Henry VIII: March 1543, 11-15

Pages 150-160

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.

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March 1543, 11-15

12 March.
Dasent's A. P. C., 95.
263. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 11 March. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche. No business recorded.
Meeting at Westm., 12 March. Present : The above except Canterbury and Riche, and also the Lord Chancellor. Business :—One Tirrell, servant to Mr. Chancellor of Augmentations, gave information that — Parker warned him that — Smith, of the Guard, and others meant to steal certain horses and counselled him (Tirrell) to steal them again from Smith. He was commanded to make secret trial of the matter.
12 March.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II. 409.
264. Parliament of Scotland.
Held at Edinburgh, 12 March, 1542, by James Earl of Arran, tutor of the Queen and governor of the realm, and commissaries, viz., Gawin abp. of Glasgow, chancellor, and fourteen others named. Business :—Precept for proclamation of the Parliament produced by the sheriff depute of Edinburgh and endorsed. Summons by John sometime Lord Glammis against them that were upon his doom of forfeiture continued to Thursday, 15 March.
12 March.
R. O.
265. Wallop to the Council.
According to the Great Master's appointment, met him at Burbro, outside the town, accompanied only by the captain of Gravyll and in his gown as if only to take the air or oversee workmen. The Great Master conducted him by a secret way to his lodging, where Wallop declared his commission; to which the Great Master answered that all in his charge were at the King's service. Upon 24 hours' warning from Wallop or the lord Deputy he could send 500 horse and 2,000 foot, or, with three days' warning, 1,200 horse and 6,000 foot, 3 cannons and 5 field pieces. His advice was to act suddenly, and he asked what men Calais could make. Answered, 1,000 tall men and not 200 horses. He said 2,000 foot and 400 horse could make great courses, but to do some great exploit, as taking Moterll, would require the coming over of the King's great power. He then declared the advantage of Moterell for keeping victuals from Tourwan, Boleyng and Arde at such length as would need five sheets of paper to write, which Wallop forbears to do as he wrote of it before, when sent to Remyngame, the Great Master's castle. To St. Omer's are come 1,000 lanceknights, and they expect shortly 500 Spaniards who came in this late fleet to Selond.
After this communication Wallop enquired of occurrents; which the Great Master declared, as follows :—The Emperor would spend Easter at Monsert monastery, three leagues from Barsylona, and then embark with Doria for Italy. A gentleman (fn. 1) of credit in the French King's chamber sent that day secretly to him (the Great Master) for a meeting on the borders, which was probably either to treat for peace or put jealousy in the King of England's head. The Great Master desired that the King should know this, but not the Emperor's ambassador; for the Regent would not take it well, that it should be known except through her, and he had not yet despatched to her. As to the duke of Clevys, two armies, each of 10,000 foot and 2,000 horse, had entered Gelderland under the prince of Orenge and the duke of Hascot. A tenth of all revenues and merchandise was granted to the Emperor in Flanders. Other occurrents he had not, save of the Turk's preparations and Grandwyld's account of the "goyrney at Noryngberg," which Wallop desired him to write and encloses. The army in Gelderland is to compel the Duke to peace, who looks for 200,000 crs. out of France of which he has already 30,000 crs.
As to the Articles sent from the Council to be practised with the Great Master; does not now answer, so as not to delay this letter, but will consult the lord Deputy and Mr. Marshal and send answer in a day or two. They may be partly considered with the Great Master's opinion "if he join with us, and if not so much the more number." Encloses news received this morning from Guisnes. Calais, 12 March.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 2. What I said to the governor of Guisnes is that, by the Regent's command, I would assist the Deputy of Calais or him with 2,000 foot and 500 horse, upon 24 hours' warning given to the captain of Gravelinghen; and for a secret enterprise, with three days' notice to me, I will assist with 6,000 foot, 1,200 horse, 3 cannons, and 5 field pieces. If the King will make war, it is better to do it with fewer men and suddenly than to give the enemy time to prepare.
