Henry VIII: October 1540, 1-10

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.

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'Henry VIII: October 1540, 1-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898), pp. 56-66. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp56-66 [accessed 19 June 2024].

. "Henry VIII: October 1540, 1-10", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898) 56-66. British History Online, accessed June 19, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp56-66.

. "Henry VIII: October 1540, 1-10", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898). 56-66. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp56-66.


October 1540, 1–10

1 Oct. 109. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Dunstable, 1 Oct. Present: Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Upon complaint of the French ambassador that certain lead of a merchant of Rouen was stayed in London for package money; Edm. Harman, one of the King's barbers, packer at London, was ordered to deliver the lead until the matter was tried, and not charge strangers with package money for lead until it was seen whether the treaties and the late proclamation in favour of strangers allowed it.
1 Oct. 110. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 226.
London, 1 Oct.—Has received his letters from Rouen and Louviers, with the copy of the treaties of peace, and an instruction touching the Act against strangers, the effect of which is suspended until Easter, as he wrote on the 18th ult. (fn. 1) As the King is in a house of his near here (fn. 2) with a small company, and has licensed his chief ministers to visit their families, so as to lessen the resort to his Court and danger of divers maladies prevalent here, Marillac has been asked to wait until the Council assembles on the 8th or 10th inst., and will do so. Nothing has been said to him about the prisoner surnamed Blanche Rose, as it is not their custom to inform French ambassadors of their pursuits in the French Court, for fear things might be reported which they would conceal. They show no sign of having received any unpleasant answer as regards the said prisoner.
The Constable wrote that Francis desires to know how many ships of war the King has, how they are manned, and whether any are being newly prepared for sea; and how many, with those of his subjects, he could make at need. He commonly has 30 or 40 of his own at the most, and last year, when there was suspicion of war, they were put in such order that they are still well equipped. Three of them, which are much larger than the rest, lie in this river, viz., the Great Harry, of 1,500 tons, and the Marie Roze and Pomme Grenade, of 900 tons or 1,000 tons each; the rest are of no great size, but all are well furnished with artillery and with pilots and mariners, mostly strangers. There is no talk of rigging out any in haste, but one or two have been commenced, which are intended to take the place of others that are old and broken. Besides the King's ships, there are in England only seven or eight of more than 400 or 500 tons, three of which belong to the lord Privy Seal, formerly Admiral, and two or three to rich London merchants. The rest are little ships of 50 to 80 tons, which do not sail beyond Rochelle or Bordeaux, and which are fit rather for transports than for fighting. When there is need of arming, they arrest ships of Ragusa, Genoa, and Venice; but last year when they wished to prove their forces they could never assemble 50 fighting ships, although they spread the report that they might always have a hundred. If they made 70 or 80 sail, it would be all they could do in extreme need.
French. Modern transcript, pp 5.
1 Oct. 111. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 228.
London, 1 Oct.—Awaiting the re-assembling of the Council here, has made inquiries about ships of war, as will be seen by his letter to the King. Describes two common rumours here, to which he gives little credit, one that there is already open war between France and the Emperor, the other that this King is about to take back Madame Anne of Cleves. Begs Montmorency to get him an office of master of requests, which is void, and which the King formerly promised him; also, in consideration of his poverty, some benefice in the Church.
French. Modern transcript., pp. 3.
2 Oct. 112. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Dunstable, 2 Oct. Present: Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley. Business:—Letters to the lord Chancellor that the King has appointed the mayor of London, earl of Sussex, lord Admiral, bps. of Durham, Winchester, and London, and the chancellors of Augmentations and First Fruits, to be London commissioners for the Subsidy; desiring him to send the commission to the earl of Sussex, with a schedule of aldermen's names before delivered to him by the Master of the Horse as meet to be commissioners, who are since appointed to be only cessors; also [to send] commissions for the Chamber and Household, appointing the Master of the Horse a commissioner for the Household. Letters under Stamp sent to Edw. Bowland, of the Exchequer, to appear next Tuesday; and the like to Thos. Norton, of London, grocer.
2 Oct. 113. Sandgate Castle.
Harl. MS.
