Henry VIII: January 1541, 11-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.

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'Henry VIII: January 1541, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898) pp. 219-229. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp219-229 [accessed 11 April 2024]


January 1541, 11–20

11 Jan. 445. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 11 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Tenths. Business:—Letter sent to the Surveyor, Comptroller and Paymaster of the works at Dover, John Bartelet and John a Borowgh to take charge of the said works, dismissing Maye and Justice, Letter written to the town of Oxford to send up, next term, an authorised person to hear the Council's decree in their controversy with the University.
11 Jan. 446. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 256.
The King writes in answer to his of 31 Dec., and there is nothing much to say, except that the King was pleased with what he wrote as to the occasion of the journey of the Emperor's ambassador to the Court; for sometimes the interpretation of these things gives trouble; and it is necessary, considering the people with whom Marillac has to deal. Will expedite his extraordinaires as soon as the Chancellor returns from Meleun and the Council meets. The King and all the company are well, and will shortly go to Blays.
By last letters, the Emperor was returning into Luxembourg, unwell, but still continuing his journey to Germany, where he ought soon to be. One of the English ambassadors (fn. 1) with him had mounted his horse and departed by night, and it is not known where he has gone. It is said that, secretly, he was always a good Christian, maintaining our religion, and that, finding himself out of England and at liberty, he is gone to live elsewhere out of his King's power. Note there what is said of it.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: Fontainebleau, 11 Jan. 1541.
12 Jan. 447. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 12 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Chanc. of Tenths. Business:—Joan Benbury, of Dorset, charged with treason by Dorothy Lyte, remitted to Sir Thos. Arundel's keeping until she find sureties for her forthcoming at next gaol delivery in that shire. Sir Oswald Wolstroppe, Edw. Rawley, and Robt. Frybody (examined of the escape of one Byrde, Rawley's servant, for whose apprehension for felony Mr. Robt. Southwell, one of the masters of the Requests, wrote to Rawley) were suspected of confederacy with Byrde and were committed, Rawley and Frybody to the Tower and Wolstropp to the Marshalsea. Letter sent to the mayor of London to proclaim that no merchant should sell the finest sugar above 8d. the lb.
12 Jan. 448. Richard Pate.
R. O. 12 Jan. 32 Hen. VIII.:—Examinations taken before Sir Ric. Riche and Ric. Pollard.
i. Roland Lytton knows no cause of the departure of Pate, nor knew it until he was gone. Seth Holand, his secretary, and Daniel, a stranger, his servant, be gone with him. By report of Ric. Attowne, his servant, he carried with him 600 crs., 300l. Flemish, 300 double or single ducats, and the following gold plate, i.e., a plate, a great bowl with a cover, a cup, and a cup shaped like a glass having a cover, and a silver ewer, leaving the rest of his plate and stuff and 400 gelderns now remaining with my lord of Winchester. Supposes he has gone into the bpric. of Leges, “which is supposed to be a place where he may remain at liberty for any treason or other offence.” The host of the house where Pate lodged provided a boat on the backside by which he may convey himself into the bpric. Geoffrey, his cook, had many conferences with him and his said secretary the day and night before his departure.
ii. Robt. Gyfford says the same, but supposes Seth Holland was the cause of Pate's departure.
iii. Edm. Dokery says the same.
iv. Geoffrey Olyver, cook, says the same, and that the day before Pate's departure from Amures he was sent for to Pate's chamber, where he found Pate and Seth Holland. Pate asked whether he would tarry there (saying he could get him service with Sir Henry Knyvett) or go to England. Said he would return to England. Half an hour after he was sent for again, and found both Seth and one Langland, Pate's page, in the chamber. Pate said he had a letter from the earl of Hertford for examinate to go into England, and commanded him to get ready. Next morning Ric. att Towne, the servant who kept Pate's chamber, said he was gone.
