Henry VIII: December 1541, 1-5

Pages 644-660

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.

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December 1541, 1–5

1 Dec. 1392. St. Mary atte Hill.
R. O. Indenture of lease by Mr. Alan Percy, parson of St. Mary atte Hill, London, and John Awsten and Wm. Brayfeld, churchwardens there, of a tenement in St. Mary atte Hill Lane, to Thos. Lucas, fishmonger, for 30 years, at 3l. 6s. 8d. rent. 1 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII.
1 Dec. 1393. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Note that at Westm., 31 (sic) Nov., the Council sat not, for they “sat as commissioners at the arraignment of Culpeper and Derham.”
Meeting at Westm., 1 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—All the vintners appeared, and wine for this year was “set at 5l. a tun of the best and 13 nobles the worst.” Complaint of five younger brothers named Manwaringes that their eldest brother conveyed his entailed lands to his daughters. Streteley, after examination on Grevell's matter, dismissed. Letter sent to Wriothesley, then attending the King at Beddington. Sir Nic. Poyntz, hitherto confined to one chamber, allowed full liberty within the Fleet. Letter directed to the President of the Welsh Council to examine an information against Sir Thos. Hanmer and send him up.
1 Dec. 1394. The Privy Council to Wriothesley.
R. O. Send interrogatories, devised for the lady Dowager of Norfolk, for the King's approval. Meanwhile have appointed Mr. Comptroller, Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations, and Mr. Solicitor to examine Derham, Damport, and Bu[lmer], Westm., 1 Dec. Signed by Audeley, Norfolk, Suffolk, Southampton, Hertford, Gardiner, Sir John Gage, and Ric. Ryche.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1541.
1 Dec. 1395. Trial of Thos. Culpeper and Fras. Dereham, for Treason.
R. O. File of documents in Baga de Secretis, Pouch XIII., Bundle 1 consisting of the following:— (fn. 1)
(1.) Special commission for the trial of Culpeper and Derham, at the Guildhall of London, to Michael Dormer, mayor of London, lord Chancellor Audeley, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the earls of Southampton, Sussex, and Hertford, lords Russell and St. John, Sir Ant. Browne, Sir John Gage, Sir Ant. Wyngfeld, Sir Thos. Wriothesley, Sir Ralph Sadler, Sir Ric. Ryche, Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir John Baldewyn, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Walter [Luke], Edm. Mervyn, Sir Wm. Shelley, Sir Thos. Willoughby, Sir Chr. Jenney, and Sir John Daunce. Westm., 30 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(2.) Yorkshire: Writ of venire to the sheriff for the return of a petty jury for the trial of Culpeper and Dereham before the special commissioners (named). Westm., 30 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(3.) Linc.: The like.
(4.) City of Lincoln: The like.
(5.) Midd.: The like.
(6.) Surr.: The like.
(7.) Kent: The like.
(8.) Justices' precept to the constable of the Tower to bring up Dereham and Culpeper at the Guildhall of London on 1 Dec. next. 30 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(9.) Yorks.: Writ of certiorari to Francis earl of Shrewsbury, &c., for the return of indictments, &c., found in Yorkshire. Westm., 28 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
Endd. as answered by Shrewsbury.
(10.) Yorks.: Indictment found at Doncaster, 24 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII., before Shrewsbury and the others (named), by the grand jury (named), who find the annexed inquisition a true bill, viz.:—
That Katharine, queen of England, formerly called Kath. Howerd, late of Lambyth, Surr., one of the daughters of lord Edmund Howard, before the marriage between the King and her, led an abominable, base, carnal, voluptuous, and vicious life, like a common harlot, with divers persons, as with Francis Derham of Lambeth and Hen. Manak of Streteham, Surr., 20 and 24 May 32 Hen. VIII., and at other times, maintaining however the outward appearance of chastity and honesty. That she led the King by word and gesture to love her and (he believing her to be pure and chaste and free from other matrimonial yoke) arrogantly coupled herself with him in marriage. And the said Queen and Francis, being charged by divers of the King's Council with their vicious life, could not deny it, but excused themselves by alleging that they were contracted to each other before the marriage with the King; which contract at the time of the marriage they falsely and traitorously concealed from the King, to the peril of the King and of his children to be begotten by her and the damage of the whole realm. And after the marriage, the said Queen and Francis, intending to renew their vicious life, 25 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII., at Pomfret, and at other times and places, practised that the said Francis should be retained in the Queen's service; and the Queen, at Pomfret, 27 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII., did so retain the said Francis, and had him in notable favour above others, and, in her secret chamber and other suspect places, spoke with him and committed secret affairs to him both by word and writing, and for the fulfilling of their wicked and traitorous purpose, gave him divers gifts and sums of money on the 27 Aug. and at other times.
Also the said Queen, not satisfied with her vicious life aforesaid, on the 29 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII., at Pomfret, and at other times and places before and after, with Thos. Culpeper, late of London, one of the gentlemen of the King's privy chamber, falsely and traitorously held illicit meeting and conference to incite the said Culpeper to have carnal intercourse with her; and insinuated to him that she loved him above the King and all others. Similarly the said Culpeper incited the Queen. And the better and more secretly to pursue their carnal life they retained Jane lady Rochford, late wife of Sir Geo. Boleyn late lord Rochford, as a go-between to contrive meetings in the Queen's stole chamber and other suspect places; and so the said Jane falsely and traitorously aided and abetted them.
(11.) Yorks.: Commissioners' precept to the sheriff for the return of the grand jury at Doncaster on Thursday 24 Nov. next. Sheffelde, 20 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Sir Robt. Nevell, sheriff, as shown by the panel annexed.
(12.) Jury panel annexed, viz., Sir Wm. Malorie, Sir John Dawneye, Sir Rog. Lassels, Sir Wm. Fairefaxe, Sir Peter Vavasour, Sir Ralph Evers, Sir Edw. Gower, Sir Hen. Everingham, Wm. Vavasour, Robt. Stapleton, Thos. Marckenfelde, John Barton, Wm. Thwates, of Merston, Edw. Saltmersh, Nic. Tempeste, Chr. Thirkelde, Hugh Wirrall, and Hen. Newarke. All marked as sworn.
(13.) Yorks.: Special commission of oyer and terminer in Yorkshire to Fras. earl of Shrewsbury, R. bp. of Llandaff, lord president of the Council in the North, Sir Marm. Constable, senior, Sir Wm. Copley, Sir John Wentworth, Sir Gervaise Clyfton, Thos. Fairfaxe, serjeant-at-law, and Wm. Babthorp. [Westm. xvj.] Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(14.) Midd.: Writ of certiorari to Sir Edw. Mountagu; Sir Walt. Luke, and Edm. Mervyn, justices, commanding them to return into Chancery the indictments found before them in Middlesex against Culpeper and Derham. Westm., 28 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Mountagu.
