Henry VIII: October 1516, 16-31

Pages 764-780

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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October 1516

16 Oct.
Giust. Desp. I. 303.
Sion came last night, and dined today with the Cardinal. Has told the Lords here that he is on the worst possible terms with the Swiss, and will endeavor to get money out of his majesty on the promise of enlisting them, though he can do nothing. "We shall be like the deaf adder that stoppeth its ears," said a lord. But Sebastian is afraid they will be decoyed by the eloquence of the Cardinal, which is very great. Was today with one who is secretary to his majesty and to the Cardinal (Ammonius?), who dissuaded him from the alliance of France, and expressed his surprise that no answer had been received from the Signory touching the proposed new alliance. Same day saw the Cardinal, and urged him to write to Spain for safeconduct for the Venetian galleys. London, 16 Oct. 1516.
16 Oct.
Galba, B. IV. 185. B. M.
Received on the 7th, by Richmond, his letters dated Greenwich, 3rd, and a copy of the new amity. On desiring an audience, it was put off till the next day, as the King was engaged with Sion. On the 9th, in a chamber apart, insisted before Chievres and the Chancellor on the difficulties made to the new amity, though the Provost of Cassell had affirmed that, notwithstanding the league of Noyon, Charles would join it,—said that the matter had been discussed with the Provost by the Council in England, and an article framed reasonable for all, allowing the Pope to enter at his pleasure, and leaving place for the Swiss to be entertained by a yearly pension of 40,000 florins,—that the Swiss considered the King Catholic was not their friend, and were inclined to France, and would continue to think so unless the King Catholic declared himself,—that if Verona were delivered, the French would have Italy,—that this amity did not bind Flanders to make war with France, but only to prevent wrong,—that all difficulty about the article was avoided, as the arbitrament was left to the Pope and the Emperor,—that the French King had offered to comprehend England in the league of Noyon, and urged England not to think so much of Burgundy.
Chievres replied, that as the Provost of Cassel had not yet returned they must have time. The inclination of the Swiss was a sore point. Next day the Provost arrived, when Tunstal demanded an audience, but was put off for two days, as the King was going hunting. Yesterday had an interview. On repeating his argument, they stated they were williag to have concluded the league before they went to Noyon but for certain articles. Chievres stated that Tunstal's arguments were just,—that their King's safety was in the league,—that the French were ambitious, and tried to play off one power against another. Tunstal urged that as their King's dominions lay far apart, the augmentation of the French power would be very dangerous to them. The Chancellor urged that the article of assistance sounded to invasion; "and what have we to do if the dowry of my Lady Mary, your master's sister, be not paid?" On his answering this, and that equality must be in all treaties, they said it would be time enough to insert such articles when an invasion took place: to which Tunstal answered, that such omission would encourage France to do wrong. They stated they would send to the Swiss. This is the point which alarms them. Has never heard Chievres speak so plainly before, or proffer so much friendship for England. Thinks that some good effect may happen, notwithstanding their vacillation. The two difficulties are: 1st, they will not conform to the article; 2nd, the arrival of the French ambassadors to receive the King's oath. Is assured that sharp letters have come to them out of France, complaining that they kept not their word, and that Verona was succored by the Emperor. Has received his diets by Richmond. Brussels, 16 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 11, mutilated. Add.
16 Oct.
R. O.
Has received his letter dated Durham Place, the 10th inst., directing him to welcome the Cardinal of Sion, of whose arrival in disguise he had informed Wolsey; and to enquire whether he intended going to England openly or privily. Was with him the day after he arrived, and sent a short account of it to Wolsey. Saw him again after his interview with the King here, to arrange for his conveyance to Calais. Wrote to Master Deputy to send horsemen to Dunkirk. The Cardinal said he would go by post, which must be in disguise. Writes to the King of two interviews he had with Chievres and the Chancellor. Forgot to mention that the feast of the Toison is to be kept at Brussels on the 26th, for which justs are proclaimed, and everything ready in the great church. Will do his best to promote this new league, and get an answer before the French ambassador comes to receive the King's oath. Thanks Wolsey for his diet received by Richmond. Brussels, 16 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Cardinal of York. Endd.
16 Oct.
P. S.
2452. For SIR TH. PHILIP.
To be sheriff, during pleasure, of co. Pembroke, and of the lordship of Haverford West, with 100s. a year. Greenwich, 5 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
16 Oct.
P. S.
2453. For SIR TH. PHILIP.
To be bailiff in eyre in the lordship of Haverford West, Wales, with 2d. a day. Ramsbury, 14 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
16 Oct.
P. S.
2454. For JOHN TUKE, scholar.
Grant of the pension which the Abbot elect of Whitby is bound to give to a scholar of the King's nomination, the monastery being void by decease of Th. Bednell. Greenwich, 3 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Oct.
17 Oct.
Er. Ep. XXX. 75.
Desires him to make haste, that St. Jerome may be sent him well got up ("probe concinnatus") for annotation. He may consult Peter on the number and order of the volumes. Thinks if bound in six it would be enough; "si epistolas ad Basiliensem et Bernensem tradit." Doubts not they were delivered to Francis, though he thought they had been given to another. Desires him to send the preface, but rather to Buslidius than to himself. He can send the "Sententiæ" of Paul by Francis. Will send him "Dorpianæ nugæ" immediately. Never knew a more unfriendly friend. Tunstal is disgusted with his nonsense. Ægidius is the right man to make bargains with sailors and clothesmen, not Erasmus; for out of 20 ells of Tournay cloth he had sent for his cloak-lining, he has not got more than five back from the tailor. Cocles, or, if you prefer it, Cyclops, delivered an unrevised instead of a revised copy of the Testament. Will be glad if Ægidius is coming here, but would not have him come merely for his sake. For his own part, is determined to remain the winter, but not a moment longer. Has sold a horse for such a price that he has rather lost than sold it. He may say the same of the one he gave to the Abbot of St. Bertin's. Brussels, prid. nat. Lucæ.
