Henry VIII: September 1545, 21-25

Pages 181-195

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2, August-December 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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September 1545, 21-25

21 Sept. 418. Documents Signed by Stamp.
R. O. "Hereafter ensueth the names of such bills, warrants, letters and other writings, to the number of one hundreth, as the King's Majesty caused me, William Clerc, to stamp with his privy stamp at Wyndesour, the 21th day of September ao 37o r. r. H. viijvi, in the presence of Sir Anthonye Denny, knight."
[As many of these entries refer to documents calendared elsewhere among the Grants and in the Augmentation Enrolment Books, which will be described at the end of future volumes, such entries are in this abstract abbreviated, and the reference G (for Grant), A i. (for Augm. "Offices") and A. ii. (for Augm. "Life Grants") appended. It will be noticed that this list occasionally mentions circumstances connected with the grants which are not given in the deeds themselves.]
1. Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations. Acquittance for 1000l. received by Sir Thomas Henneage, "to your Majesty's use."
2. George Haydon. To be clerk of the Council of the Duchy of Lancaster. (fn. n1)
3. Matthew earl of Lenoux. Denization. (fn. n1)
4. Thomas Bisshopp, Lenoux's secretary. Denization. (fn. n1)
5. William Fitzwilliam. Life grant (A. ii. 13 Nov.). And, as he has acted as gentleman usher to the Prince for a year and a half without wages, your Majesty gives him also 20l. out of the treasure of the Augmentations. (fn. n2)
6. Thomas Onslowe. Grant, (fn. n2) G. 28 Sept.
7. Hugh and Agnes Losse. Grant, (fn. n2) G. 22 Oct.
8. The bp. of Norwich and John Corbet. Exchange. (fn. n2) G. 2 Oct.
9. Sir John Horsey. Lease. (fn. n2) A. ii. 28 Oct.
10. "Your Majesty's grant" that the parishes of St. Michael and St. Andrew, Chic. dioc., be united. Subscribed by the bp of Chichester and chancellor of the Tenths. G. 10 Dec.
11. Sir Maurice Barkeley. Chief banner bearer of England. G. 27 Sept.
12. Sir William Harbert. Steward of Duchy of Lancaster lands in Wiltshire, and lieutenant of the forest and chace of Alberne and Everley there, with 7l. a year. Subscr. by Mr. Comptroller.
13. Sir William Herbert. Stewardship. (fn. n2) A. i. 22 May (38 Hen. VIII.)
14. Sir William Herbert. Confirmation of the Queen's grant of offices which Six Edward Baynton had.
15. John Moore, "herbiger" to the Gentlemen Pensioners. Annuity. G. 26 Nov.
16. James Mapperley, yeoman pricker of the Buckhounds. To keep the walk of Yoxall in Nedewood, parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster. At Sir Thomas Speke's suit.
17. James Mapperley. Bailiwick of Horseley, Derb. At Sir Thos. Speke's suit. G. undated.
18. John Peerse, elk. Parsonage of St. Edmunde in Lumberdestrete, London. At Sir Thos. Speake's suit.
19. Warrant to the Great Wardrobe for saddles and other stuff for your own geldings and the Prince's geldings. (fn. n3)
20. Another for saddles and necessaries for your Stable. (fn. n3)
21. Thomas and William Wentworth. Stewardship. (fn. n2) At the suit of the Master of the Horse. A. i. 30 Sept.
22. William Nelson, elk. Presentation. (fn. n3) G. 17 Oct.
23. John Long, "who lost his leg in the late wars against Boloigne, to be an almsman at Westminster." (fn. n3)
24. John Allen, "who lost his hand in the late wars against France, to be an almsman at Westminster."
25. John Bowier, saltpetre maker, and John Bowier his son. Wages. Subscribed by Sir Thos. Seymour and Sir Thos. Arundell. G 10 Oct
26. Ric. Kele. To be a gunner in Hurst castle, with 6d. a day. Subscribed by Sir Thomas Arundell and Sir Robert Tirwhitt.
27. Geo. Pownde. To be a gunner in Sandowne castle, Kent, with 6d. a day. Subscribed by Sir Thomas Seymour.
28. Maurice Griffith, parson of Eston, Essex. Non-residence. At Sir Wm. Harbert's suit. G. 5 Oct.
29. Warrant to the Great Wardrobe for a livery coat and banner to each of your trumpeters. Subscr. by Lord St. John.
30. Warrant to Sir Brian Tuke to pay Sir Ant. Knyvett, lieutenant of the Tower, 4l. monthly for diet of Edward Courteney, accounting from 6 Deo. last. Subscr. by Mr. Comptroller.
31. Warran to Sir John Williams to pay Sir John Gresham 162l. 10s. for 6,500 ells of canvas for your "new toyles." Subscr. by Sir Francis Bryan.
32. "A forfaite of silke ribande, laces, oyle, forestalling of ffishe, of herringes and woollen clothes, the moietie whereof, being 27l. 9s. 9½d. graunted to Hawkyn, Hyde, Hill and Davie of the Scaldinghous, and Robert Elton of the Stable."
33. "A forfaite of towers rybandes, the moite whereof, being 22l. 16s., graunted to John Chesshire, Silvester Glassop and Simon Cleybourn."
