Henry VIII: February 1543, 11-20

Pages 87-106

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.

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February 1543, 11-20

11 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 83.
143. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 11 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters written to lord Lisle, High Admiral, and Sir Fras. Brian, vice-admiral, to warn them of certain Scottish ships in Camphire haven; and for four of the meanest of the eleven sail in the North seas to be sent up to the Downs.
11 Feb.
R. O.
144. Henry VIII. and Charles V.
Treaty negotiated between Henry VIII. and the Emperor by Eustace Chapnys, LL.D., master of requests to the Emperor, with Stephen bp. of Winchester and Sir Thos. Wriothesley, one of the two first secretaries (alter primorum secretariorum) of Henry VIII.
Consisting of twenty-five articles (not numbered) as follows :—
Rymer XIV. 768. (1) No complaints of the violation of former treaties shall impair the friendship hereby established. (2) Peace and free intercourse between their subjects ecclesiastical and secular. (3) Neither prince to favor any attempt against the other; or (4) give passage to enemies so attempting; or (5) receive his rebels or fugitives; but deliver them up within a month when demanded. (6) If invasion be made upon England and Ireland, the isles of Wight, Jersey, Guernsey and Man, Guisnes or the towns and marches of Calais and Berwick, or upon Spain, Brabant, Flanders, Holland, Zealand, Hainault, Artois, Lembourg, Luxemburg, Namur, Friesland, "patriarum Duressell" (Over Yssel), Utrecht and Mechlin, the authors and supporters of such invasion shall be reputed common enemies and the subjects of either prince shall be forbidden intercourse with them. (7) If invasion be made with 10,000 men upon the above countries (Ireland and Spain except), at the request and expense of the prince invaded and within 40 days, the other shall aid him with men or money (detailed with regard to the places to be invaded) but shall not be bound to do so for more than four months in one year. Provision for cases in which aid is required for more than four months or for more than one invasion or for false alarm; with proviso that in the time of the common invasion of France the aid for defence shall cease. In the case of invasion of Spain and Ireland either prince shall, at the charges of the requirant, furnish men, ships, munition, &c., as he conveniently may, the state of his own affairs considered. (8) Infringements of this peace not to annul it. (9) No letters of reprisal, mark or countermark to be given by either prince against subjects of the other. (10) As heretical books are translated in outward parts, where the heresy is not detected for lack of knowledge of the tongue in which they are, no books in English are to be printed in the Emperor's dominions or in German in England. (11) The treaty of intercourse of 11 April 1520 to endure as confirmed by that of Cambray 5 Sept. 1529. (12) Wrongs done by subjects to be settled by diets of arbitration. (13) Truce with enemies not to be taken but by mutual consent, unless in cases of extreme danger and then not for over two months. (14) Henceforth neither prince shall treat with the French king, or with any other prince, potentate or person whatsoever, to the prejudice of this treaty; but rather it shall be preferred before any treaties they have already. (15) Whereas former treaties have comprehended contrahents, confederates and friends; none shall by this be comprehended except by consent and neither prince shall have as his confederate any against whom the other has enmity, controversy, quarrel or claim, other treaties notwithstanding. (16) Order of confirmation of this treaty, and (17) its interpretation.
(18) As soon as may be, the princes shall, by their ambassadors now with the French king and by others to be specially sent, require the French king to forbear intelligence with the Turk, satisfy Christendom of all detriments suffered by the Turk at his solicitation, restore Maran to the king of Romans, satisfy the Emperor's expenses by the loss of Castel Novo which the Turk won by help of 12 French galleys, cease war with the Emperor, satisfy to the Germans their losses in resisting the Turks, pay the arrears he owes to the King of England and give lands in pledge for payment of the perpetual pension. If either prince has anything further to ask it may be done, if agreed upon before the ratification of this treaty. (19) If the French king desire to treat of peace, the princes shall treat with him separately but communicate to each other his proposals and their answers, and no agreement shall be made until the claims of both are satisfied, viz., to the king of England the arrears paid and (in pledge for the perpetual pension) the county of Ponthieu with the towns of Boulogne, and the territory, Mounstrell, Terouenne and Arde and the towns and villages bordering upon Ponthieu and the territories of Boulogne delivered, free of fee or condition other than that the yearly profit of them shall be considered full payment of the pension; and to the Emperor delivered the dukedom of Burgundy and the things described in last article. (20) If the French king will not agree to these covenants within ten days, the princes shall jointly intimate war to him, the king of England challenging the realm of France and duchy of Normandy, Acquitaine (fn. 1) and Guienne, and the Emperor challenging Burgundy, and the towns and territories of Abbeville, Amyens, Corby, Braye, Peronne and St. Quintyn. (21) To keep the seas each prince shall within a month after the intimation of war send out and maintain as many ships as will receive 2,000 men (or if necessary 3,000), to hover upon the coasts of the common enemy. (22) The princes shall, within two years, by themselves or by lieutenants, make a joint invasion of France, each with 20,000 foot and 5,000 horse, the invasion to last at least four months. (23) The Emperor shall prepare 2,000 lance knights and 2,000 horsemen to join the King's army immediately upon its transportation. (24) The King's army may have free passage through the Emperor's countries; and the King may hire subjects of the Emperor to serve him. (25) This treaty to be ratified by the princes within 15 days after they shall be thereunto required.
Commissions of Charles V. and Henry VIII. cited at the end, the former dated Valladolid, 2 May 1542, the latter London, 11 Feb., 1542.
Lat. Three skins of vellum (found apart). Mutilated. Signed by Chapuys, with fragment of seal attached.
R. O. 2. Later copy of the above treaty.
Lat. Later copy, pp. 14. With numerous annotations in another hand which has marked articles 18 to 22 "aboletur postea," article 23 "aboletur," and article 24 "hic articulus post. tollitur et pro eo substituitur Ar. 4. fœderis Camerac." A third hand, but very like the other, notes to the 6th article; "Vide explicationem hujus totius articuli infra in tractatu Trajectensi" (Utrecht).
Galba B. X.
137. B. M.
3. Articles of the treaty as printed in Rymer, without the heading or commissions at the end.
Lat., pp. 15.
4. Modern copies of this treaty or of the articles will be found in MSS. Harl. 1064 f. 54, Harl. 4592 f. 352, Add. 30,662 f. 202, B.M. In Harl. 4592 the treaty is divided into 32 numbered articles.
R. O. 5. Contemporary translation of the articles of the preceding treaty which is stated in the heading to be dated at Westm., 11 Feb. 1542.
Pp. 33. With a few marginal notes in Lord Burleigh's hand.
