Pages 548-568

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2, August-December 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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1. Sir Henry Dudley. (fn. n1)
Rossi Warw.
App., 235.
"Nænia in mortem splendidissimi equitis Henrici Duddelegi, Somarigani, Insulani, Verovicani, Joanne Lelando, Antiquario, Autore. Excudebat Londini Joannes Mayler, Anno Dom. 1545."
2. The Household. (fn. n2)
Lansd. MS.
2, f. 34.
B. M.
"The ordinary of the King's chamber which have bouche of court and also their diets within the Court."
The lord Wriothesley, lord Chancellor, the duke of Norfolk, the earl of Hertford, chamberlain, lord Russell, privy seal, lord Lisle, admiral, the bishop of Durham, the earl of Essex, Sir Ant. Wingfield, captain of the guard and vice-chamberlain, Sir Anth. Browne, captain of the gentlemen pensioners, Sir Ralph Fane, lieutenant of the pensioners, Edw. Bellingham, standard-bearer of the same, Sir Wm. Paget, Sir Wm. Peter, Mr. Hare.
The earl of Surrey, the lord William Howard, Sir Fras. Bryan, cupbearers.
The lord Henry Nevell, the lord Clinton, Edw. Rogers, carvers.
Sir Percival Harte, the lord Graye, Sir Edw. Warner, sewers for the King.
Sir Humph. Foster, Sir Ric. Manners, Sir Wm. Willoughbye, George Harper, esquires for the body.
"The ordinary of the King's chamber."
Eustace Silliard and Edw. Weldonne, surveyors.
Sir Thos. Hennage, Lord Lyslye, Sir Ant. Broune, Sir Ant. Dennye, Sir Fras. Briane, Sir Thos. Seymer, Sir Rich. Longe, Sir Thos. Cauerden, Sir Hen. Knevet, Sir Wm. Harbert, Sir Ant. Seintleger, Sir Thos. Darsye, Sir Rafe Sadler, Sir Thos. Speke, Sir George Carewe, Sir Thos. Paston, Sir Peter Mewtas, Sir John Wellesborne, gentlemen of the Privy Chamber.
Sir Ph. Hobie, Sir Morice Barcleye, gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber.
Wm. Raynisford, John Norres, Ric. Grenewaye, Ric. Blounte, gentlemen ushers, daily waiters.
John Gates, Robt. Bocher, Wm. Shirington, Wm. Sayntbarbe, grooms of the Privy Chamber.
Edm. Harman, John Penne, barbers.
The Robes:—Ric. Ciscell, yeoman, John Sternolde, groom, and John Rowlande, page.
The Beds:—Rol. Ridgley, yeoman, David Vincent and Humph. Hurme, grooms, Hen. Plesington and Rich. Bethell, pages.
Nic. Foscue, groom porter.
In an Elizabethan hand, pp. 3.
R. O. 2. (fn. n3) i. Another copy of § 1, but very faulty and confused.
ii. "The bouch to the ordinary of th'household":—The lord Great Master, Sir Thos. Cheyney, treasurer, Sir John Gage, comptroller. Sir Edm. Peckman (sic), cofferer, the first, second, third and fourth masters of Household, the 2 clerks of the Green Cloth, the 2 clerk comptrollers, the master of the Jewels, the clerk of the Spicery and the office, the clerk of the kitchen, twelve serjeant officers and gentlemen, with master cooks, every of them 4l. 12s. 1½d., the Compting House, the Bakehouse, the Pantry, the Cellar, the Buttery, the Jewel House, the Ewery, the Pitcher House, the Confectionary, the Wafry, the Chaundry, the Larder, the Squillery, the Pastry and Sawcery, the Woodyard, the porters at gate.
Part of the Chamber:—Physicians: Dr. Chamber, Dr. Buttes. The apothecary, the three chirurgions, Edmond Harman and Philip.
iii. "The Ordinary of the Queen's side, which do eat and drink in the Queen's chamber and have bouch of Court, but no wages within the King's household":—The Id. Parr of Orton, Id. Chamberlain, Sir Edm. Walsingham, vice-chamberlain, Sir Thomas Arundell, chancellor, Sir Robt. Turwitt, master of horse, Dr. Day, bp of Chechester, have "diet only without bouch." The Queen's maids: bouch of Court and 2 mess of meat to their servants. Physician and apothecary: 1 mess and bouch of Court. Chamberers and chaplains: no bouch of Court, sitting in the chamber without further allowance.
iv. "The ordinary of the Queen's side which do eat in the Queen's chamber and have bouch of Court and wages within the Household":— Showing the wages and allowances of Henry Semer, carver, Clement Throgmorton, cupbearer, Robt. Warner and Nic. Throgmorton, sewers, Hen. Webb, gentleman usher of the privy chamber, Ric. Dauncy, Th. Beyston, Marm. Nevill, and Andrew Wadham, gentlemen ushers; John Broughton, Geo. Herbert, and John Lyggyne, gentlemen waiters. And also of the following, viz.:— No bouch of Court,—Ric. Sterkley, Fras. Ingleshe and Wm. Smythicke, sewers of the chamber, Wm. Herper, clerk of the closet, and Wm. Uxenbridge, groom porter. Allowance of meat and drink to their offices and bouch of court and wages ut supra,—The Robes, Ralph Worsley, yeoman, Thos. Firton, groom, and Arthur Belfield, page; the Beds, Edw. Floyd, yeoman, Thos. Meverell, groom, and Thos. Harrison, page. "Bouch of court, also allowed to the Queen's launder for wood and lights."
v. "The ordinary of the King's Chamber which have no bouch of Court, but wages paid within the household, and to dine and sup at the tables hereafter appointed:"—Showing wages of gentlemen ushers, quarter waiters,—Thos. Gefford, Wm. Morris, Steph. Brakenbury, Edm. Hopton, John Harman, Robt. Chester, John Rainford and John Bouthe; sewers of the Chamber,—John Barnay, Hen. Annesly, Th. Horseman, Ric. Browne, Wm. Sackwill, and John Browne; pages of the Chamber,—Wm. Reskem (Reskymer), Hen. Parker, John Nash and John Haydon.
vi. "The wages and fees of the ordinary of the King's side paid within his Household, besides those above written," viz., the lord Chamberlain, 100l.; the Captain of the Guard and Vice-chamberlain 100 mks., the captain of the Gentlemen Pensioners 200 mks., the lieutenant of the same, 100l., the standard-bearer of the same 100 mks. Cup-bearers: earl of Surrey, lord Wm. Howard and Sir F. Bryan, 50 mks. each. Carvers: lord Nevill, lord Clinton and Edw. Rogers, 50 mks. each. Sewers for the King: lord Thomas Gray, Sir P. Hart and Sir E. Warner 50 mks. each. Surveyors at dresser: Eustace Sulliard and Edw. Weldon, 11l. 8s. 1½d. each. [Gentlemen pensioners]: Sir Humph. Radcliffe, Thos. Astley, Thos. Avery, Thos. Buttler, Thos. Palmer, Hen. Jerningham, Hen. Markham, Edw. Hasting, Edm. Bridges, Edw. Zoche, Edw. Horne, Edm. Harvy, Wm. Fullwood, Edw. Grymstone, Edw. Vaughan, Humph. Conisby, John Wingfield, John Gresham, John Portinary, John Banister, John Pastoun, Jaques Granado, John Sands, Robt. Long, Ric. Tyrrell, Wm. Blunt, Wm. Palmer, Wm. Keylway, Wm. Skypwith, Wm. Ellerker, Wm. Bonham, Wm. Frances, Wm. Butts, Fras. Knolys, Gawen Carew, Geo. Pollard, Giles Poole, Ant. Digby, John Conway, Chr. Sackfield, Chr. Litcott, Charles Herbert, Nich. Wadham, Peter Carew, Simon Digby, Stephen Adams, Fras. Hacke, Robt. Stafford, Nic. Arnold and Wm. Birch, 46l. 13s. 4d. each, and the clerk of the check 40l. Harbinger: John More 18l. Grooms of the Privy Chamber: John Gate, Robt. Busher, Wm. Sherington and Wm. St. Barbe 20l. each. Esquires for the Body: Sir Humph. Foster, Sir Ric. Manners, Sir Wm. Willoughby and Geo. Harper, 50 mks. each. [Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber]: Sir Thos. Hennage, lord Lisle, Sir Ant. Browne, Sir Ant. Denny, Sir Fras. Bryan, Sir Thos. Semer, Sir .Ric. Long, Sir Thos. Cauerden, Sir Hen. Knevet, Sir Wm. Herbert, Sir Thos. Darcy, Sir Ant. Seynt Leger, Sir Thos. Speake, Sir Geo. Carew, Sir Thos. Paston and Sir Peter Meutas, 50l. each; Sir Ralph Sadler, Sir John Wellisborne, each 50 mks. Gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber: Sir Ph. Hobby and Sir Maurice Barkley, 30l. each. Gentlemen ushers, daily waiters: Wm. Rainford, John Morris, Ric. Greenway and Ric. Blunt, 20l. Barbers: Edm. Harman and John Penne, 20l. each. [No heading]: Nic. Ridley and eleven others, each 68s. 4d. The Robes (3 names), the Beds (6), the yeomen of the Guard (John Peeres and 121 others, and also three "taking the fee of the Crown"), the groom porter (Nic. Foscue), messengers (Adam Gascon, John Hopkins, John Apleby and Ric. Wygan), the clerk of the Closet (Rudde), Serjeant of the Minstrels (Hugh Woodhouse) and the Chapel and Vestry (none named but wages of the various offices given).
