Henry VIII: March 1517, 26-31

Pages 981-994

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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March 1517

26 March.
Tournay has sent a deputation to the King for expedition of certain matters touching the welfare of the city. Eucloses a copy of the answer given them. Would say nothing for the present of the question raised touching the maletolte. Such of the citizens as desire recompence for their houses razed must make application in the form prescribed. Are to declare the great expences of the King in maintaining the garrison and building the citadel; and as this is for the common benefit of all, the charge should not fall exclusively on the King; that recompense in such cases is made by common contribution, as in the city of London. He is to put them out of hope that they can claim any such recompence by right, and diminish the charges of the King as much as possible.
Has not made up his mind touching the reversion of the receivership requested by the town. Jerningham is to examine the point and the duties levied on forfeited lands granted to Richmond. Received his letters dated Tournay, 13 March, [stating the arrival of the King's packet by] William Bartilmewe, [and that the dismissal of] 300 foot and 100 horse before the finishing of the citadel would be dangerous. As by the late confederacy between the King, the Emperor and the King of Castile, each potentate is bound to assist the other, less danger is to be apprehended from France. Will be satisfied if Jerningham discharge 100 soldiers besides those lately discharged, till such time as the citadel is finished. Greenwich, 26 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Richard Jernyngham and other of our city of Tournay. Endd.
26 March.
R. O.
Received his letter dated Westminster, 19 March, with the answer of the burgesses of Tournay now resident at London, touching the revenues of the town. Will examine the matter with all diligence. Hoped to have had knowledge for the receiving of money for next quarter, which expires 3 April, and an answer from William Pawne about the advancement of the King's works. It is impossible to bring the payment to the half year, victuals are so dear, and no credit given, as Robert Kyrk can show. Has no money to lend them between payments; begs to have enough for the garrison and 100 laborers. Citadel of Tournay, 26 March.
Signed: Sir Richard Jarnegan, Sir Richard Whettehyll, Sir John Tremoyle, Thomas Hert, William Barthu.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cardinal of York. Endd.
27 March.
Er. Ep. VIII. 38.
Ammonius will scarcely credit into what troubles he has been brought by the envy of some theologians in these parts. Under the direction of Aten (Atensi duce), the more dangerous because he is a foe in the disguise of a friend, those of Louvain endeavoured to get up an attack on Erasmus sanctioned by the Pope and the King. Has dispersed this cloud by visiting Louvain, and partly by the favor of the nobles, and especially of the Bp. of Chieti. Is expecting the happy response (τον χρησμον τον σωτηριον). Should it prove unsuccessful it is all up with him, and Ammonius will have nothing to do but write his epitaph. Would rather have gone twice to Rome than endured this delay. Has placed St. Jerome in the hands of the booksellers that he may appear in a more becoming shape. Will send him a copy if he has not bought one. "Hasten that I may be safe and secure before Easter, and show yourself a genuine Æsculapius." France offers mountains, but his hands are tied. Begs he will send by More if he has any favorable news. Antwerp, 6 kal. [April.] 1516.
27 March.
Er. Ep. App. 123.
Could not, with the assistance of all the Muses, reply in the same style to the letter Erasmus wrote to him, among the littoral pirates of Calais, 6 kal. Sept. Sends him a copy of his work De Arte Cabalistica dedicated to Leo X. Speaks highly of his affection for Fisher Bp. of Rochester; but is afraid the Bishop would despise him if he saw him. Begs he will send a copy of his work to Fisher. 27 March 1517.
27 March.
Galba, B. v. 145.
The evening before their departure from B[russels], the Audiencer sent them copies of the treaties concluded at Cambray and Noyon to be returned. Enclose copy of the new treaty at Cambray. Henry will perceive from it that the King of Castile's governors are high in the Emperor's favor, that the promises made by Sion are not likely to be accomplished, and that the Emperor has dissembled with Henry, ever since December last, when his commissioners entered the peace of Noyon.
That evening Tunstal waited on the Cardinal to give him knowledge of their departure the next morning. The Cardinal said that he had tried to advance their matters with the Emperor, but found him disinclined; that what he had written to Wingfield he had learned from the Emperor's own mouth; that the ambassadors of the King of Poland, now with the Emperor, have come to demand the Lady Eleanor in marriage for their master, who is a man of 50; that the Portuguese ambassadors also make suite to have her for their prince; and also that the Turk has sent to Croatia with menaces of war unless 600 horses found in that country be given up. This last they believe to be a fiction contrived either by the French King and these Governors to get the Emperor into Germany, or by Maximilian himself, to ask money from Henry by terms of the last league for the defence of his dominions. Hear that the Turk is already at war with the Sultan and the Sophie. As to the meeting between Henry and the Emperor, the latter has always said he would first see this confirmation passed; and, as the King of Castile is not likely to be there, will not press him till he hear from Henry. Desire to know whether they shall follow the Emperor if he go next month into Almayn, as Master Spinelly has written, seeing that none of the matters for which they came over are likely to be accomplished.
