Henry VIII: July 1545, 11-15

Pages 570-583

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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July 1545, 11-15

11 July. 1164. Victualling of Boulogne.
R. O. Warrant, similar to No. 1119, to pay John Love and John Lawnede 152l. 2s. 8d. towards provision of oxen for Bulloign. Written 11 July 1545. Signed by Ryche and Ryther.
ii. Receipt by John Lawnd subscribed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: sol. per Warner.
11 July. 1165. Van Der Delft to Chapuys.
viii., No. 93.
Humble thanks for advice. Has equipped himself to follow the Court as handsomely as possible, both for the sake of his office and because it behoves him to shine in these gloomy times. Will let the lords know Chapuys' ardent desire to confirm the friendship between the princes, although Paget knows it already. Has received no letters from the Emperor or Queen for a long time,—not since the Queen wrote to him to be guided by the Emperor's letter of 13 June; whereas the English will not now listen to the oft repeated arguments, but request a direct answer as to the aid. Can say no more till the Emperor's reply comes. London, 11 July 1545.
11 July. 1166. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O. This Saturday morning one of Captain Thomas Lightmaker's band informed me that to Callays be come 40 of his horsemen, and 100 more will shortly be there. My lord Chancellor and I think it not amiss that they should tarry there and serve on that side the seas. Awaits answer. Barbican, 11 July 1545. Signed.
P.S.—Hasten Mr. Garden to me. I abide here for him "touching the device of the boats," and shall be found at the Barbican until Monday night; and on Tuesday morning I go to Graveshend and into Kent.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 July. 1167. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O. Send letters arrived from the Wardens of the East and West Marches and from lord Maxwell, addressed to Hertford. Whereas order is taken to fortify the castle and citadel of Carlisle and (on the approach of any great force of the enemies) abandon the town as too weak to be defended, lord Wharton's letters show how loth he and the inhabitants of Carlisle would be to abandon it, and what bruit has been aroused among them. Have therefore resolved to send Mr. Hobbye to view the town and confer with lord Wharton and other expert men for fortifying it, so as to satisfy the inhabitants, the enemies being so near that they may daily hear of the said bruit. If the "seate" of the town be so strong and the inhabitants so willing to defend it, a small charge will make it defensible against the power of Scotland. If Hobbye finds that trenches and bulwarks, whereby the town may be preserved, can be made out of hand, they are to be made, the inhabitants giving goods and labour therefor; and if it may be made defensible, the inhabitants being so willing to defend it, the writers think that it ought not to be abandoned. Ask his pleasure therein. Dernton, 11 July 1545. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.
11 July. 1168. Thirlby and Others to Paget.
R. O. We being today with the Emperor's commissioners, the Chancellor said that it was more than time to conclude things, and therefore they had drawn certain conclusions, and might together note which will be agreed, remitting those which need further proof or which cannot be agreed upon to the Princes. He read their conclusions, which are so framed that it will be long ere both sides assent to them, but would not give a copy unless he might have a like copy of our conclusions. Doubting what this sudden way of concluding may mean, we will deliver no copy; but, as they are very earnest, we will let them hear part of ours on Monday. (fn. n1) We will make no conclusion or appointment other than the treaties already made. They have received letters from the Regent, and, apparently, an instruction how to conclude upon every article. They intend not to tarry here long. Burbarough, 11 July. Signed by Thirlby, Petre, Carne and Chamberlain.
In Petris hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: The Commissioners at the Dyet, &c., 1545. Also endorsed by Wriothesley: "Mr. Secreatry, meeting this letter by the way, I was so bold to open it, thinking it had come from Bulloyn, Your own assuredly Thom's Wriothesley, Cancel."
11 July. 1169. T. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Whereas, upon the arrival of Drummonde, the Scot, in England, you wrote that, though he were used as he is, I should not lose the 40 cr. I lent him, I forbore to demand it, "supposing he had been appointed to some worthy lodging for such as he is." Now I hear that he is abroad in London, and would know from you whether to take him as my debtor. I have not written to you because, for these fourteen days, sore vexed of a fever and keeping my chamber, I have no news. Your hostess of Bruxelles and her daughter have them commended to you. Bourbrough, 11 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 July. 1170. J. Sturmius to Mont.
R. O.
St. P., x. 519.
Desires him to come to Spires on Tuesday, (fn. n2) where he will see the writer, in the Genesta, who has something for him important to the public tranquillity and to his Prince's advantage and honour. Strasburg, 11 July.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add.
