Pages 479-487

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 2, August-December 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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7 Jan. 1. Henry Suthwyke to John Johnson.
R.O. Calles, 7 Jan., 1543:—Wrote last on the 26th ult. Commercial matters. "The vente of all manner of f. (French?) cloths is very ill at Andwerpe, where English cloths are well sold. Except the world chance far otherwise than it is like, wools will be ill sold this next year. I [am] in doubt that fells will come but to a shre[wd price] except they be good."
Hol., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: at Polbroke.
16 Jan. 2. Otwell Johnson to his Brother, John Johnson.
R.O. 16 Jan., 1543:—Sends these by Tykeford that they may come speedily, because of Mrs. Fayrey's affairs described in her son Anthony's writing herewith. Would have thanked him had he sent hens from Tykeford for the writer and his brother Gery to make merry with. Other private matters. Can learn nothing "of any poulter that occupyeth to Yaxley."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: merchant of the Staple at Calleis, at Polbroke. Endd.: Answered le 18 in January and entered in my memoriall.
16 Jan. 3. Otwell Johnson to his Brother, John Johnson.
R.O. London, 16 Jan., 1543 :—Sends commendations to friends, and describes dealings with wool and delivery of presents of herring, &c. Henry Suthwyke is gone from Calleis to Andwarpe. Ric. Whetell says that Mr. Judge, his master, and Mr. Offley or Woodroeff " have concluded their voyage to Venyce that you heard a motion of at Calleis, and do send a dozen serplers apiece thither, for the which purpose Henry Bostocke went over yesterday in the morning and shall be one of them that shall go to the place self with the wools." Encloses a letter from Wm. Gyfford. The herring for Mr. Serjeant Saunders and Mr. Parson of Kylworthe shall be sent shortly. I have here diaper for a dozen napkins, which " John, my knave, forgot to put into your mail." If not promised, pray let me have it for my poor London household. I trust to be rid shortly of John my man, having written earnestly to his father therein. If you can espy any proper boy pray " wish him unto me; for I will in no condition keep this lubber that I have." The common voice goes that the King will over sea himself this year to the wars. Hol., pp. 2. Add.
23 Feb. 4. John Coope to John Johnson.
R.O. Cousin, I have packed nine sarplers here at Madwell, containing 26 sack, 9 todd; leaving 12 todd in the woolhouse, for lack of canvas, and the key with Master Hassulwod. Commits it to Johnson's discretion, who, to make up the sarpler may have " Richardes " at 5s. the stone. Describes bargain with John Carter of Ruston for its carriage to London by the second week of Clean Lent. Madwell, "ye iii and xx day of February." Signed.
Slightly mutilated, p. 1. Add.: merchant of the staple. Endd.: 1543. Answered the 5th in Marche.
[Feb.] 5. Thomas Carlell to [Suffolk.] (fn. n1)
Add. MS.
32,653, f.294.
Papers, ii.,
No. 172.
A Scottishman who has been these six days among the Council of Scotland says that, this Monday night, Patrick Hume is in Dunglas with a garrison, that 30 gunners are come to Coldingham and 30 to Kelso, and others to Wederburne and Blaketer, and that the Governor will be in Adyngton on Tuesday night with the power of Scotland. They ken not his purpose. Bervyck, 9 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To the right honorable my lord Lieutenant." Sealed. Endd.
April. 6. The Expedition against Scotland.
