Henry VIII: December 1541, 11-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.

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, 'Henry VIII: December 1541, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898) pp. 671-681. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp671-681 [accessed 21 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: December 1541, 11-20", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898) 671-681. British History Online, accessed May 21, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp671-681.

. "Henry VIII: December 1541, 11-20", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541, (London, 1898). 671-681. British History Online. Web. 21 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol16/pp671-681.


December 1541, 11–20

11 Dec. 1439. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Christchurch, 11 Dec. Present: Abp. of Cant., Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley. Business:—Letters despatched to the sheriff of Kent to warn a substantial jury to be at Deptford with the lord Chief Justice on the 15th inst., to the sheriff of Sussex for the like at Southwark the same day, and to the sheriff of Middlesex for Westminster Hall on the 14th. Letter sent to Sir Wm. Goring, chamberlain, and — (blank) Horsey, steward to lady Anne of Cleves, to repair to the Privy Council. Duchess of Norfolk committed to the Tower. Passport stamped for a Frenchman (fn. 1) to go into Scotland.
11 Dec. 1440. The Council in London to the Lord Admiral and Others of the Council with the King.
R. O.
St. P., i. 710.
Yesternight, about 6 o'clock, received their letters by Smith, the messenger. Desire them to tell the King that they will do their best to make the duchess of Norfolk confess the things testified against her and “cough out” more. Will have the indictment found with speed, leaving out Mary Lasselles. Will despatch the servants as soon as the persons are indicted. Ask who shall have the custody of the houses, and what to do with lord William's children. Lady Bridgewater has a daughter and two sons in the duchess of Norfolk's house. All lord William's goods are come safe except the horses and mules. The money yet found in the Duchess's house is 2,000 mks. more than will defray these households, but the plate is not worth past 600 mks. or 700 mks., and the jewels are very base. Most of the money and plate is conveyed, for safety, to the King's palace at Westminster. Ask whether, when these things are finished, in three or four days, any of them may come to the King; or whether they shall remain together until his return to Greenwich.
Private letters from Mr. Paget report a bruit in France of the committing of a number of great persons. Think that Paget should be informed of the particulars. Think that Paget's diets should be increased, and that be will do good service. Send letters and news from Sir Thos. Wharton. Have resolved to write to the other deputy wardens to make like report of attemptates done in their offices. Christchurch, 11 Dec. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Suffolk, Southampton, Sussex, Hertford, Gardiner, Sir John Gage, and Wriothesley.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1541.
11 Dec. 1441. Chapuys to Charles V.
VI.i., No. 213.
Wrote, on the 3rd, of the condemnation of Colpeper and Durem, who were both executed, the former, at his own request, by decapitation, the latter by a more cruel death. Not to leave the Tower empty, no sooner had these left for the place of execution than the old duchess of Norfolk, second wife of the father of the present Duke, was conveyed to it, along with the wife of lord William, who himself returned from France but eight days ago, and was also lodged in the Tower the day before yesterday. It would seem also that his said mother and wife and a sister (fn. 2) of his, who is detained in the house of Secretary Vrisley, have been arrested on account of a servant of lord William who was taken on St. Andrew's Eve, (fn. 3) who said that his master and the said ladies knew of the Queen's unchastity before she attained the King's favour. No other cause of their imprisonment is pointed to. The duke of Norfolk, before his half-brother's return, had left for his estates in Norfolk; it is supposed not of his own free will, but sent on some pretence to be away from the Privy Council while matters were discussed affecting his own relations.