34. Nicholas Tubman. To be Hampnes pursuivant, with 8d. a day. Subscr. by the Duke of Norfolk.
35. Edm. Atkinson, late Hampnes. To be Bluemantle pursuivant. Subscr by Norfolk. G. 28 Sept.
36. Wm. Harvey, late Bluemantle. To be Somerset herald. Subscr. by Norfolk. G. 28 Sept.
37. Warrant to the Great Wardrobe for coats of arms for Somerset, Bluemantle and Hampnes. Subscr. by Norfolk.
38. Chr. Golde "and 15 others" to be gunners in the Tower. Subscr. by Sir Thos. Seymour. G. 28 Sept.
39. Wm. Adams "and 4 others" to be gunners, and serve, when appointed, at 6d. the day. Subscr. by Seymour.
40. John Gate. Stewardship. Subscr. by Sir Ric. Southwell. G. 1 Oct.
41. Osmounde Hilling, clk. Presentation. At the Queen's suit. G. 29 Sept.
42. Roger Lygans. Eeepership. G. 27 Sept.
43. Ric. Mounslowe, your chaplain. Prebend, the amount to be deducted from his pension. At Sir Ant. Kingston's suit. G. 14 Nov.
44. Geo. Woodwarde, of the Guard. Bailiwick. Examined by the General Surveyors. G. 24 Dec.
45. Sir Wm. Penison. Keeping of lodge and park. G. 5 Nov.
46 Edw. Ferrers. Stewardship. G. 7 Oct.
47. Sir Edm. Peckham. Discharge for 3,000l: delivered to your own hands.
48. Sir Thos. Cawerden. Licence to retain 40 gentlemen and yeomen.
49. Sir Thos. Darcye. Like licence. At Sir Thos. Cawerden's suit. G. 24 Dec.
50. Ric. Marshe. Pardon. Subsc. by your attorney. G. 15 Dec.
51. Ric. Clerc, one of the Footmen. Bailiwick. (fn. n4) A. i.12 Nov.
52. "Ric. Egilston to be joynt patent with John Malte, your Majesties tailour, in th'office of cutter and botcher in your Great Warderobe," with 6d. a day. At Mr. Cycell's suit.
53. Walter Hungerforde. To have his annuity in lands. (fn. n4) A. ii. 27 Sept.
54. Wm. Raynsforde. Lease. (fn. n4) A. ii. 20 Nov.
55. Warrant to Sir John Williams to deliver Thomas Barthelett, your printer, 26l. 78. 5d. for proclamations, statutes and other kinds of books, as appears by bill. (fn. n5)
56. John Wikes, your servant. Comptrollership. At Lord St. John's suit. G. 21 Oct.
57. Warrant for a livery coat for John Ellys, one of your masons.
58. Hugh Councell. Bailiwick. At suit of Deputy and Council of Calais. G. 1 Oct.
59. Sir Gawyne Carowe. Grant. Subscr. by Sir Ric. Southwell and Mr. Staunforde. G. 18 Oct.
60. Sir Gawyne Carowe. Stewardship. Subscr. by Sir Ric. Southwell. G. 19 Oct.
61. Andrew Wydon. Custody of an idiot. G. 13 Oct.
62. Thos. Chapman, elk. Vicarage of Rye, "for which he giveth into your Majesty's hands a pension of 20 mks." G. 1 Oct.
63. Ric. Whalley. .Receivership. (fn. n6) A. i. undated.
64. John Buck. To be your "arrasman." At suit of Lord St. John. G. 10 Dec.
65. John H lpp, clk. Presentation. At suit of Parson Levett. G. 12 Aoc.
66. Lord St. John and others. Commission. Subscr. by Sir Ric. Southwell. G. 23 Oct.
67. Chr. Litcote, one of the Pensioners. Lease, in reversion, of Brokebrugh pastures, Beds. (fn. n6)
68. John Doyle. Receivership. Subscr. by chancellor* and solicitor of Augmentations. A. i. 1 Dec.
69. Moiety of a forfeiture, 22l. 16s., "being your Majesty's part," for four of my Lady of Cleves' servants.
70. Warrant to Sir Brian Tuke to cancel two old obligations and take new bonds of Roger Woodhous for payment of 200l. to your use. Subscr. by Sir Ric. Southwell.
71. Sir Ant. Denny. Stewardship. (fn. n6) A. i. 27 Oct.
72. John Ponet, clk. Advowson of a prebend in Christchurch, Canterbury, At the Abp.'s suit.
73. John Baker. Man of arms. Subscr. by the Lord Chancellor, the late duke of Suffolk and the bp. of Westminster. G. 12 Nov.
74. John Hales to be "jointpatent" with Sir Ralph Sadeler as clerk of the Hanaper. G. 25 Oct.
75. John Chaderton. Commission for the keeping of the King's game within the Isle of Portesmouth.
76. John Chaderton. Office. G. 27 Sept.
77. Warrant to Mr. Woodehall "to kill certain deer with hounds within the county of Southampton.'
78. Ric. Baldewyne, clk., the Lady Mary's chaplain. To have the 6th prebend in Newarke college in Leicester. At suit of the Queen and Lady Mary.
79. Warrant to Sir Brian Tuke to pay John Nixon and John Harrison, riders of your great horses, each 20 mks. Yearly
80. Geo. Hollande, surgeon. Annuity. G. 5 Oct.
81. John Home. Bailiwick. "At the special suit of my lord deputy of Calais." G. 15 Oct.
82. Warrant for apparel for my Lady Mary.
83 John Ailief. Annuity. G. 9 Oct.
84. Geo. Roper. Wages. Subscr. by Mr. Vicechamberlain and John Pers. G. 15 Oot.
85. Ric. Woodewarde, bagpipe player. Wages of 4d. a day from 1st of April.
86. Warrant to Sir Brian Tuke to allow William Stafforde 200 mks. (in the payment of his debt to your Majesty) which he advanced to you in loan, according to a former warrant, notwithstanding the Act for remission of that loan.