18 Oct.
Er. Ep. App. 493.
Is much grieved that Erasmus has forgotten him and sent him no letters. Has he expunged him from the lists of his friends after so many favors? London, 18 Oct.
18 Oct.
Otho, C. IX. 30. B. M.
[Selim] having heard of the league between the Sultan and the Persian King, professed great desire for peace, but crossed Mount Taurus with an army and invaded the territory of the Sultan. A fierce battle was fought from 3 o'clock in the morning till sunset, in which the Sultan was slain and his army partly routed. Aleppo, Tripolis, Damascus and other cities of Syria have yielded to [Selim]. The Mamelukes retired to Chaerus (Cairo?), and have made a new Sultan. [Selim] is preparing a fleet which can only be intended against the Christians. Begs that Henry will write to the Pope that they may have undisturbed control over their own affairs, as numerous exemptions from their jurisdiction have much weakened their hands. Rhodes, 18 Oct. [15]16. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
18 Oct. 2458. For JOHN UNDERHILL, Dean and Chaplain of the Free Chapel of St. Nicholas, Walingford Castle.
Inspeximus of patent 26 Nov. 23 Hen. VI., granting to Stephen Morpath, Dean, and the chaplains of the Chapel, and to their tenants in their lordships of Warburgh and Harewell, acquittance of all purveyors, &c. Westm., 18 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
18 Oct.
P. S.
2459. For JOHN DOLFYN of London, draper.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 14 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Oct.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 4.
19 Oct.
R. O.
2460. DACRE to WOLSEY.
In accordance with the privilege granted to him by the King, nominates three persons, of whom his highness may select one to be sheriff of Northumberland, viz., Hen. Walles, Wm. Threlkeld and Rob. Moyses. Hopes they may be admitted to answer by attorney, if subpœnaed to appear in Chancery by my Lord of Northumberland, as in former times, otherwise it will be to the King's loss. Harbottle, 19 Oct. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal.
19 Oct.
P. S.
2461. For JOHN SMYTH of London, pushemaker, alias grocer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 18 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 Oct.
20 Oct.
Rym. XIII. 555.
Commission to Cardinal Wolsey, Th. Duke of Norfolk and Th. Bp. of Durham, to form a league with the Pope, the Emperor, Joanna and Charles of Castile, and the Swiss, for defence of the Church. London, 20 Oct. 1516.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 9.
R. O.
2463. HEADS of the TREATY to be signed by the EMPEROR and the KING OF ENGLAND.
1. To defend the Church attacked by the French. 2. To prevent Verona falling into the hands of the French and the Venetians; the King of England to lend the Emperor 40,000 cr., (fn. 1) with due security. 3. The Emperor engages to be by next Christmas in Flanders or Brabant, and remove those wicked governors, Chievres, the Chancellor and his accomplices. The King of England shall agree to cross the sea within three weeks after he hears of the Emperor's arrival, and be at a suitable place fixed by the Emperor, (fn. 2) to make further arrangements. 5. Henry, by the medium of Sir Rob. Wingfield and the Cardinal of Sion, is to be pressed to accept the impe- rial crown offered him; 6, the Emperor to do all in his power to accomplish the transfer, and remove Henry's scruples at their meeting. 7. If the King of England is willing to undertake the defence of Christendom, the Emperor will enfeoff his natural heirs with the Dukedom of Milan now invaded by France, and will lend his assistance for that purpose; or, if the King of England declines, he will confer it upon the King's nominee, provided that France be expelled from it by the assistance of England. 8. The Duke and state of Milan to be obliged to pay the whole expences incurred by England in driving the French out of Italy, the Emperor consenting that the money contributed by the other Italian states in expelling the French be applied to the same purpose. 9. The Emperor is prepared to fulfil his part of the engagement, even if the King of England declines at present to give an absolute answer, and until the time of the conference, provided that he does not actually reject the proposals, and due arrangements be made for driving the French out of Italy. (fn. 3)
"Datum in arce Granuici (Greenwich) solitæ habitationis regiæ in Anglia,"—Oct. 1516.
"Quoad Cæsarem, datum die mensis Novembris anno Domini 1516."
Lat., in Sion's hand, pp. 5.
20 Oct.
Giust. Desp. I. 307.
On the 18th the Cardinal of Sion went to Greenwich, and had a long colloquy with the King, no one being present except Wolsey. Does not know yet what has been proposed. Thinks Sion offered the King 20,000 Swiss for the invasion of France. The Council sat afterwards, attended by Wolsey, the Bps. of Durham and Norwich, the Treasurer, Lovell and Marny. Winchester and Canterbury absented themselves at the commencement of the business. Sent his secretary to appoint an audience, but learnt that the Cardinal, on returning from the Council, dined with Sion. "When he came home the secretary saw him so wroth and excited, that he did not seem to be in his right mind, and 'twas said that, since he has been at the helm here, he has never been in such a state of perturbation; so that he declared he could not give me audience for three or four days; and he sent forthwith for the imperial ambassador, although it was already night, and the hour inconvenient. Nor can the cause of this be attributed to aught save a dispute between the Cardinals, which might have arisen considering the insolence of the Cardinal of Sion, or to the receipt of some fresh intelligence at variance with the assertions of the imperial ambassador, who is in the habit of making them sixteen to the dozen." London, 20 Oct. 1516.