Continuation of the building account (see Vol. xiv., Pt. ii. No. 645), by Mr. Keys, under the surveyorship of Raynold Scott; being the 10th to the 19th, and final pay, each page being signed by Scott as surveyor and by Robt. Lynsted, mason, and John Palmer, carpenter, the 10th, 11th, and 12th being also signed by Hashenperg. The amounts are—10th (7 to 20 Dec. and 12 to 26 Jan 31 Hen. VIII), 16l. 1s. 4d.; 11th (to 22 Feb.), 89l. 8s. 6d.; 12th (to 21 March), 242l. 3s.d.; 13th (to 18 April), 388l. 10s.d.; 14th (to 16 May 32 Hen. VIII), 507l. 2s.d.; 15th (to 12 June), 418l. 0s.d.; 16th (to 11 July), 422l. 11s.d.; 17th (to 8 Aug.), 186l. 0l.d.; 18th (to 5 Sept.), 96l. 19s. 11¾d.; 19th (to 2 Oct.), 107l. 9s. 10½d. In the 11th pay are emptions of paper, vellum, and parchment, and payments to the Lord Chancellor's servant for writing and sealing “the Commission signed by the King's Grace.” The expenses generally include riding to London for money. There are references to “Mr. Stephen” (at f. 133 he is called “Mr. Stephen the devisor”), who is probably Stephanus de Hashenperg, who signs the earlier accounts. The last pay is “for making an end of the same castle.”
ii. Tabulated statement of the whole cost, giving the totals of the 19 pays, and the fees of Ric. Keys, paymaster (and his expenses on the same scale as those allowed to Anth. Auchar, paymaster at Dover), Sir Reynold Scott, comptroller, and Thos. Rolffe, auditor; and deducting the riding expenses, because “allowed after in a special letter.”
Total, 5,543l. 19s.d.
A book of
144 large folios, several of which are blank.
3 Oct. 114. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at St. Alban's, 3 Oct. Present: Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Letter to Sir Wm. Paston, to certify whether he found Mr. Lovel's writings or heard of any release that old Simpson made to King Hen. VII. of Tousetre. Letter to the receiver of Exeter's lands to certify true name and value of a lordship called Radway, or such like name, (fn. 3) in Somersetshire, and retain the half year's rent of it due at Michaelmas. Letters to the lord Privy Seal to be at Court on Wednesday next. Dr. Hethe, bp. of Rochester, sworn of the Council, and joined with Dr. Thyrleby, elect bp. of Westminster, to hear causes determinable in the White Hall. Sir Thos. Poynings despatched to be marshal at Calais, with letters to Deputy and Council there of his appointment and that of Sir Edw. Wotton as high treasurer, and that although Sir — (blank) Grenefeld should leave the office of Marshal, the King was his good lord, as at his coming thither (which he should accelerate) he should perceive.
[*** Next entry is 5 Oct.]
3 Oct. 115. Henry VIII. to Sir John Wallop.
Hist. MSS.
Com. 1892.
(D. of Portland's
Has seen his letters to Wriothesley of the 14 Sept. and thanks him for his diligence. Has had other intimations of Torre's desire to do him service and is willing he should come hither, when the King will appoint him a place either at Calais or in England.
Mr. Wotton writes that it is thought that the duke of Cleves will shortly go to France. If so, Wallop must, as of himself, visit him and offer services and get knowledge of his doings. Wotton is ordered, if he come with the Duke, to instruct Wallop of what he knows, and, if not, to write Wallop his mind.
Since writing thus far, has received Wallop's letters of the 27 Sept., showing how he was troubled at the receipt of the King's last letters by reading the one and not the other; “whereby you may learn hereafter to read or hear the whole of every matter wherein you shall have to do before you shall make thereof any determination or judgment.” Wonders at the final answer Wallop has received about the traitor, (fn. 4) “and yet more that they refuse to write their answer unto us upon an untrue allegation.” They say they staid their answer by Order in Council, because Henry never answered the French king's letters by letters of his own, but only by his ambassadors, whereas they never wrote for any traitor according to the league, but Henry delivered him at once. As for Modena, he never demanded him as a traitor according to the treaty, yet Henry gave him up to the French ambassador (fn. 5) at his request, and the latter afterwards put him at liberty. You must press the French king that at least his ambassador here may make us some certain answer in this matter, seeing that he will neither do the thing required by treaty nor make answer by his own letters. St. Alban's, 3 Oct. 1540. Signed.