I have true news from Germany that the Princes, understanding the wrong done by the French and Clevois in beginning war upon the Emperor, "blament fort le dit roy de soy avoir mis a la guerre, estant les choses tant tourbles en la Crestiente."
French, p. 1. In De Roeulx's hand.
[12 March] (fn. 2)
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 119.]
266. Granvelle to Chapuys.
Need not prove to him the importance of inducing the King of England to enter war against France this year, when the Emperor will be here in May next—the flower of the season. The French King was at great expense last year, when he recommenced war, foolishly and malignantly, only to destroy his own realm, lose his reputation and demonstrate that he has neither strength, captain, nor men. He is decried throughout Christendom and especially here in Germany, where the captains and men who served him last year are ill satisfied, and he will hardly get them again because of the prohibition of going to his service; whereas the Emperor will have as many as he wishes, besides the great number which the Queen has already in the Low Countries, and the Spaniards and Italians whom the Emperor will bring with him. The English are said to be indignant against France, as are also those of the Emperor's countries, especially of the Low Countries. The subjects of France are discontented and indignant with their King, insomuch that there have been tumults in Brittany and rebellion at La Rochelle, and if the war is made hot he and his Council and Court will be in danger from his own subjects. If the King of England were not to enter war this year it is to be feared that, through the inconstancy that has hitherto been found in him and the practices of France, he may elude the effect of the treaty. With his love of treasure he will be loth to spend it, and perhaps he will stand in doubt on the side of Scotland; but, since he has come so far as to pass the treaty, he must be against France because of his pension, and the more he fears to be thwarted by the French in Scotland the more ought he to help to put the French king out of power to hurt him there. Chapuys, who knows him better than any other, must by all means induce him to enter war against France, remembering to declare the Emperor's intention to make it this year, and passage hither for that end, in case the King of England will; indeed it might be intimated that the Emperor undertook this journey upon trust of the passing of the treaty, according to the King's wish declared when he sent Westminster to Montson. If he hesitates about depleting his realm of men of war, because of the disputes of Scotland, he may be assured to have on this side as many as he wishes at the same pay as the Emperor gives. If he agrees to war, it is to be known whether he will make it jointly with the Emperor or separately, although, if the English were in any great number, the Emperor would very likely rather keep his army apart, because of the difficulties which might arise between diverse nationalities and the want of victuals. The best would be to get him to furnish his contingent in money, as the Emperor will get as many men as he wishes and has great provision of artillery, both here in Germany and in Flanders. If he will enter war Chapuys shall learn his intention, but without irritating him, and advertise the Emperor of it with diligence. If he cannot be induced to it this year, it must be seen whether some aid in money could be had from him, as great as possible, Chapuys settling nothing without referring to the Emperor unless the delay might cause a rupture. If the King asks where the Emperor will begin the war, Chapuys shall plead ignorance, and incidentally learn the King's inclination and advice; and it must be enquired whether victuals will be had from that side, and whether the King has artillery and munitions and all necessaries for an English war against France.
Chapuys must advertise the Queen continually of the state of the practice; and write of it to Granvelle, who will keep the Emperor advertised therein.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript (with No. 296) of a Vienna MS. endorsed : "Coppie du memorial fait par le Sr. de Grantvelle pour Monsr. l'ambassadeur Chappuys."
13 March.
Dasent's A. P. C., 96.
267. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 13 March. Present :—Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters directed to the captains of the navy to assist John Bonde, who is appointed by the Deputy to provide victuals for Calais.
13 March.
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 26, B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 328.
268. Henry VIII. to Arran.
Understanding that for good causes, you and the rest of your Council have thought meet to discharge Sir Thos. Erskin of the secretaryship there, we, at the suit of our servant, Mr. James Dromonde, recommend him for that office; "instantly therefore requiring you, as you intend to show yourself desirous to minister unto us gratuity and pleasure, to satisfy our request in this behalf."
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Mynute to th'erle of Arren, xiijo Martii, ao xxxiiijo.
13 March.
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 27, B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 329.
