Henry VIII: June 1545, 11-15

Pages 449-466

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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June 1545, 11-15

11 June. 908. The Privy Council.
a. p. c., 190.
Meeting at Greenwich, 11 June. Present: Privy Seal, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Two several passports written for Diricke Slincour and Hans Fossarte to pass to Flanders.
11 June. 909. Hertford and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. p., v. 458.
Send letters received by Hertford from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches, with one to the latter from Gilbert Swynho, all containing intelligence out of Scotland. Newcastell, 11 June, Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O.
St. p., v. 458.
2. "Intelligences by the Lord Wharton's espials, sent to the earl of Hertford."
An espial came to me this Wednesday (fn. n1) night, saying that the lord Mongomerye has instructions from the French king for his proceedings in Scotland in which, it is bruited, the French king shows great suspicion of the noblemen of Scotland. The great company of the Frenchmen was not at once landed until the captains might know what to trust. The espial knew not how that matter will proceed, nor what the instructions were.
Another espial tells me, forth of Tividale, that the larde Buclughe had a letter from the Cardinal, to the effect that Lordge Mongomerye had brought 3,000 Frenchmen and 500 horsemen, 300,000 cr. and great rewards for all good Scottishmen, and 100 men to wait upon the Governor at the French king's cost; also that a great number of ships and galleys of the French king, Bishop of Rome and king of Denmark were on the sea to invade England, that the Queen and lords rode from Sterling, on Saturday last, (fn. n2) to Glasgow to meet the French captains, and that Anguishe and George Douglas were as much in suspicion as ever. The espial heard the letter read. Carlile, 10 June.
Copy in the hand of Hertford's clerk, p. 1.
11 June. 910. Border Garrisons.
R. O. Indenture witnessing receipt, 11 June 37 Henry VIII, by Sir Ralph Sadleyr, high treasurer of wars against Scotland, from Wm. Layton, of l0,000l., sent by the Privy Council, for Border garrisons and other Northern affairs. Signed: Per me Guilihelmum Layton.
Small paper, indented, p. 1. Sealed.
[11 June?] 911. Robert Scot of Wamfray to Wharton.
R. O. I received your writing last Tuesday. The Frenchmen are come, viz.; 2,000 gunners, 500 horsemen and 500 footmen with pikes; and their captains have landed and spoken with the Governor and Queen in Glascow, desiring them to convene the Council to know if they will pass forward into England. The lords of Scotland meet in Edinburch this Sunday (fn. n3) to decide what to do. Would know by bearer whether to come, as Wharton wrote, or wait here for further tidings. "Alswa thay haif broucht mekl vittell and wyne, and 400 thowsand crownys to fe waydioures wt, and two thowsand crownys fra ye Kyng of Frans to geif ye erll of Anguis. And forther I rafer quhill zor gayn senddyng; and Crist haif zow l. in hes keipyn. At Thyrlstayne, thys last furysday."
Hol, p. 1. Add.: To ane honorabl lord my l. Quhorton, warden of ye West M'chys of Ingland.
912. Patrick Murray of Fawllohyll to the Laird of Wamfray.
R. O. No tidings but that the Frenchmen are come, in number 3,000, viz., 500 light horse, 500 pikes and 200 (sic) gunners. There is also come 400,000 cr. of the sun and as much flour, wine, oats and beef as will keep them till Michaelmas. The lords convene to the town this next Sunday.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: To my eme ye laird of Wanphre.
11 June. 913. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 3. Meeting at Glasgow, 11 June. Present: Queen, Governor, Cardinal, bps. of Galloway and Orkney, earls of Angus and Bothwell, abbots of Dumfermling and Culross, lords Flemyng, Sumervell, Borthwik and Seton. Business:—Dispute with Gilbert earl of Cassillis as to the abbey of Glenluse.
Ib. 4. [Undated meeting.] Present: Queen, Governor, Cardinal, bps. of Galloway and Orkney, earls of Argyle and Cassillis, lords Fleming, Ruthven, and Seton, Secretary. Business:—Donald, calling himself of the Isles, and other Highland men, who, with the aid and favour of the King of England, raid and burn the Queen's lieges, to be warned to desist or else the whole body of Scotland with the succours lately come from France will come upon and destroy them.
11 June. 914. Thirlby and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O. Ordered by letters of your Council to repair to Burborough for a further consultation in matters of this Diet, we came hither on Monday last. (fn. n4) In the matter of Jasper Duche we said that we despatched to you the letters and accounts which they lately sent us at Callys, and had as yet no answer; but, knowing the King's good affection to the said Jasper, we were sorry that he had not divided his own cause from the rest (whereunto, we said, they had promised to advise him) and now by these letters he seemed to deal more darkly and unreasonably than before. After many words on both sides, they said "What and if he had divided, or would yet divide, you make none offer; we think it were well done you would grow to some offer for the price, so far as he would claim the said herring to be his own." We answered that, as he was the suitor, reason would that he should first make "an indifferent demand," and as for interest, we marvelled what he meant to demand it, seeing the herrings were stayed upon reasonable grounds. After that, they descended to the matter of Burgos, bringing in five several processes and a great number of examinations, the effect of their proofs being that those Spaniards who laded the goods in Rowan were factors for these of Burgos, that the said Spaniards of Rowan also laded other merchandise for the said Burgales and advertised them by letter of the several parcels before news came that those six ships were arrested at the Isle of Wight, and that sundry witnesses saw the entry of these goods in the merchants' books in Burgos before anything was heard in Spain of the stay of the ships. We answered that we had just cause to stay the ships, and that their said processes did not prove the "proprietie" of these wares; and we showed copy of letters of reprisal granted in France at the suit of some of the said Spaniards, unto whom your said subjects' goods were there adjudged by the law, who were therein named French subjects; and here we showed a process, with examination of witnesses, lately received from your Council, whereby appeared that the Spaniards of Rowan affirmed the goods to be their own, and if, said we, they so affirmed for fear of losing their goods, the same fear may cause them to say untruly now; as to the letters and books of reckonings, we said that such private writings ought to receive no credence.
We have to-day heard their answers to all our general articles, and to-morrow they promise to send us the same in writing. We will then deliver them our answers. When we tell them that they show no mind "to grow to any indifferent conformity," they answer that things must first be reasoned to the uttermost. Burborough, 11 June 1545. Signed: Tho. Westm': Will'm Petre: Edward Carne: T. Chambrelain.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 June. 915. Thiblby and Petre to Henry viii.