“Received the vjth day of October at vj. of the clock at night.”
R. O. 2. Two drafts, the one of the first part of the preceding, the other of the remainder. In the first a blank was left for the day of September on which Wriothesley's letters were dated, and this has been inaccurately filled up “27th” instead of 14th.
In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 3 each, the second endorsed.
3 Oct. 116. Henry VIII. to Wotton.
R. O. Has received his letters of 22 Sept. concerning the strangeness used to him in communicating nothing since the departure of the bp. of Bath, notwithstanding their pretence. Desires him to be vigilant and to let the King know how things proceed, and specially how the Duke (fn. 6) shall finally rest for his marriage. If the Duke go to France, Wotton shall offer to accompany him and if he accept shall take Wallop's advice. If the Duke refuse he is not to press it, but remain till his return, where he shall appoint; sending word hither “of his manner and fashion used at his departure,” and to Wallop the names of the chief of his train and such other information as he thinks necessary.
Draft by Wriothesley, pp. 3. Endd.: Mynute to Mr. Wotton, 3 Oct.
3 Oct. 117. Henry VIII. to Pate.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
Has received his letters of 25 Sept. and seen his other letters to Norfolk and others of the Council concerning his conference with John Van Dyke. Directs him (speech prescribed in the first person) what to say, as of himself, to Van Dyke, intimating his readiness to further a marriage between the Emperor and the Lady Mary, and his belief that the Emperor would easily be induced to revive it, seeing that it was before only hindered by the fault of Mons. de Chievers and the late Cardinal. He must find out how the matter originated.
Draft by Wriothesley, pp. 6. Endd.: Mynute to Mr. Pate, 3 Oct.
3 Oct. 118. John Russell to John Scudamore.
Add. 11,041,
f. 64.
B. M.
Was at Pershore on Friday last to meet him, hearing that he would sell certain houses there “because it is most near to me.” If I be not there at your coming please keep for me all the stone to be sold, “which I think few men will seek for, with the roof and covering of the library and the whole house of the myserycorde, and the whole workhouse, with 2 parts of the cloister with the covering.” Will pay for it as Scudamore shall direct him. Desires also to purchase one house more, at Malvern, to help the King's lodge at Blakemore park. Streynysham, 3 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my cousin John Skudamore, esq.
3 Oct. 119. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O. Trusts the King has a better opinion in him than to judge him “to consist either in the error that many a late years hath brought wilfully to a confusion, or in the number of those that while they were found neither cold nor hot but tepid, hath been thought worthy an utter vomit.”
Trusts the King's confidence in him will not be void either in him or his chaplain, (fn. 7) and that the King will not take them to be what “that traitor's” (fn. 8) letters directed to them might cause suspicion of in a judge not favourably inclined. (“Wherefore although that that traitor, not yet sufficiently instructed by Scripture to know what is obedientiam volo et non sacrificium to the safeguard of his own soul, but as dure cervicis homo, intending rather, cum suo authore, qui quidem quem devoret tanquam leo rugiens in horas querit, to bring and persuade us to that disobediency that he and his following deserveth in tenebras conjici exteriores, yet shall it be your gracious goodness to take us as we are, amplectentes veritatem, and not for such as his letters directed to us might give a suspicion to a judge not favourably inclined and affected, nor as one measuring all things justo pondere, as with your Highness I doubt not the verity shall be sufficient to deliver us, that against all calumnies, detraction, slanders, malice, gropings, and envy, evermore prevaileth to the probation and declaration of the innocent and the confusion of his adversaries”). Brussels, 3 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
4 Oct. 120. Sir Wm. Eure to Henry VIII.
Add MS.
32,646, f. 133.
B. M.
Papers, No. 57.