20 Oct.
R. O.
Being assured that Wolsey is willing to promote peace between the two countries, sends a copy of a letter written by himself to Dacre touching attempts upon the Borders, which must proceed from the evil mind of those who have the rule there. Cannot suppose such things are countenanced by the King, as they are against the article touching the reception of rebels, which he will observe on his side. Awaits the coming of Clarencieux according to Wolsey's letter. Marvels at his long delay. Trusts his secretary will soon be here, when all things will be performed. Edinburgh, 20 Oct. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: The Abp. of York, Chancellor and Cardinal of England. Endd.
20 Oct.
Galba, B. IV. 197. B. M.
... (fn. 4) "[sub]jectis and servantis ... it was thought otherwise th ... de showed before, they were contentis ... and so as the ambassador sayeth in ... council the conclusion was nothing s ... unto him. Those that have the rule study to none [else] but to please the Frenchman. Don Loys Caroz showed me that the Counc[il of] Spain hath not consented to the treaty [be]tween this King and France to be publis[hed] as they were commanded, but only a sim[ple] peax; and of this I have other informa[tion]. The Master of the Posts sayeth the Emperor [hath] written to the King that in case he gi[veth the] Toison to the Lord Ravestein he w[ill] forsake the same, and send his aga[in]."
Andrew de la Costa, a merchant of Genoa, has been advertised out of Provence that P[re] John and Peter Navarre have built at Aquamort near Marseilles 100 vessels "called Abardosse."
"[Sa]terday the King towked his ote for the French [alliance in] the gret cherche with moche tryomph." Begs to have money, and to be repaid what he has advanced to Alamire. Brussels, 20 Oct. 1516.
Hol., part cipher, undeciphered; pp. 2, mutilated.
20 Oct.
Vit. B. III. 81*. B. M.
2467. ALEX. DE NERONIBUS, Master of the Hospital of Santo Spirito, to WOLSEY.
Begging for a contribution to the hospital by the bearer, Ph. Mulart, a religious of the Order, and that he may have leave to collect alms in the diocese of York. Rome, 20 Oct. 1516.
Hol., Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Tho. Car. Ebor.
20 Oct. 2468. For TH. JAKSON, chaplain.
Presentation to the church of Granesby, Linc. dioc. Westm., 20 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
20 Oct. 2469. For EDM. TREVOR.
Grant of the free chapel of Hartwell, Northt., vice Wm. Lain. Westm., 20 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
21 Oct.
Giust. Desp. I. 309.
Has been to visit the Treasurer (Norfolk), who has been absent some months. Commenced adroitly discussing the presence of Sion, and lamenting these negotiations. The Treasurer told him Sion had not come to do any harm, but to negotiate a general peace. Sebastian protested against England injuring its allies. He replied that the alliance of England and the Emperor was very close, "adding certain words not clearly expressed, but muttered from between his teeth, implying that the confederacy with your excellency was not equally close." Sebastian requested him to use his influence for peace, urging the danger of the Turks. At present everything depends on England. London, 21 Oct. 1516.
21 Oct. 2471. For JOHN MARCHE of Beygham, Sussex.
Pardon for accidentally killing Ric. Ryppen of Beygham with an arrow while shooting at a mark. Westm., 21 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
22 Oct.
Giust. Desp. I. 312.
Had a conversation with the Papal nuncio. Did not receive from him a very favorable answer. Today, however, he gave Sebastian the following news, which may be true, considering his intimacy with Sion, whom he served formerly as secretary. He says that Sion proposes the King should cross the channel, and, with help of the Swiss under Suffolk, attack Burgundy: the Emperor to be at Verona with the Cardinal and another Duke and 20,000 men: England to pay the expences. Sion is very cheerful and busy, and has never ceased writing from 2 in the morning till 4 p.m. sending off a great number of letters. He also transmitted a schedule of clauses to Wolsey at the Council board, and will not depart till he has received the money for this undertaking. He is to take with him a good sum for defence of Verona. The Pope will join the confederacy, and an ambassador from him is daily expected. Suspecting what was told him by the nuncio, Sebastian opened some of his letters which had fallen into his hands. In one to his mother he tells her not to leave Mantua speedily, but to wait and see the result of this new league, for Sion will soon take his departure, carrying resolutions from which much mischief will result. To the Lady Ipolita Sforza Bentivola he writes that a new league has been contracted between the Emperor, Spain and England, place being reserved for the Pope and the Swiss. Sion, after a long conference with Charles and Lady Margaret, is here much caressed, and proposes that which is sure to please the King of England. Much tribulation will befall Italy. They are preparing war here with all diligence. London, 22 Oct. 1516.
22 Oct.
Vit. B. XIX. 303. B. M.
2473. [PACE] to WOLSEY.
