Henry VIII: February 1516, 16-29

Pages 429-447

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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February 1516

16 Feb.
Vat. Trans.
B. M.
1546. HENRY VIII. to LEO X.
Announcing the death of the King of Arragon. Christendom will demand more vigilance than ever. Worcester will communicate to the Pope the King's thoughts. Greenwich, 16 Feb. 1516.
16 Feb.
This day, 16 Feb., has received the King's letters dated the 15th. Will execute his commands at once. Trusts to send shortly a man to Wolsey, who will do his duty and "discharge him" in that behalf. Donnyngton.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardynalles good lordship.
16 Feb.
Wrote last on the 14th; at this time to the King. Leaves off the cipher, as matters are well disposed. Unless he is treated as others are, cannot continue. Thinks it well that he and Dr. Knight should have charge from the King to visit the Prince. Brussels, 16 Feb. 1516.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: D. Tho. Card. Angliæ. Endd.
16 Feb. 1549. For CHRIST. ROCHESTER, page of the Chamber, and WM. HOGSON, yeoman of the Butlery.
Annuity of 10l. out of the issues of Denbigh. Westm., 16 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 22.
16 Feb. 1550. For TH. OTLAY, grocer, of London.
Protection; going in the suite of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, Deputy of Calais. Westm., 16 Feb.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 27.
17 Feb.
Er. Ep. II. 7.
What apology can he make for not answering the two letters received from Erasmus until he had received a third? Did not know exactly where to write, as Erasmus had stated in a letter from Germany, 1 Nov., and afterwards at Christmas, that he was disgusted with the smell of the stoves, and proposed to flit. Had written to Worcester at Rome, recommending Erasmus, in case he visited that city. Has now ventured to write, as he infers from the letter of Erasmus, written in March, that he will put off his departure until May. Has received three breves from the Pope, two for Erasmus, and one for the King, in his commendation. Took the liberty of opening those to Erasmus. Worcester tells him the Pope was much pleased with the letters of Erasmus;—made many inquiries about him, and spoke highly in his praise. Expects to see him rewarded for his St. Jerome. His Seneca is on sale. Compliments him on his New Testament. About the dream by which the Card. of York had made Erasmus happy, wishes him to be more explicit. (fn. 1)
The Queen of England has given birth to a daughter. The Archbishop of Canterbury has resigned the chancellorship, and has been succeeded by Wolsey, who has been earnestly requested to take it, and performs his functions most admirably. More has completed his mission to Belgium, and has returned home, and haunts the court. No one pays a more early salutation to Wolsey than he. Pace acquits himself admirably in Switzerland. Wishes his own health were better. London, 13 kal. Mart. 1517.
Er. Ep. II. 16. 1552. MORE to ERASMUS.
Has received only three letters from him since he left, "Were I to lie with most solemn countenance, and swear I had replied to you as often, it is ten to one you would'nt believe me; especially as you know me so well, how idle I am in answering letters, and not so superstitiously veracious as to reckon every white lie as black as murder. Pace is on an embassy in your part of the world, yet not wholly so; for though he is not with us he is not with you." Has a great affection for him, and hopes for his safe return. Knows not when he shall see Erasmus, who is bent on visiting Italy; and if Italy gets him it will not let him return. So, between Pace and Erasmus, More loses both parts of himself. Hopes some great good fortune is in store for Pace; he stands so high in favor with the King, the Cardinal, and all men of worth. Hopes better luck for Erasmus; he is partly to blame, and partly his luck, as in the prebend of Tournay, which Mountjoy had obtained from Erasmus, and Erasmus now wishes to have, but had formerly told More and Sampson he would rather decline. Shortly before Erasmus left, More went to Tournay, and then heard from Mountjoy and Sampson that Wolsey, in ignorance of these arrangements, had written for that preferment to be given to some one else, to whom he had promised it. More, however, had got them to write back to Wolsey, and say it was promised Erasmus; but Wolsey said it was not good enough for him, and promised something better. Wolsey is well disposed to Erasmus. Has quickened Maruffo about paying the money.
The Archbishop has succeeded at last in getting quit of the chancellorship, which he has been laboring to do for some years. The King nominated Wolsey in his room; "qui its se gerit, ut spem quoque omnium, quamquam pro reliquis ejus virtutibus maximam, longe tamen exsuperet; et quod est difficillimum, etiam post optimum decessorem valde probetur ac placeat." More's embassy has been successful, but tedious; has been away more than six months. Had written to the Cardinal for his recal, and made use of Pace for that purpose. But on his return met Pace at Gravelines, hurrying away at such a rate they had scarce time to say "How do you do?" Tunstal has just returned after a stay of ten days of anxiety, and is thrust, much against his stomach, on a new legation. Compares the case of clerical ambassadors to that of a layman like himself. They have no family to burthen them;—and chance of ecclesiastical promotion, which costs the King nothing. Has been offered a pension, but refused it, to preserve his independence. Speaks very highly of Tunstal and Buslidian, his house and his library. Understands the latter has gone on an embassy to England. Has formed a close intimacy with Pet. Giles (Ægidius) of Antwerp. Would be glad to meet Dorp, to whom he had sent a laconic epistle. Is glad to hear that Jerome and the New Testament get on well. Linacre speaks highly of Erasmus, as More has heard from some who were present at a supper given by the King, when the praises of Erasmus were sung. His wife desires remembrance; so does Clement, who makes great progress in Greek and Latin, and will one day be an ornament to his country. The Bp. of Durham is grateful for the dedication of Seneca.
17 Feb.
R. O.
Wrote last, yesterday. Is informed this morning that three ships of Scotland were wrecked upon Holland; one saved, which had brought an ambassador from the Duke of Albany to the French King. Claes Baker has been in Denmark and Scotland, has gone to Cologne, thence to Messe unto Richard de la Pole. Brussels, 17 Feb.
Hol., partly cipher, not deciphered, p. 1. Add.: Rmo, &c., Tho. Cardinali Angliæ. Endd.
17 Feb.
Calig. E. I. II.?
