Henry VIII: August 1515, 12-20

Pages 211-227

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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August 1515

12 Aug.
MSS. G. H. Strype's Mem. I. App. No. 2.
Is to require of the Lady Margaret a safeconduct for Thomas Barnaby, merchant of London, notwithstanding her edict forbidding the importation into Flanders of baysalt or wine grown in France, the ancient enemy of England. Sends Sir John Wallop with letters for the Archduchess. From our Monastery of Chertsey, 12 Aug.
Add.: Dr. Knight, our ambassador in the parts of Flanders.
12 Aug.
R. O.
Has received his letter this day by Isley herald, dated Edinburgh the 10th, appointing Lord Maxwell and Cesfurd. Is glad to hear of his resolution to consult the interests of the two kingdoms. Is surprised at the appointment of Cesfurd, a young man "without wisdom and substance." Does not think this will tend to the preservation of justice, and refuses to meet him. Has agreed to his message by David Purvis. Has examined the documents for redress. No news in England, except that Albany has proclaimed that every lord, knight, and gentleman of Scotland shall meet him on the Marches, on Thursday next; it is said to lay siege to Berwick. The country has been consequently warned, and it will be hard to keep it in order. Harbottle, Sunday, 12 Aug.
Pp. 2. Headed: "Copy of the answer to the Duke of Albany's second letter."
12 Aug. 800. For BRIAN TUKE.
Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Otford, 12 Aug.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
12 Aug. 801. For JOHN COPYNGER, page of the Wardrobe of Robes.
To be keeper, in reversion, of the exchange and money in the Tower of London and elsewhere in England, now held by Wm. Stafford by patent 25 Sept. 1 Hen. VII. Otford, 12 Aug.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
13 Aug.
R. O.
Would be glad to salute them by mouth. Wishes to know the King's mind for his discharge to return before the 22 Dec. next. By that time the 200l. delivered for him to Brian Tuke will have run out. Those who had the charge of his property are dead. In this great convention of Kings, has shown himself like a puissant King's ambassador. Was obliged to part with his servants that came to England, who are wearied of being so long without rewards. Is much altered since his last sickness. Has been absent from his natural country ten years. Ence, 13 Aug. 1515.
Has desired a letter of thanks to be written to the Marquis Casymyrus of Brandenburg, who gave the King a sword and dagger sent by Derrick a year ago, and has since sent another sword called "a stokke."
Hol., pp. 4. Add.
13 Aug.
R. O.
Received his letter by Fasington the bearer. Thinks the comprehension last made is slender and bare, notwithstanding his good intentions. Is sorry to hear of his displeasure against Lord Home. No man in Scotland is so able to rule misguided folks. Deprecates assembling forces on the borders, as it will cost England 10,000l. or 12,000l. England is stedfastly inclined to peace. Harbottle, 13 Aug.
Pp. 2. Headed: "Copy of a letter to the Duke of Albany's answer of his letter next afore to the 3rd letter."
13 Aug.
S. B.
To be searcher, during pleasure, in the port of Pole; on surrender of patent 14 Jan. 8 Hen. VII. Del. Otford, 13 Aug. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
13 Aug.
P. S.
805. For JOHN LYSTER, of Halifax, alias of Beverley, alias of Ledes, clothier.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 27 July 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Otford, 13 Aug.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 6.
13 Aug.
P. S.
806. For RICHARD BARWYLL, brewer of London.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Richard Wyngfelde, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 27 July 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Otford, 13 Aug.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 6.
14 Aug.
Vit. B. XVIII. 170. B. M.
Wrote last [on the 6th] inst. from Vienna, "in which I adver[tised your grace that I] had order from the Emperor to depart the[nce] ... howbeit" he stayed till the 8th to provide necessaries, and on that day started for Lynce in ... "day I fortuned to lodge three Dutch my[les from the] town of Ence, where the Emperor lodged also. After [I had] supped, I received a packet of letters directed to [me by] Tuke, in which I found twain letters, one from [your grace] to the Emperor, and one to me." Having read it, and hearing that the Emperor would depart the next day, sent to ask an audience, and was ordered to be at the abbey of St. Floriane, a Dutch mile from Ence, and two great Dutch miles from ... town, at 12 o'clock. Gave the King's letter to the Emperor, who received it "full [graciously] putting off his bonnet, and asked me of your grace, and likewise of your Queen, and whether I had any [news whether] her grace should be with child or not, of which I showed [him my] trust, but I had received none such advice of co ... Then he caused the chamber to be cl[eared and] opened your said letter and read it ... are my credence, which I opened in the best manner [according to] the form contained in your said letter, as well ... [his] appointment to send an ambassador to join with yours [and with the ambassador] of your father the King of Arragon, as the demeaning ... an ambassador that he had sent and the hindrance of the intended [pur]pose, that hath ensued upon the same and the unlikelihood of keeping the said purpose; but if his ambassador might be otherwise instructed, or another ambassador sent or appointed, void of familiarity ... intelligence with the Prince's governors."