Since the return of the King of Castile's Council from Cambray, the Emperor has apprised them, through various persons, that he has heard from France that forces are gathering in Champaigne; for what purpose he knows not. Think this is only intended to make Henry "seek more upon the Emperor." De la Roche says they are only the lanceknights from Italy, disbanded and coming homewards, with a few horsemen appointed by the French King to conduct them and prevent them doing mischief. The Bastard Emery gives them the like information. Norroy returned from the Emperor today, bringing a letter, which they enclose, appointing audience with them tomorrow at Lyer. Will tell him that Henry has consented to his request touching the compromise, ask him what they shall write to Henry, and thank him for his towardness in the best words they can. Mechlin, 27 March. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Part cipher, deciphered. Add.
27 March.
R. O.
Encloses further statements of Sir William Ponder since he wrote last. Cannot altogether believe them. He has other things to show to the King, if he receive his pardon, by his brother or Worcester. His name is William, not Richard. He is called the great prater and liar. Malynes, 27 March. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York.
27 March.
R. O.
3061. SION to WOLSEY.
Will write more fully within three days. Supposes that his letters to Wingfield from Teramunda will have been communicated to him. Is somewhat anxious, as matters are going awry, _ "et quia tunc tunc talia bibisse contigit refundere suo loco studui." Had talked with the Emperor apart on matters pending, especially between him and the King of France. Can perceive no vacillation in him. He is still well disposed, but the time he reserves for the present, fearful of a general rupture in Naples, Spain, &c., and as the enemy have been beforehand he must make use of dissimulation: but as soon as his grandson has reached Spain, and his other grandson is in Mechlin, he will discover men's secret thoughts, and, however appearances may be against him, begs Henry will not think him forgetful of the main business. Mechlin, 27 March 1517.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: Th. Carli Ebor., regni Angliæ Magno Cancellario.
27 March.
Galba, B. v. 146.
B. M.
The Emperor, having received their letters, has ordered the herald to desire their presence tomorrow at Lyer, 12 o'clock. Antwerp, 27 March 1517.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
27 March.
P. S.
3063. For the ABBEY OF ST. BENET, HULME.
Restitution of temporalities on election of John Capone, S.T.P., as abbot, confirmed by Richard Bp. of Norwich. Greenwich, 24 March 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 27 Mar. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
28 March.
Galba, B. III. 8.
B. M.
The same day he parted with the Lord Chamberlain the King went to G ...; has been followed yesterday by Mons. de Chyewres and his band, and this afternoon (as he has heard) by the Chancellor. The whole company, it is said, will be at Evra for five or six days; for what cause Spinelly knows not. Two posts have come from Spain; and Don Loys Carroz, the Vice-chancellor of Arragon, says things are getting every day worse there. The Master of the Posts has news from his nephew that the two parties "que querrellent au pryorre de Castylhe" are in arms, and likely to fight. As to the going of the King, "depyus quon a fayt le ... des chanters," the gentlemen also have been ordered to be ready by the end of next month. Has been told by a clerk of the treasurer that 10,000 petits florins have been laid out in provisions, and ten ships engaged, which are in Ze[aland]. The Spaniards generally will not believe the King will leave this year, unless compelled by some great misfortune. The states of Brabant yesterday agreed to continue the great aid for three years after the King's departure. The Cardinal de Gurk received a present of double ducats the day he dined with the King, and is sure of his bishopric; so you may well imagine "de quell pyet qu'yl danse." "L'empereur a mandé a madame retourner en son loggys, que est signe qu'yl n'est delybberé venyr en ceste ville."
Has heard from the Audiencer that he has no more money; that new matter has arisen with the French, on the decision of which within eight days the meeting at Cambray will turn. Is afraid of calumny in Spain. Another person of the court, [named] the Master of the Rolls, has informed him that the Emperor is enraged that the French have assembled, and that he wished my master had in his pay the "p[ietons]" of Friesland to commence a new enterprise, and obtain angelos thereby. "Monsieur, je vous nommeray aussy quand vous voiz l'omme." It is said the Emperor is to come hither and go to Louvain. Has already written today to England of such news as have come to his knowledge. Brussels, 28 March.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: Á Mons. le [Cham]berlain du Roy.