(15.) Midd.: Indictment found at Westminster on Friday in the quinzaine of St. Martin, 33 Hen. VIII., before Montagu, Luke and Mervyn, by the grand jury (named), similar to that in § 10, but alleging the offences to have been committed at Hampton Court and Westminster.
(16.) Midd.: Commissioners' precept to the sheriff for the return of a grand jury at Westminster on Friday in the quinzaine of St. Martin next. 24 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Roland Hyll and Hen. Suckeley, sheriffs.
(17.) Grand jury panel annexed, viz., Ric. Harryyong, Wm. Godard,* Thos. Armerer,* John Yngland, John Elderton,* Wm. Genyns,* John James,* Ric. Smalwoode,* John Averey,* Robt. Medylton,* Ph. Lentall, Robt. Scharpe,* Thos. Jent, Ric. Warner,* Ric. Browne, Chr. Proctour,* Thos. Tayler,* Robt. Graunt,* John Powell,* Nic. Gravener,* John Daunyell,* John Averell, John Swallowe, Hen. Lodysman, John Coke, John Browne, and Eustace Rypley. Those marked with the asterisk (*) sworn.
(18.) Midd.: Special Commission of oyer and terminer to Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir Walt. Luke, and Edm. Mervyn, justices. Westm., 22 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(19.) Linc.: Writ of certioriari to Thos. earl of Rutland, and others, for the return of indictments against Culpeper and Derham found before them in Lincolnshire. Westm. 28 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Rutland.
(20.) Linc.: Indictment found at Lincoln Castle, 23 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII., before Rutland and the others, by the grand jury (named); similar to § 10, but alleging the offences to have been committed at Gainsborough and elsewhere in Lincolnshire.
(21.) Linc.: Commissioners' precept to the sheriff for the return of a grand jury at Lincoln Castle, 23 Nov. next. 19 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Robt. Tyrwytt, sheriff.
(22.) Grand jury panel annexed, viz., Sir Wm. Sandon of Asby, Sir John Candysshe of Butterwyk, Edw. Dymmok of Skreleby, Robt. Sutton of Burton, John Hennege of Haynton, Ric. Bolles of Hawe, Thos. Lyttylbery of Staynsby, Hen. Portyngton, of Sawclyff, Thos. Dymmok of Northcarleton, Wm. Dalyson of Laughton, Ph. Tyrwhytt of Barton, Arthur Dymmok of Kyrkby upon Bayn, Ric. Dysney of Norton Dysney, Hamo Sutton of Whasshyngburgh, Robt. Dyghton of Little Sturton, Wm. Mounson of North Ingilby, John Turney of Caneby, Godfrey Colvyle of Walcott, Thos. Hall of Colby, Thos. Kyme of Beneworth, John Bothe of Kyllyngholme, Thos. Horsman of Sleford, Robt. Brokylsbye of Glentworth, Wm. Quadryng of Irby beside Borowe. The first 18 sworn.
(23.) Linc.: Special commission of oyer and terminer in Lincolnshire to Thos. earl of Rutland, Sir Wm. Skypwith, Sir Robt. Husey, Sir John Copledyke, Sir John Thymolby, Ant. Missenden, serjeant at law, John Haryngton, Edw. Forsett and Vincent Grantham. Westm., 16 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(24.) City of Lincoln: Writ of certiorari to Thos. earl of Rutland and others for the return of indictments against Culpeper and Derham found before them in the city of Lincoln. Westm., 28 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Rutland.
(25.) City of Lincoln: Indictment found at the city of Lincoln 23 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. before Rutland and the others, by the grand jury (named), similar to § 10, but alleging the offences to have been committed in the city of Lincoln.
(26.) City of Lincoln: Commissioners' precept to the sheriffs for the return of a grand jury at Lincoln 23 Nov. next, 19 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Wm. Hochynson and Geo. Portern, sheriffs.
(27.) Grand jury panel annexed, viz., Ric. Beyvercotes, gent., Wm. Pawfreman, Edw. Smythe, Ralph Goodknappe, Wm. Dyghton, Wm. Sames, Robt. Hurry, Wm. Yates, Wm. Alynson, Chr. Brampston, Thos. Wryght, and Wm. Smythe, aldermen of the city, John Fynche, draper, John Rotheram and Geo. Stamppe, merchants, Edm. Atkynson, Wm. Qwheler, Nic. Fawconer, Thos. Emunson, Geo. Skynner, John Beyke, Jas. Plumtre, Edw. Dawson, Wm. Mylner, Hugh Hallaley, and Wm. Hudson. From the second to the fifteenth name sworn.
(28.) City of Lincoln: Special commission of oyer and terminer to Thos. earl of Rutland and the others named in § 23. Westm., 16 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(29.) Surr.: Writ of certiorari to Sir Thos. Willoughby and others for return of indictments found against Culpeper and Derham in Surrey. Westm., 28 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Willoughby.
(30.) Surr.: Indictment found at Southwark on Thursday 24 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. before Willoughby, Long, Dacre, Skynner, Curson, and Scott, by the grand jury (not named); as in § 10, but alleging the offences to have been committed at Lambeth, Otlands, and elsewhere in Surrey.
(31.) Surr.: Commissioners' precept to the sheriff for the return of a grand jury at Southwark, 24 Nov. next. Westm., 23 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by John Sakvyle, sheriff.
(32.) Grand jury panel annexed, viz., Edm. Harvye, Nic. Lye, Hugh Nalyngherst, Robt. Draper, Ralph Elyngworthe, Wm. Saunders, John Castelton, Hen. Knyght, Wm. Grove, John Gardyner, Hen. Ede, John Lyng, Wm. Quyck, Robt. Halsyter, Wm. Fowler, Ric. Thomas, John Blackford, Thos. Buxston, John Smythe, John Gardyner, Hen. Harman, Thos. Luxston, John Westbroke, Robt. Hall, and John Amo. The first fifteen sworn.