R.O. Fragment of a treasurer's account recording payments "upon my lord of Hertford's warrant," viz.:—
—— To Thos. Gascoigne, captain of 100 men, warrant 14 April, for himself (at 4s. a day), his petty captain (at 2s.) and men (at 6d.) from 15 to 28 April, 39l. 4s. John lord Scroope, w. 22 April, conduct money from Boltoune in Wensidale to Newcastle, of himself, two petty captains and 180 men, 16l. 16s. 8d., coats for his petty captains and men 30l. 6s. 8d., and wages (detailed) for them to 28 April, 40l. 2s. 8d. And similar entries for John lord Conyers, captain of 200, w. 24 April, wages, 68l. 12s. 8d.; Robt. Wourseley, captain of 100, w. 30 March, conduct money from Manchester to Newcastle, 21l. 0s. 10d., and coats, 16l. 16s. 8d.; Rauf Holland, captain of 100, w. 30 March, conduct money from Manchester to Newcastle, 23l. 6s. 8d., and coats, 17l.; Thomas lord Mountegle, with 100, w. 31 March, conduct money from Horneby, Lanc, to Newcastle, 17l. 4s. 2d., and coats, 16l. 16s. 8d.; Wm. Wroughton, captain of 100, w. 31 March, conduct money from York to Newcastle, 11l. 5s., and coats, 15l.——
Pp. 4. Total for each page given.
26 May. 7. John Johnson.
R.O. Ledger book of John Johnson setting forth in double entry the state of his accounts for the years 1534 to 1538, when (as appears by many of the entries) he and his brother Otwell entered into partnership with his master Anthony Cave and he began a new set of books. For example:—
(ff. 39–40). "Jhesus anno 1537.—John Johnson, my brother, ought to have for that I had of his wife his best gown, which I esteem was better worth than I did pay for redeeming it there as it lay to pledge for 35s. st., sum 000[l.] 15[s.] 0[d.] So remaineth owing unto me by his wife, for he is deceased, which if she be not able to pay I would should be forgiven her, 1[l.] 1 [s.] 0[d.] which I made her debitor for in my new journal 001 [l.] 16[s.] 0[d.]"
"Jhesus anno 1534 le 12 in Merche.—John Johnson, senior, my brother, debet. lent unto him per me in November last, in ready money, appearing per a bill of his hand payable at my pleasure, sum 0000[l.] 15[s.] 0[d.] mere st. Item, he oweth me more for that which I paid for the carriage of stuff of his from Bruges to my host Adrian Vander Weede, then dwelling in the Sterre at Bruges, sum 13s. Fl., whereof appeareth rec. of him in my reckoning delivered him against his marriage, sum 5s. Fl.; rest to me 8s. Fl., fact 6[s.] 0[d.] mere st. Item, in Marche, the 28 day anno 1537 lent his wife at London, per chest of my journal of England (aper. folio 15), 15s. 0d. Total 001 [l.] 16[s.] 0[d.] And so cleared here."
A large number of accounts with merchants of the Staple, officials of Calais, Flemings and others, are entered.
f. 157. ii. Entries of personal expenses and small accounts in the year 1538.
f. 179b. iii. Copies of letters, viz.:—
1. John Crant to "my master " [Anthony Cave], from Antwerp, 19 April [1544].
Entering Antwerp to-day, met John Haster going homewards, but he would not tarry for a letter. He said that you commissioned him to provide wagons and, being unable to get any, asked me to provide them. Victor Meave can do no more therein than any of us, and told me at Bruges that he had certified you what was the lowest he could bring it to. At Bruges I spoke with the two drums and two fifers, of whom the two who were not hired at Callais offered, if paid half an angel apiece, to be bound to serve; and so I paid them. All say, however, that they will not be bound beyond the last of next month; so that if the camp come not over by then they must thenceforth have half wages until it comes. "Sir, it is happy you hired them, for treue[th] is none in all these quarters abouts that will serve under 4 men's wages. Sir Thomas Poynynges would have 6 drums and 6 fifers; and never a one that I can get under 2s. st. a day, and yet they be but easy players." What shall I answer the 2 drums and 2 fifers at my return to Bruges ?
2. Anthony Cave to John Crant, from Callais 17 May a '44.
Has sent him divers letters, the last by Mr. Liegh. Learns to-day that Mr. Controller will have the drums and fifes hired at Bruges put to Mr. Poynynges or some other, because those provided by Mr. Vaughan are already come to him and will serve his purpose. Suggests that if they cannot be put to Mr. Poynynges or some other captain they should be told that Mr. Controller will not take them into wages before the latter end of June; and let them tarry at their own adventure.
