Henry VIII: February 1517, 1-10

Pages 919-935

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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February 1517

1 Feb.
Galba, B. V. 38.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 28th from Malines, stating that the Emperor would have stayed the same night at Tournowthe. He went to Lyre, where he was visited by the King of Castile. On the 30th, both came to Malines; and the Lord Chamberlain and Vice-chancellor at the same time. Yesterday they had an audience, where the Chamberlain delivered the King's letters, which were read by Hans Reynner. The Emperor, the King, my Lady, the two Cardinals sat at a square board; the Emperor and the King at the inside; my Lady at the end; the two Cardinals in front; and on a form set before the other end, somewhat removed, my Lord Chamberlain was placed; Mr. Chancellor in the middle on his right hand, and the writer on the left. "The said Mr. Chancellor, after he had order to speak, he failed not to set forth the most efficace and best pronounced oration that I have heard; and as much worthy laud, as well for the curious composition, as for his reverent and orderly demeaning of the same." He was answered by the Provost of Felkyrke, taliter qualiter. Then "the Emperor rose, and came to the place where my Lord Chamberlain and we stood, and there talked a good season much familiarly with my said Lord, and after gave him licence to depart because he had not dined."
About two, went to Sion's lodgings, where Mr. Chancellor had a long communication with him, and delivered the King's letter. That day the King Catholic left, and the Emperor next day for the Castle of Villeforde, where he will give audience to the French ambassadors and return tonight. Begs he may come to England, as the King has sufficient personages there, and he has been absent seven years. Malines, 1 Feb. 1517.
P.S.—Encloses the Emperor's proposition, of which he had spoken in his letters from Dwre and Maestrich, with Sion's answer in Latin, which he has translated into English, that the King may more facily understand their imagination.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
1 Feb.
Galba. B. v. 33.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 29th. The King met the Emperor at Lyere. Had a conference next day with him, in presence of Chievres, the Chancellor, Montaynny, the Governor of Bresse, Fyllinger, the audiencer, and Master Hans Renner. The Emperor expressed his satisfaction at the proceedings in France. Yesterday both Princes came to Mechlin, and gave audience to the English ambassador and the proposition of the Master of the Rolls in the Archduchess presence. The King returned yesternight, and this morning, about ten, started with the French ambassadors for Wylworde, where the Emperor is expected. A friend brought him the original letter, written by the Bp. of Trent to the Catholico, 16 Jan., stating that he had delivered Verona to Lotrecte, in performance of the treaty. Though this occurred six days ago no one believed it. As the cause of discord between the French and the Emperor is thus removed, and all pretexts for invading the duchy of Milan, it is thought that the meeting will ensue, and the French obtain their wishes. So think Merlion and the Audiencer, who state that about the 15th of this month the Emperor will go to Cambray.
His ambassadors have delivered the confirmation of the peace to Francis, and received his oath. The consignation of Verona to the French has been without the Cardinal of Sion's knowledge, who is greatly dissatisfied, and has thus lost his hopes of being restored to his property in the duchy of Milan. Lotrecte disbursed 30,000 crowns of gold at the reception of Verona. Chievres and the Chancellor are in greater favor than ever. The Emperor and the Catholico will preserve their amity with England, and, saving "the clause that your grace doth wot of, the King shall confirm the new confederation." The Emperor waits for the arrival of certain princes before making his entry into Brussels. Brussels, 1 Feb. 1516.
Hol., one sentence in cipher, pp. 4.
2 Feb.
Galba, B. v. 40.
B. M.
Has spoken privately to the Emperor touching the promises made by the Cardinal of Sion in his name to the King. The Emperor affirms he will make his promise good, and arrange his nephew's Council. Worcester sees no appearance of it. Does not repeat what has been written to the King, as Wolsey will see it. Praises Tunstal's speech at the audience, which was wonderfully satisfactory to all who understood him. Has not made known his secret credence to any except the Emperor, the Lady Margaret and Cardinal Sion; not even to the Master of the Rolls, who, he thinks, ought to know it. Malines, 2 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
3 Feb.
Galba, B. v. 51.
B. M.
Grieves at the present condition of Christendom, as he hears that the Pope, at the commencement of the next session in March, has determined to break up the Council of the Lateran. Has instructed his ambassadors at Rome to dissuade the Pope from his design. Has written to Henry to the same effect, and begs that Wolsey will co-operate. Mechlin, 3 Feb. 1517. 31 reg. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
3 Feb.
Galba, B. v. 45.
B. M.
On 30 Jan. my Lady sent to advertise them that the Emperor would come from Lyre and Mechlin, and desired to see them. They had audience the next day,—present, the King Catholic, my Lady, the two Cardinals and others. Offered him their letters and congratulations, saying how much he had done to advance the house of Austria, and that their master desired the Emperor would send some secret councillor to hear more fully of his success: to which he made a gracious answer. Thereupon the Lord Chamberlain delivered him the King's letter written with his own hand, and his secret credence. Next day delivered Sion his letters, thanking him for the pains he had taken, desiring his advice how to compass a meeting between the Emperor and the Kings of Castile and England, break the French alliance, remove the councillors, and confirm the amity: to which Sion assented. They told him that when at Brussels they heard that Verona was delivered to the French, and the Emperor had sent a commission to France to ratify the treaty of Noyon. Gurk replied that Maximilian was sound in his affection to England, and that when he conversed with him on the subject of France, he answered, "Why ween ye, my lord, that I, which have been these thirty years past an evil Frenchman, am now changed within thirty days? Nay, fear ye not: I am not, I assure you." And as to Verona, he said that he had been induced to surrender it to his nephew, in a manner compelled by the perverse importunity of his Council, and finding it too chargeable to keep it himself; (fn. 1) and that the garrison were with the Duke of Urbino, and the Venetians were like to use them for the recovery of Ravenna and other lands of the Pope. They told him that Lewis Maroton had asked for the 10,000 florins promised the Emperor, which have been paid to my Lady. On which Gurcke said he had promised the Emperor 10,000 florins in the King's name, but what Lady Margaret might have promised he knew not; and he hoped the King would make his promise good.