"The Bastarde of [Savoy did] lately openly say sitting ... [that] he had written unto the French King diligently, and moved him to sen[d Ri]charde de la Pole with 12,000 men to England, who, as he saith, is now ... The Emperor's ambassador here [has] lately put the Pope's ambassadors and Pace in great perplexity. For when the French King was likely to get the p[eace] he sought, and Pace resisted, "most vehemently," the Emperor's ambassador persuaded the Swiss to accept it; and when Pace asked why he had done it, replied "[that the] said peace was of none [effect; that] the French King and th ... nothing .. (A line lost) ... without the Emperor's knowledge, and that ... tidde by the French King ..." Pace and the Pope's ambassadors have, in consequence, secretly moved the Emperor to send another competent man to be joined with him. Galeazzo is gone to the [F]rench diet held in the canton of [Fr]iburge, exciting the suspicions of both Pace and the Pope's ambassadors. He pro- mised Pace, when he went away, to injure the French policy if he could, if not to help [hi]mself, as he is very poor indeed, but so that the King should not have to complain of him; declaring "that he would entertain all [the French] practices until such time [as the] King's highness and your grace [had resolved upon] the enterprise, and that he would inform Pace of all that was done there.
[After his] "departing, he hath advertised [me in wri]ting, that the French peace [will] this time have place: nithelesse ... the communication he will have wi[th the] Bastard of Savoy, and considering [his po]vertie, and knowing also that he do[ubteth] that the Cardinal of Sedunensis' commandment would hurt him in England." Pace cannot but greatly doubt of him. Thinks it necessary "to send from [England] Mr. Anchises honestly, ne plura de[rebus] nostris intelligat." As for his assertion to Wolsey, that Galeazzo had spent in Henry's service here 1517 fl. "[and] to have acquittance of the payment of [the] said sums," Galeazzo [told] Pace that this money ... by him ... [enter]teignynge of the Swyss; where ... [he has] spend all that sum or not I cannot tell." Wolsey might provide him some reward, when the enterprise is begun. If he has fallen off, it is only on account of his poverty. Either the Cardinal Sion or he must be [put out] of authority, for their differences are greater than ever, and each conspires against the life of the other. Zurich, 22 Oct. [1]516.
P.S—The Pope's amba[ssador] last sent hither "came in great haste, just as the courier was going to inform Pace of the Pope's mind in the matters following, and to beg Wolsey's intermediation between Henry and the Pope. (1.) The Pope expressly signified to him, at his de[parture] from Rome, that his desire was to [take] Parma and Piacenza for himself; that the King had promised to allow him to enter at any time the universal [league] desired by the King's grace, "[which] thing his holiness, as the ... [am]bassador doth [affirm] ... [His] holiness intends to advertise the said King that he [do not us] urpe one other man's right in [the] duchy of Milan, and by the means [there]of to have a lawful occasion to [pub]lish the censures of the Church [aga]inst the said French King." The ambassador has been informed that influence is exerted in England [aga]inst the Pope, in the ob[taining] of the two aforesaid cities. He desires Wolsey to take the [Pope's part] herein, declaring that when the French King [sh]all be driven out of Italy[the]"Duke of Savoye shall be served [with] the same sauce, and the Duke of ... shall have recompence in ... for the said two cities." Asks Wolsey to write herein a kind [letter to the Pope's] ambassador, offering his friendship to the Pope in "these things," for the ambassador is a very shrewd substantial man, [and has] great credit with the Pope. His name is Jacobo [Gambaro]. He fears that Cardinal Sion will work against the Pope in this matter. If he do, he will injure himself.
Hol., pp. 7, mutilated. Add.: Rmo Dño Carli Ebor.
22 Oct. 2474. GAOL DELIVERY.
Staffordshire.—Sir John Aston, Sir John Gyfford, Sir John Dracotte, Ric. Litelton, John Blount, and Th. Partriche. Westm., 22 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10d.
23 Oct.
P. S.
2475. For WM. BASSE of London, vintner.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 15 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Oct.
Vesp. F. III. 36. B. M. 2476. QUEEN MARGARET to WOLSEY.
Is glad to hear he does well. Has received one letter from Wolsey, another from Dacre, of which she believes Wolsey knows the effect. Dacre writes that the persons whom he sent into Scotland on her business hope to be well answered, and sends her their letters. Is better pleased at the news Henry told her, that Albany is coming. Fears it may not be true. Longs to speak with Wolsey, in whom she has her chief trust, next the King. Begs he will send her word when any one comes out of Scotland.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Unto my good Lord Cardinal. Endd.
24 Oct.
Giust. Desp. I. 316.
Heard Sion has obtained all he wants of the King. He is treated with as much honor as if he were the Pope, and has been promised the first vacant bishopric. Money is destined for Verona, of which they say the siege has been raised by the imperial army. Has received their letters, for which he is very glad. Will say nothing of Venice joining the league, unless he is challenged. London, 24 Oct. 1516.
25 Oct.
S. B.
Certificate concerning a ship called the Le Salvateur, bought of Jacques Tydman of [Lubyk ?], 16 May 1514, for the King, who had appointed Sir Th. Wyndam to be Vice Admiral of the same. Westm., 25 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII.
25 Oct.
P. S.
Licence to import 409 tuns of Gascon wine. Greenwich, 20 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Oct.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 4.
25 Oct.
R. O.
Inquisition at Dorchester, 25 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII., before John Hunteley, escheator of Dorset, as to his title to the manor of Wynterbourne Heryngston, recovered against Sir Wm. Filoll, and Pery's house in Bagbere, Dorset, held of John Goffe, to whom, with his father John, Roger Howell and Ric. Hayward, they were granted by Th. Pery of Sturmyster, Newton Castell.
