Henry VIII: August 1544, 1-5

Pages 1-17

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 2, August-December 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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August 1544, 1-5

1 Aug. 1. The Council with the Queen to Lennox.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 131.
B. M.
ii., No. 299.
Yesterday the Queen was advertised by letters from the North that a Scottish ship, wherein was an ambassador sent from the Dowager and others to the French king, was taken off Scarborowe and with it a great number of letters from her and others to the French king and other persons in France. Sent the King the most important of the letters, which both declare their misery and their practices and untruths. Among other things it appears that Angus, Cassells, George Douglas and Robert Maxwell are bound by oath and handwriting to the Dowager; so that, albeit he has been warned and has experienced their untruth, he may eftsoons remember the King's fatherly lesson to him. Beg him to make Glincarn and Kyllmawres participant of this letter. Hampton Court, 1 Aug.
Draft by 1'etre, pp. 2. Endd.: A mynute to th'erle of Lynoux, primo Augusti 1544.
1 Aug. 2. Sir Ralph Evers to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32.655, f.129.
B. M.
ii., No. 298.
Reminds Shrewsbury of a former letter in favour of his father's request exchange of 100 mean-horsed men for 100 well-horsed. Thinks it might well be done. Wardens heretofore have been allowed 100 to wait upon them. Warkeworthe castle, 1 Aug. Signed.
P.S.—Would know his pleasure touching the exchange of John Halleburton, Scottishman, for Thos. Howborne, Englishman. This day an espial reports that Angus, on Tuesday last, commanded those who were to go with him to the Parliament not to stir. The Governor keeps Edinburgh castle and will suffer none but his friends to come thither; and has made a new provost of Edinburgh, who has married the abbot of Jedworthe's daughter. Begs a warrant for 2 half-barrels of corn powder for Mr. Crowche and his 100 gunners, with 100 matches. They could not serve on Thursday last for lack of powder and matches.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.. 1544. Also endd. as "dated at Annyk ye fyrst day of August at fower off ye clok at aftr none."
1 Aug. 3. Norfolk and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O. According to his command by Sir Thos. Ponynges to dislodge one of their three companies and lie at Bouleyne gate, have, together with De Bures and Wysmes and the most expert men of that company, viewed the place, and refer to bearer to report how far asunder they would lie. As the footmen of De Bures and Wysmes are not sufficient to keep one of the trenches and send men to the convoy, as they do, we desired them to go thither, where no trench is made. They answered that if the King commanded it they would do so, "but they saw the danger so great to dissever this army so far asunder th[at] . . . . . . . . would . . . . . the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [unless] I had ex[pres]se co[mmandment therein from] your High [ness]." Think their reasons good, and beg that two or three personages may be sent to report upon what is done here and the danger of removing the camps. From the camp before Montroeull, 1 Aug. Signed: T. Norfolk: J.Russell: T. Cheyne: H. Surrey: Water [D]evere[ux]: T. Wentworth.
P.1. Mutilated. Add. Endd.: 1544.
R. O. 2. The message by Ponynges.
"Item, to show to the lords of the King's Council at Muttrell that if they think to keep Bollayn gate" so that neither artillery, victuals nor men come in, and they may meet without danger and convey their victuals, the King is content. If not, the King's opinion is that the lord Privy Seal shall remove to Bolayn gate, with Mons de Bure, "providing that ye cut a trench throughout the old town," And if you lie at Bollayn gate "ye shall have vyttaylles frome hence, so ye make yowr brycchgges (bridges) be twhene Mustrell and Estapulles."
P. 1. Paget: A Minute of the l're to my lords at Mutterell touching their removing unto before Bullen gate.
1 Aug. 4. Russell to Paget.
R. O. I understand by yours of 29 July the deliverance of my letters to the King, whose prosperous health, and that of the Queen, my lord Prince and the rest of the King's children now at Hampton Court is not a little to my comfort. Thanks for your news "as well of that of Scotland as of that you do trust shortly of Bulloigne." Would much wish the King's presence here. Are now within little more than the level of a half-hake of the town before Abdvylde gate, and have beaten down a round tower and begun a mount which will ere long beat over their great bulwark of earth, which is their chief defence on that part. Work night and day upon the mount with 600 men. Begs to be recommended to the serjeant of the Hawks and other fellows and friends; and that his wife's letters may be sent to her in England. Camp at the siege of Mounstrell, 1 Aug. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Chief secretary. Endd.: 1544.
1 Aug. 5. De Courrieres to Chapuys.
R. O.
[Spanish Calendar,
vii. 170.]
After closing his letter, learnt that this gentleman is named Framezelle, and that he was questioned by Suffolk and Paget but desired to speak with the King, which he cannot do as yet. His proposal (terme) is that he has his wife, who is enceinte, within Boulogne and would like to get her out. But he is not come with safeconduct for that alone, and, if the Council make me no other sign of it, I will make some complaint (debeausse qu. doleanssr?) unless you send me word otherwise. From the camp, 1 Aug. 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, p. 1. Original attached to his letter of 31 July.
2 Aug. 6. The Loan.
Bill of receipt by Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, 2 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII, from Dr. Baugh, archd. of Surrey, of 100l. by way of loan to the King in answer to His Grace's letters of request for the same. Signed and sealed.
P. 1.
2 Aug. 7. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.
Add. Ms.
32,655, f. 132.
B. M.
ii., No. 300
Have received her Council's letters of 30 July to Shrewsbury (points recapitulated). Had already determined with Wharton that he should not repair to Lenoux, without more urgent matter, and with the wardens to get intelligence out of Scotland now in time of their Parliament. Brunstone and Five are not passed this way and we have now written to all the wardens lest they or any other Scottish men should pass any other way. Her pleasure touching the answer of the Dowager shall be likewise accomplished.
Shrewsbury lately received a letter from the Council by Thomas Goure signifying the King's pleasure that he should learn from such as had the payment of the new crew at Barwycke what was due to them, &c. He thereupon called Sir Win. Malory and Thos. Goure, who only have acted since the death of Sir George Lawson, and sends their declaration showing that they have not enough to make the payment now due. As the Council wrote to us to take order for the payment it is to be remembered that, of the 5,000l. last sent hither, all charges within the payment of the treasurer here being now paid until 26 Aug. inst., there remains not enough for the next month's pay.
Enclose letters and advertisements from the President and Council at York, the wardens and others. Darneton, 2 Aug., 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Durham and Sadler.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
2 Aug. 8. H. Suthwike to John Johnson.
R. O. Calles, 2 Aug. 1544.—Desires him to receive of Edward Wilmot certain money which the writer has paid here. Has sold to Nicoloche Venacesye, broker, for Anthony Bumbarghe, of Andwerpe, 10 sarplers of Johnson's fine Cotswold, "free out" at 34l. st. "to be paid comptant at Andwerpe." The bargain was made and the wool sent to the weighhouse when T. Skryven arrived out of England; whereupon Nicoloche who has a difference with him, departed, leaving commission to receive it. Describes precautions taken to prevent Skryven seizing the wool. By the bargain Nicoloche is not entitled to brokerage but Johnson may give him a piece of gold.