28 March.
3065. TOURNAY.
Account of Arthur Lovekyn, clerk to Wm. Pawne, Master of the King's works at Tournay, from 29 March 7 Hen. VIII. to 28 March 8 Hen. VIII., as well of the receipt of certain sums of money from Sir John Heron, Sir Edw. Benstede, late Treasurer of Tournay, and Sir Ric. Jernyngham, Deputy of the City and Marches of Tournay and Treasurer of the said city, as of the issues thereof; viz.:
Received 20,400l.
Paid in England as well as at Tournay: passage of laborers, &c., in eight ships from Dover to Calais; to archers on horseback to conduct them to Tournay; carriage of shovels, spades and mattocks from Calais to Tournay; timber; sea-coal for the forge; hand-barrows; ashen poles; "hardilles;" "chivers" of brass; faggots and straw for burning the towers mined down; straw, hay and clay for making "damps;" hemp ropes, "bast" ropes, small cord; trays, tubs and tins to carry mortar in; wedges; sledges; crows of iron; puncheons; "gavelokes;" "hottes;" baskets; candles and lanterns; "bart" lath; sap lath; anvils and bellows; shovels, spades and skoppes, &c., 1,333l. 19s. 8½d. Carriage of old timber and tiles at the pulling down of the houses—of lime from the King's kilns without Port Mervy into the citadel—of stone from the rocks and from the tower Plangenoyes to Master Harte's bulwark, &c., 368l. 8s. 4d.—Memorandum in margin. "This sum is engrossed, and made better the ledger by the sum of 10l. 3s. 1d." For necessaries from time to time, such as paper, suckers for pumps, wainscoat-oak planks, boots made for wosers of water, locks and keys for storehouses, &c., 50l. 4s. 1¼d. Necessary expenses, viz., hire of horses, and the costs of riding to Hennawde and Flanders, &c., and elsewhere, about provisions, &c., to England and back with despatches for the King and Council, &c., 32l. 18s. 11d. Necessaries for pumps and wheels for conveying water out of the ditch of the citadel, as grease, tallow, horse and ox hides, &c. 13l. 14s. 1d. Lime bought in Flanders and Tournay, 1,851l. 6s. 7d. Greystone and payments for hewing, 1,236l. 14s. 7d. Stone of white gree for building the towers of the citadel, from Doway, Stanbridge and Valensyen, 481l. 2s. 1/2d. For the hire of Hakeno Bedett's quarries, "besides the charterhouse without Tournay," from 9 June to 19 March 8 Hen. VIII., in all 10 months and 11 days, at 27s. 9½d. a month. For mining towers near John Sellier's house, &c. To Ric. Candishe for making a new pump going with horse "on the far side of the new ditch of the citadel," 10l. 14s. 9¼d. Sum total of money paid, 19,834l. 3s. 5¾d.
Account of money laid out by Arthur Lovekyn by command of Mr. Wm. Pawne from 22 March 7 Hen. VIII. to 28 March 8 Hen. VIII. To John Dingley for a pair of virginals, 21s. 8d. For a Kendell coat, and lining to it for my master, 20s. "Delivered to my maister to show the deversite of the quoyns, ix. crouns unto the Lord Mountjoye," 40s. To Owden van Howe, for two kilderkins of "Myllinges" beer, 6s. 8d. To Pierre Comelle, skinner of Tournay, for a fur of fox for my master, 28s. 2d. To Nich. van Haye, mercer of Tournaye, for two yards of black velvet "to guard a gown of tawny chamlet," 20s. To Rob. Wilkokes quartermaster, to help him out of prison at Lyle, 6s. 8d. To Sir Hugh Jerveys priest upon his wages, 13s. 4d. To John Fenn, towards the outside of his "plak" gown, 20s. To Guilliam Pigo, pewterer of Tournay, for "half a garnishe of vessell," 22s. To Matthew Courier to buy spice for "a medesyn for maistress Anne," 6s. 8d. To John de Glow of Orke for 36 "raser" of charcoal, 20s. To Oliver Loryan, servant to the Abbot of Mersyne, for a hogshead of wine, 24s. 5d. Prested to Piers Bowsing and Pier du Camyn, for 300 oaks to be delivered between 15 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. and 31 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII., 26l. 13s. 4d. To Nich. Dotingham of Tournay, for a quarter's house rent, 5s. 10d. To Oliver Bedow, for six load of garbage for my master's horse, at 9d. a load. To John Cawswell, hosier of Tournay, for hose, &c., 4s. 4d. To Hugh Stokton for shoeing horses, &c., 4s. 7d. To Fras. Vaughan, wagonner of Gaunt, for the carriage of a barrel of "sawmon," 20 "lymges and a cade of sprats" from Calais to Tournay, 7s. 4d. To Matthew Courier "when he was gossep. to his cosyn a teton," (at Eton,)" 13¾d. To John Fenne for a cape for "my master," 2s. To Peter Hogg for three halberttes and two billis, 3s. 4d. Sum total of the money expended, 20,298l. 1s. 2¼d. Balance remaining in the hands of Arthur Lovekyn, 101l. 18s. 9¾d., of which sum he delivered 100l. to his master on 14 July 9 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 28, large paper.