B. M.
1554.ANDRIEU DE ZIEUNDONCK to the MAITRE DES POSTES of the Archduke at Brussels.
Has received letters from Genly that the King sent despatches to Daubigny on the 6th. A courier has brought him his despatch from Brussels of the 12th. Complains of his remuneration. On the 13th had also sent him a letter, which he supposes has been delivered to Mons. de Genly. Hears that many English are come to Tournay. The band of Mons. de Vendosme has arrived here from Italy to protect the country against the English. The King wishes to return from beyond the mountains. Many troops are drawn together at St. Quentin. The King of Spain is reported to be dead, and the Spaniards ready to cross the mountains into France. An Englishman has been taken at Hae with forged letters, and letters to the Swiss in the King's pay, promising a great sum if they would desert. Order has been given to search all the ports and couriers, that none be allowed to pass till their packets be opened. Will find a difficulty in procuring horses. Requests that he may always have a "cheval de ... hoste" for his messengers. 8,000 Almains have arrived at Guisse four leagues hence, to guard the frontiers. Hears there are 8,000 more near Paris, who live on the poor people. Sends three packets of letters for Genly. Hombliere, 17 Feb.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
17 Feb.
S. B.
1555. For TH. THOMSSON of Strode, in Bisley, Glouc., weaver, tukker or harper.
Pardon. Del. Westm., 17 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 13.
18 Feb.
Archæol. XXVII. 260.
Notifying the birth of Princess [Mary]. Under her signet, at Greenwich, 18 Feb. Add.
18 Feb.
Calig. B. II. 865.
B. M.
On 16 and 17 Feb., Lord Hume and George Hume of Wederborne were with Dacre at Norham. On being asked what they intended to do, now that Angus had entered with Albany, George Hume answered in their behalf that so long as they had meat and drink they can continue in their houses, but if they should chance to be driven out what hope might they have, as they had not a groat? Thinks them of no power, and that it is ill trusting to the Scots; and if they may have their minds of the Duke they will do as Angus, Fleming, and the late Prior of Coldingham have done;—they will have to "cuille" them a long time in France. They will pass the narrow seas, and if the King's navy wait for them it will be discovered whether there is any false packing between the French King and the Duke. Norham, 18 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal's good grace.
18 Feb.
Giust. Desp. I. 179.
Has done what he could to make inquiries about the money. Doubts whether it is sent to the Emperor or the Swiss, or both. Heard that 20,000l. had reached Nuremburg, which can only be for the Emperor; questions the fact, as some at least of the English lords would not affirm an untruth upon oath, and they assert the Emperor has not had a ducat. States other reasons, and that the Imperial ambassador had been told, until the Emperor had performed his promise of going with a large army into Italy to expel Francis. Henry would give him nothing. Has heard that the King has revoked the order for the money remitted by bills. Peace between this kingdom and the Prince of Castile has been proclaimed this day. London, 18 Feb. 1516.
18 Feb.
Vit. B. XIX. 18.
B. M.
Trusts that his last letter, [sent by] Thomas Pace's servant, arrived safely. The infantry come in in such numbers that they fear rather an excess than a deficiency. Musters are taken without intermission. Is going to Italy with the Emperor in three days, and within a month Wolsey will hear that the French are either so completely scattered that not one can return to France, or so terrified that not one will remain in Italy;—"sequemur ad internicien usque." The treaty with the Swiss has come to nothing; the people are clamoring for vengeance on the French, and so vehemently that no one dares speak in their favor. The cantons which had treated with them (sigillacerant) "ita perserverarunt ut emungerent pecunias." Two hundred thousand crowns carried to Berne by the agents of the French have been claimed by the people for the treaty of Dijon; the cantons on the other side seized them as due to them by the French in the said treaty. The French thus losing all,—money, peace, hope, labor,—nothing is wanting to the fulfilment of the wishes of the English.
[Has heard of] the unlooked-for death of the [King of Arragon], which he deplores. The Emperor in like manner grieves for that loss. Prince Charles will hasten his voyage to Spain, and forestal any attempt at mischief on the part of France, or of that "Judas qui non dormit." Care will be taken that no disturbances take place in Naples. The Emperor holds to his intention of entering Italy in person, and penetrating into France, and continues his descent, having once begun the journey. The writer again asks for a prompt payment of the rest of the money, for the third payment; for the Emperor is pressed (gravatus) on all sides, and Italy exhausted.
Ex Valle Montis ..., 18 Feb. 1516.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: Reverendissimo in Christo pri. D. D. Th. S. R. E. tt. S. Ceciliæ presbytero Cardinali Eboracensi, domino meo observantissimo.
19 Feb.
R. O.
Advertised him yesterday of all occurrences. Has received the resolution of the Zurich diet, which had given no answer to the King's proposal as yet. If the expedition be set on foot, the Swiss will gladly offer themselves. The Emperor and the troops are advancing, and expect to be up to the enemy in eight or ten days, and penetrate into France. Begs payment of the third instalment. Sandecz, 19 Feb. 1516. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
19 Feb.
R. O.
1561. PACE to BURBANK.
Galeazzo Visconti has despatched his son-in-law, the bearer, to England. He "is faithful to the King and my lord our master as any subject or servant they have." Burbank may lodge him in Pace's chamber, and board him in my lord's house. From the city of Cure, 19 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Ro D. Gulielmo Burbanco Rmi D. Cardinalis Eboracensis cappellano, amico, &c. Endd.
19 Feb.
S. B.
1562. For JOHN PORTE.
Lease by advice of the surveyors of crown lands, of Dalby, Derb., at an annual rent of 20l. Del. Westm., 19 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 29.
20 Feb.
Giust. Desp. I. 181.
Has just heard of the death of Ferdinand of Arragon. It was kept secret for some days, as the Queen was on the eve of her delivery. The King has sent two ambassadors to condole with the Archduke, offering him men and money. These changes are ominous. Today the Queen was delivered of a girl. London, 20 Feb. 1516.