269. Henry VIII. to Arran.
Perceiving by his letters to Suffolk, lieutenant in the North, that he purposes now at the assembly of Parliament to send ambassadors, sends Sir Ralph Sadleyr one of his (Henry's) two principal secretaries, to declare his mind in all things. Prays him to communicate all affairs to Sadleyr and to give him credence, who shall be ready to give his best advice and counsel on Henry's behalf.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to th'erle of Arren, xiijo Martii ao xxxiiijo.
13 March.
R. O. St. P., v. 261
270. Henry VIII. to Suffolk, Durham, and Sadler.
Has received their letters of the 8th inst., with those which came out of Scotland and also from Wharton and Maxwell. Considering, with the Council here, the long time passed unfruitfully since the decease of the late King, and how slenderly he is answered from all parties in Scotland, he desires to decipher their intent towards him and the things promised by Angus and the rest lately here. As Sadler has been "sundry times" in Scotland and also is privy to the things promised here and to all proceedings since, no man can so well serve this purpose; and therefore he is, with only two or three servants, upon sight hereof, to go in post to Edinburgh to reside there until revoked, and shall there proceed according to certain instructions sent herewith and as he thinks best. Taking order for his train to follow, he must set forth immediately; for, considering the Parliament is there begun, the great benefit of his journey will consist in his sudden arrival there. For his charges, Suffolk shall give him 200l. in prest for his allowance at 40s. a day, and shall also allow him for all money spent in posting or in sending letters on messages. "Memorandum, for spial money."
As the importance of the matter shall require, he shall write in the cipher sent herewith.
Draft in Wriothlesley's hand, corrected by Gardiner, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suff., the bishop of Duresme and Sir Raf Sadleyr, xiijo Martii, ao xxxiiijo.

Add. MS. 32,650, f. 29, B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 330.
271. Sadler's Instructions.
By advertisements received out of Scotland, from the earl of Arren, "occupying the place of the Governor," the earl of Anguishe and others, it appears that ambassadors are to be sent to the King with a charge grounded on the consent of the three estates of their Parliament; and, having conceived that Arreyn is inclined to perform the promises of the lords and others who were lately here prisoners, the King would have some personage of his Council resident there to advise them, specially now at the despatch of their ambassadors, and therefore sends Sir Ralph Sadleyr whom he specially trusts. Sadleyr shall prepare himself towards Edinburgh as in the King's letters to him herewith, deliver to Arren the King's letters of credence and declare how the King has conceived that he is well inclined to him and minds speedily to send ambassadors authorised by their Parliament to conclude things tending to the wealth of both realms and his Majesty's contentation, and, in order that the ambassadors may have ample and plain instructions, has sent him (Sadler) "to reside there amonst them as his Grace's commissioner and counsellor," always ready to advise them when required; assuring Arren that if he proceed as frankly as the King expects, it will redound both to his honor and commodity.
Afterwards Sadleyr shall take opportunity to commune with Anguishe and Sir George Douglas, together and separately, and endeavour to learn the state of affairs, and how each great man is affected, and who will undoubtedly take the King's part? Why they have not in all this time written more frankly? Why they have not laboured to put the child into the King's hands? What case the child is now in? And the chief holds which they promised to get into the King's hands? What provision they make to resist Linoux and the Frenchmen?
Likewise he shall commune with the earl of Glencarne, lord Maxwell, and all other who were here, to know the state of all things, how the purposes communed of here are likely to succeed and what obstacles there are; specially searching from the meaner sort to know why they have sent no advertisement in all this time,—whether through some commandment or through negligence.