The same evening had a private audience with the Emperor, expressing how much their King was pleased at Sion's offer, and how he desired nothing so much as to see him personally; and putting him in mind of the promise the Emperor had made to that effect by Wingfield, said, that considering the fatigues he had had in coming to these parts, and his age, the King, who, thanked be God, is young and lusty, would cross the sea for a personal conference with the Emperor wherever he would appoint. As Gurcke was present, said no more, not knowing whether he was still favorable to France as in the days of King Lewis. They then reminded him how, at his suggestion, Henry had been willing to enter into a stricter league with the King of Castile, but the confirmation of it had still been delayed. Said they had received information how the Prince of Castile had given commission to the Provost of Louvaine to ratify the treaty of Noyon, and had delivered Verona to France; but, considering how damaging this would be to his nephew, and contrary to the Emperor's promise, they could not believe these reports. Seeing, also, that his heir, the King of Castile, was eighteen years old, and his spouse ten months, they insisted on the inconveniences of the marriage, especially if she should prove to be deformed. On this the Emperor, taking the advice of my Lady and the two Cardinals, expressed his love for England, said he would consider about the interview, and speak to the King of Castile about the confirmation; that he was quite aware of the subtle practices of the French; and that he would never do anything contrary to his agreements with England. At this audience Worcester gave his private credence. The Emperor said he would give audience to the French at Filford. Tunstal reminded Sion of what the Emperor had said touching matters between himself and France, and that he had affirmed they were not contrary to his engagements with England, "which I shewed unto him was so dark, that we wit not what it meant, but glad would we be for avoiding of all sinister suspicion to know what matters those were." He answered, he thought the Emperor meant the negotiations of the French to obtain his approval of the treaty of Noyon, as his nephew had done, though he would not enter it himself: but he said the Emperor would never make any peace with England without the consent of France.
Dr. Tunstal on the same day had an audience with my Lady, who told him that after their departure "the Emperor walked in a chamber apart alone, a good space musing, she and the Cardinal Sedunensis talking together in the meantime; and that after she had perceived the Emperor to be in such a deep thought she asked him whereon he mused. He said that many phantasies ran in his mind, and even then chiefly he thought by what means he might so order himself that it might both satisfy your grace and not miscontent the Frenchmen, but to satisfy them also; demanding of her, smiling, in case that it could not be brought about, that both might be contented, but that the one must needs be displeased, to whether of both she would counsel him to incline. "Whereunto she answered that she thought he made that demand rather to prove her wit withal than that greatly he himself thereof doubted." She told him of the wrongs he had suffered from the French, and if she put them together "it would make a book which should be three fingers thick: whereas if the promises by them to him made and kept were gathered together he might comprise them in one sheet of paper and less," &c. "Whereunto he said, I thought your tale would run to that purpose, but yet I would it were looked upon how all might be well brought to pass." Therefore she requested Tunstal, when they had communication with the Emperor, to desire him plainly not to insist upon their writing to the King what was not true, "as I trust" (says Tunstal) "we shall not, nor should not, albeit her counsel thereto had not been given us."
On Candlemas day the Emperor went to church with his garter and collar, and told Worcester he should not leave those parts until he saw the King of Castile in Spain, and his brother Ferdinand here: then, he doubted not, all would go well. After dinner the Emperor sent for Wingfield, and proposed that the Prince of Castile should send two commissioners, England two, of whom Sion should be one, and the Emperor two, of whom Gurk should be one, to discuss the ratification, which, however, he was resolved to have passed. Mechlin, 3 Feb. Signed.
P.S.—Has presented his letters to Gurk, requesting his favourable interposition.
Pp. 12, mutilated.
3 Feb.
Galba, B. V. 41.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 1st, enclosing the proposition made to Cardinal Sion, stating that the King left to give audience to the Abp. of Paris, which he did, booted and spurred, and returned the same night. The Archduchess is in nowise refrigerate in the perfect love she has to the King. Expressed his surprise to her "that [in] her letters she had so often assured the Emperor of six thousand florins, by means of which I, seeing the Emperor desirous to descend, and in necessity of the said sum, bound myself to the Fukkers that the said sum should be paid unto th[em] by her grace before the end of October last past; and that whereas the factor of the said Fukkers have now been with me, showing that the said sum is neither paid by her grace, nor yet direct answer made unto them how or where it should be paid," I said I would not have done so had I not been convinced that the money was in her hands. She stated her surprise that the money was so long unprovided, and other sums that were promised her had not been forthcoming, and that she had sent to the King, or at least to Hesdin, the letter Wingfield had written to her on the subject. Was present yesterday at an audience with Gurk and Bp. Colonna, who made overtures for a general peace. Sion told him that in the private audience he had had with the Chancellor the latter much praised the amity of England. The Emperor having ordered all out of the room, except my Lady, Wingfield and the two Cardinals, then began to state the purpose of his communing with them at Dwre and Mastryk, and why he could not speak with him before, and what difficulty there was in ratifying the league. Whereupon Sion delivered a paper, of which he sends a copy. He spoke well and to the purpose, and so did the Emperor in reply. It was resolved, in conclusion, that two persons should be dispatched to the Prince's Council to "enwcleate" the matter, with this intent, that not only the treaty of Noyon, but that between Henry VII. and King Philip, should be sent him to ascertain whether there be any contradiction in the two.
