Henry VIII: May 1544, 1-5

Pages 288-296

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1, January-July 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 288
Page 289
Page 290
Page 291
Page 292
Page 293
Page 294
Page 295
Page 296

May 1544, 1-5

1 May. 445. Sir Richard Riche,
Treasurer of the Wars. See Grants in May, Nos. 1 and 2.
1 May. 446. War Payments.
R. O. Warrant to Sir Richard Riche, "treasurer of our wars against France and Scotland," to make necessary payments for the said wars, the garrisons and crews in Ireland, Calyce, Guysnes and Hampnes and the navies, upon requisition signed by any six of the Privy Council, and also to make necessary payments for the Stable upon bills signed by Sir Ant. Browne, master of the Horse, and two of the ordinary of the said Stable. Westm., 1 May.
Copy, large paper, pp. 2. Headed: "6 p. o. 36. H. 8. ro 38" (i.e. part 6 of Originalia Roll 36 Hen. VIII., rotulo 38).
1 May. 447. Henry VIII. to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 80.]
Thanks for friendly offers in her letter brought by Chantonay, who is commissioned to express his gratitude. Has communicated to him some other affairs. Greenwich, 1 May, 1544.
Modern abstract from the original at Vienna.
R. O. 2. Fragment of paper bearing the endorsement of a draft viz., "Mynute. The K's Mate to the Regent of Flaunders the furst of May 1544."
1 May. 448. The Privy Council to Chamberlain.
R. O. The King has seen his late letter to "me, Sir William Paget," showing Mons. de Buren's good will to serve him. As for the 400l. required for conduct of the 500 horsemen which Buren has "now last promised" to bring, at the King's sould, to serve in France, and also as for the King's colours; they now write to John Brooke, of Calais (who is at Bruseles with the King's ambassador as commissioner for presting of hoys to transport the army, to deliver him the 400l. In default thereof other order shall be taken. The colours given in the ward where Mons. de Buren shall serve are blue and red, "the body of the garment blue and a broad guard of iij fingers' broad red, and one of the sleeves: every man maketh of his own colours." As soon as Mr. Vaughan arrives there Chamberlain shall cause him to return hither and shall himself come as soon as he has done with Buren, bringing "a copy of some instructions for the proceeding of those which shall be commissaries for the taking of the musters of th'Almains." Greenwich, 1 May 1544.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to Thomas Chamberlayn, primo Maii, 1544.
1 May. 449. Wharton and Bowes to Robert Maxwell.
Longleat MS.
ii., p. 728.
Marvel that his two letters of 29 and 30 April do not certainly answer theirs for the delivery of John Musgrave and others taken by persons assured at his desire, according to his promise at their meeting on 22 April. Eftsoons require him to send all such prisoners; and enclose the copy of his own bill of the names of those for whom he desired assurance, and also the names of such prisoners as the writers know to be taken by them. As to his writing, on 30 April, that he cannot be absent from his father's rooms and houses, to enter at Carlisle, their monition was given by the King's command; which they trust he will perform with his entry on 2 May, according to his bond, for they dare not admit any excuse or delay. Trust that his entry will be to his advantage and the relief of his friends, and would know at what place of the Borders he will enter, that he may be suitably conducted. Desire resolute answer touching the said English prisoners, having likewise Scottish prisoners ready to be delivered. Carlisle, 1 May.
P.S.—Glencarne remains here to meet him, according to his request sent by Petre Gaires and Willie Wyn called Wattes Willie, on Friday next.
1 May. 450. Robert Maxwell to Wharton and Bowes.
Longleat MS
ii., p. 729.
Has received their letter for all prisoners taken when John Musgrave was taken to be delivered, and will meet them at such place as they think needful on the water betwixt Scotland and England to commune therein. Will keep what was appointed at their last meeting anempst any assurance, which appointment he has shewn to Fergus Grayme to declare to them. As to their insisting on his entry at Carlisle on 2 May, if the King knew how the case stands with him, his father being in prison, his Grace would not call upon him so sore when in danger, by the Governor and Cardinal of Scotland, of utter ruin if he should enter. Begs Wharton to appoint a day when they may meet for these and other matters which he has to show. Loghmaben, 1 May.