R. O. 6. Extracts from the treaty.
Later hand. Latin, p. 1. Endd. : "July 1568. Certen collections of ye Spa. emb."

R. O.
145. Denmark.
"Instructions, etc."
The "said" William Watson shall with all diligence repair to the King of Denmark, present the King's letters of credence and commendations, and say that whereas the King has ever borne him a friendly mind, and understood a like disposition in him (both by his sundry letters and by the King's own ministers and servants who have been with him, and by strangers, especially of late by an earl of Scotland called Earl Bothwel, who reported that he was charged to assure the King of the King of Denmark's amity) there have lately been bruits "that, where his Majesty hath present war with the Scots, the said King of Denmarke intendeth to arm out certain ships and men for their defence, and further to aid them against his Majesty to th' uttermost of his power, and how, for this purpose he hath already received certain sums of money from the French king, who, though he dare not himself directly aid them, would percase, for their preservation and his own commodity, be glad to pull the thorn out of his own foot and to put it into another man's." Upon these bruits, the King, "being a prince of such good faith and plainness as he cannot believe that thing to be in [an]other which himself abhorreth, that is dissimulation, unless the deeds do manifest the contrary," sends Watson to ask whether they are true.
If the King of Denmark then confesses that he, indeed, means to aid the Scots, Watson shall, as of himself, wish him to consider the danger of so lightly taking part against so puissant a king who has given him no offence. If he deny that he intends any such matter, Watson shall show himself glad that the bruits are untrue, "and the rather because himself much haunteth that country"; and Watson shall then say "I beseech your Grace to give me leave to ask you one question for mine own satisfaction. Have you not made a league with France whereby you be bound to give [a cert]ayn aid either to the Scottes or to any [other] as he shall appoint and determine, without respect of the person against whom it should be given? I am the bolder to ask this question because myself have heard some Frenchmen say that they have your bond to do such things at their pleasure; and that the last year this pact was passed between you." If he answer that he passed a league with the Frenchmen against the Emperor but not against any other, Watson shall invite him to send a copy of it to the King—and shall endeavour to get a copy otherwise. And if the King of Denmark allege that he is informed that the King has made a league with the Emperor against him, Watson shall assure him that that is false, and that suits have indeed been made for it but the King would nowise condescend thereto.
Watson shall then take leave and, after writing the answer to the King, shall repair homewards, visiting Lubeck, Hamburgh, Breame, and those parts, to see if any preparations are made there and to learn their disposition towards the King. Everywhere in his journey he shall mark what war preparations are made, and for what purpose.
Draft, pp. 14. Endd. : "Instructions appointed for Win. Watson, who had only the memoryal."
11 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 133. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 296.
146. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
This morning, received the enclosed from lord Lisle. The news of Arren is strange and probably untrue. As to the riding, burnings and spoils by the Scots; mean to render them the like, but marvel that those under Maxwell's rule are so busy and there is no news from him although Suffolk wrote specially to him to send news. Think it strange that they hear nothing from the Scottish prisoners of the West Borders.
Received yesterday the Council's letters mentioning that Englishmen's goods are sealed up in Paris, Rouen and other the French king's dominions; and that the King had written a letter to all his ports to do the like, and Suffolk should see it executed within his commission. Suffolk has notified it to the ports, but desires to know whether it applies to ports only. Have just received the enclosed letter from Mr. Stanhop, showing what French pirates are on the seas, and have written to the lord Admiral to haste some of the King's ships to the Forland to scour the seas and conduct hither the grain from Hull and Grimsby.
Beg to hear often of the King's health and affairs. Newcastle, 11 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
11 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,049, f. 139. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 297 (1).
147. Lisle to Suffolk.
He who sent me the letter, this day at dinner, of the Governor's taking, has now sent another letter, received at 6 p.m., revoking that news. Encloses a letter written, this day, by Mr. Bryan from the Skate Roode, showing that he cannot spare ships to conduct the victuallers and that he thinks Suffolk should order two men of war who are at Lyne to do it. Alnwik castle, 11 Feb. Signed.
p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
12 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 84.
148. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 12 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Recognisance taken of John Haster and John Briskin, merchants of Calais, about their claim to certain herring arrested at Dover as Frenchmen's goods.
12 Feb.
R. O.
149. Waltham Forest.
Warrant by Sir Ric. Riche to "Mr. Treasurer" [of Augmentations] to deliver 30l. to Geo. Maxey, "towardes the ffynyscheinge aswell of on great stonedeinge as also perfytteinge such perookez" as the King minds to accomplish in his new park at Fayremeade, in Waltham Forest. St. Bartholomew's, 12 Feb. 34 Henry VIII. Signed.
Maxey's receipt, dated 16 Feb. ao 34o, subscribed.
P. 1.
12 Feb.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar VI. ii., No. 100.]
150. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
On Monday, the 5th inst., this King's deputies dined with him; and then they went to conclude this closer amity, but stopped because, in the preface, the deputies insisted that Chapuys should in his narrative give the title of sovereign head of the English church to the King. The deputies returned to him on the 7th about 6 p.m., and made incredible instance for it, saying that otherwise the case was desperate and would turn to great evil and indignation, swearing that if the King was informed of this difficulty he would never more hear of treaty or amity with the Emperor, and he had again that very day, received letters from France offering mountains and marvels, to which (being indignant) he could (and justly ought to) listen. It was finally settled that in the treaty which Chapuys should sign and seal the title should be king of England, France and Ireland,—and he refused to add "defenseur de la Foy, etc." But in the treaty which they have signed and sealed they would give their accustomed title saying that, as it did not affect the substance of the treaty, they might say what they deemed honorable; and, on Chapuys's saying that that would avail nothing as he could, on receiving their instrument, cancel or erase the title, they said that he might do as he would and to them it sufficed to have done their King's command. They hold the dukes of Cleves and Holstein comprehended in the general clause as common enemies, and any other declaration unnecessary. Made all possible instance to add that in case one of the princes engaged privately in war with France, with an army as powerful as that which shall be advised for the common defence, he should not then be bound to the defensive contribution; but could not obtain it. It seems unimportant; for even though affairs of Scotland were not in their present terms (whereby no invasion need be feared for a long time), unless the King was occupied against the French the Scots would scarcely invade him, nor would the French invade Calais and Guynes, having enough to do elsewhere. As to the interpretation of the treaty little is changed; and Chapuys thinks the clause does not hinder interpretation founded upon right but only that which is subtle and scrupulous. Insisted that in the chapter speaking of delivering ships, wagons, munitions, artillery and victuals, for the King's army, should be added "selon que bonnement et commodement faire se pourroit," but was answered that that was understood, that it was thus in the treaty of Windsor and that in Spain the Emperor and his ministers made no difficulty.
