Henry VIII: May 1545, 11-15

Pages 364-379

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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May 1545, 11-15

11 May. 702. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 158.
Meeting at St. James's, 11 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Baker. Business:-Letter written to Sir Geo. Carew, Sir Thos. Wyndam and the mayor of Plymouth to restore a Spanish ship, the Santa Maria de Guadalupe, taken at sea by Wyndam. Warrant to — (blank) for 18l. 13s. 4d. for carriage of ordnance and munition to Portsmouth, and 20s. for carriage of ordnance to Dover castle. Letter sent to Sir Geo. Greseley, sheriff of Staffordshire, to send hither Thos. Eliott indicted for the murder of Hugh Lane.
11 May. 703. Trinity Term Adjourned.
Soc of
Procl., ii. 150.
Mandate to the mayor and sheriffs of London to proclaim that the King, having appointed sundry armies royal with a main army for the sea to be levied against the Scots and Frenchmen, declares that next term called Trinity Term shall be adjourned unto the Utas of St. Michael in all his Courts at Westminster, except the Exchequer and the Tenths and First Fruits, which shall be kept as usual; and further commands all justices and others who have been engaged about the Benevolence and Subsidy, or who know any receivers who hold money payable to the King before Michaelmas, to see the money brought up to the Exchequer with diligence, and to certify the Council of any persons who refuse or delay so to do. Westm., 11 May 37 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
11 May. 704. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O. London, 11 May 1545:—Trusts that he is arrived in Calleis, and is glad that the Narrow Seas were somewhat cleared of the French galleys. Private matters concerning Mr. Fyssher, Pratt's indenture, Mr. Ant. Cave, Mr. Smyth (who rides towards Tykeford tomorrow), Atkyns the carrier (who has just brought your wife's letter), and la jille que sçavez. "Morton hath written unto me to send his son back again to Cambridge, but he will not go thither nor yet home to his friends. Our Lord send him a better mind! My cousin Helyerdes still shall ride in post towards him by the next ship along seas; and so I pray you show him, with my hearty commendations; and therefore let him gather his herbs ready."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Calleis. Endd.: "answeryd at Andwerp le 22 in the same, etc."
11 May. 705. The German Hanse.
R. O. Certificate to the officers of Newcastle by the alderman of the company of the Teutonic Hanse at London that Gregory Petze, citizen, and James Williken, mariner, of Königsberg, are members of the Teutonic Hanse. London, 11 May 1545. Seal lost.
Parchment. Slightly mutilated.
11 May. 706. Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O. Send letters arrived from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches, with certain ciphers from the earl of Cassillis and larde of Brunston, and their decipher of them. Are forced to remind him of the lack of money here for payment of garrisons, Spaniards, works at Tynmowthe, Holie Eland, Barwycke and Carlisle, and other charges. Have now, as commanded by the Council, paid 1,000 mks. in prest to the Spaniards and have not past 200l. left, the money for the Benevolence of Yorkshire being all received and spent. Darneton, 11 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 May. 707. Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Council.
R. O.
St P., iii. 520.
As required by their letters, send herewith the survey of the lands for which Sir Osborne Ichingham sues. It was sometime an abbey and stands nigh Waterford haven towards Wexforde, bordering upon the fasshowe or waste of Bentry which adjoins the Cavernaghs. Although, thanks to God and the King, these Cavernaughes are neither so evil disposed nor so strong as in times past, there remain many evildoers among them, and such a servant of the King's planted there could do much to stay their malice and, with the aid of some of the retinue, reduce that corner to quiet.
Received their letters of 2 April on 6 May, and, although order was already taken for Corke and Kynsale, Sir Osborne is appointed, with 40 of the retinue, to repair thither; but it must be considered that these towns are not defensible against an army. The retinue of 500 men is little enough to watch the English Pale, where it is much more likely that the Frenchmen would attempt harm than in those barren places. If but 2,000 men were to land near Dublin, they would put both it and Drogheda, the keys of this country, in danger, and therefore the writers mean to stay here unless otherwise commanded. As Dublin castle was so long suffered to run to ruin, although for two or three years past great cost has been done upon it, there are yet two or three of the chief towers uncovered for lack of lead, of which there is none here.
Of late there came one with the King's bill signed for a room in the said castle for life. As there was no room void, and only four appointed, and he was of Irish nation, the writers put him in the retinue, at 8d. a day, as a gunner and footman. Kilmaynam, 11 May. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Dublin, Brabazon, Lutrell, Bathe, Lokwod and Basnet.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
11 May. 708. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O. The enemy in these frontiers being, as he wrote before, very weak, and Hardillow an evil neighbour to this garrison, he went thither yesterday evening, taking Sir Rafe Ellerkar with all the horsemen, Sir John Jenyns, Sir Thos. Wyat, Sir Thos. Palmer and about 2,000 footmen and ten pieces of ordnance. Appointed Wyat with 300 hackbuttiers "to enclose the castle, who entered the turnpike and came to a gate upon the first bridge going into the dove, which he brake open and himself, being the first man that entered, slew one of their watchmen upon the said bridge, took other twain of them and set his hagbusers in the braye about the castle." Then, placing the ordnance before the gates, the writer summoned the captain to surrender; "who was not there, but his lieutenant answered that he would keep it until noon, in hope that Mounsr. du Byes would rescue them." Replied that Du Bies would then come too late; and, to show that the cannons were not counterfeit, shot them off twice. It being now day, sent a trumpet to summon the castle, and the lieutenant yielded it on condition that he and his 96 men of war, besides women and children, should depart with weapons and baggage. Upon consultation, decided to keep the castle, as commodious for provision of wood and hay; and therefore appointed young Cotton, Wyat's lieutenant, with 100 men to have the custody of it. Cotton is a "very forward gentleman" and as good a soldier as the King has on this side. When he hears that the enemies begin to augment their force, will have the castle razed and cast down.