Yesterday he, the Master of the Rolls and the Lord Chamberlain went to the Court, when the Emperor said to the last-named they were companions for that day, because both wore the Order of the Garter, and furthermore said "that the Duke of Brunswick, which supped with him the night before, had said unto him [that] because his majesty had so late given hearing to the French that [he] seemed to feel a great savor of the same, wherefore his majesty sa[id] to have put roses about his neck that morning, to the enten[t] that by their sweet savor the French odor might be ta[ken] away, with many other merry and well set words." In their order to church went the Archduchess in her horse litter, and her ladies in charge, and sat in the roodloft. Then came the Emperor, with Sion on his right and the Lord Chamberlain on his left. Next before the sword, the Cardinal Gon[salvo with] the Pope's ambassador on his right, and the Duke of Brunswick on his left; next before them, Mr. Vice-chancellor and the writer. In the chancel the Emperor sat on the right side of the choir, in the highest place, towards the altar. Next to him, in the stall adjoining, my Lord Chamberlain, then the Duke, the Vice-chancellor and Wingfield. On the opposite side were the two Cardinals and the Pope's ambassador. Tapers were prepared, all of a sort, with the arms painted in paper. At the conclusion Bannissis read a letter, from the Pope, dated 20 Jan., and a letter from the Count de Carpi, the ambassador at Rome, replenished with demonstration at the Pope's perplexity, and praying for aid against the Turks, by the Duke of Urbino, showing the perils of Naples, &c. Wingfield desired the Emperor to consider whether it were better for the French to show his venom now, when his majesty had England to back him, or when the King had cut his way out of this labyrinth. M[alines], 3 Feb. 1517.
P.S.—This 4th day the Emperor has gone to Antwerp.
Hol., pp. 7, mutilated. Add. Endd.: My Lord Chamberlain, the 2nd of Feb.
3 Feb.
P. S.
2867. For GEO. BILLINGTON, clk.
Presentation to the church of Grafton Fleforde, Worc. dioc. vice Ric. Grey, clk. Windsor Castle, 8 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25; and p. 2, m. 5.
4 Feb.
R. O.
Wrote last from Dwre in Juliers on 17 Jan. Has since written several letters to the King, the last this day. Is glad to be so much nearer home than he has been for a long time, and trusts shortly to be with the King and Wolsey now that his place is supplied by other ambassadors. Malines, 4 Feb. 1517.
Transmits a letter from Cardinal Sion.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
4 Feb.
Galba, B. V. 52.
B. M.
2869. SION to WOLSEY.
Knows not how to thank him. As the King and Wolsey profess that the success of this affair depends upon his faith, he'll pray that that faith may grow like the grain of mustard seed in the Gospel. Will only now touch on those matters that refer to the surrender of Verona. The Emperor had delivered it to the King Catholic from urgent necessity, not expecting he would surrender it for three months, until affairs had been established; and under the same urgency the Emperor consented that the King Catholic should treat for peace with France, on condition that he should do what accorded with the honor of the three sovereigns: but his most perfidious Council would not supply the pay for the garrison at Verona, so that, unless it had been given to the French, the soldiers would have surrendered it, and the French have been masters of the Tyrol. On the 8th Verona belonged to the Emperor: on the 9th to the King Catholic: on the 15th to the French: on the 17th to the Venetians. He has been obliged to act like the beaver. It is clear now in what way the French are likely to keep their promises to the King Catholic, and that they will not allow the Emperor a foot of land in Italy; now the Pope's neutrality leaves him prey to both parties. Now Naples hangs upon a thread. Now two wolves, the Venetians and the French, divide Italy between them. The Turks have already appeared. Francis de Ruer, with the connivance of the French, has collected troops to attack the Church. The Venetians seized Ravenna on 20 Jan. Hopes they will not obtain Romandiola. The Duke of Ferrara has seized upon Modena; Francis de Ruer, Urbino and Rimini; the Frenchmen, Florence; and the Bentivogli will aim at Bologna. The Pope has written for aid to the Emperor, whose dull eyes are now open. The Pope will soon demand a league: the Swiss will concur. The Emperor will have the ratification from the King Catholic. All the open and secret treaties had with England, of which Sion spoke to Wolsey, will proceed for certain. The French ambassadors will be dismissed. As he was writing, his messengers had come from Gueldres, stating that the Duke would abandon Friesland and submit to the terms dictated by the Emperor. Mechlin, 4 Feb. 1517. Signed.
Lat., part cipher; pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: Card. Ebor.
Kent.—John Bp. of Rochester, Th. Prior of St. John's, Geo. Nevell Lord Bergevenny, Th. Broke Lord Cobham, Wm. Prior of Rochester, Ric. Prior of Ledes, Wm. Abbot of Lesnes, Sir John Fyneux, Rob. Blagge, John Roper, John Hales and Wm. Draper, for the district extending from Westgrenewiche to Onynborough, and thence to Maydeston. Westm., 4 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12d.
R. O.
Fidde's Life of
Wolsey, Col. p. 18.
2871. [HENRY VIII.] to [the BP. OF WORCESTER].
Complains of certain bulls having been granted to the pretended Bp. of Tournay derogatory to his royal prerogative, and that Worcester had allowed them to pass without opposition or giving any notice. If the Bishop be not admitted by the King's captains and soldiers he is enabled to call in other powers and sow discord between his majesty and the Kings of France and Castile. Complains of meeting such a return from the Pope for all the good he has done to the Church, stirring the King's own subjects and others against him, and revoking the authority granted at his majesty's instance to the Cardinal Abp. of York. Unless Worcester hereafter take better care, and obtain revocation of the said bull, the King will provide himself another agent. How he shall further order himself, he will be advertised by letters of the Cardinal of York, whose directions he is to follow as if they came from the King.
