Henry VIII: December 1516, 26-31

Pages 851-878

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 851
Page 852
Page 853
Page 854
Page 855
Page 856
Page 857
Page 858
Page 859
Page 860
Page 861
Page 862
Page 863
Page 864
Page 865
Page 866
Page 867
Page 868
Page 869
Page 870
Page 871
Page 872
Page 873
Page 874
Page 875
Page 876
Page 877
Page 878

December 1516

26 Dec.
Galba, B. III. 272. B. M.
* * * "And by your grace's said letters I perceived also how ... [mo]st honorable council, as he had made privy to the prem[isses] ... o be abusis, and contrivid to caws the King's grace to mi ... y his grace shuld stay in such practises a ... betwixt the Emperor and him, commanding me by al the means ... [sea]rch to attein the truthe of the making of this peax. And if I should have sure knowledge that the Emperor hath taken no peax with the French King th[en] to take to the Lady Margaret 10,000 florins to the Emperor's use, to be delivered [by] Robard Fowler, according as the King's grace hath accorded and appointed; [and if] I shold undirstond that the said peax is taken, then not to deliver it unto the Lady Margaret, and to shew my said Lady M. [on] the King's behalf, further, as in your grace's said letters is contained; which (?) ... ere I red over veray ofte, to comprise well the King's mind by the same; and after I had more fully appercei[ved the] contents of them I was as gretly perplexed in my mind as [ever I w]as in my liffe, considering the present state of this court, which is, that such as do favour the King's grace and the Emperor dar not now of long time come at me, nor yet send to me for fere of fallin [g into the dis]plesur of these governors; which her do al, and no man dar offend them, they be so grete with the King of Castile ther master. Also I called to mind that the Lady Margaret had befor sent to me hir most trusty secretary, desiring me to advertise hir by him of such things as shold come to my knowlege brefly from the King's grace, and not resort to hir myself, lest thes governours, which have her in extre[me] jelosy, shold think it wer again them; to which secretary [at] his first coming, by cause I fered him to be subo[rned] by the Lord Chievres, I made an indifferent answer, whereby he could take no hold, as I wrote to the King in the end of my last letters.
These things, with many other long remembered, I saw well that if I s[hould come to L]ady Margaret all the court would think it were for some practice against [the governors;] which might renew the jealousy against the King's grace now late as ... saw no way possible to bring these matters to pass without rumor and ... open knowledge, but to make Mr. Richmemount privy to it, whom I sent privily the same evening to my Lady Margaret with these instructions: first, to know whether she had sent me any of h[er secre]taries with a letter of her hand or not, because I knew not her hand. She said, Yea, and that she had norished him up of a child and feared nothing his secretness, she had so often proved him; and desired me to trust him in all such matters from time to time as he should declare from [her to] me. After that Richmond said, I desired to know the very truth whether this peace late made betwixt the Emperor and the French King which here was pro- claimed was made by the consentment of the Emperor or not, and how it fortuned that he, contrary to his promise and hers, made by their letters, should consent to any such appointment. She said it was done for to abuse these governors for the time, to the intent the Emperor might more easily achieve his purpose; but for all that, she said, she had sure and late words both from the Emperor and the Cardinal Sedunensis, that whatsoever thing he doth outward for abusing of these men, she should not regard it; for surely he was fixed in his mind not to vary from the appointment taken with the King of England and her, for no offer that could be made him, but would fastly stick to it; with many mo words sounding to that purpose.
On the [day a] fter she sent me her said secretary to show me such letters as she had received from Hesding, how he met your grace coming from Richmond, and what plain words your grace gave unto him upon my information, and how at the last he did content your grace by showing of certain [let]ters, and other ways that your grace was pleased, and how this money was d[on] the [road] coming to me. Besides that, he shewed me a letter from Cardinal Sedunensis to the Lady Margaret, of the 17th day of this month, all his own hand, whose hand I do know, that the Emperor was as fixed in his min[d, to ent]erteyng all promises with the King's grace and her, as is possible, and nev[er] ... (Some lines lost) (fn. 1) *** he had taken s ... minded not to keep the said peace ... of them to subdue them with their own money and ... m four and twenty thousand golden florins for ... [co]ntentyd, but they gave it to him for this peace, so it is ... ad money of them, whereby they were to be sure of him, ... to more easily abuse them. The same day I spake w ... na the Emperor's orator, and showed him how the confirmation ... made with the King is clearly refused without he could help. And as ... he heard of this peace late cried. As touching the ... [he she]wyd me how he had written to the Emperor and advertised him ... had remitted the matter to him, saying they would confirm it [if it c]ane be done, albeit they saw not how they well might. And th[at there w]as no answer comen thereof to him from the Emperor.
As tou[ching ... h]e shewed me a letter from the Cardinal Sedunensis [of the ... d]ay of this month, subscribed with his hand, and written [by his secret]ary, wherein he writeth, that albeit the Emperor putteth Verona in the King of Castile ys [hands for th]re months, by cause he may pay better than he, yet he e ... bot to abandon it, as he should se within the said time, bidding ... no hede to such things as he heareth or seeth outward[ly but to] be of good comfort there should within the said time a physician [come that] who should heal all these sores. As touching the confirmation of the amity ... he saith the Emperor willeth him to procure it as effectually as he should ... perceive by the Emperor's letters, written to him at that time in that behalf, ... never come to his hands as he said, and that they come in the King of Castile's packet to ... dus, which did intercept them, as he thought the said letter of the la ... come in the Lady Margaret's packet which she sent to him. The said Bishop said ... the Emperor, which bade him pursue such matters contrary to the open fa ... and remonstrance did mind other- ways than he wrote and comman[ded] ... he would never trust no Almain after. After ... know l ... as above, calling to mind all that I had sen ... matter (fn. 2) **
... e and peril as your grace wrote in then of ... [the ar]dicles of this peace be so prejudic[ial] ... of Verona the realm of Naples is clearly ... me think that the Emperor will never consent to it ... that if the Emperor do dissimule in making of this peace t ... far after such declaration might cause a ... [con]clude it and change his purpose. And calling t[o mind that the sum] to be paid is not great if there were not all this I ... [s]o that better it were and more honorable to ventir ... keeping of the King's grace's promise then to save and to gi[ve] ... o lay the cause of the breach, if he were so minded. [Which thin]ges regarded, I sent Richmont the same evening [to my Lady, to] show her that whereas the King at her request [had supplied the Emperor] with money, and not failed him in his need for the inte[nt to show the affe]ction which he beareth unto him (which he chiefly hath d[one at h]is request) he trusteth that now she regarding her ... [vi]rtue would not abuse the King's most trusty friend, na ... promises as were made for the advancement of the Emperor's own blod[e] ... and chiefly for the enhancement of his authority nor ... the matter if she thought the Emperor had chanced his pu ... to show it plainly.
It were long to write the words which [she answ]erd again at Richmont showed me; but the effect was [that rather] then she should consent to any such fraud, and so dis[tain] her honor, she had lever enter into some religion, never [to] come abroad, nor to look man in the face again; that all the world, if sh[e] were such one, should speak dishonor of her; and that she had written [to] the Emperor to know his mind in this matter, exhorting her, as she was [h]is only daughter, to show his determined mind in this behalf ... (fn. 3) (Some lines lost) ... or na ... [s]hold make and if he saw ... en to make on the King's behalf lix ... made further overture unto her that he mo ... in had written of, would he here shortly ... and as soon as it was comen I wol ... r to the Emperor use as I was commanded. And after ... rd, as above is said, he did show her of it, as I [understand. The m]orrow after Rob. Fowler come at dinner time priv[ily, and de]livered me in crowns the said sum of ten thous[and florins] ... is four shillings and a penny the crown to utter ... sent as well as I could for the King's advanta[ge] ... ly he departed after as near was lest he w ... rdid.
The same evening I sent Richmond to the Lady Margaret ... r of, and to shew her that no man here knew of it but h[er-self, and I de]sired her to take good regard whom of his [council she m]ad privy to the recept of it. And Shewid her that ... hauntid crowns be worth forty paters a piece, ... [m]y master paid by exchange yet he would I should ... ftir as they ran in payments here, which was thirty and nie[n ... wh]er with she was very well pleased. And I desired her ... [n]ext morning long before day such as she trusti ... Next morning, which was Cristenmas Even, at 5 of the c[lock she] sent her secretary and another with him to receive the said money; to whom I paid the valore of the said 10,000 g[olden flo]rens in crowns, after the rate of thirty and nine paters the piece, which [amount] to seven thousand a hundred and seventy and nine crowns, and as ... paters; and received acquittance subscribed and sealed by the Lady Margaret, [and] so remaineth of the money that I received nine hundred four sco[re] ... crowns and ode money, which I have saved the King's grace and which he should * * *
Thus your grace kno ... surely by the circumstance that I see on all parti[es] ... ar already there is no stay to be made unto ... doo, which I think unto he come hither no man should k ... keep these men in hope and us both; but I trust then ... de, or else it is like to be worst; for the Emperor's own ... [h]is nevew follow the train, that he is now led, he is no ... il the place that God and nature hath called him un[to] ... [co]mmandment of those which will keep him low enough, and ... which maketh me to think that the Emperor if he be not too far ov ... ct thereto. I shall hearken to the progress thereof the ... [and] advertise the King from time to time. The adver[tisements] ... this peace to the King I had not of Master Robert A ... I wrote and before as well of other as of □ (fn. 4) whom I a ... n for the King's friend with whom my Lady is displeased, loth ... eyve not that matter. If I might speak with him I wo[uld] ... ground of it. As touching Mr. Spinel I assure your grace [I have made] him privy to no matter, further than I had command [from you to] do, I warrant your grace, albeit I never saw but good faith ... kin. I assure your grace all the while the premisses were in doing [Spinelly] hath been at Antwerp, so that all was done before his return, [and there is no]n her, that knoweth the contents of this, but I and R[ichmond]; without whom it had been impossible for me to have bro[ught it t]o pass without rumor. The suspicion of these governors is so g[reat that] I would not at this time lack him an hour; for albeit the Lady Margaret is secretary bring me her mind, yet for all that I never answered him word, [b]ut that might be showed abroad. I send to my Lady all my mind by such ... out on the might when she draweth her apart, and so will I do still. .. yet it cannot come abroad but by her own self. The coming (fn. 5) * * a man and is fast of his purpose as ... marvellously the Lord Chievres, and if he perceive it be ... peradventure it will not be. Therefore to Hedyn I th ... ion these governors nothing but to show that the King's grace des[ireth] ... for the commonwealth of all his confederates and to ... sy du to him and the King of Castile."
Paid 50fl. on the coming of this ... of the King's letters to Wingfield, amounting to 8l ... and 13s. 4d. to the man that was with Wolsey in England, as he has already written. "If it pleased your grace to help that we might have ... ning in my hands at four shillings and a p[enny ... w]old so utter them by parcels, for al ... et payments as I took them to my Lady, yet to spend ... drink al that price it wil bot be. Other news be none at this time, but that Cortevil which was sent to my Lady by the Lord Chievres ... ora hedir anain as my Lady sent me word." 26 Dec.
