Henry VIII: April 1543, 11-15

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.

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'Henry VIII: April 1543, 11-15', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543, ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1901), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol18/no1/pp231-241 [accessed 22 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: April 1543, 11-15', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543. Edited by James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1901), British History Online, accessed July 22, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol18/no1/pp231-241.

"Henry VIII: April 1543, 11-15". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543. Ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie(London, 1901), , British History Online. Web. 22 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol18/no1/pp231-241.


April 1543, 11-15

11 April.
Dasent's A. P. C., 109.
393. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 11 April. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Recognisance (cited) of Robt. Reneger of Hampton similar to that of Bell, Fugler and Raynolde.
12 April.
Dasent's A. P. C., 110.
394. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 12 April. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Dacres. Business :—"The Scottish ambassadors were with the Council."
12 April.
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 152. B. M. Sadler State Papers, I. 136.
395. Sadler to Henry VIII.
This afternoon, the Governor sent for him, and said he wished to declare himself touching the liberty of the Cardinal and to make further answer touching the honor Henry minded towards him in the overture for a marriage between Henry's daughter (fn. 1) and his son. As to the Cardinal, he had spoken so largely that he feared Henry might suspect that by his consent the Cardinal got his liberty. "And here he sware many great oaths, as wounds and sides, that he was no more privy nor consenting to the letting of him at large than I was; and laid his hand on his sword, wishing that the same might stick him to the heart if he knew of it till he was at liberty." Lord Seton, his near kinsman, who, he said, had shamed all his blood, was bound in life and inheritance for the Cardinal's keeping, who was not to be removed from Blackness to St. Andrews until Seton had obtained the castle of St. Andrews and the Cardinal's folk were put out; and yet Seton, corrupted with money and other gifts, brought the Cardinal into his strength, and had not 12 or 16 men within the castle whereas the Cardinal had 200 (fn. 2). Told him that Seton had much to answer for. He replied that Seton should answer to it, and when matters were at a point with Henry, "he would pursue him according to the laws." He seemed in a great heat and laboured with oaths and asseverations to purge his innocency. Asked what he intended to do now. "Marry," quoth he, "I have, by the advice of my Council, sent my brother, the abbot of Paisley, unto him to look if he can induce him to bring him hither. And since he had his liberty he said that he would serve me, and that, leaving utterly the cast of France he would be wholly (as I am, quod he) given to the cast of England." In which case the Governor said he would favour him; but he thought the Cardinal would not come, for fear of being eftsoons taken. He was told that the Cardinal would go northwards to Arbroath; and, if so, he would either have him or die upon him. On Sadler asking what he would do if the Cardinal came hither, he asked advice; which Sadler said he could not give until he knew why he was apprehended. The Governor said that the principal matter was a letter from the lord Warden, lord Lisle, that the Cardinal had procured the duke of Guise to come with an army to take the government (which matter now appeared to be untrue), but there were other matters, viz., that he did counterfeit the late King's testament, "and when the King was even almost dead he took his hand in his and so caused him to subscribe a blank paper," and that, now in St. Andrews, he had given secret command to his men to keep the castle against the Government. Engrieved these crimes; and said he heard that he (the Governor) had forgiven the forging of the testament (as indeed Somervail said yesterday). The Governor replied that "he never gave the Cardinal remission for the same." Advised him, if the Cardinal came, not to admit him to his presence or wholly release him, but put him in custody of some nobleman here until the King's advice were obtained. This he thought not amiss, and said he would devise further with the Council; praying Sadler to report the whole matter and make his declaration. Then the Governor said that he had communed with secret friends touching the marriage, and they thought, with him, that he was most bounden to the King, and that it was an overture to be most willingly accepted; and when all matters were gone through with, which would be easily agreed upon unless the King went about to take away the liberty of this realm, he would send to desire the marriage. Repeated to him the advantages of the marriage (which he affirmed) and the necessity for sending his son to the King's Court, to which he was most comformable. In this discourse the Governor said "that if the peace were concluded, he would not be long from your Majesty"; and again prayed Sadler to write his declaration in the Cardinal's liberty and his humble thanks for this honor, speaking heartily and with greater apparent affection than Sadler can express. The Governor said that Lennox, who remains still in the West, sent word that he had letters and credence to the lords and states of the realm from the French king, and desired that St. Johnston or Stirling might be appointed for the lords to assemble and hear his credence (he would not come to Edinburgh, said the Governor, for fear of Angus). To that the Governor had replied that if he had any commission or credence from the French king he should come hither and declare it, and, if the case required, he (the Governor) would assemble the lords. The Governor denied that Argyle and other lords were with Lennox intending to make a party. Sadler reminded him of the conditions of the abstinence,—that he should treat with no other prince,—which, he said, he would justly observe.