1 May. 451. Hertford, Lisle and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 166.
B. M.
Papers, ii.,
No. 229.
Hertford yesternight had letters from the Master of Morton and David Dowglas, Sir George Dowglas's sons, by which it would seem that they mean honestly. Hertford has written to encourage them and "commend their proceedings in th' apprehension of the captain of Dunbarr," whom the Governor made captain within these ten days, as Sandy Lyddesdale, who brought the letters, said, adding that the voice in Scotland was that Angus and Sir George should be executed on Tuesday next, and that the Governor was very sick at Edinburgh. Enclose copies of the letters, and also letters from lord Evre and the captain of Norham. To the request of the Master and Douglas for men and horses Hertford answered that horses could not be provided so soon, but that, accomplishing their promise, they shall be answered to their contentation. Sheles, on board the Rose Lyon, 1 May. Signed.
P.S. in Hertford's hand.—Deferred this despatch in order to signify that the army was out of this unhappy haven. Describes how some of them got out at this morning's tide and he expects that all will get out to-night, when the tide "was" full at 10 p.m. Written a mile within the sea.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1544.
1 May. 452. Con Earl of Tyrone to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 494.
Complains of usurpations of lord Oddonaill, who detains the lands and castles of Yniseogan and Cinelmogan, which the writer's predecessors possessed. The castle of Lethfer, built by his sister within his lands and possessed by her son Odo, has been, against his prohibition, delivered to Manus. Was willing that the right to it should be determined by the Council in Ireland; and begs the King to write to the Deputy and Council to enforce his right in that and other cases. Has had no mansion near Dublin, Drogheda or Dundalk, as he desired lately when created earl of Tyrone, wherein to give meat and drink to his people when the Council is celebrated. Bearer is son of his major bailiff, Arthur by name, whom he has appointed captain of the band sent to the King. Ardmach, 1 May.
Lat. Hol. (in a clerk's hand), p. 1. Endd.: 1544.
1 May. 453. Layton to the Council.
R. O. According to their letters of 17 April, has travailed with the Regent and Council for a greater number of wagons and limoners. After much reasoning, for 3 or 4 days, it is concluded that the Queen and he shall each appoint two commissioners for Brabant, two for Flanders and Arthois and two for Henalde, to search through these countries; and, if possible, the number shall be furnished. In case the Queen's commissioners have not certified truly "(as, perchance, corrupted as she saith)" this search will show what can be done. Upon his saying that to take of every parish in Brabant, Flanders, and Arthois but one wagon with four horses, both the Emperor and the King would be served and sufficient left for husbandry, both the Queen and Council said they were content he should take that offer for the King, and pressed him to do so, though finally they said that he was misinformed. Sends one of the merchants whom he has chosen out of Andwarpe for this commission, viz., George Gower, keeper of the English house there, brother to Sir Edw. Gower of Yorkshire, a man of honesty and wisdom (he speaks French, Dutch and Latin) to whom they may give instructions in writing for him and the other five, who are all honest and diligent and know the country. In his last letter to the King, on 26 April, desired two commissioners to be appointed for victuals, to join with the Queen's two commissioners, who would fain be gone into Holland and the sea coast to take up grain and victuals and ship them to Gravelinges, to form staples there and at Saint Homers. They seem grave and apt men, and say that the King's army shall lack no victuals nor "good strong beer, brewed at these two places." Bruxells, 1 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed, Endd.: 1544.
1 May. 454. Layton to Paget.
R. O. I "doubt not but ye have herde newys owte of Italie frome Docter Wotton, th'Emperor's ambassadeur, of Marques del Quasto. I tolde the Regent here yt I was credablely informede by letters yt Marques del Quasto hade loste the felde in Italye, the moste parte of his men slayne and he hymselff flede to Aste sore wondede." She was sorry, and asked when this should be. I answered, On Easter Monday. Two days after she sent me a ciphered letter from the Emperor, with the deciphering, by the President, showing that the Emperor heard nothing trustworthy from Quasto. The President said that their vanguard was overthrown, but the horsemen and footmen afterwards restored all and put the Frenchmen to flight, and so the Emperor was informed. A councillor who came with him said that when the Almayns saw the vanguard overthrown "they gave back and never come in." If Marques del Guasto "had obtained the better hand it would not have been hid here thus long." Bruxells, 1 May. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. Add, Endd.:1544.