28 March.
S. B.
3066. To MR. TUNSTAL, Master of the Rolls.
To cancel a recognizance of 2,500l., made by Loys de la Fava, merchant of Bononia, Wm. Botrye, Th. Hynde and Jas. Jentyll, mercers of London, 16 Nov. 21 Hen. VII., to Sir Th. Lovell, Edm. Dudeley, Hen. Wyott and John Heron. Greenwich, 28 March 8 Hen. VIII.
29 March.
Galba, B. v. 144.
B. M.
Came to Lyer this day by the Emperor's appointment, where they expected an audience at noon, which they have not had this month. The King will perceive by the Cardinal of Sion's overture this day, which they have written in their other letters, that the Emperor wishes to make him think he has need of him, as a pretext for obtaining money. Have understood the said tidings by other mean persons, "but the Emperor now doth advertise us with this solempnity by the said Cardinal, as who [should] say it were a great matter." Perhaps, in consequence of tidings of disaffection in Spain, the King will be compelled to go thither, and the foot soldiers lately dismissed compelled to wait upon him. Meanwhile they want Henry to support them at his own expence. De la Roche told Worcester he thought the governors had written to the Bp. of Spain in England to endeavor to obtain a loan from Henry for the King's voyage into Spain, not expecting that it would be granted, seeing they have given the King cause to refuse it, but to give them an excuse, on its refusal, to tell the Emperor that the King cannot go this year, and that when their master requires it he need not look to England for help. Lyer, 29 March. Signed.
P.S.—Enclose a letter from Spinelly to Worcester.
Cipher, deciphered by Tuke; pp. 2, mutilated.
29 March.
Galba, B. v. 150.
B. M.
"Copie de la lettre de ..."
Has received his letters this morning. Louis Berrangier, Madame's secretary, has told Richard Barradoc, with the cognisance of the Master of the Rolls, that 8,000 German foot were about Dijon, and it was said would come into Picardy, under the command of Dorval, to attack Tournay. Has not yet spoken to Madame's secretary, but other gentlemen of Burgundy know nothing of the matter. Has, however, cautioned the Deputy of Tournay. Berghes asked Chievres on Friday about these footmen, and he said it was all a hum, and that the French had dismissed 1,400 lances, and had no money. The secretary of the Spanish Bishop in England has been with the writer this morning, and informs him that the Chancellor has written to his master, and is sending him a messenger, for what cause he knows not; and that the Chancellor has told him, that if England wishes to treat with the King Catholic, it must apply to himself, and not to the Emperor. The Council will be held tomorrow at Eure, Chievres' place beside Louvain, where all the good things for the French were formerly concluded. Brussels, 29 March.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
29 March.
Calig. E. I. 86.
B. M.
Has been on the frontier of Gueidres. Was told that 8,000 or 9,000 Germans are in the pay of the Duke of Gueldres. The two sons of Robert de la Marche have a dispute with the Liégeois. Thinks it will soon be arranged. The King Catholic is gone to take possession of his kingdom of Arragon. At his return, he intends to send his brother there. An interview is proposed between the King Catholic and the King of France in Navarre; reported before, but nothing came of it. Tournay, 29 March. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
29 March.
Teulet, I. 13.
The bearer will give him the answer to his letter to the Council of Scotland. They are determined to act upon his reasonable requests. Having received a special letter to himself, could do no less than they, considering the honors he received from the late King, Francis's beaupere, the reception he met with from Francis himself in France, and the letters the King continues to write in his favor to Rome. Hopes he will still use his efforts in that behalf. Edinburgh, 29 March. Signed: André Arcevesque de Sanct André et Légat d'Escosse.
29 March.
Vit. B. III. 132.
B. M.
Rym. XIII. 583.