Cassils, Maxwel, Somervail and the writer dined to-day with Angus. All are much offended with Seton, excuse the Governor and suspect Huntley. Maxwell said "betwixt earnest and game" that now that the Cardinal was at liberty, it were not amiss (if he would leave France) to send him in embassage to Henry, "to knit up all those matters." Finds them all apparently determined to serve Henry, and of the opinion that if Henry would "leave his purpose of the government" and suffer the Governor to remain, (and be content, if the young Queen die before marriage, that he, as the second person, succeed to the Crown) all other things which the King could require would be satisfied. Reminded them of their promise; which they assured him they would perform, to die in the field for it. Letters are sent to all absent lords to assemble here shortly, against the time when they expect to hear from their ambassadors; that, upon knowledge of what Henry sticks at, they may devise for his satisfaction. Edinburgh, 12 April, at 2 o'clock after midnight.
Pp. 8. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
*** The above is noted in Hamilton Papers, No. 352, with a list of corrigenda for the printed copy in the Sadler State Papers.
12 April.
R. O.
396. Charles V. and Henry VIII.
Commission of Charles V. to Chapuys to receive Henry VIII's ratification of the treaty of 11 Feb. last. Barcelona, 12 April 1543, imp. 23, reg. 28. Signed : Charles.
Lat. Parchment. Seal slightly flattened.
12 April.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. ii., No. 129.]
397. Charles V. to Chapuys.
By his man Symon, received his letters of 17 Feb. with copy of the treaty passed between him and the King of England's commissioners, and is pleased with his service therein. After consulting his Council of State, has ratified the treaty and taken the oath (privately in his chamber before mass, in the English ambassador's presence, that the treaty might remain longer secret) and delivered all to the English ambassador to send to his master. Sends Chapuys power to receive the King's ratification and oath, with copies of those made by the Emperor and of a memorial delivered by the ambassador of the form to be observed in making the oath. When the King has observed the same ceremonies exactly, Chapuys shall send all to the Queen of Hungary to keep.
Being pressed by the ambassador to declare whether he would pretend any other claims against France than are contained in the treaty, to be made jointly, and to do so before the ratification, declared to him as follows :—
That, besides the requisitions contained in the treaty, the King of France satisfy all damages and interest suffered by the Emperor's countries and subjects through the war that he has recommenced and restore all the places which he occupies not comprised in the treaty; and also (besides the Almains) indemnify the King of the Romans for losses by the Turks.
It will be well in making the requisition likewise to mention the duke of Savoy. Where the treaty requires satisfaction for the Emperor's damage through the taking of Castelnovo by the Turk with the aid of 12 French galleys, these last words should be omitted, as, although the galleys were at Constantinople, they were not at Castelnovo. As to sending their heralds together to intimate the war; having no suitable person here, writes to his sister to send Thoison d'Or to Calais (with a charge devised by her, Granvelle and Chapuys) or, if necessary, to Chapuys; but thinks that, as he is already at war and the French King broke the truce of Nice and other treaties, and made enterprises last year without previous intimation, it would not become him to make a new intimation or defiance, and that Thoison d'Or should only require restitution and satisfaction of the aforesaid things and those in the treaty, protesting that, otherwise, the Emperor will continue the war.