11 July. 1171. Wotton to Paget.
r. o Is desired by Secretary Idiaques to write for Paget's favour to the bearer, Martyn de Miranda. Idiaques "is a man in favour and authority here already, and like to grow in it daily more and more." Encloses a remembrance of bearer's matter. Worrnes, 11 July 1545.
Hol, p.1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Petition [to Wotton] to write to Secretary Pajete in favour of Martin de Miranda, servant of the Secretary Ydiacayquez, whose goods have been taken, viz. 96 tuns of wine, 50 bales of woad, five pieces of artillery, and other things.
Spanish. Small paper, p. 1.
11 July. 1172. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since his last, of 28 June, have been great rumours that the "Bishop" would make 10,000 footmen against the Protestants, "and, some thought, against Sene." There is constant fame that the Bishop has promised the French king to pay 4,000 or 6,000 men against your Majesty. The Imperial and French orators were arrived at Kagusa, where Moluco was sick of a fever. By letters from Constantinople of 8 June the Turks wore in great expectation of the said ambassadors; "and not without cause, for the house of Ottomany was never so much exalted tofore by legacy as by the present, not a little to the shame and dishonour of the Christian empire." Mention of the Council at Trent decreases, and it is thought that the legates there shall be revoked. Merchants report the French king totally exhausted of money and credit, but have a high opinion of Henry's treasure and wisdom; whom many Italians go to serve, "partly sent by Ludovico de Larme, and partly going of their own motion."Sends a letter from Don Ferrante Gonsaga in favour of his kinsman, who greatly desires to serve Henry. Venice, 11 July 1545.
Hol., p 1. Add. Endd.
12 July. 1173. Paget to lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283. f. 317
B. M.
The King thanks him for his letters and advertisements. Whereas lord Poynenges has written to Cobham to "stay there such horsemen as should arrive to serve his Majesty," Cobham shall do so, and, with advice of lord Graye and others of the Council, employ them for the time where he thinks convenient, advertising the numbers that have arrived and shall arrive. Bartholomew de Keyres has complained touching the order of his band and for payment of his wages, and Paget has referred him for the one to lord Gray, and requires Cobham to speak to Mr. Treasurer for his satisfaction in the other. Bearer, Hercules, being one of the Muscovites' band, repaired out of the North for a quarrel between him and the Spaniards. Desires Cobham to speak to lord Gray to employ him if convenient, and if not to despatch him thence. Farnarn, 12 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
12 July. 1174. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O. This Saturday (fn. n3) afternoon "four of the chief pilots and men of the best knowledge of the coming over the Land's End (fn. n4) or into the Thamys mouth ' have declared to him as in the enclosed articles. Asks the King's pleasure therein; which known, Suffolk will take such order that it shall be dangerous for the enemy to attempt, and no annoyance to the King's subjects, for "within two hours the marks may be taken down and within four hours after set up again."
Mr. Garden and I have been together for the things commanded to be done at Graveshend, which will be no small business, and it will be hard "to provide both ordnance and skilful men to do it, and also to keep it."Barbican, 12 July 1545. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. We shipmasters think that if the beacon standing in the sea at the Spanishe Nok be taken away, no stranger can or dare bring any ship of charge over theLandes Ende.† Also that if the two beacons standing upon Whitestaple Weares, the one on the north side of the channel of the East Swale, and the other on the Beacon Weare on the south side of the said channel, were taken away, no stranger dare bring a ship into the East Swale, "leading a great ship within iiij. miles of Feversham."There is another beacon standing upon Heron Were, without which no stranger could easily enter the South Channel at the Receivers. We, Thomas Dalen, John Gardener, Wm. Towe and Alex. Morrys, shipmasters of the river Thamys, testify the premises to be true.
Added in another hand.—Item, "the two 'showebecons' standing on Essex side, entering into the Swynne," must be taken down to let the passage of the strangers coming from the Nase or the North Seas.
12 July. 1175. Van der Delft to Paget.
R. O. Bearer, who is recommended by Mons. de Beures and Mons. Chepperus, complains that certain ships have been taken from him and the goods therein distributed by Englishmen. Begs Paget to hear and favour him. Commendations to "Madame votre compaigne." London, 12 July 1545.