26 Oct.
R. O.
2481. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Monday the 20th, received the King's letters by Clarencieux, who departed for Scotland on Thursday, and will be with Albany this Saturday. The Queen's commissioners rode into Scotland on 8 Aug. to take a view of her lordships, and were there ten weeks. The Council of Scotland, at their request, had issued a precept to the Chamberlain of Linlithquo, Striveling, Forest of Ettrik, earldom of March, Dunbar, Menteth, Kilmarnok and Meffen, with the Earl of Argyle "intromitter with a part of the Queen's feoffment;" a second to John Lord Drummond, Chamberlain of Menteith, the Master of Craufurde and Argyle; a third to Lord [H]ome, Rob. Carr, Jennet Colvile and Rob. Boyd her son; a fourth to the tenants of Ettrik Forest, the earldom of March and the lordship. The commissioners waited till 15 Oct., but none appeared. Of 14,334l. 2s. 8d. Scots due to the Queen, only 114l. Scots have been paid. Encloses a letter for her grace from the Council, dated 30 Sept., and one from Albany, together with such jewels and apparel as she left in a coffer at Tantallon. "The Master of my college of Graystok," the bearer, will explain the order for the execution of Lord Home and his brother, and Albany's coming to the Border to punish offenders. He was afraid to stay two nights. Begs him to remember that he has arranged with the King for nominating the sheriff of Northumberland.
"Please it your grace, that whereas upon the humble request of me and my brother Lord Conyers to your grace made for our son Christ. Conyers to come to your service now at the feast of All Hallows, [I] heartily beseech your grace to respite his said coming unto the feast of Easter to the intent, in the mean season, he may be in Lincoln's Inn, and learn whereby at his entry to your service he may be more able to please and serve your grace." Kirkoswald, 26 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: My Lord Cardinal, Abp. of York and Chancellor of England.
R. O.
Has this day received letters from Lord Dacres, stating that the person sent by him into Scotland for the receiving of her conjunct feoffment and jewels have been well received by the Duke of Albany and honorably accompanied to Stirling, as she will understnd by Dacre's letters to herself, which she will receive herewith. Doubts not that the matters of Scotland will proceed according to her desire.
Corrected draft, in Wolsey's hand, p. 1.
These sentences written by Wolsey on the back: "The contents of the ambassadors' and Mr. Pace's letters. The coming down of the Emperor into these lower parts, and how consequently there is like a personal meeting to be, which requireth that the King should come near to these parts."
26 Oct.
Galba, B. IV. 191. B. M.
Wrote last of his long communication with Chievres. The King on his return called a full Council, where the King was present, and the article of aid discussed without any conclusion. Had an audience on the 21st; pressed them with the loss of Brescia and the danger to Verona. Was fetched by Brisell (Brégilles) on the 23rd to the Lady Margaret, who stated that she had had an interview with Chievres, and told them she knew of the discussion in hand. They said her nephew was well nigh perplexed, and could not consent to the article, and desired her advice. She replied, she could not blame England for adhering to the article, and that France could do no harm except at Tournay, or withholding the dower of the French Queen; that the amity with England was sure, and ought to be accepted; and they ought to word the article in such a way as to make it acceptable. Tunstal entered into a general defence of the article, as of advantage to all parties; that it had been conceived in general words already, and refused. She said this had been concealed from her, and that if it were conveyed in a different from she thought they would accept it. He desired to know what words were offensive, and he would write to England.
Yesterday had an interview with the King, and was informed that an ambassador should be sent to England. He expressed his good feelings towards it. In the afternoon attended the King to church, where the Toison should begin; and on pressing the Chancellor was told that the Provost of Cassel would be sent to England shortly. Told him also of the interview with my Lady, but got nothing out of him. Monsr. Dorvaille, De Chanynquer, the President Oliver and De la Roche, the French ambassadors, have arrived. Likes not the coming of Oliver, as he is a man of great experience. This day they presented their despatches, when Oliver made an oration, and praised the King Catholic as "Trajanus ... fortunate as Augustus was." It was very moderate, and not full of brag, as Tunstal expected. The Chancellor replied, trusting the alliance would continue, and thanked the King of France for giving his daughter. Then mass was sung with many ceremonies. To morrow it will be sung for those of the order who are dead, and new knights will be created. Brussels, 26 October. Signed.
Pp. 8, mutilated.
26 Oct.
R. O.
Since closing the King's letter, the Provost of Cassel came and told him he was again sent into England touching the overture made by Tunstal as to "the article of assistance for covenants not kept." He is by no means pleased with his mission; fearing, first, that Henry will think he wanted to return, on account of his good entertainment, and the great rewards that he had; and, secondly, that he will not be able to bring such good news as he would wish. Attempted to learn from him if he saw what the effect of his message would be. He replied with great oaths that he did not; which Tunstal believes. When he declared to the Council the good words of the King and Wolsey, touching the maintenance of amity between the two houses, they said he had become English. They use his labor, but not his counsel.
On the Chancellor asking Tunstal, if he had heard anything of Sion's arrival, "I shewed that other thing, that of his safe arrival I could not shew him; of which his arrival I said I had heard." The Governors fear he will practise against them. Count Mansfield and the other imperial ambassador have been warned by a friend of the Cardinal's to look to themselves. Mr. Spinel is at Antwerp, sick of a fever: he went thither for change of air. Has word from him that his uncle learns from certain Scots that the Duke of Albany has taken and beheaded the Lord Chamberlain and his brother, and set their heads on the town house at Edinburgh; that a canon of Antwerp had seen bulls appointing Loys de Rossys, the Pope's cousin, coadjutor of the Abbey of Tournay; and that the Council of Spain have refused to publish the treaty of Noyon, as made without their consent. Master Spinel is desirous to have authority to go with Tunstal to the Council. Doubts whether he would be acceptable to the Governors. Brussels, 26 Oct.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Cardinal of [York].