20 Feb.
R. O.
1564. PACE to WOLSEY.
Galeas desires credence for the bearer touching his memorial about Chievres. The King's affairs are improving hourly. They have the best captains of all the Swiss, ready, not only to fight the French in Italy, but to pursue them into France. There can be no obstacle but lack of money. Begs it may be sent with all possible haste and secresy. If the King and Wolsey saw what he sees, they would not miss this opportunity for a million of gold. All the captains say, they set forward now with good will, "having the King of England to their master, who never did deceive them." Encourages them by saying he has written to England. Is like to die for sorrow, considering that all this may be lost for lack of money. Coir, 20 Feb. 1516. Signed.
P. S. Cannot express his opinion of the wisdom and fidelity of the Lord Galeas.
Pp. 2. Add.: Tho. Card. Ebor. Endd.
20 Feb.
R. O.
1565. PACE to WOLSEY.
Since writing his two other letters, received all Wolsey's letters, of the 30 Jan., duplicates of those sent by Melchior Langus, with the exception of one in which Wolsey expresses a fear that Pace would be guided by Sir Rob. Wingfield's counsel to defer the enterprise against the French. Nothing can induce him to that. He and the Lord Galias are now in readiness to take the field; have sent off 7,000 men, and will send as many more tomorrow if the merchants do not fail them; if they fail, they will hinder the greatest enterprise ever made against France. Chur (ex civitate Curicensi), 20 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Tho. Card. Ebor. Endd.
20 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 46.
1566. PACE to BURBANK.
Since writing his other letters received Burbank's of 30 Jan. with the duplicate, sent for fear Melchior, who arrived in safety, should be arrested. "As touching new inventions of 'summer shall be green,' you did very wisely and kindly offer your life therein, for you shall not die therefor." Has not only promoted the expedition against the French, but is in arms with the Swiss, as he has written to Wolsey. Sees clearly the interests of England. Begs his friends to pray for his safety, as he is going, not to war, but to hand-to-hand engagement. Knows well, not only Wyngfeld's but the Emperor's inventions, but will do his duty. Will write another time about him that would be Pope. (fn. 2) Is informed by John Clyphton of Burbank's care for his interests at home. Has intolerable expences among these Swiss, whom he must have always at his table. Writes amid the noise of arms and drums. Coire, 20 Feb.
P. S. Hopes Wolsey will show kindness to the messenger for the sake of Lord Galiace, "one of the noblest and wisest men that ever I did see."
Hol., some words in eipher, pp. 3. Add. and endd.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 46 n.
1567. [PACE] to [BURBANK.]
"Sir, you may show unto my Lord Cardinal mine opinion of "summer shall be green," and put his grace out of doubt that dreams and new inventions cannot let me to do that I see most expedient according to my charge." Has used all diligence in setting forward the Swiss, and keeping the Emperor from making peace with the French King. Encloses a letter to himself from the Emperor, by which Wolsey will see that he has already stopped certain secret negotiations. The Emperor has left for Italy; "and we shall shortly join with him."
Hol., p. 1, one word in cipher.
20 Feb.
R. O.
As he could not visit. England according to his wish, has despatched his son-in-law, Anchises Visconti, for whom he begs credence. Coire, 20 Feb. 1516.
Lat., p. 1. Add. and endd.
20 Feb.
R. O.
Recommendation of the bearer, Anchises Visconti. Coire, 20 Feb. 1516.
Lat., p. 1. Add. and endd.
20 Feb.
S. B.
1570. For JOHN JOYNER, Richmond Herald.
Grant of the land and seigniory of Chin, bailiwick of Tournay. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 13.
20 Feb.
S. B.
1571. For TH. MAY of Wadehurst, Sussex, alias of London, haberdasher.
Pardon. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 25.
20 Feb.
R. O.
Commission for Barth. Titionus to form a league with Leo X., Henry VIII., Charles of Castile and the Swiss, having for its object the mutual defence of the parties, and the support of the Church. Landeck, 20 Feb. 1516, 30 reg. Rom. Seal.
Lat. Endd.
21 Feb.
Harl. 3504. f.232.
B. M.
1573. CHRISTENING of the PRINCESS MARY. (fn. 3)
The Princess was born on Monday, 18 Feb. 1515, 7 Hen. VIII. at four in the morning, at Greenwich; christened on Wednesday next. From the court gate to the church door of the Friars was railed and hung with arras; the way being well gravelled and strewed with rushes. At the church door was set a house well framed of of timber, covered with arras, where the Princess, with her godfather and godmother, adobe. There she received her name Mary. Then they entered the church, which was hung with cloth of needlework garnished with precious stones and pearls. She was preceded by a goodly sight of gentlemen and lords. Then followed the bason, borne by my Lord of Devonshire, supported by Lord Herbert; the taper by the Earl of Surrey, the salt by the Marquis of Dorset, Lady Dorset bearing the chrism. The Lord Chamberlain followed, with the Lord Steward on his right. Then the canopy, borne by Sir David Owen, Sir Nich. Vaux, Sir Thos. Aparre, and Sir Thomas Boleyn, under which was the Princess, borne by the Countess of Surrey. The Princess was assisted by the Duke of Norfolk at the head, and the Duke of Suffolk at the feet. Next, the Lady Katharine, the Duchess of Norfolk, &c. The Lord Cardinal, godfather, Lady Katharine and the Duchess of Norfolk, godmothers, at the font. The Countess of Salisbury at the bishopping. Then Te Deum sung by the King's chaplain. Order of returning to court described, in which Lord Burgevenny, the Archbps. of Armagh and Dublin, the Bps. of Durham and Chester, and the Earl of Derby, took part.
Copy in a hand of the time of Elizabeth. pp. 4.
21 Feb.
S. B.
Rym. XIII. 545.
i. Commission to Sir Edw. Ponynges, K.G., comptroller of the Household, and Cuthbert Tunstal, LL.D., to arrange the treaty lately concluded between England and the Prince of Castile. Westm., 19 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m.3.
Rym. ib. 547. ii. Commission to Rob. Wingfeld and Richard Pace, Archdeacon of Dorset, to treat for a confederation between England, Leo X., Maximilian, Charles of Castile, Francis Duke of Barre and Milan, and the Swiss cantons. Westm., 21 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m.2.