P.S. in his own hand, in Latin.—If this letter troubles you I will personally excuse it, for tomorrow I shall hasten thither, where I hope that I shall not lack some little lodging (diver soriolum). Signed: Fran. Dilfus.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
12 July. 1176. Shrewsbury to Hertford.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 355.
This Sunday, the 12th inst., I received your letters of the 6th, commanding me, with my number prescribed to serve the King in his wars, to be ready at an hour's warning; and to furnish as many horsemen as I may, so horsed as to be able to serve as horsemen when they come to the Borders, "and also that for such great horses as I am appointed to keep according to the statute." I and they shall be ready; but "good horses or staves to furnish men meet to serve when they shall come to the Borders in these parts there is none to be had." The great horses that I am appointed to keep are ready and, with others of my household servants, will make 20 in all, if I may get northern staves for them. My servant Robert Swyft, whom I sent to Mr. Flemyng, who is in the room that Sir Christopher Morres had, was told that staves would be sent Northwards to be sold. I beg that I may have as many as I need. As most of my men must come out of Shropshire, 100 miles from here, please let me have as much warning as you conveniently may. Shefeld Lodge, 12 July.
P. S.— I am informed that your Lordship has addressed letters to gentlemen who are my officers and servants and to others within such rules as I have under the King in cos. Derb., Staff, and Salop to certify what men they can make. If so, I trust that I may have them with me, or be allowed to diminish my number by so many.
Draft, pp.3. Address subscribed : To my very good lord, my lord of Hertford his good lordship, the King's Majesty's lieutenant general in the North parts.
12 July. 1177. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., v. 470.
Send letters (and the decipher of them) which arrived here yesterday from the laird of Brunston to the King and to Sadler. As Brunston therein touches the killing of the Cardinal, and it appears by the Council's letters to Hertford that the King "will not seem to have to do in that matter" but refers it to Sadler, the latter has written to Brunston therein (copy herewith). He has also before this written about it to Casselles, but has had no answer. Dernton, 12 July, 1545. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.
1178. Sadler to the Laird of Brunston.
R. O.
St. P., v. 470.
Received his letters by Robert Lyster, the bearer, together with those to the King, which shall be despatched with speed. Notes that certain gentlemen his friends offer to take out of the way the "worker of all your mischief " and principal impediment of all good purposes there, if assured that the King would reward them. Judges that he means the Cardinal, who is so blinded by affection to France as to contemn the weal of his own country. Thinks with Brunston that it were an "acceptable service to God to take him out of the way" who does so much to obscure God's glory and confound the common weal. Albeit the King will certainly not meddle with this matter, it would be a service to God and his Majesty and a benefit to the country which Sadler would, if in Brunston's place, earnestly attempt, and his advice is to move the gentlemen to do it and be sure that the King will liberally reward them. If the thing depends only on the amount of the reward, begs to know what they require, and, if it be reasonable, he will undertake that it shall be "paid immediately upon the act executed." The root of all their misery removed, their country would "soon flourish with God's word and His truth" and many good purposes should take effect. Thus writes his own fantasy, as one that would be glad to give advice.
Begs to be commended to Sir George Dowglas, who appears, by Thomas Foster's report, to be of the same opinion touching the Cardinal, and may be told what Sadler has written; as also may Cassillis, from whom Sadler thought to have heard ere this of that matter. Sir George sent word by Forster that he marvelled at Sadler's strangeness to him nowadays. Marvels as much at his strangeness, and if there were a cipher devised betwixt them would write frankly; but of one thing he may be assured, viz., to have the King as good lord to him as ever. No news but that the Frenchmen say much, and we are so provided as to esteem not their brags. Pray let me bear from you of "these things" and of other occurrents.
Copy, pp. 3. Headed : The copie of Sir Rafe Sadleyr's l'res to the larde of Bromston.
12 July. 1179. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has written his opinion for the sending over of footmen for the levelling of the enemies here. If that does not seem requisite he could, with the horsemen and footmen from Callice and Guisnes, pluck away or cloy their ordnance, or else cut off some part of their strength by night, for their camps lie wide asunder. Dare not attempt such an enterprise without aid, as these pieces in his charge are scarcely furnished. Two days past the enemy shot much at the stone bulwark now in making at the south west corner of Bace Bolloin; but, seeing our men labouring there still ("by the encouraging of Mr. Wyat and others") they have ceased shooting since noon yesterday. They likewise have left shooting at our ships, which I caused to lie far asunder. Ships may lie without danger if there be not above five or six in the haven at once. Yesterday afternoon an archer of Mons. du Bies' band, who came to "render himself" declared that the enemies have begun a fortress on the hill beside the stony mill and will build another hard by the sea side; also that they talk much of a fortress to be made about Morgison, and look very shortly for the coming of their navy before this town and the repair hither of the French king or Dolphin with a greater power. A Spaniard named Artiago, late servant to the earl of Essex, at a skirmish, two days past, ran to the enemies, and, promising to do much for the winning of this town, is sent by Du Bies to the French king. Du Bies has this day written for the archer above mentioned, as one of his pages who has run away for fear of beating ; but "he is both well armed and horsed and about the age, as it appeareth, of xxti year, and being also son, as himself saith, to the 'materdote' of Mouns. du Vandom. His horse I do think to be Monsr. du Bies" Bulloign, 12 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
12 July. 1180. Chapuys to Van der Delft.
viii, No. 94.