2 May. 455. Chester.
Harl. MS.
2,150, f. 56.
Indenture made 2 May 36 Hen. VIII., of lease by Ric. Walker, clk., dean, David Pole, LL.D., and James Fowler, prebendaries of the 5th and 6th prebends of the collegiate church of St. John in Chester, to Wm. Bird, tanner, of a pasture adjoining the highway from Cowlane over Flokers Brouck and a little pingle adjoining Barkers Lane, for 64 years.
Modern copy, p. 1.
2 May. 456. Wharton and Bowes to Hertford.
Longleat MS.
ii., p. 724.
At their meeting with Robert Maxwell on 27 (fn. n1) April, amongst other conferences reported in their letters of the 23rd of the same, after agreeing to enter on 2 May (according to their monition) he required the continuance to 3 May of the assurance before granted to him and his friends, of which Wharton sent Hertford the copy. Agreed to this, and asked if, meanwhile, the King's subjects in annoying others not assured, received hurt from those under the assurance, what promise of remedy he would make. He could not promise for all, but would admonish his friends surely to keep the assurance and join Wharton in the undoing of any who should violate it. As divers Englishmen were taken prisoners, at the burning of Lockerbye, by persons in the assurance, the writers sent letters to him for their deliverance. Enclose the copy, together with two of his in reply, not answering theirs, the latter of which in manner excuses his entry on 2 May. Replied (copy enclosed) exhorting him to keep his entry and make a resolute answer touching delivery of John Musgrave and other English prisoners. Enclose his answer, whereby they cannot perceive that he means either to enter or to deliver the prisoners. Albeit, certain of the Yrwens under his assurance have brought their prisoners to Carlisle without his assent, amongst them Wat Yrwen and Wille his son have freely delivered Thomas Blandryhasset, land serjeant of Gillislande. Are practising with the takers of John Musgrave, and hope to succeed, albeit he was kept two days in Loughmaben castle by Robert Maxwell and last night returned to his taker's house. Have sent a bond for Lancelot Lowther's re-entry, who was taken by one of the Johnstons, not in the assurance; and are devising for the deliverance of other English prisoners. Alex. Apulby, one of the prisoners, "by cruelty in spoiling of his clothes and carrying him naked, not regarding his wounds, is dead and buried in Scotland." His lands exceed not 10l. a year, but he was an active, serviceable men. It were charity if Hertford would, towards the bringing up of his eleven young children, obtain the wardship of his son and heir for his wife. It was a sharp fray, by active men, notwithstanding that the multitude fled.
Wharton sent letters to Lord Flemyng to make his entry on 2 May, and his pledges are come hither from the earl of Cumberland; but there is no word of his entry, only a rumor that he is committed to ward by the Governor. The earl of Glencarne, bp. of Katnesse and the earl of Lynoux's secretary long for their despatch; Glencarne desiring, as he says, to be in Scotland at the arrival of the King's army. Carlisle, 2 May.
[2 May.] 457. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. On May Day I arrived at Andwerp from Spire; and, finding Mr. Chamberleyn hindered for lack of money to despatch Mons. de Bure, delivered him 200l., which I rechanged from Spire to Andwerp (and which my lord Wriothesley delivered to Chamberleyn and me in crowns at our leaving England) as his letters by bearer signify. The King must send his commissaries hither with speed to take the musters, and money to pay them. French crowns are current both here and in Almain for little loss. You commanded Mr. Wotton and me to appoint such days of musters that both horsemen and footmen might be at Ayre by 20 June, which we did; but I fear it may make them slack in coming to the mustering place. At the inn in Collen, coming from Spire, I met a captain who said he had charge from Landenberg to provide 400 horsemen, and would keep the day of musters at Acon. I liked the man well, who seemed witty and very sober. Before I left Spire Landenbergh had prested about 10 ensigns; and he will evidently be ready to muster at Acon by his day or shortly after, but there is no fear of his coming to Ayre "over timely." The commissioners sent to take the musters must be men of skill; for there will be many crafty shifts made, especially about the carts. As I wrote, neither Landenberghe nor Hans van Sickyngen took money for carts, but "referred" it till the mustering day. "I would wish that ye had Christopher Mount in th'army for th'interpretation of th'Almayn tongue. The man is both honest and trusty, and so have I ever found him." Herewith I send a letter of Mr. Wotton's to Mr. Hussey to pay me 244l. 10s., delivered to him at Spire of the money "taken up, upon credit, of Sorer in Frankfort." Pray have it paid to you. Not to send Mr. Wotton's letter and bill together, I send the bill by Mr. Vaughan, the Pensioner. When this is paid, I have paid you the just remainder of the 523l 4s. which I took up of the Sorers in Frankfort. Has paid the other 200l. to Chamberleyn, as above, and so is discharged of all money received. Begs him to entreat Wriothesley for the bill left for it. Awaits instructions. News here are none. "I pray you help me home or the King's Majesty depart, for I have many things to do."