21 Feb.
S. B.
Mortmain licence to hold the prebend of Bluberry, Berks, Salisb. dioc., with appurtenances. Del. Westm., 21 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 12.
22 Feb.
Calig. D. VI. 293.
B. M.
1576. SAMPSON to [WOLSEY.]
Sends herewith letters addressed by the Emperor to the Bp. of Tournay, printed in the Almayn tongue, which had fortuned to come to the hands of Dr. Kuygth. Their effect is that the Emperor held lately a Council at Cologne and Treire, wherein it was agreed that on Sunday after the date of this letter all prelates under the empire should be at a certain town for the Emperor's affairs in Italy, especially against the French King for the recovery of Milan. "If I might have had these letters tr[anslated] into French or Latin I would have sent a cop[y to the] elect's father in the Prince's court." Intercedes for Hansard, the under-marshal, who has been complained of to Wolsey for insubordination, and now promises obedience. Tournay, 22 Feb. 1515.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
22 Feb. 1577. For WM. HATTECLIFF, clerk of accounts, or of Green Cloth, of the Household, and NICH. LIEGH, "unus sepulatorum camerae nostræ."
To be receiver, &c. in survivorship, of Lee, or Lee Shrafold, and Bankers, Kent. Westm, 22 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p.3, m. 24.
22 Feb. 1578. For JOHN MIKLOWE, elk, comptroller of the Household.
To be keeper of Molewik park, Denbigh, Wales, vice Morgan Holan. Westm., 22 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 9.
22 Feb. 1579. For JOHN DYVE of Bromeham, Beds.
Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Westm., 22 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 7.
22 Feb. 1580. GAOL DELIVERY.
Northampton.—John Walker, mayor, Sir Wm. Compton, Th. Pulteny, Wm. Gascoign, John Saxby and John Parvyn. Westm., 22 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 16d.
23 Feb.
Galba, R. IV. 21.
B. M.
Wrote on the 18th in conjunction with ... On the 21st, understanding the King's wish that he ... should return, they solicited his despatch, which they have just obtained. Sends the substance of the proposition made in the Prince's name to the General Estates since he last wrote. They intend to depart about St. John's Day. It is supposed the Prince will go by sea, though some have suggested that he might pass through Almeny to Naples, and cross the Mediterranean to Barcelona. It is supposed Fyenis will remain as governor. The Archduchess is much inclined to the marriage, and would prefer her (the Princess?) before all others. Berghes arrived on the 21st. He is well-pleased with Chievres, as he told Spinelly and Knight. They are much inclined to peace with France, fearing in case of war to lose their authority. Cannot learn Berghes' opinion on the marriage. On the 20th the French ambassador presented the Prince with letters from their master, dated the 14th ... in Dauphiné, with new offers.
A courier coming out of Spain to the Prince was taken to Paris as prisoner, and his letters sent to the French King. The same has been done to Harrera and others going before the Prince into Spain. These doings have caused great discontent. The French ambassador excuses them on the ground of such restraint being enforced against the English couriers only. The Chancellor has no trust in France. Spinelly told him that, considering the ambition of the French and the death of the King of Arragon, they would be sorry to have refused the offer of a league with England. Thinks that such a league might be brought to pass. A new ambassador is coming from France to demand the restoration of the kingdom of Naples. The strife between the Constable and the Bp. of Burgos is ended. The Marquis of Prego is gone to Cordova. Novara is in no danger. It has been assisted by Biscay and Lopousque (Guispuscoa). The Emperor wrote to the Archduchess on the 15th from Felkerke, regretting the death of the King of Arragon, but intending to continue his enterprise. Marraton has written that the commons at Berne have begun an insurrection against the French party. The canton of Berne have detained the French ambassador with 200,000 crowns, on his refusing to disburse them, except they would serve the French. The news is confirmed by Simon de Taxis and Felinger from Augsburg. Thinks Wingfield and Pace must have been absent at the time from the Emperor's court. The Bp. of Ross has come from Scotland on an embassy to France. The Lord Yanlys and president of Paris have circulated a report that an Englishman has been taken in Champagne, sent hither by the King to kill Richard de la Pole. When Knight went to take leave of the Archduchess she stated they had a copy of his confession.— ... "the Emperor is no further pou[rveyed] ... than the 20th day of March next coming; and that in ca[se your grace] help him not, all stand in danger, being in only grow ... the conquest of the duchy of Milan." The Pope continues his payments for the entertainment of Verona and Brescia. Brussels, 23 Feb.
Hol., pp. 7, mutilated. Add. and endd.
23 Feb.
Vit. B. XVIII. 134.
B. M.
Wrote from Awsbourge on the ... of this month. On ... [received] a letter from Henry and one directed to Pace, which Wingfield forwards. It was longer [in coming] to to his hands than he expected. It appears from Wolsey's letters that he was displeased with the matters contained in Wingfield's letters of the 15th ... from Awsbourge. Trusts Wolsey will look at them again, when he will perceive that he had not departed from his instructions further than was necessary, the business being of other form than might appear to Wolsey at so great a distance. Denies devising novelties. Wolsey's secretary (Pace), among others, can bear witness whether he has hindered or furthered the desired object, which would certainly have yielded but slender fruit, had not more expert men than either of them given a helping hand. Ministers should possess four things, viz., wit, learning, good will and experience; "for my part I am not ashamed to give place to your secretary in the first twain, and as, in the third it were too great a shame for me to give place to any, and in the fourth, both to eschew [ar]rogance and comparison, I will leave the judgment of that part to such [a]s have practised with us both."
As to the matters in Wingfield's letters, which Wolsey supposed had proceeded from the Emperor or himself, trusts he needs no other excuse than what he expressed in his said letter of the 6th. and in such constructions as [the Emperor hath se]nt to his ambassador resident with the King's grace. "And as touching ... iens if it be the King's mind and yours that in this expedit[ion] ... take no harm, it were right mete that some cunning ... which have the science to divide the male deer from the ... from the Venetians which he not now ... ble enterprise, but also (perhaps a line lost here) first joining them ... France and so will con[tinue] ... have governed themselves so ... not than themselves of right ... fail both of them to drink such b[ev]erage" ... By his letters of the 18th ... Wingfield advertised Henry of all the news then occurrent. Riete, in Inedaale, 23rd February.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lorde Cardenall of Yorke, Chaunceller of Inglonde.