The Queen Dowager lately sent a Frenchman with many letters directed into France, without any remembrance of them in his letter to the King or any suit for his passport, who at first behaved so strangely, denying that he knew anything of affairs of Scotland or had any credence for the King, that (seeing there is some little business between England and France and that he is a Frenchman) he is committed to Sir Arthur Darcy's keeping. Sadleyr shall, on delivering the King's letters of credence to the Dowager, say that the King perceives by the credence sent to Suffolk, by advertisements from Maxwell and Sir Cuthbert Ratclif, and lastly, in part, by her servant, a Frenchman, that she is well inclined to him and intends to follow his counsel, and seems to desire him to send a trusty servant to her, and therefore, having occasion to send Sadleyr to those parts, has commanded him to visit her, to declare his Highness's affection to her and his pronept, whom he "tendereth as his own child," and to desire her frankly to open her heart to him; assuring her that if she walk "on a right foot" with him (as he thinks she will) she shall perceive that he earnestly minds the good both of her and her daughter. Sadleyr shall then learn from her how the Governor and the rest of the noblemen are inclined, and how she favours the King's purpose. Finally, he shall show how her man misused himself here, and tell her plainly that it is "incircumspectly handled" to send one with letters into France under colour of a message to the King without a plain declaration of that secret intent, or demand of a passport, but that, nevertheless, the King has such confidence in her virtue, wisdom and experience that he is sure she will study the surety and commodity of her daughter, which rests in the King's hands.
After conferring thus with the Governor, Anguishe, the Queen, &c., and smelling how things go, Sadleyr shall more familiarly enter with Anguishe and the late prisoners as to what they intend touching their promises to the King; declaring that unless the ambassadors shall have full power to conclude, the King will not think himself well handled, and advising them, if they see that the Governor or others mean to send the ambassadors on a sleeveless errand, "to propone the matter of their promise in open Parliament," it being such that no good Scottishman can reasonably refuse it. Likewise Sadleyr, if he sees that the Governor will send the ambassadors, with "things of entertainment" and will not go effectually to conclude, shall advise him not to trifle with the King; and induce him to condescend to the King's contentation, which shall be to his honour and wealth and the wealth of the whole country. Sadleyr shall send frequent news to the King and my lord of Suffolk.
The King has written specially to the Governor, and to Anguishe and Sir Geo. Douglasse, in favour of his servant Master Drummont to be preferred to the room of secretary there. Sadleyr shall effectually solicit this, both with the Governor and Anguishe and others of the Council there; for the King likes "the proceedings and frankness of the said Dromond," and wishes Sadleyr to use him and his brother "as trusty instruments" and learn from him how things go. And Sadleyr shall warn Anguishe and Douglasse against Erskyn, who (it is reported) by money, and by alleging that he knows things against the Cardinal, hopes to recover that office; for if they, for money, suffer him to enter who favours none that are dedicate to the King they shall (besides the King's displeasure) one day smart for it. If Erskyn can lay matters against the Cardinal, why not force him to declare them?
Sadleyr shall also commune with Argile, Huntley, Murrey and other lords and bishops "of havour or in any wise acquainted with the King's Majesty," and advise them to conform to his goodly purposes, declaring the benefit to ensue thereby and the damage to them and others by the contrary. Herewith is a letter of the names of nobles and gentlemen of Scotland reputed to favour the King.
ii. [Notes for Sadleyr's despatch] —
"For th'expedition of Dromond" : A letter to the Governor for the secretaryship, a letter to Anguishe for the same. For Mr. Saidler : a letter for his repair in post to Scotland, a cipher, instructions, letters of credence to the Governor and Queen Dowager, letters to Anguishe and Duglas. Brief notes of the matters to be spoken to the Governor, Angus and the Queen Dowager. "General matter" : to note proceedings, commune with those who were here, and, upon opportunity, know the minds of others, and allure them.
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 30. Headed : Instructions given to Sir Ralph Sadleyr, one of the two principal secretaries, whom the King "sendeth at this time into Scotland to reside there as his Majesty's Commissioner and Counsailor." Endd.
13 March.
R. O.
272. The Council of the North to Henry VIII.
Certify that they began to sit at his palace of York for the administration of justice on the first Monday of this Lent, and so continued for a whole month and heard many causes between his subjects. In the third week of Lent the justices of assise kept sessions of gaol delivery at York castle, "where were condemned and executed, for murders, burglaries and felonies" committed within this county of York, eight persons. Written at the said palace, 13 March. Signed by Llandaff, Magnus, Constable, Sayvylle, Fairfax, Babthorp and Chaloner.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
13 March.
Acts of the P. of Sc. II. 410.