v. Wm. Langland, page, deposes like Edm. Dokery, and further that the night before Pate commanded him to bring him the keys of his coffer privily out of the “powake” (poke) of Ric. Attowan's coat to get a letter out of the coffer. Brought the keys to Pate, being in bed, who told him to lay them on the board. Did so, and went to bed with Ric. Attowen in the next chamber. At 5 o'clock he rose and went to Pate's chamber to make the fire as usual, and, finding his master gone, called all the household together, and the steward went and reported it to my lord of Winchester. Seth lay every night with Pate. Daniel watched that night in a lower chamber. Pate's money and plate was in the coffer. The same night Seth had made him bring his master's cloak bag.
vi. James Young, one of Pate's horsemen, says that the day before Seth commanded him to see his master's horses were well shoed, as he would take his journey for England next day.
Pp. 5. Endd.: “Th'examination of the late servants of Pate, whose names be within mentioned, taken before the Chancellor of the Augmentation and Mr. Pollard.”
12 Jan. 449. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 257.
(Almost the
whole text.)
On Friday, 7th inst., the officer of the kitchen arrived with the six pasties of venison; and Marillac went, next day, to Hampton Court, and presented them to the King, who, by word and visage, showed himself much gratified, and next day, Sunday, told Marillac that he had tasted the venison and found it marvellously good. The King said that, to clear away the difference about the bridge and river bank near Ardres, he had chosen the Sieur de Herefort (brother of the late Queen, who is much esteemed here for his goodness, sweetness and grace rather than experience of affairs) and one of the most renowned doctors of this town (said to be Dr. Ely, (fn. 2) although the King did not name him). They go in eight days to Calais, in commission for other charges, and, from thence, will announce when they can meet the French commissioners. The King added that he heard that Du Biez was chosen commissioner on the French part, who had shown himself most intractable in this matter, although he was a wise captain and good neighbour. He wished Francis would write to him to incline rather to the equity necessary to a question of preservation of amity than to any private affection as governor of the frontier. Begged him to consider whether, if Du Biez was what his men of Calais painted him, he would have permitted the bridge to be twice broken by force although he was stronger than the garrisons of Calais and Guisnes; adding that he was sure it was Du Biez who took most pains to redress matters to the satisfaction of both Princes.
The King said that, to employ Wallop in another charge (said to be the captainship of Guisnes), he proposed to revoke him and send in his place Milord Guillem, brother of the duke of Norfolk and cousin german of the Queen, who has not Wallop's experience but is not inferior in good will. The Duke sought to send him a year ago, but could not obtain it while Cromwell lived. Now, the Queen, at the Duke's request, has interceded for him, and he leaves in eight days. Thinks he will negociate nothing new. As Francis will have heard, this King sent Master Ganvet (Knyvet) to reside as ambassador with the Emperor, and revoked the archdeacon of Lincoln, who, as reported here (some secret intelligence having been discovered between him and a personage of Cardinal Paoul in the Emperor's court), feigning a curiosity to see Cologne, has thence fled away, not to return into England. The English were so indignant that they arrested the bp. of Lincoln, his uncle, and are searching his writings and those of all his relations and friends for practises of Cardinal Paoul in England.
Describes a visit paid by Anne of Cleves to the King and Queen at Hampton Court, 3 Jan., when the two Queens danced and drank together. Does not believe it (as many do) a sign that Anne of Cleves is to be restored to her former state; for the King would rather have two than leave the present one, who is so much in his favour.
The duke of Norfolk is going to the frontiers of Scotland with certain gun-founders, gunners, and designers of fortifications. A good part of the pioneers sent over sea for works at Calais and Guisnes have returned home. Thinks the cold prevented their proposed work. There is no more talk of arming ships or preparing for war, but everything is tranquil. Some suspect, from Norfolk's journey, that the people of the North are ready to rebel if they had a leader; and the English grow more and more suspicious of the king of Scots. If war preparations are made, it is to assure their own states and not to seek others; for of a truth all this people seems very unstable because of rigorous rule and excessive taxation.