23 Feb. 1583. For ROB. ORMESTON alias DIKYNSON.
To be under clerk of Parliament, with the usual emoluments. Westm, 23 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 20.
23 Feb.
S. B.
To be constable of Tyntagell castle, Cornw., vice Sir Anth. Utright, and to have a meadow called Halemere, in the lordship of Tyntagell: on surrender of patent, 8 Feb. 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm. 23 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 9.
24 Feb.
Giust. Desp. I. 182.
On the 21st the Princess was christened. The sponsors were Wolsey and the Duchess of Norfolk. Congratulated the King today, and said that the Signory would have been more satisfied if it had been a son. His majesty then made me draw nearer, having, however, in the first place, returned many thanks to your highness for this compliment, saying. "We are both young; if it was a daughter this time, by the grace of God the sons will follow"; and he then continued, "Domine Orator, I will tell you a very great secret, the which I charge you under the closest confidence not to write to any one, except to your Doge, lest it become known; nor even to your Doge do I choose you to write that I in person told it you; but say that you have heard it from a good source. Know that the King of France is negociating with all earnestness to obtain peace with the Emperor, and to leave you singlehanded at the mercy of your enemies. I always loved the Venetians, and it grieves me to the heart, seeing you deceived from too great credulity." Had an interview with Wolsey, who warned the Signory, whom it trusted. Sebastian replied, that if they were doomed to destruction, it was their faith, and God would avenge it. Was careful to show no leaning to France. London, 24 Feb. 1516.
24 Feb.
S. B.
1586. For MARCELLUS DE LA MORE, surgeon to the King.
Grant of the customs on his imports or exports, for three years, to the amount of 1,000l., on the bonds of John Cavalcanti, John Benchi, Peter Francis de Bardi, and Bernard Cavalcanti, merchant of Florence. Del. Westm., 24 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
24 Feb.
P. S.
1587. For RIC. COKKES of London, fishmonger, alias of St. Olave's, Surrey, brewer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Richard Wingfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 28 June 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Feb.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 27.
25 Feb.
Er. Ep. App. LII.
1588. MORE to ERASMUS.
The Archbishop has ordered 20l. English to be sent him. Encloses the Archbishop's letter, and the bond of Maruffo, that Erasmus may understand how liberal the Archhishop is of his money, and that More is no bad purveyor of other men's property. Has written to an Englishman to pay Ægidius 30l. Flemish, which Erasmus deposited with him. Has sent his letters to Latimer, and his own about the Bishop of Rochester's affair. Has had no reply from either. Colet is earnestly studying Greek, and has made use of the services of Clement (More's page). Thinks Erasmus had better not write and urge Colet in his new studies. "Solet, ut scis, disputandi gratia repugnare suadentibus, etiamsi id suadeant in quod ille sua sponte maxime propendeat." Has seen Urswick, who acknowledges he has not forgotten the horse. London, 25 Feb. 1516.
25 Feb.
S. B.
Lease of the lordship of Huke, York, for 21 years, at an annual rent of 14l., which premises Henry Gayll late held. Del. Westm., 25 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 18.
25 Feb.
1590. For FRAS. DE BARDI.
Licence to export 343½ sacks of wool. Del. Westm., 25 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 29.
25 Feb.
S. B.
1591. For FRAS DE BARBI, merchant of Florence.
Licence to import 1,061 butts of Malvesey. Del. Westm., 25 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
26 Feb.
Vit. B. XVIII. 133.
B. M.
[A line lost.] ... "month wrote my last ... in Inedale, and the 24th day ... village of Reeyte in the said daale, and ... my said lord Cardinal came to the said ... lodged but a Dutch mile thence, came thr ... the morning, and rode a Dutch mile to a village ... daale, and there it pleased his majesty to have ... and me at dinner with him, and after he held ... all three present, and the Emperor himself purposed ... to have been advised from his Council, which is at Ver[oone] ... where the Bishop and divers other of his Council be ... was determined that the army of Swissers should have p ... Valeeys, that the Lord Rokendolffe had led his army that ... now it is perceived to the said Bishop of Trent and the oth[ers that in the] said passage there should be found twain great impedi[ments, the one] lack of victuals, and the other that the enemies hath fo ... called Amphe; for which twain impediments they though[t] ... advised that the said passage should be left.
"And on that other part, that his Council of Verone shewed [to be] expedient that the army of Veroone should descend into t ... where they may take all the passages into their han[ds, and that the] whole army of the Swissers should also pass the same way, [so that they] may proceed jointly in twain battles, of which the ... to be the advance-guard and the Swissers the rearguard; a ... shewed to have advertisement that betwixt Veroone and B ... army, and that of the Venetians to be joined together in such ... within twain or three days it be not heard that the Venetie[ns] ... way to Pado, and the French the next way towards France, they ... the battle as two desperate powers, which have no ... or goodly end.