273. Parliament of Scotland.
Held at Edinburgh, 13 March, 1542. Present the lord Governor and sixty-seven others (named). Business :—Declaration (fn. 3) of Arran to be second person of the realm (and nearest to succeed to the Crown failing our Sovereign lady and the bairns to be gotten lawfully of her body) and therefore lawful tutor to the Queen and Governor of the realm; and ratification of oaths given to him.
The same day in the afternoon, touching despatch of the ambassadors named in the "conduct" sent by the King of England to conclude peace betwixt the realms and contract a marriage between the Queen and Edward "prince of Valis and apperand heretour of Ingland"; the lords of articles, after hearing the Governor's mind, and considering the adversity of the time and danger of scaith, concluded an ample commission for treating the peace, and another like commission to be made for the marriage; with such conditions as the Governor and lords chosen by him shall devise and produce before the lords of articles, the tenor of which follows :—
"The instructionis to the imbassatouris to be send to the king of Ingland for contracing of peice and marriage, etc., be extendit at large."
(1.) The "arrange" (harangue?) to be made at length answering the King of England's first writings. (2.) It is supposed that the English will desire security for the contract of marriage; and, if they ask for the Queen to be kept in England until her marriage, the ambassadors shall declare the inconvenience of this, as they have heard it from the Council of Scotland, and that reason requires that she be kept in this realm, and that it is ordained by Parliament that she be kept by her mother and four chosen lords of the realm. If the King of England desire to put English men or ladies with her, it shall be lawful to put one or two knights of England and as many ladies of honor, with their servants, to remain at the King of England's expense; and if the Queen's mother die or depart the realm, ladies of Scotland shall be chosen to remain with her. If the English desire any strengths of the realm, or barons or noblemen, as pledges, the ambassadors shall answer "like as for the delivering of the Queen's person," showing reasons. (3.) If the contract pass with these conditions, it is to be desired that Scotland stand at liberty and be governed by the present Governor until our Sovereign's "perfect age," without any impediment from England; and that the Governor shall dispose of all the revenues as he thinks expedient, without any account to be made thereof by him or his successors. (4.) The Queen being of perfect age and married in England, this realm shall always have the name of Scotland and its old liberties, and shall be governed by a governor born of the realm, and have its own laws and a perpetual college of justice sitting in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh as ordained by the late King, without any appeal in the law forth of the realm. (5.) Our Sovereign and her successors kings or queens of England shall not call any of Scotland to Parliaments or Courts out of Scotland. (6.) When the Queen comes to perfect age and passes out of Scotland, the present Governor shall remain governor for life, and, after him, the nearest of her blood able to occupy the office shall be governor, with a commission of which the form is to be devised. (7.) If, after the marriage, the Prince die first without heirs gotten betwixt them, she shall return to Scotland free of marriage or any other bond. (8.) If they leave heirs and successors but, afterwards, their lineal succession fails, the nearest heir to our Sovereign lady shall succeed to this realm. (9.) Memorandum, to ask in dower lands worth 10,000l. st. by year lying next the bounds of Scotland. (10.) After the marriage all the strengths of Scotland shall remain in the hands of noblemen of the realm, at the Governor's pleasure, until there is lawful succession gotten betwixt Prince Edward and our Sovereign lady to succeed to the Crown of Scotland and England.
"The instructionis of the peice and artiklis of new to be eikit thareto."
(1.) The peace after the form of the old peace, leaving proviso. (2.) That the Debateable Land be divided, so that each realm may know its own, providing always that all Canybe fall to Scotland. (3.) The debateable ground betwixt Tiviotdale and England to be "merkit and merchit," so that each realm may know its own.