28 Oct.
R.MS. 13 B. II. 277. B. M. Ep. Reg. So. I. 275.
2485. ALBANY to LEO X.
Recommends Alexander Myln of Dunkeld to succeed Patrick, chief secretary of the King, in the abbacy of the Augustine monastery of Cambuskenneth, which he is about to resign, reserving for himself a pension from the lands of the abbey, and the right of returning to the abbacy if rendered vacant by Myln's death or resignation. Edinburgh, 28 Oct. 1516.
29 Oct.
R. O. Galba, B. IV. 249. B. M. Rym. XIII. 556.
2486. LEAGUE for DEFENCE of the CHURCH.
Made by Cardinal Wolsey, Th. Duke of Norfolk, and Th. Bp. of Durham, on the part of England; Matth. Cardinal Sion and J. Barth. Tition Count Decian, on the part of the Emperor; and Bernard Bp. of Elna, for Joanna and Charles, and Hesdin now resident in England. The Emperor is to furnish 5,000 horse and 20,000 foot; the King of England the same; their Catholic majesties the same; their Catholic majesties and England to find ships; the Pope to be invited to head the league; the Swiss to be solicited with an annual pension. London, 29 Oct. 1516.
R. O. 2. Imperial counterpart of the same, with the seal of Count Decian only remaining.
In very bad condition.
R. O. 3. Spanish counterpart of the same, with the seal of the Bishop of Helna.
In very bad condition.
R. O. 4. Modern copy, with some differences from the printed treaty.
R. O. 5. Draft of the same.
R. O. 6. Preamble of the same. In the hand of Ammonius.
Galba, B. V. 367. B. M. 7. Confirmation by Johanna and Charles of Castile of the same, omitting the words emolumenta et proventus, &c.
Draft, Lat., pp. 3, mutilated.
R. O. 8. Oath of Bernard de Mesa Bp. of Helna, on the part of Joan and the King of Castile, of adherence to the same.
Draft, corrected by Wolsey, pp. 2.
R. O. 9. Oath of Henry VIII. to the same.
Draft, p. 1.
Vit. B. XIX. 310. B. M. 10. Corrected draft, pp. 3.
11. Article to be added to the treaty for the support of the Swiss, specifying that the sum of 30,000 florins is agreed to between England and the King Catholic, each contributing one half; and if more be needed the Emperor and the King Catholic to contribute it between them.
Draft on parchment, corrected by Ruthal. Lat.
29 Oct.
Giust. Desp. I. 318.
Hears 100,000 crowns have been remitted. Sion has filled the heads of these lords with vain hopes, tending to the extermination of France and Venice. An ambassador from the Pope is expected here to ratify the league. Great exactions are made all over the kingdom from the clergy and laity, quœ sunt signa dolorum. An envoy from France on his way to Albany has been here. Albany wishes to see Francis I., and is willing to pass through England on sufficient security. Suffolk was offered, but rejected. Is told that nine of the Swiss cantons are confederate with France, and therefore cannot believe Sion's promise to levy 40,000 men for England. Perceives that Wolsey leads the dance, and he and Henry are most bitter against France. Sebastian proposes that France should secure the Swiss, or send some great gifts to Wolsey; for if he were quiet the turmoil would cease. "Nor would this, perhaps, be very difficult, as he perceives well nigh all the grandees of this kingdom are opposed to his present policy; the people likewise complain extremely of the new imposts to which they are subjected, so that he may with reason apprehend some commotion." Has not seen Wolsey. Thinks Sion is at the bottom of this, and is advocating Sebastian's dismissal. Has been told that M. A. Colonna is to command the army against Burgundy, and Suffolk the one against France. London, 29 Oct. 1516.
29 Oct.
Vit. B. XIX. 306*. B. M.
Knowing he is so pressed by a multitude of matters, writes but seldom. Begs him to continue his daily incresing kindness, of which he is assured by his secretary, Gaspar Argilensis, and preserve him in these dangers. Desires credence for Argilensis, Trent, 29 Oct. 1516. Signature burnt off.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Ex Tridenti a Franc. Sfortia, xxviiij. Octobris.
29 Oct.
P. S.
Congé d'élire on death of Wm. Pollesworth, prior. Greenwich, 26 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
ii. Petition of John Ympyngham subprior, and the Convent. for the above, to be presented by Wm. Hynde and Ric. Barnacull. Coventry, 14 Oct. 1516.
29 Oct.
P. S.
Assent to his election as abbot vice Ralph Maxfeld deceased. Greenwich, 26 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
ii. Petition of Ric. Tully, subprior, and the Convent, for the above. Kenelworth, 21 Oct. 1516.
29 Oct.
P. S.
2491. For GEO. TREVILLIAN, the King's chaplain.
To have the canonry called Hemsfeld in Chichester Cathedral. Greenwich, 23 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Oct.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
31 Oct.
Er. Ep. App. 87.