Draft, partly in Tuke's hand, pp. 7. Dated in margin, "January 1517."
Harl. 297. f. 69.
B. M.
Copy of the above.
Pp. 9.
5 Feb.
R. O.
Has sent to enquire what preparations the French are making by sea and land. Th. Prout, the bearer, "doth repair at this time into these parts for to adjoin with Sir Hugh Conwey in his account for such intermeddling as he had in the receipt of Mark and Oye for the year past." Calais, 5 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York, Chancellor of England.
5 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 52.
2873. LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
The Bp. of Worcester has explained to him the King's displeasure, which the Pope would have felt strongly had he in conscience deserved it. Acknowledges the King's great services to the Holy See. There is no labor or peril he would not incur for the sake of his majesty. The Pope consented to the King's desire that the administration of the church of Tournay should be given to Wolsey, then elect of Lincoln, now Abp. of York, and sent a breve accordingly, especially as the elect of the church refused the administration. But when, after the peace, there was no ground for suspicion, and justice was demanded of him, what could the Pope do? If, in obtaining the letters, any circumstances were falsely stated or suppressed, the King can appeal. The letters were merely formal, and contained nothing extraordinary. The clause relative to the secular arm, considered so suspicious, was not added de industria, and need not annoy the King, for whose peace the Pope is much concerned, seeing he owes so much to his valor. With regard to the revocation of the administration of the aforesaid Cardinal of York, if the Pope had known the pertinacity of the elect of Tournay in refusing the oath of allegiance, and his endeavors to rouse the citizens to rebellion, he never would have granted him his letters, or recalled the said administration. He now suspends the letters for four months, non obstantibus quibuscunque. Rome, 5 Feb. 1517, 4 pont.
Lat., vellum, mutilated. Add.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the above.
Vellum, mutilated. Add.
5 Feb.
P. S.
2874. For ROB. BROGRAVE and KATHARINE his wife.
Custody of Joan widow of Jas. Twichet, Lord Audeley, during her lunacy. Greenwich, 18 Jan. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 22.
Pardon for having, without licence, acquired from Sir Giles Alyngton and Mary his wife, to themselves and the heirs of the said Philip Calthorp, the maner, &c. of Little Wilmondeley with lands in Great Wilmondeley, and the advowson of the priory of Wylmondeley, Herts. Westm., 5 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
5 Feb. 2676. For JOHN HYDE of Coventry, skinner.
Pardon for killing Wm. Quyn of Bristol, tailor, near the banks of the Frome, Bristol. Westm., 5 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
6 Feb.
Er. Ep. I. 17.
Excuses himself for not answering the letters of Erasmus before, but was ashamed of his barbarous style. However, he has been commanded by Francis I. to inquire of Erasmus upon what terms he is willing to take up his residence in France; as William Petit, the King's confessor, and Francis Rochefort, his tutor, when a boy, had urged the King at mass (quum sacris adesset) to invite Erasmus into France. Paris, 8 id. Feb.
6 Feb.
R. O.
Has come to Zurich, as much to the suspicion of his friends as of his enemies. Is the only one who has proffered sincere service to Pace: all the other exiles look only to their own interests. Galeaz Visconti has gone over to the French. Is ready to do whatever Wolsey commands him, but requires some speedy provision for his support. Qui cito facit his facit. Pace and Ammonius will tell him more. Zurich (Turegi), 6 Feb. 1517.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Card. Ebor., &c.
7 Feb.
Vit. B. III. 119.
B. M.
Rym. XIII. 604.
Expresses his anxiety to serve the King, in return for the many favors he has received. In the administration of Tournay he had done all in his power, although little remained for him to do, as the affair had been left in the hands of the Pope, from whose letters, as well as Worcester's, the King will have learnt the history of that business. Will do his best to comply with the King's request in relation to the see of Llandaff, to which Master George Actea (Athequa) has been promoted. Rome, 7 Feb. 1517.
7 Feb.
R. O.
Defends the Pope for what he had done in the matter of the elect of Tournay. No other course was possible. The Bp. of Worcester will certify the writer had done all he could to satisfy Wolsey. Recommends to him Aloysius de Rossi. Rome, 7 Feb. 1517. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: T. Car. Ebor.
7 Feb.
P. S.
2881. For SIR WM. TYLER.
Wardship of Anne d. and h. of John Tempest, s. and h. of Rob. Tempest and Kath. de Lalond, late wife of the said Robert: on surrender of patent 22 June 5 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 31 July 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
7 Feb.
P. S.
Wardship of Margaret, sister of the above-mentioned Anne. Greenwich, 31 July 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.
Pat. ib.
7 Feb.
P. S.
2883. For HEN. PAGE, yeoman of the Bottles.
Annuity of 10 marks out of the issues of Denbigh. Greenwich, 22 Oct. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.
7 Feb. 2884. For TH. DAUBENEY of Wareslowe, Staff., weaver.
Pardon for killing Henry Baresford of Astholme, Staff. Westm., 7 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
7 Feb.
P. S.
2885. For WM. BENBOWE of London, brewer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 3 Feb. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 7.
8 Feb.
Vit. B. III. 112.