3. Anthony Cave to John Crant (sent by the Hollanders), 28 April, 1544.
Received his letter of the 19th inst. Mr. Controller writes that he thinks we give too much wages for the drum and fifer we hired, and that one drum and one fifer will suffice. Nevertheless, make all four promise before Victor to serve honestly. The drum we hired here would fain have borrowed money of me and seems a very drunkard; therefore, I would that Mr. Controller should have his choice of them. The last of May is Whitsun Even and during the holidays they may get money in Bruges. If possible, promise them that if not sent for before 15 June they shall have 2 stivers a day until in wages. Would gladly hear of the provision of Mr. Controller's cloak of beaver and what is done about the face of sables. I directed a letter to you, or in your absence to Thomas Offle to provide a demi-lance harness. Thomas Whethill writes to Richard Whethill that this is bought for 4l Fl., and also that he has paid you 20 mks. Fl. for me. I sent you a bill of 28l. Fl. upon Gylles van Upstall, dwelling by the Black Friars, that you might not take money of Thos. Ofley. Whereas in last last letter I wrote to you to pay John Porteur 20 mks. Fl. on account for a tent and pavilion, pray agree with him for 40l. or 45l. Fl. at the most, and it to be ready with all speed. Also buy Mr. Controller 20 of the fairest halberds. I have no commission whether they shall be gilt, but they must be of the best make. I have also commission to provide 4 wagons with 4 mares apiece, to carry 3,000 weight each, with skilful drivers; for which wagon, mares and man he will not give above 32 stivers the day. Victor wrote me on the 20th that he could not get wagons under 6s. Fl. the day; so I have written him to offer 32 stivers, whereas before I gave him no further than 30 stivers. Before leaving Bruges, pray see what will be done; and if they need 20l. Fl. amongst them, desire Victor to promise it so they be ready, after the last of May, at 8 days' warning. Let me have answer in the premises with speed; for Mr. Controller thinks me negligentof his affairs. A letter to Ric. Whethill from Thomas Oflye shows that, at Antwerp, you received mine with the pattern of the tents and pavilions.
Herewith is a letter of Mr. Wallop's to George Eliot, " which he opened and delivered me yesterday. When he knew ye were at Andwerp he desired me to send it you, and that ye will accomplish the tenour of his said letter as his very trust is in you; for he had no leisure to write unto you, but is gone over into England and desired me to send it you by the next."
4. Anthony Cave to Mr. Pagyngton, from Callais 9 May 1544.
Since coming hither I learn that your wood sales at Sherington, Bucks, have not gone forward. Now that felling time is past, pray let me have your goodwill therein, for yonr woods lie near my house, and I will give as much as I was informed you had sold them for. I have put my friend Mr. Leigh to pains to write to you herein. Pray show some part of your mind to my friend Thomas Smythe.
5. [Anthony Cave] to Mr. Tempest, from Callais, 26 May 1544.
Directs him to receive money of Gylles van Upstall and pay a debt to Asselen Selvago, part of which, as Thomas Smythe reports, is for Wm. Lambert, ironmonger.
6. Anthony Cave to Thomas Smythe, from Callais, 26 May 1544.
My bearer, Barth. Warner, you shall receive in ducats of fine gold 24 oz. English weight, which I trust you shall sell for ready money, either at Mr. Bowles or the Mint, at 47s. 8d. the oz., or at least 47s. 4d., since fine gold is 48s. Rather than fail, take 47s., which will make the amount 56l. 8s. mere st. There are "212 single ducats being some double," Moreover 204 crowns of the rose weighing 24 oz. for which I trust, "after this new rate," they will give at least 44s. "for before they were at 42s. an ounce"; total 52l. 16s. st. For these pieces of gold get as much as you can, either at the Mint or at Trapes or Mr. Bowis; but I cannot tarry for the money longer than next week. Pray let me know the most they will give "for crowns, Lewis, Phillipus gyldons, demi rialles of Flaunders and Carolus, and also for double ducats." My cousin Johnson writes to his brother Otwell to forward the sale hereof.