2492. MORE to ERASMUS.
Has been late in answering, as he was desirous of learning something of the horse promised by Urswick; was unsuccessful, as Urswick had gone to a court of his, some miles distant from London, and has not returned. He will find the money all right. Will return the letters Erasmus sent at the first favourable opportunity. Bedill has shown him the correspondence between Warham and the Bishop of Basle. Their letters to Latimer, in which More and Erasmus begged of him to stay a month or so with the Bishop of Rochester, came too late. Latimer had already resolved to go to Oxford, and could not be persuaded to defer his visit. "Scis hujusmodi philosophis quam immutabiles sibimet leges sint sua decreta, credo quod delectantur constantia." He is much pleased with Erasmus' version of the New Testament, but thinks he has been needlessly scrupulous, and should not have retained such words as Sabbatum, or any unclassical expression. There are others here, however, More regrets to say, who have determined to read the writings of Erasmus with a very different intention; and More conjures him not to be hasty to publish, and carefully avoid all occasions of giving offence. Is he not horribly afeard? Chief of these conspirators is a Franciscan, of whom Erasmus had made such honorable mention in his edition of St. Jerome; he, with others of his order, had agreed over their cups to divide the works between them,—read them carefully and not understand them. But in the morning they had forgotten their purpose, and fell to begging, which they understand better. The Epistolœ Obscurorum Virorum is popular everywhere. Is glad that Peter likes his Nusquama (Utopia). Wishes to hear if Tunstal approves of it, and other judges. Has obtained more favorable terms from Maruffo. London, 31 Oct. 1516.
R. O. 2493. WOLSEY to LORD _.
Thanks him for his kind letters. Doubts not the King will make him privy to what he has communicated to his grace. On the resolution thereof depends the weal of Christendom. Thinks it needful that the King come near these parts to have his Council near him in good number, and that the ambassadors may have ready access to disclose their missions. "Post istas venationes et longa solatia expedit ut publicis communibus incumbamus rebus." Writes in order that his correspondent may hasten the King's coming, which will bridle the pride of those who would attempt anything against England.
Draft, in Wolsey's hand, p. 1. Endd.: Minute of a letter.
Rym. XIII. 566. 2494. HENRY VIII.
Commission to Th. Lord Dacre of Greystoke, and Th. Magnus Archdeacon of the East Riding, to treat with the Scotch commissioners for peace, according to the terms agreed upon at Coldyngham and the letters of abstinence passed in the city of London 1 June 1516.
Fr. (fn. 5) 8 Hen. VIII. m. 8.
Vit. B. XX. 5. B. M.
2495. [PACE] to [WOLSEY].
"The Bastarde [of Savoy] ... [mes]sangers unto s ... Swiss of those that ... with me at the King's grace ... offered unto each of th[em] ... [a]pension of ii. c. florins under th[is condition,] that they shall never make [war against] the King's desire, nodre the Emperor's. For to induce them the rather here[unto] he has shewed unto them for cer[tain]tie, that the Emperor doth go in to Flanders for none other intent but for to conclude peace and amity [with] the French King, upon such conditions as ha[th] been lately offered unto the said [Emperor] by [the] French King; viz. that the Emperor should [marry the] French King's moder and his two nephews the French King's [daugh]ters. And the Emperor this ... a very great * * *
As touching the Emperor's going into Flanders I made unto them this answer; [that] the said Bastard of Savoy had [tol]de unto them a crafty tale for to [in]ducte them, and that they should see shortly indeed that the said Emperor's going into Flanders was for [no]ne such cause, but rather for that thing that should appear both honorable and profitable to them and all their country." Pace would give them no special information, remembering Wolsey's instructions to keep the matter secret. The captains were glad of this, and said they would treat no more with the Bastard. * * * "The said Bastard ... craft and fal[s]enesse in s ... unto the said six capita[ins] ... them; yet this is undoubted that the said Emperor has a me[ane] with the French King for to entertain h[im, until] such time that he hath spo[ken] with the King's grace; of whom, if he obtain his object, then he will not meddle with the French King. If not, Gal[li]zabit, accepta aliqua magna pecuniœ summa." This must be carefully looked to when the Emp[eror] shall be with the King.
His ambassadors here have informed Pace that he [will] make with the French King "quandam pacem ... ultra illam quam inibit cum eodem ... and comprehend in the same all" ... Pace asked what "intent the Emperor wold * * in arms contra ... [s]uis confœderatis ... Galli aliquam molestiam ... Imperator ipse posset requirere ... suos jure fœderis initi. Responsum est imperatorem nihil facturum [in] prœjudicium confœderatorum suorum." [If] the King have no word [be]fore the Emperor's meeting with him that the Pope hath entered the new league, it will be necessary that the Emperor, the King, and the King of Arragon, by common consent write to the Pope to join the league, and to send a brief to the Swiss exhorting them to do the same. "The Pope is naturally very fearful, and I think will be glad to have such letters, ut possit [ostendere regi] Gallorum se ad hoc fuisse compulsos ... ab imperatore * * * Audio majestatem Cæs. pecu[nias] misisse Veronam." On this the country folk brought abundant supplies into the city from the mountains, "ita ut omnes affirment civitatem esse tr" ...