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: —— (blank) May.
2 May. 458. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Wrote that he could not here borrow sufficient money to satisfy Mons. de Bueren; but has since, with difficulty, "being the payments of the Mart past," for a small interest, borrowed 300l. Fl. for ten days and delivered it to Bueren, who promised to abide four or five days for the rest. Now Mr. Vaughan has returned and delivered me 200l., which remained after his charge in Germany, with which I have repaid some of the merchants, "for excusing the interest," and abide provision of the rest from the King. Andwarpe, 2 May 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
3 May. 459. The Great Seal.
Close Roll,
36 Hen. VIII.
p. 1, No. 3.
Rymer. xv.
Memorandum that on Monday, 21 April 35 Henry VIII., Sir Thomas Audeley lord Audeley of Walden, then Chancellor, thinking himself unable, through infirmity of body, to do his office, sent the Great Seal in a white leather bag to the King in his Privy Chamber at the new palace of Westminster, at 3 p.m., by Sir Edw. North and Sir Thos. Pope, who, in presence of Sir Thomas Hennage and Ant. Denny, begged his Majesty to receive it. The King did so and kept it till next day, Tuesday, 22 April 36 Hen. VIII., when at 3 p.m., in presence of Ant, Denny and Thomas Carden, his Majesty delivered it to Sir Thomas Wriothesley lord Wriothesley to keep during the said lord Chancellor's infirmity, with authority to exercise the lord Chancellor's office. Next day, 23 April, the said lord Keeper, at his house in Chanon Rowe, Westminster, caused the said Great Seal to be taken out and divers letters patents and writs to be sealed with it, and then sealed it up again in the bag.
On Wednesday, 30 April, at 9 a.m., the duke of Norfolk, by the King's command, in the Court of Chancery then held in Westminster great Hall, took the oath of the said Wriothesley as lord keeper of the Great Seal (form of oath recited together with Wriothesley's amplification).
The said Wriothesley then kept the seal until the Saturday following, 3 May, when, the said Audeley being dead, he brought it to the Palace about 10 o'clock and, in the said Privy Chamber, delivered it to the King. Thereupon, many gentlemen of the Privy Chamber and other officers being summoned, the King, sitting on his throne (in solio) with the bag containing the seal in his hand, re-delivered the said seal to Wriothesley and appointed him Chancellor of England. Present: Sir Robert Southwell, M.R., Sir Thos. Hennage, Sir Thos. Darcy, Sir Ric. Crumwell, Ant. Denny, Philip Hobby, Maurice Berkeley, John Croke, controller of the Hanaper, John Hales, deputy of Sir Ralph Sadler, clerk or keeper of the said Hanaper, Wm. Stokeley, deputy of Edm. Marten, clerk of the Crown, and others (not named). Wriothesley thereupon caused the bag to be opened and a writ of sub pœna directed to one John Grevile to be sealed in presence of the King and others; and then sealed up the Great Seal again and retained it. Afterwards, the same day and hour, the Duke of Norfolk by the King's command, in the Court of Chancery, in Westminster Hall, took the oath (as above) of the said Wriothesley as Chancellor.
3 May. 460. The Bishops of Durham and Llandaff to Lord Evers.
Longleat MS.
ii., p. 724.