R. O.
St. P., x. 459.
In pursuance of letters from the Council they have declared to the Commissioners that, notwithstanding the agreement at Bruxelles for discharge of all things arrested since 20 June last, the King's subjects and goods are still arrested in Spain. Also showed the case of the fishermen of Blankbarowe, Haist and Wyndoron. The Commissioners answered, as though the arrest in Spain was strange to them, that they would write both to the Emperor and Regent therein; and, as to the fishermen, they would both write to the Queen and speak to Mons. de Rieux that no fishermen of these parts might aid the Frenchmen. Were, yesterday at 7 p.m., in conference with the Emperor's commissioners, when letters were delivered to Chapuys, from the Emperor and Grandvela, dated 3rd inst.; and, at their departing, Chapuys desired to speak with us apart. In answer to questions, he said that the Emperor was quite recovered and would, he thought, be here shortly. He then went on to say that, as we were both of the Privy Council, he would tell us that his letters from the Emperor were in answer to his own, written at his coming from England, of the King's "hearty words" of the Emperor (and he wished that he might in person tell the Emperor how much he was bound to the King). The Emperor, he said, was glad of the good health of the King and Queen; and, because the French made great preparations, the Emperor had written to his ambassador in England to devise upon conditions of peace or truce and wished Chapuys to write also therein. Heard him out and answered little, saving that they were glad of the Emperor's recovery, that the King had always been ready to hear honorable conditions of peace, and that they knew the King's good affection to him. Burborough, 11 June 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
11 June. 916. Chapuys to Charles v.
Spanish Calendar, viii. No. 61. There was a meeting with the English commissioners yesterday after the receipt of the Emperor's letters of the 3rd. To ascertain the King's feeling towards peace or truce with France, Chapuys, after business finished, said to Westminster and Petre (members of the Council and attached to the Emperor's interests) that the Emperor was gratified to learn the kind expressions used by the King, Queen and Council at his leave taking and desired to know if there seemed any possibility of his using his good offices towards a peace or truce. Westminster and Petre promised to write to the King on the subject. After dinner to-day Westminster came, as he said, to understand more clearly Chapuys' remarks of yesterday; but probably to learn if there was anything more in the Emperor's letters. Asked if there was any means of attaining peace or truce, he said that in the Council he never heard any mentioned, and had not wit enough to initiate any.
At the request of the English, has written to the Queen of Hungary about the arrest of English subjects and property in Spain, which, notwithstanding the agreement with Paget, is not yet released; and also to beg that the sailors of Blanckenburgh should not be allowed to convey French troops or serve them as pilots. Westminster also begged him to write direct to the Emperor therein, and order that when French fleets approached the Flemish coast the fishermen should not put to sea and so be taken to act as pilots. Wrote to Van der Delft as instructed. The joint despatch to the Queen of Hungary shows the progress of this Diet. Bourbourg, 11 June 1545.
Endd. as received at Worms on the 18th.
11 June. 917. Bertram Hagh to John Johnson.
R. O. In Brugghe, den 11 in Junii ao 45:— Private money matters concerning Humfray Lichfoet, Pieter Le Roux and Thos. Melady.
Dutch. Hol., p. 1. Add.: An den eersamen ende wysse meester Jan Janson, coopman inde Staple van Cales.
11 June. 918. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 461.
The voice goes in this Court that the Emperor departs shortly into Brabant, and that a Diet shall be appointed at Reghensburgh or Norenbergh in September next. Cannot conjecture why he should return so soon into Flanders unless to sec "how the world shall go betwixt us and them." On the 5th inst. one Thalassius, who heretofore served Mr. Hawkins, the late bp. of Hereford, Dr. Fox, and my lord of Cantorbury, "and as I take it Master Wyat too" heard from the abbot of Basse Fontaines who is here in commission with Mons. dc Grignan, that the French ambassadors had letters showing that the French navy of 65 ships and galleys was ready in the Ocean sea, and the French king would besiege Boleyn by land and sea with 80,000 men, and his subjects, who grudged giving money against the Emperor, would give all they had against us their ancient friends, and the Emperor may take part with the French king, for he cannot abide that we should have Boulleyn. The Emperor had told the Abbot and his colleague that he would urge the Protestants to agree to the Council, but not attempt force. Thalassius is advertised from Metz that many Germans are gone into France to muster at Mesieres, 16,000 in all. This Thalassius is one of the commissioners for Metz, where he now dwells, and seems well affected to the King and our nation, as he once hoped for a pension of the King if my lord of Essex had continued in authority. The Emperor has told the Diet that the bp. of Tryer has ejected one to whom he (the Emperor) gave an abbey in Luxemburg, and that he (the Emperor) will not suffer it; but this may be a pretence for gathering men for some other purpose. The Count Palatine arrived on the 9th inst. The ambassador of Genua says that, on the 14th or 15th ult., 20 ships and 18 galleys with 2,000 Italian soldiers left Marseilles to go around Spain to Normandy, but were driven by tempest into Majorke and Palamosa. One of the ships perished and another came back. If this be true, that navy cannot be so far forth as the Frenchmen pretend. The Count Palatine was yesterday two hours with the Emperor. Secretary Bave and Granvele's secretary say they know nothing of the Emperor's departure hence so soon; and the King of the Romans has told the Venetian ambassador that it is not yet concluded. The Venetian ambassador says that the Turk has dismissed his army.
Longs to hear from Henry Kinge whom he sent to Peter of Geldres. Wormes, 11 June 1545.
Partly in cipher, hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Contemporary decipher of the ciphered portions of the above.