On the 10th inst. Galias heard [from] the Bastard that the Pope would shortly send "h[ither a] breve" excommunicating [all persons] who had in any way * * * "[The Emperor's ambassador] resident here has just been to Galias to warn him, in the Emperor's name, to forbear his intrigues against him. The interview lasted two hours, and was greatly suspected by the Pope's ambassadors, and disapproved by all, every body suspecting the ambassador of leaning to France.—When Pace had written so far, the brief above mentioned arrived, "but not [in] such manner as the said [Bastar]d had written unto your grace * * * towne did give ... because it appeared to ... two places; viz. in my Lord Car[dinal Sedu]nen's name and in the date ... the Pope doth naught in gran[ting] any such breve, for though the [tenor] may be colored certain ways, yet it appeareth to be written against all the c[on] federates of the new league and their orators here;" as Pace has shown the Pope's ambassadors; asking them to pro[vide] that the Pope either write in favor of the confederates, or else keep neutral, "sicut pontifi[cem] d[ecet]." [The Bastard] of Savoy has "lately s[hown to] [Cow]nt Galias that the French [King] ... King of Castile ... m[anner, a g]rete some of money ... [to ge]yne the Counsel of [the King] of Castile. Item the French King hath [despatched] kind letters to the Count [Galias, ex]horting him to come into France, [and offere]th unto him 25,000 crowns for to reedify his house, and in recompensation of other damages [h]e [suffer]dde during the time of the late [en]terprise." He has left on his way to the French King with the Bastard. Pace would have nothing to do with him when he was here, "quia est totus corruptus." The French King, seeing that he can effect nothing here against Henry, has included him in his peace with the Swiss.
Hol., part cipher, deciphered; pp. 8, much mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 298. B. M.
2496. [PACE] to [WOLSEY].
Since [he wrote] last to [Wolsey, has] had great business here. [The Bastar]d of Savoy, finding his intrigues hindered by Pace's proposals, has been attempting to bribe the Swiss; 1, to send Pace out of the country, and 2, "that his King might m[uster as] many men in this country [as would] serve him for his money. [Sed frustra] in utroque laboratum est. Though ... the first did make ... sure that he ... should have licence to departe" ... he did openly publish the ... in the city, "showing that now ... should set apart all hope to ex[pell]e the Frenchmen out of Italy," [and] the English ambassador was ordered to leave Switzerland by common assent of the cantons. Seeing that the five cantons opposed an article which he endeavored to get inserted in the French peace that the French King might have men at his pleasure for his money, he attempted to corrupt some persons who were likely to in[duce the] remainder to consent. He succeeded with some, and Pace perceived great vacillation [in the] five cantons; but he declared the King's mind towards the Swiss at the diet instituted for treating upon the King's business, and they are now more stedfastly u[nited] than ever, and have determined that [not one] soldier shall leave the country to serve the French King. This has been done only for the King's sake, for they "can[not at] this time accomplish his g[race's mind] in establishing confederation [with] him, for if they should ... unto the confederation at ... undoubtedly ... cantons hath compelled the eight [to set apart]e "openly their confederation made [with] France, showing that it is con[trary] to the old laws of the league [of the] Swiss."
The eight cantons have declared, in reply, that, by parity of reasoning, the confederation with England must be set apart, and none made with any prince. "My [lord]e, this is the controversy now [p]ending here, but in this controver[sy] our matters doth stand in a very[good]de case, for all good and honest [men] with all the commonalty, considering [and weigh]ing conveniently the craft and [malice of] the Frenchmen, nothing offry ... for necessity be determined to take th[e Kin]gis grace's part without ..." [They] hourly complain that the Emperor and Henry do not commence the enterprise against the French King, who has no fr[iends] but those he has bribed; and even of those the Bastard begins to complain "that they have [promi]sed unto him his King's des ... peace, in his first diet, and [that] he is not like to have it [in a se]cond or third; and w[hen he] has it, it is nothing worth, [be]cause they will grant unto [him] no soldiers." When it was understood to be his object to employ them against Eng- land, or to win the realm of Naples, the party of the Emperor and Henry prepared to "spoil how[sis] and all manner of goods of those [who] would have served the said French [Kin]ge in any of the foresaid purposes." The matters which Pace declared, by Wolsey's command at his last diet, to the Swiss ambassadors, they have well considered, "and undoubtedly they would [have] condescended to the confederation ... uissent intestina arma, prop[ter ligam] supradictam. After the said diet ... d the most honest men ... also of great authority here w[ere sent to] me by the consent of the [others to] treat with me" upon a way of composing the dissensions of the [cantons] and counteracting the French intrigues. They proposed that Henry should allow them a sum of money yearly for this purpose without binding them to anything. Pace replied that he had no authority to agree with them on such terms. The messenger [brought] him a reply to the effect that whenever such a proposal should be made in Henry's name every man would be com[pell]ed to say that he sought only the [good of] their country, and thus all the country might [be brought over to] him, and he might easily obtain what [he desired]. On his asking the messenger what sum would suffice, he named ... florins. Pace promised to write to the King, and desire a mandate to treat of this. Thinks the offer of great importance. "And surely th ... tise is as good as the confede[ration]," which would cost 80,000 fl. a year. ... "ambassadors doth write u[nto] * * * shall be approved there ... the King's must be sent hasti[ly] ... de with the said mandate ... letter must be written in such [mann]er as I have informed your Grace." The Emperor's army at Verona has defended [the] city manfully against the French and Venetians, who have raised the siege. The walls have been much injured by engines. All tell wonders of the bravery and prudence of Mark Antony Colonna. The only thing to be feared is that the Emperor may be unable to pay the soldiers there, who, Pace hears. will go shortly, if money be not sent. But Wolsey will learn the news more exactly "ex Curia." "[Zurich (fn. 6) ...]ij. Octobris."
Hol., pp. 10, mutilated.


  • 1. Over the word "crowns" is written 30, as if it were 30,000.
  • 2. Wolsey alters, "[per] utrasque majestates accordandum sive statuendum."
  • 3. The exact meaning of this paragraph is obscure.
  • 4. A line lost.
  • 5. Rymer says Scotch by mistake.
  • 6. Supplied from modern note in margin.