vii. "The ordinary of the Queen's side which have their allowance of wages (besides those formerly named that have bouch &c.) without any meat or bouch of Court," viz., yeoman ushers (4, not named), John Powes and another not named, and 22 yeomen of the chamber, all at 15l. 4s. 2d.
viii. "The ordinary of the same side which have no meat, board wages nor bouch of court within the Household, but wages only," viz., John Grove, messenger, five grooms and four pages.
ix. "The ordinary of the same side which have no manner of allowance within the Household," viz., the surveyor, auditor, attorney, solicitor, clerks of council, wardrobe and closet, and serjeant at arms (no names).
x. The "messes of meat to be served," showing how many messes shall be served to the King and Queen, and the lord Great Master, lord Privy Seal, and other officers, and who shall sit at their tables &c. (dinner at 10 a.m., supper at 5 p.m.).
xi. The "particular ordinances of fares," showing the amounts and kinds of meat and drink allowed for dinner and supper on flesh days and on fish days (first and second courses) to the King and Queen and the several classes of officers.
xii. The "charges of the diets," showing the gross cost of each table and an estimate of provisions and other incidents not valued in the diets. [This portion, already noticed in Vol. xvi, No. 394 (4), seems part of the same document as the foregoing.]
Pp. 44. Modern copy.
Lansd. MS. 2,
f. 38.
B. M.
3. The gross charges for the King's and Queen's tables as in § 2x. Modern copy, pp. 4.
3. War Preparations.
See page 559, footnote.
4. The Benevolence.
Cleop. F. VI.,
B. M.
Form of commission. Undated.
Modern copy, pp. 2. [See Part i, No. 15.]
Cleop. F. VI.,
B. M.
2. [Instructions.]
The King, by advice of his Council, having resolved to levy "a convenient mass of money by way of benevolence" from such of his subjects as will gladly strain themselves to gratify him, appoints the "foresaid commissioners" as his commissioners for levying the same in the county of ––––––– (blank). Upon receipt of "such letters, instruction, commission and writing as be prepared for their proceedings" they shall assemble and peruse the book, sent them, of such of the shire as are thought meet to contribute with the rates at which they were taxed for last subsidy. Then, dividing themselves by two and two, each shall commune with those of the rest of the shire whom he is acquainted with and can influence. Allowance to be made for persons who have decayed, and for including others who are now able to contribute. No man to be pressed who has not lands, fees and offices worth 40s. yearly, or goods worth 3l. 6s. 8d.; the best to be taken, whom they shall instruct after what rate they shall require it. And though the King doubts not they will endeavour to advance this benevolence to as good a sum "as the case necessity requireth" (sic), he thinks the least rate should be 8d. in the pound on 40s. land and 3l. 6s. 8d. goods, "and so upward to 20l., and from 20l. upward in land and goods and so forth proportionately after the lands and substance of the parties which be within the compass of the rates before expressed and limited, 12d. of the pound." Commissioners shall arrange among themselves the manner of procedure and appoint places, sending first for the men of the best value. They shall not summon at one time above ten or twelve persons, and shall commune with each apart lest some unreasonable man seduce the rest. Each man shall be reminded of what the King has done for them in fortifying coasts and frontier towns, both within the realm and at Calais, Guisnes and Hampnes, in keeping garrisons in the North and in Ireland, in wars not long ago in Scotland and this year past against France (for the recovery of his right to the same and resistance of the Turk). His Majesty takes most kindly the loving obedience of his subjects, and considering their forwardness in times past, means never to importune them except for defence of the realm and safeguard of their wives and children. But considering how the realm is threatened by the French king, who endeavours to recover Bolloyn which the King victoriously conquered, money is urgently needed out of hands and they shall devise with him for as large a sum as he can spare to be paid before Easter next. Persons who allege poverty or other pretence which the Commissioners do not think should be allowed, shall be urged by other persuasions and the note of ingratitude, if thought advisable; and if any one still refuse to contribute he shall be sworn to keep secret what has been said to him and be forthcoming when called for; then, his name being taken, he shall be passed over and sent home, so as not to be an evil example to the rest. Substantial receivers shall be appointed to collect the money and pay it to Sir Edm. Pekham, who shall allow them 2d. in the £ on the sums collected. The Commissioners hall also proceed with the clergy in the same form. Added in another hand.—At first only men who can spend 5l. in lands or have 10l. in goods are to be asked.
Draft, signed at the head by the King, pp. 6.
Eccl. Mem.
Ib. ii., 489.
3. Proceeds of a benevolence granted to the King in 36 Hen. VIII. giving amounts for each county, viz.:—Chesh. cum civit., 640l. 6s. 8d.; Beds, 1,100l.; Bucks, 1,261l. 18s. 8d.; Bristol, 365l. 11s. 4d.; Camb., 1,788l. 14s. 10s.; Hunts, 650l. 13s. 8d.; Cornw., 643l. 2s.; Cumb. 57l. 15s. 8d.; Devon, 4,527l. 2s. 4d.; Essex, 5,251l. 18s.; Herts., 680l. 18s.; Glouc., 2,528l. 19s. 4d.; Heref., 1,155l. 12s. 8d.; Kent, 6,471l. 8s.; Lanc., 660l. 2s. 2d.; Linc., 2,176l. 15s. 8d.; Midd., 2,386l. 9s.; Monm., 233l. 12s.; Ntht., 2,108l. 16s. 4d.; Notts, 432l. 2s. 4d.; Derby, 438l. 9s. 4d.; Norf., 4,046l. 7s.; Suff., 4,512l. 6s. 1d.; Oxon, 1,241l. 14s.; Berks, 1,407l. 2s. 10d.; Rutl., 136l.; Salop, 875l. 14s. 4d.; Staff., 464l. 4s. 2d.; Soms., 6,807l. 13s. 4d.; Dors., 1,418l. 3s. 4d.; Surr., 2,453l. 15s. 2d.; Suss., 2,379l. 5s. 2d.; Hants, 1,443l. 0s. 4d.; Warw., 1,641l. 16s. 4d.; Leic., 629l. 14s.; Wilts, 1,769l. 5s. 8d.; Worc., 1,573l. 12s. 0d.; London, ––––– (blank); Yorks, ––––; Nthld., –––– ; Westmld., –––; Dham., ––––. Wales: Anglesey, 195l. 13s. 10d.; Brecon, 161l. 10s. 8d.; Cardig., 186l. 1s. 4d.; Carm., 218l. 12s. 4d.; Carn., 136l. 13s.; Denb., 332l. 9s. 11d.; Flint, 163l. 19s.; Glam., 316l. 13s.; Merioneth, 108l. 16s. 4d.; Montgom., 114l. 11s. 8d.; Radnor, 77l. 13s. 4d.; Pemb., 341l. 16s.; Haverfordwest, 91l. Total, 70,723l. 18s. 10d.
1 Feb. 5. Hadrianus Junius to Van der Delft.
H. Junii,
Epp. 30.
Is most anxious to merit his benevolence and hopes he will accept this rude epistle. Arrived on Friday by rapid journeys and dispositos equos, very tired, and almost fell with giddiness in speaking with the Earl; but has now recovered his strength. The Earl of Surrey, my patron, on my report of you, is most anxious to make your acquaintance, as he hopes to do soon. "E Kynningala (est id insigne mehercle palatio nomen) Calend. Febr. ad lucernam, multa jam nocte; sed age, vir amplissime, ne tamen ista velut ad Demosthenicam lucernam elucubrata expendas velim, nec ut rhetor rhetorem."
9 Feb. 6. Parson Saxby to John Johnson.
R. O. Thanks him and his wife for the great cheer they made him at Polbroke. Ralph Freman will not sell his fells under 4l. st. the 100; "and my father will not, by the means of my mother, sell his wool under 11½ mks. the sack, good and middle; or else for 11 mks. the sack and to take [it] as it lies, and to refuse one tod of refuse in all." Send your mind in writing by bearer; "for the fool cannot show me it by word of mouth." I would have come, "but my mother is very sore sick and in great danger of life, and therefore I do tarry and abide the good hour, the which I pray God send shortly one ways or other; yet I trust to have a black gownd for her, for she eats no manner of meats." Send me word when you will be at Polbroke and I will come and make merry with you. Pray recommend me to my cousin Cave and his wife [and] (fn. n4) my cousin Flecton. Northampton, 9 Feb. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Slightly mutilated. Add.: "To hys trusty Mr. John Jonsson, merchant of the Estaple at Calys, thys be delyvard, att Tykfford."
