Henry VIII: April 1544, 16-20

Pages 223-234

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1, January-July 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 223
Page 224
Page 225
Page 226
Page 227
Page 228
Page 229
Page 230
Page 231
Page 232
Page 233
Page 234

April 1544, 16-20

16 April. 342. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 85.
[Cal. of
Cecil MSS.,
Pt. i, 145]Haynes'St. Papers, 28.
The King, understanding by letters and advertisements sent to Hertford from Lord Eure "the good service and manly forwardness" of John Car, captain of Warcke castle, requires Hertford to declare to the said John his Majesty's hearty thanks with assurance that his service shall be considered. Westm., 16 April. Signed by Cranmer, Suffolk, Winchester, Westminster, Wriothesley, Gage, Paget and Petre.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
16 April. 343. Hertford, Tunstall, Llandaff and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 116.
B. M.
ii., No. 215.
Hertford has letters (enclosed) from Wharton and Bowes, with which arrived Glencarne's second son and Bisshop, Lenoux's secretary, who brought a letter (copy enclosed) from his master to Hertford. Glencarne's son and Bisshop intended to repair to the King, but, as the King's instructions to Wharton and Bowes how to proceed with them are expected hourly, the writers returned them to Carlisle and have sent to stay Bowes there. What the said earls offer and desire appears by the articles in writing sent herewith; but, where one of the articles is that Lenoux, having the government of Scotland, shall be ordered by such a Council of Scottishmen as the King shall appoint, Bisshop showed Hertford private instructions to conclude it as by such a Council, "both English and Scottishmen," as the King shall appoint. Bisshop seemed to press for the conclusion of the marriage with Lady Margaret as the knot of all the rest; wherein his master refers all conditions to the King. Hertford answered that the King, as a prince of honor, would covenant nothing more than should be performed, and would not, Hertford thought, promise the marriage without the consent of the parties, for which they must see each other. Bisshop was "not fully satisfied," but said that his master and Glencarne were coming to the Isle of Man in a rotten bark when they were driven back; however, if his master had a good ship or durst venture by land, both he and Glencarne would come to the King, as they meant to have done and to have returned with the army into Scotland. They lay great untruth to Angus, Maxwell and the sheriff of Ayr, "and say not all the best of Robert Maxwell and Dunlanerick." Beg the King to signify how Wharton and Bowes shall proceed with them, and what answer shall be made to their offers and desires. Newcastell, 16 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
16 April. 344. The Same to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 118.
B. M.
ii., No. 216.
(Brief note.)
St. P., v., 375.
Perceive by their last letters to Hertford that it appears not, by letters they have received from the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland, that these earls are instructed how to act in case the Scots invade England whilst the wardens are at the burning of Hadington and Hawyk. Communed with both of them at length, and declared what enterprises were intended and that they should remain in the Marches during the Wardens' absence, and, in case the Scots made invasion, should assemble the country, and certain Councillors should remain for their advice. Perceived that they would have had the great power of the Marches remain with them, which was needed for the enterprises, or else inland men in garrison at the King's charge; but Hertford, considering that the wardens would not be absent past three days, thought that their own force and the power of the country that was left would suffice; wherewith they seemed content, and Cumberberland said he would keep 100 men at his own charge. Have now given them the same instructions in writing. If it be thought expedient to charge the King with a greater garrison to be called to the Borders to attend them, it shall be done.
Of money for this enterprise there remains with Sadler but 5,000l., and when this pay is finished, for the fortnight from last Tuesday to 28 April, not past 3,000l. will remain, and Mr. Woddall, having paid the garrisons to 5 May, has but 3,700l. Money will be wanted for next pay, beginning 28 April, if the army continue so long undissolved, and, if it be dissolved, to pay conduct money and discharge the tonnage of the ships. Half the sum appointed for this enterprise was defrayed in London for victualling, "which will not be levied again, as we shall need it for payment of the wages and other charges"; and 14 days are past and paid, and other 14 now in paying,—a charge more than was looked for, by reason of the tarrying of the ships; trusting now that they will not tarry long, for the wind has served well these two days. Newcastell, 16 April. Signed.