Lately sent Harry Ray, pursuivant, into Scotland, with letters to the Council there, to learn occurents there; for it was said that on Friday, 24 Sept., there was a great assembly of nobles and councillors at Edinburgh. The king of Scots has lately provided 100 close carts and 1,000 yokes for oxen, an unheard of provision in Scotland. Also he is sending to the Emperor a knight called Sir John Cammell, whose ship is ready. The Cardinal is not so much in favour since the execution of Sir James Hamilton for treason. On 24 Sept. Rothsay herald made proclamation in Edinburgh for Parliament to meet on St. Andrew's Day, and summoned the earl of Angus, George Douglas, James Douglas of Parkhede, Sir James Colvyn and his son, and the aforesaid Hamilton, to appear and answer certain charges of treason. In time of peace the inhabitants of Scotland used to come to the market at Calf Hill, within Berwick bounds. This is now prohibited by proclamation. The East Marches are in good quiet. Berwick, 4 Oct. Signed.
1. Add. Sealed with the letters W.T. Endd.
4 Oct. 121. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O. On the 1st inst. visited Phederique Count Palatine, “your old faithful servant,” who related his journey last year out of Spain into France and proposal there to my lord of London, then ambassador, to visit England, and receipt thereupon of lord Crumwell's letters assuring him of welcome and assistance. He told further how he then came to the Lady Regent in Holland (whom he displeased, as his wife afterwards wrote, by saying nothing of the said letters) and was besought by the French ambassador (thinking he went for a marriage) to do nothing to Francis's prejudice; how he was honourably received at Calais, by the Lord Deputy, and at Dover and London, and dined with lord Crumwell; how, at last, after loving communication with Henry of times past, he opened his suit showing the lamentable state of his father-in-law (fn. 9), and desiring some prest of money to recover his wife's right, or else help to make a composition with the duke of Holsach, to which Henry answered that an enterprise by force would be too difficult, but he would provide another mean, as lord Cromwell should inform him; who made him, on Henry's behalf, a goodly present, but deferred the determination of the matter for two months, and, notwithstanding diligent suit by letters and messengers, he has been unable to learn Henry's pleasure. When the Emperor comes to Germany, he will welcome Pate to his house there, and hopes then to learn Henry's pleasure. He referred to Henry's being at Turney (fn. 10) and promised that Henry should find him and his much truer than the Duke who now usurps the realm. He offers services in these Low Countries where “he may, if he will, have the governancy, Lady Regent renouncing and th'Emperor offering the same”; and desires help in this from Henry, who formerly wrote to the Emperor in Spain in his favour. “Of the King of Denmark's letters written to your Grace, his abodes in your Court concerning th'offer of his daughter in marriage, and your answer referred to the establishment of matters of religion within his realm he made me partaker and of Master Sellinger's passage also, of your Privy Chamber, by him, whom he praised not a little for his manifold honest qualities, and asked of me how my lord of Canterbury fared”; lauding highly the commodities of England and the service of God there used especially in Windsor. Commends his faith and true heart. He only wants to borrow 600,000 ducats or pounds. He asked if Henry were not waxen fat. Answered that he had received letters from the King not long since, “as merry lusty, lauded be God, as ever you were, and as well enseamed. Then is the painter, quod he, not his craft's master, that offered me in this town his picture to buy, whereby it appeared that his Majesty, since my being in England, was become much more corpulent.” Brussels, 4 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
4 Oct. 122. Pate to the Privy Council.
R. O.
St. P., viii. 443.
Excuses his error in not directing his letters, since Cromwell's fall, either to the King or to the Council in general. The day fixed for the Emperor's departure remains as before. He goes to Gaunt, where he promised to spend on his palace in the Castle above 600,000 ducats; thence to Bruges, Newport, Graveslen, Sainct Thomers, Aras in Artois, and Hannoy. The controversy for the duchy of Gueldres is referred to the Diet; the assembly of which by the Emperor's authority causes the Bp. of Rome to fear, and the Legate departed discontent. The Count Palatine thinks there will be none agreement. He is going on before the Emperor, to commune with some of the princes, and disapproves of the Diet being held at Ratisbon, on account of the scarcity of necessaries. He thinks Wolm meeter, whither Granvelle is going (feigning a voyage into Burgundy) to meet 11 of the Catholics and as many of the contrary faction. Other places suggested for the Diet are Frankford, Norenberg or Ransburge. The King of Romans and Bp. of Rome send men to Wolm. The duchess of Milan resorts often to the said Count, “who, in communication with many, bemoaneth the delay of her marriage, and that she escaped our Master chiefly, and after him the prince of Orange.” The Prince arrived here 27 Sept. with his lady, “of good beauty and like personage.” The prince of Salerno has sent a present of a couple of horses to the King, to have a similar present of English mares.
