Henry VIII: January 1516, 16-31

Pages 392-409

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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January 1516

16 Jan.
R. O.
Can neither advance nor retire, owing to stress of weather. Meanwhile, if he have any further commission or any letters in cipher for Cardinal Sion, begs he will send them, and they shall be returned deciphered. Ex Duvarrio (Dovor), 16 Jan. 1516.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: D. To., &c. Card. Ebor. Endd.
17 Jan.
R. O.
Has mentioned in former letters the diligence of the bearer, John Sellier. All others expect so soon to return to their old master, they have no wish to oblige either the King or any Englishman. The Lady of Savoy has advertised him that the next prebend in Tournay has been given to her by Wolsey. Tournay, 17 Jan. 1515.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York. Endd.
18 Jan.
Vit.B. XIX, 7.
B. M.
[In a former letter] on the 16th [had informed his Grace] that by reason of the bad weather he was unable to get out of [Dover]. The wind was then quite contrary, but now it seems a little ... At o'clock they set sail for Calais. Will execute the commands of the Cardinal. A report is current that a certain Lord [Bartholomew] Titionus, ambassador of the Emperor, "qui prius apud III. d. Margaretam ..." had arrived at Calais on his way to England "[regem nostrum]." "Ex Duvario 18, hora 6 noctis 151[6]."
Hol., p. 1, badly mutilated. Add.: Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino domino Cardinali Eboracensi, &c.
18 Jan.
Vit. B. XVIII. 122.
B. M.
Wrote on the ... instant from this city, and with the same [enclosed a letter from] the Cardinal of Gource, one from ... to your grace and one from Dr ... Received yesterday a packet of letters [from] Spinelly enclosing a packet di[rected by Master] Tuke to Mr. Pace your secretary, "which I [have dispatched to] Swisserlande fourth[with], where the said Mr. Pace is ... even, from 6 of the clock till it was almost 10[the Emperor and] his council were together, where was ... [Cardinal] of Gource and I, and also the ambassadors ... the Emperor himself declared certain ... the Swissers, of which he shewed to have been ... his ambassadors resident amongst them." The Swiss think it better "to set forth ... banners to see who will follow them and to ma ... diets or meetings with the Emperor. Upon which h[is majesty] did not only desire to have our advice and counsel," but that Wingfield should repeat his credence and the substance of Henry's letters to himself, before the [Council], that they might witness his satisfaction. "Whereupon when the Cardinal had ... touching the Swissers always ... the Emperor as ... (One or two lines lost) ... standeth in, both of friends and money ... eeryd that blessed be God he was well ... and first, as touching friends he should ... Urreas speak, and as for money he had so provided [it, that for] three months he should not lack, and in that time he [expecte]d that other finances should be found And then the Chancellor ordained Urreas the ambassador of Spain to speak first." Urreas explained that the King his master had sent a letter through Fr[ance] by the Dean of Lovayn, his ambassador with the Prince of Castile, and that two days before its [receipt] he had sent uuto him, ordaining that in all wise as soon as he might be surely advertised that the Emperor was determined to pass personally into Italy, he should return with his army" and join him. If the said Viceroy made any difficulty, Urreas was to go to him and convey the army hither himself, if need were;—that Ferdinand would send a messenger to England and thence to the Emperor, by whom, if the Emperor would go in person, "the order for ... of money shall be brought to be received and delivered [to] the assistance of his Majesty," and if not, it might be employed in the defence of Naples for Ferdinand, and finally that nothing would alter the goodwill his master bore the Emperor.
Wingfield was then called upon to satisfy the Emperor by declaring his credence, of which he gave the substance from memory, adding some words of his own, that England had perfect trust they would beware of making peace with any that might be harmful to the confederates or to Christendom. After he had finished * * * "[ple]ased the King to have had him so friendly ... he not only delated the same in more ... than is expressed in my said letter, but also in [the time] he spake the same, he put off his bonnet thrice ... humility he set out as affectuous words and as ... I have much; and at the point where he answered [to] the King's desire that he should neither make peace nor truce ... there he brought in again thanks to the King, in right affectuous manner, for his sending to the Swissers; for by j. oonly meane they have been saved hitherto from perdition, and trusteth verily that they shall so continue, and that if they will now conclude he doubted not but with the help of God ... the French shall have little cause ... tis in Itlay; for and the King will enty[rprise anything against] France, as well for the recovery of his heritage [as] for the weal of all Christendom, he will not only move the Pope with all the powers of Italy," and solicit assistance from other powers, but will meet the King of Arragon at Paris, and set the crown of France upon his head; which will be a sure foundation for universal peace and an expedition against the Infidels. On this Wingfield knelt down; "howbeit he would not suffer me, and made such than[ks to me on] the King's behalf as me thought mete and * * * ... that his Majesty ... and to Mr. Pace shewing the ... the Swissers had now greater desire ... to ... ho will follow the same and ... elect and money distributed amo[ngst] ... than to keppe any more diets and that [he had] found them so disposed that he should ... make election of such captains as he sh[ould think] mete, and put everything in order and ... shortly of the same to the intent he may ... d artillery with sufficient munitions as ... and also set himself forward to meet [them at] such place as shall be appointed. And f ... if it be thought mete to the said Cardinal a[nd] ... that ... that the Swissers be content to send ... to Constance, or any other place to meet with ... advise him of the same, and he will not fay[le to meet] at the day appointed, and that in the meanw[hile he will] prepare all things ready, and also draw such aw ... indifferent for both purposes, which letter is ... morning with all diligence, and I have also wret[ten] ... the effect of the said deliberation."