P.S.—The Chancellor thinks Don John de la Nucha, the [ambassador of] Arragon, with whom my Lady is displeased, will come on this errand from the King Catholic.
Hol., cipher, pp. 7, mutilated.
Galba, B. III. 258. B. M. 2. Decipher of the beginning of the above, by Tuke.
26 Dec.
Galba, B. IV. 261. B. M.
... (fn. 6) Mr. Vice-chancellor told him that the money borrowed had not been repaid to his steward; begs Wolsey will see it done. Wishes leave to come to England. Would be glad to know the King's pleasure touching Alamire and Ric. De la Pole, of which he wrote in his last letter, and the 126 guilders he had disbursed. Brussels, 26 Dec. 1516.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: My Lord Cardinal.
27 Dec.
R. O.
2704. ALBANY to DACRE.
Learns by Clarencieux the loving mind entertained by Henry VIII. towards the King his nephew, and the esteem he has for Albany's exertions to promote peace among Christian princes. Is sending an answer to Henry, of which he apprises Dacre, on account of the diet appointed at Carlisle after the feast of the Kings. Wishes to know Dacre's mind whether it would be better to postpone the said diet till Henry's answer arrive, as it will probably do in January. It might be held 24 Jan. Edinburgh, 27 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
27 Dec.
Vit. B. XIX. 357. B. M.
[Since] the last day of last month has [not written] directly to Wolsey, but to the King. [Has] since written seven letters, the last dated [the] ... inst., and knowing they have come to Wolsey's hands, he [doubts not] Wolsey will pardon his silence. Received yesterday a packet of letty[rs, with a] seal, and to "the same adjoined also your seal hand[yng with] blakk lace," containing Wolsey's letters to him, dated at Richmond, th[e] ... inst., and to the Cardinal Sion, which he [forwarded] at once, and "d[ivers copies;] one of a brief sent" from the Pope to the [King, with] the answer "his highness" made to the same, a[nd the copy] of a letter from Tunstal to his highness. Wolsey had acknowledged the receipt of Wingfield's of the 3rd inst. From Hagenow, and [those] of Sion, and had informed him that the King had read them. After reading the packet, communicated the contents to "the sai[d Cardinal,]" who was so delighted that "in manner he wept for [joy];" not only for the King's excuse and commendation of himself, but for the "excellent and charitable from of answering to every part of the said brief." They then sent to the Emperor to beg audience, which they had at seven o'clock in the evening, the Cardinal Gurck alone being present. The Emperor, after Sion and Wingfield had spoken, thanked Henry for his execution of the bond made by them, and asked them to write to Tunstal to send, by the advice of his (the Emperor's) daughter, the 10,000fl. to Luxembourg. He said he would make some remarks upon their overture, reserving his reply until today. "There was nothing further to be [noted in] the Emperor's words, but only that in communication ... tynge, he said to perceive every day more and more that his mind and the ... much necessary it is they bothe ... manner to convey the Catholic King his [nephew], and that he trusted, if he might be believed, [to bring it] to pass."
Today, at seven o clock in the morning, Gurck [went to] Sion's lodging, and Wingfield was sent for. [Gurck], by the Emperor's [request], recited the insertions in the ove[rtures] yesterday evening: and after discussion he noted all the things "an[ent which] we had desyred to have answer of." At three they met again, "and I w ... foore." He (Sion) made the Emperor's excuses for not giving them their answer in his presence, but he was so busy putting his memorials in order that he [had] no time, but should be obliged to stay a day or two longer than he intended, and had therefore ordered him to make h[is excuse] unto us; which is contained in letters from Sion, "to which I have] set my hand." Prays Wolsey to be of good "co[mfort, and to] help that the good cause and quarrel be not overcome [by] astuce and weight of money; for in pain of my life [these] things shall conclude to the honor of the good and [confu]sion of the ill: for the Emperor can play bound and lo[ose with the] enemies, as well as any man living; and shall be found as [great a] friend as necessary." Wishes he were but six hours [with] Wolsey and the King, he would hope to pacify them both. Hagenow, 27 Dec. 1516.
P.S.—The French have made an offer to the Duke of Bari of 100,000 cr. down, with promise of a cardinalate. The Emperor has openly resisted as long as he could, but is now forced to "medyll his weeykenesse with habylites," which will be more injurious to the common enterprise than any other "vehement power" that he can exhibit now; and though his long resistance has made his subjects so rebellious that he cannot be blamed for providing a remedy, yet he will "ventilate" it to the utmost before he receive it for a final medicine. Vigilance is necessary on the part of England. After writing this [he received letters] "written from Verona and Mantua wr[itten. of the] present month, that the army was then at Villa Franka," and that next day it should break, one part going to the defence of Ferrara: "for th ... set forward to invade the Duke and the city of Far[rare] ... that already the same hath taken a place or tow[n called] Baynnecavalle, and divers other things perte[ining to the] said Duke. The remainder of the said French ... army; part will winter at "Poles ... in Permesane, and part along the Po; "which enterpri[se] is marvellous, specially if there be no secret tra[cte between]" the Pope and the French King "to that pourp[ose]." Ferrara is wonderfully strong and well [furnished] with all necessaries. The Duke him[self is] "expert and bellicose."
Hol., pp. 5, mutilated. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal's most reverend Grace.
28 Dec.
Galba, B.V. 159. B. M.
2706. For CHAS. EARL OF WORCESTER and CUTHBERT TUNSTAL, Master of the Rolls.
Commission to treat with Maximilian for an alliance with him, and an interview between Henry VIII., the Emperor, and Charles the King Catholic. London, 28 Dec. 1516, 8 Hen. VIII.
Draft, Lat.; pp. 2, mutilated.
B. XX. 84. B. M.
2707. [SION] to [WOLSEY].
Has received his letters dated London, 17th inst., "ac ... luculentissime ad longum descripta legimus. Jamque tractas ... rerum, cum aliter et aliter quivis prout sua trahit quæque [voluptas] ... et proferat quomodo peragerentur et consisteret earundem q ... quilibet nostrum in solidum prout veritas continet, repetitis e ... et præmonendo notificasse et ad singula pro majori parte ... speramus. Verum pro alterius nostrum officii debito si quæ supersunt ... insinuandave duximus."
First, the King and [Wolsey] had written to congratulate him on his escape from the nets of his enemies. Thanks them for it. Has communicated in the best manner to the Emperor what Wolsey committed to him. The Emperor made no opposition. He is constant to the King, and fervently desires to see and confer with him, not merely from Sion's persuasions, but Henry's proofs of affection. Wolsey will have seen from his other letter how great was the necessity which compelled the Emperor to put Verona into the hands of the King Catholic, after eight years' continual war; "ac a Papa, sacri Romani imperii principibus, ... [et] a regentibus de Ymsprugk qui regi ... cedentes, eo quod Tirolani subditi rebellionem ... comminautes, monopolia, conventicula et tumultus qu ... bellum ultra sustinere moliri et contra eos insurgere .. unt conterrita, et ab aliis suis subditis derelicta fuit." The Emperor had pledged his castles, towns, and profits to carry on the war, unwilling to increase the aid from the King beyond what was becoming. As the King Catholic not only neglected the aid agreed on, but, by advice of his regents, recommended Verona to be given up to him, and would not, as Wolsey writes, ratify the new league, the Emperor was compelled to assent to his request, until the influence of the Regents be nullified. He is not angry with the King Catholic, who is young and unexperienced, and influenced by his Council. The messengers he sent were seduced by the Regents. It would have been worse, had he tried to remove them abruptly. By giving up Verona. he pretends assent to his future wishes.
It is reported by the Regents that the Emperor thus accepts the treaty of Noyon, and that it was concluded by his consent; for which, as he has formerly written, the King Catholic had his mandate; "tamen ista remissio Veronæ trium mensium treugas ... t, naturam talem continet; et non quod imperator habeat cum Gallo pacem eamque ratificaverit ant unquam jurare ... tractatum illum servare velit; et sic in verit[ate] ... in facto verum est contentus et libens patitur ... opinione et creditu esse quod pacem et illum tracta[tum] ... et ratificare. Addendo tamen quod quia velit prius ... ejus naturam et fundamenta trutinare extune reliq ... tamen est veritas, et ita jussit scribere. Cumque regia ma[jestas] ... sit tractatu comprehensa sine sui consensu ita sit ext ... id si eadem Regia maj. Angliæ sub conditionibus decentibus et ... intrare id ipsum imperator quoque reductis capitulis ad decen ... solus bellum gerere nequit, faciet et intrabit cum regia mate ... intra et extra esse permanere per omnia et super omnia pollicetur." This is the true way of bringing back the King Catholic.
The Emperor, by explaining to his grandson the perilous and inglorious terms of the compact, will bring him over to their views, and an effectual check will be put upon the tyranny of France; and when the Emperor and England are agreed, the King Catholic must come into their views. None can do this but the Emperor. He has accordingly sent to the King Catholic Count Cariati. Henry need not fear the Emperor will deceive him. He knows too well the French subtlety and deceit. "Est neque sanguis neque capillus in imperatore Gallicu[s]." He hates thoroughly all who favor France. If he had acted against the King, with what face could he have been guilty of such deceit? As some have suspected the Emperor of an intention of playing a double part with respect to the Regents, he has promised he will act honestly against them according to the necessities of the case. The Regents have behaved so ill that they deserve vengeance, as Wolsey has written. Has paid, on account, 4,000 Rh. fl.=2,000 nobl. which he had received as a gift from the King. Wishes they were his blood. Begs those 10,000 Rh. fl., of which he wrote to the English ambassador in Flanders, may be sent to Luxembourg; for the Emperor starts tomorrow for Flanders, by Treves. At Treves he will let us know where the English ambassadors are to meet him, and settle with them for a colloquy. There is no occasion to send over the archers.
Decipher, corrected. The decipherer seems to have misread many of the words in the original.
28 Dec.
P. S.
2708. For MASSY VILLYARD and RIC. CICILL, pages of the Chamber.
Licence to export 1,000 quarters of wheat: not to exceed 6s. 8d. the quarter. Richmond, 15 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 3.
29 Dec.
Er. Ep. VIII. 36.
Begs he will press Worcester to accomplish Erasmus' affair. The King, Chancellor, and nobles of this court wish him well. Hears that certain theologians are moving to have his works examined by public mandate, by the universities of Cologne and Louvain. Wrote a few days since of this by Tunstal's messenger. They say there will shortly be a meeting at Cambray of Maximilian, Francis and Charles for a universal peace. [Brussels], postridie lnnocent., 1516.
29 Dec.
Giust. Desp. II. 20.