Asks for pikes, of which there is great lack, and corn powder, much of which has been spent lately. Bolloyn, 11 May 1545. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 May. 709. Thirlby and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 428.
Arriving at Callys on Saturday last (fn. n1) and hearing that Chapuis was at Graveling, we sent a messenger to him to learn if the residue of the Emperor's commissioners were there and to signify that we were ready to meet them. The messenger also found there the Chancellor of the Order and Dr. Hermes, both of the Emperor's Council, and a secretary of that Council just arriving; who, together, wished that all things might be speedily concluded, and desired us to be at Graveling this Monday. "Were there accordingly, and (the commission read) Chapuys, as first in their commission, made a long speech of the Emperor's desire for continuance of the amity, recognizing that the King entered these wars with France in order to bring Christendom to peace, and the rather for his sake. It was answered that the King had indeed entered the wars upon these grounds, and, because complaints were made of injuries done by his subjects, he desired us to take order therein, and also for the reformation of attemptates contrary to the treaties of intercourses; and we trusted to find them men of good conformity, so that all might shortly be well ended. The Chancellor of the Order then said that he was expressly commanded by the Emperor to show that, albeit by the intercourse of the year 1495 merchants of either part might trade in either prince's dominions as freely as subjects and should not be burdened with any impositions other than had been used fifty years before, yet, their merchants were in England burdened with new impositions, viz., 3d. a head for every stranger passing Gravesend (besides a capitage for every man of 4d.) and strangers were not permitted to resort with their ships to the wharfs at London as Englishmen did, but must land their wares by lighters. We answered that the King had commissioned us to examine and order such matters, and we thought it best that either side should put their griefs in writing, and we were glad that the Chancellor had mentioned that matter, for the King's subjects were complaining of great new impositions laid upon them at Andwarpe and elsewhere. It was then agreed that the griefs of both sides should be put in writing and the answers also made in writing, and that they should come to Callys to deliver their answer. But, as to Callys, they wished us to agree to some other place, as St. Omer's, because there was fear of plague at Callys, which also was "a town of war" and victuals scarce there, and moreover Chapuis, who lay upon his bed, could not travel to and fro. They finally promised, however, that if Chapuis remained impotent the other three would be at Callys; but they earnestly desired the King to agree to some other place. They mentioned the matter of Jasper Douche, Chapuis saying that he could not now come into England and had therefore sent his books of account hither. He also spoke of the matter of the jewels and of the merchants of Burgos. Ask what to answer as to Jasper Douche. We enclose a letter to us from the Kegent (delivered by the Secretary) and copy of their commission, wherein only Graveling is named, although in the former articles it was "Callys and Graveling or Gravelinge and Marke" (which place, they said, had no lodging for them and the suitors). They used good and gentle words. Callys, 11 May 1545. Signed: Tho. Westm': Will'm Petre: Edward Carne: S. Vaughan.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
11 May. 710. Thirlby and Petre to Paget.
R. O. Our common letter to the King shows what is done at Graveling at this our first meeting, wherein want of experience "maketh me fear and mistrust my own doings." Mr. Chamberlayn is not yet come, nor any of the merchants of Antwarpe; and those that came with us from London can give little certain information. We sent to Barow for Mr. Chamberlayn immediately upon coming hither. At this meeting the Commissioners used very gentle words. They seemed loth to come to Caleyce, but only (as they swore) because of the plague. Pray let us know how to answer therein, and also in the matter of Jasper Duche. Chapuys said that he was told in England that Jasper Duche was satisfied. Hopkyns' account touching that matter must be sent hither, which I caused Mr. Vaughan to send for when we were at London, but could not get because his clerk was absent. One Davies showed me that he would meet us at Dover, with the Frenchman that came from Hampton. They should both be sent hither, for the matter of the ships taken at the Wight.
After our communication with the Commissioners at Graveling, Chapuys called my lord of Westminster and me apart and prayed us to write for some other place than Calice, as he would be unable to come thither and yet would gladly be at our meetings. And he began to set forth how much he desired the continuance of this amity, and how he once made a motion at Calice by which the King might have had peace ere this, and Bulleyn also; and he would sometime declare his fantasy in "certain things." We gave him words for words, saying that we accounted him "half an Englishman" for his affection to us and long abode with us, and that no man knew better what a friend the King had been to the Emperor. It seemed by his talk that he means to make some overture, after his old manner, as of himself. Pray make our (altered from my) commendations to my lord Chancellor and to my lady. Caleyce, 11 May at 11 p.m.
P.S.—We have a letter from Mr. Chamberlayn that he will be with us tomorrow morning. Signed.
