anne. Your Grace, being somewhat heavy, as I took it, answered and said she was no such manner of woman as she had been declared to you, with many other things. Which surely much grieved me, for I perceived your Grace to be nothing content; nevertheless your Highness determined for the me[eting] the next day to be had as it was before app[ointed] … and after which meeting and your entry made … your Grace called me unto you asking me wh[ether your Grace had] told me truth or no. To the which I said lytyl[l, for I was] very sorrowful to consider that your Grace [was no better] content. And then your Highness commanded me [to call together] my lord of Canterbury and my lord Cha[ncellor, my lord of] Norfolk, my lord of Suffolk, my lord [Admiral] and my lord of Durham to commune t[ogether of your] marriage, and that we should call [to us the ambassadors of] the duke of Cleves to know what c[ommission they had] for the concluding of certain arti[cles] … [b]y Mr. Wotton and also what they h … the contract and covenants o[f marriage between my lad]ye Anne and the duke of Lorey[n's son. Whereupon Olisl]eger and Hodggesten wern cally[d] … yd and declaryd your Gracious … [a]bashed, and desired that [they might make answer in the next] morning which was [Sunday. And upon Sunday] in the mo[rning, they said they had no commission] to treat of the article before proponed by Mr. [Dr.] Wotton, ne yet had brought any discharge or decl[aration] of the covenants of marriage between the duke of Lor[eyn's] son and the lady Anne; nevertheless Osleger offer[ed himself] to remain here as a prisoner until such time [as] certain articles should be ratified, being parce[ll of] the articles purposed before, and also to bri[ng, devised in] authentic fashion and form, a revocation of [all the aforesaid] covenants and contracts of marriage made bet[ween th]e lady Anne and the duke of Loreyn's son, [which wa]s the furthest that could be gotten of them. [Which thi]ngs being declared, your Highness was ver[y ill conte]ntt and said ye were not well handled … [an]d that ye were very loth an … [determin]yd not to have concluded the [marriage at that time]. And then, after dinner the same So[nday your Grace s]entt for all the said my lords your Council … g debating of the matter it was … [lor]des of Canterbury and Durham … [matt]ers between the son of Lorayn and [the lady Anne w]er but spousalls and that such a … made as was alledged, that then … [pro]testation in an honorable presence … notaries should be a suffi[cient discharge in law] (fn. 19) … whereupon your Grace re … and that all th … * * * (perhaps a line lost) the person, insomuch that after her protestation made before your lords and your preparation to marriage in the morning, going through your chamber of presence, your Highness said to me these words or the like in sentence, My lord, if it were not to satisfy the world and my realm, I would not do that I shall do this day for none earthly thing. And therewith one brought your Grace word that she was coming; and thereupon your Grace proceeded to the fy[nall] determination of the ceremonies used in like … after passed that day honorably. And the ne[xt morning I] repairing unto your Highness into your privy [chamber] … found your Grace not pleasant and yet never[theless entered] into communication with your Highness. I was so [bold to ask your Grace] how ye liked the Queen. Whereunto your Gr[ace] … was not all men, alledging that [your Grace left her as g]ood a maid as ye found her, declari[ng] … [h]er brestes were and how her belye was of … [s]uch as your Grace had not felt … your Grace's words that besides your dis … [mi]ght be doubted whether she were … [assu]rydly very displeasant your Grace … [af]ter Candlemas and before Shrove [tide once or twice said to] me that your heart could never [consent to meddle with her carnally] notwithstanding that ye for … ever saying that … * * * (perhaps two lines lost) had some communication with her of my lady Mary [how that] she began to wax stubborn and wilful, much lament[ing] your fate and fortune, ever alledging that ye had [never] carnally known her. And in like wise after Easter and in [the] Whitsunweek at Greenwich in your privy cham[ber] ye then lamentably complained your fate, decl[aring that] ye had done all that ye could to move nature … consent to have done with her as is pertenent to … yet ever there was an obstacle, and th[at your Grace t]hought before God she was not your wife [lawful. What] I said to your Grace at that time I doubt no[t but that your G]race well remembereth it. Many other [times also si]thyn Whitsuntide your Grace hath grevos[ly lamented your] chance, which assuredly hath not … e. More than this, gracious and mo … g lord, can I not say, but … that it lay in my power to com … and that with shedding of my blood ye … dom (?), but I doubt not God who always h … deliver your Grace from this … nde and bring you to comfort for this knowing myself to be only at the [mercy of your] Grace and without hope of life … that after ye came from Roch[ester] … e here I did never b … nt to marry … * * * (perhaps one line lost) for the satisfaction of the world and your realm than otherwise; and this I think to be true as I shall be saved at the dreadful day of Judgment. I am a right simple man to be a witness in this matter, but yet I think next your Grace I know as much as any one man living in this realm doth. And that this is true God shall be my witness, who best kn[oweth] the truth; and I trust my lord Adm[iral will] bear me witness what I said to him [at your Grace's] return from Rochester, and also at divers [other times]. I doubt not all my lords before named my [ght right well] perceive, both before the day of your gracious [marriage] and after, that your Highness was not [well pleased, and before] God I never thought your Grace co[ntent after ye had o]ns seen her, and so Christ … making an end I shall whiles I … [co]ntinually pray for the long … [pros]perity and wealth of your Highness to … es and to send your Majesty y … [com]ffort in this and all other maty[ers] … Prince your son felycyously to … s upon my knees prostrate … King pardon mercy and … Christ” * * *
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 8. Mutilated.
*** From the second paragraph, beginning at the bottom of page 392, the above is in substance the same as Cromwell's letter of 30 June (No. 823) and the parts in brackets have been supplied by comparison with it.
825. Henry VIII. and Anne op Cleves.
Otho C. x.
B. M.
Burnet, iv.
The King's declaration about his marriage with Anne of Cleves. (fn. 20)
When the first communication was had with him for it he was glad to hearken to it, trusting to have [some assured] friend, as he much doubted the Emperor, France and the bp. of Rome, and he had also heard so much of her beauty and virtue. But when he saw her for the first time at Rochester, he was glad he had kept free from making any [pact or bond] till then; for he liked her so ill he was sorry she had come and he considered if it were possible to break off. The Great Master, the Admiral that now is, and the Master of the Horse can bear witness of his misliking. The lord of Essex, if examined, can or has declared what he said to him after his repair to Greenwich. As he is condemned to die he will not damn [his soul, but declare what the King said, not only at the time but continually till] the day of mar[riage and many times after, whereby his lack of consent will appear; and also lack of the will and power to consummate the same; “wherein both he, my physicians, (fn. 21) the lord Privy Seal that now is, Hennage and Denny can, and I doubt not will, testify according to truth; which is, that I never for love to the woman consented to marry; nor yet, if she brought maidenhead with her, took any from her by true carnal copulation. This is my brief, true and perfect declaration.”]
In Henry VIII.'s hand, p. 1. Much mutilated.
June. 826. The Sacraments.
R. O. Seventeen questions regarding the nature of a sacrament, and how many sacraments there are. (fn. 22) (The questions are those in Burnet's Records, Pt. I., Bk. iii., No. XXI., and Pt. III., Bk. iii., No. LXIX.).
Pp. 2. Endd.: What a sacrament is, and of the sacrament of confirmacion.
MS. 1108.
f. 69.
2. Another copy of the same questions, numbered in the margin 1–17.
Pp. 3.
Ib. f. 71. 3. Cranmer's answers as printed (from the copy in § 21) in the Parker Society's edition of Cranmer's Miscellaneous Writings, p. 115. Signed: T. Cantuarien, with the autograph note added:—“This is myn opinion and sentence at this present, which I do not temerariously defyne, but do remytt the jugement thereof holly unto your Majestie”
Pp. 6.
Ib. f. 75. 4. The Abp. of York's answers. Signed by Abp. Lee.
Ib. f. 87. 5. [Bp. of Rochester's] answer to the same questions.
Pp. 5. Endd. at f. 90b: The Bishop of Rochester's book.
Ib. f. 91. 6. Bonner's answer. At bottom: “Ita mihi Edmundo London' ep'o pro hoc tempore dicendum videtur, salvo judicio melius sententiæ cui me prompte et humiliter subjicio.”
Hol., pp. 3.
Ib. f. 93. 7. [Bp. of Carlisle's] answer.
Pp. 8. Endd. by the Bp. himself: Robert Karliolen.
Ib. f. 99. 8. George Day's answer. Signed by himself with these words underneath: Opiniones non assertiones.
Pp. 6.
Ib. f. 104. 9. Thomas Robertson's answers.
Pp. 7.
Ib. f. 110. 10. J. Redman's answer. Signed.
7. Endd.
Ib. f. 115. 11. Richard Cox's answer. Signed.
2. Endd.
Ib. f. 116. 12. Edw. Leyghton's answer. Signed by Cranmer and “per me Edoardum Leyghton.”
Pp. 4. Endd.
Ib. f. 120. 13. Symon Matthew's answer. Signed.
4. Endd.: D. Symons.
Ib. f. 124. 14. William Tresham's answer. Signed.
5. Endd.
Ib. f. 128. 15. Ric. Coren's answer. Signed.
Ib. f. 130. 16. Answer signed “Edgeworth.”
Pp. 3.
Ib. f. 132. 17. Another copy of the questions.
Pp. 2.
Ib. f. 133. 18. Owen Oglethorpe's answer. Signed.
Ib. f. 134. 19. Summary of the preceding opinions, noting how far the agreement is general, and on what points some of the divines differ. The divines here named (in the order of their occurrence) are Tresham, Oglethorpe, Edgeworth, Thirleby, Redman, Hereford, Rochester, Day, St. David's, Cox, Symons, abp. of York, Curren, bp. of London, Robertson, bp. of Carlisle, Laighton.
Lat., pp. 8. With marginal notes and corrections in Cranmer's hand.
Ib. f. 141. 20. A similar summary in English, but more specific. The divines here named are Dr. Edgeworth, Tresham, Oglethorpe, the elect of Westminster, Redman, Craiford, Symons, the bps. of St. David's and of Hereford, Mr. Daye, Mr. Coxe, the bp. of Carlisle, Curren, the bps. of Durham, Rochester, York, and London, Laighton, and Robertson.
Pp. 5.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
21. Another copy of the questions with Cranmer's answers as in § 3. Cranmer's autograph note at the end is here transcribed, and he has affixed his signature below it and repeated the note in his own hand with slight verbal variations.
Pp. 8.
Ib. f. 36. 22. The same questions, with another set of answers, with marginal annotations by Henry VIII.
The answers printed in Burnet vi. 243 and in Strype's Cranmer, App. No. xxvii.
Pp. 4.
Ib., f. 38. 23. The same questions with another set of answers, which seem to have been agreed on by Cranmer, Barlow, and others; with marginal annotations by Henry VIII.
The answers, with the marginal annotations (including some not in the King's hand), are printed in Burnet, vi. 246, and in Strype's Cranmer, App. No. xxviii. In the answer to the 15th question two opinions are given with the names of their supporters, including, besides those named above, the bishop of Winchester.
Pp. 6.
Ib. f. 41. 24. Another copy of § 20.
Pp. 7.
R. O. 25. An anonymous paper showing “the reasons that driveth me to think quod sacramentum matrimonii sit institutum et præceptum a Deo.
