Henry VIII: August 1517, 1-10

Pages 1127-1134

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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August 1517

1 Aug.
R. O.
Have received his letter dated Westminster, 29 July, commanding them to investigate the arrival of a Breton ship belonging to Martin de la Croice, laden with wine and woad, which was driven into Calais haven by stress of weather. Transmit the depositions of Nicholas Lambright, mariner, who was loadsman, to conduct the said ship into the haven, John Bateman and Joes Truelove, of Calais. Calais, 1 Aug.
Signed: Wyngfeld R.—Richard Carew—Robert Wotton—John Wilsher—Nicholas Marland—John Cukson, waterbayly—W. Davy, searcher.
P. 1.
ii. The depositions above mentioned.
1. Nicholas Lambright saw, on Saturday, 7 March last, at 7 a.m., "a Brettish ship called the Mary of Penmarke, come spownding under her foresail, the wind then blowing vigorously W.N.W., which had a flag in her top in tokening that she lacked a lodesman." Rowed out and brought her into Calais, when the wind veered towards N.W. She was moored with two anchors before and two abaft, and could not be removed till Monday at noon. Had she lost one anchor the ship would have been lost. On Monday brought her up safely to the Crayn. 2. Of John Bateman and Joes Truelove, who rowed aboard with the said Nicholas. Signed as before.
Pp. 3. Add.: Cardinal of York, Chancellor of England.
1 Aug.
Calig. D. VI. 315.
B. M.
Report of intelligence headed: "[Le pr]emier dAoust lan xvcxvij." "...faict ung merveilleux et horryble appareil. Si vous ny remediez vous nestes pas bien." The Scotch ambassador and the Duke of Albany are here. The latter has but three months' leave, and they will give him money and men "pour frapper sur vous par Escosse." He has told the King that he has got 30 or 35 pieces of the best artillery made for him, with which he will beat you well. After he had spoken with the King at Dieppe, the latter sent one of the Duke's gentlemen to get ready with diligence the ships at Brest and Honnefleur. All the masons, carpenters and pioneers throughout Normandy are set to work, either upon those ships or in building the harbours and some large towers beyond Honnefleur; and there is no considerable town in France where they are not making artillery. The King has also sent captains into Germany to obtain 10,000 lansequenets. He has 10,000 Swiss in his retinue, but they will not serve out of the kingdom. The Duke of Suffolk (Richard de la Pole), who is in Lorrayne, is to command the lansequenets. The King fears the project may be discovered, and that you may make war upon him before Albany's return to Scotland, which the writer thinks would be advisable. Those of Tournay are all for [the French King].
"Le Roy na pas intencion que ladicte ville tiengne ... xv. jours, car vous estes vendus, 1Archiduc vous ... et si sera deffaict luy mesmes par le Roy sil peult et ... bien adviser comme il va en Espaigne: ce nest pas lin[tention] du Roy que jamais il retourne par decza." The King has sent 500 men of arms to the Pope, with 300 who were there. There are, besides, 8,000 or 9,000 foot. When this affair is dispatched, they will attack you. The companies of the Bastard of Savoy and the [Sieur] de la Palice are there, with many others. But, as the writer has always said, the King and the Duke of Urbino understand each other, and the Pope ought not to trust the French. The Pope and King have laid most of the churches in Paris under interdict, "pour ce qu'ilz nont voullu et empeschent le decy[mes] et largent de la croisee, pour ce qu'ilz veoient bien que to[ut] largent se despent en toutes follyes:" but the divines have [passed] conclusions against them, and perform the services notwithstanding. Even the parliament of Paris (as I have already written) wishes to break the conclusion which the [King] has made with the Pope about the Pragmatic Sanction. To make them agree he has sent thither (a y envoye) the Bastard, much against the wishes of the parliament. "En effect tout se ... est le Roy ung fol et ung tirant, lequel gaste tout ... pire est destruict son royaulme." [Jehan Le S]ellier of Flanders, who was here in embassy, is going into Spain. Advises good watch to be kept to prevent deceit. The King will go to Moulins in Bourbonnoys, to christen the Duke of Bourbon's child, where they will make arrangements and carry out their enterprises. "On me mande a chacun voiage de menvoyer argent, mais on me trompe et mocque, et voy bien que. cest follye a moy de servir sur telle esperance." Rouen, 28 July.