As the English would not specify the dukes of Holstein and Cleves, and yet held them comprised as common enemies, it would be well to get some more express declaration, either by private letter signed by the King, or by the King's declaring them, in Chapuys's presence, to be enemies, or otherwise—using all possible dexterity.
Touching the common invasion to be made within two years, about which the English ambassador has also made instance, cannot now specify the time for it; but the ambassador has been told that, as he could see, the Emperor only awaited the coming of Prince Doria with the galleys to pass into Italy, and would there act against the enemy according to the disposition of affairs there and the weather and season, and therefore it would not be amiss if the King of England made invasion on his side. And although he holds it certain that the King of England will excuse himself from invading this year, being too far advanced for his men to be ready in time, the above was said to the ambassador in order that the King may not say hereafter that the time of the common invasion has not been declared to him. Chapuys must hold similar language, without obliging the Emperor further until he has express command.
His letters of 16 and 21 Jan. are received and, as the treaty has since passed, need no answer but that his continual advertisements are acceptable and should continue, especially about Scottish affairs. Hears that the Cardinal of Scotland has been delivered prisoner into the hands of the King of England, and desires to know the issue of this with speed.
The ambassador spoke of his master's desire that the Emperor might pass into Flanders by way of Biscaye, to be able to meet and feast him in England, and said that, at least, if the Emperor would pass by Italy, when he arrived in the Low Countries the King would be glad to meet him at Calais or elsewhere. Answered that he was, as the ambassador saw, awaiting his galleys here and therefore could not return to the other coast; and as for an interview at Calais, passed it over generally. Writes this because like language may perhaps be held to Chapuys (and, as Charles has already had so many like interviews from which little profit has come, and they are not without great danger) Chapuys will do well to reply also generally, without giving great hope in it, and avoid the subject (en desmeller) as much as he can.
As to the common invasion the ambassador has said further that his master will be always ready to make it and to enter France with a powerful army at all times. Chapuys shall therefore, upon advice from the Emperor's sister and Granvelle, solicit the King to make the said entry into France on his side. Barcelona, 12 April 1543.
French, pp. 6. Modern transcript from Vienna.
12 April.
R. O. St. P. IX., 350.
398. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
Since he last wrote the Diet has concluded nothing, but is still disputing upon the former demands of the Protestants. The Brunswick quarrel causes great business; and the war of Cleves is an impediment to the Diet, for the Emperor will have Gueldres before he will listen to conditions. Seeing the King's authority little respected, many desire the coming of the Emperor, who is to meet the Roman bishop at Placentia in May. Many think that the Nurnberg diet is prolonged until the Emperor's coming. The Roman bishop is come to Bononia that he may go to Trent if the Council can be held. The three Cardinals remain at Trent, Pole being lodged in the Castle. (fn. 3) The Roman bishop sent Baron Otto a Trucses to the states at Nurnberg to promote the Council. In this part of Germany is little mention of it.
The King of France sent a letter (copy enclosed) to the states at Nurnberg excusing himself of the Turkish friendship and the war, and accusing the Emperor of great crimes. He sent a similar letter to the Swiss. Granvelle exhibited intercepted letters from the French ambassador with the Turk, showing that the French king had revealed the designs of the Christians against the Turk. In May, George marquis of Brandenburg will lead home King Ferdinand's daughter who is espoused to the King of Poland's son. Spires, 12 April 1543.
Latin, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
13 April.
Dasent's A. P. C., 110.
399. The Privy Council.
The meeting at St. James's, 13 April. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker, Dacres. Business :—Letter written to Sir John Jermy, sheriff of Norfolk, for restitution of goods to Thos. Wilson, who was sent hither charged with a crime but purged himself.
[13 April.]
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 157. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 353.