20 Feb. 7. Wood Sales.
R. O. Commission by Robt. Henneage, master of woods within the revenue of the General Surveyors (authorised by warrant of Charles duke of Suffolk, as warden of forests on this side Trent, dated 28 Dec. 35 Hen. VIII.) to his deputy to make woodsales in the parks and chaces within the lordships of Barkeley Herns and Wootton, Glouc.; making a return of his proceedings and payment of the money at the "time and feast" limited in his "letter of deputation." 20 Feb. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To Anthony Bourchier, gent., my deputy for the oversight and sales of woods," etc.
26 Feb. 8. Boulogne.
R. O. "A proportion of victual" for the furniture of the King's garrison in High and Base Boulloigne, the Old Man and Boulloigneberghe for four months and 13 days from 26 Feb. to 30 June, the number of men being 5,000.
Giving by months (of 28 days) the number of days on which each kind of victual is used, the allowance per man and the total measure required, e.g. "viij days stockfish after 1 fish valued at iijd. to two men by the day rating xijc [1200] fish to the last, xvj last, viijc ff."
The first month contains 8 days of stockfish, 2 of ling, 4 of white herring, 4 of haberdyne, 4 of red herring, 4 of spratts and 2 of "grenefyshe," and also entries of wheat and rye, "malte and other hedcorn" for brewing, and of peason.
The second month contains 6 days of stockfish, 2 of butter, 4 of white herring, 4 of red herring, 2 of Essex cheese, 8 of beef and 2 of bacon, with wheat, etc. (as before).
The third month contains 12 days of beef, 2 of bacon, 4 of butter, 6 of stockfish and 4 of Essex cheese, etc.
The fourth month contains 14 days of beef, 4 of butter, 4 of stockfish, 2 of bacon and 4 of Suffolk cheese, &c.
And the "odd days," 18 to 30 June, contain 7 days of beef, 2 of butter, 1 of stockfish and 3 of Suffolk cheese, &c.
ii. A tabulated statement of the total proportion of each kind of victual required as above, the amount in store on 26 Feb. "with the vent unto the xth of March" and the "suppliment" or deficit. A list of amounts of wine, biscuit, raisins, honey, salt, billets and logs also remaining in store is appended.
Paper roll of 3 large leaves written on the one side only.
27 Feb. 9. Cheltenham.
R. O. Note of expenses of Sir Ric. Ligon, chief steward, at the view of frankpledge and court held at Cheltenham 27 Feb. 36 Hen. VIII., viz., 40s. Certified by Ric. Carrik, deputy steward.
Lat. Small slip, p. 1.
10. German Mercenaries.
R. O. Memoranda of precautions to be taken by the King in retaining German soldiers, in order to secure their efficiency.
Begins:—"It. la Mate ordonera quelcun pour prende connoyssance des capiteynes se ilz sont habils et propis, lesquelz serveront a sa Mate."
French, p. 1. In the hand of Taphoren's clerk.
R. O. 2. Offer of Henry seigneur de Doerren to serve the King with 600 horsemen to be raised in Ostlande upon a letter of retainer such as was given to horsemen of Chr. van Prysborck and others before Boloingne in the last war, provided that the King write to the Emperor, the said Henry's natural prince, for passage through his country. Signed: Henrich v. Doerren.
ii. Offer of the same, with the aid of captain Guillaume van Dinter, who was one of the five captains under the count of Bueren, of 4,000 lansknechts to be raised in the Duchy of Geldres and country of Ostlandt, upon terms to be settled with Dinter, if the King will write to the Emperor as above. Signed: Henrich v. Doerren: Willem vann Dinther.
iii. (In a different hand.) Offer of Steven Taphoren, who served the King as a captain in the last war before Boulogne, of 2,000 lansknechts, hackbutiers, upon terms to be settled with his son, if the King will write to the Emperor, whom the said Taphoren would not displease, for their passage. Signed: Taphoren.
French, pp. 3. Endd.: Almaynes entreteyned.
22 March. 11. The Duke of Longueville to the Queen his Mother. (fn. n5)
Balcarres MS.
ii. 62.
Adv. Lib.
Takes the opportunity of writing, although his grandmother will write all the news. Is very well and, according to those to whom he belongs, is growing big—a thing he very much desires. Will always obey her commandments. She will learn how tall he is by the length of the "ficelle" enclosed. Monsieur and Madame and his uncles are well. Commendations to the little Queen his sister. Joynville, 22 March. Signed: Francoys d'Orleans.
Hol: Fr., p. 1. Add., A la Rene. Endd.
17 April. 12. Sir Roger Touneshend and Robert Holdych to Lord St. John.
R. O.
Upon his letter, of 11 Feb., to Touneshend to arbitrate between the farmers and the tenants of Horsford they repaired thither at a time appointed, and heard the parties and their learned counsel debate the matter; and, with their "mutual loving assents," concluded as in the bill of articles sent by the bearer, Mr. Corbett. Much rejoiced to see the parties so well content. Written 17 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., lorde Seynt John, lord Chamberlayn of the King's Mates howse. Endd: The certificate of Mr. Tounesend for Horsforth.
13. Officers of the Court of General Surveyors.
R. O. Paper headed "De anno r.r. Henrici viijvi xxxvjto" giving the total amount of the fees of all the auditors, chamberlains and receivers of the Court of General Surveyors (over and besides the fees and diets of the general surveyors, treasurer, attorney, master of woods, chief justice of forests, &c.) viz. 4,194l. 13s. 2½d., "with 500l. for the fees of the treasurer, 2 undertreasurers and auditor of the Mint."
Auditors:—Sir John Peryent, Fras. Southwell, Wm. Barners, Robt. Wingfelde, Thos. Mildemaye, Nich. Mynne, Walter Myldemaye, Humph. Bowlande, Thos. Fletewoode, Ric. Dowe, Ant. Bouchier, Thos. Wrenne, John Waterhouse, John Peppes, Hugh Fuller, Wm. Notte, Ant. Nudygate, Wm. Dix, Wm. Goodinge, Thos. Rolf, Ph. Lentall, Roger Kemsey, Wm. Asshebye, Gregory Richardson.
Chamberlains and receivers:—The lord Ferrers, the earl of Hertford, John Philippe, Sir John Bridges, Jas. Vaughan, Edw. Pett, the lord Parre, Sir Geo. Herberte, the lord Privy Seal, Thos. Johnes, Ric. Devereux, John Averye, Wm. Pynnocke, Sir John Markehame, Robert Hennage, Sir Rice Manxell, Sir Thomas Seymour and Sir G. Cotton, Thos. Gower, Sir Edw. Crofte, the earl of Worcester, Sir Edw. and Sir Ant. Knyvet, Hugh Davie, Rice ap Gl'm., Robt. Browne, Rog. Wigeston and Jas. Chapleyn, Robt. Griffith, Sir Ralph Sadler, Edw. Tyndall. Sir Fras. Bryan, John Holcroft, Ric. Woodwarde, Sir Edw. Wotton, Ric. Worsley, Fras. Jobson, Jas. Morice, Roger Amyce, Rol. Morgan, John Huntlye, Sir Wm. Vaughan, Wm. Ellercare, the earl of Sussex, Ric. Greneway, Wm. Laurence, John Rither, Wm. Morrice, Walter Blight, Ant. Harvie, Thos. Starnall, Thos. Hall, John Kytchen, Nic. Wentworth, John Cocke, Wm. Grey, John Adams, Thos. Spurwaye, Wm. Vaughan, Sir John Arundell, Oliver Frankelynne.
Pp. 2.
22 April. 14. Sir Thomas Darcy to John Gates.
R. O. For your pains in setting forward my bills I have a great number of thanks to give you at my coming to the Court. The bp. of London's officers have warned a court to be kept upon Tuesday come se'nnight at Clafton (fn. n6); and the King's officers also have been here and commanded that none of the farmers nor tenants pay rent to the bp. until the exchange be past betwixt the King and him, so that the tenants wot not what to do. The bp. has been offered other lands since the survey, which is more than a year past. Please desire Mr. Deny to learn the Kings pleasure "what I shall do for the stablishment of the poor men." Thanks for your news. Saynt Oysythe, 22 April. Signed.
P.S.—Pray send answer by bearer who repairs to me on Tuesday next. I have sent to London to the armourer to stay his stuff for me till my coming.