87. Discharge to Sir Edm. Pekham, cofferer, for l,000l. delivered to Sir Ant. Dennye 4 Jan. anno 36to.
88. Warrant to the same Cofferer, to deliver Dennye l,000l. to your use, "which should have been signed in May last past."
89. Like warrant to deliver 120l. to Cornelius Haies, your goldsmith.
90. Like discharge for 2,400l. delivered to Nic. Bristowe for your works at Nonesuche and Hamptoncourte.
91. Giles Geringes, "the moldemaker at Nonesuche." Annuity. At his own suit. G. 8 Oct.
92. Letter to the bp. of Bathe to give the keeping of Bamvell park, Soms., to Rowland Clerc.
93. Robert St. Liger. A purchase of the manor of Kill, parcel of the late mon. of St. Thomas Courte by Dublyn, annual value 13l. 13½d., the 20th deducted, as appears by particulars subscribed by certain of your officers in Ireland. At the suit of my lord Deputy of Ireland.
94. John Parker. Licence to "utter pins of all countries for 5 years." Subscr. by the Lord Chancellor and obtained by the Queen.
95. Hugh Calveley, man at arms. Rangership of Delamere Forest.
96. Sir Ant. Kingston. Lease of Marresfelde manor and other lands, Glouc, for 60 years.
97. Sir Ant. Kingston. Grant. (fn. n6) G. 29 Sept.
98. John Wynter. Grant. (fn. n6) G. 2 Oct.
99. Warrant to Sir John Williams to pay William Grey and Anne his wife 1,158l. 13s. for stuff delivered into the Great Wardrobe in the year ended Michaelmas 36 Hen VIII., "which sum of money he doth repay immediately to the same Sir John Williams for lands which he purchaseth."
100. Bichard Collier, my lord of Canterbury's chaplain. Prebend in Rochester void by death of Wylde. At the Abp's. suit.
Roll of three sheets of parchment written on the one aide only. Endd.: Mens. Septembr. anno rr. Henrici Octavi 37o.
*** The last two entries of the list for January 1546/7 (referring to the King's will and Norfolk's attainder) have been blotted upon the parchment at the end of this list, leaving an impression of the writing which can be distinctly read with the aid of a mirror.
20 & 21 419. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 247.
Meeting at Windsor, 20 Sept. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. No business recorded.
Meeting at Windsor, 21 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Browne, Paget, Petre. Business: Letters sent to Bullen signifying Sir Chas. Howard's appointment as lieutenant to Sir Ralph Ellerkar for the horsemen, the lord Lieutenant and Council to appoint his diets. Upon information that the 400 men appointed to "old Sir Thomas Palmer" were sent to Boulogne, letters were written to the Deputy of Calais, &c, to appoint him the leading of other 400. Letters written to Dover for transport of certain Almains to Calais which should have served in the North; and to Deputy, &c., of Calais that strangers might have victuals at reasonable price.
21 Sept 420. Lisle to Paget and Petre.
R. O. Has to-day spoken with Ant. Hussye and Ric. Howlet, who have the preparing of the 10 vessels for Boulloign. The greatest tarrying will be for things committed to Mr. Boughton, who has advertised them that all in his charge will be ready on Saturday next. One thing Hussye and Howlet ask, which was left unanswered in your last letters, viz., where the ten ships shall be victualled. At dissolving the army at Portesmouth, chose 200 hackbuttiers, being in the leading of a kinsman of his, to serve in this voyage to Boulloign. They are handsomely appointed and expert soldiers. Has also here 80 of his own servants and keepers, whom he sent for out of his own country. Would know what they shall do, as their lying here would be chargeable to the King. Greenwich, 21 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
21 Sept. 421. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 139.
Since he wrote on the 18th to the Queen Dowager, certain Germans have arrived here. Went to the Council to request audience upon pretext of private claims; and, in the course of conversation, said that he heard they had ambassadors from France or somewhere. As the Councillors made no reply and evidently wished to conceal the matter, the writer made investigations, and has learnt from a good, though secret, source that the Germans brought letters to the Chancellor and Paget, closed with five or six seals, bearing the arms of Hesse, Saxony and Wurtemberg, and that by their talk they seem to include the Elective king of Denmark. They are Johannes Scledanus of Strasburg, Ludwig von Bombach, the Landgrave's marshal, and a young man named Philip. With one Sturmius and the father of Philip, they came through Metz and Lorraine to the King of France, with whom the two remained. At Abbeville they supped in Orleans' chamber the day before he died; and, coming through Montreuil to the camp before Boulogne, were escorted to Calais by a French trumpeter. They boast that for a hundred years no embassy has arrived here with a mission more favourable to England. To-day Scledanus and the Marshal dined with the Council and afterwards, introduced by Winchester, Paget and Petre, were with the King a full hour. Presented himself to ask for audience just as they were entering; and intended to tell the King that, hearing of certain Frenchmen and Germans come from France to treat, he could not omit to remind him that the treaty of alliance debarred him from making any treaty without the Emperor's knowledge and acquiescence. But his audience is deferred until the day after to-morrow, because the King dines to-morrow three or four miles from here. Thought it necessary to report the above by a man of his own. Windsor, 21 Sept. 1545.
21 Sept. 422. Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 138.
Writes to the Emperor of certain ambassadors of the Landgrave of Hesse who have arrived here. She may therefore consider the advisability of the Emperor's entertaining the proposal carried hence by D'Eick, in order to frustrate such intrigues. Windsor, 21 Sept. 1545.
22 Sept. 423. The Privy Council.
A.P.C. 248.