P. 1.
11 June. 919. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O. Yesterday afternoon Mons. Grinian, the French ambassador to the Empire, proponed the cause of his coming (copy enclosed). The Empire's answer is not yet made. On the 9th inst. the Palsgrave arrived, and spoke with the Emperor on the morrow and so remains. No other prince's coming is heard of. By advice from Adrianople, to France, the Turk comes not to Hungary this year; yet the bruit of Ferdinando's departing continues. Here have been vain rumours of the transport of this Diet to Ratisbona and the Emperor's return to the Low Countries; but his removing is very uncertain till he hears from the Bishop of Rome, upon Cardinal Phernesius' arrival and from his ambassador to the Turk, "which both now may be shortly." By advice from Argentine, the French king asks for 12,000 Swycers. Things in the Diet remain as they were. Delivery of the money to the Emperor is not yet granted. The Council, at Trent or elsewhere, indicted by the Bishop of Rome "the Protestants do utterly refuse." The Emperor entertains his chief captains both of horsemen and footmen. Wormbs, 11 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O. 2. [Enclosed in the above.]
i. Francis I.'s letter of credence (countersigned by Baiard) to the Diet of Wormes in favour of the Sieur de Grignan, knight of his Order of St. Michael, viceroy and governor of Provence, whom he sends to the assembled princes and states. Schamburg, 8 id. Martias 1545.
ii. Grignan's speech to the Diet, announcing that his master unites with the Emperor in supporting the General Council at Trent and intimating that the Duchy of Bar is a fief of the kingdom of France.
Lat., pp. 3. In Mont's hand. Endd.: Copia orationis habite ab oratore Gallico.
11 June. 920. Bucler to Paget.
R. O. We have written heretofore how the Landgrave desired to know when and by whom the King made any men in these parts, that he might both further their purpose and be out of doubt of them. "Sethens we have herd that dyvers men gethered (for whom surelie we know n[ot)] hath byn desfectyd, wo (yf he had by[n] advertysed) perchaunce myght have had better successe." I desire to be commended to my lady your wife. Wormbs, 11 June.
Mr. Mont desires pardon that he writes not. Lack of matter is the cause.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
12 June. 921. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 190.
Meeting at Greenwich, 12 June. Present: Suffolk, Privy Seal, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:— Upon information by the mayor and jurates of Rye that certain obstinate persons refused to contribute to the town defences, a letter was directed to the said mayor, &c., to constrain the said persons by imprisonment or other lawful ways.
12 June. 922. Van der Delft to Charles v.
viii. No. 62.
Since Chapuys' departure to the Conference nothing worth writing has occurred. Two questions remained not referred to the said Conference, viz., those of Martin Sanchez de Miranda and Antonio de Guaras, a Spanish merchant resident in London. The Council sent him the captains concerned. Describes his interviews with Renegat, who took Guaras' goods, and Wyndham, who took Miranda's, both of whom seemed to him to be very insolent. Wyndham was brought to him four or five days ago by a doctor (fn. n5) who is the Chancellor's brother-in-law. Applied to the Council (to whom he had meanwhile sent a number of fresh complaints without receiving any answer), for audience to conclude these matters of Miranda and Guaras. They told his messenger that all the complaints were sent to the Admiralty; they themselves had enough to do with affairs of state and the war against France and Scotland "and they knew not whom else" (presumably meaning the Pope, as aiding France); if, the Chancellor said, Van der Delft had received letters from the Emperor he would be welcome, but the merchants' claims were all referred to the Admiralty. This seemed a covert refusal of audience, repugnant to the agreement made with Paget, and therefore he went next day to the Council early. Was welcomed civilly rather than cordially, and, when all were assembled, explained his coming as not meant to importune them on purely judicial matters; for he held the Admiralty tribunals in due respect; but these cases of Miranda and Guaras could be disposed of in two or three hours, and this was the procedure to which they were pledged by Paget's agreement. They replied that in Antwerp the English were obliged to give security contrary to that agreement, and in all other countries the English submitted to Admiralty jurisdiction; Winchester adding that when he was in Flanders a case in which the King himself was interested was referred to the Admiralty, and they were referred to the Council of the Indies in Spain, where the present seizures were a violation of the treaty of friendship. Asked how, if they considered these seizures so bad, they could excuse Captain Renegat, who had outraged all treaties and rights, and yet, instead of being punished like a pirate, was treated like a hero. Disputed thus until dinner time, when the Chancellor made a long and involved complaint about their being abandoned in the war. Was pressed to stay to dinner; and after dinner made another ineffectual effort on behalf of the claims of the Emperor's subjects. Might have proposed referring them to the Diet, but leaves that as a last resource; and rather suspects, from their readiness to refer everything thither that the English expect nothing to be there achieved. As he was leaving, Paget complained bitterly that the Emperor withheld permission for the export of certain munitions, and that captains coming to them had to pretend to be going to France and then come hither from St. Omer; smooth words were given, notably to their ambassador at Worms, but the King would like to see deeds. Reminded Paget how joyously he had himself returned, and renewed assurances of the Emperor's entire affection. The Master of the Horse insisted on accompanying him to the precincts of the Court.
Next day, sent a message to Paget that the merchants, rather than prosecute their claims for three or four years in the Admiralty, wished to appeal to the Emperor and requested letters to his Majesty; but, before granting such, he thought best to refer to Paget, thinking that if the merchants could have possession of their goods upon security he could prevent their appealing. Paget answered that he was certain that the Emperor would be satisfied with the reply given to Van der Delft; for the Council were too busy to occupy themselves with judicial matters, and only did so in the case of the seizures at Antwerp because state affairs were affected; as to releasing the goods upon security, if the Council chose to believe the allegations of English merchants they would arrest all the Spanish merchants here, but, having assurance that the seizures were without the Emperor's knowledge, and having the Emperor's own word to Paget that he would maintain the alliance inviolably, they preferred not to listen to the merchants; even if one of their private captains committed an offence it was illicit for the other side to effect a reprisal.
It seems necessary that the Emperor's subjects should in all cases be able to obtain their goods upon giving security; for apparently the English mean to seize everything they meet at sea as French and then refer claimants to the Admiralty. Mariners are accused of having false bills of lading, and the goods are meanwhile sacrificed at wretched prices.
Sends a copy of this to the Queen dowager. Thinks this delay of redress due to cooling of the hope of obtaining peace or truce with France through the Emperor. Here is great diligence in equipping ships. The Admiral with 23 or 24 vessels was ready to sail some time ago, but wind did not serve till the day before yesterday. They expect to have 120 or 130 ships. Norfolk, St. John and Browne recently returned from the North and West Countries which they have put in a state of defence. No news from Scotland, whither the Italians and Spaniards have been sent, and where Hertford and Mr. Knyvett are their chiefs. Bearer can explain his case; and other merchants may be resorting to the Emperor, but all are referred to the Admiralty Court. London, 12 June 1545.