Pp.3. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1544.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the above from which it is printed in the State Papers.
In Sadler s hand, pp. 4. Endd.: "To the Lords; depeched xvjo Apl. at ix. wt in night."
16 April. 345. Border Expenses.
R. O. Newcastell upon Tyne, 16 April 35 Hen. VIII.:—Brief declaration by John Uvedale, treasurer appointed for payment of the earl of Hertford, lieutenant in the North, and his retinue of 100 men and of all the garrisons on the Borders.
Showing that at his declaration delivered to the lord Lieutenant 18 March last he had (with 107l. 8s. 8d. in broken and refuse gold and 166l. 13s. 4d. in two bills of prest of the earl of Rutelande and Sir Robt. Bowes) 7,581l. 12s. 1 ½d. Whereof:—
Paid by warrants of my lord of Suffolk, late lieutenant here, for money disbursed by Sir Thos. Whartone, now lord Whartone, to the laird Dunlanrik 25l., and to divers other men 10l.
Paid by Hertford's warrants, for diets and for wages of his retinue for 78 days from 18 Feb. to 5 May, 650l.; for wages of 137 watchmen for 14 days ended 7 April, 63l. 18s. 8d.; for wages of the garrisons for 42 days from 25 March to 5 May, 3,044l. 3s.; for rewards to divers men, 9l. 6s. 8d.; to Chestre and Carlile heralds for wages at 4s. a day for 42 days ending 5 May, 16l. 16s.; to Thomas Newmane, trumpeter, for wages at 18d. a day for 52 days from 15 March to 5 May, 3l. 18s.; to Barwik pursuivant, for wages at 2s. a day, during his abode with Richmond herald in Scotland, which was 15 days, and for 34 days from 28 March to 30 April, 4l. 18s.; and for one coat 20s.
Remainder 3,752l. 11s. 9 ½d.
Memorandum that diets of my lord Lieutenant and wages of his 100 men and of the captains, petty captains, heralds, &c., consume daily 82l. 17s. 6d., or 1,160l. 5s. in fourteen days and 2,320l. 10s. in a month. Signed: Jo. Vuedale.
Large paper, p. 1.
16 April. 346. Chamberlain to the Council.
R. O. This morning, the bearer, Nicholas the post, brought intelligence from Mr. Vaughan, showing that Mons. de Bueren was right concerning Landenbergh. Might now, by their letters of the 1st conclude with De Bueren, but will await answer to the letters of De Bueren and himself on the 8th. De Bueren has kept these holydays at his castle of Lanoye, 14 leagues hence, and returns hither to-morrow. Occurrents here are "of small effect." Bruxelles, 16 April 1544. Signed: T. Chamberlein.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
16 April. 347. Stephen Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Is returned from Frankfort to Spire, to the ambassador, with his captain's (fn. n1) conduct money, who would not send for it, "so stately captains, or rather fro ward, be there here in these parts. It is very dangerous carrying of money by the ways." Is appointed to pay it to-morrow, and will then return to England. Can write no more, for haste of the bearer, but writes at large to lord Wriothesley. "The Merchants Sorers entreated me very honestly. I pray you let them be thanked." Spire, 16 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Sir Wm. Paget, one of the Principal Secretaries. Endd.: 1544.
17 April. 348. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 123.
B. M.
ii., No. 217.
The King has received his several letters containing his opinion for the fortification of Lythe, which show his earnest desire to do some notable exploit to the enemies' damage and his Highness' honor. Are commanded to thank him on the King's behalf, who thinks, as they all do, that his opinion has great appearance of reason; and therefore, notwithstanding the former determination, the King has, for a final resolution, both "himself considered and weighed the same most gravely and prudently, as you know well enough he can," and commanded the Council to consult thereupon and write the reasons against the said fortification, which are sent herewith. The fortification must therefore now be laid apart, whatsoever opportunities might, upon the place, suggest the contrary; yet the King would not have him abate his courage to persecute the enemies as in the Council's former letter. With the increasing dissension in Scotland, and the offer of service by the Master of Morton, it is thought that no great number of Scots can assemble; and therefore Hertford might join with the Border horsemen and return by land after burning and destroying Edinburgh; but this is left to his judgment. As the wardens promised to burn within 12 miles of Edinburgh they might pierce through the little way from thence; and Hertford is to consult with them and other expert men for this; and learn what empty carriages out of the Bishopric might go in with speed with the horsemen, to carry such victuals as men returning to their country will require, or else devise for carriage of victuals by horse, or sending of carriages by sea, and whether victuals from Wark or Berwick might meet him at Kelso in his return. But he is not to tarry for the wardens so as to pass any opportunity of departing out of that haven with the army, but only consult them if detained there by lack of wind.