This day I have sent Mr. Humffrey Stafford's letter to the camp before Montreul, "and as for Mr. Browne's letters I will send tomorrow to Bullen, which I trust will be English within these viij days."
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Merchant of the Staple at Calles. Endd.: "Answered, Glapthorne, the same month, etc."
2 [Aug.] 9. Norfolk, Russell and Cheyney to the Council.
R. O. Yesternight a spy whom they have hitherto found trustworthy reported that, on Thursday last, being at Headynge, in the chamber of Mons. de Hely, captain there, brother to Madame de Stamps, he heard the captain's secretary say that the Doulphyn was returned from Amyas to the Court, "for the King was either dead or in great danger." Hope within two days to know the certainty of this, for both they and Mons. de Bewers have spies abroad, "though small trust be to be given to their sayings, being French born." The captain of the Italians of this town "is slain with a piece of our ordnance, and iij or iiij moe at the same shot." We are fast raising our mount, and hope by night to see the whole of the Abbevile gate. They have begun a new trench from the gate towards the market place, which is a token "that they trust not long to defend neither the great bulwark without the gate nor yet their utter wall." Never was seen more diligence than in raising our mount. Lords and gentlemen take turns to "labour in their own person, to give ensample how the soldiers should travail," and 400 men labour thereon, while 600 make faggots and 160 carts carry the faggots to raise it. The Burgundians wonder at their diligence. (Here are eight lines crossed out and illegible). We can see that this town will not be won by battery, but by mines and tumbling trenches; for which we lack mattocks, shovels and spades, and have sent to St. Omer's for as many as may be had. Our ordnance handles them "so sharply that they dare not long let any great pieces lie in one place." Our mount, when finished on Monday night, will beat "along the wall within the town from Abbevile gate to the Carmys and also to the castle." More diligence than is made is impossible. "The town is of another sort than his Majesty was informed of. There is quick men within the same which spare not to visit us with not so few as a thousand shot of small pieces on a day, and in the night come and fight with our men hand to hand within our trenches,"—as they did this morning and were repulsed with loss of one of our men, leaving behind some pikes and carrying off some arrows, "but what hurt they had we know not, for it was in the break of the day." Finally we pray God to send the King his pleasure of Boleyn, and us, shortly after, his presence here. Camp before Monstrell, 2 July. (fn. n1) Signed.
P.S.—The King's person here will be worth more than the presence of 20,000 men.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1544.
10. The Siege of Montroeuil.
R. O. A declaration of the state of the siege of Montroeuil beginning "First, to show His Majesty that we are at this present hour so near Abbevile Gate that the trench is within the half level of an handgun." Have this day beaten down the tower adjoining the gate, and now receive no hurt save from the great bulwark without the Gate and the mounts within the walls. Have begun to make a great mount. Intend at the lower end of the trench to make mines against the great bulwark and the walls; also to make a tumbling trench next the ditch, and, with that and with faggots, to fill the ditch. Having so few pioneers the soldiers are making faggots and helping with the mount, where 400 persons are continually working.
In Norfolk's clerk's hand. P. 1. Endd.: A declaration of the siege of Mounstreull.
2 Aug. 11. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii., 171.]
Driven from Calais by fear of plague and from Gravellingues by the bad air and inconvenience of his lodging, joined with a touch of the gout, he has been constrained to come here, where, this after-dinner, he received, from Mons. de Courrieres, the letters herewith, by which she will learn the news of the two camps of the King of England. Is astonished that De Courrieres is not yet advertised by the Council of the safeconduct of the gentleman named in the bill enclosed in the said letters, as Chapuys hears that Norfolk showed it to Mons. de Buren. It is to be believed that the gentleman comes for another cause than that mentioned in the said bill, of which doubtless De Courrieres will be advertised by the King or Council; and were it not that Chapuys awaits her pleasure upon the matter communicated between Mons. Dieke and him, he would, in default of ability to go to the King, have sent some of his men to his most trusty friends of the Council to learn something of the gentleman's dealing, and upon opportunity to broach the matter of which Dieke spoke, which will as conveniently, and with less suspicion, be, for the commencement, pursued by one of his people as if he went there in person, which is not possible. Both one and the other might be excused while De Courrieres is there present. Begs to know her pleasure both upon this and upon his revocation. Sainct Omer, 2 Aug. 1544.
Fr. Moden transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
2 Aug. 12. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii., 172.]
After learning what Chapuys passed with the Sieur d'Eecke, upon the charge she gave him, had letters from the Emperor with others (enclosed) for Chapuys, who will thereby learn the Emperor's success at Vitry (which has been taken and is still held, although that is not expressed in the bill) and the solicitations which the French make by third hand to treat with the Emperor, whether for a good end or to put jealousy between the King of England and him is not known. Because the Emperor doubts not that the French will do no less towards the said King, he requires Chapuys to report the said practises to the King, with the goods news of Vitry; which will be very convenient (in pursuance of the Emperor's intention and her late message by D'Eecke) for scenting further the King's intention. Requires, although she knows it will be painful for him to be in the fields, that for so great a benefit (bien) he will go to the King and declare the charge given him by the Emperor's letters; and in this use the best possible diligence that the Emperor and she may learn soon the King's resolution, and such discretion that he may not say that we wished to withdraw him from his enterprise (que on le vouldroit retirer de son emprise).
Chapuys's letters make no mention of De Courrieres because, for the danger of the roads, the Emperor was not advertised of the King of England's landing.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, p. 1. Original headed: A l'ambassadeur Chapuis, du second d'Auougst 1544.
2 Aug. 13. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Received his letter yesterday at 2 p.m., by Francis the post, with a letter and bill of credence of John Gyraldes, which he delivered to John Carolo de Affeitadi, asking whether he would give credence here for the 10,000 cr. He took a long time in reading the ten or twelve lines which the letter contained, as if "drawing out his answer out of a long neck," and at last said he would. Practised then with Jasper Dowche to have the money; and is to have the rest of Bonvyce's credence and these 10,000 cr. within five days, at 14 per cent, for the year, and has bargained to take it for 6½ months, to be repaid in mid-February next. Will write to the King tomorrow by Francis the post, and send Paget account of all he has received and paid here. "Praying God to send you health, Bulleyn, Mutterell shortly to be the King's majesty's and good luck in all the rest of your journey." Andwerp, 2 Aug. 1544.