13 March.
R. O.
274. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote yesterday of his interview with the Great Master, and that he had not time then to send the answer to certain articles which came with his commission. Has now conferred with the lord Deputy and Mr. Marshal and sends it. Thinks that the Great Master's assistance will not be forthcoming at times when the French make any assembly threatening his borders, but he will always be found ready to offend the enemy. In three or four days, the Council will hear that he has made a great course upon them, for so he told Wallop, in great secretness, he intended. Forgot to write that yesterday, and also that he of the French king's privy chamber sent to practise with the Great Master was named Mocheny or Schey, and their meeting would be about Cambre if the Regent agreed. For more secrecy the lord Deputy wrote the answer to the articles himself. 13 March.
Hol. 1, p. 1. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo .
14 March.
R. O.
275. The King's Maundy.
Warrant to Lord Windsor, Master of the Great Wardrobe, to deliver to Richard Scyssell, yeoman of the Wardrobe of Robes, for the use of the King's Maundy, the following parcels, viz. :—One gown of violet in graigne cloth furred with martrons; 53 gowns of russet cloth for 53 poor men; 53 pair of single soled shoes; 256 ells of linen cloth; 30 ells of linen cloth "of ell quarter broad" for the Wardrobe of Robes; 20 pair of bearing sheets of 2½ breadths and 2½ ells long; 6 pair of foot sheets of 2 breadths and 4 ells long; 12 press sheets for 3 presses in the Wardrobe of Robes in the Tower and 2 breadths and 4 ells long each; 2 doz. diaper napkins for the Wardrobe of Robes; 2 bags of linen cloth an ell long each, drawn with laces, to carry stuff for the landry, with canvas and cord to truss the same stuff in. Also to pay for their carriage from London to the manor of St. James's. Westminster palace, 14 March, 34 Hen. VIII. Signed at top.
14 March.
Dasent's A. P. C., 96.
276. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 14 March. Present : Norfolk, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to Wm. Gonston to send a crayer with victuals to the Downs for Andrew Flamocke, captain of the Navy there, and others. Stevens, parson of Bentworth, sent up by Oliver Wallop and Geo. Paulett, examined and remanded to ward.
14 March.
R. O.
277. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
The King has well considered the depositions and other writings touching the matter of Lionel Graye, and conceives that it is maliciously contrived against him (Graye). All the writings and the seal are sent back, and Suffolk with the Council there is, "by good means or otherwise by tortures, at your discretions, to get out the very truth of the same"; for the King desires to have vile persons who conspire against his servants or subjects "punished to the terrible example of others."
Upon seeing the note of Suffolk's agreement with the Borderers for the ransoms of their prisoners taken lately on the West Borders, the King authorises him to pay them; "and as for Thomas Dacre and Aigloby his Majesty will so consider their honest minds as they shall also have cause to be contented."
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suff., xiiijo Martiio ao xxxiiijo
14 March.
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 46, B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 331.
278. The Privy Council to Sadler.
Here are arrived the sheriff of Ayre and other gentlemen in (sic) Scotland, and, as the King remembers that there is deadly feud between him and the earl of Casselles, his Highness would be loth to send him home to the displeasure of Casselles, being his "good friend and servant." But as the sheriff is a man of heart, activity and good credit in his country, Sadler shall move Glencarne, Maxwell and others of authority whom he perceives to be the King's faithful servants to travail with Casselles to become a perfect friend to the sheriff, if the King "shall find him of that conformity that beseemeth him and shall thereupon send him home into Scotland." He shall also show this to Anguishe and his brother and notify with all speed the resolution taken.
Corrected draft in-Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute to Master Secretary, Master Sadleyr, xiiijo Martii ao xxxiiijo.
14 March.
R. O.
279. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
The French are making great assembly at Monstroeul and Boullongne, and 5,000 or 6,000 foot and 1,200 horse are coming to them. The bruit is that they will besiege the church of Audruwicq; which the writer will provide for. As they despair of the amity of England they may make a course upon English ground, and therefore Wallop should be on his guard. Two standards of High Almains are come to the writer, which shall be ready if Wallop requires them. Sanctomer, 14 March 1542. Signed.
French. p. 1. Add. : A mons. le gouverneur et cappitaine de la ville de Ghuisnes.
15 March.
Dasent's A. P. C., 96.
280. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 15 March. Present : Norfolk, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters sent for Dr. Haynes to present himself at 2 p.m. to-morrow.
15 March.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II., 413.
281. Parliament of Scotland.
15 March, 1542.
[Continued from 13 March.] Business :— (fn. 4) Ordained that an authentic extract be made of the two acts for the declaration of the Governor as second person of the realm and the ratification of oaths to him.
(fn. 4) Patrick earl of Bothuile, James earl of Mortoun, George lord Hume, Henry lord Sinkler, William lord Hereis of Terreglis, Hew lord Somervale and Alex. abbot of Cambuskynneth declared Arran second person of the realm and therefore lawful tutor to our Sovereign Lady and governor of the realm, and sware, by the ostentation of their right hands, to obey him in that office.
Andrew lord Avindale made baron of Parliament as lord Stewart of Ochiltre : and ratification of a grant of lands to him.
Restoration of Sir Walter Scott of Branxhelme, who, by justice eyre at Edinburgh, 19 April 1535 (for alleged assistance to lord Daiker and Sir Chr. Daiker at the burning of Caveris and Dennum), was condemned and put in ward until the late King, a little before his death, released him as innocent.
Arrangement made between John lord Glammis and James Kirkcaldy of the Grange about the barony of Kingorn.
Names of the lords to be of the Governor's Secret Council, six at least "to be aye present," viz :—The abp. of Glasgow, chancellor, and bps. of Aberdeen, Murray, Orkney, Ross and Brechin; and abbots of Dumfermling and Cupar; earls of Angus, Huntley, Murray, Argyle, Bothwell, Marischal, Cassillis and Glencarn; lords Erskyn, Ruthven, Maxwell, Setoun and Methven, and George Dowglace; the provost of Aberdeen, Sir Wm. Hamilton, Sir James Lermonth; the treasurer, secretary, clerk of register, justice clerk and Queen's advocate.
The Governor and lords of articles advised that the following lords be named to keep the Queen, any two of them quarterly, with one joined with them by my lord Governor, viz., the earl Merschell, the earl of Montros, the lord Erskyn, the lord Ruthven, the lord Levinstoun, the lord Lindesay, the lord Setoun, the laird of Cader. And the Queen, as born in Linlithgow and too young to move, should remain in Linlithgow Palace or Stirling Castle.
Ratification of a charter to Thomas McClellane of Bombe.
Additions to the acts entitled "Of personis abjurit of hersey" and "Of the fugitevis suspect and summoned of herese."
The lords of articles approved a writing given in by Robert lord Maxwell for an Act that all persons might have and read the Old and New Testament in the vulgar tongue, English or Scottish, of a good and true translation, provided they did not dispute thereupon; and the abp. of Glasgow, in the name of all the prelates, opposed this until a provincial council of all the clergy of the realm might conclude whether it be necessary 'to be had in vulgar tongue to be used among the Queen's lieges,' and thereupon "askit instrumentis."
The Act made 10 Dec. 1540, upon the summons of the heirs of Robert Leslie modified. James Foulis, clerk of Register, delivered copies of the forfeitures of Angus, George Douglas, the late Archibald Douglas, the lord Glammis and Alex. Drummond and others.
Reduction of the forfeiture, made 5 Sept. 1528, of Archibald Douglas, earl of Angus, George Douglas his brother germane, and Archibald Douglas their father's brother (detailing the history of the forfeiture and their defence, and reciting the certificates of Bute and Carrik pursuivants of their proclamation of the appeal for this, in presence of witnesses, named, at Edinburgh and many other places).
Similar reduction of the forfeiture, 10 Dec. 1540, of James Douglas of Parkheid.
Similar reduction of the forfeiture, 10 July 1537, of John lord Glammis and annexation of his lands to the Crown, 3 Dec. 1540.
Similar reduction of the forfeiture, 5 April 1528, of Alex. Drummond of Carno.
The matter between Wm. Lord Crechtoun of Sanquhare and John son of the late Robert Leslie of Inverpeffer, about the parsonage of Kynnoule, deferred to 16 April next.