Encloses letters from the duchess of Mantua. The French ambassador is expecting his successor, Mons. de Velie, who was with the Emperor four years in Pate's first legacy. He does not think the marriage between the king of Navarre's daughter and the duke of Cleves likely to succeed for four years, on account of her age and “tenerity of body.” He asked if the King was coming to Calais, and if lady Mary was not toward a marriage, which the Venetian ambassador asked two months ago. The Emperor, lady Regent, and Mons. de Grandvele are daily in secret counsel. Michaelmas Day the Emperor wore his robe of the Order of France. The French ambassador, sick as he was, was present at evensong on the vigil. He said, talking of his departure, that “he would wish none of his coat in the office, because he judgeth the same not decent their vocation.”
The borderers upon Belgrave (Belgrade) possessed of the Turk are flying towards Constantinople for fear of the army of the king of Hungary, all Transylvanians yielding to him.
Hears that the lady Regent intends no more to rule these parts as she has done, and that the Emperor will provide that the beneficed clergy reside on their benefices. There is a grudge against monasteries endowed with parsonages, the monks being ignorant of Scripture, and making [as] “their substitutes beasts more blind than they themselves.” The bp. of Liege intends to resign his bishopric and many. Has heard that if the Act concerning strangers had continued, they would have made an Act here that no kind of merchandise should have been conveyed out of these parts but in their own vessels. They do not refrain from obloquies of the King's repudiation of lady Anne of Cleves. A kinsman of the duke of Cleves, wishing lady Anne to return, trusted to see the day that the King would repent of her repudiation. Some present, counting the King's age, affirmed to be 60. The Landgrave's agent spoke villainous words of the King concerning tyranny for riches. Some think the Emperor will lightly be weary of the Almains, and others think he doubts not to reclaim their schisms, and unite them to the Bp. of Rome. Some of the said Bp.'s adherents are so blinded that they affirm that Christ said to Peter, “Tu es Petrus et super hunc petrum.” &c., alleging that the Hebrew text is for them. The day before yesterday the gentlemen of the Court fought at the barriers in the Prince's house, in the Emperor's presence. Brussels, 4 Oct.
The Count Palatine goes tomorrow to Antwerp and Gaunt.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Oct. 123. Sir Thomas Poynings, Marshal of Calais.
See Grants in October, No. 9.
5 Oct. 124. The Privy Council.
P. C. P., vii.
Meeting at Moore, 5 Oct. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Two several letters to Ralph Roulet, sen., and the bailiffs of St. Albans, to send hither all partridge takers dwelling thereabouts, with their gins and nets; to the surveyor at Dover, allowing his submission, and assuring him of the King's favour; to the Prince's chamberlain and comptroller to be here tomorrow. Edw. Bowland and Thos. Norton examined of a bargain between — (blank) Lee and Bowland, touching a lease of Pollaxhill Grange, which belonged to Woborne mon., and commanded to attend daily until the matter was settled. The Council agreed to favour Wm. Poole's suit for a house in Calais, and sent it to the King by the Master of the Horse. Dr. Wm. Peter sworn of the Council, and appointed to the place in the White Hall which Dr. Thirleby, elect bp. of Westm., had before he was bishop.
5 Oct. 125. Sir Ric. Ryche to Edw. North.
R. O. Order to pay to Sir Thos. Cheyney, treasurer of the Household, 100l., towards repairing the pale of Ostinghanger, Saltwoode, and Alyngton parks, Kent, and send a warrant to be signed by the King for the same. The More, 5 Oct. 32 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: “Mr. Northe.” Subscribed with note (not signed) of receipt of the above from “Edward North, esquire, treasurer of the Augmentations,” 7 Oct., 32 Hen. VIII.