Since he wrote of the "gaylliarde succours that hath" ... the Emperor has been in great tribulation "that they which hath defended [themselves so] stoutly hath been right sorry that they ... for lack of succours to have taken ... pakte that was made with them by ... of which I sent unto the King ... forthwith ... (Some lines lost) ... Bresse should have [been lost and V]eroone should have stonde in great [peril] ... there have made divers great mutterings (?) ... that it hath been thought verily that the French ... amongst them." The French King left Milan on the 7th for France for four special causes; viz., 1st, to pacify Henry for the tribulation of Scotland; 2nd, to make peace with Arragon; 3rd, to obtain money; 4th, to get ready all the foot soldiers, for he cannot trust the lanceknights. It was expected that before yesterday the Emperor would have made answer to the three Papal ambassadors, but he has been too busy. Augsburg, 18 Jan. 1515.
P.S.—Sends translation of a Dutch letter from the good cantons of Switzerland to the others that "m[ight] right well be amended."
Hol., faded and mutilated, pp. 6.
18 Jan.
R. O.
Richmond arrived on the 13th, delivered the King's letters to the Prince of Castile, and communicated with Chievres and the Chan- cellor. They are very inconstant, but pretend much. One who is well acquainted with French purposes gives out that as soon as the French King has made sure of the Swiss he will attack Tournay. Many resort to the president of Parrhise of those who were banished Tournay and hope to return. If Pace's charges be well concluded and followed, Wolsey can dictate peace to whom he pleases. Requests money for his diets. Has not yet been able to find any arras. Bruxelles, 18 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of England.
18 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 1.
B. M.
By his letters of 24 Dec. understands that ... had arrived there [with] Flasco (Fiescho), and that Wolsey had procured the liberation of [Polydore] and the restitution of the Cardinal's house and property, for which he thanks him, and professes much devotion, "quemadmodum etiam his die[bus] ... patrem do. Franciscum de Clericatis. Sanctissimi D. nostri nuncium latius d ..." Letters have come from the King of Hungary and the Cardinal of Strigonia that the Turk desires a peace for three years. They refuse to accept it without the advice of the Pope. [The French King] has left Italy and [raised the siege] of Brescia; eight cantons of the Swiss have resolved to abandon him. The Pope will return to Rome to distribute palms. He and Cardinal Sta. Maria in Porticu are in continual attendance on him, with Cornario and Cibo. Florence, 18 Jan. 1516.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2, badly mutilated. Add. in modern hand: Tho. Card. Ebor.
19 Jan.
R. O.
Has written to the Cardinal of York of the matters communicated by him in the King's name. Is very thankful for the present he has received, as his finances were impaired by his great expences. Florence, 19 Jan. 1516.
19 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 2.
B. M.
Has received his letters of the 23rd ult. Thanks him for the 200l. The Pope takes great interest in the correspondence,—is greatly disappointed in the matter of the tenths, and his quiet nature much exasperated. Worcester made the best excuse, as he wrote to Ammonius, promising that Wolsey would not fail to aid him. The Pope repeated that he considered it a great disgrace. When Worcester urged that the Master of Rhodes had said the Turk was not inclined to make war, the Pope replied that it was not Rhodes but Hungary that would be attacked, and he had furnished 39,000 ducats to aid it. The next day, ... Jan., letters from Hungary were read in consistory, when all were of opinion the peace should not be allowed, and that supplies of men and money should be sent. The ambassadors of Spain, France, Portugal and Venice, promised assistance on the part of their sovereigns. The Pope has therefore set his heart on this moiety of the tenths. If the King distrusts him he may send his own commissioner to see the money properly expended in Hungary. Thinks this would not be liberal treatment. As the convocation is not now sitting, Wolsey might find the means of borrowing from the King 20,000 ducats, to be repaid when convocation grants the money. Hopes by all means he will oblige the Pope, as his heart is so much set upon it. Uses all efforts he can with the Pope to procure the legateship for Wolsey. It is a hard matter.
The Pope bids him write that Cardinal Hadrian is always obtaining briefs from him in his own commendation, and of the services which he has rendered in procuring the cardinalate for Wolsey. They are not to be trusted. Whenever the Pope grants such a brief, and the word nostro is not found at the foot of it, he is to pay no attention to it. It is quite as well that he should know how to repay deceit by deceit. Thanks Wolsey for the high terms in which he has spoken of him to Polydore. He is deceitful and malicious. Has just received the King's letters from Ammonius in cipher. The Pope requires some days to deliberate on the proposal. If the King intends to make war, the Pope will not abandon him. Will write more fully to Ammonius. The Pope desires him to recommend Leonard Spinelly, who carried the sword to the King. ... 19 Jan. 1516.
Lat., pp. 8, badly mutilated. Add.
19 Jan.
Vit.B. III. 8.
B. M.
1418. Extracts from the BP. OF WORCESTER'S LETTERS to AMMONIUS, in cipher.
Rumors were prevalent that the King was making preparation for war, and had sent money to the Swiss, when he received letters from England, by Fachinetus, indicating nothing of the kind, much to his and the Pope's astonishment, who thought that the King kept things secret from him. He wishes to know how the King is inclined to the peace of Christendom, that he may act accordingly. Has not been able to reconcile the Pope to his disappointment respecting the tenths, who is sorry he cannot have the same confidence in England. Wolsey has written on his own responsibility about the 20,000 ducats to the King. Encloses a copy of the letters sent to the King of Hungary, the Cardinal of Strigonia, and of the same Cardinal to the Pope.