P.S.—By Francis I will send a box with your feathers, (fn. n2) of the gift of Mr. Caern, the ambassador.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
2 Aug. 14. The Bishop of Liege to Henry VIII.
R. O. On 18 June last arrived here 10 ensigns of High Almains and 1,200 horses under Colonel Landemberghe, for Henry's service, for whom the Queen of Hungary had asked passage and victuals, which the writer willingly gave, thinking that they would next day dislodge and proceed. Owing to a difference with Landemberghen, Henry's commissioners withdrew into Brabant, leaving this burden upon the writer's poor subjects. After twenty days came three servants of the commissaries of the commissioners, saying that they brought money enough to pay the footmen for one month, and that Henry would not have them, but pay the halfmonth according to the Emperor's treatment given to High Almains. When all was reckoned 8,248 cr. 6 solz was found due to the footmen, of which the commissaries' men paid 5,000 cr. and prayed Pierre de Villegas, the writer's steward, to pay the rest (promising to repay him within three days) which he did, thinking that it should be a service to Henry. They decline to pay the said sum, saying that their men were constrained to promise it and are imprisoned here, who are yet in this town and at liberty. Begs him to regard this act of Villegas which was meant to be a service, and also to regard "les grandes foulles que en si long temps lesdictz gens de guerre furent en ce pays qua este totalement la ruyne, et aussi la grande facherye que jay heu, oultre le dommaige, en ma venue en ce pais." Liege, 2 Aug. 1544. Signed: Treshumble servitr G. d'Austrich.
French, pp. 3. Add.: Au Roy. Endd.: The bisshoppe of Liege to the K's majestie, x° Augti 1544.
3 Aug. 15. The Council of the North to the Queen.
R. O. Began their sitting at the King's palace at York for the ministration of justice between party and party on 7 July and continued for a month, hearing many causes; and also [assijsted the justices of assise "who then kept sessions of oyer determiner with gaol delivery" at the castle of York, at which 17 persons were convicted of murders and felonies within the county of York. Sixteen of these were executed and one committed to the Bishop's prison. "Written at our said Sovereign lord's palace aforesaid," 3 Aug. Signed. Robert Landaffe: T. Magnus: M. Constable: Henry Savell [k.]: Thomas Fairfax: Will'm Babthorpe: Rob't Chaloner.
Faded, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
3 Aug. 16. The Same to the Council with the Queen.
R. O. According to the King's instructions, they now "ascertain" the Queen, by letter, of their proceedings in the ministration of justice and at the sessions kept by the justices of assize at York castle. King's palace at York, 3 Aug. Signed like the preceding.
Faded, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
3 Aug. 17. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 134.
B. M.
ii., No, 301.
Enclose letters from the wardens showing intelligence out of Scotland and exploits done by the King's garrisons. She will see by lord Eure's letters that the garrisons are destitute of weapons; and indeed there is some Jack, especially of corn powder, matches and spears, which cannot be provided here, and no great store of bowstrings. Beg her to supply them. Darneton, 3 Aug. Signed by Shrewsbury, Durham, and Sadler.
In Sadler's hand,p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
3 Aug. 18. Anne Countess of Bothwell to Wharton.
R. O. Begs him to cause "yis vyr letter" (this other letter) to be posted with diligence to the constable of the Tower of London. (fn. n3) Dumfreis, "yis thrid of [August]." Signed: An countes of Bothwell.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c, my lord warden of the West Marches of England foranent Scotland. Endd.:3 Aug. 1514.
3 Aug. 19. Henry VIII. to Francis I.
R. O.
St. P., x. 19.
I have received your letter by bearer the Sieur de Framozelles and heard his credence, marvelling no less at the commencement of this last letter than at that written before; for whereas this overture of peace was made first by the Sieur de St. Martin, your subject, and (when I would not listen) was renewed by [the Marechal de Bies and] (fn. n4) the Sieur de Vervyns, your captain at Boulloigne, you write as though we had first broached the matter,—thus touching our honour, which, as you know, we have hitherto guarded and will not have stained in our old age. Where the Sieur de Framozelle prayed me to learn the intention of the Emperor for peace; I am content, for the sake of Christendom and of our former amity, to be mediator, provided you make the Emperor, by us, reasonable and acceptable offers. Until we have sent the Emperor word of this matter we can make no further answer; for, having, by your fault or the fault of your ministers, been constrained to take up arms, we cannot renew amity unless the Emperor is first informed and provided for. I trust to learn his disposition towards this in 15 or 20 days, about which time, if you send hither, we will make more ample answer, and good effect may follow if you show yourself as affectionate to the common weal of Christendom as you write, and as conformable to reason as is proper.
French. Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 5. Endd.: The K.'s Mate to the French king, iij° Augti 1544.
R. O. 2. Fair copy of the above from which it is printed in the State Papers. French, pp. 2. Endd.: Copy.
R. O. 3. Modern transcript of the above from a copy at Vienna. Sec Sp. Calendar, VII. 180.
Fr., pp. 2.
20. Francis I.
R. O. As to the King of England's displeasure at the letter of the King his brother showing that the overture proceeded from him, the King means that it came from Mons. le Maréchal du Bies, le Sieur de Vervins and le Sieur de Sainct Martin, as appears by the King's letter to St. Martin. And as the King desires the peace and union of Christendom, he will, in his differences with the Emperor, use the advice of the King his brother, "attendu la grande confidenche et perfaicte amytye qu'il a ettousjours a eu avecq luy; en sorte que sy eulx deulx emsamble se porroient voyr, che que le Roy desyre plus que chose de che monde, porroient desmeler sumyrement les differens emsamble, che qu'il ne se porroit bonnement sy tost fayre per leurs embassadeur, veu les grans faictz de guerres quy se demaynent presentment entre eulx."
French, p. 1. In Framezelles s hand.
3 Aug. 21. De Courrieres to Charles V.
R. O.
vii. 173.]
After his arrival in this camp before Boulogne, there came, by the King of England's safeconduct, a French gentleman named Frameselle, who after sojourning there about two days and being interrogated by some of the Council, found means to speak with the King, and delivered a letter from the King of France written in a secretary's hand. After the gentleman withdrew, De Courrieres was sent for and conducted to the King by Secretary Paiget. Was well received and told that he was welcome to the camp, and, afterwards, the King declared the occasion of the coming of the said personage and the answer he got, viz., that he might tell his master that, though he should give half of his kingdom, no treaties would be listened to unless the Emperor was first satisfied, and that this King had been all his life a prince of honor and virtue, who never contravened his word, and was too old to begin now, as the white hairs in his beard testified. The personage replied that his master would sooner die than speak of peace to the Emperor. The King then said that he saw no means of treating, and the personage asked how that might be remedied, to which the King answered "I will tell you. If the King your master thinks good, I will willingly write to the Emperor that for the weal of Christendom he may send word (adviser) what would satisfy him, to come to a good peace": and he would inform the King of France of the answer. That is all that occurred—at least all that the King recited, who showed himself desirous of keeping his promises and satisfied with the Emperor. But De Courrieres believes that he would desire to have this town and afterwards come to some treaty to avoid the present great expenses, "car le bruit court quil est pire archier quil ne fut oncques, et quil ne tira jamais si en vis (?)" Because the King said that copies of the said letter and of the said writing were to be sent to his ambassador resident with the Emperor, De Courrieres dared not press him further, but contented himself with reading them (Paget brought them to him in his tent) and found the letter to contain many honorable words and regrets for this war, surprise at the enmity between them two and desire to recover the King's amity; the writing was that the French king offers to pay the pensions, with interest and arrears, and the expenses of this war, renounce the alliance of Scotland and put the town of Ardres into the King's hands. But, as the King told the writer, he will not listen to any treaty unless the Emperor is also satisfied; whereupon the Emperor may send the King word of his good pleasure.