In Petre's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
711. Jasper Duchy.
R. O. Bill for certain herring laden in six ships, by the Emperor's safe-conduct to Alex. Antinory and Company, to be carried into France, five of which were detained and sold in England and the sixth, by reason of the detention, was lost on the English coast, viz.:—
Names and captains' names and quantity in each ship specified, amounting altogether to 542 last 9 barrels, which cost originally 4,613l. 7s. 6d. gr.; while the expenses of packing and freight were 814l. 2s. 6d. gr., safe-conducts and customs cost 1,085l. 10s. gr., suit to recover the herring cost 300l. gr., interest for one year ending at the Cold Mart in 1544 (upon 6,813l. gr.) at 16 per cent. 181l. 13s. 7d., profit which should have been made by their sale in France 3,256l. 10s. gr. Total 10,251l. 3s. 7d. gr. Of which there has been paid to Bartholomew Compaigne, as promised to him in England, about l,200l. gr.
French, pp. 3. Endd.: Jasper Duches accompt for the heringes, in French and Englisshe.
R. O. 2. English translation of the above. Pp. 3.
11 May. 712. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Two chests of silks bearing the same mark (given in margin) were consigned hither respectively to Guynige Balbany & Co. and Jacobo Daffangnano & Co. by Garardo Barbadori & Co. of Florence. The conductor, who receives goods at Florence and delivers them here, delivered the first chest that arrived to Jacobo Daffangnano & Co., who at once shipped it to Damyan Doffyne in London, together with a letter of advice specifying the contents; but it was the other chest which ought to have gone to Daffangnano & Damyan, as appeared when this was opened at the custom house. The chest for Damyan Doffyne has not yet arrived here. This that has been opened contains a box for Alonnza de Castra, a Spaniard here resident, and also some cloth of silver and gold for another man's account. Begs that it may be returned hither; and Paget's goodness herein will be well employed upon two worshipful merchants who have done the King service in the past and are willing to do so again. Andwarpe, 11 May 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
12 May. 713. The Privy Council.
A. P. C, 159.
Meeting at St. James's, 12 May. Present:—Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Paget. Business:—The Emperor's ambassador resorted to Court and made a long discourse of the matter between Reneger and certain Spanish mariners, complaining that one of the mariners, in coming to the Council, was trapped and carried to sea by Reneger. It was determined to send for the said mariner. John Charley and John Hethe, purveyors for barrels, had warrant to Tuke for 6l. 4s. surplusage of their account. Sir Ph. Hobby, appointed master of ordnance northward, had commission to take 40 carters and to levy 100 footmen within his lands and rooms in Worcestershire, and warrant to Sir John Williams for 200 mks. for carriage of ordnance (from Nottingham to Newcastle) coats and conduct money. Sir Thos. Darcy had two letters, one to the Earl of Oxford (intimating their command in Essex, Darcy to have certain hundreds for coast defence and the earl to back him) and the other to Lord Wentworth (of like tenour for Suffolk). Letter written to the justices of the peace in Oxon, Bucks, Berks, and Midd., to help Loveles, purveyor of wheat for the Household, to 100 qr. in each county.
12 May. 714. Thomas Sternhold.
R. O. Receipt, 12 May, 37 Hen. VIII., from Wymond Carew, treasurer to the Queen, of 5l. for one half-year's fee of "mine office of receivership of certain her Grace's lands in the county of Devon" due at Mich. 35 Hen. VIII, and "then not paid," as appears by Mr. Chancellor's warrant to Mr. Treasurer. Signed: By me, Thomas Sternhold.
P. 1.
12 May. 715. The Privy Council to Bucler.
R. O.
St. P., x. 433.
The King has received his letters by this bearer. He writes that first the Landgrave showed himself desirous to have the King join with the Protestants in league to disallow this Council at Trent, and afterwards the chancellor[s] of the Landgrave and duke of Saxony with James Sturmius of Argentyn, declaring their opinion of the said Council, desired that, albeit they and the King dissented in some things, as they agreed touching the supremacy of the Bp. of Rome, his Majesty would join with them in refusing the Council and resisting any attempt to enforce its determinations, not doubting but that the Princes and States would join with him upon reasonable and equal conditions. In answer he shall tell the aforesaid Chancellors and Sturmius, and also the Landgrave when he shall have occasion to return to him, that the King thanks them for their evident friendship, and, having rejected the jurisdiction usurped by the Bp. of Rome, thinks the Council at Trent to be of no authority; and, as their masters are of the same opinion therein and desire a league with him, if they will signify plainly what aid they look for from him if invaded, and what aid they would contribute to him if he were invaded, and also signify the names of all their princes, states and towns (because when the thing is concluded every one of them must seal and sign the instrument) the King will at once give ample commission to "you and others" to treat therein.
At the arrival there of Mr. Wootton, the King's ambassador with the Emperor, you shall communicate to him the whole state of your proceedings and use his advice.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 5. Endd.: Mynute to Mr. Bukler from the Counsail, xijo; Maii 1545.
12402 2 A
12 May. 716. Sabyne Johnson to her Husband, John Johnson.
R. O. Glapthorne, 12 May 1545:—Thanks for letter received by Mr. Brudenell. Her father promises his wool; but her brother Serjeant says that his will go to the highest buyer and that Johnson's price is 8d. a todd less than other men's. Wrote of the payment of Mr. Bickillis. Will desire Mr. Brudenell to end the matter with Mr. Parson. Her brother Villaces is very sick. She and their "two jewels" are well. Will remind Haryson of the fells.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: "answerid from Andwerp, le 22 in the same, etc."