(33.) Surr.: Special commission of oyer and terminer to Sir Thos. Willoughby, Sir John Gage, Sir Ric. Longe, Sir Thos. Pope, Sir Edm. Walsyngham, Sir Chr. More, Sir John Gresham, Robt. Dacre, Jas. Skynner, Robt. Curson, and John Scott. Westm., 22 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(34.) Kent: Writ of certiorari to Sir Thos. Willoughby and others for return of indictments against Culpeper and Derham, found in Kent. Westm., 28 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(35.) Kent: Indictment found at Deptford, on Thursday 24 Nov. before Willoughby, Longe, Hales, Hendley, and Boyse by the grand jury (not named); as in § 10, but alleging the offences to have been committed at Greenwich and elsewhere in Kent.
(36.) Kent: Commissioners' precept to the sheriff for the return of a grand jury at Deptford, 24 Nov. next. Westm., 23 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. Endd. as answered by Ant. Sandes, sheriff.
(37.) Grand jury panel annexed, viz., John Beer,* John Lovelace,* Thos. Sybbell,* Nic. Sybbell,* Wm. Harmon, Thos. Hendeley,* Thos. Ferryby,* John Seliard, Robt. Knight,* Robt. Iden,* Robt. Cheseman,* Robt. Barfote, Robt. Multon,* John à Children,* Thos. Skelton,* [Hugh Provest], (fn. 2) Thos. Shepherd, John Tybbold, Steph. Parrott,* Geo. Tomson,* Ric. Hybbyng, John Romney, sen., Wm. Knightly, Ric. Froggett, Ralph Foxley, John à Court, and Geo. Admondes. Those marked with the asterisk (*) sworn.
(38.) Kent: Special commission of oyer and terminer in Kent to Sir Thos. Willoughby, Sir John Gage, Sir Ric. Longe, Sir Thos. Pope, Sir Edm. Walsyngham, Sir Edw. Boughton, Jas. Hales, serjeant-at-law; Walter Hendley, and John Boyse. Westm., 22 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
(39.) Justices' precept to the sheriff of Yorkshire for the return of a petty jury at the Guildhall of London, this 1 Dec., of residents near Pomfret, for the trial of Derham and Culpeper. Endd. as answered by Sir Robt. Nevyll, sheriff.
(40.) Jury panel annexed, viz., Sir Hen. Savyll,* Sir Arth. Darcy,* Sir John Alen,* Sir Ric. Gresham,* Sir Wm. Halles, Sir Jas. Foljambe,* Sir Wm. Newnham,* Sir Nic. Stirley,* Sir Wm. Pykeryng,* Sir Geo. Griffyth,* Sir Thos. Wentworth,* Sir Edw. Mateson,* Thos. Holcroft, Thos. Wentworth,* Ric. Chomley, Chr. Lassells, Thos. Dalaryver, Fras. Askwyth, Godfrey Foljambe, John Cotes of London, Marm. Wyvell, Wm. Hothom, Ambrose Wolleys, Roger Wentworth, Chr. Metcalff, Hen. Ryder, Thos. Legh of St. Oswald's, Wm. Blythman, John Gresham, John More, Ralph Bulmer, Jas. Strangways. Those marked with the asterisk (*) sworn.
(41.) Record of pleas before Michael Dormer and others (reciting §§ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and noticing § 8), at the Guildhall of London, on Thursday, 1 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII., Lord Chancellor Audeley delivered divers indictments of high treason taken against Katharine, queen of England, and others (§§ 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 recited). Culpeper and Derham, being brought to the bar by Sir John Gage, constable of the Tower, severally plead not guilty. Venire awarded instanter and jury of Yorkshire sworn; but before they retired to consult on their verdict, and after sufficient and probable evidence had been given on the King's part, the said Culpeper and Derham severally plead guilty. The King's serjeants-at-law and attorney thereupon pray judgment.
Judgment, to be taken back to the Tower and thence drawn through London to the gallows at Tyburn, and there hanged, cut down alive, disembowelled, and (they still living) their bowels burnt, beheaded, and quartered.
Delivered of record by lord Chancellor Audeley the Monday next after the month of St. Michael 34 Hen. VIII.
1 Dec. 1396. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 369.
(The whole
Has received his of the 23rd inst. (sic) touching the queen of England. Feels the grief of the King, his brother, as his own. Still his good brother should consider that the lightness of women cannot bind the honor of men, and that the shame is confined to those who commit the crime. Norfolk's saying that the marriage of lady Mary was here common bruit, and had been declared to Wallop shows their wish to make the bargain dearer (claire qu. chère?), or else desire to have it published in order to make profit of it elsewhere. He must therefore proceed coldly, saying that as yet he has no reply from Francis, and that he addressed himself to Norfolk as the man most affectionate to the welfare of both kings, but since it may prejudice him, he will not speak more of it. Thus we can temporise to see what language they will hold.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: 1 Dec. 1541.
2 Dec. 1397. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Westm., 2 Dec. Present:—Chancellor, Abp. of Canterbury, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Sadler, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Agreed that — (blank) Newdigate and — (blank), sometime knights of Malta, be discharged of their bond to appear daily before the lord Chancellor and Council in the Star Chamber. Entered by Adam, the clerk of the Star Chamber. John Grevell, of Oxfordshire, released upon recognisance (cited) to return next term. Letters sent for the appearance of Joan Bulmer and Alice Wilkes alias Rastholde. Newdigate and another of the order of Rhodes, who were discharged of their bond to appear daily, bound themselves to appear at all times upon warning.
2 Dec. 1398. The Duchess of Norfolk.
R. O. 2 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII., before Sir John Gage, Sir Ric. Riche, and Hen. Bradshaa, solicitor general, Robt. Damport, examined, says that on Sunday after All Saints' Day last, my lady of Norfolk said to him, “Damport, I hear say Dereham is taken, and also the Queen. What is the matter?” Replied, “Some words belike be spoken by him to a gentleman usher or to some other.” “Nay,” said the Duchess, “I fear lest there be some ill”; and asked if he knew of any, adding, “I fear if there be any ill she (meaning the Queen) shall become to me home again.” Five years ago the Duchess gave him 40l., and another time, to him and Derham 20l., also 53s. 4d. yearly wages, and 13s. 4d. for livery.
In Riche's hand, p. 1.
2 Dec. 1399. Sir Cuthbert Radclyff and Others to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,646, f. 268.
B. M.
No. 104.
Return their commission with their certificate annexed. Would have set it forth in a platt or picture of both East and Middle Marches, but could not find in these parts any man of cunning and experience to do it. New-castle-upon-Tyne, 2 Dec. Signed: Cuthbert Radclyff: Rauf Ellerkar: Robert Bowis: John Herone: Robert Collyngwod: John Horsle.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1541.