2710. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
On the 8th news arrived of the signature of the articles of peace between the Emperor, France and Venice, and of the surrender to be made of Verona to the Venetians for a sum of money. "The day-spring from on high hath visited us." As the King has been many days taking his pleasure, deemed it advisable to pay his respects yesterday. Was asked the news, and when he came to touch upon Verona, "Domine Orator!" said the King, "were it as you say, I could be content, for I wish you well; but France is negotiating with the Emperor to deprive you of Verona. They will divide the whole of your luckless land between them, and the 100,000 ducats, which the King Catholic is to pay to France for the kingdom of Naples, are to be made over to the Emperor that he may accomplish his designs upon Italy." Sebastian thanked the King for his news; but said he was no judge in the matter. The King dwelt much upon this subject; and the audience was prolonged, to the astonishment of the lords. Sebastian promised what took place between him and the King should be as secret as if it had been spoken in the confessional. Does not believe there is any truth in it, but that it proceeds from the ambassadors of the Emperor and Spain, who draw money like leeches. London, 29 Dec. 1516.
30 Dec.
Calig. B. VI. 181. B. M.
"Instructions yeven by Thomas Lord of Dacre, Warden of the Marches of England foranempst Scotland, to his well-beloved friend Clarenciux King-at-arms, to be showed unto the Duke of Albany and the King's Council of Scotland."
1. At Spyllawe in Scotland on Friday the 12th of this December, "Lance Carr bare at his spear's point a glove, and above the same a little paper," with the name of Sir Roger Grey, as Mark Carr said, in contempt of the same Sir Roger made prisoner by them in England, "because he entered not to them," agreeably to the truce made at London between the English and Scots, that all prisoners should be discharged from 15 May 1515, when the peace between England and France was concluded. De la Bastye, Clarencieux and others, are witnesses of the disorder and provocations of the said Carres, as Sir Wm. Scot can report. The same day "Ector Nykson, William Nickson, sons to Mekill Henry Nickson, deif Jok Noble otherwise called Nykson, and Dande his brother, the sons of William Nikson otherwise named Fyngerles, Jok Nickson the son of Geffrey, William Nikson of Fenwik, Ninian Nikson and his broder, sons to Wille Nikson of the Stele, James Croser otherwise called James Twykks and the eldest son of one called Bragman noble Scottishmen," entered the regalie of Hexham, and drove off ten oxen and a bull belonging to the convent, and were pursued into Scotland. Clarencieux is to make these facts known to Albany.
Added in margin: Lord Maxwell came with 1,000 men to Arthurhethe and Bownes.
ii. "Anent the two articles specified in ane writing send fra the Lord Dacre, Warden of the Inglishe Marchies foranente Scotlande, to his freynde Clarencieux King-of-arms, to be shown to the Governor of Scotland and the King's Council of the samyn."
1. The Carres were ignorant of this clause of the treaty. The Council will order them to make restitution for injuries done at Horton, if Dacre will do the same to the Carres for those done at Cesford. "Certain Grays, Englishmen, bearing gloves and blawne hornys," entered Scotland since the 12th, "upon day-light, and has blawne out apoun Scottismen havand, as we here, liter apparaunce; howbeit they toke prisoners within Scotland, and had their bushment laid at the wathe." 2. They will order the Warden to make answer for the attempt at Hexham "as efferes when they shall be billed to the diets." 3. For the payment of the Queen's duties, they think it wise she should have sharp and wise men as factors to pursue the same.
iii. "Copy of a letter sent be the Lord Dacre to the Duke of Albany." Has received his letter dated Edinburgh the 27th, stating his wish to send again into England for decision of certain points mooted by Clarencieux, and whether it might not be desirable that the diet should be kept on 24th Jan. Dacre will be glad to expedite the matter. He and Magnus will be ready for the meeting whenever it shall be thought expedient. Carlisle, 30 Dec.
iv. "Copy of a letter sent by the said Lord Dacre to Master Clarencieux." Notifies the above. Is surprised that Clarencieux, being privy to the Duke's letter, had not advertised him or Magnus of the Duke's real intentions. Had sent his servant Gares before the present bearer to obtain information from him. If, through his delay, the diet be deferred, things will go hard. Carlisle, 30 Dec.
Copies by Dacrc, pp. 6.
30 Dec.
Giust. Desp. II. 25.
2712. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Visited the Cardinal today; found him very busy, giving instructions to the two new ambassadors appointed to the Emperor, the Lord Chamberlain (Worcester) and Dr. Clif (Knight). Then visited the Bp. of Durham, who would not believe in the late concluded peace. The Bp. told him that these ambassadors to the Emperor would depart tomorrow, and take the King of Spain on their way, with whom one of them would remain. He said they were not going to France or Venice. Thinks they are going rather to derange matters. Was told by the Lord Treasurer they wished for a general peace. London, 30 Dec. 1516.
"Instructions given by the King's highness to his right trusty and well-beloved cousin the Earl of Worcester, his chamberlain, and to his trusty and right well-beloved chaplain, Dr. Knight, his ambassadors and councillors, to be declared and showed to the Emperor."
Is delighted to hear of the good will of the Emperor, as declared by the Cardinal of Sion and other ambassadors resident in England. Has often expressed his wishes for the Emperor's welfare, and been advertised of the same by Sir Robert Wingfield, in the Emperor's court: but hearing of the Emperor's descent into the Low Countries, has sent these special ambassadors. Is anxious to see the Emperor before he leaves those parts, in accordance with the readiness expressed by him to Sir Robert Wingfield to visit England. As this passage would frustrate the Emperor's design, the King proposes to cross the sea and visit him in person, especially as their object is to break the treaty of Noyon, to meet the King of Castile, and remove from him those councillors who have promoted the same. Under color of that amity the French will pass into Italy, their authority in the Low Countries become supreme, and the Pope be imperilled: to prevent which the King will meet him and the King of Castile at any convenient place near Calais, or at St. Peter's, where King Philip met his father of noble memory, but they are not at liberty to appoint any place in the King of Castile's dominions. The King of Castile must be at the meeting, and confirm the treaty lately concluded between him, the Emperor and the King of England. They shall take the advice of the Cardinal of Sion, who is privy to all these matters. If, however, the Emperor can bring the King of Castile with him, they are not to make any objection to his coming to England, and preparations shall be made for his passage accordingly. The Lord Chamberlain is to communicate apart with the Cardinal to discover the Emperor's pleasure touching the crown imperial.
Draft, corrected by Ruthal, pp. 13.
Galba, B. VI. 95. B. M. 2. He [Dr. Knight] shall declare to the Archduchess why he is sent thither in the place of Dr. Tunstal, and ask her advice in procuring the ratification of the treaty, if it be not confirmed before his coming, and in all other matters till the descent of the Emperor.
Draft in Ruthal's hand, p. 1, mutilated.
Galba, B. VI. 95b. B. M. 3. After presenting the King's letters Dr. Knight shall say, that as the King desires Dr. Tunstal, his Vice-chancellor, to remain at Tournay, he has been ordained to make his abode in that King's court.
Draft in Ruthal's hand, p. 1, mutilated.
B. XX. 9a. B. M.
"... we war advertisid now of late by such letters ... right entirely beloved counsellor the ... pleasure was that our ambassadors should ... ther to tarry till they should be advertised of the ... site the King of Castile till they had spoken with him ... yt of those letters our said ambassadours, [and departed (fn. 7) ] ... with their horses and carriages to our town of Calais ... [conven]iently accomplish the mind of the Emperor on that behalf; nevertheless we have ... [orde]ryd the voyage of our said ambassadors in this manner," that they shall leave the King of Castile, and pass at once from Calais to Tournay, and wait there until the Emperor's pleasure be communicated by "his [daught]yr the Archduchess" touching their audience, which Henry has requested Sion to expedite. Wingfield is also to use every effort for it. Understanding that the Emperor is especially desirous that Henry's representatives shall be substantial men, and "well determined to the perfecting of all matters for his and our honor," the Earl of Worcester has been joined to Dr. Tunstal, Vice-chancellor. Is surprised at not having received an answer to his letter containing instructions as to treating with the Emperor about their meeting "on that side the sea." In his last remitted Henry to the writings of Cardinal Sion, "which was on good order." Requires him to answer personally in the future "as unto thoff[ice of an ambassador] it belongeth. Wherefore] fail ye not diligently to accomplish all and ... ."
P. 1, much mutilated.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Wrote last on the 19th inst. Sion wrote on the same day and on the 27th to the Cardinal in cipher, and Wingfield another to the same. Has received a letter from Tunstal, dated Brussels the 24th, by a servant of the Archduchess, who brought letters for the Emperor, and 1,000 of the 10,000 fl. sent by the King to Tunstal; 5,000 fl. will be sent to Luxembourg. Lois Marraton says the Emperor is well satisfied. The Emperor has started for Treves, where he will be on the 12th. Will not tarry till he reaches Namur. He has promised the Archduches he will not put her in danger. She will be well content: "for it is no marvel though women ben doubtful of such things as appear strange to men." Wishes him as much felicity as Octavian August. Hagenau, 30 Dec. 1516.
Has the Emperor's oath, and his ratification of the confederation.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
31 Dec.
P. S.
2716. For the ABBEY OF HULME, Norwich dioc.
Congé d'élire on the deprivation of John Redyng, abbot. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 31 Dec.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
ii. Petition of John Tatolnstoune, prior, and the convent, for the above: to be presented by John Chamberlayn, 19 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII.
31 Dec.
P. S.
2717. For the ABBEY OF LILLESHULL, Cov. and Lich. dioc.
Congé d'élire on the resignation of Geoff. Barton, abbot. Greenwich, 24 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 31 Dec.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
ii. Petition of the prior and convent for the above: to be presented by Edw. Martin, bachelor of law. 15 Dec. 1516.
31 Dec.
P. C.
2718. For JOHN A BEKKE of Bristol, merchant.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 31 Dec.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 8.
Galba, B.
VI. 96.
In their journey to the Emperor the said ambassadors shall resort to the Archduchess, show their instructions and desire her advice. They shall insist on the perils to the Emperor, the King Catholic, and England, if the treaty of Noyon take effect and these Councillors remain in authority; that to advance her authority, which is by them greatly impeached, the King has spent large sums of money; and as the Emperor is now coming down to remedy these evils, they are to urge her to give her assistance, stating the evils of a contrary course of conduct.
Draft, in Ruthal's hand, pp. 2, mutilated.
Galba, B. VI. 97. ii. Although the King had heard rumors of peace between the Emperor and the French King, he could not believe them. "But when his highness was advertised by the said Cardinal's letters that as well the deliverance of Verona into the King Catholic's hands for a certain time, as also the occasion of those bruits, were drifts and inventions politicly devised by the Emperor" to remove suspicion, assist his descent, and remove the governors, his grace was comforted, trusting the Emperor would fulfil his promise. If the treaty of Noyon take effect, and these councillors continue, many inconveniences would arise. 1. Charles would be in the power of France; 2. His marriage engender despair; 3. Navarre and Naples lost, &c.
Draft, pp. 5, mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 297*. B. M. 2720. BARTH. TICIONUS to [WOLSEY].
Desires to know if the 20,000 seudi which [Henry] has given to the Emperor are included in the sum which is now being sent out, and which, his colleague informs him, amounts to "centum et ... ginta quinque milia scutorum." Dated "in febricitanti cubili meo in Londonio." Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Endd.: Literæ oratoris Cæsareæ majestatis.
Galba, B. IV. 262. B. M. 2721. SPINELLY to WOLSEY.