From what he can learn from the King, Monstreul is too strong and has too many good men within to be carried; but assuredly the King will make every effort to have Boulogne, and has decided to make shortly three batteries, with much artillery and mortars, and to try certain mines. The trenches are very near the wall and finished; but the town is strongly walled (remparee) within, and there are strong bulwarks with good traverses and double walls. Believes that they (the defenders?) lack munition, for they scarcely shoot, and yet they have the very best platforms, and could shoot many men in this camp if they were to shoot. The town is very small and there must be few men within, for they never make sallies. Two ensigns of Italians are said to be within, besides Frenchmen.
The said personage also begged leave to speak to his wife, who is within Boulogne—at least over the wall. The King said that if he won the town she and the others would be well treated, and leave would then be given to speak with her, and if not the personage would be able to come and see her at his pleasure. And God knows how the said gentleman prattles, as reported to me, for I have not seen him, nor wish to see him, having no charge to communicate with him, and they do not say anything to me about it.
Found here the Duke of Alburquerque, who employs himself in the Emperor's service, and it would be well to write him some good letter. Assuredly he greatly regrets that the King's affairs here do not proceed otherwise, and he does not often keep silence, so that the writer fears in the end he will have no great satisfaction (naura grantgre).
The King has better health, and works better and more than the writer would have thought. From the camp before Boulogne, 3 Aug. 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original (in cypher) at Vienna, pp. 4.
3 Aug. 22. De Courrieres to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 174.]
Advertises the Emperor of occurrents here, by the English courier. Caused the copy of the letters to Mons. de Praet from Metz, of the defeat of the French about Vitry, to be communicated to the King and Council; but they remain doubtful until they hear from the Emperor or their ambassador. The King is very well. From the camp before Boulogne, 3 Aug. 1544.
P.S.—A good personaye told him that the Frenchman said that his master will willingly surrender to the Emperor what he had taken in this last war, provided that the Duchy of Milan is surrendered to him. Answered that "ilne tiendra tel change a Lyon." Would not write this to the Emperor, fearing to add fire to the flames, but leaves the reporting of it to her.
Fr. Modern transcript of a copy at Vienna, p. 1.
3 Aug. 23. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 20.
Wrote on 13 July. Letters from Naples report that Barbarossa took Lipari in Calabria upon conditions which he did not observe but made all the Liparotts slaves, to the number of 2,000 or 3,000. Piero Strozi is at Plaisance assembling men, with the help of the Bishop of Rome, to pass into France. They are bruited to number 12,000 or 15,000; but the Imperials are strong and disposed to give Strozy "the second rout." The French orator lately reported the taking of two of Henry's ships laden with soldiers and of 200 carts of victuals from the English camp; which Harvel esteems "to be fables." The French brag of the rebutting of the Emperor's army from St. Digier, with the loss of the Prince of Orange and many soldiers. Venice, 3 Aug. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
4 Aug. 24. The Council with the Queen to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 119.
One David Makland, wandering here within the realm, was, by certain justices in Hertfordshire apprehended and sent to us with their letters and his confession herewith. As it appears that he is a brother-inlaw of Lord Somervell and came to seek the earl of Lynoux, we gave him passport to his lordship; and signify this that you may eftsoons examine him and, finding no further matter for detention, let him return to his country by the Borders. Hampton Court, 4 Aug. Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Hertford, Westminster and Petre.
P. 1. Add.: Lieutenant-general in the North.
4 Aug. 25. Sir Cuthbert Radclyff to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 138.
B. M.
ii., No. 302(1).
According to his late commandment, has had the leads and roofs of Berwick castle viewed. It is estimated that 10 fodder of new lead is needed; and the work, with the reparation of timber, glass windows, &c, will cost 20l. Learns from Mr. Gower, master of works here, that only 3 or 4 fodder of lead remains here. Commission is come down to carry away all the lead at Awnwyk, so that unless Shrewsbury stays some there or at Newcastle the Kins will be put to higher charges and the castles of Berwick and Awnwyk lack lead when required. Begs him to command Mr. Gower, receiver and master of works, and Mr. Schelley to bestow money for the said reparations. Castle of Berwyk, 4 Aug.
Hol.,p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
4 Aug. 26. Wharton to Shrewsbury.
R. O. Has this 4th Aug. received (and forwards herewith) "a pakke of lettres furthe of Scotlande endoced to the constable of the Towre, with a lettre also therwith frome the Countesse of Bothewell, the lorde Maxwelles wif, unto me." Carlisle, 4 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., my lord Lieutenant. Endd.: The lord Wharton to th'erle of Shrewesb., iiij0 Auguste 1544.
4 Aug. 27. Norfolk and Others to the Council.
R. O. As the "distruss . . . made upon our convoy of victuals" last Saturday is reported greater than it was, we send bearer, Rowgecrose (altered from Rowgedragon) to report the truth. We have been this morning with Mons. de Bewres, by whom o . . . . . . . . . we knowe that the overthrowe was by the too much hardiness of Mons. de Apemsborg, chief captain of the band of the Burgonyones." Having but 400 horsemen, he charged upon Vandosme with 1,400; and was taken, together with another Burgonyon and a gentleman of Norfolk's named Strange, who was going to St. Omer's on business, while his men fled and broke the array of two ensigns of Almain footmen, who were thereupon all taken or slain. The Frenchmen thrice charged upon the English footmen, numbering only 800, but were repulsed with arrows and pikes; and Mons. de Reux came to the rescue. After the Frenchmen's departure, our footmen retired to Lumbers. On Saturday at 6 p.m., learning that Vandosme was gone out of Headynge against our convoy, we sent forth Mons. de Bewers, Mr. Treasurer, captain of our horsemen, the earl of Surrey, my lord William, and our best horsemen. They departed at midnight and, when 10 miles hence, were advertised "of the journey," and how Vandosme was retired to Turwayne; so they sent a new company of horsemen to conduct the victuals and returned hither yesternight at 11 p.m. Know not yet how many carts of victual are lost. The Englishmen have gained a marvellous good name among all the strangers here. Mons. de Bewers desires us to write to the King to reinforce this army with horsemen and with 4,000 Almains, which he could shortly get; also to expend 1,500 or 2,000 cr. upon the ransoms of the Almains now taken. The augmenting of the horsemen and footmen here is a mattter of great importance. Highly commend Mons. de Bewers and think that his desire to see the King should be gratified. Have great lack of the things contained in the enclosed bill, especially corn powder, of which is much occupied here. Camp before Monstrell, 4 Aug. Signed: T. Norffolk: J. Russell: H. Surrey: W. Howard: Wyllyam Grey: T. Wentworth: Thomas Ponynges.
