Henry VIII: September 1540, 1-10

Pages 1-12

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.

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September 1540, 1–10

Sept. 1. Aliens.
Harl. MS.,
442 f. 159.
B. M.
Writ to the mayor and sheriffs of London to make proclamation suspending execution of the Act against Strangers of 32 Henry VIII. [cap. 16], as regards servants of the King, Queen Katharine, Prince Edward, or other the King's children, or Lady Anne of Cleves, during such service; and as regards other strangers, until Easter next. Walden — (blank), Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.
Later copy, pp. 6.
1 Sept. 2. The Privy Council.
P. C. P., vii.
Meeting at Grafton, 1 Sept. Present: the lord Gt. Chamberlain, the Gt. Admiral, the bp. of Durham, the treasurer of the Household, comptroller of the Household, Mr. of the Horse, secretary Mr. Wriothesley, the chancellor of Augmentations. Business:—A letter to Sir Thos. Wharton to send up Sir Jas. Covill, of Scotland, who was come to Carlisle as an exile, to the bp. of Durham; so that, without knowing that the King knew of his coming to Court, he might answer the Council's questions. Letter to Sir Reginald Carnaby to give John Heron of Chipchase a farm of tithes of Hexam which he holds, and to obey Heron in the King's service. Letter to the King's attorney for an office to be found that Kath. Tatersall, of St. Albans, widow, and John Tatersall, her son and heir, were lunatic, and her lands at the King's disposal. Warrant to Sir Brian Tuke to pay Wm. Honyng 20s. given to Mr. Secretary Sadler's servants for bringing up John Heron, 20s. to the serjeants of London for bringing Lyons, 6l. 13s. 4d. to the bp. of Elphens in Ireland, 10l. to John Heron of Chipchase, 6l. 13s. 4d. each to Thos. Ogle and Cuthb. Shafto, in reward. Joan Newman, of Hackney, and Reginalds deposed the sayings of Lyons as they had done to Sir John Alen at London. John Heron and — Heron, whom Mr. Sadler sent, answered as their brethren did. Norfolk's letters read, enclosing one to be sent to O'Neil if approved. Norfolk's letter dissuaded peace with OConor, except on sureties for restitution, desired a gift of 12l. a year to Sir Wm. of Brereton, persuaded the keeping of certain castles to be taken from — (blank), O'Neil's brother, and given to — (blank), and urged exemplary punishment of O'Conor, the Tooles, and Cavanalx.
1 Sept. 3. Sir Richard Ryche to Mr. Northe.
Harl., MS.
283, f. 170.
B. M.
The King has signed a warrant to Mr. Mylles, of Southampton, for 100l. to be defrayed by you for the payment of the wages of his fortresse[s] in the West parts. Grafton, 1 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Treasurer of Augmentations.
1 Sept. 4. Joannes Dantiscus, Bp. of Varmiensis, (fn. 1) to Cranmer.
R. O.
Letters, 402.
Cranmer writes that the report of the Bishop's death seemed to be confirmed by his silence for three years. There has been also a report that Cranmer and other good men had been unjustly put to death by the King, which he rejoices to find is not true. Warns Cranmer to take care that he does not meet the fate of a salamander, considering that the present time in England is unlike any previously seen in Christendom. Would say more but for fear of injuring Cranmer if his letter got into the hands of others. Would rather hear what is happening in England from himself than from those who report what is uncertain for certain. “Tot scilicet bonorum Ecclesiæ di … muit (?) in causas quæ modum [e]t numerum non habent, in utrumque promiscue sexum supplicia, quodque magis hic omnes in admiracionem ac detestacionem inducit, tot conjugia totque, contra omnes cum humanas tum etiam divinas leges, repudia; quæ tamen, quamvis passim hic in vulgus sparsa pro veris habentur, apud me adhuc sunt ambigua.” Is somewhat induced to believe them as Cranmer, an archbp. and primate, signs himself minister of his Church. No doubt we bishops are all ministers, but still have a higher calling. “Nos porro hic sub Christianissimo pientissimoque Rege (fn. 2) degentes Phovorini apud Gellium precepto, utimur verbis presentibus et moribus vivimus antiquis; in quibus et vos olim non infelices inter alios mortales fuistis, adeo etiam, quemadmodum recens nosti, quod de insigni ad te conjugio (fn. 3) scripserim. Hoc si ad eum modum ut cum Juliacense successisset, in quas me turbas non conjecissem! Eas a me Deus per suam misericordiam avertit. Quem vero apud vos exitum hoc turbulentissimum cum tot commutatis Helenis malum, et hec tanta et tam impia diritas aliquando habebit, nemo sane mentis non videt, quantumvis lento divina ira gradu procedat,” which anger he prays may never visit England where he received so much kindness.