Lat., pp.
3. Endd.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
26. Another copy of § 25.
Pp. 3. Endd.: De sacramento matrimonii.
R. O. 27. A paper entitled, “Quod ordo sit sacramentum,” containing arguments to prove it from the Fathers.
Lat., pp. 10. Endd.
R. O. 28. Various authorities and extracts touching the Sacraments and other points in theology.
Lat., pp. 7. In Cranmer's hand. Headed in another hand: Mr. Symons.
R. O. 29. “De Eucharistia.”
A profession in four lines of the writer's belief in transubstantiation.
June. 827. St. Werburg's, Chester.
Harl. MS.
2060, f. 101b.
B. M.
Rental of the late abbey of St. Werburg's, Chester, made by Wm. Bolles and Jonn Wyseman, in June 32 Hen. VIII.
Copy in an Elizabethan hand, pp. 5.
828. Henry VIII. to Wallop.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
“Trusty and right well beloved,” as we wrote lately “of a counsel learned in those laws and experimented in treaties to be sent thither for the matters of the duke of Clev[es],” we accordingly send the bearer, Sir Edward Kerne, desiring you to make him privy to all our affairs, and to assist the Duke's agents in every way. You are also as of yourself to find occasion to ask the cardinal of Lorayn how the pacts of marriage between his brother's son and the Queen here were broken, what they were, when they were made, and what the ages of the parties were. Do not let this appear to proceed from us, “and yet, if there be any cloud in that matter, we should be glad to have it cleared.” Get from him a copy of the said pact if possible.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.. The King's letters to Sir John Wallop.
829. Henry VIII. to Wallop.
R. O. Credence for Sir Edward Kerne whom the King sends thither at this time.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd.
830. Lord Leonard Grey.
R. O.
St. P., iii.,
Articles collected by the Council of Ireland against the right honourable lord, the lord Leonard Gray, late Deputy there. (fn. 23)
i. Occasions of the late rebellion of the young traitor Gerald, my lord's nephew:—
1. Gray was instructed to be guided by the Council, especially by certain of the Privy Council there; “which direction whiles he did but partly follow his proceedings were tolerable.” 2. Soon (for he will not be bridled, as he saith) he chose a private council of Geraldines; whereby ensued the rebellion and danger of loss of the whole dominion. 3. His said nephew was at school within Kildare after the apprehension of the traitor Thomas and his uncles, and was suffered to depart with his schoolmaster Leverous, “an arrant traitor and rank papist.” [In margin: “They will not depose of their conscience that the lord Leonard knew of his there being.”] Gerald then lived with an abbot on the borders of West Meath, and corresponded with Gray. [In margin: He confesses it, but says all the letters were shown to the Council except one, which the Treasurer says he saw. It would have needed 1,000 men to apprehend him there.] 4. Gray had long ago a servant called Robt. Walshe, brother to prior Walshe, both sons of Wm. Walshe, Kildare's standard bearer. This Robert was afterwards Thomas Fitzgerald's standard bearer, and when his master was sent to the Tower, brought his jewels hither to Gray, who would have concealed them, but my lord Privy Seal heard of it and made him restore part of them. [In margin: He saith the lord Privy Seal put this Walshe to his service, and he delivered “a wedge of gold made of these things” to the lord Privy Seal; the rest he denies.] 5. The said Robert accompanied Gray back to Ireland and was in great trust with him, although attainted; nevertheless he left and joined young Gerald, who, thereupon, with his schoolmaster, went to the pretended earl of Desmond and his aunt, McCartie's mother. There James Delahide met them and they concerted a marriage between Eleanor, Gerald's aunt, and ODonyll. 6. Desmond, through his sister, OBrien's wife, got OBrien to convey them through Thomond, and got Ulick de Burgo to convey them on to ODonyll. 7. Then (with what intent God knows) Gray, declaring he would confer with Desmond and be back in 8 days, upon some device of OChonour, Gerald McGerald, prior Walshe, and such others, passed with a small company through OChonour's country into OKarrell's country. [In margin: Nota.] 8. There he appointed as chief, Fergananym OKarell, Kildare's “foster and son-in-law,” and the King's open enemy in the last rebellion. Thence to Limerick he advanced those who were traitors and “suppeditate” the adverse party. [In margin: “Treason.”] 9. There he greatly comforted Desmond, and “assured unto him by handfasting divers of the greatest men of Munster.” [In margin: Nota.] 10. He sanctioned Desmond to destroy lord Roche, and in fact strengthened him “to execute his rebellion after.” [In margin: “Nota: he seemeth to be chief procurer of the rebellion.”] 11. Then OBrien's wife, who had befriended Thomas Fitzgerald when in Thomond, desiring the advancement of her own children, induced Gray to spoil Morgho OBrien's lands (although Morgo offered to abide the judgment of the app. of Dublin, the old earl of Ormond, and Mr. Vicetreasurer) and meanwhile Desmond spoiled the lands of Donough OBrien, who was in Gray's company, at the time, serving against his uncle. 12. Then, “to the King's greatest dishonour that ever was seen in Ireland,” he passed through Thomond upon the only safeconduct of a galloglas of OBrien's bearing an axe before him; as Donough OBrien still affirms. 13. Coming to Connaught, he deposed Mac William and appointed Ulick de Burgo [in margin: “adherent to the King's enemy”] to hissignory. 14. Then he left all the King's artillery in Galway ready for the bishop of Rome or Spaniards if they landed; as a report was that cardinal Pole with an army would land about that time, “being the beginning of the summer after the insurrection in the North of England.” (fn. 24) [In margin: Nota bene.] 15. He then returned, after six weeks, having inordinately strengthened Desmond and given OChonour opportunity to plot with all men. 16. If he say the journey was to the King's profit, let the Council's answer be heard. 17. In this journey he advanced none more highly than those who had succoured his said nephew. [In margin: adherent to the King's enemy.] 18. This caused the contention between him and Ormond; for he took Kildare's place in persecuting the Butlers. 19. He was at this time a great friend to ONeill, Kildare's sister's son, and aided him to overrun those of the North whom Skeffington had allured to the King, [In margin: an aider of treason.] 20. He was made “gossope” to ONeil, the greatest form of friendship in Ireland. 21. He sent a company of English to assist ONeil in taking Maguyres castle, an adherent of ODonell's; and Maguyre was killed and ONeill's son-in-law preferred to his signory. This drove ODonell to combine with ONeil against the Deputy. [In margin: He favoured and aided the King's enemy.] 22. ONeil gave these Englishmen 20d. a day, and so caused our army to mutiny at their small wages. 23. To the Council and lord Privy Seal he promised daily that young Gerald should be had. 24. For that purpose he made one journey northward, but left his enterprise to take preys. 25. He brought Leverous into the country, showing him the strength thereof, pardoned him, and sent him with a pardon to young Gerald. [In margin: “He saith he brought Leverous in to trayne Garat,” and granted the pardons by advice of the bp. of Meath, Chief Justice, and other of the Council.] 26. That done he said Gerald should come with speed, and sent Martin Pellys and the traitor, prior Walshe, to ONeil; where Pellys saw a boy [In margin: “A great intelligenceer between the Deputy and the traitor”] who was shortly before page to Gray, and came to him from lady Kildare and was said to have been in lord Montague's service, and who, with Leverous, persuaded Gerald not to come to Gray. 27. They went then and demanded 400 kine of ODonell; who complained that the Deputy had done him no small hurt by assisting ONeil to break Maguyres castle, but offered 200 angels, which they refused, and ODonell soon after joined ONeil by procurement of prior Walshe, as Phelim Roo ONeil advertised the Council. 28. ONeil and ODonell then gained over Desmond and OChonour to maintain young Gerald; yet the Deputy, in spite of the Council and the warning of OReily, “sendeth continually prior Walshe to young Gerot to ODonell's country.” 29. Meanwhile, the dean of Derry, who had traitorously practised with the Bishop of Rome and king of Scots, was driven by stress of weather into Drogheda haven, and brought to Dublin Castle to be arraigned. He was released by Gray, and went home to ODonell, and, soon afterwards, into Scotland to procure the Scots of the Isles to aid them. [In margin: A great favourer of the traitor.] 30. About midsummer before the rebellion prior Walshe brought me, the King's Chancellor, a letter to himself from the schoolmaster and his brother Robert, purporting that if they had a safe conduct signed by me, Mr. Treasurer, and Mr. Chief Justice, they would come to the Deputy and Council and make terms for their master's coming in. The Deputy, “persuading it to be so sure as though Gerald had been in Maynooth with him,” wrote to me to expedite the matter, “which was expedite immediately.” 31. For a year and a half he daily promised to have young Gerald, till at last “that Gerot came into the country upon us with fire and sword, undescribed or espied, till the country was on a red fire.” Departure of Gray's servant, Connor MacDavy, to Gerald, and confession of Gerald's messenger, Chonor More OChonour, that he was formerly Gray's messenger. 32. Further at this time OChonour's eldest son, Rory OMore, and other hostages set at large. 33. Then OChonour sends Wm. Keting, captain of Kildare's kerne, and the vicar of Tymothowe, both in priest's apparel, with prior Walshe, to ODonell and young Gerald, to declare the state of the country. (fn. 25) 34. Yet OChonor remains in such favour that Gray, going to commune with Desmond six weeks before the invasion, chose to pass and repass upon safe conduct of OChonor, OMulmoy, and OKarell rather than go through Ormond's dominions. 35. In his return he left Thomas Cantrell and 16 persons with the King's ordnance in OChonour's country. 36. OChonour has two “fawcons” of the King's, which Gray refused to take from him. 37. He had then the King's instructions to take Desmond, and how he acted Ormond can declare, “and if his declaration be true all was not well.” 38. The King wrote that no hostage was to be committed to an Irishman, and yet Gray in that journey committed hostages to OChonor, who refused to deliver them to the King's subjects. 39. The invasion chanced three weeks after his return, and he knew that his nephew, with ONeil and ODonell lay [in margin: Nota of his number of men] two days within the country, and yet did not summon the borderers and lords as a captain should, “and what he did after let them declare that were present.”
ii. “Occasions of this new insurrections”:—
40. After the traitors' repulse, certain of the Privy Council urged that if OChonor came he should be detained. 41. Three days after, both OChonor and prior Walshe came to Kenlys, and Gray suffered them to pass. 42. Since the last 600 men arrived, Gray would neither invade OChonor nor suffer Ormond to invade him; but would have the Council write to him to desist from the same. 43. What notable feats has he done since the arrival of the said army? 44. When he received licence to go to England, he was at Dundalk to meet ONeil, who would not come to him; and he did not then invade OChonor. Three or four days before putting to sea he released the hostage of OMadden, who has since joined OChonor. 45. Likewise Moriartaghe Boy Cavanaghe's son, who now aids the Toiles to burn the King's subjects. (fn. 26) 46. Many other presumptions shall be shown arguing this new rebellion due to him.