12 May. 717. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 782.
As commanded, has examined the coasts from Yarmouthe almost to Orford Nasse. From Orford Nasse to Laystofte Road is about 20 miles, wherein are divers places where enemies might land, but no harbour for them against "strenable" winds blowing from the sea, as N., N.E., E., S.E., and S.S.E. Such winds blowing even measurably make the billow so high that boats dare not land. The enemy will not land any great number there; and a small number could do little hurt, and that chiefly to the writer, whose poor town of Alboroughe and lands thereabouts should be burnt. At Laystofte, for small ships of 10 or 12 foot draught, are two very good roads called the North Road and the South Road, in either of which a good number of mean ships may ride against all winds. Between the landing place and the town is at least 40 score "tailor's yards," and the landing place is more than half a mile in length. The town have made bulwarks of earth at each end of the road and in the middle, with three or four small iron pieces in each. "The town is as pretty a town as I know any few on the sea coasts, and as thrifty and honest people in the same, and right well builded; but surely if an army royal should come thither, considering the bulwarks, which should beat the road, be but of earth, as banks made of turves, and so far distant from the town, I think it should be no great adventure for a good puissance to land there and burn the said town." Yarmouthe is from Laistofte 5 miles, and from the haven mouth of Yarmouthe to Laistofte is good 3 miles of high cliff easy to defend. From the haven mouth to Yarmouthe is 2 miles, and from thence to Caster Nasse other 2 great miles. From the said haven mouth to Caster Nasse is good road, as good or better than the Wight, as the Lord Admyrall, Sir William Woodehouse and Legge of Harwyche know. There, for four miles, if no great sea winds blow, are fair landing places; and the bulwarks of earth, made there long since, by my lord of Suffolk's advice, and lately repaired, are so far distant from the town that if galleys and ship boats came in the night the bulwarks might be lost together with the ordnance in them. Has therefore appointed the pieces which the King now sends thither to be laid nearer the town. It is "the properest town, the best builded with most substantial houses that I know so near the sea in all your Majesty's realm; and, as I think, more good building therein, than is in Hampton, though not so fair houses as some few be in Hampton." It is walled on all sides save towards the haven, but so weakly that a few shots of demi-cannon would make sufficient breach to enter. There are many small towers and evil walls, with neither bulwark outside nor rampart within, and the tower walls not above six foot thick; so that it is the weakest walled town he ever saw, "London, Yorke, Hampton or other." Has devised for its keeping until the country may come to its rescue, and wishes Mr. Lee or some other expert man sent hither to view what can be done.
Offers his opinion that the Frenchmen will not come into these parts with any main army this year, because the coasts are dangerous for great ships and they know how strong a navy Henry has ready for sea, so that, once as far north as the Frythe, they cannot return through the Narrow Seas without fighting, and the way homewards between Scotland and Ireland is too dangerous. Another reason for thinking they will not go to Scotland is that they know that they must tarry there six weeks or at least a month will find little victual there for such a navy as dare venture to fight at their return, so that they must carry three months' victuals, which were difficult for them to furnish. Kennynghall Lodge. 12 May 1545 Signed
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
12 May. 718. Elmley Chantry.
R. O. Surrender by Robert Bone, elk., dean of the college of Leicester and master or warden of the chaplains of the chantry of St. Mary of Elmeley, Worc., of the said chantry, the lordship and manor of Newynton, alias Nawnton, the rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Elmeley, an annual rent of 20l. out of the manor of Chyldes alias Childes Wyckham, Worc., and all other possessions of the said chantry. Dated 12 May 37 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Note by Sir Edw. North that this was acknowledged before him, 13 May.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II, 20.
12 May. 719. Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
R. O. Upon receipt of the Council's letters to the bp. of Duresme therefor, we wrote to Sr de Gamboa, captain of the Spaniards, for his opinion in certain things touching Padilia, the Spaniard (copy enclosed together with Gamboa's answer). Send letters received from Thomas Gower and Mr. Man, now being at Holie Eland, and will send them such workmen as may be spared from Tynmouthe and make shift to advance them some prest for the works they now begin at Holie Eland. Remind the Council, however, that they have no money at all for the King's affairs. Darneton, 12 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
12 May. 720. The Queen of Hungary to M. de St. Mauris.
Papiers d'
Etat, iii. 142.
* * *
The ambassador of Scotland who came hither for a declaration of the comprehension of Scotland in the treaty of peace is despatched and returned to France without the Emperor's being able to grant it, because of his treaty with England; and the writer understands that for the same reason the Scots were left out of the treaty. But he has been despatched so favourably that he returns well satisfied. If told there that the King was indignant that the comprehension was not granted, St. Mauris shall answer that the Emperor could not expressly grant it, but, for the King' sake, has despatched the ambassador so favourably that he has obtained as it were the effect of it. Two French galleys have arrived at Dunckercke in Flanders and asked for victuals, but, owing to dearness, there is a proclamation against taking victuals out of the country; nevertheless some refreshment was given. If St. Mauris should be asked to write for a grant of victuals to their ships of war he shall excuse it upon the ground of the said dearness and proclamation, as by the treaty with England victuals cannot be given to their enemies; and moreover the English would also ask for victuals, and the subjects here could not nourish both armies. Louvain, 12 May 1545.