Thanks Cranmer for educating the boy he recommended to his service at Ratisbon, and for sending him back. Asks him to write by merchants at London, the writer's fellow countrymen. “Ex arce nostra Heilsberg,” 1 Sept. 1540.
P.S.In his own hand, mutilated. Speaks of * * * also sending his autobiography, printed without his knowledge, hoping that Cranmer will favour him with an account of his life in return. While writing, feels as if he were in conference with Cranmer, as when Cranmer accompanied him from Ratisbon in a ship on the Danube. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Some passages underlined by Cranmer. Add.
1 Sept. 5. Melancthon to Camerarius.
Reform., iii.
* * * Atrocious crimes are reported from England. The divorce with the lady of Juliers is already made and another married. Good men of our opinion in religion are murdered. * * * Cal. Sept.
Lat. Add.: at Tubingen.
*** In a letter to Mythobius next day he writes “Quanto atrocius est Anglicum scelus! Auglicus tyrannus divortium facit cum Juliacensi nupta. O dirum tyrannum!”
1 Sept. 6. Paul III. to Thos. Campeggio, Bp. of Feltri.
Harl. MS.,
4994, f. 192b.
B. M.
Appointing him to attend the Diet to be held shortly at Worms. Rome, 1 Sept. 1540.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 2.
2 Sept. 7. William Paget, Clerk of the Council.
See Grants in September, No. 3.
2 Sept. 8. The Privy Council.
vii. 26.
Meeting at Grafton, 2 Sept. Present: the Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of the Horse, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Joan Newman re-examined touching Lyons' sayings. Ant. Cope and Sir John Pitt, vicar of Bambery, brought face to face, and the vicar denied the accusations and Cope maintained them. The Council, considering “lack of discretion” in the vicar, bound him in a recognisance (cited), and afterwards commended Cope for opening the matter, “with an honest advice to bestow his learning in place and tyme convenient.” The Treasurer and Mr. of the Horse went for the King's pleasure touching the Herons, which was that Newman, Reginalds, and all Giles Heron's brothers except the bastard should be despatched with reward, letters should be written to Mr. Sadler in favour of Chr. and John Heron, his servants, and the bastard should remain for examination touching necromancy. A letter to the lord Chancellor to send a commission authorising members of the Council to take recognisances, to make a safe conduct in accordance with the king of Scots' letters (sent to him), and to send a commission to Calais for enquiry of the Six Articles and certain heresies of Thos. Dynton (also sent). Another letter to call in and re-make the commission for subsidy in Oxfordshire, including Sir John Williams. Letters to the Warden of the Fleet to deliver Chr. and Hen. Heron without taking fees, to my lord of Canterbury to appoint a commissary “to be the quorum in the commission” for Calais, and to Mr. Sadler in favour of Chr. and John Heron.
2 Sept. 9. The Privy Council to Norfolk.
Harl. MS.
6989, f. 88.
B. M.
vii. 28.
The King, notwithstanding the Act for Strangers, has licensed all strangers to remain in England and keep their houses, shops and servants till Easter next. All strangers in the service of the King, the Queen, my lord Prince, or any of the King's other children, or the lady Anne of Cleves, shall remain as long as they shall be in such service. Proclamation hereof is already made at Court, and by this time in London; and the like shall be set forth by my lord Chancellor into all the shires. A surceance for a time is, by special letters, made within the marches of Calais. We write thus in order that your Lordship may put the strangers inhabiting those parts out of dread till Easter.
We have received the letters sent you out of Ireland with your own letters of advice thereupon; which we like very well, but have [not] yet had time to declare the whole to the King. No news from outward parts nor any others worth [adver]tisment, “but that John Heron is disp[atched, to have the rule] of Tindall and Riddesdall and an ad[vertisement given] to him and Sir Cuthbert Ratclif from [us, as from] ourselves only, upon hope, and no certeyne [promise], for the Tindalls' reconciliation according to your device and order.” Grafton, 2 Sept. Signed: Robt. Sussex— J. Russell—Cuthbert Duresme—T. Cheyne—Antone Browne—Thom's Wriothesley—Rychard Ryche.
Slightly mutilated, (fn. 4) pp. 2. Endd.: “Kenyng, 4 Sept.” Headed in a modern hand: “cxlj. The Council to the Duke [of Norfolk] at Kening,” &c.