While tarrying there for wind, he shall send for the Master of Morton and require him to render Temtallon castle to the King at once, before Hertford's entry into Scotland, showing him that, by delaying until Hertford's coming, he should seem only to practise his own surety; but not making any promise which might prevent the putting of Edinburgh to sword and fire. If the Master comes not, but repairs to Hertford in Scotland, he is to be kept and not suffered to come and go, although he offer hostages, "for under colour thereof might be wrought much falsehood." If Temtallon can be attained, the King's adherents will be encouraged; and it should be victualled, and a man of courage appointed to keep it. If the Master of Morton, before coming to Hertford in Scotland, require "assurance to go at his pleasure," Hertford should not grant it, but proceed to the devastation of the country; but if he render Temtallon more confidence may be put in him. If, after consulting the men of experience, he returns by land, the King thinks that the terror of his visage will cause Hume castle and other peels by the way to render at his summons, the keeping of which may serve for a further invasion better than any hurried fortification at Lythe or Edinburgh. In case he finds the enemies at Lythe in such force that he cannot land without danger, he shall land a number on the Fyfe side and waste and destroy there; and afterwards return to Edinburgh side and do the like, "without taking either the castle or town to mercy, though they would yield; for ye know the falsehood of them all and how little they care for the time to promise and offer whatsoever ye will demand, and afterward to break from you and observe no piece of their promise, if they shall think thereby to win anything."
The ships of war are not to enter Tynmouth haven, but tarry at Holy Island for the rest of the fleet; and the ships that come in to lade men or other things must at once pass out to Holy Island, so as not to pester the haven or be in danger of restraint if the wind turn. Westm., 17 April 1544. Signed by Cranmer, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Winchester, Westminster, Wriothesley, Gage, Browne, Wyngfeld, Paget, Petre and Bakere.
Pp. 7. Add. Sealed.
Ib. f.130. 2. Copy of the above.
Pp. 7. Endd.: M. to therle of Hertford from the Counsail, the xvij of April 1544.
Ib. f. 120. 3. "A consultation of the Council in these two articles":—1. Whether the earl of Hertford should now enterprise any new fortification in Scotland? 2. What shall be written to the Earl for his return by land?
Resolved that the Earl should in no wise go about any fortification, for these reasons:—(1) A fortification cannot be assured without perfect furniture, and must be so situated as to be subject to no hill, whereby the enemy may annoy it, and also easy of access by the friend for its relief. (2) The Lighet is subject to a hill near it and can only be relieved by sea, which the continuance of the wind in one quarter shows now to be difficile, and, besides, the Scots with ordnance, on the shores and otherwise, may let the access of ships. (3) To the honor of keeping a fortification in an enemy's country is annexed "great cure, care and study" lest the loss of it give courage to the enemy. (4) It must be foreseen that the fortification annoy the enemies and be not closed in and contemned by them. Footmen fortified in Ligh could neither issue out nor let the resort of ships into Scotland which may go to the port on the other side of the water or to Mustelburgh. (5) One month being now spent by contrary wind and the King's journey into France approaching (before which the army must return to keep the Borders, the lord Admiral to keep the Narrow Seas and others to attend the King's person), time cannot be spent in fortification, for fear of disappointing other purposes.
But we think the motion made by the earl of Hertford proceeds of an earnest mind to serve the King and realm; and so we humbly desire the King to take it and to signify the same by letter.
In the second article, concerning the joining of the Border horsemen with Hertford and all returning by land, "albeit, for the doubtfulness of th'enterprise there can be nothing precisely written"——(ends abruptly).
Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: A consultation touching the fortifying at Lythe.