A bound volume of 190 numbered folios, of which the first 35 are missing and a few of the rest are blank.
[July?] 8. Lancashire and Cheshire Musters.
R.O. List of gentlemen of Lancashire and Cheshire, viz.:— Lanc.—Sir Ric. Moleneux, Sir Thos. Gerrarde, Sir Ric. Houghton or his son and heir, Sir Piers Leigh, Sir John Atherton, Sir Thos. Hesketh, Sir Wm. Norres, Sir Edm. Traforde's son and heir, Sir Wm. Radcliff, Sir Ric. Shirborne, Sir Thos. Langton, Sir Thos. Talbotte, Sir John Sowthewoorth, Sir John Holcrofte's son and heir, Sir Robt. Langleye, Sir Thos. Holt or his son and heir.
Chesh.Sir John Savage, Sir Wm. Brereton, Sir Thos. Venables, Sir Thos. Holcrofte, Sir John Warberton, Sir Edw. Fitton, Sir Wm. Davenport, Sir Laur. Smyth, Sir Rol. Stanleye, Sir Hen. Delves, Sir Urian Brereton, Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Sir Ph. Egerton, Sir John Done, Sir John Leigh of Bothes, Sir Ralph Egerton.
Statement of archers and billmen furnished by Lancashire (3,000), Cheshire (2,000), Derbyshire (800), Yorkshire (6,000, including 600 light horse), and Notts (500). Total 12,300; over and above Cumberland, Westmoreland, Northumberland and the Bishopric of Duresme, which amount to 7,473.
The whole force for service in the North is 19,773, over and besides the garrison of Berwick, the force of Salop and Stafford, and "the numbers taken out of the said shires to serve beyond the seas."
Pp. 3. Endd.: Northe, and on a detached flyleaf (perhaps not part of the document), Northen matters.
[ July.] 9. Cheshire Musters.
Shrewsb. MS.
N., p. 35.
Certificate of musters headed "Hundredo de Eddesbury."
[Giving under townships the names of the able men with brief notes of their horses, weapons and harness, if any.]
p. 45.
Wynnyngton 12 names, Hertfford 30, Castell Northwich 7, Wallerstoke 1, Weverham 34, Sondway 39, Acton 26, Crouton 25, Codyngtan 11, Onston 10, Frodsham 53, Bradley 27, Neyerton 30, Hellysby 21, Manley 12, Alvandley 26, Kyngelley or Kyngesley 33, Newton 11, Norley 19, Inces 27, Elton 16, Thorneton 11, Wymbaldestrafford 10, Bunham 20, Shappelforde 14, Briggetrafford 10, Parva Barro 2, Magna Barro 49, Tervyn 59, Hokenhull 2, Clotton 23, Burton 11, Duddon 14, Stapleford (John Bryne, esq.) 15, Kelsall 21, Assheton 17, Moldworth Magna (Ric. Leycester, gent.) 14, Horton 2, Torperley 33, Otkynton (John Donne, knight) 24, Ryssheton 22, Eyton 21.
p. 50. Bunbury 28, Sprystau (Bondull Sprustall, esq.) 31, Bydlay (Eic. Eggerton, knight) 19, Petforton 17, Beston 24, Terton 24, Tylston 13, Aupran24, Cauflay (Hugh Damport, esq.) 22, Wardyll (Bic. Prestlond, esq.) 10, Houghton 16, Budworth (Ph. Eggerton, knight) 43, Over Marton 32, Over 30, Swanloo 43, Wettynghaull 20, Oulton Loo 7. Signed : John Donne, k.: Phelype Egerton, k.
With note at the end that the horses mentioned therein "are not horses to serve the King in his wars but to carry the men to the place where they shall go."
Pp. 20.