French. Two modern transcripts, pp. 7 and pp. 8. Headed: London, 12 Jan. 1541.
12 Jan. 450. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 260.
Received his letter from Chantilly, of 22 Dec., and, since, a letter from the King, by him who brought the venison pasties. Refers to his letter to the King for what has been said touching the deputies for the matter of Ardres and M. du Biez, and the choice of the new ambassador, lord William, who has long sought the post. Lord William, for his qualities (described), is not fit to negociate important matters, but will make himself agreeable and, like several other lords, would rather live in France than here, where they are in continual suspicion. Wallop is recalled because, if Norfolk goes to the North, they have no man in this Court of more experience to keep beyond sea than Wallop.
The flight of their other ambassador, the archdeacon of Lincoln, has troubled them. Heard two hours ago that an Italian who was formerly Papal collector in this country, named Petro Bon, (fn. 3) had also, these days past, fled. Can hardly believe this, because he was rich in benefices here and has nothing beyond sea; and, besides, as one of the principal instruments to suppress the authority of the Holy See here, he would not be welcome in any country but the Lutherans', where he would be always poor. For the rest, refers to his letter to the King and what he wrote on 31 Dec. Begs him to write to the couriers who keep the King's post from Paris to Boulogne to acquit themselves better. A man on his journey often makes more speed than they do; and their excuse that packets are delayed at the passage of the sea is most often false, for there is passage from Dover to Calais in all weathers, unless it be a great storm.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4. Headed: London, 12 Jan. 1541.
13 Jan. 451. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 13 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Chanc. of Tenths. Business:—Letter written to Ric. Pollarde, one of the General Surveyors, to pay Francis Haull for the board of lady Lisle and her three servants and a priest, and four other persons for the board of four women, after a rate (detailed) for 32 weeks Letter written to Thos. Wingfeld, Ric. Dering, and Thos. Vaughan, to view and report on the state of the works at Dover, especially a bar of “prebill” in the mouth of the harbour of which the Surveyor wrote. Letters sent to the earl of Worcester, lord Ferrers, Sir Ric. Bulkeley, Wm. Vaughan, and Roland Morgan, to repair hither at Candlemas, “for th'establishment of those parties,” and to the President to send up Mr. Pakyngton, fully instructed, at that time. Recognisance (recited) made by Wm. Pett, of Senock, to appear in the Star Chamber at Easter, and meanwhile ask Sir Thos. Nevell's forgiveness, and recompense the owner of a coat “which he did mangle and cut.”
13 Jan. 452. Poggio to Card. Santa Croce
R. O. * * * “Il Patho,” formerly ambassador of the King of England, passed Spires in safety, and I hope that without molestation, he will soon arrive at the feet of His Holiness * * *
Modern extract from a Vatican MS. Headed: “Poggii Cardinali S. + (Santa Croce), Wormatia, xiij Jan. xlj.”
14 Jan. 453. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 14 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Tenths. Business:—Several letters sent to Sir Hugh Pollard, Sir Hugh Paulet, and Wm. Portman, serjeant-at-law, to repair to Plymouth and join Mr. Trigonell in enquiring into an assembly against a Portugalles ship; also to Sir John Fulford, sheriff, to attend the said commissioners, and to Ric. Edgecombe, Ric. Turbervyld, Lewis Fortescue, and John Thomas, mayor of Plymouth, to give evidence. Letters of appearance sent to — Erneley and — Rangingland. Letter sent to Sir Thos. Nevell to forgive Pett.
14, 15 Jan. 454. Queen Katharine Howard.
Her jointure. See Grants in January, Nos. 25 and 26.