The Swiss are much devoted to him, especially on account of his last letters. They have given a favorable answer to Pace, and will not allow their troops to bear arms against his majesty. His letters are continually intercepted by the enemy, and they can gain no safe intelligence. Francesco Maria [Sforza] is without support. Hopes the King will defend him. Zurich, 29 March 1517.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2, mutilated. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 137b.
29 March.
R. O.
Knows that in the Pope's affairs everything depends upon Wolsey. Congratulates him on the zealous attachment of the Swiss to England since Henry's last letters. It appears by their reply to Pace that an ambassador to them would be particularly acceptable, and that they will never bear arms against England. Knows not what remedy could be had against the French, who have again attacked the Vicar of Christ, except in the King of England. Letters are daily intercepted by the enemy, and they have no certain news of the Pope, but fear there is little good while Francesco Maria, the expelled Duke, continues as at present. Pace will relate to him how earnestly he has labored in the Pope's behalf. Zurich, 29 March 1517.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Th. Card. Ebor. Endd.
29 March.
R. O.
"The original book of anno primo made for the knowledge of and for the truth how it riseth of certain and divers payments" to artificers, dykers and laborers, and for stone, lime and timber, with carriage, from Saturday 29 March 7 Hen. VIII. to Sunday 29 March [8 Hen. VIII.]—Received, 20,400l. Paid for wages, stone, lime, and necessaries, as appears by Arthur [Lovekin]'s book, 19,195l. 14s. 1d. "And so this book is in arrearage for the payment of wages and for the provisions of the same year, 638l. 9s. 4d."
Pp. 21. Entitled: The particular account of the first book of anno 7mo. and a part of anno 8vo.
ii. "Lime proved by the original," 1,122l. 18s. 6d. "Stone proved by the original," 647l. 16s. 5d. "Stone of white gray proved by the original," 481l. 0s. 3d.
Pp. 2.
iii. "The third book of anno primo," from Monday 29 March to Sunday 12 Sept., anno primo. Received 1,607l. 10s. Paid in wages and emptions 1,244l. 5s. 7d. And so this book is in arrearage," 363l. 4s. 5d.
Pp. 6. See No. 3065.
30 March.
Galba, B. v. 152.
R. M.
Wrote yesterday of Sion's overture for the entertainment of the 3,000 foot discharged by the King of Castile. Enclose a letter sent by the Cardinal today to Sir Robert Wingfield, and another directed to all the ambassadors, informing them that the Emperor had sent for him again on the same subject. Think the letter addressed to Wingfield a strange one. The Cardinal told them, as he has said in the letter, that last night, after relating to him his conference with the English ambassadors, the Emperor "fell into a great fume suddenly, and said: All my matters goeth naught, for my son, the King of Castile, taketh his ways; and the King of England, I fear, will forsake me; and my coming into these parts was nothing for the Frenchman, for there was no blood in my body that thought [it,] but I come hither for the King of England: and now I see all my matters shall come to despair, and that my son shall not go into Spain." The Cardinal also said that the news of the footmen in Champagne had been confirmed to his knowledge, and that he would be loth the 3,000 foot should join them: to prevent which, he desired of them a loan of 4,000 florins to be repaid out of the money he was to receive of England at the meeting, adding, that if they waited for an answer from Henry it might be too late. Finally, the Cardinal acknowledged he saw clearly the Emperor was in want of money. Replied that, as they had written to the King on the previous overture, and would now write again, they begged the Emperor to wait till they had an answer; that he might rest confident England would keep all promises made to him if he did the same to England. Pressed again for an audience with the Emperor, which the Cardinal promised to do his best to promote. Lyer, 30 March. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
30 March.
R. O.
Have advertised him by their other letters of the importunity made them by the Emperor for entertainment of the men late dismissed from Friesland. Have much mused what he can mean by sending so great a personage as the Cardinal of Sion two days together on so small a matter; for if these foot join with the other it will rather affect Tournay than the Emperor. The Cardinal's proposition does not hang together. If they consent he will expect to have them entertained at the charges of England, and make a bruit to the French that these troops have been entertained against them. As he will not give them audience they think that he was a party to denying the compromise. He made at Brussels a new league with the French King, of which they send a copy and seeks occasion to lean to France. If the King will pay him, the 4,000 fl. he had better do so by way of gift than make known his intentions. He is come out of the highway that no one may know where he goes. Whatever advice the King sends them should not be disclosed to the ambassadors of the King of Castile and the Emperor, as that will delay business, and attempts may be made to beguile the writers. Letters must be sent either in cipher, or from Calais by special posts, and that briefly. Lyer, 30 March. Signed.