Ib. p. 58. 2. Certificate of musters headed: " Broxton in com. Cestre.—The certificate of Sir Hugh Chomeley, Sir Hugh Calveley and Thomas Grosvenour, commissioners of musters taken afore them of the King's Majesty's subjects inhabitants within the said hundred allotted, assigned and appointed unto the said commissioners, 'wt a play and speciall note of theyre able harnes and weapons and horses able to cary to the feld as here- after ensuyth, that ys wytt.'"
[Giving under names of places lists of persons, each described as "a billman" or "a bowman," with a note of his harness, &c.]
p. 65.
p. 70.
p. 75.
Waverton 27 names, Cristleton (Ralph Egerton) 26 and nine lost by mutilation, Wyrvin 13, Bolbourn Bellow 4, Tatten Hall 36 and 10 lost, Handley with Mylton 25, the "lordshipe of ye Ley" (Hugh Calveley, knight) 13, Cholley 13, Hatton 3 and 7 lost, Bureton 4, Saughton 21, Newton juxta Tatteshall 6, Tilston 12, Barton 19 and 4 lost, Cotton 13, Larton 4, Bokeley 14, Boghton 14, Moston 17 and 6 lost, Newton juxta Cestria 17, Micle Trafford 26 and 3 lost, Masefen 4, Churton 27, Golbourne Davy 7, Horton 12, Eton 8 and 3 lost, Stretton 9, Stockton 2, Malpas (Randulph Brereton, esq.) 48 and 5 lost, Cholmondley (Hugh Cholmondeley, knight) 35, Egerton 9. Aldersaye 12, . . . . . . . . (name of place and three names of persons, whose weapons are described, lost by mutilation, the first apparently John (?) Madocke), Crue 8, Rowton 9, Caldcot 8, Huntyngton 9, Wichehalge 3, Byveley 24, . . . . . . . (name of place and of 7 persons, whose weapons are described, lost by mutilation, the first name being [Rau]ffe Prynce), Chorlton 4, Burwardesley 18, Cawarden 17, Newton juxta Malpas 6, Broxton 21 and 5 lost, Hole 7, Edge 19, Upton 15, Huxley 16, Hampton 10, Bradeley 3, Chidlowe 1, Pykton 16, Coghull 14 and about 3 lost, Doleston 13, . . . isteve 11 (half of them partially lost by mutilation, surnames Humpston, Rosongrewe and Molston), Wigland 9, Cudynton 15, Pulton 14 and 5 lost, Overton 12, . . . . . . (name of place lost by mutilation) 21 and 7 lost, Clutton 11 and 3 lost, [Ec]cleston 8 and 5 lost, Kynnerton 24 and 12 lost, Byckerton 16, , . . . . (name lost) 2 and about 6 lost, Oldcastell 9, Shokelage Evyatt 11 and 2 lost, Ald . . . . 27 and perhaps 6 lost, . . . . . . (name lost) 19 and 3 lost, * * * *
Totals given on the inner side of the fly leaf, viz. 1,067 able men, of whom 65 are archers with horse and harness, 167 archers on foot, 449 billmen harnessed, and 406 billmen without harness.
A fragment (?), pp. 37.
Ib., p. 78. 3. Fragment of the list of totals at the end of a certificate of musters (perhaps a duplicate of § 2) showing that the billmen "having good part of harness" numbered 449 (?) and the billmen without harness 406. Signed: Perus Dutton, k. P. 1.
Ib., p.79. 4. "The certificate of the hundred of Wirrall taken before Sir William Standleye, Sir Laurence Smyth and Sir John Massy, as hereafter plainly appeareth."