3 Sept. 10. The Privy Council.
vii., 29.
Meeting at Grafton, 3 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:— Consulted touching a defalcation of gunners and soldiers out of fortresses where they may be spared. Ric. Wederell, John Roylle, Ric. Anstey, and John Gryffyn, tapsters that vagrantly followed the Court and caused the price of victuals to be enhanced, ordered to be set on the pillory, one at Court, one at Stratford, one at Tossetre, and one at Northampton, with papers on their heads.
3 Sept. 11. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 215.
(The whole
There was lately published in London an Act of last Parliament touching strangers, both craftsmen and merchants, of the former of whom none shall keep house or workman unless he agree either to take service with the English or take out letters of naturalization; otherwise he must quit the country by Michaelmas next. Although this is a hardship to many poor men who have been long here, it is in accordance with the treaties, and, knowing that most of the Frenchmen here who lived by manual labour were banished vagabonds and such people, and that for the 400 or 500 Normans, Bretons, and other Frenchmen in and about London, there were 15,000 Flemings, Marillac only requested this King to forbid that those leaving the kingdom should be molested. Some have already complained of being robbed, beaten, and maltreated, according to the nature of this common people, who think they make a sacrifice to God if they injure a stranger. The request was readily granted, and this King, three days ago, proclaimed that no stranger should be outraged by deed or word, and specially by certain contumelious words always in men's mouth here, calling Frenchmen “drogues (fn. 5) et quevenez.” As to the merchants, explains that the words are so ambiguous that he has asked this King, as author of the law, to refer to his Council to explain certain passages, of which he sends copy herewith; being unwilling for the sake of 30 or 40 French merchants to irritate those here and make them more obstinate in affairs of greater consequence.
Wrote before of the marriage of the new Queen, niece of the duke of Norfolk, substituted for her who is now called Madame de Cleves; who, far from appearing disconsolate, is unusually joyous and takes all the recreation she can in diversity of dress and pastime.
This King lately, at the chase, spoke very graciously of his friendship for Francis, desiring Marillac to inform Francis on his behalf that the time was fast coming which would show the truth of his predictions as regards the Emperor, who of late days had made divers essays for a closer league with him, but that he knew how cheap fine words were, &c.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4. Headed: London, 3 Sept.
3 Sept. 12. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 217.
(The whole
Since his last of the 14th (sic) ult., has received the King's and his from Vateville of the 6th and 15th (sic), to which there is no answer except as regards the ambassador (fn. 6) whom the Emperor has sent back hither. He seems to excel more in malice than cunning (finesse) and is out of favour with the King and all his ministers, especially Norfolk, who gave Marillac a long account of his intrigues in the past. Knew it more fully by a bundle of letters and minutes he found in the house in which he dwells, in which, before him, the said ambassador stayed nine years. If he knew Marillac had them he would still more regret his return. Has learnt from them divers clumsy intrigues, always full of bad offices against the King, such as, this King says, he had begun to make since this last return, to which he got such a slender response that since presenting his letters of credence he has not left his lodging, except to come to Marillac's twice or thrice, who, however, was always away at Court about the affair of the merchants, of which he writes to the King. Since his return he has been trying through others to get from Marillac some particulars of the marriage treaty of the duke of Cleves with the princess of Navarre and that of Mons. Domalle (d'Aumale) (fn. 7) with the Pope's niece, (fn. 8) of which Marillac pretends ignorance, as not in his charge; to pay him out in his own coin, for he never gets from him any news except where the Emperor was, where he is, and how he is.
Describes the new Queen, whom he has seen at this progress, as rather graceful than beautiful, of short stature, &c. The King is so amourous of her that he cannot treat her well enough and caresses her more than he did the others. She and all the Court ladies dress in French style; and her device is “Non autre volonté que la sienne.” Madame de Cleves is as cheerful as ever, as her brother's ambassador says, who asks Marillac to forward some letters herewith.
As to the affair of Mons. de la Roche [Rochepot], the bp. of Winchester, on the King's behalf, has declared that, after consulting anew, all the men of law at London approve the reply formerly given and that the King would not alter it. Replied that, since it was so, the doctors should write their reasons and let them be sent along with Marillac's to Italy for the indifferent opinion of the learned men there. To this there was no answer. Asks if Montmorency's brother will pursue the affair au principal; for the privileges of the Easterlings are to be revoked and they are debating whether to leave the country. In consideration of his poverty, which is notorious, asks for some benefice in the Church. London, 3 Sept. 1540.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
3 Sept. 13. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Calendar, VI.,
I., No. 121.