12 June. 923. Sir George Carewe.
R. O. Acknowledgment of receipt by Sir George Carewe, from his servant Edmond Lentall, of certain rents, from John Smale, reeve of Chetyl-hampton, Thos. Clotworthy for Newham, John Vyney for Oterymohun and Monckton, the tenants of Wynbornemynster and the said Edmond, in all 23l. 10s. 4d. Haveryng, 12 June 37 Henry viii. Signed.
P. 1.
12 June. 924. James Twede to Wharton.
R. O. Desires him to give credence to the bearer.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Wardyn.
R. O.
St. P., v. 459.
2. "The credence of Arche Were, Scotsman, upon a letter by him from the larde Dummelyer, called James Twedie, declared to my lord Wharton at Carlisle the xijth of June."
The Frenchmen landed about Dumbretan to the number of 3,000, of whom are 500 horsemen, 80 of them with barbed horses. They have 5,000 cr. for the Governor and 4,000 er. for Aunguishe and George Dowgles, with thanks for late services against England, and the Order of "the Coclee" and collar of gold therewith for Anguish. Gawen Hume, one of the captains of the Frenchmen, a Scot banished for slaughter, came to Dowgles for the earl of Anguishe and on Tuesday accompanied him to Glasco. The Frenchmen bring 200,000 cr. to wage Scottishmen "and that they will order their wages and make their captains themselves." They brought no rewards to any save the Governor, Anguishe and George Dowgles. At Glasco they determined to send their ships about to Leithe, manned by all their footmen. The Council of Scotland meets at Edinburghe about the midst of next week to conclude what shall be undertaken.
P. 1. Endd.: Newes and credence out of Scotlande.
12 June. 925. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O. This day received the enclosed intelligence from an espial whom he sent to Newhaven. So many of the labourers at the "bastylyon of th' Olde Man" are dead or gone away sick, by passport, that only 300 remain. Begs that more may be sent over. Boulloign, 12 June 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. "First, at Rone he found three galleys, whereof two be very great and brave, one of them, named le gally da Roye, being richly painted and gilt with the arms of France. He gave a stiver to enter and see them. Only pilots and slaves were therein, and their artillery lay beside the haven. Fifty other empty ships were in the haven, and no men of war. He went thence, by the Seyne, to Newe Haven, and found there 100 ships of war of two tops and one top apiece and 200 ships to carry victual. Beside the haven lay 200 brazen and iron pieces (40 of them great pieces of brass), for which mountings were preparing. There were no men of war; but the French king was expected very shortly. By the haven side lay great store of munitions of war, as scythes, mattocks, etc. Twenty two galleys from Marseilles, full of men of war, were daily expected.
He went thence to Deipe, where he saw 15 ships of war new made and painted with black, yellow and green," five of them being of three tops and the rest of two or one top. There is also a great ship of three tops named the Sacre of Deipe, and one of four tops named the Spaniard. Two of the four galleys which lately passed through the Narrow Seas are anchored in the sea half a league thence. Within two leagues of Deipe are six ensigns of enfauncc de Paries waiting to be embarked. He saw 500 pioneers mustered who are to be shipped with the said Parisians.
The bruit is that all these ships shall meet at Newhaven at the end of this month, "and some say they shall into Skotlande."
From thence he went to Crotoye by St. Valers and found 12 Gascon ships with wine for the rest. He came thence to St. Joises and saw in villages there 6 ensigns of Almayns, 7 of Pyamountois and Picards, 2 of Italians and 2 of Spaniards, being the bands which lay in these frontiers last winter, besides the ordinary of horsemen. All the Romayns, to the number of 7,000 or 8,000, lie beside Paris, awaiting 8,000 Almains who are coming. The French king lies at Besansom beside Founteyn la Beau.
I learn from another espial that the Frenchmen will shortly revictual Arde, coming with a great power. The munitions shall come to Arde by the Ewlin Waye, accompanied by only 200 or 300 horsemen and 500 or 600 footmen, while the "great shocke" shall march between them and Guisnes and give alarm there while the victuals enter Arde.
Pp. 4.
13 June. 926. The Privy Council.
A.P.C. 190.
Meeting at Greenwich, 13 June. Present: Norfolk, Suffolk, Winchester, Privy Seal, St. John, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:— Mr. Poyntz and other captains of bulwarks in Essex appeared and were told the King's pleasure for the fortifying of their bulwarks, and that my lord of Norfolk should, on Wednesday next, at Mr. Riche's house, meet my lord of Oxford and other gentlemen of the country for that purpose. Warrant to Mr. Cofferer to deliver 40l. to Mr. Pointz for the fortifying of bulwarks in Essex at Norfolk's appointment. Passport for Guy de Baudrel, Frenchman, exchanged for Jaques Granado, to be released at Rye upon Granado's arrival from Dieppe. Letter to the men of Hull to let John Whight and Fras. Edwardes pass with 750 fothers of lead which they had bought of the King in cos. Lincoln, York and Hull. Letter to the mayor and his brethren of Plymouth to keep for the Court of Admiralty the goods lately taken in two ships and claimed by Ant. Guerras on behalf of certain Spaniards. Letter to my lord Deputy to take good heed to his charge and send over no more strangers. Proclamation ordered for the King's furniture with mariners. Letter to my lord Deputy to furnish lord Graye with certain port pieces, and victuals and wildfire for Hampnes. Letter to my lord Graye signifying the above, and that, to save expense, he should set his captains to keep the gates and choose gunners out of his own band.
13 June. 927. Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 63.
Encloses copy of letters to the Emperor, showing how the claims of his subjects, contrary to the agreement with Paget, are referred to the Admiralty, where foreigners cannot hope for a favourable issue. Meanwhile claims grow in number, and the writer is perplexed by the evil inclination of the Council towards his proposals. It seems necessary that merchants should be able to get their goods upon giving security. Has just received her instructions to assist certain merchants of Bruges to obtain safeconduct to trade with Scotland, such as the Emperor has granted; but there is today a rumor of peace with the Scots proclaimed in Antwerp. If the Council mention it, he will answer according to her previous instructions. London, 13 June 1545.
13 June. 928. G. lord Cobham to Poynings.
R. O. Is informed that yesterday the Daulphin arrived at Mountreull and they intend to lay siege to Bulloin. Calais, 13 June 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lieutenant of Bulloin.