Meeting at .Windsor, 22 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Winchester, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters addressed to Lord Admiral to license John de Quintanaduenas, Spaniard, and Alonzo de Castro, to trade into France and bring thence wares bearing certain marks (given). Upon information that the officers of Chester were remiss in setting forth ships under Lennox, letters were written to haste them forth, and likewise to release a Biscayan ship stayed at Liverpole.
22 Sept. 424. Michaelmas Term.
Soc. Of
Antiqu., Procl.
ii. 156.
Mandate to the mayor and sheriffs of London to proclaim that, whereas Michaelmas Term is accustomed to be held at Westminster from the Utas of St. Michael to the Quindecim of St. Martin, the King, intending to hold Parliament at Windsor from 23 Nov. next, for the furniture of which the said Term must end sooner, signifies that it (the Term) shall end the 18th Nov., which is the Utas of St. Martin next. Westm., 22 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
[22 Sept.] 425. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O. I have taken order that Mr. Wotton shall have 15,000l. "and be despatched to-morrow, if he can so soon tell it." It will pay the strangers beforehand till the end of October, and the Englishmen till the end of September, and also prest them for a fortnight when they set forth, "if that journey take effect." By the end of this week 5,000l. shall go northward, to satisfy their whole desire. Mr. Either has l,600l. towards provision of victuals (fn. n7) and Mr. Cofferer 500l. towards the Household. Now I am in hand for our Parliament matters. In the end of the week you shall receive views signed by the treasurers of what remains with them. Let Wm. Honyng make a letter to Northampton for 20 men. They are appointed by the commissioners of the shire to prepare 20 and have them ready, yet, being a liberty, will not send them at the said commissioners' appointment "but do [br]ing them strayte to London, whiche Mr. Wi . . . . being [th]eir steward hathe signified u[n]t[o me, and] I have caused two of the burgesses, [bei]ng here, to tary for the letter." Ely Place lane, "with my last journey to London, this present Tuesday."
Hol., p. i. Add: at Court. Endd.: September, 1545.
22 Sept. 426. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. O. Tickfford, 22 Sept. 1545:—Instructions about the wording of the writer's patent (of which he desires news by Wed), and business matters, involving the names of Mr. Wood (for the patent), Calthrop, Mr. Chester, Humph. Lightfoot, John Leveson, T. Smyth, my brother Tanffelld, T. Holond, Adam Waryng, dec, and "Ambrose, this bearer." Concludes with a note to Otwell Johnson to see to the above if his brother has gone. Wishes George to send good Mr. Southewyck some beer to Cales. Olter Blason's debt and Victor's legacy must be remembered too; for Cave needs all money he can get.
Hol., p.1. Add.. at Callais or London.
22 Sept. 427. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. By your letters to me and to Mr. Chancellor, I perceive "that you have attempted my suit; for the furtherance whereof I shall desire your continual friendship." I send the indenture of purchase of Kyeo, with the King's licence of alienation and an obligation of 500 mks. to me by Byrche. The rest of the conveyance, as the fine and other assurances, shall be looked up and sent, but these are sufficient to devise your assurances upon. The conveyance between the earl of Hartforde and the late lord Cromwell I have found, and also the conveyance from Lord Cromwell to Byrche, and the gift of the house from the King to the Earl of Hartforde and his wife. Thanks for your occurrents, which are joyful. "As touching the words Grete mentioned in my schedule, which you understood not, I trust there is nor shall be occasion to give you any further understanding; but the meaning was that, at our last being togethers, at which time I moved you of a matter concerning an office in commendam, which you thought to be no great advancement in it, and, upon further communication between us, you moved a question unto me what I thought by such a thing, touching that which was lately in a great man's hands and now is determined upon one (fn. n8) that at our then communing was said to be sore sick, if such an alteration should eftsoons happen again, which God forbid, in case you thought it a convenient suit for your friend and could bring it to pass, I might then leave this which I have, &c., as it is further in my said letter." Whether to move or omit it I leave to your discretion. Albeit the thing is no higher than what I have, its being before occupied by such a personage would give it more estimation to the world. Take not this for ambition, for, were it not my duty to offer continual service, I had rather seek no promotion. Grenwich, 22 Sept.
P.S.—If none of those parcels which Mr. Chancellor shall bring "shall like his Highness to depart withal unto me, let his Majesty appoint me where it shall please himself, yea, and to take that which I have laid togethers and give me others for it." All places in the realm are indifferent to me, but "I must be holpen or sink."
Hol., pp.3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
23 Sept. 428. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 248.
Meeting at Windsor, 23 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Winchester, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters written to Sir Thomas Seymour "to send back the captain hither, and also Wyndeham, if he might conveniently." Ric. Hartlepole, who had the payment of the carriages in the Middle Ward, had warrant for 67l. 4s. 3d. surplusage of his account. Captain Lightmaker had letters to customers, &c., of London to convey oats and other victuals for his band to Calais.
23 Sept. 429. The Fresh Musters.
R. O. Letters missive deferring until further orders the sending of the men of the county of-–(blank) who were appointed to be at-–(blank) on the last of this month, and whose sending has already, by other letters, been deferred for eight days. Wyndesor, 23 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: "M. for the stay of the iiijm ccc. men until, etc."
23 Sept. 430. Victualling of the Fleet.
R. O. Indenture made 23 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII., witnessing that Thos. Rolfe, appointed to victual the King's ships in the Narrow Seas, has received "here at Dover," out of the ship Anne of London, Brian Brodley, the bearer, master, 30,000lbs. of biscuit in canvas bags, the freight of which, 6l., is not paid for lack of money. Signed: Thomas Rolfe, manu propria.