Ib. f. 127. 4. Another copy (fn. n2) of § 3 down to the end of the fifth article, concluding with a sixth article, viz., that the chief end of this enterprise being to prevent the Scots annoying this realm during the King's absence, it is thought, with the late experience of the falsehood of the Scots, better policy to destroy their victuals and chief places of resort, as Edinburgh and the villages thereabouts, than, upon hostages, which they smally regard, or promises, which are never remembered, to leave their chief town and country unhurt without any other surety than a small fortification which may be lost; whereas, the chief town of Scotland destroyed, there remains a perpetual memory to the renown of the Earl, as ordained to punish the falsehood of the Scots, to their reproach for ever.
Pp. 3.
Ib. f. 134. 5. Another copy of § 4.
Pp. 4. Endd.: Copye of a consultation sent to my lord of Hertforth.
17 April. 349. The Privy Council to Chamberlain.
R. O. Wrote, before, of the days of musters of the men that Mons. de Buren shall bring to serve the King in this voyage into France. The King minds to have them join his army at Ayre, 3 leagues from St. Omer's, on 20 June; and commands him to settle with De Buren to have the musters at Bolduk at such a time that the men may be at Ayre on that day.
Have received his letters, and others from De Buren to the King. Where you write that De Buren agreed to all points of Landenbergh's covenant save the wages, required letters of "reteyndre," and to know whether to provide any greater band, and offered a hundred horsemen at his own charge; you shall thank him and say that, albeit the King has not yet heard how Landenbergh goes through with his bargain, yet for De Buren's singular good will his Majesty will go through with him without respect to Landenbergh, who is not "to be compared to him"; and, therefore, you are to bargain with him for such wages as the Emperor pays to footmen, and, sending hither a letter of retinue in the form which the Emperor uses, the King will return it signed and sealed. (fn. n3)
As to the extraordinary pays of the officers, whereof he sent a billet; the King intended the 2,000 as a supplement (for De Buren's honor) to the 4,000 at the Emperor's soulde, for whom we think he has all those officers provided, and doubts not but that De Buren will consider this as may stand with his honor, and not burden his Majesty with any greater charge than necessary. You shall make an end for the whole matter as soon as possible, and we will procure the King's letters of retainer, praying you to get of him a copy in the form which the Emperor uses.
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Endd.: "Mynute of the letter to Thomas Chamberlayn of the xvijth of April 1544."
17 April. 350. Hertford, Tunstall, Llandaff and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 137.
B. M.
ii., No. 218.
St. P., v. 377.
This day a Scottishman called Wysshert brought Hertford a letter from Brunston, and repairs to the King to deliver letters from Brunston and declare his credence, which seems to be:—1. That the laird of Graunge, late treasurer of Scotland, the Master of Bothers, eldest son of the earl, and John Charters would apprehend or slay the Cardinal in passing through Fyf land to St. Andrew's if they knew what support the King would give them afterwards; and, 2, That if the King would grant them entertainment to keep 1,000 or 1,500 men in wages for a month or two, they would, with the power of the Earl Marshal, Master of Rothers, laird of Calder and other of lord Grey's friends, when the King's army is in Scotland, destroy the Cardinal's abbey and town of Arbrogh and all other bishops' and abbots' houses on that side, and apprehend the principal impugnators of the amity between England and Scotland, when the power of the said bishops and abbots is gone towards Edinburgh to resist the King's army. For this, Wysshert says, the aforenamed Earl Marshal and others will give writing under their hands and seals before asking aid of money. His advertisements of the present great contention in Scotland he will himself declare.
Received letters this day from Wharton and Bowes with copies of letters written by Glencarne's son, and Bishop, Lenox's secretary, into Scotland, attained by such means as appear in Wharton and Bowes' letter. Send the letters and copies herewith, together with letters from lord Ewers concerning exploits done. Lord Wm. Howarde, being at Tynmouth, wrote to Hertford this morning that ships, victuallers, had arrived, reporting that, yesterday morning, they saw the lord Admiral and the rest "on sea board Hull, making hitherward"; so that they will be at Tynmouth to-night or to-morrow. Newcastle, 17 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the above, from which it is printed in the State Papers.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: "depeched xvijo Apl. at iiijor at aftrnoon."