iii. Breaking of peaces and safeconducts causing insurrections:—
47. He permitted Irishmen of the north, who had been by Skeffington allured to the King, to be overrun by ONeil. 48. Neil More ONeil, who had been at Dublin upon safeconduct, assaulted on his way home by his commandment. 49. The said Neil, being enemy to ONeil, robbed by Gray. 50. Ferney robbed in time of peace; as shown to the Commissioners. 51. After the Commissioners' departure he robbed Ferney, and Jerome Lyn was slain; and they, in revenge, burnt Uriell, and afterwards joined young Gerald's invasion. 52. He robbed and slew Cahir Modder OReilie, being at peace, and 200 out of 1,000 cattle which Cahir owed the King had to be remitted to OReilie in amends for his brother's death. The Council also ordered the spoil taken to be restored, which was not done. 53. Unsuccessful raid upon Tirelaghe OReilie when at peace. 54. The like upon Tirelaghe Boy OReilie, in which captain Tirrel and other subjects were slain. 56. (fn. 27) When the Commissioners were in Ireland, Trimletiston, then Chancellor, lord Butler, Mr. Treasurer, and Mr. Chief Justice, were to meet OChonor; Gray appointed gunners to hide at the place of meeting and shoot OChonor and his brother; who might have shot some of the Council had not Mr. Treasurer letted it. 57. This is known all over Ireland, and ONeil at his last parliament spoke of it and the attack on Tireloghe OToill. 58. After OChonor and his brother were reconciled and both had given hostages, he robbed OChonor's brother; as the Commissioners know. 59. The Commissioners released OMore and covenanted with him to hold Leix of the King. After they left, Gray took OMore prisoner, and maintained his adversaries the last OMore's sons, foster brethren to Thomas Fitzgerald (who now aid OChonor). 60. OBirne robbed when at peace. 61. Meeting with Tirelagh Othole, to which went the lord Chancellor, lord Treasurer, lord of Kilcullen, Vice-treasurer, both the Chief Judges and other gentlemen. Tirelagh required that the lord Chancellor, lord Treasurer, and two Chief Judges should come to the waterside as his safe conducts. Which done, Gray came down and spoke very gently to Tirelagh, who, however, seeing Gray's men coming down, said he was afraid. Gray answered, “Fear nothing, goshope, I will go myself and put them back”; and going back to his men he caused the trumpet to sound, and chased Tirelaghe until dark. 62. He never recompensed any wrong he did any Irishman.
iv. Whereas, by Act of Parliament, it is treason to procure any Irishman to attack the King's subjects:—
63. He procured Kedagh OMore to come 20 miles through Kildare to rob the barony of Oughtryn, Thologh in Ofelynne, and other subjects. 64. His servant, Edward Asbold, conducted the said malefactors. 65. The matter was so evident against Gray that the Council and justices ordered him to reimburse the poor people.
v. Abusing his authority:—
66. The Deputy has no judicial authority. 67. Nevertheless he has released prisoners and infringed decrees. 68. He released prisoners, charged with treason, “papirie,” and contempts, from Dublin Castle, among others the dean of Dirrie, of ODonell's country; 69, Edm. Sexten; 70, Tibbot FitzPiers; and, 71, a pretended bp. of Enactuensis in Connaught. 72. He suffered Cahir McArte, whom Wm. Seyntloo had taken, to escape. 73. He commits men to ward; and, 74, issues commissions; and, 75, injunctions.
vj. “Of his Lordships misorders and menaces to the Council”:—
76. Those whom the King willed him to consult most, as the Chancellor, Treasurer, and Chief Justice, he has called knaves. 77. When contradicted in the Council, he falleth in fury with menacing words and great oaths, laying his hand on his dagger or sword, saying, “if he were not in that authority, he would shortly be even with them”; so they must suffer him to talk out his pleasure and so consume the day. 78. He offered to strike one of them sitting in Council. 79. He has borne such malice to those the King preferred, that, for a year and a half since the Commissioners left, they had to move justice Houth or Bathe to speak for them. 80. The old earl of Ormond, “a loyal true gentleman,” he went about to accuse of treason. 81. He and the baron of Delvin entered OReily's country from different sides to meet at Cavan; but 10 or 12 miles from the meeting place he “met with a rymor's kine,” and turned back with them, leaving the Baron in great danger. 82. In another journey he took away the Baron's horse and harness because he would not swim over a river, and called him “false knave”; whereat the Baron died of grief soon after. 83. He would summon the Council long distances upon small occasion, merely to weary them. 84. On leaving, he told Brereton to trust none of the Council; and next day presented Houthe and Bathe to him, saying he might trust them. 85. Note whom he most hated and whom he most favoured. 86. At hostings he reviled the gentlemen of the country; and if they got any spoil, suffered the soldiers to take it from them. 87. He takes fines from some to license them to stay at home. 88. On the last journey against McMahon, he struck Thos. Nugent, best of that name next to the Baron, who took such shame thereat that “he never rose after he returned till he was dead.” 89. No amends had for all hurts the Irish have done. He has spent money, without benefiting the King or defending his subjects; and left the country afire at his departure. 90. His pillages and extortions would fill a book.
Pp. 26. The marginal notations to articles 3, 4, and 25 are in Wriothesley's hand; those to 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 17, 19, 21, 26, and 29 in Sir R. Riche's hand, and that to 39 in an Italian hand.
R. O.
St. P. iii.,
2. “The answer of John Alen, the King's Chancellor of Ireland, to my lord Leonard Gray's articles.”
1. That being head of the Council he knew what houses should be suppressed, and craftily “prevented” the King of such lands and jewels as should have come to his Grace. This is too general to answer. Was indeed chief in commission for the suppression in the Pale, and the Four Shires above the Barrow, but got nothing. It may refer to a cross of gold worth 8l., given him by the prior of St. John's Jerusalem, in presence of Matthew Kyng, two years past, when he was made Chancellor. As to land, knows not what Gray means unless it be that, two or three years ago, certain lands in dispute between him and St. Mary Abbey were awarded to him by the two Chief Justices and the King's serjeant. 2. Too general and uncertain to answer. Wishes Gray had done as much for the King's revenue as he has; and as little for the King's enemies. If it refer to the Munster journey, the Council of Ireland have declared enough for the defacing of that journey. As to releasing revenues; knows of none but the indenture devised by the Council (and signed by Gray) for the stay of OBrien in the rebellion time; which was left in Ormond's hands and cancelled. 3. At the end of July last, Gray wrote to him, Mr. Treasurer, and Mr. Chief Justice, from OKarelles country to meet him at Drogheda. His servants and horses were wearied by a month's labour in taking surrenders. He was to take a muster of the country two days after, and if the Deputy required a hosting, all the Council must be present. Wrote, therefore, for a respite. Was at Drogheda before divers others of the Council, and that was a month before the invasion of ODonell and ONeil. As to accumulating treasure; can show he is not so rich as when he went to Ireland, “howsoever his lordship is amended.” 4. Too uncertain to answer. Knows of no wrongs the Deputy went about to redress, “whatsoever innumerable wrongs and extortions he hath done.” 5. Never awarded injunctions and subpœnas in abridgment of the common law, but upon bills of complaint in Chancery; and if the complainant failed to maintain the same, the defendant got damages. 6. As to being a sower of dissension between Gray and the Council; denies it, and refers to the late Commissioners and to the Council. That some of the Council did not advance the King's affairs as they should have done does not concern him, as he did what he could.
831. Grants in June 1540.
June./Grants. 1. Ric. Poulet and Elizabeth his wife. Licence to alienate a moiety of a third part of the manor of Padworth, Berks, and of 10 messuages, 6 tofts, 1 mill, and certain land in Padworth, to Peter Kydwelly and Joan his wife, and the heirs of the said Joan. Westm., 1 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
2. Geo. Bayneham. Lease of the manor of Walshebekenor, Marches of Wales, parcel of the lands of Margaret late countess of Salisbury, attainted; with reservations; for 21 years; at the yearly rent of 7l. 7s. 8d., and 2s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 1 June.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 16.
3. Rob. Chapman, clk., M.A. Presentation to the parish church of St. Mary Magdalene in Newark-upon-Trent, York dioc, vice Roger (sic) Lytherland, attainted. Westm., 30 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 54.
4. Wilts.—Commission to John Bonham, Will. Thornhill, and Thos. Aprise, to make inquisition p.m., on the lands and heir of John Pravender. Westm., 2 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24d.
5. John Adams, of Caynham, Salop. Grant in fee for 674l. 18s. 4d. of the lordship and manor of Caynham, alias Cayneham, Salop, with appurtenances in Cayneham, Snytton, Bytterley, and Hope, Salop, the yearly pension of 33s. 4d. due from the vicar of Cayneham, and tithes of corn and hay on the premises, which belonged to the late abbey of Wigmore, Heref. Rent, 3l. 15s.; free of all other charges, except 40s. a year to the said John as bailiff of the manor, and 40s. to Sir Edw. Crofts and —(blank) Germyn,in survivorship, for the stewardship. Greenwich, 20 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 2 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 46.
6. Ant. Skynner, of London, and Joan his wife. Grant in fee for 210l. 16s. 8d. of (1) the manor of Kynwarton, Warw., belonging to the late monastery of Evesham, Worc. Also (2) a messuage, &c., called Fullys Place in Litle Aulne in the parish of Aston Cantlowe, Warw., and the several parcels of land called Harveis, Careleys, Richards, Barretts, Woodfelds, and Brodleys, and Bytten and Rene in Litle Aulne, which belonged to the late priory of Stodeley, Warw. Rents, 16s. 10d. and 6s. 8d. Westm., 1 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 46.
7. Thos. Tyndale. Licence to alienate the manor of Haslyngfeld in Haslyngfeld and Harston, alias Harleton, Camb., to Will. Bowyer, alderman of London. Westm., 2 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 5.
8. Thos. Kemp. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir Will. Kemp. Westm., 9 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 June. —P.S. (slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 1, m. 36.
9. Thos. Gymlett, alias Barbour. To have the canonry and second prebend in the collegiate church of Hemyngburgh, Yorks., void by death. Westm., 3 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 28.
10. Lord Sandes, K.G., lord Chamberlain, captain of Guysnes. Passport to go to Guisnes. Del. Westm., 3 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 11. (In English.)
11. Will. lord Sandys, the lord Chamberlain, K.G., captain of Guysnes. Special licence (upon his appointment to repair at this time to his office at Guisnes) empowering him, whenever it shall seem expedient, to pull down the church and other buildings, hedges, and trees in and about Guysnes, and to cast down the bridges and fill the ditches at his discretion. Del. Westm., 3 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 14. (In English.)
12. Sir Thos. Southworth. Lease (for a 5l. fine) of divers parcels (specified) of the demesne lands of the late monastery of Whalley, Lanc., in the several tenures of Ric. Crumbecke, Rob. Gyles, Hen. Speke, John Pollard, and John Sedyn, also the moieties of a tenement, &c., in the tenures of John Ellyswyke in Wytton, Lanc., and of the wife “Lewes” in Wytton; also the houses, gardens, &c. (specified), in the several tenures of Roger Bolton, John Pele, and John Butler, in Litle Harwod, Lanc.; all which premises belonged to Whalley and came to the King by the attainder of John, the late abbot; with reservations; for 21 years, at 16l. 16s. 8d. rent. Del. Westm., 3 June 32 Hen. VIII. —S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 17.