After this, Wingfield showed the second part of his credence, both about sending the ambassadors to the Prince for the confirmation of the amity and confederation which had existed between their predecessors, and about sending commissioners for the ratification of the intercourse, mentioning the delays or rather negatives which had been made to both, notwithstanding the bond by which the commissioners were bound at the conclusion of the said intercourse. Then showed the third part, that these difficulties and delays were contrived by means of the said governors, and that Henry had ordered his ambassadors to protest against them, "for justice denied must cause other remedy to be sought;" all which Henry had ordered him to say "to the intent that if inconvenience shall [happe]nne to ensue, that he ne none other shall may lay any [charge] to you, but the same to proceed from unreasonable denying of [right a]nd justice to you to your great displeasure, and ye might ... se with your honor. To which he answered in this wise: 'I am right sorry that my brother [should have any] occasion to be grieved with my nephew ... place betwixt them and continue any ... to breed their notable harm, for though ... affections neither consider or care for the s ... had the practise of 35 years past in those ... what peril both houses shall be in, and they ... and what advancement and quiet it shall be [to] continue their old amity and friendship w[ith] ... desire my brother to have a little patience, for in ... do, he shall have all that he may reasonably desire. [If so] be that I had been advertised at the beginning, according to [the information] ye have made now I would have purveyed other ... the ambassador that I sent was to good purpose, for [there] was none other but to advertise me what should be ... [my] brother's ambassadors, of my nephew, above them ... congratulation of which ye made overture unto ... I sent my said ambassador to the intent that if [there was] any difficulty found, or any part denied [to his reaso]nable desires, that I advised of the same by writing f[rom my] ambassador, might provide a remedy or the parr[il go] to (too) far; and rather than fail redress the same, by c[oming myself] into those parts; for it shall never be seen that by my ... our ancient enemies shall glorify to have sep[arated] mine from the amity of our ancient friends ... be conserved by patience or any other goodly means, [if my] brother your master will continue in the same.
"[And as] touching such communication as ye advised me of to [day] ... daughter in my name and the ambassadors ... not expressly, upon what matters ... ambassador to resort and attend upon my ... advertise me of such things as she should ordain ... ne of by writing, concerning the said secret[confeder] ation, to the intent that an I liked the manner and form [of the] same I might continently have sent my mandate of [auc]toryte to my daughter, to conclude the same, and till now I [have] heard no more of it, whereof I have had great marvel, [th]oow in the meanwhile my businesses and charges have not [been] small. But now that I know how the case standeth betwixt my brother and my nephew, I shall in as goodly haste as possible write unto my nephew unto such form, that all thing shall take the right course, and if my writing will not serve I will not fail to descend in person to see all thing set in order betwixt mine heir and my brother. And also now that I know the ground perfectly whereupon the said secret communication is to be had, I shall not fail to send also in all goodly haste sufficient mandate unto my daughter to conclude the same in my name; for I know well that by the mean weal and honor shall follow not only to the parties but also to all Christendom the better order both in bridling the fierce and punishing the misadvised persons." All this was spoken so promptly that Wingfield cannot but believe it proceeded from his very heart. [Then] he willed me to ride to this town and tarry his coming hither; [where]upon I took leave and departed and came to this town about ... o'clock fasting, and wrote these letters in haste, to be sure of that [the post] would not depart without them. Written at the town of [Lynce], [14] Aug. 15.
Hol., pp. 4.
14 Aug.
Has received his letters by Islay herald and Fasinton. Thinks with him that the comprehension is slender. Desires it may be augmented by all honest means. Believes that within 20 days he shall be able to send folks to make reparation. Thinks Andrew Ker of Cesfurd "a man of gude," who will not avenge his father's slaughter by Englishmen. Will write to him clearly as to the assembly on the borders. The chief purport is to chastise the Chamberlain. As the Chamberlain offers to put his places, especially Fastcastle, into the Duke's hand, has suspended the assembly. Mons. de Villebresme, servant of the Chamber, will inform the King of England of the state of affairs in Scotland. The Queen is quite content. Edinburgh, 14 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
14 Aug.
Galba, B. v. 300. B.M.
Has written fully to the King. The person who made suit to Ponynges for the enterprise against Rich. De la Pole had not been with him till within these six days. He has promised to come again within eight days and bring word if De la Pole is still at Metz in Lorraine;—if he come, will advertise Wolsey of the arrangement. Another gentleman has offered "to take the matter in hand and to deliver him me in this town or to make an end of the matter." Entertains him with fair words till he has discovered where De la Pole is. Has sent a spy to ascertain by whom he is supported. It is said by the Duke of Lorraine, at the cost of the French King. Tournay, 14 Aug. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.: My especial good Lord my Lord Archbishop of York.
14 Aug.
Vesp. C.I. 93. B.M.
Regrets the long interruption of their intercourse; desires an interview, though he has received no news from Spain. London, 14 Aug. 1515.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Rmo. Archiepiscopo Eboracensi. Endd.