Enclose copy of a despatch from Wharton to the lord Lieutenant, having sent the original to the King. As the Lieutenant should on landing know its contents they refer it to Evers, either to send or to take with him when he goes. Remind him, before departing, to instruct Mr. Hilton to order the country in his absence. Newcastle, 3 May. Signed.
4 May. 461. Chapuys to Charles V.
R. O.
vii. 82.]
Received, the evening before last, the Emperor's letters of the 25th ult. with the copies of news of Piedmont; and yesterday, after dinner, communicated all to the Council. They answered (after praising the Emperor's resolution, prudence and diligence), as to the said news, in conformity with what the King said to Chantonnay and him (shown by the copy herewith of his letters to the Queen of Hungary). As to the rest of the Emperor's letter, viz., the declaration against Scotland, the provision of cart horses on the side of Speir that the King may have more from the Low Countries, and Captain Sequinghen, the Council were much pleased; as also with the permission for the Duke of Alburquerque to serve the King. The Duke has been, these eight days, 9 or 10 miles hence, passing the time in hunting. Forwarded him the Emperor's letters, and has as yet no answer. For other occurrents refers to the said copy. London, 4 May 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
4 May. 462. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 83.]
On Wednesday, 30th April, received hers of the 22nd, to which he did not reply by Chantonnay, but awaited audience of this Council, which, as the King is removing from Greenwich, was deferred until yesterday, after dinner. Whatever remonstrance he made about the declaration against Scotland, even when he intimated that she and the Emperor would be satisfied with the King's declaration against the Duke of Holstein merely in the form of the minute which Chapuys had presented, he could not get them to be satisfied with that form; but they insisted absolutely that the Emperor should namely and expressly declare the said Scots enemies, as they offer to do the reciprocal against Holstein. And they took it very ill that difficulty was made about it in Flanders, seeing that the King had shown the Emperor by authentic letters (of which they gave Chapuys the copy herewith) the invasion of the Scots upon this realm. Asked the Council, and especially the Duke of Suffolk, who had been lieutenant on the frontiers, for particulars of the invasion. The Duke affirmed that some Scots assembled several months ago, with the warden of the ports (sic) of Scotland, to make invasion, and moreover a Scot had entered some distance into the country to kill (tirer, qu. tuer?) an Englishman. On Chapuys' rejecting this last case as insufficient and asking for proof in writing or from someone who was there, the Duke changed the conversation, and, after the Council had consulted together, they answered that to add to what the King had written would be to cast doubt upon his word: and they complained marvellously of the scruples and delays, using sharp enough words against those about her, especially seeing that the Emperor had declared to their ambassador resident with him that he and she already held the Scots for enemies (and the Emperor has so written to Chapuys by letters of the 25th ult.). Can advertise no further of the said invasion than above, and it might be that there has been no invasion to require the declaration of enmity which the King desires; but to make difficulty or delay might affect the affairs which are in train. The declaration need not express that the Scots might trade there in virtue of the King's safe-conduct, since the Council did not insist on these points.
Touching the horses the Council spoke more gently than before; and they have (as Chapuys before suggested) sent commissioners throughout the realm to seek suitable cart horses and also oxen; so that he thinks they would be satisfied with the 6,000 horses of which she wrote. Did not, however, offer this as they made no stay upon that article, being satisfied with her willingness to lend every assistance to their commissaries and do her utmost; only they prayed Chapuys to get her to order that their said carriage may be ready at the day which will be named by their commissaries, the 20th or 25th inst., at which time Norfolk intends to cross with the advance-guard, which will have to dislodge from Calais at once so as to make way for the rearguard which will follow it forthwith.
Touching the ships for their passage, the Council inform him that they have sent commissioners thither to choose and forward them; and as to the others, [ships] of war, the Council pray her to send them at once to Calais, if not gone already, to join the King's there for surety of the passage, for henceforth there would be no cessation of the passing of men, munitions and victuals. Said nothing of the kind of ships, as there was no opportunity, and they seemed enough put out (assez faschez) by the affair of the declaration.
Has already, some days ago, received the reciprocal patents for observation of the safe-conducts; but deferred sending them until he might have them translated into English and authenticated by the Admiral's court; which done, he will send them, although there might be more need for them to remain here against cases of contravention.