P. 1. Add.: To my very frend, Mr. Gattes of the Privy Chamber. Endd.
22 April. 15. Cheltenham.
R. O. "Th'expenses of the sessions of peace and gaol delivery for the liberty of the hundreds of Cheltenham and Sloughter," holden 21 April, 36 Hen. VIII., before Sir Ric. Ligon, John Arnold, Rol. Moreton, John Palmar, Ralph Norwodd, and Thos. Baskervile, justices, and also of the "law day" holden at Sloughter before Sir Ric. Lygon, steward there, 22 April, viz.:—Six green geese 12d., 4 bushels of wheat 6s. 8d., "ale, that is to say viij. dozen' 24s., two calves 5s. 4d., beef 9s. 4d., &c. (including 2s. to the cook for his labour). Total 3l. 13s. 11d. Signed Rychard Lygyns.
P. 1.
[April ?] 16. Martyn Pirry to –––––
R. O.
St. P. x. 89.
Kings of England heretofore when they have won any foreign country or town have shortly set up a mint there, that the coins there printed might be a perpetual memory of the winning thereof, as witness the moneys yet remaining that were coined in Gascoin, Normandy, Torney, Calice, &c. If "your mastership" move the King to set up a mint for Boulloyn, to be kept there or in Calice, you might give 3l. for every lb. of fine gold or fine silver coined and the King have more profit thereof than of any mint here, and your mastership more than 2,000 mks. yearly. By such order "as I have devised for the said purpose," this mint shall be worth to the King more than any other of his mints.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: Martyn Pyrry.
2 May. 17. The Subsidy.
R. O. Memorandum of receipt, 2 May 37 Hen. VIII., for the first payment of the subsidy granted by last Parliament, of 53s. 4d. "and a bill witnessing the payment of four pound stirling to the hands of John Garrett as for part of the first payment of the said subsidy," in all 6l. 13s. 4d. Signed: by me Thos. Eyre.
P. 1.
9 [May?]. 18. John Johnson to his Wife, Sabyne Johnson.
R. O. Anno 1545 the 9th day of. . . . . . .Has received hers of the 5th. Commendations to Harrison. Expects 2,000 stone of wool at his hands and tell him if he wants money about Michaelmas he may send to my brother Otwell for it. Directions for packing the wool. I am glad of Rachael's amendment. Come not much at her your self lest you get the disease. I depart for Calais in 2 or 3 days.
P.1. Much mutilated. Add.: Glapthorne beside Owndell.
[May?]. 19. Fortifications.
R. O. "Instructions to my lord of Suffolk's grace for the blockhouse of Melton, whereof William Burston is captain"; being six items of requisites, viz. gunpowder, money "for the performance of the platt," a skilful surveyor of works by advice of Mr. Lee, a commission to take up workmen, ordnance and bows; with request to the Duke, "in any wise," to remember the powder and two gunners more. Signed by Burston.
P. 1.
ii. On a small slip enclosed: List of necessaries for the fortress of Gravesend "whereof James Crane captain," viz., a "payer tinekelles for the bumbard," baskets, hurdles, bows, morrispikes, strings, and twelve "shot of stone for the bumbard of ix. inches high, this have we great need of."
P. 1.
[May ?]. 20. The Isle of Wight.
R. O. "Munitions assigned and appointed by the King's Majesty to be delivered out of his Highness' store within the Tower of London, to the hands and charge of Richard Woorsley, captain of the Isle of Wight, for the more strength and better furniture of the said Isle," viz., bows 100, sheaves of arrows 200, bowstrings "aftre the rate," bills 200, pikes 200, hagbuttes furnished 60, corn powder for the same 4 half barrels, serpentyne powder half a last.
P. 1. Endd.: Municion for thesle of Wight.
R. O. 2. Warrant to "Mr. Seymour" to deliver the above stores, "of the munition in your charge," to this bearer Mr. Worsleye, captain of the Isle of Wight.
Draft, p. 1.
7 June. 21. John Johnson to his Wife, Sabyne Johnson.
R. O. Calais, 7 June, 1545:—Received hers of the 20th ult. and is glad to hear of her good health with her two little maidens. His brother Otwell will have now sent her more money. Begs her to desire Harison to get respite till Michaelmas day or further to weigh the wools he has "earnestid." Will be over about the 20th. Commendations to all friends in the country. If the fells at Mr. Bickills be not sent up, let Ric. Preston go thither to beat and cast them over, or they will be hurt with worms.
P. 1, very mutilated. Add. at Glapthorne.
[25 June.] 22. The Duke of Lauenburg. (fn. n7)
R. O. Intimation made by Henryck Doldorp, on behalf of his master, Francis duke of Sassen-Engeren and Westfaelen, to Henry VIII., of the Duke's desire to serve him with 500 horse (upon stated conditions), paid like those of Ytelwolff and Bocholt. Made –––– (blank) day of ––––– (blank) 1545.
French, pp. 2. Endd.: Presentacion du due de Sassen Engeren et de Westwaelen.
26 June. 23. Lord St. John and Others to ––––––
R. O. Desire him to pay 53l. 6s. 8d.; which he should have paid long ere this (for a purchase which he made of the King before the writers) to the treasurer of the Augmentations, within ten days after receipt of this letter. Think that it becomes him not to delay or withdraw at this time, considering the King's great and chargeable affairs. The Roles, 26 June. Signed: William Seint John: John Bakere: Robert Southwell: Edward North: Rich Southwell.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
27 June. 24. Thomas Bp. of Ely to Matthew Parker, Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge.
Annals, i. 428.
Has received the King's letters to charge all parsons, vicars, curates and other ecclesiastics to preach every Sunday and solemn feast, and to set forth his title of Supreme Head and just renunciation of the Bishop of Rome's usurped authority. Charges him therefore both to preach in person and to command the fellows of his house (fn. n8), in order, to preach in their parish church as above. Somershome, 27 June.
25. The Diet of Bourbourg.
[Cal. Of Cecil
Pt. i., 190.]
"Ici est contenuz des queux marchandises venaunts e Loundres," &c. Rates of scavage to be charged on foreign goods (specified) entering London.
[At the head is the date 1545 in a contemporary hand but crossed out.]
Pp. 7½.
2. Petition of John Robyns, and others headed: "1545" (no doubt presented to the diet of Bourbourg). See Vol. XVI. No. 486 (2, 3).
R. O. 3. [Grievances of Flemish merchants in England, beginning] "Autre declaracion des droix de tonlieux qui se paient, oultre et pardessus les coustumes et tonlieux du Roy, au maieur et cherchers de la ville de Londres et ailleurs, dont les Englois ny Oisterlincx ne payent aulcune chose; et depuis trente ans a este veu que Ion ne payoit ladit coustume. Et ce fut fait a la requeste des ambassadeurs de France, et principallement les Franchois ne payoient riens, du temps du Cardinal d'Engleterre. Lesquelz droix sont appellez scavaige et sont droix nouveaulx et portent aultant et davantaige que le tonlieu de Brabant."
A long list of charges for scavage upon the various kinds of merchandise.
There is also a charge of 2s. st. per cartload and 4d. per horseload at the entry of London upon strangers' goods coming from Hampton and elsewhere.
After paying all dues the merchant stranger is bound to sell his goods to the "bourgeois on fre man" of the town in which they are. Moreover, subjects of the Emperor must sell by the King's weight, at a loss of ¼ per cent., pay 1d. st. per cent. for the weighing (besides carriage), and buy from the burgesses or "fremans" by the weights in their own houses, at a loss of more than four per cent.
There are still other dues called in London "bailliages," and in other towns by different names, which exceed the whole tonlieu of Brabant, and which neither Englishmen nor Easterlings pay. List of charges for bailliage.
Then for goods leaving London there is the charge of 2s. per cartload and 4d. per horseload. The merchants may not pack their own goods for shipment but must employ a packer (which is not done to English merchants here), paying 6s. or 7s. for packing, which costs the English here but 6 or 8 pattars. This seems to be intended to drive the stranger out of England.
When the goods are packed the packer must obtain from the masters of the custom a bill called a cocquet at a cost for each ship of 12d. st. and 4d. to the searcher, although the stranger has no use for a cocquet.
List of charges taken by the free packers of London.
French, pp. 11. Endd.: Declaracion touching scavage exhibited by the Emperor's commissaries.
25 July. 26. Humph. Lyghtfott to John Johnson.
R. O. Calys, 25 July, 1545:—I perceive by yours of the 15th inst. that you have received your letter, and that my charge in my sister Saxbye's hands will be safe, which is all I have to show of my charge for my father Robert Baynam. "Thes Hollenders of Harlam hath bought 19,000 fell of Mr. Kertten and of Steven Brynckeleye Watter Calcott wiche of on they hade 11,000 soo they have ther pleassure in castyng owtt wiche I doo natt knowe you wolde doo soo 100 or 200 in a 1,000 soo that soo doyng I myzthe sold for 15 nobelles and natt above soo that they wolde be att le bartte (at liberty) to cast owtt. I reken they have not spede soo welle as they hade taken your felles. In this as men of Harlam doo now come to knowe your mynde in castyng owtt." I now perceive your mind for the 40d. Adam has sold my mother-in-law's wools. But for your will to sell fells and wools together I could have sold some of your wools.