13 June. 929. Victor Mewve, de Jonghe, to John Johnson.
R. O. Bruges, 13 June, 1545:— Commercial matters touching Vouter Blaze. Dutch. Hol., p. 1. Add.: te Cales.
13 June. 930. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. By his last, of the 8th inst., signified to the Council his communication with the Fowker and sending to Bruxelles for Peter Vanden Wale. The said Peter came the second day after, but Jasper Dowche was then gone to Bruxelles and will not return these three days, so that nothing can yet be done. Knows not whether Jasper prolongs the time till he hears how his matter is handled at the Diet, for at his departure he promised to return next day. Will meanwhile talk with the Fowkre without him. A Spanish merchant named Marten Lopes who imports alum here has sought means to know whether the King would take alum in return for lead. Alum is a merchandise that has a readier sale than lead and it seems not amiss to talk with him therein.
I am informed here that you have lately taken in the North a Scottish priest named Sir William. (fn. n6) He is one that has "always been a receiver of letters from the Bishop of Rome and Poole, and a conveyer of the same into Scotland. He departed from hence to go to Scotland, and hath lain in the town of Andwerp a long season. That priest can tell you more of the practises of the Bishop of Rome, the French king and of Poole than a great number of Scots. He is a great enemy to our country, and, as I have learnt here, he hath many suitors that sue for his delivery, and specially of priests and friars. Let him therefore never scape your hands, for you cannot happen upon such another as he is."
Describes how a Spaniard named Captain Bragamont said secretly that he had a matter to reveal to the King if promised a recompense, and, being advised rather to reveal it and trust to the King's liberality, told Vaughan that the French king had sent hither a Loreyner, a priest, apparelled as a merchant, to learn how things pass in England, Sco[tland], Bulleyn, Guysnes and other places, and to practise many things, and that meanwhile Vaughan should write in all haste to the King to remove out of his fortresses on this side all Spaniards and Italians, for the French king went about to corrupt them to betray Bulleyn. The Loreyner was now gone from this town and would return today. Thinks that the Captain will return if he learns more and that it may be that the French king will "essay, as he hath always used, what he can do with corruption." The captain would have this discovered to no man but the King, and is as goodly a man as Vaughan has seen, for a Spaniard.
"The coiners that ye wrote for I cannot get as yet. They be unto us in these parts so spitefull that none of them would do service in our country if he may serve anywhere else." Andwerp, 13 June.
P. S.— Hopes to send coiners. John Dymok and Thos. Lock can tell who were partners with Jasper Dowche in his herrings; "I have forgotten who else had herrings in the said ship."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
13 June. 931. Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 236.
B. M.
Pray "send my letter herewith bound to my lord of Westmister and Mr. Secretary, to Burborow." Other news than I wrote here is none. Lately, John Carolo told me one of your sons was very sick" of a great heat in his liver," which (the physicians feared) if not shortly cured, "would bring him into a spice of leprye." To hear this "grieved me no less than I had heard evil of mine own children. He told me that your son is come by this desease by reason of drinking mustard when he was young. Belike somebody gave him mustard to drink, being young, for some disease, but surely it was not well done. I marvel that John Carolo knew so much. He told me that he caused physicians to look unto him." I send herewith a letter to Mr. Palmer from a Spaniard here, who bids you beware of Spaniards and Italians serving at Bulleyn, for the French king practises with them to betray Bulleyn. Keep secret that a Spaniard warned you of this. I have written it into England. Pray send Mr. Palmer his letter to Bulleyn with speed. Andwerp, 13 June.
P.S.— In anywise do not open this matter of the Spaniards and Italians, for, if untrue, it would breed trouble; but send Mr. Palmer's letter with speed.
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
13 June. 932. Henry Suthwike to John Johnson.
R. O. Andwerpe, 13 June 1545:— Directions about wool, of which he trusts that Mr. Lightfoot delivered the pocket of Barks, etc.
P. S.— The voice goes that the Papists (including the Emperor) and the Germans cannot agree upon a place for their Council, the Papists desiring to have it at Trent in Swisserlande and the Germans at Wormes or anywhere within the Empire.
P. 1 Add.: at Callais. Endd. as answered on 20 June.
13 June. 933. Charles V. to Van Der Delft.
viii., No. 64.
About a fortnight ago the English ambassador addressed him upon several points, especially assistance in case of invasion. The copy herewith of the Emperor's letter to the Queen of Hungary will show the difficulty of either giving or refusing aid, which may be summarised thus:— 1. Must give no excuse for either England or France to allege infraction of treaties. 2. Must not admit that England fulfilled his part of the treaty, and must continue to insist that the arrangement with France was made with England's consent. 3. The King must understand that if the aid is given, that shall not be a reason for giving him further aid or forbidding trade with France. 4. Admitting that the treaty binds the Emperor to give aid in case of the invasion of England, it must be remembered that the object of such an invasion would now be the recovery of Boulogne, which he is not bound to defend, and on the recovery of which the King of France is ready to make peace. 5. The difficulty of furnishing the aid in men is increased by the ill-treatment of those who served the King last year. 6. The King should restore to all the Emperor's subjects, Flemish and Spanish, their ships and goods detained; and the injuries inflicted last year by Landenberg's men and the Englishmen must be remembered, as the Emperor told Hertford and Winchester. 7. There is a rumour that the King of England negociates a confederacy with the Protestants of Germany, which, by the treaty, he cannot do without the Emperor's consent, whose Imperial authority is also touched thereby.
Explains why he has decided to entrust the negociation of this matter to Van der Delft, whose main object shall be to temporise. He may obtain some opportunity of coming to an understanding in accordance with the instructions given to him and Chapuys. As was indicated to Hertford and Winchester, even if the Emperor waived the point of non-fulfilment of the treaty and the object of war now being Boulogne, it is necessary before deciding the matter of aid that the King approve the Emperor's treaty with France, made by his consent, although his declining to send troops to join the Emperor rendered that consent unnecessary. He must be satisfied with the aid and demand nothing further which might infringe the Emperor's treaty with France. For reasons explained in the letter to the Queen of Hungary, the aid must be in money. The restitution of his subjects' property must be preliminary and at once, and he must be assured that the King has not made, nor will make, any treaty with Protestants or any other, even with France, without the Emperor's knowledge. This is in conformity with the treaty, which, when confirmed, the King must fulfil in all its clauses. A most vital point is to give no pretext for saying that the Emperor has condoned the non-fulfilment of the treaty. It is not to be implied that if the above conditions are accepted the aid will be granted; but Van der Delft shall report the King's decision and await the Emperor's resolution. As to the allegation of Hertford and Winchester that at their departure the Emperor consented to grant aid in case of the invasion of England, the expression used was that the Emperor would fulfil his obligations. This was said in continuation of other speech and subject to the limitations contained in that and previous speeches; and the non-fulfilment of the treaty subsequently, as in the redress and restitution of the Emperor's subjects, is to be remembered. Great courtesy is to be used, and reiteration of the sincere friendship between them and their people and the Emperor's anxiety to bring about peace between England and France. However met, he must not break off negociations or give excuse for saying that the aid is refused, but must show that he is seeking information to assist and expedite the Emperor's final resolution, who must be kept informed of conversations with the King and Council, the progress of the war, any appearance of negociations with France, the attitude towards Scotland, the King's resources, the feeling of the people, etc. Continual correspondence with Chapuys while he is conferring with the English commissioners is advisable, and this despatch is sent through him. Worms, 13 June 1545.