"Which purpose finished, the Cardinal and all others shew ... so that finally was concluded that for the more surety the ... obtained their opinion, and forthwith the Emperor ... the said Lord Rokendolffe, knight, rode a Dutch m[ile by a] mountain called St. Nicolas to a castle called ... [which is] counted to be in Italy, because that is repput[ed] ... and we, that is to say the Card[inal] ... by a Dutch mile ... (here some lines are lost) ... [ord]eeynyd us to remain in this village ... further to a castle named Farstenbourg ... of g ... rne, where 17 banners of the Swissers ... and 15 more are coming, whereof part do pass this day; [and it is] thought that tomorrow the Lord Galias Viscounte, which is captain [of their] army, shall be there, wherefore the Emperor hath ordained [the Cardi]nall and me to be also there tommorrow." Mr. Pace rode this morning to [T]rente to meet by appointment the factours of Fryscobalde with the residue of the great sum for the enterprise, and which will be very scanty unless multiplied by some means or other. Wingfield thinks the number of "payis" do rise to 15,000 and above, and hopes that, whether the French abide battle or not, the duchy of Milan (the castle excepted) will shortly be out of their hands; for the Swissers are said to be not only "a robust company," but eager to find the enemies, and also that the army of Verona "is the most exquisite and best experimented band of footmen that hath been seen." Trusts that the enterprise will advance the honor and weal of all the princes of Christendom, especially of Henry's, without whom it would have come to nothing. The [garrison] of Bresse have made two sallies lately, in which above 1,200 Gascons and French Almains were slain, "notwithstanding that there was treason within, which was fortunately discovered." Writes from the skirts of Italy, but hopes within a few weeks to date his letters from the heart of Lombardy. Village of Crawm in Malsherhaate, 26 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
26 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 47.
1593. PACE to WOLSEY.
In his last from Cure, advertised Wolsey of his intended visit to the Emperor. "Mi lorde the Cardinal Sedunensis, Syr Roberte Wingfelde, and I, didde dyne wyth the sayde Emperor, and aftre dynar hadde large communication wyth hym." He is now three days' journey frome Trent in confinibus Italiæ. "I schewidde unto hym secretly your grace's mynde in that he schulde not in ony maner agree wyth the French King, repetynge suche wurdis as he hym selfe sayde unto your grace in the felde at Terroane, and that your grace wolde be a faythful procurator of his in this that the King's grace schulde not forsake hym. He was marvaluse gladde to here thys."
"Tomorowe I do departe hense to Trent, there for to meate wyth the Lorde Galiace and alle the armie, and from thense to procede wythowte delaye into Italie agaynst the Frenchemen, whoo haith made a crye opynlye in Milan that no man in payne off deth schall speke oon wurde off the cummynge of the Swiss; we do gretli fere that they wulle runne awaye." Founce (?) 26 Feb.
Hol., part cipher, pp. 3. Add.: Tho. Car. Eboracen. (corrected from Sedunen.) Endd.: 26 Februarii et 4 Martii, Mr. Pace.
Vit. B. XIX. 20.
B. M.
2. Mutilated decipher of the preceding.
R. O. 1594. [WOLSEY] to [PACE.]
After the signing of his letters, Th. Cotton arrived, bringing "your letters containing the whole resolution of your matters," which was comfortable news to the King. Answers shall be sent forthwith. Notwithstanding the death of the late King of Arragon, is to solicit the Emperor and the Swiss to proceed to Milan and expel the French; and urge the Emperor not to omit this commodious occasion of subduing them. Is to impress upon the Emperor the danger that will ensue if the French establish themselves in the duchy, and to encourage him is to say he is in good hopes that England will furnish him with money.
In Ruthal's hand, p. 1.
26 Feb. 1595. For JOHN ROWE, sergeant-at-law, EDM. LARDER and NICH. KYRKHAM.
Commission to inquire as to concealed wards, &c. belonging to the Crown. Westm., 26 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 15d.
26 Feb. 1596. GAOL DELIVERY.
Colchester Castle.—Sir Ric. Fitzlowes, Sir John Marney, Sir Th. Tyrell, Edw. Tyrell, Edw. Hales and Th. Bonham. Westm., 26 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 16d.
27 Feb.
R. O.
Notarial certificate of the oath of Charles of Spain to the treaty of 4 Jan. 1515, taken in the monastery of St. James de Froidmont, 27 Feb. 1515; present, Cuth. Tunstal, Wm. Knight and others.
Lat. and Fr.
27 Feb.
Calig. B. II. 314.
B. M.
i. Jehan de Planis and Gawin Dunbar, Archdeacon of St. Andrew's, to Dacre and Magnus.
Have not received the promised safe-conduct, which was to be in Scotland eleven days after the request for it. Desire to have an answer by the bearer, which they will show to the governor. Edimburgh, 27 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lordis Dacre and Master Thomas Magnus, Archidene of Estriding, counselors to ye King of Ingland and Quenis grace of Scotland.
ii. Dacre to De Planis and Gawin Dunbar.
Has received this Friday, the last of February, their letter complaining of the non-arrival of the conduct. In consequence of the death of the King of Spain and the arrival of the Prince (now King) of Castile's ambassadors in England, the safeconduct came yesternight, and other papers for the King of Scots, as David Purves will inform them. Coldstream, ult. Feb.
P. 1. Headed: "Copy of the answer of a letter sent from Mr. John de Planis, ambassador of France resident in Scotland, and from Mr. Gawen Dunbar, Archdeacon of St. Andrew's."
iii. Dacre to Albany.
Thanks him for copies of the King of Scots' letter and his sent to the King his master. Will labor for the peace. A safeconduct has been sent, and letters to the King's nephew. Since the abstinence great mischief has been done on the borders. Desires that days of truce be appointed at Cressopbrig and Kirkandreas, the customary places for the wild country. Etell, 2 March.
Pp. 2. Headed: "Copy of a letter sent to the Duke of Albany."
iv. Albany to Dacre.
Has received a safeconduct, with letters for his sovereign, from Dacre. Is of the same mind for the peace as he. Has come into Scotland for that purpose, and to defend his King to the last drop of his blood. Will let him know when the ambassadors will be on the borders. Though the King of England has not deigned to send him word nor writings, "be sic casis werkis ar not concludit nor brocht to ende." Edinburgh, 4 Nov. (fn. 4) Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my cousin Lord Dacre, warden of the Inglis border fornent Scotland.
v. Dacre to Albany.
Has received his letter, dated Edinburgh the 4th. If he and his fellow had had the conveying up of Albany's letter, as they had of the King of Scots', Dacre makes no doubt good answer would have been made to the same. Is surprised he has received no certain answer from him respecting the coming of the ambassadors. Sends his servant for that purpose. Morpeth, 15 March.
Pp. 2. Headed: "Copy of a letter sent to the Duke of Albany, answer of his letter next afore."
vi. Gawin Dunbar and Sir William Scot of Balwery to Dacre.