On the 5th, M. de Morvillier arrived here on his way to Scotland, sent by the king of France, and also, as he himself gives out, on business of M. de Guise. He remained here till yesterday, the 10th, in the afternoon, waiting for his passports, which the resident French ambassador has obtained for him, without either himself or the other ambassador having seen the King or Privy Councillors about it. Is informed by the ambassador's secretary that Morvillier would have gone to Scotland by sea but for unfavourable winds and rough weather, and that he and the ambassador had been devising excuses for fear the King should refuse him a passport. One pretence was that Morvillier was going to condole with king James on the death of his mother. The ambassador's man sent Chapuys word that for two whole days after his arrival Morvillier had not left his room, showing that he did not wish it to be known that he was in England, since many must have seen him the last time the bp. of Tarbes, lately deceased in Spain, was here. The secretary, Chapuys's confidant, had been with him some time, and tried to find out what his mission was, but could get little out of him. The only person he spoke about was the duke of Cleves, whose wit, dexterity, and power he extolled beyond measure. He also sang the praises of the duke of Saxony, saying he was the sincere friend of the King, his master, ready to do his will in all matters, and that he had lately sent to Madame d'Alebret, whom these Frenchmen call queen of Navarre, the portraits of his wife and family.
For the last two days the news of the Emperor's withdrawal from the coast of Africa has been known here. Is sure the King will be sorry to hear it, or at least the majority of his Privy Councillors, (fn. 4) though the hope of treating more advantageously with the Emperor may sweeten their sorrow, unless they are afraid of his gratifying the French more than before. Will keep careful watch on their caprices. The French ambassador has not yet had news of the affair he has on hand, but the admiral of France wrote to him, on the 19th and 29th ult., that he and his colleagues considered the enterprise in which they are now engaged a difficult one.
Two honest citizens (fn. 5) were imprisoned three days ago for having said, since the Queen's misbehaviour was published, that the whole thing seemed a judgment of God, for the lady of Cleves was really the King's wife, and that though the rumour had been purposely spread that the King had had no connection with her, the contrary might be asserted, as she was known to have gone away from London in the family way, and had been confined last summer,—a rumour which has been widely circulated. London, 11 Dec. 1541.
Original at Vienna.
11 Dec. 1442. About Katharine Howard.
R. O. “The saying of Anne Fox,” 11 Dec., at Ridinge, being at supper with Mr. Penison's chaplain and other servants, named, that she “did know for a year past that the Queen was of ill disposition.” She knew it “by a Observant and another that was wont to call her sister,” who were “not within a hundred miles.”
P. 1.
11 Dec. 1443. Sir Cuthbert Radclyff to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,646, f. 282.
B. M.
No. 108.
Since the return of the commission and other writings, there has been small riding either in England or Scotland. The ambassadors of Scotland were at Alnwick on Saturday night, 10 Dec., going towards the King, viz., the bps. of Aberdeen and Orkney and a temporal man, (fn. 6) 40 horsemen in all. Provision is made for the king of Scots coming to Jedworth and Kelso. Lord Maxwell has taken pledges of the Liddersdale men, who, since they burnt Wm. Carnaby's corn and houses, worth 200l., have done small harm. Required Maxwell's pledge for that, but the Scottish warden made delay; whereupon certain of Tyndalle and Riddisdaile rode into Liddesdale and burnt Thorllyshope and other houses of some that, John Heron said, were at the burning of Hallton. This is one of the chief things the ambassadors will complain of. Could prove, if he might leave the Borders, that all began with Scotland, as Sir Ralph Ellerker and Sir Robt. Bowes can also do if the King send for them. Encloses a bill of things necessary to be reformed. Dylston, 11 Dec. Signed.
2. Add. Endd.: 1541.
Ib. 2. “The names of those that burnt William Carnaby's corn at Halton, as John Heron takes upon him.” Eleven names.
Small slip, p. 1.
Ib. 3. “Certain notable offences and other doubtful causes very needful to be reformed, and special of the Middle Borders, now at the being of the Scots ambassadors with the King's Majesty”; wherein Sir Cuthbert Radclyffe desires the King's pleasure.
Six numbered articles referring to the danger of following offenders into Scotland, the frequent perjury, difficulty of getting evidence against Scottishmen of great surname, cutting woods on the waste land, the privilege given by the late commissioners at Caldstreme to Liddersdale men to answer complaints only at Gedworth, and not at other places accustomed, and the uncertain boundary of the West and Middle Marches. Signed: Cuthbert Radclyff.
Pp. 3.
[12 Dec.] 1444. The Council with the King to the Council in London.
R. O.
St. P., i. 712.