5 Oct. 126. Pate to the Privy Council.
R. O. Yesterday afternoon the burgesses of these parts were summoned to the great hall of the palace to hear the Emperor's pleasure. The lady Regent being on his left and his counsel on the right, he commanded Dr. Scorie to make the proposition herewith sent. Could not get other ordinances touching the correction of abuses as usury, bankruptcy, heresies, wilful murder, marriage of maidens, dowries, and “beneficed men otherwise called mercenar[ies?],” &c. Will send them when in print, Brussels, 5 of this present.
The Count Palatine and the Prince of Orange have departed. Certain vessels of Argel, in Barbary, have invaded Juberaltare, in Spain, and done much mischief. The kings of Scots and Portugal are at a great square for grants many years past not observed. It is said that the post just come from Spain was searched in France, and his packet opened. Grandvele is going in eight days, as it is thought. Every one is preparing for their journey on the 15th or 20th. It is conjectured the “said Prince” will be governor of Holland.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Oct. 127. The Privy Council.
vii. 51.
Meeting at Moore, 6 Oct. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—The vicechamberlains and other servants of the King and Queen sent for and admonished that they and their fellows should not molest the King's person with suits, but put such suits in writing and deliver them to the ordinary Council appointed for such purposes. The grooms of the Privy Chamber commanded to do their office in the said Chamber, and not suffer the pages or others to intermeddle except in case of necessity. The Prince's chamberlain and comptroller appeared.
6 Oct. 128. Sir Richard Ryche to Sir Thomas Arrundell.
R. O. The King has given to Charles Howarde 100l., and to George Howard 100 mks., yearly in tail male and to “my (fn. 11) your sister” (sic) Baynton (fn. 12) and her children 100 mks. in fee simple; wherefore I beg you to appoint 100 mks. a year for your said sister and for your said brethren according to the said rates. At your repair to London, with my lady your wife, lodge at my house at St. Bartholomew's “where ye shall have a bed of the hardest for your wife and your self, your maids, and a couple of your servants; to the intent I may best, in the night and morning, have communication with you for their expedition.” From the King's manor of the More, 6 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
7 Oct. 129. The Privy Council.
P. C. P.,
vii. 52.
Meeting at Moore, 7 Oct. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Seth Holand, chaplain to Mr. Pates, ambassador with the Emperor examined about a letter sent to him and his master from John Hilyares, late vicar of East Meon, now penitenciary at Rome, and discharged. Judgment (recited) in the dispute between Roger Lee, of Yvingo, Bucks, Edw. Bowland, and Thos. Norton, about a lease of Pollaxhill Grange; as Norton made a false suggestion to the King he is to forfeit 100l. which he paid to Philip van Vilders for favour. The fellow suspected of robbing a stranger to whom he was guide sent to the Marshalsea. Letters sent to the surveyor at Dover to bring the King plattes of the works there, and also Borough, Maye, and Couchy. Bonds (recited) given by John Butler, of Kympton, Herts, and Wm. White and John Eton to abstain from taking partridges and pheasants.
7 Oct. 130. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 228.
St. Germain, 7 Oct.:—Learnt, these days past, that certain Englishmen of the garrison of Guisnes and Calais had broken, the bridge called La Cauchoire near Ardres, within French territory, and at once gave orders to have it re-made; without informing Marillac until it should be put in its former state. Marillac shall pray the King to give order that such acts may not be repeated.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1.
7 Oct. 131. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 229.
[St. Germain], 7 Oct.:—Refers to the King's letter touching the restoration of La Cauchoire. The King means only to inform him that it is re-made; so that if it be spoken of, as it probably will be, he may reply that between friends such as the two princes, one should not forcibly usurp upon the other, but differences should be considered in a friendly way. While writing this, received Marillac's of the 1st. The King will be here some days and then go to Fontainebleau. The Dauphin has been ill of a flux de ventre, but is very well and Montmorency is just going to visit him three short leagues from this. As for Marillac's own advancement, has no friend he would more readily help, and, as the King is pleased with his services, it will be easily managed.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
8 Oct. 132. The Privy Council.
vii. 56.