Understand from Wingfield that the Emperor has lately mortgaged a great portion of his lands.
Chiefly in cipher, deciphered, pp. 3. Add.
30 March.
Galba, B. v. 151.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 24th. On the day the English ambassadors departed towards the Emperor, the King went to sport in the forest, and is now at Evra, the Lord Chievres' place, where he generally retires when he has anything important to consult about. Thinks it is for getting the Emperor back to Almayn. Two posts have come lately from Spain, bringing letters only to the King, which has created uneasiness among the Spanish nobles here, on account of the variance between the Duke of Alva and the Duke of Vieger for the priorate of St. John, and also the general ill will borne by the lords to the Cardinal of Toledo (Ximenes). The Master of the Posts heard by a letter written on the 20th, from Madrid, by his nephew Simon de Taxis, that the two parties had assembled in great power, and bloodshed was expected. Arragon also was in great confusion. The King must visit his dominions, contrary to the assertions of the Cardinal, who says he has 1,200 spears and 6,000 foot, and money sufficient to keep all things in order. He is much trusted by Chievres and the Chancellor, who wish him to rule in Spain, and themselves in Flanders, and therefore will not hasten the King's departure. Nothing will induce him to go by land, and by sea he cannot depart before September. Before Cardinal Gurk left Brussels he was invited to dinner with the King, to the neglect of Sedunensis, and received a large present of money of 2,000 or 3,000 ducats. He has also a pension of 2,000 golden gilders, and the promise of a bishopric of 10,000. No wonder these ministers are in great favor with the Emperor, as all his Council are bought for money.
The Emperor is now without money, and if he tarry here the Lady Margaret will have to provide it for him. His coming here has been of very little service. The Vice-chancellor of Arragon tells him that Chievres will be glad of the amity of England, but dares not let it be known, or give cause of suspicion to the French before the King reaches Spain. Then they will show their desire for it. Notwithstanding that Chievres and the Chancellor are strangers, it is thought they will retain their accustomed authority in Spain, because the country is divided into two parties, neither of whom can tolerate the ascendancy of the other. The French have not fulfilled the expectations of the Emperor of investing him with Milan. Encloses a list of the knights created at the Toison on Lady Day last. A marriage was proposed between Chievres' niece "and the Lord Daussy, son to the Lord Fennys." Brabant will continue the great aid to the King, three years after his departure. An ambassador will be sent into Portugal for the match between that Prince and the Lady Eleanor. All the foot that served the King in Friesland are cashiered. The Emperor wishes the King of England to retain them, "saying that the French King hath many lanzkneths for to be sent to Tournay," now between Burgundy and Champagne, commanded by Lord Dorvall. Merlion suggests that this is an invention of the Emperor to get money "and enter into new business." Brussels, 30 March 151[7].
Hol., part cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 5, mutilated; the last leaf is at ƒ. 149.
30 March.
R. O.
Has written to the King at this time. Doubts not what he formerly wrote "touching the Emperor little execution" will prove true. If he could even yet speak with Wolsey, it might do good. Finds he is forgotten and receives no answer. Begs to know the King's pleasure as to his private affairs, as he wishes to be in England before Easter. Brussels, 30 March 1517.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cardinal's grace.
Vesp. C. VII. 35.
B. M.
"News out of Spain come fro the Constable."—1 and 2. That the Constable, Cardinal (Ximenes) and the Admiral have consented to act as governors jointly. 3. That on the Cardinal leaving Valladolid he was desired by John de Padilla to keep his chamber. 4. Dr. Tellya, Chievres, Drs. Belthram, Cabrero and Polanco, holding different offices, have been made prisoners. 5. Secretary Samalo searched. 6 and 7. John de Padilla and the Bp. of Samora, President of the Commons, usurp authority, and are preparing to attack Naggerre. 8. Had been joined by Don Pedro Gyrona. 9. The Constable has mustered the men-at-arms. 10. The city of Burgos has mitigated the fury of the people; 11. where the Constable hopes to gain admittance. 12. Is opposed by the Bp. of Samora. 13. The Constable has taken twenty of the Bishop's men going thither. The former is joined by the Count de Benevento and the Marquis d'Astorga. 15. He has pawned his jewels for money. 16. The Commons levy great impositions. 17. The Constable and the Duke of Nagger have made provision for paying the garrison of Navarre, who were treating with the commons.
Pp. 4.
30 March.
R. O.
3079. SION to WOLSEY.
In behalf of Fra Nicholas, the bearer, who is high in the confidence of Lorenzo Duke of Urbino. He may be trusted in the Pope's affairs as a skilful and most discreet person. Ex Anuwerbia (Antwerp), 30 March 1517.