Two years ago, (fn. 9) when in fear of war and stoppage of trade, this King granted privilege to all foreign merchants to export and import goods without paying more custom than his own subjects. Now, seeing no more danger of war and wishing to increase his own shipping, he has issued an ordinance (fn. 10) forbidding merchants to ship goods in other than English bottoms. Fearing retaliation, he caused Cromwell, before his imprisonment, to desire foreign merchants to take it in good part, and nothing more was said of it until yesterday when the ordinance began to be enforced. The people of Antwerp, whom it concerns most, will have informed Granvelle of the loss they are likely to sustain. London, 3 Sept.
Original (at Vienna) endd.: Received at Cambray, 3 Nov. 1540.
4 Sept. 14. The Privy Council.
vii. 30.
Meeting at Grafton, 4 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Tunstall, Treasurer, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Letters to Norfolk out of Ireland read, containing the same matters as the letters to the King. Letters brought from the Chancellor enclosing Sir J. Wythryngton's patent, and asking whether to “make denizens after the course of the Chancery.” John Heron, the bastard, examined of his practice of astronomy and necromancy since the late earl of Essex's prohibition, and ordered to write his practises, the names of such as employed him, and of all whom he knows to practise the craft.
[*** The next entry is 6 Sept.]
4 Sept. 15. Earl of Arundel to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has received the King's letters for John ap Rice, constable of Arundel's castle of Clonne, to be porter of the same as before, and also lieutenant of the “five towns.” Ap Rice was proved before the writer's steward and other officers there to have misused the office and was dismissed two years ago. Begs pardon for not accomplishing the King's commands. No “foster” of his said forest was ever lieutenant there; the five towns are members of the lordship of Clonne under the lieutenant of the lordship. Downeley, 4 Sept. Signed: yr humbly subjecte, Arundell.
P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed.
4 Sept. 16. [M. de St. Vincent] to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 172.
B. M.
French intrigues with Saxony and the Turk against the Emperor, as revealed by Mons. de Labret.
Spanish. Headed: “Relacion de la letra que el embaxador de Francia scrivio a iiijo de Septiembre, 1540.” Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 2. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., No. 122.
5 Sept. 17. Card. of Nicastro to Card. Farnese.
R. O. Conference with the Emperor as to the affair of Madame and the Prefect. (fn. 11) The Emperor said Friar Pallavicino had written denying all he said before, affirming that he had said it under torture, and thought to save his life by pleasing His Holiness. There is no suspicion here of the marriage of Signora Vittoria in Lorraine with the eldest son either of the Duke or of Mons. di Ghisa. Other family affairs.
The peace with France seems to be no longer thought of. Of England, can add nothing to what he has already written, either of the new divorce or of Cromwell, except that the latter has been beheaded, and that Don Francesco da Este has returned to Antwerp. The English ambassador says the marriage of the duke of Cleves with the princess of Navarre will not go forward, although in France it is taken as concluded.
* * * * * *
Aia (the Hague) in Holland, 9 Aug. 1540.
P.S. of the same date, mentioning, among other things, that king John of Hungary is reported to be dead, and that the Emperor leaves to-morrow to continue his progress through Holland, after which he will return to Brussels, and then visit Artois and Hainault.
ii. The Same to the Same.
Wrote on the 31 Aug. and the first of this month by way of France, and now encloses the duplicate. Has been unable (for reasons stated) to dissuade the Emperor from the Diet (fn. 12) of the Empire and the Conference (fn. 13) (colloquio). Explains why he thinks Contarini should be sent to the Conference. Brussels, 5 Sept. 1540.
Italian. Modern transcript from Vatican MS., pp. 11.
6 Sept. 18. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Grafton, 6 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—John Aprice put up a bill against Charles Fox, of Ludlow. A letter sent to Sir John Harrington to deliver the countess of Kildare her goods at Beawmanour.