Calig. B. viii.,
B. M.
2. Survey of the waste grounds along the borders of the East and Middle Marches, with description of the castles, &c., and devices for strengthening and peopling the borders, taken in pursuance of a “commission hereunto annexed.”
(1.) The commissioners, according to the second branch or article of their commission, came to Berwick, 8 Oct., “the year aforesaid,” (fn. 3) and have viewed all the fortifications and sumptuous works there, both those which are finished and those now in doing; but they forbear giving any description, as these defences have been recently viewed and described in picture and platt by men expert in these matters.
(2.) The frontier line is traced in detail from Berwick westward to the Hanging Stone, which is the boundary between the East and Middle Marches, which are further divided by a little brook called Cawdgate, rising in Cheviot and falling into the Till; describing such lands as are in dispute and encroachments made by the Scots, in various places, whose corn growing in such places has been destroyed by the commissioners.
(3.) A description of the towns in the East Marches on the north and west of the river Till, giving the extent, in ploughlands or husband lands, the owners and the state of castles and other defences, with suggestions for further fortification.
(4.) The special decays of the castle of Warke which require speedy repair.
(5.) The fortresses standing in England on the frontier along the Tweed and the east side of Till, from Tweedmouth to Hesellrigge; which are mostly decayed, because the owners have, for quietness, withdrawn further from the frontier. The commissioners addressed a letter (copy given) to these owners except the earl of Rutland, commanding them to repair their fortresses forthwith.
(6.) Description of the fords over Tweed from Tweedmouth to Ryden Burn.
(7.) Description of Cheviot Forest, its extent, nature and owners, with suggestions how to prevent the Scots stealing the alder trees which grow there.
(8.) The frontier line of the Middle March traced from the Hanging Stone to Cressop Bridge, where there is a difference of opinion among the Borderers as to the boundary.
(9.) Description of the castles, &c., on the frontier of the Middle March, with their owners, and suggestions for repairs.
(10.) “A bownder or view of the East Marches of England for anempst Scotland,” tracing the boundary line as in § 2, but more briefly; followed by a note of the exact course taken by “the assizes chosen to ride the marches between England and Scotland” along that boundary line.
(11.) Description of the waste grounds along the frontier of the Middle March, with many details of the manner of life there, and suggestions for better protection of life and property.
(12.) Description of Tynedale and Riddesdale, with “the conditions, manners and qualities of the evil people inhabiting within the same two countries,” and devices for improvement of the rule there, and for watches to be kept by night at numerous places along the frontier and the river Tyne, to the expense of which the country lying further from the frontier should contribute.
The commissioners refer all the premises to the consideration of the King and his Council. Written at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII.
Later copy, pp. 61, with marginal notes in another hand.
R. O. 3. Another copy of § 2, also in a later hand, perhaps more recent.
Pp. 56, besides 16 blank. The leaves are numbered from 38 to 75 in an old foliation, but folios 53 to 60 are missing.
3 Dec. 1400. The Duchess of Norfolk.
R. O. Examination of Robt. Damport, 3 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII., before Sir John Gage, Sir Ric. Riche and Hen. Bradsha.
The duchess of Norfolk, on Sunday after All Saints' Day last, sent him to my lord of Norfolk, being at my lord of Canterbury's at Lambeth, to invite him to sleep at her house as it was too late to go home. The Duke bade him thank her and say he must go that night to Court on the King's business. When he returned the Duchess asked his news of Derham, &c. (conversation given to the same effect as in No. 1398. The Duchess said, “I fear it be for some matter done when they were here. I had a letter written to take heed, but I took it to have been a warning for me to take heed between Hastynges and —” (blank). The Duchess also said that if it were done when they were here, neither the Queen nor Dereham should die for it, adding, “but I am sorry for the King, for he taketh the matter very heavily.” Deposition as to money he has received from the Duchess as in No. 1398.
In Riche's hand, pp. 2.
3 Dec. 1401. Chapuys to Charles V.
VI. i., No. 209.
His despatches of the 6th, 9th, and 11th Nov. will have shown what passed in this King's Privy Council. Has since (on the 25th) received the Emperor's letter of 16th Oct., of which he gave immediate notice to the lord Privy Seal and to the Admiral that they might communicate its contents to the King. This they did at once and told Chapuys that the King took it in good part and thanked him for the news. They also informed Chapuys's man that the King had letters that morning by way of France that the Emperor had achieved his enterprise with all honour and glory and should by that time be back in Spain; which news, however, they wished not to be published—at least, on their authority. Has since been informed by the clerk of the Privy Council (who came to him for a purpose he will mention hereafter) that this news came from Venice and that the King had received another letter at the same time stating that Francis had sent [to Africa?] two ships with men, provision, and ammunition, shortly before the Emperor's embarcation; at which this King and his Council had been very indignant and all the more so because the French were circulating reports of the approaching marriage of Orleans and the Princess, and Wallop had written from Guisnes that this news was so general that the garrisons in Flanders near Guisnes had been increased. This, I presume, was one of the reasons why the King sent the lord Privy Seal to me as I wrote on the 19th ult.
This same clerk was sent on St. Andrew's Day to tell Chapuys that Colpeper and Durem would be tried the day after for high treason, and begged that he would send one of his secretaries to be present at the trial. The same intimation and request have been made to the French ambassador, the Venetian secretary, and the gentleman of the duke of Cleves, who is still here. All the Privy Councillors witnessed the trial, which lasted six hours, and the two gentlemen were sentenced as traitors. Durem confessed his early intimacy with the Queen, but justified it as an engagement. Colpeper persisted in denying his guilt and said it was the Queen who, through lady Rocheford, solicited him to meet her in private in Lincolnshire, when she herself told him that she was dying for his love. It is thought both will be beheaded to day. Lady Rocheford would have been sentenced at the same time, but that on the third day of her imprisonment she went mad. She recovers her reason now and then, and the King has sent her to be with the Admiral's wife, (fn. 4) and gets his own physicians to visit her, desiring her recovery that he may afterwards have her executed as an example. The Queen is still at Syon House, and it is believed that the King, to show his clemency towards her, will do nothing more about her till Parliament meets and decides what her fate is to be.
It was thought that the King, who has gone sporting in the neighbourhood of this city to relieve his mind, would perhaps have gone in the direction where the lady of Cleves is, but he has taken another road, and there is no sign, as yet, of his taking her back. As Chapuys is intimate with the clerk of the Council above referred to he ventured to suggest that if the King separated from this Queen on account of her having had connection with another man before she married him, he might well have abandoned the lady of Cleves for the same cause, according to the rumour au pays de par de la; and that was not difficult to believe at her age, considering “qu'elle patrisoit (practiquoit?) ung peu en cas de vin et autres condicions,” as was sufficiently evident. This the clerk did not deny, but said he did not believe the King would take her back or marry another woman unless Parliament forced him.