Pp.3. Slightly mutilated. Add.: at the camp before Boleyne. Sealed. Endd.: 1544.
R. O. 2. "An estimate of provision to be made for munition and artillery," viz.:—
Cornepowder, 30 last at 40l.; serpentyne powder, 70 last at 35l.; 6,000 bowstaves 412l. and for making at 8d. apiece 200l; 30,000 sheaf of livery arrows at 18d.; 10,000 black bills at 11d.; 5,000 morespykes at 22d. Total 7,430l. 13s. -4d. (sic), "of which sum there is some portion already received."
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 3. "The estimate of artillery spent," viz.:—18,220 bows 1,853l. 13s. Ad.; 29,000 sheaf of arrows 2,200l. 13s. 4d.; 13,648 black bills, 624l. 12s.; 9,500 morespykes, 870l. 13s. 4d.
ii. On the back in the same hand are jottings of the amounts of bowstaves, etc., given in § 2, and the price of powder.
Pp. 2.
28. Count de Bueren.
R. O. "The number and charges monthly of such horsemen as serve under the counte de Bueren at the King's Majesty's soulde."
Captain Jhean van Berchuysen has 218 fighting horse at 15 "karolus guildrons" a month, 18 messengers and 61 cart horse at 7½ k. Captain Bucholt has 246 fighting horse, 8 messengers and 69 cart horse. Captain Westrum has 242 fighting horse, 11 messengers and 78 cart horse. Of these are xxti with bards as yet not allowed but single sould."
Like statement of the number of persons in the five ensigns of footmen under Bueren, "afore the overthrow at the skirmish in the convoy from Saint Omer's," viz. the ensigns of Lens vander Horst, Win. van Dinther, Wichus, Bock, and "Winegarden, in all 1,900.
The whole monthly charge of these horsemen and footmen is 3,537l. 12s. 6d. The monthly charge of 1,000 horsemen at the above rate will be 2,526l.
Pp. 2.
4 Aug. 29. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii. 59 and
Has seen his letters of the 2nd inst. and those of De Courrieres to him, with the bill enclosed therein. Chapuys writes that now is the time to execute her message by the Sieur d'Eecke, which is since entirely confirmed by the Emperor's letters of the 26th; but to her it seems a matter not to be managed by Chapuys's men or disclosed to the Council unless Chapuys had first spoken of it to the King. Therefore, if it were anywise possible, for so great benefit (bien) and to prevent the Kings beginning to treat without the Emperor, she prays Chapuys to be there; otherwise she fears that little or nothing will succeed according to the Emperor's intention.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, p. 1. Original headed: A l'Ainbassadeur Chappuys, du iiiic d'Aougst, dois Bruxelles, 1544.
4 Aug. 30. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. On the 1st inst. Francis the post brought a letter from Sir Wm. Pagett with a letter of John Gyrady and a bill of credence consigned to a merchant here named John Carolo de Affaidady to furnish Henry's agents with 10,000 cr. of 36 stivers for six months. Delivered the letter and bill to John Carolo; who promised the money, which amounts to 3,000l. Fl. Spoke then to Bart. Compaigny, to know in what readiness he was with his promised credence, who answered that he was ready with 20,000 cr. of 36 stivers. Went then straight to Jasper Dowche and devised to have that money and the rest of Ant. Bonvyso's credence of 100,000 cr. of 36 stivers, which amounts to 13,692l. Fl. Concluded to have ready, money upon these three credences "for th'interest of xiiij. in every c. for the year," to be repaid 15 Feb. next, which is 6½ months; for merchants here desire payment of debts at the time of the "payments in every mart," and 15 Feb. "shall happen in the payments of the Cold mart next." The interest will come to 1,292l. FL, which, being deducted, leaves him to receive in ready money about 21,400l. Fl.; and he is promised it within these six or seven days.
Received also, by Francis, two letters from the Council, the one commanding that, if Lightmaker arrived at Andwerp with 200 horsemen or upwards, Vaughan should deliver 300 or 400 cr. to bring them to the camp, and also commanding delivery to John Dymmock of 600 mks. to pay Nycolas Taphoryn's band of haquebutiers. The other letter commanded payment to John Dymok of 260l. for traces made here for Henry's cart horses. Lastly, the Council, by their letter brought by Wm. Damsell, command payment to Damsell of 3,000l. for 50 lasts of powder.
Lightmaker arrived yesterday with 100 of his horsemen, as he says, but Vaughan will see them before he delivers any money. Nic. Taphoryn's father, three days past, brought hither 300 hacquebutiers and despatched them next day towards Eclo beside Bruges (himself remaining here), where Dymmock will tomorrow take their musters and send them towards the army.
Lately sent by John Dymmock and Thos. Lock 14,000l. Fl. to my lord of Norfolk, who refuses acquittance for it, saying that "he will give none but for sterling money." Shows at length how impossible it is for them here to keep accounts in sterling money, owing to the variation in the value of the pound sterling from 24s. 10d. Fl. to 27s. Fl., and begs that all commands to pay may be in Flemish money. Jasper Dowche, without whose privity no merchant here will bargain with Vaughan, desires payment for his herrings that were taken in England, or will essay to recover it of some of Henry's subjects here. We shall never get a penny of any merchant here without him; and, unless answered shortly, he will hinder us.
Sends a brief draft of money received and paid here. Andwerp, 4 Aug. at noon.
ii. A "brief declaration" showing that before 1 Aug. last 30,977l. Fl. had been received; whereof paid to Norfolk 14,000l. Fl., to Fane for Landenberg's horsemen 1,266l. 13s. 4d. Fl., to Fras. Hall for lymoners and carriages 3,000l. Fl., to Fane for Landenberg's horsemen 8,333l. 6s. 8d. Fl. The 21,000l. Fl. now to be received and the payments mentioned in this letter are "not declared in this account."
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.. 1544.
4 Aug. 31. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O. Mr. Stephen Vaghanne,.for whom Paget gave him letters for 3,000l. st. for provision of 50 lasts of gunpowder will only pay 3,000l. Fl., saying that he is charged only for Flemish money. Begs letters to him for 4,000l. Fl. and meanwhile will "provide, prove and receive and dispatch" the powder with all diligence. If any further provision shall be made here the bargain should be made now as the price will rise shortly "because of the scarcity of the saltpetre." Andwerpe, 4 Aug. 1544.