Forwards letters from the Emperor, of the 9th, received this afternoon. If the English meet the demand for release of Spanish merchandise with a counterclaim for last seizures in Spain, they might be told that the first seizures in Spain were released in accordance with Paget's agreement; which has not been fulfilled by the English, for they still retain some of the ships, such as the two captured by Mr. Winter, at least that belonging to Jehan Symon. The Chancellor said we might defer that until the arbitration conference, when Winter would be able to prove himself in the right; but his proofs have not been forthcoming. The same may be said of the claims of Ant. de Guaras, Antenori and others. Regrets that when the Emperor had in hand ample property to indemnify his subjects he listened to the English importunities. These deputies will not be brought to reason, and there is no hope for the important claims of Carrion and the jewels. Would like to ask Paget what honesty there was in secretly withdrawing their property from the Emperor's dominions while retaining the vessels of his subjects, but would do it jokingly. Renegat gave ample cause for the last arrest, and surely it is more permissible for princes to decree reprisals than for private persons to begin them; and certainly if Renegat had been punished in England the seizures would have been released. Van der Delft might point out that the stipulations for good treatment of subjects and redress of injuries are as much a part of the treaty as is aid against attack, and perhaps more important, as they were the subject of recapitulation with Paget. Still thinks that the aid formally demanded by the English ambassador will not be necessary. Wrote his conversation with the Deputies touching peace, when he discussed with them the surrender or retention of Boulogne; but Van der Delft will bear in mind the danger and learn the views of the English without irritating them. Has here done his best to preserve the friendship between the two sovereigns and extirpate causes of bitterness, not the least of which is the affair of Carrion, which the Emperor cannot allow to drag without abandoning the indemnity of his subjects. Remembering that the English on a former occasion went so far as to say that they would rather give up the Emperor's friendship than the said property, suggested to the Deputies that the King should lend a sum of money to be repaid by instalments in 20 or 25 years, advancing it partly in lead. Thinks he could induce the parties to accept this, with whom Granvelle and Arras have great influence; and the suggestion delighted the Deputies who immediately, on Friday (fn. n5) morning, despatched a special message to the King.
Chapuys and his colleagues have received a letter from the Queen, dated at Werde, the 2nd inst., allowing the books of the custom houses of Zeeland and Brabant for the last 90 or 100 years to be shown to the agents of the King of England, who may be accompanied by merchants and take copies, provided that a similar privilege is allowed to us in London; and Vander Delft is to appoint persons to inspect the registers there. Mr. Anthony Bonvise can best say what to do and whom to appoint. The Queen writes that, seeing the small appearance of anything being done in this Diet, they may depart; and therefore he and his colleagues leave here on Thursday next. (fn. n6) Will himself go straight to Antwerp and thence to Lou vain, unless there is probability of the Emperor or Queen being in Brussels shortly. Bourbourg, 12 July 1545.
12 July. 1181. Edmond Harvel to Russell.
R. O. Bearer is Captain Americo Antinory, of Florence, of a good house, who had charge of 500 soldiers under the Marquis of Guasto and desires to practise the wars in the King's service. He has asked Harvel to write in his commendation, and he seems to be of a noble spirit and apt to serve. Begs favour for him. Venice, 12 July 1545.
Hol., p.1. Add.:Allo illmo sor il sor Priviselo sor mio ossermo. Alia Corte Dingilta. Endd.
13 July. 1182. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 209.
Meeting at Ferneham, 13 July. Present. Essex, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Barth. Compeigne had passport to repair into Flanders with his servants. Letter to my lord Privy Seal to forbear sending for Mr. Boucley or any other from the isle of Anglesey. Letter to Mr. Roux to send Vincent Monday to Court.
13 July. 1183. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O. In Lent last the King, at the suit of my friend Sir Ric. Long, granted this bearer, my friend Mr. Uvedale, his Grace's servant, the captainship of the new blockhouse or fortress upon the point of Hasil worth next Portesmouth, as Uvedale had served well at Boullongne last year. I beg your favour that he may obtain his suit and have his bill signed. Barbican, 13 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 July. 1184. T. Henage to Mr. Eton.