14 Aug.
811. FOR JOHN HOPTON, gentleman usher of the Chamber.
Licence to gather alms, for three years, in England, to ransom thirty persons imprisoned at Tonneys, in Barbary, who had been taken prisoners by the Moors, in a ship called The Criste, freighted into Levant with wools and other merchandise by John Aleyne, Hugh Clopton and Richard Fermer, of London, merchants. Greenwich, 27 July 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Otford, 14 Aug.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
16 Aug.
Calig. E. II. (37.) B. M.
Have practised with the four chiefs of the town to contribute to the building of the citadel and recompensing those whose houses are pulled down. They requested the King might be informed of their inability by reason of their poverty, the late sickness and the repair of their walls. After debating the matter with them, agreed to defer it four or five days. At a meeting of the inhabitants they returned the same answer, which the commissioners delay to send as unsatisfactory. Have circulated bills in every parish of the favor borne to them by King Henry. Some have professed their willingness to [assist] six or seven days. Beg they may have money. It is rumored that the French intend to look in upon them in four or five days. Tournay, 16 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
16 Aug.
On Sunday last arrived in very foul weather Sir Th. Spinelly, who left next day for Flanders, after informing Wingfield that he was to let Wolsey know what the ships of Bretaigne were doing, and when they were likely to set forth to sea. A Breton arrived here yesterday laden with salt. Hears upon inquiry that the great ships lie where they were with no intention of putting to sea. This afternoon arrived a budget from Rome. Calais, 16 Aug.
P.S.—The Breton tells him a truce has been taken between France and Spain for three years. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Archbishop of York.
As the King sends an answer at large concerning the comptroller's charge, forbears to write. The King has heard "all such credence as Sir Thomas Spinelly had of you in charge to be declared to his grace," and has written to Sir Thomas accordingly. The King is much pleased with Spinelly's service, and has despatched him with letters for the comptroller.
The King has heard from John Hopton that the French King is preparing in Brittany a great navy for the sea, the intent not known. He is to send spies to observe the number of the ships and their condition for sea.
2. Drafts in Tuke's hand.
P. 1.
16 Aug.
Towns of Uske, Caerlion and Trillek (Marches of Wales).—G. Bp. of Chester, M. Bp. of Llandaff, Chas. Earl of Worcester, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Sir Wm. Morgan, Wm. Herbert of Troye, Geo. Bromley, Wm. Rudhale, Th. ap Roberth and John Arnold. Otford, 16 Aug.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.2, m. 16d.
16 Aug.
816. For ELIZ. JAKES alias FROWYK.
Pardon and release to Elizabeth, widow and executrix of Th. Jakes (justice of the peace for Middx.), alias widow and executrix of Sir Th. Frowyk, (chief justice of Common Pleas, commissioner to inquire as to the possessions of John Crosby, justice of sewers in the river called le Lees, from Ware, Herts, to the Thames, justice of the peace for Middx., and executor of Sir Henry Frowyk,) for all entries by herself or by the said Sir Thomas, Sir Henry, and Thomas Jakes on the possessions of the said Sir Henry, in the King's custody by minority of Thomas, son and heir of the said Sir Henry, or of Henry, another son of the same, and for all abductions of Sir Henry's said sons; and release of all fines for their marriage. Del. Otford, 16 Aug. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
16 Aug.
817. For ANTHONY THWAYTIS, soldier of Calais.
Licence to import 100 tuns of Gascon wine, in consideration of his having been taken with Bretons in time of peace in the late King's reign, whereby he lost above 400 marks, and of his having in the time of his wars fitted out a ship of 100 tons burthen, with 80 men, at his own cost, which men received no wages for their service. Del. Otford, 16 Aug. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 6.
17 Aug.
Wrote his last on the 14th. Sends a letter from Dr. Sampson, showing of what small effect the brief from Rome is. Has written to the King the news he had from Zealand touching Britanny, and from the master of the posts. Wrote to Tuke for his brother Leonard, respecting Cotyngham. Bruges, 17 Aug. 1515. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: [My Lor]d of York. Endd.
17 Aug.
i. Dacre to Albany.
Received on the 16th by his chaplain, dean Thos. Fasington, the bearer, his letter dated Edinburgh, the 14th, desiring to have the comprehension augmented; expressing his satisfaction at the continuance of the diet for 20 days; and stating that Andrew Ker of Cesford had been appointed warden of the Middle Marches. Had expressed his opinion in that behalf in his last, sent by Isley herald. Knows not why Albany should account to him for such an appointment, or for raising an assembly to chastise the Chamberlain. Is glad to hear that he has suspended the assembly. Does not see why he needed to have sent so large a number to receive the places belonging [to] the Chamberlain, as he already held Fastcastle. Had heard the Chamberlain say he would yield obedience to his King. Begs, as he intends to send Ville Bresme, servant of the chamber to the French King, he may have substantial instructions. "And as unto any writing the Queen's grace can write, it will be taken by all wise men that it is your pleasure, seeing that she is married to a subject of that realm." She is kept out of her dowry and the tierce that she had by the will of her late husband. Harbottle, 17 Aug.