Hol., p.l. Add. Endd.
5 Aug. 32. Henry VIII. to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., x. 23.
Thanks for his sundry letters. Would be glad to know the numbers of that army, and what is said of the Emperor's marching to Paris. A gentleman called St. Martin was heretofore, by Du Bies and Vervins (at the French king's appointment, as it now seems) set to practise with gentlemen of Calais and Guisnes for peace; and brought the matter so far that the French king himself wrote to Henry. The Emperor's late ambassador was kept privy to that practise, and Paget was sent to declare it to the Emperor and show the French king's letter. The French king has now sent hither a gentleman of Boulonnoys called Framozelles with letters of credence and offers (copies herewith, together with Henry's answer, to be shown to the Emperor). Wotton shall declare to the Emperor this renewing of the practise, and say that, seeing the French king's desire to make peace with both, and be advised by Henry in differences between "them twain," and that if the French king indeed come to reason it will be to the common weal of Christendom, devastated by these wars and in imminent danger of being enthralled by the Turk, Henry desires to confer with the Emperor therein, without whose assurance he will never agree to any accord. As the French king offers to be advised by him, he desires the Emperor to signify in writing, by degrees, what he will first ask and to what point he will finally come; and Henry will likewise declare what he desires, if the French king should enter to practise with the Emperor. By this means they will make a better bargain, and meanwhile will contine their enterprises. Desires the answer to this in 15 or 20 days at the furthest; and that Wotton will so handle the matter as to give no occasion for any sinister opinion of Henry's proceedings, who is determined to handle it as the friendship between them requires. Eftsoons desires to know with diligence the answer made by the Emperor and Granvelle, to whom he shall also communicate the whole. To show that he does not slacken his proceedings, has commanded Paget to write the state of things here and at Monstreull since the beginning "of this present."
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 3. Endd.: Mynute to Docter Wootton, v° Augti 1544.
33. Raids in Scotland.
Harl. Ms.
f. 292-302.
B. M.
A tabulated statement, apparently prepared from letters received at Court, of raids made upon places in Scotland, giving in columns: (1) The names of the doers and of, in many cases, the warden or other officer who ordered the raid, (2) the names of places burnt or spoiled and the nature of the harm done, and (3) the numbers of cattle, sheep, and horses and prisoners brought away and of men slain. For example:—
"Nono Septemb. The Armestronges, per mand. Thome Wharton.
"xiiij Septem. The Armestonges, per mand. pred.
At Awtrick, a towne of the lordes of Bucklugh, of his owne goodes.
At Herihugh the lorde of Chsfurthes (Cesfurthes) landz.
xxx kene and oxen, cc shepe, one horse."
iiijxx oxen and kene, xxx shepe, ij prisoners, muche insight of howsolde stuff."
The following is a complete list:—
9 Sept.. Awtrik (Bucklugh's) spoiled by Armestronges. 14 Sept. Herihugh (Cesforth's) spoiled by Armestronges. 15 Sept., Hellmburn ("the young laird of Crymston's") spoiled by Armestronges. 16 Sept., Kirkhop burnt by Armestronges; the head of Lyddesdale annoyed by Sir John Lowter. 19 Sept., Clayde (Flemmyng's) spoiled by Chr. Lytle and Ric. Foster. 21 Sept., Midsop and Firleston (the Scotts' lands) spoiled by Armestronges. 21 Sept., Eldynop (Bucklugh's) spoiled by Will Foster.
2 Oct., Leyt and Hetchewiche burnt by Brian Layton, John Car, and the Berwick garrison. 5 Oct., Cheritryes burnt by Ellerker, Collingwood and Horseley. 6 Oct., Rowley and the Deynsyde burnt by Armestronges. 6 Oct., Cesfurth and Cesfurth Maynes (Cesforth's) burnt by Sir Ralph Ever, Clyfforde and Tindall and Rydsdale. 7 Oct., Bewnchest burnt by Hobbes Robyn. 9 Oct., Ormston and Orchatche burnt by Ant. Armestronge and the Forsters; Delloren and Bellunden burnt by the Grames. 12 Oct., Langton (Bucklugh's) burnt by Tindale men with Ogle and Clyfforde. 13 Oot., Ekells, with the corn in the abbey there and the town of Newton, burnt by Brian Layton and the garrisons. 20 Oct., Oxnam burnt by Sir Ralph Ever and Nic. Throgmerton. 24 Oct., Kelloe burnt by Bryan Layton, Hen. Evers, Nic. Throgmerton. 23 Oct., Hoppis grange (Farnehursts) burnt by Eylewoodz. 25 [Oct.], Smallome town and granges (Flemmyng's) burnt by Andrew Bell and the Batsones of East dale. 31 Oct., Selbrige and Huntley grange burnt by Edw. Storye; Farnehurst grange (Famehurst's) burnt by the Arniestronges and Lyddesdayles.
1 Nov., Lincobank burnt by the Nicksons; 'certain houses at Coterells and a gentleman's house called Lyndesaye "burnt by Robin Foster. 2 Nov., Somesyde, Lathane and Wofers burnt by James Bowtledge (sic) and David Blacklnon (sic). 10 Nov. Howpaslet tower (laird of Howpaslet's) spoiled by John Armestronge and other Scottishmen. 7 Nov., Borthicke sheilz spoiled by Ant. Armestronge. John Foster, &c. 10 Nov.. a barn in Jedworth burnt by Tyndale men. 8 Nov., Whitehawbury burnt by Eobert Foster. 7 Nov., Alsop burnt by Armestronges. 11 Nov., Marbotell and Prynside burnt by Hobt. Collingwoort, Horseley, and the Berwick garrison. 13 Nov., Lymkiliroode and Buley burnt by Riddesdale men and Croysiers; the Esshingsides burnt by Grames and Fosters. 19 Nov., Whitchessr, Nubigyn and Ormston burnt by Tyndale men, Croysiers and Sir Ralph Ever's retinue; a stone house in Overhowden spoiled by the Aylewoodes. 21 Nov., Over and Nether Crisshopp burnt by Armestronges. 23 Nov., Newton burnt by Aylewoodes.
6 Dec, Single burnt by Robin Foster. 10 Dec, Laungsikes and Ryckleton grange burnt by Riddesdale men and Sir Ralph Ever's retinue. 19 Dec, Marsington in the Marshe spoiled by John Carr and John Swynho.
[1544.] 5 Jan., the Moshouse. Hecfurth and Hecfurth Maynes burnt by Brian Layton, Hen. Ever and John Carr. 4 Jan., Goodlandz burnt by John Foster. 5 Jan., Abinton manor (the earl of Arreyn's) burnt by Andrew Bell and Sandy Armstronge. 15 Jan., a grange of Marc Carr's burnt by Nicksons, Fosters and Rutleges. 22 Jan., corn stacks of the abbot of Jedwoorthe burnt by the Rutleges.