"... at I went ... W ... e there Mons. de la Roc[he ... kn]owen of the scultete lieutenant of Mechlin the [re]ports touching the two Englishmen gone [towards] Rychardo de la Poolla, were true or not. B[efore his] arrival thither, he was the same day comen into ... Wherefore I tarried for his return," and asked him to inquire of the ... The lieutenant told Spinelly that [lately] he had sold a horse to a man who spoke ve[ry] ... Flemish and tolerably good French, and had with him a servant "that was a Low ...," and that from his speech he thought the prin[cipal] was an Englishman. After the payment, they came again to the lieutenant, and asked him the best way to Messe in Lorayne, and declared "in great counsel" that they were going to Rychardo de la Poolla "with mo[ney]." He then, having been a captain, determined to send some of his friends upon the bor[ders] to rob them. "And for .. ton ... he finded the means to have the men ... [whe]reby to take the labor a ... showed him to have 4,000 florins in ... ates, and that shortly one of them woll be ... in. Howbeit, the lieutenant of the scultete to[ok the a]dvice of a kinsman of his in the matter. He l ... and this is as much as Mons. de la Rocha, that he pa ... by him, and declared unto me, who De la Rocha ... the money was delivered at Barow or Antwerp, and that it came not out of France, saying th[at] from France a man may easily go by Champagne to Messa, and without danger.
"I demanded also of Mons. de la Rocha what new[s] he had heard at Court; and first he showed [me] he had knowledge how the Emperor's commission [was] comen unto the Lord Reux for to go to the [French King], and see the treaty of peace concluded, a[nd that] Casius was in the commission; howbeit, [the] reason he hath the .. iffres with Fell[inger] ... the said De la Rocha can shantly (scarcely ?) believe he may be forborne. The Lord Reux ... sent a great part of his baggage to [Mechl]yn, and it is said he will depart with ... (fn. 8) . ... De la Rocha saith ... showed to Cortarilla at his f ... the Cardinal Sedunensis had w ... crowns of gold for his majesty ... could not for his honor consent to any ... Whereto Courtaville answered, his ma[jesty] should provide semblably some to be re ... unto the King my master; and so immedia[tely] despatched a post hitherward, wh[ich] the Lord Chievres sent incontinently one of his servan[ts to] Antwerp, and made an exchange with Fock[ers] for the 40,000 crowns; the which the ... hath received. And of this, after my coming [to] Mechlin, I had like information by Me[ssire] Loys de Marlion, and moreover that he is advertised the Council here reckon to rebate the ... 40,000 of the 200,000 the Emperor shall have for the peace.
Item, he saith that Courtavilla was appointed to receive Verona in his master's name; howbeit, the Emperor had not taken resolution therein ... ore Monsr. ... .[here- t]ofore spoken, that he co[uld] ... determined hereafter not to pay ... d Bonsani, one of the Councillors here ... was present when it was spoken by ... [p]arsonage how the said Frenchmen p ... [b]y the assistance made the Kings my mast[er and] the Emperor, that his grace hath counterfeited ... treaty. [In t]he opinion of Messire Loys de Marlion, it is the Emperor's [mind] not so lightly [to] deliver Verona, saying besides ... honor, in such case he shall lose all the v ... he hath at this time to have money, as well [from] the King's grace as from the Pope and others. But [for] my part, considering he hath put his very f[riends] in mistrust with this peace, he (I?) doubt, whatsoever he can say hereafter, that none of them will give [him] a farthing; because no ground can be made upon his majesty, which, for his honor, should never confirm the treaty with France without first the same of England were ratified and passed here.
(fn. 9) " ... xvi. ... audiencer ... confirmation of the ... a commission to the Lord Reux ... in, brother of Hans Renner, and to cas ... deliver the said confirmation, and r ... gthe, the which trie (three) ambassadors, as [the said audi]ensier that hath all their despatch in his [hands s]aith, shall without fault depart Wen[sday n]exte. And the Lord Reux is appointed to give [the] Toison unto the French King ... Also he showed me that the Bp. of Parri[s, the Bp.] of Tornon, and another, been departed in [haste] from the French King, toward the Emperor, for to see hi[m about] the said peace. Item, that Fellinger, with Courtavilla, will [come] shortly. And I demanding what he think of the meeting at Cambray or of the Emperor's coming, he answered, though the governors affirmeth in brief both these two things shall be, that for his part in the first he know much difficulty, and in the second, considering the Emperor's condition, he can see no surety therein; but in case Fellinger come hither, it may be taken for a likelihood that the Emperor will not be here so shortly as it is the bruit. Touching the consignation and deliverance of Ve[rona] unto the French King's hands, or unto the Catholico f ... some sa ... me the Emperor will find an ... I, but in conclusion those that bee ... [ex]perience and firm opinion that all ... ended heretofore or that shall be herea[fter ... de]fence and conservation of Verona, been [clean] [c]astid awey, if the King Catholico [do not] take the affair to himself, and cont[ribute] his part to it, wherein he is far [too dis]crepant at this time, proceeding ind ... inconstancy and goovinnes ...
"From hence to Rome and Naples been settyd to row ... e of Milan till it be known what shall [become] of Verona.
"[Ma]ster Charles de la Verderowe saith that ... confirmation for the French King came with the ... [d]ated the 18th days, and how his majesty ... to the King Catholico upon the matter, the m[ost t]hankful that can be devised. [Th]e gentlemen whoose been here of the said King's ... service, the which shall end their term now at the beginning of the new year, were commanded not to depart without the King's pleasure; and, as I am credibly informed, the cause was to have to them declared what day they should be ready to wait upon his grace for this meeting of Cambray, but yesternight every man had leave to go home, saying when it shall ... they shall be called by letters missives."
The Count of Caryati, a Neapolitan, is coming from the Emperor. The Lord Reux and the other ambassadors to the King depart tomorrow. Brussels, ... Dec. 1516.
Hol., chiefly in cipher, deciphered by Tuke in margin; pp. 7, badly mutilated. Add.: My Lord Cardinal's grace.
Vit. B. XIX. 374.
2722. [SION] to _.
Cæsarea majestas ex Hagenow et Trueri antequam ... cum ser d. R. Angliæ et secum omnia concludere, &c. ... animo habebat usque in Angliam trajieere. Regia vero majestas variis et rati ... sperans conventum et reliqua decentius et liberius conductum iri, prius ... trajecturum et citra compariturum quam Cæsar maris pericula experturum adducebat.
Quidam malevoli Cæsaream et Regiam majestates convenire et se mutuo complecti a villicatione (fn. 10) amor ... cum mammona iniquitatis, et modis omnibus elaborarunt comparare sibi amicos Cæsaremque (fn. 11) p. ... ventus hujusmodi succederit, hine maria montibus et collibus convalles æquare molientur ... figmentis practicis et dolis omnia involverunt, usque adeo ut dum tam pactis fœderum quam aliis ... dimoverunt diuturnitateque et dilationem tam fastidiis quam sumptibus extenuaverunt ut cogeretur ... prorsus Regi Chrmo non allocuto recedere prospiciens Cæsari sumptus defuturos, dum per varia ... saltem (?) suffragium 10,000 ff. expostulasset et nihil perciperet, coactus fuit onmia dimittere atque ad ... Et ne Cæsare inferius commorante gubernacula illarum partium ejusdem majestati cederet, effecerunt ut tantum ... differretur, quo Cæsar extenuatus ære abire cogeretur et ipsorum nutu regimina instituerentur. o ... colloquia unacum Catholico modis omnibus conducere institissent, ejusque etiam majestate abeunte, Catholicum Regem ... totis studiis conati fuere; quorum neutrum tamen Dei dono eveuit; penetravitque usque in malignam ... Cæsarea majestas de imperii translatione in Regiam majestatem agebat et rem prope ... [com]plendam de proximo fore; hinc novis invidentiæ sed et formidinis aculeis urgeri cep[erunt] ... ob propria, patriaque regna sive negotia impedito, ac etiam ob instantissimum periculum ... Romanum imperium involutum constat culmen imperiale convenire vel in ill ... re cernerent vel desiderarent, cui in præsentiarum potius impedimento et discrimini quam increm[ento] ... ut tamen Cæs. et Reg. majestatis vota mutua et inrimam paternam filialemque benevolentiam impe ... præeaverent Catholico Regi revelant et maximæ injuriæ loco paternas cogitationes imperi[i] ... personæ collationem protendere; ideoque filius Rex Catholicus variis instare precibus et pa ... rimis quod in se potius hoc munus amplitudinem imperialem collatum iri meli[ns] ... at hic Cæsar non nescius oblatorum Regiæ majes[tati] sed et imperii sacri revoluti ... librando minus suflicere, aut malis imminentibus præeavendis hujusmodi commutat ... ... noscens quodaminodo precibus filii et instantiæ factæ annuere, tamen rem in dilationem d ... modum insolitum fingere, qualem etiam scriptis redactum per Regis oratores ad Regis notitiam devenir ... qui modus tanta varietate et dissonantia alternativarum et consecutivarum, immo p ... ut legitime protenderet atque innueret, et animum Cæsaris talem non esse, neque in eisdem ... tis facti ipsius neque voluntatis fixum stare; quin immo his mediis nullum effectum vel fin[em] ... ubi in fine ad Regiam majestatem oratorem se destinare aiebat, elicere tamen posse ut Cæsar ipse ... majestati insinuare voluisse. enigma esse totum, quo res apte suspenderetur, donee Catholicus in His[paniam trajecisset] ... Cæs. vel personali efflagitatione pulsaret et impeditus propriis regnorum negotiis ... teret, sed neque patrem de negativa ulla aut de imperii tran[s]latione molestia turbar .. ipsum effectum, rem elec[t]orum imperii Sacri rotis deferendam, eosque cons ... Erat autem Cæsari et animus et firma voluntas, ubi Regia majestas suffragia sumptuum pe ... partibus morari donec Catholicus trajecisset, et illico colloquia et reliqua cum Regia majestate imp ... et sumptuum angustia fuit, quantocius abinde recedere, ne pactis aliquibus indecentibus ... sumptuum moræ faciundæ conquirere cogeretur, quo et ob ejus moram Catholicus a pro ... tium nutibus non detineretur, &c. Et quamvis hæc præmissa his de causis et auspiciis ... tamen ausus fui pro certo constanter affirmare, donec effectibus ipsis experire ... varios cum Cæsarea majestate miscerem sermones; aperuit mihi et fassa est hane in ... opinionem, ut imperium in Regiam majestatem, et tam ipsius imperii quam r ... us habenis moderandis, cavendisque periculis imminentibus ... mortalibus aptissimam ac sufficientem, quæ maximo se ... mentibus mihi revelavit; superaddendo quoque pro comperto habere Regem Francorum non solum d ... etiamque de facto illud violenter surripere conari ... [e]tiam Rex Gallus aut Roma profligare * * * inter loquendum cum aliquibus et prim ... cun ... us nec prius a B† (fn. 12) quam ipsis principibus edoctus fui ... [d]ivinitus acceptis muneribus, et tam variis virtutum donis refertam ... [eo]rundem principum animos succendi et convici rationibus ut ... utinam et cum residuis talia loqueremini, quia vinceretis rationibus et in ... retis, nam maxima pecunia eis offertur, et instatur ad cos corru[mpendos] ... is animis ardeant in Regiam majestatem, optantes eandem eo sublimari, tamen ... culmen refugiat. Testis est mihi Deus, quia non mentior, inter colloquendum cum [princip]ibus et inter scrutandum comperi, quod ex eis alicui ut Gallo Regi vocem det oblata ... milia scutorum; item quod ex eis aliqui cum eodem Rege convenerunt de numquam ... [ali]quem ex Aust[r]iæ familia et eis propterea promissa connubia regia conjuges ... mdoem fuisse; quibus dixi istum mercatorem nisi semel ab eis vocem emp ... solum sed perpetuo inde usurpaturum libertatemque amissuros.