17 April. 351. James earl of Ormond and Ossory to Brabazon.
R. O. Bearer, who wears the King's livery, has shown me, in presence of Mr. White, justice of Wexford county and Mr. Cowley, the King's solicitor, that lately, lying sick in John Arthur's house in Limeryke, the said John came to his bedside and asked how he did and how he believed. He answered "that he believed in God the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost." Arthur asked if he believed in the Holy Church and the Pope as supreme head; and he said that he believed as the Holy Church taught, but not in the Pope. Then Arthur told him he was "a man damned" and he replied "God save the King." Once when he was praising the King, Arthur's wife asked him what he had of the King, and he said 6d. a day and a livery coat once a year. "Woe to that King" quoth the wife in Irish, "where getteth he so much gold as he giveth." Bearer says that he is a Limeryke man born and reports this of duty and not of malice. Kilkeny, Thursday in Easter Week, 17 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Justice's right honorable good lordship. Endd.: 1544.
18 April. 352. Sir Thomas Seymour, Master of the Ordnance.
See Grants in April 35 Hen. VIII., No. 23.
18 April. 353. The Privy Council to Layton.
R. O. Account of Chapuys' declaration to Wriothesley and Paget "on Sunday last" as in the letter to Wotton (No. 323). Layton is to tell the Regent that (whereas, upon his request for lymoners and carriages, "they" answered that, besides the 2,456 horses needed for draught of artillery, only 400 carriages could be furnished) when the King's armies have been on that side they have always been sufficiently furnished, which is also covenanted by the treaty; and, trusting thereto, the King was content, when the Viceroy of Sicille was here, to augment his army above the number required by the treaty, for carriages in England "be but on two wheels and able to carry no burden." And he shall instantly pray her to cause her officers to "travail more earnestly therein," for the King is informed that to take one four-horse waggon of every parish in Flanders, Brabant and Arthoys would provide both him and the Emperor and leave enough at home for husbandry; and certify "with all diligence possible" what number of lymoners and waggons may be counted on.
As to the ships they should send some of either sort.
As to the Scots the Ambassador was answered that the King is loth to think that the Nether Parts, &c. (as in No. 323), but will declare Denmark enemy in six weeks (altered from two months) unless the Emperor and he agree in the meantime. ["And also request is made by th'Ambassador to the Emperor that, forasmuch as the Bishop of Rome" has aided the French king, &c. (as in No. 323.)] (fn. n4)
Corrected draft, pp. 6. Endd.: M. to Mr. Layton, the xviijth of April 1544.
18 April. 354. Ships.
R. O. Anno r.r. Henr. viijvi xxxvto The xviijth day of April.
"The names of ships and number of men now serving in the Narroe See [s], with an estimate for the charges of the same for one month of xxviij days beginning about the xth day of this present," viz:—
The Leesse Gallyas 240 men, 69l. 7s. 10d., Primerosse 160 m., 49l. 14s. 6d., Newe Barke 140 m., 43l. 12s. 10d., Dragon 90 m., 30l. 3s. 6d., Mary Jamys 75 m., 26l. 14d., Great Pynnes 50 m., 19l. 2s. 10d., Smalle Pynnes 45 m., 16l. 19s. 6d., Caundyshe ship 70 m., 28l. 16s. 2d. Total ships 8, men 870, money 283l. 19s. 4d.
Repairs and provisions for the King's said 7 (sic) ships 70l. Victualling at 8s. per man 348l.
Extraordinary charges, livery and conduct (amounts not given).
P. 1.
[18 April.] (fn. n5) 355. The Expedition into Scotland.
R. O. "[The] army by sea into Scotland.
"A book containing the numbers of mariners in every ship appointed to receive in men, with a calculation how many men each ship is ordered to transport besides the said mariners."
[Giving in columns the names of the ships, numbers of mariners, numbers of "men to be taken in" and totals.]