13. John Incent, LL.D. Presentation to the deanery of St. Paul's cathedral London, void “by the resignation and preferment” of Richard, bp. of Chichester. Westm., 29 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 32.
14. Sir Thos. Pope of London. Grant, in fee, for 1,204l. 3s. 4d. of the manor or lordship of Enston, Oxon, belonging to the late monastery of Wynchelcombe, Glouc.; the manor or lordship of Preston Crowmersshe, Oxon, belonging to Battell, Sussex; the grange or farm called Tyngeley grange, Oxon, belonging to Brewerne, Oxon; and all appurtenances in Enston, Preston Crowmersshe, Tyngeley, Overenston, Gaggyngwell, Clyveley, and Radford, Oxon; except the rectory appropriate of Enston, Oxon. Annual value, 66l. 8s. 7d.; rent, 6l. 12s. 11d.; free of all charges except an annuity of 26s. 8d. to Ric. Forde as bailiff of the manor of Enston. Del. Westm., 3 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 35.
15. Maurice Donat, M.D. Annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d. for life, out of the manor of Weston, Somers, belonging to the late monastery of Glastonbury, Somers; in compensation for the loss of an annuity of 10l. granted to him by Richard, the late abbot, and the convent of Glastonbury and now void by the attainder of the said Richard. Westm., 29 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 June—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 50.
16. Sir John Seyntjohn, of Bletneshoo, Beds, and Will. Fytzhugh, of Busshemede, Beds. Grant, in fee, for 305l. 2s.d. of (1) the lordship and manor of Caysso, the grange of Caisso, Beds; the pasture called Coldham in the parishes of Ryseley and Caysso; and appurtenances in Caysso and Parva Stoughton, Beds, which belonged to the late priory of Chiksand, Beds.
Also (2) the lands called Batemans, lately leased to Will. Deye and John Spore in Pertenhall and Caysso, Beds, which belonged to the late priory of Harwold, Beds. Rents, 31s.d. and 2s. 4d. Westm., 2 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 June—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 8.
17. Thos. Arderne, of Feversham, Kent. Grant (1) in fee, for 90l. 16s. 3d., of the messuage or tenement, &c., and a parcel of land called the Nethergrene, lately leased to John Willoby; another leased to Ric. Dryland and Dorothy, his wife, near Almery Croft; another to John Seth, in Weste Street, near the tenement of the heirs of Ric. Colwell; another called the Corner Tenement, leased to the said John Seth, near the fish market; all which lie in Feversham and belonged to the late monastery of Fevershame, Kent.
Also the house and site of the late priory of Friars Carmelites called the Whyte Fryers in the town of Sandwyche, Kent; and the church, &c., thereof.
Also (2) to the said Thos. Arderne and Sir Ric. Longe (with remainder to the heirs and assigns of Sir Richard) of the house and site of the late priory of Augustinian Friars in the town of Huntingdon; the church, &c., thereof; the close called the Dovehouse close; and 6 acres of meadow in Brampton, Hunts; and lands late in the tenure of Will. Horewood and Will. Wallys and of Philip Clampe, in Huntingdon and Godmanchester; which belonged to the said late priory. Rents (1) 8s., (2) 5s. 6d. and (3) 4s. Del. Westm., 5 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
18. Rob. Carre. Licence to alienate the “graunge close” and all lands now in tenure of Ric. Wyndebanke in Hougham, Linc., and a water-mill, cottage, &c., now in tenure of the said Richard in Marston, which belonged to Haverholme monastery; to Will. Thorold. Westm., 5 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 28.
19. Charles duke of Suffolk. Licence to alienate the late monastery of St. Katharine in co. city of Lincoln and the suburbs of the said city; Southgarth graunge in co. of said city; and all messuages within the said late monastery and in Brasebrige in said co.; the common of pasture for cattle and sheep called “Lincoln commen,” the common of pasture for cattle called “Brasebrige pasture,” and an enclosed pasture called “Northall close” in Brasebrige which belonged to the said monastery, and free fishery in the water adjoining the said late monastery; two pastures called Loundesyke and Freer Typpett in Stelyngthorp, Linc.; and divers enclosed pastures called Goldyngdales in the parish of North Ikham, Linc.:—to Vincent Grantham and Thomas his son. Westm., 5 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 28.
20. John Burgoyn, of London, and Thomas his son. Grant, in fee (i.e. to the father and son and heirs and assigns of the son), for 305l. 10s., of (1) the manor and lordship of Milhoo alias Milnehoo, Beds, belonging to the late abbey of Waltham, Essex, with its demesne lands and all appurtenances in Milhoo alias Milnehoo and Dunton, Beds, and Asshwell, Herts, as fully as Rob. Fuller, the last abbot, held the same.
Also (2) the manor and grange of Girtforde alias Girtforth, Beds, which belonged to the late priory of Caldwell, Beds, the advowson of the rectory of Sonday, and all possessions of the priory in Girthforde and Sonday, Beds.
Also (3) all possessions of Caldwell in Potton, Beds. Rents, 21s., 5s. 10d., and 4s., free of charges except 3s. 4d. fee to the bailiff of Milhoo and all issues of the rectory of Sonday. Del. Westm., 7 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (mutilated). Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
21. Ric. Cupper of London. Grant, in fee, for 1,366l., of the manor of Poulet Gaunts, Somers, and a windmill there, both belonging to the late hospital of St. Mark, Billeswike, otherwise called “Lez Gaunts,” near Bristol in co. town of Bristol; and all appurtenances in Poulet Gaunts, Southam, and Northam, Somers. Rent, 7l. 11s.d. Del. Westm., 8 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 39.
22. Hen. Markeham. Annuity of 50s. issuing from a messuage in Normanton and two others in Nethercolwike and Sneynton, Notts, which belonged to Edm. Hunt, deceased; during the minority of Hen. Hunt, s. and h. of the said Edmund; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 8 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 15.
23. Thos. Tholymson, clk., underwarden (subcustos) of the chantry in the parish church of Brokelisby, Linc. dioc. Presentation to the wardenship of the same chantry, void by the death of John Welles, clk., and in the King's gift by reason of the suppression of the late monastery of Newsome. Westm., 8 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. same day.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 16.
24. Rouland Lathum, of Longworth, Berks. Grant, in fee, for 176l. 10s. 10d. of lands, &c., called Burges, leased to John Yate; and Draycote lease and Draycote parke, leased to Thos. Stone in Longworth, Berks, which belonged to the late monastery of Abenden.
Also, the messuage, &c., now in tenure of the said Rouland, in Sermon Lane, in the parish of St. Mary Magdalene, Olde Fysshestrete in London, which belonged to the late Carthusian priory near London. Rents, 17s.d. and 3s. 4d. Del. Westm., 8 June 32 Hen. VIII. — S.B. (slightly mutilated. With note on the back: “Mr. Snowe, Mr. Secretary desireth you to cause this bill to [be] written and sped with diligence, as both he and other of your friends may do unto you like pleasure. Yours, J. Godsalve.”) Pat. p. 4, m. 25.
25. Will. Berners, of Thoby, Essex, Walter Farre alias Gyllyngham, of London, and Will. Glascok, of London. Grant in fee, for 630l. 6s. 8d., of (1) the manor of Westwell, Oxon, and the chief messuage or grange of West Tyllesley alias West Tyldesley, Berks, belonging the late priory of Edyngton, Wilts, as fully as Paul Busshe, late rector or chief minister, or governor, of Edyngdon, held them. (2) Also lands, &c. called Wysshefeldes alias Westrydgefeldes, in Dodingherst, Essex, which belonged to the late monastery of Barmondesey, Surr. (3) Also certain messuages, &c., called Bedysherst, in Funtmell, Dorset, which belonged to the late monastery of Milton alias Middelton, Dors. (4) Also the messuages, &c., in Gyllyngham, Dorset, belonging to the late priory of Mountague, Somers. (5) Also the messuage and tenement called Downe Hall in King's Hatfelde, Essex, which belonged to the late monastery of King's Hatfelde alias Hatfelde Brodoke. (6) Also the manor of Mynchyn, Essex, belonging to the late priory of Clerkenwell, Midd.; with appurtenances in Magna and Parva Donemowe, Essex. Rents (1) 11s.d., and 16s. 10½d.; (2) 3s.d.; (3) 4s. 8d.; (4) 3s. 11/8d.; (5) 12s.; and (6) 8s. 8d. Del. Westm., 8 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. badly mutilated. Pat. p. 4, m. 33.
26. Rob. Legh, of London, mercer. Licence to alienate a moiety of the manor of Bekenham, Kent, and a moiety of the advowson of the church of Bekenham; to Thos. Bough and Rob. Parke, mercer, with a view to the premises being regranted to the said Rob. Legh and Joan his wife, in tail male. Westm., 8 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 41.
27. Will. Kendall, of Launceston, Cornwall. Lease of the iron mines in the park of Clonne, Glamorgan, S. Wales, and within 3 miles distance of the said park; for 21 years; at the yearly rent of 26s. 8d., with power to take sufficient timber for the repair of the iron mills and houses out of the said park and out of the forests of Talvan, Carthmaylocke, Kairgriff, Quotkade, Carth, Marrowurth, the Olde and the Newe Forest in co. Glamorgan. Westm., 2 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 June.— P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 15. (In English.)
28. John Menyffe or Menyfee, of London, yeoman, and Elizabeth, his wife. Grant, in fee, for 54l. 10s., of the manor of Northcote, Devon, which belonged to the late monastery of Bremmor, Hants; with appurtenances in Northcote and Honyton, Devon. Annual value 60s. 7d.; rent 6s. 1d. Westm. Palace, 8 June 32 Hen. VIII.— P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 48 (undated).
29. Commission of gaol delivery.
Cambridge town gaol: Chr. Franke, mayor, Sir Robt. Payton, John Hynde, serjeant-at-law, Thos. Hutton, Thos. Rudstone, Thos. Brakyn, Edw. Slegge, Rob. Chapman, John Chapman, and Edw. Thomson. 9 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 12d.
30. Geo. Powton. Lease (on surrender of a 13 years' lease to Will. Powton under the convent seal of Glastonbury, and for 7l fine) of the tithes of the rectory, town, and manor of Estmouncketon, Wilts, and the grange, &c., there, with pasture in Guyseley and le Rotherdowne, and certain farm stock and implements described, which belonged to the late monastery of Glastonbury, and are in the King's hands by the attainder of Ric. Whytyng, the last abbot; for 21 years; at 19l. 6s. 8d. rent. Del. Westm., 10 June 32 Hen. VIII —S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 13.
31. Thos. Weldon, chief clerk of the King's kitchen. To be keeper of the leads (“custos omnium et omnimod' plumborum”) in Wyndesour castle, vice Rob. Litile, with 2d. a day, and all advantages, as enjoyed by Hen. Smith or the said Rob. Litile. Westm., 1 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del Westm., 10 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 52.
32. The saddlers of London and other cities, boroughs, and towns in England. Inspeximus and confirmation of pat. 28 Oct. 11 Hen. VII., inspecting and confirming pat. 12 Oct. 3 Hen. VI., inspecting and confirming (by the advice of Parliament) pat. 1 Dec. 37 Edw. III., granting them certain privileges to prevent the manufacture and vending of bad wares. Westm., 11 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7. m. 20.