Three days ago, was informed by the French ambassador's secretary that his chief had letters from France of the 23rd ult. with full powers to treat of the marriage of Orleans and the Princess. He was commissioned to make very large offers without sticking at arrears of pensions or claims for dowry; and above all things to take care not to offend the English or make them side with the Emperor. The secretary says his chief has now good hope of fulfilling his commission, but knows also the means of preventing the marriage. These he would not reveal to the secretary, who pretended not to care; but the latter sees he is very ill pleased at not having yet received any assurance in answer to his offers of service in future and does not like to have all his secrets wormed out of him, to be afterwards cast away when he has nothing more to give. London, 3 Dec. 1541.
Original at Vienna, partly in cipher.
3 Dec. 1402. Chapuys to the Queen Regent [of Flanders].
VI. i., No. 210.
Advises her to let the English ambassadors alone so long as they do not renew their complaints, of which, however, he is surprised that the lord Privy Seal has not spoken to him, especially now that the French, as he hears from the ambassador's man, are continually telling these people that the Emperor has played them a shameful trick by the Navigation edict, and that had this King acted towards France as he has done towards the Low Countries the French would no doubt have resented it, but not retaliated as the Emperor has done. Thinks this King is quite satisfied about Granvelle's stay at Rome, in which, besides telling him what he wrote on the 19th ult., (fn. 5) Chapuys has since given him to understand that the Emperor's object was to accomplish the things of which the bp. of Winchester spoke to Granvelle at his departure from the Imperial Court. Showed also the Queen Regent's letters to himself respecting the late doings at Rome, and how that Imperial minister had appeared before the Pope about the observance of the truce. Cannot see any appearance of a new treaty or alliance between these people and the French. London, 3 Dec. 1541.
Original at Vienna, partly in cipher.
3 Dec. 1403. Chapuys to Granvelle.
VI. i., No. 211.
This King has wonderfully felt the case of the Queen, his wife, and has certainly shown greater sorrow at her loss than at the faults, loss, or divorce of his preceding wives. It is like the case of the woman who cried more bitterly at the loss of her tenth husband than at the deaths of all the others together, though they had all been good men, but it was because she had never buried one of them before without being sure of the next; and as yet it does not seem that he has formed any new plan (qu'il y aye convencion ni affection nulle).
The queen of Hungary has sent Chapuys a report of what passed between the Imperial and French agents in presence of the Pope about observance of the truce. Will use it when he has an opportunity on the King's return to the country. London, 3 Dec. 1541.
Original at Vienna, partly in cipher.
3 Dec. 1404. Sir Cuthbert Radclyff and Others to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,646, f. 270.
B. M.
No. 105.
Have, since they last wrote, surveyed the waste grounds on the Middle March from Harbottle Castle to Crissope Bridge, with the towers and fortresses there, as appears by their certificate sent herewith. After that, Radclyff met the Scottish warden at Alaynton, near Harbottle, and quietly proceeded according to the truce. Ellerker and Bowes repaired to Hexham, where they heard that Liddisdaill minded not to keep the order taken at Hexpethe Gate (lord Maxwell being then present), saying they would make war between England and Scotland. Made preparations for defence; yet, on Thursday night, 11 Nov., the same day as the convention at Alaynton, a small company of light horse came to Halton, Wm. Carnaby's house, and burnt his stacks and houses of husbandry. Pursued them to the Blakke Lawe in Tynedale, where the outlaws who killed Roger Fenwyke dwelt, thinking that those outlaws would be with them and that they would return that way, but they escaped into Scotland by another waste way. Radclyff sent to the Scottish warden for lord Maxwell's pledge, but was answered only with fair words. The head men of Lyddysdaill at the time of the attemptate were in Hawike market, with intent to show they were not culpable, but they gave their best horses to certain active young men, under Arche Elwolde of Thirleshope, to do the enterprise, in spite of Ellerker and Bowes lying at Hexham not two miles from the fire. Devised with John Heron to fire an old house of his, as though it were fire raised by the Scots, and so assemble the Fenwykes and others of Tynedaill and Riddisdaill and with them ride with great speed into Liddisdaill; which he did, and burnt Arche Elwolde's and 13 other houses in Thirleshope. For this the Liddisdaill men made great brags, so that Ellerker and Bowes remained at Hexham until they heard that lord Maxwell had put Liddisdaill in order and taken pledges of every surname there; after which they went to Newcastle, despatched their companies, and perfected their certificate. Ellerker has disbursed for his 100 men 20l. beyond the 210l. he received from Bowes. At Hexham they made a loving concord between Sir Reynold Carnaby's father and John Heron, and their friends, at which the country rejoices. The Liddisdaill men maintain that the burners of the corn at Halton were Englishmen of Tynedale and not Scots; and Carnaby is therefore like to be excluded from any redress unless the King devise a remedy at the coming of the Scots' ambassadors. As far as they can learn, no Englishmen were there but the outlaws remaining in Liddisdaill. Ellerker and Bowes are returning to the Council at York. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 3 Dec. Signed: Cuthbert Radclyf, Rauff Ellerkar, Robert Bowis.
Pp. 7. Endd.: 1541. Begins: Pleaseth it your most Royal Majesty.
3 Dec. 1405. Sir Thos. Wharton to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,646, f. 274.
B. M.
No. 106.