Wish to know why no writing has been sent them from England for John de Planis to accompany the ambassadors of Scotland, now proceeding thither, as had been agreed on by treaty on their departure from Coldingham. Edinburgh, 10 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lord Daquer.
vii. Dacre to Gawin Dunbar and Sir Wm. Scot.
Has received their letter, Edinburgh the 10th. Although no writing has come for De Planis his services are thankfully received; being in such high authority with the King of France, the King's grace cannot conveniently require him to take such mission. Will be heartily welcome if he goes into England. Morpeth, 15 March.
Pp. 2. Headed: "Copy of the answer sent to Mr. Gawen Dombar, Archdeacon of St. Andrew's, and Sir William Scotte, kt., made to their letter next afore."
Green's Princesses,
IV. 234.
viii. Queen Margaret to Albany.
Has received his letter, dated Edinburgh, 26 Feb., by Will. Donnetson, the bearer, and heard his credence. Does not well remember the words of Albany at their last interview, but acknowledges she has often had goodly and pleasant words as well as letters from him, and though his conduct has not always corresponded to them, yet, as now matters are being accommodated, hopes he will reform it. Would have had more confidence if he had released her trusty friend, the Bp. of Dunkell, in whose behalf she wrote to him when his secretary Gaultier was here. Is fully determined to repair southwards to the King her brother. Hopes Albany is preparing to send an embassy for peace, when it will appear that she left Scotland not without urgent occasion. Wishes he would liberate the Bp. of Donkell to conduct her south, put Lord Drummond out of durance, and send her by the bearer her jewels that he had from Temptallon. Desires him to restore to Angus the castles of Temptallon and Bothwell. Morpeth, the _ (fn. 5) day of _*.
Pp. 3. Headed: "Copy of the Queen of Scots' letter sent to the Duke of Albany."
Endd.: The copies of certain letters of my Lord Dacres sent to the Duke of Albany, &c.
Galba, B. IV. 31.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 23rd. Yesterday at supper the Chancellor told him of many messengers sent hither by the Constable, the Duke of Lynfantasy, the [Marquis] of Villena and other Lords of Spain, to urge the Prince speedily to go thither. The good order in which the deceased King left the realm is preserved by the policy of the Cardinal of Toledo, who has caused rigid justice to be executed against the insurgents in Burgos. He has a company of 3,000 horse, and a like number of foot, and was coming to Valladolid with the "Queens" of Arragon and Don Fernando. He is in great esteem in Castile on account of his prudence, virtue and honest living. He has ordered the "Queens" of Spain to be kept with better watch than before, "and no men suffered to speak [with] her." Thinks this has been done ... of the French subornation for to marry her. They will need to take care of the Queen of Arragon, also that she do not leave Spain. Reminded the Chancellor of the great obligations under which the Prince lay to the King and the Emperor for securing his Italian dominions against the French. Advised him to let the Viceroy go to the Emperor, and to cause the treaty lately concluded between the King and Ferdinand to be performed by the Council of Spain.
Hears that the French have not only the 6,000 Almains about the frontier of H[ainault], but send, daily, horsemen to St. Quintin and Peronne, as Henry will see by an extract of a letter received by the Master of the Posts. The Chancellor does not think it is intended against Tournay, for as long as they are busy in Italy they will have enough to do to defend themselves at home. The Pope is entirely French. If [Vero]nne and Brescia were not in the Emperor's hands, the realm of Naples would be in danger. Has received letters from his brother, the Pope's chamberlain, that immediately after Ferdinand's death the French King had written the Pope he would recover Naples at all hazards. Showed this to the Council, who said they had similar news, and were not without fear of the Duke of Gueldres. Andreas de Burgo expects to be sent to England. The Pope is making fruitless efforts to obtain a peace with France. The French King has sent 200 spears to assist the Pope against the Duke of Urbino. The Emperor had written to the Pope "to desist of such e[nterprise] and not offend those which been subjects and fe[ofs] unto the Empire." The strength of the French and Venetians at Verone daily increases. They have joined together about Brescia. On the 16th the Emperor was a day's journey from Trent. [Next] morning Sion and the English ambassador were to meet him at Maren. The French had sent their great ordnance to Milan, and carried it into the castle. Berghes says the alliance between England and Burgundy will be both defensive and offensive. Finds the understanding between him and Chievres increases daily. This morning the Chancellor tells him Mattyney is come. The Chancellor promises, on hearing his report about the Almain foot, to let Spinelly know. The President of Paris has taken leave of the Prince. Brussels, ... Feb. Don John Manuel is not yet admitted to court.
Hol., pp. 6, mutilated.
ii. Extract of a letter to the Master of the Posts, dated 23 Feb., at Homblire, a league from St. Quintin.
6,000 Almain foot are assembled about Guise. They say they are to be lodged close to St. Quintin and Peronne. At St. Quintin are 400 new horse. It is said they come from the English at Tournay (que vienent des Angloys à Tournay), where they are in great fear, and that Talbot is coming (doit descendre) to Calais. It is lamentable how they devour the country.
Fr., p. 1.
27 Feb.
R. O.
Since closing his other letters, has learned that a post from Spain has arrived, having been suffered to pass through France, and that Harryera and other servants of the Prince going thither have been delivered with their letters which were open. The Duke of Gueldres has refused to renew the truce for four months with the Prince, alleging it is not for his profit. He is in collusion with France. Is in great favor with the Chancellor. Brussels, the 27th day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Spinell, 27 Februarii.
27 Feb.
R. O.
Wrote his last on the 23rd, of Frescobaldi's servant being taken in France. The Chancellor knows nothing about it. The French report that Rob. Latimer should be put to death. Their words are not believed as formerly. Brussels, 27 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Cardinal of England.
28 Feb.
P. S.
1602. For ROB. GRENE, brewer of London.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld. Greenwich, 20 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Feb.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 29.
29 Feb.
Vit. B. XIX. 22
B. M.
Has heard from Ric. Pace, Wolsey's secretary, news of matters which will doubtless turn to the honor and advantage of himself and Henry VIII. Is grateful for Wolsey's services. Has commissioned Pace to write to him. "In oppido nostro Maran, die ultima Februarii, A.D. 1516, regni nostri Romani tricesimo."