P.S.—Begs him to write his mind about casting out.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "at Outtwelle Johnson in Lymestrett at Master Cave's howshe, at London." Endd.: "Not answered, for it is of small importance."
27. The War.
Salisb. MS.
137, f. 76.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. i., 56.]
"Na. that the battayle of our hole fle (sic) [not?] recninge the smale gallyasses and the rowinge peces be put in to thre rankes as folloth."
The first ranks, 8, viz.:—The Greate Aragozia, Sampson of Lubick, Jhesus of Lubick, Trickill of Dansick, Mary of Hambrough, Pellican, Morian and Struce of Dansick.
For the second rank, 12, viz.:—The Harry Grace a Dieu, Greate Venizian, Peter Pomgarnard, Mathewe Gonson, Pauncye, Greate Gallias, Lesse Gallias, Swepestake, Minion, Swallowe, Saviour of Bristoll and Newe Bark.
For the third rank, 20, viz.:—The Biskay Deva, Fawcon Lisle, Anne Lisle, Harry of Bristoll, Trinitie Smith, Trinitie Carlion, Margarett, Trinite Reneger, Mary James, Mary Conception, Pilgryme of Dertmouth, Mary George of Rye, Thomas Tepkyn, John Evangelist, George Brigges, Thomas Mawdalen, Lartigoe, Christopher Bennet, Mary Fortune, Mary Marten.
ii. (Continued at f. 80).
"Galliasses and shalupes appointed for the wyng," 23, viz.:—The Greate Mistres, Sallamaunder, Jennett, Lyon, Greyhound, Thomas of Grenewich, Lesse Pynnes, Hynd, Hare, Gally Subtill, two boats of Rye, Anne Gallaunt, Unicorne, Fawcon, Dragon, Sakre, Marlion, Roo, Renneger's Pynnes, Foist, and two boats of Rye. The division of these into a right and left wing has been cancelled by the note: "All these are but one wing and are appointed to be in the weather gage—to attend only upon the galleys."
Total 64, "besides victuallers, which be 8 good ships."
"It is to be considered" that in these three ranks the ships must keep in line, half a cable length between ships. The front rank to pass straight through the enemy's battle if possible, and then turn to succour the second rank, the ships of which are to "lay on board the principal ships of the enemies, every man choosing his match as near as he may, reserving their Admiral for the Lord Admiral." Between the ranks should be space of at least 16 or 20 score "tailor's yards." Ships of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd ranks shall bear during the fight (fn. n9) the "flag of St. George's cross" in fore topmast, main topmast and mizen topmast respectively; and those of the "said wings" shall carry it in their poop. Victuallers shall follow the third rank with flags in their poops. The "said wing" (altered from "wings") shall not fight, but try to get the wind of the galleys and attend upon them, not chasing any of the enemy's small vessels.
Pp. 5. With heading and alterations in Lord Lisle's hand.
Ib. [f. 76. (fn. n10) ] iii (fn. n10) [Memoranda].
"Sir Thomas Clere, vice admiral, to have 100l. fee; item 8d. per diem for a clerk and 10s. a day when he serveth, and boathire." Similar entries for Sir William Woodhous, Master of the Ordnance, at 100 mks., John Wynter, treasurer, at 100 mks., Robert Leg, comptroller, at 50l., William Broke, surveyor and rigger, at 40l., Benjamin Gonson, clerk of the ships, at 50 mks. and Richard Howlet, clerk of the store under the comptroller, at 40 mks. "Md. for an house for th'ordonnance." To know the number and the names of the King's ships, where they be and where is most meet to rig them. For the renforce of the Narrow Seas with three ships. For money. To send for the captains of fortresses, to bring with them the "state of their houses, etc." The gunners and soldiers to be at the captain's nomination, and the captain, the captain deputy, porter and master gunner at the King's appointment. "Item, for victualling for a fortnight, both for the ordinary and for a further number t'enter in when need shall require." The "appointment of the aid or supplement." The "appointment of captains for the countries." The "despatch of those which shall go into Germany, Denmark, and Lubeck, etc." To speak with Mr. Watson. "Letters to be written to the ambassadors and to peruse the league and for espial at Flussheng." The furniture of the Borders with money and victual. "Item for Rye; and to speak with my lord Warden for the landing places, and for the ordnance in his charge. To speak with the Master of the Ordnance for preparation, etc. For a commission for payment of money. To remember the furniture of Calais and Guisnez. Item, again to call on the mayor of London and the sheriffs of counties for the bringing in of the money of the Subsidy. Md. for Waters."
Pp. 3.
Ib. f 77. iv. "For sea matters":—The names and titles of Clere, Woodhous, Wynter, Legg, Broke, Gonson and Howlet as in § iii., with blank spaces after them. "These men to be spoken with in these matters following," viz.:—What number of ships are to be new trimmed and rigged? What place is meetest for their rigging? And to send them thither. If they allege that those here or at Portesmuth are unfit to go until rigged they shall be moved "to see them only made tight and to take a set weather to go to the place which shall be thought meet for their rigging, and to take with them all such tackling, cables and other things necessary from hence." To speak for the sending of the Jennet, the Mary of Hamburgh and the Marlyon of Newhaven to join the King's ships at Dover "to encounter the seven French ships." "To know what other ships be within the realm meet to serve. Item, for their victualling, and my lord St. John and Mr. Ryder to provide for the same."
"For land matters:—In primis, to send for all the captains of the blockhouses, and to write that they bring up a note of the state and furniture of their houses. Item, for their better manning, and victualling for a fortnight. Item, to know their opinions for men of reputation, and such as shall be agreeable to them, to assist them in case of necessity. Item, to give those men, when they shall be appointed, their charge. Item, to speak with my lord Warden for Rye and Winchelsey and the other places where the Frenchmen landed. Item, to touch the alteration of the state of the soldiers and gunners of the blockhouses."
For beacons:—To consider the landing places and appoint beacons "with the hundreds and men to repair to the same." To appoint a special man to have charge of a number coming to the beacons; and another personage to lead a power from inland for their succour.
"Item, to write to the ambassadors with the Emperor and Regent. Item, to speak with the master of the Ordnance. Item, for relief of victuals to be sent into the North. Item, to speak with Watson. The despatch for Almayn and Denmarke."
Pp. 3.
Ib. f. 79. v. A note of the complement of men, the ordnance, munitions and artillery, and the powder and shot in The Marlyne, Robert Renegar captain.
P. 1.
Le Fleming
(Navy Record
Soc., 1905),
p. 20.
[Hist. MSS.
Comm. Rep.
xii., App. 7.]
2. Another copy (faulty?) of §§ i. and ii. without Lisle's corrections, but with a concluding statement that there are also "to be joined to the foresaid battle" 50 Western ships, seven of which are great hulks of 888 (qu. 300 ?) ton apiece, and there are 1,200 soldiers, besides mariners, in the ships.
9 Aug. 28. Hadrianus Junius to the Duke of Norfolk. (fn. n11)
H. Junii
Epp. 146.
As the Duke desires his services in educating his son (in erudiendo filio), is anxious to give him satisfaction. The Duke knows what is said of the Prince ("Novit C.T. quantus in re literaria illustrissimus Princeps indole omnis ætatis ac memoriæ clarissimum Regem patrem spirans, predicetur: item quam strenue tyronicii (sic) munia obire dicantur D. Com. Arondelii liberi. Hoc ipsum invitat me ut oculata fide usurpem, aurita fruar, quam vera de clarissimæ spei pueris polliceantur omnes et rationem præcipiendi docendique nomen expiscari atque intelligere." With this view would be glad, with Norfolk's aid, to insinuate himself into the studies of the two, and is coming to London in the hope of doing so; although he has another object—to search his own library, by royal command. It contains, as he remembers, some English translations. "Horsemii, quinto idus Augusti."
[21 Aug?] 29. [The Privy Council to Reiffenberg ?] (fn. n12)
R. O. Touching your men, because the others who shall join with them are not yet quite ready, his Majesty's pleasure is that you shall wait and be ready to advance upon next advertisement with the number and at the time limited by your capitulation.
French, p. 1. Corrected draft of a paragraph for same despatch.
25 Sept. 30. Paget to Surrey.
Oxburgh MS.
[Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. iii.
App. P. 237.