Learns, out of Scotland, that the bp. of Aberdeyn, the late abbot of Glenluse (Kinloss), now bp. of Orkney, and Thos. Bellynden, justice's clerk, were to leave Edinburgh, 1 Dec., as ambassadors to the King. The Bp. was in commission at the conclusion of last peace, and the abbot at the confirmation of it, and therefore they are chosen. The not coming of their King to the King's Majesty was for fear that his coming North was to invade them, and they will excuse themselves by saying the Churchmen prevented it. Their Cardinal sends word that France will nowise have the meeting. They are very earnest for peace, and will grant much to have it. On St. Andrew's Day the King was to be at Edinburgh, and then to come to the Borders to punish the Liddersdelles or to take his pleasure in hawking. It is uncertain whether he comes first to Kelso or Lochmaben, but both places prepare for him. Maxwell was with the King lately, and, at his home coming, took pledges of the head surnames of Liddersdell—for good rule, as he says. Wrote of the offer of the Nyksons: most of the surnames of Liddersdell and some that inhabit the Debateable Ground make like suit, which he thinks should be entertained. Scotland is at present afraid of the King's displeasure, and their King's inclination is “from war.” Has put off sundry requests lately made by Maxwell for days of march; but finally met him, 1 Dec., and agreed as in copy enclosed. Meant to delay until the repair of the ambassadors, because the subjects here are unable to redress the attemptates done to Scotland. Hears that the ambassadors bring knowledge of all slaughters upon Scottishmen within three years past. Sends names of Englishmen and Englishwomen slain by Scots since the beginning of the peace, as far as he can learn; also of English rebels resetted in Scotland. Begs them to show the King that his subjects here are unable to redress their attemptates. There has been rebellion in the North of Scotland, to redress which the earl of Castilles, Master Montgomery, and Master Kilmares are sent. An espial, who was in Murehouse on the 1st, has just reported that the King was to lie at Kelso on the 2nd, and be in Gedworth on the 5th, with 3,000 men. Has one with him who shall bring word of what retinue he brings out of Edinburgh. Carlisle castle, 3 Dec. Signed.
4. Begins: Right honorable.
Ib., f. 276. 2. “Slaughters and cruel murders” done by Scots in the West Marches since the peace, (fn. 6) giving the names of murderers and murdered in 19 cases, but no dates. Signed: Thomas Wharton.
ii. List (fn. 7) of rebels of England “ressett” in Scotland, 3 Feb. 31 Ken. VIII. with the names of their “ressetters,” viz.:
A number of Robsons and others (named) of Tynedale, all of whom “I think the King's highness hath pardoned, except two Charltons yet ressetted within Scotland.”
Dr. Hilyod, who lately went into Scotland at Caldstreme to the bp. of St. Andrew's, “called the Grete Cardinall in Scotland,” who entertained him most gently. John Priestman (calling himself John Hunter), Nic. Musgrave, one Leche, who has been in Edinburgh with George Leche, surgeon to the king of Scots, and one Arkryges, chantor of Cartmell, who, since the commotion, (fn. 8) has been a brother in Holy Rudus Abbey.
Also certain Armstrangs, Walghs, and others (named) of the West Marches. Signed: Thomas Whartton.
Pp. 7. Endd. as from Sir Thos. Wharton, 3 Dec. 1541, touching slaughters in the West Marches.
Ib., f. 267.
B. M.
No. 103.
3. Bond given by lord Maxwell for a meeting (deferred because the days are short and the weather “contagious”) with the Deputy Warden of the West Marches of England, at Lowmabaynstayn, “on Monday next after twenty one day after Christmas,” to answer all attemptates committed “from the beginning of the peace.” Promising pledges, &c.
Copy in the hand of Sir Thos. Wharton's clerk, pp. 2. Headed: Copy of a proclamation made at the Tollercrike in the Debateable Ground, the first day of December.
4 Dec. 1406. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meetings at Westm., 3 and 4 Dec. Present: Chancellor, abp. of Canterbury, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Sadler (on the 3rd only), Chanc. of Augm. No business recorded.
4 Dec. 1407. About Katharine Howard.
R. O. At London, iiij Decemb.:—Jane Rattsey, examined of her words to Eliz. Bassett, viz.: “What if God worketh this work to make the lady Anne of Cleves queen again?” says it was an idle saying suggested by Bassett's praising the lady Anne and dispraising the Queen that now is. Never spoke at any other time of the lady Anne, and she thinks the King's divorce from her good. Examined why she said, “What a man is the King! How many wives will he have?” She said it upon the sudden tidings declared to her by Bassett, when she was sorry for the change and knew not so much as she knows now.
Pp. 2. Endd. in same hand on a slip of paper pasted on.
[4 Dec.] 1408. Southampton and Wriothesley to Sir Ralph Sadleyr.
R. O.
St. P., i. 695.
Require him to inform the King that they and Mr. Pollerd went this day to my lady of Norfolk, as if only to visit and comfort her. Found she was not so sick as she made out, but able enough to go to my lord Chancellor's and so told her my lord Chancellor had some questions for her, and advised her to go. At that she began to be very sick again, “even at the heart, as she said”; but they finally persuaded her to go. They then departed and watched from Wriothesley's house till they saw her barge pass, whereupon they sent Mr. Pollerd to put the house in order as appointed, and will despatch Mr. Peter to Horsham tonight. Tomorrow morning they will examine her. Have today travailed somewhat with Pewson, who confesses he went to Hampton Court after Deram's apprehension, but only to buy wood for my Lady and himself at Kingston. Think he can tell another tale. Ask him to send the examinations he has, that they may pick out what serves for their business. Westm., Sunday afternoon. Signed.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp.
2. Add. Endd.
1409. The Duchess of Norfolk.
R. O. “Interrogatories to be ministre (sic) to the duches of Norffolkes.”
1. Whether the Queen ever sent for her to Court and to bring Deresham with her? 2. Who told her Duresham was indicted in Southwark? 3. Whether she would have had Ashbye take a satin coat of Deresham's for 30s. 4d. Deresham owed him? 4. Who told her “that the King's highness did cast a fantasy to Katharine Howard the first time that ever his Grace saw her”? 5. Of whom she learnt what she told Damport, viz., that “if there were anything amiss between Deresham and the Queen it is like it was while they were in her house, and then they will not put her to death, but I fear lest she shall be sent to me again.” 6. Whether she sent Pewson to Court on Friday after Hallowmas to know of Deresham's apprehension? 7. Whether she devised with anybody to advertise lord William of this? 8. Whether she asked any man if the pardon would serve such as knew of the naughty life of Deresham and Mrs. Katharine and did not reveal it? 9–12. How many writings she took out of Deresham's coffer, whither she carried them, and what was in them? 13, 14. Whether she destroyed any, or told anyone of the contents? 14. Whether she said before the marriage “that she mistrusted Deresham and Mistress Katharine Howard of their misliving”? 15. Whether she has said she feared Alice Wylkes had told lord William of the misdemeanor between Deresham and Mrs. Katharine? 16. “Whether ever she found Deresham and Katharine Howard in arms together, kissing, and who was present”? 17. “Whether she would not customably say when she missed Deresham ‘where is Dersham now; an you look you shall find him in Katharine Hawardes chamber’”? 18. Whether she said, when Deresham desired to go from her, “As long as Katharine Haward was here, he never desired to go away, but since she was gone he hath ever sought to be hence”? 19. Whether she said to a lady or gentlewoman in the Queen's chamber, “this is he (pointing to Deresham) that ran away from me for the Queen's sake”?
Pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding (§ 3) with an additional final article, viz.:—“Whether she took any money out of Deram's coffer.”
Pp. 3. Endd.: Interrogatories to be ministered to the Duchess of Norff. With certain answers.
R. O. 3. “Interrogatories to be ministered to the duchess of Norfolk concerning her and the Queen.”
(1.) In what sort she did educate and bring up mistress Katharine, and what change of apparel she gave her yearly? (2.) Whether she knew Mrs. Katharine used to banquet and feast out of her house or in the maidens' chamber, and with whom and how often? (3.) Whether she rebuked her for doing so? (4.) Whether she ever saw familiarity between Dersham and Mrs. Katharine or misliked it? (5.) Whether she rebuked or struck Mrs. Katharine for light behaviour with Dersham or Manokkes? (6.) Whether she ever heard of light and wanton behaviour between Mrs. Katharine and Daresham? (7.) When had she first knowledge that the King favoured Mrs. Katharine? (8.) After this knowledge what apparel did she give her? (9.) Whether she reported to anyone any special commendation of Mrs. Katharine? (10.) What communication she had with Mrs. Katharine of the King's favour and what advice she gave her?
Corrected draft, pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 4. Fair copy of the preceding.
Pp. 3. Faded. Endd.
R. O. 5. “Interrogatories to be ministered to the Duchess of Norfolk concerning her, Dereham, and the Queen.”
1. Upon what occasion she took Dereham to her service? 2–4. In what place he served, how long, and for what wages? 5. “What reward she gave him, when, and for what respect?” 6. Whether she ever showed herself openly angry with him for any matter? 7. Whether she rebuked Derham for haunting the company of Mrs. Katharine, when, where, how often, and why? 8. Whether she ever saw any evil behaviour or light fashion in Dereham towards Mrs. Katharine? 9. Whether any of her house reported familiarity between Dereham and Mrs. Katharine, and of what sort, and whether she heard that he lay in or upon the bed with her? 10. Whether she ever said, when asked for Dereham, “You shall find him an you look in the gentlewomen's chamber,” and why? 11. Whether she knew of Dereham's going into Ireland, by whom, and when? 12. Whether before going he made a testament and delivered or sent it to her? 13. Whether it declared Dereham's affection for Mrs. Katharine? 14. How soon after returning from Ireland he resorted to her, and whether she asked where he had been and why he departed without, her knowledge? 15. Whether he sued to her to get him into the Queen's service? 16. Whether she sued to the Queen to take him? 17. Whether Dereham since his coming to the Queen's service has reported to her the Queen's goodness towards him? 18. Whether Dereham has carried any letter or token between her and the Queen, and how often? 19. What communication she has had with Damporte concerning Dereham and the Queen? 20. What communication she has had with the Queen, since her marriage, concerning Dereham? 21. What word she has spoken or heard in the Queen's chamber concerning Dereham's departure to Ireland, or touching him or the favour the Queen bore him; especially whether she heard by any belonging to the Court, then or before, that Dereham went into Ireland for Mrs. Katharine's sake? 22. To whom, and by whom, she has sent to know the cause of Dereham's apprehension, and the answers she received? 23. Whether anyone told her that a precontract should be proved between Dereham and the Queen “and so the matter should do well enough”; and what she answered? 24. Whether she reported such matter of the precontract, and to whom? 25. Whether she has taken advice of learned men as to the force of the last General Pardon? 26–31. How long has she had that pardon in print, who brought it to her, whether she read it, when she read it, who was present, and what communication took place at the reading of it? 32. Was Dereham's coffer opened with the key, or picked, or broken? 33. Who opened it? 34. Who was present, was it opened more than once, and who kept the key? 35. What was taken out? 36. How much money was found in it; and 37. What writings? 38. What was done with them? 39. Whether all the papers were searched over at one time or more, and by whom, and what was the effect of them? 40 and 41. Why was the coffer opened, and the writings searched? 42. Was it locked or nailed up again? 43. At what time of the day or night was it opened? 44. How many coffers of Dereham's were in her Louse, and how long? 45. Who kept the keys of them? 46. Whether she knew Dereham was accused for a traitor before she opened the coffer, and when and by whom she knew it.
Pp. 9. Faded.
R. O. 6. Earlier draft of the preceding (§ 5), much corrected.
Pp. 6. Injured by damp.
R. O. 7. “Interrogatories to be ministered to the Queen.”
Twenty-four questions taken from those intended for the Duchess of Norfolk, altered in form to suit the examination of the Queen, and distinguished by letters prefixed, as follows:—E, F, G, H and I, K, N, O, P, R, S, are the questions numbered 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 18, 20 respectively in § 5. T is like the conclusion of No. 21 in that, or No. 19 in § 1. A, B, C, D, V, X, Y, Z are the questions 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, respectively, in § 3. Q, & M, L are the questions 1, 6, 14, and 16, respectively in § 1.
In a modern hand, pp. 3. Endd., in same hand, as copied from an “old hand of ye time.”
R. O. 8. “Interrogatories to be ministered to Fraunces Dersham.”
Twenty-eight questions as to the duchess of Norfolk's knowledge of his familiarity with Mrs. Katharine Howard, her putting of him to the Queen's service, what messages have passed between the Queen and the Duchess since, whether on going to Ireland he made a testament which declared his affection for Mrs. Katharine and left it with the Duchess, why he left his chests with the Duchess and how he retained her favour after going to Ireland without her knowledge, what papers were in the chests, whether any of them were letters to or from the Queen, and who kept the keys.
Corrected draft, pp. 4.
R. O. 9. Fair copy of the preceding (§ 8) with the questions numbered in the margin.
Pp. 3. Headed: “Interrogatories to be ministered to Francis Dereham.”
R. O. 10. Interrogatories for lady Bridgewater.
Twenty-six numbered questions: the first six identical (with slight verbal changes) with six of those put to the duchess of Norfolke, in § 3; and the rest relating to her suit to have Dereham in the Queen's service, her communications about precontract and the general pardon, and the opening of Dereham's coffer similar to those in § 5.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Interrogatories for my 1. Bridgewater.
5 Dec. 1410. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Westm., 5 Dec. Present: Abp. of Cant., Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Frances Lilgrave who had slandered the lady Anne of Cleves, and therein the King also, could bring no author of her slander and was committed to the Tower; and likewise Ric. Tavernor, clerk of the Signet, for concealing the said slander and reporting it himself.