... [ne]gavi quoniam cum plerisque principibus tam in electione quam aliis magnas pra[cticas] ... [c]omercia Rex Gallorum habet, ut fere totam Germaniam, Noricos, Francos, Bavar[os, ducem de] Virtenberg Rheneusesque nobiles in sui favorem et sequelam traxcrit ma ... magisque innotescit ac crescit ipsius detestatissima sequela, sed neque comitibus, nobilibus neque ... s et pedestribus qui militiam colunt aurum Gallicum nisi et visu et odore placere ... comperitur; ubi autem de Regiæ majestatis conditionibus et amplissimis mir ... [ei]s cloquor quod officii utique mei est et in stuporem et in ipsius majestatis observan[tiam]... o. &c. ut ab ea libere fateantur cautelam ne Galli Regis tyrannide euneta præoc[cupentur. R]e. ma. viribus nutuque post Deum pendere.
[Si autem] Regia majestas abnuat imperium, non modo ipsum et rempublicam Christianam, immo regnum ... et sequaces in maximum periculum poni ne quandoque tam fœdœ servituti ... [s]ubmittere oportere cum Gallus tam potens futurus sit divinamque ... neglectu in majestatem Regiam de neg[l]ectu scusituram et tardi peni ... at.
... [e]st quod majestas Cæsarea cavendæ ruinæ Ecclesiæ Romanæ, cum sit ejusdem primus advocatus, post conflictum ... votis complendis a Gallo cum quo pacem habebat, honeste recessit: sed neque licet cum Venetis ... uum institit personaliter Re. mti contra Gallos adesse, nec per suam majestatem stetit, quin Regia majestas [regnum Fra]ncie obtinuisset, immo promisit 10,000 armatorum propriis expensis contra Gallum Regiæ majestati ... bi aliis moliminibus res moderari videbat ac negligi paratos prosperos successus spiritus vadens non rediens. Tandem, pace inter Regiam majestatem et Gallos confecta, Cæsare neglecto, Gallos ... habuit hine et quæ in Italia habuit cum Verona et quæ tot annis in illis bellis, quæ 4 milia ... impendit, simul omnia perdidit. Sed et ejus innata et sincera in Regiam majestatem voluntas et affectio ... mis, immo plus quam proprio filio omnia optet et ampliare desideret, etc., non ita aut negligenda ... me judice veniunt, ut 16,000 ff. comparatione aspernetur; eujus consideratione possent et ... qui infinito thesauro non restauranda; solent etenim despecti deliberati vel despera[ti]... iciis irrecuperabilibus immergere; unde quibus valeo et possum precibus efflagito humillimis [v. regiam majestatem et] Cardinalem Eboracensem, et quoslibet alios, quatenus his omnibus et singulis promissis bene ... ca pauculam hanc pecuniam ultimam facere et resolutionem et largitionem quo omnis ... nta erit: nam non sunt hæ tempora tantis malis et periculis plena desperandis ... n est et blasphemia tentare Deum.
... re omnino intendit ut cuncta conducat et compleat oblata, &c. applicuerit, immo ... am percipiat, &c. quæ veluti didrachma et signum tantorum mune[rum] ... cuo optatæ salutis omnium pendet nt eadem omni[a] aut recte * * * (fn. 13) quinque mensibus 14,000 pedites et ... vero Veronæ nimii erant in quibus majestas Cæsarea maxi ... consumps ... [Ve]ronam servare penuria ut neque Regiæ majis auxilia 50,000 ff. suff[icerent] ... Præterea et circa negotium principale imperii non solum solius pr ... pro universalis salutis et pressuræ præcavendæ totius reipublicæ Christia[næ] ... collum ad jugum dignetur, prout alias annuit. Et cogor quasi de hoc amplis ... [per]sona Regia illud divinum adducere eloquium "Venerunt mihi omnia bo[na pariter cum illa]" (fn. 14) ... majestas forte de hoc non curet, tamen notissimum habetur eandem de Francia p ... imperium habeat sacrum nemo peditum nemoque equitum Germano[rum]... cæteris afficiuntur, cogitaret se contra Imperatorem dominum ... Gallicis vel inimicis stipendiis exhibere, et potius eidem militare ... stipendiato reliqui edictis coercerentur, sed et principes imperii c ... majes. nihil proprii acquisituram vel ab eis ablaturam ... viribus; quæ vero in Italia et quæ in aliis nationibus ab Impe[ratore occu]pata sunt eidem imperio restituenda ac recuperatum iri ... inserviendo suæ majestati etiam vel ipsos vel suos filios ampliari et don ... hactenus non evenit, denique summa concurrentia et congratulatione f ... ditioni subjici contenderent neque ulla dissimulatione a ... pro nunc fit cum soleant contermini sive convicanei et qui uniu [s oppidi] sunt adinvicem amplius invidere quam externis, et multis annis citr[a] ... Austriæ nimis cresceret moverentur, et additis viribus et i ... volentes discurrere omnia facerent. Hanc itaque nemo omnium votorum regio ... viam ambigat qua et reipublicæ et religioni Christianæ amp ... lationem consequeretur, &c. Et nisi cito eligat et jugum sube[at] ... pendent et aut in suam majestatem aut in Gallum necesse ... ille est qui quœrit, qui omnia fœdat, auro, promissis et vio[lentia ... in] augustia positus 40 annis confractis viribus resistendo, cogatur ... fugere et ut quidam inter Diabolum et Deum se deping ... si tu me non vis ad Deum; deinde ad Diabolum iste ... quoque Cæs. facere ac in despectum uxoris genitalia cum ... dere, ut et Regi, qui prole careant.
Pervagatus sum per multa scripta, quæ fidei integritas et des ... in istas majestates et salutem universalem ac rempublicam ardeo et magn ... et me miscre compulerunt. Humillimis autem precibus Re. [majestatem et D. Cardinalem] Eboracensem rogatos velim, quatinus super his providere et ... respondeam et alias quantum protractare et ultra facere debeam in ... dignentur ne vel pereant omnia aut alterius majestatum negle ... frustra laboribus et ærumnis defatigatum etiam invisum amb[obus] ... constituam."
Lat., partly cipher, undeciphered, in the hand of Sion's clerk; pp. 4; two leaves found apart.
154. f. 68. B. M.
Quintuplicatio commissariorum Regis Angliæ ad quadruplicationem commissariorum Principis Castellæ.
Arrangements for the terms of the treaty. Replies on 15 different points.
Modern copy, Lat., pp. 20.
Nero, B.
VI. 36. B. M.
2724. WOLSEY to the BP. OF LINCOLN.
Recommending Dr. Chandellor, "the flower of St. Benet's order," to be appointed Abbot of Ensham, in the room of the Bp. of Llandaff, now deceased.
Draft, in Wolsey's own hand, p. 1.
Er. Ep. App. 103. 2725. FISHER BP. OF ROCHESTER to ERASMUS.
Although he is very busy setting out for Cambridge to found his college, would not let Peter leave without a letter. Is much his debtor for the New Testament. As soon as Fisher received his notes, in which Erasmus praises Warham, he took an opportunity of pointing them out to the Archbishop, who begged Fisher to write to Erasmus and urge his return. Does not doubt, if Erasmus would comply, but that the Archbishop would be more liberal to him than he has been. Has written to Reuchlin; has received letters from him, which have given Fisher great pleasure. Has a very high opinion of him. Rochester, 1516.
Mori Opera. 2726. MORE to PETRUS ÆGIDIUS.
Is ashamed to send his work on the Utopian Republic after a year's delay, which he might have expected to see in six months; especially as More had nothing to invent, and only to narrate what he heard at Peter's house. Has been much engaged in legal and other business. At one time he is engaged in a cause, at another he has to hear one; now he is an arbitrator, then a judge; has to pay a visit at one place for business, at another for civility. When he goes home, he has to talk with his wife, prattle with the children, converse with his servants: and all these things must be done unless a man would be a stranger in his own home. And every man must do his utmost to be civil and obliging to those whom nature has provided to be the companions of his life, or chance, or his own choice, and yet not spoil them by too much condescension; or by foolish indulgence turn his servants into masters. Has sent him the sheets, to see if anything has slipped More's memory; which he thinks not unlikely. "For John Clement, my page (puer meus), who was present on the occasion, as you know," and whom More never suffers to be absent from any useful conversation, as one from whose proficiency in Greek and Latin he expects much, tells him that he has made a mistake in the length of the bridge of Amaurosis, which Hythlodæus said was not 500 but 300 paces. Begs him to ask Raphael. Is ashamed to say he has forgotten in what sea the island of Utopia is:—an important error! as a pious and orthodox theologian is very anxious to visit it, and encourage Christianity among the natives; and has already resolved to apply to the Pope to be made its bishop. Has not yet resolved whether to publish it or not. Complains of the various and ungrateful censures of crities and readers, who sit at the tavern, and over their cups discuss the merits of authors.
Er. Ep. App. 97. 2727. PETRUS ÆGIDIUS to ERASMUS.
Is sorry to hear he is stayed by sickness. Hears that Tunstall has left Tournay. There is a very absurd book out, Prognostica Ortwini. Antwerp, 1516.
Er. Ep. 1. 23. 2728. JOHN WATSON to ERASMUS.
Received, 11 Aug., his letter dated 7 July, giving information of the favors shown Erasmus by Prince Charles. Is glad to hear of the growing prosperity and reputation of Erasmus. Raphael Regius lectures at Venice on Quintilian; there is a Greek professor also, of great ability, whose name he has forgotten [M. Musurus]. Often talks with one Ambrosins, a physician, in the shop of a perfumer (aromatorii), at the sign of the Coral, who knows Erasmus very well. The father-in-law of Aldus, a bookseller, at the sign of the Anchor, often speaks of him. Commends the modesty of Erasmus, so unlike the vanity of other scholars. Praises his New Testament and the notes. Fell in the other day with Cato Minor, edited by Erasmus. His edition of St. Jerome is earnestly expected. Peter Falco, a Swiss, to whom the English give the title of Magnus, was very attentive to strangers. He keeps a long-tailed ape in his galley, whose anties filled them with laughter. He sometimes carried at his belt a bombard, and wrote an illustrated book of travels. Begs to be remembered to him. Would be glad to visit Erasmus, if he stays where he is until Michaelmas. [Venice.]