B. M.
Has received his letters touching the revocation of the administration of Tournay, "wherein your highness imputeth [and] ascribez unto my your poore liegeman and dayly orator the culpe ... cause of perfidie, infidelite and negligens in this behalf anenst your m[ost] noble grace." Considering the services of himself and his predecessors for forty years, he never could have expected this proof of the King's anger, which will abbreviate the days of his life; and if the Pope have made this exorbitant revocation he did so without Worcester's knowledge, so craftily that it was impossible for him to "impeditt" the same. This undeserved "culpe" therefore must not be ascribed to him. He never represented other than the truth when he stated that the Pope was friendly to the King, though the King now accuses him of the contrary. He cannot sufficiently express the favorable terms that the Pope has always used, "insomuch that divers times I have seen him holding up his [hands] towards the heaven, saying those words, 'O Almighty God, ut[inam] ille rex Angliæ war somewhat nerer to us for to have his f[avor] and succor in our occurrents. Then the Holy Church would be in more ... and surety under the protection, umbre and chadow, of the said m[ost] virtuous King."
After receiving his letter remonstrated with the Pope for what he had done in revocation of the Cardinal of York in favor of the Bp. of Tournay, and told him how the King complained "dolently" of his violating his promise, condemning him for his "odious inimicity." The Pope answered that he had promised to do whatever was reasonable in his treaty with the French King, and guaranteed the revocation, without sufficient deliberation, to avoid the danger he anticipated from France; begs the King will excuse him if he cannot altogether condescend to his wishes. If the fortune of France change he will annihilate the revocation, and restore the administration to Wolsey in amplissima forma. On Worcester asserting he would not be satisfied with such a promise, but consider such conduct as injurious to his prince, "with a sorry and full displeasant heart his holiness answered me that as now had no remedy in this behalf, without yt war with his perpetual destruction;" and he remitted Worcester to the Cardinal of Ancona, to see what remedy could be found per viam juris, of which Worcester has written to Wolsey. Nothing more can be done at present. Sorry as he is to have given offence, he will be content if the King will send another man out of his realm more fit than he for that office, without remitting any of the zeal that he feels for the King's service.
The Pope has expressed his desire for the establishment of a league between the Emperor and the Kings of England and Castile; for which purpose the Emperor had gone to Flanders. The Duke of Urbino has raised a power, and will shortly recover his duchy. The Pope suspects he is backed by the French, notwithstanding that Francis had offered him the use of his men of war, and commanded the Lord of Utreke to be at his bidding. It is necessary the governors of the King of Castile should be changed, and the Emperor urged to do it. The Pope is extremely anxious for the confirmation of the league. Rome, 8 Feb. 1517. Signed and sealed.
Pp. 10, mutilated. Add.
8 Feb.
R. O.
Informs him of the death of Mr. Thomas Coleman, Master of St. Thomas's Hospital. Knows no Englishman in Rome worthy to succeed him. Rome, 8 Feb. 1517. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of England.
Vit. B. III. 120.
B. M.
The Pope is very anxious to have Chievres and the Chancellor removed. If the Emperor vacillates, the Pope must fall into the hands of the French, and then he can do nothing for England. Worcester had paid a visit to Prosper Colonna, who had spoken highly of England. He and his nephew the Bishop desire to serve the King. There was a report that the Turk had been defeated by the Mamelukes; that Alexandria and Cairo were held by 12,000 of them for the new Sultan, who had written to the master of Rhodes to rouse the whole of Christendom against the Turks. Thomas Coleman, Master of the English hospital, is dead. There are no persons fit to succeed him. The Bp. of Leghlin is an idle voluptuary, Penant is a fool, John Grigh stupid, and the suffragan of London unfit from his ignorance of the language. Thinks Master Bell, now Dean of the Arches, a more suitable person.
Lat., in the hand of Ammonius; pp. 2, mutilated.
Vit. B. III. 117.
B. M.
2889. [Extracts from letters of the BP. OF WORCESTER.]
The Pope is extremely sorry for the revocation of the administration of Tournay, and says he was compelled to it by the French to save the Papacy. He hears that the Emperor will not remain firm in his alliance with France, and has consequently ordered his ambassador Fra Nicholas to confirm him in this opinion. The Pope is afraid that for the restoration of Verona, and owing to the prodigality of the French and the promises made by Chievres, the Emperor will adhere to France. Is anxious that England should retain him in alliance, and the governors of the King Catholic be removed. Is sure that the French support the Duke of Urbino, not because they love him, he being the nephew of Julius, but to bring the Pope to their feet; that by fomenting the rebellion in the Romagna they might have him for their vassal; and that Dominus de Wtretto (Lautrec) declared as much. When the Pope asked him for 6,000 or 8,000 troops for the defence of Urbino, Lautrec would grant no more than 3,000, and they treat the Pope only half civilly, as not wishing to lose him entirely. But for their aid, he could very easily defeat the pretender.
If England will make an alliance with the Emperor, France and the King Catholic, the Pope will join the confederacy. Hopes they will do all they can to disturb the conference at Cambray. The Pope is victimised by the French, who have denounced the Pragmatic Sanction. He told Worcester that he had accepted the treaty in the presence of a notary, and that he will not withdraw the Bp. of Veroli from the Swiss, as the French demand. News has come that the Duke of Urbino has possessed himself of the duchy. The Pope begs the King not to let his brief of exculpation be seen by anybody. Desires letters may be sent to Cardinal Surrentinus, and the other to whom the affair of Tournay has been intrusted. Worcester is sorry to find that he is suspected of favoring the French, whom he loves as the devil loves holy water.
Lat., in the hand of Ammonius, pp. 4.
Vit. B. III. 121.
B. M.
2890. [Extracts from letters of the BP. OF WORCESTER] to AMMONIUS.
" ... Febr. ex Urbe ad me datæ."