The King has received letters that the Turk is making great preparations against us, but he must first get rid of the affair of the Pope and you, before Peter Navarre and Bernardyn go thither, if they ever do go. I think you are the Turks they will attack. The Archduke, if well advised, will be in no hurry to go to Spain. Without a horse and pay the writer will not go at his own cost. Advises him to be watchful over those at Tournay and the Marches of Scotland. If you let the Duke of Albany return, he will do you mischief. The lords of France, as also judges, advocates, &c., are dissatisfied with the King for wishing to introduce certain reformations into the administration.
Fr., pp. 4, badly mutilated.
1 Aug.
S. B.
Lease, for 21 years, of lands in Esynden, Rutl., and a pasture called Shenyngthorp, Linc., lately belonging to Margaret Countess of Richmond, at an annual rent of 18l., and 3s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 1 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m.4.
1 Aug.
S. B.
3552. For ROB. SYMMYS.
Lease of the lordships of Preston and Uppyngham, parcel of Warwick's lands, at an annual rent of 46l. 4s. 4d., and 53s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 1 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m.5.
2 Aug.
R. O.
Thanking him for recommending his son, whom Wolsey has adopted, to the King. Recommends for a prebend in Tournay his relative William de Belaymont, a Belgian. Mons in Hainault, 2 Aug.
Lat., p. 1 (broad sheet). Add.: D. Cardinali Eboracensi Angliae Cancellario.
3 Aug.
Calig. B. III. 159.
B. M.
Has ordered Marchmont herald, now sent to Albany, to take his passage to Henry, and acquaint him with his mission; and, if he is willing to prolong the truce lately taken at St. Andrew's, to notify Albany of the same. Edinburgh, 3 Aug. 4 Jac. V. Signed: James Chancellar.
4 Aug.
R. O.
3555. The BP. OF HELNA to WOLSEY.
On Sunday last the secretary of the King Catholic arrived, who was formerly in England, and brought with him the usual deeds. Had deferred visiting him for the present on account of Wolsey's illness. Is thankful to hear of his convalescence, and will be glad to wait upon him to receive the money, as the business of the King Catholic is very urgent. London, 4 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
4 Aug.
Galba, B. v. 295.
B. M.
Were admitted to the King's presence yesterday after he was advertised that Spinelly had brought letters to him. Spinelly delivered his credence, as stated in his other letters. The King returned thanks, by the Baily Damont, for the dispatch given to his ambassadors in England and their liberal treatment, and professed his ambassadors in England and their liberal treatment, and professed his acceptance of Spinelly as resident ambassador at the court of Spain. He desired them to inform the King of England that Fra Nicholas had been with him, requiring that, as the Pope had entered the league, he should be protected from wrong and oppression according to its terms, and that the King of Castile should beg England to assist. The King of Castile urges the King of England to use his means with the Cardinal of Arragon, who is minded to go into England, to obtain from him a lease of an abbey he holds near Rome, for Nicholas, for a reasonable recompence. As the wind is in the west, and the moon at the full, the King must still wait for his departure certain days. Aspere is still held by the Gueldrois. Middilborowe, 4 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated.
4 Aug.
Vit. B. xx. 62.
B. M.
3557. [PACE] to [WOLSEY].
Since writing [last] the Pope has revoked [the letters sent] to the Swiss for the payment of their annual pension, which ought to have b[een] paid by his ambassadors according to the treaty between them. The cause of the revoca[tion of] the said letters is, that the Pope in[ten]ds to make an army of lanceknights, and pay them with the money. One of his ambassadors, Jacobus Gambarus, is raising men in the confines of Almayne and among the Grisons. Yesterday a captain entered this city for the same purpose. No small trouble will ens[ue] when the Swiss come to know it, as they must. "And surely, my Lord, it is impossible * * * wolde destrue his holiness (as they ... on) and hurte odre goode princes ... Thys demeanor that is now used [towards the] said Swiss shall cause them to have [no con]fidence in odre men, they have so oftyn [before] bene dissevidde." Everything here succeeds badly by the evil counsel of selfish men. Written in haste. Constance, 4 Aug. 1517.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
6 Aug.
Giust. Desp. II. 113.
3558. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
The Catholic King is in Zealand, waiting to embark. Great cruelties have been committed by the Duke of Gueldres in the invasion of Friesland. As the King, in consequence of the new malady, had withdrawn himself to a distance, found great difficulty in speaking with him. "This disease makes very quick progress, proving fatal in twenty-four hours at the furthest, and many are carried off in four or five hours. The patients experience nothing but a profuse sweat, which dissolves the frame, and when once the twenty-four hours are passed all danger is at an end." Many of his own household are sick. Few strangers are dead, but an immense number of natives. Presented the King with the letters from the Signory and Hadrian, which last he "extracted from the packet addressed by his lordship to the Cardinal of York;" otherwise Wolsey would never have delivered it to his majesty. The King said he was perfectly acquainted with the business, and had heard from the Pope that he intended to deprive and degrade Hadrian. On Sebastian's endeavoring to excuse the Cardinal's absence from Rome, rather than incur danger, the King said: "I understand this matter better than you Venetians;" and seemed greatly exasperated against him. Thinks this is owing to Wolsey. Would have presented the letter to Wolsey, but he "has been ill of this sweating sickness, and would that the perspiration had carried off his wish for these benefices." Many of his household have died from the sweat.