I am "glad to perceive that your Lordship promiseth so well to the King's Majesty and the satisfaction of my good expectation conceived of you"; trusting that you will use the counsel of those who for their wisdom are placed there, and not suffer any "light ruffians" to persuade you in any extremity to put yourself further in danger than were expedient either for the Earl of Surrey or the King's lieutenant. His Majesty thinks you well showed both courage and wisdom, and trusts that by over great adventure you will not detract therefrom. By "this your happy and wise proceedings" men have great expectations of you; and joining together the grace, courage, knowledge of war, liberality and good luck, which God has given you, you shall excel all your ancestors and rejoice your friends. But forget not to give the praise and glory to God, whom I pray "to permit you to be as good a captain as ever was, and as good a man withal." Windsor, 25 Sept. 1545.
Mr. Hussey will tell our movements.
[Sept.] 31. [Paget] to Jasper Dowche.
R. O. I understand, by your letters, that you desire a greater recompense for the service you have done the King, and also to know about a practice of ours with certain merchants to get alum in exchange for lead. We charged Mr. Vaughan to make you satisfaction for what he wrote was due to you; and for the rest no order has yet been taken. But we will have such regard to your service that you will have cause to continue it. I have written of this to Mr. Vaughan; and, for the rest, it is true that some practice was made to me here, but for a month past I have not been spoken to therein, and therefore I have taken no more account of it.
Fr. Draft in Paget's hand, p. 1. Endd.: Th'answer to Jasper Douche."
32. [Paget to Lisle and St. John.]
Having, by the King's command, myself and Mr. Petre, written to your Lordships for knowledge how many men were "dacayed by sickness," and afterwards, in our common letters, for the "number of able men to be had upon the musters in case of sending the great army," (fn. n13) his Majesty requires you to answer at once and to devise for sending away Mr. Seymour to clear the Narrow Seas as soon as possible.
Cancelled draft on the back of No. 31, p. 1.
28 Oct. 33. The Count of Aumale to Mary of Guise.
Balcarres MS.
ii. 103.
Adv. Lib.
Has received by the bearer her letters of the 5th. Is devoted to her service. The bearer has evidence from the writer's mother on all she wishes to know. Has given her commendations to the Dauphin, who remembers her well. Folambray, 28 Oct.
His physicians do not allow him to write to her with his own hand, although she has written with hers, and the labor is great. Signed: V're treshumble et entierem[ent] bon frere, Francoys de Lorraine.
Fr. p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse.
[Oct.] 34. James Rufforth to Thomas Johnes or Geoffrey Gate. (fn. n14)
R. O. My master's (fn. n15) letters to Mr. Chomley, concerning the muster of Westminster and the liberties thereof, are not regarded, as appears by the enclosed bill sent from the justices of peace of Middlesex with Mr. Chomley's advice. If my master would obtain of the King's Council a letter of "countermandment" to the said Recorder, for his discharge, not to meddle, I think that he might lay it to Mr. Chomley's charge in case no respect is paid to his letters hereafter, "but woll have their own minds fulfilled and if they can by any means, notwithstanding all the constables of Westminster hath plain warning that the[y] shall not muster afore any man till they [have] further knowledge of my master his pleasure, which knowledge] had need to be known by Fryday at vii[j of the] clock in the morning, for Mr. Chomley hath commanded, as you may perceive by his bill, all manner of men to be at Totil upon Saturday in the morning at ix of the clock." Mr. Chomley not only troubles Westminster with such commandments but also all Middlesex, and especially all that pertains to the liberties of Westminster, and if my master suffers it his officers will be less regarded. Westm., this Thursday.
Hol. p. 1. Add.: To my frende Thomas Johnes, delyver this wt spede, haste, and in his absence to Mr. Geffray Gate, and yf My Mr. be not at Chestunt to cause this letters to be caried to the Court with all haste that may be.
35. James Rufforth to John Gate.
R. O. Complains of sundry persons, as Mr. Chomley, Sergeant Broune and the under sheriff of Middlesex, attempting to take musters in the town and liberties of Westminster where Rufforth and his fellow Mr. Ascot command the people not to muster before any man until his master sends further word of the King's pleasure. Cannot think what these crafty men of law mean. The under-sheriff's precept came this evening at 10 o'clock to the constables of Westminster who brought them to me. As my master has commanded the people not to muster till the King's further pleasure, trifle not, but provide a letter of countermand from the Council. Westm., Friday 11 p.m.
Hol. pp, 2. Add. Endd.
Oct. 36. Calais.
Aug. I. ii. 57.
B. M.
Map of Calais and the Low Country adjoining.
This map is intended to be looked at with the North downwards. A pictorial representation of Calais is given with the sea beneath it. A little to the S.W. is Newnham Breyg on one of the numerous canals or watercourses, on which Southwards are Hammes, Hammes Plasshe, Geynes Plasshe and Geynes (Guisnes), the "plashes" being broad sheets of water. From Geynes Plasshe Eastward (i.e. to the left) is Whet felde plasshe, (fn. n16) beyond which the canal goes on to Ballynggam Bulwark. Inside the canal nearly opposite Whet felde Plashe is Andarne Bulwarke, East of Ballynggam Bulwark is Bootys Bulwark, and further on Harwaye Bulwark, Crabbars and Howke, where the canal goes off at a right angle till it joins another watercourse tending towards Calais again on the East side. Numerous houses and places drawn on the map, with names of some.
Paper roll, 2 feet 11 inches broad by 2 feet 2 inches in height. Endd.: "The Platt of the Low Cuntrey att Callais drawne in Octobre the xxxvijo yere of the Rayne of our Sovereyne Lorde Kyng Henrye th'eighte. By me Thomas Pettyt." (fn. n17)
13 Nov. 37. Sir Nicolas Wentworth to Sir Thos. Darcy.
Add. MS.
24,852, f. 2.
B. M.
On Friday, 12 Nov., 200 French entered the Low Country here, broke up "Oye Slewes," burnt 3 houses and killed 30 persons, entering and returning through the Emperor's ground. The King's subjects see that they are ill defended "over they have been in the King's Majesty's time," and fear to dwell there. The King was never worse served than now. Fears there will be a general burning of the Low Country. Wishes, as much for the safety of his own office, which is keeping the gates of Calais, as for that of the Low Country, that the King was served by his own subjects and not by strangers. Fears for the town on account of the number of strangers who come through the gates. Wishes he could shut them when he pleased according to the old ordinance. Is told he has not the power but must do the Deputy's commands. Has told the Deputy of it, that 23 score and more strangers come in on market days besides those from the Emperor's ground and those who remain in the town the night before. Prevents all he can but perhaps if anything happened amiss, the Deputy would lay the blame on him. However, the porters and retinue would answer for him that he does his duty as other porters have done before him. Has written to the Lord Chancellor as to what he shall do concerning the strangers, and he asks Darcy, Sir Ant. Denny, and Mr. Gates, whom he takes for his special friends, for their advice. Calais. 13 Nov.
Hears matters relating to the King's service commonly spoken of, and fears the King's enemies may know them before he does. God send the King more secret and politic Council here.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To the ryght worschepfull Syr Thomas Darssy, knyght and one off the Kynges Majestes Privy Chamber. Endd.
20 Nov. 38. H. Junius to Goropius.
H. Junii,
Epp 81.
Reminds him of his promise while they were riding together towards London to get him a servant who spoke many languages.
"Duodecimo Cal. Decembris, è Kinningala."
Begs particularly for news of German affairs.
Headed: "Joanni Goropio Becano."
[28 Nov.] 39. Otwell Johnson to Sabyne Johnson.
R. O. Beginning lost. Will henceforth forbear a woman speaking in her angry mood. If the wine please you, send up an empty runlet by the next wool carts and I will get it filled. Need not make much of Mr. [Hary]son's displeasure with me, for the more the dirt is moved the worse it stinketh. As to the parsonage matter I replied by way to Tykeford as you wished: the parson to keep possession till your husband's return. Mr. Brudenell.—I think my boy died of no plague (fn. n18); but I will forbear to come to you til your husband's return.
P. 1. Fragment much mutilated. Add.: at Glapthorne.
[Dec.] (fn. n19) 40. Proposed Truce.
Harl. MS.
7571, f. 37.
B. M.
Draft of a truce between England and France made by A., B., C., "our" commissioners with D., E., F., the commissioners of the French king, viz.:—(1.) That there shall be a truce by land and sea from 1 March to 1 Nov. next, with retention of present possessions. (2.) Trade between the subjects of the two princes. (3.) Individual breaches of this truce shall not annul it; and breaches done by command of either prince shall only annul it if redress is refused for the space of a month. (4.) Pirates shall be punished and their depredations made good. (5.) Neither king shall make or permit any new fortification in the county of Boulogne, nor cultivate the ground there. (6.) This truce to be published before 1 March next by the King of England in all his ports and in the county of Guisnez, and in Dover, Rye, London, Hampton, Poole, Portesmouth, Plymouth and Fawmouth; and by the French king in Ardre, Mustrell, Abeville, Amyens, Paris, Rone, Diepe, Briest, Rochell and Burdeux, &c. (7.) An article is to be added that either prince shall confirm this within 30 days.