6 Sept. 19. W. earl of Southampton to Henry VIII.
R. O. Yesterday, the 5th inst., the wife of John Gunter, a J.P. here in Sussex, came complaining that, the night before, Sir Geoffrey Poole had sent for her husband and made a quarrel with him for “uttering certain things of him” to the King and Council and “did sore hurt and wound her husband in the head.” Forthwith I sent a servant to take the said justice's own saying (enclosed). At the same hour Poole arrived at my house with his wife and daughter, to see me and my wife, as nearly all the gentlemen of the shire have done, and I, having with me my lord William and Sir Edw. Bray, called him before me to make answer. He confessed that he told Gunter that a servant of his had railed on him (Poole), and that Gunter himself had dealt unkindly with him in his trouble by uttering things they had communed of in secret; and after multiplying words they “joined togethers” and Gunter was hurt. This Gunter, upon a point of negligence, while Poole was in the Tower, was examined by me here and his confession sent to the then lord Privy Seal, (fn. 14) which, indeed, touched Poole in some points, as appears by the same, sent herewith. Afterwards, upon the letters of the said lord Privy Seal, I discharged Gunter, who appeared an honest meaning man. Is in doubt what to do, considering on the one hand the heinousness of the offence, and on the other “the ill and frantique furious nature of the unhappy man; considering also how gracious and merciful your Majesty hath been and is to him, and that he discovered to your Grace things of so great moment and necessary to be known for the safeguard of your most Royal person.” Has therefore not committed him to prison lest it should “reduce him into his phrenzy or some other inconvenience,” nor taken sureties, as “no man of wit will become his surety.” Begs to know what to do. If the King will have the matter slipped over and forgotten, thinks he could get the party (Gunter) to remit all.
Affairs in Surrey and Sussex go well, and he trusts they will succeed to the King's expectation. (fn. 15) Laments the death of lord Tailbois. Cowdrey, 6 Sept. Signed.
3. Add. Endd.
7 Sept. 20. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Grafton, 7 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business;—Robt. Swynerton, of Swyneshed, Linc., brought up by Thos. Marres and John Burton, of Rugby, Warw., for saying, 6 Sept., “O Jesus, what a world is this that so many men shall die, and all for one man's sake!” Fox and Aprice appeared, and were commanded to appear again at Ampthill.
7 Sept. 21. Henry VIII. to the Deputy and Council of Ireland.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
Has learnt from Sir Wm. Brereton and others of the Council there the services lately done by the nobles and clergy and all the commons of the Pale against the wild Irish; and thanks them. Has answered ONeyl's letters as in the copy enclosed, and he and others of that sort must be watched, especially that traitor OChonour, who must be utterly expelled and his country given to his brother Cayer on condition of his leaving the Irish faction. Grafton, 7 Sept. 32 Henry VIII.
Copy, pp. 2. Headed and endd.: to the deputy of Ireland.
R. O. 2. Draft of the above.
Pp. 5.
7 Sept. 22. Henry VIII. to the Council of Ireland.
R. O.
St. P., iii.,
Has received their letters of 25 July and 7 Aug. relating their exploits against OChonour, good service done by Brereton, advice touching ONeil, and thanks deserved by the country. Has written to the Deputy to thank the country; and to ONeil according to their advice. As to the suit of you, Sir Wm. Brereton, we had already “made half a grant for the alienation thereof,” but have stayed it in consideration of your good services.
Draft, pp. 3. Endd.. Minute to Sir Wm. Brereton, 7 Sept.
7 Sept. 23. Henry VIII. to ONeil.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
Received his letters of 20 July by bearer, and accepts the submission contained in the commencement of the same; promising forgiveness if ONeyl continues faithful. Grafton, 7 Sept. 32 Henry VIII.
Copy, pp. 4., with the date added in another hand and the address, viz. Dilecto subdito nostro Conactio Oneyll, nobili de terra nostra Hibernie. Endd.: Minute to ONeil, 7 Sept.
R. O. 2. Corrected draft of the above. Undated.
2. Endd.
7 Sept. 24. Wallop to the Privy Council.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
Has received their letters about the French ambassador's doubts (fn. 16) concerning the Statute of Strangers. These matters have not been spoken of by the French king or his Council. The people both of the Court and the town have spoken much of the coming away of the said strangers, but Wallop has satisfied them. Remembers a similar act. None marvelled more than the Italians, ambassadors and others, but now, knowing the truth and the intent, they say it is a reasonable act and of good “police.” These knaves lately come over have bruited many things.
Sends extracts from a letter from Rome, of 20 Aug., as follows:—
It is thought that the marriage of the lady Victoria, niece of the bp. of Rome, and the lord Homale (Aumale) is concluded, on the condition that the said Bp. shall make the brothers of lord Homale and Mons. de Vandosme cardinals, (fn. 17) and the card, of Lorraine Legate of France, and shall give the lady 200,000 er. It is thought the bp. of Rome does this to put jealousy in the Emperor and bring him to his purpose, and also that it may turn to good for the Cardinal Farneyse, so that, in the election of a bp. of Rome, the voices of the French cardinals be given to one of his.