"Copy of a letter sent to the Duke of Albany, answer of his letter next afore, that is, to the 4th letter." (fn. 1)
Pp. 3.
ii. "Certain Devices for the surety of the town and castle of Barwhek, with letters from me the Lord Dakars to the captain, and answers of them as follows."*
Had communicated with Ant. Ughtred, captain of Berwick, at Etell, on the 9th, advising unity of action between them; that Ughtred should feign displeasure against one of his servants whom he trusted most, and having discharged him he should be taken into Dacre's service, by means whereof he might go into Scotland as often as he pleased, and watch any assemblies that were making in the marches of Teviotdale. Dacre offered him 200 men to assist in case of danger, warning him not to call in soldiers one day and discharge them the next. Their lordships will perceive the nature of all his communications with Ughtred by the answers and the principals, hereunto annexed.
Pp. 2.
iii. Dacre to Ughtred.
Yesterday received a letter from the Duke of Albany, who is [in] fear of a break. The Chamberlain will do the King's pleasure, and not obey the Duke. If he fortune to come within the bounds and town of Berwick, on any sudden attack by the Duke, the goods must be allowed to cross the bridge and be "resett" within the King's realm. He is to have two barrels of gunpowder secretly delivered him by Hen. Talefer. Harbottle, 10 Aug.
Headed: "Copy of a letter to Sir Anthony Ughtred, knight, Captain of Berwick.—i."
P. 1.
iv. Ughtred to Dacre.
Received this Saturday, the 11th, his letter dated Harbottle the 10th, touching the Chamberlain. Hopes he will give him warning of any danger. Hears the musters of Albany will not separate till they have attacked Berwick. Berwick, 11 Aug. Signed.
P.1. Add. Headed by Dacre: "Answer to my first letter.—i."
v.Ughtred to Dacre.
Since his last letter has learned that Albany will make muster upon the Borrow More, the morn after Our Lady the Assumption (16 Aug.); that he sets forth with his army on Friday next with 16 great pieces of ordnance. Begs for reinforcements before the 17th. Berwick, 12 Aug. Signed.
Added in Dacre's hand: "The answer on the back to the 2nd letter."
P. 1. Add.
vi. Dacre to Ughtred.
The effect of the answer sent to the capt. of Berwick, sc. that the reinforcement should be sent. He is not to take in more soldiers till he has further information. Yesterday Isley and a monk of Scotland came from Albany, with a letter enclosed. Sends also his answer. Harbottle, 13 Aug. 7 Hen. VIII.
vii. Ughtred to Dacre.
Received his last on 13 Aug. Has never heard a better or more substantial answer than Dacre has made to Albany. Doubts the Chamberlain, because of the last loss of Fastcastle, which he considers impregnable. Berwick, 13 Aug. Signed.
Add. Headed by Dacre: "Received by Hary Tallefer, the 14th day, at 12 of the clock aforenoon.—iii."
P. 1.
viii. Dacre to Ughtred.
Sends him a letter he has received by Raa of Berwick. Has Ughtred's answer expressing some distrust of the Lord Cham- berlain, desiring also the soldiers of Hexhamshire promised him. It is the interest of the Chamberlain to be true. Fastcastle has not been lost by his treachery. Will give him warning four days before of any attack intended by Albany against Berwick. Is so well aware of his movements he cannot be beguiled. Has many spies abroad. Will send his brother Sir Christopher to help him if need be. Harbottle, 14 Aug.
Headed: "Copy of a letter to Sir Ant. Ughtred, knight, &c., that is to say, his 3rd letter. (fn. 2) —iii."
Pp. 2.
ix. Ughtred to Dacre.
Thanks him for his venison. The Lady of Fastcastle still keeps it and will not deliver it to Albany, who has come thither with a small company. Berwick, 14 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Numbered by Dacre, "iiii."
x. Dacre to Ughtred.
Hears by one of his spies just come from Edinburgh that Albany, by the advice of the Scotch council, continues his gathering. If necessity require, the Lord Archbishop's tenants shall be ready to "adwate" on him with a shout. His brother is now with the Chamberlain. "I woll that ye leaf a servant of yours at the towre at the brig ende in aventure if I sende any writing to you on the night that he may put it in at ane oppyn of the yate." Harbottle, 16 Aug.
Headed: "Copy of a letter, &c.—iiii."
P. 1.
xi. Dacre to Ughtred.
Has just received a letter from Albany, announcing that he has forborne his gathering, and sent certain persons to receive the houses belonging to the Chamberlain. Begs he will return the letter. Harbottle, 16 Aug.
Headed: "Copy of a letter to Sir Anthony Ughtred, &c., upon his fifth letter.*—v."
P. 1.
xii. Ughtred to Dacre.
Thanks him for his many services, and will certify the King of the same. Will keep Berwick though Albany came with all the power of Scotland. Berwick Castle, 17 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Numbered by Dacre, "v."
xiii. Ughtred to Dacre.
Commends his policy in stopping that which would have cost the King much expense. If Albany had come it would have been to no good. Has received the gunpowder which he delivered by Dacre's wish. Will write to Wolsey to contradict the surmise contained in his last letter against the Chamberlain's fidelity. Has heard that the Duke has sent for the Chamberlain, offering four lords of Scotland for his security. Berwick, 17 Aug. Signed and Add.