R. O. On the 6th inst. my lord Admyral with the fleet met 21 of the French king's galleys upon the coast of Bryttayne near the Isle of Alderney in such calm weather that it was thought they would put us to the worst, but they were put to flight with great loss of men and galleys, by the report of a Spaniard which was taken immediately after the fight coming out of Newe Hawen laden with wine, of Frenchmen's goods, having seen them come in. They "came within half a mile of us and beat at us continually with ordnance the space of v. or vj. hours" ; but the ships were little hurt, and only one man slain and four hurt of all our company. They will take heed how they meddle with us again. The King has sent to the Emperor for certain Italians who were prest to serve him long ago, and are stayed by the Emperor. The messenger is to say to the Emperor "that if he deny his men more to him, for his money, more than to the French king, to defy him in his behalf and to say to him that he careth not a groat, neither for the French king nor for him." Has this from a near friend about the King, and desires it kept secret until he writes again. Porsmowthe, 13 July.
P.S.— "I shall desire you to do me hearty commendation to my wife."
Hol., pp.3. Add.: To he singuler good father in law Master Eton.
13 July. 1185. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O. Send letters from the Wardens of the East and West Marches addressed to Hertford, containing only what has been already advertised, to be declared to the King. Where Wharton writes that the master of Eskyn means to enter if called and has devised how his pledge may write to him for that purpose, "we intend to prove him therein." Dernton, 13 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 July. 1186. Thirlby, Petre and Carne to Paget.
R. O. Although on Saturday (fn. n7) the Emperor's commissioners seemed unwilling to give a copy of their conclusions, (fn. n8) they sent one yesterday evening, framed so that it might be assented to in small matters, such as the "petite summes of money" received by customers, &c., at Gravesend, London and Dover, but in matters of weight so framed that it will be long before they will be agreed to. We have this day read them such things as they should assent to, but refused to give a copy as it is not perfect; and (the Regent having lately instructed them how to proceed) we told them that we could not make "conclusions which seemed to contain new covenants," for our commission was only to assent to the reformation of things done against the treaty. We suspected that by these articles they meant to break the old treaties of intercourse, which are confirmed from five years to five years until a new treaty be agreed upon, and that if we agreed to two or three trifling articles they might call it a, new treaty. Finally we have agreed to note in the margin of the answers of both sides the points whereupon we shall agree or cannot agree, with our reasons; but first we will make express reservation of the former treaties, and our agreements shall be conditional on the acceptance of the princes. Today they have their last articles again (of which we have a copy unknown to them, but of our device they have no copy) as the manner of proceeding is altered. They complain of a new arrest of their ships, ten of which are detained about Dartmothe. They have answer from the Emperor to their last despatch, but we know not what it is. "This morning, because we would have learnt somewhat, we took occasion to speak with Chapuis alone, who coughed out that the Emperor would keep the treaty for the aid; mary, there were also other articles of the treaty that must then be kept to him, as the restoring of his subjects' goods. He said he feared that all things were like to go to ruin except remedy were provided, and prayed us to write into England for remedy. We asked him what answer was come for the discharge of the arrest in Spain, but we could perceive no certain answer. He said he was well assured and durst lie hostage that all things should be restored if their things were restored in England. The Emperor, he said, will be in these parts very shortly because he would more earnestly call on the French king to come to some good conditions of peace.' The commissaries think they will not tarry here many days; and wish us to write for three ships arrested at Dartmowthe (note of names enclosed). Mr. Chamberlayn has been sick of a fever these 10 or 12 days, and is amended. As a child fell sick in his lodging yesterday, he is gone hence for a few days, which his excuse please signify to the King. Burbarough, 12 (fn. n9) July. Signed (signatures mutilated).
In Petre's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: The Commissioners at the Diet, &c., 1545.
R. O. 2. The King of England's commissaries might remember to write for the release of two ships of John Carolo, merchant of Antwerp, and one of Nic. and Jas. Formestran and company, of Lille (oppidi Insulens.) in Flanders, laden with woad and arrested at Dartmouth (Dartmunde).
Lat., p.1.
13 July. 1187. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O. Perceiving the enemies begin to fortify on the other side of the water as heretofore advertised, yesternight, before sundown, sent young Ellerker and Cotton with the light horse to view them, who reached the hill before their scout could give the alarm, and young Ellerker, being foremost man, slew one of their scouts before he could reach their strength, very nigh to their ordnance, and the keepers of the ordnance forsook it. Meanwhile our horsemen had slain many that were foraging in the fields. Five or six Italians who surrendered today say that a hundred were hurt and slain. The captain of Almains on guard at the ordnance was slain, and Myllon hurt, while Mons. du Eewe, lieutenant to Mons. du Byes, had his horse slain under him. Cotton reports "that they have 'reised ' their fortresses towards the town and have begun to make at the end thereof a bulwark with a deep trench of xxxti foot wide." The said Italians declare that they have also begun to fortify Hardillowe. These will be evil neighbours when finished. Credence for bearer, to whom he has opened the state of "these pieces." Bolloin, 13 July 1545.