400. The Privy Council to Sadler.
On receipt of his letters of the 9th, the King commands them to signify that, noting the manner of the Cardinal's delivery, he conceives that the assembly begun by Lynox is for the surprising of the young Queen; which if the Cardinal and they "now, by any mean, fair or foul, compass," the Governor, Angus and Sir George Douglas shall see the end of their glory. Sadler shall with all diligence warn them to take special heed to the young Queen, providing that they are not served as in the matter of the Cardinal, and advise them to convey her to Edinburgh castle. He may tell Angus and Douglas secretly to get a foot in the said castle, which if they get not now, with Dunbar and the other fortresses, "it is not unlike but they wolbe shortly both without holds and headless." This needs more speed than anything they have yet handled; and Sadler must make them see that it is now necessary for them both to put the Queen's person in surety and get the fortresses.
The ambassadors have had access to the King and two conferences with the Council, but no resolution can be taken because they lack commission "to grant certain things." Omit to write further, as Sadler "shall shortly learn the whole progress with them" and this matter requires haste.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
14 April.
Dasent's A. P. C., 110.
401. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 14 April. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker, Dacres. Business :—The joiners who were imprisoned for "unlawful disguising" released. The matter between John More and others being examined by Winchester, St. John and Wriothesley and great fault found in More, he was bound in a recognisance (cited) to cease vexing the King's subjects and to take away before 1 May next the bridge newly erected by him over the common river of Lodon between Shirfield and Hertely parishes. Placard signed for post-horses to Berwick for Rosse herald, despatched by the Scottish ambassadors.
14 April.
Calig. B. VII., 304. B. M. St. P., V. 271.
402. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Perceives, by his letters of the 6th inst., his conference with Angus, Maxwell and George Douglas touching the effect of Henry's letters of 30 March. Notes Douglas's saying that he is free of such promises as the rest, like men who knew not what they could perform, made to Henry; also that they excuse their slack dealing because the Governor was named before their coming home and that there are two parties, viz., Argile, Murrey, Huntley and Bothewell, with the clergy, "all given to the cast of France," and the Governor with Angus, Glencarn, Casseles and Maxwell, who, Douglas says, are "given to the cast of England." Notes, too, their fear of the Governor's revolt to the adverse party, and Linoux's proceedings since his coming home.
With a view to decipher their intents, Sadler shall confer with Douglas and the rest named in the King's said former letters. He shall provoke Douglas to repeat his words touching his freedom from promises; and then, as of himself, say he is sorry to hear him so often speak thus, than whom no man (his brother except) has made so large promises or is so bound, for he, Sadler, has heard that, when he last spoke with the King in the lodge in Windsor park, he repeated his bond and spoke much touching the crown of Scotland; and advise him, while he has the power, to prevent the danger of losing it, by getting the holds into "their" hands and setting forth the King's purposes. Although the election of the Governor was before their return his establishment by act of Parliament, to which they gave their voices, was against their promise; but he shall say, the King accepts their excuse, being sure that they would not have consented if it might have been otherwise. They may be sure that if the adverse party prevail they shall smart for it, and had better secure themselves while they have the place and authority; and, if the Governor is inconstant, they have the more need to remind him of the difference between him and the clergy and others in religion, and advise him to elect five or six sure persons for secret counsellors; for, if he revolt to the other party, the clergy, knowing his opinion as they do, will shortly despatch him; which shall follow in any case if he make any of that party privy to his secret proceedings. These two things well impressed in his head will confirm his good disposition and discredit Huntley. They must persuade the Governor, in the Queen's name, to demand of Linoux the castle of Dumbritayne, and so discover his intention. If it may be gotten, one of their sure friends (Glencarne by preference) should have the keeping of it. They may be reminded that if the Governor should "turn his tippet," although it would end in his confusion, they would be first defeated unless they could keep some parts of the country until England sent help; and therefore, as Angus has Tentallon, so they must travail to get Dumbritayne, Dunbar, Edinburgh and Stirling into sure hands.