His grief will shorten his life by ten years. He is accused of infidelity to his prince, although it was he that obtained ... "an non ego obti ... tuitionem pro domino Wintoniensi defuncto Cardinale Eboracen. prors ... ignaro." It was he who procured the bulls for the collectorship and the suspension of the bull granted to the Bp. of Tournay. The Pope cannot satisfy Wolsey and the King in the business of Tournay, whilst the treaty remains intact between the French and the King Catholic. The former deny having assisted the old Duke of Urbino. The Pope will allow the lanzknechts they have lent him to advance only as far as Parma. He has written to the King Catholic to grant aid from Naples, who has courteously complied. All think that the French so regulate their conduct as to have the Pope at their beck. The new Duke of Urbino is levying troops against the old Duke, who will be soon defeated if not assisted by France. The Pope has received letters from Flanders of the 5th, stating that the Emperor will throw himself entirely into the arms of France. D. Pet[rus] Durea, Abp. of Syracuse, the ambassador of the King Catholic, looks entirely to C[hievres]. The other ambassador, who has been there for ten years, returns to Spain, and says he shall be choked with the praises of the French. Letters have come from Flanders of the 9th, stating that Gurk and Chievres have obtained their wish for a congress at Cambray.
"Litteræ datæ XX."
The Pope has received bad news from Flanders. He thinks, unless the Emperor have lost his senses, the alliance with France cannot stand. Gurk writes in his letters to the imperial ambassador that the congress will take place at Cambray. The Pope has promised that if Wolsey will send the proofs from Tournay, he will recall the bull conceded to the elect; and if some suitable provision can be made for D. Aloi[sius Rossi], he will not object to his resignation of his claim on St. Martin's. The Pope would be glad to know if England will lend him some few thousand ducats. He wants 20,000 for a year, and will give security. Worcester has informed the Pope that the King does not object to his sending indulgences thither for the building of St. Peter's. It is not altogether true, that the new Duke of Urbino has written that the Pope freely granted whatever was asked him touching the business of Tournay.
Lat., in the hand of Ammonius, pp. 6, mutilated.
8 Feb.
Galba, B. V. 54.
B. M.
On the 4th, Lewis Maroton came to Tunstal, and told him that persons about the Emperor were desirous to induce him to abandon England and agree with France, saying, as England broke the marriage of his sister with the King of Castile, married her to France, and made peace, without the knowledge of the Emperor, why should not he do the same? Maroton advised them to say, at their meeting with the Emperor privately, that the King had certain things to communicate to him at the interview. They do not intend to follow his advice. Tunstall said the interruption of the marriage was much against the King's will, and must be attributed to the Council of the King of Castile, who refused to bring him to Calais on the day appointed; and though they were bound by the treaty when the King was fourteen years old to have sent a procuration to England to espouse her per verba de presenti, they neglected to do so. Maroton answered, that the Count Palatine was commanded by the Emperor to execute that mission. Tunstal said they must bear the blame that did not execute it: the King was not apprised of it.
The same day the Emperor went to Antwerp to hear the overtures of the Duke of Gueldres, and returns to morrow. 75,000 crowns have been brought for his use to Brussels, on condition that he should swear to the peace of Noyon; the Bishop of Paris is to receive his oath. The influence of Chievres and the Chancellor has been much increased since his coming. Tunstal went to Sion, and begged him not to dissemble the truth. He said that the money was due to the Emperor for delivering Verona; that he would not accept the peace, and if he swore it never so much he would not keep it; that he had gone from Bruges to Antwerp out of displeasure to the King of Castile for delivering Verona; that Ravenna was recovered from the Venetians; and that Naples was in danger. They doubt his word. The King of Castile's council stiffly oppose confirmation of the amity with England. Will urge the Emperor to keep his promise without showing they distrust him. He has had search made of the treaties between England and Burgundy, by which he intends to convict the King of Castile's Council. Do not intend to be present at the interview, that the Emperor may not make it appear as if he had done his best. So long as the confirmation does not follow, they "will threpe upon him," he has not done so. If the Emperor merely try persuasion he will not prevail; and though his dominions are in much greater danger by the delivery of Verona his councillers are as obstinate as ever. Now that Verona is delivered, if the King of Castile confirm the league he will make England his shot anchor against France. If he refuse he will be obliged to please France in all things. Would be glad to know the King's mind as to future proceedings. The Emperor sends a letter. Mechlin, 8 Feb. Signed by Worcester only.
Pp. 3, mutilated.
Galba, B. V. 56.
P.S.—Before closing their letter Sion sent for Tunstal, and made him a long discourse of the Pope having spent 500,000 ducats left by Pope Julius, and being much behindhand; that he had forsaken the Emperor, who had remained faithful to England, and was compelled to draw back; that, as the money promised had not come to the Swiss, had the Emperor tarried two days longer, Galeas would have betrayed him—so Brescia was lost; that his nephew would no longer help him, &c., for this reason, he was compelled to listen to the French for a time; that the Emperor proposed the arbitrament for confirmation of the treaty should be referred to himself, and he would give it in the King's favor. Then he said, that the Emperor would meet the King of England at some place to be appointed, and perform such promises as had been secretly made, &c. &c. "Whereupon (says Tunstal) I, marking well his aforesaid progress, and whereunto it sounded, showed him that what other secret promises was made by the Emperor to your grace I know not; but I understood that one was the said Emperor should not enter the peace of Noyon, nor no peace with France without your grace's consent; which, if he knew that either the Emperor had entered already, or else would enter it, I prayed him for the great trust and confidence which your grace put in him to advertise your grace thereof." He then said the Emperor had ratified the treaty of Noyon already. Tunstal said that was against the Emperor's promise. He said, No; "that the Emperor, by restoring 50,000 florins which he hath ready for your grace," might do what he liked with Verona; and that if the King would be counselled by the Emperor, he would obtain his wishes; that as to removing the councillors, the Emperor "could be angry and smite off heads," but he must do "all things after an order," &c. Thus the King will see his promises are not like to be performed.