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Reverendissimo in Christo patri Domino Thome Stæ. Romanæ Ecclesiæ Cardinali Eboracensi, amico nostro charissimo.
Has sent Wolsey certain jewels and other things to show to the King on the Queen his sister's behalf. Prays Henry to have pity on himself and her. Touching her coming to see Henry begs to know his pleasure. Sends a goshawk, which he hopes is good, "for and sche doo as wyell as I have seen her doo I dowth not boot sche schall contynt your grace." Bottyllay. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the Kinges grace. Endd.: My Lord of Suff.
Titus, B. I. 69.
B. M.
Had, in conjunction with Wolsey, examined the state of his and the Queen's debts to the King. Proposes that, in conformity with the advice of the Council, she should come up to London. Will bring her to Bath Place against Easter next. Hears that the King intends to have some pastime this May, and desires Suffolk to be in attendance. Is ill furnished for that purpose.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
Titus, B. I. 313.
B. M.
On the same subject, stating that he had written to the King. Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To me Lord Cardynalles good lordysschype.
R. O. 1607. TOURNAY.
Resolutions of the prevost, jurez, eschevins, esgardeins, doyens et soubz doyens des mestiers of Tournay on what has been submitted to them by Lord Mountjoye, the lieutenant, in obedience to the King's commands relative to the building of the citadel.
1. The city is very poor by reason of former wars and the late siege; 2. has been burdened with a present of 50,000 crowns of gold to the King, and been obliged to borrow, as stated by the deputies of the town to the King in parliament in 1513; 3. It has been devastated by the plague for two or three years; upwards of 13,000 or 14,000 persons have died; 5. It has made great repairs in the town walls to the extent of 16,000 livres Tournais; 5. Request, in consideration of the above, that they may be exempted from further contribution.
Signed: R. du Fief (?)
Fr., pp. 4.
Galbs, B. IV. 34.
B. M.
* * ... "[da]y of February unto all the estates of the ... he showed the decease of the King of Arragon gev[ing to him] grett pryse anglory, and how by his testament he lev[ed during the] undisposition of the Queens of Castile, his heir and s[uccessor], the Prince not only of the crowns of Castile, b[ut also of] Arragon; that the King had left the government till the Prince should come, to the Cardinal of [Toledo] in Castile, and the Abp. of Saragossa in Arragon, [and had] "well purveyed" Navarre; that the Prince must shortly depart, well accompanied, and required aid of money from the estates, telling them that the sums they had formerly granted had redeemed "divers toles and lands" from mortgage, and declaring the amicable offers of France. Copies of the bonds for the Prince's marriage will be delivered to them. Next day, the estates being assembled "at town house," the Chancellor demanded, in the Prince's name, 400,000 philips of gold paid immediately; "whereupon they sayd to go hom and retourne with theyr fellows and maysters mynd thester whyke" (Easter week).
ii. List of the lords who are to go into Spain.—The Count Palatine, the Marquis of Brandenburg, the Counts of Sorne and Nassau, Chievres, Montany, the Lord Reux, steward, Adolf de Cleves, younger son of the Duke of Cleves, Jakes de Luxembourg Lord Daussy, Beauren, the Lords Waleyn, Molenbeys, Montmorency, &c.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 371.
B. M.
1609. [PACE] to [HENRY VIII.]
The Emperor has lately come to this city, where Pace conversed with him on many matters concerning the failure of the last expedition, and more cautiously commencing another. The Emperor places all his hopes in Henry, never believing that the son will fail his father, though infamous things are written [by some] against the Emperor [to Henry], and others constantly strive to dissolve their [friendship]. The Emperor is grieved to hear "quod ei est significatum ... expeditionem ad Gallos ab Italia ... inscia majte sua sacratissima ... mentem majtis vestræ contrariam peni[tus] ... majti ejus sacratissimæ aperte decla ... communique (?) omnia quæ a me cum Helvetiis [acta] sunt vestrum utriusque nomine * * * ad Gallos ab Italia expellendos [prop]ter communem vestrum honorem, magis ... quam unquam antea; et hac de causa ... e ad hanc civitatem vicinam Helvetiis [tractan]dum cum eis omni diligentia ne Gallis [adjuv]ent sed nobis duobus perseveranter fa[veant]; tantumque majtas sua effecit ut jam [nihil] hic desit præter pecuniam ad exercitum [levandum] et ductu matis suæ colligendum, et ad [Galliam] celeriter invadendam. Certissima spes [victo]riæ postquam Ser. rex Cath. con ... Viceregi Neapolitano ut mittat ad ... tem [omnes milites suos gravis ar[maturæ] persolutis iij. mensium stipendiis, et addat [quando] opus fuerit iiijc lanceas] (fn. 6) et vm pedites stipendi[ari]as per manus et quinque [milia] peditum, quæ copiæ quum conjunctæ erunt [Helv]etiis et reliquo exercitu Cæ. Matis [impossibil]e est ut Galli possuint resistere ... igitur ut Matas va non subtrahat ... de quo Cæs. Majestas videtur ali" * * * ... (One line or more lost) ... Begs an answer speedily, as the necessity and danger are imminent. The Emperor desires [nothing] more than the coutinuance of the amity between himself and Henry.
Pp. 3, mutilated.


  • 1. Meaning the prebend at Tournay.
  • 2. In the ordinary eipher for Pope, but query.
  • 3. See also MS, Lambeth 285 f. 38b.
  • 4. Qu. March.
  • 5. Blank in MS.
  • 6. Omnes milites—lanceas. This passage has been struck out, and the following substituted in a different but contemporary hand: "et v. m. pedites stipendiarias per manus Cæsaris; Vicerex vero viii.c. lanceas ... levis armaturæ, equites suos omnes." This passage is in its turn struck out, and then follows in the same hand: "viii.c. equites gravis armaturæ et omnes levis numerabit in manibus Cæsaris pro sustentand."