P.S. on a separate paper.—Will write more at length within two days about the Emperor's affairs, which could not be in better condition. Fortune has favored them more than human skill could have conceived. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Th. Car. Ebor.
30 March.
Vit. B. III. 127*.
B. M.
Extracts from letters of the Bp. of Worcester, dated 30 March.
Says that letters have been brought from France, and it has been arranged that the meeting shall take place in August. Francis has promised the Pope to support whatever is then proposed by him. He has urged the Swiss to let him have 15,000 foot, making the Turkish war a pretext; but has been refused and referred to a diet. Chievres is daily less well disposed to the alliance (communibus rebus), and prevented the King Catholic sending a person to the Swiss to encourage them in their resolution. The legates will leave on Easter Tuesday. Cardinal Farnese has left for the Emperor.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated.
31 March.
Giust. Desp. II. 50.
3081. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Receives confirmation every day of the hollowness of the peace between the Emperor and the French King. If any disturbance take place it will be owing to England. Great secrecy is observed. Communicated to Wolsey the progress of the Turk. "Now is the time to invade him," said he, "occupied as he is against the Soldan, or we might indeed obtain Constantinople and a great part of his Empire. I, although aware that his right reverend lordship never says what he means, but the reverse of what he intends to do, told him that this would be a most opportune moment, but that it would be requisite with all despatch to endeavor to unite the Christian powers and league them to this effect, discarding every other passion. He answered me that for this sole end were the King and himself laboring, although it had hitherto profited little; and that he would not cease pursuing this object." His only object has been to sow discord.
Visited the King on the 29th. Was well received, but he harped upon the dangers of Venice. The King said he would not attack any one unless he were provoked. Told the King that he was the most fortunate, powerful and pacific Prince in the world, and that he ought not to endanger his great prosperity by any chance except against the Infidel. In that case he left all to God, and might by some glorious feat eclipse Theodosius and Charlemagne. London, 31 March 1517.
31 March.
Giust. Desp. II. 53.
3082. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
In company with Pasqualigo and Bavarino has discussed the affairs of the wines with the Cardinal, who said that the decree passed by the parliament offered no longer any impediment. Gives the arguments on both sides. Finds that he is rowing against wind and tide, "as the right reverend Cardinal aspires and aims at nothing, save to obtain profit for his Majesty, with whom he maintains himself in great repute." If he find Wolsey dissents from his opinion Sebastian will "go to the King, and state the reasons of your Excellency to his Majesty, who will deliberate and then make his Council decide as he may think fit; and I shall act thus, because I consider that his majesty is much more free and sincere in judging what is right than the Cardinal." The Cardinal demands a large sum of money to allow the nation to be on the same footing as before. London, 31 March 1517.
31 March.
R. O.
On returning home from Wolsey yesterday, received the Bp. of Worcester's letters of the 12th, containing au answer to a letter by Ammonius, of Wolsey's dictation, that Wolsey could not believe what he had stated in his letters respecting Cardinal Gurk's communications with the Pope, as being utterly contrary to the Emperor's and Gurk's honor. Worcester replies that Gurk has been the ringleader of this abominable alliance, has received money from the French and an ample bishopric, and has been promised by Chievres other benefices in Spain. The outcry against the Emperor's treachery is vehement. The Pope is greatly grieved at it. Advises the King to hold aloof for the present, as he will be invited to join the treaty of Noyon. The letters of Cardinal Sion to Sir Robert Wingfield point indirectly at this. Ammonius thinks he will not comply. The old Duke of Urbino wants money, and has been compelled by the Papal army to retreat. It is thought the Duke had joined this intrigue more from his own good nature than out of regard to the French. Worcester advises Wolsey to borrow of the King, on good security, for the Pope's use, 20,000 or 15,000 gold ducats, by which he will not only have obliged but bought the Pope. Westminster, last day of March.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.: D. Cardinali.
31 March.
Calig. D. VI. 277.