Had just received fresh letters in cipher, which he has deciphered and carried to the Pope, urging his adoption of the proposal made by Wolsey, as most advantageous to the Apostolic See, the peace of Christendom, and the expedition against the Turks. Until Christian princes have composed their quarrels, no good can be expected. The Pope seemed to assent, but hesitated, as he had pledged himself to defend the French in the duchy of Milan. He had therefore thought of sending his forces to Verona to the Emperor to assist him against the Venetians, as an excuse for not aiding the French, which might occasion a quarrel between him and the French, and give him sufficient reason for treating them as his enemies. But he felt these difficulties: 1. That the union with the Prince of Castile could not be hearty, in consequence of the Gallic tendencies of his Council; in which Worcester undeceived him, showing that the interests of both were concerned in bridling the French. 2. He was afraid, when the French were expelled, lest the Swiss should seize upon Milan. Worcester replied that duchy would be given to the Duke of Bari, and the King proposed to marry him to one of his relatives (consanguineam). 3. He was afraid Christendom would be so weakened by this war that it could not undertake the expedition against the Turks. Finally he agreed to maintain a firm alliance with England, but could not in honor declare himself an enemy to the French. Will shortly send the bulls for the title of "S. Ro. Ecclesiæ Defensor." Has never spoken ill of the King of Arragon. That is one of Cardinal Hadrian's insinuations.
Lat., copy, in the hand of Ammonius, pp. 6, badly mutilated. Endd.: Ex literis D. Wigorn, in Ro. Curia, xix. Januarii.
21 Jan.
Galba, B. IV. 18.
B. M.
On the 18th was most honorably received at Calais by the captain, and [met] Barth. Tizo. the imperial ambassador to England, who said he had instructions from the Lady Margaret for a new league, which she is anxious to despatch as soon as possible. Thinks they will have to wait for the Swiss, who desire to be included. Has just been secretly with the Master of the Posts to prosecute his journey tonight. Thinks by his management, however, to escape the snares of the Gallicisers. If needful, Wolsey is to write to the Master of the Posts, who will forward his letters. Brussels, 21 Jan. 1516.
Hol., Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
21 Jan.
Vesp. F. XIII. 74.
B. M.
Has sent notice to the governor, by a servant of Lord Maxwell's, touching his business of benefices. Requests he may have safe passage. Has written to Henry for a safeconduct for him to go and come through England. Is much beholden to Lord Maxwell. 21 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
21 Jan.
Giust, Desp. I. 164.
The French ambassador has received letters from Louisa of Savoy, with letters from Francis to Henry VIII., containing an account of the conference with the Pope, and the resolution against the Turks. He had told the English lords that they had complained of his master without reason; that Francis could not compel Albany to leave Scotland, still less reasonably command him, as he was next in succession. The lords have greatly resented it, saying if Albany be not removed they will make war upon France. Sebastian remonstrated with him, for speaking in this way without his commission. Advised him to soften his language, and express disapproval of Albany's conduct, which he refused to do. Asked the French ambassador why he had never communicated his suspicions about the Swiss. He said he did not like to press the matter, for fear of immediate hostilities. To avoid his indignation, Sebastian closed the conversation. London, 21 Jan. 1515.
22 Jan.
Vit. B. XIX. 8.
B. M.
1422. [ENNIUS BP. OF VEROLI, the Pope's Legate,] to HENRY VIII.
By the King's letters of the ... dated at Eltham, "summam ipsius erga me cle[mentiam] juxta desiderium ac debitum meum in ejus obsequium, parum sin ... minimum quod egi requirebat Sanctissimi D. N. cum majestate vestra in ... xus mihi alias perspectus: proculdubio sciens Sanctitatem suam præ[dictam] ... principibus in majestate vestra spem omnem diu collocase. Et cum ille [magno]pere afficiatur, nihil dubito suam beatitudinem ejusdem erga majestatem vestram ... suas omnis nunc mentis esse cujus semper fuerit. Ego autem ut ab ... qua mea erga illam solita devotione et sincera fide non cessem, os[tendam] illi ac perpetuo dedo meipsum, fidem, ac devotam servitu[tem]." Refers the King further to the [letters] of Richard Pace [his ambassador here (fn. 1) ]. Ex[Ture]gio, 22 Jan. 1516.
Hol., p. 8, badly mutilated. Add.: Sacratissimo ac Invictissimo Regi Angliæ et Franciæ Christianissimo. Endd.: xxij Januarii.
22 Jan.
P. S.
1423. For TH. LYNCHE of St. Mary Abchurch, London, merchant tailor.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 14 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Weetm, 22 Jan.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 5.
23 Jan.
R. O.
Wrote to him last on the 18th from Angsburg, with two packets; the one for his brother Sir Richard, the other for Bryan Tuke; and sent him the same day another packet, containing two letters from the Emperor, the one to the Prince and the other to Casius, to expedite the posts. This day has received Spinelly's of that date, acknowledging Wingfield's of the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 10th, and 11th, a letter from Bryan Tuke, and another from Knight. Has answered a similar letter to himself from Tuke, correcting an error from which the suspicion proceeded; would have no man suspected by his default. Will not answer the other contents of Spinelly's ciphers, as he trusts the clouds will be soon dispersed. On the 16th, Mark Anthony took 150 of the Venetian horse. It is thought he and the army in Verona will engage the Venetians between Verona and Brescia. Sends letters for Bryan Tuke, his brother Sir Richard, and Knight. Angsburg, 23 Jan. 1515.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right worshipful and my well-beloved friend [Sir] Thomas Spynelly, knight, the King our master's ambassador, resident with the Lord Archduke, Charles Prince of the Spains.