P..S. — The English ambassador has not returned to speak of the above, and the Emperor has deferred replying to him pending word from the Queen of Hungary. When he renews his application the Emperor will say that Van der Delft is instructed to conduct the negociations; and then doubtless he will inform his King, who will speak to Van der Delft. Meanwhile the latter "need make no sign."
13 June. 934. Charles V. to Chapuys.
viii., No. 65.
Sends this special courier to Van der Delft with letters (copy enclosed) and has ordered him to go first to Chapuys, at Gravelines, who, from his long experience of England, shall write full advice to the said Van der Delft. Worms, 18 June 1545.
14 June. 935. Expected French Invasion.
Commissions of array. See Grants in June, No. 33.
14 June. 936. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 192.
Meeting at Greenwich, 14 June. Present: Chancellor, Duke of ——(blank),Privy Seal, Winchester, St. John, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business: — Warrants to Sir John Williams to deliver 100l. to Nicasius for Harry Garbrande, as the King's reward, and 450l. to Thos. Chalonor for the despatch of certain Almains. Letter to the mayor, etc., of Bristol to make proclamation recalling all adventurers from the sea and to prest all mariners thereabouts to be at Portsmouth by the last of June. Like letters to the sheriffs and officers of Admiralty in cos. Devon, Cornwall and Somerset. Upon complaint of the Company of Bowyers that Petre van Helden of the Stilliarde, having the whole trade of importing bowstaves, demanded excessive prices, it was ordained that he should not demand above 7l. 10s. for the "bande." Wm. Rigges, of Norfolk, a troublesomeman who had entered several false informations in the Exchequer and for fear caused divers of the King's subjects to contribute money, was committed to the Marshalsea.
14 June. 937. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii. No. 66.
Has received the Emperor's letters of the 3rd inst., and begs that his long silence, due to the absence of matter to write since Chapuys' departure, may be pardoned. Can only add to his letters now on the way that the French are said to be gathering to attack Boulogne and Calais, and this King is about to go ten or twelve miles towards Dover. The English still seem to hope for peace or truce through the Emperor's intervention although he seems to have told them recently that first approaches ought to come from France. London, 14 June 1545.
14 June. 938. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O. London, 14 June 1545:—I trust that you and all friends in Calleis are well. Two days ago, by Peter Brake and Ralph Chamberlayne, I answered your late letters. I have tried the weight of your angels and find them so light that the whole 200 would not yield 4 angels profit—too little to put them into the Mint and tarry a month for the return, considering the preparation of money against your coming over. And therefore also I "pass over the putting forth" both of it and the 40l. odd in old angels. Commercial matters with "my sister your wife," Mrs. Fayrey and her son, Ant. White, Harrysone, Mrs. Tourney, Mr. Druell, Mr. Haynes, Mr. Wymer, Mr. Ant. Cave, George Graunte, and Ric. Johnsone. "News of the agreement at the Diet you may daily hear better and truer than I can hear; howbeit the talk thereof amongst us is but homely, and so consequently many shrewd tales run abroad upon the continuance of quietness betwixt the Emperor and us. Trusting therefore that you will be circumspect to give no great credit for long time of the sale of your wares to the subjects of that country, for it is wisdom to beware of evil by other men's hindrance. Vous estes ban et sage," Commend me to B. Warner "et je espoire que m'apporteres de ces (? ses) nouveilles," and likewise to young Mr. Appenrith, and declare that "I am instantly required not to write his father nor him anything of Monsr. Darundell, for money will not yet be had." I shall be glad to remit the matter again to his own suit.
Hol, pp. 2. Add.: in Calleis. Endd.: aunsweryd 19 in the same at Callais.
14 June. 939. Hertford to Paget.
R. O. Constrained by scarcity of victuals and other things at Newcastle to return to Dernton, where seems to be no less scarceness, I took horse hitherwards yesterday; and, between Newcastle and Duresme, received your letter to me and another to your chaplain at Kepier, whereupon I went to your house there, delivered your letter and took upon me the part of a surveyor. It is not to be greatly esteemed, but the situation and commodities are such as I wish were near London. Commendations to my lady your bedfellow. Dernton, 14 June 1545.
P.S. in his own hand.—"I perseyve ye find faute wt me for that that I have wreghtun ij. tymes and send never a letar to mi wife, as thow you wouldbe notyd a good husband and that no sich faught could be found in you. I would advise you to leve of sich quarelles, or elles I will telle mi ladi sich talles of you as you will repent the begennyng, to home I pray you I may be commendid wt all mihart."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 June. 940. Hertford to Paget.