P.S.—My trumpet, who was yesterday taken going to Callice and carried to the French camp, reports that the enemy "have made a bulwark at Pountie Bridge upon th' other side the water." Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.
13 July. 1188. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 515
Wrote on the 11th of the arrival in Ragusa of the Imperial and French orators going to the Turk, and that Moluco was aggrieved of a fever. Don Diego has since despatched a brigantine to Ragusa to revoke (as is suspected) the Imperial orator. About 7,000 Turkish horse have damaged Ferdinando's country about Lubiana and Sagrabia. Barbarossa's son is going to Algers with 10 or 12 galleys; and the Imperial galleys are gone to encounter him. These are no signs of truce between the Emperor and the Turk. The Council at Trent shall be shortly dissolved and the legates revoked, who seem to lie there in vain. Bearer is Signer Ludovico de Larme's agent, who sends a good band of horsemen to your Majesty. Venice, 13 July 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
14 July. 1189. Sir John Baker and Others to Lord Cobham, Deputy and the Council of Calais.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 319.
B. M.
Send by bearer, Ant. Strynger, by the King's commandment. 2,000l. And "one thousand being borrowed aforetime of the Stapullers," the King's pleasure is it should be repaid if they need it, or else, with their good wills, stayed for necessaries, and the Stapullers "deducted of so much of their customs at the next shipping; or it to be repaid here, th'other to be employed about the presting of such men as shall repair thither" for the King's service. In disbursing of it you are "to have consideration of the time, and ever to keep somewhat in store, feeding, nevertheless, all parties with such portions as you shall think convenient and good words." The Rolls, 14 July. Signed: John Bakere: Robert Southwell, Edward North.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 July. 1190. Sir John Baker and Others to.————
R. O. The King's pleasure is that you deliver to "bearer, in prest, Anthony Strynger," to be conveyed to Caleis for the King's affairs, 1,000l. st. The Rolls, 14 July. Signed: John Bakere: Robert Sowthwell: Edward North.
P. 1. Not addressed,
14 July. 1191. Wm. Newlond, Mayor of Dartmouth, to [the Council].
R. O. According to your Lordships' late letters I enclose the inventory with the marks "of the fardells, packa[ges] and chests discharged here, [a]swell ow[t] of the [hulk (?), written] by the pursar of the same ship, as also of the ship of Catelonya apprehe[nded] by the ship of Totnes." The goods remain entire except 8 fardells, sold, to pay freight of the ship of Catelonya, by the vice-admiral and the apprehenders, 2 fardells sold by the vice-admiral for certain charges, and 20 fardells of cloth by him laid in gage for 200 mks. borrowed for the King's service at the late sending of mariners to Portesmouth. The rest remains in cellars here, according to your Lordships' letters. Dertmouth, 14 July.
Hol., p. 1. Slightly mutilated. Endd.
R. O. 2. "Ao 1545 des 8 Juny angehauen ut, geleuert dem (?) Rauen van Lubke yn Englandt Dortmode det (?) to des 10 Junius van diessem marcthen also h . . . . . . wysen elkse perselen yn sunderheit tho des devyser amm [er]all van der see."
Being a list in German of the marks of various packages, &c.
ii. "Hereafter follow the particular marks of the goods discharged out of the ship of Catholonya."
Being a similar list in English.
Narrow paper, pp. 9.
14 July. 1192. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has caused Rogers, surveyor who works here, to draw a platt of the French camps and fortifications, and is credibly advertised that they pass not 13,000 footmen and 400 horsemen, besides pioneers, so that with 5,000 footmen (besides the horsemen and footmen that may be had on this side the sea without disfurnishing the King's pieces) they may be beaten out of the field. Boulloign, 14 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 July. 1193. Thirlby, Petre and Carne to Paget.