23 Jan. 1425. FOR JOHN MORE, clerk of the Larder.
To be escheator in Flint, and collector of Englefeld, Flint, vice John Roydon. Westm., 23 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
23 Jan. 1426. For TH. ORAM, yeoman of the Picherhouse.
To be woodward of Bean Maner park, in the lordships of Loughborough and Bean Maner, Leic. Westm, 23 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 12.
24 Jan.
R. O.
Treaty of intercourse made by Wm. de Croy and others, commissioners of Charles Prince of Spain, with the commissioners of Henry VIII. Brussels, 24 Jan. 1515. Two seals.
R. O. 2. Counterpart of the same, with one seal, almost illegible from decay.
R. O. 3. Modern copy.
24 Jan.
R. O.
Treaty of amity between Henry VIII. and Charles Prince of Spain. Brussels, 24 Jan. 1515, 7 Hen. VIII.
Headed in Tunstall's hand: Tractatus cum Carolo nunc Cæsare de anno 1515, et alii tractatus.
R. O. 2. Another copy, imperfect.
R. O. 3. Minute of the same.
Pp. 15. Endd.: Another minute of the amity between the King's grace and the Prince of Castile.
24 Jan.
S. B.
1429. PIRATES.
Commission to Th. Earl of Surrey, High Admiral, John Batemanson, LL.D., and Christ. Middleton, LL.B., deputy of the said Earl in the court of Admiralty, to inquire concerning the depredations on merchants committed by Matthew Cripps, Wm. Skelton, Rob. Varye, Ric. Weldale, W. Leyland and John Davye, pirates. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 17d.
24 Jan. 1430. For the HEIRS of SIR LAUNCELOT THIRKELD.
Pardon for Th. Dudley and Grace his wife, Jas. Pykeryng and Eliz. his wife, and Wm. Pykeryng and Wenefrid his wife, daughters and heirs of Sir Launcelot Thirkeld alias Threlkeld, late sheriff of Cumberland, of all matters in respect of his said office; also grant of the profits of all his possessions from the time they were taken into the King's hands by Hen. Lord Clyfford, sheriff of Westmoreland. Westm., 24 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 13.
24 Jan.
S. B.
1431. For JOHN VEYSY, Dean of the Chapel Royal, JOHN CARWENALL and THOMAS HALL, clks.
Next vacant prebend in St. Mary's College, Warwick. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.
24 Jan. 1432. For WM. BLACDEN, minister of the Chapel Royal.
Presentation to the church of Wotton, Linc. dioc. Westm., 24 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 14.
24 Jan.
S. B.
1433. For JOHN SMYTH of London, draper.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Richard Wyngefeld, Deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 27.
25 Jan.
R. O.
Despatch letters received from Almain. 5,000 Almains are returning, and proclamation has been made on the borders of Luxemburg for people to bring their property into walled towns. Robert de la Marche has been secretly at How with his brother the Bishop. Mons. De Arenberghe has the governorship of Limburg, Falcmount, and Mountfort, in the Prince's name. The barber of the Abbot of St. Martin's Tournay says that a band of Almains are expected to attack that town, and many of its inhabitants resort to the French ambassador at Brussels. The Abbot and Chievres have had communication for a resignation of the abbey in favor of Chievres' nephew. Have given warning to Mountjoy. Andreas de Burgo practises continually with Chievres and the Chancellor. "De la Roche sayeth you make (fn. 2) unto him great instance to the intent that he should suborn the Emperor and the Cardinal of Gurce for a truce with the French King." Made collation of the treaties yesterday with the audiencer. The Prince's oath, which was to have been made today, is deferred till Sunday on account of the arrival of the Count Palatine. Knight begs money for his diet. Brussels, 25 Jan. Signed.
Hol., pp. 2, part cipher, deciphered by Tuke. Add.: My lord Cardinal of England. Endd.
25 Jan. 1435. WARDSHIPS.
Wilts.—Commission to Sir Nich. Wadham, John Chokke, Wm. Bonham Ric. Pulley and Maurice Gyfford, to make inquisition concerning all concealed wards, marriages, &c. belonging to the Crown. Westm., 25 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 21d.
26 Jan.
R. O.
In behalf of his servant Wm. Skelton, who has a suit with the Lord Dacre of the North for certain farms. Begs Wolsey will confirm him to his rights, as he is not able "to sue against the Lord Dacres." Donyngton, Jan, 26. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal, &c.
26 Jan.
R. O.
Sends Alex. Schapman to sue for renewal of his patent of forty marks obtained chiefly by Wolsey's help. If there is anything that Wolsey would like in those parts to the sum of 20l. the writer will buy it, or bespeak it for him. Understands that arrangements are to be made for the purchase of lands in the bailliage there. If he loses the annuity hopes Wolsey will obtain for him his recall. Is like a prisoner, and has never been three miles out of the city more than once or twice. Begs he will be good lord to him and others of the King's tenants at Guisnes. Has lost for his part 100l. and 50l. by his tenants. Master Vax (Vaux) can show him the truth. Tournay, 26 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My lord Cardinal Abp. of York, and Chancellor of England.