Thus according to her instructions to advance the treaty, considering the state of the Emperor's affairs, and fearing the rupture of this treaty and danger of the King's indignation combined with the French practices, was constrained to conclude the treaty in the form which she will see, as he could not get respite to consult her. Thinks that, when all is considered, the Emperor and she will be satisfied, especially presupposing that when the Emperor and King have once entered into perfect confidence the Emperor "finera dudit Sr Roy comme a son plaisir"; and for this he must be shown great confidence and fed with things convenient to his nature and inclination. The deputies are sure that he will help against the Turk. The King desires the treaty to be kept secret, if possible, until its ratification, to give his subjects time to withdraw their goods from France; and no less desires to hasten the ratification for which within two days he will despatch two men to Spain, one by sea and the other by Germany and Italy, besides intending that Chapuys shall make the same diligence in sending to Spain; and for greater surety he will not have the man sent this way by Chapuys to go in the same ship as his.
Three days ago the King sent word that he was advertised by his ambassador resident in France that the King of France went about to surprise something in Flanders (aux pays de par dela) and intended making his whole effort this summer against the Low Countries. Seven days ago the King learnt that the Cardinal of Scotland was made prisoner by the earl of Haren, governor, and his adherents; at which the Queen was astounded and uttered cries and laments, and earl Douglas, who was deputed to console her, told her only that she should not be concerned (ne se debvoit effayer ny faire cas) at the taking of a man of so base sort, and it was only to examine him about something. The cause of his apprehension is said to be intelligence with the French and procuring to bring Mons. de Guyse or some other from France to govern Scotland, which the Scots will in nowise permit. Earl Douglas and his brother George who have so long been banished from Scotland are now there in great credit with the Governor, and so far there seems to be hope and appearance that the King's affairs will go well there, and at least that he will withdraw the Scots from the amity, intelligence, partiality and devotion of France.
Is, for haste, unable to send a fair copy of the treaty or make one for Mons. de Granvelle, and begs her after perusing the annexed minute to forward it to Granvelle. The Council have just sent word that their ambassador in Venice wrote that the Pope was practising with the King of France to acquire the duchy of Milan for a nephew of his; and that the Emperor should keep an eye on their designs. Also that to-morrow would be published the abstinence of war with Scotland, from whence two ambassadors were coming and there was appearance of dissension among the lords of Scotland because of the Cardinal's detention. Of the Cardinal's party were the earl of Mourel, bastard brother of the late King, and the other two whom the Cardinal affirmed to have been left co-governors with Haren, and also Earl Bouduel who came hither lately from Flanders and, as being of the house of Stuars, claims a share in the government; but as yet the other party is far the stronger, including the Earl of Douglas and all the prisoners who were here, and, if it come to fighting, will be furnished here with money and necessaries.
Begs her to order payment of his salary, of which, soon after receipt of this, four months will be due. London, 12 Feb.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, pp. 6.
12 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 137. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 297.
151. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Received this morning the enclosed letters from Lisle showing that the news of the Governor's taking was untrue. Enclose a letter to Lisle from Mr. Brian which seems to imply a determination contrary to that agreed upon by Lisle and him. Cannot tell what private instructions Brian may have, but think he will do little good in the Frithe; and that meanwhile the King's subjects and provisions shall be spoiled, for Brian means not to send any ships of war southward, but leave two ships of war which, as he supposes, be setting forth from Lynne to repair to the Foreland and conduct the provisions. Know not whether there be such ships at Lynne; but, if there be, the writers beg the Council to haste them forward or else send instructions for the King's navy here. Newcastle, 12 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
Ask whether, as bruited here, eleven sail of Frenchmen and Scots are taken about Portsmouth "by reason of" the King's blockhouses.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
12. Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 143. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 298 (1).
152. Suffolk to Arran.
Wrote by Sir Geo. Dowglas that he would advertise the King of Arran's request for abstinence and safe-conduct, which are now sent by bearer, Richmond herald. Doubts not but Arran will now haste his ambassadors to the King. Warns him to remember what a party he has against him, by France and by the clergy, who, by speeches and rewards and by setting up the earl of Lynoux, whom they allege to be heir to Scotland next after the Princess, will try to appoint another governor. It will be wise to provide against this, as he has been advised by Lisle and Suffolk. Again promises to forward his suits to the King.
Copy, p. 1. Headed : The copy of my lord of Suff. letter to th'erle of Arrayn of the xijth Februar at Newcastle. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
12 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 146. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 298 (2).
153. Lisle to Suffolk.
A Scottishman whom he has had with Anguishe these ten days has brought a letter from Anguishe and others of the lords who were in England to the Council. Sir Robert Bowis and the other prisoners are delivered, upon their own bonds, and shall be to-night at Norham and here to-morrow. Anguishe sent word that only five men of war have been abroad, two of which are returned with eight or nine prizes and the rest are still abroad. The Governor had to grant them liberty to sell their wines before they would come within the pier of Lithe, but says he will answer for the value. They took some 30 sail of English ships. There is like to be a ruffle amongst themselves. Some of the lords do their best to get the Cardinal free. Has sent Raye with a letter to Arren. Will buy 20 or 30 tun of the wine, which is set at a great price, 28 French crowns the tun. Has not heard from Dromond since his going into Scotland. It shows the credit to be given to espials of this country when Swyno, who sent word of Arren's taking, has but twice sent intelligence and neither time true. Was sure that could not be true, for, besides this Scottishman with Anguishe, he had three Englishmen lying in Edinburgh; but he gave more credit to Brian Layton's intelligence, which also failed.
The burning at Capthetune on South Tyne was by Eylwilles, Nixsons and Crosyers brought in by the two outlawed Charletons. A widow, one of the Mydelmors of Tyndale, sent to her kinsfolk in Tyndale to rescue her goods, and a great fray ensued in which many were hurt on both sides, so that Lythersdale and Tyndale which have been such friends are like to be at feud. Alnwick, 12 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
12 Feb.
R. O.
154. Hier. Capo Di Ferro to Card. Farnese.
Kept till the 12th. :— Last night came news that a Scottish exile with a number of men has, by night, assaulted the castle of the Cardinal of St. Andrews, slain most of his servants and carried the Cardinal prisoner into England. This is not yet certain, but I believe it too true; "il che a Dio non piaccia, che, oltre a molti interessi che vi sono, serria un peccato de quel povero signore tanto e honissimo prelato." Paris, 10 Feb., '43. Signed : Hier. Datario.
Italian. Modern extract from a Vatican MS., p. 1. Headed : Di Hieronimo Datario al R'mo Card. Farnese.
13 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 141. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 298.
155. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Received yesterday the King's letters to Suffolk, with the abstinence and safe-conduct, the King's letter to Arren and the Council's to Anguysshe and Sir Geo. Dowglas, and copies of them. Dated the abstinence and safe-conduct, and, yesterday at 4 p.m., sent them and the above letters forth by Richmond herald; with a letter from Suffolk to Arren in accordance with the King's instructions. Where the King writes that, in accordance with the order Suffolk took with Sir Geo. Dowglas, payment of the 200 men Dowglas had in wages is to be continued; the writers explain that the order was taken with the lord Warden and was but for 100 men, which is all that Anguysshe and Sir Geo. Dowglas have had since the army was discharged. What the writers wrote to ask was whether to allow wages for 200 over and above the said 100. Will now, if required, allow them for 200 men until further instructions.
Suffolk's servant Barnes, sent, by appointment, to Oliver Sayntclere, has returned with credence from Sayntclere that all things went well for the King's purpose, who should relent nothing, and that Suffolk should write a gentle letter to the Queen who was willing for the marriage between the lord Prince and her daughter. Arren and other lords expressed the wish that Barnes had brought a letter to the Queen; and Murrey said that he was ready to serve the King and would be glad to see both realms under one governance, for then they would be "strong enough to pluck the Great Turk out of his den." Bothwell also sent a message that he remained the King's servant, and Cassells and Seyntelere said that they durst affirm for Bothwell; but Murrey, Glencarne, Cassells and all the rest thought Sir Geo. Dowglas laboured to do all and get all the thanks for their services. Arren caused a Black Friar (fn. 2) to preach upon the abuses of the Church and in favour of setting forth the Bible and Testament in English, and asked Barnes how he liked the sermon. Arren and Murrey have two men lying about Donbarre to watch who goes and comes; but Arren gave orders that Barnes should pass freely. Enclose a letter which Barnes brought from lord Maxwell, and also letters received this morning from the lord Warden, a letter from Anguysshe and the Scottish prisoners to the Council, a letter from Mr. Bryan to the Council, and letters received from Sir Thos. Wharton and from Edw. Shelley with the inventory of Sir Geo. Lawson's goods. Newcastle, 13 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
13 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 148. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 299.
156. Lisle to Suffolk.
This morning, at 5 a.m., received his letters by Richmond herald, whom he forthwith despatched into Scotland with the King's letters to Arren, Anguishe and Sir George Douglas, and the other instruments he carried. As directed by the Council and by Mr. Wryothesley, wrote a letter to Arren (copy enclosed). With Richmond herald, sent his servant Denys (who was brought up in France and knows all the French court and the servants who waited on the Cardinal there) to note if any Frenchmen are entertained in the Governor's house, and which of the Cardinal's servants frequent it most.
Has, on receipt of Suffolk's letter, sent to the captains appointed to have this night ridden a foray in East Tevydale in return for that made in Norhamshire. Brian Layton and Sir Ralph Evers were appointed to this, but required first to know Suffolk's pleasure. Returns letters which Suffolk sent to show him. Has heard nothing from Mr. Brian these two days, but has this day sent letters to Holy Island for him. Alnwick castle, 13 Feb.
P.S.—Forwards a letter to Suffolk from Anguishe and Sir George Douglas. A messenger he has had at Edinburgh these six or seven days has just brought word from Sir George that if he had tarried two days longer, when last with Suffolk, the Cardinal had been delivered. Much of the wine is sold in Edinburgh. It is ill wine and very dear, the cheapest 6l. 10s. the tun.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
13 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 150. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 299 (1).
157. Lisle to Arran.
Sent the effect of his last letters, of the 5th inst., to the lord Lieutenant, and expects that he will shortly have good answer to his request for a safe-conduct to send certain persons to the King. Protests zeal for Arran's welfare. Considering how certain of the nobles and the bishops stomach the apprehension of the Cardinal, Arran should send him to Tentallen castle and so to Berwick to be surely kept; for as many crafts as the subtlety of the Frenchmen can devise will be used for his delivery. Understands that certain of the lords who favour him not, and all the bishops, are gone to their own countries to make parties against him. Thinks he should use policy to entertain as many as possible of these lords and win to himself the best learned of the clergy; and so get knowledge of what his adversaries conspire. As the Cardinal is bp. of Sanct Androws, it were well to choose some learned man addict to the truth and make him commissary in the Cardinal's captivity, with promise of succeeding. Reminds him to use both time and policy and force, and not to attempt too much at once. It were not amiss to "let slip amongst the people" the Bible and New Testament in English. Offers, if Arran has none in his own tongue, to procure him some out of England. Alnwick castle, 13 Feb.
Copy, pp. 3. Docketed : The copy of my lord Warden's letters unto th'earl of Arren, governor of Scotland. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
14 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 153. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 300.
158. Arran to Henry VIII.
Henry's servitour, Mr. John Drummond, has so declared his zeal towards his proniece and Arran and this realm (certifying the duke of Gweyis's coming, &c.) as to inflame the writer "with favour, amity and true intent towards your Majesty." Will serve him before all other princes, "saulfand oure honour and liberte of this reaulme." Edinburgh, 14 Feb. 1542. Signed : James Gowernour.
Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
15 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 84.
159. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 13 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. No business recorded.
No entry on the 14th.
Meeting at Westm., 15 Feb. Present : as above and also Norfolk and Riche. Business :—An information by Nicholas Privat, flewter (? "Nicholas, privat flewter," in Dasent) against Ric. Guerland, Dutchman, constable's deputy of St. Towles parish in Hart Street, referred to Sir Ric. Gresham.
15 Feb.
R. O.
160. Richard Paulet.
Bond given by Ric. Poulet to Edw. earl of Hertford, High Chamberlain (who has returned to the said Richard a bill, dated 10 Sept. 28 Henry VIII., of receipt for 40l. from the said earl for certain monastic goods in Wiltshire) to pay the said earl 40l. if it be proved that the earl paid him on the said 10th Sept. more than 70l. 15 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1.
15 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 154. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 301 (1).