The ambassadors of Scotland had audience on Wednesday (fn. 4) and delivered letters from the Governor (copy enclosed) and, as they pressed not to make further declaration, were referred to the Council, with whom they dined on Thursday last. Describes their conference with the Council, to whom they produced two commissions, for the marriage and the peace. Leyrmonth spoke of the Governor's "humanity (as he called it)" in leaving the marriage of the young Queen which he might have had for his son; and, after him, Mr. Benevys discoursed of their desire to this alliance and amity as if moved by the King, whereupon some altercation showed that it was moved by the prisoners. They said they had power to contract the marriage, to be confirmed by their Parliament and sealed to by the nobility, provided that their Queen should not depart out of their realm until of age to consummate her matrimony. They offered that, for her education, the King might appoint two knights and two ladies to be with her, adding that they would have their present Governor to be governor during her minority and afterwards for life; and after him a governor of their nation, with their own laws and customs, and the chief holds of Scotland, until she had issue by the King's son. They had power to contract the peace without the provision for France, which in the last treaty they would not omit.
The Council answered that they saw small surety in the contract without other assurance than that spoken of and that it was too absurd for a King to have a governor in his realm not of his appointment, or any part of his dominion in other hands than he thought convenient; and asked whether they would renounce their leagues with France and be friend to friend and enemy to enemy. They answered that they would not meddle with France, but might not declare enmity against them.
The Council met them again yesterday, at Westminster, and said the King was sorry they proceeded not more frankly. He would accept the contract offered, provided the child were delivered to his hands at convenient time after. At this they stuck sore, and finally it was arranged that they should give pledges for that and the peace, and the King should appoint personages of England and Scotland to be about her person. As for the Governor, the King was content that he should rule during her minority and afterwards under the King and his son, and also a Scotchman to be elected after him as governor, the King appointing his councillors. They should continue their laws and customs, and their chief holds should, by consent, be delivered to such Scotchmen as the King thought meet. As to the peace, the King would have it perpetual, and binding friend to friend and enemy to enemy; and such a pact would not seem made against France.
They desired respite to write home before concluding. There was some reasoning touching our title to Scotland, raised by their request "that, if she should die without issue, the realm should remain to the next heir of blood there, whereby they would have had us made an entail; which should have implied a grant that there rested in us no right to that realm; but it was so quickly cast off and our title so vively repeated that that matter fell." Finally, delivered them a schedule (copy enclosed) of his resolution, to be sent to Scotland.
To these reasonable proceedings you shall press the Governor and the rest of our friends to condescend; and "inculce" to the Governor that our last overture shows that, whether this marriage take effect or no, he and his son must needs receive great honor at our hands if he proceed friendly. Advising him not to be deceived by vain expectation or flattering words, but serve his country by avoiding the extremities which will ensue of their refusal to come to reason. If they mind to satisfy us you shall, as of yourself, procure that some noblemen be sent hither for "the striking up of the matter"; and do all you can to get the earls of Murrey and Huntley and the bp. of Aberdeen joined in commission with these men here, to whom the Council has written to Suffolk to give passport. St. James's, 14 April 34 Hen. VIII. 6 p.m. Signed at the head.
Pp. 14. Fly leaf with address gone.
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 161. B. M. 2. Original draft of the preceding (noted, with variations in the text, in Hamilton Papers, No. 354).
Pp. 59, corrected by Wriothesley. Endd. : Mynute to Mr. Secr., Master Sadleyr, xiiij Aprilis ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 3. Later copy of § 1, with the date wrongly copied as 24 April.
Pp. 11.
R. O. 4. Another later copy of the same.
Pp. 6.
Egerton MS. 2,790, f. 130, B. M. 5. Modern copy of the above.
Pp. 12.
Hamilton Papers, I. ci. B. M. 6. "Answer made on the King's Majesty's behalf to th'ambassadors of Scotland to such matters as hath been by them proponed."
(1) The King is content to treat of the marriage between my lord Prince and the young daughter of Scotland with as great a dowry as ever queen of England had, provided that, immediately upon the contract, she be brought to England to be educated, or, if her tender age require delay, that hostages are sent for her deliverance within two years and for the observance of the treaties both of peace and marriage. These hostages to number eight (or at least six) of the rank of earl or baron, to be chosen by the King out of a list of a great number. If one of them die he shall be replaced by another within one month, and the King will licence any one of them to return on another coming to supply his place.