26 Jan.
S. B.
1438. To JOHN YONG, Master of the Rolls.
To cancel a recognizance of 840l., made by Wm. Botry, mercer of London, 19 June 23 Hen. VII., to Sir Th. Lovell, Sir Ric. Emson, Edm. Dudeley, John Ernley, and Th. Lucas. Greenwich, 26 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
26 Jan.
1439. For JOHN BRYAMOND, merchant.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 24 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 27.
26 Jan. 1440. ROB. MORTON and JAS. FYNCHE.
Middlesex.—Commission to Sir Th. Nevell, Sir Ric. Cholmeley, Bartholomew Westby, and Rob. Blagge, Bs. of the Exchequer, John More, serjeant at law, and John Mayny, escheator, to enquire as to the possessions and heirs of Rob. Morton and Jas. Fynche. Westm., 26 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 21d.
Western Circuit.—Ric. Eliott, Lewis Pollard and Th. Eliott. Westm., 26 Jan.
Oxford Circuit.—John More, John Newport and Rob. Brudenell jun. Westm., 26 Jan.
Home Circuit.—John Butteler, John Erneley and Simon Fitz. Westm., 26 Jan.
York city, gaol and castle.—Rob. Brudenell, Humph. Conyngesby and Thos. Strey. Westm., 26 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 16d.
27 Jan.
Calig. B. VI. 102.
B. M.
Credentials in favor of David Bp. of Galloway and of the Chapel Royal, James Bp. of Dunblane, Andro Bp. of Cathanes, commendator of the abbeys of Kelso and Ferne, James Earl of Mortoun Lord Dalkeith, Hew Earl of Eglyntoun Lord Montgumry, Gilbert Earl of Cassillis Lord Kennedy, Patrik Lord Lyndesay of Byris, William Keith of Innerugy, Williame Scott of Balwery, knts., Maister James Ogilvy, prothonotary and master of requests, Maister David Seytoun, parson of Fethircarne, and Maister Patrik Covyntre, dean of the college kirk of Restalrig, and desiring safeconduct for them. "Gevin under oure signete with the subscriptioun manuale of oure derrest cousing and tutour," Edinburgh, 27 Jan.
Signed by Albany.
P. 1. Add.: To the right excellent, ritht hie, &c. oure ritht dere uncle and brother the King of Ingland. Endd. by Ruthal: Mem. for the speeding of [a] safeconduct for the Earl [of Morton, with 20 persons].
27 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 6.
B. M.
Repudiates the rumor that he was going over to the French. Will remain firm in his alliance with the King. Hopes he will not listen to reports against him. Begs letters in his favor to the Emperor and the Duke. Constance, 27 Jan. 15[16].
Lat., p. 1, badly mutilated. Add.
27 Jan.
S. B.
1444. For ROB. BRUNDENELL of the King's Bench, SIR JOHN HUSEY, SIR WILLIAM APPARRE, HENRY HORNEBY, clk, keeper of Tattursall College, and RICHARD BURTON.
To inquire whether a piece of waste land called "le North Fenne" belongs to the King, as parcel of the manor of Maxsy, Northt., or the Abbot of Peterborough, &c. Del. Westm., 27 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.3, m. 21d.
27 Jan. 1445. CHEESE, BUTTER and FISH.
Chichester.—Warrant to collectors of customs to permit the export of cheese, butter and fish, the same being forbidden except to the port of Calais.
ii. Similar warrants to the officers of other ports.
Westm., 27 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.2, m. 31d.
28 Jan.
Had. 3462, f. 219.
B. M.
Is glad to find by Maximilian's letters, sent by their esteemed friend Franciscus Sforcia Duke of Barri, that he agrees with him in his judgment. Has received his answers to what Sir Rob. Winchfelt told him. Thanks him for his good will and zeal in the matter of the treaty about which he has written before. Is safe himself, thank God, by the position of England, the valor of his subjects, and the moderate extent of his wealth; but is anxious to provide against the common danger, and Maximilian must see that the time demands vigerous action. If he will only show himself ready and earnest to begin, the Pope, considering that all has been done under his anspices, will adopt wiser plans, and join the better side; for as to the truce he proposes to Maximilian, though he may be influenced by a desire for union against the Infidels, he is easily misled to believe what he most desires. He will find himself deceived. Maximilian will do well to shut his ears to incantations so dangerous to himself and all Christendom, and exhort the Pope to join the treaty just made between England, himself, Arragon and the Swiss. Greenwich, 28 Jan. 1516, 7 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 3, copy, in an Italian hand.
28 Jan.
Vit. B. XVIII. 125.
B. M.
Wrote on the 26th. Wolsey is aware how the Prince's council incline to France, and that the Emperor's councillors are corrupted with pensions to remit all controversies between his Majesty and the French King to them. No less than three ambassadors from the Pope are here to solicit a truce with the same object, "which twayne concurrences with the Empe[ror] ... arn to be esteemed much vehement to persu[ade] ... and his Majesty were not so repugnant ... as he is, in which I have so perfe[ct] ... things to be in good ... (Here some lines are lost.) ... been now late made betwixt the ... the said Prince, by the Dean of Loweyn ... by some of the said fawtours that the said ... yn had none authority to treat or conclude ... matter which though in every part they seem [reason]able, good, and profitable to the Prince, yet the French affection is [so] great that they esteem the contrary; whereupon your most [r]everend grace may right well conjecture what favor or advancement all such do desire to the King's grace in his enterprises, especially of France; for though I dare assure, as largely as [a]ny man may do, that the Emperor hath as great favor and [affection for the] King's highness as possible, and therewith as great ... nce all his causes as though he were his proper [son]... yet his council, being of other mind, may so empeshe and retard the affairs that they shall not fail to be right largely stopped of their course, and I very feeble both of wit and power to repair every thing in time, without some help. Wherefore if it would please the King and you, that I and Mr. Pace might distribute 100l. amongst such of the Emperor's Council as we shall think meet, saying to every of them at the deliverance of the same, that the King doth send it unto them for a remembrance, to the intent that whensoever his highness, or any of his ambassadors in his name, shall desire anything of the Emperor, that may stand with his honor and weal, that they will the rather, at the said desire, help that the same may have ready expedition; which desire me seemeth to be so reasonable that they can do no less but take both gift and the desire thankfully; which act after my conceit is much necessary to be shortly done; especially if the King's mind be, that the form I wrote of to your grace be put in execution.