Sebastian's son has returned from the Bp. of Winchester; his audience was delayed because this prelate likewise had taken the sweat. He had a gracious welcome by Fox, who represented the matter as desperate, saying: "We have to deal with the Cardinal, who is not Cardinal but King, and no one in the realm dares attempt aught in opposition to his interests." He was already in possession of the see, and Fox had resigned the administration of it. He said that one of the pontifical briefs greatly exaggerated Hadrian's crimes, and urged that the see of Bath should be given to Wolsey in commendam. But in the second brief the anger of the Pope was much softened, and he seemed to delay the execution of the former one. The second brief, however, is not to be found, and your highness will comprehend by whose means it has been secreted. The Bp. also wrote a letter to Chieregato, of which Sebastian encloses a copy. London, 6 Aug. 1517.
6 Aug.
R. O.
Encloses a letter he has received from Sir Thomas Spinelly. Has done his best to prevent the Cardinal of Arragon's passage till he hears from Wolsey, as he stated in a former letter. He would have crossed this day, the weather being fine. Sends Guynes pursuivant, the bearer. Calais, 6 Aug.
Hol., p.1. Add. The Cardinal of [York], Chancellor of England.
Received his letter dated yesternight, 31 July. Since his arrival at the court, learns that the Cardinal of Arragon has left Antwerp for England. If he comes to Calais, is to be colorably detained, according to Wolsey's wishes. Mydelborge, 3 Aug. 1517. Signed.
P.1. Add.: T[o the] right hon. [the] Deputy of Calais.
6 Aug.
Galba, B. v. 297b. B.M.
Understands by his ambassadors the quick despatch they have had in their business, and the good cheer the King has shown them. Has received his letters by Thomas Spinelly, by which he understands more emphatically the King's singular affection for him. Has commanded his ambassadors in England to make a cordial response. Midelbourg, 6 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
6 Aug.
Thanks him for his services in confirming the alliance with England. Since the return of his ambassadors Spinelly has arrived, whose loyalty is long known. Hopes Wolsey will continue the King in his good will towards him, so that Henry may see to the safety of the Low Countries when he goes on his voyage. Middleburgh, 6 Aug. Signed and sealed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. dYorck, Cardinal et Legat dAngleterre.
6 Aug.
Galba, B. VI. 70.B.M.
Has received his letters by Spinelly. Is certain of the cordiality existing between the two Kings, which could never have been established without Wolsey. His own master knows well that the chief security of his dominions is the good will of England. Begs him candidly to communicate anything calculated to create distrust, and not to give it too easy credit. Cannot be sufficiently grateful for the unmerited honor the King has thought fit to bestow on him. Spinelly's return, and the charge entrusted to him, have been most satisfactory to the King of Castile. He shall always have free access to the King whenever he desires it. Middleburgh, 6 Aug. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
6 Aug.
Grant, at the annual rent of one red rose, of tenements in Burgh on the Sands and Glassen, and a tenement in Carlisle lying between the tenement of the Abbot and Convent of Holme Coltram and that of Christ. Mires: late belonging to Edw. Skelton, attained.
Del. Westm., 6 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p.2, m.6.
6 Aug.
Licence to impark 700 acres of land and wood, called Baronwode, in Englewoode Forest, Cumb., in the lordship of Leysingby, belonging to the said Lord. Del. Westm., 6 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p.2, m. 6.
7 Aug.
The King, her son, is in good health. The Lords have sent the bearer, Marchmont herald, to the court of France, for what causes she knows not. Writes, at their request, that he may have a licence to pass through England. Has found the Lord Chancellor of Scotland very helpful to her since her last coming to this country. Edinburgh, 7 Aug. Signed: Your lufeing syster, Margaret R.
P.1. Add.
7 Aug.
Galba, B.v. 297.B.M.