Lat., pp. 3. Begins: Quoniam natura comparatum est. Henry VIII. is styled king of England, France and Ireland.
41. Alum and Lead. (fn. n20)
R. O. Memoranda of receipts of alum at 16s. 6d. the kyntall, viz., out of two "first ships" and two "last ships," alum to the value of 16,266l. 2s. 3d.; and of delivery per contra of lead at 4l. 13s. 4d. the fother, at London and Hull, to the value of 10,707l. 15s. 10d., leaving due 5,558l. 6s. 5d. worth, which is "appointed to be delivered at Hull."
P. 1. Endd.: Tooching leade and alam.
42. The Arches Court.
R. O. Allegations addressed to Dr. John Cockes, dean of Arches, in the matter of Richard Smith's claim upon the will of John Fulwoode, dec.
Lat. Large paper, pp. 2.
43. Johnson Papers.
R. O. Portion of a letter book of John Johnson containing copies of his letters between June 1545 and January 1545-6. [The letters refer mainly to his business as a merchant of the Staple of Calais and contain no references to public affairs other than are noted in this abstract.]
1. —— (Commencement lost, but the letter appears to be written from Calais to Ant. Cave).
2. To Bartram Haghe: Calles, 21 June 1545. (In Dutch.)
3. To Victor Meawe, junior: Calles, 21 June. (In Dutch.)
4. To John Percywall: Calles, 21 June. (In Dutch.)
5. To Walter Garwaie at Andwerp: Callais, 21 June.
6. Remembrance for Mr. Lightfote: Callais, 21 June. (At Johnson's leaving Calais.)
7. To Chr. Bretayn: Glapthorne, 30 June.
8. To Wm. Lawrens: Glapthorne, 30 June.
9. To Chr. Bretan, per Wm. Alebure, to Tekon: Glapthorne, 5 July.
10. To Mr. White: Glapthorne, 6 Aug.
11. To Mr. Hose: Glapthorne, 7 Aug.
12. To [Robert Tempest]: London, 17 Aug.
13. To Mr. Lyghtfote: London, 17 Aug.
* * "I have been here these iij. days, and was minded to have comen over to Calleis if the seas had been clear of Frenchmen: but because I perceive it very dangerous to pass between Dover and Calleis, I intend tomorrow to ride home into the country and there to remain until I may hear that the seas be clear." * *
14. To Mr. Southwicke . London, 17 Aug.
15. To Humphrey Lightfote, at Callais: London, 7 Aug. (sic, for Sept.).
16. To Henry Sowthwicke, to Callais: London, 8 Sept.
17. To Robert Tempest, to Andwerpe: London, 7 Sept.
18. To Mr. Anthony Cave at Tyckford. per George Graunt: London, 7 Sept.
* * "To be either afraid of the plague at Callais or else to be in doubt of passing sure over the seas I need not to fear, forasmuch as I am in as great danger and greater of the plague here than at Callais, and, besides that the seas be clear of Frenchmen, I might now have gone in good safety with a great quantity of the King's treasure that Sir Rich. Sowthwell doth carry to Callais." * * Cannot obtain money for his uncle Tanfeld, as the world now stands. Delivered Robert Taneld's letter to Mr. Chancellor this day, and obtained letters to the auditors both for Wyllen and Aernsden Grove and the parcels which Robert Tanfeld desires for himself. Finds Mr. Chancellor very gentle, but it is difficult "to come to his speech and to have any time with him." Suggests that the whole should pass in Cave's name, in one patent. George Graunt can tell of the burning of Traport by my lord Admiral and the slaying of Dam Pierre of Aerde with 80 Frenchmen more in a skirmish beside Gynes. "The said Dam Pieres helmet was brought to the King upon Thursday last. There is comen this day news to the street of a hoy that a galley hath taken laden with 1300 cloths. They be all in strangers' names; but Englishmen, by aught I can perceive, is like to be osers." * *
19. To Mr. Lightfote: London, 10 Sept.
20. To [Henry Southwick ?]: London, 10 Sept.
21. To Mr. A. Cave at Tickford: London, 12 Sept.
Received his letter by George Graunt this morning. The particulars herewith show how Ernesden Woods are obtained. On Thursday last (being at Westminster to obtain them) met Mr. Hatton, Cave's neighbour, also tarrying to speak with the clerks, who said that Aernsden Woods were sold last March and that he had told Cave so, but it was a friend who had bought them and they might easily be conveyed to Cave. He would not say whether he himself was the friend. After long tarrying, as the clerks came not home, Mr. Hatton departed to Court and Johnson to London. Next morning, sent Ambrose for the particulars. The clerks knew of no sale; for which search will be made in Mr. Handbie's books. Had the particulars out of Cavendishe's office. Thinks it unadvisable to stay all by seeking to obtain the patronage of Checheley at present. Will bring the matter to such forwardness as to be out of doubt, and leave the rest to Mr. Wood. Johnson's brother is too busy in his master's business to attend to it, "by reason that his said master is appointed within these x days in company of my lord Admiral and other, and so to Bolloigne to raise the siege: Our Lord send them good speed!" The possessions of Delaprey in Berchemore's tenure have been bought by Sir John Williams, and therefore "if ye will have it ye must make friends to him for it." * *
22. To Henry Sowthwicke, per Raphe Wood: London, 13 Sept.
* * My brother desires you to get made at Dewnkerke a wagon to carry 4,000 weight, to be drawn with four mares, and have it brought to Callais. "It is for Mr. Comptroller of the King's house, who within these x days with other nobles will be at Callais and so towards Bolloigne (by God's grace) to 'dysease' our enemies."
23. To Humph. Lightfote, at Callais, by Raphe Wood: London, 13 Sept.
24. To the treasurer and company of the Staple of Callais, sent in a letter to Henry Sowthwick: London, 14 Sept.
25. To Henry Sowthwick: [London, 17 Sept ?]
26. To Mr. A. Cave, at Tickford, sent per Flecher of Newport: London, 17 Sept.
Has received his letter to go through with Ernesdone Woods if Mr. Hatton has not his patent out. Has not seen the books yet, because Mr. Hanbie has no leisure, but understands that the woods passed in a purchase made by one Taerener, and supposes that Cave may obtain them as Hatton promised. Explains difficulties in getting the particulars rated which will detain him here until Michaelmas.
* * * "News here is of the Duke of Orliens [death] (fn. n21) at Abvile of the plague. God, I trust, hath provided that the Emperor and French king shall not be great friends, and so to procure us peace Mr. Tanfilde's obligation I have received, and this day I think Mr. Wood shall receive the money. I trust you will take a counter bond of him for our discharge. Here is a saying the Parliament and the next term shall be kept at Reding."
27. To Robert Tempest, to Andwerpe, per Jan Merivalle: London, 17 Sept.
28. To Mr. Anthony Cave, to Tickford, per George Graunte: London, 17 (sic) Sept.—Wrote yesterday by the fletcher of Newporte, but now Mr. Chancellor has made a new difficulty (described) about the particulars of Checheley.
29. To Robert Tempest to Andwarpe: [No date given].
30. To Henry Sowthwicke, to Callais, per Matthew Colclouthe, servant to Master Mynar, draper: London, 21 Sept.
Having ended his uncle Cave's business, meant to come towards Calais tomorrow, but is stayed by a writ out of Chancery for his appearance there 15 days after Michaelmas, about a variance which he has with the parson where he dwells. Trusts the Company will hold him excused until the 20th of next month, when he will be at Calles to supply the room to which he is chosen. * * My brother Otwell thanks you for providing the wagon for his master (for which I shall allow you money) and would know this week whether you can also provide harness and collars for the horses.
31. To Robert Andrewes, at Andwerpe: London, 23 Sept.
* * * I enclose the pattern of "an arms" to be cut in stone and set with colours ready to be set in a gold ring. When last in Andwerpe I caused a stone to be cut after the same pattern "by Peter who standith in the pawnd by the Old Bursse"; and it was well done, but too small, and therefore I am desired to have it cut again. Let it be well done, "though it be as large as a ducat or an half angel and in nowise to leave out virtutis amore on the sides of the shield, according to the pattern, which must be graven to seal and even so must be the letters above the shield, vz. J. K. and J. C. As for the date of the Lord beneath, that may be in golden letters, but not to print."
32. To Henry Sowthwick, at Callais, per A. Saunders: London, 23 Sept.
33. [To Richard Whethill?]: London, 15 July, 1545.