Calig. B. II. 283. Wood's Letters of Royal and Illust. Ladies, I. 220. 2729. QUEEN MARGARET to WOLSEY.
He knows that she has both spoken to him herself, and caused Magnus to do the same, for money. Is sorry to put the King "to soo gret cost and garges." Will not do so in time to come. "Nevertheless, I think I should be like his sister, to his honour and mine." Christmas is here, and she needs money for herself and her servants, part of which she expects from Scotland, and they promise to pay it. If they do not, hopes that Henry will see reason done her. Begs for 200l., for which she will give a note, and will cause Dacres to take as much from the first sums that come to her from Scotland. "I pray you heartily, my lord, to put me off no longer, for the time is short; and gyf you vyl doo so moche for me at thys tyme, I pray send me vorde; for I vyl trobyl you no moar vyth my sendyng, for than I vyl spek to the Kyng, my brother, for I trust hys [grace] vyl do so much for me, and trust me for a greter thyng."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal. Endd.
R. MS. 13 B. II. 252. B. M. Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 227. 2730. ALBANY to CHARLES KING OF SPAIN.
In behalf of David Logan, John Dawson and other Leith merchants, trading to his territories. Has heard that the Hanse merchants at Hamburg intend to molest the Scotch. The cause is, that lately some Scotch merchants unsuccessfully endeavored to recover in the Hamburg Senate their ships and goods, taken forcibly from them. In retaliation, two Hamburg ships were detained in Scotland until the decision of the quarrel. Desires therefore, he will prevent the merchants of Hamburg from annoying the Scotch.
Copy, Lat.
To the same effect.
Copy, Lat., p. 1.
Vesp. F. III. 61. B. M. 2731. MAXIMILIAN to [HENRY VIII.]
Has heard his ambassadors. Thanks him for his cordial offers. Whatever inducements have been held out, when he has spoken with Henry, will take such resolution that they shall remain good and entire brothers.
Hol., Fr., p. 1.
Calig. E. I. 88. B. M. 2732. _ to _.
Congratulates him on his return from beyond the mountains [Italy] in health and prosperity; hopes that the amity between him and the writer's sovereign will be perpetual. Expresses his great affection in return for the great regard shown him by his correspondent. Begs credence for ...
Copy, Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
R. O. 2733. WOLSEY and SUFFOLK.
Deposition of Thomas Halgh, stating that one Anthony Irby of Swyneshed, in co. Lincoln, did, in the house of Robert Hare, being a tavern, in the presence of Thos. Holand, Thos. Garton, clerk, Blase Holand, Thos. Brown, Rose Legh, widow, Thomas Tilston and others, state that "it is a wonder to see the King how he is ordered nowadays; for the Cardinal and the Duke of Suffolk, which the King hath brought up of nought, do rule him in all things even as they list; whether it be by necromancy, witchcraft or policy, no man knoweth." Information of this he has given to Christopher Slyngesly, servant to my Lord Cardinal, of the words above written, in the same term that Sir William Bowmer [Bullmer] was examined before the King and Lords in the Star Chamber, who had made it known to "my Lords."
Declaration by those of the [Helvetic] League in the service of the Emperor, declaring their satisfaction at Galeaz Visconte being appointed their general. Are ready to give their life and goods in his service, and induce their lords to join it.
Copy, Ital., p. 1.
R. MS. 7 F. XIV. 100. B. M. 2735. ROYAL HOUSEHOLD.
Names of the King's officers and servants sworn to attend in his chamber:—
The Lord Chamberlain, the Vice-chamberlain.
Gentlemen of the King's Privy Chamber: Master Norris, Sir Edw. Nevill, Sir Th. Cheynye, Sir Nich. Carowe, Sir Anth. Browne, Sir Fras. Brian, Sir John Russell, Sir Ric. Page, Sir Edw. Seymoure, Sir Fras. Weston, Hen. Knevet, John Willesborne, Ric. Long.
Gentlemen Ushers: Roger Ratcleiff and Anth. Knevet.
Cupbearer for the King: Sir Fras. Brian.
Carver: Lord Leonard Grey.
Sewer: Sir Edw. Nevell.
Sewers extraordinary: Sir Marm. Cunstable, Sir Hen. Owen, Sir Th. Poynynges, Sir Wm. Woodall, Percival Hart, John Sandis, Geo. Carow, Geo. West, Anth. Kyngston, Rob. Throgmerton, Lyon Soweche, Chas. Wyngfild, Th. Wyet and Th. Harvye.
Knights for the Body: Sir John Norton, Sir Wm. Kempe, Sir John Scolle, Sir John Fogge, Sir Edw. Wutton, Sir Alex. Culpeper, Sir Wm. Wulgrove, Sir Piers Egecombe, Sir Edw. Pomerey, Sir Th. Stukeley, Sir Th. Denys, Sir Philip Chamber, Sir John Fulforde, Sir Wm. Carowe, Sir Ric. Sandis, Sir Wm. Gifforde, Sir John Wallope, Sir John Culwaye, Sir Th. Lisle, Sir Anth. Wyndesore, Sir Wm. Barrington, Sir Walter Stoner, Sir Geo. Somersett, Sir John Clarke, Sir Rob. Lye, Sir John Dudley, Sir John Dawtrye, Sir Wm. Goryng, Sir Ric. Shurley, Sir Mathew Browne, Sir Hen. Wyet, Sir John Geynyfforde, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir John Brugeis, Sir Christ. Beynam, Sir Edm. Tame, Sir Wm. Denys, Sir Ric. Long of Arle, Sir Edw. Wadham, Sir John Arrundell, Sir Geo. Throgmerton, Sir Wm. Filding, Sir Philip Butteler, Sir John Talbot, Sir Wm. Morgan, Sir Griffith Done, Sir John St. John, Sir Arthur Darcey, Sir Wm. Gaston, Sir Hen. Grey, Sir Wm. A Parre, Sir Wm. Hilton, Sir John Dawneye, Sir Th. Kitson, Sir Philip Bothe, Sir Th. Bedingfild, Sir Rob. Drwrye, Sir Th. Tirrell, Sir Christ, Willowbye, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Anth. Wingfild, Sir Wm. Sidney, Sir Th. Russhe, Sir Th. Baverston, Sir John Jarmey, Sir Rob. Cotton, Sir Giles Alington, Sir Th. Eliet, Sir Ralph Langford, Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Sir Arthur Ayre, Sir Hen. Sutton, Sir Auth. Babington, Sir Godfrey Fulgeambe, Sir John Gifford, Sir Edw. Asheton, Sir Brian Tuke, Sir Geo. Grifithe, Sir Wm. Basset, Sir Wm. Draycott, Sir Gilbert Talbot, Sir John Russell, Sir John Digbye, Sir John Wye, Sir Th. Pulteney, Sir John Villers, Sir John Raynesford, Sir Wm. Pirton, Sir Giles Capell, Sir Th. Darcye, Sir Clement Harlestone, Sir John Seyntelere, Sir Roger Townysend, Sir Jas. Bullaygne, Sir John Cunstable, Sir Rob. Cunstable, Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir John Nevell, Sir John Melton, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Geo. Darcye, Sir Marm. Cunstable, Sir Jas. Strayngwishe, Sir Rob. Chamley, Sir John Cunstable, Sir Edm. Gorge, Sir John Norris, Sir Th. Trenchet, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Sir John Horsey, Sir Giles Strangwiche and Sir Edw. Willowbye.
Esquires for the Body ordinary: Sir Humph. Foster, Sir Ralph Elderker, Geo. Harpar and Rob. Tirwit.
Esquires for the Body extraordinary: Alex. Frogenall, Hen. Beamonde, Ric. Hulse, John Rogers, Hen. Milborne, Wm. Sarvington. Wm. Savadge, John Barton, Wm. Conyers, Th. Neviell, Rob. Sutton, Brian Tunstall, Edm. Knevet, John Moore, Fras. Lovell, Th. Liegh, Wm. Brereton, Ric. Dawne, Randall Maynoryng, Th. Hasilberge, Wm. Chatwyn, John Verneham, Humph. Ferris, Rob. Fulhurst, John Sowithe, Ric. Sowithe, John Hennyngam, Ric. Lucas, Wm. Drewrye, John Awdeley, Leonell Norris, John Flemyng, John Hampden, Wm. Cope, Leonard Bede, Rob. Cheynye, John St. John, Th. Morton, John Lieghe, John Cheynye, Ric. Norris, Wm. Norris, Th. Poynez, John Walshe, Edm. Wix, Edw. Milles, Edm. Tame, Th. Nevell, John Arnden, Wm. Browghton, Wm. Stafford, Ric. Croftes, John Corbet, Geo. Harbart, Ch. Harbart, Th. Morgan, John Egam, Edw. Wutton, Wm. Jamyes, Ric. Bulkeley, Wm. ap Robarttes, James Baskervild, Ric. Sapcottes, Th. Tressam, Edw. Ratcliff, Hen. Faryngton, Wm. Hansard, Roger Fenwike and Ralph Fenwike.
Gentlemen ushers ordinary: John Skidmore, Wm. Leighe, Sir Wm. West, Eustace Siliard, John Copinger, Th. Gifford, Hen. Parker, John Norris, Roger Beket, Wm. Morris, Ric. Grenewey and Wm. Raynysford.
Gentlemen ushers extraordinary: Hen. Bruges, John Norris, _ Bullocke, Guthelacke Overton, Leonard Poole, Hen. Knyght, Th. Apguyllam, Th. Carmynall, John Trevynyan, Wm. Goodolffyn, John Milliton, Edw. Willowbye, Ric. Conway, Wm. Pering- ton, Ric. Hirton, Edw. Fassell, John Shurbreke, Wm. Lieghe, Ric. Banaster, Jas. Vaug[han], John Loid, Wm. Apmorgan, Walter Harbar, Jas. Ap Griffithe, Th. Jhonys, Philip Morgan, Jas. Lowder, Maurice Loide, John Eton, Ric. Clemet, Wm. Fisher, John Lane, Ric. Knyghtley, Geo. Kyrkekam, Ric. Willowbye, Ric. Long, Humph. Lisle, Ric. Gressam, Wm. Browne, Jasper Frylole, Ric. Tate, Wm. Burche, John Goostwike, Ric. Waryner, _ Brooke, Miles Forest, Edm. Golding and Walter Eustace.
Sewers for the Chamber ordinary: Roger Banbrigge, Jas. Whitney, Anth. Isley, James Hill, John Barney and Ric. Gifford.
Sewers for the Chamber extraordinary: Wm. Raynesford, Wm. Morgan, Randall Alatt, Th. Dodmer, Davy Morgan, Hen. Seymoure, Wm. Jhonys, Morgan Wulffe, Th. Smythe, Ralph Cheveney, Humph. Neviell, Th. Yonge, Th. Welles, Edw. Cornewallis, Rob. Draper, Ralph Jhonys, Ric. Staffordton, Walter Frost, Barton Hasilrige and John Shirley.
Yeomen ushers ordinary: John Hollond, John Lane, Hen. Bird ... and John Wilisden.