161. Lisle to Suffolk.
Encloses a letter just received from John Drummond, which although short seems to show a good meaning. The messenger he sent with Drummond thinks all things will come to the King's pleasure. Anguishe and his brother well deserve what the King has bestowed upon them; and wherever Anguishe speaks of the King he never fails to pull off his cap and say "the King's Majesty my master, God save his grace." The priests throughout the realm are "at a stay again for mass and divine service." Last Sunday was none sung in Edinburgh save by the chaplains of Arren and Anguishe. There is a Black Friar (fn. 3) who preaches the Gospel; and Arren and Anguishe cause him to preach daily in Hollyrodhouse abbey or the great parish church, (fn. 4) themselves accompanying him to prevent his being torn in pieces. All the lords who were here can abide speaking against the Bishop of Rome except lord Flemyng. Bothwell is wholly the Cardinal's. As the messenger came by lord Setton's house he saw horses at the gate and was told that Bothwell was within with the Cardinal. Marvels at this. Ignorant people grudge at the Cardinal's imprisonment, and say that "the Governor was a good man till he rounded with th'erle of Anguishe and his brother." Seeing that Anguishe and most of the nobles who were in England honestly serve the King, doubtless the King's purpose will succeed. Looks hourly to hear how the abstinence and safe-conduct are embraced, and for answer to his letter of the 13th to Arren.
Now that the King's ships "be thus spoiled and torn with tempest," the Scottish merchant ships in Camfyre will take boldness to come away. Proposes, with Suffolk's approval, to man the two top ships and two tall crayers that brought victual to Holy Island and his own bark of 80 tons, hoping to light upon some [of these merchantman]. Has some good archers who would fain be occupied; and has sent to the masters to put the ships and crayers ready, and for his own bark to come into the Scate Rode. Alnwick, 15 Feb. Signed.
P.S.—Hears that 160 Ryddesdale men have made a foray into Scotland and fired Anckram in West Tevydale, but the country has risen and taken 40 of them. This is contrary to Lisle's command to their keeper. The news was declared to Lisle in presence of George Heron's servant, from whom he has just received a letter which makes no mention of that matter—a suspicious circumstance.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
15 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 156. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 301.
162. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Enclose letters just received from the lord Admiral. Where he asks Suffolk's advice for the setting forth of certain ships; considering that it would please the King to hear of some of the Scottish ships now at Camfyre being met with (which the King's navy here, being so torn and spoiled of their tackle, cannot do), and that the extra charge should be small, as the men and soldiers to be put into the ships are already in the King's wages, the writers have advised the lord Admiral to carry out his device. Know not where Mr. Bryan and his company are.
Sir Robert Bowes and Sir Cuthb. Ratclif are come home upon their own bonds, and the rest follow. Bowes goes up to declare what he has learnt in Scotland, and Ratclif writes to "you, Master Browne," such things as he thinks should be declared to the King. Newcastle, 15 Feb., at night. Signed by Suffolk, Parr and Sadleyr.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd : ao xxxiiijo.
15 Feb.
R. O. St. P. IX., 306.
163. Paget to Henry VIII.
Upon receipt of his letters of the 9th, repaired on Tuesday last to Fontainebleau, where the King and Council then arrived. Next day, was admitted to the Council, viz. the Cardinal of Turnon, Mons. Danebault, and Messrs. Bayard and Bochetel, the two premier secretaries. Told them he was commanded to say that Henry marvelled at their ingrate proceeding (using the word "ingrate" instead of the English "unkind") in the arrest of the English ships, and so forth, as in Henry's letter. Describes verbatim a stormy conference in which the French complained that the English bought and sold their subjects like calves, buying them from Flemings at 20d. apiece and offering them for 20s., that their ships in the Wight were arrested when they thought themselves safe and the crews had landed to go to mass, that two of them had been arrested in presence of their ambassador, that Artigo was an honest man, that no one could say anything against the Farroniere, and that the ships were not only arrested but the merchandise sold. Paget maintained that the French ships arrested in England were pirates (as Guillaume le Gra and Germain de Couldre, chief owners of the ships arrested in Wight, had confessed), that the English merchants arrested in France were rigorously imprisoned, and that the Ambassador might have bailed the French mariners if he had not been afraid to trust them; and he made light of Danebault's information that the town of Diepe asked licence to man 50 ships to make reprisals, and, when Bochetel said Mons. Rocheport had a process in England now five or six years and could get no end, replied by citing Suffolk's causes which had lasted eighteen or twenty years in France. The conclusion was, that they would not release the merchants and ships unless theirs were likewise released, and they thought that commissioners should meet at some frontier place to set order.
Commenting upon the above conference, Paget says, "If I had been out of their presence I could have laughed at Mons Danebaultz fantasies, for I never talked in my life that I can remember with a man that should be wise and that hath so little reason." The Cardinal wots not what to say and Danebault would fain show himself what he is not; and yet those two now rule all, for the Admiral is fallen sick again by the way. Advised them to use means rather than force and prayed them to write truly to their ambassador what Paget had said. They promised to do so and to let him see the despatch. Thinks that, with all their brag (which is characteristic), they are afraid, for they have no money and are hated by the Almains both for beginning this war and for their ill payments. Captains of 800 horse and 6,000 or 7,000 Gueldrois foot have sued here for two months and can get nothing of their wages, which are four months behind. The reported amity between Henry and the Emperor, the arrest of their ships, Henry's success in Scotland, his demand of his pension, and now this quick message of Paget's, make them look for a breach, and they "intend to keep somewhat while they have it." For all their brag of 100,000 footmen, they have not out of Italy over 500 light horse and 6,000 footmen, and of Swiss and lance-knights 26,000 counting the unpaid Gueldrois.
Mons. de Guise is gone in haste to Picardy, Luxemburg side, with (as we say here) 800 men of arms and 24,000 foot, because the Burgundians invade there with 1,000 horse and 3,000 foot and Count Guillaume is at Metz coming down to serve your Majesty with 10,000 lanceknights; but our nature here is like dogs which never do as they should until brought under foot. The English ships are arrested as at merchant's suits, with protestation in the letters patent that war is not intended.
Hears no more of Chemans nor of the earl of Lynokes going into Scotland. The restitution of Angus and imprisonment of the Cardinal lets their enterprises, "whereof they have heard here a good while ago, so ready is your passage at Dover, and especially to bring them to Boulloyn without coming to Calais." They have also good passage "against Brittayn side." They make out ships from Diepe. A gentleman usher (fn. 5) of the Privy Chamber is sent with a present of falcons to the Queen of Hungary. "Monsr. Dorthe, a man of the long robe, brother to the vicomte Dorthe, cometh now to reside with your Majesty."
Encloses a letter from Rowen showing names of merchants in London who "colour" Frenchmen's goods, both in England and Flanders; also the names of certain Sapaniards, denizens in Rowen, who procured this stay of English ships and have goods in SPaniard's hands in London.
Begs (at some length) pardon for the escape of "this false traitorous boy Dudley" who, while Paget was at supper, whipped out at the door and was out of sight before the "beastly fool," his keeper, could open the door and follow. It will be hard to get him again. Paris, 15 Feb. 11 p.m.
This morning, coming from Fontainebleau, met a courier coming out of England from the Ambassador, who told Hammes that the King of England would without fail make war. This courier's arrival may stay Dorthe's going. Signed.