Subscribed with Brodley's acknowledgment of receipt of the 6l. on 13 Oct. from Ric. Knight.
P. 1.
23 Sept. 431. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 140.
In pursuance of what he wrote the day before yesterday, visited the King this afternoon on pretext of the rumoured coming of Tournon and the Admiral of France to Boulogne to negotiate, and also that he heard that ambassadors had arrived here from France, who were said to be Germans and confessed themselves Protestants, in view of which he could not avoid repeating the assurance of the Emperor's friendship, and confidence in the treaties and amity between them. The King replied that he wished the amity was as sincere on the Emperor's side as it was on his, but he was being badly treated and even his money detained; the reason given, viz., that he wished to take the money out of the country, did not satisfy him at all. Then, leaning against a window and bidding the writer be covered, he went on that he could not understand the Emperor's deserting him on the mere word of a minister (fn. n9) who bore neither letter nor credence from him; he had always refused to negociate with France, however favourable conditions were offered (including cession of Ardres and payment of arrears of pension) unless the Emperor was first satisfied; he had been a king 40 years, and no man could say that he had ever acted otherwise than sincerely and openly; he had never broken his word, and he would not hide that the Germans had come from certain German princes who sent a similar mission to the king of France to urge both to make peace; he always loved peace and was simply defending himself, but the French would not make peace without Boulogne, which he honorably won and meant to keep. He added that these Germans meant to stay until they heard from their colleagues in France; and he asked if D'Eick had arrived in Flanders and would be back soon. Replied that doubtless the Emperor would despatch D'Eick without delay. The King finally repeated that this was the time to make sure of the French, who were in extreme necessity and had raised their camp before Boulogne to send the troops, some to Savoy, to the Emperor's detriment, and some to invade Guisnes; and, as the period for furnishing the aid under the treaty was expired and the Emperor's bands were mustered, he begged the use of some of them to assist in defending Guisnes, which was included in the treaty. "He then spoke of the death of M. de Vendome and of the news he had received of the illness of the Dauphin, of the fortune of M. de Guise's son, and of the death of our Holy Father the Pope, which he still considered doubtful."
He spoke without anger, but coldly and in formal terms which the writer could not help suspecting. Being escorted out by Winchester and Paget, reproached them with the other day concealing the mission of these Germans, which was notorious; and pointed out that to make a treaty with the Protestants would mean abandoning liberty and purchasing servitude. Evidently there has yet been no mention of a treaty. They said that all rested with the Emperor, and they hoped that D'Eick would bring good news. Windsor, 23 Sept. 1545.
23 Sept. 432. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P v. 526
Hertford, with the horsemen, on Saturday last (fn. n10) viewed Hume castle which is very strong and could hold out for 8 or 10 days at least; so that, as the Governor continues his assembly, and the weather is waxen very cold for lying in the fields, besides that the obtaining of victuals from Berwik is uncertain because of the sudden rising of the water of Twede, and the castle, if taken, would ask time to re-edify and can only hold 60 men in garrison (and but 10 of them horsemen), it was resolved to make no enterprise there but to waste and burn the Mershe. On Sunday night last (fn. n11) the army encamped beside the Red Brayes in the Mershe, on Monday beside Wetherburne and yesterday beside Norham, in Scottish ground. Have thus gone through the heart of the Mershe, and by means of the horsemen, the Irishmen and others, the country, which was full of corn, is wasted, and many strong towers as Red Brayes, Polworthe, Westurbeth, Duns, Wetherburne, Blacketer, Mongus Walles, Mothers Malyson and others are overthrown. By next letters, will declare all that has been done in this journey. Last letters from the Council instructed Hertford to see what fortification might be made at Duns; but he found it subject to hills and, although partly in marsh ground, the ground on Scotland side is hard enough. He therefore razed and burnt it, "which was a very simple and peevish town.' Wetherburne seems the place for a fortress in the Mershe, as he will declare when called to the King's presence. Sir John Ellerker, who was lately in garrison at Bulloigne, served well, and on Sunday night beside Red Brayes, Gawayn Hume's house, chased Scots and Frenchmen for eight miles, slaying sixteen of them. Gawayn Hume "hardly escaped," and Sir John brought back 140 cattle and 300 sheep. Among the prisoners of reputation taken in this journey is Patrike Hume, the Cardinal's servant, who is "thought to be the man that slew the late captain of Norham after he was yielded prisoner." He remains in Norham castle, and they would know what to do with him. Hertford has this day dissolved the army and taken order for placing the strangers as near the Borders as possible. Horton, 28 Sept. 1545. Signed: E. Hertford: H. Knyvet: Rafe Sadleyr: Phelyp Hoby.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
23 Sept. 433. Fane and Others to Thirlby and Carne.
R. O. Here is arrived Mons. de Lyre, governor of Luxenborgh, declaring that the Regent writes to him to learn what way this army will take, and requiring us to touch upon the Emperor's dominions as little as possible. He offered also, if we would show our deliberation therein, to prepare our way with provision. We desired him to thank the Emperor and Regent on the King's behalf, and showed him that we were not yet resolved which of the sundry ways to take, but would take the shortest way into the enemy's land and neither sojourn upon the Emperor's dominions nor take anything of his poor subjects without payment. Your lordship or Mr. Caern may take occasion to show the Emperor or Regent that we have so written to you. We think to begin to march tomorrow, if all our horsemen and footmen may pass the Ryne today; and not to rest much until we come where the King has appointed. Andernake, 23 Sept. 1545. Signed: R. Fane: Fraunsys Halle: T. Chamb'lain: Tho. Averey.