12 May. 721. Friderych von Reyffenberck to Henry VIII
R. O. His prince, Philip Landgrave of Hesse, has given him leave to raise 20 standards of German foot and 1,000 horse for foreign service; and, moved by Henry's acknowledged preeminence in kingly virtues, he service to him. Begs to know his pleasure within fourteen days, and also whether he wishes more or fewer men than the above. Sends letters from the Landgrave to prove his authority to undertake this. Begs to be certified at Antwerp, at the earliest possible day, of the King's pleasure, that he may at once begin to conscribe the army, Cologne, 12 May 1545. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
13 May. 722. University of Cambridge.
Add. MS.
5,845, p. 434.
B. M.
Writ to the mayor and bailiffs of Cambridge to supersede a John Fanne, burgess there, has obtained against Ralph Ainsworth, clk., master or keeper of the college or house of St. Peter in the University of Cambridge, and to inform Fanne that he must prosecute his plea before the Chancellor of the University and not elsewhere. Westm., 13 May 37 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Modern copy, p. 1.
13 May. 723. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O. London, 13 May 1545:—Business matters, in which the writer mentions Thos. Appenrith, Mr. Smyth, Mr. Ant. Cave, Hen. Suthwyke, Walter Lewesone, John Johnson's wife, his brother Bretain, Mr. Brudenell's man Robt. Barbour, Barth. Warner and Henry Gherens of Calleis. "On Friday next (fn. n2) (God willing) my lord of Harthford doth set forwards towards Scotland with a great company of horsemen and also footmen. The living Lord be his guide and give him as prosperous success as he hath hitherto had in all his noble attempts. God so continue it!"
Hol, p. 1. Add.: Calleis or Andwarpe. Endd.: "answered, Andwerp by my letters of 22 in Maie, etc."
13 May. 724. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Please advertise me when our ships shall depart hence. Three or four are already laden, and it would be costly to them to abide the rest. Upon advice from Mr. Gresham, this other day, I stayed them until further order from my lords of the Council, although, now that the French galleys be gone, they may take the seas safely. Written 13 May 1545.
Flemish mariners in Andwarpe secretly tell Mr. Damesell "that they have peace with Scotland."
Hol., p.1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
13 May. 725. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Your answer, by my servant, came not in time to save me 40 cr. that Dromond had of me two days earlier upon a bill of his hand. He came to Barghes and required Nicholles, clerk of the Merchants' Company, to bring him acquainted with me; and, forthwith, declared how he had laboured to induce a secretary of Mons. de Guise to go into England and declare his credence from the Scottish Queen. Then he made Nicholles speak to me for the 40 cr.; and, as Nicholles had heard that he had divers times done the King service, I made shift for the money rather than hinder so good a purpose; and he took leave, promising to see the secretary and come to me on Monday last at Andwarpe. And so he did, on Monday (fn. n3) two hours after I received your letters, bringing letters "which I send you by him enclosed in another of mine," and saying that he had the whole credence to tell me, as the party was sick and could not come. I, persuaded him, instead of returning into Zeeland, to come with me, saying that the King took the letters which he sent before so well that if he presented himself I durst give him 40l. st. a year while he lived; and caused him to dine in Nicholas's chamber. While dining with Nicholles and sending, for boots, of which he found none to his liking, he said to Nicholles, "By God ye are a wise man. Why? quoth Nicholles. Mary! because ye said that ye feared the messenger had opened the letters I sent you the other day, and even so I ween they were. Then quoth Nicholles, I deemed so because your letter to me and the letter within, said he, were, methought, sealed with one seal." So, when Nicholles heard him say so, as I had desired him according to your letter to persuade him to go into England, Nicholles feared that he would shrink away, and "persuaded with him," while I "caused him at last to like a pair of boots" and brought him hither, leaving Nicholles to bring certain writings needful for the Diet. Here I declared the purport of your letters to my lord of Westminster and Mr. Peter, who send a man to see him go directly to you. The loss of my 40 cr., which, however, I trust to recover by law, shall be a warning to me not to show such liberality to a "prattling Scot."
Drumond said that, three weeks past, arrived in Zeland a Flemish pink which had been in Scotland with a messenger of the Scottish ambassador, who, as Marten Calley writes, was on Sunday last at Bruxelles in his old lodging and sent his herald, newly come out of Scotland, into France (which agrees with Drumond's saying). Also Drumond said that at Camphire is a Scottish ship which has discharged her merchandise and came thither with the Emperor's safeconduct; but, at leaving Barghes, I received a letter out of Zeland from one of our merchants, affirming the arrival of the Flemish pink and adding that the Scottish ship at Camphire landed a man upon the coast, before coming in; to get her safeconduct (which is from Mons. de Bevre), and that she is of 100 ton, meetly well appointed, and shall depart shortly. Drumond says that the Scottish ambassador's man was there when he left to warn her to tarry and to lade nothing, "for he would lade her with powder and munition and go home in her." I will send one of the merchants' officers into Zeeland to report her readiness. I sent one with your letters to Peter van Guelder three weeks past and never heard of him since; and it is said at Andwarpe that Peter van Guelder having gathered men, was set upon and fled no man wots whither. On Sunday last, being newly arrived at Andwarpe from Barghes, an English merchant told me that a barber had shaved a priest of Our Lady Church, who talked of another priest being taken about Hulle going into Scotland, "who is the Bishop of Rome's collector; and so said that, the same day, were sent letters to Chapuis, the Emperor's, ambassador there, to labour for his release or ever he should be further known." His name is Sir William Tomson. According to your advice "I have set our merchants at liberty to buy and sell everywhere to their most fordell." Thanks for remembrance of his poor affairs. Callais, 13 May 1545.