"For in so great an enterprise is ... te to provide many helps and to remove many obstacles; [and to] say the soothe I see so great necessity that the same should be ... and I had 100l. of mine own clearly I had liever bestow [it upon this thing, than] upon myself; wherefore in all humble wise do ... (Here some lines are lost) ... miete to take the ensawmpyll of [God, who makes] the sun to shine as well on the ill as [on the good,] both by the mean shall be much more pro[per to the] purpose."
The Chancellor is a right honest man, of great [use] to the Emperor, for he is a good plain man without ... lente manners, but is slow in business matters.
The principal treasurer is more diligent than Almayns [usually are]. The Lord Rokendolffe is a man of much authority, being a Baron of Austria, brought up with the Emperor and the King his son from childhood, "and is the best practisy ... of the Court." Sir Nicholas Seygler, the Emperor's principal secretary in the Dutch tongue, is a wise and rich man. Master James de Bannysis is in no need of being "blasoned, for he is known over all Christendom;" he has been laid up here with gout. but is better. Need say nothing about Master Hans Reynner, he is so well known to Wolsey. There is also in the Emperor's chamber "a little round m[an]," named George Barbour, well known to Wolsey, "which is so affectionate to [the King's grace] that as I esteem, there was no reward [given] at the time that the Emperor and [his grace met, that] was better bestowed than his." * * * "... and been the King's ambassador ... weal that till now of late I have ... him, and the reason was because I knew ... [in] the French King Loys days he had received ... money, which (as I esteem) was not without the Emperor's [knowledge], and though also I esteem that his majesty was not best [con]tent with the same, as he that of determined mind is as [c]ontrary to France as possible, yet he suffered the same the more patiently, because of the great love he bare to the said Cardinal, and the great desire he had to see him advanced; but now, since that the said King is gone from this world, whereby the said ... gifts ... been seized, and also that the said Cardinal is not ... Cardinal by means of the Emperor's favor but ... coadjutor to the Archbishop of Salsbourge, which is worth 100,000 florins and above by year, which should have been granted to one of the Emperor's nephews, Duke of Bavier, if his majesty had willed, and that if the Emperor took a displeasure to him (whilst the said Archbishop is alive) he might say adieu the bishopric of Salsbourge;—all which considered, and that he knoweth so well it is not possible to make the Emperor French in heart, and that he loveth the King's grace so well, I have upon the said ground builded, as your grace knoweth, because I know well he dare not vary from the Emperor's mind; in so much that I esteem him as well determined to advance the desired purpose as possible. Wherefore me seemeth it is right meet that the King's grace and ye do entertain him with such matter as your most reverend grace shall think most meet." Awsbourge, 28th Jan. 1515.
Hol, mutilated, pp. 4.
"Nomina Cæsareorum ad quos literæ scribentur et recolligentur." Cardinal Gurck not to be neglected, "saltim cum tempore et spe nutriendus." Will. Ropolstein, the Emperor's major-domo, and captain or præses of the marchionate of Alsace. Ciprian de Seretino, the Emperor's chancellor; he is faithful and in high estimation with the Emperor. Nicholas Ziegler, private secretary of the Emperor. Leonhard Ruber, his seneschal, a good man and liked by the Emperor. James Bannisius and Lewis Moraton; some church preferments will be enough. The master of his Chamber, Wolgang Haller; he is constantly with the Emperor. Recommends the King to give each of the above some annual allowance. The master of the Household would devote his son, with 100 soldiers, to the King's service in war. The King might show his liberality to the ambassadors of the Emperor, the one being an exile, and the other deprived of his offices. The ambassador of the King Catholic wishes an indemnity in the event of his suffering loss by the conclusion of this treaty.
P. 1, in Cardinal Sion's hand. Add.: Cardinali. Eboracen.
28 Jan.
1449. LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
Understands by his late letters the King's good wishes. Worcester will more fully inform him of the difficulty of the King's request. Had acted in all things for the good of Christendom. Florence, 28 Jan. 1516, 3 pont.
Vellum. Add.
28 Jan.
1450. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Refers him to the Bp. of Worcester for a fuller explanation of the Pope's sentiments on the subject of Wolsey's last. Florence, 28 Jan. 1516, 3 pont.
Vellum. Add.
28 Jan.
Has hitherto been absent from court, engaged with matters in Bologna. As he has now returned, will fulfil the King's commands. As the Bishop of Worcester writes fully by command of his holiness, needs write no more of the King's late message. Florence, 28 Jan. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
28 Jan.
Could not attend to his requests till his return from his legation. The Bp. of Worcester will write, to whom the Pope communicated his opinion. The Pope desires universal peace. Congratulates him on his appointment as Chancellor. Florence, 28 Jan. 1516.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Card. Ebor.