The Wardrobe ordinary of Robes: John Parker, yeoman; John Saill, groom; and Ralph Wurslee, page.
The Wardrobe ordinary of Beds:_ Rigley, yeoman; Wm. Tillisley, groom; Rob. Litley, groom; and John Ridley, page.
Grooms of the Chamber ordinary: Ric. Ansam, Edw. Stanbacke, John Ampthill, Hen. Annesley, Ric. Woodward, Walter Ap Adam, John Curson, _ Conyngsbye, John Verney, Ric. Hogges, Ric. Browne, John Trogmerton, Ric. Hayward, John Parkyns, John Vaughan, Gryffithe Compton, John Apwilliams and Ric. Smythe.
Grooms of the Chamber extraordinary: Barth. Wurley, John Vaughan, Geo. Huntley, Wm. Asheley, Miles Forest and Rob. Duffell.
Pages of the Chamber ordinary: Hen. Parker, Rowland Rigeley, Wm. Rescomer and Edw. Scott.
Sergeants at arms; kings at arms; heralds at arms; pursuivants at arms; messengers; and yeomen ordinary of the Guard: not named.
Pp. 18, slightly mutilated. Endd.: A book of the names of all the King's officers and servants admitted and sworn to attend in his grace's most honorable Chamber.
R. O. 2736. FEES AND ANNUITIES paid by the KING.
"[Annu]i[tates] ... Ducissæ ... nune concessæ. Luciæ Browne ... Dominæ Margaretæ Mortymer, de hæreditate sua per annum, 66l. 13s. 4d." To John Cutte, by right of his wife Lucy, heir of Isabella, late Marchioness of Mountague, for one year, 66l. 13s. 4d. John Huddelston in right of his wife _ heir of Isabella late Marchioness of Mountague, for one year, 66l. 13s. 4d.
Fees and annuities granted by Henry VII.—To Sir Th. Lovell, constable of the Tower, vice John Earl of Oxford, for life, 100l. as constable of Nottingham Castle for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. Sir Edw. Darell, for life, 20l. Sir David Owen, chief carver, for life, 50l. Sir Wm. Compton, verger at Windsor Castle, vice Hugh Denys, for life, 18l. Sir John Heron, ranger of Waltham forest, for life, 6d. a day. Sir Hen. Wyatt, clerk of the Jewel House, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Thomas Lord Dacres, warden of the East Marches, vice Thomas Lord Darcy, during pleasure, 114l. 13s. 4d.; as lieute- nant of the West Marches, during pleasure, 153l. 6s. 8d. Lieutenant of the Middle Marches, vice Edw. Ratcliff and Roger Fenwyk, during pleasure, 114l. 13s. 4d. Sir Hen. Guldeford, master of the Horse, vice Sir Th. Brandon, for life, 40l. Sir Edw. Nevell, vice Wm. Vampage, sewer, for life, 33l. 6s. 8d. Sir Th. Nevell, counsellor, vice Edm. Dudley, during good behaviour, 66l. 13s. 4d. Sir Wm. Syddeney, one of the squires of the Body, for life, 33l. 6s. 8d. Sir Ric. Tempest, one of the squires of the Body, for life, 33l. 6s. 8d. Arthur Pole, squire of the Body, for life, 33l. 6s. 8d. Fras. Poyntz, squire of the Body, for life, 33l. 6s. 8d. Nich. Carewe, cipherer, vice Ric. Hastyngs, for life, 33l. 6s. 8d. Sir And. Windesore, clerk of the Great Wardrobe, during pleasure, 300l. John Shyrley, cofferer of the Household, during pleasure, 300l; for providing for the festival of St. George at Windsor, during pleasure, 50l. Rob. Knollys, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. John Mewtays, secretary of the French tongue, for life, 40l. Ric. Eden, clerk of the Council, vice Ric. Rydon, for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. Ric. Dycons, keeper of writs in the Common Pleas, for life, 6l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Fermor, coroner, for life, 10l. Th. Nevell, during pleasure, 20l. Valets and pages of the Chamber, during pleasure, 100l. W. Cornyshe, master of the children of the Chapel, vice W. Newark, during pleasure, 26l. 13s. 4d. Peter Narbone, late barber of Hen. VII., for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Rob. Hasilrigge, yeoman of the Wardrobe in the Tower, vice W. Smyth, 12d. a day, for life; as keeper of the Garden at the Tower, 6d. a day, during pleasure, 27l. 7s. 6d. John Pate, vice Rob. Hasilrigge, keeper of the Wardrobe at Westminster, removed to Richmond, for life, 12l. 3s. 4d. John Hunter, keeper of the Household, Westminster, for life, 6l. 20d. Rob. Lytell, keeper of the armoury, Windsor, vice Ralph Jenett, for life, 13l. 13s. 9d. John Burwell, plumber, 12d. a day, 18l. 5s. John Gylmyn, vice Edw. Chamber, marshal of the minstrels, and seven other minstrels, during pleasure, 53l. 6s. 8d. John Thurstan, master of the Barge, 7½d. a day, during pleasure. Wages of 20 men for attending to the barge, 20s. each a year. Wm. Gurre, vice Ralph Pontewe, brigadier, during pleasure, 10l. John de Pounde, armorer, during pleasure, 20l. Corn. Vande Strete, arras maker, during pleasure, 12d. a day. John Englisshe and other players, 13l. 6s. 8d.
New hereditaments granted by Hen. VIII.—To Thomas Duke of Norfolk, and his heirs male, 9l. 12s. 6½d.
New fees and annuities.—To Mary Redyng, for life, 50l. Marg. Bryan, governess, otherwise "Lady Mestres" of the Princess, for life, 50l. Anne Luke, for life, 20l. Alianore Verney, wife of Sir Ralph Verney, sen., for life, 20l. Dorothy Verney, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Eliz. Burton, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Eliz. Audeley, for life, 10l. Alianore Knyvett, for life, 10l. Anne Hubberde, for life, 5l. Thomas Lord Dacre, warden of the East and Middle marches, during pleasure, 50l. 13s. 4d. John Lord Gray, brother of the Marquis of Dorset, during pleasure, 20l. Sir Th. Nevell, councillor, during good behaviour, in addition to the annuity granted by Hen. VII., 33l. 6s. 8d. Sir Hen. Wyatt, clerk of the Jewel House, during good behaviour, 50l.; during pleasure, 20l. Sir H. Guldeforde, standard bearer, for life, 40l. Sir Edw. Guldeford, master of the armoury, for life, 31l. 18s. 9d. Ulnage in Kent for 20 years, granted 1 March 7 Hen. VIII., 13l. 6s. 8d. Sir Ralph Eggerton, standard bearer, for life, 100l. Sir Christ. Garnyshe, for life, 30l. Sir Ralph Verney, for life, 50l. Sir John Baker, for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. Sir Wm. Fizwilliam and Sir John Carre, for life, 40l. Sir Ric. Nevell, during pleasure, 20l. Sir John Nevell, during pleasure, 26l. 13s. 4d. Sir Ralph Ellerker, during pleasure, 20l. Th. More, councillor, for life, 100l. Rob. Knollys, for life, in addition to annuity granted by Hen. VII., 10l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Cophyn, for life, 20l. Anth. Knyvett, during pleasure, 20l. Th. Cheney, for life, 20l. John Porte, King's Solicitor, during good behaviour, 10l. Jas. Worseley, keeper of the lions in the Tower, for life, 18l. 5s. Nich. Jenyns, King's leather dresser, for life, 18l. 5s. John Mewtays, secretary in the French tongue, during pleasure, in addition to annuity granted by Hen. VII., 26l. 13s. 4d. John Hopton, keeper of the Storehouse at Erith and Deptford, 12d. a day, for life. John Vereray, chief surgeon, for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. Marcellus de la More, surgeon, for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. _ Forster, comptroller of the works, 12d. a day, and 6d. a day for his clerk, during pleasure, 27l. 7s. 6d. Geo. Lorde, purveyor of works, 8d. a day, during pleasure. Ric. Babham, apothecary, for life, 10l. Hen. Suthworth and Hen. Pykeman, bowyers at the Tower, 6d. a day for life. Corn. Johnson, master smith at the Tower, vice Christ. Woodland, 8d. a day, during pleasure. Th. Stockton, chief joiner at the Tower, 12d. a day, during pleasure. Edm. Trayforde, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Wm. Vertue, master mason, 12d. a day, during pleasure. Wm. Hylton, the King's tailor, for life, 18l. 5s. (in margin, mortuus est). John Hunte, keeper of the palace at Westminster, for life, in addition to the annuity granted by Hen. VII., 50s. 10d. Ric. Gybson, for life, in addition to the annuity granted by Hen. VII., 3l. 18s. 4d. Jas. de Watte, armorer, for life, 20l. Stephen Tosso, footman and tumbler, for life 12l. 3s. 4d. John Segewyk, keeper of the woods at Woodstock, during pleasure, 6l. 1s. 8d. Peter de Brecia, for life, 40l. Leonard Fryscobaldi and Anth. Cavallary, purveyors of gold and silver cloths, for life, 20l. John Ryan, overseer of the King's gardens, 8d. a day during pleasure. John Lee, blind, for life, 76sd. Nich. Major, cellarer, 12d. a day for life. Wm. Ormeston, under clerk to the Houses of Parliament, during pleasure, 100s. Rob. Longe, messenger of the Chamber, for life, 12l. 3s. 4d. John Power, messenger of the Chamber, for life, 6l. 13s. 4d. Ric. Pynson, printer, for life, 4l. Nic. Hyde, for life, 10l. Th. Sperte, vice Th. Woodelas, for life, 20l. Rob. Batys, master carpenter, for life, 12l. 3s. 4d. John Englisshe and other players, in addition to the old annuity, 13l. 6s. 8d.
To heralds and pursuivants, granted by Henry VII.—Th. Benolte, Clarencieux, for life, 20l. Th. Walle, vice John Yonge, Norrey, for life, 20l John Pounde, Somerset, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. John Joyner, Richmound, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Lawrence de la Gatta, vice Th. Halley, Rougecroix, for life, 10l. Ralph Lago, Blewmantell pursuivant, for life, 10l.
Do. granted by Henry VIII.—Th. Tonge, Yorke herald, for life, 13s. 6s. 8d. Wm. Jenyns, Lancaster, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Th. Halley, Carlyle, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Ralph Jackson, Mountergule, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Fras. Dyeux, Windsor, for life, 13l. 6s. 8d. Rob. Fayre, Portcullis pursuivant, for life, 10l. Total, 163l. 6s. 8d.