The night before last, received her letters of 30 April, together with the Emperor's and the copies of the news of Piedmont; which news he yesterday communicated to the Council, who were greatly grieved at the mishap, and said, as the King had said to Chantonnay and him, that in war mishaps must occur and that was not irreparable, through the good order which the Emperor had already given therein; this enterprise in France ought to be the more hearty so as to recompense the loss a hundred fold. Since Chantonnay's departure no news have come from Scotland, nor of the King's army which has gone thither; nor is there any other save that my lord Wriothesley (to whom the keeping of the Seal was given eight days ago) has been made Chancellor of England. Reminded the Council of the answer she made [to one] who brought her hawks last year from the king of France, in order to have occasion to ask them what answer this King made to him who presented the hundred tuns of wine on behalf of the king of France; but they said that they knew nothing of it, and thought that the jeweller who came to present them had solicited their sending in order to recover certain jewels which were here detained as forfeited, and which the King has restored. London, 4 May 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 5.
4 May. 463. Hertford, Lisle and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32, 654, f. 168.
B. M.
ii., No. 230
Departed together from Tynmouth and arrived before Inchkyth on Saturday afternoon. This Sunday, have landed two miles from Ligth and half a mile from Newhaven, with no appearance of great resistance, and Hertford has sent for lord Evars to come hither. Written upon the ground beside the shore, Sunday, 4 May. Signed.
In Hertford's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.:1544.
4 May. 464. Hertford to Lord Eure.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 170.
B. M.
ii., No. 230(1).
This Sunday, at 9 a.m., the whole army landed here, within a mile of Leghe, and sees no appearance of resistance. Requires him to come forward with his horsemen with diligence and they will abide him here about Edinburgh. "Written beside Leghe in the field of the west side of the town," Sunday, 4 May.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.:Copie of my lord of Hertfordes lettre to my lord Evre, iiijo Maii 1544.
4 May. 465. Chamberlain to the Council.
R. O. Upon your advertisement by Mr. Laighton I have sent to Andwarpe to John Broke of Callais for 200l., parcel of the 400l. your lordships assigned me for the furnishment of Mons. de Buren, having received and paid him the other 200l., which remained with Mr. Vaughan "after his charge finished in Germanie." If Brooke furnish me I shall return according to your commandment (which I have declared to Mr. Vaughan who prepares to repair thither) with all needful instructions. Mons. de Bueren departs towards Friselond within 3 days to muster the 2,000 footmen he levies at the Emperor's sould on the 15th inst.; and desires that the King send in time a master of the musters with money to pay the soldiers. If Brooke disappoint me I shall immediately advertise you; for money must be sent after Mons. de Bueren who evidently needs it. Bearer will report occurrents. Bruxelles, 4 May 1544.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
4 May. 466. Charles V. to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii. 81.]
Considering the ill provided state of the enemy, who as yet have no men of war assembled on their frontiers, thought it best (to prevent their assembling and finishing their fortifications) to send forward Count William of Fustemberg with his men; and wrote, some days ago, to his sister to send off the Spaniards and Almains who were at Cambray, with as many horsemen as possible, towards Luxemburg, to join Count William. Will shortly send Don Fernande de Gonsaga to enter with them into the enemy's country, and do all the hurt possible until he himself is ready to march with the body of his army, as he hopes to be shortly. The English Ambassador resident with his sister having said that the King's advance-guard would be ready at London to cross on the 15th inst. and that the battle and the King, with the great army, would follow without any interval, Chapuys is to inform the King of the above, in order that he may also, forthwith, march his advance-guard into the enemy's country and begin some exploit until his coming. This would astonish the enemy and could not be dangerous, seeing that they have no forces together and could not resist on so many sides. Spiere, 4 May 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, pp. 2.
5 May. 467. Lord Eure and Sir Ralph Eure to Hertford.
Longleat MS.
ii., p. 730.
This Monday, at 2 p.m., received his letter, with a packet directed to the King, and will set forward towards him with all speed. Enclose a letter which came from my lord of Duresme with six several letters and copies from lord Wharton. Berwyk, 5 May.
Add.: lieutenant in the North parts. Endd.: R. by the pynace, at Leghe, on Tuisday, vjto Maii at 5 in the morning.


  • n1. Qu. 22d? See No. 449.