This morning, received their letters of 11 Dec. and read them to the King. They are to appoint men to have custody of the houses at their discretion. Think the King's servants dwelling near would be meet persons, as Mr. Carrell who dwells near Horsham, and John Skynner, clerk of the Avery, who dwells near Reigate, lord William's house. As for lord William's and lady Bridgewater's children, those that are too young to help themselves are to be nourished, and those old enough (if any) put to service. When these things grow to some perfection (which, they write, will be in three or four days), the lord Privy Seal, whose “walk” is near here, and Mr. Wriothesley, and one other, if they think it needful, may come and declare their proceedings to the King. They are to send the proposed despatch to Mr. Paget, whose diets the King is content to increase by 10s. a day, and desires them to take order accordingly. Have shown Sir Thos. Wharton's letters, &c., to the King, who approves their resolution to write to the other deputy wardens. Okyng, this Monday. Signed: J. Russell; Antone Browne; Antony Wngfeld (sic); Rafe Sadleyr.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
12 Dec. 1445. W. earl of Southampton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 714.
This morning the ambassador of Cleves came to say he had letters of credence from the Duke, his master, and also letters from Olisleger to my lord of Canterbury and from the Duke to my lord Great Master, with one from Olisleger to the writer. He said his credence was to seek to reconcile the Duke's sister with the King, and that he would either wait upon the King or declare his charge to the Council. Encloses his own letters from Olisleger. Forthwith sent his servant Burne to inform Wriothesley, who is occupied at the duchess of Norfolk's with the Attorney and Polarde. That business will take three or four days yet, for she has, besides good stuff, “much trash, baguaige and many odd ends.” Yesterday she was committed by the Council, who, to avoid trouble in her conveyance, promised her money and women to wait upon her. She then showed that she had 1,000l. in money more than she had yet declared, and this Wriothesley has today found and also more plate. London, 12 Dec. Signed.
3. Add. Endd.: 1541.
12 Dec. 1446. David cardinal of St. Andrews to Christian III.
iv. 210.
Rejoiced to learn lately from the Count de Cleth, Christian's servant, his good will towards the writer's King. Knows that to his King nothing is more dear than Christian's honor; both for the sake of old friendship and connection by blood, and especially for the alliance which Christian has made with the French king, his father-in-law. For himself, will do his best to foster their mutual good will. Fontainebleau, 12 Dec. 1541.
13 Dec. 1447. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Note that on 12 Dec. the Council sat not.
Meeting at Westm., 13 Dec. Present: Abp. of Cant., Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Sir Wm. Goring and Jasper Horsey appeared and, “the matter declared wherefor they were sent for,” were dismissed. Letters to Sir Wm. Eure and Sir Cuthb. Ratcliff to certify all notable attemptates by Scots within their offices since last truce. The keeping of lady Norfolk's house of Horsham committed to Mr. Carrell, lady Bridgewater's to Sir Ric. Long, lord William's at Reigate to — Skynner, and lady Norfolk's at Lambeth to Wriothesley. The King being pleased to allow Mr. Paget 10s. a day more than specified in his former warrant, a letter was devised to Tuke to advance three months' diets at that rate and send the former warrant to be altered.
P.C.P., vii.
2. [Another] meeting at Westm., 13 Dec. Present: Abp. of Cant., Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Letter sent to Sir Thos. Wharton, of “the good acceptation of his proceedings.” Lady Bridgewater being committed to ward, letters were devised to the lady of Oxford to receive her daughter, and to the abp. of Canterbury and bp. of Durham to receive each one of her sons. Letters sent to Mr. Paget declaring the names and faults of those committed to ward for the Queen's lamentable case. Warrant to Tuke to pay Wm. Honning 20l. 6s. 8d. defrayed “for the King's hows.”
[*** The next date on the Register is 20 Dec.]
[13 Dec.] 1448. The Privy Council to Paget.
Calig. E. iv.
B. M.
St. P., viii.