The names of the ships are:—
"Out of the port of London."—The Mary Grace of Lee, Mary John of Calais, Mary John of London, James of Blakney, Trinite of Alisford, Flee of Anserdan, John of Maldon, Mary of Calais, James of Hadley, Mihel, Anthony of Dordrigh, Edwarde of Hampton, James of Fowye, Trinite of Barkinge, Esel of Armewe, Cuthbert Lawson, Anne of Antwerp, Mary of Antwerp, Mawdelyn of Antwerp, George Goldesmyth, George of Antwerp, Christopher Hunte, George of Hamborough, Mary of Hamborough, Gryffyn of Hamborough, Bartilmewe of Hamborough, Raven of Lubeck, Swanne of Hamborough.
"Out of the port of Ipswiche."—The James, Osee, Mary, James (sic), Mary Fortune, Marlyn, Peter, Christopher of Simon "Bl.," Anne Fraunces, Kateryn, Christopher of Alex. "Sq.," Mary James, Andrewe, Trinite, Marlyon, Thomas, Peter of George Copinge, Peter of John Momforde, John Evangelist, Jesus, John, Thomas of Wm. Barkers, Mathewe, Nicholas of Wm. Dryver, Cicely, Nicholas, George, James, Edwarde, Mihel, Thomas of Thomas Smyth, Kateryn, [Julyane]. (fn. n6)
"Out of the port of Yermouthe."—The John Evangelist, Mary Grace, [Anne Frances, Mary, Wyllyam, James, Anne, Nicholas, James, Trinite, Wyllyam,]† Mawdelyn, Mary Anne, Thomasyne, Mary Elizabeth, Mary Grace, Mary George, John Anthony, Edmonde, Jesus, George, Mathewe, Margaret, James, John, James, Little Mary, George.
"Out of the port of Lynne."—The George of Newcastell, James of Newcastel, James of Newcastel (again, with different numbers), Mary of Selbye, Jesus of Newcastel, Martin of Newcastel, Martyn of Newcastel (repeated), Trinite of Roclif, Andrewe of Rosyndale, Pellycane of Dordrign, George of Rosyndale, Mary James of Lynne, Peter of Lynne, George of Lynne, Margaret of Brickelsye, Hoy Barke.
"Out of the port of Hul."—The Trinite of Hul, Trinite of Beverley, Mary Kateryn of Hul, Mary John of Hul, Wyllyam of Hul, Mary James of Hul, John of Beverley, John Baptist of Hul, Trinite of Newcastel, Nicholas of Sowholde, Maryon of Lubecke, John Baptist of Leistofte, Mawdelyn of Yermouthe, George of Yermouthe.
"The wafters also be appointed to transporte, besides the men they have already, such numbers as follow." [In this case there are only three columns, viz. "men taken in already, names of ships, and another set of numbers.] —The Paunsey, Great Galias, Mynyon, Swepestake, Swallowe, John Evangelist, Mary Grace, Julyane of Dertmothe, Peter of Fowye, Anthony Fulforde, Farnando, Peter.
Pp. 7, with flyleaf entitled as above.
18 April. 356. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St P., v. 378
On receipt of certain letters and credence from the master of Morton, which they forthwith addressed to the King, Hertford sent for Morton so as to practise for delivery of Tentallon castle. Now is arrived here Alex. Jardyn, who has the custody of the said castle jointly with John Douglas, bringing the enclosed letter from Morton, and credence, as follows, viz., that Morton and all his friends would join the King's army and he desired assurance to be granted to the friends named in his letters and would not fail to come to Hertford when and where he should be appointed. Describe, at length, Hertford's efforts to persuade Jardyn to the delivery of the castle, pointing out how Anguishe had lost a great piece of his honor by his dealing with the King lately and might by this delivery make amends; but Jardyn (who seemed as if he could not be content even if Anguishe agreed thereto) would only promise to confer with Morton and John Douglas. Jardyn then again pressed for the assurance to Morton's friends; but Hertford would grant none till he spoke with Morton, saying that if Morton came to him within eight days, where ever he might then be, and agreed upon the conditions of the assurance and touching the delivery of Tentallon, he would both redress injuries by Englishmen done in the meantime and grant the assurance. Jardyn seemed satisfied. He alleged that Anguishe was abused by Maxwell and the false persuasions of the Queen, Governor and Cardinal, who assured him in writing to come and go safe, and that he should have his brother Sir George delivered and all matters compounded to his contentation.