33. Thos. Culpeper. Grant, in fee, in consideration of his true and faithful service, of the reversions of the premises contained in the following crown leases, viz.:—
(1) 2 June 30 Hen. VIII., to Sir Ralph Ellerker, of Rysby, Yorks., of the house and site of the late priory of Haltamprice, Yorks., and divers lands, &c., in Haltamprice and Cotingham, Yorks.; term 21 years: rent 18l. 14s. 9d. (2) 19 Sep. 28 Hen. VIII. to Thos. Welles, of the site of the house or late priory of Arden, Yorks., with the demesne lands thereto belonging; term 21 years; rent 8l. 9s. 4d. (3) 20 July 28 Hen. VIII., to Will. Fairfax, of the site of the late priory of Fereby, in the county of the town of Kyngeston-upon-Hull, with the demesne lands thereto belonging; term 21 years; rent 7l. 3s. 2d.
Also grant, as above, of 10l. 14s. 9d. a year, parcel of the said yearly rent of 18l. 14s. 9d., and the whole of each of the other rents above reserved. Also the house and site of the late monastery or priory of Haltemprice, and divers lands, &c. (including a parcel of meadow called “Pese Wyspe Ynge,” formerly in the tenure of John Jakson, and now or late in that of the aforesaid Sir Ralph) in the town, fields, and parish of Elley in the said co., belonging to the said late monastery; also the meadows called Salteyngs, now in the tenure of the said Sir Ralph, in the parish of Cottingham, belonging to the same late monastery; in as full manner as the last prior of Haltamprice held the same.
Also the house and site of the late priory of Arden, with divers messuages, &c., specified, in Arden (among which is a close of meadow called Thomas Busk's).
Also the house and site of the late priory of Feryby, in the county of the town of Kyngeston-upon-Hull; the church, &c., of the said late priory; and divers messuages, &c, in the town and fields of Fereby. belonging to the said late priory.
Also the house and site of the late Friars Minors, commonly called the “Gray Freers,” in the town of Beverley, Yorks; the church, &c., of the same; and divers lands, specified, in Beverley, belonging to the said late house; in as full manner as the last warden or governor of the said Friars held the same. Del. [Westm.,] 12 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (badly mutilated). Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
34. Dorset:—Commission of Peace and of Oyer and Terminer to Thos. lord Audeley of Walden, C. Thos. duke of Norfolk, Treasurer of England, Charles duke of Suffolk, President of the Council, Hen Marquis of Dorset, Will. earl of Southampton, keeper of the Privy Seal, Hen. earl of Bridgewater, John lord Russell, Great Admiral of England, Hen. lord Mautravers, John lord Audeley, Will lord Stourton, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Thos. Wylloughbye, Sir Giles Strangways, Sir Edw. Willoughby, Sir Thos. Trenchard, Sir Thos. Arundell, Sir Will. Uvedall, Sir John Horsey, Sir John Rogers, Edw. Rogers, Geo. Lynde, Thos. Stradlyng, Roger Stourton, Ric. Phillippes, John Wadham, John Horsey, jun., Robt. Coker, John Williams, John Dakcombe, Nic. Willoughby, Hen. Assheley, Hen. Strangways, Will. Thornell. 12 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 6d.
35. Ric. Hygham. Licence to alienate the reversion of the rectory of St. Margaret, Stansted Thele, Herts, with appurtenances there, and in Amwell, Herts; and certain acres of land, &c., in Stansted Thele, Amwell, Stansted Abbot and Hoddesdon, Herts, and pasture for 4 cows yearly in Amwell marshe, and for 100 sheep in Stansted Thele and Amwell, belonging to the late priory of Elsyngspyttell: to Philip Parys. Westm., 12 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 5.
36. Ric. Lee. Annuity of 25l. issuing from the manor of Baldesley, and lands in Baldesley, Wylson, Cardyngton, and Le Heyr, Salop, which belonged to John Leighton, deceased, during the minority of Edw. Leighton, s. and h. of the said John, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 13 June 32 Hen. VIII. — S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 55.
37. George Sandforth. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Ric. Sandforth. Westm., 4 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 14 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 35.
38. Edm. Sherman, s. and h. of Edw. Sherman, deceased. Lease of the meadow under Ludlowe Castle called “Castell medowe” in the lordship of Staunton Lacy, parcel of the earldom of March, Salop; for 21 years; at the yearly rent of 30s. and 2s. 4d. of increase. On surrender by the said Edmund of pat. 24 Nov. 11 Hen. VIII. granting a similar lease to his father. Del. Westm., 14 June 32 Hen. VIII.— S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 21.
39. Commissions to make inquisitions p. m.
Heref.:—To Thos Baskervyle, of Moreranton, and Ric. Walwyn, of Mochemerkle; on the lands and heir of Will Baskervyle, — 16 June.
Heref.:—To the same; on the lands and heir of Nic. Chypenham, — 16 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 24d.
40. Sir Will. Kyngeston. Annuity of 40 marks issuing from the manor of Mynhed and all lands which belonged to Sir Andrew Lytterell deceased, during the minority of John Lytterell, s. and h. of the said Andrew; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 17 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
41. Essex:—Commission to John Warner, of Magna Waltham, Essex, Roger Wentworth, of Felsted and Walter Scott, of Parva Lighes, Essex, to make inquisition concerning the lands and heir of Ant. Penycoke, — 17 June. Pat 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 18d.
42. Hen. de Kyghelay. Inspeximus and confirmation of pat. 5 July 3 Hen. VI., inspecting and exemplifying charter 18 Oct. 33 Edw. I., granting to Hen. de Kyghelay a market and fair at his manor of Kyghelay, Yorks. Westm., 18 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
43. Thos. Holcrofte, of Holcrofte, Lanc., esquire of the Body. Grant, in fee, for 126l. 10s., of the site of the late house of Augustinian Friars commonly called the “Austen Freres,” Weryngton, Lanc., and the tenements now or late in the several tenures of Ranulph Shaye, Thos. Baker, Ric. Gulden, John Middelton, Ralph Leigh, and Thos. Glover, in Weryngton, belonging to the said late house.
Also the site of the house of the late Friars Minors, commonly called the “Grey Freres” near Preston, Lanc.; the church, church-yard, &c., thereof; the dwelling-house with gardens, &c., adjoining, and lands, &c., specified by name, in and near Preston, next the said site; and the turbary or digging of turfs in Penwortham, Lanc.; all which belonged to the said house of Friars Minors.
Also the house and site of the late house of Friars Preachers commonly called the “Blake Freres” near Lancaster; the church, &c., thereof; 1 rood of land near Edingbrigge, and a house and 2 closes of pasture called Freres Mosse, near Wharmer Parke, Lanc.; which belonged to the said late house; Rents 9s., 5s.d. and 12d. Del. Westm., 18 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 17.
44. Walter Hendle, Attorney of the court of Augmentations. Grant, in fee, for 300l., of the manors of Ebney and Ebney Priory, Kent, belonging to the late monastery of Christchurch, Canterbury, with appurtenances in Ebney, Woodchurche, Apuldore, Tenterden, Stone, Wytresham, and Kenardyngton, Kent, as fully as Thos. Goldwell, the last prior, held the same.
Also the manor of Comden alias Comeden, Kent, belonging to the late monastery of Ledes, Kent; with appurtenances in Fretynden, Kent (as fully as Thos. Day, the last prior). Rents 44s. and 9s. 9d.; free of charges except 53s. 4d. a year from Ebney and Ebney Priory for the repair of the sea walls. Del. Westm., 18 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 18.
45. John Sewster of Asshewell, Herts, and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in fee, for 289l. 10s., of (1) the manor called “Monks Manour” in Wallington and Clothall, Herts, belonging to the late monastery of St. Alban's, Herts; and the advowson of the parish church of Wallington.
Also (2) the manor, &c., called the “Brende Graunge” in Chippenham, Camb., in the tenure of John Bolles, which belonged to the late priory of Chiksand, Beds.
Also (3) the lands, &c., of Raveley, closes called Longe Newefelde, Redlandhill, Redlandslade, Otedole, Coteyarde, Stokkyng, and Raveley, in Raveley Magna and Walton alias Woodwalton, Hunts, and lands, &c., specified in Raveley Hethe alias Raveley Woode, and upon Cotehill in Raveley Magna, now in the tenure of the said John Sewster and Thos. Baker, belonging to the late monastery of Ramsey, Hunts. Rents 9s. 6d., 2s. 8d. and 20s. Del. Westm., 18 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 20.
46. Charles duke of Suffolk. Licence to alienate the manors of Oursby and Thornton, Linc., and rectory of Oursby, to Francis Ascugh. Westm., 18 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 28.
47. Commissions of Peace and of Oyer and Terminer.
(a.) Hants: — Thos. lord Audeley of Walden, C., Thos. duke of Norfolk, Treasurer of England, Charles duke of Suffolk, President of the Council, Will. earl of Southampton, keeper of the Privy Seal, S. bishop of Winchester, Hen. ld. Mauutravers, John ld. Audeley, Will. ld. Sandys, Will. ld. Seyntjohn, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Thos. Willoughby, Sir Thos. Wryothesley, Sir John Wallop, Sir Edw. Willoughbye, Sir Michael Lyster, Sir Will. Barkeley, Sir Francis Dawtrye, Sir Will. Gyfford, Sir Peter Fylpott, John Paulett, Edm. Marvyn, King's serjeant-at-law, Geo. Paulett, Ric. Paulett, Philip Parys, Ric. Andrewes, John Kyngesmyll, Will. Thorp, James Bettys, Thos. Wellys, John Norton, Reginald Williams, Rob. Bulkeley, Nic. Tychebourn, Arthur Uvedale, Will Warbam, Ric. Coton, John Wyntershull, John Whyte, Will. More. 18 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6d.
(b.) Middlesex: — Thos. ld. Audeley of Walden, C., T. archbishop of Canterbury, Thos. duke of Norfolk, treasurer, Charles duke of Suffolk, president of the Council, Will, earl of Southampton, keeper of the Privy Seal, Thos. earl of Rutland, Andrew ld. Wyndesore, Sir Chr. Hales, M.R., Sir Humph. Broun, King's serjeant-at-law, Sir John Baker, Sir John Daunce, Sir Thos. Nowell, Sir Brian Tuke, Sir John Aleyn, Sir Ralph Wareyn, Sir Ric. Gresham, Sir Roger Cholmeley, serjeant-at-law, Ric. Pollard, Edm. Pekham, John Skewes, John Pakyngton, John Hewes, Will. Patchett, Roger More, John Croke, Rob. Cheseman, John Palmer, John Newdigate, John Lymsey, Rob. Curson, John Greyvyle, Hen. Whitreson, John Tawe, Thos. Roberte, Francis Goodyere, Jasper Leke. Westm., 18 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7d.
48. Ant. Lowe. Lease of the manor or lordship of Wrexkesworth, Derb., parcel of the lands of the late countess of Richmond, for 21 years, from the expiration of a former 21 years' lease granted to Roger Mynours by pat. 20 June 16 Hen. VIII.; rent, 10l. 6s. 8d. Del. Westm., 19 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Endd: “Ant. Lowe, bill for the farm of Workesworth paying the rent yearly accustomed.”) Pat. p. 5, m. 13
49. John Sewester, of Asshewell, Herts, and Elizabeth his wife. Licence to alienate Monks manor in Wallyngton and Clothall, Herts, belonging to the late monastery of St. Alban's, and the advowson of the parish church of Walyngton; and the manor called “le Brende Graunge” in Chippenham, Camb., belonging to the late priory of Chiksand, Beds, and certain lands, &c., there; to John Bowles. 20 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3.