13 Feb., Over and Nether Hassenden and Harwood burnt hy Giles Heron, Ralph Hogson and the Tyndall and Ryddesdalle men. 12 Feb., Anande in Anerdale, Tordof Dronnock, Blayt, Blaywoode, Westhills, Scailes, Stokes and other places (not named), burnt by Mr. Wharton, John Legh, Jack Musgrave, &c. 17 Feb., Cralling, Crakshelz, and Cralling Hall burnt by Giles Heron with the Tyndall and Ryddesdale men. 19 Feb., Whitring, Prendergast and the Black Barne, in the Marishe, burnt by John Foster and the Berwick garrison; Hilton spoiled by the captain of Norham. 17 Feb., Laduppe (Howpasley's) burnt by Armestronges. 23 Feb., Folden and Nether Mordington burnt by the Berwick garrison. 24 Feb., Awtenburne, Offenamsyde, Feltershays and the Woodsyde burnt by Robt. Collingwood, John Horseley and John Carr. 28 Feb., a grange of the lord of Blackbournes burnt by the Berwick garrison; Fosterlande and Awdencrawe burnt by Wm. Buckton, Clem Muschaunce and other of the Berwick garrison; Abbottissyde spoiled by Tyndale men. 29 Feb., "two Chattours taken up, belonging to the lord of Huntils and much corn brent there" by Tyndale and Rydsdale men.
1 March, Edington burnt by Wm. Buckton and certain soldiers of Berwick. 2 March, Chernsyde and the Ninewellz burnt by the captains of Norham and Werk. 5 March, Hilton, the Old and New Whitestones, the Lawes, &c, burnt by the captains of Norham and Werk and the Berwick garrison. 8 March, Overwhitton burnt by Norton and Giles Heron with Sir Ralph Ever's retinue.
18 Feb., Coldingham, Ayton and other 18 other places (not named) burnt by Sir Ralph Evre, Sir Cuthb. Ratclif and 2,000 men.
12 March, all houses on the water of Logen burnt by Sir John Lowther, young Wharton, Thos. Dacres, John Eglanby, Jacque Musgrave, &c. 11 March, Newke (lord Maxwell's) burnt by John Grame of Canaby; a grange of Alex. Hume's and a tithe of Geo. Douglas's burnt and the bastell house called Hielawes won by Thos. Carlisle and the Berwick garrison. 12 March, Dawnchestre and Williklughs burnt by John Carr and Gilb. Swinhoo; Swynewoode burnt by the Berwick garrison. 13 March, Bonchester (the abbot of jedworth's) burnt by footmen of Tyndale and Ryddesdale; a peel beside Faused and Hasley burnt by John Carpe (sic), captain of Werke; Blenerne burnt by Wm. Buckton, Thos. Carlisle, John Orde, and the Berwick garrison. (No date), Temple Hall upon the water of Rowll burnt by Archibald Armestronge "by my lord Wharton's commandment."
Totals of "townes, onsettz, graunges and hamlettes spoiled and burnt" (124), of oxen and kine brought away (3,285), horses and nags brought away (332), sheep and goats (4,710), prisoners taken (408), and men slain (35); with the note that much insight was brought away and much burnt that is "not numbered in the letters, and many men also hurt."
17 March, Hutton and Hutton Hall burnt by the Berwick garrison. 19 March, Kestons burnt by the Berwick garrison. (No date), Holburne and Hunwood spoiled by Thos. Carlisle and the Berwick garrison. 18 March, Cayropp burnt by Mr. Clifforth, Mr. Basfourth and Owen's retinues. 19 March, Farnington burnt by Sir Ralph Ever's northern men. 17 March, houses at Langholme (lord Maxwell's) burnt by John Grame. 20 March, Mynchame (the laird of Mynchame's) burnt by Armestronges. 21 March, Mykkel Kydston, Maislandes and Eshelles burnt by Armesbronges. 24 March, spoil (no places named) taken by lord Wharton's servants. 20 March, spoil taken on Eye water by the Berwick garrison. 31 March, Boncle manor and church burnt by Thos. Carlisle and the garrison; Lomesden beside Fast Castell burnt by Wm. Buckton and fhe garrison of Berwick.
8 April, Blacketter burnt by the captain of Norham, Sir Robert Ellerkar, &c. 11 April, Ruton Burn spoiled by the garrison of Werk. 12 April, 60 houses burnt upon the water of Mylke (lord Johnston's) by lord Wharton's son. 11 April, Lustruder, Sowdon, Roughchestre, Rowle Newke, Dycray and Hindawgheid and East Roughehestre spoiled by Mr. Clefforth and Besforth with their garrisons. 15 April, bastell houses on Leyte water called Boughtrige spoiled. (First column blank), Dowlawe beside Fast Castell, Old Cambos and Est Chesters burnt. 25 April, Brydge End spoiled and Westsoftley and a bastell house of the Midleniestz burnt by John Carre. 26 April, the laird of Wetherburn's and Robyn Zoume'a men spoiled by Brian Lay ton, Mr. Metcalf, &c.
26 June, Skraystronges (the lord of Hunthil's) spoiled by the garrisons of the Middle Marches. 27 June, Kelso burnt by Robert Colingwood and the garrison of the Middle Marches. 29 June, Buckley and Lynclanes spoiled by Wm. Buckton and the Berwick garrison.
ii. "Exploits done upon the Scottes from the beginning of July a0 xxxvjto r.r. H. viij."