Pp. 17. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Caius College MS. 597, p. 264. 15 Feb. 2. Letter-book copy of the preceding, in the hand of Paget's clerk.
Pp. 10.
15 Feb. 164. Treaty with Charles V.
Commission to Bp. Bonner to take the Emperor's oath to the treaty of 11 Feb.
See the Emperor's ratification, 31 March.
16 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 85.
165. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 16 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to lord Lisle, warden of the Marches, to provide a "convenient proportion" of sea-coal to be sent to Calais.
16 Feb.
Add. MS. 6113, f. 167. B. M.
166. The Earl Of Hertford.
Grant to Edw. earl of Hertford of the office of Great Chamberlain, vice Robert earl of Sussex. Westm., 16 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII.
Later copy, pp. 2. See Grants in February, No. 58.
16 Feb.
Wilkins, III. 863.
167. Convocation Of Canterbury.
From 28 March [1542] Convocation was prorogued to 3 April, when, by the King's writ, dated 3 April 33 Hen. VIII., it was prorogued to 4 Nov. and thence, by another writ, to 23 Jan., and thence to 16 Feb.
On 16 Feb. both houses decreed a subsidy of 4s. in the pound in three years. The Prolocutor exhibited homilies made by certain prelates, and a petition for the making of Ecclesiastical laws and payment of tithes. On 21 Feb. the Abp. announced that the King wished all mass books, antiphoners and portuises to be newly examined and corrected from all mention of the bishop of Rome, "from all apocryphas, feigned legends, superstitious orations, collects, versicles and responses, that the names and memories of all saints which be not mentioned in the Scripture or authentical doctors should be abolished and put out of the same books and calendars," and that the services should be made out of the Scriptures and authentical doctors. This examination was committed to the bishops of Sarum and Ely. It was ordered that every Sunday and holyday curates should, after the Te Deum and Magnifieat, read a chapter of the New Testament without exposition "and when the New Testament was read over, then to begin the Old."
On 23 Feb. the instrument for a subsidy of 6s. in the pound was exhibited, with four petitions, viz.—1. For the Ecclesiastical laws to be made according to the statute of 5 (qu. 25?) Hen. VIII. 2. Against the ungodly solemnisation of marriages frequently used in the hospital of Bethlehem without Bishopsgate. 3. For an Act of Parliament for amalgamation of small benefices. 4. For an Act for true payment of tithes.
On the 17th (sic) of that month Convocation was prorogued by the King's writ to 4 April, 1543.
17 Feb.
R. O.
168. The Earl Of Hertford.
Acknowledgement of receipt 17 Feb. 34 Henry VIII. from Edw. earl of Hertford of 40l. for goods bought out of late monasteries in Wiltshire. Signed : Rycharde Poulet.
Small paper, p. 1.
17 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 85.
169. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 17 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal, Hertford, Westminster, Browne, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Business :—Certain French ships being stayed at Portsmouth, one of which was laden with herring which might "come to nought," commission was sent to John Milles, John Chatterton, John Whight and — Pace to sell it and reserve the money. Commission stamped for Thos. Chamberlayne, sent on the King's affairs, by sea, to take up men, &c., if necessary. Ant. Draycott, clk., accused by lady Draycott, his brother's wife, gave recognisance (cited) to attend daily.
17 Feb.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar VI ii., No. 101.]
170. Chapuys to Charles V.
Contrary to the expectation of many, the treaty of closer amity is at last concluded; and Chapuys expects that the Emperor will be pleased with his service therein, and much more would be if he knew the quarter of what has passed here. Not to weary him with particulars, encloses copy of letters to the Queen of Hungary, which contain all occurrents, save that Chapuys has since learnt that what this King was hitherto treating with the Scots was (for his assurance and to remove the Scots from the devotion of France) to have the little daughter of the late King of Scotland into his hands; and there is some appearance of his attaining it, provided that he promises not to marry her to his son but to some other who might reside in Scotland, or at least the children of the marriage, and that meanwhile the Governor there might keep the administration. Thinks that the ambassadors of Scotland are coming about this, and surely it would come as aptly for the prejudice of the French and the good (faire) of the Emperor as if the King possessed Scotland, besides that the danger of the withdrawal from the obedience of the Holy See would cease.
Omitted to mention in his letters to the Queen that for the comprehension of the king of the Romans in the treaty he made no great instance, as the Emperor did not stay much upon it and the English might have, for recompense, demanded some new thing or made more difficulty about the other points. Besides, it seemed better to omit it, especially since there had been respite touching the restitution of Maran, for in naming him alone the Emperor would exclude all others and His Holiness might somewhat resent it, who cannot complain of not being comprehended when the Emperor's only brother was forgotten; and, moreover, it is always in the Emperor's power to include him before the ratification. Also, besides that on the Emperor's part the new title
("traicte" qu. tiltre) which the King arrogates is not approved nor avowed, it is touched in such a way as may very well be interpreted in quite another sense than it is by the English, so that no one can slander the Emperor; and, in addition, Chapuys has cancelled what the deputies had put at the end of the instrument near the date, viz. the words "selon la computacion et rite de Veglise Anglicane." London, 17 Feb. 1542.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna.
17 Feb.
R. O. [Ib., No. 102.]
171. Chapuys to Charles V.
Just after closing the packet herewith, received the Emperor's letters of the 23rd ult. Is very sorry not to have received them eight days earlier, before the treaty was concluded, to the completion of which he was much pressed by the Queen of Hungary, as the Council of Flanders thought the article inserted in his letters of 2 Nov. unobjectionable, for neither the Pope nor the ecclesiastical state is mentioned in it, and the other article of the hantise has been altered in the way the Emperor wishes, as also is that of the rebels. Hopes when the Emperor has reviewed the whole his conscience will not be hurt; but regrets very much not having sooner received the Emperor's orders, of which he will make no sign till he has news from his Majesty.
But for fear of making those here suspicious or indignant, would have excused sending his man; but considers that meanwhile time is gained and that before the ratification things might take place which would help to get the whole reformed to the Emperor's satisfaction : and, if not, he hopes and thinks that if once this King enters into perfect confidence he will gratify the Emperor touching the cause of difficulty and in several other cases (touchant ce ou gist le scrupule et en plusieurs autres cas). The article of defence wherein the only difficulty rests seems more moderate than that of the treaty of Cambray, for, besides not mentioning the ecclesiastical state, it is not couched in such comprehensive terms, although even if it was it would not comprehend his Holiness (? "sa Mate" "for sa Sancte"?), to comprehend whom the doctors say that a specific mention is necessary.