P. 1. Numbered by Dacre, "vi."
xiv. Dacre to Ughtred.
His servant Tom Rutherford returned yesterday from Edinburgh, disguised as a Scotchman. He saw all the horses clearly discharged and the meat and drink "spended." The Lord Flemming is sent to receive the Chamberlain's houses. The Duke's council would fain have him come in, and have sent him a respite for eight days. Hopes he will not be prevailed on. They can make no further assembly for three weeks, for they must bake and brew again with the filling of their panniers with victuals. Thinks it strange he has not heard from the Council in England. Harbottle, 18 Aug.
Headed: "Copy of a letter to Sir Antony Ughtred, &c., to his 6th letter (fn. 3) —vi."
Pp. 2.
18 Aug.
Calig. E. II. (34). B.M.
Received on the 14th his letters dated Windsor the 8th. The meteing out of the ground and setting up stakes for the citadel have abated the refractoriness of the citizens. The Lord Chamberlain having invited a dozen of the chief governors to dine with him they complained that their city, hitherto a place of trade, was being converted into a city of war, the provost, recorder, and one of the eschevins, privately requested him to write to the King to defer building the citadel, and drew up a plan, transmitted herewith, for the safe keeping of the town. On the 16th were informed by J[ehan le] Sellier that the inhabitants of G[hent] have desired the Prince of Castile to prohibit the exportation of timber and stone to Tournay for the citadel. Think [Le] Sellier a faithful subject but have not told him all their charge; he thinks the city cannot be kept without a large garrison. If he knew the secrecy of this matter he would not abide here. Recommend that he be written to. Many of the guard who wished to return to England have changed their minds, hearing that they will only have 4d. a day instead of 12d. or 8d. Marriage is concluded between the King of Hungary's son and the Prince of Castile's youngest sister;—also a contract between the Prince and the King of Hungary's daughter, at which the French ambassador with the Prince was not a little chafed. The Emperor says his nephew's council conclude one thing and he another. Tournay, 18 Aug.
Since writing received the King's letter dated Richmond the 13th, licensing the Master of the Rolls (Yonge) to return on account of sickness. Now that the citizens have made this overture he will stay till Wednesday se'nnight. Request that Tunstal or some other be sent in his place. Have dispatched Lancastre to Ponyngs to learn what is done in the Archdukes cou[ntries]. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
18 Aug.
On the 18th received the King's letters dated Richmond, the 13th. Intends to wait a little time to see matters well on towards a conclusion, notwithstanding the King's command to return. Trusts to send at the next writing a minute of the obligation for the keeping of the town. This will be brought to pass the sooner, if matters in Flanders take good effect. Tournay, 18 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord of York. Endd.: The Master of the Rolls.
18 Aug. 822. For WM. SYMONS.
Licence to import 100 tuns of Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Otford, 18 Aug.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 7.
19 Aug.
Has received from Master Brian a bundle of letters sent from Rome (ab Urbe). Has not yet made a summary, as usual, of the letters in cipher received from the Bp. of Worcester, and therefore sends on the accompanying letters and briefs, and will follow early to-morrow. Matters at Tournay are satisfactory. Encloses a copy of the brief sent into Flanders to Sampson. The brief for the tenths was procured with greater difficulty. Westminster, 19 Aug.
P.S. Had written to Worcester, and sent off the King's and Wolsey's letters.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Domino Eboracensi. Endd.
19 Aug
Calig. E. II. (32.) B. M.
Ponynges, on his retirement from the lieutenancy of Tournay, left with the present governor, Lord Mountjoy, the confessions of certain prisoners touching the rebellion of De Clervis, John de Staples, John de Malyns, &c. Since Ponynges' departure Arnold Bewfitz, one of the rebels, returned. and has been apprehended, and others with him. Are afraid, if all implicated be apprehended, great confusion will ensue. Propose a general pardon, and also for the soldiers who had committed the riot at Mountjoy's entry. Send a draft of it. A French spy is going into Scotland. The Abbot of St. Martin's is living with the Queen of Denmark. Propose that a good Englishman be abbot there. Lord Durryer has recommended the brother of the Dean. It were good if the bishoprick could be got into the King's hands, and Cambray and all the bayl[iwick] placed like Calais under the jurisdiction of the see of Canterbury. Tour[nay], 19 Aug. Signed by the above.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
19 Aug.
Calig. E. I. (85.) B. M.
Is grateful for the King's letters of thanks sent by the Lord Chamberlain. Will further the ambassadors in all he can. Supposes he has heard of the traitors taken at Tournay. Has written to the King for a pardon, as many were misled by De Malines and John de Staple, who are now attainted. Begs the King to put loyal subjects into the Abbey of St. Martin's. The Bishop's tenants are crafty and troublesome. Has written to the Governor of Lisle about it. Begs he will give Thos. Blount, his solicitor, liberty to sue unto him, and Wolsey's favour for his fee with the Queen's grace. My Lord of Ormond is his special friend. Begs Wolsey's friendship for his father Kebyll in his suit with John Munday. "The matter concerneth the soul of Mr. Browne d[eceased] and of me by my wife and also his children." Thanks Wolsey for the pains he has taken in the matter between him and my Lord of Essex. [His bro]ther Sir William Say's cause, he trusts, has come to a good end. Tournay, 19 Aug.