R. O. Sends news received from the Warden of the West Marches, although they contain no more than Hertford has already advertised. Dernton, 14 June 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 June. 941. The Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O. I, the lord Poyninges, have received your letters of the 8th, wherein you write that, if I remain in the same mistrust of the Spaniards, I shall send them over. We sent over of late 250 "hagubusers," and now to despatch the 400 Spaniards without having their places supplied would encourage the enemy. Having as much mistrust of the Spaniards as before, we desire you to send over men to replace the said 250 as well as the 400 Spaniards; wherein lord Poynings has written heretofore but received no answer. The Spaniards must be paid up to the time of their departure hence. The enemies beginning to draw hitherwards, as appears by the enclosed letter, (fn. n7) our numbers should rather be augmented than diminished; and since last musters 400 or 500 have died or been sent away sick, to replace whom there is no recourse of soldiers hither because of the plague. The King assigned 1,500 men to keep the Old Man, which is now so strong that 1,000 men of war with 200 pioneers may keep it and let the rest of the soldiers lie in Bace Bollen, which is of itself weak and can be defended "only with the strength of men." Boulloigne, 14 June 1545. Signed: Thomas Ponynges: Rauff Ellerkar: John Bryggys: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: Tho. Wiatt: John Jenyns.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
14 June. 942. Thirlby and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O. After much debate, the Emperor's ambassadors and we have exchanged answers in writing (as sent herein). (fn. n8) Are asked daily if we have answer in the matter of Jasper Duche. Now that the matters of Burgos and the jewels have been debated, little is said of other private matters. In the matter of Burgos they have "moved us to sende, b[y] comen a[s]sent with them, into Fraunce for a further pro[ve] and [tryall] of [that matter, w]he[dy]r any of your Majesty's subjects' goodes wer arrested and given in payment to those that laded thees wares that be nowe claymed" and they offer to labour for a safeconduct for us. We answer that we think it will be hard to get a sufficiently large safeconduct for an Englishman at present, but we will consider the thing. The matter of the jewels, we answer, has been ended by the law and ought not to be called in question; and, since they have answered that they may not call to this Diet certain matters depending in suit much longer than the treaty allows, much less can we call hither a matter already judged. Now, when they go about to take from the Diet all matters done before the beginning of the common wars against France, we say that, if that were the meaning of this Diet, they did not well to be so earnest in the matter of the jewels, which was ended by the laws of England before these wars began. To most of our particular griefs they "answer that this Diet was appoincted only for taking away th'arrestes and reformacion of injuries done of either syde sens the begynning of the layt warres. When we had showed them how [man]ifestly [agayn]st . . . . . . . . the agrement this glose [of] theirs was [they answered that] th'Emperor's and Regent's pleasure was [so declared] unto them, which they ought not to transgresse. And yet, saye they, bycause you complayn moche of the long depending of maters in the law and delayes of justice, we will write to as many judges and places as you thinke good, or where any of [you]r maters do depend, that justice may be don with all spede. And they also thought good that the compleynantes of our side shuld repayre to them with their billes, upon which billes being by them seen, they woold write their direccion of that mater, and that we shuld do the lyke with their complaynctes. Wherunto we made theym no direct aunswer, saving that we sayd this way shuld [little] promt the parties, f[or divers] of your Majesties subjects had heretofore had sundrye l'res from th'Emperor, many of them two or three in one cause, and yet had none expedicion of their sutes.
"We do send unto your Majesty also herewith the copie of a proclamacion which was made yesterday in this town touching the valuacion and order of your Majesty's coynes in thies countries." Burborough, 14 June 1545. Signed: Tho. Westm.: Will'm Petre: Edward Carne: T. Chambrelain.
Pp. 3. Faded and slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.
14 June. 943. Thirlby and Petre to Paget.
R. O. The Emperor's commissioners have prayed us to advertise the King's Council that they marvel that certain of the Emperor's subjects who complain in England for injuries done since this Diet began are remitted hither where they cannot be examined without calling the defendants out of England. We now send the King the copy of their answers and ours. Among others who follow them for complaints, one who says he was put to tortures by Mr. Wyndham upon the seas exclaims much, as also do the merchants, for wines taken from them by Wyndham. Pray let us know what to say further in the matter of Jasper Duche, and how to answer their offer of safeconduct for the matter of Burgos. Burbarough, 14 June. Signed.
In Petre's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 June. 944. Petre to Paget.
R. O. Since our last letters to the King we have not had "so hot schools" as before, but in many of our conferences a man might learn to "brawl mannerly." We always end with good and merry words, and, these three days that we have spoken little of Jasper Duche, Burgos and the jewels, we have agreed meetly well. "If men that use the new diet have no more pleasure than we have sometimes had in this diet I think many would rather choose to lie sick of the gout ij. months than be in this diet one. I pray God we may serve to the contentation of the King's Majesty, and that our good medicine will take away all the sourness of this diet."
Begs remembrance of his suit and commendation to my Lady. Burbarough, 14 June.
Chapuis sends hearty commendations.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 June. 945. Victor Mewve, de Jonghe, to John Johnson.
R. O. Bruges, 14 June 1545:—Commercial matters concerning Wouter Blaze, &c.
Dutch. Hol, p. 1. Add.: te Cales.
14 June. 946. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Cannot get such coiners as the Council wrote for, as they dare not depart out of the mint house without the Queen's licence. If the King would write to Goldenfynger to send some, Vaughan could get the letter conveyed to Norenbergh, from whence should be had as good workmen as are in the world for that science. Suspects that Jasper Dowche, who after being with Vaughan at the Fowker's house went to Bruxelles for one day and is not yet returned, is gone to the Queen to declare what he is about, or else to draw out the time till he may hear how his matter goes with the King's commissaries. One who came this day from Wormes says that the Emperor remains there, that none of the Princes are come to him save two bishops, and that he has summoned the Princes to the Council at Trident upon pain of banishment. The ordinary post of the Almayns comes hither every Monday, at whose arrival Vaughan will know what is done there. Andwerp, 14 June 1545.
P.S.—I sent you another letter, dated today, by certain merchants who departed by wagon, to be forwarded by my lord Deputy.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
14 June. 947. Philip Landgrave of Hesse to Henry VIII.
R. O. Is informed by his subject, Frederic von Reiffenberg, that he has offered to bring to Henry's service 20 ensigns of footmen and 1,000 horsemen, and is thereupon summoned to Henry's presence. Has consented to the raising of the men within his principality, and given the said Frederic this letter of commendation; and begs that, if Henry accepts his service, he may have cause to be grateful to the writer for it. Cassel, 14 June 1545. Signed: Phillips h. Hessens ss.
German, p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Contemporary French translation of the above.
P. 1. Headed by Payet: The translacion of the Lantgrave's lettre out of Douche into Frenche. Endd.
14 June. 948. Fernando Gonzaga to Henry VIII.
R. O. Begs that his relative, Ascanio Gonzaga da Nuvolara, may be accepted into the King's service. Mantua, 14 June '45. Signed.
Italian, p. 1. Add. Endd.: The viceroye of Sicille to the Kinges Mate. Aug. 1545.