(2) As to a perpetual peace, the King will make it upon conclusion of the marriage, friend to friend and enemy to enemy.
(3) The Governor, continuing in such devotion to the King as he shows, shall enjoy that room during the daughter's minority, together with all the revenue except a portion convenient for the daughter's education, provided he use the advice of such persons as the King thinks best.
MS. in the Register House, Edinburgh. Endd. : "Ansueris to the Ambassadouris of Scottland, 1542."
14 April.
R. O. St. P. IX., 351.
403. Paget to Henry VIII.
Every day since the conference he wrote of, De Vervyns has held out hope of his departure on the morrow, pretending to marvel that he heard not from De Bies, whom he heard from daily. Suspects that the conference was misliked in this Court, for now De Vervyns confesses that De Bies sent to know his King's pleasure, whereas both De Vervyns and De Foxole said hitherto that there should be no reference to the Court. On Thursday last De Vervyns proposed equal deliverance on the frontier, which he indignantly refused. De Vervyns then said he expected answer for Paget's departing yesterday, but feared there would be some sticking at Mr. Baynton's going, because Dey, an Italian of Mons. Dorthes' train was stayed for him in England. Said Baynton was one of his train and they must then look for the stay of some of Marillac's, but promised to see Dey released if he found in England that he was arrested for Baynton. Yesterday, meeting De Foxole, asked news of De Bies. De Foxole replied that an incomprehensible letter had just come to De Vervyn mentioning that Baynton might go with Paget, upon his promise touching Dey and recovering Marillac; and desired Paget not to speak of this to De Vervyns, for the address of the matter pertained to De Vervyns, as De Bies's lieutenant. Seeing great preparation of tents and bedding and a report that both De Vervyns and De Foxole should depart to-day, went to De Vervyns this morning in the church, at mass; who said he yesterday had a letter from De Bies willing him to tell Paget that within a day or two he should hear news to his contentation and also of Mr. Baynton's going with him. Further conversation, in which De Vervyns said his enterprise was to revictual Terwyn.
Notes the variety of their tales touching the letter from De Bies. Qualified his promise about Dey so that he may remain in England if the King will. This King is in his journey towards Compiegne and means to come nearer. The band that now marches forward is 2,000 horsemen and 7,000 footmen, counting lanceknights. Boulloyn, 14 April.
They make forth at Dieppe, with diligence, about 30 sails. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Calig. E. IV., 47. B. M. 2. Original draft of the above, much injured by fire.
Pp. 6. Endd. : Minute to the King, 14 April, 1543.
15 April. 404. Bishopric of Chichester.
See Grants in April 34 Hen. VIII., No. 20.
15 April.
Dasent's A. P. C., 112.
405. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 11 (sic, qu. 15?) April. Present : Canterbury, Audeley, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker, Dacres. Business :— Book exhibited by the Mayor, Recorder, &c., of depositions of the butchers of London touching flesh sold by them in Lent. Recognisance (cited) of John Fletcher, of Rye, who has letters of marque, to take only Frenchmen and Scots, certify the names and burthen of his ships, &c. Passport for Jaques de Lygnye, Fleming, to convey two ships "to Naise de Camphire, etc."