R. O. By bearer, who repairs into England to solicit.the discharge of three ships laden with woad, whereof we wrote yesterday, we send complaints against Winter, with copies of the proofs delivered in touching the same. We lack information to answer them here, and desire you to cause Wynter to answer there, or otherwise satisfy the parties. The Emperor's commissioners have many times moved us to send these bills. We think that we shall not long remain together; but know no certainty of their going away, which "is reported within three or four days." Bourborough, 14 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 July. 1194. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O Having brought to pass with Jasper Dowche that the King should have of the Fowker 300,000 cr. for one year at 10 per cent., taking in part payment thereof the Fowker's jewels lately viewed by Peter Vanden Wale, Vaughan thought, by going over, to expedite the matter; but, being told at Calles, by the Lord Deputy, that Lucas Frynger and a servant of the Landesgrave of Hesse were passed towards Andwerp with a charge to him, he resolved to return to Andwerp. The "matter of finance" concluded with Jasper Dowche was that the King should have, by all August next, of the Fowker, 300,000 cr. at 10 per cent., upon such bond of London as Jasper Dowche describes in his letter herewith for its repayment in Andwerp at a year's end. Where the Fowker should deliver jewels for 50,000 cr., it was agreed that Jasper Dowche should deliver the jewels as Peter Vanden Wale valued them in part payment of the 300,000 "crowns or ducats" but Vaughan agreed that, if Jasper Dowche delivered the 300,000 ducats at 10 per cent, and the jewels at their valuation, the King would satisfy him for all his herrings, amounting, as he said, to over 5,000l. Fl. Considering that Paget wrote for money at 10, 12, 14 or even 16 per cent., and that the King must sometime satisfy Jasper Dowche for the herring, thinks it better to satisfy him thus than pay 16 or 14 per cent, for the money, and has therefore caused him to write to Paget. For, further declaration of his mind he (Jasper) writes letters, herewith, to Bartilmew Compagne. Begs Paget to send for Compagne, conclude about the bonds, and signify the King's pleasure; but to see that Jasper Dowche is not satisfied for his herring before he performs his bargain.
If this bargain go through, the Spaniards, who daily have their goods taken at sea, will move the Emperor to arrest the money in Vaughan's hands. Now, at his leaving Andwerp, the Spaniards complained that their ships from Burdeaux with woad were taken; and like complaint was made by John Carolo and Jasper Dowche, who said that in all seven Spanish ships were taken, one of which was laden for Jasper Dowche and three for John Carolo. Jasper Dowche tells him in confidence that one Symonett, of Myddelborow, a Frenchman born but naturalised the Emperor's subject, colours Frenchmen's goods. Jasper Dowche writes to Paget for his woad, and John Carolo gave Vaughan a remembrance of his. Merchants should be let pass on giving surety that the goods are not French; for to trouble them both hinders the getting of money here Tor the King, and makes them glad to help the French king with money. Begs him to signify the King's pleasure and to proceed with Bartilmew Compaigne with speed. Calles, in haste, 14 July.
Please let me know whether to receive current money or valued money, and where it shall be conveyed, for it will not be suffered to go out of the country.
With a good word you may chance now to get me the fee simple of all houses that the King gave me in London, and I will do service to deserve much more. I got the King 11 bales of canvas of a Frenchman's in London. They are old houses and in great decay.
Hol., pp. 4 Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 July. 1195. The Privy Council.
A P. C., 210.
Meeting at Portsmouth, 15 July. Present: Essex, Admiral, Winchester, St. John, Browne, Wingfield and Paget. Business: — Letters written to the mayor of Rye "marvelling their stay for exchange between Granado and De Baudrell, Frenchman," after receiving letters from the Lord Chancellor and duke of Suffolk appointing it.
*** Next entry is 17 July.
15 July. 1196. Thirlby to Paget.
r. o
. St P., x. 516.
As our brawling here is near an end, and the King, at my leave taking, declared that I should supply Mr. Wotton's place, please move his Highness therein, and, although wanting both wit, learning, and language, I will do my best. Pray advertise me of the King's determination that I may cause necessaries to be brought from thence. "I perceive by your laughing that you think I mean money. Well, ye guess not much amiss; for I may tell you Mr. Barnarde saith that he doubteth much where to get money to pay th'anticipation. In few, I pray you provide that I may have viaticum." When you write, cause Mr. Hunnynge to write to Mr. Barnarde, at Westminster, to forward my things; and if you send him the warrant for my diets and your further advice, you will do me great pleasure. My trust is to hear sometimes from you, and so learn to mend my faults. Commend me to my lady your wife and say "that I would be loth to be sick before my return for wanting of my keeper." Burborough, 15 July.
Hol., pp.2. Add. Endd.:1545.
15 July. 1197. Chapuys to Charles V.
viii., No. 95.