It is thought that the beginning of next year the Turk will do great things and the French king move war. If so, his demonstrations are now contrary, for on Sunday last he ordered general processions to pray for peace; and he caused his subjects to be shriven on Our Lady Even and houselled next day. A servant of the French king has arrived from Constantinople.
In the above letter, it was written that if the Emperor goes to Italy the bp. of Rome will go to Bologna, to prevent the Emperor approaching Rome, “invention of Clement the bishop of Rome.”
Sent lately to the lord Privy Seal a proclamation of the French king prohibiting his subjects trading in Brysell, but now he has given them permission to go, commanding them to go strong. This may be the occasion for the king of Portugal to take much hurt in the Indyaz. The Turk has 100 galleys in the Mare Rubyno only to expel the Portuguese from their spicery. Will not take on him to say that the sending of the French ships to Brysel is for that purpose. Rowan, 7 Sept. Signed.
3. Add. Endd.
7 Sept. 25. Lope Hurtado to Covos.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 173.
B. M.
Has received permission to resign his post of majordomo with the Duchess [of Florence]. Tiboli (Tivoli), 7 Sept. 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 5. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., No. 123.
8 Sept. 26. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Ampthill, 8 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Sir Ralph Warren, mayor, Mich Dormer, Wm. Dantzey, Wm. Robyns, and Wm, Butler, merchants of the Staple, presented two indentures, one sealed with the Great Seal, the other not sealed, and were ordered to reappear on the 10th inst.
8 Sept. 27. Cambridge University.
Coll. Camb.
App. ix.
Appointment of Thos, duke of Norfolk and Henry earl of Surrey in survivorship to the office of Steward of the University of Cambridge; with fees of 4l. a year and all rights enjoyed by Thomas, late earl of Essex. Made by Stephen bp. of Winchester, chancellor, and Fras. Malet, vice-chancellor, and the University. 8 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.
8 Sept. 28. John Scudamore.
Add. MS.
11,816, f. 1.
B. M.
Record of hundred court held at Wormelowe, feast of the Nativity of St. Mary, 32 Hen. VIII., before John Scudamore, giving a list of 15 “princypalles” (the best horse and harness, the best ox, &c.) which ought, in the judgment of the court, to be given to the son and heir of a freeholder in Irchinfilde on the death of his father. Names of suitors and doomsmen appended.
P. 1.
8 Sept. 29. Captain of Ardres to Lord Maltravers.
R. O. Complains that 200 or 300 pioneers from Calais with some men of war yesterday broke the bridge and stopped the passage of La Couchoire, which is a farm belonging to the French king. Asks for an explanation. Would not have endured it but for fear of breaking the amity. Requests the bridge to be replaced. Otherwise he will have to inform his King. Ardre, 8 Sept.
Fr. Copy, p. 1. Signed:—H. Mawtrauers—Edwarde Wotton—Ryc. Graynffeld—Thomas Palmer. Endd.: The copy of the captain of Ardes letter sent to my l. Matrevers.
8 Sept. 30. Ric. Pate to the Duke of Norfolk.
R. O. John Torre has told Pate of his imprisonment and the torments he suffered to make him confess, “if I may believe his report, as lusty as ever I saw him.” He has matters to disclose to the King which he is loth to tell any one else. He hears that “the porteur of Calise with all the fortifications thereunto belonging,” is drawn and presented to the Emperor by a man who has done the like for the holds of Gelderland. He can take him at his pleasure if he resort thither again, according to his wont, as a peasant selling market ware.
Leaves the rest to Torre's report out of France; for he goes first to Mr. Wallop, to avoid suspicion that his coming hither was “for th'enterprises that caused him upon th'accusation of the 2 traitors; (fn. 18) to be cast into the tortures.” The French king intended last year such an act, as Torre showed. If the Emperor attempt the like, would ever more count him “as an Ethnique and worse than a publican.” Brussels, 8 Sept.
The soldiers of Gaunt are in manner dismissed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Sept. 31. Melanchthon to Jo. Weinlaub.
Reform., iii.
Thanks him for getting the salary of the Scotchman (Alesius) increased. * * * 8 Sept. 1540.
Lat. Add: Councillor of the Marquis Elector (i.e., of Brandenburg).