15 April.
R. O. St. P., IX., 355.
406. Bonner to Henry VIII.
At his departure from Saragossa at 7 a.m. on the 17th ult., to follow the Emperor (who departed the day before), received by Wriothesley's servant Edm. Atkynson, Henry's letters and commission, with the conclusion of the treaty and an instruction from Wriothesley touching words to be omitted in the ratification here and the Emperor's commission to be sent from hence. Next day, Palm Sunday, declared his charge and had good audience but, being Septimana Sancta which the Emperor observes by being "incerrat" in some monastery (as this year he was at Belpuge), and no letters having come from Chapuys, the Emperor deferred (although he saw Chapuys sign and seal) accomplishing Bonner's request till he came to Molyn del Rey, 2 leagues from Barcelona, where arrived on 30 March Henry's servant Mr. Chamberlayne with Chapuys' servant Symon, with letters. But, as Chapuys' letters were in cipher and required time, and as Janotyn Dorea brought in a galley from Genoa a multitude of letters from the Regent of Flanders, Grandevele, Guaste and others, Bonner could get no expedition until the 8th inst.; when, upon summons, he repaired from Barcelona to Molyn del Rey. Describes how the Emperor, there at Mass, gave his oath (according to the tenor of the writing in parchment signed by him sent herewith) in presence of the duke of Alva, Covos, Ydiaques, Gonzale Peres, Dr. Boysot, Joes, and others of the Privy Chamber. It was done secretly; to be set forth when it may best serve, like most of the Emperor's doings. Thinks that, going to Italy, the Emperor is compelled to bear with the Bishop of Rome somewhat. Talked afterwards with the Emperor and offered, as he was sending two posts, to convey letters (whereupon the Emperor took order incontinent with Dr. Boysot and the Secretary); and asked, as on Palm Sunday, his pleasure touching the time and place for the common invasion, the sending of his messenger jointly with Henry's for the requisition, and whether he would add any request, and also touching his own going to Flanders, the Lady Regent, his ambassador in England, and the "advertisement given in the schedule." He replied that, for the common invasion, he could not now determine, but, "upon this his passage, would with all speed advertise your Grace"; as to the messenger, one should be sent to Calais or where Henry would; as to addition to the request, one should be delivered (afterwards Dr. Boysot delivered the writing herewith) showing that, albeit the treaty was confirmed, he wished some things in it suppressed in the declaration, as touching the French galleys for Castelnovo, and some added; as to his going to Flanders, he only tarries for the galleys to pass into Italy and cannot therefore pass by England, but, in passing through Germany, he would send frequent word of his doings; Chapuys should have cause to thank Henry.
Hopes the enclosed writings will come in time. The framing of them cost him much pains. Immediately on his return from Court to Barcelona, he put in cipher the tenor of the said "oath and promise" and sent it to St. Sebastian's, to go by an English ship, and meanwhile was occupied in perfecting the ratification and the attestation of the notaries and other writings to be sent by Mr. Chamberlayn and Edm. Atkynson. The Council here will have Symon, the Ambassador's servant, bring the double of the ratification, but Bonner sends all the other things necessary by bearer, Mr. Chamberlayn. Has sent by Atkynson the ratification under the Emperor's Great Seal in green wax, which is only used in cases of privilege or grace, also the Emperor's oath signed (as the ratification also is), the public instrument signed by the notaries and the translation of certain annotations delivered by Dr. Boisot. Albeit the ratification bears date ultimo Martii, "it was not then sped but only so p[ut to have] intervallum temporis inter ratificationem et juramenti prestationem" and because the oath uses the words "jam pridem acceptaverimus." Barcelona, 15 April, 3 p.m.
Hol., pp. 5. Add.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the preceding, with slight variations apparently sent by a different messenger (not either Chamberlayn or Atkynson) who had made "very good speed hither."
In Bonner's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
R. O. St. P. IX., 359. 3. "Annotations made upon the capitulation of the treaty last concluded, delivered to me by Mr. Doctor Bosoyt in Spanish."
Declaring that in the 18th article the words about the 12 French galleys ought to be omitted (because, although these galleys were then at Constantinople, they were not at the expugnation of Castelnovo), also that, besides ceasing from war, the French king ought to indemnify the Emperor, satisfy the losses of the King of Romans and the Hungarians as well as of the Germans, and restore the duke of Savoy's possessions. As to the going of the messengers to make request to the French king; the Emperor is content that the king of arms now in Flanders should meet the King's man, at Calais or elsewhere, and go with him. As the French king has already broken the truce and the Emperor is at war with him, the Emperor need make no new intimation of war but only "require jointly" with the King.
Pp. 2. Add. (in Bonner's hand) to the King.


  • 1. Elizabeth.
  • 2. "Three hundred" in Sadler St. Papers.
  • 3. The two others were Cardinals Morone and Parisi.
  • 4. April 11th.