P.S. in his own hand. Does not intend to put the King's pardons in force until he has ascertained how conformable the offenders will be in such causes as they have to be treated with in Wolsey's behalf. Thinks it important that Mortaigne should be had, and that the Lord Chamberlain consult with De Ligne thereon. Signed.
P. 1 (broad sheet), mutilated. Add.: To the m. rev. &c. Abp. of York.
20 Aug.
Addit. 19, 649, No. 3. B. M.
Has received his letters by his ambassador Robert de Bapausmes, and was much gratified at hearing his credence. Has had communications with him on the subject at considerable length. Francis must look to the following matters: (1.) Complaints are made by English merchants of piracies committed by Frenchmen pretending to be Scots, for which they cannot obtain redress in France. (2.) The Duke of Albany, whom he has sent into Scotland, not only desires to take the government from the Queen against the will of her late husband, but to take the keeping of her children into his hands, which has compelled the Queen to retire with them into a strong castle called Stirling, to which the Duke has laid siege in the hope of reducing it by famine. (3.) Is urged by his sister, Francis's belle mere, to demand of him the restoration of the rings and jewels given her in the presence of the English ambassadors by the late King her husband. Windsor, 20 Aug. 1515. Signed.
P. 1, broad sheet. Add.
Calig. D. VI. 238.
B. M.
827. Instructions to SIR RICHARD WYNGFYLD, Deputy of Calais, "to be declared and showed to the FRENCH KYNG."
1. Is to say that Henry desires a confirmation of the amity betwixt his said brother and him; to thank the French King for the consolation and comfort that he gave to Henry's [sister], the French Queen Dowager, in her sorrow after the decease of the late French King, and for his "love and kindness showed to her during [her being] in France, whereof the said Queen hath largely in[formed his] grace, with the great honor also showed unto her by the d[eputing] of so noble personages to accompany and conduct her [in her] voyage towards England." Is to state that Henry reciprocates the French King's wish for an interview at time and place convenient. "And at this point the said Sir [Richard shall] pause and stop, not pressing the said French King [or mak]ing any further overture or instance for the said interview, [but,] hearing his opinion and the devices for the appointing of the time and place, with other circumstances appertaining to so great a matter, shall mark well such answers as he shall make upon the same, showing that his charge is to hear the advice and deliberation of the King, and to make relation unto the King's grace accordingly, and so to rest without taking any conclusion in that behalf or putting him in any further hope of that matter."
2. To say at time convenient that as there is now good peace between the two Kings, it will be necessary for Francis to take measures to prevent his subjects robbing Henry's under colour of Scotch letters of marque and selling their goods, many complaints of such practices having been lately made to Henry, particulars of which Wingfield shall show the King in a book, and demand indemnification by an officer at arms and some substantial and discreet attorneys. He may say also that Henry is so importuned for redress that unless justice be done he will be obliged to give letters of marque and reprisal; further, that Henry is informed the judges in France compel his subjects in like cases "not only to restore the principal with damages and interest, but amerce them with intolerable forfeitures contrary to all justice, the like whereof was never before seen;" which, if not amended, may drive Henry to a similar course.
3. To represent to the King at time convenient the right of the King's sister, Dowager of France, to the jewels and plate of gold of the late King her husband, "wherein, as the said ambassador right well knoweth, n[ot] only much reasoning and debating with dispu- tations, allegations and consultations in the law were m[ade] at his late being there; so that the matter in appearance and by probable opinions was as well and better founded in the law and reason for the Queen's right therein than for the contrary party; but also divers offers and overtures were made as well by the French King him[self] as by the Grand Master Bonyvet, and others for an honorable gift and present, both of jewels, plate [and] gold, and other vessel, to be presented unto the said Queen Dowager in lieu and stead of a recompence and satisfaction for the said moveables (the pretended custom of France for payment of ... notwithstanding); from which their offers and promises they afterwards digressed and varied upon colour [of delivery of the] Mirror of Naples, which was a full slender ca[use or] ground to defeat the Queen's right in the m[atter confirmed] to her as well by the law as by the treaty. A[nd seein]g that divers and the most part of the said jewels we[re give]n unto the said Queen in the time of her late husband then [Ki]ng, that is to say, some before her marriage, some at the time of her marriage and the residue soon after the said marriage, which were by the said late King to her delivered, and she put in possession of the same, he being onlyve; howbeit, after his decease, the said jewels were taken from her." He is empowered also to say that as to the other jewels, plate and moveables to which she has just right, the "Mirror of Naples" is but a small thing and her own by right; and therefore to deny the restitution of the others under that pretext, the King "and his council think right strange," especially remembering the promise made by France, "which promise proceeding by the word and mouth of a great prince is much to be esteemed and pondered, for thereupon depe[ndeth] the honor, faith, fidelity of all noble kings, princes and true Christian men." And in restoring them he shall not only do right and justice, but show kindness to the King's sister and so promote the proposed interview. The ambassador is to use all the wisdom, policy and sober persuasions that he can to this effect.