In Chamberlain's hand, pp. 2. Add.: A Monsr. Monsr. and underneath, blotted: Messrs. l'Amb. Sealed. Endd.; The Commissioners for the musters of the Almaynes to th'ambassadours with th'Empereur and the Regent.
23 Sept. 434. J. Dymock to Vaughan.
R. O. The men of war gathered here, whereof Chr. Fryesborch is captain of the horsemen, and Harbort van Laenge of the footmen, have taken and spoiled a country which belonged to the duke of Lowenborch. On Sunday last, at 1 0'clock, they departed thence into the land of Horste in company with Duke Hendrycke of Browenshwyke, who has sworn them "after a sort as was never seen, that is to say, they to go with him for five days whereas he will bring them, and so has he given to every man a daller, and at the place whereas the said (sic) (fn. n12) will bring them to have one month's wages paid to them and to have entertainment for three months; at that place they should know who should be their lord that they do serve, and the Duke to be as general captain over them in the field." So neither the king of Deanemarke nor any of the "Stedes" know to whom they belong. The King is very strong within seven leagues of this town; for all the country reckons the Emperor to be setter forth of these men of war and to be seeking to get Breame or Hamborowe, so as to have Denmarke at his pleasure, and afterwards subdue the whole Evangelical band. But these "Stedes" would rather be under the Turk that the House of Burgoyen, and every city makes men for its defence, and all earls, dukes and lords are in arms. Here are Marten van Waldevelt and George Waldevelt with 2,500 footmen and 600 horsemen, lying in Duke Albert of Mekelborow's land, who grow daily stronger and have also defied the King of Deanemarke, and will, it is thought, go to the other company which the Duke of Browenswycke has.
Yesterday I received a letter from the King's commissaries at Andernake, to whom I sent a "bode" on horseback, on 2 Sept., to tell them not to expect any men from me. The "bode" has not returned. These letters direct me to bring no men, but come myself, which I will do when I know what these men of war will do, "wch I ame promeste to knowe whythyn a daye at the furtyste." Please write to Mr. Secretary Pagett, if the Duke of Lowenborech come in person or send any gentleman to make further suit, to give no further credit to him nor more money than the wages of his 300 horse; for his Chancellor has been in England with Taphoren, and has come home again, and the Duke wrote to me when the men of war entered his land of Hadell that they destroyed his country because he served the King, whereas I know it to be for an old grudge of the lansknechts towards the Hadelers, for slaying some of their men of war four years ago. The Duke wrote as though the King should recompense him for these hurts, which is unreasonable. I have sent for his Chancellor who came out of England to know if he brought any letters from the King's Council to me. As no man can tell where the Duke is, I reckon that his said Chancellor, having found the King liberal, has counselled the Duke to ride in post into England to seek some money. Hamborowech, 23 Sept. 1545.
P.S. I would have written to Mr. Paget, but the bearer could not tarry, and also I have an ague.
Pp. 4. Add. in German, at Antwerp. Endd. Docketed: Received from John Dymok, the 6 of October 1545.
24 Sept. 435. The Privy Council
A.P.C.. 248.
Meeting at Windsor, 24 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Winchester, Browne Paget, Petre. Business:—Thos. Yemans of Bekeley, in a kind of frenzy being committed to the Porter's ward, and afterwards to the Colehouse here, having come to himself and repenting his folly as "seduced for the love of a woman," released with "a good lesson."
24 Sept. 436. Thirlby to Paget.
St. P., x. 596
I have received your letters by John Barnardyne, but the matters you write of have not as yet been mentioned to me. Since the arrival of Skipperius here is a bruit of thousands of Frenchmen slain at Bullen in an attempt upon the Old Man or Base Bollen. Bernerdyne showed me certain letters which were given him at Cales to be delivered in this Court, among them one to the Nuncio, which I advised him to enclose in his letter to you untouched, and herewith you shall receive it. "I have, according to your counsel, advised and charged him in nowise to meddle with this fox, whom I fear yet worse than the other fox (fn. n13) that ye warned me of in your last letters, albeit I never trusted him so well that I will put my finger in his mouth; and yet on Sunday he was to visit me with as many fair promises as ever he made, and jolly good words again, but he told me that he had not spoken with Skipperius, who arrived here on Saturday (fn. n14) late in the night." He perceived, he said, that all should be well, and I told him my news of Bullen, Guynes and Scotland. Mr. Caren advertised you what great sums of money the Emperor should have of these Low Countries. He has also received a bull from Rome to take a great subsidy of the clergy in Spain. I received a letter from Mr. Chamberleyn with copy of another to Mons. de Bures (sent herewith). Mons. de Bures' servant told me he never saw a more warlike band pass muster. When he left. 21 ensigns of footmen had passed the musters, and nine or ten more were looked for. I received another letter from Mr. Hall, which I also send you. The bruit is that they are already in France, and the French army before Bullen gone to stop their passage. As I was writing this, Francisco and Nicholas arrived with letters from the Council directing me to labour for release of the arrest of the King's money in Mr. Vaughan's hands. As Mr. Carne, Mr. Vaughan and I had answer therein from President Scorie, of which we advertised the King by John Gartia, we thought it vain to labour further until Gartia's return. Meanwhile Vaughan receives the remainder in French crowns.