Yesterday arrived Henry's letters to Wharton and Bowes, which are forwarded. Where it appears by them that Henry wishes Lenoux and Glencarne to repair to his presence; Hertford has this morning conferred with Glencarne's son and Bisshop, who affirm that the earls would gladly come, if they might safely pass to the Borders, and yet think it expedient that they should now be at home to join Henry's army at Edenburgh. They think that Lenoux might pass safely to Carlisle (wherein they will devise with Wharton, to whom they have returned) and thence come to Henry's presence and return into Scotland within fourteen days, going by sea from Berwick to Edinburgh if the army should be already in Scotland; but Glencarne should not come, for either he or Lenoux is necessary at Donbreteyn, to keep the castle and levy their forces. Glencarne's son and Bisshop think that Anguishe, being "a man of much simplicity and easy to be seduced," may have been deceived by Maxwell, the sheriff of Ayre and Drumlaneryke, who now lay the fault on him to colour their own falsehood. Bisshop says that, when he last returned into Scotland from Henry, Drumlaneryke, in conversation, "assured him that your Highness minded nothing but the whole conquest of Scotland, and that your Majesty never employed any benefit or reward to any Scottishman but for your own commodity and the only advancement of that purpose, which he trusted should never take effect;" and so advised him to counsel Lenoux to beware. If Bisshop say truly, "whereof there is gre[te] apparence," Drumlaneryke deserves not the great liberality and pension he has of the King.
A great many ships, 100 sail and more, are arrived in Tynmowth haven; and my lord Admiral and the wafters lie in the seas to see the whole fleet brought in. Trust that all will arrive to-morrow; and will now prepare to ship board.
Draft in Sadler's hand, pp. 11. Endd.: Depeched xviijo April, at ix clok wt in night."
18 April. 357. Mary Queen of Scots to Paul III.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 164b.
B. M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii., 200.
William Jhonston, layman, the bearer, "decennio (fn. n7) abhinc in vulgatas novas doctrinas legitime compertus est recidisse. Is tamen postea multa gravia perpessus sepe studuit mystico Christi corpori redintegrari, (fn. n8) cujus opportunitas in hoc tempus est rejecta." Her tutor Arran desires that the said William may be received back into the Church. Edinburgh, 18 April 1543 (sic). (fn. n9)
Lat. Copy in a Letter-Book, p. 1.
18 April. 358. Mary Queen of Scots to the Cardinal of Carpi.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 164.
B. M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
Duncan prior of Ardquhattane, (fn. n10) who is now too old for his office, has chosen a noble youth, John Campbell, for his successor and desired our letters of commendation therein. Begs him to obtain its expedition. Edinburgh, 18 April 1543 (sic).
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
19 April. 359. The Privy Council to Hertford and Others.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 139.
B. M.
ii., No. 219.
The King has received their last letters with those of Robert Maxwell and Dunlanrike to Wharton, and likes their order taken for Wharton and Bowes to proceed with Glyncarne's second son and Thos. Bishoppe. They may grant Robert Maxwell the assurance, and promise him some entertainment of men if he serves truly, and for a beginning delivers Loughmabain or some other house as the warden shall think most meet, rides upon the laird Johnston's lands and sends the writings he promised to get from Douglas. Where Dunlanrike would have like recompense as Sir George Douglas had, "promising therefor aureos montes," Wharton should remind him that the 500 cr. pension which the King offers him is good entertainment for a man who does nothing but give advertisements, and say he dare not move the King to give any large pension unless Dunlanrike does some notable service. The King appoints my lord of Durham to lie at Alnwick, or elsewhere near the Borders, after Hertford's departure to counsel the wardens and receive and forward letters. Whereas 500 kerne were to be sent to lie on the Borders, only 400 are coming, who should now be at Chestre.
Draft, with corrections in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: To the 1. of Hertford, my 1. of Derham, etc., the xixth of April.