28 Jan.
Galba, B. VI. 58.
B. M.
Ordering him to come immediately to Lyons to meet him. Aix, 28 Jan. "Ainsi signé François."
Fr., copy, p. 1. Add.: A notre cher et bien amé Anthoine Spinolle à Paris.
28 Jan.
S. B.
1454. For SIR JOHN NORTON, late Sheriff of Yorkshire. Release of all amercements. Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
28 Jan. 1455. WARDSHIPS.
Glouc. and Somers.—Commission to Sir Nich. Wadham, Sir Hen. Long, John Chokke, Wm. Bonham, Ric. Pulley, Maurice Gyfford, Th. Hymmerford, Rich. Pattishall and John Birt, to inquire into concealed wardships, &c. Westm., 28 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.3, m. 21d.
29 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 6*.
B. M.
Had already written to him very fully of the title of Defender for the King, the legateship, &c. Has written fully to Ammonius in cipher. Begs him to make the best excuses to the Pope, if his answer does not fully correspond to his expectations. He cannot assent at present without great danger. [Flor]ence. 29 Jan. 1516. Signed.
Lat., p. 1, badly mutilated. Add.: T. S Ceciliæ Card.
29 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 11.
B. M.
In praise of the Bp. of Worcester. Florence, 29 Jan. 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, badly mutilated.
29 Jan.
On the 24th instant concluded the treaties of amity and intercourse for five years. The Prince took his oath on the 27th, of which they have written to the King. Is glad to receive a command by Richmond to return. Intends to leave tomorrow. "My purse doth remember me to make haste, as oft as I look in it." Brucellys, 29 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: [My] Lord Cardinal of York.
29 Jan.
All matters despatched this 29th, on which Tunstal departed. Will have the intercourse proclaimed at Barowe. They marvel that money should be sent from England to the Switzers, when 2,000 marks might have been saved by the exchange. It is reported 20,000 pieces of English gold were sent over. Has written at large by Tunstal. The secretary of Cardinal Sion, in passing secretly through, showed him the great respect he had for Wolsey. Thinks it will advance the King's affairs. Brussels, 29 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cardinal of England.
29 Jan.
S. B.
Rym. XIII. 530.
1460. For THOMAS CARDINAL OF YORK, Lord Chancellor.
Wardship of Francis, kinsman and heir of Sir Ralph Bygod, vix, son of John, son of Sir Ralph. Del. Westm., 29 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 25.
29 Jan.
S. B.
1461. For WM. SEWARD of London, poulterer.
Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Del. Westm., 29 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
29 Jan. 1462. For Th. SPERT, yeoman of the Crown.
Annuity of 20l., vice John Wodlesse. Westm., 29 Jan.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.3, m.15.
30 Jan.
S. B.
1463. For GEO. BARLEY and JOAN his wife, one of the four daughters and heirs of RICHARD ILLYNGWORTH, and THOMAS COTTON.
Livery of lands, viz., of the fourth part of the manors of Boney, Notts, and Braydeshall, alias Netherhall, Derby, and other lands. The co-heirs are Maria wife of John Dethyk, Anne late wife of John Etton, and Alice wife of John Knyston. The said Thomas Cotton was seized, with Sir John Vavasour and Sir Everard Fildyng, both deceased, to the use of the said Richard and his heirs, of the manor of Boney, and with the said Everard and William Wye, deceased, of the manor of Braydeshall, held as of the honor of Tutbury, parcel of the duchy of Lancaster. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.3, m.5.
Licence to export 1,000 qrs. of corn. Westm., 30 Jan.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 27.
31 Jan.
Er. Ep. I. 29.
Has been glad to further the wishes of Erasmus; at his urgency the Pope has given his consent. Worcester's ill-health, and the disturbances in the duchy of Urbino, prevented him from using greater speed. Rome, 31 Jan. 1516.
31 Jan.
Vit. B. XIX. 3.
B. M.
1466. [PACE] to [WOLSEY].
If the directions in the King's letters and Wolsey's, dated 28 [De]cember, had not been followed, many inconveniences would have [resulted, which] "by your grace's singular wisdom be no[we] avoided. Everything is likely to succeed ad vota nostra, for the King's letters and promises have so conv[inced] the people of the country that they [come] to me every hour from all canton[s]," declaring themselves ready to proceed against the [French] King immediately. Doubts not "but we shall have more than w[e need]." They will have no captain but [Gale]ace Vicecounte, "qui omnia apud illos p[er] singularem prudentiam ejus et fidem ... Touching [the chasing] of the French King out of Ita[ly, he has] provided that at our entry in ... of the duchy of Milan we shall [have] in readiness 6,000 good men provided ... great the number of gentlemen his kinsmen and friends, fled out of the said duchy [beca]use they would not be subject to the [comman]de of the French King." He is determined not only to fight with the French, but, if victorious, to follow them into France, if he have money to retain the Swiss. Urges therefore that more money be sent by bills of exchange, payable at sight. If merchants cannot do it, it must be sent sewed in the coats of secret messengers, after the manner of Italy, which will be a double saving, first in the expence of sending through dangerous places, and, secondly, of the loss by exchange, which in the sum already sent was ...