On the 12th inst. received the Emperor's letters of the 9th, and forwarded those addressed to the ambassador in England with a few words, of which he sends copy to Granvelle. Next day spoke with Westminster and Petre, who rejoiced at the Emperor's goodwill, which their King reciprocated; but, as no despatch had arrived from the English ambassador with the Emperor, they could not say more in these matters. Repeated some of his former observations (mentioned in his letter of the 29th ult.), whereupon they expressed regret at the reasons which might retard the Emperor's sending of the aid; but Westminster added that the request could not be met with an objection founded upon uncertain injuries still sub judice, like the matter of the ships. Took the opportunity to say that the question of the aid was not more important than that of the restitution, wherein the treaty was confirmed by the agreement with Paget. To this they had no answer but that they regretted these unpleasant things. Received this morning letters from the ambassador in England, written on the 10th and closed on the 12th, with copies of his despatches to the Emperor of the same date. As for the bail demanded of the merchants to hold themselves liable to be called upon at any time, the ambassador did well to dissociate himself from the matter, which is a contravention of the agreement with Paget and will prevent their dealing except for cash, besides running the risk of unjust judgments against them. Thinks the best course would be what he wrote to the Emperor before, — unless indeed the seizure in Spain had another object than recovery of the property seized by the English. Westminster, Petre and the captain of Calais castle told him that in a recent sally from Boulogne 40 Frenchmen and 6 or 7 Englishmen were killed, lord Poyns having his horse killed under him. The same day lord Grey, returning from Boulogne to Guisnes fell in with some French light horse, of whom he captured five and killed nine. Late last night Westminster and Petre sent to say that the King's ships had encountered the French galleys but, owing to a calm, could not attack them. The galleys only dared to approach their smaller ships, one of which was pierced but at once repaired, and finally retired to New Haven. The English then espied a large number of French ships following the galleys, captured seven or eight and drove the rest upon sand banks. The French have 600 pioneers working on the fortress which M. de Biez began in February last; and lower down they have prepared a place from which to beat the mouth of the harbour, where two days ago they sunk a ship laden with victuals and drove away other ships which accompanied her. Doubts the sufficiency of victuals in Boulogne, for Westminster and Petre told him piteously that part of the stores had gone bad and plague was making cruel ravages both there and in the French camp.
Can discern no sign of negociation for peace, and fancies what the Venetian told the Ambassador in England to be an echo of what Paget mentioned before Chapuys left England and the King confirmed at his taking leave. The King is so outspoken and boastful that when he said that he had means for putting an end to annoyances he would not have refrained from saying that he was pressed with favourable conditions, as he did when Lange, Framoiselles, and others came to him. Does not think the anxiety for a categorical declaration touching the aid points to this; for from the beginning he pressed for it, through Hertford and Winchester. Thinks that one reason is fear of the marriage with Orleans, the King thinking that if he can pledge the Emperor to give the aid and prohibit intercourse with France the French will take offence and break it off; otherwise he fears that the friendship between the Emperor and France will become too intimate. He once went so far as to tell Chapuys that he feared no one so long as there was not perfect amity between the Emperor and the Christian king. As to the Chancellor's discourse to the Ambassador, Westminster and Petre have used similar language, Westminster repeatedly saying in full conference yesterday that it would be well to restore what remained intact and pay compensation for the rest. They expressed sorrow at the recent detention in England of five ships laden by Spaniards and by John Carlo, and have written earnestly for a release. The principal outcome of labours here has been to obtain the privilege of inspecting old registers of the customs in order to reform them according to the treaties; and, in accordance with the Queen's orders, the conference, by mutual resolve, closes tomorrow. Bourbourg, 15 July 1545.
15 July. 1198. Carne to Paget.
R. O. The Diet here draws to an end. The King's pleasure was that he should declare to the Lady Regent that, being appointed one of the King's deputies at it, he would absent himself for a time but return again to her. Begs to know whether to return accordingly, and will meanwhile tarry at Calais. Burboroghe, 15 July 1545.Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.
15 July 1199. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O As I signified yesterday from Calles, the Emperor now threatening to arrest our merchants here and now to disappoint the King's affairs there, it were expedient, if the King will go through with the Fowkers for the money, to provide that, when I receive it, it be not arrested or pulled out of my hands for other men's demands. I fear that, after I get it, the Emperor will say that he will not suffer any foreign prince to be aided with his money. Jasper, in his letters, promises 300,000 ducats "if there be no lett made by temporal princes." It were good "ye overpassed things with the Emperor's subjects, lest it kindled the princes and brought them to suspect others' dealings." Odenburgh, besides Bruges, 15 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.


  • n1. July 13th.
  • n2. July 14th.
  • n3. Saturday was the 11th July in 1545.
  • n4. Meaning, apparently, the North Foreland.
  • n5. July 10th.
  • n6. July 16th
  • n7. July 11th.
  • n8. See BOURBOURG PAPERS, No. 1202.
  • n9. So in MS., but certainly an error for 13th, Comp. Nos, 1168, 1197.