15 Jan. 455. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 15 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Tenths. Business:—Letter decreed to Sir Thos. Nevill, Sir Thos. Willoughby, Thos. Moyle, and Walt. Henley, to examine the complaint of Robt. Robynson and others, of Maidstone, against Dr. Leffe, master of the college there, and Walt. Herenden. Letter to the chancellor of Augmentations, answering his letter, and requiring him to release such of Pate's servants as he and Mr. Pollard examined. (fn. 4)
15 Jan. 456. Bulwarks and Fortresses.
R. O. Book of payments of wages of sundry captains and men in the King's castles, bulwarks, and fortresses “new devised and made within England and Guisnes” for the 92 days from 1 Oct. to 31 Dec. 32 Hen. VIII., paid by Ant. Anthony and Chr. Gold, master gunner, as follows:—
Prefatory memorandum that the said paymasters received of Edw. Northe, treasurer of Augmentations, upon the King's warrant dated 21 Dec. 32 Hen. VIII., 640l. to be employed in paying the above wages to the persons whose names were contained in a schedule attached to the warrant (fn. 5) and that they took receipts for all payments, which receipts and the said warrant remain with Edw. North.
Bulwark at Gravesend:—Payment, 6 Jan. ao 32°, to Jas. Crane, captain, 1 porter and 5 gunners. Mylton:—6 Jan., Sir Edw. Cobham, captain, 1 porter and 5 gunners. Over against Gravesend:—6 Jan., Fras. Graunte, captain, &c. Tylbery:—6 Jan., Hugh Boyvyle, captain, &c. Hygham, Kent:—6 Jan., John Yerdley, captain, &c. Castle at Sandhyll next to Sandwyche:—11 Jan., Ric. Deryng, captain, Walter Sooley, deputy, &c. Bulwark of turf next Sandhyll Castle, and the little bulwark of turf:—3 and 2 gunners respectively. The Great Castle at Deale:—11 Jan., Thos. Wyngfyld, captain, Robt. Roffe, deputy, &c. The Great white bulwark of clay:—11 Jan., 4 gunners. The bulwark of turf next to Walmer Castle:—4 gunners. Walmer Castle:—11 Jan., Thos. Allyn, captain, John Barley, deputy, &c. Bulwark under Dover Castle:—12 Jan., Thos. Vaughan, captain, &c. Under the cliff going to the Wyke:—Robt. Nethersall, captain, &c. Upon the hill beyond the pier:—Edm. Mody, captain, &c. Folston Castle:—14 Jan., Ric. Keys, captain, Jas. Starkey, deputy, &c. The castle of the Camber upon the Cabell Poynt:—14 Jan., Ph. Chewt, captain, &c. Town of Rye:—15 Jan., one gunner. Total pay for each place signed by Antony and Gold.
17. Endd.: A book of declaration, &c.
15 Jan. 457. Chilian Goldstein to —.
Reform., iv.
Describes the disputation on the article of Original Sin between Melancthon and Eccius yesterday, 14 Jan. * * * “De Rege Angliae, quod in carcerem conjectus sit, (fn. 6) nihil certi nobis constat.” The Emperor will shortly come to Spires.
16 Jan. 458. John ap Rice to Scudamore and Burgoyne.
11,041 f. 62.
Has received a precept to be before them at Worcester for payment of the rent of Malverne that he has in lease, at Brecknock. Desires to be excused, as he has just come hither both weary and letted with business. His payment for the whole year is 54l. 8s. 8d., and as Burgoyne has the counterpayne of his lease, “it may please you to make my debenture thereafter,” and you, Mr. Scudamore, will receive it on coming hither. Hereford, 16 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Scudamore and Mr. Burgoyne, esquires, at Worcester.
16 Jan. 459. James FitzJohn earl of Desmond.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
Submission of James FitzJohn of Desmond, now admitted to be earl of Desmond.