50. Sir Thos. Tresham. Licence to impark 120 acres of wood, 250 acres of pasture, and 50 acres of meadow in Lyveden, Ntht., commonly called Lyveden parke; whereof the Eastern side abuts upon Bareshanke wood and Whynney grene in Pylton, and the Western side abuts upon a wood called Sherylappe and Sudburgh grene, and the South side upon the wood of the said Sir Thomas, called Ladywood and Bradyhawe, and the North side abuts on the highway called Harlowe Rydyng, and upon closes of the said Sir Thomas, now in the tenures of John Aykyns and John Palmer. Del. Westm., 20 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
51. Ric. Ingram, of Wolford, Warw. Grant in fee, for 218l. 4s. 2d. (1) of the manor of Northaston, Oxon, the rectory and church of Northaston, and the advowson of the vicarage of the same; and all lands, &c., lately leased to Thos. Lovett in Bereford, Wotton and Woodstock, Oxon, all which belonged to the late priory of Bradnestock, Wilts.
Also the manors of (2) Clanveld, Oxon, and (3) Aldeborne, Wilts, belonging to the late monastery of Southwyke, Hants. Rents (1) 16s. 4d.; (2) 5s. 7d.; (3) 2s. 4d. Pat. p. 4, m. 18. Del. Westm., 20 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
52. Charles Howard. Grant, in fee simple, of the messuage or tenement and two shops, &c., lately leased to John Worsoppe, scrivener, of London, in the parish of St. Pancras by Westchepe, London, and three shops, &c., lately leased to Thos. Abraham, sen., in the said parish beside Estchepe, belonging to the late college or house of Acon, London; rent, 16s. 8d. Del. Westm., 20 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 25.
53. John Williamson, of the parish of Crossethwayte, Cumb., yeoman. Grant in fee, for 310l. 12s. 6d., of services and rents of 2s. due from the heirs of Nic. Ratclyff for the “Bridgeholme,” 2½d. and 1 lb. of cinnamon due from the heirs of John Rede for the “Fysshegarthes,” 6d. due from Will. Walles for a parcel of land called Wanthwayte, and all messuages and tenements now or late in the several tenures of Ric. Yowdall, Rob. Yowdall, John Yowdall, Will. Howe, and the widow of Ric. Atkynson, and Nic. Williamson, Ric. Becke, and the daughter of Edw. Becke, and Nic. Ratclyff, and James Ratclyff; and the messuage or rectory called Monkehall, now or late in the tenure of Gawin Ratclyff; all which lie in the township of Crossethwayte, Cumb.; and the wood called the “Vycar Ile” within the water of Darwent, in the parish of Crossethwayte; and the lands and tenements called Esknesse in the said parish, late in the several tenures of John Wilson, sen., John Wilson, jun., and Thos. Wilson; also all lands, &c., called Arneclyff Cote in Arneclyffe in Craven, Yorks., late in the several tenures of Will. Knolle, Oliver Knolle, and Katherine Abraham, widow, the sheep, pasture, and “shepegate” called Lyonsyde in Arneclyff in Craven; all which premises belonged to the late monastery of Fountains, Yorks. Rent, 34s. 5d. Del. Westm., 20 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 45.
54. Rob. Carre. Licence to alienate the manor of Barkeston, Linc., which belonged to the late monastery of Haltamprice, Yorks.; a water-mill called Mele Fosse in Barkeston; and all his messuages, lands, &c., in Barkeston, belonging to the said late monastery or manor; to Thos. Pell and Alice his wife, and the heirs of the said Thomas. Westm., 20 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 11.
55. Roger More, of Bissetor, Oxon. Grant, as underneath, for 187l. 17s. 2d. of (1) the lands, &c., late in the several tenures of divers persons (named) in the hamlet of Wretchewyke, and in Middelton and Arnecote, Oxon, 18d. a year called “hedsilver” in Arnecote, and the advowson of the vicarage of the parish church of Burcestre alias Bissetor, all which belonged to the late priory of Burcestre, alias Byssetor, and all possessions of the priory in these places. Annual value, 9l. 7s.d.
Also (2) lands (tenants named) in Burcestre alias Bissetor, and all other possessions of the said priory there. Value, 11l. 10s. 4d.
Also (3) the messuage, &c., within the precinct and walls of the house or late priory of Augustinian Friars in London; and the yearly rent of 10s. issuing from the same messuage.
Tenures. (1) and (3) in fee simple at rents of 20s. and 12d.; and (2) to the said Roger and Agnes, his wife, and the heirs male of the body of the said Roger; rent, 21s. 3d. Del. Westm., 20 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (mutilated). Pat. p. 7, m. 12.
56. Sir Thos. Kytson and Margaret his wife. Licence to alienate the manor of Downham, Suff., and the liberty of two faldages in Downham, to Will. Maltyward. Westm., 20 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 30.
57. Wallyngford Castle:—Commission of gaol delivery, to Edm. Marvyn and Thos. Bromley, serjeants-at-law, Sir Will. Essex, Sir Will. Barentyne, Sir Walter Stonour, Sir Ant. Hungerforde, Will. Fermour, Thos. Essex, Chr. Aston, Will. Raynesford, John Pollard, and John Latton. 21 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12d.
58. Will. Rysley, of Chytwood, Bucks, aud Alice his wife. Grant, in fee, for 183l., of the manors and rectories, and advowsons of the vicarages of Barton Hartishorne, and Chytwood, Bucks (the latter formerly called the “priorie” of Chitwood), lands in tenure of Rob. Jakeman in Godington, Oxon, of Will. Risley in Preston, Bucks, and of Will. Tracy and Nic. Gourney in Wotton Underwood, Bucks; and the wood called Boysters Wood in the parish of Bukingham, Bucks. All which premises belonged to the late monastery of Notteley, Bucks. Rents 20d. for the lands in tenure of Tracy and Gourney, 18s. 8d. for the rest. Del. Westm., 21 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 5, m. 37.
59. Sir Thos. West lord Lawarr. Licence to impark and enclose all the lands within the precinct of his park of Offyngton, Sussex, along with 70 acres of land, meadow, wood, furze, &c., in Offyngton. The licence is to him or the heirs of his body; and in default of such issue, to Sir Owen West or the heirs male of his body; and in default of such issue, to the heirs male of Sir Geo. West, deceased; and in default of such issue, to Leonard West or the heirs male of his body; and in default of such issue, to the heirs male of the body of Sir Thos. West, late lord Lawarr, father of the said Thomas, now lord Lawarr, or the heirs of the body of the said heirs male; and in default of such issue, to the heirs of the body of the said late lord Lawarr; and in default of such issue, to the right heirs of the said late lord. Del. Westm., 22 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
60. Thos. Noke, of Hatfelde Regis, Essex. Grant, in fee, for 234l., of the house and site of the late priory of Hatfelde Regis alias Hatfelde Brodoke, Essex; and meadows, &c. (specified), in Hatfelde Regis alias Hatfelde Brodoke; the messuage, tenement, and lands called Busshes in Hatfelde aforesaid, and all houses, lands, &c., leased therewith in Busshende, in Hatfeld Regis, in the tenure of John Speller; all which premises belonged to the late priory. Except the tithe barn for the tithe grain of the rectory of Hatfeld Regis. Rent 26s. Del. Westm., 22 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
61. Sir Hen. Isley. Grant in fee (in exchange for the manors of Bradbourn and Tymberden, Kent, and for the sum of 716l. 7s. 11d.) of the manor and town of Brasted alias Bradsted, Kent; the hamlet called the upland of Brasted, and the park called Brasted Parke; which premises belonged to Edw. duke of Buckingham, attainted, and which came to the King by the attainder of Anne, late marchioness of Pembroke (by the name of Anne, Queen of England), and by reason of Thos., late earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, dying without heir male of his body. Rent 102s. 3d. Del. Westm., 22 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B.. Pat. p. 4, m. 1.
62. Sir Riceus Manxell. Grant, in fee, for 938l. 6s. 8d., of the house and site of the late monastery of Morgan alias Margam in co. Glamorgan and Morgan, S. Wales; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof; with a water-mill, fishery in the water of Aven, and all lands, &c., within and without the said site, and belonging to the said late monastery; the granges called the “Newe graunge,” the “Upper graunge,” “Noge Court graunge,” and “Whitecrosse graunge,” in Morgan; the land called Southowse in Morgan; the grange called “Seynt Myghell's graunge,” and two parcels of land called “Langlond and Portland,” in Morgan and Kenfegge; the grange of “Tangelust alias Tanglustlande,” in Kenfegge; the grange of Llangewithe, in said co.; the grange of Stormy, in Morgan; and the coalmine in Kevencrebroue alias Kevencrebur and Brombell, in Morgan; and all tithes of grain and hay in Penvey, Glamorgan; all which belonged to the said late monastery; in as full manner as Lewis Thomas, the last abbot, held the same.
Annual value (1) of Llangewyth grange and the said tithes, 13l. 8s. 8d., and (2) of the rest, 38l. 14s.; rents 26s. 10½d. and 77s.d. Westm., 17 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 22 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 1.
63. Edw. Bury, of Hadley, Essex. Grant, in fee, for 604l. 4s. 2d., of the manor of Bulvan alias Bulfan Hall, Essex, belonging to the late monastery of Berking, Essex; and the advowson of the parish church of Bulvan. Rent 65s. 5d. Del. Westm., 22 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 4.
64. Ric. Morysyne, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. Grant, in tail mail, of the house and site of the late preceptory or hospital of St. Wulstan in co. city of Worcester; the church, steeple, and churchyard of the same, &c.; the manor of Chaddeswiche, Worc.; the appropriate rectories of Claynes and Croule, with the chapel of St. Godwald in said co.; and the advowsons of the same, and of the vicarages thereof.
Also the house and site of the late hospital of St. James, near Northalverton, Yorks.; the manor of Elerbeke, Yorks.; the appropriate rectories of Northotrington and Thornton, Yorks.; with the advowsons and all other possessions of St. James's, in Northalverton, Brompton, Romondbye, Northotrington, Fulkeholme, Thimbleby, Thornton in the Beans, Thornton in the Street, Thornton in the More, Osmondersley, and Ellerbeke, Yorks., and in Tiseley alias Twisilles, Borneholme alias Brunholme, Langenewton and Newbigging, Durham, and elsewhere; and of St. Wulstan's in the city and suburbs of Worcester, and in Hartleburye, Severnestoke, Cliftonsuper-Tende, Alfreston, Hodington, Wittenton, Chaddeswiche, Crowley, and Claynes, Worc., Higgeley, Salop, Stratford, Warw., and elsewhere. Rent 14l. 3s.d., as tenth. Westm., 16 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 1.
65. Robt. Serlys, clk., S.T.B., who holds two ecclesiastical benefices. Licence to assign one of his benefices to a secular clerk, and take another in its place. Westm., 17 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S.