9 Sept. 32. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., viii.
Meeting at Ampthill, 9 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Letters brought from Norfolk declaring receipt of letters from Mr. Pate of the coming over of Philip ap Henry alias Philip Apary alias — (blank) Vaughan, who also came to Court, from beyond sea, where he was long in company of Poole and James ap Howell, whose daughter he married at Regnisbourgh: after being examined he was set at liberty and commanded to attend daily. Letters brought from the lord Privy Seal of an affray made by Sir Geoff. Poole upon Mr. Gunter, a justice of peace, because one of Gunter's servants said evil of him and because in Poole's trouble Gunter disclosed to the Council secret conferences with him. Answer was made to the lord Privy Seal to commit Sir Geoffrey to the Fleet, in presence of the justices and gentlemen of the country, so that the crime might be notorious.
9 Sept. 33. Aguilar to Covos.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 176.
B. M.
Andalo arrived about six days ago. Lope Hurtado's discharge. Diet of Worms. Suspected negociations for the marriage of Victoria Farnese with a son of the duke of Guise, Andalo proposed, as of himself, that duke Philip of Bavaria would prove a good match for her. Various constructions put upon the French marriage, &c. Viterbo, 9 Sept. 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 10. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., Nos. 124, 125 (which in this transcript form but one despatch).
10 Sept. 34. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Ampthill, 10 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral. Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Secr. Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm, Business:—Three letters acknowledged from the duke of Norfolk, (1) touching Sir Cuthb. Ratcliff to be deputy warden, (2) for a priest in Norfolk, a surgeon, to be made denizen, and (3) touching Philip ap Henry, were answered (1) that the patent was ready to be sent at Michaelmas, (2) that he should sue between this and Easter, (3) that Ap Henry was to attend daily that they might take occasion to “suck some material thing of him.” A letter sent to the Lord Chancellor that Mr. Bownden should have the benefice of Gillingham which the King gave him, notwithstanding the Chancellor's claim to give benefices under a certain sum; with advice to stay in such matters and in making denizens till he spoke with the King. A letter to the Chief Justice of Common Pleas, answering his for advice as to bailing Faucet, imprisoned for slaughter of one Lyte. (fn. 19)
[*** The next entry is 12 Sept.]
10 Sept. 35. Lord Mawtravers to Henry VIII.
R. O. Pursuant to the Council's letter of 10 Aug., has caused trenches to be made to stop the passage lately usurped from Cowebridge towards Calais. Describes the process of the work. On Tuesday, 7 Sept., the men waited at the house of Boyte Hayke until the watches of both parties were dissolved. Then, after they had worked for two hours, a messenger came from Mons. de St. Chevall, Captain of Arde, asking why they stopped the passage. Reply was made that the king of England had liberty to do what he liked on his own land, as the French king had on his, and that what was done was for the quiet of both parties, as the passage only gave occasion to the evil disposed on both sides to commit robberies. The messenger departed, and, within two hours, returned with the bailiff of Waist, who said he perceived the English did not wish the French to visit them at Calais. One of the English answered they might visit each other just as well notwithstanding this, the old way being but two miles about. The bailiff replied that the ground was “le ferme du Roy.” “Il est vray (said he of our part), du Roy mon maistre.”
Finished the trenches in the form prescribed by “this book of articles,” (fn. 20) save that they could not let the river of Holhede in for lack of water, and Geo. Browne, Master of [Ordnance], supplied the place of John Rookewoode, bailiff of Mark and Oye, who was sick.
Sends copy of a letter he received next day from the Captain of Arde, and his answer. The articles of his answer were drawn in English by the whole Council and then put into French by Thos. Towchett, one of the retinue here, the French secretary being ill. Asks what they are to do if the French fill up the trenches. Has written to Wallop at the French court about the matter, enclosing copies of the letters from and to Mons. St. Chevall.
Sends depositions concerning the King's title to the Cousw[ade], “with each of their marks to their deposition.” Calais, 10 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Signed.
3. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.
10 Sept. 36. Wallop to the Privy Council.
R. O. Has received their letters dated Grafton, 3 Sept., with the complaint of John Tayler, prisoner at Dieppe, the copy of their letters to the French ambassador in his favour, and instructions to require his deliverance. Had procured his release 10 or 12 days before receiving them, and he is gone to England. Is now busy on behalf of two other English merchants, whose goods are under arrest on no ground, but only for pillage and composition. Intends to prevent the matter being decided before the Captain of Dieppe, and have it decided before the Premier President here, who is a just man and favours the English.
Has much more reason to complain of justice in two cases of the duke of Suffolk, than the French ambassador has about the matters of M. de Rocheport and the Breton. Thos. Barnabye's process also has been going on for nine or ten years. Rowen, 10 Sept. Signed.