15 June. 949. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 193.
Meeting at Greenwich, 15 June. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Upon certificate of Sir Brian Tuke as to the sufficiency of certain letters of procuration sent from the Duke and Council of Florence touching a certain bargain between the King and Ant. Guidotti, letters were written to Tuke to make the bond and send it to the Council to be subscribed. Letter to the customer, etc., of London to permit Henry Saxye to bring in and sell 80 tuns of Gascon wine. Upon a riot made upon the watch of Iselyngton by certain Clevoys, my lord Chancellor's serjeant at arms was commanded to repair with Dymmocke to Iselington and charge the Clevoys this night to keep their houses, and their captain to bring the malefactors to Court tomorrow at 8 o'clock.
15 June. 950. The Privy Council to [Norfolk].
Harl. MS.
6989, f. 135.
Your Lordship would know how to be furnished with ordnance for the defence of those parts committed to your charge. The King must employ for his ships and other necessary places so much that hardly any may be spared from hence; and you must therefore view what brass pieces are in the bulwarks and fortresses within the precinct of your commission and use it as you think good. "Which commandment also his Majesty hath given to me, the duke of Suff., and me, the Lord Privy Seal, within our circuits accordingly." Grenewich, 15 June 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Winchester, Browne and Paget.
In Mason's hand, p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
15 June. 951. Hertford and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O. Send letters and advertisements addressed to Hertford, from the Wardens of the West and Middle marches, of intelligence out of Scotland. Dernton, 15 June 1545. signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
15 June. 952. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 463.
This morning at 7 o'clock came from Mounstrell three Italians who declare that yesterday, at 12 o'clock, the old bands departed towards Tirwin, intending to put victuals into Arde tomorrow morning. Has signified this to lord Grey. Today about 12 o'clock came 20 Albanoys horsemen under a gentleman named John Bowa, near kinsman to Marcus Theodour, captain general of all the light horse in the absence of Mons. du Brusake. This gentleman was taken prisoner at last skirmish with Sir Ralph Ellerkar before this town and then offered, if he might serve the King, to bring 40 or 50 of his countrymen with him. They and the others that came before seem to intend to serve, and Poynings would know whether to receive such and whether to retain them or send them to England. This gentleman says that, besides the old band, the enemy have as yet only a few Parisians and Picards; and that, after revictualling Arde, they will wait about Davourn or Samour for a greater force, which they expect shortly, and then, with their whole number of 14,000 or 15,000, encamp on the other side of the water, and make a fortress on the hill next the haven. The French king goes to Hable Neife to see the embarking of his army; which shall land in England at a haven where there is a town fortified towards the sea and weak towards the land; which town they will assail upon the land side. At the same time the Scots are appointed to invade England on their side.
Was lately advertised both by lord Cobham and Sir John Wallop that the Dolphin was come to Mounstrell. Cannot, however, hear of his being there, and is told that he goes with the French king to see the army embarked. Boulloigne, 15 June 1545. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
15 June. 953. Victor Meuwe, de Jonghe, to John Johnson.
R. O. J'hs Maria te Brugge den 15e in Juing ano 1545:—Sends him 4 English crowns, &c.
Hol. Dutch, p. 1. Add.: te Cales.
15 June. 954. Mary of Hungary to the Emperor's Commissioners at the Diet of Bourbourg.
R. O. Jehan de Quintadenas, Spanish merchant resident at Bruges, has complained that the English have lately taken a hulk freighted by him at Rouen, as will be seen by his request (enclosed). We require you to communicate this affair to the English deputies and insist on restitution, the thing being contrary to the treaties. Deventer, 15 June 1545. Signed. Countersigned: Verreyken.
French, p. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Petition to the Emperor by Jehan de Quintedeñas, Spanish merchant resident in Bruges, setting forth that, in April last, he freighted in Zeeland a Flemish hulk, belonging to Mr. Pierre Camp, with merchandise, which was discharged at Rouen and the hulk there laden by the factors of Gomes de Quintenaduenas, petitioner's father, resident at Bourges in Spain, with canvas and the like, worth 16,000 ducats, for Calez and Civille in Spain. On the 22nd May the hulk was captured by the English and the mariners harshly treated on pretence that the merchandise belonged to the French. The Emperor's ambassador with the King of England represented the matter to the Council, requiring restitution upon sureties, to avoid the expense of feeding the mariners, which amounts to 8 ducats a day, but was remitted to sue before their Admiral, from whom there is no likelihood of restitution, as he is the adversary. Petitioner therefore, by the ambassador's advice, appeals to the Emperor. The English, seeing their deeds unpunished, have since made another prize of the value of 10,000 ducats, belonging likewise to Spaniards. Begs the Emperor to write to the King to release the prisoners and restore the merchandise, at least under surety, and to have the matter decided by his Council and not by his Admiral.
French, pp. 2. With note at the head by Secretary Verreyken that this is referred to the Commissioners at Bourbourg, 15 June 1545. Endd.: Jehan de Quintanadonos complaynt.
15 June. 955. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. This day Jasper Dowche came from Bruxelles and tomorrow he and I and Peter Vanden Wale are appointed to see the Fowkers' jewels and resolve for the money. I thought good to write hereof because two days ago I signified that I mistrusted Jasper's long abode at Bruxelles. Herewith I send letters from Mr. Buckeler, brought to me this day by Peter Vanden Wale. Andwerp, 15 June 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 June. 956. Charles de Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
Adv. Lib.
ii. 137
Has received her letters and is very glad of her news. Will not forget her, either in his own prayers or in the benefices that God has given him. Returned three weeks ago to Paris to complete his studies, "et nous sommes losgez a nostre maison de Reims" to study the Holy Scriptures read to us by Master Hennuyer who preached before you. His brother de S. Germain, and his brother Francis, whom he lately brought back from Joinville, send commendations. Hopes she will consider him as one of her brothers who is most anxious to obey her. Paris, 15 June.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.


  • n1. June 10th.
  • n2. June 6th.
  • n3. Meaning apparently next Sunday, which, if we have dated the the letter correctly, would be the 14th.
  • n4. June 8th.
  • n5. Thomas Knight see No. 836) who married Wriotheeley's sister, Anne. See Diet, of Nat. Biography .
  • n6. William Thomson. See No. 696.
  • n7. See No. 928.
  • n8. See Bodrboubg Papers (under 16 July).