Meeting at Moore, 8 Oct. Present: The lord Privy Seal, Hertford, Gt. Admiral, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Letters to the dean of Windsor, Mr. Chamber, and the Mayor, to cause the inhabitants of infected houses in Windsor to remove with their stuff to some place distant from thence and from places where the King resorts, the King bearing charges of their removing. John Story, who put in articles of treason against Davy Gunston, which seemed to depend on the sayings of one Philip Babington, commanded to appear again on the 17th and bring Babington with him.
8 Oct. 133. Dover.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii. 15.
B. M.
Inventory of the implements, &c., left in the King's storehouse at Dover to the use of his Grace's “waterworks” there; viewed by Thomas Wyngfeld, late comptroller there, Sir John Tompson, elk., surveyor, and Ant. Auchar, paymaster now of the same works, 8 Oct. 32 Hen. VIII.
The list includes iron implements as chains, &c., of which both weights and values are given; timber, some of which is lying in Dixterwoode, the Isle of Grain, Feversham, and Al[lhallo]wes beside Grain; “tonnestafe redie wrought to make townes for the weyeing of rockes remaynyng in sundrie places” as Master Harsis Wood, Westwell Park, Mr. Darell's park, Combe Park, Itchingham Park, and Dixter Wood; and hoops in the keeping of Ric. Best, at Stalesfeld, and Richard Monde. Total value, 788l. 10½d.
8 Oct. 134. News from Lyons.
R. O. No mention is made of the marriage between the bp. of Rome's niece and Mons. de Guyes' son. (fn. 13) The marriage between the duke of Cleves and the king of Navarre's daughter seems to go forward. The French have fortified Turryn and the Marquis del Gwast has fortified Verselles, on the confines of Pyamont. It is said here that the French king will repair to Fountayn Labeowe and the Emperor to Germany. As he approaches Italy, so the French king will progress towards Lyons. Here there is more fear of war than hope of agreement between the French king and Emperor. Five days ago a Cardinal, (fn. 14) ambassador from the bp. of Rome to the Emperor's Court, passed towards Rome in great haste.
The peace between the Venetians and the Turk seems to have been stopped, but still the Venetians are in good hope. They have already sent ships to Turkey with merchandise, with orders not to pass Candia until they hear of the conclusion of peace. Corn in Italy, Provence and hereabout has been scarce, from drought. Unless there is rain shortly, the sowing time will be unseasonable. Wheat is already 12s. a quarter. The French king is likely to restrain the exportation of corn. The Emperor has put new impositions and charges on licenses for exporting wheat from Sicily, which he had already granted to the amount of 140,000 qrs. Bread is like to be dear in Italy this year.
Pp. 2. Headed: “From Lyons the viijth of October.” Endd.
8 Oct. 135. Melancthon to Alex. Alesius.
iii. 1105.
Agrees with Alesius' encomium of the Psalms, but must revise it. Leaves in a week with Cruciger for the diet “in urbe Vangionum” (Worms). Exhorted Theobaldus at his departure not to excite discord there, for he is fond of strife; but it is difficult to rule melancholy natures. Urges Alesius to avoid all occasion of brawls with such men. As to Breitenbach, (fn. 15) commends him to God as David did when Shimei cursed him. Is not much moved by the clamour of an Epicurean. Why does he not expose the Popish faction which, it is certain, has engaged the robbers, who now raise conflagrations everywhere. 8 Oct.
Lat. Add.: at the University of Francfort on the Oder (ad Viadrum).
iii. 1104.
136. Georguis Sabinus to Melancthon.
Speaks of his return to Francfort. A quarrel has arisen between Alesius and Theobaldus. Alesius in public argument called Theobaldus a calumniator because he modestly asked why Alesius should call “hypograph” what you called “epigraph,” since that word was not used among the Greeks, who wrote their names on the front or back of their letters and did not subscribe them as Alesius perhaps imagined. When I return I shall easily reconcile them, although Alesius seems irritated because of the preacher (fn. 16) whom, by his own doing against the will of everyone, he appointed professor of theology. Jutterbock.
9 Oct. 137. The Privy Council.
vii. 57.