34. To Mr. Lightfote: London, 15 July.
35. To Ro. Andrew, Andwerp, per Jno. Broun (?): Callais, 24 Oct. 1545.
36. To Mr. Anthony Cave, to Ticford: Callais, 26 Oct.
"Contynent after my arryvall hether I sente you a l're, and in the same I writte you soche newes as then were currant. And as those were uncertaine to be trewe, so ther be now newis as moche uncertain, nevertheles the saing is that those Allemaignes that were named to be entrid into Fraunce be countermanded by ther lord, Lantgrave van Hesse, to retourne home into ther owne countrey for that the Duke of Brewnswicke hathe begonne to invade the said Lantgrave's country. Yf it be trewe, then it apperithe well that the greate Antichrist of Borne dothe what he can agaynst the right Christian princes, for that he heathe raysid up the same Duke (being of the cheaf papist in the countrey) to let us from having anny healp owt of Germayne. Howbeit, I trust God will so wurke that the Devill and his angelles shall not prevaille aganst the faythfull in Christ."
37. To my father-in-law Robert Chauntrelle. [No date.]—Being here in office, I cannot be with you at the weighing of your wools before Christmas.
38. To Bratam (sic) Haghe, to Bruges, per Henry Sowthwicke: Cales, 3 Nov. (In Dutch.)
39. To Richard Wethill, to London: Callais, 3 Nov.
40. To Robert Andrew, to Andwerpe, per Henry Sowthwicke. [No date.]—If the arms be cut send them by bearer.
41. "A remembrance given Henry Sowthwicke to be done at Bruges and Andwerp."
42. To Janckes Vergowse, to Andwerpe, per Henry Sowthwicke: Cales, 3 Nov. (In Dutch.)
43. To William Gifford: Callais, 8 Nov.
44. To Mr. Anthony Cave, to Ticford: Callais, 8 Nov.
* * * Concerning the treaty of peace no more appears to be done yet. The Germans remain still in the town. The Emperor is at Bruges, where the bp. of Winchester is and a French ambassador. "Our Lord send grace that a peace may be concluded."
45. To Mr. Anthony Cave, to Tickeford: Callais, 15 Nov.
I have received your letter of the 9th and, according to your prayer therein, trust that peace shall be among Christian princes, and namely between the King and the French king: "for there is no less appearance thereof than I have written you of before, for that there is at Bruges with the Emperor the Admiral of France and the Chancellor, and here on this town remain still the Germans; and we do look for, out of England, Mr. Paget and Master Semar. Ye writ of the death of the bishop of Romethe, but here is no knowledge thereof, but if it be so that the man be dead, yet Antichrist remaineth there still, but I trust that Christ's own word shall tread him under foot." * * *
46. To Robert Tempest, to Andwerp: Callais, 16 Nov.
47. To Robert Andrew, to Andwerpe; Callais, 16 Nov.
48. To Master Anthony Cave, to Tickford, per Ambrose Sanders: Callais, 20 Nov.
49. [To a Frenchman at Dunkirk ?]: Callais, 20 Nov. (In French.)
50. To Adrian Wand Weed, to Dunkerke, per Robert Lacke: Callais, 20 Nov.
51. To Mr. Anthony Cave, to Ticford: Callais, 23 Nov.
52. To Robert Tempest, to Andwerpe, per Mathewe Brocke: Callais, 2 Dec.
53. To Robert Andrew, to Andwerpe, per Mathew Broke: Callais, 2 Dec.—Is going into England and would be glad to have [the stone] cut for which he wrote long since.
54. To George Hicford, to Andwerpe, per Master Lacke: Callais, 3 Dec.
55. To Master Cave, to Tickford, per Rafe Healy of Callais: Callais, 3 Dec.
* * * "I have no news to write you but that yet our commissioners and the Frenchmen have met but once. The Germans ride between them from hence to Earde."
56. To Jackes Vergowe, to Andwerpe, per Mr. Noitdemocke: Callais, 6 Dec. (In Dutch.)
57. To Robert Andrew, per Matthew Locke: Callais, 6 Dec.
58. To Adrian van Weede, to Dunckerke, per Henry Garbrans of Lille: Callais 6 Dec. (In French.)
59. To Robert Tempest, to Andwerp, per Martin Palthorpe: Callais, 10 Dec.
60. To Mr. Sowthwicke: Callais, 10 Dec.
61. [To Robert Tempest]: Callais, 8 (sic, qu, 13 ?) Dec.
62. To Robert Kirkam: Glapthorne, 27 Dec.
63. To Mr. White: Ticford, 3 Jan.
64. To Mr. Gifford: Tickford, 10 Jan.
65. To Mr. Robert Dowes, my lord Crumwell's servant: Glapthorne, 19 Jan.—I meant to be at Laund to do my duty to my lord and lady and clear my account, but am prevented by an ague, and therefore send bearer Ric. Preson with the account. I beg my lord's favour for my neighbour, John Henson, who is sued for standing in his master's cause and yet is now disowned by his said master.
66. To Mr. Bate: London, 19 Dec. 1545.
67. To Mr. Tempest: London, 19 Dec.
* * * "I send you herein the pattern of a chapel of Mr. Comptroller's of the King's house which he would have paved; but before the paving stones be provided his desire is to know the charges thereof. By the pattern ye shall perceive that the place where the altar standeth is viij. foot broad and xx. foot long: that would he have paved with stones drawn with antiques of the best fashion. The middle place is x foot broad and 18 foot long: that would he have also with antiques work, but not of so costly as the other, nor both of one work. The nether places in vij. foot broad and xx. long: that he would have paved with plain stone unwrought of colour green and yellow. I pray you, the first ye can, let my brother be certified what all will cost, and he shall again write you whether ye shall go through with it."
68. To Peter Bate, at Callais: Glapthorne, 29 Jan.
69. To Henry Sowthwicke, at Callais: Glapthorne, 29 Jan.
* * * "Our Lord send better fortune at Bollongne than they had since Christmas; and if it be the will of God I beseech Him to send us peace. Here is preparation for the wars, for musters be even now in hand all this country, and the saying is that most of the serving men shall be taken up to serve the King." * * *
70. [To lord Cromwell?]. No date.
When Lewes Supter was attached for a felon and had confessed I seized his goods for your lordship's use, viz. a calf, a bullock, 8 sheep, etc. Lewes is now "discharged by proclamation," but whether he should have his goods again your Lordship knoweth. Wishes his Lordship and my good lady long life. "Your lordship's servant and bailly at Glapthorne, Jn. Johnsson." (A draft?)
Fragment, pp. 52.


  • n1. A young man of twenty, of great promise, who had gone to Boulogne in 1544, and was there carried off by sudden illness.
  • n2. This paper if not late in the year 1544 belongs to the first half of 1545—at all events not later than July, as it contains Sir George Carew's name.
  • n3. Printed by the Society of Antiquaries (in 1790), after the Ordinances given at Eltham in January, 17 Henry VIII., and the "Bouch of Court," in A Collection of Ordinances, p. 165. See Vol. XVI. No. 394 note.
  • n4. Word omitted?
  • n5. The year when this letter was written is not quite certain, but 1545 seems to be the latest probable.
  • n6. See Part ii., No. 496 (13).
  • n7. This document is much to the same effect as Part i. No. 1029, but is more specific in some points except as regards the date.
  • n8. Corpus Christi College.
  • n9. Here §2 has the addition "which upon the King's determination shall be on Monday the 10th of August anno 1545."
  • n10. These §§ iii., iv. and v. are separate documents of no very definite dates, having noconnection with §§ i. and ii. although bound up between them. §§ iii. and iv. are in thehand of a clerk of the Privy Council and belong to the first quarter of the year 1545. § v.refers to one of the ships mentioned in § iv. and may very well be of the same year.
  • n11. Headed (by the Editor) "Duci Nordofolciæ." In the text also the person addressed is "C.T." (Celsitudo tua). Yet it was surely Norfolk's grandson (the son of the Earl of Surrey) that was to be educated.
  • n12. Internal evidence alone suggests the date and object of this letter. But it was probably addressed to Reiffenberg at or about the date of the despatch of the Commissaries (Part ii., No. 182).
  • n13. See Part ii. No. 357.
  • n14. This and the next letter were probably written on consecutive days in Oct. 1545 Sir Roger Cholmley the recorder of London was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer on the 11 Nov, in that year; and he was ordered to proceed with the musters on the 22 Jan., 1546. See Dasent's Acts of P.C. I. 321.
  • n15. Sir Anthony Denny, who was connected with Cheshunt. See Vol. XIII. Pt. ii 734 (10); Vol. XV. 726; Vol. XIX. Part i. 25 (c. xxiii), 278 (25).
  • n16. Called "Wetels Plays" in the map engraved in the Calais Chronicle (qu. Whethills Plash?).
  • n17. This endorsement has been copied in a more modern hand on a piece of paper stuck on the face of the map as its title.
  • n18. See Part ii, No. 885, where the writer says the same thing to her husband.
  • n19. See Part ii. No. 1011.
  • n20. See Part i. No. 1299 (2).
  • n21. Word omitted