1. Add. Endd.
10 Sept. 37. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 219.
(The whole
Has received his letter of the 3rd inst., with the Act of Parliament, and will answer it in three days' time. Wallop, the English ambassador, has pressed for leave to arrest a young man here, surnamed White Rose, and send him to England. Eight or nine years ago Mr. Briant, when ambassador, made like suit, and Francis, pending further information, imprisoned the said White Rose in the Chastelet of Paris, where he remained eight years until set free, with other prisoners, when the Emperor passed this way. Has now again made him prisoner. Told Wallop that it must be found whether he were of English origin; and wrote to his lieutenant criminel, who now reports that the said White Rose is a French subject born in France. Has ordered the Constable to tell Wallop so, and writes to Marillac that he may show the king of England how promptly Francis acts upon the requests of his ambassador, and provides that Englishmen may have justice in his Great Council. Recently sent back an English criminal, (fn. 21) and has never refused reasonable demands of his ambassadors, and yet French subjects never get justice in England, as appears by the cases of Mons. de la Rochepot and of an infinite number of poor merchants, who have been ruined by suits there. Demanded a subject and servant named Modena, who should be confronted with the president Gentils upon certain malversations he has made, but he has not been sent. Marillac must make lively remonstrance thereupon. Rouen, 10 Sept. 1540.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3.
10 Sept. 38. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 220.
The King writes about Wallop's suit for White Rose. As to the proclamation touching strangers, an answer will be sent in a few days. The Chancellor is having the treaties copied. Sends some extracts. Rouen, 10 Sept.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1.
10 Sept. 39. France and Cleves.
R. O. Ratification by Francis I. of the treaty defensive which his delegates, Francis cardinal Tournon and Wm. Poiet, chancellor of France, have made with John Gagravius, chancellor, Hermann a Wachtendonck, marshal, and Dr. Hermann Cruserius, ambassadors of William duke of Juliers, Gueldres, and Cleves; which treaty is made in accordance with the article of the treaty of Nice of 18 June 1538 (recited), which forbids French interference between the Emperor and Gueldres, by omitting in the Articles which mention Gueldres all the Duke's titles except that of Cleves. Rouen, 10 Sept. 1540.
Latin. Modern copy, pp. 5, of a copy certified by “Matthias Staedt, notarius apostolicus Romæ in archivio necnon in Camera Imperiali Spiræ publicus, approbatus et immatriculatus.”
Harl. MS.
1,515, p. 306.
B. M.
2. Another modern copy.
Pp. 3.


  • 1. Bishop of Ermeland, in Poland.
  • 2. Sigismund I. of Poland.
  • 3. In a letter to Paget, dated 18 May 1539, and preserved in the Archives of Königsberg (and of which there is a transcript in the Public Record Office), Albert duke of Prussia suggests a marriage for Henry VIII. with a sister of Christian III. of Denmark or a daughter of Sigismund, king of Poland. No doubt Joannes Dantiscus had recommended the latter match.
  • 4. The mutilations have been partly supplied by conjecture in a modern hand in the margin; but these readings, which Nicolas has followed, and has indicated by italics, are not to be trusted.
  • 5. Kaulek reads “dogues,” which is more probable. As to “quevenez” possibly Marillac intended to write “quenevez” to represent the English word “knaves.”
  • 6. Chapuys.
  • 7. Francis, eldest son of the duke of Guise.
  • 8. Vittoria Farnese.
  • 9. On the 26 Feb. 1539. See Vol. XIV., Part. I., No. 373.
  • 10. See Statute 32 Hen. VIII., c. 14
  • 11. The duchess of Florence and her husband Octavio Farnese, prefect of Rome.
  • 12. Diet of Ratisbon, summoned for 6 Jan. 1541.
  • 13. Diet of Worms, summoned for 28 Oct. 1540.
  • 14. Cromwell. See Vol. XIII., Pt. ii., Nos. 392, 393.
  • 15. That is, with regard to the Subsidy.
  • 16. See Vol. XV., No. 995 (2).
  • 17. Charles of Guise, in later times known as the cardinal of Lorraine, and Charles of Bourbon were both afterwards made cardinals (in 1547 and 1548) although this marriage took no effect.
  • 18. Brancetour and Philips. See Vol. XV., No. 203.
  • 19. Is this the Wm. Lyte referred to in Vol. XV., No. 894? If so, “Lylsdonne” is perhaps, Hillesden, Bucks, which was in Chief Justice Baldwin's country.
  • 20. See Vol. XV., No. 1014.
  • 21. Darby Gynnyng? See Vol. XV., No. 739.