Francisco and Nicholas arrived here on Wednesday (fn. n15) last at noon, saying that they could not pass from Cales sooner because Frenchmen have burned and spoiled the Low Countries and slain many whitecoats there. Pray let me know the truth of that matter, of which the Frenchmen will make a great brag in this Court. The Emperor will have the Duke of Orlyance's exequies here to-morrow. Bruxels, 24 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
24 Sept. 437. Fane and Others to the Council.
R. O. Since the 14th inst., have been daily occupied in taking musters of Riffenbergh's horsemen and footmen, and Eidell Wolfe's horsemen; and have passed Riffenberghe's 20 ensigns of footmen, which are not yet complete to 400, but are filling up daily. These have neither weapons nor armour, which he says is impossible to have at the first musters, and he has borrowed 1,200 cr. to furnish armour, besides other 8,000 cr. to satisfy his people until the day of their musters, and pay the country people for damage done "gathering and eating their grapes." He has, moreover, with the same prest, promised to furnish eight field pieces and bring forth his 1,100 or 1,200 horsemen, for whose conduct he has not yet reckoned. Hope that the men will pass the Reyne and begin to march within two days. Must exceed their commission and instructions with Riffenberghe and Eidell Wolfe, and with Buckholte too, whose musters they mean to take as they pass Acon. Have covenanted with Riffenberghe, as in the copy enclosed, to supply the lack of Mr. Dymoke's 2,000 footmen, who 12 days past wrote that he could not furnish them. Sent his letter to Mr. Vaughan to forward. Cannot refuse, without causing mutiny, to take more horsemen than bargained for of Eidell Wolfe and Buckeholte, whose excuse is that they thought it better to appoint more than less, and they show proof that divers took their money and disappointed them.
Mons. de Lyre, governor of Luxenborghe, is come hither, showing the Regent's letters requiring him to learn which way we would take, and offering to make preparation that the Emperor's poor subjects might not be molested. We desired him to thank the Emperor and Regent for their gentle offer, and said that, upon occasion, we would desire assistance, and we would see the poor people paid for all that was taken. Six days past the Count de Bueren wrote to me, Chamberlen, as you may see by his letter hereinclosed; and, as his request seemed unreasonable, I answered, as you may see, accordingly; "gathering, upon the same and other bruits of his repair to the frontiers with ordnance, more than we trust we shall find, and as since we hear to the contrary." The Duke of Cleves made like offer as Mons. de Lyre and had like answer; for an instrument of the French king's lies at Covelins, 4 leagues hence. The French king has assembled 12,000 horsemen and footmen about Bresme, under Chr. Prisborghe, to join with others assembled in Gelderland "to give us the onset or empeach our journey." Mons. de Lyre would not acknowledge that they were the French king's, but said they were bruited to be for the King's Majesty. We shall see how they shall be let pass through Brabant. These folks, especially Eidell Wolfe, stick to have a page for every 12 horses, besides a baggager or messenger, as they had last year; and Eidell Wolfe claims 45 days' conduct for all his band, showing a letter from Mr. Secretary of 28 June commanding him to repair to Callis, whereupon he set forward, and was countermanded by another of 8 July to repair where Riffenberghe should appoint. We differ also with Eidell Wolffe "for a cart with iiij horses upon every xij horse, though we have them not." Riffenberghe says that the King promised him espial money; which seems necessary, though our instructions do not declare it. It is thought good to "make double ensigns to seem the more in number." We have promised to take an ensign of footmen which Buckeholte has ready; as we doubt Riffenberghe's being able to fill up his 10,000 without hindering our journey. Andernake, 24 Sept. 1545. Signed: R. Fane: Frauncys Halle: T. Chamb'lain: Tho. Averey.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd.: The Commissioners for the musters of th'Almaynes to the Counsaill.
24 Sept. 438. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. The general letter will declare our proceedings, and this is only to desire your remembrance of my request by former letters that, on arriving at Bolloigne, where the treasurer of the camp can account with these people, I may be set to other affairs and be quit of such unreasonable folks. With the general letter goes a letter which I received from the Count de Bueren and my answer; "praying you to answer for me therein if it should be evil taken." Forwards a letters from Mr. Chr. Mount. Andernake, 24 Sept. 1545.
P.S.—Riffenbergh does not reckon the 5,500l. Fl. delivered him at Andwerp, nor Eidellwolff nor Bucholt the sums they received at their despatch out of England. Asks instructions therein.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
25 Sept. 439. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 249.
Meeting at Windsor, 25 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Winchester, Browne, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters written to my Lord Chancellor to order payment of Captain Alexandre and his band, and cause a certain proportion of munition to be furnished by the officers of the Ordnance, and sent to Boulogne with the 10 ships which convey the faggots, &c., provided by Sir Edw. Boughton. Letter to my lord of Surrey and Sir Ric. Sowthwell to rid all harlots and common women out of Boulogne, and enquire whether any head officers had received money above their entertainment and appointed their servants to certain charges whereby the King was ill served; also to send away all sick and maimed persons. Letter to Surrey and the Council of Boulogne signifying the receipt of — Doelo to the King's service.
25 Sept. 440. The Queen to Ant. Bourchier.
R. O. Having made John Coke her general receiver, commands Bourchier to write to all her particular receivers to pay him her half year's revenues due at this Michaelmas. Windsor, 25 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head: Kateryn the Quene, K.P.
P.1. Add.: "To our trusty and well-beloved Anthony Bucher, our auditor."
25 Sept. 441. Victualling of Calais and Boulogne.
R. O. Warrant (upon the Council's letters of 20 Sept. 1545 for payment of l,600l. at the appointment of Stephen bp. of Winchester, Gage, Riche, Rous and Ryther) to deliver Thomas Clerke 100l. in prest towards payment of the half freight of 300 tuns of beer and 300,000 biscuit sent from London to Caleys. London, 25 Sept. 1545. Signed by Winchester and Ryther.