B. M.
Intelligence from France, dated last day of March 1516. John Gourdin, brother of one called Rozemadon, late of Captain Thibanville's band, reports that being eight days ago in the town of Therouwane, for the fortification thereof, he heard that the Sieur de Boughieville daily goes to England; he takes ship at Calais, disguised as follows; scilt. a "paltocq" of lavender colour, the cloth for which he got from England; his doublet of grey fustian, quilted with red thread; and white breeches. "Sy est de sa personne homme assez furne," his leg slender; of middle size. He has a servant with him, clothed in red Abbeville cloth, with a leather collar (collet de cuir); one of the legs of his breeches black, and the other red. The master rides a roan with white feet, his servant a black mare. Being at the Losingehem, four leagues from Therowane, he saw Boughieville's nephew and a young Scotchman, who retired after dinner into the stable, where their horses were bridled, and after a long confabulation the Scotchman took certain letters from his saddle, saying to the nephew: "Take these letters to the mother of King Francis." As they separated the Scotchman said: "You shall have news from me by the 15th or 16th April." Gourdin heard this, hidden behind the next stall. Says, moreover, that a great park of artillery has arrived at Boulogne; some say to lay siege to Tournay, others, to Calais. The French were afraid to attack Tournay, from dread of the Burgundians, but [under any circumstances] the French were ready to attack the English territory.
P. 1, margin mutilated.
31 March.
Vit. B. III. 133.
B. M.
Excuses himself for not writing more frequently. Had served him faithfully as he had his father, who rewarded him, first with the bishopric of Hereford, afterwards of Bath. Begs that his letters may not be shown. Gives an account of Francis Maria Duke of Urbino under Popes Julius and Leo, the appointment of Lorenzo de Medicis to the same dukedom, the retirement of Sforza, his attempts to recover his dukedom, his success, with the exception of the cities of Pesaro and Senigaglia. This insurrection is attributed to the French, who are jealous of the Pope's authority and success, are fearful of his designs on Novara, Lucca and Piombino, and wish to support their confederates in Italy. Great disorder is expected. Thinks the suspicion improbable, as they have sent reinforcements to the Pope, which are now at Rimini. Surgeons are despatched to attend to Lorenzo, the Pope's nephew, who has been wounded by a musket ball, and Cardinal Sta Maria in Porticu sent to the camp.
Yesterday had a long talk with the Pope, who spoke highly in praise of the King; said the Emperor was at Antwerp, and the peace between him, the French and Charles had been already published, and that they would have a congress after Easter. Some do not believe it, and say that the Emperor will not leave Flanders till Charles is in Spain, and Ferdinand, whom he will take with him to marry in Hungary, has left Spain. Read in a consistory this day the Papal letters to the Emperor, urging the expedition against the Turks. It is said that the Turk is about three miles from Damascus, on the bank of a river held by the forces of the Sultan. It is expected he will be beaten, as he has sent to Constantinople for galleys. The Pope denies that he has any intentions on Ferrara and Lucca; and he is suspected only because of his neutrality. Rome, 31 March 1517.
Hol., Lat., pp. 5, mutilated.
Vit. B. III. 135*.
B. M.
"... ingentes peditum et equitum q. in castris Francisci Mariæ ... s dirigat omnia, et tueatur ejus Sanctitatem."
(Last leaf only.)
R. O. 3087. LOAN MONEY.
Owing at Martinmas next, from Geo. Lord Hastinges, Sir Nich. Wadham, John Ambros, Sir Rob. Waterton, John Sandforth, Arthur Pilkington, Th. Rockeley, Guy Dampney, Hen. Boucher Earl of Essex, Sir Wm. Sandes, Th. Midelton, Wm. Esington, Wm. Bretton, Th. Langrich, Rob. Morton, John Morton, Wm. Lord Willoughby, Rob. Lord Broke, Th. Chambers, John Fortiscu, John Melton, Wm. Litton, Lord Cobham, Lord Ferrers, Th. Lord Hawarde, Sir John Carew, Edw. Sutton Lord Dudeley, Sir Hen. Willughby, Sir Th. Cornewall, Sir Griffith Rice, Sir Ric. Cornewall, Hervy Howard, Sir Wistan Browne, the Earl of Wiltshire, Sir Th. Bryan, Hen. Longe, Th. Cheyney, Sir John Hussey, Geo. Earl of Shrewsbury, Th. Strangewise, Th. Marquis of Dorssett, John Boucher, Lord Barnes, Th. Umpton, Sir And. Windesoure, Sir John Lysle, Ric. Pole, Christ. Hilleyerde, Edw. Gray, John Gefford, Edw. Duke of Buckingham, Edm. Hawarde, Geo. Lord Abergeyveny, Chas. Duke of Suffolk, John Wallop, Sir Hugh Conway, treasurer of Calais, Sir Edm. Carewe, Th. Carewe, Philip Champernon, Th. Morton, Rob. Morton, Ric. G[r]esham, Sir John Hussey, Sir Fras. Cheyney, Sir Edw. Guylford, Darell of Kent.