The King, upon consideration of Paget's letter to them by the bearer, Hames, has granted him 10s. a day in augmentation of his diets, with the present advance of three months at that rate. Touching the report that a number of noble personages were here committed to ward, inform him that, when he wrote, only Culpeper and Derham were committed; but now, within these four or five days, are also committed the duchess of Norfolk, lord William Howard and his wife, lady Bridgewater, and certain gentlewomen, chamberers, and light young men who were privy to the naughtiness of the Queen and Derram, &c., as shown by a breviate of the particulars of their offences, sent herewith. He must not speak of the matter either to the French king or any of his Council unless spoken to, in which case he shall declare how many are committed and what they have deserved. Signed by Audeley, Suffolk, Southampton, Gage, and Wriothesley.
1., mutilated. Add.: ambassador in France. Endd.: From the Council, without date.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand (from which it is printed in the St. P.).
Pp. 2. Endd.: Minute to Mr. Paget.
13 Dec. 1449. Cranmer to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 716.
C.'s Letters,
Yesterday the ambassador of Cleves brought him letters (enclosed) from Oslynger, vice-chancellor to the duke of Cleves, commending the cause of the lady Anne of Cleves. The ambassador said the cause was the reconciliation of the King with lady Anne. Replied that it was strange that Oslynger should write to him to move the King to receive her in matrimony again, and so trouble the King's succession. The ambassador would have reasoned the matter, so as to grope Cranmer's mind, but he cut him short, saying the matter was too important for him to discuss without command from the King. Begs instruction how to answer Oslynger. From my manor of Lamhith, Tuesday, 13 January. (fn. 7)
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 13 Dec.
14 Dec. 1450. Henry VIII. to Sir Thomas Wharton.
R. O. Has received his letters, and perceives the good inclination of the king of Scots and his officers to the redress of things that are amiss, and Wharton's proceedings for the stay of the King's subjects under his charge. As to the Forsters, who have written a letter to the king of Scots (the copy of which letter, and the writers' names, received), there are special laws ordained for the punishment of such offenders, which the King and his Council desire Wharton to enforce as he shall think convenient. Westm., 14 Dec.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: The minute of a letter to Sir Thos. Wharton, 14 Dec.
14 Dec. 1451. Sir Ric. Long to Henry VIII.
R. O. As commanded, I called Heron before Sir Thos. Pope and me, and examined him of his conference with lady Bridgwater, as your Grace directed. We caused him to write his confession, and showed it to your Council, and as it contained matter which he had already confessed to them, I thought it not worth notice in my last letters. The hawks were not in London, but at Mr. Gressam's house in the country, “which was the let they were not forthwith sent unto your Highness.” London, 14 December. Signed.
1. Add. Endd.: 1541.
14 Dec. (fn. 8) 1452. Granvelle to Charles V.
Add., 28,593,
f. 85.
B. M.
Wrote, on the 30th ult., with Aguilar, what had passed, down to his departure from Rome, with intelligence from the king of the Romans, Queen of Hungary and England, &c. The Viceroy's arrival in Sicily. Movements of troops. French not yet stirring. The marquis del Gasto's desire to enlist Germans. No news of the bp. of Fossombrone. Possibility of making some agreement with England. Granvelle's efforts to compose factions in Siena. Siena, 13 Dec. 1541.
Modern copy from a copy at Simancas, pp. 23. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 214.
15 Dec. 1453. Southampton to Sadler.
R. O.
St. P., i. 718.
Received on Tuesday his letters, comprising the King's answer concerning the duke of Cleves. Yesterday had the Duke's ambassador before the Council, at Westminster, and declared it, as Wriothesley and he will report at their coming. Could not themselves have framed so good an answer, and they pray God to preserve “that wise head that could so well conceive, and teach us the same.”