To ecclesiastics, granted by Henry VII.,—Dr. Clerke, Dean of the Chapel Royal, for Easter offerings, during pleasure, 33l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Tunstall, Master of the Rolls, vice Dr. Yonge, during pleasure, 31l. 7s. 2d. The Friars Minors of Oxford, during pleasure, 33l. 6s. 8d. The Friars Preachers of Cambridge, during plea- sure, 16l. 13s. 4d. The Friars Minors there, during pleasure, 16l. 13s. 4d. The Friars Preachers, London, during pleasure, 20l. The Hospital of St. Katharine, during pleasure, 73l. 4s. Miles Wellen rector of the Chapel Royal at the Tower, for life, 6l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Gyddyng, rector of Asshe, during pleasure, 5l. The Provincial Chapter of the Friars Preachers, England, during pleasure, 20l. The Abbot of Stratford Langthorn, during pleasure, 5l. The Lepers of St. Giles, without London, during pleasure, 3l. The Boy Bishop of St. Nicholas, St. Stephen's, Westminster, during pleasure, 20s.
To those in arms for the King's service, granted by Henry VII.—Hugh Cholmeley, Hen. Strete, Wm. Butteler, Jas. Conyers, John Ap Guylliams, Maurice Butteler, Th. Russhe, John Smythe, John Jeffron, John Almer, Th. Greenway vice Ed. Griffith, dead: all 12d. a day for life.
Do. granted by Henry VIII.—John Yerdeley, Wm. Bartylmewe, Ambrose Braddeman, Th. Cotyngton, Th. Broke, David Cissill, John Chamber, Peter Griffith, John Pylleston, John Almer, Jas, Ryvett. Th. Vaughan, John Thomas, Nich. Jackson, Wm. Keby, Hen. Thorneton, Hen. Hyll, Wm. Wentworth, Edw. Skypwith, Rob. Twyforde, Walter Chalcott, Rob. Marbury, John Sabyn: all 12d. a day for life.
To Yeomen of the Crown, granted by Henry VII.—Jas. Jenkyn vice Ric. Smyth, Oliver Turnor, John Evan, John Amyas, John Brereton, John Forde, Peter Watton, Hugh Dye, Edm. Huntewade, Hugh Parker, John Brabyn, Wm. Haywod, John Jackson, Th. Ap Guylliams, Wm. Dycheborne, Wm. à Lye, Th. Jackson: all 6d. a day for life.
Do. granted by Henry VIII.—John Stanforde, John Worteley, Th. Totheby, Wm. Stondon, John Trees, Wm. Pole, Roger Beke, Rob. Nevell, John Rolte, John Clogge, Hugh Ap Howell, John Derston, John Parker, John David, Simon Burton: all 6d. a day for life.
To Master of the Ordnance, clerks, &c. granted by Henry VII.—Sir Wm. Skevyngton, Master of the Ordnance, vice Sir Sampson Norton, for life, 36l. 10s. Wm. Uxely, clerk of the Ordnance, vice Wm. Archebold, 8d. a day for life. Elias Hylton, yeoman of the Ordnance, vice Ric. Smyth, 6d. a day for life. Rob. Fisher, Th. Greves, John Falley, John Maier, Geo. Hughes, Hen. Pykeman vice Roger Langlois, John Rolff vice Wm. Ive, gunners: all 6d. a day for life. Ric. Fawconer, gunner, 6d. a day, and 6d. a day for a man, during pleasure. John Wystowe, Wm. Leeryand, Corn. Johnson, gunners: all 6d. a day during pleasure. Granted by Henry VIII. for life.—Sir Wm. Skevyngton, Master of the Ordnance, for two clerks under him, 18l. 5s. Gunners, Nich. Love, 12d. a day; Nich. Ryng, 18d. a day: John Hammonde, 8d. a day: Th. Harte, annuity, 50l.; wages, 12d. a day: Barnard de Valais, 12d. a day; Christ. Gibson, 12d. a day; David Ap Howell, 12d; Peter Holme, 12d. a day; Cor. Vandertollen, 12d. a day; John Kendall, Godfrey Horne, John Holme, Wm. Verbarte, Hen. Cotton and Wm. Horseley: all gunners at 8d. a day.
To the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer, granted by Heary VII.—Th. Duke of Norfolk, Treasurer, during pleasure, 365l. Sir W. Hody, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 100l. Barth. Westby, second Baron; Rob. Blagge, third Baron; Ed. Denny, fourth Baron: 46l. 13s. 4d. each, during pleasure. Sir Th. Lovell, Chancellor of the Exchequer, for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. Rob. Blagge, King's remem- brancer, for life, 55l. 17s. 4d. John Smyth, Treasurer's remembrancer, for life, 64l. 2s. 6d. Wm. Purdee, clerk of the Pipe, for life, 47l. 19s. 7d. Rob. Waleys, comptroller of the Pipe, during pleasure, 14l. 14s. 7d. Th. Tamworth, John Golding, Edw. Chamber, John Geddeley, Geo. Dalyson, auditors of Exchequer during good behavior, 10l. Th. Pymme, "oppositor forinsecus," during pleasure, 16l. 13s. 4d. Th. Walsshe, clerk of estreats, during pleasure, 15l. Wm. Yong, clerk of the Pleas, during pleasure, 100s. Ric. Hyll, marshal, during pleasure, 100s. Th. Sacheverell, clerk of the summons, during pleasure, 4l. John Moreyce, chamberlain, in behalf of the Earl of Shrewsbury, and Leonard Rede, for John Heron, during pleasure, 100s. John Forster and John Copwood, secondaries for the King's remembrancer, during pleasure, 8l. John Castell and John Dodde, secondaries for the treasurer, during pleasure, 9l. Th. Caundisshe and John Pette, secondaries for the Pipe, during pleasure, 10l. Usher of the Exchequer, for travelling expences, wax, &c., for life, 32l. 14sd.
Do. granted by Henry VIII.—Sir Edw. Belknapp, auditor, during pleasure, 10l.
To chamberlains, under treasurers, and other officers of the receipt of Exchequer, granted by Henry VII.—Geo. Earl of Shrewsbury vice Giles Lord Dawbeney, and Sir John Heron vice Sir Sampson Norton, chamberlains, 52l. 3s. 4d. each, for life. Sir John Cutte, under-treasurer, during pleasure, 173l. 6s. 8d. John Hasylwod, Rob. Fowler, Hen. Everard, John Jenyns, tellers, 31l. 13s. 4d. each, during good behavior. Th. Danyell vice John Lewis, dead, writer of tallies, during life, 41l. 13s. 4d. John Uvedale, vice Rob. Blackwall, writer of the pells, for life, 17l. 10s. John Heron, cutter of the tallies for Sir J. Heron, during pleasure, 10l. John Horde, cutter of the tallies for the Earl of Shrewsbury, during pleasure, 10l. John Dyggeby, writer of the counter roll for Sir J. Heron, during pleasure, 6l. Edw. Pennant, same for Earl of Shrewsbury, 6l. Sir Wm. Compton, usher of the receipt, wages, necessaries, &c., for life, 26l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Gylbert, porter of the bag, for life, 6l. 6s. 8d., for providing parchment, for life 6l. 13s. 4d. Four messengers, 6l. 16s. 10½d. each for life. Hen. Pemberton, during pleasure, 100s.
Sum total, 7,170l. 13s. 6d.
Paper Roll.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] I. 193. B. M. 2737. TOURNAY.
Commission appointing Wm. Blount Lord Mountjoy, and four others, a supreme court of justice at Tournay.
"Præcedens supremæ curiæ institutio consiliariis Regiis in dicto ballivatu et prædictæ civitatis rectoribus visa est laudabilis. J. Oston—Ronfief."
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To the King's good grace.
1. Liberty of going where they please is taken from the English merchants, and a new toll of 105d. each imposed.—2. A toll of 1d. is imposed on every 100d. of goods sent to Italy, Germany, or other countries except England.—3. They are prevented from buying and taking to England arms and other sorts of merchandise.—4. The penalty for making a false declaration of the amount of goods has been increased fourfold, and altered to confiscation.—5. Different tolls are exacted for the same merchandise.—6. Arms and other merchandise collected in Italy, or elsewhere out of the imperial jurisdiction, are not allowed to be exported.—7. The officers of the customs do considerable damage by piercing sacks, &c. with iron instruments.—8. Assizes on wine and beer.—9. A new toll, called "Galeys Gelt," on laden ships.—10. And another, called "Tonnage."—11. After paying tolls at Antwerp or Bruges, others are demanded at Newport, Dunkirk, and Gravelyng.—12. Tolls called "Roer Gelt," "Anchorage," "Balastage," and others.—13. "Swige Toll" exacted from English ships driven by the weather into ports of Holland, Flanders, Zealand, or Lower Germany, under pain of confiscation.—14. They are prevented from making use of the assistance of their own countrymen, and are obliged to use foreigners at the markets, &c.—15. Goods are confiscated for want of a passport, in cases where, by the treaty of intercourse, none is required.—16. A new tax of 20d. a year on every resident Englishman.—17. A new toll exacted at Andalusia and Spain, of 20d. on every ship, even if coming from Italy or the East, and forced to come to shore by weather or want of water or victuals.—18. The Irish, although sharers of all the privileges granted to the English by the treaty of intercourse, pay the same tolls as other foreigners.—19. English ships are seized in Andalusia to serve the Emperor. Some have been kept unused for years on this pretext, and only released at great expense.—20. The duty on bales of (hard-ware ?) (balarum de baterie) has been increased from 6s. to 8s. Fl., and that on nails from 4d. to 7d. Fl., per barrel.—21. At Antwerp, all the duties have been doubled.—22. The same tolls are exacted at Brabant as in Zealand.—23. The officer of Gheervliet exacts a new toll on ships driven there by stress of weather.—24. English merchants are not allowed to convey their goods from Antwerp, in ships belonging to any other town.—25. A new toll, called "Bekonage," is exacted from English sailors in Flemish ports, in addition to anchorage.—26. At Antwerp they are compelled to pay according to weight for merchandise not ponderable.
Lat., pp. 3. Endd.: A breviatory of the generall greves.
S. B. 2739. To CUTHBERT TUNSTAL, Master of the Rolls.
Warrant to cancel 12 recognizances of 250 marks each, made by Walter Devereux Lord Ferrers, 24 Oct. 6 Hen. VIII. to Sir Th. Lovell and John Heron, for the payment of 24 sums of 100 marks at Easter and Michaelmas, from 1515 to 1526; and a recognizance of 100l. made by Lord Ferrers on the same day, for payment of [100 marks] at Easter 1527. "Given at our manor _."
S. B. 2740. For ROB. KYRK, yeoman of the guard in Tournay.
To have 4l. for exercising the office of tipstaff of the nightly privy watchword in Tournay, for two years without wages, having been admitted to the office by Sir Edw. Poynynges, late lieutenant of Tournay, and Lord Mountjoy, present lieutenant. The said 4l. to be paid by Sir Ric. Jernyngham, treasurer of Tournay, who is to pay him 40s. a year in future: in the same manner as Th. Vale, now tipstaff at Calais.


  • 1. f. 273.
  • 2. f. 273 b.
  • 3. f. 274.
  • 4. The value of this cipher has not been discovered.
  • 5. f. 275.
  • 6. Probably several leaves lost.
  • 7. Cancelled.
  • 8. f. 263.
  • 9. f.264.
  • 10. Sic.
  • 11. Case doubtful.
  • 12. This cipher is uncertain. Perhaps for Catholicus.
  • 13. f.379.
  • 14. Sapient., vii. 11.