66. John earl of Bath and lord Fytzwaren. Livery of lands as s. and h. of John, late earl of Bath and lord Fytzwaren alias Sir John Bourchyer, late earl of Bath, s. and h. of Eliz. de Fytzwaren, deceased; or as Sir John Bourchyer, now earl of Bath, s. and h. of John Bourchyer, late earl of Bath, &c., and of Cecilia, his wife, deceased. Westm., 20 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 23 June 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
67. Will. Chester, of Bristol, merchant. Grant in fee, for 37l. 10s., of the site of the late house of Friars Preachers, in Bristol, &c.; and a vacant place outside the wall of the orchard or garden there, in the tenure of Francis Stradlyng. Rent 4s. 2d. Del. Westm., 23 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
68. Ric. Pollard, one of the general surveyors of Crown lands. Grant, in fee, for 417l., of the house and site of the late abbey of St. Mary, Forde, Devon; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, &c.; the grange of Orcharde, with appurtenances in Thornecombe, Devon, and all possessions of the abbey in Charde and Crokehorne, Somers., and Brode Wyndesore, Dorset; and the demesne lands (named) in Thornecombe; a corn-mill in the parish of Thornecombe, and the watercourse thereto belonging; the chapel of St. Mary Magdalen, in the said parish, and the land called the Chappelhaye, with the gardens adjoining the said chapel; the first mowing of 6 acre of meadow in Brode mede in the parish of Charde, Somers.; the close called Leymore, in the parish of Crokehorne; pasture and common for 300 sheep upon Blackedowne in the parish of Brode Wyndesore; and the customary works of the tenants in the said parish of Thornecombe; also the manor or grange of Strete Leghe in the parish of Wynsham, Somers.; the hall, chamber gardens, land, &c., the chapel of St. James, and divers little enclosures about the said manor, severally named and described, in the said parish of Wynsham; all which belonged to the said late monastery; in as full manner as Thomas, late abbot of Forde, held the same. Rent 4l. 9s.d. Del. Westm., 23 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 5, m. 41.
69. Sir Ric. Crumwell alias Willyams. Licence to alienate the manor of Towysland, Hunts, to Sir Walter Luke. Westm., 23 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 5.
70. Thos. Blencowe, of Laurence Merston, Northt. Grant, in fee, for 180l., of the site and chief messuage of the manor of Lawrence Merston alias Merston Seynt Lawrence, Northt., belonging to the late Carthusian priory or house of Shene, Surrey; and all appurtenances lately leased to the said Thomas. Rent, 20s. Del. Westm., 23 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (mutilated), Pat. p. 7, m. 16.
71. Sir Thos. Denys, of Holcombe Burnell, Devon. Grant, in fee, for 541l. 9s. 2d., of (1) the house and site of the late priory of St. Nicholas, Exeter; the church, steeple, &c., thereof; a meadow in the parish of “Seynt Davidis Downe,” Devon; two water-mills, called St. Nicholas Mills, near the North gate of the city of Exeter, and the meadows usually leased therewith, in the tenure of John Maynard; three messuages and tenements in the several tenures of John Ellyott, James Lee, and John Rawlyn, in the parish of Pynhoo, Devon; a messuage in the tenure of Andrew Payne, in Combe St. Nicholas, in the parish of Cheryton Fitzpayne, Devon; (2) the manor of Bowleigh, Devon, and its appurtenances in Cadbury, Devon, all which belonged to the said late priory.
(3) The manor of Brounston alias Brampston, Devon, belonging to the late monastery of Bukfast alias Bukfastleigh, Devon, with appurtenances in Modbury, Devon.
(4) The grange of Torrewood, in the parish of Torre Mohom, Devon; and the wood of Torrewood and divers parcels of land severally specified by name in the said parish. All which belonged to the late monastery of Torre, and are now in the tenure of the said Sir Thomas. Annual values of (1) and rents given. Del. Westm., 25 June 32 Hen. VIII.— S.B. (badly mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 28
72. The city of Norwich. Grant (for 81l., paid by Austin Steward, merchant of Norwich) to the mayor, sheriff, citizens, and commonalty, of the house and site of the late priory of Friars Preachers, commonly called the Black Freers, in the said city; the church, steeple, and church-yard thereof, &c., and a garden and orchard in the parish of St. Clement and St. Mary Incombusta beyond the water, in the great ward within the said city, and a tenement in the tenure of John Baaker, in the parish of St. Clement, in the said city, parcel of the lands of the said late priory. Rent, 9s. Westm., 1 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 37.
73. Rob. Holgate alias Halgate, bishop of Llandaff. Grant in fee, for 276l., of the house and site of the late priory of Malton, Yorks.; the church, steeple, and churchyard, &c., of the same; and the demesne lands (specified) of the said late priory in Oldmalton, Yorks., and the fishery of the Darewent; the grange called Sutton graunge, in the parish of Norton-next-Malton; and certain lands, &c., specified, in the parish of Kyrkby Overkarr, in the lordship of Ryton; all which belonged to the said late priory; in as full manner as the last prior or the general master of the order of St. Gilbert of Sempryngham, held the same. Rent, 30s. 8d. Del. Westm., 26 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 22.
74. Ric. Modye, of London, and Katherine, his wife. Grant, in fee, for 310l. 9s. 7d., of the manor of Lee, Wilts, belonging to the late monastery of St. Aldelm of Malmesbury, Wilts; and all possessions of the monastery in Lee and Cleverton, alias Cleverdon, Wilts. Rent, 34s.d. Del. Westm., 26 June 32 Hen. VIII. — S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 32.
75. John Mascall, of Plompton, Sussex. Grant in fee, for 659l. 2s. 11d., of the manor of Lullington, Sussex, belonging to the late monastery of St. Martin of Batell, Sussex. Rent 73s.d. With liberties. Del. Westm., 26 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 38.
76. John ap Hugh ap Gruff ap Rice, of Conwey, Carnarvon, N. Wales, yeoman. Grant in fee, for 54l. 17s. 6d., of the tenement now in the tenure of David ap Rice ap Llewellin, in the town of Bryned, Carnarvon: a tenement called Appryney, late in the tenure of Rice ap Madok, and now of Ithell ap Rice ap Madok, in the said town of Bryned; a parcel of land, late in the tenure of Hugh ap Griffith ap Rice, and now in that of Eve ap David ap Robyn, widow, in the said town of Bryned; the two tenements, late in the tenure of the said Hugh, and now in that of the said Eve, in Bryned; which premises belonged to the late monastery of Conwey, in the bishopric of St. Asaph's, Annual value, 61s.; rent, 6s.d. Del. Westm., 26 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 47.
77. John Gyes, of Elmore, in co. town of Gloucester. Grant in fee (in exchange for the manors or lordships of Aspley Gyes, Beds, and Wiggington, Oxon, and all possessions of the said John in Apley Guys (sic) and Wiggington, sold to the King 13 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.), of the manors of Brockworth, in co. town of Gloucester, and Great Baryngton, Glouc., which belonged to the late priory of Lanthony, Glouc., with the tithes on the said manors; and all possessions of the priory in Brockworth, Great Baryngton, and Little Baryngton. Rent, 51l. 16s. 3d.
Also the advowson of the parish church of Shalyngford, Berks, which belonged to the late monastery of Abendon, Berks, and the advowson of the parish church of Laver Parva, Essex. To hold free of all charges except the above rent and a yearly rent of 20d. payable to the hundred of Duddeston. Del. Westm., 26 June 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 14.
78. Edw. earl of Derby. Licence to levy, in his own lordships, 100 able men subjects of the King, and conduct them into his Isle of Man, for the defence thereof; also authority to take ships or boats for the conveyance of the said subjects at reasonable prices. Westm., 23 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 28 June.—S.B.
79. Chr. Campion, of London, mercer. Grant in fee, for 183l. 11s. 3d., of a house called the “Candle Howse” and a garden, lately leased to Will. Wolberd; two houses or tenements, with a parcel of unoccupied land, &c., lately leased to the said Christopher; and another tenement, lately leased to Will. Wylde; which premises are situated within the site of the late priory or new hospital of St. Mary without Bisshoppisgate, London. Also two messuages and one alley called the George Alley, and a garden thereto adjoining, lately leased to Thos. Chesilton, in the parish of St. Botolph without Bisshopisgate, a messuage or tenement and an alley called Toddes Alley, and a piece of land called a “Teynter yarde plotte,” and seven small tenements in the same alley, and a messuage, &c., adjoining the gate of the said alley towards the common street there, lately leased to Will. Wetherell, in the said parish of St. Botolph; a messuage and two shops, &c., lately leased to Helen Walkyngton, in a lane called “Grene lattyce lane” in Candelwyke Strete, in the parish of St. Mary Abchurche, London; a tenement, &c., lately leased to Will. Forman, in the parish of St. George, near Estchepe, London; all which premises were parcel of the said late priory or hospital.
Also a tenement, &c., lately leased to Rob. Draper, in the parish of St. Andrew Huberd, London, which belonged to the late monastery of St. Mary of Graces near the Tower of London. Rent stated. Del. Westm., 28 June 32 Henry VIII.—S.B. (Slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 39.
80. Will. Berners, of Thoby, Essex, and Walter Farre, alias Gyllyngham, of London. Licence to alienate the messuage called Downehall in Kynges Hatfeld, Essex, which belonged to the late priory of Kynges Hatfelde alias Hatfelde Brodoke, Essex; and the manor of Mynchyn, Essex, which belonged to the late priory of Clerkenwell, Midd., with lands in Magna and Parva Donemowe, Essex; to Will. Glascok of London, and Philippa his wife, in fulfilment of certain covenants. Westm., 28 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 17.
81. Will. Berners, of Thoby, Essex, and Will. Glascok of London. Licence to alienate the messuage called Bedishirste in the park of Funtmell, Dorset, which belonged to the late monastery of Mylton alias Myddelton, Dorset; and the lands in the parish of Gyllyngham, Dorset, which belonged to the late priory of Mountague, Somers.; to Walter Farre alias Gyllyngham, of London. Westm., 28 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 17.
82. Walter Farre alias Gyllyngham, and Will. Glascok, of London. Licence to alienate lands called Wysshefelds alias Westrydgefelds in Dodyngherste, Essex, a grove of underwood called Wysshefeld Grove, and all other lands in Dodyngherst, which belonged to Bermondsey monastery; to Will. Berners, of Thoby, Essex. Westm., 28 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 17.
83. Sir Ric. Williams. Licence to alienate lands in Wynwyk, Northt. and Hunts, late in the tenure of Thos. Grombald, which belonged to Sawtrey monastery, Hunts; and lands in Stewkeley Magna, Hunts, now or late in the several tenures of certain persons named, which belonged to the nuns of Hynchynbroke, Hunts, to John Elryngton. Westm., 28 June. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m 5.