Yesterday morning the French ambassador sent desiring to speak with him. Replied that he must to Westminster, and sit all day at Council, and that if the matter were hasty, the Council would hear him there. He sent word again that the things needed no great haste, and as he was loth to trouble all the Council, he would be with Southampton in the afternoon. Showed this to the Council, who thought he should repair home to receive the ambassador. Describes the ambassador's communication, which was as follows:—
That Francis was sorry to hear of his good brother's trouble, caused by the naughty demeanour of her lately reputed for Queen, but reminded him that his honour did not rest in the lightness of a woman, and that he should comfort himself in God's goodness. When the Emperor had landed all his men, with three days' victual, and had taken a “bastilon” beside Argier, a great tempest arose, which destroyed 150 ships of Spain, 2 great ships, and 15 galleys, of which 11 were Andrew Doria's, 1 Ant. Doria's, 2 of Spain, and 1 of Sicily. The scarcity of victual that ensued constrained them to eat the horses, and the Emperor licensed the lanceknights to depart; and some of them have arrived, in two ships, at Genoa. They think the Emperor has retired to Bougie, but after they left “there was seen in the army another great tempest, by reason whereof they cannot tell surely whither he is gone.” The Arrabies along the shore cut in pieces those who escaped the sea, and to save his people the Emperor put his own life in hazard. Stozie and Moravie have revolted from the king of the Romans, and chosen Maurice, son of duke Henry of Saxony, for their prince. The ambassador concluded by saying that these distresses of the Emperor and his brother did not alter Francis' affection for the King, as he was ready to show if any occasion offered to do him service, and that he himself was as ready to serve the King as any subject in the realm, and would be glad if, after being here three years, he might be a minister, to increase amity between the Kings.
Listened to the above, but said little; and afterwards, for office and manners' sake, made the ambassador drink, “with chestnuts, pears, pomegranates, and such other poor things as were in the house.” London, 15 Dec. Signed.
P.S.—Tomorrow night Mr. Secretary and I will wait upon the King.
Pp. 8. Add. Endd.: 1541.
15 Dec. 1454. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 721.
I learnt yesterday “that mine ungracious mother-in-law, mine unhappy brother and his wife, with my lewd sister of Brydgewater, were committed to the Tower,” and am sure it is not done but for some false proceedings against your Majesty. Weighing this with the abominable deeds done by two of his nieces, (fn. 9) and the repeated treasons of many of his kin, he fears the King will abhor to hear speak of him or his kin again. Prostrate at the King's feet, he reminds his Majesty that much of this has come to light through his report of his mother-in-law's words to him when he was sent to Lambeth to search Derham's coffers. His own truth and the small love his mother-in-law and nieces bore him, make him hope, and he begs for some assurance of the King's favour, without which he will never desire to live. Kenynghale Lodge, 15 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1541.
Dec. 1455. The Scottish Ambassadors to the Lord, Privy Seal.
Add. MS.,
32,646, f. 287.
B. M.
Papers, No.
Are making the best speed they can to come to the King. Incursions have lately been made by the West and Middle Marches, in Teviotdale, Liddisdale and other places, which would not be suffered without retort but for their Sovereign's straight charge forbidding it. Pray him to inform the King, so that sharp charge may be sent to the wardens to prevent incursions, Derntoun, 15 Dec. Signed: Bischop of Ab'den: Ro. bischop of Orknay: Thomas Bellenden.
In Bellenden's hand, p. 1. Add. Sealed (by the bp. of Aberdeen). Endd.: 1541.
15 Dec. 1456. Card. Pole to Card. Contarini.
Poli Epp.,
iii. 43.
Has written to M. Pamphilo Strazoldo to release the auditor who serves our vice-legate, and asks Contarini, whose word will have much more influence, to second the request. Explains his difficulty in getting an auditor, and that M. Pamphilo can easily provide one elsewhere. Viterbo, 15 Dec.
16 Dec. 1457. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 373.
Received a few days ago his despatches of the 1st and 8th inst. The former is partly answered by his of the 7th, especially as regards proceeding coldly about the marriage; for the troubles here and Norfolk's absence compelled him to wait. The English cannot sever Francis from the Emperor by saying that he wished to treat, for they have seen neither. letters, instruction, nor power, and what Marillac has said may be disavowed. The subject can always be resumed, and Marillac continues to persuade them of Francis's desire to persevere in amity; as he did lately in recounting to the Privy Council the rout of the Emperor's armada in Algiers and the poor estate of the king of the Romans; receiving the like assurances from them in return.