[Giving under townships lists of names of persons, each described as a bowman or billman, with a note of his harness.]
p. 85 The township of Hooton 19, the town of Burton 25, the town of Storeton 11, the town of Cloughton 13, the town of the Ley 3, the town of the Woodechurche 6, the town of Lesse Stanney 8, the town of Bebynton 14, the town of Nesse 10, the town of Morton 18, Muche Meoles 5, Barneston 6, Lyttell Molynton 2, the town of Stoke 11, Salhan 13, Poton cum Secum 6, Secum 4, Estham 23, Chorelton 5, Gret Sutton 9, the p. 85 town of Ireby 6, the town of Upton 9, the town of Gaton 6, the town of Brumbrugh 16, the town of Grete Neston 13, the town of Whytby 13, the town of Thurstason 10, the town of Pooton cum Spyttell 9, the town of Shotewecke 13, Over Poole 7, the town of Croughton 3, Over Bebynton 7, Greite Stanney 2, the town of Leghton 10, Lyttell Salghall 5, Lyttyll Neston 18, the town of Kyrkely Walesley 13, Chorton Mayow 9, the town of Thorneton 7, the town of Newton 6, the town of Lyskarte 10, the town of Capenhurst 7, the town of Heswall 19, Bydeston 8, Knoctor' 3, Lucan 3, Thyngewall 4, the town of Podynton (Sir John Mascy) 14, Caldey Graunge 8, the town of Rabey 6, the town of Wylason 10, the town of Ledsehm 7.
Total 546 men. Signed: Lawrens Smyth: Wyll'm Stanley, k.: John Masey, knyght
Pp. 20.
7 Aug. 10. Diary of the Invasion of France.
MS. Univ.
Lib. Camb.
Dd. xiv. 30(3).
English Hist.
Review, xvi.
A too brief notice (taken from the Catalogue of the Cambridge University MSS.) of two papers is given in Part II of the present Volume, No. 123.
Describes how, on the 3 July, 36 Henry VIII. Charles Duke of Suffolk, Henry Marquis of Dorset and Sir Anth. Browen, master of the King's horses and of his Grace's privy Chamber, sailed from Dover to Calais in a ship named —— (blank) and caused the master Adam Owtlaw to set in the top a flag of St. George, "whereunto came the Admiral of England and the Admiral of Flanders with a 30 gallant ships of war well manned," saluted with artillery the Duke's ship and conducted her to Ryce banke by Calles. The Castle and Rycebank also saluted, and the Duke remained at Calais Thursday night and Friday, (fn. n2) when he dislodged to Cakewell by Peplyng, where he camped all Saturday night. On Sunday 6 July "we" removed to Whitsonby on the seaside in the French King's dominions, where we camped till Friday, and on Saturday, 12 July, we removed to Morgyson, where we lay till Tuesday, and our light horse had divers skirmishes with those of Bullayn, drove them in at the gates, slew in the chase 6 Frenchmen and took one. Two of our light horsemen were slain, [one] a servant of Mr. Eldyker.
On Monday 13 [14] July the King came to Calais about 7 p.m. On Tuesday 15th Suffolk, as the King's Lieutenant, went to his Grace, "with whom went a great number of horsemen of the Camp, and there was Thursday; and of Friday, the 18 day of July," the said lord Lieut, "with the lord Marshal, the lord Marquis of Dorset," rode to Bullayn, with 300 horse- men, 200 "hagbussheres," 300 archers and 300 pikes, to view the ground where they would camp before Bullayn. Skirmishes described. On Saturday, 19 July, an attack was made on the town (described), very hot, and no Frenchmen durst appear on the walls, for our great pieces beat the bulwarks, viz., the Greyn and New Bulwark, the church, and the fair great houses of the town. The people fled out at the other side by Basse Bullayen and the sea; but our ambush of horsemen slew divers and drove them into the sea, and afterwards scouring the country, got 200 kye and steers and 400 sheep, besides booty from the fugitives out of Bullayn. That day we encamped as nigh Bullayn as might be, with carriages and guns "as sure as we have be in Boullayn." They of the town did little but shot the tops off some of our tents. On Sunday, 20 July, our pioneers " wrought sore about there and came within 80 paces of the walls," which our great pieces brake and bruised very sore.