When the Emperor returns they mean to be plain with him. Tunstal demanded that Sion should write of the ratification of Noyon to the King. They think, when affairs are ruined, to remedy it all by bringing England to make war with France, as in the last war. The restoration of the Venetian power in Italy will be of great service to the French. On telling the Archduchess the circumstance, she said, "that men might say of the Emperor what they will: ofttimes they that ween be most surest of him be furthest from their purpose of him." She says that the Emperor expects a visit from the Duke of Gueldres, whom he hopes to wean from France. Tunstal thinks he is more likely to wean the Emperor. This second part written 9th February in the morning. Signed by both.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
8 Feb.
Galba, B. V. 58.
Have received his letters dated 30 Jan., desiring Sir Robert Wingfield may be made privy to their instructions because of his credit with the Emperor. He will see by their letters to the King how matters stand. Expect no overture from the Emperor touching the reformation of the treaty of Noyon. Worcester has not with him the book devised for appointing the lodgings at the meeting between the Emperor and the King at Calais on the marriage of the French Queen with the Prince of Castile. It is among his evidences at home. Hears that a fi. fa. has been issued against him in his absence for alienations of his lands in Suffolk and Norfolk. Will be able to produce the King's licence for the same, besides the pardon that was last granted. Mechlin, 8 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
8 Feb.
On the 3rd, Lewis Maraton showed him an acquittance from the Emperor, desiring him to deliver the 10,000 ft. to Lady Margaret's secretary to the Emperor's use. Paid the secretary next day at the rate of 35 patars a crown, and so has saved the King by the rate of exchange as before. The crowns and the nobles are now cried down, which is no small loss. Mechlin, 8 Feb.
Hol., part cipher, deciphered by Tuke, p. 1. Add.: [My] Lord Cardinal of York.
8 Feb. Galba, B. V. 60. B.M. 2894. SIR ROBERT WINGFIELD to WOLSEY.
Wrote last [the 4th] of this month from Malines, and at the same time to the King. Encloses a letter from the Cardinal of Sion. On the 6th the Emperor sent for him. Was with him at Antwerp. Lord Berghes left on his arrival. Received a packet from the Emperor from his ambassadors in England. Found in his pocket a letter from Wolsey to the Cardinal, one to Worcester, one to himself, and one from Brian Tuke. Showed Wolsey's letter to him, expressing satisfaction at the Emperor's proceedings, who expressed in return his rooted affection for the King of England. He said the matters now in hand are of so perilous a sort that dissimulation must be used, and that if the King would trust him all would be well, and a firm alliance established. Yesterday returned to Mechlin, and delivered the letters. Has seen their instructions. Thinks there is no fault in Sion. The enemy are well provided with two swords, "cawtelous" craft, which they have continued for 400 years, and largition of money. Malines, 8 Feb.
P.S.—This want of money "qwadryth" not well with the King's honor. Fukker's factor calls upon him every day for the 6,000 florins. If it be the King's pleasure that he be attached and laid in prison for it, he will bear it with the best patience possible.
Hol., pp. 5, mutilated. Add.: Lord Cardinal's grace.
9 Feb.
Vit. B. III. 168.
B. M.
Refers to some [packet] which the Bernardini had expected on the 22nd of last month. Speaks of the defeat of the Turk, on his road to Cairo, by the Mamelukes. Thos. Colman, master of the hospital, was buried today; Wolsey's scholar and servant. He died on the 12th, of the sweating sickness; was badly treated. Never saw a more robust body carried off so suddenly. The hospital is in very evil plight. The few English here do nothing but eat and drink, run riot and abuse each other. Master John Gryghe, who professes to be a servant of Canterbury, is very urgent to be admitted; "ma e una bestia et matto publico, come Magistro Bello vi puo informare, et poco nostro amico." Is to pray Wolsey to have compassion on this poor hospital, which must otherwise go to ruin. Recommends Fra Nicolas, who, he hears, is going into England. Some reference (unintelligible) to Lincoln and Ely and the church of Salisbury. He (Fra Nic.?) is commissioned to make instance with the King in a matter in which the Pope feels great interest. Signor Paulo is driven mad with this affair of Balbi, and complains of being continually deluded. Has expedited the matter of Erasmus. Wishes to receive by Campucci certain sums he has expended. Has not sent the brief into Flanders to Erasmus, because it must come from Ammonius; "perche lo dispensiate, evipoi [u]naltro breve che lo dispensa haver mille duchati ... buon filii che solo questo non lare (?) con 300 ducati, ne ... cio alcuno che per breve non se ha apersona, sinon . . . spetialissima gratia; ora io non so che grad . . . avero da dicto Erasmo, ma bene so che beato a lui . . . sono stato qui io a questo tempo, ma sia come simul . . . basta haver servito voi che desidero servire."
Has received a most bitter letter respecting the revocation granted by the Pope to the French [touching the bishopric of Tournay]. Professes his entire ignorance of the whole proceedings, however incredible it might seem that the Pope should pass a bull, and he should be ignorant of it. Expresses his great grief that it should have occurred.
"Parmi Messer Aluiso Giberaleon habbi presso controvato unmodo di servire W." Has thanked Prosper Colonna for having spoken honorably of the King to the Pope. He proffers his services to Henry, and has requested his nephew, Bp. Colonna, not to leave Flanders till he has first gone to visit the King. Worcester must have money to prosecute the Cardinal's causes. He has spent 50 ducats, and promised 100 ducats to the Cardinal of Ancona, "quale non vuole essere nominato per ha ... favorevole et con il papa et del suo consiglio qual ... e doctissimo." The Cardinal of Arragon thanks Ammonius for the service done the Queen who was the [wife] of Frederic.