P. 1. Add.: To the treasurers and chamberlains of the Exchequer. Endd.: Shelton. Subscribed with Thomas Clark's receipt.
R. O. 2. Similar warrant to deliver Thomas Malby, of London, fishmonger, 200l., in prest towards provision of 20,000 "hoppes," 300 sacks and 20 barrels of candle for the King's town of Bullen. 25 Sept. 1545. Signed by Winrhester and Ryther.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Roger Chaloner as paid by him, on 1 Oct., 76l., and on 6 Oct., 40l.
25 Sept. 442. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O. Yesterday forenoon Theotonius Moniz, a Portugall with a great black beard, told Thirlby that he was once factor for the king of Portugal, and suing six years past (fn. n16) for a ship that was spoiled at Plimowth, "where Mr. Trigonyll was with him for restitution of the same," and has since been in the French king's service, but will now leave it because the French king will not pay him 2,000 fr. due to him, and that he knew of a practice to corrupt certain Spaniards that should be sent to Bollen and could show letters, and knew of a Frenchman dwelling in Towar Streat by whom the French king had intelligence out of England. He desired a safeconduct to go into England. Told him that if he could tell anything worth knowing he would be rewarded, and asked him to write his name and some honest ground for such a safeconduct. He said that he durst not be seen to resort to Thirlby, but would come at night. At night he returned and said that next morning he must go with a servant of the French ambassador to Andwarpe, where one Rouadange and Mons. de Formes were preparing 30,000 cr. "to give these captains—who I cannot tell—if they would do— I cannot tell what." Chanced to say that 30,000 cr. was a large sum for the French king to forbear. He answered that a merchant of Rone and two or three other merchants should be bound for it. As he brought no writing, Thirlby asked him to write his name, and that he had secrets to declare; and he wrote the few words enclosed. Told him of the King's liberality, who did not, like the French king, promise much and pay little, and that it would take long to obtain a safeconduct, but Thirlby could promise that he should go and come safe and be rewarded. Began then to write a letter to Lord Cobham for his passage at Cales; but he said that the night was far past, and prayed that the letter might be sent to him at the King of Portugal's factor's in Antwerpe. Encloses the copy and sends the letter by John Barnardyne, to whom this Theotonius opened much of the above, hoping to hear more of the man and of the doings of Rouadange and De Formes. Bruxels, 25 Sept. 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Scaled. Endd.
25 Sept. 443. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. Today received theirs of the 19th, sent from Bruxelles by my lord of Westminster, referring to Vaughan's discretion the receipt of angels instead of valued gold, and directing him to reserve 40,000l. or 50,000l. st. for two months' wages of the Almayns and send the rest to Calles. Of the money received already, has 80,000l. Fl. in crowns to be sent to the Commissaries, and will send the rest to Calles in valued money if the Emperor will license it to pass, and, if not, will change it into angels, crowns or crusados and send them. Has, under the Emperor's arrest, 61,799l. 4s. 2d. Fl., and has received since the arrest 9,401l. 19s. 2d. in crowns, all which remains in the Fowker's house in a chest whereof Vaughan has the key. Would have received the rest tomorrow and next day, but will now receive it at his return from the Court, where he hopes, according to their expectation, to obtain licence to pass the valued gold. Mr. Fane, one of the Commissaries, sent word today from Cullen, by an Antwerp merchant, that he would shortly be at Bruxelles, "whereat I could not but much marvel." Of all the money received of the Fowker, has only paid 1,000 gilderns, viz., to the Duke of Lowenberghe's lieutenant. Would gladly know the Council's pleasure concerning his bargain with Chr. Haller. Andwerp, 25 Sept.
In the Court and here is bruited a notable skirmish at Bulleyn wherein the Duke of Vandome and a son of Mons. de Guise are slain, and many other personages taken and slain.
P.S.—My lord of Westminster sent me a letter from the Queen to the Margrave of Andwerp for discharge of the arrest of other gold than is of the Emperor's coin (copy given in full), dated Bruxelles 23 Sept. 1545. This letter I wrote for in case haste were required; but, having received your Lordships' letter I will repair to Court to know whether the Emperor "will grant to the transportation of the valued gold."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
25 Sept. 444. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Today I received your letter of the 19th, with one from the Council. By yours I perceive that you received the gros greyn. "And as to the woman that I wrote of, leisure is good, and advisement much better, abouts those kinds of people. That it pleaseth you to do your best for my 'comyng home' liketh me well, and do therefore humbly thank you." Andwerp, 25 Sept.
"I gladly abide your answer for Haller's matter." A schoolmaster who teaches my children, a sober and honest man, has been before the bp. of London's chancellor. I beg your favour for him. His name is Cob. Mr. Secretary Peter, whose favour I also beg, knows him; and it will be a great loss if he is "troubled or taken from me. I dare say there is no honester man than he is."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.


  • n1. Entered as "subscribed by my lord Chancellor."
  • n2. Entered as subscribed by the Chancellor of the Augmentations.
  • n3. Subscribed by the Master of the Horse.
  • n4. Subscribed by the Chancellor of Augmentations.
  • n5. Subscribed by the Lord Chancellor.
  • n6. Subscr. by Chancellor of Augmentation.
  • n7. See No. 413.
  • n8. Evidently the allusion here is to the Office of Great Master of the Household, which had been in the Duke of Suffolk's hands and was now apparently to be given to lord St. John, whose sickness is mentioned in No. 405.
  • n9. The bp. of Arras.
  • n10. Sept. 19th.
  • n11. Sept. 20th.
  • n12. "Christopher" apparently is omitted.
  • n13. Chapuys.
  • n14. Sept. 19th.
  • n15. Sept. 23rd.
  • n16. Really in 1540-41. See Vol. XVI., Nos. 361, 374, &c.