This King has left his Privy Council here, and is, with a small company, in the neighbourhood, seeking in pastimes to forget his grief, until it is time to come to Greenwich, where he spends Christmas. Nevertheless, the ladies who were arrested, as Marillac wrote, have been taken to the Tower, viz., the old duchess of Norfolk, and the countess of Brichvatre, mother and sister of lord William, who has since followed them, upon the same charge of knowing what his niece was before the King married her. Would have notified this earlier, but was seeking for the cause of Norfolk's absence from Court. Some say that he was commanded to withdraw to his house, some that he asked leave to be absent at the judgment of his stepmother, brother, sister, and the Queen his niece. Of his future many presume ill and none good. It looks as if the end of these tragedies would be not less scandalous than pitiful.
Is told by the ambassador of Cleves that, upon letters of credence from his master, he sought to speak with this King about lady Anne, but as the King's grief did not permit it he yesterday went before the Council and, after declaring his master's thanks for the King's liberality to his sister, prayed them [to find] means to reconcile the marriage and restore her to the estate of queen. They answered, on the King's behalf, that the lady should be graciously entertained and her estate rather increased than diminished, but the separation had been made for such just cause that he prayed the Duke never to make such a request. The ambassador asking to have this repeated, Winchester, with every appearance of anger, said that the King would never take back the said lady and that what was done was founded upon great reason, whatever the world might allege. The ambassador dared not reply, for fear that they might take occasion to treat her worse; but came to tell Marillac, because his master wrote that they would beg Francis to intercede. Thinks there are two courses open, either to intercede so dexterously as not to show that it is done with authority, and thus frighten the English into a league with the Emperor, or else to say nothing about it. Docketed (fn. 10) : Sent by the son of Henry.
French. Modem transcript, pp. 6. Headed: London, 16 Dec. 1541.
17 Dec. 1458. Sir Ant. St. Leger to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
Describes how he continued the war against Oneil by a raid on 10 Nov. and another on the 8th inst., when, at Ardmach, Oneil sent requiring peace. Sent certain Irishmen to receive his pledge, but, on their return, the followers of the pledge rescued him from them. Immediately sent to Oneil that he should punish the malefactor and send the pledge next morning. Next morning advanced against him and was met by his messenger, who said his master had been all that night searching for the malefactors who rescued the pledge, and had hanged the principal of them, and desired to parley with the writer. Consulted the Vice-treasurer, Mr. Travers, Mr. Echingham, and others, who thought that, as the weather was so evil, it might be done, provided Oneil gave a pledge; which he did, and St. Leger then went to him. Oneil much humbled himself and promised peace and has given one of his best sons in pledge; desiring that he might send a messenger to the King, at whose hand he expects more than at the writer's. As he never put in pledges before, it will be a good example. Relates the hardships endured by the soldiers and the capture of 3,000 kine. Could not himself conclude with Oneil, but has appointed to meet him at Dundalk the Wednesday after St. Stephen's Day and bring him to Drogheda, to the rest of the Council. Told him he would not deliver him his pardon until the King's further pleasure, but advised him to stand to the King's order. Drogheda, 17 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII. Signed.
4. Add. Endd.
18 Dec. 1459. Chapuys to Charles V.
VI. i., No. 215.
Nothing new since his last of the 11th, except that the French ambassador's secretary has procured for him the ciphered letter, of which a copy is enclosed. Expected further communications from him yesterday, but Chapuys's man did not find him at the place appointed. Ever since the lord Privy Seal called on Chapuys, this King has been continually out in the fields to divert his ill-humour and will not hear of business. He is expected back at Greenwich in three days, and if not sent for, Chapuys will apply urgently for an audience to see what humour he is in and inform the Emperor of his disposition. It is more important now than ever to bring him to the Emperor's side and counteract the practices of the French, of which the Queen Regent has informed him.
The letter of Francis to his ambassador, which Chapuys has himself deciphered, is as follows:—
[Here occurs a full copy of Francis I.'s letter to Marillac, dated 8 Dec. 1541. See No. 1431.]
London, 18 Dec. 1541.
Original at Vienna.