5 Dec. 1411. Southampton to Sir Ant. Browne and Mr. Sadler.
R. O. Having received your letters, brother, (fn. 9) yesternight, I wrote to my lord Admiral enclosing my niece's confession. My servant rode all night, and has returned from my lord Admiral with answer that Mrs. Garnish denied ever using such words to lady Lucye. I do not speak out of favour to my niece, but surely the doubleness of Mrs. Garnish in another matter makes me doubt her. Mr. Bryan told me lately that she reported that lady Lucie owed her money. I at once sent Thos. Gruffith to Hampton Court to pay everything my niece owed there, though she never received wages. Afterwards I sent Fitzwilliams and Gruffith to lady Russell to cause her to question Garnish, who then answered that my niece owed her none. My niece's gentlewoman was this day examined before the whole Council, and answered as the book enclosed, written by the clerk of the Council, declares. All things here proceed well; “and surely for my lady of Norfolk such matter there groweth continually against her, whereby she hath so meshed and tangled herself that I think it will be hard for her to wind out again.” Tonight Eliz. (sic) Welkes arrived, and shall be ordered as the King devised, and tomorrow I will be at my lord Chancellor's “with the rathest and abide with the longest, my house being a great way off.” London, 5 Dec. Signed.
P.S.—Has entered with Mrs. Welkes, according to Sadler's letters, and already found good matter, but defers writing, as tomorrow the whole Council shall examine her. Has secretly received the enclosed advertisement from one n[ot] named. The King “knoweth the party well enough.”
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1541.
5 Dec. 1412. James V. to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.,
32,646, f. 281.
B. M.
No. 107.
Credence for Wm. bp. of Aberdeen, Robt. bp. of Orkney, and Mr. Thos. Bellenden, director of Chancellary, whom he sends as ambassadors amply instructed with his mind, and also for reformation of late attemptates on the Borders, which threaten a rupture of the peace taken between them by the said bishops on James's part. Palace of Edinburgh, “the fyft” Dec. 29 James V. Signed.
2. Add. Endd.: primo (sic) Decembris.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 133
B. M.
2. Contemporary copy of the preceding dated “y — (blank) day of December” 29 James V.
P. 1.
R. O.
St. P., v. 195.
3. Articles given by James V. to Wm. bp. of Aberdeen, Robt. bp. of Orkney, and Mr. Thos. Bellenden, director of the Chancellarie, to be shown to the king of England and his Council.
They shall show that, after the last peace, justice was better ministered upon the Borders than ever before, until of late, when there have been divers great attemptates for which redress was refused by Sir Thomas Wharton. First when a justice air was holden at Dumfries, about May 1540, Richard the Grame, son of Lang Will the Grame, with divers Englishmen, came to a place called Buranis, in Scotland, and murdered Geo. Bell. Then, 29 May 1541, the said Richard Grame and seven other Grames (named) five being his brothers, accompanied by Englishmen, made open foray to Auchinfettrik in the lands of Logan, parish of Kirkpatrik, and murdered Thomas, Roland, and Will. Armstrang, Scotchmen, sons to David Armstrang, yet the malefactors came on Tuesday following to the “day of trew,” holden by Quhartoun and Maxwell at Collaircryik (sic, for Tollerkirk) with the blood of the slain on their jackets, doublets, sleeves, hands, and faces. On this James sent Bellenden to Henry for redress, which he has not yet obtained. Acknowledges that the denial of justice moved certain (named) of Liddisdale to seek their own revenge; but this was so displeasing to James, especially as his Uncle was then in the North, that he was going in person to punish the committers of it, when the English wardens sent a large armed force into Liddisdale in manner of open war, and have burnt and destroyed the country.
They shall declare the plaints given to them by James's wardens, and also “regrate” to the King's dearest Uncle that, although he wrote by Sir John Campbell, of Lundy, for the delivery of Jas. Dowglas, of Parkheid, convicted of lese majesté, the said James still remains peaceably in England. Also divers rebels (twelve named) are resett in the West Marches under Sir Thos. Wharton, whose delivery they shall require. They shall desire a commission to be sent to the Borders, and name on James's part, Wm. bp. of Aberdeen, Robt. bp. of Orkney, John lord Erskyne, Wm. lord Ruven, Sir Thos. Erskyn, of Breichin, knycht secretair, Mr. Thos. Bellenden, director of Chancellarie, Mr. James Fowlis, of Coleynton, clerk of Register, Mr. Hen. Bannavis, of Halhill, and Mr. Robt. Galbraith, parson of Spottis.
ii. (fn. 10) Statement of slaughters committed, viz., (1) a list of 22 complaints of outrages in the Middle Marches “sen ye taking of ye travis”; (2) two bills “done since the contract and band” made at Expeth Gait between the wardens of the Middle Marches of England and Scotland and the keepers of Liddisdale and Tynedale; (3) four “attemptates” (one on Monday before Yule last) as “done sen ye ambassadours departing of Scotland”; and (4) seven outrages on the West Marches. Conclusion (apparently addressed by the Scotch ambassadors to the English Council), “My lordis yir billis and complayntis befoir writin we have drawin furth as principalis and maist wechty. And besyde yir we have rycht mony to schaw zow quhen ze pleis quhillis for shortnes of tyme and trubling of zow we have nocht writin in yis buik.”
Pp. 16. Headed: “The dowble of ye articulis gevin be ye Kingis Grace of Scotland our soverane to us Williame bischop of Abirden,” &c. Endd.: The double of certain articles given by the king of Scots to his ambassadors to be shown to the King's Majesty and the Council, containing the names of sundry Scots, with the particulars of their griefs.


  • 1. See Deputy Keeper's Report, III., App. ii., p. 261.
  • 2. Cancelled
  • 3. Meaning, no doubt, the year stated in the commission, for none is previously given in this document, although a modern hand has written in the margin “33 H. 8.,” and another (erroneously) “2 Dec. 1542.”
  • 4. This statement, which does not appear in the Spanish Calendar, is derived from a partial copy of this despatch printed by Gachard in “Analectes Historiques.” See No. 1328, note *.
  • 5. This letter (to the Queen Regent) does not seem to be extant, although there is one to the Emperor of that date (No. 1359). The latter, however, contains no reference to Granvelle's stay at Rome. Perhaps Chapuys meant to refer to his letter of the 6th ult. (No. 1323).
  • 6. 11 May 1534. See Vol. VII., No. 647.
  • 7. Contains one or two more names than the list noted in Vol. XV., No. 160.
  • 8. The Northern Rebellion of 1536.
  • 9. The writer was Sir Ant. Browne's half-brother.
  • 10. Not printed in the State Papers.