Promises to take the King as his sovereign, renounce the bp. of Rome, and attend Parliaments (from which the earls of Desmond have claimed exemption ever since the beheading, at Drogheda, of his grandfather, coming to a Parliament there). Offers to take a lease of Crom and Adar and other of Kildare's lands. Will suffer taxes to be levied within his rule as the earl of Ossory, baron of Delvyn, and others do. Will defend the corporate towns in these parts, and grant that all gentlemen in the counties of Cork, Limerick, Kerry and Desmond shall be upon the King's peace. Will deliver his son Gerald to Sir Ant. Sentleger to be instructed after the English sort. Signed and sealed at Cahir, 16 Jan. 1540, 32 Hen. VIII.
Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: The submission of James of Desmond.
R. O. 2. Notification, by Edm. abp. of Cashell and John bp. of Limerick, of the submission (recited in English) of James FitzJohn of Desmond, now earl of Desmond, made at Cahir, 16 Jan. 1540, 32 Hen. VIII., in presence of the lord Deputy and Chancellor, James earl of Ormond, Wm. Cavendishe, commissioner, Gerald Aylmer, chief justice, Ulick de Burgh, captain of Connaught, Bernard O'Chonnour, captain of his nation, Gerald FitzJohn, of Dromannogh, and Thos. Butler, of Cahir, knights; Eneas O'Hernan, preceptor of Any, dean of Cloyne; Patrick Gowle, of Kilmahalocke, secretary to the Earl, Thos. Unacke, of Youghill, and others.
Attested by notaries.
Lat. Pp. 3. Endd.: The submission of James of Desmond.
Lamb. MS.,
603 p. 55 and
p. 124.
3. Two other copies of § 2.
Pp. 5 and Pp. 4 respectively. See Carew Calendar, No. 153.
16–17 Jan. 460. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meetings at Hampton Court, 16 and 17 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Gt. Admiral (on the 17th), Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley. No business recorded.
17 Jan. 461. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Calendar, VI.
Pt. i. No. 150.
Has just been told by an eye-witness that a gentleman, who five or six years ago had been this King's gentleman-in-waiting and his ambassador to Scotland—one of the two officials to whom Cromwell before his fall resigned the office of Principal Secretary (fn. 7) —has been put in the Tower, and that, an hour ago, Wyatt was arrested in his own house and lodged there also. Wyatt's house, too, was searched and the King's seal placed on his chest and cupboards. Moreover, “for the last four days couriers have been despatched to Spain” to recall Mr. Mason, Wyatt's secretary, when he was sent thither for two points of which I wrote to you, viz., to solicit the release of the horses “which this King had purchased in Flanders” (fn. 8) and to get the inquisitors [in Spain] to treat Englishmen more gently. He was recalled because the horses had already arrived at Harlen (?), and because the bp. of Winchester had got a satisfactory answer from the Emperor. London, 17 Jan. 1541.
Original at Vienna.
[17 Jan.] (fn. 9) 462. Diet of Worms.
R. O.
Reform., iv.
The form of concord in doctrine about Original Sin proposed by the Catholics at the meeting at Worms. Headed: “Circa secundum articulum.” Begins: “Fatemur unanimi sententia omnes ab Adam propagatos secundum legem communem nasci cum peccato originali et ita in ira Dei.”
Latin, p. 1.
R. O. 2. Fair copy, with the four paragraphs numbered in another hand.
Latin, p. 1. Endd., in a later hand: “1541:—1. The end of the Diet at Worms. 2. The form of conclusion agreed upon in the article De Peccato Originali. 3. The 1st article De Trinitate ever agreed without disputation.”
18 Jan. 463. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 18 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley. Business:—Letter sent to the Comptroller of Calais to allow the Surveyor's wages at 4s. a day, which, upon certain things moved between them, he forbore to allow. Letter sent under stamp to the dean of York and others, whereas letters have been written to the Master of the Horse and Secretary Wriothesley of two women who committed detestable offences there, to cause the woman who burnt the house to be arraigned and executed, and the other to have her tongue “pierced and slit through with a burning iron, to th'intent she shall never after disclose her vicious and abominable doings.” Letter to John Mills, of Southampton, — White, of Southwick, and the captain of Calshot Point, to arrest a ship which laded wool without licence.