Continuation of Parliament with authority to the lords of articles to make statutes with the strength of Acts of Parliament; provided they devise nothing concerning the Kirk and its privileges, save when all the lords of articles are convened thereto and Parliament is running.
Protest of James Kirkcaldy of the Grange upon the reduction of forfeiture of John lord Glammis.
Ratification of the constitution of the College of Justice.
Production, on behalf of Angus, George Douglas, and Archibald son of the late Archibald Douglas of Kilspindy, of their relaxation, under the Queen's signet, from the "process of the horn."
On certificate by David Wod, comptroller, that, although the Governor "haldis ane greit hous and is at mair sumptuous expense" than the late King held, he lacks the following revenues, viz., the whole customs of Scotland 5,000l., the tax of the Kirk 10,000l., the Queen's "conjunct fee" 10,000l., the lands of Angus and Glammis, the "colehew" of Wallefurd and Prestoun 1,100 mks., the profit of the sheep and nowt 2,000 mks., 4,000l. of the county of Gyane in France and the profit of the priory of Sanctandr, Halirudhous, &c.; it was thought necessary that the fruits of abbeys and priories pertaining to the King's sons should, during their minority and after honest provision made for them, go to the support of the Queen and Governor and the realm.
Protest of Cassillis upon the reduction of Glammys's forfeiture.
Demand of Angus and his brother for production of the King's letters of 7 July (executed 8 July) 1528 commanding them to ward.
Ratification of a grant to Henry lord Methven.
Consent that the acts of reductions of forfeitures of Angus and others be authentically drawn and sealed.
Demand for production of a declaration, made in Parliament 12 Nov. 1526, that the Douglasses bare themselves like valiant men in defence of the King.
Dismissal of the process (described) against the relict and children (named) of Robert Leslie.
Process of Patrick earl Bothwell for recovery of his lands in Liddisdale and castle of Armytage deferred to 26 April next.
Ratification of an Act, made at Edinburgh 18 Jan. last, by the Council, at the Governor's command, that grants of lands signed by the late King but not yet past the seals shall be valid, and that precepts directed to David cardinal of St. Andrews, then keeper of the Privy Seal, and thence to the abp. of Glasgow, chancellor, shall be valid as if directed to John abbot of Paslay, now keeper of the Privy Seal, and thence to the said David cardinal of St. Andrews, now chancellor.
R. O. 2. The two Acts touching the Governor; with list of lords and others present and copies of the signatures of 14 bishops and abbots and 24 lords, and names of 9 boroughs represented.
Later copy, pp. 6. Certified by John Raa, notary public.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II., 593. 3. Copy of § 2, without the list of signatures.
15 March.
R. O.
282. Queen Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
Wrote a few days ago to Chapuys, the Emperor's ambassador, to obtain safe conduct for certain wines and woad which Jehan Baptist Guichiardini, merchant of Antwerp, and his company "se doibvent faire conduire dois France pardeça suyvant la convention que en avons faicte avec eulx." Because the wines and woad are needed here, and Guichiardini and company have no better means of bringing them "que faisant les ammener de premiere arrivee tout droict en vre (?) Royaulme, ce qu ilz ne pourront bonnement faire que par navieres Franchoises, nous vous requerons affectueusement [que] ausd. Guichiardini et leurs commis veuillez accorder, en contemplacion de nous et des pays de nre. regence vosd. l'res. (cosdites lettres) de saulfconduyt, [donnant] par icelles tel ordre que leur passaige et addresse ne soit par voz gens de guerre ny aultres empes[che] ny lesd. navires [soyent] forses molestez ny detenuz pour ceste foys et a l'occasion que dessus." Brussels, 15 March 1542. Signed.
Broad sheet, very faded and stained, p. 1. Add. Endd.


  • 1. See No. 274, where the gentleman is named Mocheny or Schey.
  • 2. See Granvelle's letter of 30 March.
  • 3. This Act, with the names of those present is printed in the Epistolae Reg. Sc., II. 307.
  • 4. These two articles are printed in Epp. Reg. Scotorum, II. 309.