Your hostess of Bruxelles, whom I saw not since your departing, desires to be lowly commended to you.
Hol., pp. 8. Add. Endd.
13 May. 726. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Bearer, called Mr. Drumond, "is the party who sent me the letters I sent you by my servant." He repaired to me at Andwarpe on Monday (fn. n4) last, as promised, and because the secretary is sick of ague, as he says, he brought me from him these other letters here inclosed. You will see that he has earnestly travailed to do the King service and is to be esteemed. I arrived here this day at noon in his company. Callais, 13 May 1545.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 May. 727. Petre to Paget.
R. O. Because Mr. Chamberlayn, who arrived today, says that Paget wrote to him to send Dromownde to Court with one Nychols, who is detained at Antwarpe about certain things to be brought hither for this Diet, Petre sends this bearer, his servant, with Dromond. Hears that they of Bolloyn have taken Hardelow, but no particulars. Thanks for Paget's wine, received today from the Lord Deputy. Caleyce, 13 May.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
13 May. 728. English Commissioners for the Diet of Calais and Gravelines to the Emperor's Commissioners.
R. O. Today we received your letters, dated Gravelines, 13 May, with the merchants' complaints and other books and documents, and thank you for your diligence in sending them. Tomorrow we will send you the complaints of our merchants; which we would have sent today but that the Governor of the fellowship of merchants (who is our colleague) arrived yesterday and we must confer with him first. We will answer your articles as soon as possible, and would do so sooner if the articles had been in Latin; but we thought that you found in our first meeting that some of us knew very little French, and therefore we beg, if anything more is to be given, that it may be in Latin, to save delay. Subscribed: commissarii Regie Matis Anglie pro dieta servanda Calet. et Gravelingie.
Lat. Copy, p. 1. Address copied. Endd.: M. to th'Emperour's Commissioners, xiijo Maii 1545.
13 May. 729. Luigi de Gonzaga to Harvel.
R. O. I received your letter from Colonel Mariano and at once handed it back to him, that you may know that I will not use it elsewhere and that I proceed sincerely like a gentleman who has always professed honour in keeping with my birth and nobility. My excuse if this is written badly, is that it is written with my own hand; and, thanking you for praises which I do not deserve, I would think myself dishonoured were I to bargain with the King, by whom I was so honourably received when I went to do him reverence the year that the Dauphin of France was born, being at that time very young. Therefore, if the King is informed that I am a fit person to serve him, I send this blank leaf and promise service his to accept whatever Majesty shall command me, for one whole year, with charge and without, that he may know whether I can serve him, and afterwards for as long as he wishes. I am ready to start for England at once. It remains for me to signify that, as a gentleman of honour, I ask no other thing than the King's order:—I might have had any other order had I been willing to bind myself as I now do. As for rank I do not speak, having said above that I will serve with charge and without; but you must know that I was general master of the camp in the Emperor's army, and that above Turin, against Mons. Haneball, admiral of France, who was then governor there, I had charge of 4,000 Almains and 6,000 Italian foot. It seems unnecessary to speak of my reason for asking licence of the Emperor, but you will see by the enclosed that he has held me in good estimation, and that the King of the Romans has made instance for me with 300 cr. a month and a personal guard of 50 arquebusiers on horseback all paid. I beg you to take copies and return me the original letters and bargains enclosed. (fn. n5) I must not conceal the fact that I would not consent to obey another Italian unless of greater state and experience than myself, but I promise to obey any English prince at the King's command. If I had to go into England on the King's service it would be necessary to send an English gentleman to keep these two places, with sufficient provision, whereby he may always assemble men in Italy. If there is not much suspicion, 50 or 60 footmen would suffice for the guard of each, and, if it came to fighting, 1,000 foot under my captains, would guard both places, one of which can only be taken by siege, and the other (fn. n6) if I had six months' time in which to finish a bulwark would be as impregnable as this. You know what other things are necessary for the defence of towns (terre), and also what services La Mirandola has been able to do the King of France in providing men. Moreover, I should not conceal that I would ask recompense of all that I might lose, as a reasonable petition. Because in affairs of state many unexpected things happen, I bind myself to wait, for resolution herein, a mouth and a half, within which time if I might have money (un tessoro) I will not fail to keep my word. Castel Gufredo, 13 May 1545. Signed: Luis Marchese de Gonzaga, di man propria.
P.S.—If I go, the King must command me whether to go by Switzerland or by the Emperor's court. His Majesty should know that, having been wounded in the leg with an arquebus, I cannot fight, but know how to make others fight in order. "Et se io vedero la resolutione de predetta sua maesta, diro poi tutto quello che me parera poterli cedere in servitio; et, sopra il tutto, supplico v. s. illma haver qualche consideratione sopra delli capituli signati et procurar che sii fermata le guardia delli cinquanta archebuseri a cavallo per il tempo che durasse il servitio della persona mia; et che servendo ho no, per il mancho, sua pta mta, cognita la bona volonta mia, si degni tenerme nel numero, come detto di sopra, de soi minimi servitori."
Ital. Hol, pp. 6. Add: Allo illmo Sor, il Sor Sigismondo Arvel, mio Sor et orator dil sermo Re de Ingelterra. In Venetia. Endd.
13 May. 730. Andrea Doria to Prince Philip.
viii., No. 53.