Meeting at Moore, 9 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Hertford, Gt. Admiral, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Geo. Whelpeley put in a book of complaint against officers of sundry ports for untrue dealing. Sir John Gage admitted comptroller of the Household in place of Sir Wm. Kingston, lately dec.
9 Oct. 138. [Roger] Basyng to the Earl of Southampton.
R. O. Since coming to Spain I have not been at the Court; notwithstanding, Thos. Pery and all the Englishmen imprisoned here for the Bp. of Rome's matters were delivered, 9 Aug., and “have done open penance and [lost a]ll t[heir g]oodis, to their utter undoing [as] your lordsh[ip] shall under[stande] … certain horses and mares for the King's Majesty, and I nev[er] saw so few good horses in Spain, nor never so dear.” Has however bought 6 horses and 4 mares, of the largest he could find, and despatched them from Sevill, 26 July. Is himself arrested for debt by a Frenchman from Bordeaux and cannot get leave to go to the Court to deliver the King's letters. The Frenchman, to gain favour, alleges that Basyng is a Lutheran because the King has granted him the farm of an abbey. Begs him to show the King how he is hindered. Is also arrested, notwithstanding the Emperor's licence for the same, because he bought horses for the King. Has written to the Cardinal (fn. 17) and Council and sent them the said licence, but has as yet no answer. The horses are 150 leagues on their way, and if he can get good shipping in Biscay, will send them by sea. Three of the mares have foals and a great matter is made because they are not in the licence. The money he had is all spent. Begs him to move the King for more; as none here will lend without a letter of credit or bill of exchange. On 10 Sept. the Turks with 16 or 17 galleys entered Jebiraltar “which is the … [strong]est hold of all Sowthe Sp[ayne and] there they … [made] captives 400 and odd persons, men, women and children,” burnt a great galley belonging to the captain there and took 2 French ships in the bay and departed. Four days ago came from Barsalona a captain named Don Barnaldyno de Memdosa, brother to the Marquis of Granatha, (fn. 18) with 11 or 12 galleys, met the Turks on the coast of Barbary and took them, all but two which fled sore beaten. The Turkish captain was slain. The prizes are brought to Maliga. Above 1,000 Christian captives were recovered and 1,400 Turks are taken. Has written divers times both by land and sea. There is no preparation for war here; it is impossible, as everything is so scant. Seville, 9 Oct. 1540. Signed.
2. Slightly mutilated. Add.: Earl of Hampton, lord P[rivy] Seal. Endd.: to my lord Privy Seal.
10 Oct. 139. The Privy Council.
vii. 57.
Meeting at Moore, 10 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Hertford, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Sir John Gage, Comptroller, sworn of the Privy Council.


  • 1. See No. 59, which is dated 17th in the copy, followed by Kaulek and in the transcript in the Record Office.
  • 2. The King had been staying at Ampthill, which probably Marillac, when he wrote “iciprès,” confounded with Hampton Court.
  • 3. Radway Fitzpaine (in Cannington), as appears by the Exchequer inquisition on Exeter's lands (Somers. and Dorset, 30, 31 Hen. VIII., No. 18).
  • 4. Blancherose.
  • 5. The bishop of Tarbes.
  • 6. Of Cleves.
  • 7. Seth Holland.
  • 8. John Heliar, late vicar of East Meon in Hampshire.
  • 9. King Christiern II. of Denmark.
  • 10. The siege of Tournay in 1513.
  • 11. The word “lady” or “mistress” seems to be omitted.
  • 12. Isabella, wife of Sir Edward Baynton, and Margaret, wife of Sir Thomas Arundel, were both sisters of Katharine Howard and of Charles and George Howard above mentioned.
  • 13. Francis de Lorraine count d'Aumale. See No. 82.
  • 14. Marcello Cervini, cardinal of Nicastro.
  • 15. George von Breitenbach, jurist.
  • 16. Was this John Fife? See Spottiswoode's Hist. of the Ch. of Scotland, n. 66. ed. 1677.
  • 17. Card. Tavera.
  • 18. Meaning the brother of Don Luis de Mendoza, second marquis of Mondejar, who was Governor-General of Granada. We are indebted for this note to Major Hume.