18 Jan. 464. Henry VIII. to Montmorency.
R. O. In favour of lord William Haward, whom he has appointed resident ambassador there in place of Sir John Wallop. Hampton Court, 18 Jan. 1540.
French. Two modern transcripts, each, p. 1.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
2. Instructions to lord William Howard, whom the King sends into France.
As the King revokes Sir John Wallop, ambassador with the French king, Howard is to proceed with all diligence to the French Court, present his letters of credence to the King, and say that he is sent to take Wallop's place. He shall then visit the Constable, the cardinal of Lorraine, and the Chancellor, and deliver to each the King's letters of credence and commendations. He is to learn the state of affairs between the Emperor and French king, and continue to send advertisement thereof and of all important news from Flanders, Germany, Italy, Spain, and elsewhere. For this purpose Wallop shall instruct him of the state of the French Court and “acquaint him with such as he hath used for like purpose.” As for a certain traitor and common murderer remaining there naming himself the Blaunche Rose, whose real name is Dic Hosier, Howard shall take with him certain writings and depositions which will show what he is and which he shall declare as occasion shall require, not showing any desire to have him delivered, but rather marvel that “such a vile villain and common thief and murderer” should be detained after the King had demanded him. He is to write all matters touching the states of the Emperor and the French king to the bp. of Winchester as well as to the King.
Draft, pp. 10. Endd.: Instructions to the lord William Haward, despatched 18 Jan. Last sentence in Wriothesley's hand.
18 Jan. 465. Calais.
R. O. Instructions for the earl of Hertford.
Contentions having arisen about the limits of the pale at Calais in the places called Cowbridge and the Cowswade, the French king asked to have the matter tried, and offered to name one of his Order and one of his Requests for that purpose. The King, to show that he will not nourish these contentions, has not chosen borderers of those parts who might be prejudiced, but has chosen Hertford, one of his Council, and Sir Edw. Ker[ne], one of the masters of his Requests, and trusts that the French king will also send for his part men whose minds are unprejudiced. Hertford and Kerne are to be in Calais 5 or 6 days before the end of this month of January in order that before the day of meeting, which is 2 Feb., they may investigate the King's title in the said Cowswade and Cowbridge. As, by letters of Sir John Wallop, it appears that the French king will send Mons. de Beez on his part, the earl is to investigate the state of the country there, and write to De Beez to send his determination with regard to the meeting and to come with such number of servants that they may the more quietly apply to business. On the day of meeting too many people must not go with the Earl, but the town must be left furnished in the best order that can be devised.
Certain fortifications have been lately appointed at Calais, Guisnes and beside Risbanke, particulars of which shall be delivered to the Earl, who is to set forward the same with all diligence,
“Touching the writing to my lord of Winchester” — (sentence unfinished).
Continued in Wriothesley's hand. The said Earl of Hertford shall also see whether the staples of victual and coal for Calais and Guisnes are fully furnished and how the town and marches are furnished, advertising the King of any lack. He shall likewise show the Deputy and Council a note of the munitions, &c., which the King lately appointed to be sent thither, that they may receive the full amount.
Finally, it is reported that there be still some sects and diversity of opinions in Calais. This he shall secretly inquire into and see the thing reduced to conformity or else duly punished. And he shall declare to the Deputy and Council that, as the King directs all his proceedings upon the truth without leaning to either side, so his Majesty would have them regard his laws, ordinances, injunctions, statutes and proclamations; and if they have any doubt or scruple let them write it to his Majesty, who will gladly “make such address unto them as shall tend to the glory of God, his Highness' honour and the wealth and surety of that his town and marches accordingly.”