* * * *
Seventeen galleys, two galleasses and twenty transports have, left Marseilles, with 2,000 Gascon soldiers, for Normandy or England. Pietro Strozzi is on one of the galleys. Genoa, 13 May 1545.
14 & 28 731. Town of Boston, Linc.
May. Incorporation. See Grants in May, Nos. 38, 87.
14 May. 732. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 160.
At St. James's, 13 May, "the Lordes sate at the Sterre Chawmbre." Meeting at St. James's, 14 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Baker. Business:—Letter to my lord Deputy, lord Gray and Sir John Walloppe to examine whether Lactre was taken upon French territory and meanwhile to stay him at Calais. Warrant to Tuke to deliver 80l 2s. 8d. to Geo. Lawson for his conduct with 100 hacquebuters to Newcastle and their coats. Letter to the "Commissioners for the Diettes," commending Martin Pollarde, sent thither as solicitor for the men of Bristol. Letter to the mayor of Hastynges to enquire of a robbery by fishermen upon a ship of Bastian France. Letter to Antony, servant of my lord Warden, for the forthcoming of goods taken by him and others from certain Spaniards under pretence of a wreck. Wm. Ketall and Ric. Knight, servants to. Lord St. John, had warrant to Sir Edm. Peckham for 2,000l for provisions for the navy in the Narrow Seas; also Sir John Gresham warrant for 2,000l made over by him to Wm. Damozel in Flanders for provision, of powder, morespikes and hagbutes. Giles Hostman had letters to Hull for passage of his lead, the King having released the late restraint: Thos. Poyntel, for making biscuit for Boulogne, had warrant to Williams for 97l. 19s. 10d. due upon his account. John Sumpter and others, of Plymouth, declaring by supplication their injuries in Biscay, had letters to the bp. of Westminster and other commissioners now at the Diet to hear them.
14 May. 733. Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O. Yesternight arrived a servant of Lord Wharton and, Jockey Sharperowe, Scottishman, servant to Lord Maxwell, who was despatched with the Council's passport to carry letters into Scotland from Lord Maxwell and returns with answer. They brought letters (herewith) from Lord Wharton and Robert Maxwell; and also "certain money, a chain, rings and other things" sent to Lord Maxwell from his wife and the said Robert (schedule of them enclosed in Wharton's letter). Send the said money, chain and rings by the King's servant Wm. Brakenbury for surety. Send also letters received from the Warden of the Middle Marches and. from Mr. Brende, at Tynmouthe. Darneton, 14 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 May. 734. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O. Forwards a packet received this morning from Musicke, now. at Brusels. Supposing it important, despatched it as soon as received to Graveling. Trusts that ere this his servant has Paget's answer to.his letters Asks instructions concerning wheat and rye, of which he wrote. Andwerpe, 14 May 1545.
Hol., p l. Add. Endd.
14 May. 735. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 434.
Since they wrote on the 6th inst. matters remain the same, viz., the Protestants will not deliver the money gathered against the Turk to the Emperor without assurance that peace shall be "prorogued" between them and the Catholics until all controversies are quietly determined between them the chamber of the Empire shall be reformed as agreed at Spiers. That Council at Trent they refuse, for causes expressed in the writers' former letters. Ferdinando and Grandvell have pressed them, but can do nothing until the Emperor's coming, who is seven leagues off and will be here on Saturday next. (fn. n7) Duke Moryce has a servant here, named Chr. a Karlewiths, with a letter of credence to Henry, dated 20 March, and commission by month to offer men for his service. The man has waited here for the Emperor's coming because of his master's affairs in the Diet. Here is constant rumor that the French king makes 8 ensigns at Zantefor, 4 leagues from Mettes. Ferdinando and Granvell say that there is no truce with the Turk; but the bruit of it, raised by letters from Venice to Argentyne, remains. Woormbs, 14 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 May. 736. Bucler to Paget or Petre.
R. O. "Sir it may please you to [b' advertised that on the vjth] of this present we sent a post [unto the King's Matie with such] occurrentes as we had here at [that time; and the day] after we sent you by the merc[hants' post the answer] from the king of Denmark [and the city of Breame]. The wc I trust you have re[ceived by this time]; and these now ar in manner . . . . . . . . . . . . the same. And thus I moste [humbly take my leave of you.] From Wormbs [the xiiijth of May.]
Yours [to command]
(Signed) Wate[r Bucler.]
P. 1. Half torn off. Add. Endd: Mr. Bucler to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget, xiiijo Maii. 1545.
737. Hertford's Despatch to the North.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 239.
B. M.
ii., No. 436.