Touching the Bp. of London several of this Council, knowing his indiscretion, will promote his recal. London, 17 Feb. 1542.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS., endd. as received at Molin de Rey, 30 March, 1543.
17 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 162. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 304.
172. The Privy Council to Suffolk and Others.
Received their letters of the 13th and the writings therewith and informed the King. The answer is (1) that the King approves their proceedings; and (2) is pleased with their order to pay Anguishe and Sir Geo. Douglasse wages for 200 men, and will by next letters send the order for the garrisons after the abstinence. (3) Suffolk shall write both to the Queen and Murrey : to the Queen that he is glad to hear that she shows herself comformable to the King's overtures for the marriage of the Prince with her young daughter; and to Murrey repeating his own message and assuring him that he will find the King gracious, and offering to convey any letters he will direct to the King. These two letters, sent by a wise man, with one to the Governor declaring that you have written to the Queen as your servant Barnes told you he desired you to do, will help to learn how the game goes. (4) The French king, hearing that things in Scotland go not after his appetite, has resolved that Guise, instead of a small number of Almaynes, shall take 12,000 or 16,000, who, with the clergy and others there, may proceed by way of conquest; and these men shall ship in Britain. This is to be signified to Anguishe and Sir George Douglas, and may be verified by sending into Britayn; and, albeit it is impossible to transport so great a number at this season, still, unless the West side be made sure, such a number will come as, with the party already there, could do much.
(5) The works at Berwyk and Wark are to be continued, bestowing thereon some of the money which Sir Geo. Lawson left. Further instructions will be sent by Gower; and meanwhile Lawson's accounts should be audited.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 8. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suff., &c., xvij Febr. ao xxxiiijo.
17 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 159. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 302.
173. Arran to Henry VIII.
Rothissay herald was ready to depart towards the earl of Suffolk, with Arran's answer to the letters he brought from Henry on the 12th inst., when Richemont herald arrived with writings dated Westmester, the 9th inst., and letters under Henry's broad seal for an abstinence by land from 14 Feb. to 1 June next and a safe-conduct for ambassadors, etc.
Has written answer to Suffolk and will prepare the ambassadors with all diligence. Has summoned a Parliament for 12 March, partly for "reductioun" of forfeitures laid against Angus, George Douglas and their friends by the late King; and, as the return at Palm Sunday of the lords who were lately prisoners in England would be a hindrance to this "reductioun," he begs that their return may be prorogued until Whitsunday next, or any other day after the feist of Pasche next. Halyrudhous, 17 Feb., 1 Mary. Signed : James Governour.
Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
17 Feb.
Add MS. 32,649, f. 160. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 303.
174. Arran to Lisle.
Has received his writing dated Alnwick, 13th inst., and cannot thank him sufficiently for his favour. Where you write that certain of the noblemen and bishops are stomached at the apprehension of our Cardinal and devise to have him delivered, and that certain of the lords spiritual and temporal are departed to their own countries, apparently to move something to our prejudice; our Cardinal was apprehended for high treasons well known to our Council, who are all of one mind with us "except our bishops and clergy, whom we charged not to be on our Council in that matter." None of our temporal lords departed from us displeasantly, and most of them are as well minded as we to forthset the Word of God. "And as to our haill clergy, thai hafe been sa consuetit in tymis bypast continuallye eftir thair awin lustis and fleshly desyris that thai nevir exertit thaim to knaw the Word of God, nor yit will apply thaim thairto, and wes auctorizat in thair blyndnes in tymes bygane in sic maner that quhat ever thai wald statute or ordane be thaim selfis to the stopping of Goddis Haly Word, the samyn wes put to executioun be the Kingis Grace auctorite, quhame God pardone, havand na respect to the temporall stait." As all the clergy are stomached at his intention to reform such abuses and none of them "hes ane sponk of lycht," he has caused certain poor friars to preach the true Word of God and show people the "abusion of the state of clergy" in times past. The Cardinal shall be surely kept. As there are no bibles to be gotten in the vulgar tongue, begs Lisle to send an Englishman here with some to sell. The ambassadors whom he purposes shortly to send to the King will declare his mind further. Edinburgh, 17 Feb. Signed : James G. Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
18 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 86.
175. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 18 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker. Business :—A petition of Chr. Metcalff, of Nappay, for an injunction from the lord Chancellor, in a controversy with lord Scrope, seemed reasonable; and the clerk of the Council was commanded to declare it to the lord Chancellor.
18 Feb.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar VI. ii., No. 104.]
176. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Not to delay this courier (regretting that he did not arrive eight days ago) will not make this long; and has nothing to say beyond what she will see by the copy of his letters to the Emperor, which, with the copy of the treaty, he begs her to forward to Grandvelle.
The Emperor orders him to give the personage (fn. 6) whom she knows 200 cr. besides what has been already advanced; and he, therefore, writes to his man to deliver it as soon as he receives money from Messrs. des Finances. Towards the expenses of his man whom he sends into Spain, begs to have some advance upon his salary. London, 18 Feb., 1542.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
18 Feb.
R. O. St. P., IX. 315.
177. H. Lord Mawtravers to Henry VIII.
Encloses copy of the French king's commandment whereby English subjects in France are arrested. It could not be gotten before Wednesday last. On the 10th inst. arrived at Roan, from Paris, a lighter of 100 tons laden with pikes, staves, and other munitions of war, which were, on the 12th, 13th, 14th, secretly transferred into three ships of 30 tons apiece. It is said to be for Picardy or Brittayn. All ships in those parts above 10 tons burden are stayed. The English mariners in Newhaven are imprisoned, because some of those first arrested departed without leave. Calais, 18 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
19 Feb. 178. Archbishopric Of York.
See Grants in February, No. 66.
19 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 86.
179. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 19 Feb. Present : Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Baker. Business :— Commission directed to Mr. Worsly, Captain of the Isle of Wight, Mr. Milles, John Whight of Sowthwyke, and Mr. Chatterton, to make an inventory of goods in the French ships stayed at Portsmouth and keep them safe. Letters written to Sir John Walloppe to victual Guisnes castle and have an eye to the Pale, &c. Two letters to Sir Edw. Wotton and Mr. Palmer to pay Calais and Guisnes pursuivants, for journeys in the King's affairs, at the accustomed rates. Letter written to Ric. Cavendisshe to agree with John Aster for a last of herring unjustly taken from him at Dover.
19 Feb.
Add MS. 32,649, f. 166. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 305.
180. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Yesternight arrived Sir Thos. Wharton's son with the enclosed letters and one Spence, servant to the earl Bothwell, to declare a credence which he had brought to Wharton; which credence agrees with the writing made by Wharton save in the point touching the conveyance of the young Princess into Lyddesdale and her delivering to such as the King shall appoint, which in his tale to the writers was that, if the King would assist his master, his Majesty should doubtless obtain her. Despatched Spence back to his master with semblance of much joy that his said master continued (as he affirmed) intent upon serving the King according to his promise. Ask what further answer to make if Bothwell shall still press for it. Have heard nothing out of Scotland since they despatched Richmond herald with the abstinence and safe conduct; nor any word of Mr. Bryan and his company on the sea.
Newcastle, 19 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr. Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
20 Feb.
Dasent's A. P. C., 87.
181. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 20 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter sent to Mr. Worseley, John Milles, John Whight and John Chatterton to deliver to those who have custody of the Frenchmen stayed, with their ships, at Portsmouth, a convenient portion of the money raised of the sale of herrings. A passport signed for Edm. Atkinson and Mich. de Livre to take up post horses between this and Plymouth; and letter written to (blank) to provide a vessel for Atkinson's transportation to Spain. Recognisance by John Whippell, John Lancye and John Gernell, upon an "order for the paying of their personal tithes taken with their curate," to appear on the first day of next term.
20 Feb.
R. O. St. P. IX., 317.
182. Henry VIII. to Francis I.
Is recalling his ambassador, Wm. Paget, who makes suit to return because of illness, and will send another in his place with all diligence.
French. Draft. Broadsheet, p. 1. Endd : Minute to the French king for Mr. Paget's return, xxo Feb. ao xxxiiijo.
20 Feb.
R. O. St. P. IX., 316.
183. Henry VIII. to Paget.
Has received his letters of the 15th of his conference with Tournon and others of the Council and approves his proceedings. Grants his sundry requests (because of disease and sickness) to return and has appointed the dean of York (fn. 7) to replace him. Encloses letters (copy herewith) to be delivered to the French king, upon presentment of which, and leave taken, he shall return.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget, xxo Feb. ao xxxiiijo.
20 Feb.
Harl. MS. 283 f. 149. B. M.
184. The Privy Council to the Mayor and Officers of Plymouth.
Order to supply bearers, Edm. Atkynson and Michael de Livre, whom the King's sends into Spain, with a convenient vessel for their transport. Westm., 20 Feb. Signed by Cranmer, Norfolk, Russell, Hertford, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche and Baker.
P. 1. Add.
20 Feb.
R. O.
185. Penrith, Cumb.
Release, by Jas. Hodschone of Penretht, smith, to Ant. Penroddok, of Cokarmouth (to the use of Eliz. late wife of Edw. Penroddok of Arkilbe, Cumb., and her heirs), of his title to a tenement in the Castlegate, in Penretht. Dated 20 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII.
Latin. Copy, p. 1.
20 Feb.
Add. MS. 32,649, f. 168. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 306.
186. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Send sundry letters received this morning from the lord Warden, Anguishe and Sir George Douglas. Deny that Douglas ever moved Suffolk, as he writes, for a longer day of entry of the Scottish lords prisoners. Wrote of Sir George's desire touching Glencarne, but he spake no word of the rest. By Anguishe's letter to the lord Warden it appears that he and the lords prisoners have now written to the King for a longer day of entry; but the writers have received no such letter.
Had written thus far when Richmond herald arrived with others of the enclosed letters. Whereas Arren writes to Suffolk promising delivery of Leche's brother; intend to appoint the captain of Berwick to receive him. Yesterday received the Council's letters of the 17th, and Suffolk forthwith wrote (by his servant Barnes) to the Queen, the Governor, Murrey and Anguishe and Sir George Douglas (copies enclosed). According to the lord Admiral's letter (enclosed) for speedy sending of coals to Calais have appointed with the mayor here for the sending of 3 or 4 vessels. Whereas the lord Warden writes to Suffolk that, but for his letters, the raids by Scots of Tevydale should have been "paid home"; point out that they first wrote to the lord Warden for revenge, but afterwards, receiving the abstinence and safe conduct, they reflected that the revenge might be done after the date of the abstinence and so (as it could be no great matter) countermanded it. Newcastle, 20 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
P.S.—Have letters from Sir Thos. Wharton enclosing letters to him from Maxwell (sent herewith); and have answered that he shall not refuse to speak with Maxwell or other Scottishmen, but shall learn from them the state of their proceedings, that he may let — Symple have his children into Scotland and that he shall still detain his prisoner called the laird of Lough.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
20 Feb.
Add MS. 32,649, f. 170. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 306 (1).
187. Suffolk to Arran.
Perceives, by his servant, the bearer, that Arran wished he had written a letter to the Queen Dowager of Scotland. Has therefore written such a letter, and begs licence for his said servant to deliver it to her.
Copy, p. 1. Endd. : The copy of my 1. of Suff. lettre to th'erle of Arreyn, 20 Feb. ao 34o from Newcastle.
20 Feb.
Add MS. 32,649, f. 172. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 307.
188. Arran to Suffolk.
Bearer, Rotesaye herald, will deliver a letter under the Great Seal of abstinence of war for the part of Scotland from 14 Feb. to 1 June next, conformable to the letters of abstinence received from England. Has proclaimed it everywhere; and meanwhile desires that attemptates on the Borders may be redressed by the Border laws. Will hasten the ambassadors to the King, to conclude all matters. Holyrudhouse beside Edinburgh, 20 Feb. 1542.
Copy, p. 1. Add. Endd. : Copie of therle of Arrens lettre to the duke of Suff., xxo Feb. ao xxxiiijo.
20 Feb.
R. O.
189. Truce with Scotland.
Acceptance by Mary Queen of Scots of Henry VIII.'s grant of an abstinence from hostilities from the 14th inst. to 1 June next, upon the conditions required, viz., that [within 12 d]ays after receipt of the King's letters of abstinence the Earl of Arran, her "tutoure", [shall make] to the King's lieutenant on the Borders a similar promise on the part of this realm, with the addition that during the abstinence neither he nor others of the realm shall treat of any alliance or amity with any other prince or potentate, or favor any who are not the King's friends; and that in the mean time Arran shall send ambassadors to the King to treat for peace. Edinburgh, 20 Feb. 1542. Signed by Arran as Governor "James G."
Parchment, Mutilated.
R. O. 2. Contemporary copy of the preceding.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 3. Modern copy of the same.
Pp. 2.
Calig. B. VII. 267. B. M. 4. Another copy, not contemporary.
Pp. 2.


  • 1. *Gascoyn in § 5.
  • 2. *John Rough.
  • 3. John Rough.
  • 4. St. Giles's.
  • 5. The Sieur de Reine. See No. 202.
  • 6. Jean de Hons? See Vol. XVII.
  • 7. Dr. Richard Layton.