And as the King remembers that the watchman sitting daily in the watch tower of Calais might be “suddenly surprised and distressed without the knowledge of any of the town” and be unable to give warning until a greater number of strangers should have entered the town than were expedient, the said earl of Hertford shall, with the advice of the Deputy and Council of Calais, devise how this may be remedied, either by devising a haunt for the soldiers about the watch tower door or otherwise.
It has been the custom for those who carry weapons there to leave them outside the doors of places they resort to. The Earl is to order that in future every man who must carry weapons shall take them with him into church, chamber or wherever he shall resort. As the bulwark at Dublin Tower is thought too small, the Earl shall, with advice, have it set further out so that it may “scour and beat” all along the outer dike to Princes Inne and towards Milgate.
Draft, pp. 16. Endd.: Instructions to the earl of Hertford, dispatched 18 Jan.
18 Jan. 466. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 261.
(Almost the
whole text.)
An unexpected and important event has happened, in that last night two gentlemen of the Court, much esteemed here, were led prisoners from Hampton Court hither; and this morning they were, with their hands bound, conducted by 24 archers to the Tower. One is Mr. Hoyet (Wyatt), whom Francis may have seen last year, ambassador with the Emperor on his passage through France. Although neither earl nor baron, he was one of the richest gentlemen of England, with a patrimony of 6,000 or 7,000 ducats yearly; and the King showed him great favour and, not a month ago, made him a gift worth 300 crs. rent. The other prisoner is a gentleman of the North, little known. (fn. 10) Cannot yet learn his name, for he has been little seen at Court, but he was formerly ambassador with the king of Scots. It will be difficult to learn the true cause of their taking, for, by a law made at last Parliament, they condemn people without hearing them; and when a man is prisoner in the Tower none dare meddle with his affairs, unless to speak ill of him, for fear of being suspected of the same crime. It may be the relies of Cromwell, seeing that the chief secretary, Voyzelay (Wriothesley), who rose by Cromwell's means, is on the verge of descending more quickly than he came up, for he has already been examined upon some rather ticklish articles, and others are said to be by no means out of danger. As shown by his last, of the 12th inst., this people is very unstable (mal ediffié) and ready for sedition if it had a head; as those who manage affairs here know, who sit in Council from morning to night, and have hastily sent Mr. Long, a person of authority and conduct, to order affairs at Calais, and Norfolk prepares to go to the Scotch frontier to rebuild some other fortresses besides Varvich. This Prince having offended many people, has occasion to distrust others, and shedding blood upon every suspicion only makes distrust increase.
At closing this received Francis' letter from Fontainebleau, 9 Jan., which needs no further answer.
French. Two modern transcripts, pp. 4, each. Headed: London, 18 Jan. 1541. Subscribed as sent by Thenyn.
18 Jan. 467. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 262.
(Most of the
His letter to the King shows the taking of Mr. Hoyet, who was led to the Tower so bound and fettered that one must think ill, for the custom is to lead them to prison free. It is the third time Hoyet has been there, and apparently it will be the last, for this must be some great matter and he has for enemies all who leagued against Cromwell, whose minion he was. The earl of Rotellan, of the house of “Clerence,” his father-in-law, (fn. 11) will do his worst, because Hoyet treated his daughter badly, whom he took in adultery and afterwards defamed. Although he is more regretted than any man taken in England these three years, both by Englishmen and strangers, no man has the boldness to say a word for him, and by these fine laws he must be judged without knowing why. Points out that there could be no worse war than the English carry on against each other; for after Cromwell had brought down the greatest of the realm, from the Marquis to the Grand Esquire Caraud, now others have arisen who will never rest till they have done as much to all Cromwell's adherents, and God knows whether after them others will not recommence the feast. Never saw them look more troubled. As long as they are making war on each other they will innovate nothing against France.
It is said the Emperor gave Winchester a very rude answer upon some topic (propos), in which the Bishop, according to his custom, had used great insolence; also that the men of Gravelines have refused to permit the English to build a fortress near them. Has received his despatch from Fontainebleau of the 10th, which needs no further answer.