Wrote last from Bruges, 29 July. On his arrival at the court was advertised of the Cardinal of Arragon going to Antwerp, and thence to England. By the advice of the Master of the Rolls, wrote to the Deputy of Calais to detain the Cardinal till he should hear more. On delivering the King's letters to Chievres, was desired to wait till next day, but took the opportunity of telling him that the Cardinal was going to England, and asking him if he had any letters from the Pope or the Catholic King; that, considering the Pope had entered the league, the Cardinal's departure from Rome was suspicious. Begged to have him recalled. Chievres told him he was glad of the Cardinal's departure, "for he is a mervellyeuse mann, that hath inportuned us of many thynges." He told Spinelly the next day that the Bp. of Badajos had written to the Cardinal to go no further. Spinelly thinks the sole reason of the Cardinal's going to England was to get a taste of the King's liberality. Told Chievres that great offers had been refused for Tournay; who said, when the King was in Spain some overture should be made in the matter. He will speak to the King of Mr. Sandys' son. The business of the Queen's physician has been settled. He and the Master of the Rolls think that Chievres' authority will remain undiminished. Chievres has promised the King shall not write in behalf of Cardinal Hadrian. Desires credence for Brian Tuke. Middleburg, 7 Aug. 1517.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
7 Aug.
Was sorry to hear of Wolsey's illness. Is glad of his recovery from so severe an attack. Forbears to write Italian, as Spinelly is in constant communication with the Cardinal. Middelburg, 7 Aug.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: D. Thomæ Card. Ebor.
3568. For JOHN BUTTES.
To be auditor, during pleasure, of Copercioner's lands, late of the Duke of Somerset, and of the manor of Weston near Baldok, Herts. Richmond, 4 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Aug.
8 Aug. 3569. For JOHN PULTENEY.
Lease, for 21 years, of the lordship of Kenyngton, Surrey, parcel of the duchy of Cornwall, at the annual rent of 26l. 13s. 4d. and 40d. of increase, out of which rent the fee of Sir Ric. Cholmeley and Sir John Dauncy, steward of the lordships, shall be allowed. Westm., 8 Aug.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p.2, m.5.
9 Aug.
Calig. B. VI. 172. B.M.
Marchmont herald takes this to advertise King Henry of the Queen's and his nephew's health. Begs that he may have liberty to pass into France to advertise Albany of the same, according to commandment. Edinburgh, 9 Aug. 1517.
Add.: To my singulare lord, my Lord Cardinale of Zork, Chancellor of Ingland, etc.
Au g.
Calig. E. II. 104. B.M.
Received a letter whilst the Cardinal of Arragon was with him hunting, informing him of the plague in London. Thought there was nothing more convenient for stopping his passage than to read him the letter, knowing how much the Italians are afraid of coming into a place where there is danger of death. The courage of the Cardinal is greatly abated, but he laments his ill fortune that he should have travelled so far without the happiness of seeing the King or Wolsey. He is now going to St. Omer's to wait eight or ten days if the plague abate. Calais, . . Aug.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
9 Aug.
Yesterday the Cardinal of Arragon left Calais. He did not go, as Wingfield wrote in his last, to Cambray, to visit the King Catholic, but to Boulogne, thence of Rouen, and so to Spain, to wait the King's arrival, if he can go there this year. He told Wingfield he intended to return from Spain and cross to England. He was sorry it was not his fortune to visit the King at that time in consequence of the plague in London and other places, and left, at his going, a letter for Wolsey. He travels like a nobleman, and has forty horses with him. Yesterday se'nnight the King of France entered Rouen. Has sent a spy to see what he is doing, and return by the seacoast to find what ships are at Dieppe. Calais, 9 Aug. Signed.
P.1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York.
10 Aug.
Thanks him for having overlooked the error of James Parrye in the exchange of a canonry at Tournay with his late uncle, Michael Parry, the writer's confessor. Begs as a favor that he will allow the said James to hold the benefice. Middelburg, 10 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
10 Aug.
Vesp. C. I. 109. B.M.
3574. The BP. OF HELNA to WOLSEY.
Understands by the factors of Master Aron, the King's treasurer, that they are ready to expedite the business of the King Catholic. He and the secretary send, consequently, all the papers which they possess for perfecting the same as if the money were now in Flanders, requesting Wolsey to order Master Aron to pay this day, so that the secretary may fly to the King Catholic: and that he and his retinue of ten servants may have immediate passports: whatever communication he had to make to Wolsey on the part of De Xevers (Chievres), owing to the disturbances of the time, will pass through the writer. Begs that the seals attached to the treaty, broken through some misfortune, may be renewed. Wishes to know what answer he is to make to Xevers touching his particular business. London, 10 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. (at ƒ 119b): Illustrissimo, &c. Cardinali Angliæ, &c.