4. He is to remind him "of the being of the Duke of [Albany] in Scotland, and how he hath taken upon him [to rule the r]eame contrary to such hope and promise as was [made] to the King's Grace by the said French King," thus endangering the right of Henry's nephews and the safety of the King's sister being Queen there, and stirring the Scots to hostility, "contrary to the comprehension of them made at the special intercession, request and desire of the said French King in the treaty concluded" betwixt himself and England, "which the King's grace would never have done at the desire of any other prince, considering the preparations of war made by his highness for repressing of their insolent temerity; which undoubtedly should have proceeded to the utter confusion of the said reame of Scotland, if by the mediation of the said French King it had not been letted by way and mean of the said comprehension." Henry expected the Scotch would have sent their ambassadors and made a new amity for the due administration of justice, remembering the promises also of the present and the late French King that he should not "come into that realm," or at least with no commission prejudicial to the King of England, the Queen his sister or his nephews, or if he did Henry should be made acquainted with it. The Duke of Albany since his arrival has usurped the government of Scotland, "and by his letters openly so declared, taking the [oath] of ligeaunce to himself of all the lords and nobles of the reame," to the prejudice of the Queen his sister, deputed tutrix and governess by the last testament of her 'husband King James and the authority of the Pope. Whatever danger may ensue, Henry will attribute the whole blame of it to the French King.
5. As the ambassador is privy to the order devised for Tournay, he shall inform Francis that the reason for the Earl of Worcester the King's chamberlain, the Master of the Rolls and Sir Edw. Ponynges, Controller of the Household, being sent thither, is for the making of citadels for fortifying that city and establishing there the court[s] of resort. It is hoped this will induce Francis to make some overtures; and he is to urge the King to this as of himself, showing him that otherwise any overture would come too late.
Signed, Henry Rex, at top and bottom.
Pp. 12, mutilated.
Calig. D. VI.
270–274. B. M.
A paper headed: "[a] ... et remonstrances faictes par Messire Guilliaume de Cr ... de la part de Messires les Arcevesque dYort prim[at et] legat du Sainct Siege appostolicque, et hault et puissant prince Mons. [le]Duc de Suffort, Visconte de Lisle, a este dit et respondu [ce] qui sensuyt."
1. Expresses his gratitude to Wolsey and Suffolk, the representatives of England, for their expression of the entente cordiale between the two nations. (2.) His pleasure to have heard from them—the satisfaction that his conduct towards the Queen Dowager has given Henry. (3.) Hopes that this reciprocal affection will be conducive to the good of Christendom and the discomfiture of the Infidels. (4.) As to the claim of the jewels he cannot believe that his brother, being so magnanimous as he is, will boggle at so small a thing and not be satisfied with the offers he has made, seeing that they are not half sufficient to pay the late King's debts. (5.) Requests that the said Lords of York and Suffolk will represent to the King, as they know well how to do, the above matters, and the trouble that has been taken with regard to the restitution of the late Queen's dower; (6.) also that they will use their intercession for the meeting of the two Kings. (7.) In consequence of his [departure for] the conquest of his duchy of Milan, he cannot well appoint a day till after his return, when he will let the King know by his ambassador the President of Normandy (?). (8.) Urges them to procure, according to their promise, the restoration of Tournay from the King their master. (9.) He will keep his promise to Wolsey touching the bishoprick of Tournay ... and with regard to the favor shown to [Lewis Guillard], late bishop of Tournay, the King did not even know he was in Flanders (?) (10.) Thanks them, in conclusion, for sending the present messenger.
Fr., pp. 5.
*The sense of this document is frequently obscured by the mutilation of both margins.
20 Aug.
Galba, B. IV. 318. B. M.
***Notwithstanding the new imposition [of taxes] on the subjects [of France] it is thought they will find great difficulty in cont[inuing the war]. The said courier is a Florentine, who came by indirect roads to Lyons, and left the Swiss in the passages beyond the mountains. They have taken Saluzzo. The Marquis and his family have fled to Dauphine. Fabricio Colona was in haste, with 500 or 600 light horse, to join the Swiss. Bruges, 20 Aug. 1515. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
20 Aug.
R. O.
Wrote last on the 17th. Has heard nothing more of the matter of Brittany. Thinks the amity will not be broken. Encloses a letter from Sampson. The Bp. of Worcester must provide more substantially than he has done. Begs he will not allow the Frenchmen to delay their promises any longer touching Tournay. Bruges. 20 Aug. 1515. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord of York. Endd.
20 Aug.
Galba, B. III. 247. B. M.
... Had a communication with the commissioners Mons ... the Chancellor of Burgundy, Sampye, and the Dean of Lovayn, desiring a reasonable answer. The Chancellor said the estates had assembled and the answer was ready, but the Prince wished to go a hunting three or four days. Touching the intercourse of which Tunstal has the charge, the Chancellor delivered a paper complaining of many abuses ... Brussels, 20 ... Signed.
Pp. 2, badly mutilated.