Begs he will make a summary of what he wrote to him in cipher, for the King and Cardinal. Complains of the "iniquissime parole" of that scoundrel, Brian Tuke. The rout of the Turks was false, but their affairs with the Soldan were not so hopeful as was stated. Alexandria still holds out. The Mamelukes at Cairo are fortifying themselves with the help of the Arabs. The Turk is afraid to cross the desert. The Soldan has demanded aid of the Rhodians, and has written throughout Christendom that his destruction will be our downfall (?) Will require money for the dispensation; nothing can be done without it. Here follows a passage, unintelligible, relating to Mons. de Medici, and ending with the words "that scoundrel Burbank." (fn. 2) Does not know under Heaven a greater dissembler. Thinks himself very badly used. Is in want of a scribe. Luizo is looking out for him. Everybody wonders that the Emperor has had to give up Verona, although he pretends the contrary. The Pope hopes to take advantage of the troubles of the Duke of Urbino, and chase him from his dukedom.
Has written to the King two letters, one in Latin, the other in English, de verbo ad verbum. Has also written to the Cardinal in Latin, partly in cipher. Begs Ammonius will put it into order. Hopes the news about the agreement of the Emperor and Catholic King with France is not true, because the Pope will be left at their mercy. For God's sake, remember at once the 50 ducats I have spent. Has not had time to get transcribed a cipher to the Cardinal, which is written in Italian. Begs Ammonius to put it into Latin, and to make a summary of that which comes to Ammonius in Italian and cipher.
The Pope is not satisfied with the answer sent to him about the abbey of Tournay, and complains that the promise made to him of the half disme has not been kept. Sends him the letter he has received from Brian Tuke. Makes his excuses to W. that he has not written to him by this post.
(fn. 3) A bishop vicar of Trim (?) and suffragan of London, is a candidate for the hospital. He is an active man, and partly understands the language. Master Penant, another candidate, is worthless. If Grygh were made custos, it could not be in worse hands. The Pope is very much disappointed about the affair of Urbino.
Speaks of some proceedings of Cardinal Hadrian, and of a correspondence of a monk with Cardinal de Medici, which he thinks is a trap. Rome, 9 Feb. 1517. Signed: "Infelix Silvester."
Hol., pp. 12. Badly written and much mutilated, so that the sense is very obscure.
10 Feb.
Giust. Desp. II. 29.
2896. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Has heard, from Badoer, of the entry of Lautrec and Gritti into Verona; thought it so important that he resolved to report it to the King. "So, on the following morning, though I could not go to Greenwich by water, owing to the very thick ice, the journey by land likewise being difficult on account of the frozen dangerous roads, I, however, rode thither," and communicated the news. The The King remained quite surprised and struck with astonishment, repeating several times, "How can this be?" as by the advices he had received it was impossible. On asking Sebastian's authority, he said, "Verily, the Emperor has been deceived by the King of France, and I know how." When Sebastian asked him, he said, "I do not know for certain, but I suspect it; and things uncertain ought not to escape the lips of a King;" adding with a smile, "Let who will be deceived, your Signory, who has obtained Verona, is not that one."
Sent his secretary to Wolsey, who made him show Badoer's letter, which astonished him to the utmost. His secretary told him it had been his master's intention to have made the announcement himself, thinking it would prove very acceptable: to which Wolsey made answer, that he rejoiced at it; but he spoke very coldly. The secretary told him also the success of Sultan Selim. Believes the Court is very much vexed, except the Bp. of Winchester, who has always been opposed to the Emperor. Thinks he will not be able to talk with the Lords till after the 15th. Certain councils are held, which keep them occupied all day. Truce is negotiating with Scotland, and two agents are here for that purpose. They desire it should remain in force until St. John's Day, next June; whereas England insists it shall last till St. Andrew's Day. London, 10 Feb. 1517.
10 Feb.
Vit. B. III. 12.
B. M.
2897. _ to WOLSEY.
This day arrived at Lyons. Found a courier going to England, and could not let him start without a letter. Thanks Wolsey for the kind letter he had written with his own hand to Worcester, of which Ammonius told him. Expects to be shortly at Rome. Lyons, 10 Feb. 1516.
Lat., p. 1, badly mutilated. Add.: Tho. Card. Ebor.
10 Feb.
Otho, C. IX. 33.
By a boat from Damiata they have learned that on the 18th ... the Turk and the Sultan commenced war before Cairo, where the Egyptians were put to flight. The Mongarbini would not permit the Sultan to enter Cairo, and took part with the Turks. The Sultan has fled towards Sait to Heliopolis, which commands the Nile. After a second defeat by the Turk they report that he has gone to Sidon to seek help from the Sophi. The Turk has slain many Mamelukes and 40,000 of the common people. The roads are putrid with human blood. The governor appointed by him in Damiata has licensed all merchants to come and go, except the Rhodians. The knights, with their fleet of seventeen sail, are expecting the transit of the Turkish fleet, which had assaulted them on the 5th of this month, but without any success. Rhodes, 10 Feb. 1517. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
10 Feb.
Restitution of temporalities on election of John Ympingham, subprior, as abbot. Greenwich, 7 Feb. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
ii. Confirmation by Geoffrey Bp. of Coventry and Lichfield of the above election. London, 6 Feb. 1516.
10 Feb.
To be bailiff of the lordship of Cracall, in Richmondshire, vice Wylding. Greenwich, 2 Feb. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 Feb.
10 Feb.
2901. For RIC. LYSTER.
To be keeper of the New Park of Wakefield, vice Th. Compton, page of the Chamber. Greenwich, 26 Jan. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 Feb.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12.


  • 1. Fox's note in the margin: "Videntur ficta de traditione Veronæ."
  • 2. f. 172.
  • 3. f. 173.