2 July, Preston, Edram and a tower of Patrick Hume's burnt' by Sir George Bowes, Hen. Evre, Thos. Beamont, &c.; Dronnock, Dronnock Wood, Tordoff, Blawitwood, Westhill and Scallis burnt again by John Turwen (sic), Robert Lamplerith (sic) and John Legh. 3 July, a steading of Thos. Reppath beside Grindlar castle spoiled by John Carr and his brother and the garrison of Werk; a stead at Colbornespeth spoiled by Clement Myschaunce and the Berwick garrison. 4 July, two miles beyond the Pethes of Dunglas spoiled by Thos. Carlyle, Thos. Hagarston and Sir George Bowes' company; Shapeley, Howmomkirk, Hownomtown, Corbet House, Grawbet Haugh, Mylberyge, Growbet mylne, both Growbettea, Hownome grange, the Deane Bray and Blake Jakes house burnt by Robt. Collingwood, John Carr, Thos. Clavering, Metcalff, &c. "Of the letters of the lord Whar ton x° Julii ": two forays by Armestronges to the lord of Grestone's place and the lord of Cardoney's place. 'The lord Wharton's letters of the xjth of July': Sir John Lowther, Mr. Strickland, &c., burnt in the head of Averdaill (sic) one parish and 200 houses which were rebuilt, having been burnt before. The lord Warden of the Middle Marches' letters of 12 July: certain of Riddysdaill and Mr. Basfourth's retinue spoiled Mow, Colrust and Awtonborn. Wharton's letters of 17 July: Armestronges burnt Ladope ("of the laird of Howpaslettes lands called Scott"). Lord Evre's letters of 17 July: John Carr's son spoiled Girneley in the Marse; Sir Geo. Bowes, Sir Brian Layton, Hen. Evre, &c , burnt Dunse. Sir Ralph Evre's letters of 19 July: Tynsdaill and Ryddesdale with Mr. Clefforth's garrison burnt Bed Rowll and 15 or 16 other steads, and, in their return, fought with lord Farnyhurst and took him and his son, John Carr, prisoners. Sir Ralph Evre's letters of-––––(blank) July: the lord Ogle, Sir John Wythyrington, Sir John Dallevell, &c., and the garrisons of the Middle and East Marches, 2,300 men, burnt Olde Rokesbourgh and New Rokesburgh, New Gown, Stockes Strother, Hotton of the Hill, and spoiled Makerston and RothersfurthLord Ever's letters of 24 July: the garrison of Warke spoiled Fawsyde Hill; and also, with the captain of Norham and Hen. Evre, burnt Lange Edname.
Lord Evre's letters of 2 Aug.: the captain of Norham, Hen. Evre, John Horseley, &c., burnt Home town to the gates of the castle. Lord Wharton's letters of 5 Aug.: the Ledysdaylles, Scottishmen, with divers English borderers, burnt divers houses and sheils (no place named).
Pp. 19.
The leares are numbered in an early hand at the bottom of each right hand page Li, Lii, &c. The first leaf is blank, with the exception of the memorandum, "xvij0 Feb. Gyles Heron"; and the third leaf (Liii) should come before the second (Lii).
5 Aug. 34. Thomas Gower to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 140.
B. M.
Sir Cuthbert Rattlyfe has shown him, since his last coming to Berwick, Shrewsbury's letter for a view to be taken of decays in the castle. Ratlyffe and he with a skilled man have taken a view and find 10 fodder of lead and 20l. in money requisite. The bridge of this town is in great decay, for since Sir George Lawson died nothing has been bestowed thereon, the yearly profits which belong to the bridge being then granted to the King's servant Greffyn Flowde, and upon his death to one of the earl of Essex's servants, who now has it. Suffolk, when lieutenant, wrote to lord Eure to retain and bestow such profits as belonged to the bridge, but nothing is yet done. Begs him to command Mr. Shellay to pay for such repairs as must "be gone in hand withall," who (Gower thinks) will be content, considering the small charge and the necessity. Barwyke, 5 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
5 Aug. 35. The Council with the King to the Queen.
R. O.
St. P., x. 21.
The King has received her letters and those from her Council and from the North, and is right glad of the interception of this Scottish ship. By the letters found in it he perceives much of their proceedings, and by the personages taken he trusts to learn more. Where she wrote that she had put ready 12,000 fodder of lead, and odd fodders at sundry places named, and desired hoys to be sent to convey it into Flanders; only 13 hoys can be induced to undertake it, and they will go to no place but Lynne, Boston and Newcastle, nor thither without wafting, for which they ride still in the Downs. Please send it by English ships. The 40,000l. arrived safely at Calais and will be brought hither tomorrow. The King likes the answers written to the lords of the North, and thanks the Council with her for their advancement of his affairs.
The King commands them to write that he trusts, as he told her, to have this place within 20 days from his beginning to make battery. Yesterday the battery began; and the walls begin to tumble apace, so that, as they are short of men and munition, everyone hopes shortly to have it. Evidently the French king doubts it too, for he has sent a gentleman to make large proffers. Between this and Mutterell the King has taken Hardelow, Frank, Hubersent, and three or four other castles. The state of Mutterell appears by the copy of a letter from Norfolk and others. Enclose a schedule of artillery in the Tower which is to be sent hither with all diligence.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: The Counsail to the Quenes grace, 5° Augusti 1544.
5 Aug. 36. Norfolk to Suffolk.
R. O. With thanks for your good words to the King in presence of Richemounte herald and my nephew Bryan, this shall be to advertise you that I am blamed by divers in " that camp" for remissness here, and for lying no nearer the town. I am sorry in my old days to be thus spoken of; but some men's doings are taken better than others. For the old love and acquaintance between us, I heartily desire you to procure the sending hither, on some errand, of some man whom the King trusts, to report to His Highness what I have done and what more I might have done. This will do me more pleasure than if you gave me 500l.
Since writing the above, it is determined that Cavendyche shall come to Boleyn, who can declare my doings here. Camp before Monstrell, "this 5th night of August." Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Mason: From my lorde of Norff., vj° Sept.
5 Aug. 37. Russell to Paget.
R. O. Understands from his letters from Bulloyn of 30 July, Jeron[ymo's] declaration to the King of his readiness to serve and be one of the foremost in any feat here. Has always found him willing, and thinks he will do as he offers. Where the King has given him a letter of retainer for 100 hacquebutiers not already in service; all here are already appointed to captains, and 100 more are needed, which must be prested in Flanders, for which purpose Jeron. requires 50l. Begs to know the King's pleasure about disbursing this. Mr. Brian has advertised Norfolk and the writer that Mons. de Buers shall repair to the King tomorrow. He "hath desired the same above anything in the world. [I] cannot too much commend him both for his servy[ce] here, being [alwayjes as obedient as any servant [that] the King hath [here?,] and the gentlest gentleman that I have seen." Doubts not but the King will find him as faithful as any subject. Sends bearer, Yorke herald, to report that De Buers will wait upon the King tomorrow. Camp at the siege of Mounstrell, 5 Aug.
P.,S.—Will tomorrow send with Mr. Bryan and Fraunces 50 Cornish miners, with their captain, as required, of the best that Mr. Godolhan can choose. Signed.
Slightly mutilated, pp. 2. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd. 1544.
5 Aug. 38. Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 27.
In forwarding a packet of letters from Wotton, ambassador with the Emperor, signifies that here is no news but of the taking of the town of Vitry by the Emperor, with the "rupture" of 6,000 footmen and 800 horsemen of the Frenchmen. The lansknechts left there in garrison have since burnt both town and castle.
This day the Queen removes towards Andwerp to repress "the sects of the Anabaptists and other that would have all things in common," divers of whom are taken and fled. Bruxells, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. Add, Endd.: 1544.


  • n1. The same error is repeated in the endorsement.
  • n2. See Part I. No. 1013.
  • n3. Her husband, Lord Maxwell, being a prisoner in the Tower.
  • n4. Inserted by Paget both in this anil in § 2.