19 April. 360. The Council to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 656.
The King has received his letters of the 9th and——(blank) inst.; and seeing from the former that Sickenhen demands such unusual assurance for payment of his wages, and seems to mistrust the King's payment with assurance as much as the French king's without (whereas there be few captains or princes of Almain or in Christendom but have special credence in the King's promises) thinks the fellow desires rather to serve the French king than either him or the Emperor, and marvels that the Emperor and Granvele should press Wotton to take the man, when they should rather have dissuaded him. The King thinks he should rather require assurance by some town that the fellow shall serve truly, and will have nowise to do with his service (fn. n11); but, upon receipt of Wotton's first letter, concluded a bargain for 450 horsemen, with a captain named (blank), who is this day departed to muster them about Maistret, and has sent to Mons. de Buren, who offered to serve with a band of horsemen, to make up the thousand. The King thinks that, having once broken off, Wotton should not have entered bargain again without instructions, and that, if he has paid the 10,000 guldens, he has exceeded his commission, and supposes that the Emperor will cause it (as paid at his command) to be repaid. Wotton shall tell the Emperor that, in case he has made such promise to Sickenhen that his honour should be touched if the money should be restored, the King will rather lose it than have the man, who is reported here by some who know him to have been passed over by the Emperor's officers, when they hired captains three weeks past, because they knew him unmeet to serve. Wotton shall cause Mr. Vaughan (from whom the writers marvel that they hear nothing), when he has done with Landenbergh, to repair to Thos. Chamberlayn, making exchange of the money remaining in his hands to Antwerp against the musters.
As the French make great preparation of ships, and pilots of Normandy and Brittany are sent to Marcelles to convey galleys into these seas, the King desires the Emperor to set forth his navy in time, and to consider that the affair is very important. They return Sickenhen's covenant, thinking it not meet to take his bare writing when he requires such great assurance.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: Mynute from the Counsail to Doctor Wootton, xixo April 1544.
20 April. 361. Cranmer to the Warden of All Souls' College, Oxford.
All Souls'
Wrote lately desiring him to furnish the King with one demy-lance and two light geldings, against his Grace's going this summer into France, to which he has had no answer. The King's pleasure is that he shall with all diligence send up the said demy-lance and geldings to London by 4th or 5th May, if he can by any possible means provide them, or at least one demy-lance furnished, with an able man and all things necessary. Lambeth, 20 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
20 April. 362. Queen Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
R. O. The Sieur de Chantonney, gentleman of the Emperor's mouth, having arrived here on his way to England, she has declared to him certain points upon which she begs to know Henry's resolution. Bruxelles, 20 April 1544 apres Pasques. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.


  • n1. Hans von Sickengen.
  • n2. This copy enclosed in § 1.
  • n3. Altered from:—You shall say that, as we have not heard from Landenbergh, the King can neither appoint him to serve with a greater number nor certify the wages in the letter of "reteyndre"; but we pray him to put the 2,000 footmen ready, as well as the horse and foot at the Emperor's soulde, to be at Ayre on 20 June; for the wages are determined already, seeing that if Landenbergh serves as he has promised De Buren does the like, and if not the King gives as the Emperor does.
  • n4. Cancelled.
  • n5. The wages of the crews began on the 18 April See 8 June following.
  • n6. A mark opposite these in the margin.
  • n7. This is the reading in Epp. Reg. Sc. In the Royal MS. it is "decimo" instead of "decennio."
  • n8. This MS. reads "reindagari."
  • n9. 1544 in Epp. Reg. Sc.
  • n10. The name is given "Archatten" and the date "1544" in the Epistolae Regum Scotorum.
  • n11. The original draft of this portion is cancelled. It runs:—The King will have nowise to do with his service, in case Wotton has not already given him the 10,000 fl. prest money; for there is no cause why the Emperor should think the 1000 horsemen so difficult to provide. The King can be served of that number, and greater, by such as the Emperor will not mislike; and has, upon receipt of Wotton's first letter, concluded with a captain who is here for 450 horsemen; and has begun to commune with Mons. de Buren for the rest, and will conclude, unless he hears from Wotton (who must therefore answer with diligence),that the prest money is already given to Seckenhen; in which case, rather to save the money than for any hope of good service, the King will admit him with 550 horsemen, but will make no other assurance than he makes to others, desiring rather, though he lose some of the money, to be rid.