84. Ant. Belassis, clk., LL.D. Grant, in fee, for 1,062l. 14s. 2d., of the house and site of the late priory of Newburgh, Yorks.; the church, steeple, and church-yard of the same; the manor of Newburgh; and divers closes, &c., in Newburgh severally specified, now or late in the several tenures of John Graye, John Wighell, John Yorke, Chr. Symondson, John Edmondson, Hen. Stragott, James Atkynson, James Bukkill, Chr. Hardcastell, and Ric. Crossebye; the grange of Skorton in Newburgh; the common pasture of Irseley Moore in the parish of Cokewold, Yorks.; certain closes specified in Newburgh; certain lands, &c., specified, in Brenke and Brenckhill, Yorks.; the grange called Ulthwayte and divers closes specified in Ulthwayte, Yorks., in the tenure of John Lambert; also the tenements in the several tenures of — (blank) Frear, widow, Will. Riplay, John Graye, John Howson alias Yorke, Ric. Belassis, deceased, Thos. Graunge, Alan Gate, Ric. Gill, John Colerigge, Margaret Seerle, widow, Chr. Hartcastell, James Buckley, Cuthbert Hikks, John Edmondson, Will. Godson, Andrew Hunter, Hen. Stragott, Chr. Symondson, and James Atkynson:—all which are in Newburghe township, in the parish of Cokewold, Yorks.; and all lands, &c., in Newburghe, in the said parish, and Laithorpe parcel of Newburghe, which belonged to the said late priory of Newburgh, except the rectory of Cokewold. Rent, 5l. 4s.d. Westm., 6 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.— P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 21. Vacated on personal surrender 14 [March?] 32 Hen. VIII.
85. John Cope. Grant, in fee, for 48l., of the lands called “Abbotts Stocking Lease,” lately leased to Nic. Levet, in the parish of Helmenden, Northt., belonging to the late monastery of Bitlesden, Bucks. Rent, 5s. 4d. Westm., 21 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 24.
86. Thos. Arthur, of Wexham, Bucks, and Anne, his wife. Grant, in fee, for 223l. 5s. 4d., of the messuage or farm called Woodhouse, in the parishes of Upton and Wexham, Bucks, belonging to the late priory of Merton, Surrey; with appurtenances in Upton, Fulmer, and Wexham. Also the manor of Wexham, Bucks, belonging to the late monastery of St. Mary Overey, Surrey; and a rent of 18d. issuing from a house and garden in Stooke, Bucks. Rent, 22s. 6d. Del. Westm., 29 June, 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 33
87. Will. Pownde, of Beamondes, Hants, and Helen, his wife. Grant, in fee, for 317l. 8s. 4d., of the manor of Farlington, Hants, belonging to the late monastery of Southwicke, Hants; and the advowson of the rectory and parish church of Farlington; the land and wood called Crokehorne in Farlington; and all messuages, lands, &c., lately severally leased to Ric. Cockwell and Will. Hyggons, in Farlyngton, belonging to the said late monastery. Rent, 33s. Westm., 27 June, 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 36.
88. Sir Thos. Arundell, of Shaftesbery, Dorset. Grant, in fee, for 1,761l. 14s. 10[½]d., of (1) the manor and grange of Tysbery, Wilts, with the advowson of the vicarage of Tysbery, and (2) the site and chief messuage of the manor of Donyngton, in Donyngton, Wilts, with the advowson of the parish church of Donyngton; all which belonged to the said late monastery of Shaftesbury; also (3) the manor of Remescombe, Dorset, which belonged to the late monastery of Cerne, Dorset; and appurtenances in Remescombe and in the island of Purbek, Dorset. Rents (1) 6l. 19s. 5d.; (2) 22s. 8d.; and (3) 24s. Westm., 21 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S. (slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 7, m. 9.
89. Rob. Horderne. Grant for life of the two late hospitals called the “Overspittell House alias Seynt John's Evangelists Spittell House,” and “Neither Spittell House alias Seynt Leonard's Spittell House,” in Berkhamstede, Herts; and the site, &c., thereof; and 7 messuages or tenements, with pasture, &c., 13s. 4d. rent, and tithes of 6 water-mills and 1 fulling-mill in Berkhamstede, Northchurche, and Hammelhamstede, Herts, belonging to the said hospitals, which came to the King's hands by reason of the bad custody and government, dissolution or desolation, renunciation or abandonment of the said late hospitals and other premises; and all lands, &c., which belonged to the said late hospitals. Rent free. Westm., 24 June 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 30 June.— P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 9.
90. Francis Pycher or Pytcher, a Piedmontese, one of the King's posts or runners. Denization. Westm., 25 June, 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S.


  • 1. There is evidently some confusion of statement here, which is partly remedied by inserting, as we have done, a comma after the words “new chancellor.” Riche certainly remained Chancellor of the Augmentations, as he was before; but Marillac seems to have understood that he was now to assist lord Chancellor Audeley in his judicial functions.
  • 2. Meaning Lord Leonard Grey. “Clidas” is Marillac's attempt at the name “Kildare.” Grey's sister married the 9th earl of Kildare, whose son (lord Thomas Fitzgerald) by a former wife, and five half-brothers (Sir James, Oliver, Richard, Sir John and Walter) are the nephew and cousins referred to here. They were executed 3 Feb. 1537.
  • 3. As the latest of these in Henry VIII.'s time is dated 25 June in this year the document is noticed under that date.
  • 4. According to the Inquisitions p. m. 36 Hen. VIII., Nos. 21 and 119, he died on the 10th or 14th February 1544 (35 Hen. VIII.).
  • 5. Supplied from modern marginal note made before the fire.
  • 6. Gerald Fitzgerald and his companions.
  • 7. Cromwell.
  • 8. Gregory Botolf.
  • 9. Gerald Fitzgerald.
  • 10. Darby Gynnyng?
  • 11. Octavio Farnese.
  • 12. These words underlined.
  • 13. The instrument signed with the beer pot was probably the original of No. 267.
  • 14. Burnet professes to print this letter from “an original” in the Cottonian MS. Otho C. x., one of the volumes which were seriously injured by the fire; and it has been supposed that the original letter, which he printed, was entirely consumed. This may be so, for it would seem that Cromwell wrote the same things over more than once; but the MS. in the Hatfield library is certainly “an original” in Cromwell's own hand, and the variations from the printed text are such as might have been due merely to careless editing. There are, however, two notarial copies of this letter in contemporary handwritings (MSS. Harl. 1061 and Addit. 10,451, B.M.), in the former of which a few of Burnet's variations are justified, while the other generally agrees with the Hatfield MS. The following is a list of all the variations, &c.:—Page 424, 1. 14 (of text), “they” after “heard” seems to be written “theym” (them). But if this be not an error of Cromwell's own, the word “which” at the beginning of the sentence must stand for “who,” the construction being:—“Which, when they had heard them, in your Majesty's name,” &c. The Harl. and Add., however, both read “they.”Page 425, l. 8, for “unto” read “in to.”" l. 14, for “and said” Hatf. reads “saying”; but A. agrees with Burnet." l. 15, after “that” supply “yet.”" l. 21, for “commissions” read “commission.”" l. 27, for “Olesleger” read “Osleger.”" ib., for “proposed” read “purposed,” and so in ll. 32 and 37." l. 30, dele “the” before “Sunday”" l. 31, “together”; om. in Hatf. and Add., but Harl. has it.Page 426, l. 1, for “sponsals” read “spousals” (in MS. “spowsaylles”)." l. 8, before “council” Hatf. and A. insert “said.”" ib., instead of “their answer” Hatf. and A. read “what answer they had made.”" l. 9, for “you” Hatf. and A. read “your Highness.”" l. 10, for “unto” read “to.”" l. 15, for “unto” read “into.”" l. 17, after “making” insert “of.”" l. 18, “that is to mean.” The text is quite right, except as to punctuation.Page 426, l. 20, for “married” read “marry.”" l. 22, after “yet” insert “content.”" ib., for “proceedings” Hatf. and Harl. read “proceeding.”" l. 24, for “in” read “and in,” striking out the comma which follows, and inserting one on the line before, after “counsellors.”" l. 26, substitute comma for full stop after “son,” and a small i for the capital in “It.”" l. 36, after “so” insert “I.”" l. 40, for “ceremonies” read “ceremony.”" ib., after “lead” read “her.”Page 427, l. 4, for “to” read “unto.”" ib., after “not” insert “yet.”" l. 6, for “into” Hatf. and Harl. read “unto.”" l. 7, for “her” read “the.”" l. 18, dele “for.”" l. 21, for “afterwards” Hatf. reads “afterward”; but Harl. and A., “afterwards.”" 1 27, after “surely,” insert “my Lord.”" l. 31, for “strook” read “strake.”" l. 35, for “made me” read “I was.”" l. 36, for “Showstie” read “Shrovetide.” The spelling in the Hatf. MS. is “Shorofftyde.”" l. 40, the reading should be:—“to lie with her nightly or every second night.”Page 428, l. 3, after “shewed” dele “to.”" l. 7, for “never had” read “had never.”" l. 15, for “utmost” read “uttermost.”" l. 18, after “Whitsuntide” insert “declared the like to me.”" l. 19, for “to do” read “done.”" l. 27, for “uttermost” Hatf. reads “utterest”; but Harl. and A. “utter most.”" l. 29, after “no man” insert “living.” The words “as I think” are in the Hatf. MS. an interlineation badly inserted just after “I am sure”; and this order of the words is followed by A., but Harl. agrees with Burnet." l. 30, for “excepted” Hatf. reads “except.”" l. 33, after “and” insert “also.”Page 429, ll. 1, 2, Hatf. and A. read “who ever in all your causes hath”; Harl. agrees with Burnet." l. 3, for “will now” Hatf. and A. read “now will”; Harl. agrees with Burnet." l. 5, for “with” read “wealth,” with comma after." l. 15, after “I” Hatf. and A. insert “am”; but Harl., like B., omits the word.
  • 15. The Earl of Overstein. See No. 80.
  • 16. Cancelled.
  • 17. This must have been written after the 29 June. A bill for Cromwell's attainder was, indeed, sent by the Lords to the Commons on the 19th; but the Commons drew a new bill of their own, which they returned with the other to the Lords, who passed it on the 29th. See Lord's Journals.
  • 18. Gregory Cromwell.
  • 19. The sense of this mutilated passage is given by Herbert, who had seen the MS. when uninjured, as follows:—Howsoever, all was remitted to the Council Table, where the Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of Durham said, if nothing but sponsalls had past betwixt them, such a renunciation as was offered would serve; and that then making a protestation in an honourable presence before certain notaries should be a sufficient discharge in law.”
  • 20. A great part of this document is now lost by mutilation, but when printed by Burnet and Howard it was still entire.
  • 21. Dr. Butts and Dr. Chamber.
  • 22. There is a copy of these articles (not very accurate) in a Stuart hand in the Stowe MS. 153 f. 1. (B.M.), headed: “Certain articles put forth unto the Bishops of this realm of England by the King's Majesty in June Anno Do. 1540, to make an answer unto by their learnings as they would abide by.”
  • 23. Probably the “book of truth” referred to in No. 692, which was conveyed to England by lord Chancellor Alen and Brabazon. But the marginal comments on articles 3, 4, and 24 give lord Leonard's answers to the Council in England, apparently before Cromwell's arrest.
  • 24. The expedition to Galway, however, was in 1538, while the insurrection was in the winter of 1536–37.
  • 25. Possibly the man and priest referred to in Vol. xiv., Part i., No. 1245 (3).
  • 26. See No. 649.
  • 27. There is no Number 55.