20 Aug.
R. O.
Has received his letter by Unicorn herald, disapproving of certain things that she had done. Had written to him as she found cause. Hopes that she and Albany will continue in such a course that peace may be preserved. The charge of the King and his brother has been committed by the governor in full parliament to the three Lords, "quhilk war maist convenient," whom she consented to receive. "Nocht ye les I have presence of my childer at my pleasure." Is sure she and Albany will take one part. Begs Henry, therefore, to send a wise man to know the state, and to make a sicker way betwixt them, and to write to Albany to treat her and her children honestly. Has received letters by the bearer from the King of France, intreating her to keep the peace between the two kingdoms, which she hopes Henry also will do. Intends to lie in at Linlithgow in 12 days, "for I have not past eight weeks to my time." Edinburgh, 20 Aug. Signed: Your loving sister, Margaret R.
P. 1, broadside. Add.
20 Aug.
Calig. B. VI. 76. B. M.
Has written to the King of England stating that the lords of Scotland have, with the consent of the Duke of Albany, "in plane Parliament," appointed three lords for the guardianship of her children. Requests that some wise man may be sent from England "to mak ane hartly sicker way and concord betuix me and my said Lord Duke." The King of France has written to her to preserve the peace between the two kingdoms. Edinburgh, 20 Aug. Signed: Margaret R.
P. 1. Add.: To my wellbeloved cousin Thomas Lord Dacre.
20 Aug.
Calig. B. II. 181. B. M.
i. Has expressed to him already his desire for a comprehension. Will not willingly break it any more than Dacre. Hears that Dacre's brother is gone to Alexander Home, offering help with 300 horse, and that Dacre had proclaimed at Carlisle yesterday and today (fn. 4) that all Scotchmen willing to assist should have safeconduct, and that Dacre had banished his brother, in appearance, for this purpose. Albany has taken Dacre's advice to forbear a gathering of men to avoid suspicion. Advises him, in return, that if he has done these things without licence from Henry, great peril is incurred. It is a great load, whoever the man be that breaks the peace. When it does happen hopes it will appear to all who is in fault. Begs Dacre will let him know the truth, because suspicion is a bad thing. It is not sufficient to excuse the banishment. Intends to advertise Henry "that he may show what lies upon his stomach in that behalf," and make the same known "quhamto it appertains." Edinburgh, 20 Aug.
P.S. Has heard the story repeated, and that Dacre is making a great assemblage. Cannot believe it, considering the letters he has received from the King of England, Queen Mary his sister, and her husband. Begs credence for the bearer. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: "To my cousin Lord Daicre, wardane of the Inglis Merchis towart Scotlande."
Ib. f. 183. ii. "The answer of the Lord Dacre made to the Duke of Albany upon the letter next afor." He may understand by sundry letters of his, and his communications with Lion herald, Islay, and Dr. Thomas Fassington, one of Albany's chaplains, how much inclined he is to observe the comprehension, whatever light persons may have declared to Albany, to whom he gives too much credence. That if he knows surely that Dacre's brother was banished under a pretence it is no use making an excuse. However there was no proclamation made at Carlisle or elsewhere. His brother is not banished. No assemblies have been made, but at the meeting between himself and Lord Home warden of the Marches at Coklawe, on the 26 June, it was agreed they should meet at Coklawe on the 6th, at Colestream on the 9th, at "Yalow Sike hede" the 16 Aug., and at this last Sir Chr. Dacre was sent to meet him. According to agreement and proclamation no subject will dare transgress the King's wishes for the peace; as an earnest of which he has sent Carlisle herald this day to attend the meeting the last day of this month. Thinks Colstream or Cornhill the best place for the commissioners to meet for making redress; so it was proclaimed "before David Purvesse, the massar." Wishes to know what officers he intends to appoint for redress of wrongs done by the men of Eskdale, Ewsdale, Walghopdale and Liddesdale. Herbotell, 24 Aug.
Ib. f. 185. iii. "A letter of the Lord Dacre's sent to the Duke of Albany upon the shooting of the day of Marche upon the West Borders. After the departure of Cambron, received a letter from his son at Carlisle stating that Lord Maxwell was appointed warden of the West Marches. When within three miles of the place appointed, his son received a letter from Maxwell "shooting the said day of Marche" to Thursday next, i.e. the day before the commissioners meet on the 31st, when Sir Chr. Dacre was to be present. Is surprised at the delay. Cannot meet at the time appointed. No failure of the kind ever took place betwixt himself and Lord Home.
Pp. 6. ii. iii. and iv. are copies by Dacre.
20 Aug. 835. WARDSHIPS.
Staffordshire.—Commission to Sir Edw. Belknap, Sir John Aston, Sir Walter Griffith, John Grifforth, John Salter and John Fitzherbert, to make inquisition concerning wards, marriages, reliefs, and escheats pertaining to the crown and concealed or detained. Otford, 20 (?) Aug.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9d.


  • 1. In Dacre's hand.
  • 2. In Dacre's hand.
  • 3. In Dacre's hand.
  • 4. Dacre, in his answer, says Sunday or Monday.