When Pace was lately at Zurich the Count Galias described in the Council to the Swiss the advantages which would accrue to them from acceding to the desire of the King. They replied "that before the arrival of the King's letters they had determined to make no league with any prince, they had been so often deceived, and none of them dared propose it. Albeit he is secretly [advised] by the lords of Surryke, [(for never prince was m]ore in their good minds [than ou]re King), that if our matters suc[ceed] in the field, every canton shall be [fain t]o desire the said confederation of [the Ki]ng, and in [the] mean time the King shall [be effectually servi]dde, though none amity be concluded." The King must not wonder if he have not so soon a resolution from them as they would have from him, "for they be a communi[ty] and their matiers hangeth in many thou[sand] heads, and a prince's but in one." The reason why he wrote that "my coming should interrupt a peace con[cluded] betwixt the French King and the Swiss" was that ... six cantons were then treating with the Duke of Savoy, and that if he had not been there in time "the French would have [had them, and] the said six cantons would have [drawn] unto them the residue." As for the Emperor, he does not greatly deny that he should have come to some concord with the French King, if he had [not] had by Pace's coming some great [evidence] of the King's mind. "It was wisely done, therefore, to write to him such [letters] as he has lately received [from] the King, for they have confirmed his good intent. He wul [write] unto the Pope's holiness according to [the same,] but I do certifie your grace of one thi[ng, that] the world is now such that [no prince's] writing is so esteemed as the [King's letters], because they do ever contain substantial [and truth]ful matter, and odre mennys [nothing] but fair words." The King should write himself to the Pope. Whatever course the King takes, other princes will follow.
"The French King hath [sent] certain ambassadors to such cantons as [do]th join with the duchy of Savoy for to interrupt the lords of the same, and to procure [tha]t they shall send none ambassadors to [the Emper]or, nor condescend to any his petition. Al[beit] the lords of Surryke hath advertised [us] that whatsoever the lords of the [other] cantons do, their subjects will go in[to the] field with us against the French King. [Where]-upon the said subjects hath both wre[tyn and] sende their messengers unto the [Lor]d Galiace, soliciting him in all [spee]dde to set forward when ... there arrived ... send (sent) from the [French ambassador resident in Berne], named Mons. de la Gicia, [who offered in] his King's name unto the s[aid Lord Galias] 10,000 crowns in pecunia numerata, [and as much] in yearly rents," to induce the Swiss to league with the French King. He (Galias) answered that he neither would nor could accept the money, because he had promised the Emperor [and] his friends to procure the contrary. This practice he immediately disclosed to Pace to communicate to the King. It is clear that the French do not succeed here so prosperously as they falsely write. Wolsey must give no credence to their intelligence until he hears from Pace. News has arrived from Florence of cer[tain letters] from the King to the Pope to move him to enter [the] universal league mentioned in Wolsey's [letter]. The Emperor was marvellous glad to hear this. Everybody talks of it, and extols the King to the skies. The Swiss are discontented with the Pope, and when they enter Italy, if he do not proceed the same way as the King, he will repent it. Does not neglect to advertise my Lord of Worcester how to advise his holiness to take the right way; "quod si non faciet, reputabo eum non modo oculis sed animo quoque cæcum." Constance, [31 Jan]uarii.
Hol., pp. 8, badly mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 11.
B. M.
2. Abstract of the above in Brian Tuke's hand. Badly mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 2.
B. M.
1467. [PACE] to WOLSEY.
"Reverendissime Domine, this [morning it hath come to my] knowledge that ..., being now with the Emperor's majesty at Auguste [Augsburg] hath sent his letters unto ... to obtain a safeconduct for ... person" to enter the country without hindrance, in order to make answer to certain allegations of his enemies. Under this pretext this person intends, if he gain an entrance, "to make other great [practi]sis, but wherein or for whom it is not yet known. Iterum valeat felicissime D.V."
Hol., pp. 2, badly mutilated. Add.: Reverendissimo Domino Cardinali Eboracensi.
* This appears to be a postscript.
Galba, B. III. 318 b.
B. M.
1468. [SPINELLY to] _.
Encloses a letter, and with it a translation, from the Master of the Posts, whom he begs the King to reward. Has spoken with the Lord Waldyngham, burgomaster of this [town], and chief commissioner for the intercourse. He says that the people desire intercourse with none more than with England. Thinks that the Lord Chievres and the Chancellor had exaggerated the value set by England on the intercourse, to obtain the [Prince's] favor, suggesting he might get a sum of money by it. He says that by a letter from Paris, dated the 11th, "a great procession was made ..."
Fragment, pp. 2.
Vit. B. XIX. 7.*
B. M.
1469. INSTRUCTIONS [of PACE] to _.
1. "[Say] to my lord [Wolsey] that the bill of exchange is directed to no merchant ... but to two Friscobalds," who are not yet come. If they do not arrive before the 13th, "when the [diet] of the Swiss shall be," it may destroy the [enterprise against the French King. The two Friscobalds have no [agents] in the town in which the bill is payable, but intend to bring all or a large part of it out of Flanders; "whereby they shall have great gains, but we great hindrance," for it may ruin everything.
2. "Item dices Reverendissimo domino quod Galli possunt de rebus meis suspicari." If they exclaim against the King of England, let this reply be given them; viz. that whatever was done at [Constance] was done without the King's commission. So we shall deceive the French by their own fraud. It is daily reported from Italy that the French have exhausted their means, and are plundering rich and poor. This has excited universal hatred.
Eng. and Lat., p. 1, mutilated.


  • 1. These words, ejusdem hic oratoris, are struck out.
  • 2. He maketh, in Tuke's decipher.