Lord William told him yesterday that he was leaving in two or three days to replace Wallop. Has heard no more about the deputies for the difference touching the bridge of Ardres.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3. Headed: London, 18 Jan. 1541.
19 Jan. 468. Brecknock College.
Harl. MS.,
1249, f. 288.
B. M.
Grant to Bp. Barlow for foundation of Christ's College, Brecknock. See Grants in January, No. 30.
Modern copy, pp. 11. Printed in Dugdale, VI. Pt. iii. 1497 and Willis, ii. 303.
19 Jan. 469. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 19 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley. Business:—Letter sent to Fras. Sidney to discharge Mason's wife and servants, and send them home to London. Letter sent to Sir Thos. Nevill and Sir Ric. Southwell to send Mason's coffers, which were brought to Alington castle, back to London to be searched by Mr. Robt. Southwell. Two several letters to the abps. of Canterbury and York, to cause a book of attestations which was sent to each, by Hopkins and — (blank), concerning the matter between the King and lady Anne of Cleves, to be entered in their registers, and the books preserved.
20 Jan. 470. The Privy Council.
P. C. P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 20 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Sadler. Business:—Letter sent to Sir Ric. Southwell, to send up plate and stuff at Alington Castle which appears meet for the King, and also the armoury stuff, guns, jennets, and great horses; to discharge lady Poyninges and young Wyatt's wife, and provide for Mrs. Darrell's keeping if he should conjecture that “that might perish which she had conceived;” (fn. 12) to discharge all Wyatt's servants with an honest lesson and half a year's wages, and put the house in custody of Wm. Culpeper. Recognisance (cited) for Sir Oswald Wolstropp's appearance in the Star Chamber at Easter.
20 Jan. 471. Anne of Cleves.
Hatfield MS. Copy of the grant of 20 Jan. 32 Hen. VIII. See Grants in January, No. 32.
Lat., pp. 3½. See Cal. of Cecil MSS., Pt. i., 69.
20 Jan. 472. The Bishop of Westminster.
See Grants in January, No. 33.


  • 1. Richard Pate.
  • 2. Dr. Legh; but it was Dr. Carne who was sent.
  • 3. Peter Vannes.
  • 4. See No. 448.
  • 5. See No. 372.
  • 6. See No. 296.
  • 7. This must be Sir Ralph Sadler.
  • 8. The horses were purchased in Spain. See Nos. 138 and 354.
  • 9. The date assigned by the editor of the Corpus Reformatorum. The public disputation on this question between Eckius and Melancthon at Worms lasted from the 14th to the 18th January 1541.
  • 10. This does not well apply to Sadler, who was not a gentleman of the North and was already pretty well known; but apparently he is the person meant by Marillac, as he certainly is by Chapuys in No. 461, unless there is some confusion between his case and that of Sir Oswald Wilstrop who was committed to the Marshalsea on the 12 Jan. (No. 447). But Wilstrop was never an ambassador to Scotland.
  • 11. Wyatt's father-in-law was Thomas lord Cobham who died in 1529. (See Vol. XII. Part i. No. 766). Neither Cobham nor the Earl of Rutland was of the house of Clarence, but the latter was grandson of Anne, duchess of Exeter, sister of Edward IV.
  • 12. On the 25 Feb. 1544 young Wyatt alienated Tarrant and other lands in Dorsetshire and Somersetshire to Eliz. Dorrell, one of the daughters of Sir Edw. Darrell of Littlecote, with remainder to her son Francis Dorrell alias Wyatt. His father's will, dated 12 June 1541, had directed that lands should be so given to Eliz. daughter of Sir Edw. Darrell, with remainder to her son Hen. Darrell alias Wyatt. See Patent 35 Hen. VIII., p. 18. ms. 3, 9. 10.