On Monday 21 July Hubberdyen, captain of 100 hagbutteres, approached the watch tower (fn. n3) standing by the seaside intending to give assault thereto, but was slain by a hagbutter of the tower. Immediately there was a sortie, which was driven back into Baysse Bullayne, the English horsemen in pursuit entering the town, and the other soldiers also, with much danger. The lord Lieut, sent Sir Edw. Baynton to have the chief rule of the other captains, viz. lord John Gray, Mr. Broughton, Mr. Caundyshe, Fras. Askew, Edm. Hall with 1500 men. This Monday and Tuesday the shooting was very hot on both sides. Meanwhile the pioneers wrought to enclose the town in trenches, both for defence and to keep in the enemy. "But after these two days had both more rest, and also had leisure to search and rifle the town of Bayse Bulloigne, where they found much baggage," mostly stowed away in cellars and walls of the houses next to Great Bullayne, "the houses of which, to hide this spoil, the Frenchmen brent to save the goods before our entry." Wednesday, 23 July, ordnance was sent to assault the Watch tower, which was yielded without a shot with 15 prisoners. "The Watch tower is a long old tower standing by the sea on a hill of great height, and no stair to it but ladders; in it was nothing but very baggis and six or seven pieces of ordinances, but small, and victual to have served those few soldiers for half a year."
Thursday, a trumpet came to the Lord Lieut, from Mons. de Vandon. "Ayenst" this day our pioneers had made a trench against the gate of Great Bullaygne towards Mutterell,against which the French skirmished daily towards night, to seek forage for their horses. Sir Geo. Carewe had the oversight of the gunners and archers appointed to keep the trench; "wherein was a chapel adjoining to our trench, which defended their gunshot. Little hurt on either part but disturbing of our people; for the Frenchmen in mockery would cry 'Bows !' to rese our soldiers in their gunshot, but orders was taken for the stay of our men not to stir but upon commandment." Friday, 25 July, the French peasants towards night issued [from] the tow[n] to have forage, but our horsemen killed several "being hagbutteres, albeit slaves," and took divers, of whom 4 or 5 were very bold boys. At this skirmish, Veale, a tall gentleman of the lord Lieutenant's, was slain with a halfhake. Saturday, 26 July, the King came to Bullaygne and encamped near the Watch tower under a hill side.
Sunday, 27 July, Morgayen, a tall man, servant of Mr. Paston's of the Privy Chamber, was slain with a culverin at the trench, "being there only to see"; and that night a gentleman and his man with their 2 horses were struck by one shot of a culverin. "All these four days last past our men enforce the making of a Monte against the town and our enemies do mount a greue bulwark which is like to do much harm."
Monday, 28 July. Wildfire shot on both sides with little hurt, "as is yet known; this Sonday nyght there [were] taken in Stowketell watch, two horsemen that issued out of Bullaygne." Tuesday, 29 July, Sir Thos. Poyns and Sir Nyclos Ponynges, by the King's licence, accompanied by certain Irishmen and some of their own retinue, "approached a little castle, yet very strong, within 6 miles of Bullaygne called ——" (blank), which though well-manned and ordnanced, yielded on summons, on condition that the inhabitants might go out with bag and baggage. The keeping of the castle (in which is esteemed to be great value) is given to Peter Carow. "Wednesday a gentleman messenger came from the French King to notify that he would fight with us. Thursday, Friday and Saturday there was some shooting, but no great hurt on either side.
Sunday, 3 Aug. the great guns, being bent on three several parts of the town, began the battery, which was so hot the enemy could seldom reply. Monday a great navy approached the coasts of Boulogne, supposed to be the Spanish fleet. Tuesday Sir Anthony Brown with 400 foot and 300 horse and two pieces of great ordnance marched early in the morning to assault an abbey defended with French men of war and to scour the woods about it; whereupon on Saturday last divers of our men, both horse and foot, were taken and slain. But Sir Anthony won it by fire; wherein were 30 French soldiers, the rest being burnt and slain. This "sault" continues still, and daily our men are slain and hurt; among others "one Burgoyn, surveyor of Calais, captain and setter forth of the pioneers' work, was slain by a gun in the Chapel trench, calling at a loophole for a gunner to shoot at a Frenchman, who in the mean [time] despatched him; whose death was much lamented, and the more for that his device being witty to convey men by trenches was not known. Pass him over and speak of the Frenchmen that by day issued the town to our trenches, where they slew one of our soldiers and hurt two, being of Mr. Long's retinue keeping that time the trench."