"My lord Lieutenant hath wages for himself for one month before-hand" and for 200 horsemen, himself at 5l the day, 100 of the horsemen at 9d. and the other 100 at 8d., beginning 1 May; and is also paid for their coats and conduct money. To lord Maxwell is delivered in prest 100l to be repaid to Mr. Sadleyr. There is also delivered to my lord Lieutenant, for eight wyfflers who came from Calais and Guisnez, in prest upon their wages, 20l., and, for coats and conduct, 16l. 16s. Sir Henry Knevet, marshal, has in prest upon wages of himself and 40 horsemen 200l. from 1 May, and is also paid for their coats and conduct, and must be allowed such wages as the Master of the Horse had when marshal, and for his horsemen 9d. a day. Sir Philip Hobby, master of the ordnance, has received, in prest upon wages of himself, 20 horsemen and 100 footmen, from 1 May, 260l., and is paid for their coats and conduct. He must have diets at 26s. 8d. and such allowances as the master of the ordnance (fn. n8) had when the army was in Scotland, and for his horsemen 9d. a day. He has received in prest for provisions in his office 500 marks. Señor Michael, Spaniard, has received wages beforehand for one month from 1 May, for himself at 5s. and four horsemen at 9d., besides coats and conduct money. The Marques Palavicino is paid for himself and all his company until 31 May. To Lawson and his gunners for one month's wages beforehand, with coats and conduct, by Mr. Knevet, 50l.; "and all the rest of his prests is defalked here." Sir Henry Knevet has the covenant signed by the said Marquis and all the Italians, Spaniards and Albaneys, whose prests are as you were heretofore advertised, save that Captain Morgante has 50l. more in prest by Sir Hen. Knevet besides what "we advertised your Lordships before."
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 2.
Ib.f.240. 2. Fair copy of the above.
Pp. 2. Endd.: A bill of prestes delivered unto therle of Hertf., Sr. Henry Knevet, etc., at his going to the North ao xxxvijo
15 May. 738. Town of Warwick.
Incorporation. See Grants in May, No. 41.
15 May. 739. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 161
Meeting at St. James's, 15 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Paget. Business:——Selby, clk., formerly monk of Sheen, upon a lewd writing signed by him against the King's primacy, "seeming nevertheless to be distract of his wit," committed to the Tower.
15 May. 740. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O. London, 15 May 1545:—Has just received his brother's letters of the 9th and thanks him for his news of the galleys. Business matters, in the course of which he writes that his riding down into the country for the holidays is uncertain until his master's (fn. n9) "coming from St. George's feast;" but he would "gladly do so rather than to remain in London." The following persons, viz., Walt. Lewsone, Hen. Suthwyke, my sister your wife, your brother Bretain, Robt. Barbour, Mr. Brudenell's servant, Young Francys of Oundell, Bar. Warner, Hen. Gherens, Ant. Cave, Thos. Appenrith and Mr. Smythe, are mentioned.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: at Calleis or Andwarpe. Endd.: "answered at Andwerp le 22 in the same, etc."
15 May. 741. Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
R. O. As they wrote before, send the money, chain, rings, &c., sent to Lord Maxwell out of Scotland, by William Braykyngbery, this bearer, who delivered Sadler 3,000l. for the King's affairs, most of which was due and spent ere it arrived, as they desire the Council to remember. Darneton, 15 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Indenture witnessing receipt, 15 May 37 Henry VIII., by Sir, high treasurer of wars against Scotland, from Wm. Braykyngbery, of 3,000l., sent by the Privy Council for Border garrisons and affairs. Signed: Wyll'm Braykyngbery.
Small paper, indented, p. 1. Sealed.
15 May. 742. Petre to Paget.
R. O. We received this morning the articles of complaint sent from the Emperor's commissioners, and mean this day to send them ours; wherein we have slender information from the merchants, and yet put in all we may "gather or scrape togethers." The quantity of theirs is very great, but we have had no time to peruse them, being "more than fully busied" in framing ours. Jasper Dutche s matter is the first, and therefore we would gladly know the King's pleasure for the answer. The matters of Burgos and the jewels are not forgotten. Herewith is a letter which Francisco brought me this morning enclosed in one from Martin Parry "whom I know not.' Caleyce, 15 May.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 May. 743. M. Stric to Thirlby and Others.
R. O. Bearer brought us today your letters with the English complaints, public and private, to which we will prepare answer as soon as possible. Gravelines, 15 May 1545. Signed for the Imperial Commissioners for the Diet of Gracelines and Calais.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add.: Exmo in Xo p'ri ac rnagcis d'nis Regie Matis Anglorum Commissariis pro Dieta Gravelingea et Calesia, amicis n'ris charissimis. Calesii. Endd.
15 May. 744. The Council of Ten to the Venetian Ambassador at Rome.
v., No. 338
Learnt by his letters of the 5th and 8th inst. the instance made by the Pope and Ardinghelli touching Ludovico da l'Armi, and this morning the Papal Nuncio made the like with great warmth. Sent lately for Ludovico; but the secretary of the English ambassador came instead, saying that Ludovico was departed on the King's business. The Nuncio said this morning that Ludovico had gone to Trent and might perhaps go to the Diet, but some of his commanders were at Verona and Vicenza; and the governors of those towns were immediately written to to dismiss aliens and warn Venetian subjects to make no levies. Thus the Pope their devotion to him.
15 May. 745. The Council of Ten to the Governors of Verona.
(Brown), v.,
No. 337.
Understand that Bernardo da S. Bonifacio and Angelo Mariano, and perhaps others, engaged by Ludovico da l'Armi, are there raising troops. Aliens among them shall be immediately banished out of the Signory's territory and Venetian subjects warned to make no levy of troops under pain of the Council's indignation. Such musters are to be prohibited and watch kept.
ii. Like letters were ordered to be written to Vicenza and other places as requisite.


  • n1. May 9th.
  • n2. May 15.
  • n3. May 11.
  • n4. May 11.
  • n5. See Vol. XVII., No. 348; XIX., Pt. I., Nos. 382, 631.
  • n6. Castiglione
  • n7. May 16.
  • n8. Sir Christopher Morice.
  • n9. Sir John Gage.