18 Dec. 1460. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
VI. i., No.216.
Will obey her very wise letter of the 4th. Would have found some opportunity of seeing the King, but that he is away from Court to avoid business; but as he is expected back at Greenwich in three days, thinks he will not refuse him an audience, or delay it as he did when he asked for one through the lord Privy Seal's mediation. Encloses copy of the French king's letter to his ambassador here, procured from the ambassador's man. London, 18 Dec. 1541.
Original at Vienna.
19 Dec. 1461. The Duchess of Norfolk.
R. O. Confession of Malyn Tylney, taken 19 Dec.
That, after being examined by the Chancellor of Augmentations, when she returned to Lambeth, to one Feffar's house, the duchess of Norfolk sent her servant, Chamber, for her. She there lamented the death of her husband Philip Tylney, and that he died in debt; and the Duchess promised to help her. The Duchess then asked whether she knew of the evil life of the Queen in her house and whether she should die. Replied that she was commanded to make no answer therein. The Duchess said, “I do not intend to examine you”; and asked whether she thought Lord William knew. Said she could not tell. The Duchess then said, “Alas! my daughter Haward told me that if Alys Wekes knew anything thereof that then she hath told it unto him.” Signed.
In Ric. Pollard's hand, pp.
2, with original foliation, ff. 27, 28.
19 Dec. 1462. Granvelle to Charles V. (fn. 11)
Add. 28,593,
f. 97.
B. M.
Thank God for the good news which arrived yesterday, by a courier, who passed to Rome about matters of benefices, by whom the Comendador Mayor of Leon has informed me that after his letters of the 1st inst. were closed, your Majesty arrived within four leagues of Cartagena; for though we heard otherwise of your Majesty being in Bugia, the moment the said courier passed those two arrived whom you despatched to Metefus and Bugia, with such good news of your safety that I trust all the past troubles of Algiers will be remedied. Letters received from the Comendador Mayor.
Correspondence with the marquis of Gasto and Figueroa about discharging the Italians and Germans; also as to the Spaniards and money matters. —The Turk.
The French are quiet about Piedmont. Here count de Pitigliano and Paul de Chieri have threatened to raise men against this city, thinking Granvelle will not prolong his stay here more than three or four days.
The datary whom his Holiness sent to France.—Germany.—The charge of count de Noguerol who has passed on his way from Ferdinand to the Pope. —Genoa.—The Pope, &c., &c.
Sena, 19 Dec., 1541. Signed: Perrenot.
Sp. Modern copy, pp. 13. Add.
20 Dec. 1463. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hampton Place, 20 Dec. Present: Abp. of Cant., Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamberlain, Hertford, Winchester, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Letters received from Sir Cuthb. Ratcliff, (fn. 12) declaring the state of the Middle Marches, the burners of Carnaby's house, the king of Scots' arrival on the Borders, &c., and as he thought that himself, or someone who understood matters there, should be here at the coming of the ambassadors of Scotland, it was decreed to send for Sir Robt. Bowes. Robt. Well, curate of Collchurche, committed to the Tower for expounding the eighth chapter of Daniel “as written of the King's person.”


  • 1. Morvilliers.
  • 2. Lady Bridgewater.
  • 3. Here we follow the text printed by Gachard in “Analectes Historiques,” p. 240.
  • 4. The qualifying clauses which follow are in cipher in the original, the words from the beginning of this paragraph being in ordinary writing. In these despatches borrowed from the Spanish Calendar it has not been thought necessary generally to indicate passages in cipher.
  • 5. Richard Tavernor and Frances Lilgrave. See No. 1410.
  • 6. Bellenden.
  • 7. Evidently the month should have been December, as in the endorsement.
  • 8. The heading of the transcript gives the 14 Dec. as the date, but the date at the end of the letter is 13 Dec.
  • 9. The two queens, Anne Boleyn and Katharine Howard.
  • 10. Omitted in the transcript.
  • 11. Some part of the contents of this letter appears to be identical with passages in Spanish Calendar, Vol. VI., Pt. I., No. 217, which, according to the editor's heading, is a letter from Aguilar and Granvelle. But this is quite impossible as Granvelle had parted from Aguilar at Rome, and was now at Sienna.
  • 12. No. 1443.