Tuesday, 19 Aug. 106 Frenchmen sent from Hedyng Castle travelled all night 30 English miles on little nags, which at 2 miles from Boulogne they left tied together, and escaping our scouts travelled afoot till they came to our trenches within 2 stone cast of the town wall, where they were dispersed by our foot watch with 30 slain and 28 taken; "and whether the rest fled or entered the town it is not presently known." Wednesday and Thursday we gave hot "larms" to the town on every part, only to make them spend a great part of their powder and wildfire.
Pp. 29.
12 Aug. 11. John Doyly to Sir Edw. North.
R. O. The Privy Council having ordered the inhabitants of the town of Stodham either to pay the arrears supposed to be due by them or bring a discharge to you before Bartholomew Tide next, I have spoken with the late abbot of Dorchester and others named in a testimonial to be shown by the bearers, and beg you to make a decree that they may accomplish the order of the Privy Council. Chesilhampton, 12 Aug. Signed.
ii. Note by Walter Mildemay that, upon a debt of 49s. from the parishioners of Stoddeham for 7 years' arrears of a contribution payable to the late monastery of Dorchestre, for burials in the cemetery of the chapel of Stodehame, due at Mich. 35 Hen. VIII., Ric. Beauforest appeared on the 11th January, "and hath day till Bartillmewtide to bring in discharge or to pay it."
Pp. 2. Add.: chancellor of Augmentations. Endd.: Stoddeham, lxxiiij folio 37.
24 Oct. 12. The Countess of Murray to the Queen [Dowager of Scotland.]
Balcarres MS.
iv. 135.
Adv. Lib.
Received her writing by Rosay herald, desiring her to solicit my lord her husband to come to this Parliament. He will need little solicitation to do her Grace service, but "hes bene sa in his persoun sen [his last ha]me cumyn that he mycht nother ryd nor gang to do his awin besynes in the . . . . and is laitlie passit to zour house of Dingwall for the rewling [of this cou]ntre, becaus he is informit that the Lord of the Ilis is broken furth . . . . . , Ros is the cuntreth that thai desir mast, for and it be nocht debatit it wilbe als evill rewlit as the Ilis." I pray God that every man who has "promittit your Grace kyndnes" keep it as well as he and I. Bearer will show my mind "which I wald nocht writt, to whom your Grace ples gif credence. And the blissit Wirgin have your Grace eternalie." Dingwall, 24 Oct. Signed, Contas of Murray.
P. 1. Add.: To the Queen's Grace.
13. Ordnance at Newcastle.
Shrewsb. MS.
B., p. 221.
"Ordenaunce remayning nowe in Newcastell ready mowntid," viz.:—
Brass:—Cannons 2, demy cannons 2, culverin 1, demy culverins 5, sakars 2, fawcons 4, fawconettes 2.
Iron:—Demy cannon 1, demy culverin 1, sakar 1.
Fine corn powder 1 last, serpentine powder 3 last, gross corn powder 1 last, " harquebusses sarvesable" 100, matches 5 cwt., bows 600, arrows 3,000 sheaf, bowstrings 3 barrels, black bills 60, "northeron staves," 460, demilance staves 50, morrys pykes 2,000.
P. 1. Endd. in a modern hand : 1544. (fn. n4)


  • n1. This letter which is placed in Feb. 1544 in the Hamilton Papers was omitted in the Calendar from some doubt about its proper date, owing to the style of address; but the date assigned to it is probably correct. See Pt. I. No. 99.
  • n2. 3rd and 4th July.
  • n3. The "Tour d'Ordre" called by the English "The Old Man."
  • n4. On what evidence this date was assigned to the paper does not appear. The handwriting looks rather later.